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BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL IN PACIFIC ISLANDS

(Contacts)

 

 

       There have been numerous repeat successes at biological control in the Pacific Islands, such as with the cottony-cushion scale.  An attempt to control the Australian bush fly has resulted in partial success (Legner 1976 , Legner et al. 1974).  A spectacular success was achieved against the Glassy Winged Sharpshooter,  Homalodisca coagulata (Say) (Homoptera : Cicadellidae) [See <ch-126.htm>].

 

       Dr. Mark Hoddle of the University of California is actively pursueing biological control of pests throughout the Pacific area, and has achieved several outstanding success.

 

 

REFERENCES: <bc-67.ref.htm> &  [Additional references may be found at  MELVYL Library  & <pooled.htm>]

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155.   Legner, E. F.  1976.  The Musca sorbens Wiedemann complex in Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands.  Entomol. News 87(1-2):  39-48.

 

Barratt, B.I.P., Howarth, F.G., Withers, T.M., Kean, J.M., Ridley, G.S., 2010. Progress in risk assessment for classical biological control. Biological Control 52: 245–254.

 

Bartlett, B. R. 1962. The ingest ion of dry sugars by adult entomophagous insects and the use of this feeding habit for measuring the moisture needs of parasites. Journal of Economic Entomology 55 (5): 749-753.

 

Berndt, Lisa A., Wratten, Steve D. 2005. Effects of alyssum flowers on the longevity, fecundity, and sex ratio of the leafroller parasitoid Dolichogenidea tasmanica. Biological Control 32 (1): 65-69.

 

Boyd, E. A., Hoddle, M.S. 2007. Host specificity testing of Gonatocerus spp. egg-parasitoids used in a classical biological control program against Homalodisca vitripennis: A retrospective analysis for non-target impacts in southern California. Biological Control 43: 56-70.

 

Carbone, S. S., Rivera, A. C. 2003. Egg load and adaptive superparsitism in Anaphes nitens, an egg parasitoid of the Eucalyptus snout-beetle Gonipterus scutellatus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 106: 127–134.

 

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Chen, Wen-Long, Leopold, Roger A., Morgan, David J. W., et al. 2006a. Development and reproduction of the egg parasitoid, Gonatocerus ashmeadi Girault (Hymenoptera : Mymaridae), as a function of temperature. Environmental Entomology 35 (5): 1178-1187.

 

Chen, W. L., Leopold, R. A., Harris, M. O. 2006b. Parasitism of the glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca coagulata (Homoptera : Cicadellidae): Functional response and superparasitism by Gonatocerus ashmeadi (Hymenoptera : Mymaridae). Biological Control 37 (1): 119-129.

 

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De León, J.H., Logarzo, G.A., and Triapitsyn, S.V. (2008), Molecular characterization of Gonatocerus tuberculifemur (Ogloblin) (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), a prospective Homalodisca vitripennis (Germar) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) biological control candidate agent from South America: divergent clades. Bulletin of Entomological Research 98: 97-108.

 

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Esser, T. West, D. (eds.), 2010. Pierce’s Disease Control Symposium Proceedings, December 15-17, San Diego, California, pp. 283. California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA. Available from: http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/pdcp/2010_Research_Proceedings.html.

 

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Gurr, G. M., Scarratt, S. L., Wratten, S. D., Berndt, L., Irvin, N. 2004. Ecological engineering, habitat manipulation and pest management. In: Gurr, G. M., Wratten, S. D., Altieri, M. A. (Eds.), Ecological Engineering for Pest Management: Advances in Habitat Manipulation for Arthropods, CSIRO Publishing,

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Gurr G.M., Wratten, S.D., Luna, J.M. 2003. Multi-function agricultural biodiversity: Pest management and other benefits. Basic & Applied Ecology 4(2):107-16.

 

Hartung, J. S., Beretta, J., Brlansky, R. H., Spisso, J., Lee, R. F., 1994. Citrus variegated chlorosis bacterium: Axenic culture, pathogenicity, and serological relationships with other strains of Xylella fastidiosa. Phytopathology 84: 591-597.

 

Hernandez-Martinez, Rufina, de la Cerda, Karla A., Costa, Heather S., et al. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships of Xylella fastidiosa strains isolated from landscape ornamentals in southern California. Phytopathology 97 (7): 857-864.

 

Hoddle M.S. 2004a. The potential adventive geographic range of glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca coagulata and the grape pathogen Xylella fastidiosa: Implications for California and other grape growing regions of the world. Crop Protection 23 (8): 691-699.

 

Hoddle M.S. 2004b. Restoring balance: Using exotic natural enemies to control invasive exotic species. Conservation Biology 18 (1): 38-49.

 

Hoddle, M. S., Triapitsyn, S. V., 2004. Searching for and collecting egg parasitoids of the glassy-winged sharpshooter in the central and eastern USA. In: Tariq, M. A., Oswalt, S., Blincoe, P., Ba, A., Lorick, T., Esser, T. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Pierce’s Disease Research Symposium. California Department of Food and Agriculture, 7-10 December 200, San Diego, CA., pp. 342-344.

 

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Irvin, Nicola A., Hoddle, Mark S. 2004. Oviposition preference of Homalodisca coagulata for two Citrus limon cultivars and influence of host plant on parasitism by Gonatocerus ashmeadi and G. triguttatus (Hymenoptera:Mymaridae). Florida Entomologist 87 (4): 504-510.

 

Irvin N., Hoddle, M.S. 2005a. Determination of Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) egg ages that are suitable for oviposition by Gonatocerus ashmeadi, G. triguttatus and G. fasciatus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae): (1) no choice tests. Biological Control 32 (3): 391-400.

 

Irvin, N. A., Hoddle, M. S. 2005b. The competitive ability of three mymarid egg parasitoids (Gonatocerus spp.) for glassy-winged sharptshooter (Homalodisica coagulata) eggs. Biological Control 34 (2): 204-214.

 

Irvin, N. A., Hoddle, M. S. 2006. The effect of intraspecific competition on progeny sex ratio in Gonatocerus spp. for Homalodisca coagulata egg masses: Economic implications for mass rearing and biological control. Biological Control 39 (2): 169-170.

 

Irvin, Nicola A., Hoddle, Mark S. 2007. Evaluation of floral resources for enhancement of fitness of Gonatocerus ashmeadi, an egg parasitoid of the glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis. Biological Control 40 (1): 80-88.

 

Irvin, Nicola A., Hoddle, Mark S. 2009. Egg maturation, oosorption, and wing wear in Gonatocerus ashmeadi (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), an egg parasitoid of the glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Biological Control 48 (2): 125-132.

 

Irvin, N. A., Hoddle, M. S. 2010. Comparative assessments of Gonatocerus ashmeadi and the 'new association' parasitoid Gonatocerus tuberculifemur (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) as biological control agents of Homalodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Biological Control 55 (3): 186-196.

 

Irvin, Nicola A., Hoddle, Mark S., Castle, Steven J. 2007. The effect of resource provisioning and sugar composition of foods on longevity of three Gonatocerus spp., egg parasitoids of Homalodisca vitripennis. Biological Control 40 (1): 69-79.

 

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Irvin, N.A., Hoddle, M.S., Suarez-Espinoza, J., 2009. The functional response of Gonatocerus ashmeadi and the ‘new association’ parasitoid G. tuberculifemur attacking eggs of Homalodisca vitripennis. Environmental Entomology 38 (6): 1634–1641.

 

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Jones, W. A., Logarzo, G. A., Triapitsyn, S.V., Casas, M., Virla, E. G., Purcell, A.H., 2005a. Biology and host range of two South American egg parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), possible biocontrol agents for glassy-winged sharpshooter (Say) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Proconiini). Proceedings of the 12th International Auchenorrhyncha Congress and 6th International Workshop on Leafhoppers and Planthoppers of Economic Significance, University of California, Berkeley, 7-12 August 2005, Berkeley, CA, Available online at http://nature.berkeley.edu/hoppercongress/

 

Jones, W. A., Logarzo, G. A., Virla, E. G., Luft, E., 2005b. Environmental risk assessment of egg parasitoids from South America: non-target field and laboratory host range in Argentina and the U. S. In: Tariq, M. A., Blincoe, P., Mochel, M., Oswalt, S., Esser, T. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Pierce’s Disease Research Symposium. California Department of Food and Agriculture, 5-7 December 2005, San Diego, CA, pp. 343-344.

 

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