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182.   Legner, E. F.  1979.  Prolonged culture and inbreeding effects on reproductive rates of two pteromalid parasites of muscoid flies.  Ann.

           Entomol. Soc. Amer. 72(1):  114-118.


200.   Legner, E. F.  1981.  Improving commercial biological control of filth flies with parasites.  pp. 5-10.  In:  U. S. Dept. Agric. Publ. A-

           106.2F64, "Status of Biological Control of Filth Flies."  212 pp.


213.   Legner, E. F.  1983.  Broadened view of Muscidifurax parasites associated with endophilous synanthropic flies and sibling species in

           the Spalangia endius complex.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. & Vector Contr. Assoc., Inc. 51:  47-48.


220.   Legner, E. F. & R. W. Warkentin.  1985.  Genetic improvement and inbreeding effects in culture of beneficial arthropods.  Proc. Calif.

           Mosq. & Vector Contr. Assoc., Inc. 52:  156-161.


228.   Legner, E. F.  1986.  Breeding superior parasitoids of Diptera using a novel extranuclear inheritance mechanism.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. &

           Vector Contr. Assoc., Inc. 44:  156-159.


233.   Legner, E. F.  1987.  Inheritance of gregarious and solitary oviposition in Muscidifurax raptorellus Kogan & Legner (Hymenoptera:

           Pteromalidae).  Canad. Entomol. 119(9):  791-808.


234.   Legner, E. F.  1987.  Some quantitative aspects of inheritance in breeding synanthropic fly parasitoids.  Bull. Soc. Vector Ecol. 12(2);

            528- 533.


236.   Legner, E. F.  1987.  Further insights into extranuclear influences on behavior elicited by males in the genus Muscidifurax

           (Hymenoptera:  Pteromalidae).  Proc. Calif. Mosq. & Vector Contr. Assoc., Inc. 55:  127-130.


237.   Legner, E. F.  1988.  Muscidifurax raptorellus (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) females exhibit postmating oviposition behavior typical of

           the male genome.  Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 81(3):  522-527.


238.   Legner, E. F.  1988.  Quantitation of heterotic behavior in parasitic Hymenoptera.  Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 81(4):  657-681.


239.   Legner, E. F.  1988.  Hybridization in principal parasitoids of synanthropic Diptera:  the genus Muscidifurax (Hymenoptera:

           Pteromalidae).  Hilgardia 56(4):  36 pp.


242.   Legner, E. F.  1989.  Wary genes and accretive inheritance in Hymenoptera.  Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 82(3):  245-249.


244.   Legner, E. F.  1989.  Paternal influences in males of Muscidifurax raptorellus  [Hymenoptera:  Pteromalidae].  Entomophaga 34(3):  307-



245.   Legner, E. F.  1989.  Fly parasitic wasp, Muscidifurax raptorellus Kogan & Legner (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) invigorated through

           insemination by males of different races.  Bull. Soc. Vector Ecol. 14(2):  291-300.


247.   Legner, E. F.  1989.  Phenotypic expressions of polygenes in Muscidifurax raptorellus [Hym.: Pteromalidae], a synanthropic fly

           parasitoid.  Entomophaga 34(4):  523-530.


248.   Legner, E. F.  1990.  Estimations of gene number, heritability and dominance in quantitative inheritance, with special reference to

           Hymenoptera.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. & Vector Contr. Assoc., Inc. 57:  95-105.


249.   Legner, E. F.  1990.  Might wary genes attenuate Africanized honey bees?  Proc. Calif. Mosq. & Vector Contr. Assoc., Inc. 57:  106-109.


254.   Legner, E. F.  1991a.  Estimations of number of active loci, dominance and heritability in polygenic inheritance of gregarious behavior

            in Muscidifurax raptorellus [Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae]. Entomophaga 36(1):  1-18.


255.   Legner, E. F.  1991b.  Recombinant males in the parasitic wasp Muscidifurax raptorellus  [Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae].  Entomophaga

           36(2):  173-81.


259.   Legner, E. F.  1993.  Theory for quantitative inheritance of behavior in a protelean parasitoid, Muscidifurax raptorellus (Hymenoptera:

           Pteromalidae).  European J. Ent. 90:  11-21.


264.   Etzel, L. K. & E. F. Legner.  1999.  Culture and Colonization.  In:  T. W. Fisher & T. S. Bellows, Jr. (eds.), Chapter 15, p. 125-197,

           Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, CA  1046 p.


                (in Process)  Stouthamer, Richard and E. Fred Legner.  2003.  Genetics of solitary and gregarious

                emergence in the parasitoid wasp Muscidifurax raptorellus:  paternal modification of larval aggression.