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Entomology / Biological Pest Control





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[For Subject Matter, depress Ctrl/F]     Additional references may be found at:  MELVYL Library








Ubrizsy, G.  1966.  Integrated plant protection and its biological bases.  Magyar Tud. Akad. Agrŕrtud Oztálydának Közleményei, Budapest 25:  315-54.  [in Hungarian].


Ubrizsy, G.  1967.  Integral plant protection and its biological foundation.  Acta Phytopath. Acad. Sci. Hung. 2:  61-86.


Ubrizsy, G. & J. Vörös.  1964.  Observations and experiments with entomophagous fungi in Hungary.  Ann. Inst. Protect. Plant Hung. 1961/62, 9:  133-6.  [in Hungarian].




UC/AID Pest Management & Environmental Protection Project.  1977.  The Mediterranean fruit fly and its economic impact on Central American countries and Panama.  1977 Report.


U…akina, V. & R. Strachova.  1966.  Die Parasiten von Euproctis.  Zaš…. rast., Moskva 11(9):  42.  [in Russian].


Uchida, T.  1969a.  Rat-control procedures on the Pacific Islands, with special reference to the efficiency of biological control agents. I.  Appraisal of the monitor lizard, Varamus indicus (Daudin), as a rat-control agent on Ifaluk, Western Caroline Islands.  J. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 15:  311-30.


Uchida, T.  1969b.  Rat-control procedures on the Pacific Islands, with special reference to the efficiency of biological control agents. II:  Efficiency of the Japanese weasel, Mustela sibirica itatsi Temminck and Schlegel, as a rat-control agent in the Ryukus.  J. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 15:  355-85.




Udovic, J. D., D. Pimentel & D. Nafus.  1976.  The interaction between spatial heterogeneity and genetic feedback in laboratory predator-prey systems.  Oecologia 25:  23-34.


Udvardy, M. D. F.  1951.  The significance of interspecific competition in bird life.  Oikos 3:  98-123.


Udvardy, M. D. F.  1959.  Notes on the ecological concepts of habitat biotype and niche.  Ecology 40:  725-28.




Ueda, K., Y. Okimoto, H. Sakai, K. Arima, H. Yonehara & Y. Sakagami.  1955.  An antibiotic against silkworm jaundice virus, grasseriomycin, produced by Streptomyces species.  J. Antibiot. Ser. A, (Tokyo) 8:  91-5.










Uichanco, L. B. & F. E. Villanueva.  1932.  Biology of the pink mealybug of sugar cane, Trionymus sacchari (Cockerell), in the Philippines.  Philippine Agr. 21:  205-76.








U-Lju, J. & Li Chuei-ju.  1965.  Vorläufige Untrsuchung von Crossocosmia tibialis, dem Parasiten von Antheraea parnyi.  Canye kexue 3:  255-9.  [in Chinese].


Ullyett, G. C.  1935.  Notes on Apanteles sesamiae Cam., a parasite of the maize stalk-borer (Busseola fusca Fuller) in South Africa.  Bull. Ent. Res. 26:  253-62.


Ullyett, G. C.  1936a.  Host selection by Microplectron fuscipennis Zett. (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae).  Proc. Roy. Soc. London (B), 120:  253-91.


Ullyett, G. C.  1936b.  The physical ecology of Microplectron fuscipennis Zett.  Bull. Ent. Res. 27:  195-217.


Ullyett, G. C.  1938.  The encouragement of beneficial insects.  S. Afr. Dept. Agr. For. Bull. No. 189:  10 p.


Ullyett, G. C.  1943.  Some aspects of parasitism in field populations of Plutella maculipennis Curt.  J. Ent. Soc. So. Africa 6:  65-80.


Ullyett, G. C.  1944.  On the function of the caudal appendage in primary larvae of parasitic Hymenoptera.  J. Ent. Soc. So. Africa 7:  30-7.


Ullyett, G. C.  1945.  Distribution of progeny by Microbracon hebetor Say.  J. Ent. Soc. So. Africa 8:  123-31.


Ullyett, G. C.  1947.  Mortality factors in populations of Plutella maculipennis Curtis (Tineidae: Lep.), and their relation to the problem of control.  Ent. Mem. Union S. Afr. Dep. Agr. For. 2:  77-202.


Ullyett, G. C.  1949.  Pupation habits of sheep blowflies in relation to parasitism by Mormoniella vitripennis Wlk. (Hym., Pteromalidae).  Bull. Ent. Res. 40:  533-37.


Ullyett, G. C.  1950.  Pupation habits of sheep blowflies in relation to parasitism by Mormoniella vitripennis Wlk. (Hym., Pteromalidae).  Bull. Ent. Res. 40:  533-37.


Ullyett, G. C.  1953.  Biomathematics and insect population problems.  A critical view.  Mem. Ent. Soc. So. Africa 2:  1-89.


Ullyett, G. C. & A. H. DeVries.  1940.  Observations on the natural control of sheep blowflies in South Africa.  Dept. Agr. & Forest., S. Africa, Sci. Bull. 224, Ent. Ser. 6.  23 p.


Ullyett, G. C. & A. H. DeVries.  1941.  Bembix wasps as enemies of sheep blowflies.  Farming South Africa 16:  19-20.


Ullyett, G. C. & J. S. V. D. Merwa.  1947.  Some factors influencing population growth of Ephestia kuhniella Zell.  J. Ent. Soc. So. Africa 10:  46-63.


Ullyett, G. C. & D. B. Schonken.  1940.  A fungus disease of Plutella maculipennis Curt., with notes on the use of entomogenous fungi in insect control.  Union So. Africa, Dept. Agr. Sci. Bull. 218.  24 p.


Ulrich, H.  1968.  Ein verbesserter Käfig für die Massenzucht des Eiparasiten Trichogramma [Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea].  Entomophaga 13:  233-6.


Ulrich, W.  1927.  Strepsiptera, Fachelflugler.  In:  Biol. Tiere Deut. 23, teil 41.  103 p.


Ulrich, W.  1930a.  Ordnung:  Flacherflugler, Strepsiptera Kirby (1813).  Brohmer, Die Tierwelt Mitteleuropas 5, 2 (XIII): 1-26.


Ulrich, W.  1930b.  Die Strepsipteren-Männchen als Insekten mit Halteren an Stelle der Vorderflugel.  Z. Morph. Oekol. Tiere, Berlin 17:  552-624.


Ulrich, W.  1933.  Fang und Zuchtung von Strepsipteren.  Abderhalden, Handb. Biol. Arb., Abt. 9, 7:  259-327.


Ulrich, W.  1943.  Die Mengeiden (Mengenillini) und die Phylogenie der Strepsipteren.  Z. Parasitenk., Berlin 13:  62-101.


Ulrich, W.  1956.  Unsere Strepsipteren-Arbeiten.  Festg. Konrad Herter 2(23):  176-255.


Ulrich, W. 1966. Evolution and classification of the Strepsiptera. Proc. 1st Int. Congr. Parasitol. 1: 609-611.




Umeozor, O. C., J. W. van Duyn, J. R. Bradley, Jr., & G. G. Kennedy.  1985.  Comparison of the effect of minimum-tillage treatments on the overwintering emergence of European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in cornfields.  J. Econ. Ent. 78:  937-39.


Umphlett, C. J.  1970 (1969?).  Infection levels of Coelomomyces punctatus, an aquatic fungus parasite, in a natural population of the common malarial mosquito, Anopheles quadrimaculatus.  J. Invert. Pathol. 15:  299-305.




Unruh, T.R.  1995.  Book Review: Parasitoids: Behavioral and Evolutionary Ecology by H.C.J. Godfray.  Environmental Entomology 24:483. 1995.


Unruh, T.R.  1998a.  From Russia with Love: New Predators and Parasites for control of tree fruit insect pests. Proc. Wash Hort Assoc. 94.


Unruh, T.R. 1998b.  Book Review:   1999.  To Make a Spotless Orange: Biological Control in California.  Richard C. Sawyer.  Environmental Entomology.


Unruh, T. R. & R. D. Goeden.  1987.  Electrophoresis helps identify which race of the introduced weevil Rhinocyllus conicus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) has transferred to two native southern California thistles.  Environ. Ent. 16:  979-83.


Unruh, T.R. and B. S. Higbee.  1994.  Release of laboratory reared predators of pear psylla demonstrates their importance in pest suppression.  In: G. Briolini ed T X Nguyen and D. Verzone. [Ed]. Proceedings International Colloquium for   Integrated Control in Pear.  Bulletin International Organization for Biological and Integrated Control (IOBC/SROP/WPRS):  Vol17(2): 146-150.


Unruh, T. R. & J. BV. Woolley.  1999.  Molecular methods in classical biological control.  In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 4, p. 57-85, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Unruh, T. R., G. Gordh & D. Gonzalez.  1984.  Electrophoretic studies on parasitic Hymenoptera and implications for biological control.  Proc. Inter. Congr. Ent. 17:  705.


Unruh, T. R., W. White, D. Gonzalez, G. Gordh & R. F. Luck.  1983.  Heterozygosity and effective size in laboratory populations of Aphidius ervi (Hym.:  Aphidiidae).  Entomophaga 28:  245-58.


Unruh, T. R., W. White, D. Gonzalez & R. F. Luck.  1986.  Electrophoretic studies of parasitic Hymenoptera and implications for biological control.  In:  R. S. Patterson & D. A. Rutz (eds.), Biological Control of Muscoid Flies.  Misc. Publ. Ent. Soc. Amer. 61:  150-63.


Unruh, T., W. White, D. Gonzalez & J. Woolley.  1989.  Genetic relationships among 17 Aphidius populations including six species.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 82:  754-68.


Unruh, T. R. , M. J. Bush, and A. L. Knight. 1996.  Green peach aphid resistance to endosulfan in peach and nectarine.  J. Econ. Ent.  89:1067-1073. 1996


Unterstenhofer, G.  1970.  Integrated pest control from the aspect of industrial research on crop protection chemicals.  Pflanzenschutz-Nachrichten 23:  264-72.






Upadhyaya, V. N., K. L. Nayak & Y. S. Rathore.  1963.  A note on a new entomogenous bacteria.  Curr. Sci., Bangalore 32:  553.






Urbahns, T. D.  1917.  Tetrastichus bruchophagi, a recently described parasite of Bruchophagus funebris.  J. Agr. Res. 8:  277-82.


Urban, C.  1914.  Zur Naturgeschichte des Malachius bipustulatus L.  Ent. Mitt. Berlin 3:  4-10.


Urban, S.  1966.  Zum Auftreten von Parasiten und Mikroorganismen bei Kieferninsekten.  (Ein Beitrag zur Auswertung der Winterprobesuchen 1964/1965).  Beitr. Ent., Berlin 16:  707-12.


Ulrich.. W. 1927. Strepsiptera.. Biologie der Tiere Deutschland!", pp. 23-41.


Urquhart, F. A.  1966.  Virus-caused ecpizootic as a factor in population fluctuations of the monarch butterfly.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  492-5.


Urquijo, P.  1946.  Selectión de estirpes de Trichogramma minutum Riley de máxima efectividad parasitaria.  Bol. Patol. Veg. y Ent. Agr. (Madrid) 14:  199-216.


Urquijo, P.  1951.  Aplicación de la genética al aumento de la eficacia del Trichogramma minutum en la lucha biológica.  Biol. Patol. Veg. Ent. Agr. (Madrid)  18:  1-12.


Urquijo, P.  1956a.  Selection des estirpes de Trichogramma minutum Riley de maxima effectividad parasitaria. Bolet Patol. Veg. Ent. Agr. 14:  199-216.


Urquijo, P.  1956.  Aplicación de la genética a la selección de insectos çtiles.  Bol. Lab. Zoo. Gen. Agr. Portici 33:  594-602.


Urquijo, P. & J. M. Dadin.  1943.  Ensayo de los parásitos çtiles Trichogramma minutum y T. pretiosum en la lucha biológica contra la Cydia pomonella.  Bol. Patol. Veg. y Ent. Agr. (Madrid) 12:  411-25.


Ursu, A. & C. Tudor.  1975.  The parasitisation of the synanthropic Diptera by hymenopterous chalcidoids.  Trav. Mus. Hist. Nat., Gr. Antipa, Bucharest 16:  179-86.




U. S. Agricultural Research Service.  1963.  Facts about screwworm eradication.  U. S. Agr. Res. Serv., ARS  91-39.  11 p.


U. S. Army.  1965.  Expanded project for aquatic plant control.  89th Congress, 1st Sess., House Document No. 251.  145 p.


U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. 1993.  Harmful Non-Indigenous Species in the United States.  U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.


U. S. Department of Agriculture.  1962.  USDA studies South American insects as promising controls for alligatorweed.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Press Release, March 16, 1962.  2 p.


U. S. Department of Agriculture, Ent. Res. Div.  1963.  Research on controlling insects without conventional insecticides.  ARS Special Rept. 22-85.  23 p.


U. S. Department of Agriculture.  1965.  A survey of extent and cost of weed control and specific weed problems.  Agr. Res. Serv. ARS 34-23-1, Aug.  78 p.


U. S. Department of Agriculture.  1970.  Economic consequences of restricting the use of organochlorine insecticides on cotton, corn, peanuts and tobacco.  Econ. Res. Serv. Agr. Econ. Rep. 178.  52 p.


U. S. Department of Agriculture.  1971.  Midwestern corn farms:  economic status and the potential for large and family-sized units.  Econ. Res. Serv. Agr. Econ. Rep. 216.  53 p.


U. S. Department of Agriculture.  1972.  Wasps that guard cotton.  Agr. Res. 20:  3-4.


U. S. Department of Agriculture.  1973.  Monoculture in agriculture:  extent, causes and problems:  Report of the Task Force on Spatial Heterogeneity in Agricultural Landscapes and Enterprises.  Washington, D. C., USDA.  64 p.


U. S. Department of Agriculture.  1974a.  Summary of insect conditions in the United States-- 1973.  Coop. Econ. Insect Rept. 24:  254.


U. S. Department of Agriculture.  1974b.  The world food situation and prospects to 1985.  USDA, Econ. Res. Serv., Foreign Agr. Econ. Rept. No. 98.  90 p.


U. S. Department of Agriculture.  1975.  Summary of insect conditions in the United States-- 1974.  Coop. Econ. Insect Rept. 25:  272-3.


U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1978.  Biological Agentsfor Pest Control, Status and Prospectus.  Stock no. 001-000­03756-1, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.


U. S. Department of Agriculture.  1984.  Biological control documentation activities of the Insect Identification and Beneficial Insect Introduction Institute.  U. S. Department of Agriculture, Res. Ser., Doc. 008F.  3 p.


U. S. Department of Agriculture.  1985.  Biological control information document.  ARS Biological Control Documentation Center, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, Doc. 00061.  95 p.


U. S. Department of Agriculture Annual Report.  1988.  Proyecto piloto de control biológico de moscas de la fruta, mediante liberaciones masivas de parasitoides en mazapa de madero, Chiapas, México.  Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico. U.S.D.A. Contract a53-6395-7-50.  16 pp.


U. S. Dept. of Agriculture.  1996.  Biological control of weeds in the West / edited by Norman E. Rees ... [et  al.].  Bozeman, Mont. : Western Soc. of Weed Science, in cooperation with USDA Agricultural Research Service, Montana Dept. of Agriculture, Montana State University, 1996.


U. S. Dept. of Agriculture.  1997.  Biological control of leafy spurge.  [Slightly rev. Nov. 1997].

[Washington, D.C.?] : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, 1997.  Series title:  Program aid (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) ; no. 1435.


Usinger, R. L. 1943. A revised classification of the Reduviidae with a new subfamily from South America (Hemiptera). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 36(4):602-618; 3 f.

Usinger, R. L. 1956. Aquatic Hemiptera. In Aquatic Insects of California, R. L. Usinger  (Ed.). Berkeley: Univ. California Press, pp. 182-228; 43 f.

Usinger, R. L. 1966. Monograph of the Cimicidae (Hemiptera-Heteroptera). Thomas Say Found. Pubf., 7:1-585; illus.


Usinger, R. L. (ed.).  1963.  Aquatic Insects of California.  Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley, CA.  344 p.


Usinger, R. L.  1964.  The role of Linnaeus in the advancement of entomology.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 9:  1-16.


Usinger, R. L., P. Wygodzinsky & R. E. Ryckman.  1966.  The biosystematics of Triatominae.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 11:  309-30.


Usman, S.  1957.  Some field parasites of the potato tuber moth, Gnorismoschema operculella Zeller in Mysore.  Indian J. Ent. 18:  463-68.


Usman, S.  1949.  Some observations on the biology of Tetrastichus hagenowii Ratz.  An egg parasite of the house-cockroach (Periplaneta americana L.).  Cur. Sci. 11:  407-08.


Uspenskaja, N. V., L. P. Chalinskaja & E. D. Chlistovskij.  1963.  Die chemische Sterilisierung der synthetischen Substrate für die Fütterung von Insekten bei der biologischen Schädlingsbekämpfung, p. 125-6.  In:  Sbornik:  5. soveš…. Vses. ent. obš…., 1963, Moskva-Leningrad.  [in Russian].


Uspenskii, F. M.  1951.  Species composition and significance of predators of spider mite.  Sbornik Nauchnykh Rabot STAZR Soyuz NIKhI.  44-8.  [in Russian].


Uspenskij, G. A., I. M. Ganja & V. I. Egorov.  1962.  Zweimal nistende Vögel der Wälder und Gärten im Moldaugebiet, ihre praktische Bedeutung und Fragen der Anlockung.  Voprosy ekol. i prakt. zna…enija ptic i mlekopitajuš…. Moldavii, Kišinev.  p. 3-38.  [in Russian].


Ustinov, A. A.  1944.  The role of Gambusia in mosquito larvae control in Abkhaz.  Med. Parasitol. 13:  57-67.  [in Russian].


Usui, Y.  1960.  Aspergillus and Mucor found on house fly and Ophyra calcogaster Wiedemann.  Japanese J. Sanit. Zool. 11:  54-5.




Utida, S. 1941.  Studies on experimental population ofthe azuki bean weevil, Callosobruchus chinensis (L.) IV.  Analysis of density effect with respect to fecundity and fertility of eggs.  Memoirs of the College of agriculture, Kyoto Imperial University, 51: 1-26.


Utida, S.  1950.  On the equilibrium state of the interacting population of an insect and its parasite.  Ecology 31:  165-75.


Utida, S.  1953a.  Effect of host density upon the population growth of two interacting species of parasites.  Experimental Studies on Superparasitism, 2nd Rept. Oyo-Kontyu 9:  102-7.


Utida, S.  1953b.  Interspecific competition between two species of bean weevil.  Ecology 34:  301-07.


Utida, S.  1955.  Fluctuations in the interacting populations of hsot and parasite in relation to the biotic potential of the host.  Ecology 36:  202-6.


Utida, S.  1957a.  Cyclic fluctuations of population density intrinsic to the host-parasite system.  Ecology 38:  442-49.


Utida, S.  1957b.  Population fluctuation, an experimental and theoretical approach.  In:  Cold Spring Harbor Symp. on Quantitative Biology 22:  139-51.


Utida, S.  1967.  Damped oscillation of population density at equilibrium.  Res. Popul. Ecol. 9:  1-9.


Utsumi, S.  1965.  Das Entstehen der Infektionsübertragung und Vermehrung von Bac. thuringiensis bei den Raupen von Sericaria mori.  Bull. Fac. Textile Fibers, Kyoto Univ. Indust. Arts, Textile 4:  278-84.  [in Japanese].


Utsumi, S. & H. Chikushi.  1963.  Studies on the inhibition of polyhedroses in the silkworm, Bombyx mori L.  I. The effect of taurine and cystine on the incidence of polyhedroses.  J. Sericult. Sci. Japan 32:  232-9.  [in Japanese].


Utsumi, A. & K. Kurisu.  1967.  Studies on the inhibition of polyhedroses in the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. II. The enhancement of incidence of nuclear polyhedrosis by application of methionine to the larva.  J. Sericult. Sci. Japan 36:  77-82.  [in Japanese].


Utsumi, S., K. Kurisu & Y. Ichikawa.  1966a.  Action of beta-propiolactone on the pathogenic bacteria and fungi of the silkworm, Bombyx mori L..  J. Sericult. Sci. Japan 35:  393-7.  [in Japanese].


Utsumi, S., K. Kurisu & Y. Ichikawa.  1966b.  Action of beta-propiolactone on the pathogenic viruses of the silkworm, Bombyx mori L.  J. Sericult. Sci. Japan 35:  398-404.  [in Japanese].


Uttangi, J. C. & R. N. Desal.  1962.  On some gregarines from the nonxylophagous termite, Speculitermes cyclops sinhalensis from Dharwar (India).  J. Anim. Morph., Physiol. 9:  97-109.






Uvarov, B. P.  1928a.  Insect nutrition and metabolism.  Trans. Ent. Soc. London 76:  255-343.


Uvarov, B. P.  1928b.  Locusts and Grasshoppers.  Imp. Bur. Ent., London.  352 p.


Uvarov, B. P.  1929.  Insect nutrition and metabolism.  Trans. Ent. Soc. London 76(2):  255-343.


Uvarov, B. P.  1931.  Insects and climate.  Trans. Ent. Soc. London 79:  1-247.


Uvarov, B. P.  1957.  The aridity factor in the ecology of locusts and grasshoppers of the old world.  Human & Animal Ecology, Review of Research.  Paris, UNESCO.  Arid Zone Res. Pt. 8.  p. 164-98.








Uygun, N.  1971.  Der Einfluss der Nahrungsmenge auf Fruchtbarkeit und Lebensdauer von Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Rondani 1847) (Diptera: Itonididae).  Z. ang. Ent. 69:  234-58.




Uzen, Czjun-li.  1966.  Untersuchungen zur Bekämpfung des Batatenschädlings Omphisa illisalis Walk. mit Hilfe von Ameisen.  Kunchong Zhishi 10(3):  140-1.  [in Chinese].