27a (25). Stigma as a rather abrupt enlargement of extremity of stigmal vein, usually subquadrangular and distally tapering, where a hair is frequently implanted (Fig. A); frontal grooves parallel (Fig. B); median area of & propodeum closed behind (Fig. C); male digitus subtrapezoidal, broader distally, usually with 3 apical processes (Fig. D); male hind leg with one tibial spur (Fig. E); hind leg with tarsal claw bearing <11 setae (Fig. F); size, avg. length of female 2.33 mm, male 1.83 mm; biparental, solitary; [Holarctic, southern Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Philippines & Hawaii] .................................. .................(Chalcidoidea) - Pteromalidae - Muscidifurax raptor Girault & Sanders

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27b. Stigma as a gradual dilation at tip of stigmal vein (Fig. A); frontal grooves convergent (Fig. B); male digitus subrectangular usually with 4 apical processes (Fig. C).........................................................................................................................................................................................................28

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