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BIOLOGICAL CONTROL IN FORESTS

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 REFERENCES (to BC-34.TXT>, Biological Control in Forests):

 

    [Additional references may be found at  MELVYL Library ] \

 

Adlung, K. G. 1966. A critical evaluation of the European research on the use of red wood ants (Formica rufa- group) for the protection of forests against harmful insects. Z. angew. Ent. 57: 167-89. [in German].

Adroi, M. 1967. Application of a new strain of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner in the control of the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.). Zast. Bilja 18: 343-48.

Altenkirch, W. 1968. Vogelschutz und Eichenwickler (Tortrix viridana L.) Synökologische Untersuchungen der Kronenfaune eines Eichen-Hainbuchenwaldes. Z. angew. Zool. 55: 1-69.

Amman, G. D. & C. F. Speers. 1971. Introduction and evaluation of predators from India and Pakistan for control of the balsam woolly aphid (Homoptera: Adelgidae) in North Carolina. Canad. Ent. 103: 528-33.

Arthur, A. P. 1958. Development, behaviour, and descriptions of immature stages of Spilochalcis side (Walk.) (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae). Canad. Ent. 90: 569-632.

Arthur, A. P. 1961. The cleptoparasitic habits and immature stages of Eurytoma pini Bugbee (Hymenoptera: Chalcidae), a parasite of the European shoot moth, Rhyacionia buoliana (Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Olethreutidae). Canad. Ent. 93: 655-60.

Arthur, A. P. 1962. Influence of host tree on abundance of Itoplectis conquisitor (Say) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), a polyphagous parasite of European pine shoot moth, Ryacionia buoliana (Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Oleuthreutidae). Canad. Ent. 94: 337-47.

Arthur, A. P. 1963. Life histories and immature stages of four ichneumonid parasites of the European pine shoot moth Rhyacionia buoliana (Schiff.) in Ontario. Canad. Ent. 95: 1078-91.

Arthur, A. P. 1965. Absence of preimaginal conditioning in Itoplectis conquisitor (Say) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Canad. Ent. 97: 1000-01.

Arthur, A. P. 1966. Associative learning in Itoplectis conquisitor (Say) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Canad. Ent. 98: 213-23.

Arthur, A. P. 1967. Influence of position and size of host shelter on host-searching by Itoplectis conquisitor (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Canad. Ent. 99: 877-86.

Arthur, A. P. 1971. Associate learning by Nemeritis canescens. Canad. Ent. 103: 1137-41.

Arthur, A. P. 1981. Host acceptance by parasitoids, p. 97-120. In: D. A. Nordlund, R. L. Jones & W. J. Lewis (eds), Semiochemicals: Their Role in Pest Control. John Wiley, New York.

Arthur, A. P. & H. C. Coppel. 1953. Studies on dipterous parasites of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Chem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). I. Sarcophaga aldrichi Park. (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). Canad. J. Zool. 31: 374-91.

Arthur, A. P. & J. A. Juillet. 1961. The introduced parasites of the European pine shoot moth, Rhyacionia buoliana (Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Olethreutidae), with a critical evaluation of their usefulness as control agents. Canad. Ent. 93: 297-312.

Arthur, A. P. & H. G. Wylie. 1959. Effects of host size on sex ratio, development time and size of Pimpla turionellae (L.) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Entomophaga 4: 297-301.

Arthur, A. P., J. E. R. Stainer & A. L. Turnbull. 1964. The intraction between Orgilus obscurator (Nees) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Temelucha interruptor (Grav.) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), parasites of the pine shoot moth, Rhyacionia buoliana (Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Olethreutidae). Canad. Ent. 96: 1030-34.

Arthur, A. P., B. M. Hedgekak & L. Rollins. 1969. Component of the host haemolymph that induces oviposition in a parasitic insect. Nature (London) 223: 966-7.

Arthur, A. P., J. E. R. Steiner & A. L. Turnbull. 1964. The interaction between Orgilus obscurator (Nees) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Temelucha interruptor (Grav.) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), parasites of the pine shoot moth, Rhyacionia buoliana (Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Olethreutidae). Canad. Ent. 96: 1030-34.

Arthur, A. P., W. W. Batsch & L. Rollins. 1969. Component of the host haemolymph that induces oviposition in a parasitic insect. Nature 223: 966-67.

Arthur, A. P., B. M. Hegdekar & W. W. Batsch. 1973. A chemically defined, synthetic medium that induces oviposition in the parasite Itoplectis conquisitor (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Canad. Ent. 105: 787-93. [? Canad. Ent. 104: 1251-58 (1972)].

Askari, A. & H. C. Coppel. 1976. A preliminary list of the parasitoids of the European fruit lecanium, Lecanium corni Bouche (Hemiptera: Coccidae) on prickly-ash in Wisconsin. Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes No. 197. 5 p.

Askari, A. & H. C. Coppel. 1977. Adult biology and effect of different food sources on longevity and fecundity of the gypsy moth parasitoid, Meteorus pulchricornis (Wesmael) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes No. 207. 6 p.

Askari, A. & H. C. Coppel. 1978. Observations on courtship and mating behavior of Meteorus pulchricornis a gypsy moth parasitoid. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 71: 364-6.

Askari, A., J. W. Mertins & H. C. Coppel. 1977. Developmental biology and immature stages of Meteorus pulchricornis in the laboratory. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 70: 655-69.

Bedard, W. D. 1933. Unpublished report in files of the Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, USDA, Forest Service, Berkeley. 4 p.

Baker, W. L. 1972. Eastern Forest Insects. U. S. Dept. Agr. Forest. Serv. Misc. Publ. 1175. 642 p.

Baldwin, W. F. & H. C. Coppel. 1947. Observations on the emergence of Phorocera hamata A. & W. (Tachinidae) from sawfly cocoons. Canad. Ent. 79: 221-23.

Baldwin, W. F. & H. C. Coppel. 1949. The biology of Phorocera hamata A. & W., a tachinid parasite of sawflies. Canad. Ent. 81: 237-45.

Bedding, R. A. 1967. Parasitic and free-living cycles in entomogenous nematodes of the genus Deladenus. Nature 214: 174-75.

Bedding, R. A. 1972. Biology of Deladenus siricidicola (Neotylenchidae) an entomophagous-mycetophagous nematode parasitic in siricid woodwasps. Nematologica 18: 482-93.

Bedding, R. A. & R. J. Akhurst. 1974. Use of the nematode Deladenus siricidicola in the biological control of Sirex noctilio in Australia. J. Aust. Ent. Soc. 13: 129-35.

Beeson, C. F. C. 1941. The Ecology and Control of the Forest Insects of India and the Neighbouring Countries. Forest Res. Inst. & Coll., Dehra Dun. 767 p. (reprinted in 1961).

Béique, R. 1960. The importance of the European pine shoot moth, Rhyacionia buoliana (Schiff.) in Quebec City and vicinity. Canad. Ent. 92: 858-62.

Beirne, B. P. 1973. Influences on the development and evolution of biological control in Canada. Bull. Ent. Soc. Canad. 5: 85-89.

Benz, G. 1971. Synergism of micro-organisms and chemical insecticides, p. 327-55. In: H. D. Burges & N. W. Hussey (eds.), Microbial Control of Insects and Mites. Academic Press, New York.

Berisford, C. W. 1987. Biological control of Ips grandicollis (Eichoff) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Australia. Proc. Symp. on Potential for Biological control of Dendroctonus and Ips Bark Beetles. Ann. Meeting Ent. Soc. Amer., 9 Dec 1986, Reno, Nevada.

Berlepsch, H. V. 1929. Der gesamte Vogelschutz, 12th ed. Neumann, Neudamm.

Bellows, T. S., Jr. & T. W. Fisher, (eds) 1999. Handbook of Biological Control: Principles and Applications. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.  1046 p.

Berry, P. A. 1938. Tetrastichus brevistigma Gahan, a pupal parasite of the elm leaf beetle. U. S. Dept. Agr. Circ. 485. 11 p.

Berryman, A. A. 1967. Preservation and augmentation of

insect predators of the western pine beetle. J. Forestry 65: 260-62.

Bess, H. A. 1961. Population ecology of the gypsy moth Porthetria dispar L. (Lepidoptera: Lymantridae). Conn. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 646. 43 p.

Bird, F. T. 1971. Chapter 41. Neodiprion lecontei (Fitch), red-headed pine sawfly (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae), p. 148-150. In: Biological Control Programmes Against Insects and Weeds in Canada, 1959-1968. Commonwealth Inst. of Biol. Control, Tech. Comm. No. 4. 266 p.

Bird, F. T. & J. M. Burk. 1961. Artificially disseminated virus as a factor controlling the European spruce sawfly, Diprion herycinae (Htg.), in the absence of introduced parasites. Canad. Ent. 92: 228-38.

Bird, F. T. & D. E. Elgee. 1957. A virus disease and introduced parasites as factors controlling the European spruce sawfly, Diprion hercyinae (Htg.) in central New

Brunswick. Canad. Ent. 89: 371-78.

Borden, J. H. 1982. Aggregation pheromones, p. 74-139. In: J. B. Mitton & K. B. Sturgeon (eds.), Bark Beetles in North American Conifers: A System for the Study of Evolutionary Biology. Univ of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. 527 p.

Borden, J. H. 1985. Aggregation pheromones, p. 257-85. In: G. A. Kerkut (ed.), Vol. 9, Behavior, 735 p. In: G. A. Kerkut & L. I. Gilbert (eds.), Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology. Pergamon Press, Oxford, England.

Bösenberg, K. 1970. The importance of birds in biological control, especially in the forest. Tagunsber. deut. Akad. Landwirtschaftwiss, Berlin 110: 71-82. [in German].

Boush, G. M. & H. C. Coppel. 1974. Symbiology: mutualism between arthropods and microorganisms. Chap. 6. p. 301-26.

Brewer, M. & D. Varas. 1971. Cría masiva de Parasierola nigrifemur (Ash.), (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae). Rev. Peruana Ent. 14: 352-61.

Breznak, J. A., J. W. Mertins & H. C. Coppel. 1974. Nitrogen fixation and methane production in a wood-eating cockroach, Cryptocerus punctulatus Scudder (Orthoptera: Blattidae). Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes No. 184. 2 p.

Brown, G. S. 1968. The gypsy moth, Porthetria dispar L., a threat to Ontario horticulture and forestry. Proc. Ent. Soc. Ont. 98: 12-15.

Bruns, M. 1960. The economic importance of birds in forests. Bird Study 7: 193-208.

Buckner, C. M. 1971. Vertebrate predators. USDA, Forest Service, Res. Paper NE-194: 21-31.

Burges, H. D. & N. W. Hussey (eds.). 1971. Microbial Control of Insects and Mites. Academic Press, New York. 861 p.

Burgess, A. F. 1921. The satin moth: an introduced enemy of poplars and willows. U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Ent. Circ. 167: 16 p.

Burgess, A. F. & S. S. Crossman. 1927. The satin moth a recently introduced pest. U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 1469. 23 p.

Burgess, A. F. & S. S. Crossman. 1929. Imported insect enemies of the gipsy moth and the brown-tail moth. U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 86. 147 p.

Burzynski, J. 1970. Biologische Bekämpfungs--Methoden von Forstschädlingen. Tagungsber. deut. Akad. Landwirtschaftwiss. Berlin 100: 37-42.

Bustillo, A. E. & A. T. Drooz. 1977. Comparative establishment of a Virginia (USA) strain of Telenomus alsophilae on Oxydia trychiata in Colombia. J. Econ. Ent. 70: 767-70.

Butcher, J. W. & H. C. Coppel. 1960. Insects of forest, nursery, ornamentals and turf. Proc. North Cent. Br. Ent. Soc. Amer. 15 14-15.

Campbell, R. W. 1963. The role of diseases and desiccation in the population dynamics of the gypsy moth Porthetria dispar (L.) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Canad. Ent. 95: 426-34.

Campbell, R. W. 1967. The analysis of numerical change in gypsy moth populations. Forest. Sci. Monogr. 15. 33 p.

Campbell, R. W. & J. D. Podgwaite. 1971. The disease complex of the gypsy moth. I. Major components. J. Inverteb. Path. 18: 101-07.

Cankov, G. 1964. The use of certain entomophagous insects in the biological control of the European pine shoot moth. Gorskostop. Nauka 4: 61-70.

apek, M. 1971. Results of experiments with the introduction of egg parasites of Lymantria dispar into Slovakia. Les. Casop. 17: 127-37.

Carl, K. P. 1982. Biological control of native pests by introduced natural enemies. Biocontrol News & Information 3: 192-200.

Casida, J. E., H. C. Coppel & T. Watanabe. 1963. Purification and potency of the sex attractant from the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis. J. Econ. Ent. 56: 18-24.

Ceballos, G. & E. Zarko. 1952. The biological control of an outbreak of Diprion pini (L.) on Pinus silvestris in the Sierra de Albarracin. Madrid. Inst. Exp. Ent. p. 1-38.

Clair, D. J., D. L. Dahlsten & S. H. Dreistadt. 1987. Biological control of the elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola, in California--A case study. Proc. 6th Intern. Sci. Conf. Internatl. Fed. Organic Agric. Movements, Santa Cruz, Calif. 18-21 Aug., 1985.

Clark, R. C., D. O. Greenbank, D. G. Bryant & J. W. E. Harris. 1972 (71?). Chapter 36. Adelges piceae (Ratz.), balsam woolly aphid (Homoptera: Adelgidae), p. 113-27. In: Biological Control Programmes Against Insects and Weeds in Canada, 1959-1968. Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Control, Tech. Comm. No. 4. 266 p.

Clausen, C. P. 1956. Biological control of insect pests in the continental United States. USDA Tech. Bull. No. 1139. 151 p.

Clausen, C. P. (ed.). 1978. Introduced parasites and predators of arthropod pests and weeds: a world review. USDA, ARS, Agric. Handbook No. 480, 545 p.

Coppel, H. C. 1946. The collection of spruce budworm parasites in British Columbia with notes on their overwintering habits. Ann. Rept. Ent. Soc. Ont. p. 38-40.

Coppel, H. C. 1947. The collection of spruce budworm parasites in British Columbia with notes on their overwintering habits. Ent. Soc. Ontario 77th Ann. Rept. (1946): 38-40.

Coppel, H. C. 1951. Effects of super,- multi,- and hyper-parasitism on the abundance of Phytodietus fumiferanae Rohw. (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), a primary parasite of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). 33rd Rept. Que. Soc., Canada. 5 p.

Coppel, H. C. 1952. Effects of super, -multi, and hyper- parasitism on the abundance of Phytodietus fumiferanae Rohw. (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), a primary parasite of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Rep. Quebec Soc. Protect. Plants 32-33: 189-93.

Coppel, H. C. 1954a. Notes on the parasites of Neodiprion manulus Schedl (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Canad. Ent. 86: 167-68.

Coppel, H. C. 1958. Studies on dipterous parasites of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). VI. Phorocera incrassata Smith (Diptera: Tachinidae). Canad. J. Zool. 36: 453-62.

Coppel, H. C. & A. P. Arthur. 1953. Notes on the introduced parasites of the European pine shoot moth, Rhyacionia buoliana (Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in Ontario. Ent. Soc. Ontario 84th Ann. Rept. (1953): 55-8.

Coppel, H. C. & D. M. Benjamin. 1965. Bionomics of the Nearctic pine-feeding diprionids. Annu. Rev. Ent. 10: 69-96.

Coppel, H. C. & H. House. 1947. A description of cages used for the large-scale breeding of Sturmia sp., a tachinid parasite of sawflies. Canad. Ent. 79: 74-80.

Coppel, H. C. & P. A. Jones. 1962. Bionomics of Podisus spp. associated with the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis (Htg.), in Wisconsin. Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts & Lett. 51: 31-56.

Coppel, H. C. & K. Leius. 1955a. History of the larch sawfly, with notes on origin and biology. Canad. Ent. 87: 103-11.

Coppel, H. C. 1955b. The role of parasitoids and predators in the control of the spruce budworm (Archips fumiferana Clem.) in British Columbia. Grad. Thesis Publ. St. Univ. N.Y. Coll. Forest. 86 p.

Coppel, H. C. 1958. Studies on dipterous parasites of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canad. J. Zool. 36: 453-62.

Coppel, H. C. 1959. A sex anomaly of the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis (Htg.) (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae). Ent. News 70(8): 1 p.

Coppel, H. C. 1960a. Key to adults of dipterous parasites of spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 53: 94-7.

Coppel, H. C. 1960b. Empty cocoons of the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis, as habitat niches for arthropods. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 53: 847-8.

Coppel, H. C. 1961a. Special Report No. 2, Biological Control. State of Wisconsin Governor's Spec. Comm. on Chem. & Health Hazards. 4 p.

Coppel, H. C. 1961b. An unusual habitat niche for Ancistrocerus tigris tigris (Saussure) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Ent. News 72(9): 246-8.

Coppel, H. C. 1961c. Recent advances in the biological control of insect pests of pine in Wisconsin. W.C.T.P.A. Bull. Vol. 28. 3 p.

Coppel, H. C. 1962a. Current studies on the biological control of insect pests of Wisconsin pine. Amer. Christmas Tree Grow. J. 6(3): 19-20.

Coppel, H. C. 1962b. The introduced pine sawfly in Wisconsin. For. Pest. Leaf. Wis. Conf. Dept. No. 4. 3 p.

Coppel, H. C. 1967. Non-pesticide approaches to pest suppression, p. 35-7. In: C.N.R.A. of Wis., Spec. Rept.

Coppel, H. C. 1985. Biological and natural control of forest insects, an update. _______, p. 97-104.

Coppel, H. C. 1986a. Environmental management for furthering entomophagous arthropods. Biol. Plant & Health Prot. Rept. p. 57-73.

Coppel, H. C. 1986. Hymenopterous parasitoids of Acrobasis rubrifasciella Packard (Lepidoptera: Phycitidae) in Wisconsin. Wis. For. Res. Notes, No. 268. 5 p.

Coppel, H. C. & D. M. Benjamin. 1965. Bionomics of the nearctic pine-feeding diprionids. Ann. Rev. Ent. 10: 69-96.

Coppel, H. C. & P. A. Jones. 1961. Pentatomid predators of the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis (Htg.) in Wisconsin. Proc. North Cent. Br. Ent. Soc. Amer. 16: 84-5.

Coppel, H. C. & P. A. Jones. 1962. Bionomics of Podisus spp. associated with the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis (HTG), in Wisconsin. Wis. Acad. Sci., Arts & Lett. 51: 31-56.

Coppel, H. C. & P. A. Jones. 1964. A note on Hemyda aurata R.D. (Diptera: Tachinidae), a parasite of Podisus maculiventris (Say) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Ent. News 75(7): 191-4.

Coppel, H. C. & K. Leius. 1956. Morphological variations in populations of the larch sawfly, Pristiphora erichsonii (Htg.) (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), from Canada, Great Britain and Japan. 10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. 1: 231-8.

Coppel, H. C. & K. Leius. 1958. Morphological variations in populations of the larch sawfly, Pristiphora erichsonii (Htg.) (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), from Canada, Great Britain and Japan. Proc. 10th Internatl. Congr. Ent. (1956) 1: 231-38.

Coppel, H. C. & M. G. Maw. 1954a. Studies on dipterous parasites of the spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) III. Ceromasia auricaudata Tns. Canad. J. Zool. 32: 144-56.

Coppel, H. C. & M. G. Maw. 1954b. Studies on dipterous parasites of the spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). IV. Madremyia saundersii (Will.) (Diptera: Tachinidae). Canad. J. Zool. 32: 314-23.

Coppel, H. C. & J. W. Mertins. 1977a. Biological insect pest suppression. Advanced Ser. Agr. Sci.

Coppel, H. C. & J. W. Mertins. 1977b. Biological Insect Pest Suppression. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York. 314 p.

Coppel, H. C. & D. M. Norris, Jr. 1960. Systemic insecticides for control of the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis, with notes on parasite survival. J. Econ. Ent. 53: 648-50.

Coppel, H. C. & D. M. Norris, Jr. 1961. Systemic insecticidal action of certain phosphates in Pinus strobus against Diprion similis. J. Econ. Ent. 54: 1061-62.

Coppel, H. C. & D. M. Norris, Jr. 1966. Bark penetration and uptake of systemic insecticides from several treatment formulations in white pines. J. Econ. Ent. 59: 928-31.

Coppel, H. C. & D. M. Norris, Jr. 1986. The effectiveness and persistence of several systemic insecticides against the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis (Htg.) on white pine in Wisconsin. Wis. For. Res. Notes, No. 267. 4 p.

Coppel, H. C. & R. D. Shenefelt. 1960. Parasites introduced to help control the European larch casebearer-- a progress report. Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes, No. 53. 3 p.

Coppel, H. C. & N. F. Sloan. 1970. Avian predation, an important adjunct in the suppression of larch casebearer and introduced pine sawfly populations in Wisconsin forests. Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Managem. 2: 259-72.

Coppel, H. C. & B. C. Smith. 1957. Studies on dipterous parasites of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). V. Omotoma fumiferanae (Tot.) (Diptera: Tachinidae). Canad. J. Zool. 35: 581-92.

Coppel, H. C. & R. V. Smythe. 1963. Occurrence of spiders on eastern white pine trees infested with the introduced pine sawfly Diprion similis (Htg.). Univ. Wisc. Forestry Res. Notes 102. p. 1-7.

Coppel, H. C., H. L. House & M. G. Maw. 1959. Studies on dipterous parasites of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). VII. Agria affinis (Fall.) (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). Canad. J. Zool. 37: 817-30.

Coppel, H. C., J. E. Casida, & W. C. Dauterman. 1960. Evidence for a potent sex attractant in the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 53: 510-12.

Coppel, H. C., J. W. Mertins & J. W. E. Harris. 1974. The introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis (Hartig) (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae). A review with emphasis on studies in Wisconsin. Univ. Wisc. Coll. Agr. Life Sci. Res. Bull. R2393. 74 p.

Coppel, H. C., R. K. Chapman & F. P. Neupane. 1985. Monitoring the maize borer, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) in Nepal through light trap and life table studies. Nepal. J. Agr. 16: 85-92.

Cosenza, B. J. & F. B. Lewis. 1966. Taxonomic considerations of four "wild"-type crystalliferous bacilli and their toxicity to larvae of the gypsy moth, Porthetria dispar. J. Invertebr. Path. 8: 520-25.

Coulson, J. R., R. W. Fenster, P. W. Schaefer, L. R. Ertle, J. S. Kelleher, & L. D. Rhoads. 1986. Exploration for and importation of natural enemies of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), in North America: an update. Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 88: 461-75.

Criddle, N. 1928. The introduction and establishment of the larch sawfly parasite, Mesoleius tenthredinus Morley, into southern Manitoba. Canad. Ent. 60: 51-53.

Cunningham, J. C. 1982. Field trials with baculoviruses: control of forest insect pests, p. 335-386. In: E. Kurstak (ed.), "Microbial and Viral Pesticides. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York. 720 p.

Cunningham, J. C. & P. DeGroot. 1982. Chapter 57. Neodiprion lecontei (Fitch), redheaded pine sawfly (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae), p. 323-29. In: J. S. Kelleher & M. A. Hulme (eds.), "Biological Control Programmes Against Insects and Weeds in Canada, 1969-80. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau, London, England. 410 p.

Cunningham, J. C. & P. F. Entwistle. 1982. Control of sawflies by baculoviruses, p. 379-407. In: H. D. Burges (ed.), Microbial Control of Pests and Plant Diseases 1970-1980. Academic Press, New York. 944 p.

Dahlsten, D. L. 1976. The third forest. Environment 18: 35-42.

Dahlsten, D. L. 1983. Pesticides in an era of integrated pest management. Environment 25: 45-54.

Dahlsten, D. L. & W. A. Copper. 1979. The use of nesting boxes to study the biology of the mountain chickadee (Parus gambeli) and its impact on selected forest insects, p. 217-60. In: J. G. Dickson, R. N. Conner, R. R. Fleet, J. C. Kroll & J. A. Jackson (eds.) The Role of Insectivorous Birds in Forest Ecosystems. Academic Press, New York. 381 p.

Dahlsten, D. L. & M. C. Whitmore. 1987. The case for and against the biological control of bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Proc. Symp. on Potential for Biological Control of Dendroctonus and Ips Bark Beetles, Ann. Meeting Ent. Soc. Amer., 9 Dec, 1986, Reno, Nevada.

Dahlsten, D. L. & N. J. Mills. 1999. Biological Control of Forest Insects. In Bellows, T. S., Jr. & T. W. Fisher, (eds) 1999. Handbook of Biological Control: Principles and Applications. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

Dahlsten, D. L., R. Garcia, J. E. Prine & R. Hunt. 1969. Insect problems in forest recreation areas. Calif. Agr. 23(7): 4-6.

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