11a (10). Fore wing with costal cell open, not delineated by a vein along anterior margin of wing; pterostigma absent (Fig. A); abdomen laterally compressed...........................................................................................................................................................(Cynipoidea) (part)......43

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11b. Fore wing with costal cell enclosed, bordered anteriorly by a vein, or if this vein is rarely absent the pterostigma is present, or costal cell is indistinct or absent; pterostigma otherwise present, or uncommonly, absent; fore wing with few enclosed cells (costal and radial), rarely with up to 3 or more (max. of 5) (Fig. A), no closed basal cell; abdomen cylindrical or depressed (Fig. B), 1st tergite of abdomen short, fused with sternite to form a ring-like, highly sclerotized segment; 2nd tergite (or syntergite) longer than tergites 1 and 3+ combined; spiracles not present at least on 1st and apparent 2nd abdominal tergites............................................ ..............(Proctotrupoidea) (part)....48

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