8a (7). Antennae inserted in center of face, their sockets separated from the clypeus by more than 2X their own diameter (Fig. A).............9

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8b. Antennae inserted on face close to clypeus, their sockets separated from clypeus by ca. their own diameter or less (Fig. A); head vertical with mouthparts located ventrally (= hypognathous); fore wing without any venation, or with a short vein that does not reach to level of middle of wing, or if with a long vein, then this is proximally separated from anterior margin of wing, and its stigmal branch is almost straight; pterostigma not present (Fig. B), hind wings lack closed cells; fore tibia with a single spur; 1st abdominal tergite (= dorsal sclerite) shorter than the following apparent tergite (which may be a syntergite), or the two fused and tergite 1 visible as a ridged anterior rim of the first apparent tergite; tergite 1 usually fused with sternite to form a ring at anterior end of abdomen; propodeum reaches to tegula; abdomen attached near propodeum base, contiguous with or close to hind coxae, abdomen cylindrical or almost so; elbowed antennae ...(Proctotrupoidea) (part) ..........................................................................................................................................................................................48

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