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11. Females with transverse white stripe (a1) on face at level of toruli, bordered above and below by dark stripes, although this pattern is sometimes reduced to a simple white spot near each eye (not present at all in males). Mandibles long, with many tiny denticles. Flagellomeres (b1) expanded in males. Scutellum (c1) without submedian or sublateral grooves.

Paraolinx Ashmead, 1894

11'. Face without similar pattern (though sometimes with transverse black stripes). Mandibles not as above, with a few equal denticles or without denticles. Flagellar segments seldom expanded in males [only known in Deutereulophus and Grotiusomyia]. Scutellum with sublateral grooves curving to meet (cc1) near posterior edge of scutellum or with parallel sublateral grooves (cc2), only rarely (some Miotropis) without sublateral grooves.

couplet 12

a1

b1

paraolink female head.JPG (31319 bytes) paraolinx male antenna.JPG (10631 bytes)

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c1

cc1

cc2
paraolinx mesosoma.JPG (43516 bytes) elachertus cacoeciae scutellum.JPG (23345 bytes) miotropis mesosoma.JPG (25566 bytes)

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Image credits: a1, b1, c1: Miller (1964). cc1: Schauff (1985b). cc2: Schauff, et al. (1997).