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HYMENOPTERA, Scolebythidae (Chrysidoidea) (formerly in Bethyloidea) -- <Images> & <Juveniles>

 

These wasps are distributed in Brazil, Madagascar, South Africa and Sustralia. There are 3 species in 3 genera. They ae believed to be all gregarious external parasitoids of wood boring Cerambycidae. The larvae pupate in the host's burrows.

 

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References: Please refer to <biology.ref.htm>, [Additional references may be found at: MELVYL Library]

 

Azevedo, C. O. 1999: A key to world species of Scolebythidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), with description of a new species of Dominibythus from Brazil. Journal of Hymenoptera research, 8: 1-5. Internet Archive

 

Engel, M. S. & D. A. Grimaldi. 2007: Cretaceous Scolebythidae and phylogeny of the family (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). American Museum novitates, (3568)

 

Evans, H. E. 1963: A new family of wasps. Psyche, 70: 7-16.

 

Finnamore, A.T. & Brothers, D.J. 1993. Superfamily Chrysidoidea (pp. 130-160). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

 

Nagy, C. G. 1975: A new genus of Scolebythidae (Hymenoptera) from South Africa and Australia. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 38: 7578.