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Entomology / Biological Pest Control





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[For Subject Matter, depress Ctrl/F]     Additional references may be found at:  MELVYL Library







Waage, J.K. 1978.  Arrestment responses of the parasitoid, Nemeritis canescens, to a contact chemical produced by its host, Plodia interpunctella.  Physiological Entomol., 3: 135-146.


Waage, J. K.  1979.  Foraging in patchily-distributed hosts by the parasitoid, Nemeritis canescens.  J. Anim. Ecol. 48:  353-71.


Waage, J. K.  1982.  Sex ratio and population dynamics of natural enemies-- some possible interactions.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 101:  159-67.


Waage, J. K.  1983.  Aggregation in field parasitoid populations:  Foraging time allocation by a population of Diadegma (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae).  Ecol. Ent. 8:  447-53.


Waage, J. K. 1986.  Family planning in parasitoids: Adaptive patterns of progeny and sex allocation, pp. 63-95.  InWaage, J. and D. Greathead, (eds.). Insect Parasitoids.  Academic Press, London.


Waage, J. K. 1989.  The population ecology of pest-pesticide-natural enemy interactions, pp. 81-93.  In:Jepson, P.C., (ed.). Pesticides and Non-Target Invertebrates.  Intercept, Wimborne, Dorset, U.K.


Waage, J. K.  1990a.  The population ecology of pest-pesticide-natural enemy interactions.  In:  P. C. Jepson (ed.), Pesticides and Non-Target Invertebrates.  Intercept, Ltd., U.K. (in press).


Waage, J. K. 1990b.  Ecological theory and the selection of biological control agents, pp. 135-157.  In:Mackauer, M. and L.E. Ehler, (eds.). Critical Issues in Biological Control.  Intercept, Andover, U.K.


Waage, J. K.  2001.  Indirect ecological effects in biological control: the challenge and the opportunity. In Evaluating Indirect Ecological Effects of Biological Control; Wajnberg, E., Scott, J.K., Quimby, P.C., Eds.; CABI Publishing: Wallingford, U.K., pp. 1-12.


Waage, J. & D. J. Greathead (eds.).  1986.  Insect parasitoids.  Academic Press, London.  389 p.


Waage, J. & D. Greathead (eds.).  1987.  Insect Parasitoids.  Academic Press.  390 p.


Waage, J. K. & D. J. Greathead.  1987.  Biological control challenges and opportunities, delivered to the discussion meeting, biological control of pests, pathogens and weeds:  development and prospects, Feb. 18-19, 1987.  The Roy. Soc., London.


Waage, J. K. and D. J.  Greathead. 1988.  Biological control: Challenges and opportunities.  Philosophical Trans. of the Royal Soc. of London, Series B, 318: 111-128.


Waage, J. K. & M. P. Hassell.  1982.  Parasitoids as biological control agents-- a fundamental approach.  Parasitol. 84:  241-68.


Waage, J. K. and J. A. Lane. 1984.  The reproductive strategy of a parasitic wasp. 11.  Sex allocation and local mate competition in Trichogramma evanescens. journal Animal Ecology, 53: 417-426.


Waage, J. K. and N. J.  Mills. 1992.  Biological control, pp. 412-430.  In:Crawley, M. J., (ed.). Natural Enemies & the Population Biology of Predators, Parasites and Diseases.  Blackwell Scientific Public., Oxford, U.K.


Waage, J. K., J. T. Smiley & L. E. Gilbert.  1981.  The Passiflora problem in Hawaii:  prospects and problems of controlling the forest weed P. mollissima [Passifloraceae] with heliconiine butterflies.  Entomophaga 26:  275-84.


Waage, J. K., K. P. Carl, N. J. Mills & D. J. Greathead.  1984.  Rearing entomophagous insects. p. 45-66.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.


Waage, J. K., M. P. Hassell & H. C. J. Godfray.  1985a.  The dynamics of pest-parasitoid-insecticide interactions.  J. Appl. Ecol. 22:  825-38.


Waage, J. K., K. P. Carl, N. J. Mills & D. J. Greathead.  1985b.  Rearing entomophagous insects, pp. 45-66.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. I.  Elsevier, New York.


Wäckers, F. L. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1990.  Alterntieven voor de chemisch bestrijding in de Nederlandse Akker- en Tuinbouw. Ministerie VROM, DG Milieubeheer, Den Haag: 59 pp.


Wäckers, F.L. and W. J.  Lewis. 1994.  Olfactory and visual learning and their combined influence on host site location by the parasitoid Microplitis croceipes (Cresson).  Biological Control, 4: 105-112.


Wäckers, F. L., I. J. M. deGroot, L. P. J. J. Noldus & S. A. Hassan.  1987.  Measuring host preference of Trichogramma egg parasites:  An evaluation of direct and indirect methods.  Med. Fac. Landbouww. Rijksuniv. Gent. 52:  339-48.


Waddill, V. H.  1978.  Sexual differences in foraging on corn of adult Labidura riparia [Derm.: Labiduridae].  Entomophaga 23:  339-42.


Waddill, V. & M. Shepard.  1974.  Potential of Geocoris punctipes [Hemiptera: Lygaeidae] and Nabis spp. [Hemiptera: Nabidae] as predators of Epilachna varivestis [Coleoptera: Coccinellidae].  Entomophaga 19:  421-26.


Wade, J. S. & P. R. Meyers.  1921.  Observations relative to recent recoveries of Pleurotropis epigonus Walker (Hym.).  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 23:  202-06.


Wade, M. J. & L. Stevens.  1985.  Microorganism mediated reproductive isolation in flour beetles (Genus Tribolium).  Science 227:  527-48.


Wade, V. 1966. General catalogue of the Homoptera. Species index of the Membracoidea and fossil Homoptera (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). A supplement to fasci- cle 1-Membracidae of the general catalogue of the Homoptera. N.C. Agr. Exp. Sta. Pap. No. 2160(2); 40 pp.


Wadley, F. M.  1931.  Ecology of Toxoptera graminum, especially as to factors affecting importance in the northern United States.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 24(2):  325-95.


Wadsworth, J. T.  1915.  On the life-history of Aleochara bilineata Gyll., a staphylinid parasite of Chortophila brassicae Bouché.  J. Econ. Biol. 10:  1-27.


Wagner, R. P. & R. K. Selander.  1974.  Isozymes in insects and their significance.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 19:  117-38.


Wagner, T. L. & D. E. Leonard.  1980.  Mortality factors of satin moth, Leucoma salicis [Lep.: Lymantriidae] in aspen forests in Maine.  Entomophaga 25:  7-16.


Wagoner, D. E.  1968.  Theoretical application of meiotic-drive factors to insect-population control (abs.).  Proc. No. Cent. Br. Ent. Soc. Amer. 23:  27.


Wagoner, D. E. & O. A. Johnson.  1974.  Strains of house flies producing only males.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 67:  553-54.


Wagoner, D. E., C. A. Nickel & O. A. Johnson.  1969.  Chromosomal translocation heterozygotes in the house fly.  J. Heredity 60:  301-04.


Wahrheit, A. S. & E. F. Legner.  1999.  Ethnic Diversity in America Before Columbus Suggests Prehistoric Old World Contacts.  Pub. Information Ser. Internatl..  184 figs.


Waite, B. H. & V. C. Dunlap.  1953.  Preliminary host range studies with Fusarium oxysporum f. cubense.  Plant Dis. Rep. 37:  79-80.


Wajnberg, E.  1989.  Analysis of variations of handling-time in Trichogramma maidis.  Entomophaga 34:  397-408.


Wajnberg, E. & J. Pizzol.  1989.  The problem of superparasitism in the production of natural enemies for inundative biological:  a genetical approach.  In:  "Parasites", R. Cavalloro & V. DeLucci (eds.).  Proc. Scien. Congress, Barcelona, Spain 1988.  p. 437-44.


Wajnberg, E., G. Prévost & M. Boulétreau.  1985.  Genetic and epigenetic variation in Drosophila larvae suitability to a hymenopterous endoparasitoid.  Entomophaga 30:  187-91.


Wajnberg, E., J. Pizzol & M. Babault.  1989.  Genetic variation in progeny allocation in Trichogramma maidis.  Ent. exp. appl. 53:  177-87.


Wakid, A. M.  1973.  Effects of nitrogen during gamma irradiation of puparia and adults of the Mediterranean fruit fly on emergence, sterility, longevity and competitiveness.  Environ. Ent. 2:  37-40.


Walcott, G. N.  1937.  An animal census of two pastures and a meadow in northern New York.  Ecol. Monogr. 7:  1-90.


Walde, S. J. & W. W. Murdoch.  1988.  Spatial density dependence in parasitoids.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 33:  441-66.


Waldbauer, G. P.  1964.  The consumption, digestion and utilization of solanaceous and non-solanaceous plants by larvae of the tobacco hornworm, Protoparce sexta (Johan.) (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae).  Ent. Expt. Appl. 7:  253-69.


Waldbauer, G. P.  1968.  The consumption and utilization of foods by insects.  Advan. Insect Physiol. 5:  229-88.


Waldbauer, G. P., R. W. Cohen & S. Friedman.  1984.  Self selection of an optimal nutrient mix from defined diets by larvae of the corn earworm, Heliothis zea Boddie.  Physiol. Zool. 57:  590-97.


Walde, S. J. and W.W. Murdoch. 1988.  Spatial density dependence in parasitoids.  Annu. Rev. of Entomol., 33:  441-466.


Walgenbach, D. D. & D. M. Benjamin.  1963.  Natural controlling factors affecting the pine tussock moth.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Amer., North Cent. Br. 18:  15-16.


Walker, A. L., D. G. Bottrell & J. R. Cate, Jr.  1973.  Hymenopterous parasites of biotype C greenbug in the High Plains of Texas.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 66:  173-76.


Walker, D. L., R. P. Hanson & A. S. Evans.  1958.  Symposium on Latency and Masking in Viral and Rickettsial Infections.  Burgess, Minneapolis.  202 p.


Walker, D. W. & V. Quintana.  1968.  Inherited partial sterility among survivors from irradiation-eradication experiment.  J. Econ. Ent. 61:  318-19.


Walker, G. P. & G. Gordh.  1989.  The occurrence of apical labial sensilla in the Aleyrodidae and evidence for a contact chemosensory function.  Entomol. Exp. Appl. 51:  215-224.


Walker, G. P., L. R. Nault & D. E. Simonet.  1984.  Natural mortality factors acting on potato aphid 9Macrosiphum euphorbiae) populations in processing-tomato fields in Ohio.  Environ. Ent. 13:  724-32.


Walker, G. P., N. Zareh, I. M. Bayoun & S. V. Triapitsyn. 1997. Introduction of western Asian egg parasitoids into California for biological control of beet leafhopper, Circulifer tenellus.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 73 (4): 236-242.


Walker, H.L. 1981.  Fusatium lateritium: A pathogen of spurred anoda (Anoda cristata), prickly sida (Sida spinosa), and velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti). Weed Science, 29: 629-631.


Walker, I.  1959.  Die Abwehrreaktion des Wirtes Drosophila melanogaster gegen die zoophage Cynipide Pseudeucoila bochei.  Weld Rev. Suisse Zool. 66:  569-632.


Walker, I.  1979.  Some British species of fAnagrus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae).  Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 67:  181-202.


Walker, I. & D. Pimentel.  1966.  Correlation between maternal longevity and incidence of diapause in Nasonia vitripennis Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).  Gerontologia 12:  89-98.


Walker, J. K., Jr.  1957.  A biological study of Collops balteatus Lec. and Collops vittatus (Way).  J. Econ. Ent. 50(4):  395-99.


Walker, J. M. & B. M. Doube.  1984.  Susceptibility to drowning of eggs of the dung breeding flies Haematobia irritans exigua and Musca vetustissima (Dipt., Muscidae) in relation to dung beetle activity.  Zeitschrift für angew. Ent. 98:  518-27.


Walker, J. R. & T. A. Brindley.  1963.  Effect of X-ray exposure on the European corn borer.  J. Econ. Ent. 56:  522-5.


Walker, J. T. S.  1985.  The influence of temperature and natural enemies on population development of woolly apple aphid, Eriosoma lagigerum (Hausmann).  Ph.D. Thesis, Washington St. Univ.  133 p.


Walker, M. F.  1961.  Some observations on the biology of the ladybird parasite, Perilitus coccinellae (Schrank) with special reference to host selection and recognition.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 97:  240-4.


Walker, M. G.  1937.  A mathematical analysis of superparasitism by Collyria calcitrator Grav.  Parasitol. 29:  477-503.


Walker, M. G.  1940.  Notes on the distribution of Cephus pygmaeus Linn. and its parasite, Collyria calcitrator Grav.  Bull. Ent. Res. 30:  551-73.


Walker, M. G.  1943.  Notes on the biology of Dexia rustica F. a dipterous parasite of Melolontha melolontha F.  Proc. Zool. Soc. London A, 113:  126-76.


Walker, W. F. & J. A. Svoboda.  1973.  Suppression of Mexican bean beetle development by foliar applications of azasterols and reversal by cholesterol.  Ent. Exp. Appl. 16:  422-26.


Wall, I.  1963.  Erster Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Verbreitung der mitteleuropäischen Proctotrupoidea.  Beitr. Ent., Berlin 13:  902-11.


Wall, M. L. & W. H. Whitcomb.  1964.  The effect of bird predators on winter survival of the southern and European corn borers in Arkansas.  J. Kan. Ent. Soc. 37(3):  187-92.


Wallace, A. R.  1876.  The Geographical Distribution of Animals with a Study of the Relations of Living and Extinct Faunas as Elucidating the Past Changes of the EArth's Surface.  2 vols.  MacMillan & Co., London, vol. 1 = 503 p.; vol 2 = 607 p.


Wallace, A. R.  1880.  Island Life:  or, the Phenomena and Causes of Insular Faunas and Floras, Including a Revision and Attempted Solution of the Problem of Geological Climates.  MacMillan & Co., London.  526 p.


Wallace, F. G.  1956.  Cultivation of Trypanosoma ranarum on a liquid medium.  J. Protozool. 3:  47-9.


Wallace, G. E.  1942.  Observations on the life history of a new chalcidoid wasp, an internal parasite of ant-lion larvae.  Ann. Carnegie Mus. 29:  31-40.


Wallace, M. M. H.  1971.  Lucerne flea.  CSIRO Div. Ent. Ann. Rept. 1970-71.  p. 53.


Wallace, M. M. H. 1954.  The effect of DDT and BHC on the population of the lucerne flea, Sminthurus viridis (L.) (Collembola), and its control by predatory mites, Biscirus spp. (Bdellidac).  Australian Journal of Agric. Research, 5: 148-155.


Wallace, M. M. H. 1981.  Tackling the lucerne flea and red-legged earth mite.  Journal of agriculture, Western Australia, 22: 72-74.


Wallace, M. M. H. & M. Tyndale-Biscoe.  1983.  Attempts to measure the influence of dung beetles (Coleoptear, Scarabaeidae) on the field mortality of the bush fly Musca vetustissima Walker in south-eastern Australia.  Bull. Ent. Res. 73:  33-44.


Wallace, M. M. H., M. Tyndale-Biscoe & E. Holm.  1979.  The influence of Macrocheles glaber on the breeding of the Australian bush fly Musca vetustissima in cow dung.  Recent Adv. Acarol. 2:  217-22, Academic Press, NY.


Wallin, H.  1985.  Spatial and temporal distribution of some abundant carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in cereal fields and adjacent habitats.  Pedobiologia 28:  19-34.


Wallin, I. E.  1927.  Symbionticism and the Origin of Species.  The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore.  171 p.


Wallis, D. I.  1962.  The relation between hunger, activity and worker function in an ant colony.  Proc. zool. Soc., London 139:  589-605.


Wallis, R. C.  1957.  Incidence of polyhedrosis of gypsy-moth larvae and the influence of relative humidity.  J. Econ. Ent. 50:  580-3.


Wallner, W. E., R. M. Weseloh & P. S. Grinberg.  1982.  Intrinsic competition between Apanteles melanoscelus [Hym.: Braconidae] and Rogas lymantriae [Hym.: Braconidae] reared on Lymantria dispar [Lep.: Lymantriidae].  Entomophaga 27:  99-104.


Waloff, N.  1966.  Scotch broom (Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) Wimmer) and its insect fauna introduced into the Pacific Northwest of America.  J. Appl. Ecol. 3:  293-11.


Walsh, B. D.  1864.  On phytophagic varieties and phytophagic species.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia 3:  403-30.


Walsh, B. D.  1864.  On the phytophagic varieties of phytophagous species, with remarks on the unity of coloration in insects.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Philadelphia 5:  194-216.


Walsh, B. D.  1866a.  Practical Entomologist, June 1866.  p. 101.


Walsh, B. D.  1866b.  Imported insects;--the gooseberry sawfly.  Practical Entomologist 1:  117-25.


Walter, D.E. and DJ.  O'Dowd. 1992.  Leaf morphology and predators: effect of leaf domatia on the abundance of predatory niites (Acari: Phytoseiidae).  Environ. Entomol., 21: 478-484.


Walter, D.E., H.W. Hunt, and E.T. Elliot. 1988.  Guilds or functional groups?  An analysis of predatory arthropods from a shortgrass steppe soil.  Pedobiologia, 31: 247-260.


Walter, E. V.  1959.  The sorghum midge with suggestions for control.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Farmer's Bull. 1566.


Walter, E. V. & D. W. La Hue.  1939.  Notes on food for corn earworm adults.  J. Econ. Ent. 32:  156.


Walter, G. H.  1983.  Divergent male ontogenies in Aphelinidae:  a simplified classification and a suggested evolutionary sequence.  Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 19:  63-82.


Walter, G.H. 1988.  Heteronomous host relationships in aphelinids-Evolutionary pathways and adaptive significance (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).  Advances in Parasitic Hymenoptera Research, 1988: 313-326. 


Walters, C. J. & R. M. Peterman.  1974.  A systems approach to the dynamics of spruce budworm in New Brunswick.  Questiones Entomologicae 10:  177-86.


Walters, H. S.  1962.  The morphology and life cycle of certain microsporidian parasites found in mosquitoes.  Diss., Pretoria, S. Afr..  126 p.


Walters, L. L.  1976.  Comparative effects of the desert pupfish, Cyprinodon macularius Baird & Girard, and the mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis-affinis (Baird & Girard) on pond ecosystems; and mass rearing feasibility of C. macularius.  M.S. Thesis, Univer. Calif., Riverside.  249 p.


Walters, L. L. & E. F. Legner.  1980.  Impact of the desert pupfish, Cyprinodon macularius, and Gambusia affinis on fauna in pond ecosystems.  Hilgardia 48(3):  1-18.


Walters, M. C.  1966.  The yellow dung-fly Scatophaga stercoraria (L.) [Diptera: Cordyluridae] as a predator of the lucerne springtail, Sminthurus viridis (L.).  S. Afr. J. Agr. Sci. 9:  739-40.


Walther, C. & W. Rathmayer.  1974.  The effect of Habrobracon venom on excitatory neuromuscular transmission in insects.  J. Comp. Physiol. 89:  23-38.


Walton, C. L. & H. G. H. Kearns.  1931.  Carabid beetles as strawberry pests in the Cheddar District.  J. Min. Agr. 38(4):  372-79.


Walton, W. R.  1914.  A new tachinid parasite of Diabrotica vittata.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 16:  11-14.


Walz, A. J.  1957.  Observations on the biologies of some hymenopterous parasites of the cabbage seedpod weevil in northern Idaho.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 50:  219-20.


Wanas, M Q A; Thompson, S N; Allah, A T A.  1998.   Effects of lead, mercury and cadmium on the extramolluscan larval stages of Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon).  J. of the Egyptian Soc. of Parasitology, v.28, n.2, (1998): 583-594.


Wang, C. M.  1964.  Laboratory observations on the life history and habits of the face fly, Musca autumnalis (Diptera: Muscidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 57:  563-69.


Wang, Ping Yuan.  1961.  Studies on mass production of Telenomus dendrolimusi Chu and effectiveness of liberation.  Acta Ent. Sin 10:  381-94.  [in Chinese].


Wang, R.  1986.  Current status and perspectives of biological weed control in China.  Chinese J. Biol. Contr. 1:  173-77.


Wang, Y. C. & K. W. Lo.  1965.  Studies on the physiological character of Bacillus thuringiensis var. thuringiensis. I. Effect of supersonic wave, heat and glucose on spore germination and spore formation.  Acta Microbiol. Sinica 11:  609-10.  [in Chinese]. 


Wang, Y. H. & A. P. Gutierrez.  1980.  An assessment of the use of stability analyses in population ecology.  J. Anim. Ecol. 49:  435-52.


Wang, Y. H., A. P. Gutierrez, G. Oster & R. Daxl.  1977.  A population model for plant growth and development:  coupling cotton-herbivore interaction.  Canad. Ent. 109:  1359-74.


Wangersky, P. J. & W. J. Cunningham.  1957.  Time lag in prey-- predator population models.  Ecology 38:  136-39.


Wanjala, F. M. E.  1978.  Relative abundance and within canopy distribution of the parasites of the coffee leafminer, Leucoptera meyricki [Lep.: Lyonetiidae] in Kenya.  Entomophaga 23:  57-62.


Wanjala, F. M. E. & B. M. Khaemba.  1987.  The biology and behaviour of Iphiaulax varipalpis [Hymenoptera: Braconidae] as a parasite of Dirphya nigricornis [Coleoptera: Cerambycidae].  Entomophaga 32:  281-9.


Wannamaker, W. K.  1951.  The effect of plant hariness of cotton strains on boll weevil attack.  J. Econ. Ent. 50:  418-23.


Wannamaker, W. K., W. H. Wessling & S. G. Stephens.  1957.  Boll weevil resistant cotton?  North Carolina Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. Farm 16(1):  14.


Wapshere, A. J.  1970.  The assessment of biological control potential of the organisms attacking Chondrilla juncea L.   Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Trinidad, Misc. Publ. 1:  83-9.


Wapshere, A. J., (ed.).  1973.  Proc. of the Third International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds.  Montpellier, France, 1973.  Commonw. Inst. of Biological Control Misc. Publication No. 8.


Wapshere, A. J.  1974a.  A strategy for evaluating the safety of organisms for biological weed control.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 77:  201-11.


Wapshere, A. J.  1974b.  Host specificity of phytophagous organisms and the evolutionary centers of plant genera and subgenera.  Entomophaga 19:  301-09.


Wapsphere, A. J.  1974c.  A comparison of strategies for screening biological control organisms for weeds.  Misc. Publ. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 6:  151-58.


Wapshere, A. J. 1974d.  Towards a science of biological control of weeds, pp. 3-12.  In:


Wapshere, A. J.  1975.  A protocol for programmes for biological control of weeds.  PANS 21:  295-303.


Wapshere, A. J.  1983.  Discovery and testing of a climatically adapted strain of Longitarsus jacobaea [Col.: Chrysomelidae] for Australia.  Entomophaga 28:  27-32.


Wapshere, A. J.  1984.  REcent work in Europea on biological control of Hypericum perforatum (Guttiferae) for Australia.  Entomophaga 29:  145-56.


Wapshere, A. J.  1989.  A testing sequence for reducing rejection of potential biological control agents for weeds.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 114:  515-26.


Wapshere, A. J.. 1990.  Biological control of grass weeds in Australia: an appraisal.  Plant Protection Quarterly, 5(2): 62-75.


Wapshere, A  J. 1992.  Comparing methods of selecting effective biocontrol agents for weeds, pp. 557-560.  In:Anon. Proc. of the First International Weed Control Congress.  Melbourne, Australia.


Wapshere, A. J., E. S. Delfosse, and J.M . Cullen. 1989.  Recent developments in biological control of weeds.  Crop Protection, 8: 227-250.


Warcup, J.  1955.  Studies on the occurrence and activity of fungi in a wheat-field soil.  Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 40:  237-59.


Ward, A.  1966.  Mealybugs (Hemiptera: Psuedococcidae) in Hawke's Bay orchards.  New Zealand J. Agr. Res. 9:  452-54.


Ward, G. L.  1965.  Parasitism in a population of the bagworm (Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis).  Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 75:  148.


Ward, R. A., L. C. Rutledge & L. H. Bell.  1965.  Effects of chemostgerilants on the development of malarial parasites in mosquitoes.  Mosq. News 25:  470-6.


Ward, R. H. & R. L. Pienkowski.  1978.  Biology of Cassida rubiginosa, a thistle-feeding shield beetle.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 71:  585-91.


Ward, R. H. & R. L. Pienkowski.  1978.  Mortality and parasitism of Cassida rubiginosa, a thistle-feeding shield beetle accidentally introduced into North America.  Environ. Ent. 7:  536-40.


Ward, R. H., R. L. Pienkowski & L. T. Kok.  1974.  Host specificity of the first-instar Ceuthorhynchidius horridus, a weevil for the biocontrol of thistle.  J. Econ. Ent. 67:  735-37.


Wardle, R. A.  1914.  Preliminary observations upon the life-histories of Zenillia pexops R. & B. and Hypamblys albopictus Grav.  J. Econ. Biol. 9:  85-104.


Wardle, A.R. and J.H. Borden. 1985.  Age-dependent associative learning by Exeristes roborator (F.) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae).  Canad. Entom., 117: 605-616.


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Whalen, M.E., B.A. Croft, and T.M. Mowry. 1982.  Introduction and survival of susceptible and pyrethroid-resistant strains of Amblyseius fallacis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in a Michigan apple orchard.  Environ. Entomol., 11: 1096-1099.


Whalley, P. E. S.  1969.  The mymarid (Hym.) egg parasites of Tettigella viridis L. (Hem: Cicadellidae) and embryo-parasitism.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 105:  239-43.


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Wharton, R.A. 1993.  Bionomics of the Braconidae.  Annu. Rev. of Entomol., 38: 121-143.


Wharton, R. A. & F. E. Gilstrap.  1983.  Key to and status of opiine braconid (Hymenoptera) parasitoids used in biological control of Ceratitis and Dacus s. l. (Diptera:  Tephritidae).  Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 76:  721-742.


Wharton, R. A., F. E. Gilstrap, R. H. Rhode, M. Fischel-M & W. G. Hart.  1981.  Hymenopterous egg-pupal and larval-pupal parasitoids of Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha spp. [Dip.: Tephritidae] in Costa Rica.  Entomophaga 26:  285-290.


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Wheeler, E. W.  1923.  Some braconids parasitic on aphids and their life-history (Hym.).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 16:  1-29.


Wheeler, G. C. & E. W. Wheeler.  1937.  New hymenopterous parasites of ants (Chalcidoidea: Eucharidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 30:  163-75.


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Wheeler, Gregory S., 1955- 1998.  Influence of Pistia stratiotes plant quality on fecundity and egg  distribution of the biological control agent Spodoptera pectinicornis / by    G.S. Wheeler, T.D. Center, T.K. Van ; prepared for U.S. Army Corps...    Vicksburg, Miss. : U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, 1998.  Series title:  Technical report (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station) ; A-98-4.


Wheeler, G. S., T. R. Ashley & K. L. Andrews.  1989.  Larval parasitoids and pathogens of the fall armyworm in Honduran maize.  Entomophaga 34:  331-40.


Wheeler, R. E.  1984.  Industrial insect production for insecticide screening, pp. 240-247.  In:  E. G King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing.  U. S. Govt. Printing Office.


Wheeler, W. M.  1907.  The polymorphism of ants, with an account of some singular abnormalities due to parasitism.  Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull. 23:  1-93.


Wheeler, W. M.  1910.  Effects of parasitic and other kinds of castration upon insects.  J. Expt. Zool. 8:  377-438.


Wheeler, W. M. 1910. Ants, Their Structure, Development, & Behavior. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, xxvi + 663 pp., 286 f.


Wheeler, W. M.  1911a.  Insect parasitism and its peculiarities.  Pop. Sci. Mon. 79:  431-49.


Wheeler, W. M.  1911b.  An ant-nest coccinellid (Brachyacantha quadripunctata Mels.).  J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 19(3):  169-74.


Wheeler, W. M.  1913.  A solitary wasp (Aphilanthops frigidus F. Smith) that provisions its nest with queen ants.  J. Anim. Behavior 3:  374-87.


Wheeler, W. M.  1919.  The phoresy of Antherophagus.  Psyche 26(6):  145-52.


Wheeler, W. M.  1923.  Social Life Among the Insects.  Harcourt, Brace, New York.  375 p.


Wheeler, W. M.  1928.  The Social Insects. Harcourt, Brace & Co., New York.  378 p.


Wheeler, W. M.  1928a. The Social Insects Kegan-Paul, London.


Wheeler, W. M. 1928b. The Social Insects, Their Origin & Evolution. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, xvii + 378 pp., 79 f.


Wheeler, W. M.  1930.  Demons of the Dust.  Publ., New York.  378 p.


Wheeler, W. M. & R. Dow.  1933.  Unusual prey of Bembex.  Psyche 40:  57-9.


Wheeler, W. M. & L. H. Taylor.  1921.  Vespa arctica Rohwer, a parasite of Vespa diabolica Saussure.  Psyche 28:  135-44.


Whervin, L. W. van.  1963.  The biological control of the moth borer Diatraea saccharalis (F.) with special reference to Lixophaga diatraeae Tns.  A preliminary report.  Barbados Min. Agr. Bull. 35.  22 p. (Pest Article News Sum. (A), 14:  456-64)


Whisler, H. C.  1963.  Observations on some new and unusual enterophilous Phycomycetes.  Canad. J. Bot. 41:  887-900.


Whistlecraft, J.W. and  J. M. Lepard. 1989.  Effect of flooding on survival of the onion fly Delia antiqua (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) and two parasitoids, Aphaereta pallipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Aleochara bilineata (Co­leoptera: Staphylinidae).  Proc. of the Entomological Soc. of Ontario, 120: 43-47. 


Whistlecraft, J. W., J. H. Tolman & C. R. Harris.  1985a.  Delia piatura, pp. 59-65.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Whistlecraft, J. W., J. H. Tolman & C. R. Harris.  1985b.  Delia radicum, pp. 67-73.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Whistlecraft, J. W., C. R. Harris, J. H. Tolman, and A. D. Tomlin. 1985.  Mass-rearing technique for Aleochara bilineata (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae).  J. Econ. Entomol., 78: 995-997.


Whitcomb, R. F., M. Shapiro & J. Richardson.  1966.  An Erwinia-like bacterium pathogenic to leafhoppers.  J. Invertebr. path. 8:  299-307.


Whitcomb, W. D.  1928.  A new beneficial beetle in Massachusetts.  J. Econ. Ent. 21(6):  937-38.


Whitcomb, W. D.  1940.  Biological control of mealybugs in greenhouses.  Mass. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 375.  22 p.


Whitcomb, W. H.  1967.  Field studies on predators of the second-instar bollworm, Heliothis zea (Boddie).  J. Georgia Ent. Soc. 2:  113-18.


Whitcomb, W. H.  1971.  The tufted titmouse, Parus bicolor, as a predator of the pecan nut casebearer, Acrobasis caryae.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Managem. 2:  305-08.


Whitcomb, W. H.  1974.  Natural populations of entomophagous arthropods and their effect on the agroecosystem, p. 150-69.  In:  F. G. Maxwell & R. A. Harris (& T. R. Ashley?) (eds.), Proceedings of the Summer Institute of Biological Control of Plant Insects and Diseases.  Univ Press, Jackson, Mississippi.  647 p.


Whitcomb, W. H. 1981.  The use of predators in insect control, pp. 105-123.  In:Pimentel, D., (ed.). CRC Handbook of pest Management in Agriculture, Vol.  II.  CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A.


Whitcomb, W. H. & R. Bell.  1960.  Ground beetles on cotton foliage.  Fla. Ent. 43(3):  103-04.


Whitcomb, W. H. & K. Bell.  1964.  Predaceous insects, spiders, and mites of Arkansas cotton fields.  Univ. Ark. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 690.  84 p.


Whitcomb, W. H. & M. Taci….  1963.  Araneida as predators of the fall webworm.  J. Kan. Ent. Soc. 36:  186-90.


Whitcomb, W. H., H. Exline & R. C. Hunter.  1963.  Spiders of the Arkansas cotton field.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 56:  653-60.


White, E. B. & P. DeBach.  1960.  A wide-range variable temperature cabinet for bio-ecological studies.  J. Econ. Ent. 53:  1030-4.


White, E. B. & P. DeBach.  1961.  A simple anesthetizing device for microscopic observation and manipulation of minute insects.  J. Econ. Ent. 54:  806-7.


White, E. B. & E. F. Legner.  1966.  Notes on the life history of Aleochara taeniata, a staphylinid parasite of the house fly, Musca domestica.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  573-77.


White, E. B., P. DeBach & M. J. Garber.  1970.  Artificial selection for genetic adaptation to temperature extremes in Aphytis lingnanensis Compere (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  Hilgardia 40(6):  161-92.


White, E. B., J. S. Bernal, D. Gonzalez & S. V. Triapitsyn. 1998.  Facultative hyperparasitism in Brachymeria pomonae (Hymenoptera:Chalcididae). European Journal of Entomology 95: 359-366.


White E.G. and C.B. Huffaker. 1969.  Regulatory processes and population cyclicity in laboratory populations of Anagasta kfibniella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Phycitidae).  II.  Parasitism, predation, competition and protective cover. Researches on Population Ecology, 11: 150-185.


White, G. F.  1923a.  Hornworm septicemia.  J. Agr. Res. 26: 477-86.


White, G. F.  1923b.  Cutworm septicemia.  J. Agr. Res. 26:  487-95.


White, E. G. & C. B. Huffaker.  1969.  Regulatory processes and population cyclicity in laboratory populations of Anagasta kuhniella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Phycitidae).  II.  Parasitism, predation, competition and protective cover.  Res. Popul. Ecol. 11:  150-85.


White, I. M. & S. L. Clement.  1987.  Systematic notes on Urophora (Diptera, Tephritidae) species associated with Centaurea solstitialis (Asteraceae, Cardueae) and other Palearctic weeds adventive in North America.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 89:  571-80.


White, J. M., P. G. Allen, L. J.  Moffitt & P. P. Kingsley. 1995.   Economic analysis of an areawide program for biological control of the alfalfa weevil. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 10 (4), 173-179.


White, L. D. & R. B. Hutt.  1972.  Effects of treating adult codling moths with sterilizing and substerilizing doses of gamma irradiation in a low-temperature environment.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  140-43.


White, L. D., R. B. Hutt & J. A. Onsager.  1970.  Effects of CO2, chilling, and staining on codling moths to be used for sterile releases.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  1775-77.


White, L. D., R. B. Hutt, B. A. Butt, G. V. Richardson & D. A. Backus.  1973.  Sterilized codling moths: effect of releases in a 20-acre applie orchard and comparisons of infestation to trap catches.  Environ. Ent. 2:  873-80.


White, M. J. D.  1949.  Cytological evidence on the phylogeny and classification of Diptera.  Evolution 3:  252-61.


White, M. J. D.  1954.  Animal Cytology and Evolution.  2nd. ed.  Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.  454 p.


White, M. J. D.  1957.  Cytogenetics and systematic entomology.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 2:  71-90.


White, M. J. D.  1970.  Cytogenetics of speciation.  J. Aust. Ent. Soc. 9:  1-6.


White, M. J. D.  1984.  Chromosomal mechanisms in animal reproduction.  Bull. Zool. 51:  1-23.


White, M. J. D., R. E. Blackith, R. M. Blackith & J. Cheney.  1967.  Cytogenetics of the viatica group of morabine grasshoppers.  The "coastal" species.  Aust. J. Zool. 15:  263-302.


White, M. J. D., K. H. L. Key, M. André & J. Cheney.  1969.  Cytogenetics of the viatica group of morabine grasshoppers. II. Kangaroo Island populations.  Aust. J. Zool. 17:  313-28.


White, P. C., D. Pimentel & F. C. Garcia.  1957.  Distribution and prevalence of human schistosomiasis in Puerto Rico in 1953.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 6:  715-26.


White, R. T.  1941.  Development of milky disease of Japanese beetle larvae under field conditions.  J. Econ. Ent. 34:  213-15.


White, R. T.  1943.  Effect of milky disease on Tiphia parasites of Japanese beetle larvae.  J. New York. Ent. Soc. 51:  213-18.


White, R. T. & S. R. Dutky.  1940.  Effect of the introduction of milky diseases on populations of Japanese beetle larvae.  J. Econ. Ent. 33:  306-09.


White, R. T. & S. R. Dutky.  1942.  Cooperative distribution of organisms causing milky disease of Japanese beetle grubs.  J. Econ. Ent. 35:  679-82.


White, T. D. & G. L. Jubb.  1980.  Potential of food sprays for augmenting green lacewing populations in vineyards. p. 35-42.  Melsheimer Ent. Ser. #29.


White-Haney, J.  1914.  Report of the officer in charge of the prickly-pear experimental station, Dulacca, up to 30th June, 1913.  Appendix IV.  Queensland Dept. Pub. Lands Ann. Rept. for 1912 & 1913.  63 p.


White-Haney, J.  1915.  Report of the officer in charge of the prickly-pear experimental station, Dulacca, From 1st May, 1914, to 30th April, 1915.  Appendix IV.  Queensland Dept. Pub. Lands Ann. Rept.  45 p.


White-Haney, J.  1916.  Report of the officer in charge of the prickly-pear experimental station, Dulacca, From 1st May, 1915, to 30th June, 1916.  Appendix IV.  Queensland Dept. Pub. Lands Ann. Rept.  45 p.


White, R. T.  1940a.  The relation of ants to the Japanese beetle and its established parasites.  New York Ent. Soc. J. 48:  85-99.


White, R. T.  1940b.  Survival of type A milky disease of Japanese beetle larvae under adverse field conditions.  J. Econ. Ent. 33:  303-6.


White, R. T.  1943.  Effect of milky disease on Tiphia parasites of Japanese beetle larvae.  New York Ent. Soc. J. 51:  213-18.


White, R. T.  1946.  Effect of the sun's rays upon the viability of spores of Bacillus popilliae Dutky, the organism causing milky disease of Japanes beetle larvae.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Ent. & Plant Quar. E-703.  4 p.


White, R. T.  1947.  Milky disease infecting Cyclocephala larvae in the field.  J. Econ. Ent. 40:  912-14.


White, R. T. & S. R. Dutky.  1940.  Effect of the introduction of milky diseases on populations of Japanese beetle larvae.  J. Econ. Ent. 33:  306-9.


White, R. T. & P. J. McCabe.  1943.  Colonization of the organism causing milky disease of Japanese beetle larvae.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Ent. Plant Quar., E-605.  7 p.


Whitehead, G. B.  1948.  The oecology of a citrus orchard with observations on the biological control of citrus red scale (Aonidiella aurantii Mask.) and the life history and morphology of some coccinellid predators of red scale.  So. Afr. J. Sci.???


Whitehead, G. B.  1951.  Some observations on the life history of the ladybird beetle, Chilocorus solitus Muls.  So. Afr. J. Sci. 47(10):  293-96.


Whiteside, R. C., P. P. Burbutis & L. P. Kelsey.  1967.  Insect parasites of the green cloverworm in Delaware.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  326-8.


Whitfield, F. G. S.  1925.  The natural control of the leaf-miner (Phytomyza aconiti Hendel) (Diptera) by Tachydromia minuta Meigen.  Bull. Ent. Res. 16:  95-7.


Whitfield, J.B. 1990.  Parasitoids, polydnaviruses and endosymbiosis.  Parasitology Today, 6: 381-384.


Whitham, T. G.  1983.  Host manipulation by parasites:  within-plant variation as a defense against rapidly evolving pests. p. 15-42.  In:  R. F. Denno & M. S. McClure (eds.), Variable Plants and Herbivores in Natural and Managed Systems.  Academic Press, New York.


Whitham, T. G., A. G. Williams & A. M. Robinson.  1984.  The variation principal, individual plants as temporal and spatial mosaics of resistance to rapidly evolving pests. p. 15-51.  In:  P. W. Price, C. N. Slobodchikoff & W. S. Gaud (eds.), A New Ecology--Novel Approaches to Interactive Systems.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.


Whiting, A. R.  1934.  Eye colours in the parasitic wasp Habrobracon and their behaviour in multiple recessives and in mosaics.  J. Genetics 29:  99-107.


Whiting, A. R.  1940.  American Naturalist 74:  468-71.


Whiting, A. R.  1967.  The biology of the parasitic wasp, Mormoniella vitripennis (Nasonia brevicornis) (Walker).  Quart. Rev. Biol. 42:  333-406.


Whiting, P. W.  1921.  Heredity in wasps.  A study in a parthenogenetic insect, the parasitic wasp, Habrobracon.  J. Hered. 12:  262-66.


Whiting, P. W.  1924.  Some anomalies in Habrobracon and their bearing on maturation, fertilization and cleavage.  Anat. Rec. 29:  146.


Whiting, P. W.  1933a.  Sex determination in Hymenoptera.  The Collecting Net, Woods Hole 8:  113-21, 122.


Whiting, P. W.  1933b.  Selective fertilization and sex determination in Hymenoptera.  Science 78:  537-38.


Whiting, P. W.  1935a.  Sex determination in bees and wasps.  J. Heredity 26:  263-78.


Whiting, P. W.  1935b.  Sex determination in bees and wasps.  Quart Rev. Biol. 20:  231-60.


Whiting, P. W.  1943.  Multiple alleles in complementary sex determination of Habrobracon.  Genetics 28:  365-82.


Whiting, P. W.  1945.  The evolution of male haploidy.  Quart. Rev. Biol. 20:  231-60.


Whiting, P. W.  1956.  Duplication at the R locus in Mormoniella.  Genetics 41:  666.


Whiting, P. W.  1959.  Chromosome assortment in oogenesis in triploid Mormoniella females.  Assoc. S.E. Biol. Bull. 6:  34.


Whiting, P. W.  1960a.  Polyploidy in Mormoniella.  Genetics 45:  949-70.


Whiting, P. W.  1960b.  Unstable OR-locus mutations in Mormoniella.  Proc. Pa. Acad. Sci. 34:  243-49.


Whiting, P. W. , R. J. Greb & B. R. Speicher.  1934.  A new type of sex intergrade.  Biol. Bull. 66:  158-65.


Whitlock, R.  1966.  The alternatives to toxic chemicals.  Agr. Merchant 46(5):  66-8.


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Wille, H.  1966b.  Neue Erkenntnisse über krankhafte Zustände im Bienenvolk.  Schweiz. Bienenztg., N. F.  89:  56-61.


Wille, H., T. Wikén & P. Bovey.  1962.  Ergebnisse der in der Schweiz in den Jahren 1954 und 1955 durchgeführten Freilandversuche zur mikrobiellen Bekämpfung des Engerlings von Melolontha melolontha L.  Entomophaga 7:  161-.


Wille, J. E.  1952.  Entomología Agrícola del Peru, 2nd ed.  Est. Expt. Agr. La Molina, Dir. Gral. Agr. Min. Agr. Lima, Peru.  543 p.


Wille, H.  1954.  Neue Versuchsergebnisse über die mikrobiologische Engerlingsbekämpfung.  Zentrale für Maikäfer-Bekämpfungsaktionen, Bericht 48.  9 p.


Wille, H. & M. E. Martignoni.  1952.  Vorläufige Mitteilung über einen neuen Krankheitstypus beim Engerling von Melolontha vulgaris F.  Schweiz. Zeitschr. allg. Path. u. Bakt. 15:  470-4.


Wille, J.  1926.  Curinus (Orcus) zonatus Muls. (Coccinellidae) ein Feind der Schildlause an Orangebäumen.  Z. angew. Ent. 12(2):  357-75.


Wille, J. E.  1935.  Icerya purchasi y Novius cardinalis. (Peru) Min. de Fomento, Dir. Agr. y Ganad. Informe 32.  23 p.


Wille, J. E.  1940.  Resçmen de las diferentes labores ejecutadas en el Peru para combatir insectos dañinos por el 'Método Biológico.'  Proc. 6th Pac. Sci. Congr. 4:  369-71.


Wille, J. E.  1941.  Resçmen de los diferentes labores ejecutadas en El Peru para combatir insectos dañinos por el "método biológico."  6th Pacific Sci. Cong. Proc. (1939) 4:  369-71.


Wille, J. E.  1951.  Biological control of certain cotton insects and the application of new organic insecticides in Peru.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  13-18.


Wille, J.  1952.  Entomología Agícola del Peru, 2nd ed.  Min. de Agr. Junta Sanid. Veg., Lima.  544 p.


Wille, J.  1958.  El control biólogico de los insectos agrícolas en El Peru.  10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Proc. (1956) 4:  519-23.


Willett, K. C.  1963.  Trypanosomiasis and the tsetse fly problem in Africa.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 8:  197-214.


Willey, R. B.  1985.  Arphia conspersa, pp. 435-450.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. I.  Elsevier, New York.


Williams, C. B.  1914.  Notes on Podagrion pachymerum, a chalcid parasite of mantid eggs.  Entomologist 47:  262-66.


Williams, C. B.  1926.  Seasonal variation in pink bollworm attack on cotton in Egypt in the years 1916-1924.  Tech. Bull. Min. Agr. Egypt.  12 p.


Williams, C. B.  1933.  Observations on the desert locust in East Africa from July, 1928 to April, 1929.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 20:  463-97.


Williams, C. B.  1947.  The generic relations of species in small ecological communities.  J. Anim. Ecol. 16:  11-18.


Williams, C. B.  1957.  Insect migration.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 2:  163-80.


Williams, C. B.  1958.  Insect Migration:  The New Naturalist Series.  The MacMillan Co., New York.  235 p.


Williams, C. M.  1956.  The juvenile hormone of insects.  Nature 178:  212-13.


Williams, C. M.  1958.  Insect Migration.  MacMillan Co., NY.  235 p.


Williams, C. M.  1963.  The juvenile hormone. III. Its accumulation and storage in the abdomens of certain male moths.  Biol. Bull. 124:  355-67.


Williams, C. M.  1967.  Third-generation pesticides.  Sci. Amer. 217(1):  13-17.


Williams, C. M.  1970.  Hormonal interactions between plants and insects, p. 103-32.  In:  E. Sondheimer & J. B. Simeone (eds.), Chemical Ecology.  Academic Press, New York.


Williams, C. M.  1970.  Hormonal interactions between plants and insects, p. 103-32.  In:  E. Sondheimer & J. B. Simeone (eds.), Chemical Ecology.  Academic Press, New York.


Williams, C. M. & J. H. Law.  1965.  The juvenile hormone--IV.  Its extraction, assay and purification.  J. Insect Physiol. 11:  569-80.


Williams, C. M., L. V. Moorhead & J. F. Pulis.  1959.  Juvenile hormone in thymus, human placenta and other mammalian organs.  Nature 183:  405.


Williams, C. M. & K. Sláma.  1966.  The juvenile hormone. VI.  Effects of the "paper factor" on the growth and metamorphosis of the bug, Pyrrhocoris apterus.  Biol. Bull. 130:  247-53.


Williams, D.F., (ed.). 1994.  Exotic Ants.. Biology, Impact, and Control of introduced Species.  Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A.


Williams, D.F. & W.A. Banks. 1987.  Pseudacteon obtusus (Diptera: Phoridae) attacking Solenopsis invicta (Hymenop­tera: Formicidae) in Brazil.  Psyche, 94: 9-13.


Williams, D. F., A. J. Rogers, P. Hester, J. Ruff & R. Levy.  1980.  Preferred breeding media of the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, in northwestern Florida.  Mosq. News 40:  276-79.


Williams, D. W.  1984.  Ecology of a blackberry-leafhopper-parasite system and its relevance to California grape agroecosystems.  Hilgardia 51 or 52:  1-33.


Williams, F. X.  1917.  Notes on the life history of some North American Lamypridae.  New York Ent. Soc. J. 25:  11-33.


Williams, F. X.  1919a.  Epyris extraneus Bridwell (Bethylidae), a fossorial wasp that preys on the larva of the tenebrionid beetle, Gonocephalum seriatum (Boisduval).  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 4:  55-63.


Williams, F. X.  1919b.  Philippine wasp studies. Pt. II.  Hawaii. Sugar Planters' Assoc. Expt. Sta., Ent. Ser. Bull. 14.  186 p.


Williams, F. X.  1919c.  Some observations on the leafhopper wasp, Nesomimesa hawaiiensis Perkins at Pahala, Hawaii.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 4:  63-8.


Williams, F. X.  1919d.  A note on the habits of Epactinothynnus opaciventris Turner, an Australian thynnid wasp.  Psyche 26:  160-62.


Williams, F. X.  1922.  Notes on some enemies of the nut grass in the Philippines.  Hawaii. Planters' Rec. 26:  95-7.


Williams, F. X.  1928.  Studies in tropical wasps-- their hosts and associates.  Hawaii. Sugar Planters' Assoc. Expt. Sta., Ent. Ser. Bull. 19.  179 p.


Williams, F. X.  1929.  Notes on the habits of the cockroach-hunting wasp of the genus Ampulex, sens lat., with particular reference to Ampulex (Rhinopsis) caniculatus Say.  Proc. Hawaiian Ent. Soc. 7:  315-29.


Williams, F. X.  1931a.  Handbook of the Insects and Other Invertebrates of Hawaiian Sugar Cane Fields.  Hawaii. Sugar Planters' Assoc. Expt. Sta.  400 p.


Williams, F. X.  1931b.  The Insects and Other Invertebrates of Hawaiian Sugar Cane Fields.  Advertizer Co., Honolulu, Hawaii.  400 p.


Williams, F. X.  1932a.  Exallonyx philonthiphagous, a new proctotrupid wasp in Hawaii, and its host.  Proc. Hawaii. Ent. Soc. 8:  205-8.


Williams, F. X.  1932b.  The insects and other invertebrates of Hawaiian sugar cane fields.  Expt. Sta. Honolulu, Hawaii. Sugar Plant. Assoc. Rept.  400 p.


Williams, F. X.  1933.  New Dolichopodidae from the Hawaiian Islands.  Preface.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 8:  307-57.


Williams, F. X.  1936.  Entomology.  Hawaii. Sugar Planters' Assoc. Expt. Sta. Rept. 1935:  17-25.


Williams, F. X.  1938.  Biological studies in Hawaiian water-loving insects. III. Diptera or flies. A. Ephydridae and Anthomyiidae.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 10:  85-119.


Williams, F. X.  1942.  Ampulex compressa (Fabr.) a cockroach-hunting wasp introduced from New Caledonia into Hawaii.  Proc. Hawaiian Ent. Soc. 11:  221-33.


Williams, F. X.  1944.  The aculeate wasps of New Caledonia with natural history notes.  Proc. Hawaiian Ent. Soc. 12:  407-51.


Williams, F. X. & H. B. Hungerford.  1914.  Notes on Coleoptera from western Kansas.  Ent. News 25:  1-9.


Williams, G.  1954.  Field studies on the cocoa mirids Sahlbergella singularis Hagl. and Distantiella theobroma (Dist.) in the Gold Coast. III. Population fluctuations.  Bull. Ent. Res. 41:  725-48.


Williams, G.  1959.  Seasonal and diurnal activity of Carabidae, with particular reference to Nebria, Notiophilus and Feronia.  J. Anim. Ecol. 28(2):  309-30.


Williams, G. C.  1979.  The question of adaptive sex ratio in outcrossed vertebrates.  Proc. Roy. Soc. London 205(B):  566-80.


Williams, H J; Sattler, I; Moyna, G; Scott, A I; Bell, A A; Vinson, S B.  1995.  Diversity in cyclic sesquiterpene production by Gossypium hirsutum.  Phytochemistry (Oxford), v.40, n.6, (1995): 1633-1636.


Williams, J. R.  1949a.  A discussion of the present status of the sugarcane pest Clemora (Phytalus) smithi in Mauritius.  Rev. Agr., Mauritius, 28:  292-95.


Williams, J. R.  1949b.  Mauritius Dept. Agr. Ent. Div. Ann. Rept. 1948:  63-9.


Williams, J. R.  1950.  The introduction of Physonota alutacea Boheman (Col., Cassid.) into Mauritius.  Bull. Ent. Res. 40:  479-80.


Williams, J. R.  1951a.  The control of the black sage in Mauritius by Schematiza cordiae Barb. (Col., Galerucid.).  Bull. Ent. Res. 42:  455-63.


Williams, J. R.  1951b.  The factors which promote and influence the oviposition of Nemeritis canescens Grav. (Ichneumonidae, Ophioninae).  Proc. Roy. Ent. Soc. London Ser. A, 26:  49-58.


Williams, J. R.  1954a.  The biological control of weeds.  Rept. 6th Commonw. Ent. Conf., London, July.  p. 95-8.


Williams, J. R.  1954b.  Mauritius review of agricultural entomology during the period 1948-1954.  6th Commonwealth Ent. Conf. Rept.:  281-84.


Williams, J. R.  1957.  The sugar-cane Delphacidae and their natural enemies in Mauritius.  Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc. London 109(2):  65-110.


Williams, J. R.  1958.  Cane pests.  Mauritius Sugar Indus. Res. Inst. Rept. 1957:  66-71.


Williams, J. R.  1959.  Cane Pests.  Mauritius Sugar Indus. Res. Inst. Rept. 1958:  66-71.


Williams, J. R.  1960.  The control of black sage (Cordia macrostachya) in Mauritius:  the introduction, biology and bionomics of a species of Eurytoma (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea).  Bull. Ent. Res. 51:  123-32.


Williams, J. R.  1964.  Cane Pests.  Mauritius Sugar Indus. Res. Inst. Rept. 1963:  91-3.


Williams, J. R.  1967.  Observations on parasitic Protozoa in plant-parasitic and free-living nematodes.  Nematologica 13(3):  11 p.


Williams, J. R.  1972.  The biology of Physcus semintus and P. subflavus, parasites of the sugar cane scale insect Aulacaspis tegalensis.  Bull. Ent. Res. 61:  463-84.


Williams, J. R.  1977.  Some features of sex-linked hyperparasitism in Aphelinidae [Hymenoptera].  Entomophaga 22:  345-50.


Williams, J. R., L. A. Moutia & P. R. Hermelin.  1951.  The biological control of Gonipterus scutellatus Gyll. (Col. Curculionidae) in Mauritius.  Bull. Ent. Res. 42:  23-8.


Williams, L. O.  1977.  The botany of the avocado and its relatives.  In:  J. Sauls (ed.), Proc. 1st Intern. Trop Fruit Short Course -The Avocado.


Williams, M. L., and M. Kosztarab. 1972. Morphology and systematics of the Coccidae of Virginia, with notes on their biology (Homoptera: Coccoidea). Va. Polytech. Inst. State Univ. Res. Div. Bull. 4; 215 pp., illus.


Williams, R. N. & M. F. Schuster.  1969.  Cochonilha dos capin (Antonina graminis) no Brasil. Parte I. Distribuicao E. Plantas Hospldeiras.  Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira (1969). 


Williams, R. N. & W. H. Whitcomb.  1973.  Parasites of fire ants in South America.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Control Habitat Management 5:  49-59.


Williams, R. N., M. J. Weiss, M. Kehat & D. Blumberg.  1984.  The hymenopterous parasites of Nitidulidae.  Phytoparasitica 12:  53-64.


Williams, R. T.  1971.  Observations on the behaviour of the European rabbit flea, Spilopsyllus cuniculi (Dale), on a natural population of wild rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus (L.), in Australia.  Aust. J. Zool. 19:  41-51.


Williams, R. T.  1972.  The distribution and abundance of the ectoparasites of the wild rabbit, Oryctolagus cuniculus (L.), in New South Wales, Australia.  Parasitol. 64:  321-30.


Williams, R. T.  1973.  Establishment and seasonal variations in abundance of the European rabbit flea, Spilopsyllus cuniculi (Dale), on wild rabbits in Australia.  J. Ent. A-48:  117-27.


Williams, R. T. & I. Parer.  1971.  Observations on the dispersal of the European rabbit flea, Spilopsyllus curiculi (Dale), through a natural population of wild rabbits, Oryctolagus cunicolus (L.).  Aust. J. Zool. 19:  129-40.


Williams, R. T., P. J. Fullagar, C. C. Davey & C. Kogan.  1971.  Factors affecting the survival time of rabbits in a winter epizootic of myxomatosis at Canberra, Australia.  J. Appl. Ecol. 9:  399-410.


Williamson, G. D.  1962.  A summary of parasite and predator liberations in Canada and of insect hipments from Canada in 1962.  Canad. Insect Pest Rev. 40:  147-58.


Williamson, G. D.  1963.  Summary of parasite and predator liberations in Canada and of insect shipments from Canada in 1963.  Canad. Insect Pest Rev. 41:  137-51.


Williamson, G. D.  1964.  Summary of parasite and predator liberations in Canada and of insect shipments from Canada in 1964.  Canad. Ins. Pest Rev. 42(7):  125-40.


Williamson, D. L.  1983.  The Medfly in California: methods of attack.  HortScience 18(1): Feb. 1983.


Williamson, D. L. & D. F. Poulson.  1979.  Sex ratio organisms (Spiroplasmas) of Drosophila.  The Mycoplasmas, Vol. 3:  175-208.


Williamson, D. L. & J. P. Vité.  1971.  Impact of insecticidal control on the southern pine beetle population in east Texas.  J. Econ. Ent. 64:  1440-44.


Williamson, G. D.  1962.  Summary of parasite and predator liberations in Canada and of insect shipments from Canada in 1962.  Canad. Insect Pest Rev. 40:  147-58.


Williamson, G. D.  1963.  Summary of parasite and predator liberations in Canada and insect shipments from Canada in 1963.  Canad. Insect Pest Rev. 41:  137-51.


Williamson, M. H.  1957.  An elementary theory of interspecific competition.  Nature 180:  422-25.


Williamson, M. 1991.  Biocontrol risks.  Nature, 353(6343), p. 394.


Williamson, R. L. & F. E. Prince.  1971.  Initial thinning effects in 70 to 150 year old Douglas-fir in western Oregon and Washington.  U. S. Dept. Agr. For. Serv. Res. Pap. PNW-117:  15.


Willis, A. J., J. E. Ash, and R. H. Groves. 1993.  Combined effects of two arthropod herbivores and water stress on growth of Hypericum species.  Oecologia, 96: 517-525.


Willis, R. R. & R. C. Axtell.  1967.  Evaluation of Fuscuropoda vegetans (Acarina: Uropodidae) as a predator of the immature stages of the house fly.  J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 83(3): 174.


Willis, R. R. & R. C. Axtell.  1968.  Mite predators of the house fly:  A comparison of Fuscuropoda vegetans and Macrocheles muscaedomesticae.  J. Econ. Ent. 61(6): 1669-74.


Wilson, A. G. L.  1972.  Distribution of pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saund.), in Australia and its status as a pest in the Ord irrigation area.  J. Aust. Inst. Agr. Sci. 38:  95-9.


Wilson, B.W. and C.A. Garcia. 1992.  Host specificity and biology of Heteropsylla spinulosa (Hom.: Psyllidael introduced into Australia and Western Samoa for the biological control of Mimosa invisa.  Entomophaga, 37: 293-299.


Wilson, C. A. & L. L. Ellis.  1966.  A new technique for the detection of Nosema in apiaries.  Amer. Bee J. 106:  131.


Wilson, C. B.  1923.  Water beetles in relation to ponfish culture, with life histories of those found in fishponds at Fairport, Iowa.  Bur. Fisheries, 39(Document 953):  231-45.


Wilson, C. C.  1936.  Notes on the warrior grasshopper Camnula pellucida (Scudder) and its egg parasite Aphoebantus hirsutus Coquillett, in northern California, 1928-1929.  J. Econ. Ent. 29:  413-16.


Wilson, C. G. and G. J.  Flanagan. 1991.  Establishment of Acanthoscelides quadradentatus (Schaeffer) and A. puniceus Johnson (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) on Mimosa pigma in northern Australia.  Journal of the Australian Entomological Soc., 30: 279-280.


Wilson, C. G. and R. N. Pitkethley. 1992.  Botryodiplodia die-back of Mimosa pigra, a noxious weed in northern Australia.  Plant Patholog., 41: 777-779.


Wilson, C. L.  1969.  Use of plant pathogens in weed control.  Annu. Rev. Phytopath. 7:  411-34.


Wilson, C. L. and M. E. Wisniewski. 1989.  Biological control of postharvest diseases of fruits and vegetables: An emerging technology.  Annu. Rev. of Phytopathologv, 27: 425-441.


Wilson, C. L. and M. . Wisniewski, (eds.). 1994.  Biological Control of Postbarvest Diseases, Theory and Practice.  CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A.


Wilson, D.  1963.  Screwworm eradication program is working.  Cattleman, Fort Worth, Texas 49(9):  22, 24.


Wilson, D. D., R. L. Ridgway & S. B. Vinson.  1974.  Host acceptance and oviposition behavior of the parasitoid Campoletis sonorensis (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 67:  271-4.


Wilson, E. D. & W. L. Brown.  1953.  The subspecies concept and its taxonomic application.  Systematic Zool. 2:  97-111.


Wilson, E. O.  1953.  On Flanders' hypothesis of caste determination in ants.  Psyche 60:  15-20.


Wilson, E. O.  1963.  The social biology of ants.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 8:  345-68.


Wilson, E. O.  1968.  The ergonomic of castes in the social insect.  Amer. Nat. 102(923):  41-6.


Wilson, E. 0. 1971. The Insect Societies. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, x + 548 pp.; illus.


Wilson, E. O.  1988.  The diversity of life. p. 68-81.  In:  H. J. de Blij (ed.), Changing Geographic Perspectives.  Nat. Geog. Soc., Washington, D. C.


Wilson, E. O. & W. H. Bossert.  1971.  A primer of population biology.  Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.


Wilson, F.  1938.  Notes on the insect enemies of Chermes, with particular reference to Pineus pini Koch and P. strobi Hartig.  Bull. Ent. Res. 29(4):  373-89.


Wilson, F.  1939.  Notes on the insect enemies of Chermes with particular reference to Pineus pini Koch and P. strobi Hartig.  Bull. Ent. Res. 29:  373-89.


Wilson, F.  1943.  The entomological control of St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) with special reference to the insect enemies of the weed in southern France.  Austral. Council Sci. & Indus. Res. Bull. 196:  1-87.


Wilson, F.  1946.  Interaction of insect infestation, temperature, and moisture content in bulk-depot wheat.  Bull. Coun. Sci. Indus. Res. Australia No. 209:  31 p.


Wilson, F.  1949.  The entomological control of weeds.  Internatl. Union Biol. Sci., Ser. B, 5:  53-64.


Wilson, F.  1950.  Biological control of weeds.  In:  New Biology.  Penguin Books 8:  51-74.


Wilson, F.  1952.  The biological control of weeds in Australia.  6th Internatl. Grasslands Cong. Proc., State College, Penna.:  567-72.


Wilson, F.  1953a.  Some aspects of Australian entomological research since 1939.  Proc. 7th Pac. Sci. Congr. (1949) 4:  113-18.


Wilson, F.  1953b.  Progress in the entomological control of St. John's wort in Australia.  7th Pacific Sci. Cong. Proc. 4:  300-03.


Wilson, F.  1954.  Some aspects of the biological control of weeds in Australia, p. 105-13.  In:  Weed Control Conf., Roseworthy Agr. Col., Roseworth, So. Australia, Session 5 (Aug.).


Wilson, F.  1960a.  A review of the biological control of insects and weeds in Australia and Australian New Guinea. p. 24-26,50. In:  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Control. Tech. Comm. 1: Lamport Gilbert and Co., Reading, U.K. 102 p.


Wilson, F.  1960b.  The future of biological control.  7th Commonw. Ent. Conf. Rept., London.  p. 72-9.


Wilson, F.  1961.  Adult reproductive behavior in Asolcus basalis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae).  Austral. J. Zool. 9:  737-51.


Wilson, F.  1963a.  Sex determination and gynandromorph production in aberrant and normal strains of Ooencyrtus submetallicus (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae).  Australian J. Zool. 10:  349-59.


Wilson, F.  1963b.  The results of biological control investigations in Australia and New Guinea.  Proc. 9th Pacific Sci. Congr. (1961):  9:  112-23.


Wilson, F. 1963c.  Australia as a Source of Beneficial Insects for Biological Control.  Commonw. Inst. of Biological Control Tech. Commun. No. 2, Commonw. Agric. Bureaux, Farnham Royal, U.K.


Wilson, F.  1964.  The biological control of weeds.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 9:  255-44.


Wilson, F.  1965a.  Investigations into the natural enemeis of Sirex in Europe.  12th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Proc. (1964):  704-05.


Wilson, F.  1965b.  Biological control and the genetics of colonizing species.  In:  H. G. Baker & G. L. Stebbins (eds.), The Genetics of Colonizing Species.  Academic Press, New York.  588 p.


Wilson, F.  1966.  The conservation and augmentation of natural enemies.  Proc. FAO Symp. Integrated Pest Control 3:  21-6.


Wilson, F.  1971.  Biotic agents of pest control as an important natural resource.  4th Gooding Mem. Lect. Cent. Assoc. Bee-Keepers.  12 p.


Wilson, F.  1974.  The use of biological methods in pest control.  In:  D. P. Jones and M. E. Solomon (eds.), Biology in Pest and Disease Control.  Halstead Press, New York.


Wilson, F. & T. G. Campbell.  1943.  Recent progress in the entomological control of St. John's wort.  Austral. Council Sci. & Indus. Res. 16:  45-56.


Wilson, F. & C. B. Huffaker.  1976.  The philosophy, scope and importance of biological control, p. 3-35.  In:  C. B. Huffaker & P. S. Messenger (eds.), Theory and Practice of Biological Control.  Academic Press, Inc., New York, San Francisco & London.  788 p.


Wilson, F. & G. R. Wearne.  19__.  The introduction into Australia of parasites of Listroderes obliquus Klug.  Austral. J. Agr. Res. 13:  249-57.


Wilson, F. & L. T. Woolcock. 1960.  Environmental determination of sex in a parthenogenetic parasite.  Nature (London) 186:  99-100.


Wilson, F. & L. T. Woolcock.  1960.  Temperature determination of sex in a parthenogenetic parasite, Ooencyrtus submetallicus (Howard) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae).  Aust. J. Zool. 8(2):  153-69.


Wilson, G. S. & A. A. Miles.  1946.  Topley and Wilson's Principles of Bacteriology and Immunity.  Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore. Vol. 2, 3rd ed.  2054 p.


Wilson, H. F.  1913.  Notes on Podabrus pruinosus.  J. Econ. Ent. 6:  457-59.


Wilson, J. W.  1933.  The biology of parasites and predators of Laphygma exigua Huebner reared during the season of 1932.  Florida Ent. 17:  1-15.


Wilson, L. F.  1967.  Distribution, abundance, and some habits of larvae of Cicindela hirticollis (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) on a Lake Michigan beach.  Mich. Ent. 1:  239-44.


Wilson, L. F. & D. C. Schmiege.  1970.  Pine root collar weevil.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Forest Pest Leafl. 39.


Wilson, L. T.  1982.  Development of an optimal monitoring program in cotton: emphasis on spidermites and Heliothis spp.  Entomophaga 27:  45-50.


Wilson, L. T., M. A. Hoy, F. G. Zalom & J. M. Smilanick.  1984.  Sampling mites in almonds:  I.  Within-tree distribution and clumping pattern of mites with comments on predator-prey interactions.  Hilgardia 52(7):  1-13.


Wilson, L. T., D. L. Flaherty, W. Settle, C. Pickett & D. Gonzalez.  1987.  Managing the variegated leafhopper and grape leafhopper.  Proc. Table Grape Symposium 1987:  5-11.


Wilson, L. T., D. L. Flaherty, H. Andris, W. W. Barnett, D. Gonzalez & W. Settle.  1986.  The variegated leafhopper:  An increasing pest of grapes in the San Joaquin Valley.  Proc. 1986 San Joaquin Valley Grape Symposium.  p. 27-9.


Wilson, L. T., C. H. Pickett, D. L. Flaherty & T. A. Bates.  1989.  French prune trees:  refuge for the grape leafhopper parasite.  Calif. Agr. 43(2):  7-8.


Wilson, L. W.  1969.  Use of plant pathogens in weed control.  Annu. Rev. Phytopath. 7:  411-34.


Wilson, M. and S. E. Lindow. 1993a.  Interactions between the biological control agent Pseudomonas fluorescens A506 and Erwinia amylovora in pear blossoms.  Ecology and Epidemiology, 83:117-123.


Wilson, M. and S. E. Lindow. 1993b.  Release of recombinant microorganisms.  Annu. Rev. of Microbiol., 47: 913-944.


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Wong, M. H.  1985.  Heavy metal contamination of soils and crops from auto traffic, sewage sludge, pig manure and chemical fertilizer.  Agr. Ecossyt. Environ. 13:  139-49.


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Wong, T. T. Y., J. I. Nishimoto & N. Mochizuki.  1983a.  Infestation patterns of Mediterranean fruit fly and the oriental fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Kula area of Maui, Hawaii.  Environ. Entomol. 12:  1031-1039.


Wong, T. T. Y., J. I. Nishimoto & H. M. Couey.  1983b.  Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae): further studies on selective mating response of wild and of unirradiated and irradiated, laboratory-reared  flies in field cages.  Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 76:  51-55.


Wong, T. T. Y., N. Mochizuki & J. I. Nishimoto.  1984a.  Seasonal abundance of parasitoids of the Mediterranean and Oriental fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Kula area of Maui, Hawaii.  Environ. Entomol. 13:  140-145.


Wong, T. T. Y., R. M. Kobayashi, L. C. Whitehand, D. C. Henry, D. A. Zadig & C. L. Denny.  1984b.  Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae): mating choices of irradiated laboratory-reared and untreated wild flies of California in laboratory cages.  J. Econ. Entomol. 77:  58-62.


Wong, T. T. Y., D. O. McInnis, J. I. Nishimoto, A. K. Ota & V. C. S. Chang.  1984c.  Predation of the Mediterranean fruit fly [Diptera: Tephritidae] by the Argentine ant [Hymenoptera: Formicidae] in Hawaii.  J. Econ. Entomol. 77:  1454-1458.


Wong, T. T. Y., D. O. McInnis, R. M. Kobayashi & J. I. Nishimoto.  1985.  Distribution and seasonal abundance of adult male Mediterranean fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Kula, Maui, Hawaii.  J. Econ. Entomol. 78:  552-557.


Wong, T. T. Y., R. M. Kobayashi & D. O. McInnis.  1986.  Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae): methods of assessing the effectiveness of sterile insect releases.  J. Econ. Entomol. 79:  1501-1506.


Wong, T. T. Y., M. M. Ramadan, D. O. McInnis & N. Mochizuki.  1990a.  Influence of cohort age and host age on oviposition activity and offspring sex-ratio of Biosteres tryoni (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a larval parasitoid of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae).  J. Econ. Entomol. 83: (in press).


Wong, T. T. Y., M. M. Ramadan, D. O. McInnis, N. Mochizuki, J. I. Nishimoto & J. C. Herr. (in press 1990b).  Augmentative releases of Diachasmimorpha tryoni (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) to suppress a Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) population in Kula, Maui, Hawaii.  Environ. Entomol. (in press).


Wood, B. J.  1962a.  Natural enemies in the control of citrus pests in Cyprus.  Part 1. Making the most of natural enemies.  Countryman, Nicosia, March-April.  p. 8-11.


Wood, B. J.  1962.  Natural enemies in the control of citrus pests in Cyprus.  Part 2. The insectary built at Fassouri, and a preliminary report on newly imported natural enemies.  Countryman, Nicosia, May-June.  p. 16-22.


Wood, B. J.  1963.  Imported and indigenous natural enemies of citrus coccids and aphids in Cyprus, and an assessment of their potential value in integrated control programmes.  Entomophaga 8:  67-82.


Wood, B. J.  1966.  Annual report for 1963-64.  Entomology Section, Layang Layang-Chemara Res. Sta.  p. 1-143.


Wood, B. J.  1967.  Aerial spray campaigns against bagworm caterpillars (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) on oil palms in Malaysia.  Proc. Oil Palm Tech. Seminar, Sabah Plrs. Assoc.  p. 1-24.


Wood, B. J.  1968.  Pests of Oil Palms in Malaysia and Their Control.  Incorp. Soc. of Planters, Kuala Lumpur.  p. 1-204.


Wood, B. J.  1969a.  The extent of vertebrate attacks on the oil palm in Malaysia, p. 162-84.  In:  Progress in Oil Palms, 2nd Malaysian Oil Palm Conf., 1968.  Kuala Lumpur-- Incorp. Soc. of Planters.


Wood, B. J.  1969b.  Studies on the effect of ground vegetation on infestations of Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) (Col., Dynastidae) in young oil palm replantings in Malaysia.  Bull. Ent. Res. 59:  85-96.


Wood, B. J.  1969c.  Population studies on the Malaysian wood rat (Rattus tiomanicus) in oil palms, demonstrating an effective new control method and assessing some older ones.  The Planter 45:  510-26.


Wood, B. J.  1971.  Development of integrated control program for tropical perennial crops in Malaysia. p. 422-57.  In:  C. B. Huffaker (ed.), Biological Control.  Plenum Press, New York.  511 p.


Wood, B. J.  1973.  Integrated control:  critical assessment of case histories in developing economies, p. 196-220.  In:  P. W. Geier, L. R. Clark, D. J. Anderson & H. A. Nix (eds.), Insects:  Studies in Population Management.  Ecol. Soc. Australia (Mem. 1), Canberra.


Wood, B. J. & D. P. Nesbit.  1969.  Caterpillar outbreaks on oil palms in Eastern Sabah.  The Planter 45:  285-99.


Wood, D. L., L. E. Brown, W. D. Bedard, P. E. Tilden, R. M. Silverstein & J. O. Rodin.  1968.  Response of Ips confusus to synthetic sex pheromones in nature.  Science 59:  1373-74.


Wood, D. L., R. M. Silverstein & M. Nakajima (eds.).  1970.  Control of Insect Behavior by Natural Products.  Academic Press, New York & London.  345 p.


Wood, E. A., Jr.  1971.  Designation and reaction of three biotypes of the greenbug cultured on resistant and susceptible species of sorghum.  J. Econ. Ent. 64:  183-85.


Wood, E. A. & K. J. Starks.  1972.  Effect of temperature and host plant interaction on the biology of three biotypes of the greenbug.  Environ. Ent. 1:  230-34.


Wood, H.A. and R.R. Granados. 1991.  Genetically engineered baculoviruses as agents for pest control.  Annu. Rev. of Microbiol., 45: 69-87.


Wood, H.A., P.R. Hughes, and A. Shelton. 1994.  Field studies of the co-occlusion strategy with a genetically altered isolate of the Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus.  Environ. Entomol., 23: 211-219.


Wood, H. P.  1911.  Notes on the life history of the tick parasite, Hunterellus hookeri How.  J. Econ. Ent. 4:  425-31.


Wood, O. H.  1933.  Notes on some dipterous parasites of Schistocerca and Locusta in the Sudan.  Bull. Ent. Res. 24:  521-30.


Wood, R. K. S. 1951.  The control of diseases of lettuce by the use of antagonistic organisms. 1. Control of Botrytis cinerea Pets.  Annals of Applied Biology, 38: 203-216.


Wood, R. K. S. & M. Tveit.  1955.  Control of plant diseases by use of antagonistic organisms.  Bot. Rev. 21:  441-92.


Wood, S. L. 1978. A reclassification of the subfamilies of Scolytidae (Coleoptera). Ann. Entomol. Soc. France, 14(1):95-122.

Wood, S. L. 1979. Family Platypodidae. Catalogue of the Coleoptera of America North of Mexico. Fasc. 141, 4pp.


Wood, T. G.  1965.  Field observations on flight and oviposition of codling moth [Carpocapsa pomonella (L.)] and mortality of eggs and first-instar larvae in an integrated control orchard.  New Zealand J. Agr. Res. 8:  1043-59.


Woodburn, T. L. 1993.  Host specificity testing, release and establishment of Urophora solstitialis (L.) (Diptera: Tephri­tidae), a potential biological control agent for Carduus nutansl., in Australia.  BiocontroI Science and Technology, 3: 419-426.


Woodhead, S.H., A.L. O'Leary, DJ.  O'Leary, and S.C. Rabatin. 1990.  Discovery, development and registration of a biocontrol agent from an industrial perspective.  Canadian Journal of Plant Pathol., 12: 328-331.


Woodring, J.L. and H.K. Kaya. 1988.  Steinernematid and heterorhabditid nematodes: A handbook of techniques Southern Cooperative Series Bull. 331, Arkansas Agric. Experimental Station, Fayetteville, Arkansas, U.S.A.


Woodruff, L. C.  1929.  Eupelmus popa Girault, a parasite of the sorghum midge, Contarina sorghicola Coquillett.  J. Econ. Ent. 22:  160-7.


Woods, A.  1974.  Pest Control:  A Survey.  Halsted, New York.


Woods, S. and J. S. Elkinton. 1987.  Bimodal patterns of mortality from nuclear polyhedrosis virus in gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) populations.  J. Invertebr. Patholog., 50: 151-157.


Woodside, A. M.  1942.  Tenebroides corticalis Melsh. predaceous on codling moth larvae.  J. Econ. Ent. 35(1):  110.


Woodside, A. M.  1954.  Japanese beetle damage to corn as influenced by silking date.  J. Econ. Ent. 47:  349-52.


Woodworth, C. W.  1891.  Variation in hessian fly injury.  Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Rep. 1890:  312-18.


Woodworth, C. W.  1908.  The theory of the parasitic control of insect pests.  Science, N. S. 28:  227-30.


Wool, D., D. Gerling & I. Cohen.  1984.  Electrophoretic detection of two endoparasitic species, Encarsia lutea and Eretmocerus mundus in the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) (Hom., Aleurodidae).  Z. angew. Ent. 98:  276-79.


Wool, D., H. F. van Emden & S. W. Bunting.  1978.  Electrophoretic detection of the internal parasite, Aphidius matricariae in Myzus persicae.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 90:  21-6.


Woolever, P. S.  1966.  Life history and electron microscopy of a haplosporidian, Nephridiophaga blattellae (Crawley) (New combination), in the Malpighian tubules of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.).  Diss. Abstr. 26(12, pt. 1):  7514.


Woolhouse, M.Ej. and R. Harmsen. 1984.  The niite complex on the foliage of a pesticide-free apple orchard: Population dynamics and habitat associations.  Proc. of the Entomological Soc. of Ontario, 115: 1-11.  


Woolley, J B.  1997a.  Aphelinidae.  Gibson, G. A. P., J. T. Huber and J. B. Woolley (Ed.). Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). xi+794p. National Res. Council of Canada: Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ISBN 0-660-16669-0.

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Woolley, J B.  1997b.  Signiphoridae. Gibson, G. A. P., J. T. Huber and J. B. Woolley (Ed.). Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). xi+794p. National Res. Council of Canada: Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ISBN 0-660-16669-0.

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Woolley, J. B. & H. W. Browning.  1987.  Morphometric analysis of uniparental Aphytis reared from chaff scale, Parlatoria pergandii Comstock, on Texas citrus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae; Homoptera: Diaspididae).  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 89:  77-94.


World Health Organization (WHO).  1973.  The use of viruses for the control of insect pests and disease vectors.  Rept. Joint FAO/WHO meeting on insect viruses.  WHO Tech. Rept. Ser. No. 531.


Worral, L.  1923.  Jassid resistance in cottons.  J. Union S. Africa Dep. Agr. 7:  225-28.


Worral, L.  1925.  A jassid resistant cotton.  J. Union S. Africa. Dept. Agr. 10:  487-91.