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COLEOPTERA, Eucnemidae --  <Images> & <Juveniles>

 

          Please refer also to the following links for details on this group:

 

Eucnemidae = Link 1,  Link 2

 

Description & Statistics

 

          Eucnemidae occur in all major regions of the world, although many species are rare in collections.

 

          Adult Eucnemidae are found on the surface of plants, around lights at night, or in flight-intercept traps. Larvae of most species may be found in dead wood and are able to move through solid wood, but some are soil inhabiting as well.  The larvae feed on plant juices and possibly on Myxomycete organisms.

 

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References:   Please refer to  <biology.ref.htm>, [Additional references may be found at: MELVYL Library ]

 

Bonvouloir, H. 1875. Monographie de la famille des Eucnémides (parts 3 & 4). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (4) 10, Partie Supplémentaire, pp. 561–907, pls. 37–42.

 

Böving, A. G. and Craighead, F. C. 1931. An illustrated synopsis of the principal larval forms of the order Coleoptera. Entomologica Americana New Series 1: 1–351, 125 pls.

 

Burakowski, B. 1989. Hypermetamorphosis of Rhacopus attenuatus (Maeklin) (Coleoptera, Eucnemidae). Annales Zoologici (Warszawa) 42: 165–180.

 

Burakowski, B. 1991. Klucze do Oznaczania Owadow Polski. XIX. Coleoptera. 35–37. Cerophytidae, Eucnemidae, Throscidae, Lissomidae. Polskie Towarzystwo Entomologiczne, Wroclaw, 91 pp,

 

Becker, E. C. 1991. Eucnemidae Elateroidea, pp 419–421 in Stehr, F. W. ed., Immature Insects. Vol. II. Kendall Hunt: Dubuque, Iowa.

 

Cobos, A. 1964. Materiales para el estudio de la familia Eucnemidae. Primera parte. Eos, Madrid 40: 289–435.

 

Costa, C., Vanin, S. A. and Casari-Chen, S. A. 1988. Larvas de Coleoptera do Brasil, vi + 282 pp. Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo: Sao Paulo.

 

Gardner, J. C. M. 1935. Immature stages of Indian Coleoptera 17. Eucnemidae. Indian Forest Records New Series Entomology 1: 79–93, pls 1–2.

 

Lawrence, J. F., R. G. beutel, R. A. B. Leschen & A. Slipinski.  2010: 1. Changes in classification and list of families and subfamilies.Pp. 1-7 in: Leschen, R.A.B.; Beutel, R.G.; Lawrence, J.F. (volume eds.) Coleoptera, beetles. Volume 2: Morphology and systematics (Elateroidea, Bostrichiformia, Cucujiformia partim). In: Kristensen, N.P. & Beutel, R.G. (eds.) Handbook of zoology. A natural history of the phyla of the animal kingdom. Volume IV. Arthropoda: Insecta. Part 38. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter.

 

Lawrence, J. F., J. Muona, M. Teravainen, G. Stahls & V. Vahtera.  2007: Anischia, Perothops and the phylogeny of Elateroidea (Coleoptera: Elateriformia). Insect systematics & evolution, 38: 205-239.

 

Cleroidea and Cucujoidea. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark p. 81

 

Muona, J.  1987: The generic names of the beetle family Eucnemidae (Coleoptera). Entomologica scandinavica, 18: 79-92.

 

Muona, J.  1991: The Eucnemidae of South-east Asia and the Western Pacific - a biogeographical study. Australian systematic botany, 4: 165-182.

 

Muona, J.  1993: Review of the phylogeny, classification and biology of the family Eucnemidae (Coleoptera). Entomologica scandinavica, supplement 44: 1-133

 

Muona, J.  2000: A revision of the Nearctic Eucnemidae. Acta Zoologica Fennica, 212: 1-106.

 

Muona, J.  2010: 4.5. Eucnemidae Eschscholtz, 1829. Pp. 61-69 in: Leschen, R.A.B.; Beutel, R.G.; Lawrence, J.F. (volume eds.) Coleoptera, beetles. Volume 2: Morphology and systematics (Elateroidea, Bostrichiformia, Cucujiformia partim). In: Kristensen, N.P. & Beutel, R.G. (eds.) Handbook of zoology. A natural history of the phyla of the animal kingdom. Volume IV. Arthropoda: Insecta. Part 38. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter.

 

Muona, J. & M. Teravainen.  2008: Notes on the biology and morphology of false click-beetle larvae (Coleoptera: Eucnemidae). Coleopterists bulletin, 62: 475–479.

 

Lobl, I. & A. Smetana. (eds). 2007 Catalogue of Palearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 4: Elateroidea, Derodontoidea, Bostrichoidea, Lymexyloidea,