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Entomology / Biological Pest Control





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[For Subject Matter, depress Ctrl/F]     Additional references may be found at:  MELVYL Library






Tabashnik, B. E.  1986.  Evolution of pesticide resistance in predator-prey systems.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 32:  156-61.


Tabashnik, B. E. & B. A. Croft.  1982.  managing pesticide resistance in crop-arthropod complexes:  interactions between biological and operational factors.  Environ. Ent. 11:  1137-44.


Tabashnik, B. E. & N. L. Cushing.  1988.  Quantitative genetic analysis of insecticide resistance:  variation in fenvalerate tolerance in a diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) population.  J. Econ. Ent. (in press).


Tabashnik, B. E. & M. W. Johnson.  1999.  Evolution of pesticide resistance in natural enemies. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 24, p. 673-689, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Tabashnik, B. E., N. L. Cushing, N. L. Finson & M. W. Johnson.  1990.  Field development of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis in diamondback moth.  J. Econ. Ent. 83:  1672-76.


Tabibzadeh, I., C. Behbehani & R. Nakhai.  1970.  Use of Gambusia fish in the malaria eradication programme of Iran.  Bull. World Hlth. Org. 43:  623-26.


Taborsky, V. 1992.  Small-Scale Processing of Microbial Pesticides.  FAO Agric. Services Bull. 96, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.


Tachikawa, T.  1955.  Some notes on the Japanese species of the genus Anicetus Howard (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae).  Japanese J. Appl. Zool. 20:  173-76.


Tachikawa, T.  1958.  Food habits of four coccinellids of economic importance attacking the scale insects.  New Ent. 7(4):  12-16.


Tachikawa, T.  1963.  Revisional studies on the Encyrtidae of Japan (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).  Mem. Ehime Univ. Sect. VI(Agr.)9:  1-264.


Tachikawa, T.  1965.  Natural enemies of Lepidosaphes tuburolum [Hemiptera: Diaspididae] in Shikoku.  Trans. Shikoku Ent. Soc. 8(3):  93.


Tachikawa, T. 1981. Hosts of encyrtid genera in the World (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, Ehime University 25(2): 85-110.


Tachikawa, T. & G. Gordh.  1987.  A new genus and species of encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) parasitic on Indiococcus  (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) in Japan.  Trans. Shikoku Entomol. Soc. 18(3-4):  305-309.


Tadic, M. D.  1958.  Apanteles hyphantriae Riley, an egg parasite of the fall webworm.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. (1956) 4:  859-86.


Tadic, M. D.  1955a.  Work of introducing American parasites of the fall webworm into Europe.  Inst. Plant Protect., Belgrade.  15 p.


Tadic, M. D.  1955b.  Relations of Mericia ampelus Wlk. to the silkworm.  Zast. Bilja. 30:  41-8.  [English summary].


Tadic, M. D.  1958a.  Biological control of the fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea Dr.) in Europe.  10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Proc. 4:  855-58.


Tadic, M. D.  1958b.  Apanteles hyphantriae Riley, an egg parasite of the fall webworm.  10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Proc. 4:  859-61.


Tadic, M. D.  1959.  Meteorus hyphantriae Riley and Meteorus bakeri C. & D., parasites of the fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea Drury) imported into Europe.  4th Internatl. Cong. Crop Proc. (Hamburg) 1:  873-74.


Tadic, M. D.  1961.  Les insectes entomophages autochtones du pou de San José (Quadraspidiotus pernicious (Comst.) en Yougoslavie.  Ann. Sci. Agr. 14:  111-32.  [in Serbian with French abstract].


Tadic, M. D.  1962.  Numerical relationship between Anastatus disparis R. and Ooencyrtus kuwanae How. in certain localities of Yugoslavia.  Agron. Glasnik. 5-7:  548-52.  [in Serbian].


Tadic, M. D.  1963a.  Natural enemies of the fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea Dr.) in North America.  Entomophaga 8:  245-52.


Tadi…, M. D.  1963.  Possibilités d'introduction en Yougoslavie du prédateur américain de l'écaille fileuse Podisus placidus Uhler.  Arh. poljopr. Nauk 16(54):  40-50.  [in Serbo-Croatian].


Tadic, M. D.  1964.  Le regime almentaire de les races de l'ecaille fileuse (Hyphantria cunea Dr.) en Amerique du Nord.  Zast. Bilja 80:  447-51.


Tadic, M. D. & B. Bin…ev.  1959.  Gubar. resultati rada na njegovom prou…avanju i suzbyanju kod nas u toku 1958 godine.  Plant Protect. 1959:  51-9.  [in Serbian].


Tadic, M. D. & D. Kosac.  1967.  Spread of the fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea Dr.) in the world and in the Balkans and adaptation of autochthonous parasites of the pest.  Plant Protect. (Belgrade) 96-97:  357-64.  [in Serbian].


Taft, H. M. & A. R. Hopkins.  1975.  Boll weevils:  field populations controlled by sterilizing emerging overwintering females with TH-6040 sprayable bait.  J. Econ. Ent. 68:  183-5.


Tai, Akira, F. Matsumura & H. C. Coppel.  1969.  Chemical identification of the trail-following pheromone for a southern subterranean termite.  J. Organ. Chem. 34:  2180-82.


Tai, A., F. Matsumura & H. C. Coppel.  1971.  Synthetic analogues of the termite trail-following pheromone, structure and biological activity.  J. Insect Physiol. 17:  181-88.


Takafuji, A.  1977.  The effect of the rate of successful dispersal of a phytoseiid mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) on the persistence in the interactive system between the predator and its prey.  Res Pop. Ecol. 18:  210-22.


Takafuji, A., Y. Tsuda & T. Miki.  1981a.  System behaviour in predator-prey interaction with special reference to acarine predator-prey systems.  Res. Popul. Ecol. Suppl. 3:  75-92.


Takafuji, A., T. Inoue & K. Fujita.  1981b.  Analysis of an acarine predator-prey system in glasshouse.  First Japan/USA Symp. on Integrated Pest Management, Tsukuba (Japan), Sept. 29-30, 1981:  144-53.


Takaftiji, A., Y. Tsuda, and T. Miki. 1983.  System behaviour in predators, with special reference to acarine predator-prey systems.  Researches on Population Ecology, supplement 3: 75-92.


Takagi, K. & T. Ujiye.  1986.  Suppressive effects on the arrowhead scale, Unaspis yanonensis (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) of the introduced parasitoids Aphytis yanonensis and Coccobius fulvus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  Bull. Fruit Tree Res. Sta., Series D 8:  53-64.


Takahashi, F. & D. Pimentel.  1966.  pH changes in various housefly media.  Canad. Ent. 98:  633-5.


Takahashi, F. & D. Pimentel.  1967.  Wasp preference for the black, brown, and hybrid-type pupae of the house fly.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60:  623-5.


Takahashi, F.  1963.  Changes in some ecological characters of the almond moth caused by the selective action of an ichneumon wasp in their interacting system.  Res. Popul. Ecol., Kyoto 5:  117-29.


Takahashi, F.  1968.  Functional response to host density in a parasitic wasp, with reference to population regulation.  Res. Pop. Ecol. 10:  54-68.


Takahashi, F.  1977.  Triops spp. (Notostraca: Triopsidae) for the biological agents of weeds in rice paddies in Japan.  Entomophaga 22:  351-57.


Takahashi, F. & D. Pimentel.  1967.  Wasp preference for black-, brown-, and hybrid-type pupae of the house fly.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60:  623-5.


Takahashi, R.  1939.  Life-history and control methods of Pulvinaria polygonata Ckll. (Coccidae).  Formosa Agr. Rev. 35:  403-14.  [English summary].


Takahashi, R.  1963.  Experimental results on the control of the Comstock mealybug.  Niigata Agr. Expt. Sta., Spec. Rept. 36:  1-120.


Takahashi, R. M., R. J. Stewart & C. H. Schaefer.  1979.  An assessment of Plea striola (Hemiptera: Pleidae) as a mosquito control agent in California.  Mosq. News 39:  514-19.


Takahashi, S., M. Hajika, J. Takabayashi, and M. Fukui, 1990.  Oviposition stimulants in the coccoid cuticular waxes of Aphytis yanonensis DeBach and Rosen.  J. Chem. Ecol., 16: 1657-1665.


Takahashi, Y.  1963.  Globules in the adipose cells of the green rice leaf-hopper (Nephotettix cincticeps) infected with the virus of yellow dwarf disease of the rice plant.  Japan. J. Appl. Ent., Zool. 7:  350-1.  [in Japanese].


Takami, T., H. Sugiyama, T. Kitazawa & T. Kanda.  1966.  Infection of cultured silkworm eggs with the nuclear-polyhedrosis virus.  Japanese J. Appl. Ent. Zool. 10:  197-204.  [in Japanese].


Takano, S.  1940.  On the biological control of sugarcane insects in Formosa.  Japanese Assoc. Adv. Sci. Rept. 15:  231-33.  (Abs in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 29:  92).


Takano, S. & I. Noda.  1938.  A morphological and ecological study of Synonycha grandis Thunberg in Formosa.  Rept. GFovt Sug. Expt. Sta. Formosa No. 5:  116-38.  [in Japanese with English summary].


Takara, T. & S. Azuma.  1966.  Basic study on controlling insect pests of pineapple. 1.  Insect association found in pineapple fields in Okinawa.  J. Okinawa Agr. 5:  24-30.  [in Japanese].


Takasu, K. and Y. Hirose. 1988.  Host discrimination in the parasitoid Ooencyrtus nezara& The role of the egg stalk as an external marker.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 47: 45-48.


Takasu, T. & K. Sato.  1966.  Spread of the infectious flacherie of the silkworm in rearing tray with mulberry shoot.  Sansi-Kenkyç 60:  78-84.


Takasu, K; Ode, P J; Antolin, M F; Strand, M R.  1997.   Environ. and genetic determinants of ovicide in the parasitic wasp Bracon hebetor.  Behavioral Ecology, v.8, n.6, (1997): 647-654.


Takeda, S., S. Hukusima & S. Yamada.  1964.  Seasonal abundance of coccinellid beetles.  Res. Bull. Fac. Agr. Gifu Univ. 19:  55-63.


Takizawa, Y. & T. Iizuka.  1963a.  Studies on the toxicity of some Bacillus upon the silkworm, Bombyx mori L.  I.  Influence upon young larvae.  J. Sericult. Sci. Japan 32:  343-7.  [in Japanese].


Takizawa, Y. & T. Iizuka.  1963b.  Studies on the toxicity of some Bacillus upon the silkworm, Bombyx mori L.  II. Influence upon fifth-instar larvae.  J. Sericult. Sci. Japan 32:  348-52.  [in Japanese].


Talalaev, E. V.  1956.  Septicemia of the caterpillars of the Siberian silk-worm.  Microbiol. U.S.S.R. 25:  99-102.


Talalaev, E. V.  1961.  Bacterial control of Dendrolimus sibiricus.  Zastch. Rast. (Moscow) 6:  20-2.  [in Russian].


Talalaev, E. V.  1963a.  Die Erzeugung einer Septikämie-Epizootie als Methode zur Bekämpfung von Dendrolimus sibiricus.  Mikrobiol. metody bor'by s vrednymi nasekomymi, Moskva.  p. 81-8.  [in Russian].


Talalaev, E. V.  1963b.  Die Erzeugung einer Septikämie-Epizootic als Bekämpfungsmethode gegen Dendrolimus sibiricus, p. 249-53.  In:  Sbornik:  Materialy po izu…. lesov Sibiri i Dal'n. Vost., Krasnojarsk.  [in Russian].


Talalaev, E. V.  1965a.  Die Grundzüge der Krankheit der Raupen des sibirischen Spinners, die durch den Bacillus dendrolimus hervorgerufen wird.  Izv. Biol.-geogr. nau…n.-issled. Inst. pri Irkutskom Univ. 19(1):  4-12.  [in Russian].


Talalaev, E. V.  1965a.  Über die Arbeitsrichtung auf dem Gebiet der Erforschung der Anwendung von Mikroorganismen zur Bekämpfung schädlicher Insekten, p. 19-21.  In:  A. I. „erepanov (ed.), Issled. po biol. metod. bor'by s vredit. sels'kogo i lesn. choz. (Dokl. k simp., 17-20 Nov 1964).  Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk. Otd., Novosibirsk, Vyp. 2.  [in Russian].


Talalaev, E. V.  1965b.  Grundlagen zur Kenntnis der Septikämie der Raupen von Dendrolimus sibiricus, erzeugt durch Bacillus dendrolimus n. sp., p. 71-7.  In:  E. V. Talalaeva (ed.), Ispol. Mikroorgan. dl. bor'by s vred. nasekom. Les. Vost. Sibiri..  Izv. biol.-geogr. nau…n. issled. Inst. pri Irkutsk gosudarst. Univ. im. ðdanova 19(1).  [in Russian].


Talalaev, E. V.  1966a.  Die epizootologische Richtung in der mikrobiologischen Methode der Schädlingsbekämpfung, p. 44-6.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].


Talalaev, E. V.  1966b.  Durch Bacillus dendrolimus Talalaev künstlich hervorgerufene Septikämie der Raupen von Dendrolimus sibiricus und epizootische Erkrankungen, p. 161-4.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].


Talalaeva, G. B.  1965a.  Über die Dauer der Erhaltung der Lebensfähigkeit von Bacillus dendrolimus Talalaev in Baumpflanzungen bei ihrer Behandlung mit Dendrobazillin, p. 21-2.  In:  A. I. „erepanov (ed.), Issled. po biol. metod. bor'by s vredit. sels'kogo i lesn. choz. (Dokl. k simp., 17-20 Nov 1964).  Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk. Otd., Novosibirsk, Vyp. 2.  [in Russian].


Talalaeva, G. B.  1965b.  Über die Persistenz von Bacillus dentrolimus in Baumpflanzungen nach einer Bekämpfung mit Dendrobazillin, p. 23-5.  In:  E. V. Talalaeva (ed.), Ispol. Mikroorgan. dl. bor'by s vred. nasekom. Les. Vost. Sibiri..  Izv. biol.-geogr. nau…n. issled. Inst. pri Irkutsk gosudarst. Univ. im. ðdanova 19(1).  [in Russian].


Talalaeva, G. B.  1965c.  Über die Möglichkeit der Vermehrung von Bacillus dendrolimus in Abhängikeit von Pflanzen-Assoziationen, p. 26-8.  In:  E. V. Talalaeva (ed.), Ispol. Mikroorgan. dl. bor'by s vred. nasekom. Les. Vost. Sibiri..  Izv. biol.-geogr. nau…n. issled. Inst. pri Irkutsk gosudarst. Univ. im ðdanova 19(1).  [in Russian].


Talalaeva, G. B.  1966.  Über das natürliche Reservoir an kristallbildenden Bakterien der Bacillus thuringiensis-Gruppe, Typ dendrolimus, p. 159-60.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].


Talekar, N. S. & J. C. Yang.  1991.  Characteristic of parasitism of diamondback moth by two larval parasites.  Entomophaga 36:  95-104.


Talhouk, A. S.  1961.  Records of entomophagous insects from Lebanon.  Entomophaga 6:  207-.


Talhouk, A. S.  1975.  Citrus pests throughout the world.  Citrus Tech. Monogr. No. 4, p. 21-24.  Ciba-Geigy, Basel, Switzerland.


Talhouk, A. S. 1991.  On the management of the date palm and its arthropod enemies in the Arabian Peninsula. J. Applied Entomol., Ill: 514-520.


Talickij, V. I.  1965.  Die Parasiten von Psylla pyri in der Moldauregion, p. 112-20.  In:  A. I. „erepanov (ed.), Issled. po biol. metod. bor'by s vredit. sels'kogo i lesn. choz. (Dokl. k simp., 17-20 Nov 1964).  Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk. Otd., Novosibirsk, Vyp. 2.  [in Russian].


Talitskii, V. I.  1940.  Rearing and use of Telenomus for controlling stinkbug.  Kiev-Khar'kov.  p. 72.  [in Russian].


Talitsskii, V. I.  1961.  Ichneumon flies and tachinid flies-- parasites of orchard pests in Moldavia.  Tr. Mold. Inst. Sadovod. Vinograd. Vinodel. 7:  132-35.  [in Russian].


Talkington, M. L. & R. E. Berry.  1986.  Influence of tillage in peppermint on Fumibotys fumalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), a common groundsel, Senicio vulgaris, and soil chemical components.  J. Econ. Ent. 79:  1590-94.


Tallamy, D. W.  1983.  Equilibrium biogeography and its application to insect host-parasite systems.  Amer. Nat. 121:  244-54.


Talman, P. N.  1962.  Methoden zur Steigerung der Wirksamkeit von Mikroorganismen für die Bekämpfung von Waldschädlingen, p. 133-40.  In:  Sbornik statej po obmenu proizvod.- techn. opytom po lesnomu choz. i lesoustrojstvu, Leningrad.  [in Russian].


Taluker, D., A. R. Khan & M. Hasan.  1989.  Growth of Diacrisia obliqua [Lep.: Arctiidae] with low doses of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki.  Entomophaga 587-89.


Tamaki, G.  1972.  The biology of Geocoris bullatus inhabiting orchard floors and its impact on Myzus persicae on peaches.  Environ. Ent. 1:  559-65.


Tamaki, G.  1973.  Spring populations of the green peach aphid on peach trees and the role of natural enemies in their control.  Environ. Ent. 2:  186-91.


Tamaki, G. & J. E. Halfhill.  1968.  Bands on peach trees as shelters for predators of the green peach aphid.  J. Econ. Ent. 61:  707-11.


Tamaki, G. & R. E. Weeks.  1968.  Anthocoris melanocerus as a predator of the green peach aphid on sugar beets and broccoli.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 61:  579-84.


Tamaki, G. & R. W. Weeks.  1972a.  Biology and ecology of two predators, Geocoris pallens Stal and G. fullatus (Say).  USDA Tech. Bull. 1446.  46 p.


Tamaki, G. & R. W. Weeks.  1972b.  Efficiency of three predators, Geocoris bullatus, Nabis americoferus and Coccinella transversoguttata, used alone or in combination against three insect prey species, Myzus persicae, Ceramica picta and Mamestra configurata in a greenhouse study.  Environ. Ent. 1:  258-63.


Tamaki, G. & R. W. Weeks.  1973.  The impact of predators on populations of green peach aphids on field-grown sugarbeets.  Environ. Ent. 2:  345-49.


Tamaki, G., B. J. Landis & R. E. Weeks.  1967.  Autumn populations of green peach aphid on peach trees and the role of syrphid flies in their control.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  433-36.


Tamaki, G., J. E. Halfhill & D. O. Hathaway.  1970.  Dispersal and reduction of colonies of pea aphids by Aphidius smithi (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 63:  973-980.


Tamaki, G., J. E. Turner & R. L. Wallis.  1972.  Life tables for evaluating the rearing of the zebra caterpillar.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  1024-7.


Tamaki, G., J. U. McGuire & J. E. Turner.  1974.  Predator power and efficacy:  a model to evaluate their impact.  Environ. Ent. 3:  625-30.


Tamaki, G., R.L. Chauvin, and T. Hsiao. 1982.  Rearing Doryphorophaga doryphorae, a tachinid parasite of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotana decemlineata.  USDA / ARS Advances in Agric. Technology, Western Series, No. 21.  


Tamashiro, M.  1960.  The susceptibility of Bracon-paralyzed Corcyra cephalonica (Stainton) to Bacillus thuringiensis var. thuringiensis Berliner.  J. Insect Path. 2:  209-19.


Tamashiro, M.  1964.  Observations on the larval ecology of Aedes (Stregomyia) polynesiensis Marks on Aitutaki, southern Cook Islands.  World Health Organ. EBL 22:  29 p.


Tamashiro, M.  1967.  The effect of insect pathogen on some biological control agents in Hawaii, p. 55-7.  Abstr. Pap. U.S-Japan Seminar, "Microbial Control of Insect Pests," Fukuoka, 1967.  U.S.-Japan Commit. Sci. Coop. Panel 8, Res. Pesticides.


Tamashiro, M. & S. Huang.  1963.  A cytoplasmic polyhedrosis of Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg).  J. Insect Path. 5:  397-9.


Tan, Chia-chen.  1933.  Notes on the biology of the lady-bird beetle, Ptychanatis axyridis Pall.  Pekin Nat. Hist. Bull. 8(1):  9-18.


Tanada, Y.  1953.  Descriptions and characteristics of a granulosis virus of the imported cabbageworm.  Proc. Hawaiian Ent. Soc. 15:  235-60.


Tanada, Y.  1955a.  Field observations on a microsporidian parasite of Pieris rapae (L.) and Apanteles glomeratus (L.).  Proc. Hawaiian Ent. Soc. 15:  609-16.


Tanada, Y.  1955b.  Susceptibility of the imported cabbageworm to fungi:  Beauveria spp.   Proc. Hawaiian Ent. Soc. 15:  617-22.


Tanada, Y.  1956a.  Some factors affecting the susceptibility of the armyworm to virus infections.  J. Econ. Ent. 49:  52-7.


Tanada, Y.  1956b.  Microbial control of some lepidopterous pests of crucifers.  J. Econ. Ent. 49:  320-9.


Tanada, Y.  1959a.  Microbial control of insect pests.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 4:  277-302.


Tanada, Y.  1959b.  Synergism between two viruses of the armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haworth) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).  J. Insect Path. 1:  215-31.


Tanada, Y.  1961.  The epizootiology of virus diseases in field populations of the armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haworth).  J. Insect Path. 3:  310-23.


Tanada, Y.  1964a.  Epizootiology of insect diseases, Chap. 19, p. 548-78.  In:  P. DeBach (ed.), Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds.  Reinhold, New York.  844 p.


Tanada, Y.  1964b.  A granulosis virus of the codling moth, Carpocapsa pomonella (Linnaeus) (Olethreutidae, Lepidoptera).  J. Insect Path. 6:  378-80.


Tanada, Y.  1965.  Factors affecting the susceptibility of insects to viruses.  Entomophaga 10:  139-50.


Tanada, Y.  1966.  Field observations of the biotic factors regulating the population of the armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haworth).  proc. Hawaii. Ent. Soc. 19:  302-8.


Tanada, Y.  1967a.  Microbial pesticides, p. 31-88.  In:  W. W. Kilgore & R. L. Doutt (eds.), Pest Control:  Biological, Physical and Selected Chemical Methods.  Academic Press, New York.  477 p.


Tanada, Y.  1967b.  The role of viruses in the regulation of the population of the armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haworth), p. 15-16.  Abstr. Pap. U.S-Japan Seminar, "Microbial Control of Insect Pests," Fukuoka, 1967.  U.S.-Japan Commit. Sci. Coop. Panel 8, Res. Pesticides.


Tanada, Y.  1971.  Interactions of insect viruses with special emphasis on interference, p. 185-200.  In:  H. Aruga & Y. Tanada (eds.), The Cytoplasmic Polyhedrosis Virus of the Silkworm.  Univ. Tokyo Press, Tokyo.


Tanada, Y & J. W. Beardsley, Jr.  1958.  A biological study of the lawn armyworm Spodoptera mauritia (Boisduval) in Hawaii (Lepidoptera: Phalaenidae).  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 16:  411-36.


Tanada, Y. & G. Y. Chang.  1960.  A cytoplasmic polyhedrosis of the armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haworth) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).  J. Insect Path. 2:  201-8.


Tanada, Y. and H.K. Kaya. 1993.  Insect Pathology.  Academic Press, San Diego, California, U.S.A.


Tanaka, K.  1956.  [Biology of some species of Claenius (Carabidae, Col.)].  Knotyu 24:  87-96.  [in Japanese].


Tanaka, M.  1953.  The settlement of the red scale and the horned wax scale on the potato tubers.  I.  The study of mass production of the important hym. parasite (Anicetus ceroplastis Ishii).  Kyushu Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 2:  55-63.  (English summary).


Tanaka, M.  1963a.  Chemische und biologische Bekämpfung von Citrus-Schädlingen.  Agr. & Hort. 38:  1516-5.  [in Japanese].


Tanaka, M.  1963b.  Prevention of injurious insects of citrus by means of a combination of agricultural chemicals and natural enemies.  Kajitus Nippon 18(9):  11-13.  [in Japanese].


Tanaka, M.  1966.  [Fundamental studies on the utilization of natural enemies in the citrus groves in Japan].  I.  The bionomics of natural enemies of the most serious pests. 1. Chilocorus kuwanae Silvestri (Coccinellidae), a predator of an arrow-head scale, Unaspis yanonensis Kuwana.  2.  Stethorus japonicus M. Kamiya (Coccinellidae) a predator of the citrus red mite, Panonychus citri McG.  Bull. Hort. Res. Sta., Ser. D. No. 4.  42 p.]  [in Japanese].


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Taylor, J. S.  1940.  The Karroo caterpillar.  Farming in So. Africa, No. 79.  2 p.


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Taylor, K. L.  1967a.  The introduction, culture, liberation, and recovery of parasites of Sirex noctilio in Tasmania, 1962-67.  Austral. Commonw. Sci. & Indus. Organ., Div. Ent., Tech. paper 8.  19 p.


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Taylor, T. A.  1966.  On the bionomics and ecology of Heteronychus licas (Klug) [Coleoptera, Dynastinae], a new pest of sugarcane in Nigeria.  Bull. Ent. Res. 57:  143-58.


Taylor, T. A.  1969.  Preliminary studies on the integrated control of the pest complex on cowpea, Vigna unguiculata Walp. in Nigeria.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  900-02.


Taylor, T. A.  1975.  Gryon gnidus, a scelionid egg-parasite of Acanthomia tomentosicollis [Hem.: Coreidae] in Nigeria.  Entomophaga 20:  129-34.


Taylor, T. H. C.  1928a.  Investigations in Trinidad on a parasite for "Clidemia hirta."  Fiji Dept. Agr., Agr. J. 1:  2-8.


Taylor, T. H. C.  1928b.  Parasites from Trinidad for the coconut scale.  Agr. J. Dept. Agr., Fiji 1(2):  11-15.


Taylor, T. H. C.  1930.  Early nutfall from coconut palms in Fiji.  Fiji Dept. Agr. Bull. 17.  42 p.


Taylor, T. H. C.  1933.  An investigation of the banana-scab moth, Nacoleia octasema Meyr., and its parasites, in Java, and the introduction of one of its parasites into Fiji.  Pt. I.  Investigations in Java.  Fiji Dept. Agr., Agr. J. 6:  3-13.


Taylor, T. H. C.  1935.  The campaign against Aspidiotus destructor in Fiji.  Bull. Ent. Res. 26:  1-102.


Taylor, T. H. C.  1937.  The biological control of an insect pest in Fiji.  An account of the coconut leafmining beetle and its parasite complex.  Imperial Bureau of Ent., Imperial Agr. Bureaux, London.  239 p.


Taylor, T. H. C.  1945.  Recent investigations of Antestia species in Uganda.  J. East Africa Agr. 10:  223-33; 11:  47-55.


Taylor, T. H. C.  1955.  Biological control of insect pests.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 42:  190-6.


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Tersac, J. & J. Guerdoux.  1981.  Elevage de Pimpla instigator [Hym.: Ichneumonidae] dans des conditions artificielles. I. Ponte dans un leurre.  Entomophaga 26:  221-31.


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Teskey, H. J.  1960.  A review of the life history and habits of Musca autumnalis DeGeer (Diptera; Muscidae).  Canad. Ent. 92:  360-67.


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Thiele, H. U.  1964.  Experimentalle Untersuchungen über die Ursachen der Biotopbindung bei Carabiden.  Z. Morph. Okol. Tiere 53:  387-452.


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Thierolf, W. R.  1928.  The economic importance of Paratenodera sinensis.  Ent. News 39:  112-16, 140-45.


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Thill, H.  1964.  Beobachtungen an Raubmilben auf Zwetschenbäumen.  Entomophaga 9:  239-42.


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Thoizon, G.  1967.  Entomophthora pyriformis sp. n., entomophthorale parasite d'Aphides.  Entomophaga 12:  303-07.


Thomas, D. C. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1990.  The population genetics of host plant adaptation of Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) on four different horticultural crops. Bull. IOBC/WPRS 1990/XIII/5: 215-217.


Thomas, D. C., P. W. T. Huisman & J. C. van Lenteren.  1991.  A study of host plant adaptation in the glasshouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood)). Proc.  Exper. & Appl. Entomol., N.E.V. Amsterdam, 2: 121-122.


Thomas, E.D., C.F. Reichelderfer, and A.M. Heimpel. 1973.  The effect of sofl pH on the persistence of cabbage looper nuclear polyhedrosis virus in soil.  J. Invertebr. Pathologv, 21: 21-25.


Thomas, G. D. & C. E. Morgan.  1972.  Parasites of the horn fly in Missouri.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  169-76.


Thomas, G. D. & C. W. Wingo.  1968.  Parasites of the face fly and two other species of dung-inhabiting flies in Missouri.  J. Econ. Ent. 61:  147-52.


Thomas, H. A.  1964.  Field and laboratory studies of Chilocorus cacti L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a diaspine-scale predator on citrus.  J. Rio Grande Val. Hort. Soc. 18:  36-43.


Thomas, J. D.  1973.  Schistosomiasis and the control of molluscan hosts of human schistosomes with particular reference to possible self-regulatory mechanisms, p. 307-94.  In:  B. Dawes (ed.), Advances in Parasitology.  Academic Press, New York.


Thomas, K. J. 1981.  The role of aquatic weeds in changing the pattern of ecosystems in Kerala.  Environmental Conservation, 8: 63.....


Thomas, M. 1990.  Diversification of the arable ecosystem to control natural enemies of cereal aphids.  Game Conser­vancy Rev., 21: 68-69.


Thomas, M.B., S.D. Wratten, and N.W. Sotherton. 1991.  Creation of "island" habitats in farmland to manipu­late populations of beneficial arthropods: predator densities and emigration.  J. Applied Ecology, 28: 906-917.


Thomas, M.B., Hj.  Mitchell, and S.D. Wratten. 1992.  Abiotic and biotic factors influencing the winter distribution of predatory insects.  Oecologia, 89: 78-84.


Thomas, P. A. & M. Room.  1985.  Towards biological control of salvinia in Papua New Guinea, p. 567-74.  In:  E. S. Delfosse (ed.), Proc. 6th Intern. Symp. Biological Control of Weeds, 19-25 Aug, 1984, Vancouver, Canada, Agriculture Canada.


Thomas, P. A. & P. M. Room.  1986.  Taxonomy and control of Salvinia molesta.  Nature 320:  581-84.


Thomas, R. T. & A. Simon.  1966.  A method of breeding Philanthus triangulum F. [Sphecidae, Hymenoptera].  Ent. Ber., Amsterdam 26:  114-16.


Thomas, W. J., D. W. Ziegler, S. A. Schepartz & W. F. McLimans.  1958.  Use of arginine to eliminate medium changes in tissue culture systems.  Science 127:  591-2.


Thomas, W. P.  1960.  Notes on a preliminary investigation into the habits and life cycle of Copris incertus Say (Coprini: Coleoptera) in New Zealand.  New. Zeal. J. Sci. 3(1):  8-14.


Thomas, W. P.  1960.  Notes on a preliminary investigation into the habits and life cycle of Copris incertus Say (Coprini: Coleoptera) in New Zealand.  New Zeal. J. Sci. 3:  8-14.


Thomas, W. P.  1965.  A note on the life cycle of Eugregarines inhabiting the alimentary canal of Epiphyas postvittana (Walker) [Lepidoptera: Tortricidae].  New Zeal. Ent. 3(4):  42-6.


Thomas, W. P.  1969.  The establishment in New Zealand of Bracon variegator Nees (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) a parasite of Coleophora species (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae).  New Zeal. J. Sci. 12:  43-53.


Thompson, A. C., B. J. Wright, D. D. Hardee, R. C. Gueldner & P. A. Hedin.  1970.  Constituents of the cotton bud. XVI. The attractancy response of the boll weevil to the essential oils of a group of host and nonhost plants.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  751-53.


Thompson, A. C., D. N. Baker, R. C. Gueldner & P. A. Hedin.  1971.  Identification and quantitative analysis of the volatile substances emitted by maturing cotton in the field.  Plant Physiol. 48  50-2.


Thompson, C. G.  1959.  Thermal inhibition of certain polyhedrosis virus diseases.  J. Insect Path. 1:  189-90.


Thompson, C. G. & E. A. Steinhaus.  1950.  Further tests using a polyhedrosis virus to control the alfalfa caterpillar.  Hilgardia 19:  411-45.


Thompson, C. R. & D. H. Habeck.  1989.  Host specificity and biology of the weevil Neohydronomus affinis [Col.: Curculionidae], a biological control agent of Pistia stratiotes.  Entomophaga 34:  299-306.


Thompson, D. J.  1975.  Towards a predator-prey model incorporating age structure:  the effects of predator and prey size on the predation of Daphnia magna by Ischnura elegans.  J. Anim. Ecol. 44:  907-16.


Thompson, D. Q., R. L. Stucky & E. B. Thompson.  1987.  Spread, impact and control of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) in North American wetlands.  USDA Int. Fish & Wildlife Serv. Fish & Wildlife Res. 2, Wash., D.C.  55 p.


Thompson, H. E.  1962.  Effect of delayed spraying on cankerworm control.  J. Econ. Ent. 55:  558-59.


Thompson, H. V.  1963.  The limitations of control measures.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 51:  326-29.


Thompson, J. N.  1983.  Selection pressures on phytophagous insects feeding on small host plants.  Oikos 40:  438-44.


Thompson, J.N. 1986.  Oviposition behaviour and searching efficiency in a natural population of a braconid parasitoid.  Journal of Animal Ecology, 55: 351-36o.


Thompson, J.N. and 0. Pellmyr. 1991.  Evolution of oviposition behavior and host preference in Lepidoptera.  Annu. Rev. of Entomol., 36: 65-89.


Thompson, L.C., H.M. Kulman, and R.A. Helienthal. 1979.  Parasitism of the larch sawfly by Bessa harveyi (Diptera: Tachinidae).  Ann. Entomol. Soc. of Amer., 72: 468-471.


Thompson, P. H. 1967. Tabanidae of Maryland. Tra(1s. Amer. Entomol. Soc., 93(4): 463-519; 6 f.


Thompson, S N; Dahlman, D L.  1998.  Aberrant nutritional regulation of carbohydrate synthesis by parasitized Manduca sexta L.  J. of Insect Physiology, v.44, n.9, (1998): 745-753.


Thompson, R. D., G. C. Mitchell & R. J. Burns.  1972.  Vampire bat control by systemic treatment of livestock with an anticoagulant.  Science 177:  806-07.


Thompson, S. N.  1975.  Defined meridic and holidic diets and aseptic feeding procedures for artificially rearing the ectoparasitoid Exeristes roborator (Fabricius).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 68:  220-26.


Thompson, S. N.  1976a.  Effects of dietary amino acid level and nutritional balance on larval survival and development of the parasite Exeristes roborator.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 69:  835-38.


Thompson, S. N.  1976b.  The amino acid requirements for larval development of the hymenopterous parasitoid Exeristes roborator Fabricius (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae).  Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 72B:  211-13.


Thompson, S. N.  1977.  Lipid nutrition during larval development of the parasitic wasp, Exeristes.  J. Ins. Physiol. 23:  579-83.


Thompson, S. N.  1980.  Artificial culture techniques for rearing larvae of the chalcidoid parasite, Brachymeria intermedia.  Ent. Expt. Appl. 27:  133-43.


Thompson, S. N.  1981a.  The nutrition of parasitic Hymenoptera.  Proc. 9th Intern. Cong. Plant Prot. 1:  93-6.


Thompson, S. N.  1981b.  Brachymeria lasus:  culture in vitro of a chalcid insect parasite.  Expt. Parasitol. 32:  414-18.


Thompson, S. N.  1981c.  Brachymeria lasus and Pachycrepoideus vindemiae:  sterol requirements during larval growth of two hymenopterous insect parasites reared in vitro on chemically defined diets.  Expt. Parasitol. 51:  220-35.


Thompson, S. N.  1981d.  Essential amino acid requirements of four species of parasitic Hymenoptera.  Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 69A:  173-74.


Thompson, S. N.  1982.  Exeristes roborator: Quantitative determination of in vitro larval growth rates in synthetic media with different glucose concentrations.  Expt. Parasitol. 54:  229-34.


Thompson, S. N.  1983a.  Larval growth of the insect parasite Brachymeria lasus reared in vitro.  J. Parasitol. 69:  425-27.


Thompson, S. N.  1983b.  Metabolic and physiological effects of metazoan endoparasites on their host species.  Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 74B:  183-211.


Thompson, S. N.  1983c.  Brachymeria lasus:  effects of nutrient level on In vitro larval growth of a chalcid insect parasite.  Expt. Parasitol. 55:  312-19.


Thompson, S. N.  1983c.  Biochemical and physiological effects of metazoan endoparasites on their host species.  Comp. Biochem. & Physiol. 74B:  183-211.


Thompson, S. N.  1985.  Metabolic integration during the host associations of multicellular animal endoparasites.  Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 81B:  21-42.


Thompson, S. N.  1986a.  Nutrition and in vivo culture of insect parasitoids.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 31:  197-219.


Thompson, S. N.  1986b.  The metabolism of insect parasites (parasitoids):  an overview.  J. Ins. Physiol. 32:  421-23.


Thompson, S. N.  1989.  Nutritional considerations in propagation of entomophagous species. p. 389-404.  In:  R. Baker & P. Dunn (eds.), New Directions in Biological Control.  UCLA Symposia on Molecular & Cellular Biology.  Alan R. Liss Publ., New York.


Thompson, S. N.  1990.  Physiological alterations during parasitism and their effects on host behaviour, p. 64-94.  In:  C. J. Barnard & J. M. Behnke (eds.), Parasitism and Host Behaviour.  Taylor & Francis, London.


Thompson, S. N.  1998.   Long-term regulation of glucogenesis by dietary carbohydrate and relevance to blood sugar level in an insect Manduca sexta L.  International J. of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, v.30, n.9, (1998. Sept.): 987-999.


Thompson, S. N.  1999.  Nutrition and culture of entomophagous insects. Berenbaum, M. R., Ed. Annual Review of Entomol.., 561-592., P.O. Box 10139, 4139 El Camino Way, Palo Alto, California 94306, USA, Annual Reviews Inc. ISBN 0-8243-0144-7 1999. Series title:  Annual Review of Entomol. 44.


Thompson, S. N. & K. S. Hagen.  1999.  nutrition of entomophagous insects and other arthropods. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 22, p. 594-651, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Thompson, S. N., L. Bedner & H. Nadel.  1983.  Artificial culture of the insect parasite Pachycrepoideus vindemiae.  Ent. Expt. Appl. 33:  121-22.


Thompson, W. L.  1926.  Life histories of ladybeetle predators of the citrus aphid.  Fla. Ent. 10(3-4):  40-46, 57-59.


Thompson, W. L.  1928.  The seasonal and ecological distribution of the common aphid predators of Central Florida.  Fla. Ent. 11:  4.


Thompson, W. R.  1910.  Notes on the pupation and hibernation of tachinid parasites.  J. Econ. Ent. 3:  283-95.


Thompson, W. R.  1915a.  Sur la biologie de deux tachinaires a state intramusculaire (Plagia trepida Meig. et Sturmia scutellata Rond.).  Soc. de Bio. (Paris) Compt. Rend. 78:  717-21.


Thompson, W. R.  1915b.  Contribution a la connaissance de la larvae planidium.  Bull. Sci. de la France et Belg. 48:  319-49.


Thompson, W. R.  1915c.  Sur le cycle evolutif de Fortisia foeda, diptere parasite d'un Lithobius.  Soc. de Biol. [Paris] Compt. Rend. 78:  413-16.


Thompson, W. R.  1920a.  Sur Cyrillia angustifrons Rond., Tachinaire parasite d'un Isopode terrestre.  [Paris] Acad. des Sci., Compt. Rend. 170:  1621-22.


Thompson, W. R.  1920b.  Note sur Rhacodineura antiqua Fall., Tachinaire parasite des forficules.  Soc. Ent. France Bull. 1920, p. 199-201.


Thompson, W. R.  1921.  Recherches sur les Dipteres parasites.  I.  Lews larves des Sarcophagidae.  Bull. Biol. de la France et Belg. 54:  313-463.


Thompson, W. R.  1922a.  On the taxonomic value of larval characters in tachinid parasites (Dipt.).  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 24:  85-93.


Thompson, W. R.  1922b.  Biologie-- Théorie de l'action des parasites entomophages.  Les formules mathématiques du parasitisme cyclique.  C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 174:  1201-4.


Thompson, W. R.  1922c.  Entomologie-- Etude mathématique de l'action des parasites entomophages.  Durée du cycle parasitaire et accroissement de la proportion d'hotes parasites.  C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 174:  1433-5.


Thompson, W. R.  1922d.  Parasitologie-- Etude de quelques cas simples de parasitisme cyclique chez les insectes entomophages.  C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 174:  1647-9.


Thompson, W. R.  1922e.  Parasitisme-- Théorie de l'action des parasites entomophages.  Accroissement de la proportion d'hotes parasites dans le parasitisme cyclique.  C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 175:  65-8.


Thompson, W. R.  1923a.  A criticism of the 'sequence' theory of parasitic control.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 16:  115-28.


Thompson, W. R.  1923b.  Recherches sur la biologie des Dipteres parasites.  Bull. Biol. de la France et Belg. 57:  174-237.


Thompson, W. R.  1923c.  Recherches sur les Dipteres parasites.  Les larves primaires des Tachinidae du groupe des Echinomyiinae.  Ann. Epiphyties 9:  137-201.


Thompson, W. R.  1923d.  Sur le determinisme de l'apterisme chez un Ichneumonide parasite.  Soc. Ent. de France Bul. (1923):  40-2.


Thompson, W. R.  1923e.  Observations sur quelques "especies biologiques" dans le groupe Tachinaires.  Soc. Zool. de France Bul. 48:  165-70.


Thompson, W. R.  1924a.  La theorie mathématique de l'action des parasites entomophages et le facteur du hasard.  Annls. Fac. Sci. Marseille 2:  69-89.


Thompson, W. R.  1924b.  Les larves primaires des Tachinaires a oeufs microtypes.  Ann. Parasitol. Humaine et Comp. 2:  185-201, 279-306.


Thompson, W. R.  1926.  Recherches sur les larves des Tachinaires Sturmia, Winthemia, Carcelia et Exorista.  Ann. Parasitol. Humaine et Comp. 4:  111-25, 207-27.


Thompson, W. R.  1927.  On the effects of methods of mechanical control on the progress of introduced parasites of insect pests.  Bull. Ent. Res. 18:  13-16.


Thompson, W. R.  1928a.  A contribution to the study of biological control and parasite introduction in continental areas.  Parasitol. 20:  90-112.


Thompson, W. R.  1928b.  A contribution to the study of the dipterous parasites of the European earwig (Forficula auricularia L.).  Parasitol. 20:  123-58.


Thompson, W. R.  1929a.  On natural control.  Parasitol. 21:  269-81.


Thompson, W. R.  1929b.  The natural control of Pyrausta nubilalis Hb. in Europe.  Cong. Ent. Zool. (1927) 10:  1183-95.


Thompson, W. R.  1929c.  On the relative value of parasites and predators in the biological control of insect pests.  Bull. Ent. Res. 19:  343-50.


Thompson, W. R.  1930a.  Entomophagous parasites and phagocytes.  Nature (London) 125:  167.


Thompson, W. R.  1930b.  Reaction of the phagocytes of arthropods to their internal insect parasites.  Nature (London) 125:  565-66.


Thompson, W. R.  1930c.  The biological control of insect and plant pests.  Publ. Empire Marketing Board No. 29.  124 p.


Thompson, W. R.  1930d.  The utility of mathematical methods in relation to work on biological control.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 17:  641-8.


Thompson, W. R.  1934a.  The tachinid parasites of woodlice.  Parasitol. 26:  378-448.


Thompson, W. R.  1934b.  The development of a colony of Aphelinus mali Hald.  Parasitol. 26:  449-53.


Thompson, W. R.  1938.  A dipterous parasite of mycetophylids.  Parasitol. 30:  176-80.


Thompson, W. R.  1939.  Biological control and the theories of the interactions of populations.  Parasitol. 31:  299-388.


Thompson, W. R.  1943-1965.  A catalogue of the parasites and predators of insect pests.  Section I, parts 1-11, and section 2, parts 1-5.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Control, Ottawa, Ont., Canada.  16 volumes.


Thompson, W. R.  1947.  Interim report on two scales attacking the Bermuda cedar.  Bermuda Dept. Agr..  3 p. (Abs in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 38:  85).


Thompson, W. R.  1948.  Can economic entomology be an exact science?  Canad. Ent. 80:  49-55.


Thompson, W. R.  1950.  A catalog of the parasites and predators of insect pests.  Section 1, Part 2.  Commonw. Bureau of Biological Control, Ottawa, Canada.


Thompson, W. R.  1951a.  The time factor in biological control.  Canad. Ent. 83:  230-40.


Thompson, W. R.  1951b.  The specificity of host relations in predaceous insects.  Canad. Ent. 83:  262-9.


Thompson, W. R.  1951.  Host Parasite Catalogue, Ser. 2, Pt. 1, Coleoptera.  Commnw. Inst. Biol. Contr., Ottawa.


Thompson, W. R.  1952.  The philosophical foundations of systematics.  Canad. Ent. 84:  1-16.


Thompson, W. R.  1953.  The tachinid parasites of Archips cerasivorana Fitch (2) Eusisyropa blanda O.S. (Diptera).  Canad. Ent. 85:  393-404.


Thompson, W. R.  1954.  Biological control work on cedar scale in Bermuda.  In:  6th Commonwealth Ent. Conf. Rept., London:  89-93.


Thompson, W. R.  1955.  Mortality factors acting in a sequence.  Canad. Ent. 87:  264-75.


Thompson, W. R.  1956.  The fundamental theory of natural and biological control.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 1:  379-402.


Thompson, W. R.  1957.  The specificity of host relations in predacious insects.  Canad. Ent. 83:  262-29.


Thompson, W. R.  1958a.  Biological control in some Commonwealth countries.  10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Proc. (1956) 4:  479-82.


Thompson, W. R.  1958b.  Host parasite catalogue. Sec. 2, Pt. 5.  Commun. Inst. Biol. Contr., Ottawa.  Strepsiptera p. 682-83.


Thompson, W. R. & H. L. Parker.  1927.  The problem of host relations with special reference to entomophagous parasites.  Parasitol. 19:  1-34.


Thompson, W. R. & H. L. Parker.  1928a.  Contribution a la biologie des chalcidiens entomophages.  Ann. Soc. Ent. de France 97:  425-65.


Thompson, W. R. & H. L. Parker.  1928b.  The European corn borer and its controlling factors in Europe.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 59.  62 p.


Thompson, W. R. & H. L. Parker.  1930.  The morphology and biology of Eulimneria crassifemur, an important parasite of the European corn borer.  J. Agr. Res. 40:  321-45.


Thompson, W. R. & F. J. Simmonds.  1964-1965.  A catalogue of the parasites and predators of insect pests. 3. Predator host catalogue, 204 p.  4.  Host predator catalogue, 198 p.  Commonw. Agr. Bur. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Control, Bucks, England.


Thoms, E.M. and W.H. Robinson. 1987.  Potential of the cockroach oothecal parasite Prosevaniapunctata (Hymenop­tera: Evaniidae) as a biological control agent for the oriental cockroach (Orthoptera: Blattidae).  Environ. Entomol., 16: 938-944.


Thomson, A.D. 1958.  Interference between plant viruses.  Nature, 181:1547-1548.


Thomson, S.V., D.R. Hanson, K.M. Flint, and Y.J.D. Vandenberg. 1992.  Dissemination of bacteria antagonistic to Envinia amylovora by honey bees.  Plant Disease, 76:1052-1056.


Thomsen, E.  1952.  Functional significance of the neurosecretory brain cells and the corpus allatum in the female blowfly, Calliphora erythrocephala Meigen.  J. Exptal. Biol. 29:  137-72.


Thomsen, M.  1927/1928.  Some observations on the biology and anatomy of cocoon-making chalcid larva, Euplectrus bicolor Swed.  Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk. Naturhist. For. 84:  73-89.


Thomsen, M.  1938.  Stuefluen (Musca domestica) og stickfluen (Stomoxys calcitrans).  Forsogslaboratoriet (Denmark) 176.  383 p.


Thomson, H. M.  1958.  Some aspects of the epidemiology of a microsporidian parasite of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.).  Canad. J. Zool. 36:  309-16.


Thomson, H. M. & R. E. Stinner.  1990.  The scale response of Trichogramma [Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae]: variation among species in host specificity and the effect of conditioning.  Entomophaga 35:  7-21.


Thomson, R. C. M.  1937.  Observations on the biology and larvae of the Anthomyidae.  Parasitol. 29:  273-358.


Thornhill, R. 1978. Sexually selected predatory and mating behavior of the hangingfly Bittacus stigmatus (Mecop- tera: Bittacidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 71 (4): 597- 601; 1 f.


Thorpe, K. W.  1985.  Effects of height and habitat type on egg parasitism by Trichogramma minutum and T. pretiosum (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae).  Agr. Ecossyt. Environ. 12:  117-26.


Thorpe, K. W. & G. P. Dively.  1985.  Effects of arena size on laboratory evaluations of the egg parasitoids Trichogramma minutum, T. pretiosum, and T. exiguum (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae).  Environ. Ent. 14:  762-67.


Thorpe, M. A.  1930a.  The biology, post-embryonic development and economic importance of Cryptochaetum iceryae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) parasite on Icerya purchasi (Coccidae: Monophlebini).  Proc. Zool. Soc. London 60:  929-71.


Thorpe, M. A.  1930b.  Observations on the parasites of the pine-shoot moth, Rhyacionia buoliana Schiff.  Bull. Ent. Res. 21:  387-412.


Thorpe, W. H.  1929.  Biological races in Hyponomeuta padella L. Linn. Soc. London J. Zool. 36:  621-34.


Thorpe, W. H.  1930a.  Observations on the parasites of the pine-shoot moth, Ryacionia buoliana Schiff.  Bull. Ent. Res. 21:  387-412.


Thorpe, W. H.  1930b.  The biology, post-embryonic development, and economic importance of Cryptochaetum iceryae (Diptera, Agromyzidae) parasitic on Icerya purchasi (Coccidae, Monophlebini).  Zool. Soc. London Proc. 60:  929-71.


Thorpe, W. H.  1930c.  Biological races in insects and allied groups.  Cambridge Phil. Soc. Biol. Rev. 5:  177-212.


Thorpe, W. H.  1931a.  The biology, post-embryonic development, and economic importance of Cryptochaetum iceryae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) parasitic on Icerya purchasi (Coccidae: Monophlebini).  Proc. Zool. Soc. London 60:  929-70.


Thorpe, W. H.  1931b.  Biological races in insects and their significance in evolution.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 18:  406-14.


Thorpe, W. H.  1932a.  The primary larvae of three Ophionine ichneumonids, parasitic on Thyacionia buoliana.  Parasitol. 24:  107-10.


Thorpe, W. H.  1932b.  Experiments upon respiration in the larvae of certain parasitic Hymenoptera.  Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. B. 109:  450-71.


Thorpe, W. H.  1933.  Notes on the natural control of Coleophora laricella, the larch case-bearer.  Bull. Ent. Res. 24:  271-91.


Thorpe, W. H.  1934.  The biology and development of Cryptochaetum grandicorne (Diptera), an internal parsites of Guerinia serratulae (Coccidae).  Quart. J. Micros. Sci. 77:  273-304.


Thorpe, W.H. 1936. On a new type of respiratory interrelation between an insect (chalcid parasite) and its host (Coccidae). Parasitology 28(4): 517-540.


Thorpe, W. H.  1939.  Further studies on pre-imaginal olfactory conditioning in insects.  Proc. Roy. Soc. (B) 127: 424-33.


Thorpe, W. H.  1940.  Ecology and the future of systematics, p. 341-64.  In:  J. S. Huxley (ed.), The New Systematics.  Oxford Univ. Press.  583 p.


Thorpe, W. H. 1950. Plastron respiration in aquatic insects. Bioi. Rev. 25, 344.


Thorpe, W. H. & H. B. Caudle.  1938.  A study of the olfactory responses of insect parasites to the food plant of their host.  Parasitol. 30:  523-28.


Thorpe, W. H. and Crisp, D. J. 1946/47/48. Studies in plastron respiration. Jour. Exp. Bioi. 24, 227, 270, 310; 26,219.


Thorpe, W. H. & F. G. Jones.  1937.  Olfactory conditioning in a parasitic insect and its relation to the problem of host selection.  Proc. Roy. Soc. (B) 124:  56-81.


Thorsteinson, A. J.  1953a.  The role of host selection in the ecology of phytophagous insects.  Canad. Ent. 85:  276-82.


Thorsteinson, A. J.  1953b.  The chemotactic responses that determine host specificity in an oligophagous insect (Plutella maculipennis (Curt) Lepidoptera).  Canad. J. Zool. 31:  52-72.


Thorsteinson, A. J.  1955.  The experimental study of the chemotactic basis of host specificity in phytophagous insects.  Canad. Ent. 87:  49-57.


Thorsteinson, A. J.  1958.  Acceptability of plants for phytophagous insects.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Congr. Ent. (1956) 2:  599-602.


Thorsteinson, A. J.  1960.  Host selection in phytophagous insects.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 5:  193-218.


Thresh, J. M.  1981.  Pests, Pathogens and Vegetation:  The Role of Weeds and Wild Plants in the Ecology of Crop Pests and Diseases.  Putman Publ., Inc., Massachusetts.  517 p.


Throne, A. H.  1935a.  Massing of H. convergens.  Ecology 16:  125.


Throne, A. H.  1935b.  An unusual occurrence of the convergent lady beetle.  Ecology 16.  p. 125.


Throne, A. L. 1971 a. The Neuroptera-suborder Planipennia of Wisconsin. Part I-Introduction and Chrysopidae. Mich. Entomol., 4(3):65-78; 15 f.

Throne, A. L. 1971 b. The Neuroptera:  suborder Planipennia of Wisconsin. Part II-Hemerobiidae, Polystoechotidae, and Sisyridae. Mich. Entomol., 4(3):79-87; 18 f.


Thuneberg, E.  1962.  Beiträge zur Kenntnis der finnischen Blatt- und Schildläuse [Hom., Aphidoidea et Coccoidea] sowie deren Parasiten.  II.  Ann. Ent. Fenn. 28:  40-3.


Thurston, R.  1965.  Effect of insecticides on the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), infesting burley tobacco.  J. Econ. Ent. 58:  1127-30.


Thurston, R. & P. M. Fox.  1972.  Inhibition by nicotine of emergence of Apanteles congregatus from its host, the tobacco hornworm.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  547-50.


Thurston, R. & J. A. Webster.  1962.  Toxicity of Nicotiana gossei Domin. to Myzus persicae (Sulzer).  Ent. Exp. Appl. 5:  233-38.




Ticehurst, M. & R. A. Fusco.  1976.  Release of three Apanteles spp. against the gypsy moth in Pennsylvania.  J. Econ. Ent. 69:  307-8.


Tichý, V.  1963a.  Anteil der Vogelwelt an der Gradationsminderung des Weissdornwicklers (Archips crataegana (Hb.)).  Commun. Inst. For. „echosl. 3:  109-19.


Tichý, V.  1963b.  Experimental tests on the increase in the population density of insectivorous birds by the introduction of nesting boxes.  Lesnický …asopis, Praha 9:  71-84.  [in Czech].


Tichý, V.  1967.  Quantitative and qualitative Verdichtung des Vogelbestandes im Walde.  Lesn. „asopis, Praha 40:  261-76.  [in Czech].


Tidwell, Mac, W. D. Dean, M. A. Tidwell, G. P. Combs, D. W. Anderson, W. O. Cowart, & R. C. Axtell.  1972.  Transmission of hog cholera virus by horse flies (Diptera: Tabanidae).  Am. J. Vet. Res. 33(3): 615-22. 


Tiedemann, W. V. C.  1927.  Malaria in the Philippines.  J. Prev. Med. (Baltimore) 1:  205-54.


Tiegs, O. W.  1922.  Researches on the insect metamorphosis.  I.  On the structure and postembryonic development of a chalcid wasp, Nasonia.  II.  On the physiology and interpretation of the insect metamorphosis.  Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Australia 46:  319-527.


Tiemann, D. L.  1967.  Observations on the natural history of the western banded glowworm Zarhipis integripennis Le Conte (Coleoptera: Phengodidae).  Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 35:  235-63.


Tietze, N. S. & M. S. Mulla.  1987.  Tadpole shrimp (Triops longicaudatus), new candidates as biological control agents for mosquitoes.  Calif. Mosq. & Vect. Contr. Assoc. Bio Briefs 13(2): 1.


Tigano-Milani, M S; Carneiro, R G; De Faria, M R; Frazao, H S; McCoy, C W.  1995.  Isozyme characterization and pathogenicity of Paecilomyces fumosoroseus and P. lilacinus to Diabrotica speciosa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and  Meloidogyne javanica (Nematoda: Tylenchidae).

Biological Control, v.5, n.3, (1995): 378-382.


Tilden, E. F., E. H. Hatton, S. Freeman, W. M. Williamson & V. L. Koenig.  1961.  Preparation and properties of the endotoxins of Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus flavus.  Mycopathologia 14:  325-46.


Tilden, J. W.  1951.  The insect associates of Baccaris pilularis De Candolle.  Microentomology 16:  149-88.


Tillman, P.G. and J.E. Powell. 1992.  Interspecific discrimination and larval competition among Microplitis croceipes, Microplitis demolitor, Cotesia kazak (Hym.: Braconidae), and Hyposoter didymator (Hym.: Ichneumonidae), para­sitoids of Heliothis virescens (Lep.: Noctuidae).  Entomophaga, 37: 439-451.


Tillyard, R. J.  1918.  Life history of Psychopsis elegans Guer.  Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales Proc. 43:  787-818.


Tillyard, R. J.  1921.  The introduction into New Zealand of Aphelinus mali, a valuable parasite of the woolly aphid.  New Zealand J. Agr. 23:  7-19.


Tillyard, R. J.  1922a.  The life-history of the Australian moth-lacewing, Ithone fusca Newman.  Bull. Ent. Res. 13:  205-24.


Tillyard, R. J.  1922b.  Parasitizing the woolly-aphis.  Progress of the work of breeding and distribution of Aphelinus mali in New Zealand.  N. Z. J. Agr. 25:  31-34.


Tillyard, R. J.  1927a.  Insect control of noxious weeds.  Joint scheme initiated against blackberry and other species.  New Zealand J. Agr. 34:  84-90.


Tillyard, R. J.  1927b.  Biological control of St. John's wort.  New Zeal. J. Agr. 35:  42-5.


Tillyard, R. J.  1927c.  St. John's wort-- possibility of biological control.  Austral. Council Sci. & Indus. Res. J. 1:  78-80.


Tillyard, R. J.  1929.  The biological control of noxious weeds.  4th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Trans. 2:  4-9. (also in Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania, p. 51-86.).


Tillyard, R. J.  1930a.  The biological control of noxious weeds.  Roy. Soc. Tasmania Proc. (1929):  41-86.


Tillyard, R. J.  1930b.  Entomological control of St. John's wort.  First liberations of Chrysomela beetles.  Austral. Council Sci. & Indus. Res. J. 3:  231-32.


Tillyard, R. J.  1931.  The control of the eucalyptus weevil (Gonipterus) by parasites in South Africa and New Zealand.  Austral. Council Sci. & Indus. Res. J. 4:  57-8.


Tillyard, R. J.  1934.  The entomological control of noxious weeds in the Pacific region.  5th Pacific Sci. Cong. Proc. 5:  3547-57.


Tillyard, R. J. 1935. The evolution of the scorpion flies and their derivatives (Order Mecoptera). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 28(1):1-45; 24 f., 2 tables


Tilman, D.  1989.  Discussion:  Population dynamics and species interactions. p. 89-100.  In:  J. Roughgarden, R. M. May & S. A. Levin (eds.), Perspectives in Ecological Theory.  Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey.


Timberlake, P. H.  1910.  Observations on the early stages of two Aphidiine parasites of aphids.  Psyche 17:  125-30.


Timberlake, P. H.  1912.  Technical results from the gipsy moth parasite laboratory.  V.  Experimental parasitism:  a study of the biology of Limnerium validum (Cresson).  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Ent. Tech. Ser. No. 19:  71-92.


Timberlake, P. H.  1913.  Preliminary report on the parasites of Coccus hesperidum in California.  J. Econ. Ent. 6:  293-303.


Timberlake, P. H.  1916a.  Note on an interesting case of two generations of a parasite reared from the same individual host.  Canad. Ent. 48:  89-91.


Timberlake, P. H.  1916b.  Revision of the parasitic hymenopterous insects of the genus Aphycus Mayr, with notice of some related genera.  Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 50:  561-640.


Timberlake, P. H.  1918a.  New genera and species of Encyrtidae from California parasitic in mealybugs.  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 1:  347-67.


Timberlake, P. H.  1918b.  Notes on some of the immigrant parasitic Hymenoptera of the Hawaiian Islands.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 3:  399-404.


Timberlake, P. H.  1919a.  Observations on the sources of the Hawaiian Encyrtidae.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 4:  183-96.


Timberlake, P. H.  1919b.  Revision of the parasitic chalcidoid flies of the genera Homalotylus Mayr and Isodromus Howard, with descriptions of two closely related genera.  Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 56:  133-94.


Timberlake, P. H.  1919c.  Notes on the North American species of Hippodamia.  J. New York Ent. Soc. 27:  162-74.


Timberlake, P. H.  1919d.  Descriptions of new genera and species of Hawaiian Encyrtidae.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 4:  197-231.


Timberlake, P. H.  1920a.  Notes on the immigrant Hawaiian species of Ichneumonini or Pimplini of authors.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 4:  266-75.


Timberlake, P. H.  1920b.  Descriptions of new genera and species of Hawaiian Encyrtidae, 2.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 4:  409-37.


Timberlake, P. H.  1921a.  Notes on the Hawaiian bees of the genus Megachile.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 4:  551-57.


Timberlake, P. H.  1921b.  Description of a new species of Ootetrastichus from Formosa.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 4:  557-64.


Timberlake, P. H.  1922a.  Observations on the phenomena of heredity in the ladybeetle, Coelophora inaequalis (Fabricius).  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 5:  121-33.


Timberlake, P. H.  1922b.  Descriptions of new genera and species of Hawaiian Encyrtidae, 3.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 5:  135-67.


Timberlake, P. H.  1922c.  Notes on the identity and habits of Blepyrus insularis Cameron.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 5:  167-73.


Timberlake, P. H.  1922d.  Identity of the Hawaiian carpenter bee of the genus Xylocopa.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 5:  51.


Timberlake, P. H.  1922e.  Revision of the chalcid-flies of the encyrtid genus Chrysoplatycerus.  Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 61, Art. 2:  1-10.


Timberlake, P. H.  1923a.  Review of Mercet's work on the Encyrtidae of the Iberian Peninsula.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 25:  57-60.


Timberlake, P. H.  1923b.  Descriptions of two new species of Encyrtidae from Mexico, reared from mealybugs.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 5:  323-33.


Timberlake, P. H.  1924a.  Descriptions of new chalcid-flies from Hawaii and Mexico.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 5:  395-417.


Timberlake, P. H.  1924b.  Records of the introduced and immigrant chalcid-flies of the Hawaiian Islands.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 5:  418-49.


Timberlake, P. H.  1924c.  Notes on Hawaiian Aphidae, with a list of food-plants.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 5:  450-60.


Timberlake, P. H.  1924d.  The parasites of Pseudococcus maritimus (Ehrhorn), in California, Part I.  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 3:  223-51.


Timberlake, P. H.  1925.  Descriptions of new chalcid-flies from Panama and Hawaii.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 6:  173-92.


Timberlake, P. H.  1926a.  New species of Hawaiian chalcid-flies.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 6:  305-20.


Timberlake, P. H.  1926b.  Insects of Hawaii, Johnston Island and Wake Island.  Hymenoptera.  Bernice P. Bishop Mus., Bul. 31:  17-43.


Timberlake, P. H.  1927a.  New species of Hawaiian chalcid-flies, 2.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 6:  517-28.


Timberlake, P. H.  1927b.  Biological control of insect pests in the Hawaiian Islands.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 4:  529-56.


Timberlake, P. H.  1928a.  Bees of the genus Perdita in the J. C. Bridwell collection.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 7:  151-61.


Timberlake, P. H.  1928b.  Bees of the genus Perdita Smith in the American Museum of Natural History.  Amer. Mus. Nov., No. 321:  1-13.


Timberlake, P. H.  1928c.  Two new species of bees of the genus Perdita in the collection of the California Academy of Sciences.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 5:  25-33.


Timberlake, P. H.  1929a.  Three new species of the hymenopterous family Encyrtidae from New South Wales.  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 5:  5-18.


Timberlake, P. H.  1929b.  New records and descriptions of bees of the genus Perdita.  J. NY Ent. Soc. 37:  111-25.


Timberlake, P. H.  1929c.  A new species of the encyrtid genus Metaphycus from Washington.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 6:  43-5.


Timberlake, P. H.  1929d.  Records of western species of Perdita with descriptions of two new species.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 6:  49-56.


Timberlake, P. H.  1930.  Miscellaneous new chalcid-flies of the hymenopterous family Encyrtidae.  Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 69, Art. 3:  1-34.


Timberlake, P. H.  1932.  Three new parasitic Hymenoptera from the Indo-Malayan region.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 8:  153-62.


Timberlake, P. H.  1937a.  New species of Androna from California.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 13:  69-74.


Timberlake, P. H.  1937b.  New anthophorid bees from California.  Amer. Mus. Novitates 958:  1-17.


Timberlake, P. H.  1938.  New species of Androna from California, Pt. 2.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 14:  24-9.


Timberlake, P. H.  1939a.  New species of bees of the genus Diadasia from California.  Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 34:  11-16.


Timberlake, P. H.  1939b.  New species of bees of the genus Dufourea from California.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 32:  395-414.


Timberlake, P. H.  1939c.  Two new species of Aomaeodora from California.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 15:  179-82.


Timberlake, P. H.  1939d.  A new species of Hippodamia from Mt. Rainier.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 10:  265.


Timberlake, P. H.  1940a.  A new species of Encopognathus from California.  Ent. News 51:  167-68.


Timberlake, P. H.  1940b.  New species of bees of the genus Diadasia from California, Pt. 2.  Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 35:  22-30.


Timberlake, P. H.  1940c.  The genus Contris in California.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 16:  138-41.


Timberlake, P. H.  1941a.  Ten new species of Stalis from California.  J. NY Ent. Soc. 49:  123-37.


Timberlake, P. H.  1941b.  A new species of Anthophora from California.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 17:  34-6.


Timberlake, P. H.  1941c.  Synoptic table of North American species of Diadasia.  Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 3:  2-11.


Timberlake, P. H.  1941d.  Three new dufoureine bees from California.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 34:  38-42.


Timberlake, P. H.  1941e.  New or little-known California bees.  Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci. 39:  190-96.


Timberlake, P. H.  1941f.  Encyrtidae of Marquesas and Society Islands.  Occasional Papers of Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 16(9):  215-30.


Timberlake, P. H.  1942.  A new species of Hippodamia from Mexico.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 44:  39


Timberlake, P. H.  1943a.  The Coccinellidae or ladybeetles of the Koebele collection, Pt. 1.  Hawaiian Planters' Record 47:  1-67.


Timberlake, P. H.  1943b.  Racial differentiation in nearctic species of Dianthidium.  J. NY Ent. Soc. 51:  71-109.


Timberlake, P. H.  1943c.  Bees of the genus Colletes chiefly from Colorado.  Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist 81:  385-410.


Timberlake, P. H.  1946.  Two new species of Ptiloglossa from Arizona.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 22:  156-58.


Timberlake, P. H.  1947a.  New species of Perdita from the southern states.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 49:  81-4.


Timberlake, P. H.  1947b.  Two new species of bees from Arizona.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 23:  26-30.


Timberlake, P. H.  1947c.  A revision of the species of Exomalopsis inhabiting the United States.  J. NY Ent. Soc. 55:  85-106.


Timberlake, P. H.  1948.  Additions and corrections to the list of nearctic species of Dianthidium.  J. NY Ent. Soc. 56:  149-53.


Timberlake, P. H.  1949.  The species of Dianthidium of Baja California.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 25:  129-32.


Timberlake, P. H.  1951a.  New and little-known bees of the family Andrenidae from California.  Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 101:  373-414.


Timberlake, P. H.  1951b.  New species of Anthophora from the western United States.  J. NY Ent. Soc. 59:  51-62.


Timberlake, P. H.  1951c.  Western bees of the genus Colletes.  Wasmann J. Biol. 9:  181-238.


Timberlake, P. H.  1952a.  Descriptions of new species of Nomadopsis from California and Texas, and a new genus from South America.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 45:  104-18.


Timberlake, P. H.  1952b.  New records of Perdita from the eastern United States.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 54:  199-204.


Timberlake, P. H.  1953a.  A new name for the bee genus Ruiziella.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 45:  528.  [Ruziapis a typ. error or Lapsus calami for Ruizapis].


Timberlake, P. H.  1953b.  Bees of the genus Perdita in the collection of the University of Kansas.  Univ. Kan. Sci. Bull. 35:  961-85.


Timberlake, P. H.  1954a.  Two new species of Perdita from North Carolina.  Ent. News 65:  12-15.


Timberlake, P. H.  1954b.  A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific Coast [Part 1].  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 9:  345-432.


Timberlake, P. H.  1954c.  Two new species of Nomada, subgenus Gnathias, from California.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 30:  133-36.


Timberlake, P. H.  1955a.  A new genus for two new species of dufoureine bees from California.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 31:  105-08.


Timberlake, P. H.  1955b.  Notes on the species of Psaenythia of North America.  Boll. Lab. Zool., Portici 33:  398-409.


Timberlake, P. H.  1956a.  Description of two new species of Diadasia from North America.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 32:  90-2.


Timberlake, P. H.  1956b.  Revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific Coast [Part 2].  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 11:  247-334.


Timberlake, P. H.  1957a.  A new entedontine chalcid-fly from seed capsules of eucalyptus in California.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 33:  109-10.


Timberlake, P. H.  1957b.  Notes on the subgenus Chelostomoides of the genus Megachile Latreille.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 33:  132.


Timberlake, P. H.  1958a.  Temnosoma, a genus of bees new to the United States.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 34:  34.


Timberlake, P. H.  1958b.  A new species of the genus Colletes from the Colorado Desert of California.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 34:  143-45.


Timberlake, P. H.  1958c.  A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific Coast [Part 3].  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 14:  303-410.


Timberlake, P. H.  1960a.  A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita.  Part IV.  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 17:  1-156.


Timberlake, P. H.  1960b.  A peculiar new halictine bee from California.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 62:  105-06.


Timberlake, P. H.  1960c.  Description of two new species of Perdita, p. 324-28.  In:  Mitchell (ed.), Bees of Eastern United States, 1.


Timberlake, P. H.  1961a.  A review of the genus Conanthalictus.  Pan. Pac. Ent. 37:  145-60.


Timberlake, P. H.  1961b.  A new species of Tetralonia from the deserts of California and Nevada.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 37:  209-12.


Timberlake, P. H.  1962a.  An interesting new species of Emphoropsis from California.  Ent. News 73:  36-8.


Timberlake, P. H.  1962b.  The conflict between the tribal and family names Mirini and Miridae.  Ent. News 73:  66.


Timberlake, P. H.  1962c.  A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita, Part V.  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 28:  1-124.


Timberlake, P. H.  1964a.  Some new species of the subgenus Heterosarus Robertson.  Amer. Mus. Novitates 2185:  1-26.


Timberlake, P. H.  1964b.  A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita, Part VI.  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 28:  135-388.


Timberlake, P. H.  1965.  Notes on the campolicanine bees of Arizona.  J. NY Ent. Soc. 73:  46-8.


Timberlake, P. H.  1967.  New species of Pseudopanurgus from Arizona.  Amer. Mus. Novitates 2298:  1-23.


Timberlake, P. H. & C. P. Clausen.  1924.  The parasites of Pseudococcus maritimus (Ehrhorn) in California.  Univ. Calif. Publ. Tech. Bull. Ent. 3:  223-92.


Timberlake, P. H. & C. D. Michener.  1950.  The bees of the genus Proteriades.  Univ. Kan. Sci. Bull. 33:  387-440.


Timofeeff-Ressovsky, N.  1940.  Mutations and geographical variation, p. 73-136.  In:  J. S. Huxley (ed.), The New Systematics.  Oxford Univ. Press.  583 p.


Timon-David, J.  1938.  Sur un Phoride parasite (Megaselia giraudii Egger) de la sauterelles verte (Phasgoneura viridissima (L.)).  Ann. de Parasitol. Humaine et Compar. 16:  193-95.


Tinbergen, L.  1960.  The natural control of insects in pinewoods. 1. Factors influencing the intensity of predation by songbires.  Arch. Neerl. Zool. 13:  265-336.


Tinbergen, L. & H. Klomp.  1960.  The natural control of insects in pine woods. II. Conditions for damping of Nicholson oscillations in parasite-host systems.  Archs. neel. Zool. 13:  344-79.


Tinbergen, N.  1950.  The hierachical organization of nervous mechanisms underlying instinctive behaviour.  Symposia Soc. Exptl. Biol. 4:  305-12.


Tinbergen, N.  1951.  The Study of Instinct.  The Clarendon Press, Oxford.  228 p.


Tinbergen, N.  1953.  Social Behavior in Animals.  John Wiley, New York.  150 p.


Tingle, C. C. D. & M. J. W. Copland.  1989.  Progeny production and adult longevity of the mealybug parasitoids Anagyrus pseudococci, Leptomastix dactylopii and Leptomastidea abnormis [Hym.: Encyrtidae] in relation to temperature.  Entomophaga 34:  111-20.


Tingle, F. C., R. C. Mitchell & W. W. Copeland.  1975.  The soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, in poultry houses in north central Florida.  J. Georgia Ent. Soc. 10:  179-83.


Tingle, F. C., T. R. Ashley & E. R. Mitchell.  1978.  Parasites of Spodoptera exigua, S. eridania [Lep.: Noctuidae] and Hypetogramma bipunctalis [Lep.: Pyralidae] collected from Amaranthus hybridus in field corn.  Entomophaga 23:  343-49.


Tinsley, T. W. 1977. Viruses and the biological control of insect pests.  BioScience, 27(10):659-661.


Tinsley, T. W.  1979.  The potential of insect pathogenic viruses as pesticide agents.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 24:  63-87.


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Tisdell, C. 1990.  Economic impact of biological control of weeds and insects, pp. 301-316.  In:Mackauer, M., L.E. Ehler, and J. Roland, (eds.). Critical Issues in Biological Control.  Intercept, Andover, U.K.


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Tisdell, C.A., B.A. Auld, and K.M. Menz. 1984.  On assessing the value of biological control of weeds.  Protection Ecology, 6:169-179.


Tisdale, E. W. & G. Zappetini.  1953.  Halogeton studies on Idaho ranges.  J. Range Management 6:  225-36.


Titayavan, M. & M. A. Altieri.  1990.  Synomone-mediated interactions between the parasitoid Diateretiella rapae and Brevicoryne brassicae under field conditions.  Entomophaga 35:  499-508.


Titayavan, M. & D. W. Davis.  1988.  Studies of a uniparental form of Aphytis vandenboschi (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), a parasite of the San Jose Scale in northern Utah.  Great Basin Naturalist 48(3):  388-93.


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Tjulpanov, V. G. & V. A. Tjulpanova.  1965.  Die Voraussetzungen zur Ausarbeitung der mikrobiologischen Bekämpfungsmethoden von Chortophila laricicola und Dioryctria abietella, p. 39-43.  In:  A. I. „erepanov (ed.), Issled. po biol. metod. bor'by s vredit. sels'kogo i lesn. choz. (Dokl. k simp., 17-20 Nov 1964).  Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk. Otd., Novosibirsk, Vyp. 2.  [in Russian].


Tjulpanov, V. G. & V. A. Tjulpanova.  1966.  Besonderheiten des durch Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. hervorgerufenen Infektionsprozesses bei Lärchenfliegen und Dioryctria abietella, p. 175-8.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].


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Tjulpanova, V. A. & V. G. Tjulpanov.  1965.  Bakterielle und Pilzerkrankungen von Dioryctria abietella Schiff., p. 46-50.  In:  E. V. Talalaeva (ed.), Ispol. Mikroorgan. dl. bor'by s vred. nasekom. Les. Vost. Sibiri..  Izv. biol.-geogr. nau…n. issled. Inst. pri Irkutsk gosudarst. Univ. im. ðdanova 19(1).  [in Russian].


Tjumenzev, S. N.  1963.  Reproduction of the septicemia in caterpillaras of the Siberian silk-worm by spores of Bacillus dendrolimus Talal. devoid of parasporal.  Mikrobiologija, Moskva 32:  879-84.  [in Russian].


Tjumenzev, S. N.  1965a.  Über latente Perioden der Septikämie der Raupen von Dendrolimus sibiricus, verursacht durch Bacillus dendrolimus, p. 13-19.  In:  E. V. Talalaeva (ed.), Ispol. Mikroorgan. dl. bor'by s vred. nasekom. Les. Vost. Sibiri..  Izv. biol.-geogr. nau…n. issled. Inst. pri Irkutsk gosudarst. Univ. im. ðdanova 19(1).  [in Russian].


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Tobias, V. I.  1962.  Material zur Fauna der Alysiinae [Hymenoptera, Braconidae] im Gebiet von Leningrad.  Trudy Zool. Inst. Akad. nauk SSSR 31:  81-137.  [in Russian].


Tobias, V. I.  1963.  Einführung und Akklimatisierung von Braconiden-- Schlupfwespen zur Bekämpfung der Schädlinge der Landwirtschaft.  Sbornik:  Akklimat. ñivotnych v SSSR, Alma-Ata.  p. 326-8.  [in Russian].


Todd, D. H.  1956.  A preliminary account of Dasyneura mali Kieffer (Cecidomyiidae: Dipt.) and an associated hymenopterous parasite in New Zealand.  New Zeal. J. Sci. & Technol. 37:  462-64.


Todd, D. H.  1957.  Incidence and parasitism of insect pests of cruciferous crops in Hawke's Bay, Wairarapa, Manawatu, 1955-56.  New Zeal. J. Sci. & Technol. 38:  720-27.


Todd, D. H.  1958.  Incidence and parasitism of insect pests of cruciferous crops in Hawke's Bay, Wairarapo, and Manawatu, Rangitikei, and Foranaki, 1956-57.  New Zeal. J. Agr. Res. 1:  847-58.


Todd, D. H.  1959a.  Incidence and parasitism of insect pests of cruciferous crops in the North Island-- Evaluation of data, 1955-58 seasons.  New Zeal. J. Agr. Res. 2(3):  613-22, 859-69.


Todd, D. H.  1959b.  The apple leaf-curling midge, Dasyneura mali Kieffer, seasonal history, varietal susceptibility and parasitism, 1955-1958.  New Zeal. J. Agr. Res. 2:  859-69.


Todd, D. H.  1962.  The establishment of Apanteles glomeratus (L.) in the North Island, New Zealand.  New Zeal. J. Sci. 5:  3-7.


Todd, E. L.  1959.  The fruit piercing moths of the genus Gonodonta Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 1201.


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Tonnoir, A. L.  1937.  The biological control of the greenhouse white fly in Australia.  Austral. Council Sci. & Indus. Res. J. 10:  95.


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