return to: home prev Eul 1 Eul 4 ent 1 eud 1 eul 1 eul 5 eul 10 eul 14 eul 17 eul 20 eul 24 eul 27

29. Propodeum (a1) shiny and smooth and with plicae and median carina. Mesoscutal midlobe (b1) with numerous unpaired setae.

Pnigalio Schrank, 1802 (a few species and reduced forms without costula)

29'. Propodeum well-sculpted (aa1), or transversely convex and weakly sculpted, median panels usually not smooth and shiny (if so then plicae and/or median carina lacking). Mesoscutal midlobe variable, sometimes with 2 parallel longitudinal rows of setae (bb1), sometimes with numerous unpaired setae.

couplet 30

a1

aa1

pnigalio levis propodeum.JPG (26078 bytes) sympiesis ancylae propodeum.JPG (22949 bytes)

back to top

b1 bb1
pnigalio_mesoscutum.JPG (35997 bytes) sympiesis mesosoma.JPG (13238 bytes)

back to top

Image credits: a1, b1: Yoshimoto (1983). aa1: Miller (1970). bb1: Boucek (1988).