257a (256a). Head projects forward, female mandible with rasplike appendage; female scape

always distinctly widened but irregular in shape (Fig.A), 3rd antennal segment not ring-

like but extended mesodorsally into a thick spine (Fig.A); eyes very small or vestigial,

ocelli mostly absent; at least hind tibia shorter than femur; male wingless (much modified)

or short-winged, wing stumps often as short filaments, rarely with narrow wing blade;

body yellowish to dark brown or black, with shortened spiny tibiae, tarsal segments often

very reduced; not parasitic and collected from fig fruits (Figs.B-F)...........................Agaonidae

 

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A

 

B C D E F

 

 

257b. Head projects downward,female without appendage on mandible; hind tibia at least as long as

femur, usually longer; male similar to female (Fig.A).............................................................. 258

 

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A