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HYMENOPTERA, Eurytomidae (Walker 1833) - (Chalcidoidea). --  <Images> & <Juveniles>



          Eurytomidae. -- The eurytomids resemble perilampids by having the thorax coarsely punctated, but differ in that they have the abdomen rounded or oval and compressed. They are black, with the thorax, head, and antennae usually hairy.   They are more slender insects than the perilampids.


          Their habits vary with some being parasitic and some phytophagous.



References:   Please refer to  <biology.ref.htm>, [Additional references may be found at: MELVYL Library  ]


Balduf, W. V.  1932.  REvision of the chalcid flies of the tribe Decatomini (Eurytomidae) in America north of Mexico.  Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus 79:  1-95.


Bouek, Z.  1988.  Australasian Chalcidoidea, a biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species.  CAB Internatl., Wallingford, UK.  832 p.


Bugbee, R. E.  1967.  Revision of chalcid wasps of genus Eurytoma in America north of Mexico.  Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 118:  433-552.


Burks, B. D.  1957.  A new Bruchophagus from liliaceous plants with a host plant list for the genus (Hymenoptera, Eurytomidae).  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 59:  273-77.


Burks, B. D.  1971.  A synopsis of the genera of the family Eurytomidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).  Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 97:  1-89.


Clausen, C. P.  1940.  Entomophagous Insects.  McGraw-Hill, NY.  688 p.


Farooqi, S. I. & B. R. Subba-Rao.  1988.  Family Eurytomidae.  In:  B. R. Subba-Rao, & M. Hayat (eds.), Oriental Insects, Vol. 19.  Association For The Study of Oriental. Insects, Gainesville, FL.  329 p.


Gahan, A. B.  1918.  A synopsis of the species belonging to the chalcidoid genus Rileya Ashmead.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 70:  136-50.


Moser, J. C.  1965.  New York St. Mus. Sci. Ser. Bull. 402:  1-95.


Phillips, W. J.  1936.  A second revision of the chalcid flies of the genus Harmolita (Isosoma) of America north of Mexico, with descriptions of 20 new species.  Tech. Bull. U.S. Dept. Agr. 518:  1-25.


Phillips, W. J. & W. T. Emergy.  1919.  A revision of the chalcid flies of the genus Harmoliat of America north of Mexico.  Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 55:  433-71.


Prinsloo, G. L.  1980.  An illustrated guide to the families of African Chalcidoidea (Insecta: Hymenoptera).  Rep. So. Africa, Dept. Agr. & Fisheries Sci. Bull. 395.  66 p.


Yoshimoto, C. M.  1984.  The Insects and Arachnids of Canada. Part 12.  The Families and Subfamilies of Canadian Chalcidoid Wasps, Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea.  Biosystematics Res. Inst., Ottawa, Ontario, Res. Br. Agr. Canada Publ. 1760.  149 p.


Zerova, M. D.  1976.  Hymenoptera: Chalcids of Family Eurytomidae, subfamilies Rileyinae and Harmolitinae.  Fauna USSR 7(6):  74-225.  [in Russian].


Zerova, M. D.  1978.  Parasitic Hymenoptera: Chalcids- Eurytomids.  Ukranian Acad. Sci. Zool. Inst. 11(9):  1-460.  [in Ukranian].


Zerova, M. D.  1978/1987.  Family Eurytomidae (Eurytomids).  In:  G. S. Medvedev (ed.) 1987, Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR. Vol. 3 Hymenoptera, Pt. 2.  Akad. Nauk., Zool. Inst., Leningrad, SSSR. (trans. fr. Russian, Amerind. Publ. Co., Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi).  1341 p.