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                             MODES OF LARVAL COMPETITION

 

                                        IN INSECT PARASITOIDS

                                                                                                         (Contacts)

 

 

 

     Please CHOOSE Table to view:  Table 1a,   Table 1b,  Table 1c,  Table 1d,  Table 1e

 

 

Table 1a. Solitary parasitic Hymenoptera reported to avoid larval competition by discriminating

 

           distribution of their progeny (I = internal, E = external feeding)

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Ichneumonidae

Amblyteles subfucus--I (Strickland 1923)

Angitia cerophaga--I (Lloyd 1940

Angitia sp.--I (ullyett 1943

Collyria calcitrator--I (Salt 1932a, Walker 1937)

Cryptus inornatus--E (Ullyett 1949)

Diadromus collaris--I (Lloyd 1940)

Diplazon fissorius--I (Schneider 1950

Hemiteles fulvipes--E (Martelli 1907: denied Faure '26)

Horogenes chrysostictos--I (Fisher 1959)

Linerium validium--I (Salt 1934, Timberlake 1912)

Nemeritis canescens--I (Simmonds 1943, Fisher 1958)

Braconidae

Apanteles plutellae--I (Lloyd 1940)

Cardiochiles nigriceps--I (Chamberlin & Tenhet 1926)

Chelonus texanus--I (Ullyett 1949a)

Dacnusa areolaris--I (Haviland 1922)

Stenobracon deesae--E (Narayanan & Chaudhuri 1954)

Chalcidoidea

Aphelinus mali--I (Thompson 1934)

Muscidifurax raptor--E (Legner 1967)

Ooencyrtus kuvanae--I (Lloyd 1938)

Spalangia drosophilae--E (Legner 1969, Simmonds 1956)

Spalangia cameroni--E (Legner 1967, Gerling & Legner 68

Spalangia endius--E (Legner 1967)

Spalangia muscidarum--E (Pinkus 1913)

Trichogramma evanescens--I (Salt 1934)

Proctotrupoidea

Phanurus emersoni--I (Parman 1928)

Telenomus cosmopeplae--I (Balduf 1926b)

Trissolcus simoni--I (Voukassovitch 1925)

Cynipoidea

Ibalia leucospoides--I (Salt 1934, Crystal 1930)

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Table 1b. Gregarious parasitic Hymenoptera reported to adjust the number

            of eggs they lay to the capacity of the host.

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Braconidae

Bracon brevicornis--E (Salt 1934, Doutt 1959)

Bracon hebetor--E (Ullyett 1945)

Chalcidoidea

Elasmus hispidarum--E (Taylor 1937)

Euplectrus bicolor--E (Silvestri 1911)

Microplectron fuscipennis--E (Ullyett 1936)

Microterys flavus--I (Timberlake 1913)

Nasonia vitripennis--E (Wylie 1960's)

Pleurotropis parvulus--I (Taylor 1937)

Tachinaephagus zealandicus--I (Legner, unpub.)

Tachinaephagus stomoxcida--I (Legner, unpub.)

Trichogramma evanescens--I (Salt 1934, 1940)

Proctotrupoidea

Platygaster hiemalis--I (Hill 1926)

Telenomus fariai--I (Costa Lima 1928)

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Table 1c. Internal solitary parasitic Hymenoptera that have been observed fighting

    or are reported to eliminate competition by deliberate physical attack.

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Ichneumonidae

Collyria calcitrator (Salt 1931)

Diadromus collaris (Lloyd 1940)

Diplazon fissorius (Schneider 1950)

Eulimneria crassifemur (Thompson & Parker 1930)

Horogenes chrysostictos (Fisher 1959

Nemeritis canescens (Rietra 1932)

Phaeogenes nigridens (Smith 1932)

Syrphoctonus maculifrons (Kamal 1939)

Braconidae

Aphidiinae (Wheeler 1923)

Aphidius testaceipes (Webster & Phillips 1912)

Diachasma tryoni (Pemberton & Willard 1918a)

Diachasma fullawayi (Pemberton & Willard 1918a)

Dinocampus coccinellae (Balduf 1926a)

Macrocentrus ancylivorus (Daniel 1932)

Opius fletcheri (Willard 1920)

Opius humilis (Pemberton & Willard 1918a)

Opius longicaudatus (van den Bosch & Haramoto 1953)

Chalcidoidea

Brachymeria compsilurae Dowden 1935

Brachymeria intermedia Dowden 1935

Proctotrupoidea

Telenomus cosmopeplae Balduf (1926b)

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Table 1d. Internal parasitic Hymenoptera in which physiological suppression of

       competitors has been reported (S = solitary, G = gregarious).

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Ichneumonidae

Angitia cerophaga--S (Lloyd 1940)

Eulimneria crassifemer--S (Thompson & Parker 1930)

Horogenes chrysostictos--S (Fisher 1958)

Nemeritis canescens--S (Simmonds 1943, Fisher 1958)

Braconidae

Apanteles plutellae--S (Lloyd 1940)

Aphidiinae--S (Timberlake 1910)

Aphidius sp.--S (Spencer 1926)

Aphidius platensis--S (Johnson 1959)

Macrocentrus ancylivorus--S (Daniel 1932)

Opius oophilus--S (van den Bosch & Haramoto 1953)

Opius vandenboschi--S (van den Bosch & Haramoto 1953)

Chalcidoidea

Coccophagus gurneyi--S (Compere & Smith 1932)

Coccophagus scutellaria--G (Cedana 1937)

Comperiella bifasciata--S (Compere & Smith 1927)

Spalangia cameroni--S (Gerling & Legner 1968)

Cynipoidea

Pseudeucoila bochei--S (Jenni 1951)

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Table 1e. External solitary parasitic Hymenoptera that have been reported

           to eliminate competitors by deliberate physical attack.

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Ichneumonidae

Ephialtes caudatus (Simmonds 1944)

Exenterus abruptorius (Morris 1937)

Exenterus tricolor (Morris et al. 1937)

Hemiteles areator (Faure 1926)

Pimpla pomorum (Voukassovitch & Voukassovitch 1931)

Braconidae

Microbracon mellitor (Willard 1927)

Stenobracon deesae (Narayanan & Chaudhuri 1954)

Chalcidoidea

Coccophagus ochraceus (Cedana 1937)

Habrocytus bedeguaria (Voukassovitch 1927)

Habrocytus cerealellae (Noble 1932, Fulton 1933)

Habrocytus microgastris (Voukassovitch 1927)

Habrocytus saxeseni (Voukassovitch & Voukassovitch '31)

Muscidifurax raptorellus Kogan & Legner

Spalangia drosophilae (Simmonds 1956)

Torymus macropterus (Voukassovitch 1927)

Proctotrupoidea

Polyscelis modestus (Myers 1924)

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