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Romeo H. Hristov


Department of Anthropology
University of New Mexico
Albuquerque, NM 87131-1086
Tel: (505) 277-1536
Fax: (505) 277-0874






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          Romeo H. Hristov is an archaeologist specializing in Mesoamerica. He holds a undergraduate studies in archaeology from the National School of Anthropology and History of Mexico, and Ph.D. (ABD) in Prehistory/Archaeology from the University of Salamanca, Spain. At present, he is an Associate of Anthropology in the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, and currently concluding his Ph.D. dissertation and a book on the possible Trans-Atlantic voyages before Columbus.


          In 1990 Romeo H. Hristov began a complementary research on several supposedly Old World objects, found in more or less reliable Mesoamerican archaeological context. From 1994 to 1998 this research was incorporated in an archaeological project, primarily sponsored by the National Council of Science and Technology of Mexico (CONACyT). Some additional research funds also came from the Lloyd Gotsen Trust in Santa Monica (CA), the Foundation of Ancient Research and Mormon Studies/Brigham Young University (F.A.R.M.S./BYU) in Provo (UT), and New England Antiquities Research Association (NEARA). The project was co-directed by Romeo H. Hristov and Santiago Genoves T., emeritus professor of anthropology in the Institute of Anthropological Research in Mexico, and former participant in the RA I and RA II Expeditions with Thor Heyerdahl.


          Among the above mentioned finds of particular interest is an apparent Roman terra-cotta head found in pre-Hispanic burial offering near Mexico City. Due to its discovery during controlled archaeological excavation, and in context without apparent traces of alterations, this find suggests that several centuries before the memorable voyages of Columbus and the Vikings, there had been another, perhaps accidental, crossing of the Atlantic ocean from ancient Mediterranean mariners. Recent stylistic analysis has corroborated the identification of the artifact as Roman, and thermoluminiscence (TL) age test has established its age limits between IX BC-XIII AD centuries, which is consistent with the Roman origin hypothesis.


          Research Interests: Mesoamerican Archaeology, Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and History, Ancient Seafaring, Pre-Columbian Transoceanic Contacts




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