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For teaching purposes only;

[References for this review may be found at <Nyland>]

 

             [Note:  All Basque words are in Italics and Bold-faced Green]

 

For further detail, please refer to:  Please see Nyland (2001) for more detail

 

 

EXPANDED ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARY *
FOR ENGLISH

[Contacts]

 

 

     Please CLICK on first letter of word (or Depress Ctrl/F to Search for words):

 

A      B      C      D      E      F      G      H      I      J (absent)      K (absent)     L      M      N

 

O      P      Q (absent)    R      S      T      U      V      W      X (absent)    Y      Z

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

A

 

abbey: ab.-.bi, aba-abi, abade (priest) abiadura (starting point): "The priest's starting point".
abbot: ab.-.bo-ot., aba-abo-oto, abata (abbot) abots (voice) otoigile (praying): "The abbot's voice (leads in) praying".
abdicate: ab.-.di-ika-ate, aba-adi-ika-ate, abaildu (to be tired) adixkideki (in a civilized way) ikasbidetu (to set an example) ateratu

                (to leave): "I am tired and will leave in a civilized way to set an example".
ability: abi-ili-iti, abil (skillful) ilinti (fiery, eloquent) itxi (to repudiate, to deny): "Skillful and eloquent repudiation".
abject: ab.-.je-ek.-.t., aba-aje-eku-uti, abade (priest) aje (deterioration) ekurugaitz (worried) utikan (get out!): "The priest is worried

               about the deterioration; get out!".
abnormal: ab.-.no-orma-al., abadune (chance) anormal (abnormal, unseasonable) orma (ice, frost) alba (dawn, in the morning): "A

               chance of unseasonable frost in the morning".
aboard: abo-ard, aboskatu (to voice to tell) ardigaldu (late comers): "Tell the late comers".
abolish: abo-oli-ix., abo-oli-ixi, aboskatu (to voice, to tell) oliodun (oil-vendor) ixi (be quiet): "Tell the oil vendor to be quiet".
aboriginal: abo-ori-igi-ina-ala, aboskatu (to shout out) origorri (gold colored) igita (harvest) inarrosi (to shake, to thresh) alaiarazi

               (to fill with joy): "Shout it out that the threshing of the golden harvest fills with joy".
abort: abo-or.-.t., abo-ora-ate, aboskatu (to shout out) oratu (to seize, grab) ateratu (to get out): "He shouted to grab and get out".
about, abo-ut., abo-uto, abotz (voice) utopia (paradize, good times): "Voice (speaking about) good times".
above, abo-obe, abotz (voice) obeditu (to obey): "Obey the voice".
abrade: ab.-.ra-ade, abe-erra-ade, abenda (race) erramulari (rower) adelatu (to prepare): "Prepare for the rowing race".
abreast: ab.-.re-ast., abu-urre-asta, aburukide (person who agrees) urreratu (to draw closer) asta (donkey) aztarnatu (track): " I agree

               the donkeys are drawing closer on the track".
abridge: ab.-.ri-id.-.ge, abo-orri-ida-age, abonau (to approve of) orri (sheet, page) idatzi (to write) agerkari (document): "I approve

                of a one page written document".
abroad: ab.-.ro-ad., aba-aro-ade, abots (to voice, to tell) orogailu (reminder) adelatu (to prepare): "Speak a reminder to prepare well".
abrogate: ab.-.ro-oga-ate, abe-ero-oga-ate, aberats (rich) erromes (pilgrim) ogasun (wealth) ateratu (to leave behind): "The rich

                 pilgrim left his wealth behind".
abrupt: ab.-.ru-upt, aba-aru-upt, abarreztatu (to cover with branches) arrunki (simply) upatxo (small barrel): "Simply cover the barrel

             with branches".
abscess: ab.-.s.-.ke-es.-.s., abo-osi-ike-eso-osa, abonau (to approve of) osin (deep) ikermen (examination) esonde (advice) osagile

               (doctor): "I approve of a deep examination and advice by the doctor".
absent: ab.-.se-ent, abialdi (departure) isekatze (to make fun of) entzutegabe (unknown): "We made fun of his departure for the

              unknown".
abstain: ab.-.sta-in., aboskatu (to proclaim) ostatari (innkeeper) inolaz (absolutely no more): "The innkeeper proclaims: absolutely

               no more".
abstract: ab.-.st.-.ra-ak.-.t., aba-azte-era-aka-ata, abantzu (almost) azterkor (inquisitive) eragin (to promote) akabu (ultimate)

                ataltasun (simplicity): "Almost inquisitively promote ultimate simplicity".
absurd: ab.-.su-urd, abi-isu-urde, abilezia (talent) isuri (to inspire) urde (male pig): "To inspire talent in a male pig".
abulia: abu-uli-iha, aburu (opinion) uli (coward) ihalozkatu (to wallow): "the opinion is that he is a wallowing coward".
abundant: from French abondant, abo-on.-.da-an.-.t., abo-one-eda-ono-oto, abonau (to approve of) onezia (healthfulness) edan

                (drinking) ano (wine) otordu (mealtime): "I approve of the healthfulness of drinking wine at mealtime".
abuse, ab.-.ju-use, abo-oju-us, abots Voice) oiu egin (to cry out, to scream) uspeldura (battering and bruising): "A voice cried out from

            a battering and bruising".
academy: aka-ade-ami, akabu (perfect) adelu (preparation) aministratzaile (administrator): "Perfect preparation for administrators".
ache: ak.-.he, aki-ihe, akialdi (tiredness) ihesezin (unavoidable): "Unavoidable tiredness".
accent: ak.-.ze-ent, akasdun (defective) azentu (accent, speech) entzungaitz (difficult to understand): "Defective speech is difficult to

              understand"
accept: ak.-.se-ep.-.t., ako-oze-epa-ata, akordio (agreement) ozendu (to resound) epai (decision) atalbako (simple): "Resounding

              agreement for the simple decision".
accident: ak.-.ki-ide-ent, aka-aki-ide-ent, akabu (death) akitu (to be tired, aged) -ide (companion) entzuera (famous): "The death of my

                 famous aged companion".
acclaim: ak.-.k.-.la-im., aka-asi-ila-ima, akabu (perfect) asialdi (beginning) ilarri (monument) imaginakin (sculptor): "Perfect

               beginning for the monument sculptor".
accord: ak.-.ko-ord., aka-ako-orda, akabu (perfect, best possible) akordio (agreement) ordainbidezko (satisfactory, acceptable): "The

              best possible agreement was acceptable".
account: ak.-.ko-unt, aka-ako-untzi, akabu (perfect) akordio (agreement) untzidun (ship owner): "Perfect agreement with the ship

               owner".
actual: ak.-.tu-al., ako-otu-alo, akordiozko (traditional) oturuntza (meal) alordun (farmer): "A traditional farmer's meal".
adage: ada-age, adarjo (to make fun of) ageriko (in public): "To make fun in public".
adamant: ada-ama-ant, adarkadura (ramification, consequence) ama (mother) antolarazi (to make the child clean up): "The outcome

                 was that mother made the child clean up".
adapt: ada-ap.-.t., ada-apa-ato, adarkadura (consequence, outcome) aparteko (special) atonketa (arrangement): "The outcome was a

            special arrangement".
addition: ad.-.di-iti-on., adi-idi-iti-one, adi (be careful) idiki (to open) iti (bull) onen (the best): "Be careful when you open (the fence)

                 for the bull to do his best".
additive: ad.-.di-iti-ibe, adi-idi-iti-ibe, adi (be careful) idiki (to open) itxi (to close) ibeni (to put on): "Be careful when you open, to

                close again by putting (the lid) on".
address: ad.-.re-es.-.s., ade-ere-eso-osa, adelu (to prepare) errezibimendu (welcome) eso (advice, announce) osatu (to get together):

                "Prepare a welcome and announce the get-to-gether".
adept: ade-ep.-.t., ade-epe-eto, adelu (preparations) epemuga (due date, big day) etorkunde (arrival): "Prepare for the arrival of the

            big day".
adequate: ade-eku-ate, adelatu (to prepare, get ready) ekuru (quiet) aterpe (shelter): "Get a quiet shelter ready".
adhere: ad.-.he-ere, adi-ihe-erre, adibide (advice) ihesluku (shelter) erretiratu (to retire to): "My advice is to retire to the shelter".
adhesion: ad.-.he-esi-on., adi-ihe-esi-ona, adi (be careful) ihesibili (to escape) esinguratu (to hem in, to keep together) onago

                 (closer): "Be careful to keep closer together when escaping".
adjacent: ad.-.ja-ase-en.-.t., ado-oja-ase-ene-ete, adoratu (to worship) ojanguren (edge of the forest) aseguratu (to insure) enetan

                (always) etenkatu (to get away): "Always worship at the edge of the forest to insure getting away".
adjust: ad.-.ju-ust., adu-uju-uste, adurra jausi (to rave, to cheer) uju (shout of joy) ustegabe (unexpected): "unexpected cheering with

             shouts of joy".
administration: ad.-.mini-ist.-.ra-ati-on., adi-imini-izte-era-ati-one, adierrez (in orderly manner) imini (to arrange) iztegi(dictionary)

                           era (entire) atiki (to find) oneratu (to improve): "Arrange the entire dictionary in an orderly manner to improve the

                           finding".
admirable: ad.-.mi-ira-ab.-.le, adi-ini-ira-abe-ele, adi (careful) imitazio (imitation) iradoki (to make) abelaska (manger) ele (cattle):

                   "He/she made a careful imitation of the manger and cattle".
admiral: ad.-.mi-ira-al., adi-imi-ira-al, adi (careful) imitagarri (exemplary) iradoki (to make, to create) aldezpen (defensive strategy):

               "Create a careful and exemplary defensive strategy".
admire: ad.-.mi-ire, adi-imi-ire, adi (careful) imitazio (imitation, likeness) ire (yours, of you): "A careful likeness of you".
admit: ad.-.mi-it., adi-imi-itu, adiskidegarri (friendly) imintzio (gesture) itunketa (agreement): "A friendly gesture of agreement".
adoption: ado-op.-.ti-on., ado-opa-ati-oni, adore (encouragement, assurance) opari egin (to give) atxiki (to keep) onik (unharmed):

                 "Give assurance to keep from harm".
adult: adu-ul.-.t., adu-ule-eto, adurrajausi (to be charmed) ulerketa (understanding) etorkizun (future): "Charmed with understanding

            the future".
adultery: adu-ul.-.te-eri, adu-ule-ete-eri, adurra jausi (to slobber) ule (hair) etenkatu (to break in, to enter) erion (to spill): "Slobber

                 the hair (then) enter to spill".
affirm: af.-.fi-ir.-.m., afa-abi-ira-ami, afa (happy event) abian (about to) iragarri (to announce) amiamoko (stork): "The stork is about

              to announce the happy event".
again: aga-in., aga-ina, aga (abundance) inarroskata (agitation): "An abundance of agitation".
agenda: age-en.-.da, age-eni-ida, agerkai (document) eni (to me) idazpuru (heading): "Heading of the document (sent) to me".
agreement: ag.-.re-eme-ent, age-ere-eme-entzu, ageriko (public) erretolika (discussion) emekiro (peacefully) entzupen (hearing):

                    "Public discussion at a peaceful hearing".
alderman, alde-er.-man (irregular), alde-eri-man, alde (region) erri (common people) manatu (to decide): "The common people of the

                   region decide".
almanac: al.-.ma-ana-ak. ale-ema-ana-aku, aleketa (abundance) eman (to produce) anaikidetasun (brotherly cooperation) akuilatu

                 (to stimulate): "Produce an abundance of grain and stimulate brotherly cooperation".
amatory: ama-ato-ori, ama (mother) atondu (to prepare) orrits (lovely meal): "Mother prepared a lovely meal".
amber: am.-.be-er., ama-abe-era, ama (mother) aberaski (elegant) erakarkor (attractive): "Mother looks elegant and attractive".
ambition: am.-.bi-iti-on, ama-abi-iti-on, ama (mother) abiadan (speedy) iti (ox) onbide (good example): "Mother's speedy ox is a good

                  example".
amen: ame-en., ame-ene, ametsetsi (to idealize) ene (exclamation): "Exclamation of idealization".
anabaptist: ana-aba-ap.-.ti-ist., ana-aba-apa-ati-isti, anaiarte (congregation) abade (priest) apal (humble) atxiki (to remain loyal to)

                    istildu (to submerge): "The humble priest of the congregation remains loyal to submerging in water".
analysis: ana-ali-isi-is., anatomia (composition) alik (possible) izigarri (scary) isurgai (liquid): "The composition of the possibly scary

                liquid".
annihilate: an.-.ni-ihi-ila-ate, ani-ini-ihi-ila-ate, animalia (animal) initz/ainitz (many) ihiztatu (to hunt down) ilarazi (to kill) aterpe

                    (shelter, blind): "Hunt down and kill many animals from a shelter".
aphrodisiac: ap.-.h.-.ro-odi-isi-ak., apo-ohe-ero-odi-isi-aku, apokeria (filthy deed) oheadar (bedpost) erotiko (erotic) odi (knothole)

                       isilean (in secret) akuilatu (to masturbate): "It is a filthy deed to masturbate in secret (using) the erotic knothole in the

                       bedpost".
apocalypse: apo-oka-ali-ip.-.se, apo-oka-ali-ipu-usa, apokeria (filthy deed) okastagarri (disgusting) alienazio (death of a person)

                     ipuinezko (legendary) usario (tradition): "The disgusting and filthy killing of a person in the legendary tradition". This

                     refers to the voluntary sacrifice of a young man (Tammuz, Ezekiel 8:14).
approach: ap.-.p.-.ro-atch., ape-epe-ero-atxi, apez (priest) epeluzapen (to allow more time) eroste (to redeem) atxikitzaile

                   (the faithful): "The priest gave more time for the faithful to be redeemed".
armageddon: ar.-.ma-age-ed.-.do-on.; ara-ama-age-ede-edo-one, aragikor (lustful) Ama (Goddess) ageriko (notorious)

                       ederrak hartu (to be defeated) edonongo (everywhere) onezkero (right now): "The lustful and notorious Goddess

                       must be defeated, everywhere and right now"; (2Kings 23:13-14).
assassin: as.-.sa-as.-.si-in., ase-esa-asi-isi-ino, aserre (angry) esale (speaker) asi (to begin) isileko (covert) inozotze (intimidation):

                "The angry speaker begins with covert intimidation".
assembly: as.-.se-em.-.b.-.li, asa-ase-ema-abe-eli, asaldaketa (excitement) ase (full) emankizun (performance) abesbatza (choir)

                  eliza (church): "Full of excitement for the performance of the church choir".
associate: as.-.so-oki-ate, ase-eso-oki-ate, asegale (craving for) esonde (advice) okitu (complete) aterbe (confidence): "Craving

                   for advice in complete confidence".
assure: as.-.su-ure, asi-isu-ure, asi (to begin) isuri (to inspire, show good will) urreratu (to get closer):"Begin with showing goodwill

              while getting closer".
asterisk: aste-eri-isk., astergai (subject of examination) erizkatu (to compare) izkutu (hidden, elsewhere): "Compare the subject of

                examination elsewhere".
astonish: asto-oni-ish., aztoratu (to confuse) onik (safe and sound) ixartu (to wake up): "To wake up confused but safe and sound".
asunder: asu-un.-.de-er., asu-une-ede-era, asu (newborn lamb) unetxo (short distance) ederrak hartu (to snatch away) erratu (to

                wander): "The newborn lamb wandered a short distance and was snatched away".
atom: ato-om., ator (come!) omentze (act of celebrating): "Come! Let's celebrate!"
attrition: at.-.t.-.ri-iti-on., ati-ita-ari-iti-onu, atxiki (to be loyal to) itaundu (to ask) arrisku (danger) itxi (to abandon, to ignore

                 onuste (good faith): "Ask the loyal ones to ignore danger and to have good faith".
augury: au-guri, aupatu (to glorify/deify) guritu (to indulge in): "Indulging in glorifying."
auspice: aus.-.pi-ike, ausitu (to calm down) ipini (to place, to find a place) ikerlari (visitor): "Calm the visitor down and find a

               place for him".
author: au-ut.-.ho-or., auke-uto-oho-oro, aukera (opportunity) utopikera (ideal) ohore eman (to honor) oroegile (Creator): "Ideal

              opportunity to honor the Creator".
authority: au-ut.-.ho-ori-iti, au-uto-oho-ori-iti, aukera (opportunity) utopikera (ideal) ohointza (thievery) orrits (that) itxi

                  (to stop): "Ideal opportunity to stop that thievery".

 

B.

 

baby: .ba-abi, aba-abi, abarroskatu (to make noise, to cry) abiatu (to begin): "To begin to cry", "First cry".
bachelor: .ba-atxe-elor, oba-atxe-elor, obakuntza (betterment) atxeki (to stick with, to put up with) elorrio (hardship): "He puts

                  up with hardship for betterment".
bacillus: .ba-aki-il.-.lu-us., aba-aki-ila-alu-usi, abagadune (occasion) akitu (tired) ilaundu (to weaken) alukeria (bad action,

                feeling) usin (sneeze): "On occasion tired, weak and feeling bad with sneezing".
back: .ba-ak.-.k., eba-ake-eka, ebatzi (to decide) aker (male goat) ekarri (to bring back): "He decided to bring the male goat back".
bacon: .ba-ako-on., eba-ako-onu, ebakune (slice) akordiozko (traditional) onuts (very nice): "Very nice traditional slice".
bacteria: .ba-ak.-.te-eri-i.a, aba-aki-ite-eri-iha, abagadune (on occasion) akitu (to be tired) itegun (work performed) eritsu

                  (sick) ihardun (to spend time): "On occasion too tired to perform work and spending time being sick".
bad: from abade (priest of the pre-Christian Goddess religion), just remove first and last vowel.
badger: .ba-ad.-.ge-er., aba-adi-ige-ero, abagadune (opportunity) adimentsu (intelligent, smart) igestoki (hiding place) errotu

               (to settle, to establish a home): "Smart opportunity to establish a home in the hiding place".
bag: .ba-ag., eba-age, ebaki (to cut, harvest) agerkin (sample): "Cut a sample".
baggage: .ba-ag.-.ga-age, aba-agi-iga-age, abagadune (some time, occasion) agian (I hope) igaro (to travel) agertu

                 (to discover): "Sometime I'd like to travel and discover".
bait: .ba-it., aba-ito, abagadune (opportunity) ito arazi (to snare): "Opportunity to snare".
bakery: .ba-ake-eri, eba-ake-eri, ebadura (slice of bread) akeita (coffee) erri (village): "A slice of bread with coffee in the village".
bale: .ba-ale, eba-ale, ebakin (cut hay) aletegi (barn): "The cut hay in the barn".
baleen/balein: bale-ina, bale (whale) inara (swallowed by): "Swallowed by the whale".
balk: .ba-alk., aba-alka, abantzu (almost) alkartuezineko (incompatible): "Almost incompatible".
ball: bal.-.l., balo-ol, baloi (ball) olgetan (to play): "To play ball".
ballad: bal.-.la-ad., bala-ala-adu, balada (ballad) alaitu (to fill with joy) adura jausi (charming): "A charming ballad fills with joy".
ballast: bal.-.la-ast., balda-ala-astu, baldarkiro (sluggish) alabearreko (necessary) astunketa (weight): "Necessarily sluggish with

              weight".
ballet: bal-.le-et., bala-ale-eta, balakaldi (adulation) alegia (fable) etapa (stage): "Adulation for the fable on stage".
balm: contraction of Baque word baltsamo (lotion): "Lotion".
balmy: bal-mi, baldintasun (condition) miragarri (wonderful): "Wonderful conditions".
balustrade: balu-ustera-ade, balu (if he had...) usteragileki (persuasiveness) adeitasun (courtesy): "If only he had persuasiveness

                     and courtesy".
bamboo, from banbu, ban-bu, banderamakila (flagpole) burujabetasun (independence): "Our flagpole of independence".
banana, bana-ana, banakatu (to divide) anaitu (to bunch): "Divide the bunch".
band (music): from banda: "Music band".
banish: .ba-ani-ix, eba-ani-ixi, ebasle (thief) anitzetan (often) ixilpetu (to hide): "Thieves often hide".
beaker: .be-ake-er., uberka (water container) akeita (coffee) erion (to spill, to pour): "Container to pour coffee from".
beggar:  .be-eg.-.ga-ar.; abe-ega-aga-are, abegi egin (to receive) egape (shelter) -aga (abundance of, much) arreratasun (kindness):

               "He receives shelter with much kindness".
begin: .be-egi-in., ibe-egi-ino, ibeni (to start) egindura the action) inor (somebody): "Somebody start the action".
beneficial: be-eni-ife-esi-al., (note "efi" in beneficial was originally "ife" as shown here; beargorri (extreme poverty) eni (to me)

                   ifernu (damned) esibarruti (obstruction) alaitasun (happiness): "Extreme poverty to me is a damned obstruction

                   to happiness".
bill: from bildu (to gather, to collect): to gather.
bravo: bra-abo, brastadako (sudden, spontaneous) abonau (approval): "Spontaneous approval".
brash, bra-ax., bra-axo, brastadakoan (suddenly) axolagabeko (careless): "Suddenly careless".
breast: .b.-.re-ast., abu-ure-azte, aburu agertu (to express an opinion) urreratu (to get closer) aztergai (subject of examination):

              "To express an opinion you have to get closer to the subject of examination".

 

C.

 

calendar: .ka-ale-en.-.da-ar., eka-ale-ene-eda-ara, ekainaldi (solsticial season) alegera (rejoicing) -enetan (always) edale

                  (drunk) arratsera (every evening): "Rejoicing during the solsticial season always means getting drunk every evening".


capable: .ka-apa-ab.-.le, eka-apa-abe-elka, ekarri (to bring) aparteko (superior) abe (support) elkardura (meeting): "He/she brings

                 superior support to the meeting".


capital, .ka-api-ita-al., aka-api-ita-ala, akatu (in the end) apika (may be) itxaro (to have trust in) alatz (miracle): "In the end maybe

               have trust in miracles".


caprice, .ka-ap.-.ri-ise, eka-apa-ari-ise, ekarri (to get) apa (kiss) arritasun (surprise) iseka (joke): "To get a surprise kiss as a joke".

capture: .ka-ap.-.tu-ure; aka-apo-otu-ure, akatsbako (perfect) apodun (hoofed animal, ungulate) oturuntza (meal) urreraketa

                (to draw closer, coming up): "A perfect meal of ungulate is coming up".

carat, .ka-ara-at., aka-ara-ato, akatsgabeko (flawlessly) aratz (pure) atondu (to polish): "Flawlessly pure and polished"

caravan, .ka-ara-aba-an., aka-ara-aba-ano, akabu (the end) ara (towards, at) abaro (shady place) ano (food): "At the end there is a

                 shady place and food".

carnal: .ka-ar.-.na-al., aka-ara-ana-alu, akatsbako (perfect) aragikeria (fornication) anaitu (to unite, to get together) alu (vulva):

              "Perfect fornication with a vulva".

carpenter: .ka-arpe-en.-.te-er., ika-arpe-ena-ate-era, ikaragarri (large) arpegi (front of the building) -ena (superlative, beautiful)

                     atenagusi (main entrance) eraiki (to build): "He built the (beautiful) main entrance in the large building front".

carry: erakarri (to carry): "To carry".

castle, .ka-as.-.t.-.le, aka-asa-ate-ele, akabu (superior) azalpen (manifestation, display) eleienda (legend) aterpe (protection):

             "Superior display of legendary protection".

catholic: .ka-ato-oli-ik., aka-ato-oli-ika, akatsbako (perfect) atontzaile (organization) oliotu (holy) ikasbide (teachings): "Perfect

                 organization for holy teachings".

caucus: kau-auku-us., kausituketa (meeting) aukuratu (to elect) usadio (according to tradition): "Meeting to elect according to

               tradition".

celebrity: (was celebrety) .se-ele-eb.-.re-eti, ase-ele-eba-are-eti, asekaitz (craving) eleiza (Christian assembly) ebanjelari

                  (evangelist) arrera egin (to welcome) etiketa (ethical, moralistic): "The Christian assembly is craving to welcome the

                   moralistic evangelist".

cellar: ke-el.-.la-ar., ke-eli-ila-ari, keriza (refuge) eliza (church) ilarazi (to kill) arinari eman (to escape): "Church refuge to escape

             the killing".

cemetary:.se-eme-eta-ari, aseguratu (to insure) emetasun (pleasing environment) ete (forever after) arima (soul): "Insure a

                   pleasing environment for ever after for the soul".

century, .se-en.-.tu-uri, ase-ena-atu-uri, asezindaku (craving, longing for) atutxa (better world) urrikalkor (merciful): "I am

                longing for a much better and more merciful world".

chapter: cha-ap.-.te-er., txa-apa-ate-era, txairoki (gracefully) apailatu (to organize) aterapen (composition) erakarle (attractive):

                "Gracefully organize the composition to make it look attractive".

cherry: txe-er.-.ri, txe-ero-ori, txertatu (to graft) erromuskil (twig) orridun (leafy): "Graft a leafy twig".

chimney, txi-im.-.ni, txi-ima-ani, tximinia (smokestack) imatz (wicker) anizkoitz (multiple layered): "Smokestack (made of)

                 multiple layered wicker". (A tube was woven of wicker, then lined with clay, which baked in the heat of the fire into

                 a pottery chimney).

Christ: kri-izt., Kriatzaile (God, Creator) iztun (speaker): "God's speaker. or: He speaks for God".

circus, .si-ir.-.ku-us, esi-iri-iku-us, esi (fence) iriki (to open) ikusbide (to view) ustekabe (the unexpected): "Open the fence and

             view the unexpected".

cistern: .ki-isti-irra-an. (was cistirn), ekinalean (do as much as possible) iztil (pool, water supply) iragangaitz (long lasting,

                durable) aniztu (to increase): "Do as much as possible to increase the durable watersupply".

civilization: .ki-ibi-ili-iza-ati-on., ekinalean (do as much as possible) ibili (to behave) ilintitu (to stir up, to encourage) izari

                   (moderation) atiki (loyalty) onestasun (decency): "Do as much as possible to behave and encourage moderation,

                      loyalty and decency".

clean, k.-.le-an., iku-ule-ani, ikusi (the wash) ule (hair) anitzetan (often, frequently): "Wash your hair frequently".

climax: .k.-.li-ima-ak.-.s., eki-ili-ima-aka-asa, ekin (to continue) ilintitu (to stir up) imajina (idol) akabu (supreme) asaldaketa

               (excitement): "Continue to stir up (your) idol to supreme excitement".

clitoris: .k.-.li-ito-ori-is., ike-eli-ito-ori, ikertu (to explore) elizlur (sacret spot) itoaldi (embarrassment) ori (that) isilkeriaz

               (in secret): "Explore that sacred spot of embarrasment in secret".

colonize, .ko-olo-oni-ize, ekoiztu (to produce) olo (oats) onibar (real estate, land) izendatu (to claim ownership): "Produce oats to

                  claim ownership to the land".

color, .ko-olo-or., eko-olo-ori, ekoitzi (to harvest) olo (oats) oribizi (goldcolored): "Harvest the gold-colored oats".

come, kome, komeni (be helpful): "Be helpful".

comedy, ko-ome-edi, komiko (comic) omen (fame) ediren (to find, to achieve): "The comic achieved fame".

comic, komi-ik., komi-iku, komiki (comic) ikusgura (costume): "Comic costume".

common, .ko-ome-emo-on., akordiozko (traditional) omentsu (celebrated) emonkor (generous) onestasun (decency): "Celebrated

                 traditional generousness and decency".

communion: .ko-om.-.mu-uni-on., ako-oma-amu-uni-one, akorduan euki (to remember) oma (grandmother) amuros (loving)

                       unibertsal (universal) oneste (act of blessing): "Remember our loving grandmother's universal blessing".

compare, .ko-om.-.pa-are, ako-oma-apa-are, akorduan euki (remember) oma (grandmother) apailatu (to cook) arretaz (carefully)

                : "Remember how carefully grandmother cooked?"

compassion: ko-om.-.pa-asi-on., ko-ome-epa-asi-one, komeni (to be helpful) omenezko (honorable) epai (decision) asi (to start)

                      oneste (act of blessing): "To be helpful is an honorable decision to begin an act of blessing".

conclude: .ko-on.-.k.-.lu-ude, ako-ona-aki-ilu-ude, akorduan euki (to remember) onarketa (welcome) akitu (to be tired) ilunalde

                   (evening) udetxe (summerhouse): "Remember the welcome at the summer cottage when we were tired in the evening?"

conquer: ko-on.-.ku-er., ako-ona-aku-era, akordiotu (to consent, to grant) onartze (permission) akuilatu (to incite, to launch) eraso

                 (attack): "Permission is granted to launch an attack".

consent: .ko-on.-.se-ent, ako-ona-ase-ent, akordio (agreement) onarketa (welcome) asebete (to satisfy hunger) entzuleria

                 (audience): "Welcome agreement satisfies the audience".

Coptic: .ko-op.-.ti-ik., ako-opa-ati-ika, akordiozko (traditional) opagai (offering) atxikigarri (faithful) ikasbide (teachings):

               "Traditional offering of faithful teachings".

copulate: The word originally must have read: copjulete: .ko-op.-.ju-ule-ete, ako-opa-aju-ule-ete, akorduan euki (to remember)

                  opa izan (longing for) ajuria (heather field) uletsu (hairy) etendura (split, crack): "Remember how I longed for

                  your hairy crack in the heather field"?

copy, .ko-opi, uko-opi, ukozko (negative) opildu (to flatten out), "Flatten out the negative".

cordial, .ko-or.-.di-al., eko-ora-adi-ale, ekonomo (administrator) orain (always) adiskidetsu (friendly) aleginez (careful):

               "The administrator was always friendly and careful".

core, kor, kortxo (cork): "Cork".

cormorant: ko-ora-amo-ora-ant., koska (ledge) orraztu (to rob) amorrotuz (determinedly) oratu (to grab) antolatu (to prepare):

                    "Determinedly on the ledge to rob (the eggs) he prepared to grab".

corporal, ko-or.-.po-ora-al., ko-ora-apo-ora-ali, kopetadun (brazen) orain (always) apokeria (insulting) orratio (angry) alukeria

                 (repulsive): "Always brazen, insulting, angry and repulsive".

cosmos, kosmo-os., kosmo (universe) osin (depth): "The depth of the universe".

country: .ko-un.-.t.-.ri, ako-une-eto-ori, akordiogarri (agreeable) une (place, spot) etorki (family) orrits (feast): "Agreeable spot

                 for a family feast".

craft, .k.-.ra-af.-.t., eki-ira-afa-ato, ekin (to persevere) irabazbide (professional) afa (happy) atondu (to solve problems):

                 "Persevering professional is happy to solve problems".

creation: .k.-.re-ati-on., oke-ere-ati-one, okergabe (pristine) erregali (gift) atxikitzaile (faithful) onetsi (to bless): "Pristine gift

                  to the blessed faithful".

cruel, .k.-ru-el., oke-erru-ele, okerkeria (injustice) errukigabekeria (mercilessness) ele (story): "Story of injustice and mercilessness".

cupola, .ku-upo-ola, iku-upo-ola, ikusgarri (scenic) upohol (barrel-shaped) olana (canopy): "Scenic barrel-shaped canopy".

cultic, ku-ul.-.ti-ik., ku-ule-eti-ika, kukukeria (mystery) uletu (to understand) etika (ethics) ikaserazi (to teach): "Understanding the

             mystery and teaching its ethics".

current: from French courant, kurant: kura-ant., kuraia (force) antepara (canal which brings water to the waterwheel): "The force

               of the water from the canal turns the waterwheel".

curt: .ku-urt., akuilatu (to urge) urten (to leave): "Urged to leave".

 

D.

 

decision: .de-esi-isi-on., adelatu (to prepare) esinguratu (to surround) isilka (secretly) onezkero (right now): "Right now prepare

                 to secretly surround them".
defense: .di-ife-en.-.s; adi-ife-enu-us, aditu (watch out for) ifernu (damned) enultasun (weakness) usnatu (to suspect): "Watch out

                 for any damned suspected weakness".
delegate: .de-ele-ega-ate, idetu (to compare, to swap) ele (story) egarritu (to make someone thirsty) atera (to get): "Swapping

                  stories makes one get thirsty".
descendant: .de-eske-en.-.da-ant, ide-ezke-eni-ida-ant, idetu (to compare) ezkel (cross-eyed) eni (to me) idazkitu (to establish)

                       antz (resemblance): "(They) compared the cross-eyed (person) with me to establish a resemblance".
desideratum: .de-esi-ide-era-atu-um., adei (gently) esinguratu (to surround) ideialki (ideal) erakasketa (education) atutxi (better

                         world) ume (child): "Gently surround our children with an ideal education for a better world".
desk: .de-esk., ederki (beautifully) eskuzko (handcrafted): "Beautifuly handcrafted".
desperate: de-espera-atu, dei (calling) esperantzagabe (hopeless) atutxa (better world): "Calling hopelessly for a better world".
destroy: .de-est.-.ro-oi, ede-esta-aro-oi, ederrasartu (to lie, to mislead) estakuru (pretext) arrotz (foreigner) oiher (evil):

                "Misleading pretext of the evil foreigner".
devastate: .de-eba-azta-ate, edeki (to remove) ebasle (plunderer) aztarna (footprint) ate (door): "The plunderer removed his

                    footprints by the door".
devout: .de-ebo-ut., ide-ebo-uto, ideologia (ideology) eboluzionatu (to develop) utopia (better world): "Ideology which develops

                a better world".
diary: .di-ari, adi-ari, adieragin (to explain) ariketa (activity): "It explains the activities".
dictionary: .di-ik.-.ti-ona-ari, edi-ika-ati-ona-ari, ediren (to find) ikasgai (study material) atxiki (to memorize) onaldi (prosperity)

                     arinaldi (improvement): "To find study material to memorize for improvement in prosperity".
didactic: .di-ida-ak.-.ti-ik., adi-ida-aka-ati-ika, adimentsuki (intelligently) idatzi (to write) akatsgabeko (perfect) atxiki (faithful)

                 ikasbide (teachings): "To intelligently write perfectly faithful teachings".
dignity: .di-ig.-.ni-iti, adi-igu-uni-iti, aditze (understanding) igurikitza (tolerance) unibersal (general) itikor (permissive): "His

               understanding and tolerance (makes him) generally permissive".
disciple: .di-is.-.ki-ip.-.le, udi-iso-oki-ipu-ule, udikan (go away) isolamendu (isolation) okitu (total) ipuin (gospel) ulertu

                 (to ponder): "Go away into total isolation to ponder the gospels".
discover: .de-es.-.ko-obe-er., (was: descover):ade-esi-iko-obe-ere, adelatu (to prepare) esibarruti (enclosure) iko (that) obetu (to

                  improve, make liveable) eremu (wilderness): "Prepare an enclosure that makes the wilderness liveable".
distance: .di-ista-an.-.ke, adi-izta-ani-ike, aditze (to understand) iztar (thighs) aniztu (to increase) ikermen (rest stop):

                  "Understanding the thighs he increased the rest stops".
doctor: .do-ok.-.to-or., odoldun (bloody) okerkeria (injury) etorri (to come) orain (right now): "A bloody injury; come right now"!
dog: .do-og., ado-ogu, adoretsu (brave) oguzi (to speak out loud): "Brave and loud".
drink: .d.-.ri-in.-.k., eda-ari-ina-ake, edan (to drink) arin-arin (quickly) inara (swallow) akeita (coffee): "Quickly drink your

             swallow of coffee".
drop: .d.-.ro-op., odo-oro-opi, odolberoaldi (fit of rage) oroz (totally) opildu (to flatten): "Totally flattened in a fit of rage".

 

E.

 

eager, ea-age-era, ea (emphasis) ageriko (honest) erreaksio (reaction): "Very honest reaction".
eagle, ea-ag.-.le, ea-age-ele, ea (emphasis) agerbide (symbol) eleiza (church): "Special church symbol".
ear, ea-ar., ea-ara, ea (emphasis) arramaka (shouting): "Loud shouting".
early, ea-ar.-.li, ea-ari-ili, ea (emphasis) arinarazi (hasten) ilintitu (to stir up a fire): "Hurry up and stir up the fire".
earn, ea-ar.-.n., ea-aro-onu, ea (emphasis) arotz (carpenter) onura (earnings, wages): "Good carpenter's wages".
earnest, ea-ar.-.ne-est, ea-are-ene-esta, ea (emphasis) arreratsu (kind) ene (to me) estalgabe (sincere): "Very kind and sincere to me".
earth, ea-ar.-.t.-.h., ea-ari-itu-uhu, ea (emphasis) arrigarri (marvelous) iturri (source) uhui (happiness): "Marvelous source of

            happiness".
easy, ea-azi, ea (emphasis) azi (to grow up): "Growing up fast".
Easter, ea-aste-er., ea (emphasis, special) aste (week) eraspen (devotion): "Special week of devotion". Or: 
Easter, derived from German "Ostern", pronounced with clear "oh" or "oo": o.o-oste-ern., oho-oste-erne, ohoratu (to glorify, to

               worship) ostera (return) ernebizitu (to excite): "Worship His Exciting return". (I prefer this translation).
east, ea-ast., ea (emphasis) astro (star): "Special star".
eat, ea-at., ea-ato, ea (emphasis) atondu (to prepare): "Especially prepared".
eave, ea-abe, ea (emphasis) abegi egin (to receive): "Special receptacle (for rainwater)".
ebb, eb.-.b., eba-abi, ebatzi (to decide) abialdi (departure): "It decides the departure" (of the ship).
ebony, ebo-oni, eboluzionatu (To develop, to create) onizan (something useful): "Create something useful".
echo, ek.-.ho, eka-aho, atzera ekarri (to return) ahoziritu (to mislead): "The returning (sound) is misleading".
ejaculate: eja-aku-ule-ete (note the shift from a to e): eia (come on, keep on) akuilatu (to stimulate) uletsu (hairy) etendura (split,

                   crack): "Keep on stimulating the hairy crack".
empty: em.-.p.-.ti, ema-apu-utzi, eman (to give) apurtxo (a little bit) utzik (merely, just): "Give just a little bit".
encyclopaedia: en.-.si-ik.-.lo-opa-edi-i.a, ena-asi-ika-alo-opa-edi-iha, -ena (possessive suffix) asi (to begin) ikaste (learning)

                           alogeratu (to engage, acquire) opa (desire) ediren (to find) ihardetsaldi (answer): "To begin learning, you must

                           acquire a desire to find answers".
energy: ene-er.-.gi, ene-era-agi, -enetan (always) eragin (to motivate) aginbidedun (powerfully): "Always powerfully motivated".
envious: en.-.bi-us., eni-ibi-usa, eni (to me) ibilkeria (behaviour) usainka (suspicious): "(His) behavior to me is suspicious".
erotic: ero-oti-ik., erromantiku (romantic) otzikaratu (to tremble) ikusaldi (time spent looking): "Trembling romantically (during)

             the time spent looking".
estate: es.-.ta-ate, ese-eta-ate, esertze (act of being situated) -eta (place of) aterpe (refuge, safe place): "To be situated in a place

             of refuge".
estrus: est.-.ru-us., esta-aru-usa, estaldi (to mate animals) arrunki (simply, commonly) usaindu (to smell): "Mating animals

              commonly smell".
executive: (eksekutive), .ek.-.se-eku-uti-ibe, eka-ase-eku-uti-ibe, ekaitz (storm) aserre (anger) ekurugaitz (worried) utikan

                   (get out) ibeni (act of putting on): "His act of putting on a storm of anger has me worried that I have to get out".
existence: (eksiztense) ek.-.si-izte-en.-.se, eka-asi-izte-ene-ese, ekarpen (contribution) asierako (original) iztegi (vocabulary)

                   ene (my) esentzia (essence): "The essence of my original vocabulary contributions".
exotic, ek.-.so-oti-ik., eka-aso-oti-iku, ekarri (to bring) azokari (merchant) otzitu (to chill) ikusnahi (curiosity): "The merchant

             brought a chilling curiosity".
expect: ek.-.spe-ek.-.t., eka-aspe-eki-ito, ekantze (to become accustomed) asperti (revenge) ekinaldi (attempt) itotzaile (murderer):

               "He became accustomed to the murderer's revenge attempts".
experiment: (eksperement) ek.-.s.-.pe-ere-eme-ent, eki-isu-upe-ere-eme-ent, ekin (attempt) isurgai (liquid) upeleratu (to store

                       in vats) eredu (example) emendatu (to enlarge) entsegu (experiment): "Attempt to store the liquid in vats as an

                       example of how to enlarge the experiment".
extasy, ek.-.s.-.ta-asi, eka-asa-ata-asi, ekarpen (contribution) asaldaketa (excitement) atano (better world) asi (to start): "My

              contribution to the excitement of starting a better world."

 

F.

 

facility: .fa-aki-ili-iti, afa (happy) akiarazi (to be exhausted) ilintitu (to revive, to recover) itxi (to allow): "Happy (place) where

                the exhausted are allowed to recover".
family: from French: famille: .fa-ami-ile; afa (happy) amiamoko (stork) ilehartze (joking): "Happy joking about the stork".
fast: .fa-ast., afa (happy) astajoko (donkey race): "Happy donkey race".
fever: (German: Fieber): .fi-ibe-er., ifi-ibe-ere, ibili (to act) ibeni (to put on, to apply) erremedio (cure, remedy): "Act by putting

             on a remedy".
finance: .fi-ina-an.-.se, ofi-ina-ana-ase, ofiziale (official) inauguratu (to open) anaia (brother) ase ase (overful): "The official

                opened the overful (trunk) of the brother".
flower: .f.-.lo-er., afa-alo-era, afa (happy, pleasing) alor (field) errainuketa (sunshine): "A pleasing field in the sunshine".
fond (of):.f.-ond., afa-onda, afa (happy) ondartu (to get stuck, attached to): "Happy to get attached to".
fortune: .bo-or.-.tu-une, abo-ora-atu-une, abogadu (lawyer) orratio (expression of surprise) atutxi (better world) uneko

                (instantaneous): "The lawyer's surprise instantaneously (opened up) a better world".
fragile: .f.-.ra-agi-ile, ifa-ara-agi-ile, ifernu (damned) arrazkeria (negligence) agirakatu (to be blamed) ilezin (forever):

               "Damned negligence; I'll be blamed forever".
freedom: .f.-.re--edo-ome, afa-are-edo-ome, afa (pleasing) arreman (relationship) edozelako (common) omen (honor):

                 "Pleasing common relationship of honor."
frighten: .f.-.ri-ig.-.te-en., afa-ari-ige-ete-ene, afa (happy) arriskatu (to risk) iges egin (to escape) etenbehar (tension) enegana

                 (to come to me): "Happy you risked to escape the tension by coming to me".
frugal,.f.-.ru-uga-al., afa-aru-uga-alo, afari (meal) arrunt (simple) ugari (fruitful, productive) alor (small field, garden plot):

                "A simple meal from a productive garden plot".

 

G.

 

garlic: .ga-ar.-.li-ik., ega-ara-ali-ika, egakortasun (smell) arranguratu (to complain) alienatu (to destroy a person's composure)

              ikaragarri (awful): "(People) complain that the smell destroys a person's composure; it's awful"!
general: .ge-ene-era-al., ageri (honesty) -enetan (always) eragin (to promote) alaitasun (happiness): "Honesty always promotes

                 happiness".
Genesis: .ge-ene-esi-is., ageri (revelation) ene (my) ezingehiagoko (supreme) izadi (creation): "My supreme revelation of Creation".
Gnostic: .g.-.no-os.-.ti-ik., igo-ono-osa-ati-ika, igoarazi (to lift up) on on (exquisite) osatasun (perfection) atxikigarri (faithfulness)

                 ikaskai (teachings): "Lift up to exquisite perfection our teachings in faithfulness".
goal, .go-al., ego-ala, egokitasun (opportunity) alai (happy): "Happy opportunity".
gonad: .go-ona-ad., igo-ona-adi, igortzi (to rub) onartu (to approve of, to like) adi (careful): "(I) like careful rubbing".
gondola, .go-on.-.do-ola, ego-oni-ido-ola, egon (to stay) onik (safe and sound) idor (dry) olana (canopy): "Stay safe and dry under

                 the canopy".
gospel, .go-os.-.pe-el., igo-osa-ape-ele, igo arazi (to lift up) osatasun (perfection) apez (priest) ele (story): "Lift the priest's story

               up to perfection".
gossip: .go-osi-ip, ego-osi-ipu, egodun (winged) osintsu (foundationless, meaningless) ipuin (talk): "Winged meaningless talk".
gourmet: .go-ur.-.me-et., ego-uro-ome-eti, egosi (to boil) uroilanda (marsh hen) omenka (according to) etiketa (instructions):

                  "Boil the marsh hen according to instructions".
grammatica: .g.-.ra-ama-ati-ika, iga-ara-ama-ati-iki, igar (dry) arra- (repetition) amaikatxo (many) atxiki (to memorize) ikaskai

                        (lesson): "Many dry repetitions will memorize the lesson".
gust: .gu-ust., egu-uste, egualdi (weather) ustegabe (unexpected): "Unexpected weather".

 

H.

 

Hansard: .ha-an.-.sa-ard., aha-ane-esa-ardu, ahalegin (attempt) anega (measure) esan (to narrate) arduratu (to take responsibility

                   for): "An attempt to take a measure of responsibility for the narration".
harass: .ha-ara-as.; aha-ara-asa, ahakargarri (upsetting, worrisome) arao (blasphemy) asaldatu (to be perturbed): "To be

                perturbed by the worrisome blasphemy".
harbour: .ha-ar.-.bo-ur., aha-ara-abo-uri, (The prayer of a person in desperate need); ahalgabe (impotent, helpless) arazio (worried)

                  abotz (voice) urrikalpen (mercy): "Helpless (in his boat) a worried voice (cries) mercy"!
heart: .he-art., ihe-artu, ihesleku (refuge) artuemon (trust): "Trusted refuge".
hell: el.-.l., ela-ali, (the "h" has no meaning in the word): ela (story, legend) alienatu (a person's destruction): "The story of a person's

          destruction".
help: el.-.p., ela-apa, (the "h" has no meaning), ela (word) apalaldi (weakness): "Word (expressing) weakness".
heretic: ere-eti-ik., (the "h" has no value): eremu (wasteland) etikaezin (unethical) ikaraz (frightfully): "frightfully unethical wasteland".
heron: .he-ero-on., ohe-ero-on, ohe (bed, nest) erromuskil (twigs) -ondo (pertaining to tree): "A nest of twigs in a tree".
honesty: one-esti, onegite (doing good) estimagarri (appreciated): "Doing good is appreciated".
hospital: os.-.pi-ita-al., osa-api-ita-ala, osasunda (to get well) apika (perhaps) itaunka (asking for) alatz (miracle): "To get well,

                perhaps, is asking for a miracle".
honorary: .ho-ono-ora-ari, ahobatez (unanimous) onon (the very best) oraingoan (on this occasion) ari (to him/her): "On this

                    occasion we unanimously wish our very best to him/her".
humanity: .hu-uma-ani-iti, ahurka (in large numbers) umaketa (reproduction) aniztu (to increase) itxi (to allow): "Births in large

                    numbers allowed the increase".
hymen: .hi-imi-in., ohi-imi-ine, (note: originally hymin), ohitu (to get used to) imitatu (to reproduce) inertzia (lie still, be passive):

                "To get used to reproducing, lie still".
hysterical: iste-eri-ika-al., izterbegiko (unpleasant) eri (affliction) ikaragarri (frightening) alarao (scream): "Unpleasant affliction

                    with frightening screams".

 

I.


identity: ide-en.-.ti-iti, ide-ene-eti-iti, identifikatu (to identify) ene (my) etiketa (label, name) itxi (to permit, to allow): "You are

                 allowed to identify my name".
impotent: im.-.po-ote-ent., imi-ipo-ote-entzu, imini (size) ipotu (to grow small) ote (perhaps) entzungura (anxiety): "To grow

                   smaller in size is perhaps anxiety".
improvement: im.-.pro-obe-eme-ent, imaginatu (to sculpt, to shape) apropos (purposely) obetu (to perfect) emendatu (to increase)

                          entsegutu (experiment): "To purposely shape and perfect the experiment to increase (production)".
impulsive: im.-.pu-ul.-.si-ibe, imi-ipu-ule-ezi-ibe, imintzio (gesture) ipurgarbiketa (adulation) ulerterazi (to listen to) ezigaitz

                   (indomitable, irresistable) ibintze (act of putting on)): "Gesture of adulation (after) listening to the irresistable act put on".
inaugurate: ina-au-gura-atu, inaustu (to cut) au (this one) gura (desire/hoping for) atutxa (better future): "I cut this (ribbon) hoping

                    for a better future."
indicate: in.-.di-ika-ate, ina-adi-ika-ate, inauguratu (to open) adierazpen (explanation) ikasbide (example) aterri (clear): "Open

                  the explanation with a clear example".
initiate: ini-iti-ate, injineru (engineer) itxi (to close) ate (door): "The engineer closed the doors". innocence: in.-.no-oke-en.-.ke,

                ino-ono-oke-eni-ike, inozo (naive) onon (wonderful) okerraragabe (uncorrupted) eni (to me) ikertu (to visit): "A

                wonderfully naive, uncorrupted (person) came to visit me".
integrity: in.-.te-eg.-.ri-iti, ina-ate-egi-iri-iti, inauguratu (to open) atertu (to clear the air) egi esan (to be truthful) irizpidetu

                  (to pass judgement) itxi (to permit): "Be truthful and clear the air by opening the doors to permit the passing of judgement".
intelligent: in.-.te-eli-ige-en.-.t., ino-ote-eli-ige-ene-ete, inolaz (somehow) ote (perhaps) elizdiru (obligation) igesegin (to evade)

                    ene (before) eten (getting tired): "Somehow perhaps evade the obligation before getting tired".
interrupt: in.-.te-erru-up.-.t., ina-ate-eru-upa-ata, inauguratu (to open) atera (to remove) errudun (faulty) upa (barrel) atal

                   (fragment): "Open up and remove the faulty barrel fragment".
intolerable, in.-.to-ole-era-ab.-.le, ina-ato-ole-era-abe-ele, inarrospen (agitation) atondu (to find a solution) oles egin (to call

                      upon) erakusten eman (to explain) aberekeria (brutality) ele (story): "To find a solution to the agitation he was

                      called upon to explain the story of brutality".
irksome: ir.-.k.-.so-ome, iro-oko-oso-ome, irol (manure) okolu (stable) osoro (total) omenaldi (tribute): "Manure from the stable

                  was his total tribute".
irrigate: ir.-.ri-iga-ate, ire-eri-iga-ate, ireki (to open) eriontegi (spillway) igartu (to wilt) atertu (to stop): "Open the spillway to

                 stop the wilting".
itinerary: iti-ine-era-ari, itxi (stop) inertzia (rest) erazko (convenient) arriskugabe (safe): "Stop for a rest at a convenient safe place".

 

L.


lamb: .la-am.-.b., ala-ama-abe, alaitsu (joyful) amaigabeki (endlessly) abereborda (sheepfold): "Endlessly joyful in the sheepfold".
leather: (from German Leder), .le-ede-er.: alegina egin (to make an effort) ederki (to take from) eremu (wilderness): "Make an

                effort to take it from the wilderness".
legality: .le-ega-ali-iti, alegiņa (do your best) egape (escape) alik (possible) itxiki (to stop): "Do your best to stop any possible escape".
legislature: .le-egi-isla-atu-ure, ele egin (to talk about) eginahalez (conscientiously) isladatu (to reflect upon) atutxa (better

                      world) urreraketa (drawing closer): "To conscientiously talk about and reflect upon drawing a better world closer".
lemon: .le-emo-on., ale (fruit) emonkor (prolific) onuragarri (beneficial): "Prolific and beneficial fruit".
lesbian: .le-esbi-an., ileta jo (to complain) ezbide (unreasonableness) anatomia (anatomy, biology): "(He is) complaining

                about the unreasonableness of (her) biology".
libido: .li-ibi-ido, ilintitu (to stir up) ibili (to act, to behave) idolatratu (to idolize): "All stirred up he behaved like he was idolizing".
library: .li-ib.-.ra-ari, eli-ibi-ira-ari, elizdiru (religious duty) ibili (to acquire) irakaskuntza (education) arrigarri (marvellous,

                admirable): "It is your religious duty to acquire a marvellous education".
lion: .li-on., ali-one, alienatu (to destroy a person) onean (instantly): "Kills a person instantly".
litter: .li-it.-.te-er., ali-ito-ote-era, alienazio (to destroy a person's moral) itoi (pigsty) ote (perhaps) errazkeria (negligence):

             "A pigsty destroys the moral; perhaps (it is) negligence".
liturgy: .li-itu-ur.-.gi, eli-itu-ure-egi, eliza (church) iturri (origin) urreraketa (to approach) egia (truth): "The church's original

                approach to truth".
lord: .lo-ord., alo-ordu, alogeratu (to engage, contact) ordudun (when needed): "To contact when in need".
love: .lo-obe, elo-obe, elorritsu (bed of thorns) obe (better than): "(Love is) better than a bed of thorns".

 

M.

 

magic: .ma-agi-ik., ama-agi-ika, ama (Priestess) agindu (to command) ikarakortu (to be afraid of): "Be afraid of the Priestess'

              command".
malignant: .ma-ali-ig.-.na-an.-.t., ema-ali-iga-ana-ano-ote, emanaldi (performance) alienazio (destruction of a person) igartu

                     (withering) anatomia (anatomy) anormal (abnormal) ote (perhaps): "The destruction of a person's performance by

                     withering of the anatomy is perhaps abnormal".
manufacture: .ma-anu-ufa-ak.-.tu-ure, eman (to produce) anu (fainting) ufaztu (to stink) akabu (dead) atun (tuna fish) uregosi

                        (boiling water): "Dead tuna fish in boiling water produces a fainting stink".
manure: .ma-anu-ure, emanaldi (emission) anu (fainting) urreratu (to draw near): "The emission causes fainting when you draw near".
marriage: .ma-ar.-.ri-age, emazte (wife, woman) ari (active, occupied) iritsi (to get) ageriki (honestly): "To get an active woman

                   honestly".
master: .ma-aste-er., emanaldi (performance) astegun (working day) erabaki (to decide): "He decides the performance during the

                working day".
mathematics: .ma-ate-ema-ati-ik.-.s., ema-ate-ema-ati-ika-ase, eskola eman (to teach) atergabe (constant) eman (to produce) atiki

                        (to memorize) ikaskai (lesson) asezintasun (craving, desire): "Constant teaching produces a desire to memorize

                        the lessons".
mature: .ma-atu-ure, emantsu (generous) atutxa (evergreen oak forest) urentasun (nobleness): "Generous like the nobleness of the

                evergreen oak forest".
meaning: me-ani-ing., mende egon (to depend on) anik (often) inguruka (round-about description): "It often depends on a

                  roundabout description".
meeting: .me-eti-ing., emeriko (peacefully) etiketa (formality) ingurukatu (to gather in a circle): "The formality of peacefully

                  gathering in a circle".
menstruation: .me-en.-.st.-.ru-ati-on., eme-ene-ezta-aru-ati-ona, eme (female) enea (privacy) ezta (no way) arrunt (vulgar)

                          atxiki (to catch, to collect) onartuezin (unacceptable): "It's female privacy, no way, it's vulgar; to collect it is

                          unacceptable". (This refers to the use of menstrual blood in the religious ceremonies of the Asherah religion and

                          some Gnostic groups).
mercenary: .me-er.-.se-ena-ari; ame-era-ase-ena-ari, ameriketakegin (to make a fortune) erakarri (cause) aserre egin (to fight)

                       -ena (superlative) arriskutsu (dangerous): "He makes a fortune fighting for a most dangerous cause".
militant: .mi-ili-ita-ant., imitatu (to repeat) ilindi (fiery, militant) itaunka (interrogating) antolatzaile (organizer): "Repeat the

                  interrogation of the fiery organizer".
minstrel: min-.stra-al., (originally minstral), minbera (sentimental) astrapalatsu (loud) alegia (fable, ballad): "Sentimental loud ballad".
mission: .mi-isi-on.; (originally written with one "s"), umiltasun (humbleness) isilka (quietly) onegite (doing good): "Doing good in

                humbleness".
moisture: .mo-oi-istu-ure; umotasun (sensible) oian (wood) iztupaltu (to caulk) uretaratu (to launch): "It is sensible to caulk the

                   wood before launching (the boat)".
moment: .mo-ome-ent, umore (humorist) omendun (famous) entzunarazi (to pay attention): "The famous humorist (made them) pay

                 attention".
monastery: .mo-ona-aste-eri, amodiotsu (loving) onarketa (welcome) azaleratu (to show) aterpepetu (to give shelter) erikor

                      (ailing): "We show a loving welcome and give shelter to the ailing".
money: .mo-oni, emo-oni, emoi (present) on izan (useful): "Useful present".
monk: mo-onk., moralezko (moral) onkide (companion doing good works): "Moral companion doing good works".
moody: .mu-udi, amure egon (to be distrustful) udikan/utikan (go away): "Go away! I don't trust you".
motive: .mo-oti-ibe, umore (humor) otoi (request, please) ibeni (to introduce): "Please introduce (some) humor".

 

N.

 

narrative: .na-arra-ati-ibe, inausi (to trim, to abridge) arranguraz (carefully) atikitzaile (faithful) ibeni (to place, put in order):

                    "To carefully abridge and faithfully put in order."
nation: .na-ati-on., anaia (brothers) atxiki (be loyal to) onibar (land): "Brothers be loyal to the land".
naughty: na-auk.-.ti, nagusitu (to walk over) aukerako (proper) etika (ethics): "To walk over proper ethics".
navy: .na-abi, .na-abi, onartu (to authorize) abialdi (departure): "Departure is authorized".
necessary: .ne-ese-es.-.sa-ari, onezkero (right now) esetsi (to attack) esiketa (blockade) izapide (according to plan) arritu

                    (to surprise): "Attack the blockade right now according to plan to surprise them".
net .ne-et., ene-eta, enetan (always) -eta (bountiful): "Always bountiful".
noble: no-ob.-.le; norbere (my own) obetu (to prefer, to favor) ele (story): "My own favorite story".

 

O.

 

oats to claim ownership to the land".

obdurate: ob.-.du-ura-ate, obe-edu-ura-ate, oben egin (to sin) eduki (to have) urratu (to break a law) atergabeki (continually):

                   "He has sinned by breaking the law continuously".
obsession: ob.-.se-esi-on., obe-ese-esi-oni, obe (preferable) esetsi (to attack) esitzaile (besieger) onikatera (to escape unharmed):

                    "It is preferable to attack the besieger and escape unharmed".
obstinate: ob.-.sti.-ina-ate, oba-azti-ina-ate, oba (better) aztiatu (to foresee) inarrosketa (agitation) aterapen (consequence):

                   "It is better to foresee the consequences of the agitation".
offense: ofi-in.-.se, ofi-ina-ase, (originally "ofinse"), ofiziale (official) inarrosi (to agitate) aserretsu (furious): "Agitated and

                furious official".
offer, of.-.fe-er., ofi-ibe-era, ofiziale (craftsman) ibenikunde (introduction) erakarle (attractive): "The craftsman's attractive

            introduction".
ombudsman, om-bods-man (irregular), omen (honor) abots (voice) manatu (to decide): "The voice of honor decides".
onanism: ona-ani-is.-.m., ona-ani-isu-umo, onargaitz (unescapable) anik (often) isuri (to spill, to waste) umontzi (womb): "It is

                 often unacceptable to spill (inside) the womb".
opera: ope-era, opetsi (to offer) erakartasun (attraction): "To offer an attraction".
oracle: ora-ak.-.le, ora-ake-ele, oraindanik (from now on, future) akela (priestess) ele (story): "The priestess' story about the future".
orchestra: or.-.ke-est.-.ra, ori-ike-este-era, orrits (feast) ikertu (to visit) estekada (fullness, glut) errainutsu (radiant): "Visit the

                   feast of radiant fullness".
orgasm: or.-.ga-as.-.m., ora-aga-ase-ema, oratu (to grab) aga (long pole) asegaitz (craving) emazte (wife): "He grabbed his pole,

                craving for his wife".
orgy: or.-.gi, oro-ogi, orrokatu (to scream) ogipeko (maid): "The maids are screaming".
original: ori-igi-ina-al., origorri (golden yellow) igita (harvest) inarroskatu (to winnow) aletu (to thresh): "The golden-yellow

                 harvest is threshed and winnowed".
ornament: or.-.na-ame-ent, ori-ina-ame-ent, orri (paper) inauguratu (to unwrap) ameki (carefully) entzunahi (curiosity):

                    "Carefully unwrap the paper from the curiosity".
ovation: oba-ati-on., oba (better) atiki (to be loyal to) oneskarri (worthy of respect): "It is better to be loyal and worthy of respect".

 

P.

 

pagan: .pa-aga-an., opari (sacrifice) -aga (with abundance of) anaigo (group of worshippers): "Group of worshippers with an

              abundance of sacrifice".
pain: .pa-in, opaisan (pray for) indar (strength): "Pray for strength".
Parliament: .pa-ar.-.li-iha-ame-ent, apa-ari-ili-iha-ame-ent, aparteko (special) -ari (cause) ilinti (fiery) ihardukitze (arguing,

                       oratory) ameslari (idealistic) entzungarri (worthy of being heard): "Fiery and idealistic oratory for a special cause

                       is worthy of being heard".
parson: .pa-ar.-.so-on., apa-are-eso-ongi, apaitz (priest) arrenseskatu (to ask earnestly) esonde (advice) ongietorri (welcome):

                "Ask the priest earnestly (for his) welcome advice".
passion: .pa-asi-on, opa (desire) asierako (initial) ondonahi (to make love): "Initial desire to make love".
pastor: .pa-as.-.to-or., opa-ase-eto-oro, opa izan (to desire for) asegaitz (craving) etortze (act of coming) oroegile (Creator):

               "He has a desire and a craving for the coming of the Creator".
patrimony: .pa-at.-.re-emo-oni, opa-ata-are-emo-oni, (note the vowel switch, i to e), oparo (rich) aita (father) arrera (welcomes)

                     emon (to give) oniritzi (consent): "The rich father welcomes the giving of consent".
pauper: pau-aupar., pausagabe (restless) aupari (bold): "Restless and bold person".
peasant: .pe-asa-ant., epe galdu (shortage of time) azaro (planting season) antolakizun (organization): "Shortage of time during

                 the planting season (requires) organization".
penis: .pe-eni-is., epe luzatu (to prolong) eni (to me, in me) isuri (to spill): "Prolong to spill in me".
perverse: .pe-er.-.be-er.-.se, ipe-eri-ibe-era-ase, iperdi (buttocks) errizinolio (castor oil) ibeni (to introduce) eragin (to promote)

                   asezina (craving): "Introducing castor oil (between) the buttocks to promote a craving".
phallus: .p.-.ha-al.-.lu-us., apo-oha0ala-alu-uste, apokeria (filthy deed, rape) oha (bed) alabearreko (unavoidable) alu (repulsive)

                ustelkeria (morally corrupting): "An unavoidable rape in bed is repulsive and morally corrupting".
pig: .pi-ig., opiltxo (roll, chubby) iges egin (to run away): "Chubby ran away".
pleasure: .p.-.le-asu-ure, apa-ale-asu-ure, aparte (special) alegeratu (to make happy) asuri (newborn lamb) urreratu (to come

                  close to): "It makes me especially happy to come close to a newborn lamb."
plunder: .p.-.lu-un.-.de-er.; opa-alu-una-ade-era, opaezin (undesirable) alukeria (repulsive) unagarri (annoying) adeigabeko (rude)

                 eraso (attack): "Undesirable, repulsive, annoying and rude attack".
politics: .po-ole-eti-ik.-.s., opo-ole-eti-ike-ese, (The original spelling was poletic.), oposaketa (opposition) olesegin (to call upon)

                etikoa (formal) ikertzapen (investigation) esetsaldi (attack): "Call upon the opposition for a formal investigation into the

                attack".
possession: .po-os.-.se-esi-on, opo-ose-ese-esi-ondo, (possesion), oposaketa (antagonism) osezin (which cannot be completed)

                     esetsi (to argue) esibarruti (fence) ondo (one side): "Antagonism and arguing over a fence which cannot be completed

                     on one side".
prayer: .p.-.rai-er., opa-arai-ere, opa (desire) arraiegun (abstinence) errezu (prayer): "Desire for abstinence and prayer".
precipitate: pre-eki-ipi-ita-ate, premia (necessity) ekin (to persist) ipini (to place, to put) itaun (question) atertu (to clear the air):

                      "There is a necessity to persist placing questions to clear the air".
president: (anglecized from praecedentium): .p.-.ra-ese-ede-en.-.ti-um., apa-ara-ese-ede-enu-uti-umo, (see Auraicept na n'Eces

                   line 5085, page 259): aparteko (special) arazo (task) esetsi (to attack) ederrak hartu (to defeat): enulkeria

                   (slothfulness) utikan (to drive away) umoretxar (moodiness): "It is a special task to attack and defeat slothfulness

                   and drive away moodiness".
priest: .p.-.ri-ist., apa-ari-iztu, apaiz (priest) ariketa (assignment) iztun (talker, communicator): "The priest's assignment is to be a

              communicator".
proclamation: .p.-.ro-ok.-.la-ama-ati-on.; opo-oro-oki-ila-ama-ati-onu, opor (time off) oroitarazi (to commemorate) okitu (entire)

                          ilarteko (lifetime) ama (mother) atxikimendu (loyalty) onuts (wonderful): "Take time off to commemorate mother's

                          entire lifetime of wonderful loyalty".
professional: .p.-.ro-ofi-isi-ona-al., apa-aro-ofi-isi-ona-alo, (note spelling change), aparte (especially) arrotsu (proud) ofiziale

                         (craftsman) isilmandatu (secret) onartu (acceptable) alokairu (salary): "The (trade) secret of an especially proud

                         craftsman (calls for) an acceptable salary".
prolific: .p.-.ro-oli-ife-ek., apu-uro-oli-ife-eku, (vowel switch from "e" to "i"), apurtu (to break) urontzi (container) olio (oil)

                ifernu (damned) ekurugaitasun (worry): "The broken oil container is a damned worry".
prophesy: .p.-.ro-op.-.he-esi, apo-oro-opi-ihe-ezi, apokeria (insult) oroegile (Creator) opio (opium) iheska (escaping) ezinbeste

                    (fate): "It insults the Creator (to use) opium to escape from your fate".
protocol: .p.-.ro-oto-oko-ol., opa-aro-oto-oko-olo, oparitu (to give) arrotzari (innkeeper) otoi (request) okolu (stable) oloztatu

                   (to feed oats): "Give the inkeeper the request to feed (the horse) oats in the stable".
province: .p.-.ro-obe-en.-.ke, apa-aro-obe-eni-ike, (from French: provence), aparteko (special) arroztiar (hospitable) obegipeko

                   (favorite) eni (to me) ikertu (to visit): "This especially hospitable place is a favorite for me to visit".
prurient: .p.-.ru-uri-ent, epa-aru-uri-ent, epaipetu (to judge) arrunt (vulgar) urrikalgarri (to be pitied) entzuera (reputation):

                  "Judged to be vulgar and of pitiable reputation".
pudendum: .pu-ude-endu-um., ipurterre (impatient) udetxe (summer cottage) endurtu (to damage, to rupture) umontzi (hymen):

                     "Impatient in the summer cottage to rupture the hymen".
pure: .pu-ure, ipu (moral) urentasun (nobleness): "Moral nobleness".
puzzle: .pu-uz.-.le, apu-usa-ale, apur (a bit) usainhartu (to guess right) alegera (to be happy): "A bit of guessing-right makes

               me happy".
pyramid: .pi-ira-ami-id.; epika (epic) iragartzapen (to prophesy) amildu destruction) ideiadura (ideology): "The epic prophesied

                  the destruction of our ideology".

 

R.

 

realize: .re-ali-ize, urreratu (to come close to) alik (possible) izenpetu (to sign): "We come close to the possible signing (of the

                agreement)".
rebuttal: .re-ebu-ut.-.ta-al., ere-ebu-utzi-ita-ala, erreakzio (reaction) (e)buruharro (conceited) utziketa (omission) itaundu (to ask)

                  alatu (to cause pain): "His conceited reaction was to question the omission just to cause pain".
recognition: .re-eko-og.-.ni-iti-on., are-eko-ogu-uni-ixi-one, arrera (reception) ekonomo (administrator) oguzi (to speak out loud)

                       unibertsal (everyone) ixilik (be quiet) on esan (to praise someone): "At the reception the administrator loudly asked

                        everyone to be quiet so he could give praise".
regular: .re-egu-ule er., (was reguler), arrezkero (from then on) egunero (every day) ulerbide (example) erreztu (to make easy):

                 "Every day from then on give an easy example".
relation: .re-ela-ati-on, errez (simple) ela (word) atxiki (to be loyal to) ondoretasun (lineage, family): "Simple word to be loyal

                  to the family".
reliable: .re-eli-i.a-ab.-.le, ere-eli-iha-aba-ale, erregutzaile (prayer) elizkoitu (to be pious) iharrosi (to move, to change)

                 abaildura (weariness) alegera (rejoicing): "Pious prayer changes weariness into rejoicing".
religion: .re-eli-igi-on, erein (to sow) eliza (church) igita (to harvest) ongietorri (welcome): "Sowing the church's welcome harvest".
renovate: .re-eno-oba-ate, erremindu (to burn out) enora (wart) oba (better) aterapen (results): "Burning-out warts gives better results".
response: .re-espo-on.-.se; errepika (tolling of the bells) esposaberri (newlywed) onarpen (reception) asetze (satiating, memorable):

                   "The tolling bells (will announce) a memorable reception for the newlyweds". (In Basque the tolling of the bells more completely is: kanpaien (bells) errepika (repetitive) zaratatsua (boisterous).
resurrection: .re-esu-urre-ek.-.ti-on., are-ezu-ure-eka-ati-one, arrentza (prayer) ezurruts (body, skeleton) urreratu (to approach)

                        ekarrarazi (to cause to bring) atiki (faithful) onespen (blessings): "Approach the body with a prayer and bring faithful

                         blessings".
revelation: .re-ebe-ela-ati-on.; arrerosle (Redeemer) ebertar (Hebrew) ela (story) atxikimendu (faithfulness) oneste (blessing):

                      "The Hebrew Redeemer's story of faithfulness and blessing".
revolve: .re-ebo-ol.-.be, ere-ebo-olo-obe, erreminta (tool) eboluzionatu (to develop) olo (oats) obetu (to improve): "Develop a

                 tool to improve the oats. (i.e. a rolled-oats mill)".
ritual: .ri-itxu-al., ori-itxu-ala, orrits (feast) itxura (appearance) alatzritsu (miraculous): "Feast of the miraculous appearance".
root: .ru-ut, aru-ut, arrunki (simple) utzarazi (to stay behind): "(The root) simply stays behind".
royal: .ro-oia-al, aroitarazi (to commemorate) oian (forest) altxamendu (insurrection): "Commemorate the forest insurrection".

             (This may be related to Robin Hood's activities in the Sherwood forest.)
rude: .ru-ude, arrunt (coarse, vulgar) urde (male pig): "Vulgar male pig".

 

S.

 

sanctuary: .sa-an.-.k.-.tu-ari, asa-ani-ike-etsitu-ari (irregular), asagotu (to go far away) anitz (many) ikertu (to visit) etsitu

                     (to despair) arinari eman (to escape): "Many come from far away to stay here, desperate to escape".
semen: .se-eme-en., asetu (to fill) emeriko (smoothly) eni (me): "Fill me smoothly".
senate: .se-ena-ate, esetsi (to argue) -ena (verbal suffix expressing future) atergabeki (incessantly): "(They) will argue incessantly".
sensual: .se-en.-.su-al., ase-eni-isu-alu, asegaitz (craving) eni (to me, in me) isuri (to spill) alu (vulva): "(I have a) craving in me

                 to spill in a vulva".
service: .se-er.-.bi-ike; ese-era-abi-ike, esetsi (to attack) eragozkarri (problem) abiatu (to begin) ikertu (to investigate): "Attack

                the problem by beginning the investigation".
severe: .se-ebe-ere, aserre (angry) ebertar (Hebrew, Jew) erreakzio (reaction): "Angry reaction from the Jew".
sex: (seks), .se-ek.-.s., ase-eko-oso, asezin (craving) ekoizpen (fruitfulness) oso (simple): "A craving for simple fruitfulness".
shark: .xa-ark., uxaketa (shooing away) arkitu (to encounter): "Shooing away the encounter".
shelf: xe-el.-.f., xe-ela-afa, xedatu (to select) ela (story) afa (happy): "Select a happy story".
sinecure: .si-ine-eku-ure; (provides revenue without having to work for it); isil (reserved) inertzia (passiveness) ekurutasun

                  (peace of mind) urentasun (nobility): "Reserved passiveness gives peace of mind to the nobility".
society: .so-oki-eti, oso (sincere) okitu (complete) etikoa (ethical): "Completely sincere and ethical".
sofa: .so-ofa, osoro (completely) oba (comfortable, natural): "Completely comfortable".
solution: (pronounced soljution) .so-ola-aju-uti-on., isolamendu (isolation) ola (cabin) ajuria (heatherfield) utikan (get away)

                 onespen (blessing): "Getting away to the isolation of a cabin in the heather field is a blessing".
son: .so-on., eso-one, esonde (advice) onezko (beneficial): "Beneficial advice".
sorrow: so-oro, so'il (alone) oro (all): "All alone".
specialization: .s.-.pe-esi-iha-ali-iza-ati-on., ase-epe-esi-iha-ali-iza-ati-one, aserrarazi (to fight) epemuga (decisive) esiketa

                         (blockade) ihardun (to keep busy) alienazio (to destroy the moral) izapide (tactics) atiki (to adhere to) onen (very

                            best): "To fight a decisive blockade we must keep busy destroying their moral and adhere to the very best tactics".
spin: .spi-in., azpitabestu (to entwine) ingiratu (to prepare): "To entwine in preparation".
sterile: .s.-.te-eri-ile, osa-ate-eri-ile, osagaitz (incurable) ateka (situation) erion (flowing from, resulting from) ilegabezia (baldness):

               "Incurable situation resulting from baldness".
stop: .s.-.to-op., esa-ato-opo, esau (saying) atondu (to be prepared) oposatu (opposition): "It says to be prepared for opposition".

            Incidentally: halt: .ha-al.-.t., (German equivalent of "stop"), oha-ala-ate: ohar (warning) alabeharreko (unavoidable)

            aterakeria (abrupt command): "Warning! Unavoidable abrupt command!"
storm: .sto-orm., ozto-orma, oztopo (impediment, problem) ormazulo (hole in the wall): "The hole in the wall is a problem".
strength:.ster-eng-tz, izterbegi (enemy) engainakor (false) aitzakitu (promises): "The enemy's false promises".
sublime: .su-ub.-.li-ime, isu-ubi-ili-ime, isuri (to flow, to spill) ubide (waterpipe, canal) ilintitu (to revive, to restore) imilaun

                 (measure, volume): "The flow (through) the waterpipe is restored in volume".
suffer: .su-ufa-ar, (vowel change from a to e): isurbera (running) ufaldi (panting) arramaka (crying): "Running, panting and crying".
sugar: .su-uga-ar., isuri (flowing) ugari (abundant) aratz (pure): "Flowing abundant and pure". (This sounds like maple syrup:

              zugar = elm, rowan).
summons: .su-um.-.mo-on.-.s., isu-ume-emo-one-esa, isurbera (running) ume (child) emon (to give an order) oneratu (to come here)

                   esana egin (to obey): "Give the running child the order to come here and obey".
supervision: .su-upa-ar.-.bi-isi-on, isu-upa-ara-abi-isi-ondu, (note vowel change), isurgai (liquid) upara (store in vats) arrataz

                       (carefully) abiatu (beginning) isil (slow) ondu (maturing): "Carefully storing the liquid in vats is only the beginning

                       of the slow maturing process".
swelling: .se-el.-.li-ing., ise-ela-ali-ingu, iseka egin (to make fun of) elastiko (swelling, bump) alizan (noticeable) ingurualdi

                  (round): "Making fun of a noticeable round bump".
symphony: .si-im.-.p.-.ho-oni, isi-ima-apa-aho-oni, isiltarte (a moment of silence) imajina (idol, celebrity) apal (humble)

                     ahozuriketa (adulation, ovation) oniritzi (acceptance, approval): "(After) a moment of silence the humble celebrity

                     accepted the ovation".
system: .si-iste-em., esinguratu (to surround) izterbegi (enemy) eman (to beat): "Surround the enemy to beat him".

 

T.

 

talkative: .ta-al.-eka-ati-ib., ata-ale-eka-ati-ibi, atalgabeko (simple) alegera (joy) ekarri (to bring) atiki (to catch) ibilkera

                    (the spirit): "Simple joy is brought by catching the spirit".
taxation: (taksation) .ta-ak.-.sa-ati-on, ita-aka-aza-ati-onda, itaundu (to demand) akabu (ultimate) azartu (to dare) atxiki (to seize)

                  ondasun (assets): "Demand the ultimate and dare to seize the assets".
testament: .te-esta-ame--ent; etekin (profitable) eztabaida (discussion) ames (hopeful anticipation) entzunmin (anxious to hear):

                      "Anxious to hear the profitable discussion with hopeful anticipation".
testicle: .te-esti-ik.-.le, ate-esti-iko-ole, aterpetu (to protect) estimagarri (valuable) iko (lump, ball) oles egin (to call upon, for

                 future use): "Protect the balls for future use".
theatre: .te-at.-.re, ote-ato-ore, ote (perhaps) ator (to come) orekari (tightrope walker): "Perhaps come to (see) the tightrope walker".
totem: .to-otu-ume (from totum), etorki (lineage, clan) otu (to come to mind) ume (child): "The lineage of the children comes to mind".
tree: .t.-.ri, eto-ori, ongi-etorri (welcome) orritsa (foliage): "Welcome foliage".
tribute: t.-.ri-ib.-.ju-ute, ta-ari-ibi-uju-ut, taldeburu (group leader) arrigarrizko (amazing) ibitu (to ford a river) uju (shout of joy)

               0utsitu (to let out, bring out): "The group-leader's amazing crossing of the river brought out shouts of joy".
trust: .t.-.ru-ust.; ita-aru-ust, itaundu (to ask) arrunt (simple) uste ukan (to have faith): "Ask simply to have faith".

 

U.

 

'ubiquitous',  ubi - iku - ito - us. ( meaning periodic, recurring): ubil (whirlpool) ikustatu (act of watching) itoarazi (to drown)  usa

                        (dove/holy man): "Watching the drowning of the holy man in the whirlpool".
ugly: ug.-.li, uge-eli, ugerdo (dirty) elikatura (food): "Dirty food".
ukulele: uku-ule-ele, ukurtu (to go bad) ulerbide (example) eleiza (church): "A bad example in the church".
ulcer: ul.-.ke-er., uli-ike-eri, uli (coward) ikertu (to examine) eri (illness): "Examine the coward's illness".
ulterior: ul.-.te-eri-or., ule-ete-eri-oro, ulertu (to understand) etekin (benefit) eri (illness) orobateko (similar): "Understanding

                 it would benefit other illnesses".
umbrage: um.-.b.-.ra-age, ume-eba-ara-age, ume (young) ebasle (thief) arauhausle (violator) ager (notorious): "The young thief

                   is a notorious violator".
unabashed: una-aba-ase-ed., unadura (boredom) abade (priest) asegaitz (craving) edan (to drink): "When bored the priest had

                      a craving to drink".
unabated: una-aba-ate-ed., unadura (boredom) abade (priest) atera (to get) edanda (drunk): "The bored priest got drunk".
unable: una-ab.-.le, una-aba-ale, unatu (to get tired) abantari (rower) alegiņa (to make an effort): "The tired rower made an effort".
unacceptable: una-ak.-.se-ep.-.ta-ab.-.le, una-ake-ese-epa-ata-aba-ale, unagarri (annoying) akela (witch) esetsaldi (attack) epaile

                         (judge) atadi (main entrance) abadune (opportunity) alegin (to attempt): "The annoying witch had the opportunity to

                         attempt an attack on the judge by the main entrance".
unaccompanied: una-ak.-.ko-om.-.pa-ani-ed., una-aka-ako-ome-epa-ani-eda, unagarri (annoying) akabu (death) akordiotu (to cause)

                             omenka (according to) epaile (judge) anik (many) edabe (drinks): "The annoying death was caused, according to

                             the judge, by many drinks".
unaccountable: una-ak.-.ko-un.-.ta-ab.-.le, una-aka-ako-uni-ita-abu-ule, unagarri (annoying) akabu (death) akordiotu (to cause)

                           unibersal (general) itaunketa (interrogation) aburu (opinion) ulertu (to ponder): "The pondered opinion was

                           that the annoying death was caused during the general interrogation".
unaccustomed: una-ak.-.ku-us.-.to-ome-ed., una-aka-aku-usa-ato-ome-eda, unagarri (annoying) akabu (death) akuilatu (to motivate)

                           usadio (custom, habit) atondu (to arrange) omendatu (to pay tribute) edan (drink): "The annoying death was

                           motivated by the habit to arrange the paying of tribute with drinks".
unacknowledged: una-ak.-.k.-.no-ole-ed.-.ge-ed., una-aka-aki-ino-ole-edi-ige-ede, unagarri (annoying) akabu (death) akiakula

                             (excuse) inolaz (somehow) oles egin (to call upon) ediren (evidence) iges egin (to evade) ederra sartu

                             (to mislead): "The annoying death was somehow excused by calling upon evasive and misleading evidence".
unacquainted: una-aku-ai-in.-.te-ed., una-aku-ai-ina-ate-edi, unatu (to get tired) akuilatu (to urge) aipatu (to refer to) inauguratu

                          (to open) aterpe (shelter) ediren (to find): "I am tired and urge you to refer me to find an open shelter".
unadorned: una-ado-or.-.ne-ed., una-ado-oro-one-eda, unagarri (annoying) adoratu (to worship) oroegile (Creator) oneratu

                     (to come here) edanda (drunk): "It is annoying to worship the Creator when coming here drunk".
unalterable: una-al.-.te-era-ab.-.le, una-ala-ate-era-abo-ole, unagarri (annoying) alabehar (fate) ateratu (to leave) eraile

                       (murderer) aboskatu (to proclaim) oleazio (last rites): "It is annoying to have to leave the murderer to his fate while

                       proclaiming the last rites".
unarmed: una-ar.-.me-ed., una-are-eme-eda, unatu (to get tired) arrera egin (to receive) emeriko (peacefully) edan (drink):

                  "Tired, he was received peacefully for a drink".
urge: ur.-.ge, ura-age, urrago (closer) agerbide (signal, sign): "Signal (to come) closer".
uterus: ute-eru-us., uts-egin (to be absent, to miss) errutar (season, period) usu (often): "(She) often misses her period".

 

V.

 

vacation: .ba-aka-ati-on, ebaskindegi (hide-out) akabu (special) atxikidura (family ties) onegin (to benefit): "Special hide-out to

                  benefit family ties".
vagina: .ba-agi-ina, abadune (opportunity) agian (I hope) inauguratu (to open): "I hope to open an opportunity".
validate: .ba-al-ida-ate, ebaluatu (to appreciate) al izan (capable) idazkari (secretary) aterpe (protection): "Have it appraised by a

                  capable secretary for your protection".
venereal: .be-ene-ere-al., abegi egin (to welcome) eneņo (my dear) eregu indulging) alu (vulva): "My dear is welcome to indulge

                   in my vulva".
vicar: .bi-ika-ar., abiatu (to begin) ikaserazi (to teach) araubide (discipline): "He begins with teaching discipline".
violate: .bi-i.o-ola-ate, abi-iho-ola-ate, abiratu (to run towards) ihortziri (thunder) olano (small hut) aterpe (shelter): "The thunder

                (made us) run towards a small hut for shelter".
visit: .bi-isi-it, ibili (to behave) isil (quietly) itzalgarri (respectful): "Behave quietly and respectful".
voluptious: bolu-uptxo-us., (irregular construction), boludun (miller) upeltxo (barrel) usantza (habit, shape): "The miller's barrel

                    shape".

 

W.

 

walk: al.-.k., ali-ike, al izan (capable) ikertu (to visit): "(He is) capable to visit".
window: in.-.do, ina-ado, (the "w's" are meaningless), inauguratu (to open up) adoretu (to encourage, please): "Please open up".
witch: itch, itxuraldatu (to change shape): "(She) changes shape".
witty: used to be wittoy: it.-.toi, ito-otoi, ito (to laugh a lot) otoiztegi (oratory, speech): "The speech made me laugh a lot".
worship: or.-.shi-ip.; ori-ixi-ipu, orrits (feast) ixil (quiet) ipurgarbiketa (adulation): "Feast of quiet adulation".

 

Y.

 

yacht: .ia-ak.-.t., eia-aka-ate, eia (let's go, come on!) akabu (perfect) aterrune (the weather is clearing): "Let's go, it's perfect, the

              weather is clearing".
year: .ie-ar., aie-ari, aienatu (to slip away) ariņeketan (very fast): "Slips away very fast".
yearn: .ie-ar.-.n., aie-aru-une, aienatu (to disappear) aruntz-onuntz ibili (to wander, to rove) unetxo (short distance): "(He/she)

              disappeared after wandering a short distance".
yeast: .ie-ast., aie-asti, aier izan (to have a tendency to) astintasun (fluffiness): "It has a tendency to fluffiness".
yeoman:.ie-e.o-oma-an., aie-eho-oma-ani, aiene egin (to grieve) ehortze (funeral) oma (grandmother) ani (many): "Many grieved

                 at grandmother's funeral".
yellow: .ie-el.-.lo, aie-ela-alo, aierutsu (suspicious) ela (story, tale) alogereko (mercenary): "Suspicious mercenary tale".
yes: .ie-es., aie-eze, aiertu (to tend to) ezergabe (the needy): "Tend to the needy".
yesterday: .ie-este-er.-.da-a.i, aie-este-ere-eda-ahi, aieneka (grieving) estemin (intestinal pain) eregu (indulging) edate (drinking)

                     ahituezin (endless): "Grieving from intestinal pain after indulging in endless drinking".
yonder: .jo-ondar (note the vowel shift), ajola izan (to take care) ondarreratu (to go to the beach): "Take care when you go to the

                beach".
youth: .jo-ut.-.h., ajo-uti-iha, ajola izan (to take care) utikan (to go away) ihaute (carnival): "Take care when you go to the carnival".

 

Z.

 

zealot: .ze-alo-ot., eze-alo-oto, ezetza eman (give a negative response, say no) alogereko (mercenary) otoizbera (devout): "Say no

               to the devout mercenary".
zebra: ze-eb.-.ra, ze-ebo-ora, zerrendak (stripes) eboluzionatu (to evolve) orratio (being surprised): It's surprising that it

              evolved stripes.
zenith: .ze-eni-it.-.h., eze-eni-iti-ihe, ezelan (somehow) eni (to me) itxi (to be thrown) ihesindar (centrifical force): "Somehow it

                looks to me as if (the stars) were thrown by centrifugal force".
zero: .ze-ero, eze-ero, ezerez (nothing at all) erori (to fall to, to drop to): "Dropped to nothing at all".
zest: .ze-est., oze-esti, ozendu (to make one's voice resound) estima (appreciation): "To make one's voice resound with appreciation".
zinc: .zi-in.-.k., azi-inu-uki, azido (acid) inurritu (to feel prickly) ukitu (to touch): "With acid it feels prickly to the touch".
zodiak: .zo-odi-ak., -azo (to make) odi (tube, round hole) akabu (perfect): "Make a perfectly round circle".
zulu: .zu-ulu, izu-ulu,izuarazi (to intimidate) uluka egon (to howl): "To intimidate they howl".

 

  Bibliography

 

 

 

          Nyland, Edo.  2001.  Linguistic Archaeology: An
               Introduction.   Trafford Publ., Victoria, B.C., Canada.

               ISBN 1-55212-668-4. 541 p. [ see abstract & summary]