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                                          PERIODS OF MESOAMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS 1

 

 

 DATES

(approx.)

 

PERIOD

      CENTRAL

HIGHLANDS

NORTH CENTRAL GULF

SOUTHERN

GULF COAST

 

OAXACA

CULTURAL

DEVELOPMENTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

>1800 BC

Archaic

Abejas

Purron?

 

- - - - - - - - - - -

 

- - - - - - - - - - -

Oaxaca Archaic

Gheo-Shih

Early agriculture, hunting,

     fishing, gathering.

Village life, pottery, figurines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1200 BC

Early

Preclassic

Nevada-Tlalpan

Tlatilco (Manantial

& Ayotla)

El Trapiche

Ojochi, Bajío

Chicharras

San Lorenzo A

San Lorenzo B

Tierras Largas

San José

Early Olmec civilization at San

     Lorenzo.

Spread of San Lorenzo Olmec

     influence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"

Middle

Preclassic

El Arbolillo

Chalcatzingo

Zactenco

Mogote

Nacaste

La Venta

Guadalupe, Rosario

Monte Albán I

Spread of La Venta Olmec

     influence.

Early writing at San José

Monte Albán constructed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

400 BC--

Late

Preclassic

Ticomán, Cuicuilco

Chupícuaro, Teotihuacan I

Tzacualli

Early Remojadas

Early Tres Zapotes            

La Mojarra

Monte Albán II

Long Count calendar invented.

Pyramid of Sun built & cities

     planned at Teotihuacán.

Isthmian script developed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

150 AD--

Early Classic

Teotihuacan II

Miccaotli

Teotihuacan III

Xolapan-Tlamimilolpa

Classic Veracruz

Late Remojadas

Cerro de las Mesas

Late Tres Zapotes

Monte Albán III-A

Teotihuacán influence

maximum.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

600 AD--

Late Classic

Metepec

Coyotlatelco

El Trajín

Villa Alta          

Monte Albán III-B

Monte Albán IV

Teotihuacán destroyed

Toltec state

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

900 AD--

Early Post-Classic

Mazapan

Tollan

- - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1200 AD-

Late Post-Classic

"Feudal" states

Isla de Sacrificios

Independent states

Monte Albán V

(Mitla, Mixtec states)

Aztecs arrive in Valley of Mexico

Aztecs form a Triple Alliance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1521 AD-

European

Arrival

- - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - -

- - - - - - - - - - -

Spanish Conquest & destruction of Tenochtitlan.

          _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

          1/ (modified from Coe 1994).