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REFERENCES: (to Populations)     [Additional references may be found at  MELVYL Library ]



Anonymous.  1980.  Biological control Service.  25 years of achievement.  Commonwealth Agric. Bureaux, Slough, England.


Allee, W. C. & T. Park.  1939.  Concerning ecological principles.  Science 89:  166-68.


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Anderson, R. M. & R. M. May.  1980.  Infectious diseases and population cycles of forest insects.  Science, Wash. 210:  658-61.


Anderson, R. M. & R. M. May.  1981.  The population dynamics of microparasites and their invertebrate hosts.  Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London (B)291: 451-524.


Anderson, R. M. & R. M. May.  1986.  The invasion, persistence and spread of infectious diseases within animal and plant communities.  Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London (B) 314:  533-70.


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Atkinson, W. D. & B. Shorrocks.  1981.  Competition on a divided and ephemeral resource:  A simulation model.  J. Anim. Ecol. 50:  461-71.


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Beddington, J. R.  1974.  Age distribution and the stability of simple discrete time population models.  J. Theor. Biol. 47:  65-74.


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Beddington, J. R., C. A. Free & J. H. Lawton.  1978. Characteristics of successful natural enemies in models of biological control of insect pests.  Nature 273:  513-19.


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Bellows, T. S., Jr.  1982b.  Simulation models for laboratory populations of Callosobruchus chinensis and C. maculatus.  J. Anim. Ecol. 51:  597-623.


Bellows, T. S., Jr. & M. P. Hassell.  1984.  Models for interspecific competition in laboratory populations of Callosobruchus spp.  J. Anim. Ecol. 53:  831-48.


Bellows, T. S., Jr. & M. P. Hassell.  1988.  The dynamics of age-structured host-parasitoid interactions.  J. Anim. Ecol. 57:  259-68.


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Bellows, T. S., Jr., J. C. Owens & E. W. Huddleston.  1983.  Model for simulating consumption and economic injury level for the range caterpillar (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae).  J. Econ. Ent. 76:  1231-38.


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Brown, G. C., A. A. Berryman & T. P. Bogyo.  1978.  Simulating codling moth population dynamics:  Moth development, validation and sensitivity.  Environ. Ent. 7:  219-27.


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Burnett, T.  1958.  A model of host-parasite interaction.  Proc. 10th Intern. Cong. Ent. 2:  679-86.


Burnett, T.  1979.  An acarine predator-prey population infesting roses.  Res. Popul. Ecol. 20:  227-34.


Campbell, A., B. D. Frazier, N. Gilbert, A. P. Gutierrez & M. Mackauer.  1974.  The temperature requirements of some aphids and their parasites.  Canad. Ent. 107:  419-23.


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Carpenter, S. R.  1981.  Effect of control measures on pest populations subject to regulation by parasites and pathogens.  J. Theor. Biol. 92:  181-84.


Chant, D. A.  1961.  An experiment in biological control of Tetranychus telarius (L.) (Acarina: Tetranychidae) in a greenhouse using the predaceous mite Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Phytoseiidae).  Canad. Ent. 93:  437-43.


Chapman, R. N.  1928.  The quantitative analysis of environmental factors.  Ecology 9:  111-22


Chapman, R. N.  1931.  Animal Ecology, With Especial Reference to Insects.  McGraw-Hill, New York.  464 p.


Chesson, J.  1983.  The estimation and analysis of preference and its relationship to foraging models. Ecology 64:  1297-1304.


Chesson, P. L.  1981.  Models of spatially distributed populations:  the effect of within-patch variability.  Theor. Popul. Biol. 19:  288-325.


Chesson, P. L. & W. W. Murdoch.  1986.  Relationships among host- parasitoid models.  Am. Nat. 127:  696-715.


Chitty, D.  1958.  Self-regulation of numbers through changes in viability.  Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 22:  277-80.


Chitty, D.  1960.  Population processes in the vole and their relevance to general theory.  Canad. J. Zool. 38:  99-113


Chitty, D., D. Pimentel & C. J. Krebs.  1967.  Food supply of overwintered voles.  J. Anim. Ecol. 37:  113-20.


Clarke, C. H. D.  1936.  Fluctuations in numbers of ruffed grouse, Bonasa umbellus (Linne).  Univ. Toronto Stud. Biol. Ser. No. 41: 118 p.


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Comins, H. N. & M. P. Hassell.  1987.  The dynamics of predation and competition in patchy environments.  Theor. Popul. Biol. 31:  393-421.


Comins, H. N. & P. W. Wellings.  1985.  Density-related parasitoid sex ratios:  influence on host-parasitoid dynamics.  J. Anim. Ecol. 54:  583-95.


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Connell, J. H.  1983.  On the prevalence and relative importance of interspecific competition:  evidence from field experiments.  Amer. Nat. 122:  661-96.


Conway, G. R.  1977.  Mathematical models in applied ecology.  Nature 269:  291-97.


Conway, G. R.  1984.  Pest and Pathogen Control:  Strategic, Tactical and Policy Models.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  488 p.


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Crowley, P. H.  1977.  Spatially distributed stochasticity and the constancy of ecosystems.  Bull. Math. Biol. 39:  157-66.


Crowley, P. H.  1978.  Effective size and the persistence of ecosystems.  Oecologia 35:  185-95.


Crowley, P. H.  1981.  Dispersal and the stability of predator-prey interactions.  Amer. Natur. 118:  673-701.


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Dover, M. J., B. A. Croft, S. M. Welch & R. L. Tummala.  1979.  Biological control of Panonychus ulmi (Acarina:  Tetranychidae) by Amblyseius fallacis (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) on apple:  a prey-predator model.  Environ. Ent. 8:  282-92.


Ehler, L. E.  1976.  The relationship between theory and practice in biological control.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 22:  319-21. 


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Frazer, B. D. & N. Gilbert.  1976.  Coccinellids and aphids:  a quantitative study of the impact of adult ladybirds (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) preying on field populations of pea aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae).  J. Ent. Soc. Brit. Columbia 73:  33-56.


Frazer, B. D., N. Gilbert, P. M. Ives & D. A. Raworth.  1981.  Predator reproduction and the overall predator-prey relationship.  Canad. Ent. 113:  1015-24.


Free, G. A., J. R. Beddington & J. H. Lawton.  1977.  On the inadequacy of simple models of mutual interference for parasitism and predation.  J. Anim. Ecol. 46:  543-54.


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Gilbert, N. & A. P. Gutierrez.  1973.  A plant-aphid-parasite relationship.  J. Anim. Ecol. 42:  323-40.


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Goss-Custard, J. D.  1970.  The response of redshank (Tringa totanus (L.)) to spatial variations in the density of their prey.  J. Anim. Ecol. 39:  91-113.


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Gutierrez, A. P.  1977.  The interaction of pink bollworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), cotton and weather:  a detailed model.  Canad. Ent. 109:  1457-68.


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Gutierrez, A. P. & J. U. Baumgaertner.  1984a.  Multitrophic level models of predator-prey-energetics:  I.  Age specific energetics models-pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) (Homoptera: Aphididae) as an example.  Canad. Ent. 116:  924-32.


Gutierrez, A. P. & J. U. Baumgaertner.  1984b.  Multitrophic level models of predator-prey-energetics:  II.  A realistic model of plant-herbivore-parasitoid- predator interactions.  Canad. Ent. 116:  933-49.


Gutierrez, A. P., J. U. Baumgaertner & K. S. Hagen.  1981.  A conceptual model for growth, development and reproduction int he ladybird beetle, Hippodamia convergens (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae).  Canad. Ent. 113:  21-33.


Gutierrez, A. P., J. U. Baumgaertner & C. G. Summers.  1984a.  Multitrophic level models of predator-prey energetics:  III.  A case study in an alfalfa ecosystem.  Canad. Ent. 116:  950-63.


Gutierrez, A. P., G. D. Butler, Y Wang & D. Westphal.  1977a.  The interaction of pink bollworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), cotton, and weather:  a detailed model.  Canad. Ent. 109:  1457-68.


Gutierrez, A. P., D. W. DeMichele & Y. Wang.  1976.  New systems technology for cotton production and pest management.  XV Internatl. Congr. Ent., Washington, D. C., Aug. 1976.  p. 553-59.


Gutierrez, A. P., W. H. Denton, R. Shade, H. Maltby, T. Burger & G. Moorhead.  1974.  The within-field dynamics of the cereal leaf beetle (Oulema melanopus (L.)) in wheat and oats.  J. Anim. Ecol. 43:  627-40.


Gutierrez, A. P., L. A. Falcon, W. Loew, P. A. Leipzig & R. van den Bosch.  1975.  An analysis of cotton production in California:  a model for Acala cotton and the effects of defoliators on its yield.  Environ. Ent. 4:  125-36.


Gutierrez, A. P., D. E. Havenstein, H. A. Nix & P. A. Moore.  1974.  The ecology of Aphis craccivora Koch and subterranean clover stunt virus in Southeast Australia.  J. Appl. Ecol. 11:  1-20.


Gutierrez, A. P., T. F. Leigh, Y. Wang & R. D. Cave.  1977.  An analysis of cotton production in California:  Lygus hesperus (Heteroptera: Miridae) injury - an evaluation.  Canad. Ent. 109:  1375-86.


Gutierrez, A. P., Y. H. Wang & R. Daxi.  1979.  The interaction of cotton and boll weevil.  A study of co-adaptation.  Canad. Ent. 111:  357-67.


Gutierrez, A. P., P. Neuenschwander, F. Schulthess, B. Wermelinger, H. R. Herren, J. U. Baumgaertner & C. K. Ellis.  1988.  Analysis of the biological control of cassava pests in West Africa, II.  The interaction of cassava and cassava mealybug.  J. Appl. Ecol. 25:  921-40.


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