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For teaching purposes;  Cite artists or references when available


North American Birds






        The color illustrations emphasize the adult male bird in breeding season but may also show females and immatures.  Their coloration may be duller or absent at different times of the year.  Measurements are the average length from bill to tip of tail.  Images were redrawn and or modified from originals found in the literature, with the painter or photographer of the model being noted after each file name. John James Audubon paintings are especially stressed (see AUDUBON).  Bird Groups    Bird Data    Alphabetical List    Citations   [Faster connections use:   <FAST CONNECTIONS>


   Please CLICK on group desired


                  John James Audubon Collection     A. & S. Menaboni Collection     References



WATERBIRDS  (primarily Inshore Waters)


     Coots, Cormorants, Dippers, Ducks, Teals & Wigeons, Gallinules, Geese, Grebes, Kingfishers,

          Loons,  Pelicans, Swans


WADING BIRDS (Coastal & Inshore Waters)


     Avocets, Bitterns, Cranes, Curlews, Dowitchers, Dunlins & Knots, Egrets, Godwits, Herons, Ibis, 

          Killdeers, Plovers, Rails, Sanderlings, Snipes, Stilts, Storks, Turnstones, Willets, Yellowlegs


SHORE & OFFSHORE BIRDS (Ocean and/or Inshore Waters)


     Albatrosses, Auks, Boobies, Cormorants, Frigate Birds, Fulmars, Godwits, Guillemots, Gulls,

          Jaegers, Kittiwakes, Murrelets, Murres, Oystercatchers, Petrels, Phalaropes, Puffins, Sandpipers,

          Shearwaters, Skimmers, Skuas, Surfbird, Tattlers, Terns, Tropicbirds, Whimbrels




     Eagles, Falcons, Hawks, Kites, Ospreys, Owls, Vultures


GAME & GROUND BIRDS (Terrestrial)


     Chukars, Doves, Grouse, Pheasants, Pigeons, Pipits, Poorwills, Quail, Roadrunners,

          Skylarks, Turkeys




     Flickers, Sapsuckers, Woodpeckers




PERCHING BIRDS (incl. Swifts, Swallows & Nighthawks)


     Blackbirds, Bluebirds, Bobolinks, Buntings, Bushtits, Cardinals, Chats, Chickadees,

          Cowbirds, Creepers, Crossbills, Crows & Ravens,  Cuckoos, Finches, Flycatchers,

          Gnatcatchers, Grackles, Grosbeaks, Jays, Juncos, Kingbirds, Kinglets, Larks, Longspurs,

          Magpies, Meadowlarks, Mockingbirds, Nighthawks, Nutcrackers, Nuthatches, Orioles, 

          Ovenbirds, Parrots, Phainopepla, Phoebes, Plovers  (terrestrial), Robins, Shrikes, Siskins,

          Sparrows, Starlings, Swallows, Swifts, Tanagers, Thrashers, Titmice, Towhees, Verdin,

          Vireos, Warblers & Thrushes, Waxwings, Wood-Pewee, Wrens, Wrentits