Halicephalobus gingivalis (Stefanski, 1954) Andrássy, 1984
CGC strain code:
Potsoil containing peat collected in 1995 near Neustadt, Germany and provided
by ASB-Grünland Helmut Aurenz GmbH+Co. Nematodes extracted by Paul
Secernentea - Rhabditida - Cephalobina - Panagrolaimoidea - Panagrolaimidae
Xenic: 1% pure agar or NA + 5 mg/ml cholesterol and E. coli; no
attempts to remove other bacteria have been made. Keep at 16-37C!
This nematode is none other than Micronema deletrix. It has been
reported to infect horses AND HUMANS, where it can survive in
the blood and induce potentially fatal granulomas. Handle with due care
- beware of cuts and lesions. See:
Hoogstraten, J.; Connor, D.H. & Neafie, R.C. (1976). Micronemiasis.
In: Bedford, C.H. & Connor, D.H. (Eds) Pathology of tropical
and extraordinary diseases - an atlas. Volume 2. USA Armed forces Institute
of Pathology, Washington DC: 468-470.
Gardiner, C.H. & Cardella, T.A. (1981). Micronema in man:
third fatal infection. American Journal of Tropical Medicine aqnd Hygiene,
Freezing has not been attempted.
Available on agar. Requests for this strain will only be granted
if they include statements to the following effect:
That you are aware of the health risks posed by this strain;
That you are equipped with the necessary tools for safe handling and storage;
That you will only distribute it further after giving clear warning of
the risks involved.
Stefanski, W. (1954) Rhabditis gingivalis sp.n. parasite trouvé
dans un granulome de la gencive chez un cheval. Acta Parasitologica
Polonica, 1: 329-336.
Anderson, R.V. & Bemrick, W.J. (1965) Micronema deletrix
n. sp., a saprophagous nematode inhabiting a nasal tumor of a horse. Proceedings
of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 32: 74-75.
Paul De Ley.
Males not yet seen. Very small and prolific females (parthenogenic?). Cultures
climax and crash within two-three weeks. According to Gaetan Borgonie,
they can be grown at 37C!!
Last Updated: 27 March 1997