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Dr. E. F. Legner, University of California, Riversideč




The International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS) has funded various projects in biological pest control, and has consultative status in the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.  It offered documentation, identification and research services and publishes the scientific journal Entomophaga.  IOBC began to expand into a world organization in 1948, when at the 8th International Congress of Entomology in Stockholm an International Commission of Biological Control (ICBC) was formed.  It was affiliated with the Intrnational Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU).  The first meeting took place in 1956 in Antibes, France.  In 1971 IOBC-Europe expanded to a global organization and the name was changed to International Organization for Biological Control of Noxious Animals and Plants (IOBC) which now operates as the Section of Biological Control of the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBC).  Until 1971 it was largely a European organization.  1992 secretary general = Dr. F. Bigler.


The goals of IOBC are as follows:


To promote biological and integrated pest management.

To stimulate research in biological control.

To make the public aware of the positive economic, sociological and environmental aspects of biological control.

To train scientists and technicians in biological control methods.

To publish scientific and populat articles concerning biological control and integrated pest management.


IOBC continues to publish its own scientific journal, Entomophaga.  The first working group was founded in 1959 in Wageningen, The Netherlands, and considered integrated pest management in fruit orchards.  Gradually more working groups were created.


Working groups under the Global Organization are:


  1.  Biological Control of Bruchids.

  2.  Biological Control of Plutella.

  3.  Ecology of Aphidophaga.

  4.  Fruit Flies of Economic Importance.

  5.  Ostrinia nubilalis.

  6.  Quality Control of Mass-reared Arthropods.

  7.  Trichogramma and Other Egg Parasitoids.


Global Sections are:


  West Palearctic Regional Section (WPRS) has 300 official members and >1000 researchers cooperate in WPRS.  The 1992 contact person was S. Poitout, secretary general.  INRA Stat. Zool., P.O. Box 91, 84143 Monfavet Cedex, France.


The oldest, European section of IOBC had in 1992 18 working and study groups.  More than 1000 scientists and extension workers from 28 European countries cooperated in IOBC/WPRS.  The official number of institutional members ws 35, and individual membersjhip amounted to 300.  About 10 bulletins were published yearly, containing new research data which were presented at workshop meetings.  In addition to workshops, IOBC/WPRS also organizes symposia, conferences and training courses in biological pest control.


Committees:  Publications (Entomophaga, newsletter PROFILE, bulletins, borchures; Identification of Entomophagous Species; Promotion of use of IPM and biological control, and distribution of scientific and applied results of WPRS; Promotion of Integrated Agricultural Productions; Development of an IPM label with standards for the WPRS region.


Study and Working Groups:  Integrated Plant Protection in Orchards; Integrated Control in Protected Crops North-Central Europe; Integrated Control in Protected Crops Mediterranean Area; Integrated Control in Cereals; Integrated Control of Soil Pests; Integrated Control in Viticulture; Integrated Control in Oilseed Rape; Integrated Control in Field Vegetables; Integrated Control in Citrus Crops; Integrated Control in Olives; Biological Control of Fungal and Bacterial Phytopathogens; Breeding for Host Plant Resistance; Use of Pheromones and other Semiochemicals; Fruit Flies of Economic Importance; Insect Pathogens/Insect Parasitic Nematodes; Management of Farming Systems; Prognosis and Integrated Control of Migrant Noctuids; Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms.


East Palearctic Regional Section (EPRS) had in 1992 as contact person S. S. Izhevsky, secretary general.  All Union Research Institute for Plant Quarantine, Orlikov per. 1/11, 107139, Moscow, Russia.  Several working groups were active.


South and East Asian Regional Section (SEARS) had 1992 as contact person M. Taklagi, secretary general, Inst. Biol. Control., Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka 812, Japan.  Several working groups were active.


Nearctic Regional Section (NRS) had 230 - 250 members as of 1992.  The 1992 contact person was L. D. Charlet, corresponding secretary, USDA/ARS Crop Sci. Lab., Box 5677, Fargo, ND 58105, USA.  Working groups were Biological Control in the Northeast and Integrated Pest Management in Greenhouses.


Neotropical Regional Section (NTRS) had in 1992 contact person P. S. Baker, corresponding secretary, IIBC, Gordon Str., Curepe, Trinidad, West Indies.  There were no special working groups as of 1992.


Afrotropical REgional Section (ATRS) had in 1992 contact persos N. T. C. Echendu, secretary general, Nat. Root Crops Res. Inst., Biocontrol, Umudike, Umuhia, Nigeria.


International Institute of Biological Control (IIBC).  Originally called the Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control (CIBC), it was founded in 1926 as the Imperial Institute of Biological Control.  Dr. Fred J. Simmonds was director.  Its headquarters is in Slough, England, after many years of being at the West Indian Station at Curepe, Trinidad.  Research stations are maintained in a number of other countries:  The East African Station at Nairobi, Kenya; the European Station at Delémont, Switzerland; the Indian Station at Bangalore, India; the Pakistan Station at Rawalpindi, Pakistan; the South American Station at Bariloche, Argentina.  This is a British organization whose basic expenses are met from two sources:  (1) funds allocated annually by Commonwealth countries to the Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, of which IIBC is a unit and (2) funds provided by sponsoring agencies, which may be other than Commonwealth countries, to cover expenses incurred on biological control projects undertaken on a contract basis.


A.  Headquarters:  Silwood Park, Buckhurst Rd., Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7TA, U.K. [FAX = (0344) 872901].

B.  Caribbean & Latin America:  Gordon Street, Curepe, Trinidad & Tobago.  [FAX = 0101 809 6634180].

C.  Europe:  1 Chemin des Grillons, CH-2800 Delémont, Switzerland.  [TEL = 066-22 12 57].

D.  Kenya:  c/o Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, P.O. Box 30148, Nairobi, Kenya.  [FAX = 2-593499].

E.  Malaysia:  CAB International REgional Office, P.O. Box 11872, 50760 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  [FAX (603) 2551888].

F.  Pakistan:  PARC-CIBC Station, P.O. Box 8, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.  [FAX = 51-842347].


L'Organisation Internationale de Lutte Biologique (OILB).  This was primarily a European organization.  Its headquarters were in Zurich, Switzerland.  It was affiliated and funded in part by the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS), and has consultative status in the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.  It offered documentation, identification and research services and published the scientific journal Entomophaga.  This organization led to the global IOBC.


United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)  Most biological control work at the Federal level is conducted by the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Entomology Research Division, Parasite Introduction and Insect Identification Section.  Laboratories in the United States are maintained at Beltsville, Maryland, Columbia, Missouri and in Delaware.  Overseas laboratories are maintained at Burlingham, Argentina; Paris, France and Rome, Italy.   Several laboratories were closed in the late 1980's (Albany, California and Riverside, California). 


The following organizations are largely concerned with the biological control of pests in their respective countries or states:


Australia.  (1) the Division of Entomology, Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Canberra and (2) Department of Lands, Biological Section Laboratory, Brisbane.


Austria.  Bundesanstalt für Pflanzenschutz, Vienna.


Canada.  Department of Forestry, Ottawa, Ontario, with several regional substations.


Czech Republic & Slovakia.  Forest Research Institute, Banská Stiavnica.


Egypt.  Dr. Ahmed El-Heneidy, P.O. Box 915, Maadi, Cairo, Egypt. [FAX = 011-202-731574].


Finland.  Institute for Agriculture and Forest Zoology, Helsinki.


Germany.  (1) Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Eberwalde; (2) Biologische Bundesanstalt für Land und Forstwirtschaft, Institute für Biologische Schádlingsbekámpfung, Darmstadt; (3) Forstzoologische Institut der Universität, Freiburg; (4) Niedersachsiche Forstliche Versuchsanstalt, Göttingen; (5) Institut für Angewandte Zoologie, Munich; (6) Institut für Pflanzenschutz der Landwirtschaftlichen Hochschule, Stuttgart-Hohenheim; (7) Landesanstalt für Pflanzenschutz, Stuttgart-W; (8) Institut für Angewandte Zoologie der Universität, Würzburg.


Greece.  Benaki Phytopathological Institute, Athens


Israel.  (1) Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot; (2) The Volcani Institute of Agricultural Research, Beit-Dagan.


Italy.  Instituto di Entomologia Agraria dell'Universita degli Studi-Milan.


Japan.  Division of Insect Natural Enemies, Institute of Biological Control, Fukuoka.


Kenya.  National Agricultural Laboratories, Nairobi.


             Netherlands.  (1) Zoologische Laboratorium der Landouwhogeschool, Wageningen; (2) Institut voor Platenziektenkundig Onderzoek, Wageningen; (3) Experiment Station for Fruit Growing,  Wilhelminadorp.


New Zealand.  (1) Department of Scientific & Industrial Research, Entomology Division, Nelson; (2) Forest Research Institute, Rotorua.


Norway.  Norges Landbrukshogskola, Zoologisk Institutt, Vollebekk.


Poland.  (1) Forest Research Institute, Warsaw; (2) Institute of Ecology, Laboratory of Biological Control, Warsaw; (3) Institute of Plant Protection, Laboratory of Biological Control, Poznan.


Turkey.  Biological Control Laboratory, Plant Protection Institute, Bornova-Izmir and Antalya.


United Kingdom.  (1) Agricultural Research Council, Virus Research Unit and Unit of Insect Physiology, Cambridge; (2) Insect Pathology Unit, Commonwealth Forestry Institute, Oxford. 


United States.  (1) Division of Biological Control, University of California, Berkeley; (2) Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside. [FAX = (714) 787-3086]; (3) University of Florida, Citrus Experiment Station, Lake Alfred; (4) University of Florida Subtropical Experiment Station, Homestead; (5) Hawaii State Department of Agriculture, Entomology Branch, Honolulu.  Other states have one or more university staff members engaged in biological control research of various kinds. 


Former U.S.S.R. (Soviet Union).  (1) All-Union Institute for Plant Protection, Laboratory of Biological Control and Laboratory for Microbiological Control Methods; (2) Central Quarantine Laboratory of the U.S.S.R., Ministry of Agriculture and its district departments; (3) Ukranian Plant Protection Institute, Biological Laboratory; (4) Georgian Plant Protection Institute; (5) Kazah Plant Protection Institute, Laboratory for Biological Control; (6) Azerbaijan Plant Protection Institute; (7) Moldavian Institute for Orcharding and Viticulture; (8) Byelorussian Fruit, Vegetables and Potato Institute, Biological Laboratory.


Suppliers of Living Natural Enemies


(Affiliated with the Association of Natural Bio-Control Producers, Maclay Burt, Executive Director, 10202 Cowan Heights Dr., Santa Ana, CA. 92705; Phone-FAX (714) 544-8295. Sinthya Penn, President. Jake Blehm, Vice President. Lee Ann Merrill, Secretary. Glenn Scriven, Treasurer).



Arizona Biological Control, Inc.; P.O. Box 4247 CRB, Tucson, AZ.  85738; Attn: Richard Frey; 800-767-2847; 602-825-9785; FAX:  602-825-2038.


Bassett's Cricket Ranch, Inc.; 535 N. Overs Lane, Visalia, CA. 93291-6760; Attn: Russell Bassett; 209-732-2738; FAX:  209-627-6832.


Beneficial Insectary; 14751 Oak Run Rd., Oak


Run, CA. 96069; Attn: Sinthya Penn; 800-477-3715; 916-472-3715; FAX:  916-472-3523.


Benetech, 955 Minnesota Ave., San Jose, CA. 95125; Attn: Jay Chandler; 408-993-9291.


Bio-Agronomics, P.O. Box 1013, Clovis, CA. 93613; Attn: Jim White; 209-297-9288; 209-297-4932.

Bio Ag Services, 4218 W. Muscat, Fresno, CA. 93706; Attn: Greg Gaffney; 209-268-2835; FAX:  209-268-7945.


Biofac, P.O. Box 87, Mathis, TX. 78368; Attn: Buddy Maedgen; 512-547-3259.


Biological Pest Management, 2135 Fresno St., Ste. 219, Fresno, CA. 93721; Attn: Brian Poe; 209-233-1083.


Biotactics, 22412 Pico St., Grand Terrace, CA. 92324; Attn: Glenn Scriven; 714-783-2148; FAX:  714-783-2178.


Bozeman Bio-Tech, P.O. Box 3146, 1612 Gold Ave., Bozeman, MT. 59772; Attn: Eric Vinje; 406-587-5891; FAX:  406-587-0223.


Buena Biosystems, P.O. Box 4008, Oxnard, CA. 93034; Attn: Jake Blehm; 805-525-2525; FAX:  805-525-6058.


Bunting Biological, P.O. Box 2430, Oxnard, CA. 93034; Attn: Dan Cahn; 805-986-8265; 209-594-4267; FAX:  805-986-8267.


Caltec Agri Marketing Services, P.O. Box 576155, Modesto, CA. 95357; Attn: John R. Monnich; 209-575-1295; FAX:  209-575-0366.


Coast Agri-Pro-tect Dept., RR #2, 464 Riverside Rd. South, Abbotsford, BC, Canada V2S 4N2; Attn: Barbara Peterson; 604-853-4836.


Foothill Agricultural Research, 510 1/2 W. Chase Dr., Corona, CA. 91720; Attn: Harry Griffiths; 714-371-0120; FAX:  714-737-0718.


Garden's Alive, 5100 Schenley Place, Lawrenceburg, IN. 47025; Attn: Niles Kinerk; 812-537-8652; 812-537-8660.


Hansen-Nadler, 7212 Rd. 28, Madera, CA. 93637; Attn: Hunter P. Nadler; 209-674-2864.


Harmony Farm Supply, P.O. Box 451, Graton, CA. 95444; Attn: Kate Burroughs; 707-823-9125; FAX:  707-823-1734.


IPM Laboratories, Inc., Main Street, Locke, NY. 13092-0099; Attn: Carol Glenister; 315-497-3129.


Kuida Ag Supply Co., 14715 S. Mariposa Ave., Gardena, CA. 90247; Attn: Lawrence Kuida; 213-378-5137; 213-378-1015.


Kunafin, Rt. #1, Box 39, Quamodo, TX. 78877; Attn: Frank Junfin; 800-832-1113; 512-773-0149; FAX: 512-757-1468.


M. & R. Durango, Inc., P.O. Box 886, Bayfield, CA. 81122; Attn: Lee Anne Merrill; 800-526-4075; 303-259-3521; FAX:  303-259-1468.


Nature's Control, P.O. Box 35, Medford, OR. 97501; Attn: Don Jackson; 503-899-8318; FAX:  503-899-9121.


Plant Sciences, Inc./Koppert, 342 Green Valley Rd., Watsonville, CA. 95076; Attn: Steven D. Nielson; 408-728-7771; FAX:  408-728-4967.


Rincon-Vitova Insectaries, Inc., P.O. Box 95, Oak View, CA. 93022; Attn:  Everett J. Dietrick; 805-643-5407; FAX:  643-6267.


Sespe Creek Insectary, 1400 Grand Ave., Fillmore, CA. 93015; Attn: Reed Finfrock; 805-524-3565.


Sierra Ag, 2749 East Malaga, Fresno, CA. 93725; Attn: Rick Hunt; 209-233-0585; FAX:  209-233-0633.


Spalding Laboratories, 760 Printz Rd., Arroyo Grande, CA. 93420; Attn: Pat Spalding; 805-489-5946.


Sweetbriar Development, Inc., 1767 San Juan Rd., Watsonville, CA. 95076; Attn: John Weisz; 408-722-5577; 408-726-3256.


TriCal Biosystems, Inc., P.O. Box 1327, Hollister, CA. 95024; Attn: Carol Waddington; 408-637-0195.


Unique Insect Control, 5504 Sperry Dr., Citrus Heights, CA. 95621; Attn: Jeanne Houston & Pete Foley; 916-961-7945; FAX:  916-967-7082.



Other texts and files in this series may be viewed by CLICKING on the following:


              Secrets of Science  <museum1.htm>

History of Biological Control  <museum2.htm>

Introduction and Scope of Biological Control  <museum3.htm>

National and International Organizations Active in Biological Control  <museum4.htm>

Economic Gains and Analysis of Successes in Biological Control  <museum5.htm>

Trends and Future Possibilities in Biological Control  <museum6.htm>

Beneficial Insects  <museum7.htm>

Case Histories of Salient Biological Control Projects   <detailed,htm>

Guide to Identifying Predatory and Parasitic Insects  <NEGUIDE.1>, <NEGUIDE.2>... etc.

Insect Natural Enemy Photos  <NE-2ba.PCX>, <NE-2bb.PCX>...  <NE-247ba.PCX>... etc.


          Special Reports


               Meal Worm Project  <project.3.htm>

            Ladybird Beetles  <ladybird.htm>

            Fruit Flies in California  <fruitfly.htm>

            Killer Bees  <killer.htm>

            Monarch & Viceroy Butterflies <31aug95.mus.htm>

            Everywhere is Home <9feb98.mus.htm>

            Familiar Butterflies of the United States & Canada <butterfl.htm>



References:   Please refer to  <biology.ref.htm>, [Additional references may be found at:  MELVYL Library]


Anonymous.  1991.  International Institute of Biological Control, Annual Report 1990.  Cambrian News Ltd., Aberystwth, Wales, England.  80 p.