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Biological Control of Medical & Veterinary Pests

                                                                 S—References

 

 

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Sabatinelli, G. et al.  1990.  Experiments with the larvivorous fish Poecilia reticulata in the control of malaria in the Islamic French Republic Comores.  WHO/MAL/90.1060.  10 p.  [in French].

 

Sabwa, D. S. & J. Shemanchuk.  1988.  Residual mosquito larvicidal activity of Coelomomyces utahensis (Blastocladiales: Coelomomycetaacea).  Excerpta Med. Internatl. Congr. Ser. 810.  p. 268.

 

Sabwa, D. M., M. O. Odindo & W. A. Otieno.  1984.  Seasonal incidence of Amblyospora sp. (Thelohaniidae:  Microsporidia) in Culex sitiens larvae at the Kenya coast.  Insect Sci. Appl. 5:  269-72.

 

Sabwa, D. M. et al.  1987.  Infection levels of Coelomomyces indicus Iyengar in larvae of Anopheles gambiae Giles, as related to the copepod fauna in breeding sites at the Kenya coast.  Ins. Sci. Appl. 8(1):  29-32.

 

Saccà, G. & M. L. Mastrilli.  1972.  Tossicometria di alcuni esteri fosforici in Gambusia affinis holbrooki (Gir.) e in Culex pipiens L.  Parasitologia 14:  365-71.  [English summary].

 

Saeed, M. & S. A. Khan.  1987.  Desiccation tolerance in Romanomermis culicivorax.  Nematologia Mediterr. 15:  213-17.

 

Saether, O. A. & T. D. Galloway.  1980.  Sexual anomalies in Chironomini (Chironomidae: Diptera) from Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba, with observations on mermithid (Nematoda) parasites.  Acta Univ. Carol. Biol. 12:  193-211.

 

Safrit, R. D. & R. C. Axtell.  1984.  Evaluations of sampling methods for darkling beetles (Alphitobius diaperinus) in the litter of turkey and broiler houses.  Poultry Sci. 63:  2368-75.

 

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Saik, J. E., L. A. Lacey & C. M. Lacey.  1990.  Safety of microbial control agents to domestic animals and vertebrate wildlife, p. 115-32.  In:  M. laird, L. A. lacey & E. W. Davidson (eds.), Safety of Microbial Insecticides.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

 

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Sailer, R. I. & S. E. Lienk.  1954.  Insect predators of mosquito larvae and pupae in Alaska.  Mosq. News. 14:  14-16.  [Rev. Appl. Ent. B-44:  37].

 

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Sakakibara, M.  1958.  Ecological studies on mosquitoes in Shizuoka Prefecture. IV.  Seasonal occurrences of Anopheles omorii and other mosquitoes in a tree-hole.  Japan. J. Sanit. Zool. 9:  95-96.  [in Japanese].

 

Sakakibara, M.  1962.  Ecological studies in Shizuoka Prefecture. V.  On the seasonal distribution of the larvae of mosquitoes in a tree-hole.  Japan. J. Sanit. Zool. 13:  169.  [in Japanese].

 

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Saleh, M. S.  1987.  Effect of larval selection with two bioinsecticides on susceptibility levels and reproductive capacity of Aedes aegypti (L.).  Anzeiger f. Schadl. kunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz 60:  55-57.

 

Saleh, M. S. et al.  1987.  Toxicity of two bacterial insecticides against the larvae of mosquito Culex pipiens and their action on the reproductive potential and morphometric characteristics of surviving females.  Insect Sci. Appl. 8:  107-10.

 

Salkeld, E. H.  1959.  Notes on anatomy, life history and behaviour of Aphaereta pallipes (Say) (Hymenoptera, Braconidae), a parasite of the onion maggot, Hylemya antiqua (Meig.).  Canad. Ent. 91:  93-7.

 

Salnikov, V. G.  1971.  Study of the effect of Entobakterin-3 [Bacillus thuringiensis (cereus) var. galleriae] on preimaginal stages of blood-sucking mosquitoes, p. 222-26.  In:  Trudy Vseoyuznogo Nauchno-issedovatel'skogo Instituta Veterinarnoi Sanitarii 40.

 

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Samasanti, W. et al.  1986.  Insecticidal activity of bipyramidal and cuboidal inclusions of delta-endotoxin and distribution of their antigens among various strains of Bacillus thuringiensis.  Agr. Biol. Chem. 50:  1731-35.

 

Samsoe-Petersen, L.  1985.  Laboratory tests to investigate the effects of pesticides on two beneficial arthropods:  a predatory mite (Phytoseiulus persimilis) and a rove beetle (Aleochara bilineata).  Pestic. Sci., London 16:  321-24.

 

Samsoe-Petersen, L.  1987.  Laboratory method for testing side-effects of pesticides on the rove beetle Aleochara bilineata-  adults.  Entomophaga 32:  73-81.

 

Samson, R. A. et al.  1988.  Atlas of entomopathogenic fungi.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin.  187 p.

 

Sanavria, A.  1987.  Bioecología, patología e alternativas de controle quimiterapico de Dermatobia hominis (Linnaeus Junior, 1781) (Diptera: Cuterebridae) no Rio de Janeiro.  Ph.D. Thesis, Fed. Univ. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.  [in Portuguese with English summary].

 

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Sanders, D. P. & R. C. Dobson.  1966.  The insect complex associated with bovine manure in Indiana.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  955-59.

 

Sanders, R. D.  1972.  Microbial mortality factors in Aedes sierrensis populations.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 40:  66-68.

 

Sanders, R. D. & G. O. Poinar, Jr.  1973.  Fine structure and life cycle of Lankesteria clarki sp. n. (Sporozoa: Eugregarinida) parasitic on the mosquito Aedes sierrensis (Ludlow).  J. Protozool. 20:  594-602.

 

Sanders, R. D. & G. O. Poinar, Jr.  1976.  Development and fine structure of Pleistophora sp. (Cnidospora: Microsporida) in the mosquito, Aedes sierrensis.  J. Invert. Pathol. 28:  109-19.

 

Sandoski, C. A., M. W. Yates, J. K. Olson & M. V. Meisch.  1985.  Evaluation of Beecomist applied Bacillus thuringiensis (H-14) against Anopheles quadrimaculatus larvae in rice fields.  J. Amer. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 1:  316-19.

 

Sandoski, C. A., W. C. Yearian & M. V. Meisch.  1986.  Swath width determination for Beecomist-applied Bacillus thuringiensis (H-14) against Anopheles quadrimaculatus larvae in rice fields.  J. Amer. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 2:  461-68.

 

Sands, D. P. A., R. C. Kassulke & K. L. S. Harley.  1982.  Host specificity of Disonycha argentinensis [Col.: Chrysomelidae], and agent for the biological control of Alternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) in Australia.  Entomophaga 27:  163-72.

 

Sanger, C. & P. E. King.  1971.  Structure and function of the male genitalia in Nasonia vitripennis (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).  Entomologist, London 104:  137-49.

 

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Sankaran, T., A. Uma-Narasimham & M. Geetha-Bai.  1980.  Possibilities of biological and integrated control of some insect vectors affecting man.  Proc. Indian Natn. Sci. Acad. B-46:  863-67.

 

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Santamarina, J.  1991.  Introducción al estudio de las comunidades de vertebrados fluviales de la cuenca del río Ulla, Galicia (N.W. España).  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. de Santiago de Compostela, España.  [in Spanish].

 

Santamarina, M. A. & B. R. Gonzalez.  1985.  Predatory capacity of aquatic Hemiptera under laboratory conditions.  Rev. Cubana Med. Trop. 37:  203-09.  [in Spanish].

 

Santamarina, J. & J. Guitian.  1991.  Quelques donnés sur le régime alimentaire du Desman (Galemys pyrenaicus G.) dans le Norrd-Ouest de l'Espagne.  Mammalia 52:  301-07.

 

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Sasa, M., T. Kurihara, O. Dhamvanij & G. Harinasuta.  1964.  Observations on a mosquito-eating fish (Lebistes reticulatus) breeding in polluted waters in Bangkok.  WHO/EBL/26.64, WHO/Vector Control/99.64.  22 p.

 

Sasa, M., C. Harinasuta, Y. Purived & T. Kurihara.  1965.  Studies on mosquitoes and their natural enemies in Bangkok, pt. 3.  Observations on a mosquito-eating fish "guppy," Lebistes reticulatus, breeding in polluted waters. [in Japanese].  Japan. J. Sanit. Zool. 23:  113-27 and Japan. & Japan. J. Exp. Med. 35:  63-80.

 

Sasa, M., K. Kamimura & H. Chinzei.  1968.  Mosquito Fauna of the Amami Islands.  Abstract from U.S.-Japan Coop. Med. Sci. Prog., Oiso, Kurame and Kagoshima, Japan, 6-11 May, 1968:  68-69.

 

Sasa, M., T. Kurihara & K. Kamimura.  1976.  Science of Mosquitoes.  Zukanno Hokuryukan, Tokyo.  318 p.  [in Japanese].

 

Sasa, M., H. Takahasi, R. Kano & H. Tanaka (eds.).  1977.  Animals of Medical Importance in the Nansei Islands in Japan.  Shinjuku Shobo, Japan.  410 p.  [in Japanese].

 

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Sato, M. & Y. Arita.  1968.  Toxorhynchites-- species from Ishigaki-Jima Island, The Ruykyus.  Bull. Japan. Ent. Acad. 4:  13-17.

 

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Saubenova, O. G.  1973.  Effect of biotic and abiotic factors on toxicity of entobacterin for biting mosquitoes and midges.  Izvest. Akad. Nauk Kazak SSR, Ser. Biol. 5:  26-30.  [in Russian].

 

Saubenova, O. G., T. P. Sadovinikova, A. M. Dubitsky & L. P. Sinitsina.  1973.  The effect of microbic preparations on larvae of mosquitoes of the genus Culex in south-eastern Kazakhstan.  Parazitologiya 7:  227-30.  [in Russian with English summary].

 

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Saul, G. B.  1960.  The occurrence of fluorescent substances in the parasitic wasp Mormoniella vitripennis (Walker).  Rev. Suisses Zool. 67:  270-81.

 

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Saunders, D. S.  1973.  Thermoperiodic control of diapause in an insect:  theory of internal coincidence.  Science, Wash., D.C. 181(4097):  358-60.

 

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Savage, K. E. & J. J. Petersen.  1971.  Observations of mermithid nematodes in Florida mosquitoes.  Mosq. News 31:  218-19.

 

Savage, K. E., R. E. Lowe, E. I. Hazard & C. S. Lofgren.  1971.  Studies of the transmission of Plasmodium gallinaceum by Anopheles quadrimaculatus infected with a Nosema sp.  WHO Bull. 45:  845-47.

 

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Sawyer, W. H.  1929.  Observations on some entomogenous members of the Entomophthoraceae in artificial culture.  Amer. J. Bot. 16:  87-121.

 

Saxena, V. K. & V. P. Sharma.  1981.  Water mites (Arrenurus sp.) parasitising mosquitoes in Uttar Pradesh Terai, district Nainital.  Indian J. Malariol. 18:  51-52.

 

Saxena, B. P. & J. B. Srivastava.  1973.  Tagetes minuta L. oil-- a new source of juvenile hormone mimicking substance.  Ind. J. Exptal. Biol. 11:  56-58.

 

Saxena, B. P., O. Koul, K. Tikku, C. K. Atal, O. P. Suri & K. A. Suri.  1979.  Aristolochic acid-- an insect chemosterilant from Aristolochia bracteata Retz.  Indian J. Exptal. Biol. 17:  354.

 

Saxena, S. C. & L. Sumithra.  1985.  Laboratory evaluation of leaf extract of a new plant to suppress the population of malaria vector Anopheles stephensi Liston (Diptera: Culicidae).  Curr. Sci. 54:  201-02.

 

Saxena, S. C. & L. Sumithra.  1989.  Toxicity of a new plant extract against mosquitoes.  Ad. Bios. 8:  149-54.

 

Saxena, S. C. & R. S. Yadav.  1983.  A new plant extract to suppress the population of yellow fever and dengue vector Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).  Curr. Sci. 52:  713-15.

 

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Schacher, J. F. & G. M. Khalil.  1968.  Development of Foleyella philistinae Schacher and Khalil, 1967 (Nematoda: Filarioidea) in Culex pipiens molestus with notes on pathology in the arthropod.  J. Parasitol. 54:  869-78.

 

Schaefer, C. H.  1962.  Life history of Conophthorus radiatae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) and its principal parasites, Cephalonomia utahensis (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 55:  569-77.

 

Schaefer, C. H.  1968.  The University of California mosquito research program at Fresno.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 36:  63-5.

 

Schaefer, C. H.  1969.  Pasture mosquito resistance in California.  Pest Control 37:  36.

 

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Singh, S. P., P. Sharma & L. K. Vats.  1987.  Light-dependent toxicity of the extract of plant Tagetes erecta and alpha-terthionyl toward larvae of mosquito Culex tritaeniorhynchus.  Toxicol. Environ. Chem. 16:  81-88.

 

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Sinton, J. A.  1932.  Helminthic infections in Indian anopheline mosquitoes.  Rec. Malar. Surv. India 3:  347-51.  [Rev. Appl. Ent. B-21:  83].

 

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Sinton, J. A. & C. J. H. Little.  1925.  The occurrence of Culicoides as an ectoparasite of anophelines.  J. Roy. Army Med. Cps. 45:  45-7.  [Rev. Appl. Ent. B-13:  151].

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Sitaraman, N. L., M. A. Karim & G. V. Reddy.  1975.  Observations on the use of Gambusia affinis Holbrooki to control A. stephensi breeding in wells.  Results of two years' study in Greater Hyderabad City-- India.  Indian J. Med. Res. 63:  1509-16.

 

Sitaraman, N. L., S. Mahadevan & S. Swamidas.  1976.  Biological control of A. stephensi larvae in wells by Poecilia reticulatus in Greater  Hyderabad City, India.  J. Commun. Dis. 8:  315-19.

 

Sjoberg, K. & K. Danell.  1982.  Feeding activity of ducks in relation to diel emergence of chironomids.  Canad. J. Zool. 60:  1383-87.

 

Sjogren, R. D.  1971.  Evaluation of the mosquito fish Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard) and the common guppy Poecilia reticulata Peters for biological control of mosquitoes in dairy waste lagoons.  Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Riverside.  105 p.

 

Sjogren, R. D.  1972.  Minimum oxygen threshold of Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard) and Poecilia reticulata Peters.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 40:  124-26.

 

Sjogren, R. D.  1976.  Mosquito control in Minnesota:  techniques used in metropolitan and rural programs.  Mosq. News 36:  432-36.

 

Sjogren, R. D. & E. F. Legner.  1974.  Studies of insect predators as agents to control mosquito larvae, with emphasis on storage of Notonecta eggs.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 42:  71-72.

 

Sjogren, R. D. & E. F. Legner.  1989.  Survival of the mosquito predator, Notonecta unifasciata Guerin (Hemiptera: Notonectidae) embryos at low thermal gradients.  Entomophaga 34: 201-08.

 

Sjogren, R. D., D. P. Batzer & M. A. Juenemann.  1986.  Evaluation of methoprene, temephos and Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis against Coquillettidia perturbans larvae in Minnesota.  J. Amer. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 2:  276-79.

 

Skavinskii, N. A.  Infection of synanthropic flies with helminth eggs.  Zdravoohr. Beloruss. 6(4):  54.

 

Skidmore, P.  1973.  Notes on the biology of Palearctic muscids.  Entomologist 106:  25-48, 49-59.

 

Skierska, B.  1969.  Larvae Chaoborinae occurring in small reservoirs.  I.  Some observations on larvae of Chaoborus crystallinus (DeGeer 1776) and on the possibility of their predacity in relation to larvae of biting mosquitoes.  Bull. Inst. Mar. Med. Gdansk 20:  101-08.

 

Skierska, B.  1971.  Komary-Culicidae.  Larwy i poczwarki (z uwzglednieniem jaj niektorych gatunkow).  In:  Klucze do Ozxnaczania Owadow Polski, Warsaw, Vol. 28, Pt. 9a.  138 p..

 

Skierska, B. & M. Szadziewska.  1976.  Laboratory rtests for usability of the entomophilic nematodes Steinernematidae Chitwood et Chitwood 1937 in biological control of some noxious arthropods.  Inst. Marine & Trop. Med. Gdynia Bull. 27(2):  107-27.

 

Skierska, B. & M. Szadziewska.  1977.  Ability to infect larvae of Culex pipiens molestus Forsk. (Diptera, Culicidae) by means of entomophilic nematodes, Neoaplectana feltiae carpocapsae Stan., 1974 (DD 136 strain) Rhabditoidea, Steinernematidae.  Wiad. Parazytol. 23:  279-81.  [in Polish with English summary].

 

Skinner, S. W.  1982.  Maternally inherited sex ratio in the parasitoid wasp Nasonia vitripennis.  Science 215:  1133-34.

 

Skinner, S. W.  1983.  Extrachromosomal sex ratio factors in the parasitoid wasp, Nasonia (= Mormoniella) vitripennis.  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City.

 

Skinner, S. W.  1985.  Son-killer, a third extrachromosomal factor affecting the sex ratio in the parasitoid wasp, Nasonia (= Mormoniella) vitripennis.  Genetics 109:  745-59.

 

Skierska, B.  1969.  Larvae Chaoborinae occurring in small reservoirs.  I.  Some observations on larvae of Chaoborus crystallinus (DeGeer 1776) and on the possibility of their predation in relation to larvae of biting mosquitoes.  Bull. Inst. Mar. Med. Gdansk 20:  101-8.

 

Skoda, S. R., J. B. Campbell & G. D. Thomas.  1987.  Parasites of face flies (Diptera: Muscidae) in south central Nebraska.  Environ. Ent. 16:  902-4.

 

Skufin, K. V.  1949.  Materialy po issledovaniju mest vyploda slepnek (Tabanidae) v okrestnostjah Voroneña.  Zool. ð. 28:  527-34.  [Rev. Appl. Ent. B-41:  67].

 

Slaff, M. E. & T. A. Chen.  1982.  The isolation of a spiroplasma from Aedes sollicitans (Walker) in New Jersey.  J. Florida Anti-Mosq. Assoc. 53:  19-21.

 

Slaff, M. E., J. J. Reilly & W. J. Crans.  1975.  Colonization of the predaceous mosquito, Toxorhynchites rutilus septentrionalis (Dyar & Knab).  Proc. New Jersey Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 62:  146-48.

 

Slavin, P. T.  1977.  Potential biological control of woodland pool mosquitoes by the eastern mudminnow.  Proc. N.J. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 64:  160-61.

 

Slavin, P. T., E. Bradford, R. Halpin & D. McCormick.  1977.  The eastern mud minnow, Umbra pygmaea (Dekay):  a potential control agent of woodland pool Aedes spp.  Mosq. News 37:  301.

 

Slifer, E. H.  1969.  Sense organs on the antenna of a parasitic wasp, Nasonia vitripennis (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae).  Biol. Bull. 132:  253-63.

 

Smart, J.  1944.  The British Simuliidae with keys to the species in the adult, pupal, and larval stages.  Sci. Publ. Freshwat. Biol. Assoc. Brit. Emp. 9.  57 p.  [Rev. Appl. Ent. B-37:  4].

 

Smirnov, E. S.  1934.  Issledovaniya po ékologii Mormoniella vitripennis, parasitá sinanthropynykh mukh.  [Researches on the ecology of Mormoniella vitripennis, a parasite of synanthropic flies].  Med. Parasit. Parasitarn. Bolezni 3:  330-36.  [in Russian].  [Rev. Appl. Ent. B-23:  88].

 

Smirnov, E. & O. Kuzina.  1933.  Experimental-ökologische Studien an Fliegenparasiten. 1. Teil.  Zool. Zhurnal, Moskva 12:  96-109.  [in Russian].  [Rev. Appl. Ent. B-22:  216].

 

Smirnov, E. & M. Wladimirow.  1934.  Studien über die Vernehrungsfähigkeit der Pteromalide, Mormoniella vitripennis (Walker).  Z. wiss. Zool. 145: 502-22.  [Rev. Appl. Ent. B-22:  256].

 

Smirnov, W. A.  1974.  Bacillus thuringiensis et son utilisation possible dans un programme de lutte contre les moustiques, p. 137-42.  In:  A. Aubin et al. (eds.), Le Controle des Moustiques.

 

Smit, B.  1929.  The biological control of sheep blowflies in South Africa.  S. African J. Sci. 26:  441-48.

 

Smith, B. C.  1960a.  Note on variation in larvae of Chaoborus Licht. (Diptera: Culicidae).  Mosq. News 20:  192.

 

Smith, B. C.  1960b.  Immature stages of Chaoborus borealis Cook (Diptera: Culicidae).  Canad. Ent. 92:  396-400.

 

Smith, B. P.  1983a.  Water mite parasitism of mosquitoes (Acari: Arrenuridae: Arrenurus spp.) (Diptera: Culicidae).  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Toronto, Canada.  172 p.

 

Smith, B. P.  1988.  Host-parasite interaction and impact of larval water mites on insects.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 33:  487-507.

 

Smith, B. P. & S. McIver.  1984a.  The patterns of mosquito emergence (Diptera: Culicidae; Aedes spp.):  their influence  on host selection by parasitic mites (Acari: Arrenuridae; Arrenurus spp.).  Canad. J. Zool. 62:  1106-13.

 

Smith, B. P. & S. McIver.  1984b.  Factors influencing host selection and successful parasitism of Aedes spp. mosquitoes by Arrenurus spp. mites  Canad. J. Zool. 62:  1114-20.

 

Smith, B. P. & S. McIver.  1984c.  The impact of Arrenurus danbyensis Mullen (Acari: Prstigmata: Arrenuridae) on a population of Coquillettidia perturbans (Walker) (Diptera: Culicidae).  Canad. J. Zool. 62:  1121-34.

 

Smith, C. A.  1975.  Observations on the life history, ecology and behavior of Carcinops pumilio (Erichson).  M.S. Thesis, Univ. of New Hampshire.

 

Smith, C. M.  1981.  A practical, small-scale fish facility for overwintering Gambusia affinis.  Proc. N.J. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 68:  137-39.

 

Smith, C. N.  1945.  Biology of Ixodes dentatus Neumann (Ixodidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 38:  223-33.  [Rev. Appl. Ent. B-37:  51].

 

Smith, C. N. & M. M. Cole.  1943.  Studies of parasites of the American dog tick.  J. Econ. Ent. 36:  569-72.  [Rev. Appl. Ent. B-32:  76].

 

Smith, D. L.  1960.  The ability of the top minnow, Gambusia affinis (Baird and Girard), to reproduce and overwinter in an outdoor pond at Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.  Mosq. News 20:  55-56.

 

Smith, G. F.  1956.  Naturalistic control of rice field mosquitoes in Kern M.A.D.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 24:  67-70.

 

Smith, G. J. C.  1969.  Host selection and oviposition behavior of Nasonia vitripennis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) on two host species.  Canad. Ent. 101:  533-38.

 

Smith, G. J. C. & D. Pimentel.  1969.  The effect of two host species on the longevity and fertility of Nasonia vitripennis.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62:  305-8.

 

Smith, I. H. et al.  1991.  Spiroplasma (Mollicutes: Spiroplasmataceae) pathogenic for Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae).  J. Med. Ent. 28:  219-22.

 

Smith, I. M.  1982.  Larvae of water mites of the genera of the superfamily Lebertioidea (Prostigmata: Parasitengona) in North America with comments on phylogeny and higher classification of the superfamily.  Canad. Ent. 114:  901-90.

 

Smith, I. M. & D. R. Cook.  1991.  Water mites.  Chapter 16, p. 523-92.  In:  J. Thorp & A. Covich (eds.), Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates.  Academic Press, NY.  911 p.

 

Smith, I. M. & D. R. Oliver.  1976.  The parasitic associations of larval water mites with imaginal aquatic insects, especially Chironomidae.  Canad. Ent. 108:  1427-42.

 

Smith, I. M. & D. R. Oliver.  1986.  Review of parasitic associations of larval water mites (Acari: Parasitengona: Hydrachnida) with insect hosts.  Canad. Ent. 118:  407-72.

 

Smith, J. A. C., H. Griffiths & U. Luttge.  1986.  Comparative ecophysiology of CAM and C3 bromeliads. I. The ecology of the Bromeliaceae in Trinidad.  Plant, Cell & Environ. 9:  359-76.

 

Smith, J. B.  1900.  Insects of New Jersey.  Suppl. 27th Ann. Rept., New Jersey St. Bd. Agr. 559, 678-79.

 

Smith, J. B.  1903.  Report on the mosquito investigations.  A.R. N.J. Agr. Expt. Sta. (1902):  509-93.

 

Smith, J. B.  1904.  Common Mosquitoes of New Jersey.  New Jersey Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. No. 171, New Brunswick.  40 p.

 

Smith, J. B.  1904b.  Report of the New Jersey State Agricultural Experiment Station upon the mosquitoes occurring within the State, their habits, life history, etc.  Trenton, NJ.  482 p.

 

Smith, J. B.  1910.  Azolla vs. mosquitoes.  Ent. News 21:  437-41.

 

Smith, J. P., R. D. Hall & G. D. Thomas.  1985.  Field studies on mortality of the immature stages of the stable fly (Diptera: Muscidae).  Environ. Ent. 14:  881-90.

 

Smith, J. P., R. D. Hall & G. D. Thomas.  1987a.  Field parasitism of the stable fly (Diptera: Muscidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 80:  391-97.

 

Smith, J. P., R. D. Hall & G. D. Thomas.  1987b.  Arthropod predators and competitors of the stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae) in central Missouri.  J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 60:  562-67.

 

Smith, K. A., R. W. Miller & D. H. Simser.  1992.  Entomopathogenic nematode bibliography: heterorhabditid and steinernematid nematodes.  South. Coop. Ser. Bull. Arkansas Agr. Expt. Sta., Fayetteville 370:  1-81.

 

Smith, K. M.  1967.  Insect Virology.  Academic Press, NY. & London.  256 p.

 

Smith, K. M.  1973.  Insect viruses, p. 14-25.  In:  A. J. Gibbs (ed.), Viruses and Invertebrates.

 

Smith, L.  1988.  Dispersal behavior of two pteromalid parasitoids of house fly pupae in a dairy environment (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), p. 333-44.  In:  V. K. Gupta (ed.), Advances in Parasitic Hymenoptera Research.  E. J. Brill, Leiden.

 

Smith, L.  1989.  The influence of microhabitat on the distribution and attack rate of hymenopteran parasitoids of house fly pupae at dairies in New York State.  Ph.D. Thesis, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, New York.  187 p.

 

Smith, L. & D. A. Rutz.  1985.  The occurrence and biology of Urolepis rufipes (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae), a parasitoid of house flies in New York dairies.  Environ. Ent. 14:  365-69.

 

Smith, L. & D. A. Rutz.  1986.  Development rate and survivorship of immature Urolepis rufipes (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae), a parasitoid of pupal house flies.  Environ. Ent. 15:  1301-06.

 

Smith, L. & D. A. Rutz.  1987.  Reproduction, adult survival and intrinsic rate of growth of Urolepis rufipes (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae), a pupal parasitoid of house flies, Musca domestica.  Entomophaga 32:  315-27.

 

Smith, L. & D. A. Rutz.  1991a.  The influence of light and moisture gradients on the attack rate of parasitoids foraging for hosts in a laboratory arena (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).  J. Insect Behav. 4:  195-08.

 

Smith, L. D. & D. A. Rutz.  1991b.  Seasonal and relative abundance of hymenopterous parasitoids attacking house fly pupae at dairy farms in central New York.  Environ. Ent. 20:  661-68.

 

Smith, L. & D. A. Rutz.  1991c.  Relationship of microhabitat to incidence of house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) immatures and their parasitoids at dairy farms in central New York.  Environ. Ent. 20:  669-74.

 

Smith, L. & D. A. Rutz.  1991d.  Microhabitat associations of hymenopterous parasitoids that attack house fly pupae at dairy farms in central New York.  Environ. Ent. 20:  675-84.

 

Smith, L., D. A. Rutz & G. A. Scoles.  1989.  Influence of habitat and temperature on dispersal behaviour of two pteromalid parasitoids of houseflies during an inundative release at a dairy barn.  Med. Vet. Ent. 3:  169-78.

 

Smith, L. W.  1913.  The biology of Perla immarginata Say.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 6:  208-11.

 

Smith, M. A. & H. V. Cornell.  1979.  Hopkins host-selection in Nasonia vitripennis and its implications for sympatric speciation.  Anim. Behav., London 27:  365-70.

 

Smith, M. E.  1961.  Further records of mermithid parasites of mosquito larvae.  Mosq. News 21:  344-45.

 

Smith, R.  1981.  Darkling beetles cause damage, nuisance, complaint.  Feedstuffs (June):  13.

 

Smith, R. A.  1982.  Effect of strain and medium variation on mosquito toxin production by Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis.  Canad. J. Microbiol. 28:  1089-92.

 

Smith, R. A.  1987.  Use of crystal serology to differentiate among varieties of Bacillus thuringiensis.  J. Invert. Pathol. 50:  1-8.

 

Smith, R. F.  1973.  Considerations on the safety of certain biological agents for arthropod control.  WHO Bull. 48:  685-98.

 

Smith, R. F., T. E. Mittler & C. N. Smith (eds.).  1973.  History of Entomology.  Annu. Rev. Inc., Palo Alto, Calif.  517 p.

 

Smith, R. P. & S. J. Ormerod.  1986.  The diet of moulting Dipper Cinclus cinclus in the catchment of the Welsh River Wye.  Bird Study 33:  138-39.

 

Smits, P. H.  1987.  Possibilities and constraints in the development of new Bacillus thuringiensis strains.  Med. Facult. Landbouwwetensch., Rijksuniver. Gent 52(2a):  155-57.

 

Smits, P. H. & H. J. Vlug.  1990.  Control of tipulid larvae with Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis.  Proc. 5th Internatl. Colloq. Invert. Pathol. Microbiol. Contr.  p. 343.

 

Smyly, W. J. P.  1970.  Observations on rate of development, longevity and fecundity of Acanthocyclops viridis (Jurine) (Copepoda, Cyclopoida), in relation to type of prey.  Crustaceana 18:  21-36.

 

Sneller, V. P.  1979.  Inhibition of Dirofilaria immitis in gregarine-infected Aedes aegypti:  preliminary observations.  J. Invert. Pathol. 34:  62-70.

 

Snelson, F. F. et al.  1986.  A melanistic female mosquito fish, Gambusia affinis holbrooki.  Amer. Midland Nat. 115:  413-15.

 

Snow, K. R.  1974.  Insects and Disease.  Halsted Press, NY.  208 p.

 

Snow, K. R.  1984.  Evaluation of Bacillus thuringiensis serotype H-14 formulations as larvicides for Aedes punctor (Kirby).  Internatl. Pest Contr. 26:  12-14.

 

Snowball, G. J.  1941.  A consideration of the insect population associated with cow dung at Crawley.  J. Roy. Soc. West. Aust. 28:  219-45.

 

Soares, G. G., Jr. & D. E. Pinnock.  1984.  Effect of temperature on germination, growth, and infectivity of the mosquito pathogen Tolypocladium cylindrosporum (Deuteromycotina; Hyphomycetes).  J. Invert. Path. 43:  242-46.

 

Soares, G. G., Jr., D. E. Pinnock & R. A. Samson.  1979.  Tolypocladium, a new fungal pathogen of mosquito larvae with promise for use in microbial control.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Vect. Contr. Assoc. 47:  51-54.

 

Soares, G. G., Jr. et al.  1985.  Comparative studies of 11 isolates of the fungal entomopathogen Tolypocladium-cylindrosporum and 2 isolates of Tolypocladium-extinguens.  J. Invert. Pathol. 46:  115-20.

Soares, M. J. & W. de Souza.  1987.  Fine structure of Blastocrithidia culicis as seen in thin sections and freeze-fracture replicas.  Biol. Cell 6:  101-08.

 

Soeparmo, H. T.  1955.  Malaria and fisheries.  Lecture at FAO/ETAP, Internatl. Inland Fisheries Training Cent., Boger, Indonesia.

 

Soesilo, R. et al.  1933.  Malariabestrijding (Jaarverslag ant het Geneeskundig Laboratorium over 1932.  Meded Dienst. Volksgezondh. Ned. Ind. 22:  99-120.

 

Soesilo, R. et al.  1935.  Afdeeling malariabestrijding.  Meded. Dienst Volksgezondh. Ned. Ind. 24:  386-402.

 

Sokolov, N. P.  1936.  L'acclimatisation du Gambusia patruellis in Asie centrale.  Riv. Malar. 15:  325-44.

 

Sokolov, N. P.  1937.  Ecological methods of control of the mosquito larvae of the genus Anopheles.  Social Sci. Tech., Tashkent 4:  116-18.  [Rev. Appl. Ent. B-25:  288].  [in Russian].

 

Sokolov, N. P.  1958.  Some results of 30 years' experience in the acclimatization of Gambusia, and further aims.  Med. Parasitol. 27:  211-14.  [in Russian].

 

Sokolov, N. P. & M. A. Chvaliova.  1936.  Nutrition of Gambusia affinis on the rice fields of Turkestan.  J. Anim. Ecol. 5:  390-5.

 

Sokolova, E. I., L. A. Ganushkina, V. L. Kosovskikh & L. A. Gavrilyuk.  1982.  The results of laboratory trials of bac. thuringiensis preparations on larvae of blood-sucking mosquitoes of the family Culicidae.  Communication 1.  Med. Parazit. i Parazit. Bolezni 51:  44-48.  [in Russian with English summary].

 

Sokolova, E. I. et al.  1985.  Bacillus thuringiensis Berl. natural strains pathogenic for blood-sucking mosquitoes.  Med. Parazitol. Parazit. Bolezni 3:  35-41.  [in Russian].

 

Sokolova, E. I., N. M. Kulieva, V. D. Erlikh & I. A. Shatalova.  1986.  Results of tests of the preparation Bacillus thuringiensis H-14 strain BTS-393.  Med. parazit. Parazit. Bolezn. 1:  25-28.  [in Russian].

 

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Sol, R.  1972.  Beitrag zur Frage einiger Begrenzungsfaktoren des Massenwechsels der Brachfliege (Phorbia coarctata Fall.).  Anz. Schädlingskunde und Pflanzenschutz, Berlin/Hamburg 45:  20-4.

 

Sollers, H.  1956.  Survey of mosquito work throughout the world in 1955.  Proc. N.J. Mosq. Exterm. Assoc. 43:  23-44.

 

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Sollers, H.  1958.  World activities relating to mosquitoes in 1957.  Proc. N.J. Mosq. Exterm. Assoc. 45:  10-40.

 

Sollers-Riedel, H.  1974.  Mosquitoes, and disease problems-- world-wide in 1973.  Proc. N.J. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 61 (Suppl.):  1-55.

 

Sollers-Riedel, H.  1975.  International studies of mosquitoes and disease in 1974.  Proc. N.J. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 62 (Suppl.):  1-48.

 

Sollers-Riedel, H.  1979a.  Mosquitoes and diseases around the world in 1976.  Proc. N.J. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 64 (Suppl.):  1-49.

 

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Sollers-Riedel, H.  1979c.  Literature references to mosquitoes and mosquito-borne diseases, 1979, Part II.  Mosq. News 39:  442-62.

 

Sollers-Riedel, H.  1979d.  Literature references to mosquitoes and mosquito-borne diseases, 1979, Part III.  Mosq. News 39:  687-707.

 

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