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                        CLASSIFICATION OF HEMIPTERA

 

Families in Green color                                                                                                                Hemiptera Details

 

Insecta:  Paurometabola

  HEMIPTERA

  Suborder:  Cryptocerata (shorthorned bugs

    Corixidae (water boatmen)

    Notonectidae (backswimmers)

    Nepidae (water scorpions)

    Belostomatidae (giant water bugs)

  Suborder:  Gymnocerata (longhorned bugs)

    Gerridae (water striders)

    Miridae (leaf bugs, plant bugs)

    Phymatidae (ambush bugs)

 

 Reduviidae (assassin bugs)

  Tingidae (sugarcane lace bug, avocado lace bug, lace bugs)

  Lygaeidae (seed bugs, big eyed bugs, milkweed bugs)

  Coreidae (leaf-footed bugs, squash bugs)

  Pentatomidae (stink bugs)

 

---------------------------------------

 

NOTE:  DNA evidence shows a close relationship between

     the Hemiptera and Homoptera, so that eventually the two

     orders may be combined as was previously the case under

     the Heteroptera. [See proposed arrangement below]

 

References      Citations     Sample Examinations

                                 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

 

                                    CLASSIFICATION OF HEMIPTERA & HOMOPTERA Combined

 

                                                                                                                               Hemiptera Details     Homoptera Details

 

HEMIPTERA - HOMOPTERA Combined

 

Auchenorrhyncha

  Infraorder:  Cicadomorpha (Clypeorrhyncha,

        Clypeata)

    Superfamily:  Cercopoidea (spittlebugs, froghoppers)

      Aphrophoridae

      Cercopidae

      Clastopteridae

      Epipygidae

      Machaerotidae

 

    Superfamily:  Cicadoidea (cicadas)

      Cicadidae (Platypediidae, Plautillidae, Tettigadidae,

           Tibicinidae)

      Tettigarctidae (hairy cicadas)

 

    Superfamily:  Membracoidea (Cicadelloidea)

      Aetalionidae (Biturritiidae)

      Cicadellidae (Eurymelidae, Hylicidae, Ledridae,

           Ulopidae, leafhoppers)

      Melizoderidae

      Membracidae (Nicomiidae, treehoppers)

      Myerslopiidae (Cicadellidae, in part)

 

  Infraorder:  Fulgoromorpha (Archaeorrhyncha,

       planthoppers)

 

    Superfamily:  Fulgoroidea

      Acanaloniidae

      Achilidae

      Achilixiidae

      Cixiidae

      Delphacidae

      Derbidae

      Dictyopharidae

      Eurybrachyidae

      Flatidae

      Fulgoridae (lanternflies)

      Gengidae

      Hypochthonellidae

      Issidae

      Kinnaridae

      Lophopidae

 

      Meenoplidae

      Nogodinidae

      Ricaniidae

      Tettigometridae

      Tropiduchidae

Coleorrhyncha

      Peloridiidae

 

Heteroptera

      Reduviidae (assassin bugs)

      Cimicidae (bedbugs and flower bugs)

      Miridae (plant bugs)

      Coreidae (Leaf-footed bugs, squash bugs &

           sweetpotato bugs)

      Lygaeidae (seed bugs)

      Rhyparochromidae (seed bugs)

      Pentatomidae (stink bugs or shield bugs)

 

Sternorrhyncha

    Aphididae (aphids)

      Eriosomatinae (gall aphids)

      Pemphigidae (gall aphids)

      Adelgidae (conifer aphids)

      Chermesidae (conifer aphids)

      Phylloxeridae (phylloxerans)

      Aleyrodidae (whiteflies)

      Psyllidae (jumping plant lice) 

 

    Superfamily: :  Coccoidea (scale insects)

 

      Margarodidae (cottony-cushion scale,

           ground pearls)

      Diaspididae (armored scales)

      Dactylopiidae (cochineal insects)

      Kerriidae (lac scales)

      Lacciferidae (lac scales)

      Coccidae (soft scales)

      Asterolecaniidae (pit scales)

      Pseudococcidae (mealybugs)

      Eriococcidae (felted scales)

 

References      Citations

 

 

Details of Insect Taxonomic Groups

 

          Examples of beneficial species occur in almost every insect order, and considerable information on morphology and habits has been assembled.  Therefore, the principal groups of insect parasitoids and predators provide details that refer to the entire class Insecta.  These details are available at <taxnames.htm>.