rotting fruit, animal excrement or decaying logs. Some are obligatory guests of
ants or termites; others may be found in nests of small mammals or
birds. A few are ectoparasites on
mammals. Many are attracted to lights, particularly in the early evening, and
they have been collected in considerable numbers flying at dusk. A few visit flowers apparently to feed on
pollen. Although their habitats are
quite varied, the large majority are predaceous both as larvae and adults on
other insects, snails, etc. In the marine habitat they probably feed on
crustaceans and other marine organisms as well as larvae of flies found in
decaying seaweed, reefs and salt marshes.
Of the 30 or so subfamilies of the
Staphylinidae, only 9 contain members which
have been reported as regular inhabitants of the seashore (Moore, 1964e,
1967, 1973b). A list of the subfamilies with marine genera is given below.
With 30,000 described species of Staphylinidae
it has not been possible to search all of the enormous literature for
possible references to marine species, so it is likely that we have not included
all the, species.
LIST OF GENERA
WITH MARINE MEMBERS
on names for details: