File:  <stone.htm                                                                                                                                        <Archeology>                      <Dedication>       <Early Humans in America>





Mike and Gerry Cloncs, Montgomery County, Indiana




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Human Shapes      Animal Shapes      Misc. Shapes       Inscriptions       Tools      Unidentified  Markings



Validity of Site                 Site Description                  Related Websites                 Picture List



          An ancient site in West-Central Indiana (Photo) contains projectile points, flaked chips, some so-called “microchips” and axe heads, most with markings that do not seem to be attributable to Natural Causes.  In this previously unglaciated site there are also many stones with 3-10 cm. obviously carved shapes of humans and animals, some resembling those of the Tlatilco, Mexico area and possibly some primitive writings that are regularly accompanied by carvings along their periphery. There is a trend for the earliest artifacts that depict animals and humans to be smaller than later ones.   Frequent carvings of the American Lion (Panthera atrox), Horse and a Camelops (Guanaco-like) point to the site dating back into the Pre-Classic Period.  Although recent discoveries in the Southeastern United States show possible human habitation dating to 40,000 B.C.+ (see Savannah), the cataclysmic asteroid bombardment of glacier-covered Eastern Canada around 10,000 BCE that may have caused the mass extinction of large herbivores and their predators probably preceded the arrival of the Indiana inhabitants.  With the exception of the American lion and some elephantine creatures, no clear carvings of mammoths, rhinos, sloths and other earlier extinct animals are represented even though there is conclusive evidence for the hunting by humans during the Pleistocene (See:  Mammoths, Camelids, & Lions).  .  The European appearance of the inhabitants point to their possible origins in Southwestern Europe, which corresponds to theories that such groups were the first to colonize North America.  Their language could have been the Saharan dialect proposed by Edo Nyland, and this may account for the numerous Saharan names (= present-day Basque) found widespread in America.  For a description of the collection locality see Locality. Also view some Tools, and other Ancient American Sites.  Close-ups of figures may be viewed at the following, but the images often blend in with the color of the substrate and may not at first be clearly discernible.  Some figures of uncertain identity are included but may be removed after closer analysis. Given the apparent ancient origins of the site, the artifacts are nevertheless in remarkable states of preservation.