File: <ethnic4.htm>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      <Navigate to American Archeology>

 

 

                                                                  PERIODS OF MESOAMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS 1

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    DATES

   (approx.)

 

--------------

 

 

 

>1800 BC

 

 

 

 

 

1200 BC --

 

 

 

 

 

400 BC----

 

 

 

 

 

150 AD----

 

 

 

 

 

 

600 AD----

 

 

 

 

900 AD----

 

 

 

1200 AD---

 

 

 

 

 

1521 AD---

 

 

   PERIOD

 

 

----------------

Archaic

 

 

----------------

Early

Preclassic

 

 

 

----------------

Middle

Preclassic

 

 

 

----------------

Late

Preclassic

 

 

 

----------------

Early Classic

 

 

 

 

 

----------------

Late Classic

 

 

 

----------------

Early Post-Classic

 

----------------

 

Late Post-Classic

 

 

----------------

 

      CENTRAL

   HIGHLANDS

 

---------------------------

Abejas

 

Purron?

--------------------------

Nevada-Tlalpan

Tlatilco (Manantial

& Ayotla)

 

 

-------------------------

El Arbolillo

Chalcatzingo

Zactenco

 

 

---------------------------

Ticomán

Cuicuilco                 

Chupícuaro

Teotihuacan I

Tzacualli

---------------------

Teotihuacan II

Miccaotli

 

Teotihuacan III

Xolapan-Tlamimilolpa

 

---------------------------

Metepec

 

Coyotlatelco

 

---------------------------

Mazapan

 

Tollan

---------------------------

 

 

"Feudal" states

 

 

---------------------------

 

       NORTH &

      CENTRAL

         GULF

------------------------

 

 

 

------------------------

El Trapiche

 

 

 

 

------------------------

 

 

 

Mogote

 

------------------------

 

 

 

Early Remojadas

 

----------------------

 

Classic Veracruz

 

Late Remojadas

 

 

------------------------

 

El Tajín

 

 

------------------------

 

 

 

------------------------

 

 

Isla de Sacrificios

 

 

------------------------

 

        SOUTHERN

       GULF COAST

 

---------------------------

 

 

 

---------------------------

Ojochi

Bajío

Chicharras

San Lorenzo A

San Lorenzo B

---------------------------

Nacaste

La Venta

 

 

 

---------------------------

Early Tres Zapotes

 

 

 

La Mojarra

---------------------------

 

Cerro de las Mesas

 

Late Tres Zapotes

 

 

---------------------------

 

 

Villa Alta                 

 

---------------------------

 

 

 

---------------------------

 

 

Independent states

 

 

---------------------------

 

        OAXACA

 

 

----------------------

Oaxaca Archaic

Gheo-Shih

 

--------------------------------

Tierras Largas

San José 

 

 

 

--------------------------------

Guadalupe

Rosario

Monte Albán I

 

 

--------------------------------

 

 

 

Monte Albán II

 

--------------------------------

 

 

 

Monte Albán III-A

 

 

--------------------------------

Monte Albán III-B

 

Monte Albán IV

 

-------------------------------

 

 

 

--------------------------------

 

 

Monte Albán V

  (Mitla, Mixtec states)

 

--------------------------------

 

          CULTURAL

    DEVELOPMENTS

 

---------------------------------

Early agriculture, hunting,

fishing, gathering.

Village life, pottery, figurines

--------------------------------------------

Early Olmec civilization at San

Lorenzo.

Spread of San Lorenzo Olmec

influence

 

-----------------------------------------

Spread of La Venta Olmec

influence.

First writing at San José

Monte Albán constructed.

 

-----------------------------------------

Long Count calendar invented.

Pyramid of Sun built & cities

planned at Teotihuacan.

Isthmian script developed.

 

-----------------------------------------

Teotihuacan influence

maximum.

 

 

 

 

-----------------------------------------

Teotihuacan destroyed

 

 

Toltec state

-----------------------------------------

 

 

 

Aztecs arrive in Valley of Mexico

 

 

 

Aztecs form a Triple Alliance.

 

Spanish Conquest & destruction

of Tenochtitlan.

 

 

          __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

          1/ (modified from Coe 1994).