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For educational purposes only; do not review, quote or abstract:--

A Public Service on the basics of Insect Identification



Key to Families of Ceraphronoidea


(Derived primarily from Gauld & Bolton 1988)


(Email Contacts)


[Please refer to <Guide> and <Taxnames> for illustrations]


Ceraphronoidea <Overivew>



1a.  Mid leg with one tibial spur; mesonotum without prescutal sutures, with or without median longitudinal furrow; longer tibial spur of fore leg not forked apically; antenna with 9-11 segments .......... Ceraphronidae  <Habits>; <Adults> & <Juveniles>



1b.  Mid leg with two tibial spurs; mesonotum, at least anteriorly, with prescutal sutures and almost always with median longitudinal furrow, or if prescutal sutures absent then pronotum very elongated and ocelli absent or  forewing with only the costal vein and gastral collar with 3 ridges; longer tibial spur of fore leg forked apically;  antennae with 11 segments ............ Megaspilidae   <Habits>; <Adults> & <Juveniles>



1c.       A small family with hosts in the Diptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Homoptera.  They are more generally found as secondary external parasitoids of Aphididae and dactylopine Coccidae, through Braconidae and chalcidoid primaries .......... Calliceratidae <Habits>;  <Adults> & <Juveniles>