File: <mymarid.htm>                                        [For educational purposes only]        Glossary            <Principal Natural Enemy Groups >             <Citations>             <Home>


HYMENOPTERA, Mymaridae (Haliday 1839) - (Chalcidoidea) --  <Images> & <Juveniles>



          Mymaridae. -- The fairy flies are tiny insects, mostly less than a millimeter long,  with linear hind wings.  They attack insect eggs, and some species attack the eggs of aquatic insects. This group contains some of the smallest insects known; one species of Aldptus has a body length of only 0.19 mm.



References:   Please refer to  <biology.ref.htm>, [Additional references may be found at:   MELVYL Library ]


Annecke, D. P. & R. L. Doutt.  1961.  The genera of the Mymaridae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).  Rep. S. Africa Dept. Agr. Tech. Ser. Ent. Mem. 5:  1-71.


Ashmead, W. H.  1904.  Classification of the chalcid flies.  Mem. Carnegie Mus. 1:  255-551.


Debauche, H. R.  1948.  Etude sur les Mymarommidae et les Mymaridae de la Belgique (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea).  Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. Belgium 108:  1-248.


Debauche, H. R.  1949.  Mymaridae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea).  Explor. Parc. Nat. Albert Mis. de Witte 49:  1-105.


Gordh, G.  1977.  A new Anagrus, important in the biological control of Stephanitis takeyai and a key to the North American species.  Fla. Ent. 69(2):  85-95.


Graham, M. W. R. de V.  1981.  The Haliday collection of Mymaridae (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) with taxonomic notes on some material in other collections.  Proc. Roy. Irish Acad. 82(B) 12:  12-242.


Hedqvist, K.  1960.  Hymenoptera (Chalcidoidea) Mymaridae.  In>  South African Animal Life, Vol. 7, Chapter 24.  Uppsala.


Jackson, D.  1966.  Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc. 118:  23-49.


Nikol'skaya, M. N.  1952.  The chalcid fauna of the USSR (Chalcidoidea) Zool. Inst. Acad. Sci. USSR No. 44.  Moscow/Leningrad.  [translated from Russian by Israel program for Sci. Trans., Jerusalem, 1963].


Peck, O., Z. Bouek & A. Hoffer.  1964.  Keys to the Chalcidoidea of Czechoslovakia (Insecta: Hymenoptera).  Mem. Ent. Soc. Canad. 34.  120 p.


Prinsloo, G. L.  1980.  An illustrated guide to the families of African Chalcidoidea (Insecta: Hymenoptera).  Rep. So. Africa, Dept. Agr. & Fisheries Sci. Bull. 395.  66 p.


Satterthwait, A. F.  1931.  J. NY. Ent. Soc. 39:  171-90.


Schauff, M. E.  1984.  The Holarctic genera of Mymaridae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).  Mem. Ent. Soc. Wash. 12:  1-67.


Subba-Rao, B. R. & M. Hayat.  1988.  Family Mymaridae.  In:  B. R. Subba-Rao, & M. Hayat (eds.), Oriental Insects, Vol. 19.  Association For The Study of Oriental. Insects, Gainesville, FL.  329 p.


Tooke, F. G. C.  1955.  The eucalyptus snout-beetle, Gonipterus scutellatus Gyll.  a study of its ecology and control by biological means.  Entomology Mem. Dept. Agr. Un. So. Afr. 3:  1-282.


Trjapitcyn, V. A.  1978/1987.  Family Mymaridae (Mymarids).  In:  G. S. Medvedev (ed.) 1987, Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR. Vol. 3 Hymenoptera, Pt. 2.  Akad. Nauk., Zool. Inst., Leningrad, SSSR. (trans. fr. Russian, Amerind. Publ. Co., Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi).  1341 p.


Viggiani, G.  1974.  Notizie sui Mimaridi Terricoli, con proposte sinonimiche per il genere Cleruchus Enock.  Estr. del Boll. della Soc. Ent. Ital. 106:  86-8.


Yoshimoto, C. M.  1971.  A new genus of Mymarid wasp (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea: Mymaridae) from New Brunswick, Canada.  Canad. Ent. 103:  1079-82.


Yoshimoto, C. M.  1975.  Cretaceous chalcidoid fossils from Canadian amber.  Canad. Ent. 107:  499-527.


Yoshimoto, C. M.  198_.  Genera of the New World Mymaridae.  [in preparation].


Yoshimoto, C. M.  1984.  The Insects and Arachnids of Canada. Part 12.  The Families and Subfamilies of Canadian Chalcidoid Wasps, Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea.  Biosystematics Res. Inst., Ottawa, Ontario, Res. Br. Agr. Canada Publ. 1760.  149 p