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HYMENOPTERA, Ceraphronidae (Ceraphronoidea) --  <Images> & <Juveniles>


Please refer also to the following link for details on this group:


      Ceraphronidae =  Link 1


          Ceraphronidae --. This is a group of wasps whose members have been reared from a variety of hosts. Some ceraphronids are hyperparasitic, attacking the braconid or chalcid parasitoids of aphids or scale insects. Wingless forms in this group often inhabit soil and leaf litter.  There are 14 genera and about 363 known species, though a great many species are still undescribed. It is not a well known group as a whole, though most are believed to be parasitoids (particularly of flies), and a few hyperparasitoids. Many are found in the soil, and of these, a number are wingless.


          The family is distinguished from the closely-related Megaspilidae by having a very small stigma in the wing, a very broad metasomal petiole, and a single median groove in the mesoscutum.


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References:   Please refer to  <biology.ref.htm>, [Additional references may be found at: MELVYL Library ]


Alekseev, V. N.  (1978/1987).  Family Ceraphronidae (Ceraphronids).  In:  G. S. Medvedev (ed.) 1987, Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR. Vol. 3 Hymenoptera, Pt. 2.  Akad. Nauk., Zool. Inst., Leningrad, SSSR. (trans. fr. Russian,


Алексеев В. Н.  1980.  Таксономическое положение наездника Dendrocerus spissicornis Hellen, 1966 и замечания о систематике рода Dendrocerus Ratzeburg (Hymenoptera, Ceraphronoidea, Megaspilidae) // Энтомол. обозр. 59(2) 385—389.


Алексеев В. Н. Надсемейство Ceraphronoidea // Определитель насекомых Дальнего Востока России. — Владивосток : Дальнаука, 1995. — С. 24—37.


Ashmead, W. H.  1893.  Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 45:  1-472.


Clausen, C. P.  1940.  Entomophagous Insects.  McGraw-Hill, NY.  688 p.


Dessart, M.  1962.  Soc. Roy. Ent., Belg. Bull. et Ann. 98:  305-09.


Dessart, P. 1975. A propos du genre Neoceraphron Ashmead, 1893 (Hym. Ceraphronoidea Ceraphronidae). Bulletin et Annales de la Société Royale Belge d’Entomologie 111: 248—261.


Dessart, P. & Cancemi, P. 1987. Tableau dichotomique des genres de Ceraphronoidea (Hymenoptera) avec commentaires et nouvelles especies. Frustula Entomologica 7-8: 307—372.


Haviland, M. D.  1920.  Quart. J. Micro. Sci. 65:  451-78.


Johnson, N. F. & L. Musetti. 2004. Catalog of the systematic literature of the superfamily Ceraphronoidea (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 33 (2): 1-149.


Kieffer, J. J.  2009.  Serphidae (= Proctotrupidae) et Calliceratidae (= Ceraphronidae).  Bibliolife, Sept. 2009.


Masner, L. & M. Dessart.  1967.  Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. de Belg. 43:  25-9.


Ulrich, W.  2004.  Soil-living parasitic Hymenoptera: comparison between a forest and an open landscape habitat.  Pedobiologia 48(1):  59-69.