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              CLASSIFICATION OF HOMOPTERA

 

Families in Green color                                                                                     Homoptera Details

 

Insecta:  Paurometabola

  HOMOPTERA

  Suborder:  Auchenorrhyncha

    Superfamily:  Cicadoidea

       Cicadidae (cicadas, "locusts")

       Membracidae (treehoppers)

       Cercopidae (spittlebugs)

       Cicadellidae (leafhoppers)

    Superfamily:  Fulgoroidea (planthoppers

       Delphacidae (delphacid planthoppers)

       Dictyopharidae (dictyopharid planthoppers)

       Flatidae (flatid planthoppers)

       Acanaloniidae (acanaloniid planthoppers)

  Suborder:  Sternorrhyncha

    Superfamily:  Psylloidea (psyllids)

       Psyllidae (Asiatic citrus psyllid

 

  Superfamily:  Aleyrodoidea (whiteflies)

      Alyrodidae

  Superfamily:  Aphidoidea (aphids and phylloxerans)

     Aphididae (aphids)

  Superfamily:  Coccoidea (scale insects and mealybugs)

     Coccidae (soft, wax, and tortoise scales

     Pseudococcidae (mealybugs

     Margarodidae (giant coccids, ground pearls, cottony

          cushion scale

     Diaspididae (armored scales

 

---------------------------------

NOTE:  DNA evidence shows a close relationship between

     the Homoptera and Hemiptera, so that eventually the two

     orders may be combined as was previously the case under

     the Heteroptera. [See proposed arrangement below]

 

References      Citations     Sample Examinations

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CLASSIFICATION OF HEMIPTERA & HOMOPTERA Combined

 

                                                                                                                                    Homoptera Details                     Hemiptera Details

 

HEMIPTERA - HOMOPTERA Combined

 

Auchenorrhyncha

  Infraorder: Cicadomorpha (Clypeorrhyncha,

        Clypeata)

    Superfamily:  Cercopoidea (spittlebugs,

          froghoppers)

      Aphrophoridae

      Cercopidae

      Clastopteridae

      Epipygidae

      Machaerotidae

 

    Superfamily:  Cicadoidea (cicadas)

      Cicadidae (Platypediidae, Plautillidae,

            Tettigadidae, Tibicinidae)    

      Tettigarctidae (hairy cicadas)

    Superfamily:  Membracoidea (Cicadelloidea)

      Aetalionidae (Biturritiidae)

      Cicadellidae (Eurymelidae, Hylicidae,

          Ledridae, Ulopidae, leafhoppers)

      Melizoderidae

      Membracidae (Nicomiidae, treehoppers)

      Myerslopiidae (Cicadellidae, in part)

 

  Infraorder: Fulgoromorpha (Archaeorrhyncha,

       planthoppers)

    Superfamily:  Fulgoroidea

      Acanaloniidae

      Achilidae

      Achilixiidae

      Cixiidae

 

      Delphacidae

      Derbidae

      Dictyopharidae

      Eurybrachyidae

      Flatidae

      Fulgoridae (lanternflies)

      Gengidae

      Hypochthonellidae

      Issidae

      Kinnaridae

      Lophopidae

      Meenoplidae

      Nogodinidae

      Ricaniidae

      Tettigometridae

      Tropiduchidae

 

Coleorrhyncha

      Peloridiidae

 

Heteroptera

      Reduviidae (assassin bugs)

      Cimicidae (bedbugs and flower bugs)

      Miridae (plant bugs)

      Coreidae (Leaf-footed bugs, squash bugs &

           sweetpotato bugs)

      Lygaeidae (seed bugs)

      Rhyparochromidae (seed bugs)

      Pentatomidae (stink bugs or shield bugs)

 

 

Sternorrhyncha

      Aphididae (aphids)

      Eriosomatinae (gall aphids)

      Pemphigidae (gall aphids)

      Adelgidae (conifer aphids)

      Chermesidae (conifer aphids)

      Phylloxeridae (phylloxerans)

      Aleyrodidae (whiteflies)

      Psyllidae (jumping plant lice)

 

    Superfamily: :  Coccoidea-scale insects

      Margarodidae (cottony-cushion scale,

           ground pearls)

      Diaspididae (armored scales)

      Dactylopiidae (cochineal insects)

      Kerriidae (lac scales)

      Lacciferidae (lac scales)

      Coccidae (soft scales)

      Asterolecaniidae (pit scales)

      Pseudococcidae (mealybugs)

      Eriococcidae (felted scales)

 

References      Citations

 

Details of Insect Taxonomic Groups

 

          Examples of beneficial species occur in almost every insect order, and considerable information on morphology and habits has been assembled.  Therefore, the principal groups of insect parasitoids and predators provide details that refer to the entire class Insecta.  These details are available at <taxnames.htm>.