FILE:  <pooled.r.htm>                                                                                                                                                                                  GENERAL INDEX               [Navigate to   MAIN MENU ]

                                                    Several minutes may be required to download this file



Entomology / Biological Pest Control





Please CLICK on SECOND LETTER of Author’s last name:



       A,    B,    C,    D,    E,    F,    G,    H,    I,    J,    K,    L,    M,    N,    O,    P,    Q,    R,    S,    T,    U,    V,    W,    X,    Y,    Z.


[For Subject Matter, depress Ctrl/F]     Additional references may be found at:  MELVYL Library






Raatikainen, M.  1962.  Hymenoptera species occurring in stems of spring wheat and the damage caused by them to wheat crops in Finland.  Ann. Agr. Fenn. 1:  217-25.


Raatikainen, M.  1967a (1966?).  The effect of different sexes of the parasite Elenchus tenuicornis (Kirby) on the morphology of the adult Javesella pellucida (F.) [Hom., Delphacidae].  Ann. Ent. Fenn. 32:  138-46.


Raatikainen, M.  1967b.  Bionomics, enemies and population dynamics of Javesella pellucida L. (Homoptera: Delphacidae).  Ann. Agr. Fenn. 6, Suppl. 2:  1-149.


Rabasse, J. M. & C. A. Dedryver.  1982.  Factors affecting the natural control of Aphis fabae populations in Brittany.  Entomophaga 27:  39-54.  [in French].


Rabasse, J. M. & Y. Robert.  1975.  Facteurs de limitation des populations d'Aphis fabae dans l'Ouest de la France. II. Incidence des mycoses à Entomophthora sur les populations des hôtes primaires et de la fèverole de printemps.  Entomophaga 20:  49-64.


Rabasse, J. M. & I. J. Wyatt.  1985.  Biology of aphids and their parasites in greenhouses, p. 66-73.  In:  N. W. Hussey & N. E. A. Scopes (eds.), Biological Pest Control - The Glasshouse Experience.  Blandford, Poole, Dorset.


Rabasse, J. M., J. P. Lafont, I. Delpuech & P. Silvie.  1983.  Progress in aphid control in protected crops.  Bull. OILB/SROP  1983/VI/3:  151-62.


Rabasse, J. M., I. Tardieux & L. Lapchin.  1989.  Caractérisation des relations trophiques héterotypiques antagonistes.  Entomophaga 34:  147-52.


Rabaud, E.  1922.  Note sur la comportement de Rielia manticida Kieff., Proctotrupide parasite des ootheques de mantes.  Soc. Zool. de France Bul. 47:  10-15.


Rabaud, E.  1927a.  Etude biologique des larves de quelques plannipenes.  Bul. Biol. de la France et Belg. 61:  433-99.


Rabaud, E.  1927b.  Sur les guiepes (Polistes gallicus) infestées par les Stylops.  Compt. rend. Soc. Biol. Paris 96(13);  944-46.


Rabaud, E. & J. Millot.  1929.  Etude sur Polistes gallicus (Fr.) infeste par Xenos vesparum (Rossi).  Arch. Anat. Micr. Paris 25:  280-93.


Rabaud, E. & M. L. Verrier.  1940.  Notes sur le comportement et l'adaptation des triongulins.  Bull. Biol., Paris 74:  185-94.


Rabb, R. L.  1960.  Biological studies of Polistes in North Carolina (Hymenoptera: Vespidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 53:  111-21.


Rabb, R. L.  1966.  Diapause in Protoparce sexta (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  160-65.


Rabb, R. L.  1969.  Environmental manipulations as influencing populations of tobacco hornworms.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Managem. 1:  175-91.


Rabb, R. L.  1971.  Naturally-occurring biological control in the eastern United States, with particular reference to tobacco insects, p. 294-311.  In:  C. B. Huffaker, "Biological Control."  Plenum Press, N.Y.


Rabb, R. L.  1978.  A sharp focus on insect populations and pest management from a wide-area view.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 24:  55-61.


Rabb, R. L. & J. R. Bradley.  1968.  The influence of host plants on parasitism of eggs of the tobacco hornworm.  J. Econ. Ent. 61:  1249-52.


Rabb, R. L. & J. R. Bradley.  1970.  Marking host eggs by Telonomus sphingis.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 63:  1053-56.


Rabb, R. L., & G. G. Kennedy (eds.).  1979.  Movement of Highly Mobile Insects:  Concepts and methodology in research.  Dept. Ent., North Carolina St. Univ., Raleigh, N. C.  456 p.


Rabb, R. L. & F. R. Lawson.  1957.  Some factors influencing predation of Polistes wasps on the tobacco hornworm.  J. Econ. Ent. 50:  778-84.


Rabb, R. L. & R. Thurston.  1969.  Diapause in apanteles congregatus.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62:  125-28.


Rabb, R. L., H. H. Neunzig & H. V. Marshall, Jr.  1964.  Effect of certain cultural practices on the abundance of tobacco hornworms, tobacco budworms, and corn earworms on tobacco after harvest.  J. Econ. Ent. 57:  791-92.


Rabb, R. L., R. E. Stinner & G. A. Carlson.  1974a.  Ecological principles as a basis for pest management in the agroecosystem, p. 19-45.  In:  F. G. Maxwell & F. A. Harris (eds.), Proc. of the Summer Inst. on Biol. Contr. of Plant Insects and Diseases.  Univ. Mississippi, Jackson.


Rabb, R. L., F. A. Todd & H. C. Ellis.  1974b.  Pest management:  an interdisciplinary approach to crop protection.  Tobacco Pest Management.  AAAS Symp. Feb., 1974, San Francisco, Calif.


Rabb, R. L., R. E. Stinner & R. van den Bosch.  1976.  Conservation and augmentation of natural enemies, p. 233-54.  In:  C. B. Huffaker & P. S. Messenger (eds.), Theory and Practice of Biological Control.  Academic Press, New York.  788 p.


Rabbinge, R. & M. A. Hoy.  1980.  A population model for two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae and its predator Metaseiulus occidentalis.  Ent. Expt. Appl. 28:  64-81.


Rabbinge, R., G. W. Ankersmit & G. A. Pak.  1979.  Epidemiology and simulation of population development of Sitobion avenae in winter wheat.  Neth. J. Plant Pathol. 85:  197-220.


Rabinovich, J. E.  1969.  The applicability of some population growth models to a single-species laboratory population.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62:  437-42.


Rabinovich, J. E.  1970a.  Population dynamics of Telenomus fariai (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), a parasite of Chagas' disease vectors.  II.  Effect of host-egg age.  J. Med. Ent. 7:  477-81.


Rabinovich, J. E.  1970b.  Population dynamics of Telenomus fariai (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), a parasite of Chagas' disease vectors.  IV.  Effect of female age on progeny.  J. Med. Ent. 7:  561-67.


Rabinovich, J. E.  1971a.  Population dynamics of Telenomus fariai (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), a parasite of Chagas' disease vectors.  III.  Preferences for and progeny from different age classes of host eggs.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 64:  29-32.


Rabinovich, J. E.  1971b.  Population dynamics of Telenomus fariai (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), a parasite of Chagas' disease vectors. V.  Parasite size and vital space.  Rev. Biol. Trop. 19(1,2):  109-20.


Rabinovich, J. E., G. Escalante & A. Rodriguez.  1969.  Dinámica poblacional de Telenomus fariai (Hymenoptera; Scelionidae).  I.  Efecto de la carencia de huéspedes (Triatoma phyllosoma pallidipennis) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) sobre la producción de progenie.  Acta Biol. Venez. 7:  5-21.


Raccah, B., V. Melamed-Madjar & S. Cohen.  1975.  A granulosis virus from Sesamia nonagrioides.  J. Invert. Path. 26:  145-46.


Radcliff, L.  1915.  Fishes destructive to the eggs and larvae of mosquitoes.  U. S. Dept. Commerce, Bur. Fisheries, Econ. Cir. 17.  19 p.


Rademacher, B.  1967.  Untersuchungen über die tatsächlichen Ertragsschäden bei Befall von Winterweizen und Sommergerste durch die beiden Getreidehähnchen (Lema cyanella L. und L. melanopus L.) sowie durch die Getreidehalmwespe (Cephus pygmaeus L.).  Ztschr. Pfl.krankh. 74:  311-6.


Radetsky, A. F.  1911.  Parasite method of controlling the codling moth (Carpocapsa pomonella L.).  Tashkentn.  p. 19.  [in Russian].


Radetzky, A. F.  1912.  Oophthora semblidis Aur. (Pentarthron carpocapsae Ashm.); description, biology and utilization of it in the struggle with Carpocapsa pomonella L.  Turkestan Ent. Sta. [Tashkent].  28 p.


Radha, K., K. K. Nurula & K. P. V. Menon.  1956.  The green muscardine disease of Oryctes rhinoceros L.  II.  The causal organism.  Indian Coconut J. 9:  83-9.


Radke, M. G., L. S. Ritchie & F. F. Ferguson.  1961.  Demonstrated control of Australorbis glabratus by Marisa cornuarietis under field conditions in Puerto Rico.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 10:  370-73.


Radovanovic, R.  1954.  Razvice i ekologija bubamare Exochomus quadripustulatus L. (Col. Coccinellidae).  Zasht. Bilja 26:  31-42.


Radzievskaya, S. B.  1939.  Concerning the hibernation of the ladybird and the struggle with Aphis.  Probl. Ecol. Biocenol. 4:  268-75.  [in Russian w/ English summary].


Radziloskaya, S.  1931.  Stethorus punctillum-- a destroyer of the red spider.  Za. khlopkov. Nezavisim. 6-7:  75-81.  [in Russian].


Raff, J. W.  1934.  Observations on sawflies of the genus Perga, with notes on some reared parasites of the families Trigonalidae, Ichneumonidae, and TAchinidae.  Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 47:  53-77.


Raffa, K F;  Dahlsten, D L.  1993.  Differential Responses Among Natural Enemies and Prey To Bark Beetle Pheromones. Bull. of the Ecological Soc. of America, v.74, n.2 SUPPL., (1993): 402.


Raffa, K F; Dahlsten, D H.  1995.  Differential responses among natural enemies and prey to bark beetle pheromones.  Oecologia (Berlin), v.102, n.1, (1995): 17-23.


Rageau, J.  1951.  An cas de parasitisme accidental pae une larve primaire de strepsiptere chez un phlebotome.  Ann. de Parasitol. Hum. et Comp. 26:  473-74.


Raghuvir, N. N. & R. C. Axtell.  1970.  Comparative insecticide resistance of house flies from a North Carolina poultry farm.  J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 86(4): 175.


Raghuvir, N. N. & D. W. Davis.  1962.  Biological studies on the rose stem girdler Agrilus rubicola Abeille.  Utah Acad. Sci. 39:  196.


Ragsdale, D. W., A. D. Larson & L. D. Newson.  1981.  Quantitative assessment of the predators of Nezara viridula eggs and nymphs within a soybean agroecosystem using an ELISA.  Environ. Ent. 10:  402-05.


Ragsdale, N. N. & R. J. Kuhr (eds.).  1987.  Pesticides:  Minimizing the Risks.  ACS Symp. Ser. 336.  Amer. Chem. Soc., Wash. D.C.


Ragusa, S.  1974.  Influence of temperature on the oviposition rate and longevity of Opius concolor siculus [Hymenoptera: Braconidae].  Entomophaga 19:  61-6.


Ragusa, S. & E. Swirski.  1977.  Feeding habits, post-embryonic and adult survival, mating, virility and fecundity of the predacious mite, Amblyseius swirskii [Acarina: Phytoseiidae] on some coccids and mealy bugs.  Entomophaga 22:  383-92.


Ragusa, S. & E. Swirski.  1978.  Description of three new species of Typhlodromus Scheuten from Italy with redescription of Typhlodromus baccettii Lombardini (Acari: Phytoseiidae).  Int. J. Acar. 4:  211-20.


Rahalkar, G. W., M. R. Harwalkar, H. D. Rananavare, A. J. Tamhankar & K. Shanthram.  1985.  Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, pp. 279-286.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. I.  Elsevier, New York.


Raheja, A. K. & M. A. Brooks.  1971.  Inability of the forest tent caterpillar, Malacosoma disstria, to acquire resistance to viral infection.  J. Invertebr. Path. 17:  136-37.


Rahman, M.  1970.  Mutilation of the imported cabbageworm by the parasite Apanteles rubecula.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  1114-16.


Rai, K. S., K. K. Grover & S. G. Suguna.  1973.  Genetic manipulation of Aedes aegypti:  Incorporation and maintenance of a genetic marker and a chromosomal translocation in natural populations.  Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 48:  49-56.


Rai, K. S. & P. T. McDonald.  1971.  Chromosomal translocations and control of Aedes aegypti, p. 437-52.  In:  Sterility Principle for Insect Control or Eradication.  Intern. Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna.


Raimo, B., R. C. Reardon & J. D. Podgwaite.  1977.  Vectoring gypsy moth nuclear polyhedrosis virus by Apanteles melanoscelus [Hym.: Braconidae].  Entomophaga 22:  207-16.


Rainio, M.  1966.  Abundance and phenology of some coprophagous beetles in different kinds of dung.  Ann. Zool. Fennici 3:  88-98.


Rainwater, C. F.  1970.  Prospects for the eradication of the boll weevil.  J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 60:  48-53.


Raj, J. S.  1943.  A note on the egg-laying habits of the Indian glowworm, Lamprophorus tenebrosus Wlk.  J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 43:  675-78.


Raj, J. S.  1943.  On the food and feeding habits of the Indian glow-worm (Lamprophorus tenebrosus Walker).  Indian Forester 69:  232-39.


Rajagopalan, C.  1967.  An Enterobryus [Trichomycetes, Eccrinales] in a milliped.  Curr. Sci., Bangalore 36(1):  20-2.


Rajapaksa, N.  1964.  Survey for Coelomomyces infections in mosquito larvae in the south-west coastal belt of Ceylon.  Bull. Org. Mond. Santé 30:  149-51.


Rajendram, G. F.  1978a.  Oviposition behavior of Trichogramma californicum on artificial substrates.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 71:  92-4.


Rajendram, G. F.  1978b.  Some factors affecting oviposition of Trichogramma californicum (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in artificial media.  Canad. Ent. 110:  345-52.


Rajendram, G. F. & K. S. Hagen.  1974.  Trichogramma oviposition into artificial substrates.  Environ. Ent. 3:  399-401.


Ram, A. & A. K. Sharma.  1977.  Selective breeding for improving the fecundity and sex ratio of Trichogramma fasciatum (Perkins) (Trichogrammatidae: Hymenoptera) an egg parasite of lepidopterous hosts.  Entomology 2:  133-37.


Ramachandra-Rao, R. S. Y.  1920.  Lantana insects in India.  India Dept. Agr. Mem., Ent. Ser. 5:  239-314.


Ramachandra-Rao, Y & M. C. Cherian.  1927.  Notes on the life-history and habits of Elasmus nephantidis Rohw.  Madras Agr. Dept. Yearbk. 1926:  39-50.


Ramachandra-Rao, Y & M. C. Cherian.  1928.  Notes on the life-history and habits of Parasierola sp.-- the bethylid parasite of Nephantis serinopa.  Madras Agr. Dept. Yearbk. 1927:  11-22.


Ramachandra-Rao, R. S. Y. & M. C. Cherian.  1944.  The fluted scale, Icerya purchasi Mask., as a pest of wattle in south India, and its control by the biological method.  Madras Agr. J. 32:  20.


Ramachandran, S.  1950.  Cyphorcera varia Fabr., a tachinid parasite on Spodoptera mauritia Bolsd. in South India.  Indian J. Ent. 12:  107-12.


Ramachandran-Nair, K. & V. P. Rao.  1967.  Introduction of Copidosoma koehleri Blanchard for the control of the potato tuber moth, Gnorimoschema operculella (Zeller) in India and its supply to Tanzania and Mauritius.  Techn. Bull. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 8:  139-47.


Ramadan, M. M, T. T. Y. Wong & J. W. Beardsley.  1989a.  Survivorship potential and realized fecundity of Biosteres tryoni [Hym.: Braconidae], a larval parasitoid of Ceratitis capitata [Dipt.: Tephritidae].  Entomophaga 34:  291-98.


Ramadan, M.M.,T.T.Y. Wong, and J.W. Beardsley Jr. 1989.  Insectary production of Biosteres tr...  (Cameron) (Hymenoptera:Braconidae), a larval parasitoid of Ceratitis capitata (Weidemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae).  Proc. of the Hawaii. Entomol. Soc., 29: 41-48.


Ramakers, P. M. J.  1980b.  Biological control of Thrips tabaci (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) with Amblyseius spp. (Acari:  Phytoseiidae).  Bull. OILB/SROP  1980/III/3:  203-07.


Ramakers, P. M. J.  1983.  Mass production and introduction of Amblyseius mckenziei and A. cucumeris.  Bull. OILB/SROP  1983/VI/3:  203-06.


Ramakers, P.M. J. and R.A.Samson. 1984.  Ascheisonia aleurodis, a fungal pathogen of whitefly, II.  Application as a biological insecticide in glasshouses.  Zeitschrift flir Angewandte Entomologie, 97: 1-8.


Ramakers, P. M. J. & M. J. van Lieburg.  1982.  Start of commercial production and introduction of Amblyseius mckenziei Sch. & Pr. (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) for the control of Thrips tabaci Lind. (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in glasshouses.  Med. Fac. Landbouww. Rijksuniv. Gent 47:  541-45.


Ramakers, P. M. J.  1980a.  Biological control in Dutch glasshouses; practical application and progress in research.  Symp. Integr. Crop Protec., Valence, June 1980.


Ramakers, P. M. J.  1980a.  Biological control in Dutch glasshouses; practical application and progress in research.  Symp. Integr. Crop Protec., Valence, June 1980.


Ramakrishna-Ayyar, T. V.  1919.  Some south Indian coccids of economic importance.  J. Bombay Natl. Hist. Soc. 26:  621-28.


Ramaseshiah, G.  1967.  The fungus Entomophthora coronata parasitic on three species of aphids infsting crucifers in India.  J. Invertebr. Path. 9:  128-30.


Ramaseshiah, G., K. V. Bhat & P. R. Dharmadhikari.  1969.  Influence of host aphid, host plant and temperature on the laboratory breeding of Lysiphlebus testaceipes.  Indian J. Ent. 30:  281-85.


Ramke, D. J., P. A. Gillies & C. H. Schaefer.  1969.  Aedes nigromaculis control crisis in the southern San Joaquin Valley.  Calif. Vect. Views 16:  19-20.


Ramos, P. & A. Panis.  1975.  Les chalcidiens parasites de Prays oleae [Lep.: Plutellidae] en Andalousie.  Entomophaga 20:  225-8.


Ramsay, G. W.  1964.  Two species of shield bugs that destroy caterpillars.  New Zeal. J. Agr. 109(1):  17.


Ramsay, M. J.  1973.  Beneficial insect or plant pest?  The regulatory Agency's dilemma.  Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. Biol. Contr. Weeds, 4-7 Oct 1971, Rome, Italy.  P. H. Dunn (ed.).  Misc. Pub. No. 6, Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr.  p. 40-46.


Ramsy, A. H. & E. M. El-Banhawy.  1974a.  Behaviour and bionomics of the predatory mite, Phytoseius plumifer [Acarina: Phytoseiidae] as affected by physical surface features of host plants.  Entomophaga 19:  255-8.


Ramsy, A. H. & E. M. El-Banhawy.  1974b.  The phytoseiid mite Phytoseius plumifer as a predator of the eriophyid mite Aceria ficus [Acarina].  Entomophaga 19:  427-30.


Rang, C; Bes, M; Lullien-Pellerin, V; Wu, D; Federici, B A; Frutos, R.  1996.  Influence of the 20-kDa protein from Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. israelensis on the rate of production of truncated Cryl C proteins.  FEMS Microbiology Letters, v.141, n.2-3, (1996): 261-264.


Rangnow, H.  1914.  Über das Massenhafte Auftreten von Coccinella quinquepunctata L.  Zeitschr. f. wiss. Insektenb. 10:  33-43.


Rao, A. B. & P. K. Rao.  1965.  Observations on the natural parasitization in the egg masses of Tryporyza (Schoenobius incertula Walker) at Maruteru.  Andhra Agr. J. 12:  178-82.


Rao, B. R. S.  1957.  Some new species of Indian Hymenoptera.  Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 46:  385-90.


Rao, B. R. S., B. Parshad, A. Ram, R. P. Singh & M. L. Srivastava.  1965a.  Studies on the parasites and predators of Empoasca devastans Distant [Homoptera: Jassidae].  Ind. J. Ent. 27:  104-6.


Rao, B. R. S., H. S. Sangwan, Q. A. Abrasi, Y. Singh & A. M. Ksheersagar.  1965.  New records of hymenopterous parasites of Nipaecoccus vastator Maskell (Homoptera: Coccidae), a serious pest of Citrus spp. from India.  Ind. J. Ent. 27:  109-10.


Rao, B. S.  1964.  The use of light traps to control the cockchafer Lachnosterna bidentata Burm. in Malayan rubber plantations.  J. Rubber Res. Inst. Malaya 18:  243-52.


Rao, B. S. & Hoh Choo Huan.  1965.  Pests of Hevea plantations in Malaya.  Kuala Lumpur-- Rubber Res. Inst.  p. 1-98.


Rao, B. S. N. & I. J. Chandra.  1984.  Brinckochrysa scelestes [Neur.: Chrysopidae] as predator of Myzus persicae [Hom.: Aphididae] on tobacco.  Entomophaga 29:  283-86. 


Rao, S. V.  1962.  The status of Coccinella septempunctata L. and its varieties divaricata Oliv. and confusa Wied.  Canad. Ent. 94(12):  1341-43.


Rao, S. V. & P. DeBach.  1969a.  Experimental studies on hybridization and sexual isolation between some Aphytis species (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  I.  Experimental hybridization and an interpretation of evolutionary relationships among the species.  Hilgardia 39:  515-53.


Rao, S. V. & P. DeBach.  1969b.  Experimental studies on hybridization and sexual isolation between some Aphytis species (Hymenoptera: Aphehlinidae).  II.  Experiments on sexual isolation.  Hilgardia 39:  555-67.


Rao, S. V. & P. DeBach.  1969c.  Experimental studies on hybridization and sexual isolation between some Aphytis species (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  III.  The significance of reproductive isolation between interspecific hybrids and parental species.  Evolution 23:  525-33.


Rao, S. V. & V. P. Rao.  1960.  Introduction of Prospaltella perniciosi for control of San Jose scale in India and Pakistan.  Food & agric. Organ. Plant Protect. Bull. 8:  120-23.


Rao, V. P.  1964.  REcord of three insect pathogens from the far east.  Tech. Bull. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 4:  63-4.


Rao, V. P.  1965a.  Shipment of Dusmetia sangwani Subba Rao, a parasite of the Rhodes grass scale to U.S.A.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Control, Tech. Bull. 5:  145-48.


Rao, V. P.  1965b.  Natural enemies of rice stem-borers and allied species in various parts of the world and possibilities of their use in biological control of rice stem-borers in Asia.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Control, Tech. Bull. 6:  1-68.


Rao, V. P.  1967.  Biological control projects of the Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Indian Station, Bangalore 6, India.  Internatl. Adv. Commonwealth Biol. Control, Biol. Control Inform. Bull. 2:  16.


Rao, V. P.  1969.  Survey for natural enemies of aphids in India.  Final Tech. Rept. U.S. PL-480 Proj. Indian Sta. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Control, Bangalore, India.


Rao, V. P.  1970.  Aims, objectives, and future of biological control of rice stem borers.  Mushi 44:  11-14.


Rao, V. P.  1971.  Biological control of pests in Fiji.  Connonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Misc. Pub. 2.


Rao, V. P.  1972.  Rice stem borers and their natural enemies in India, Pakistan, Ceylon and Malaysia.  Mushi (Suppl.) 45:  7-23.


Rao, V. P. & A. M. Mahadeva.  1964.  A new record of a tachinid parasitizing spotted bollworms in India.  Tech. Bull. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 4:  62.


Rao, V. P. & T. M. Manjunath.  1964.  A new record of the carabid beetle Pheropsophus sobrinus (Desj.) var. desbordesi (Maindr.) as a predator of the rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) in India.  Tech. Bull. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 4:  40-2.


Rao, V. P. & T. M. Manjunath.  1966.  DD 136 nematode that can kill many insect pests.  Ind. Farming 16(2):  43-4.


Rao, V. P. & V. Sudha Rao.  1964a.  Two new records of predacious mites form India.  Tech. Bull. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 4:  38-9.


Rao, V. P. & V. Sudha Rao.  1964b.  Spoggosia (Stomatomyia) bezziana (Bar.), a tachinid parasite of the coconut caterpillar, Nephantis serinopa Meyr.  Techn. Bull. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 4:  95-112.


Rao, V. P. & P. Y. So.  1967.  Notes on Coccinellidae of Hong Kong.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr., Tech. Bull. 9:  9-24.


Rao, V. P., M. A. Ghani, T. Sankaran & K. C. Mathur.  1971a.  A review of the biological control of insects and other pests in South-East Asia and the Pacific Region.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Commun. 6:  43-45, 81-83.


Rao, V. P., M. A. Ghani, T. Sankaran & K. C. Mathur.  1971b.  A review of the biological control of insects and other pests in the south-east Asia and the Pacific region.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Comm. No. 6:  149 p.


Rappaport, N. & M. Page.  1985.  Rearing Glypta fumiferanae [Hym.: Ichneumonidae] on a multivoltine laboratory colony of the western spruce budworm (Choristoneura occidentalis) [Lep.: Tortricidae].  Entomophaga 30:  347-52.


Rapport, D. J. & J. E. Turner.  1970.  Determination of predator food preferences.  J. Theoret. Biol. 26:  365-72.


Rapson, A. M.  1957.  Coastal and highland fresh-water fishery problems in Papua and New Guinea. (Abs.) Indo-Pacific Fishery Counc. Proc. 7 (1957):  47.


Raros, R. S.  1973.  Prospects and problems of integrated pest control in multiple cropping.  IRRI Saturday Seminar.  Los Baños, Philippines. 20 p.


Raske, A. G.  1978.  Parasites of birch casebearer larvae in Newfoundland [Lep.: Coleophoridae].  Entomophaga 23:  103-8.


Raske, A. G. & A. C. Hodson.  1964.  The development of Pineus strobi (Hartig) [Adelginae, Phylloxeridae] on white pine and black spruce.  Canad. Ent. 96:  599-616.


Raske, A. G. & H. O. Schooley.  1979.  Parasites of Coleophora laricella larvae in Newfoundland [Lep.: Coleophoridae].  Entomophaga 24:  57-64.


Rasmussen, S.  1956a.  Nutritional preference experiments with larvae of house long-horn beetle Hylotrupes bajulus.  Oikos 7:  82-97.


Rasmussen, S.  1956b.  On the significance of cholesterol and yeast extract in the diet of larvae of house longhorn beetle (Hylotrupes bajulus).  Oikos 7:  243-50.


Rasmussen, S.  1957.  Simultaneous analysis of several growth factors in Hylotrupes larvae.  Oikos 8:  65-82.


Rasmy, A. H.  1977.  Predatory efficiency and biology of the predatory mite Amblyseius gossipi (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) as affected by plant surfaces.  Entomophaga 22:  421-23.


Rasmy, A. H. & A. Y. M. Ellaithy.  1968.  Introduction of Phytoseiulus persimilis for two-spotted spider mite control in greenhouses in Egypt [Acari: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae].  Entomophaga 33:  435-38.


Rasmy, A. H. & A. Y. M. Ellaithy.  1988.  Introduction of Phytoseiulus persimilis for two spotted spider mite control in green houses in Egypt. [Acari: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae].  Entomophaga 33:  435-39.


Rasmy, A. H. & E. M. El-Banhawy.  1974.  Behaviour and bionomics of the predatory mite Phytoseius plumifer (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) as affected by physical surfaces of the host plant.  Entomophaga 19:  255-57.


Rasmy, A. H. & E. M. El-Banhawy.  1975.  Biology and predatory efficiency of two phytoseiid mites as affected by long-term pollen feeding.  Entomophaga 20:  93-6.


Rasmy, A. H. & A. W. MacPhee.  1970.  Studies on pear psylla in Nova Scotia.  Canad. Ent. 102:  586-91.


Rasmy, A. H., M. E. El-Bagoury & A. S. Reda.  1987.  A new diet for reproduction of two predaceous mites Amblyseius gossipi and Agistemus exsertus [Acari.: Phytoseiidae, Stigmaeidae].  Entomophaga 32:  277-80.


Rasmy, A. H., H. A. Abdel-Rahman, M. M. Abdel-Kader & H. E. Hussein.  1991.  Different responses of three predatory mite species to Tetranychus urticae, Eriophyces dioscoridis and Brevipalpus pulcher: evidence for the existence of kairomones and allomones.  Entomophaga 36:  131-38.


Rasnicyn, A. P.  1964.  On hibernation of ichneumon-flies [Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae].  Ent. Obozr. 43:  46-51.  [in Russian].


Raspopov, P. M.  1962.  Ein Schädling der Birkenwälder- der Schneeweisse Zahnflügler, Leucodonta bicoloria Schiff.  Lesn. Choz. 15(6):  61-2.  [in Russian].


Rasso, S. C. & G. Fraenkel.  1954.  The food requirements of the adult female blow-fly, Phormia regina (Meigen), in relation to ovarian development.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 47:  636-45.


Rasulov, F. K.  1963.  Der Einfluss der Gamma-Strahlung auf die Sterilität von Laphygma exigua Hb.  Chlopkovodstvo 7:  41-2.  [in Russian].


Rasulov, F., Š. Šarafutdinov, J. Turapov & T. Ghamdan-Zade.  1966.  Die Prüfung von Dendrobazillin.  In:  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 11(10):  26-7.  [in Russian].


Ratault, C. & A. Vey.  1977.  Production d'estérases et de N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase dans le tégument du coléoptère Oryctes rhinoceros par le champignon entomopathogène Metarrhizium anisopliae.  Entomophaga 22:  289-94.


Ratcliffe, F. N.  1965/1966.  Biological control.  Austral. J. Sci. 28:  237-40.


Ratcliffe, N.A. 1982.  Cellular defense reactions of insects, pp. 223-244.  In:Frank, W., (ed.). Immune Reactions to Parasites.  Fischer-Veriag, New York.


Ratcliffe, N.A. 1993.  Cellular defense responses of insects: Unresolved problems, pp. 267-304.  In:Beckage, N.E., S.N. Thompson, and B.A. Federici, (eds.). Parasites and Pathogens of insects, Volume L Parasites.  Academic Press, NewYork.


Rath, A.C., S. Pearn, and D. Worladge. 1990.  An economic analysis of production of Metarbizium anisopliae for control of the subterranean pasture pest Adoryphorus couloni, p. 13.  In:Pinnock, D.E., (ed.). Vth International Colloquium on Invertebrate Patholog. and Microbial Control Adelaide, Australia, 20-24, August, 1990.


Rathburn, C. B., Jr., A. H. Boike, Jr., L. A. Sizemore & M. V. Peters.  1984.  Efficacy of several formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis against three species of mosquito larvae in fresh, brackish, and polluted water.  J. Florida Anti-Mosq. Assoc. 55:  9-13.


Rathman, Rj., M.W. Johnson, J.A. Rosenheim, and B.E. Tabashnik. 1990.  Carbamate and pyrethroid resistance in the leafminer parasitoid Diglyphus begini (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).  J. Econ. Entomol., 83: 2153-2158.


Rathmayer, W.  1978.  Venoms of Specidae, Pompilidae, Mutillidae & Bethylidae.  In:  S. Bettini (ed.), Arthropod venoms.  Springer-Verlag, New York.


Ratrou, M.  1941.  Anticides et Meloides.  Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. N. 32:  349-51.


Ratzeburg, J. T. C.  1844a.  Die Ichneumonen der Forstinsekten in forstlicher und entomologischer Beziehung; ein Anhang zur Abbildung und Beschreibung der Forstinsekten.  Berlin, Theile.  3 vol.


Ratzeburg, J. T. C.  1844b.  Die Ichneumonen der Forstinsekten.  Vol. I.  Berlin.


Ratzeburg, J. T. C.  1852.  Die Ichneumonen der Forstinsekten in forstlicher und entomologischer Beziehung.  Vol. 3:  211.


Rau, G. J.  1942.  The Canadian apple mealybug, Phenacoccus aceris Signoret and its allies in northeastern America.  Canad. Ent. 74:  118-25.


Rau, P.  1930.  A note on the parasitic beetle, Hornia minutipennis Riley.  Psyche 37:  155-56.


Rau, P.  1932a.  The courtship dance and sleeping habits of Scolia dubia.  Brooklyn Ent. Soc. Bull. 27:  59-62.


Rau, P.  1932b.  Rhythmic periodicity and synchronous flashing of the firefly, Photinus pyralis, with notes on Photinus pennsylvanicus.  Ecology 13:  7-11.


Rau, P.  1934.  Pompilid wasps and prey transportation over water.  Psyche 41:  241-42.


Rauboud, E. & J. Millot.  1929.  Etude sur Pollistes gallicus (Fr.) infeste par Xenos vesparum (Rossi).  Arch. Anat. Microsc. 25:  280-92.


Rauf, A., D. M. Benjamin, H. C. Coppel & S. E. Banash.  1979.  Parasitization of white pine sawfly and red headed pine sawfly eggs by the egg parasite, Closterocerus cinctipennis Ashmead.  Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes No. 227.  3 p.


Raulston, J. R. & E. G. King.  1984.  Rearing the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens, and the corn earworm, Heliothis zea, pp. 167-175.  In:  E. G King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing.  U. S. Govt. Printing Office.


Raulston, J.R., S.D. Pair, J. Loera, and H.E. Cabanillas. 1992.  Prepupal and pupal parasitism of Helicoverpa zea and Spodopterafrugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) by Steinernema sp. in corn fields in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. J. Econ. Entomol., 85:1666-1670.


Raun, E. S.  1966.  European corn borer, p. 332-38.  In:  C. N. Smith (ed.), Insect Colonization and Mass Production.  Academic Press, New York.


Raun, E. S., G. R. Sutter & M. A. Revelo.  1966.  Ecological factors affecting the pathogenicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. thuringiensis to the European corn borer and fall armyworm.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  365-75.


Raupp, J. J. & K. W. Thorpe.  1985.  Estimating total mortality caused by the parasitoid Cotesia melanosecelus.  Gypsy Moth News 9:  5; U. S. Dept. Agr. Forest Service.


Raupp, M. J., R. G. Van Driesche, and J. A. Davidson. 1993.  Biological Control of Insect and Mite Pests of Woody Landscape Plants.- Concepts, Agents and Methods.  University of Maryland Cooperative Extension Service, College Park, Maryland, U.S.A.


Rausher, M. D.  1980.  Host abundance, juvenile survival and oviposition preference in Tattus philenor.  Evolution 34:  342-55.


Rausher, M.D. 1992, Natural selection and the evolution of plant-insect interactions, pp. 20-88.  In:Roitherg, B.D. and M.B. isman, (eds.). Insect Chemical Ecology, an Evolutionary Approach.  Chapman and Hall, New York.


Rautenštejn, Ja. I.  1963.  Bakteriophagen und mikrobiologische Bekämpfung schädlicher Insekten.  Mikrobiol. metody bor'by vrednymi nasekomymi, Moskva 35-43.  [in Russian].


Rautenštejn, Ja. I., N. G. Misjureva & L. S. Cha…atrjan.  1964.  Lysogenicity of Bacillus cereus var. galleriae and the pecularities of the phages contained in them.  Mikorbiologija 33:  980-6.  [in Russian].


Ravallec, M., G. Riba & A. Vey.  1989.  Sensibilité d'Aedes albopictus [Dipt: Culicidae] à l'hyphomycète entomopathogène Metarhizium anisopliae.  Entomophaga 34:  209-18.


Raven, K. G.  1965.  Lista de especies de la super-familia Chalcidoidea registradas en el Perç con la inclusión de recientes identificaciones.  Rev. Peruana Ent 8(1):  145-56.


Ravensberg, W. J. & K. Altena.  1987.  Recent developments in the control of thrips in sweet pepper and cucumber.  Bull. OILB/SROP:  1987/X/2:  160-64.


Ravensberg, W. J., J. C. van Lenteren & J. Woets.  1983.  Developments in application of biological control in greenhouse vegetables in the Netherlands since 1979.  Bull. IOBC/WPRS VI/3: 36‑48.


Rawat, R. R. & B. N. Modi.  1969.  Studies on Nephus regularis (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) as a predator of the striped mealybug in Madhya Pradesh (India).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62:  953-56.


Rawlings, G. B.  1951.  The establishment of Ibalia leucospoides in New Zealand.  New Zeal. Forest Res. Notes 1, 3:  1-14.


Rawlings, G. B.  1952.  Progress in establishment of Ibalia leucospoides, a parasite of Sirex noctilio, the horn-tail borer of pine.  New Zealand Sci. Rev. 10:  107-08.


Rawlings, G. B.  1953.  Rearing of Sirex noctilio and its parasite Ibalia leucospoides.  New Zealand Forestry Res. Notes 1:  20-34.


Rawlings, G. B.  1958.  Problems of forest entomology in exotic forests in New Zealand.  10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Proc. 1956, 4:  241-46.


Rawlings, G. B.  1962.  Ecology and control of forest insects in New Zealand.  New Zeal. Forest. Serv. Inform. Ser. 38:  1-6.


Rawlins, W. A.  1953.  A method for rearing the onion maggot in insectary cultures.  J. Econ. Ent. 46:  1101.


Ray, S. K.  1967.  Aphid-predator balance-- V.  Effect of temperature on the larval devleopment of the predator, Menochilus sexmaculatus (Fab.) and related rate of aphid consumption.  Indian J. Sci. & Ind. 1:  71-76.


Rayment, T.  1947.  What of the planidia?  Victorian Nat. 64:  31-32.  [parasitic on Paracolletes crassipes].


Raymond, K. C., H. Wabiko, R. M. Faust & L. A. Bulla, Jr.  1990.  Transfer of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis mosquitocidal toxin gene into mosquito larval food sources, p. 94-109.  In:  H. de Barjac & D. Sutherland (eds.), Bacterial Control of Mosquitoes and Blackflies; Biochemistry, Genetics, and Applications of Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus sphaericus.  Rutgers Univ. Press, New Brunswick, NJ.


Raymond, M., N. Pasteur & G. P. Georghiou.  1986.  Inheritance of chlorpyrifos resistance in Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) and estimation of the number of genes involved.  Heredity 58:  351-56.


Raynaud, P.  1933.  Contribution a l'etude des larves de Carabus.  Misc. Ent. REv. Ent. Intern. 34(8):  65-67.


Raynaud, P.  1935.  Phaenoseriphus viator Hal., parasite de larves de Carabidae.  Misc. Ent. 36:  97-100.


Raynaud, P.  1966a.  Tachycarabus gehin sibiricus Fisher spp. besseri Fischer.  Rearing and larval stages.  Soc. Linn. Lyon Bull. Mens. 35:  206-11.


Raynaud, P.  1966b.  Chrysocarabus leineatus lineatus Chevrolat:  Rearing and larval stages.  Soc. Linn. Lyon Bull. Mens. 35:  185-93.










Read, D. B.  1965.  The field recognition of the larvae of three common aphid-feeding coccinellids.  New Zeal. Ent. 3(4):  14-17.


Read, D. C.  1962.  Notes on the life history of Aleochara bilineata (Gyll.) (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae), and its potential value as a control agent for the cabbage maggot, Hylemya brassicae (Bouché) (Diptera: Anthomyiidae).  Canad. Ent. 94:  417-24.


Read, D. C.  1964.  Chemical control of the cabbage root maggot integrated with natural controls.  Canad. Ent. 96:  136-7.


Read, D. P., P. P. Feeny & R. B. Root.  1970.  Habitat selection by the aphid parasite Diatreiella rapae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and hyperparasite Charips brassicae (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae).  Canad. Ent. 102:  1567-78.


Readio, P, A.1927. Studies on the biology of the Reduviidae of America north of Mexico. Univ.. Kan. Sci. Bull. 17:1- 248; 5-291 21 pl.


Readio, P. A.  1931.  Dormancy in Reduvius personatus (Linnaeus).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 24:  19-39.


Readshaw, J. L.  1973.  The numerical response of predators to prey density.  J. Appl. Ecol. 10:  342-51.


Readshaw, J. L.  1975.  Biological control of orchard mites in Australia with an insecticide-resistant predator.  J. Aust. Ins. Agr. Sci. 41:  213-214.


Readshaw, J. L. & W. R. Cuff.  1980.  A model of Nicholson's blowfly cycles and its relevance to predation theory.  J. Anim. Ecol. 49:  1005-10.


Ready, C C; Vinson, S B.  1995.   Seed selection by the red imported fire ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the the laboratory.  Environ. Entomol., v.24, n.6, (1995): 1422-1431.


Reardon, R.C. 1981.  Alternative controls, 6.1 parasites, pp. 299-421.  In:Doane, C.C. and M.L. McManus, (eds.). the Gypsy Moth: Research Toward Integrated Pest Management.  U.S. Forest Service Technical Bull. No. 1584, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.


Reardon, R. C. & J. D. Podgwaite.  1976.  Disease-parasitoid relationships in natural populations of Lymantria dispar [Lep.: Lymantriidae] in the northeastern United States.  Entomophaga 21:  333-42.


Reardon, R., W. Metterhouse & R. Balaam.  1979.  Impact of aerially applied Bacillus thuringiensis and carbaryl on gypsy moth [Lep.: Lymantriidae] and adult parasites.  Entomophaga 24:  305-10.


Réaumur, M. de.  1726.  Remarques sur la plante appellée a la Chine Hia Tsao Tom Tchom, ou plante ver. Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. (21 Aug 1726), p. 302-5.


Réaumur, R. A. F. de.  1734-1742.  Mémoires pour servir a l'histoire des insects.  Imprimerie Royale, Paris.


Réaumur, R. A. F. de.  1735.  Observations du thermometre.  Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Paris:  545-76.


Réaumur, R. A. F. de.  1753.  Histoire du ver lion mouche.  [Paris] Acad. des Sci. Mem.:  402-19.  Ed. 1762:  604-31.


Rebrin, M.  1938.  On the acclimatization of a new larvicidal fish in Uzbekistan.  Social. Sci. Tech. 6:  106-07.  [in Russian].


Rechav, Y.  1975.  Biological and ecological studies of the parasitoid Chelonus inanitus [Hym.: Braconidae] in Israel. I. Distribution, abundance and parasitism in natural host populations.  Entomophaga 20:  365-72.


Rechav, Y.  1978a.  Biological and ecological studies of the parasitoid Chelonus inanitus [Hym.: Braconidae] in Israel. III. Effects of temperature, humidity and food on the survival of the adults. Entomophaga 23:  89-94.


Rechav, Y.  1978b.  Biological and ecological studies of the parasitoid Chelonus inanitus [Hym.: Braconidae] in Israel: IV. Oviposition, host preferences and sex ratio.  Entomophaga 95-102.


Rechcigl, J.E. & N. A. Rechcigl, Eds.  2000.  Biological and Biotechnological Control of Insect Pests; Agriculture and Environment Series; Lewis Publishers: Boca Raton, FL.


Redborg, K.E. 1983.  A mantispid larva can preserve its spider egg prey: evidence for an aggressive allomone.  Oecologia, 58: 230-231.


Reddingius, J.  1971.  Gambling for existence:  A discussion of some theoretical problems in animal population ecology.  In:  p. 208, Acta Theoretica Climum, added to Acta Biotheoretica 20, Leiden:  Brill, 208 p.


Reddingius, J. & P. J. den Boer.  1970.  Simulation experiments illustrating stabilization of animal numbers by spreading of risk.  Oecologia 5:  240-48.


Reddingius, J. & P. J. den Boer.  1989.  On the stabilization of animal numbers.  Problems of testing.  1.  Power estimates and estimation errors.  Oecologia 78:  1-8.


Reed, D. K. & N. J. Tromley.  1985a.  Cydia pomonella, pp. 249-256.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Reed, D. K. & N. J. Tromley.  1985b.  Synanthedon pictipes, pp. 477-482.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Reed, D. K., W. G. Hart & S. J. Ingle.  1970.  Influence of windbreaks on distribution and abundance of brown spot scale in citrus groves.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. k63:  792-94.


Reed, D. K., J. E. Rich & J. G. Shaw.  1972.  A portable apparatus for detection of virus-diseased red mites in the field.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  890-91.


Reed, D.K., S.D. Kindler, and T.L. Springer. 1992.  Interactions of Russian wheat aphid, a hymenopterous parasitoid and resistant and susceptible slender wheatgrasses.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 64: 239-246.


Reed-Larsen, D. A. & J. J. Brown.  1990.  Embryonic castration of the codling moth, Cydia pomonella, by an endoparasitoid, Ascogaster quadridentata.  J. Insect Physiol. 36:  111-18.


Reeks, W. A.  1937.  Notes on the biology of Microplectron fuscipennis Zett., as a cocoon parasite of Diprion polytomum Hartig.  Canad. Ent. 69:  185-87.


Reeks, W. A.  1938.  Native insect parasites and predators attacking Diprion polytomum (Htg.) in Canada.  Ann. Rep. Ent. Soc. Ontario (1937) 69:  25-8.


Reeks, W. A.  1941.  On the taxonomic status of Gilpinia polytoma (Htg.) and G. hercyniae (Htg.) (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae).  Canad. Ent. 73:  177-88.


Reeks, W. A.  1952.  Establishment of Exenterus spp. (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), parasites of the European spruce sawfly, near points of liberation.  Canad. Ent. 84:  76-86.


Reeks, W. A.  1953.  The establishment of introduced parasites of the European spruce sawfly (Diprion hercyniae (Htg.)) in the Maritime Provinces.  Canad. J. Agr. Sci. 33:  405-29.


Reeks, W. A.  1954.  An outbreak of the larch sawfly (Pristiphora erichsonii (Htg.)) in the Maritime Provinces (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) and the role of parasites in its control.  Canad. Ent. 86:  471-80.


Reeks, W. A.  1963.  The European spruce sawfly in Ontario, 1936 to 1962.  Canad. For. Ent. Path. Br., Bi-Mon. Progr. Rept. 19(6):  2-3.


Reeks, W. A. & G. W. Barter.  1951.  Growth reduction and mortality of spruce caused by the European spruce sawfly, Gilpinia hercyniae (Htg.) (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae).  Forestry Chron. 27:  140-56.


Reeks, W.A. & J. M. Cameron.  1971.  Current approach to biological control of forest insects. In Biological Control Programmes Against Insects and Weeds in Canada 1959-1968; Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control Technical Communication 4; Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux: Slough, U.K., 1971; 105-113.


Reeks, W. A. & C. C. Smith.  1956.  The satin moth, Stilpnotis salicis (L.) in the Maritime Provinces and observations on its control by parasites and spraying.  Canad. Ent. 88:  565-79.


Rees, C. J. C.  1969.  Chemoreceptor specificity associated with choice of feeding site by the beetle Chrysolina brunsvicensis on its food plant, Hypericum hirsutum.  Ent. Expt. Appl. 12:  565-83.


Rees, D. M., D. N. Bown & R. N. Winget.  1969.  Mosquito larva control with Gambusia and Lucania fish in relation to water depth and vegetation.  Proc. & Pap. Ann. Conf. Calif. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 37:  110-14.


Rees, N. E.  1970.  Suitability of selected North American grasshopper species as hosts for Eurasian parasites, Acridomyia sachovovi and Blaesoxepha lineata (Diptera).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 63:  901-03.


Rees, N. E.  1973.  Arthropod and nematode parasites, parasitoids, and predators of Acrididae in America north of Mexico.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 1460.


Rees, T. J.  1979.  Community development in freshwater microcosms.  Hydrobiologia 63:  113-28.


Rees, N. E.  1986.  Effects of dipterous parasites on production and viability of Melanoplus sanguinipes eggs (Orthoptera: Acrididae).  Environ. Ent. 15:  205-06.


Rees, N. E. & J. M. Story.  1991.  Host plant testing of Urophora quadrifasciata [Dipt: Tephritidae] against Carthamus tinctorius and two North American species of Centaurea.  Entomophaga 36:  115-20.


Reeve, J. D. & W. W. Murdoch.  1985.  Aggregation by parasitoids in the successful control of the California red scale:  a test of theory.  J. Anim. Ecol. 54:  797-816.


Reeve, J. D. & W. W. Murdoch.  1985.  Aggregation by parasitoids in the successful control of the California red scale:  a test of theory.  J. Anim. Ecol. 54:  797-816.


Reeve, J. D. & W. W. Murdoch.  1986.  Biological control by the parasitoid Aphytis melinus, and population stability in the California red scale.  J. Anim. Ecol. 55:  1069-82.


Reeve, J. D. & W. W. Murdoch.  1986.  Biological control by the parasitoid Aphytis melinus, and population stability of the California red scale.  J. Anim. Ecol. 55:  1069-82.


Reeves, B. G.  1975.  Design and evaluation of facilities and equipment for mass production and field release of an insect parasite and an insect predator.  Ph.D. dissertation, Texas A. & M. University, College Station, Texas.  180 p.


Reeves, E. L.  1970.  Pathogens of mosquitoes.  Proc. 38th Ann. Conf. Calif. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 38:  20-2.


Reeves, E. L. & C. Garcia, Jr.  1970.  Pathogenicity of bicrystalliferous Bacillus isolate for Aedes aegypti and other aedine mosquito larvae.  Proc. 4th Intern. Colloq. on Insect Pathol.:  219-28.


Refai, F. Y., E. T. Jones & B. S. Miller.  1955.  Some biochemical factors involved in the resistance of the wheat plant to attack by the Hessian fly.  Cereal Chem. 32:  437-51.


Regev, U.  1984.  An economic analysis of man's addiction to pesticides, p. 441-53.  In:  G. R. Conway (ed.), Pest and Pathogen Control:  Strategic, Tactical & Policy Models.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  488 p.


Regev, U., A. P. Gutierrez & G. Feder.  1976.  Pests as a common property resource: a class study of alfalfa weevil control.  Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 58:  188-96.


Regnard, P.  1937.  Mission entomologique a Madagascar en 1936.  Rev. Agr. Maurice 93:  93-6.


Regniere, J. 1984.  Vertical transmission of disease and population dynamics of insects with discrete generations: A model.  Journal of Theoretical Biology, 107: 287-301.


Regniere, R. & R. Pussard.  1926.  Le campagnol des champs (Microtus arvalis Pall.) et sa destruction.  An. Serv. Epiph. 12:  470-514.


Regniere, R.  1984.  Vertical transmission of disease and population dynamics of insects with discrete generations.  J. Theor. Biol. 107:  287-301.


Reimann, R. & H. G. Miltenburger.  1983.  Cytogenetic studies in mammalian cells after treatment with insect pathogenic viruses [Baculoviridae]. II. In vitro studies with mammalian cell lines.  Entomophaga 28:  33-44.


Rehman, M. H., M. A. Ghani and S, K. Kazimi.  1961.  Introduction of exotic natural enemies of San Jose scale into Pakistan.  Comm. Inst. Biol. Control Tech. Bull. 1:  165-82.


Rehn, J. A. G.  1958.  The origin and affinities of the Dermapter and Orthoptera of western North America, p. 253-98.  In:  C. L. Huggs (ed.), Zoogeography.  Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci. Publ. 51.  509 p.


Rehn, J. W. H. 1939. Studies in North American Mantispidae (Neuroptera). Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc., 65:237-263; 22 f.


Reichelderfer, K. H.  1979.  Economic feasibility of a biological control technology:  using a parasitic wasp, Pediobius foveolatus, to manage Mexican bean beetle on soybean. Economics, Statistics and Cooperatives Service, Agric. Economic Report No. 430.  U. S. Dept.of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.


Reichelderfer, K. H.  1981.  Economic feasibiligy of biological control of crop pests, p. 403-17.  In:  G. C. Papavizas (ed.), Biological Control in Crop Production.  BARC Symnp. No. 5, Allenheld, Osmun, Totowa, New Jersey.  461 p.


Reichelderfer, K. H.  1985.  Factor affecting the economic feasibility of the biological control of weeds.  In: E. S. DelFosse (ed.), Proc. 6th Internatl. Symp. Biol. Control Weeds, 19-25 Aug, 1984.  Vancouver, Canada. 


Reichelderfer, K. & F. Bender.  1979.  Application of a simulative approach to evaluating alternative methods for the control of agricultural pests.  Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 61:  258-67.


Reichert, H. 1973. A critical study of the suborder Myxophaga, with a taxonomic revision of the Brazilian Torridincolidae and Hydroscaphidae (Coleoptera). Arq. Zool. (Sao Paulo), 24(2):73-162; 8 pl.


Reid, R. W.  1957.  The bark beetle complex associated with lodgepole pine slash in Alberta. III. Notes on the biologies of several predators with special reference to Enoclerus sphegeus Fab. (Coleoptera: Cleridae) and two species of mites.  Canad. Ent. 89(3):  111-20.


Reid, R. W.  1963.  Biology of the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus monticolae Hopkins, in the East Kooteney Region of British Columbia. III. Interaction between the beetle and its host, with emphasis on brood mortality and survival.  Canad. Ent. 95:  225-38.


Reineck, Georg.  1910.  Über die Lebensweise und den Fang von Rhipiporus paradoxus L. und Velleius dilatatus F.  Ent. Rundschau, Stuttgart 27:  89-90.


Reineck, G.  1923.  Bemerkungen über die Lebensweise von Cicindela sylvicola Latr.  deut. Ent. Zeits. 1923:  277-80.


Reinhard, E. G.  1924.  The life history and habits of the solitary wasp, Philanthus gibbosus.  Smithsn. Inst. Ann. Rept. (1922):  363-76.


Reisch, J., H. Kreusler, W. Keil & R. Rossbach.  1967.  Aussichten einer biologischen Bekämpfung des Grünen Eichenwicklers (Tortrix viridana L.) und siner Schadgesellschaft im Dauerschadgebiet des Main-Kinzig-Beckens.  Forst-, Holzwirt. 22(7):  1-7.


Reitz, S. R. and J. T. Trumble.  1996. Tritrophic interactions among linear furanocoumarins, the herbivore Trichoplusia ni  (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and the polyembryonic parasitoid Copidosoma floridanum (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). Environ. Entomol. 25: 1391-1397.


Reitz, S. R. and J. T. Trumble. 1997. Effects of linear furanocoumarins on the herbivore Spodoptera exigua and the parasitoid Archytas marmoratus: host quality and parasitoid success. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 84: 9-16.


Rejesus, R. S. & H. T. Reynolds.  1970.  Impact of the pink bollworm control program upon the cotton leaf perforator-predator-parasite complex in the Imperial Valley, California.  Rept. to Calif. Cotton. Contr. Bd.


Remaudière, G.  1960a.  Project d'installation et de fonctionnement d'une unite de production d'oeurs d'Eurygaster integriceps.  Sunn Pest Cir. 5. FAO Sunn Pest Inform, Rome.


Remaudiere, G.  1960b.  Sunn pest in the Middle East.  Development of Research-- first practical application.  FAO SUNN Pest Inform. Doc. Cent., Paris.  19 p.


Remaudière, G.  1961.  Sunn pest in the Middle East.  Draft report at termination of mission.  FAO Sunn Pest Inform., Paris & Rome. 15 p.


Remaudiere, G. and S. Keller. 1980.  Revision systematique des genres d'Entomophthoraceae a potentialite entomo-pathogene.  Mycotaxon, 11: 323-338. (in French)


Remaudière, G. & F. Leclant.  1971.  Le complexe des ennemis naturels des Aphides du Pecher dans la moyenne vallée du Rhôn.  Entomophaga 16:  255-68.


Remaudière, G. & M. Marie-France.  1971.  Première expérimentation écologique sur les Entomophthorales [Phycomycetes] parasites de pucherons en vergers de pechers.  Entomophaga 16:  75-94.


Remaudière, G. & F. Leclant.  1971.  Le complexe des enemis naturels des aphides du pecher dans la Moyenne Vallée du Rhone.  Entomophaga 16:  255-67.


Remaudière, G. & M. Safavi.  1963.  Sur l'origine et le mode de formation de la membrane interne des oeufs de Pentatomidae [Het.] parasités par Asolcus spp. [Hym. Scelionidae].  Rev. Path. vég., Ent. agric. France 42:  227-31.


Remaudière, G., G. Iperti, F. Leclant, J. P. Lyon & M. F. Michel.  1973.  Biologie et écologie des aphids et de leurs ennemis naturels.  Application a la lutte intégréé en vergets.  Entomophaga Mem. H.S. 6.  35 p.


Remaudière, G., S. Keller, B. Papierok & J. P. Latgé.  1976.  Considérations systématiques et biologiques sur quelques espèces d'Entomophthora du groupe sphaerosperma pathogènes d'insectes [Phycomycètes: Entomophthoraceae].  Entomophaga 21:  163-78.


Remaudière, G., J. P. Latgé & M.-F. Michel.  1981.  Ecologie comparée des Entomophthoracées pathogènes de pucerons en France littorale et continentale.  Entomophaga 26:  157-78.


Remillet, M. and C. Laumond. 1991.  Sphaerularioid nematodes of importance in agriculture, pp. 967-1024.  In:Nickel, W.R., (ed.). Manual of Agricultural Nematology.  Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.


Remington, C. L.  1968.  The population genetics of insect introduction.  Annu. Rev.  Ent. 13:  415-27.


Remington, C. L.  1968.  Suture zones of hybrid interaction between recently joined biotas.  Evol. Biol. 2:  321-428.


Remington, C. L.  1968.  The population genetics of insect introduction.  Annu. Rev.  Ent. 13:  415-27.


Remisch, F.  1910.  Zur Lebensweise der Adalia bipunctata L. in Saazer Hopfenbaugebiete.  Z. wiss. Insektenbiol., Berlin 6:  242-44.


Renou, M., N. Hawlitzky, A. Berthier, C. Malosse & F. Ramiandrasoa.  1989.  Mise en évidence d'une activité kairomonale des oeufs de la pyrale du mais sur les femelles de Trichogramma maidis.  Entomophaga 34:  569-80.


Rennie, J. & C. H. Sutherland.  1920.  On the life history of Bucentes (Siphona) geniculata (Diptera; Tachinidae), parasite of Tipula paludosa (Diptera) and other species.  Parasitol. 12:  199-211.


Renwick,J.A.A. and F.S. Chew. 1994.  Oviposition behavior in Lepidoptera.  Annu. Rev. of Entomol., 39:377-400.


Repetto, R.  1985.  Paying the price:  pesticide subsidies in developing countries.  World Res. Inst., Res. Rep. No. 2, Washington, D.C.  27 p.


Report of the Environmental Pollution Panel, President's Science Advisory Committee.  1965.  Restoring the Quality of our Environment.  The White House, Wash., D.C.


Report of the Secretary's Commission on Pesticides and their Relationship to Environmental Health, pts. I & II.  1969.  U. S. Dept. Hlth., Edu. & Welfare, Wash., D.C.


Research Institute Canada Dept. of Agriculture.  1971.  Biological control programmes against insects and weeds in Canada 1959-1968.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Commun. 4.  266 p.


Ressig, W. H., E. A. Heinfichs & S. L. Valencia.  1982.  Insecticide induced resurgence of the brown plant hopper, Nilaparvata lugens, on rice varieties with different levels of resistance.  Environ. Ent. 11:  165-68.


Retnakaran, A., L. Jobin & C. H. Buckner.  1974.  Experimental aerial application of a juvenile hormone analog against the eastern hemlock looper Lambdina fiscellaria fiscellaria (Guen.) in Anticosti Island in July 1973.  Canad. Forestry Serv. Inform. Rep. IP-X-6.


Retnakaran, A., J. Granett & T. Ennis.  1985.  Insect growth regulators, p. 529-601.  In:  G. A. Kerkut & L. I. Gilbert (eds.).,  Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry & Pharmacology, vol. 12, Insect Control.  Pergamon Press, Oxford.


Reuter, O. M.  1913.  Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten.  Friedlander, Berlin.  488 p.


Rey, J. M.  1970.  Development of a diet for rearing olive fly larvae.  Entomophaga 15:  157-68.


Rey, J. R. & E. D. McCoy.  1979.  Application of island biogeography theory to pests of cultivated crops.  Environ. Ent. 8:  577-82.


Reyd, G., R. Gery, A. Ferran, G. Iperti & J. Brun.  1991.  Etude de la consommation alimentaire d'Hyperaspis raynevali [Col.: Coccinellidae] prédateur de la cochenille farineuse du manioc Phenacoccus manihoti [Hom.: Pseudococcidae].  Entomophaga 36:  161-72.


Reyne, A.  1921.  De Cacaothrips (Heliothrips rubrocinctus Giard).  Suriname, Dep. Landouw. Paramaribo, Bull. 44.  214 p.  (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 10:  279).


Reyne, A.  1947.  Notes on the biology of Comperiella unifasciata Ishii and its host Aspidiotus destructor rigidus Nov. Subspec.  Tijdschr. Ent. 88 (1945):  294-302.


Reyne, A.  1948.  Studies on a serious outbreak of Aspidiotus destructor rigidus in the coconut-palms of Sangi (North Celebes).  Tijdschr. Ent. 89 (1946):  83-123.  (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 39:  135).


Reynolds, H. T.  1962.  The integrated insect control concept.  Agriculture Israel 8(2):  9.


Reynolds, H. T.  1971a.  A world review of the problem of insect population upsets and resurgences caused by pesticide chemicals, p. 108-12.  In:  J. E. Swift (ed.), Agricultural Chemicals-- Harmony or Discord.  Univ. Calif. Div. Agr. Sci.


Reynolds, H. T.  1971b.  Resistance of insects and mites to insecticides and acaricides and the future of pesticide chemicals, p. 108-12.  In:  J. E. Swift (ed.), Agricultural Chemicals-- Harmony or Discord for Food, People and Environment.  Univ. Calif. Div. Agri. Sci., Berkeley, CA.


Reynolds, H. T. & V. M. Stern.  1967.  Annual report for the National Cotton Council of America.  1967.


Reynolds, H. T., P. L. Adkisson, R. F. Smith & R. E. Frisbie.  1982.  Cotton insect pest management, p. 375-441.  In:  R. L. Metcalf & W. H. Luckmann (eds.), Introduction to Insect Pest Management.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  577 p.


Reynoldson, T. B.  1957.  Population fluctuations in Urceolaria mitra (Peritricha) and Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta) and their bearing on regulation.  In:  Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quant. Biol. 22:  313-27.


Reznik, S. Y. & T. Y. Umarova.  1990.  The influence of host's age on the selectivity of parasitism and fecundity of Trichogramma.  Entomophaga 35:  31-8.








Rhoades, D. F.  1979.  Evolution of plant chemical defense against herbivores. p. 3-54.  In:  G. A. Rosenthal & D. H. Janzen (eds.), Herbivores.  Their Interaction With Secondary Plant Metabolites.  Academic Press, New York.  718 p.


Rhoades, D. F.  1983.  Herbivore population dynamics and plant chemistry. p. 155-220.  In.  R. F. Denno & M. S. McClure (eds.), Variable Plants and Animals in Natural and Managed Systems.  Academic Press, New York.  717 p.


Rhoades, D. F. & R. G. Cates.  1976.  Toward a general theory of plant antiherbivore chemistry. p. 168-213.  In:  J. W. Wallace & R. L. Mansell (eds.), Biochemical Interaction Between Plants and Insects.  Plenum Press, New York. 


Rhoades, H.L. 1985.  Comparison of fenamiphos and Arthrobotrys amerospora for controlling plant nematodes in central Florida.  Nematropica, 15: 1-7


Rhode, R. H.  1957.  A diet for Mexican fruit flies.  J. Econ. Ent. 50:  215.


Rhode, R. H.  1976.  The history and current status of the Mediterranean fruit fly in North America.  J. Rio Grande Valley Hort. Soc. 30:  11-17.


Rhode, R. H., D. F. Lopez, F. Eguisa & C. J. Telich.  1961.  Effect of gamma radiation on the reproductive potential of the Mexican fruit fly.  J. Econ. Ent. 54:  202-03.


Rhodes, R. A.  1965.  Symposium on microbial insecticides. II.  Milky disease of the Japanese beetle.  Bacteriol. Rev. 29:  373-81.


Rhodes, R. A.  1967.  Milky disease of the Japanese beetle, p. 31-3.  Abstr. Pap. U.S-Japan Seminar, "Microbial Control of Insect Pests," Fukuoka, 1967.  U.S.-Japan Commit. Sci. Coop. Panel 8, Res. Pesticides.  p. 49-50.


Rhodes, R. A., E. S. Sharpe, H. H. Hall & R. W. Jackson.  1966.  Characteristics of the vegetative growth of Bacillus popilliae.  Appl. Microbiol. 14:  189-95.




Riabinin, S.  1966.  Plant protection from the angle of nature preservation.  Posetpy nauk. roln., Warszawa 60:  355-61.  [in Polish].


Riba, G.  1978.  Recombinaison areès hétérocaryose chez le champignon entomopathogène Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (Deutéromycètes).  Entomophaga 23:  417-21.


Riba, G.  1984.  Field plot tests using an artificial mutant of the entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana [Hyphomycetes] against the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis [Lep.: Pyralidae].  Entomophaga 29:  41-8.  [in French].


Riba, G. & A. Glandard.  1980.  Mise au point d'un milieu nutritif pour la culture profonde du champignon entomopathogène Nomuraea rileyi.  Entomophaga 25:  317-22.


Riba, G., S. Marcandier, G. Richard & I. Larget.  1983.  Susceptibility of the European corn borer [Lep.: Pyralidae] to entomogenous hyphomycetes.  Entomophaga 28:  55-64.  [in French].


Ribaga, C.  1904.  Attivita del Novius cardinalis Muls. control l'Icerya purchasi Mask. in Italia.  Riv. Patol. Veg. 10:  299-323.


Ribbands, C. R.  1953.  The Behavior and Social Life of Honeybees.  Bee Res. Assoc., Ltd., London.  352 p.


Ribbands, R. 1953. The Behaviour and Social Life of the Honey Bee Hale Pub.Co., Hapeville, Ga..


Ricchello, A.  1928.  Contributo alla conoscenza della mosca del carciofo (Agromyza andalusiaca Strobl.) e dei suoi parassiti.  Portici R. Scuola Super. di Agr. Lab. Zool. Gen. e Agr. Bol. 22:  81-148.


Rice, M.E. and G.E. Wilde. 1988.  Experimental evaluation of predators and parasitoids in suppressing greenbugs (Homoptera: Aphididae) in sorghum and wheat.  Environ. Entomol., 17: 836-841.


Rice, M.E. and G.E. Wilde. 1989.  Antibiosis of sorghum on the convergent lady beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a third-trophic level predator of the greenbug (Homoptera: Aphididae).  J. Econ. Entomol., 82: 570-573.


Rice, P. L.  1937.  A study of the insect enemies of the San Jose scale (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comstock) with special reference to Prospaltella perniciosi Tower.  Ohio State Univ., Abs. Doc. Diss. 24:  267-78.


Rice, R. E.  1969.  Bionomics of Enocleris barri (Coleoptera: Cleridae).  Canad. Ent. 101:  382-86.


Rice, R. E.  1969.  Response of some predators and parasites of Ips confusus (LeC.) to olfactory attractants.  Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 23:  189-94.


Rice, R. E.  1974.  San Jose scale:  field studies with a sex pheromone.  J. Econ. Ent. 67:  561-62.


Rice, R. E. & P. Kirsch.  1990.  Mating disruption of the Oriental fruit moth in the United States, p. 193-212.  In:  R. L. Ridgway, R. M. Silverstein and M. N. Inscoe (eds.), "Behavior Modifying Chemicals For Insect Management.  Marcel Decker, Inc. New York.


Richard, G.  1962.  Etude du comportement de capture de Nepa rubra rubra Linné [Hémiptère Hétéroptère].  Ann. Sci. natur., Zool, Paris 4:  543-668.


Richards, A. G. & M. A. Brooks.  1958.  Internal symbiosis in insects.  Annu. Rev.  Ent. 3:  37-56.


Richards, A. J. (Ed.). 1978. The Pollination of Flowers by Insects. New York: Academic Press, xii + 214 pp., 23 pl.


Richards, J. G. & P. E. King.  1967.  Chorion and vitelline membranes and their role in resorbing eggs of the Hymenoptera.  Nature, London 214:  601-02.


Richards, O. W.  1932.  Observations on the genus Bethylus Latr.  Ent. Soc. So. England Trans. 8:  35-40.


Richards, O. W.  1940.  The biology of the small white butterfly (Pieris rapae), with special reference to the factors controlling its abundance.  J. Anim. Ecol. 9:  243-88.


Richards, O. W.  1955.  Review:  'Andrewartha, H. G. & L. C. Birch.  The Distribution and Abundance of Animals.  Univ. of Chicago Press, 782 p.  J. Anim. Ecol. 24:  465.


Richards, O. W. 1956. Handbooks for the identification of British insects. Hymenoptera: Introduction & key to families. Roy. Entomol. Soc. London, 6(1):1-94; 197 f., 22 pl. (Other papers in this series, by various authors, cover various groups of Hymenoptera.)

Richards, O. W.  1958.  Identities of species of Lecanium burmeister in Canada (Homoptera: Coccoidea).  Canad. Ent. 90:  305-13.


Richards, O. W. 1962. A Revisional Study of the Masarid Wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespoidea). London: British Museum, vii + 294 pp., 241 f.


Richards, O. W.  1963.  Some factors controlling insect populations living on scotch broom.  Proc. 16th Intern. Congr. Zool., Wash., D.C. 3:  353-56.


Richards, O. W. & N. Waloff.  1954.  Studies on the biology and population dynamics of British grasshoppers.  Antilocust Bull. 17:  182 p.


Richards, O. W. & N. Waloff.  1961.  A study of a natural population of Phytodecta olivacea (Forester) (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae).  Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. London Ser. B 244:  205-57.


Richards, O. W., N. Waloff & J. P. Spradberry.  1960.  The measurement of mortality in an insect population in which recruitment and mortality widely overlap.  Oikos 11:  306-10.


Richards, W. R.  1967.  A review of the Tinocallis of the world (Homoptera: Aphididae).  Canad. Ent. 99:  536-53.


Richardson, B. H.  1953.  Insecticidal control of rhodesgrass scale on St. Augustine grass lawns.  J. Econ. Ent. 46:  426-30.


Richardson, C. H.  1913.  Studies on the habits and development of a hymenopterous parasite, Spalangia muscidarum Rich.  J. Morphol. 24:  513-57.


Richardson, C. H.  1948.  Present status of the citrus blackfly and its parasite, Eretmocerus serius at Nassau, Bahamas.  J. Econ. Ent. 41:  980.


Richardson, H. H.  1932.  An efficient medium for rearing house flies through the year.  Science 76:  350-1.


Richardson, H. P. & P. H. Westdal.  1965.  Use of aphidius semiflavus Howard for control of aphids in a greenhouse.  Canad. Ent. 97:  110-111.


Richardson, J. H. & W. E. Barkley (eds.).  1984?.  Biosafety in Microbiological and Medical Laboratories.  HHS Publ. No. (CDC) 84:  8395.


Richardson, P. M., W. P. Holmes & G. B. Saul.  1987.  The effect of tetracycline on nonreciprocal cross incompatibility in Nasonia vitripennis.  J. Invert. Path. 50:  176-83.


Richardson, R. L., D. E. Nelson, A. C. York & G. G. Gyrisco.  1971.  Biological control of the alfalfa weevil Hypera postica (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in New York.  Canad. Ent. 103:  1653-58.


Richerson, J. V. & J. H. Borden.  1971.  Sound and vibration are not obligatory host finding stimuli for the bark beetle parasite, Coleoides brunneri [Hymenoptera: Braconidae].  Entomophaga 16:  95-100.


Richerson, J. V. & J. H. Borden.  1972.  Host-finding by heat perception in Coeloides brunneri (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).  Canad. Ent. 104:  1877-81.


Richerson, J. V. & E. A. Cameron.  1974.  Differences in pheromone release and sexual behavior between laboratory-reared and wild gypsy moth adults.  Environ. Ent. 3:  475-81.


Richerson, J. V. & L. J. DeLoach.  1972.  Some aspects of host selection of Perilitus coccinellae.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  834-9.


Richman, D. B., R. C. Hemenway, Jr. & W. H. Whitcomb.  1980.  Field-cage evaluation of predators of the soybean looper, Pseudoplusia includens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).  Environ. Ent. 9:  315-17.


Richmond, R. C. & A. Senior.  1981.  Esterase 6 (EC of Drosophila melanogaster:  kinetics of transfer to females, decay in females and male recovery.  J. Insect Physiol. 27:  849-54.


Richter, P. O. & C. L. Fluke, Jr.  1935.  Exoprosopa fasciata Macq., white grub pupal parasite.  J. Econ. Ent. 28:  248. 


Richter, S.  1956.  Untersuchungen an unbegatteten Stylops-Weibschen (Insecta, Strepsiptera).  Die Vorgange an den unbefruchteten Eiern (Parthenogenese?) und das Verhalten der Gebarorgane.  Zool. Beitr., Berlin 2:  481-557.


Richter, V.A. 1988.  Family Nemestrinidae.  Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera. 5:171-181. 

Zoological Inst., Academy of Science of the U.S.S.R., 199164 Leningrad, U.S.S.R.


Ricker, W.E. 1973.  Linear regressions in fishery research.  Journal of the Fisberies Res.Board of Canada, 30: 409-434.


Ricker, W. E. 1975.  A note concerning Professor jolicoeur's comments.  Journal of the Fisberies Res.Board of Canada, 32: 1494-1498.


Ricker, W. E.  1975.  A note concerning Professor Jolicoeur's comments.  J. Fisheries Res. Board Canad. 32:  1494-98.


Ricker, W. E.  1973.  Linear regressions in fishery research.  J. Fisheries Res. Board Canad. 30:  409-34.


Ricou, G.  1967.  Etude biocoenotique d'un milieu "natural":  la prairie permanete pasturee.  Ann. Epiphyt. 18.


Riddick, E W; Mills, N J.  1994.  Potential of adult carabids (Coleoptera: Carabidae) as predators of fifth-instar codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in apple orchards in California. Environ. Entomol., v.23, n.5, (1994): 1338-1345.


Riddick, E W; Mills, N J.  1995.  Seasonal activity of carabids (Coleoptera: Carabidae) affected by  microbial and oil insecticides in an apple orchard in California.  Environ. Entomol., v.24, n.2, (1995): 361-366.


Riddick, E W; Mills, N J.  1996a.  A comparison of the seasonal activity of Pterostichus beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in a commercial apple orchard in Sonoma County,California. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, v.72, n.2, (1996): 82-88.


Riddick, E W; Mills, N J.  1996b.   Pterostichus beetles dominate the carabid assemblage in an unsprayed orchard in Sonoma County, California.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist, v.72, n.4, (1996): 213-219.


Riddiford, L. M.  1985.  Hyalophora cecropia, pp. 335-343.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Ridet, J. M.  1966.  Variabilité de la sensibilité de Lymantria dispar L., à Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner.  Entomophaga 11:  355-64.


Ridgeway, N. H. & D. L. Mahr.  1985.  Natural enemies of the spotted tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter blancardella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in sprayed and unsprayed apple orchards in Wisconsin, USA.  Environ. Ent. 14:  459-63.


Ridgway, R. L.  1969.  Control of the bollworm and tobacco budworm through conservation and augmentation of predaceous insects.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Managem. 1:  127-44.


Ridgway, R. L.  1972.  Use of parasites, predators, and microbial agents in management of insect pests of crops.  Proc. National Extension Insect-Pest Management Workshop, Purdue Univ., IN.  p. 51-62.


Ridgway, R. L.  1977.  Biological Control by Augmentation of Natural Enemies.  Plenum Press, N.Y. & London.  480 p.


Ridgway, R. L.  1969.  Control of the bollworm and tobacco budworm through conservation and augmentation of predaceous insects.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Managem. 1, Tallahassee, Fla:  127-44.


Ridgway, R. L. & S. L. Jones.  1968.  Field-cage releases of Chrysopa carnea for suppression of populations of the bollworm and tobacco budworm on cotton.  J. Econ. Ent. 61:  892-98.


Ridgway, R. L. & S. L. Jones.  1969.  Inundative releases of Chrysopa carnea for control of Heliothis on cotton.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  177-80.


Ridgway, R. L. & R. E. Kinzer.  1974.  Chrysopids as predators of crop pests.  Entomophaga Mem. H.S. 7.  p. 45-51.


Ridgway, R. L. & P. D. Lingren.  1972.  Predaceous and parasitic arthropods as regulators of Heliothis populations.  Southern Coop. Series Bull. No. 169.  p. 48-56.


Ridgway, R. L. &  R. K. Morrison.  1985.  Worldwide perspective on practical utilization of Trichogramma with special reference to control of Heliothis on cotton.  Southwest. Ent. (Suppl.) 8:  190-98.


Ridgway, R. L. & S. B. Vinson (eds.).  1976.  Biological Control by Augmentation of Natural Enemies:  Insect and Mite Control with Parasites and Predators.  Plenum Press, New York.


Ridgway, R. L. & S. B. Vinson (eds.).  1977a.  Biological Control by Augmentation of Natural Enemies.  Plenum Press, New York. 480 p.


Ridgway, R. L. & S. B. Vinson.  1977b.  Commercial sources of natural enemies in the U.S. and Canada, p. 451-3.  In:  R. L. Ridgway & S. B. Vinson (eds.), Biological Control by Augmentation of Natural Enemies.  Plenum Press, New York.


Ridgway, R. L., P. D. Lingren, C. B. Cowan, Jr., & J. W. Davis.  1967.  Populations of arthropod predators and Heliothis spp. after applications of systemic insecticides to cotton.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  1012-16.


Ridgway, R. L., R. K. Morrison, R. E. Kinzer, R. E. Stinner & B. G. Reeves.  1973.  Programmed releases of parasites and predators for control of Heliothis spp. on cotton.  Proc. 1973 Beltwide Cotton Prod. Res. Conf.  p. 92-4.


Ridgway, R. L., R. E. Kinzer & R. K. Morrison.  1974.  Production and supplemental releases of parasites and predators for control of insect and spider mite pests of crops, p. 110-6.  In:  F. G. Maxwell & R. A. Harris (& T. R. Ashley?) (eds.), Proceedings of the Summer Institute of Biological Control of Plant Insects and Diseases.  Univ Press, Jackson, Mississippi.  647 p.


Ridgway, R. L., E. G. King & J. L. Carillo.  1977.  Chapter 13.  Augmentation of natural enemies for control of plant pests in the western hemisphere, p. 379-416.  In:  R. L. Ridgway & S. B. Vinson (eds.), Biological Control by Augmentation of Natural Enemies:  Insect and Mite Control with Parasites and Predators.  Plenum Press, New York.  480 p.


Ridgway, R. L., J. R. Ables, C. Goodpasture & A. W. Hartstack.  1981.  Trichogramma and its utilization for crop protection in the U.S.A., p. 41-8.  In:  J. R. Coulson (ed.), Proceeding of the Joint American-Soviet Conference on Use of Beneficial Organisms in the Control of Crop Pests (Washington, D.C., 1979).  Ent. Soc. Amer.


Ridings, W. H. & T. W. Fisher.  1983.  Quarantine Technology, pp. 51-52.  In:  S. L. Battlefield (ed.).  Proc. Natl. Interdis. Biol. Cont. Conf., USDA.  Feb. 15-17.


Ridings, W. H., D. J. Mitchell, C. L. Schoulties & N. E. El-Gholl.  1978.  Biological control of milkweed vine in Florida citrus groves with a pathotype of Phytophthora citrophthora, p. 224-40.  In:  T. E. Freeman (ed.), Proceedings of the IV Intern. Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, 1976, Gainesville, Florida.


Ridley, H. N.  1930.  The Dispersal of Plants throughout the World.  L. Reeve & Co., Ashford, England.  744 p.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J.  1970a.  The biology of Hemithynnus hyalinatus (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae), a parasite on scarabaeid larvae.  J. Aust. Ent. Soc. 9:  183-95.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J.  1970b.  The behaviour of Hemithynnus hyalinatus (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae) , with notes on some other Thynninae.  J. Aust. Ent. Soc. 9:  196-208.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J.  1971.  Field notes on the occurrence of Hemithynnus hyalinatus (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae) as a parasite of scarabaeids on the New England Tablelands.  J. Aust. Ent. Soc. 10:  265-70.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J.  1981.  Some effects of three species of dung beetles (Coleoptear: Scarabaeidae) in south-western Australia on the survival of the bush fly, Musca vetustissima Walker (Diptera: Muscidae), in dung pads.  Bull. Ent. Res. 71:  425-33.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J.  1981.  Some effects of three species of dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in south-western Australia on the survival of the bush fly Musca vetustissima Walker (Diptera: Muscidae) in dung pads.  Bull. Ent. Res. 71:  425-33.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J.  1984.  Selecting new kinds of dung beetles for better bush fly control.  J. W.A. Dept. Agr. 25:  108-10.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J.  1986.  The effect of seasonal changes in cattle dung on egg production by two species of dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in south-western Australia.  Bull. Ent. Res. 76:  63-8.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J.  1991.  Competition in dung breeding insects.  Chapter 10, p. 264-92.  In:  W. J. Bailey & T. J. Ridsdill-Smith (eds.), Reproductive Behaviour of Insects.  Chapman & Hall, London.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J. & L. Hayles.  1987.  Mortality of eggs and larvae of the bush fly, Musca vetustissima Walker (Diptera: Muscidae), caused by scarabaeine dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in favourable cattle dung.  Bull. Ent. Res. 77: 731-36.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J. & L. Hayles.  1989.  A re-examination of competition between Musca vetustissima Walker (Diptera: Muscidae) larvae and seasonal changes in favourability of cattle dung.  J. Australian Ent. Soc. 28:  105-11.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J. & L. Hayles.  1990.  Stages of bush fly, Musca vetustissima (Diptera: Muscidae), killed by scarabaeine dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in unfavourable cattle dung.  Bull. Ent. Res. 80:  473-78.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J. & A. A. Kirk.  1985.  Selecting dung beetles (Scarabaeinae) from Spain for bush fly control in south-western Australia.  Entomophaga 33:  217-23.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J. & J. N. Matthiessen.  1981.  Controlling cattle dung and the bush fly.  J. WA. Dept. Agr. 2:  76-7.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J. & J. N. Matthiessen.  1984a.  Field assessments of the impact of night-flying dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) on the bush fly, Musca vetustissima Walker (Diptera: Muscidae), in south-western Australia.  Bull. Ent. Res. 74:  191-5.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J. & J. N. Matthiessen.  1984b.  Developing new dung beetle selection procedures for bush fly control.  Proc. 4th Appl. Ent. REs. Conf., Adelaide, 1984. (P. Barley & D. Swincer, eds.).  p. 312-16.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J., & J. N. Matthiessen.  1988.  Bush fly Musca vetustissima Walker (Diptera: Muscidae) control in relation to seasonal abundance of scarabaeine dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in south-western Australia.  Bull. Ent. Res. 78:  633-39.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J., N. N. Matthiessen & J. A. Mahon.  1977.  New approaches to dung beetle and bush fly research in south-western Australia.  proc. W.A. Ent. Sorkshop (WAIT), Dec. 1977.  p. 16-19.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J., L. Hayles & M. J. Palmer.  1986.  Competition between the bush fly and a dung beetle in dung of differing characteristics.  Entomologia Expt. et Applicata 41:  83-90.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J., L. Hayles & M. J. Palmer.  1987.  Mortality of eggs and larvae of the bush fly Musca vetustissima Walker (Diptera: Muscidae) caused by scarabaeine dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in favourable cattle dung.  Bull. Ent. Res. 77:  731-36.


Ridsdill-Smith, T. J., G. P. Hall & T. A. Weir.  1989.  A field guide to the dung beetles (Scarabaeidae) in pastures in south-western Australia.  J. Roy. Soc. WA. 71:  49-58.


Riechert, S. E.  1974.  Thoughts on the ecological significance of spiders.  Bioscience 24:  352-56.


Riechert, S.E. and L. Bishop. 1990.  Prey control by an assemblage of generalist predators: Spiders in garden test systems. Ecology, 71:1441-1450.


Riechert, S. E. & T. Lockley.  1984.  Spiders as biological control agents.  Annu. Rev.  Ent. 29:  299-320.


Riedl, H. & B. A. Croft.  1974.  A study of pheromone catches in relation to codling moth damage.  Canad. Ent. 106:  525-37.


Riehl, L. A., R. F. Brooks, C. W. McCoy, T. W. Fisher & H. A. Dean.  1980.  Accomplishments toward improving integrated pest management for citrus. p. 319-63.  In:  C. B. Huffaker (ed.), New Technology of Pest Control.  John Wiley, New York.


Riek, E. F.  1955.  The Australian Rhipidiine parasites of cockroaches (Coleoptera, Rhipiphoridae).  Austr. J. Zool. 3(1):  71-94.


Riek, E. F.  1962.  A trigonalid wasp [Hymenoptera, Trigonalidae] from an anthelid cocoon [Lepidoptera, Anthelidae].  Proc. Linnean Soc. New South Wales 87:  148-50.


Riemann, H. & Z. J. Ordal.  1961.  Germination of bacterial endospores with calcium and dipicolinic acid.  Science 133:  1703-4.


Riemann, J. G.  1967.  A cytological study of radiation effects in testes of the screw-worm fly, cochliomyia hominivorax [Diptera: Calliphoridae].  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60:  308-20.


Riemann, J. G. & H. M. Flint.  1967.  Irradiation effects on midguts and testes of the adult boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis, determined by histological and shielding studies.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60:  298-308.


Ries, D. T.  1926.  A biological study of Cephus pygmaeus (Linnaeus), the wheat-stem sawfly.  J. Agr. Res. 32:  277-95.


Riesgo, A.  1964.  Calosoma sycophanta L.  Boln Serv. Plagas For. 7:  125-28.


Riethmüller, U. & G. A. Langenbrusch.  1989.  Zwei Biotest-methoden zur Prüfung von Bacillus thuringiensis subspec. tenebrionis gegen larven des kartoffelkäfers [Leptinotarsa decemlineata].  Entomophaga 34:  237-46.


Riherd, P. T.  1950.  Biological notes on Anagyrus antoninae Timberlake (Hymenoptera-Encyrtidae) and its host Antonina graminia (Maskell) (Homoptera-Coccidae).  Fla. Ent. 33:  18-22.


Riherd, P. T.  1951.  Status of the Rhodes grass scale parasites in Texas.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  622-23.


Riley, C. V.  1870.  The Missouri bee-killer, Asilus missouriensis Riley.  Mo. St. Ent. 2nd Ann. Rept.:  121-24.


Riley, C. V.  1874a.  The unadorned Tiphia, or white grub parasite Tiphia inornata Say.  St. Ent. 6th Mo. Rept. 1874:  123.


Riley, C. V.  1874b.  The angular-winged katydid, Microcentrus retinervis (Burm.).  Mo. St. Ent. 6th Ann. Rept.:  155-64.


Riley, C. V.  1876a.  Parasites on bees.  Trans. Acad. Sci., St. Louis 3:  212.


Riley, C. V.  1876b.  Potato Pests.  Orange Judd Co., NY.  108 p.


Riley, C. V.  1877a.  On the larval characters and habits of the blister beetles belonging to the genera Macrobasis Lec. and Epicauta Fabr., with remarks on other species of the family Meloidae.  Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 3(4):  544-62.


Riley, C. V.  1877b.  On a remarkable new genus in Meloidae infesting masonbee cells in the United States.  Acad. Sci. St. Louis, Trans. 3:  563-65.  [Hornia minutipennis Riley infesting mason bee cells].


Riley, C. V.  1878a.  The Anthomyia egg-parasite (Anthomyia angustifrons Meig.).  U. S. Ent. Comn. 1st Ann. Rept.:  285-89.


Riley, C. V.  1878b.  On the larval characters and habits of the blister beetles belonging to the genera Macrobasis Lec. and Epicauta Fabr., with remarks on other species of the family Meloidae.  Acad. Sci. St. Louis, Trans. 3:  544-62;  Ent. Mon. Mag. 14:  169-75.


Riley, C. V.  1878c.  [Meloidae-- Epicauta].  Rept. U. S. Ent. Comm. 1.  p. 297.


Riley, C. V.  1878d.  Notes on the life-history of the blister-beetles, and on the structure and development of Hornia.  Canad. Ent. 10:  177-78.


Riley, C. V.  1878e.  On the transformations and habits of the blister beetles.  Amer. Nat. 12:  213-19, 282-90.


Riley, C. V.  1879.  Notes on the life history of the blister beetles and on the structure and development of Hornia.  Canad. Ent. 11:  30-31.


Riley, C. V.  1880.  The rocky mountain locust.  U. S. Ent. Comn. 2nd Rept.  322 p.


Riley, C. V.  1881.  Plant-feeding habits of predacious beetles.  Amer. Nat. 15:  325-27.


Riley, C. V.  1882.  Habits of Cybocephalus.  Amer. Nat. 16:  514.


Riley, C. V.  1883a.  Larval stages and habits of the bee-fly Hirmoneura.  Science 1:  332-34.


Riley, C. V.  1883b.  Hypermetamorphosis of the Meloidae.  Amer. Nat. 17:  790-91.


Riley, C. V.  1884a.  Report of the Entomologist.  In:  U. S. Dept. Agr. Rept. 1884:  285-418.


Riley, C. V.  1884b.  Entomography of Hirmoneura.  Science 3:  488.


Riley, C. V.  1885a.  On the hitherto unknown mode of oviposition in the Carabidae.  Proc. A.A.A.S., 1884.  p. 538-39.


Riley, C. V.  1885b.  Parasites of the larva of Lachnosterna fusca.  Psyche 4:  224.


Riley, C. V.  1887.  The Icerya or fluted scale, otherwise known as the cotton cushion scale.  U. S. Dept. Agr., Div. Ent. Bull. 15.  40 p.


Riley, C.V. 1885.  Fourth report of the U.S. Entomological Commission, p. 323.  In:Scudder, S.H. (1889).  Butterflies of Eastern United States and Canada.  Cambridge University Press, U.K.


Riley, C. V.  1888.  The habits of Thalessa and Tremex.  U. S. Div. Ent. Ins. Life 1:  168-79.


Riley, C. V.  1892a.  The Australian enemies of the red and black scales.  Insect Life 5:  41-3.


Riley, C. V.  1892b.  An Australian Scymnus established and described in California.  Insect Life 5:  127-28.


Riley, C. V.  1892c.  The large digger-wasp (Sphecius speciosus).  U. S. Div. Ent. Ins. Life 4:  248-52.


Riley, C. V.  1893a.  Parasitic and predaceous insects in applied entomology.  Insect Life 6:  130-41.


Riley, C. V.  1893b.  Note on the life habits of Megilla maculata.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 2:  168-70.


Riley, C. V. & L. O. Howard.  1892.  Raphidia in New Zealand.  Insect Life 4:  339.


Riley, C. V., A. S. Packard & C. Thomas.  1878.  First Annual Report of the United States Entomological Commission for the Year 1877, Relating to the Rocky Mountain Locust.  U. S. Govt. Print. Off., Wash., D.C.  249 p.


Riley, J. M. & M. Solowey.  1958.  Survival of Serratia marcescens in concentrates and suspensions stored at 5°C.  Appl. Microbiol. 6:  233-5.


Riley, W. A.  1931.  Erasmus Darwin and the biologic control of insects.  Science 73:  475-6.


Rimbaut, G. & M. Mathis.  1935.  Utilisation de 'Poissons Millions' pour la lutte biologique contre les larves d'Anopheles a Dakar.  Bul. Soc. Path. Exot. 28:  575-77.


Rimes, G. D.  1959.  Some experiments on San Jose scale control.  West Austral. Dept. Agr. J. 8 (3d ser.):  587-93. 


Rimes, G. D.  1966.  Citrus red scale control.  J. Agr. W. Austr. 7:  529-35.


Rincon-Vitova Insectaries, Inc.  (Undated).  Rincon-Vitova Insectaries offers integrated pest management programming.  Oakview, CA., USA.  8 p.


Ringo, J., H. Dowse & S. Lagasse.  1987.  Inbreeding decreases mating propensity and productivity in Drosophila simulans.  J. Hered. 78:  271-72.


Ringo, J., H. Dowse & S. Lagasse.  1987.  Inbreeding decreases mating propensity and productivity in Drosophila simulans.  J. Hered. 78:  271-72.


Riordan, D. F.  1963.  Parasitism of Neodiprion lecontei (Fitch) [Hymenoptera: Diprionidae] in two infestations in Ontario in 1961.  Canad. J. Zool. 41:  1241-3.


Riordan, D. F.  1964a.  High-intensity flash discharge as a source of radiant energy for sterilizing insects.  Nature 204:  1332.


Riordan, D. F.  1964b.  Effects of low-level gamma-radiation on the immature stages of Dahlbominus fuscipennis (Zett.) [Hymenoptera: Eulophidae].  Canad. J. Zool. 42:  675-84.


Riordan, D. F.  1964c.  Effect of continuous low-level gamma-irradiation on successive generations of Dahlbominus fuscipennis (Zett.) [Hymenoptera: Eulophidae].  Canad. J. Zool. 42:  685-8.


Riordan, D. F.  1966.  Effects of high-intensity light flashes on mortality and reproduction of Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae).  Canad. J. Zool. 44:  895-902.


Ripa, R.  1986.  Survey and use of biological control agents on Easter Island and in Chile.  Misc. Publ. Ent. Soc. Amer. 61:  39-44.


Riparbelli, M G; Stouthamer, R; Dallai, R; Callaini, G.  1998.  Microtubule organization during the early development of the parthenogenetic egg of the hymenopteran Muscidifurax uniraptor. Developmental Biology, v.195, n.2, (1998): 89-99.


Ripeckij, R. T.  1963.  Variability of forms of nuclear polyhedra of Bombyx mori L. at various stages of development.  Dopovidy Akad. nauk Ukrainsk. SSR 8:  1119-22.  [in Russian].


Ripeckij, R. T.  1965.  Einfluss der Temperatur auf die Variabilität der Form von Kern-Polyedern bei der Gelbsucht der Seidenraupe.  Voprosy Virusologii 10:  397-402.  [in Russian].


Ripley, L. B. & G. A. Hepburn.  1930.  A menace to the fruit industry:  "Bugtree" harbours fruit-fly.  Farming in South AFrica 72:  2 p.


Ripley, L. B., G. A. Hepburn & J. Dick.  1939.  Mass breeding of false codling-moth Argyroplace leucotreta Meyr., in artificial media.  Union S. Africa Dept. Agr. Sci. Bull. 207.  17 p.


Ripper, W. E.  1944.  Biological control as a supplement to chemical control of insect pests.  Nature 153:  448-52.


Ripper, W. E.  1956.  Effect of pesticides on balance of arthropod populations.  Annu. Rev.  Ent. 1:  403-38.


Ripper, W. E. & L. George.  1965.  Cotton Pests of the Sudan.  Blackwell Sci., Oxford.  345 p.


Ripper, W. E., R. M. Greenslade, J. Heath & K. Barker.  1948.  New formulation of D.D.T. with selective properties.  Nature 161:  484.


Ripper, W. E., R. M. Greenslade & G. S. Hartley.  1951.  Selective insecticides and biological control.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  448-59.


Riš, M. A. (ed.).  1966.  Biologische Methoden zur Bekämpfung von Schädlingen in der Landwortschaft, im Forst und in der Unkrautbekämpfung.  Izd. Fan, Taškent.  203 p.  [in Russian].


Risbec, M. J.  1933.  Un ennemi du Brontispa froggatti Sharp aux Nouvelles Hebrides.  [Paris] Acad. des Sci. Compt. Rend. 197:  1357-58.


Risbec, M. J.  1935.  Note sur les moeurs du Chelisoches morio Fabr.  Soc. Ent. de France Bul. 40:  31-2.


Risch, S. J.  1980.  The population dynamics of several herbivorous beetles in a tropical agroecosystem:  the effect of intercropping corn, beans and squash in Costa Rica.  J. Appl. Ecol. 17:  593-612.


Risch, S. J.  1981.  Insect herbivore abundance in tropical monocultures and polycultures:  an experimental test of two hypotheses.  Ecology 62:  1325-40.


Risch, S. J.  1987.  Agricultural ecology and insect outbreaks. p. 217-33.  In:  P. Barbosa & J. C. Schultz (eds.), Insect Outbreaks.  Academic Press, New York.


Risch, S. J., D. Andow & M. A. Altieri.  1983.  Agroecosystem diversity and pest control:  data, tentative conclusions and new directions.  Environ. Ent. 12:  625-29.


Risch, S. J., D. Pimentel & H. Grover.  1986.  Corn monoculture versus old field:  effects of low level of insecticides.  Ecology 67:  505-15.


Risch, S. J., R. Wrubel & D. Andow.  1982.  Foraging by a predaceous beetle, Coleomegilla maculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), in a polyculture:  effects of plant density and diversity.  Environ. Ent. 11:  949-50.


Risco-Briceño, S. H.  1954.  The indigenous fly, Paratheresia claripalpis W., in the biological control of Diatraea saccharalis Fabr., in Peru.  Observations on its biology, artificial rearing, and natural parasitism in the sugar-cane fields.  Soc. nac. Agrar., Com. Prod. Azuc., Lima.  32 p.


Risco-Briceño, S. H.  1963.  Doratoperas atroparsellus Walk. (Lep., Pyral.).  Barrenador de los tallos de la "Caña Brava Gynerium sagittatum Aubl.) Beauv.  Rev. Peruana Ent. Agr. 6:  66-9.


Risco-Briceño, S. H.  1980.  Biological control of the leaf froghopper Mahanarva postica Stal, with the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae in the State of Alagoas.  Entomology Newsletter, Intern. Soc. of Sugarcane Tech. No. 9:  10.


Riser, N. W. & M. P. Morse (eds.).  1974.  Biology of the Turbellaria.  McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.  475 p.


Rishbeth, J. 1963.  Stump protection against Fomes annosus.  Ill.  Inoculation with Peniophora gigantea.  Annals of Applied Biology, 52: 63-77.


Rispen, A.  1988.  Genetic engineering and pest control:  risk assessment and regulatory end points.  Address to the Conf. on Biotechnology, Biological Pesticides, and Novel Plant-Pest Resistance for Insect Pest Management, Boyce Thompson Institute, Ithaca, New York, July 20.


Ritcher, P. O.  1958.  Biology of scarabaeidae.  Annu. Rev.  Ent. 3:  311-34.


Ritcher, P. O.  1966a.  White grubs and their allies; a study of North American scarabaeoid larvae.  Oregon St. Univ. Press, Corvallis, Ore.  219 p.


Ritcher, P. O.  1966b.  Biological control of insects and weeds in Oregon.  Oregon St. Univ. Agr. Expt. Sta. Tech. Bull. 90:  39 p.


Ritcher, P. O. & E. A. Dickason.  1964.  The Aroga epidemic in Oregon.  Proc. Range Insect Meet. Albany, Calif.  4 p.


Ritchie, A. H.  1935.  Report of the Entomologist, 1934.  Tanganyika Dept. Agr. Rept. 1934:  73-83.


Ritchie, W.  1917.  The structure, bionomics and forest importance of Myelophilus minor Hart.  Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 52(1):  213-34.


Ritter, K. S. & Y. Tanada.  1978.  Interference between two nuclear polyhedrosis viruses of the armyworm, Pseudaletia unipuncta [Lep.: Nocutidae].  Entomophaga 23:  349-60.


Rivard, I.  1964a.  Observations on the breeding periods of some ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in eastern Ontario.  Canad. J. Zool. 42:  1081-84.


Rivard, I.  1964b.  Carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) from agricultural lands near Belleville, Ontario.  Canad. Ent. 96:  517-20.


Rivard, I.  1965.  Dispersal of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) on soil surface.  Canad. J. Zool. 43(3):  465-73.


Rivard, I.  1966.  Ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in relation to agricultural crops.  Canad. Ent. 98:  189-95.


Rivard, I.  1967.  Opius lectus and O. alloeus, larval parasites of the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Quebec.  Canad. Ent. 99:  895-96.


Rivas, A. M. & W. D. Buchanan.  1958.  A new technique for rearing carpenterworms.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  406-7.


Rivera, M. J.  1926.  Calosoma vagans Dej. y su utilidad para la agricultura.  Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 30:  202-05.


Rivers, C. F.  1959.  Virus resistance in larvae of Pieris brassicae (L.).  Trans. 1st Internatl. Conf. Insect Pathol. & Biol. Control, Prague, 1958. p. 205-10.


Rivers, C. F.  1964.  The use of a polyhedral virus disease in the control of the pine sawfly Neodiprion sertifer Geoffr. in northwest Scotland.  Colloq. Int. Pathol. Insectes, Lutte Microbiol (Paris, 1962).  Entomophaga Mem. No. 2:  477-80.


Rivers, D B.  1996. Changes in oviposition behavior of the ectoparasitoids Nasonia

vitripennis and Muscidifurax zaraptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) when using different species of fly hosts, prior oviposition experience,... Annals of the Entomological Society of America, v.89, n.3, (1996): 466-474.


Rivers, D B; Pagnotta, M A; Huntington, E R.  1998.   Reproductive strategies of 3 species of ectoparasitic wasps are modulated by the response of the fly host Sarcophaga bullata (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) to parasitism. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, v.91, n.4, (1998):  458-465.


Rivière, F. & R. Thirel.  1981.  The predation of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti and Ae. (St.) polynesiensis larvae [Dip.: Culicidae] by the copepod Mesocyclops leuckarti pilosa [Crustacea].  Preliminary experiments as biological control agent.  Entomophaga 26:  427-40.  [in French].


Rivière, F., B. H. Kay, J. M. Klein & Y. Sechan.  1987a.  Mesocyclops aspericornis (Copepoda) and Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis for the biological control of Aedes and Culex vectors (Diptera: Culicidae) breeding in crap holes, tree holes and artificial containers.  J. Med. Ent. 24:  425-30.


Rivière, F.  1985.  Effects of two predators on community composition and biological control of Aedes aegypti and Aedes polynesiensis, pp. 121-35.  In:  Ecology of Mosquitoes:  Proc. of a workshop, L. P. Lounibos, J. R. Rey & J. H. Frank (eds.).  Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory.


Rivière, F., Y. Sechan & B. H. Kay.  1987b.  The evaluation of predators for mosquito control in French Polynesia, pp. 150-54.  In: Proc. 4th Symposium Arbovirus Research in Australia (1986), T. D. St. George, B. H. Kay & J. Blok (eds.).  Q.I.M.R., Brisbane.


Rivière, J. L.  1975.  Effet d'un analogue d'hormone juvénile sur le développement d'un insecte entomophage, Pales pavida [Dipt.: Tachinidae].  Entomophaga 20:  373-80.


Rivnay, E.  1939.  Studies in the biology and control of Pseudococcus comstocki Kuwana, on citrus in Palestine.  Hadar 12:  1-16.


Rivnay, E.  1942.  Clausenia purpurea Ishii, a parasite of Pseudococcus comstocki Kuw. introduced into Palestine.  Bull. Soc. Fouad ler Ent. Egypte 26:  1-19.


Rivnay, E.  1943.  A study of the efficiency of Sympherobius amicus navas in controlling Pseudococcus citri Risso on citrus in Palestine.  Bull. Soc. Fouad ler Ent. 27:  57-77.


Rivnay, E.  1944.  The economic status of Coccus hesperidum L. and its parasites in Palestine.  Ent. Soc. South Africa J. 7:  73-81.


Rivnay, E.  1946.  The status of Clausenia purpurea Ishii and its competition with other parasites of Pseudococcus comstocki Kuw. in Palestine.  Bull. Soc. Fouad ler Ent. Egypte 30:  11-19.


Rivnay, E.  1947.  Biology of Gynaikothrips ficorum Marsh. in Palestine (Thysanoptera).  Bull. Soc. Fouad ler Ent. 31:  129-40.


Rivnay, E.  1960.  Notes on parasites of Planococcus citri Risso in Israel.  Ktavin 10:  223-24.


Rivnay, E.  1964.  Influence of man on insect ecology in arid zones.  Annu. Rev.  Ent. 9:  41-62.


Rivnay, E.  1968.  Biological control of pests in Israel (a review 1905-1965).  Israel J. Ent. 3:  1-156.


Rivnay, E. & J. Perzelan.  1943.  Insects associated with Pseudococcus spp. (Homoptera) in Palestine, with notes on their biology and economic status.  J. Ent. Soc. South Africa 6:  9-28.


Rivosecchi, L. & S. Bettini.  1959.  Contributo alla conoscenza dei predatori delle ova di Latrodectus tredecimbuttatus Rossi.  R.C. Ist. sup. Sanit., Rome 22:  577-95.


Rizk, G. A., I. B. Sheta & M. A. Ali.  1978.  Chemical control of mites infesting grape-vine in middle Egypt.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Egypt, Econ. Ser. 11:  105-11.


Rizki, R.M. and T.M. Rizki. 1990.  Parasitoid virus-like particles destroy Drosophila cellularinununity.  Proc. ofthe National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 87(21): 8388-8392.


Rizvanov, K. & D. Vurov.  1964.  A contribution to the bacteriological method of control of the harmful insects.  Rast. Zašt., Sofija 12(3):  19-22.  [in Bulgarian].


Rizvanov, K. & D. Burov.  1966a.  Contribution to microbiology of certain insects.  Gradinarska, Lozarska Nauka, Sofija 3:  457-66.  [in Bulgarian].


Rizvanov, K. & D. Burov.  1966b.  Bacillus cereus KP-3 as an effective means for control of Galleria mellonella L.  Nau…n. Trudove Visš. selskostop. Inst. Georgi Dimitrov 17(1965):  135-40.  [in Bulgarian].


Rizza, A., & P. Pecora.  1980.  Biology and host specificity of Chrysolina rossia, a candidate for the biological control of Dalmatian toadflax, Linaria dalmatica.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 73:  95-9.




Rjab…enko, P. A.  1962.  Die biologische Bekämpfung von Gartenschädlingen verdient Beachtung.  Sel'skochoz. Sev. Kavkaza 2:  79-80.  [in Russian].












Roach, S. H.  1975.  Heliothis spp. larvae and associated parasites and diseases on wild host plants in the Pee Dee area of South Carolina.  Environ. Ent. 4:  725-28.


Roach, S. H.  1976.  Heliothis spp. and their parasites and diseases on crops in the Pee Dee region of South Carolina, 1971-73.  USDA Tech. Bull. #1750-5/671/583/60.


Roach, S. H. & J. T. Walker.  1970.  A parasitic mite found on boll weevils near Florence, South Carolina in 1968.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  646-47.


Roback, S. D. 1951. A classification of the muscoid calyptrate Diptera. Ann; Entomol. Soc. Amer., 44(3): 327-361;2 f., 7 pi..


Roback, S. S.  1963.  Nematode parasites of Pelopiinae [Diptera, Tendipedidae].  Ent. News, Philadelphia 74:  143-9.


Robacker, D. C. & L. B. Hendry.  1977.  Neral and geranial:  Components of the sex pheromone of the parasitic wasp, Itoplectis conquisitor.  J. Chem. Ecol. 3:  563-77.


Robacker, D. C., K. M. Weaver & L. B. Hendry.  1976.  SExual communication and associative learning in the parasitic wasp, Itoplectis conquisitor (Say).  J. Chem. Ecol. 2:  39-48.


Robbins, J. C.  1927.  Diplostichus janitrix Hartig, a tachinid parasite of the pine sawfly, and its method of emergence.  Ent. Soc. London, Proc. 2:  17-19.


Robbins, W. E., J. N. Kaplanis, M. J. Thompson, T. J. Shortino & S. C. Joyner.  1970.  Ecdysones and synthetic analogs: Molting hormone activity and inhibitive effects on insect growth, metamorphosis, and reproduction.  Steroids 16:  105-25.


Robbins, W. E., J. N. Kaplanis, J. A. Svoboda & M. J. Thompson. 1971.  Steroid metabolism in insects.  Annu. Rev.  Ent. 16:  53-72.


Robbins, W. W.  1940.  Alien plants growing without cultivation in California.  Calif. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 637.  128 p.


Robbins, W. W., M. K. Bellue & W. S. Ball.  1951.  Weeds of California.  Calif. Dept. Agr. (Sacramento).  547 p.


Robbins, W. W., A. S. Crafts & R. N. Raynor.  1942.  Weed Control.  McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York & London.  543 p.


Roberson, J. L. & J. E. Wright.  1984.  Production of boll weevils, Anthonomus grandis grandis, pp. 188-192.  In:  E. G King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing.  U. S. Govt. Printing Office.


Robert, P. & M. Marchal.  1980.  utilisation des larves de Plutella maculipennis [Lep.: Hyponomeutidae] comme insecte-test de divers hyphomycètes entomopathogènes.  Entomophaga 25:  83-90.


Robert, Y & J. M. Rabasse.  1977.  Rôle écologique de Digitalis purpurea dans la limitation naturelle des populations du puceron strié de la pomme de terre Aulacorthum solani par Aphidius urticae dans l'Ouest de la France.  Entomophaga 22:  373-82.


Robert, Y., J. M. Rabasse & P. Scheltes.  1973.  Facteurs de limitation des populations d'Aphis fabae Scop. dans l'Ouest de la France. 1. Epizootiologie des maladies à Entomophthorales sur féverole de printemps.  Entomophaga 18:  61-76.


Roberts, D. R., L. W. Smith & W. R. Enns.  1967.  Laboratory observations on predation activities of Laccophilus beetles on the immature stages of some dipterous pests found in Missouri oxidation lagoons.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60:  908-10.


Roberts, D. W.  1967.  Entomogenous fungi as microbial control agents: Some areas for research emphasis, p. 46-7.  Abstr. Pap. U.S-Japan Seminar, "Microbial Control of Insect Pests," Fukuoka, 1967.  U.S.-Japan Commit. Sci. Coop. Panel 8, Res. Pesticides.  p. 49-50.


Roberts, D. W.  1968.  Entomogenous fungi as microbial control agents: Some areas for research emphasis, p. 129-34.  In:  Proc. Joint U.S./Japan Seminar on Microbial Control of Insect Pests, Fukuoka.  U.S./Japan Comm. Sci. Coop.


Roberts, D. W.  1970.  Coelomomyces, Entomophthora, Beauveria, and Metarrhizium as parasites of mosquitoes.  Misc. Publ. Ent. Soc. Amer. 7:  140-54.


Roberts, D. W.  1973.  Means for insect regulation: fungi.  Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 217:  76-84.


Roberts, D. W.  1988.  Proceedings, conference on biotechnology, biological pesticides, and novel plant-pest resistance for insect pest management.  Boyce Thompson Institute, Ithaca, New York, July 18-20.


Roberts, D. W. & J. M. Castillo.  1980.  Bibliography on pathogens of medically important arthropods:  1980.  Bull. WHO 58 (Suppl. 1):  1-197.


Roberts, D. W. & R. A. Humber.  1981.  Entomogenous fungi, p. 201-36.  In:  G. T. Cole & B. Kendrick (eds.), The Biology of Conidial Fungi, Vol. 2.  Academic Press, New York.


Roberts, D. W. & M. A. Strand.  1977.  Pathogens of medically important arthropods.  Bull. WHO 55 (Suppl. 1):  1-419.


Roberts, D. W. & W. G. Yendol.  1971.  Use of fungi for microbial control of insects, p. 125-49.  In:  H. D. Burges & N. W. Hussey (eds.), Microbial Control of Insects and Mites.  Academic Press, London & New York.


Roberts, D. W., R. A. Daoust & S. P. Wraight.  1983.  Bibliography on pathogens of medically important arthropods (1981).  WHO/VBC 83.1.  324 p.


Roberts, D.W. and S.P. Wraight. 1986.  Current status on the use of insect pathogens as biological agents in agriculture: Fungi, pp. 510-513.  In:San-ison, R.A., J.M. Viak, and D. Peters, (eds.). Fundamental and Applied Aspects of Inverte­brate Patholog..  Proc. 4th International Colloquium of Invertebrate Pathol., Veldhoven, The Netherlands, August 18-22,1986.


Roberts, J. & D. R. T. Sampson.  1987.  Data sheet on biological control agents: tilapiine fish.  WHO/VBC/94.5.  18p.


Roberts, L. W. & B. H. Wilson.  1967.  Predation on horse flies by two bembicine wasp species in certain areas of southern Louisiana.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  412-15.


Roberts, M. D.  1967.  Coprological examination for the detection of Nosema apis in the honey bee.  J. Invetebr. Path. 9:  143-4.


Roberts, R. A.  1933a.  Activity of blowflies and associated insects at various heights above the ground.  Ecology 14:  306-14.


Roberts, R. A.  1933b.  The biology of Brachymeria fonscolombei (Dufour), a hymenopterous parasite of blowfly larvae.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 365.  22 p.


Roberts, R. A.  1935.  Some North American parasites of blowflies.  J. Agr. Res. 50:  479-94.


Roberts, R. A.  1937a.  Biology of the bordered mantid, Stagmomantis limbata Hahn.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 30:  96-108.


Roberts, R. A.  1937b.  Biology of the minor mantid, Litaneutria minor Scudder.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 30:  111-21.


Robertson, A.  1960.  A theory of limits in artificial selection.  Proc. Roy. Soc. Ser. B., 153:  234-49.


Robertson, C.  1910.  Hosts of Strepsiptera.  Canad. Ent. 42:  323-30.


Robertson, C.  1918.  Bees and Strepsiptera.  Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 13:  83-85.


Robertson, C.  1930.  Position of Strepsiptera on hosts.  Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 25:  96-97.


Robertson, C.  1931.  Position of Strepsiptera on hosts. III.  Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 26:  45-46.


Robertson, H. G.  1985.  Egg predation by ants as a partial explanation of the difference in performance of Cactoblastis cactorum on cactus weeds in South Africa and Australia. p. 83-88.  In:  E. S. Delfosse (ed.), Proc. VI Intern. Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds.  Vancouver, Canada, 19-25 Aug. 1984.  Agr. Canad. 885 p.


Robertson, J. G.  1957.  Changes in resistance to DDT in Macrocentrus ancylivorus Rohw. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).  Canad. J. Zool. 35:  629-33.


Robertson, J. L.  1985a.  Choristoneura occidentalis and Choristoneura fumiferana, pp. 227-236.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Robertson, J. L.  1985b.  Orgyia pseudotsugata, pp. 401-406.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Robertson, O. T., V. L. Stedronsky & D. H. Currie.  1959.  Kill of pink bollworms in the cotton gin and the oil mill.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Prod. Res. Rep. 26.  22 p.


Robertson, P. L.  1948.  Eupteromalus sp. as a hyperparasite.  Some indications of its influence on the establishment of Angitia cerophaga in New Zealand.  New Zeal. J. Sci. & Technol. 29, Sec. B:  257-65.


Robin, M.R. and W.C. Mitchell. 1987.  Sticky trap for monitoring leafniiners Liriomyza sativae and Liriomyza ttifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and their associated hymenopterous parasites in watermelon.  J. Econ. Entomol., 80: 1345-1347.


Robinson, A. G.  1952.  Notes on Stethorus punctum (Lec.), a predator of tetranychid mites in Manitoba.  Annu. Rept. Ent. Soc. Ontario 83:  24-26.


Robinson, D.M. 1961. The parasites of Psyllidae - 2. Parapsyllaephagus adulticollis gen. et sp.nov., the first hymenopterous parasites of an adult psyllid (Homoptera). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (13) 4:117-121.


Robinson, G. G. 1939. The mouthparts and their function in the female mosquito, Anopheles maculipennis. Parasitol. 31, .212.


Robinson, J. V. & J. E. Dickerson.  1987.  Does invasion sequence affect community structure?  Ecology 68:  587-95.


Robinson, R. R., J. H. Young & R. D. Morrisson.  1972.  Strip-cropping effects on abundance of predatory and harmful cotton insects in Oklahoma.  Environ. Ent. 1: 145-9.


Robson, G. C.  1928.  The Species Problem.  An Introduction to the Study of Evolutionary Divergence in Natural Populations.  Oliver & Boyd, London.  283 p.


Roche, R. & S. Abreau.  1983.  Control del picudo negro del plátano (Cosmopolites sordidus) por la hormiga Tetramorium guineense.  Ciencias de la agricultura.  Instituto de Investigaciones Fundamentales en Agricultura Tropical "Alejandro Humboldt," Acad. de Ciencias de Cuba.


Rock, G. C. & J. L. Apple.  1983.  Integrated Pest and Orchard Management Systems (IPOMS) for Apples in North Carolina.  NCS Tech. Bull. 276. 240 p.


Rockstein, M.  1964.  Physiology of Insects:  Chap. 2:  "Reproduction."  Vol. I:  18-22.  Academic Press, London.

Richards, J. G. & P. E. King.  1967.  Chorion and vitelline membranes and their role in resorbing eggs of the Hymenoptera.  Nature, London 214:  601-02.


Rockstein, M.  1964.  Physiology of Insects:  Chap. 2:  "Reproduction."  Vol. I:  18-22.  Academic Press, London.


Rockwood, L. P.  1920.  Hypera nigrirostris Fab. in the Pacific Northwest.  Canad. Ent. 52:  38-9.


Rockwood, L. P.  1950a.  Entomogenous fungi of the family Entomophthoraceae in the Pacific Northwest.  J. Econ. Ent. 43:  704-7.


Rockwood, L. P.  1950b.  Entomogenous fungi of the genus Metarrhizium on wireworms in the Pacific Northwest.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 43:  495-8.


Rockwood, L. P.  1952.  Notes on coccinellids in the Pacific Northwest (Coleop.).  Pan-Pacific Ent. 28(3):  139-47.


Rödel, H.  1886.  Uber das vitale Temperaturminimum wirebelloser Tiere.  Zeitschr. Naturw. 59:  183-214.


Rodendorf, B. B.  1974.  Brief guide for identification of dipteran parasites of the harmful stinkbug and other bugs of the Pentatomidae, p. 75-88.  In:  Vrednaya cherepashka, Vol. 2, Moscow.  [in Russian].


Roder, V.  1885.  Ceratitis capitata.  Berl. Ent. Zeitschr. 29:  132.


Rodriguez, J. G.  1962.  Studies on the biological control of housefly eggs using macrochelid mites.  Proc. 11th Intern. Cong. Ent., Vienna 2:  875.


Rodriguez, J. G. & L. D. Rodriguez.  1952.  The relation between minerals, B-complex vitamins and mite populations in tomato foliate.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 45:  331-8.


Rodriguez, J. G. & C. F. Wade.  1962.  Preliminary studies on biological control of housefly eggs using macrochelid mites.  Proc. 11th Intern. Cong. Ent., Vienna 3:  305-06.


Rodriguez, J. L. & L. A. Riehl.  1962.  Control of flies in manure of chickens and rabbits by cockerels in southern California.  J. Econ. Ent. 55:  473-77.


Rodriguez, M. da C.  1959.  [The mites of cotton in Mozambique.  Tetranychus sp. aff. truncatus and some of its natural enemies].  Garcia de Orta 7(4):  715-40.  [English summary].


Rodriguez-Lopez, L.  1942.  La 'Icerta' plaga de los cítricos.  Ecuad. Dept. Agr. Bol. 17:  10 p.


Roe, A. & G. G. Simpson (eds.).  1958.  Behavior and Evolution.  Yale Univ. Press, New Haven.  557 p.


Roeder, K. D. ed. 1953. Insect Physiology Wiley.


Roeder, K. D.  1963.  Nerve Cells and Insect Behavior.  Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass.  188 p.


Roegner-Aust, S.  1949.  Der Infektionsweg bei der Polyederepidemie der Nonne.  Zeitschr. angew. Ent. 31:  1-37.


Roehrdanz, R.L., D.K. Reed, and R.L. Burton. 1993.  Use of polymerase chain reaction and arbitrary primers to distinguish laboratory-raised colonies of parasitic Hymenoptera.  Biological Control, 3: 199-206.


Roehrich, R.  1964.  A comparative study of the sensitivity of three Lepidoptera [Tortricoidea] to commercial preparations of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner.  J. Insect Path. 6:  186-97.


Roelofs, W. L. & A. Comeau.  1968.  Sex pheromone perception.  Nature 220:  600-01.


Roelofs, W. L. & A. Comeau.  1971.  Sex pheromone perception: Synergists and inhibitors for the redbanded leaf roller attractant.  J. Insect Physiol. 17:  435-48.


Roelofs, W. L., E. H. Glass, J. Tette & A. Comeaux.  1970.  Sex pheromone trapping for red-banded leaf roller control:  theoretical and actual.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  1162-67.


Roepke, W.  1917.  Eenige opmerkingen over twee Javaansche Canthariden:  Mylabris pustulata Thuns. en Epicauta ruficeps Ill.  Tijdschr. v. Ent. 60:  252-67.


Roer, H.  1965.  Kleiner Fuchs, Tagpfauenauge, Admiral.  Neue Brehm-Bücherei 348.  74 p.


Roer, H.  1966.  Über das Auffinden und Erbeuten lebender Schmetterlinge durch nahrungssuchende Paravespula germanica [Hym. Vespidae].  Dtsch. Ent. Ztschr. 13:  295-8.


Roermund, H. J. W. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1990.  Simulation of the population dynamics of the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum and the parasitoid Encarsia formosa.  Bull. IOBC/WPRS 1990/XIII/5: 185-189.


Roermund, H. W. J. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1992.  The parasite‑host relationship between Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). XXXIV. Life-history parameters of the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum as a function of host plant and temperature. Wageningen Agricultural University Papers (in press)


Roermund, H. W. J. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1992.  The parasite‑host relationship between Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). XXXV. Life-history parameters of the greenhouse whitefly parasitoid Encarsia formosa as a function of host stage and temperature. Wageningen Agricultural University Papers (in press) February 1992


Roff, C.  1966.  Guarding against Nosema disease.  Queensland Agr. J. 92:  140-3.


Roff, D. A.  1990.  The evolution of flightlessness in insects.  Ecol. Monogr. 60:  389-421.


Roffey, J.  1958.  Observations on the biology of Trox procerus Har. (Coleoptera, Trogidae), a predator of eggs of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria (Forsk.).  Bull. Ent. Res. 49(3):  449-65.


Roga…ov, I. D.  1962.  Cuscuta und die Methoden seiner Bekämpfung.  Kirgizk. gosudarstvennoe izd., Frunze.  21 p.  [in Russian].


Roger, D.K. and A.D. Rovira. 1987.  A Rev. of the effect of tillage on the cereal cyst nematode.  Wbeat Res.Council of Australia, Worksbop Report Series No. 1: 31-35.


Rogers, A. H., A. G. White, J. Wolf & N. H. E. Gibson.  1966.  The quantitative administration of bacterial pathogens to insect larvae.  Lab. Pract. (England) 15:  427-30.


Rogers, C.E. 1985.  Extrafloral nectar: Entomological implications.  Bull. of the Entomological Soc. of Amer., 31:15-20.


Rogers, C. E., H. B. Jackson & R. D. Eikenbary.  1972.  Responses of an imported coccinellid, Propylea 14-punctata, to aphids associated with small grains in Oklahoma.  Environ. Ent. 1:  198-202.


Rogers, D.  1972.  Random search and insect population models.  J. Anim. Ecol. 41:  369-83.


Rogers, D.  1975.  A model for avoidance of superparasitism by solitary insect parasitoids.  J. Anim. Ecol. 44:  623-28.


Rogers, D. J. & M. J. Sullivan.  1986.  Nymphal performance of Geocoris punctipes (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) on pest-resistant soybeans.  Environ. Ent. 15:  1032-36.


Rogers, D. J. & M. J. Sullivan.  1991.  Development of Brachymeria ovata [Hym.: Chalcididae] in three noctuid hosts reared on artificial diet and insect-resistant and susceptible soybean genotypes.  Entomophaga 36:  19-28.


Rogoff, H. M.  1966.  Crystal-forming bacteria as insect pathogens.  Advan. Appl. Microbiol. 8:  291-313.


Rogoff, M.H. 1982.  Regulatory safety data requirements for registration of microbial pesticides, pp. 645-679.  In:Kurstak, E., (ed.). Microbial and Viral Pesticides.  Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.


Rogoff, M. H. (H. M.?) & A. A. Yousten.  1969.  Bacillus thuringiensis:  microbial considerations.  Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 23:  357-86.


Rohani, P., H.Cj. Godfray, and M.P. Hassell. 1994.  Aggregation and the dynamics of host-parasitoid systems: A discrete­generation model with within-gcneration redistribution.  Amer. Naturalist, 144: 491-509.


Rohwer, S. A.  19l3.  Notes on the feeding habits of two adult sawflies.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 15:  148-9.


Rohwer, S. A. & R. A. Cushman.  1917.  Idiogastra, a new suborder of Hymenoptera, with notes on the immature stages of Oryssus.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 19:  89-98.


Roitherg, B. D., J. C. van Lenteren, J. J. M. van Alphen, F. Galis &  R. J. Prokopy.  1982.  Foraging behaviour of Rhagoletis pomonella, a  parasite of hawthorn (Crataegus viridis), in nature.  J. Anim. Ecol. 51: 307‑325.


Rojas, M G; Vinson, S B; Williams, H J.  1995.  Supplemental feeding increases the utilization of a factitious host for  rearing Bracon thurberiphagae Muesebeck (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) a parasitoid of Anthonomus grandis Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Biological Control, v.5, n.4, (1995): 591-597.


Rojas, P. S.  1954.  Aphytis sp. X, enemigo natural de la "Conchuela Morada" de los citrus.  Agr. Tech. Chile 14:  112-15.


Rojas, P. S.  1966.  Identificación de insectos entomófagos.  Agr. Tecn., Santiago, Chile 26:  173-5.


Rojas-Castellanos, M. G.  1993.  Chemical cues that Bracon compressitarsis Wharton and Bracon thurberiphagae Muesebeck (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) utilize to locate their host Anthonomus grandis Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).  PhD. Thesis, Texas A. & M., Univ., College Station, TX.


Rojas-Rousse, D. & R. Kalmes.  1978.  The development of male Diadromus pulchellus (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in the pupae of Acrolepiopsis assectella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae):  comparison of assimilation and energy losses under two temperature regimes.  Environ. Ent. 7:  469-81.


Roland, J.  1986.  Parasitism of winter moth in British Columbia during build-up of its parasitoid Cyzenis albicans:  attack rate on oak vs. apple.  J. Anim. Ecol. 55:  215-34.


Roland, J.  1988.  Decline in winter moth population in North America:  direct versus indirect effect of introduced parasites.  J. Anim. Ecol. 57:  523-31.


Roland, J. 1990.  Interaction of parasitism and predation in the decline of winter moth in Canada, pp. 289-302.  In:Watt, A.D., S.R. Leather, M.D. Hunter, and N.A.C. Kidd, (eds.). Population Dynamics of Forest Insects.  Intercept, Andover, U.K.


Roland, J. 1994.  After the decline: What maintains low winter moth density after successful biological control?  J. Animal Ecology, 63: 392-398.


Roland, J., W.G. Evans, and J.H. Myers. 1989.  Manipulation of oviposition patterns of the parasitoid Cyzenis albicans (Tachinidae) in the field using plant extracts.  Journal of Insect Behavior, 2: 487-503.


Röller, H., K. H. Dahm, C. C. Sweeney & B. M. Trost.  1967.  Die Struktur des Juvenilhormons.  Angew Chem. 79:  190-91.; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 6:  179-80.


Rollins, R. Z.  1960.  Drift of pesticides.  Calif. Dept. Agr. Bull. 49:  34-9.


Rollinson, W. D., F. B. Lewis & W. E. Waters.  1965.  The successful use of a nuclear-polyhedrosis virus against the gypsy moth.  J. Invertebr. Path. 7:  515-17.


Rollinson, W. D., H. B. Hubbard & F. B. Lewis.  1970.  Mass rearing of the European pine sawfly for production of the nuclear polyhedrosis virus.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  343-44.


Rolston, L. H., C. R. Neiswander, K. D. Arbuthnot & G. T. York.  1958.  Parasites of the European corn borer in Ohio.  Ohio Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 819.  36 p.


Romaña, C. A. & J. Fargues.  2987.  Sensibilité des larves de l'hémiptère hémathophage, Rhodnius prolixus [Triatominae] aux hyphomycètes entomopathogènes.  Entomophaga 32:  167-79.


Romanenko, K. E.  1965.  Über einige Entomophagen der Schädlinge in Forstgärten und Wäldern in Kirgisien.  Trudy Kirg. Lesn. Opyt. Stanz., Vyp. 4:  261-74.  [in Russian].


Romanca, G. & K. Fabritius.  1989.  Contribution to the study of sarcophagids (Diptera) in the lake Sinoe area.  Stus. cerc. biol., Seria biol. anim., Bucuresti.  T-41(2):  101-5.  [in Romanian with English summary].


Romanca, G., E. Vádineanu, K. Fabritius & C. Pirvu.  1986.  Contribution to the study of the distribution and microbial carrier roles of tabanid Diptera.  Igiena, Bucuresti. Vol. 35(4):  251-54.  [in Romanian w/ English summary].


Romanova, V. P.  1962.  Die Dynamik der Anzahl und der Artenzusammensetzung der Parasiten von Tortriciden, p. 189-90.  In:  Avtoreferaty nau…. rabot za 1961, Rostov.  [in Russian].


Romanova, V. P. & L. Il'Inskaya.  1938.  Methods for large-scale rearing of Lariophagus distinguendus Forst. and its hosts.  Lenin Acad. Sci., Leningrad 3:  55-8.  (Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 27:  304.)


Romanyk, N.  1967.  Enemigos naturales de la Lymantria dispar L., en España.  Bol. Serv. Plagas Forest., Madrid 9:  157-63.


Romanyk, N. & A. Ruperez.  1960.  Principales parásitos observados en los defoliadores de España con atención particular de la Lymantria dispar.  Entomophaga 5:  229-.


Rombach, M. C.  1989.  Production of Beauveria bassiana [Deuteromycotina. Hyphomycetes] sympoduloconidia in submerged culture.  Entomophaga 34:  45-52.


Rombach, M. C., R. M. Aguda, B. M. Shepard & D. W. Roberts.  1986a.  Entomopathogenic fungi (Deuteromycotina) in the control of the black bug of rice, Scotinophara coarctata (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae).  J. Invert. Path. 48:  174-79.


Rombach, M. C., R. M. Aguda, B. M. Shepard & D. W. Roberts.  1986b.  Infection of rice brown planthoppers, Nilaparvata lugens (Homoptera: Delphacidae) by field application of entomopathogenic hyphomycetes (Deuteromycotina).  Environ. Ent. 15:  1070-73.


Romney, V. E. & T. P. Cassidy.  1945.  Anaphes ovijentatus, an egg-parasite of Lygus hesperus.  J. Econ. Ent. 38:  497-8.


Ronchetti, G.  1963.  Caratteristiche, significato ed utilizzazione forestale delle popolazioni del gruppo Formica rufa della Lombardia (Italia settentrionale).  Mem. Soc. Ent. Ital., Genova 42:  58-86.


Ronchetti, G.  1964.  Armi biologiche contro gli insetti.  Italia Agric. 101(6):  1-2.


Rondani, C.  1870.  Ortalidinae italicae, collectae, distinctae et en ordinem dispositae.  Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 2:  29.


Ronketi, G. & C. Penev.  1966.  Untersuchungen zur Verteilung der Ameisen aus der Gruppe Formica rufa im Nord-Osten Bulgariens.  Rast. Zašt. Sofija 14(10-11):  29-31.  [in Bulgarian].


Ronna, A.  1936.  Observacoes biologicas sabre dois dipteros parasitas de Apis mellifica L.  Rev. d'Ent. 6:  1-9.


Ronna, A.  1937.  Melaloncha ronnai Brgm.  1935.  (Phoridae) endoparasita de Apis mellifica L.  Rev. de Indus. Anim. 4:  113-6.


Ronquist, F.  1999.  Phylogeny, classification and evolution of the Cynipoidea.  Zoologica Scripta 28(1-2):  139-164.


Room, P.M. 1986.  Biological control of floating weeds in Australia.  Biotrop Special Publication, 24: 51-54.


Room, P. M.  1987.  32P labelling of immature stages of Heliothis armigera (Hübner) and H. punctigera Wallengren (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): relationships of doses to radioactivity, mortality and label half-life.  J. Aust. Ent. Soc. 16:  245-51.


Room, P.M. 1990.  Ecology of a simple plant-herbivore system: biological control of Salt4nia.  Trends in Ecologv and Evolution, 5(3): 74-79.


Room, P.M. and P.A. Thomas. 1985.  Nitrogen and establishment of a beetle for biological control of the floating weed Salvinia in Papua New Guinea.  J. Applied Ecology, 22:139-156.


Room, P. M., K. L. S. Harley, I. W. Forno & D. P. A. Sands.  1981.  Successful biological control of the floating weed Salvinia.  Nature 294:  78-80.


Room, P. M., I. W. Forno & M. F. J. Taylor.  1984.  Establishment in Australia of two insects for biological control of the floating weed Salvinia molesta.  Bull. Ent. Res. 74:  505-16.


Room, P. M., D. P. A. Sands, I. W. Forno, M. F. J. Taylor & M. H. Julien.  1985.  A summary of research into biological control of salvinia in Australia, p. 543-49.  In:  E. S. Delfosse (ed.), Proc. 6th Intern. Symp. Biological Control of Weeds, 19-25 Aug, 1984, Vancouver, Canada.  Agriculture Canada.


Roonwal, M. L.  1939.  Some recent advances in insect embryology with a complete bibliography of the subject.  J. Roy. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Sci. 4:  17-105.


Roonwal, M. L.  1952.  The natural establishment and dispersal of an imported insect in India.-- The lantana bug, Teleonemia scrupulosa Stal. (= Lantana distant; Hemiptera, Tingidae), with a description of its egg, nymph, and adult.  Zool. Soc. India J. 4:  1-16.


Root, F. M.  1923.  Notes on larval characters in the genus Sarcophaga.  J. Parasitol. 9:  227-29.


Root, R. B.  1966.  The avian response to a population outbreak of the tent caterpillar, Malacosoma constrictum (Stretch).  Pan-Pac. Ent. 42:  48-53.


Root, R. B.  1973.  Organization of plant-arthropod association in simple and diverse habitats:  the fauna of collards (Brassica oleraceae).  Ecol. Monogr. 43:  95-124.


Roques, A.  1976.  Observations sur la biologie et le comportement cleptoparasite d'Eurytoma waachli [Chalc.: Curytomidae], parasite de Pissodes validirostris [Col.: Curculionidae] dans les cônes de pin sylvestre à Fontainebleau.  Entomophaga 21:  289-96.


Rorer, J. B.  1910.  The green muscardine of froghoppers.  Proc. Agr. Soc. Trinidad & Tobago 10:  467-82.


Rorer, J. B.  1913a.  The use of the green muscardine in the control of some sugar cane pests.  Phytopath. 3:  88-92.


Rorer, J. B.  1913b.  The green muscardine fungus and its use in cane fields.  Board of Agr., Trinidad & Tobago, Circ. 8.  15 p.


Rose, A. H. & W. L. Sippell.  1966.  Distribution of cocoon parasites of the European pine sawfly, Neodiprion sertifer (Geoffroy) in southern Ontario.  Canad. Ent. 98:  40-5.


Rose, D. J. W. & C. J. Hodgson.  1965.  Systates exaptus and related species as soil pests in Rhodesia.  Bull. Ent. Res. 56:  303-18.


Rose, M. 1990a.  Rearing and mass rearing of natural enemies, pp. 263-287.  In:Rosen, D., (ed.). Armored Scale Insects.­Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control, Volume 4B.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


Rose, M.  1990b.  Periodic colonization of natural enemies, p. 433-40.  In:  D. Rosen (ed.), Armored Scale Insects, Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control.  World Crop Pests, Vol. 4B. Elsevier Sci. Publ., Amsterdam.


Rose, M. & P. DeBach.  1981.  Citrus whitefly parasites established in California.  Calif. Agr. 35(7-8):  21-3.


Rose, M. and P. DeBach. 1992.  Biocontrol of Parabemisia myricae (Kuwana) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in California. Israel journal of Entomol., 25-26: 73-95.


Rose-Ackerman, S. & R. Evenson.  1985.  The political economy of agricultural research and extension:  grants, votes and reapportionment.  Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 67:  1-14.


Rosen, D.  1962.  An annotated list of hymenopterous parasites of citrus soft scales in Israel.  Entomophaga 7:  349-.


Rosen, D.  1964.  Parasites of the Coccoidea, Aphididea, and Aleurodidea of citrus in Israel.  Ph.D. Thesis, Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem.  220 p.


Rosen, D.  1965.  The hymenopterous parasites of citrus armored scales in Israel (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 58:  388-96.


Rosen, D.  1966.  Notes on the parasites of Acaudaleyrodes citri (Priesner and Hosni) (Hem.: Aleyrodidae) in Israel.  Ent. Ber. 26:  55-9.


Rosen, D.  1967a.  Biological and integrated control of citrus pests in Israel.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  1422-27.


Rosen, D.  1967b.  Effects of commercial pesticides on the fecundity and survival of Aphytis holoxanthus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  Israel J. Agr. Res. 17:  47-52.


Rosen, D.  1967c.  The hymenopterous parasites of soft scales on citrus in Israel.  Beitr. Ent. 17:  255-83.


Rosen, D.  1967d.  On the relationships between ants and the parasites of coccids and aphids on citrus.  Beitr. Ent. 17:  285-90.


Rosen, D.  1967e.  The hymenopterous parasites and hyperparasites of aphids on citrus in Israel.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60:  394-9.


Rosen, D.  1980.  Integrated control of citrus pests in Israel.  Proc. Intern. Symp. IOBC/WPRS, Integrated Control in Agriculture and Forestry (Vienna, 1979), p. 289-92.


Rosen, D. (ed.).  1981a.  The Role of Hyperparasitism in Biological Control: a Symposium.  Div. Agr. Sci., Univ. of Calif. Publ. 4103.


Rosen, D.  1981b.  A new species of Pseudophycus [Hym.: Encyrtidae] with notes on the angelicus group.  Entomophaga 26:  251-63.


Rosen, D.  1985.  Biological Control, p. 413-64.  In:  G. A. Kerkut & L. I. Gilbert (eds.), Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology.  Comprehensive Vol. 12. Pergamon Press, Oxford.  849 p.


Rosen, D.  1986.  The role of taxonomy in effective biological control programs.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 15:  121-9.


Rosen, D. (ed.).  1990.  Armored Scale Insects:  Their Biology, Natural Enemies, and Control.  World Crop Pests vol. 4A & 4B.  Elsevier Sci. Publ., Amsterdam. 


Rosen, D.  1996a.   Pest management in the subtropics: Integrated pest management: A Florida perspective.   Rosen, D., F. D. Bennett and J. L. Capinera (Ed.). Pest management in the subtropics: Integrated pest management: A Florida perspective. xv+578p.  Intercept Ltd.: Andover, England, UK. ISBN 0-946707-63-4. 1996.


Rosen, D.  1996b.  Integrated pest management: An introduction.  Rosen, D., F. D. Bennett and J. L. Capinera (Ed.). Pest management in the subtropics: Integrated pest management: A Florida perspective. xv+578p. Intercept Ltd.: Andover, England, UK. ISBN 0-946707-63-4. 1996. p. 3-7.


Rosen, D. & P. DeBach.  1973.  Systematics, morphology and biological control.  Entomophaga 18:  215-22.


Rosen, D. & P. DeBach.  1976a.  Biosystematic studies on the species of Aphytis (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  Mushi 49:  1-17.


Rosen, D. & P. DeBach.  1976b.  Diaspididae, p. 78-28.  In:  C. P. Clausen (ed.), Introduced Parasites and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds-- a World Review.  U. S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Handbk. No. 480.  545 p.


Rosen, D. & P. DeBach.  1978.  Diaspididae, p. 78-128.  In:  C. P. Clausen (ed.), Introduced Parasites and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds:  A world review.  Agr. Handbk. 480, U. S. Dept. Agr., Washington, D. C.


Rosen, D. & P. DeBach.  1979.  Species of Aphytis of the World (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  W. Junk, The Hague, Netherlands.  801 p.


Rosen, D. & A. Eliraz.  1978.  Biological and systematic studies of developmental stages in Aphytis (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). I. Developmental history of Aphytis chilensis Howard.  Hilgardia 46:  96-101.


Rosen, D. & U. Gerson.  1965.  Field studies of Chilocorus bipustulatus (L.) on citrus in Israel.  Ann. Epiphyt. 16:  71-6.


Rosen, D. & C. B. Huffaker.  1983.  An overview of desired attributes of effective biological control agents, with particular emphasis on mites, p. 2-11.  In:  M. A. Hoy, G. L. Cunningham & L. Kuntson (eds.), Biological Control of Pests by Mites.  Div. Agr. Sci., Univ. Calif. Publ. 3304.


Rosen, D. & R. Kfir.  1983.  A hyperparasite of coccids develops as a primary parasite of fly puparia.  Entomophaga 28:  83-88.


Rosen, D. & Y. Rössler.  1966.  Studies on an Israel strain of Anagyrus pseudococci (Girault) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae).  I.  Morphology of the adults and developmental stages.  Entomophaga 11:  269-77.


Rosen, D. E. & R. M. Bailey.  1963.  The poeciliid fishes (Cyprinodon tiformes), their structure, zoogeography and systematics.  Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull. 126:  1-176.


Rosenberg, E. C.  1909.  [The metamorphosis of Drilus concolor female in the shell of Helix hortensis].  Ent. Medd., Kobenhavn, 2den Raekke, 3:  227-40.


Rosenberg, E. C.  1911.  Biologiske Bemaerkninger om Larverne til Tachypus flavipes L. og Lebia crux-minor L.  Ent. Medd., Kobenh. 4:  181-83.


Rosenberg, H. T.  1934.  The biology and distribution in France of the larval parasites of Cydia pomonella L.  Bull. Ent. Res. 25:  201-56.


Rosenberg, H. T.  1934.  The biology and distribution in France of the larval parasites of Cydia pomonella.  Bull. Ent. Res. 25:  201-56.


Rosenheim, J. A. & M. A. Hoy.  1986.  Intraspecific variation in levels of pesticide resistance in field populations of a parasitoid, Aphytis melinus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae):  The role of past selection pressures.  J. Econ. Ent. 79: 1161-73.


Rosenheim, J. A. & M. A. Hoy.  1988.  Genetic improvement of a parasitoid biological control agent:  artificial selection for insecticide resistance in Aphytis melinus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  J. Econ. Ent. 81:  1539-50.


Rosenheim, J. A. & M. A. Hoy.  1986.  Intraspecific variation in levels of pesticide resistance in field populations of a parasitoid, Aphytis melinus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae):  the role of past selection pressures.  J. Econ. Ent. 79:  1161-73.


Rosenheim, J. A. & M. A. Hoy.  1988a.  Sublethal effects of pesticides on the parasitoid, Aphytis melinus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  J. Econ. Ent. 81:  476-83.


Rosenheim, J. A. & M. A. Hoy.  1988b.  Selection for resistance in aphytis melinus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae): genetic improvement of a parasitoid biological control agent.  J. Econ. Ent. 81:  1539-50.


Rosenheim, J. A. & M. A. Hoy.  1989.  Confidence intervals for the Abbott's formula correction of bioassay data for control response.  J. Econ. Ent. 82:  331-35.


Roosenheim, J.A. and D. Rosen. 1991.  Foraging and oviposition decisions in the parasitoid Aphytis lingnanensis,. Distinguishing the influences of egg load and experience.  Journal of Animal Ecology, 60: 873-893.


Rosenheim, J. A., M. A. Hoy, J. Gorden & J. R. Stewart.  1989.  Selecting for insecticide resistance in a California red scale parasitoid.  Calif. Agr. 43(1):  17-8.


Rosenheim, J A; Kaya, H K; Ehler, L E; Marois, J J; Jaffee, B A.  1995.  Intraguild predation among biological-control agents: Theory and evidence. Biological Control, v.5, n.3, (1995): 303-335.


Rosenheim, J A; Wilhoit, L R; Goodell, P B; Grafton-Cardwell, E E; Leigh, T  F.  1997.  Plant compensation, natural biological control, and herbivory by Aphis gossypii on pre-reproductive cotton: The anatomy of a non-pest.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, v.85, n.1, (1997): 45-63


Rosenstein, A. B.  1968.  A study of a profession and professional education.  Reports group.  School of Engineering and Applied Science.  Univ. Calif., Los Angeles.  169 p.


Rosenthal, S. S.  1978.  Host specificity of Tyta luctuosa [Lep.: Noctuidae], an insect associated with Convolvulus arvenis [Convolvulaceae].  Entomophaga 23:  367-70.


Rosenthal, S. S. & N. Hostettler.  1980.  Galeruca rufa [Col.: Chrysomelidae].  Seasonal life history and effect of its defoliation on its host plant, Convolvulus arvensis (Convolvulaceae).  Entomophaga 25:  381-88.


Rosenthal, S. S., D. M. Maddox & K. Brunetti.  1985.  Biological control methods, p. 65-94.  In: Principles of Weed Control in California.  Calif. Weed Conf.  Thomson Publ., Fresno.


Rosenzweig, M. L.  1969.  Why the prey curve has a hump.  Amer. Natur. 103:  81-7.


Rosenzweig, M. L.  1971.  Paradox of enrichment destabilization of exploitation ecosystems in ecological time.  Science 171:  385-7.


Roshdy, M. A., R. F. Foelix, & R. C. Axtell.  1972.  The subgenus Persicargas (Ixodoidea, Argasidae, Argas).  16.  Fine structure of Haller's organ and associated tarsal setae of adult A. (P.) arboreus Kaiser, Hoogstraal, and Kohls.  J. Parasitol.  58(4): 805-16.


Roskam, M M.  1995.  Flight capacity and body size as indicators of quality for the whitefly parasitoid Encarsia formosa. Sommeijer, M. J. and P. J. Francke (Ed.). Proc. of the Section Experimental and Applied Entomol. of the Netherlands Entomological Society (N.E.V.), Vol. 7; Seventh Meeting, Utrecht, Netherlands, December 15, 1995. viii+256p. Netherlands Entomological Society: Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISBN 90-71912-14-0. p. 159-164.


Ross, D. A.  1952.  Key to the puparia of the dipterous parasites of Choristoneura fumiferana Clem.  Canad. Ent. 84:  108-12.


Ross, E. S.  1953.  Insects Close Up:  A Pictorial Guide for the Photographer and Collector.  Univ. of Calif. Press.  80 p.


Ross, E. S.  1954.  Systematic entomology:  Introduction, p. 485-95.  In:  E. L. Kessel (ed.), A Century of Progress in the Natural Sciences, 1853-1953.  Calif. Acad. Sci., San Francisco.  807 p.


Ross, H. H. 1936. The ancestry & wing venation of the Hymenoptera. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 29(1 ):99-111; 2 pl.

Ross, H. H. 1937a. A generic classification of nearctic sawflies (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). III. Bioi. Monogr., 15(2):1-173; 1 chart, 424 f.


Ross, H. H.1937b. Nearctic alderflies of the genus Sialis. III. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull., 21 (3):57-78; 63 f.

Ross, H. H. 1944. The caddis flies or Trichoptera of Illinois. III. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull., 23(1 ):1-326; 961 f.


Ross, H. H. 1956. Evolution and Classification of the Moun- tain Caddisflies. Urbana: Univ. Illinois Press, vi + 213 pp., 45 charts.


Ross, H. H.  1957.  Principles of natural coexistence indicated by leafhopper populations.  Evolution 11:  113-29.


Ross, H. H.  1953.  On the origin and composition of the Nearctic insect fauna.  Evolution 7:  145-58.


Ross, H. H.  1958a.  The relationships of systematics and the principles of organic evolution.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. (1956) 1:  423-9.


Ross, H. H.  1958b.  Affinities and origins of the northern and montane insects of western North America, p. 231-52.  In:  C. L. Hubbs (ed.), Zoogeography.  Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci. Publ. 51.  509 p.


Ross, H. H. 1959. Trichoptera. In Fresh-Water Biology, W. T. Edmondson (Ed.). New York: Wiley, pp. 1024-1049; 17 f.

Ross, H. H. 1967. The 'evolution and past dispersal of the Trichoptera. Annu. Rev. Entomol., 12:169-206; 14 f.


Ross, J.  1835.  Narrative of a Second Voyage in Search of a Northwest Passage.  London. (Appendix: p. lxxi.)  [cited in Uvarov 1931].


Ross, J. and A.M. Tittensor. 1986.  The establishment and spread of myxomatosis and its effect on rabbit populations. Philosophical Trans. of the Royal Soc. of London, Series B, 314: 599-606.


Ross, K. G. & D. J. C. Fletcher.  1985.  Genetic origin of male diploidy in the fire ant, Solenopsis invicta and its evolutionary significance.  Evolution 39:  888-903.


Ross, M. H. & D. G. Cochran.  1963.  Some early effects of ionizing radiation on the German cockroach, Blatella germanica.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 56:  256-61.


Rossi, D.  1966.  Biological control of Evetria buoliana Schiff.  Note Appunti Sper. Ent. Agr. Perugia 11:  1-14.  [in Italian].


Rosskopf, E. N., R. Charudattan & J. B. Kadir.  1999.  use of platn pathogens in weed control. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 35, p. 891-917, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Rössler, Y.  1979.  Automated sexing of Ceratitis capitata [Dip.: Tephritidae]: the development of strains with inherited, sex-limited pupal color dimorphism.  Entomophaga 24:  411-16.


Rössler, Y.  1980.  "69-apricot."  A synthetic strain of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata [Dip.: Tephritidae] with sex-limited pupal color and eye color marker.  Entomophaga 25:  275-82.


Rössler, Y & P. DeBach.  1972a.  The biosystematic relations between a thelytokous and an arrhenotokous form of Aphytis mytilaspidis (LeBarron) ([Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae].  I.  The reproductive relations.  Entomophaga 17:  391-423.


Rössler, Y. & P. DeBach.  1972b.  The biosystematic relations between a thelytokous and an arrhenotokous form of Aphytis mytilaspidis (LeBaron) [Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae].  2.  Comparative biological and morphological studies.  Entomophaga 17:  425-35.


Rössler, Y. & P. DeBach.  1973.  Genetic variability in a thelytokous form of Aphytis mytilaspidis (LeBaron) [Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae].  Hilgardia 42(5):  149-76.


Rössler, Y. & P. DeBach.  1972a.  The biosystematic relations between a thelytokous and an arrhenotokous form of Aphytis mytilaspidis (LeBaron) [Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae]. 1.  The reproductive relations.  Entomophaga 17:  391-423.


Rössler, Y. & P. DeBach.  1972b.  The biosystematic relations between a thelytokous and an arrhenotokous form of Aphytis mytilaspidis (LeBaron) [Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae].  2.  Comparative biological and morphological studies.  Entomophaga 17:  425-35.


Rössler, Y. & P. DeBach.  1973.  Genetic variability in a thelytokous form of Aphytis mytilaspidis (LeBaron) [Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae].  Hilgardia 42(5):  149-76.


Rössler, Y. & P. DeBach.  1973.  Genetic variability in the thelytokous form of Aphytis mytilaspidis.  Hilgardia 42:  149-75.


Rössler, Y. & D. Rosen.  1990.  A case history:  IPM on citrus in Israel, p. 519-26.  In:  D. Rosen (ed.), Armored Scale Insects, Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control.  World Crop Pests, Vol. 4B.  Elsevier Sci. Publ., Amsterdam.


Rössler, Y., I. Bar-Zakay, M. Wysoki, S. Homski, Y. Izhar, I. Pinkas & I. Kolodner.  1990.  Reducing use of pesticides in agriculture, p. 49-55.  In:  D. Rosen (ed.),   Working Group on citrus and subtropical trees.  Rept to Min. Agr., Chief Scient.  [in Hebrew].


Roth, J. P.  1976.  Host habitat location and larviposition stimulation response of the tachinid, Lixophaga diatraeae (Townsend).  Ph.D. Thesis, Mississippi St. Univ., Mississippi State, MS.  68 p.


Roth, J. P., A. MacQueen & D. E. Bay.  1991.  Effect of introduced scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeinae) on coprophilic insects in central Queensland.  Environ. Ent. 20:  909-14.


Roth, L. M. & E. R. Willis.  1954a.  Anastatus floridanus (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae) a new parasite on eggs of the cockroach Eurycotis floridana.  Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 80:  29-41


Roth, L. M. & E. R. Willis.  1954b.  The biology of the cockroach parasite Tetrastichus hagenowii (Ratzeburg), a chalcidoid egg parasite (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).  Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 80:  53-72.


Roth, L. M. & E. R. Willis.  1960.  The biotic associations of cockroaches.  Smithson. Misc. Publ. 141:  1-470.


Rothchild, G. H. L.  1966a.  A study of natural populations of Conomelus anceps (Germer) (Homoptera: Delphacidae) including observations on predation using the precipitin test.  J. Anim. Ecol. 35:  413-34.


Rothchild, G. H. L.  1966b.  Notes on two hymenopterous egg parasites of Delphacidae [Hem.].  Ent. Mon. Mag., London 102:  5-9.


Rothchild, G. H. L.  1970a.  Observations on the ecology of the rice ear bug, Leptocoris oratorius (Hemiptera: Alydidae) in Sarawak (Malaysian Borneo).  J. Appl. Ecol. 7:  147-67.


Rothchild, G. H. L.  1970b.  Parasites of rice stem borers in Sarawak (Malaysian Borneo).  Entomophaga 15:  21-51.


Rothchild, G. H. L.  1971.  The biology and ecology of the rice stem borer in Sarawak (Malaysian Borneo).  J. Appl. Ecol. 8:  287-332.


Rothchild, G. H. L.  1974.  Parasites of the armyworm Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoides in Malaysia.  Entomophaga 19:  293-300.


Rothschild, M. 1975.  Recent advances in our knowledge of the order Siphonaptera Annu. Rev. Entomol., 20:241- 259.


Rothenburger, W. and H. Sautter. 1987.  Profitability of the production and sale of beneficial arthropods for biological control in greenhouse vegetable production, pp. 174-194.  Schriftenreihe des Bundesministers fur Emahrung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten, A (Angewandte Wissenschaft), German Federal Republic No. 344.  In:Anon.  Possibilities and Limitations of Biological Plant Protection.  A conference held in Bom-Rottgen, German Federal Republic, on 25-26, February, 1986, Lehrstuhl for Wirtschaftslehre des Gartenbaues, Tech.  University München-Weihenstephan, 8000 Munich, German Federal Republic. (in German)


Rothman, H. & M. Woodhead.  1968.  Publication trends in biological control.  Nature (London) 220:  1053-54.


Rothschild, G. 1966.  A study of a natural population of Conomelus anceps Germar (Homoptera: Delphacidae) including observation on predation using the precipitin test.  Journal of Animal Ecology, 35: 413-434.


Rothschild, W.  1906.  On a new parasitic moth from Queensland, discovered by P. F. Dodd.  Novitates Zool. 13:  162-69.


Rotheray, G.E. and P. Barbosa. 1984.  Host related factors affecting oviposition behavior in Brachymeria intermedia.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 35: 141-145.


Rotheray, G.E. and P. Martinat. 1984.  Searching behaviour in relation to starvation of Syrphus ribesii.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 36: 17-21.


Rotheray, G. E., P. Barbosa & P. Martinat.  1984.  Host influences on life history traits and oviposition behavior of Brachymeria intermedia (Nees) (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae).  Environ. Ent. 13:  243-47.


Rotundo, G., L. K. Gaston & H. H. Shorey.  1979.  Collection and purification of the female sex pheromone of Pseudococcus calceolariae (Homoptera: Coccoidea).  Boll. Lab. Ent. Agrar. Filippo Silvestri, Portici 36:  160-71.


Rotundo, G., R. Cavalloro & E. Tremblay.  1988.  In vitro rearing of Lysiphlebus fabarum (Hym.: Braconidae).  Entomophaga 33:  261-67.


Rouault, J.  1979.  Role des parasites entomophages dans la compétition entre especes jumelles de drosophiles: approche expérimentale.  Comp. Rend. Hebd. Séanc. Acad. Sci. D 289(8):  643-45.


Roubaud, E.  1906.  Biologie larvaire et metamorphoses de Siphona cristata F.; adaptation d'une Tachinide a un hote aquatique Diptere; un nouveau cas d'ectoparasitisme interne.  [Paris] Acad. des Sci. Compt. /Rend. 142:  1438-39.


Roubaud, E.  1910.  The natural history of the solitary wasps of the genus Synagris.  Soc. Ent. de France Ann. 79:  1-21.


Roubaud, E.  1917.  Observations biologiques sur Nasonia brevicornis Ashm. Chalcidide parasite des pupes de muscides.  Bull. Sci. France et Belgique 50:  425-39.


Roubaud, E.  1922.  Recherches sur la Fécondité et la Longévité de la Mouche Domestique.  Ann. Inst. Pasteur 36:  765-83.


Rouget, A.  1873.  Sur les Coleopteres parasites des Vespides.  Dijon Acad. des Sci. Mem. 3:  161-288.


Roughgarden, J. & M. Feldman.  1975.  Species packing and predator pressure.  Ecology 56:  489-92.


Roush, R. T.  1979.  Genetic improvement of parasites.  In: "Genetics in Relation to Insect Management,"  M. A. Hoy & J. J. McKelvey, Jr. (eds.). p. 95-105.  Rockefeller Found. Press, New York. 179 p.


Roush, R. T.  1986.  Inbreeding depression and laboratory adaptation in Heliothis virescens.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 79:  583-87.


Roush, R. T.  1990a.  Genetic variation in natural enemies:  critical issues for colonization in biological control.  In: M. Mackauer, L. E. Ehler & J. Roland (eds.), Critical Issues in Biological Control.  Intercept, Andover, United Kingdom.  p. 263-88.


Roush, R. T.  1990b.  Genetic considerations in the propagation of entomophagous species.  In:  R. R. Baker & P. E. Dunn (eds.), New Directions in Biological Control.  UCLA Symposia on Molecular & Cellular Biology, New Series, Vol. 112:  373-387.  Alan R. Liss, New York.  837 p.


Roush, R. T. & M. A. Hoy.  1978.  Relative toxicity of permethrin to a predator, Metaseiulus occidentalis, and its prey, Tetranychus urticae.  Environ. Ent. 7:  287-8.


Roush, R. T. & M. A. Hoy.  1980.  Selection improves Sevin resistance in spider mite predator.  Calif. Agr. 34(2/3):  11-14.


Roush, R. T. & M. A. Hoy.  1981a.  Genetic improvement of Metaseiulus occidentalis: selection with methomyl, dimethoate and carbaryl and genetic analysis of carbaryl resistance.  J. Econ. Ent. 74:  138-41.


Roush, R. T. & M. A. Hoy.  1981b.  Laboratory, glasshouse and field studies of artificially selected carbaryl resistance in Metaseiulus occidentalis.  J. Econ. Ent. 74:  142-47.


Roush, R. T. & J. A. McKenzie.  1987.  Ecological genetics of insecticide and acaricide resistance.  Ánn. Rev. Ent. 32:  361-80.


Roush, R. T. & G. L. Miller.  1986.  Considerations for design of insecticide resistance monitoring programs.  J. Econ. Ent. 79:  293-98.


Roush, R. T. & F. W. Plapp, Jr.  1982.  Biochemical genetics of resistance to aryl carbamate insecticides in the predaceous mite, Metaseiulus occidentalis.  J. Econ. Ent. 75:  708-13.


Roush, R. T., W. L. Peacock, D. L. Flaherty & M. A. Hoy.  1980.  Dimethoate-resistant spider mite predator survives field tests.  Calif. Agr. 34:  12-13.


Roussett, A.  1984.  Reproductive physiology and fecundity. p. 116-29.  In:  M. Canard, Y Séméria & T. R. New (eds.), Biology of Chrysopidae.  W. Junk, The Hague, Netherlands.


Rouzaud, H.  1893.  Sur les moeurs et les metamorphoses d'un Lepidoptere carnassier destructeur de cochenilles (Erastria scitula).  Montpellier.  24 p.  [English:  U. S. Div. Ent. Ins. Life 6:  6-10.].


Roxanova, A. A. & V. G. Loseva.  1963.  The vine mealybug and its parasites.  Zashch. Rast. pt. 3:  53.  [in Russian; Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 52:  595).


Roy, D. N. & L. B. Siddons.  1939.  A list of Hymenoptera of superfamily Chalcidoidea, parasites of calyptrate Muscoidea.  Rec. Indian Mus. 41:  223-24.


Roy, D. N., L. B. Siddons & S. P. Mukherjee.  1940.  The bionomics of Dirhinus pachycerus Masi (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), a pupal parasite of muscoid flies.  Indian J. Ent. 2:  229-40.


Royama, T.  1970.  Factors governing the hunting behaviour and selection of food by the great tit (Parus major L.).  J. Anim. Ecol. 39:  619-69.


Royama, T.  1971.  A comparative study of models for predation and parasitism.  Researches Popul. Ecol. Kyoto Univ. Suppl. 1:  1-91.


Royama, T.  1981a.  Fundamental concepts and methodology for the analysis of animal population dynamics, with particular reference to univoltine species.  Ecol. Monog. 5:  473-93.


Royama, T.  1981b.  Evaluation of mortality factors in insect life table analysis.  Ecol. Monog. 5:  495-505.


Rozanova, A. A. & V. G. Loseva.  1963.  Pseudococcus citri Risso und seine Parasiten.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 8(3):  53.  [in Russian].


Rozeboom, L. E.  1971.  Relative densities of freely breeding populations of Aedes (S.) polynesiensis Marks and A. (S.) albopictus Skuse: A large cage experiment.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 20:  356-62.














Rubcov, I. A.  1963a.  Über die Akklimatisierung neuer Parasiten von coccus hesperidum L..  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 8(10):  58.  [in Russian].


Rubcov, I. A.  1963b.  Einige Resultate und Aufgaben der Einführung, Akklimatisierung und intraarealen Ansiedlung von Entomophagen.  Sbornik:  Akklimat. ñivotnych v SSSR, Alma-Ata.  p. 311-16.  [in Russian].


Rubcov, I. A.  1963.  Mermithids, parasites of Simuliidae.  Zool. ð. 42:  1768-84.  [in Russian].


Rubcov, I. A.  1966.  Mermithids [the family Mermithidae] parasitizing in black flies [the family Simuliidae].  New species of the genus Mesomermis Dad., p. 109-47.  In:  A. I. „erepanov (ed.), Novye Vidy fauny Sibiri i prilegajusich Regionov.  Izd. Nauka, Sib. Otd., Novosibirsk.  [in Russian].


Ruberson, J. R., M. J. Tauber & C. A. Tauber.  1986.  Plant feeding by Podisus maculivintris (Hymenoptera: Pentatomidae):  effect on survival, development and preoviposition period.  Environ. Ent. 15:  894-97.


Rubink, W. L. & S. L. Clement.  1982.  Reproductive biology of Bonnetia comta (Fallen) (Diptera: Tachinidae), a parasitoid of the black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon Hufnagel (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).  Environ. Ent. 11:  981-85.


Rubtsov, I. A.  1937.  Theoretical basis of regionalization of harmful insects and prediction of their massive multiplication. I. The idea of flexibility, its role in the population dynamics of insects and methods for its study.  Zashch. Rast. 14:  3-13.  [in Russian].


Rubtsov, I. A.  1938.  Theoretical basis of regionalization of harmful insects and prediction of their massive multiplication. II. Integral climatic indices for purposes of regionalization of harmful insects.  Zashch. Rast. 16:  3-20.


Rubtsov, I. A.  1945.  Two parasites of the harmful stinkbug from the family Phasiidae (Diptera).  Ent. Obzor. 28(3-4):  85-100.  [in Russian].


Rubtzov, I. A.  1947a.  On the state and outlook of the biological control of insects.  Rev. Ent. U.S.S.R. 29:  1-11.  [in Russian w/ English summary].


Rubtsov, I. A.  1947b.  New effective biological agents in controlling the San Jose scale.  Priroda 2:  61-3.  [in Russian].


Rubtsov, I. A.  1947c.  Acclimatization of Cryptolaemus on the Black Sea Coast.  Priroda 2:  63-4.  [in Russian].


Rubtsov, I. A.  1948.  Biological method of controlling harmful insects.  Publ., Moscow.  [in Russian].


Rubtzov, I. A.  1950.  Successes of biological control and problems of fauna reconstruction.  Uspekhi Sovremennoi Biol. 30:  321-44.


Rubtsov, I. A.  1952.  Lindorus-- an effective predator of diaspine scales.  Ent. Obozr. 32:  96-106.


Rubtsov, I. A.  1954.  Pests of citrus and their natural enemies.  Nauchno-popul. Ser . vzesoyuz. ent. Obshch, Moscow, No. 2.  260 p.  [in Russian].


Rubtzov, I. A.  1957a.  Etat et Problemes de l'etude et de l'utilisation en U.R.S.S. des entomophages dans la lutte biologique contre les insectes nuisibles.  Entomophaga 2:  125-28.


Rubtzov, I. A.  1957b.  Conference on problems of biological pest control methods.  Ent. Oboz. 37:  174-8.  (Ent. Rev, A.I.B.S., Washington, D.C.).


Rubtzov, I. A.  1959.  Biological control of insect pests.  Izvestia Acad. Nauk. U.S.S.R. Ser. Biol. 4:  558-76.  (in Russian w/ English summary).


Rubtzov, I. A.  1960.  Variability and selection of entomophages.  Zool. Zurn. Acad. Nauk U.S.S.R. 39:  641-54.  (in Russian w/ English summary).


Rubtzov, I. A.  1966.  Symbiosis of aphids and natural enemies, p. 143-5.  In:  I. Hodek (ed.), Proc. Symp. Ecology of Aphidophagous Insects, Liblice, 1965.  Academia, Prague.


Rubtzov, J.  1957.  Etat et problème de l'étude et de l'utilisation en U.R.S.S. des entomophages dans la lutte biologique contre les insectes nuisibles.  Entomophaga 2:  125-.


Rudakov, O. L.  1960.  Grib alternarii-- vrag poviliki.  Sel. Khoz. Kirgizii SSR 6:  42-43.


Rudakov, O. L.  1961.  Pervye resultaty biologicheskoy borby s povilikoy.  Zashch. Rast (Moscow) 6:  23-4.


Rudakov, O. L.  1962.  Eine Mycose bei Ameisen.  Sbornik entom. rabot 1:  128-30.  [in Russian].


Rudakov, O., P. Zuev & T. Alchovskaja.  1962.  Neue pilzliche Parasiten an Cuscuta.  Sel'sk. choz. Kirgizii 7(7):  40.  [in Russian].


Rudd, R. L.  1964.  Pesticides and the Living Landscape.  Univ. Wisc., Madison.


Rudd, R. L.  1971.  Pesticides, p. 279-301.  In:  W. W. Murdoch (ed.), Environment-- Resources, Pollution and Society.  Sinauer Assoc., Stanford.


Rude, C. S.  1937.  Parasites of the pink bollworm in northern Mexico.  J. Econ. Ent. 30:  838-42.


Rude, P.  1984.  Integrated Pest Management for Cotton in the Western Region of the United States.  Univ. of Calif. Press, Oakland.  144 p.


Rudenko, D. K.  1963.  Die Steigerung der Aktivität von Paracodrus.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 8(3):  54.  [in Russian].


Rudinsky, J. A., and L. C. Ryker. 1976. Sound production in Scolytidae: Rivalry and premating stridulation of male douglas fir beetle. J. Insect Physiol., 22:997-1003: 11


Rudinsky, J. A., P. T. Oester, and L. C. Ryker. 1978. Gallery initiation and male stridulation of the polygamous bark beetle Polygraphus rufipennis. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 71 (3): 317-321; 8 f.

Rueda, L. M. & R. C. Axtell.  1985a.  Comparison of hymenopterous parasites of house fly (Musca domestica pupae in different livestock and poultry production systems.  Environ. Ent. 14: 217-222.


Rueda, L. M. & R. C. Axtell.  1985b.  Guide to common species of pupal parasites (Hymenoptera:  Pteromalidae) of the house fly and other muscoid flies associated with poultry and livestock manure.  North Carolina Agric. Research Serv. Bulletin 278. 88 p.


Rueda, L. M. & R. C. Axtell.  1986.  Effect of depth of house fly pupae in poultry manure on parasitism by six species of Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera).  J. Ent. Sci. 21: 444-449.


Rueda, L. M. & R. C. Axtell.  1987.  Reproduction of pteromalidae (Hymenoptera) parasitic on fresh and frozen house fly (Musca domestica Linn.) pupae. Phillippine J. Sci. 116: 313-326.


Rueda, L M; Axtell, R C.  1996.   Temperature-dependent development and survival of the lesser mealworm,  Alphitobius diaperinus.  Medical and Veterinary Entomol., v.10, n.1, (1996): 80-86.


Rueda, L M; Axtell, R C.  1997.  Arthropods in litter of poultry (broiler chicken and turkey) houses.   J. of Agricultural Entomol., v.14, n.1, (1997): 81-91.


Rueda, L M; Vo, K V.  1994.  Hymenopterous parasites of pupae of house flies (Musca domestica) at poultry facilities in Tennesse.   J. of the Tennessee Academy of Sci., v.69, n.1, (1994): 21-22.


Rueda, L. M., K. J. Patel, R. C. Axtell & R. E. Stinner.  1990a.  Temperature-dependent development and survival rates of Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti (Diptera:  Culicidae).  J. Med. Ent. 27: 892-898.


Rueda, L. M., K. J. Patel & R. C. Axtell.  1990b.  Efficacy of encapsulated Lagenidium giganteum (Oomycetes:  Lagenidiales) against Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes           aegypti larvae in artificial containers.  J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 6: 694-699.


Rueda, L. M., K. J. Patel & R. C. Axtell.  1991.  Comparison of floating and sinking encapsulated formulations of the fungus Lagenidium giganteum for control of Anopheles larvae.  J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc.  7: 250-254.


Rueda, L M; Osawaru, S O; Georgi, L L; Harrison, R E.  1993.  Natural Occurrence of Entomogenous Nematodes in Tennessee Nursery Soils.   J. of Nematology, v.25, n.2, (1993): 181-188


Rueda, L M; Roh, P-U; Ryu, J L.  1997.  Pupal parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) of filth flies (Diptera: Muscidae, Calliphoridae) breeding in refuse and poultry and livestock manure in South Korea.  Journal of Medical Entomology, v.34, n.1, (1997): 82-85.


Ruesink, W. G.  1975.  Estimating time-varying survival of arthropod life stages from population density.  Ecology 56:  244-47.


Ruesink, W. G.  1976a.  Status of the systems approach to pest management.  Annu. Rev.  Ent. 21:  27-44.


Ruesink, W. G.  1976b.  Modeling of pest populations in the alfalfa ecosystem with special reference to the alfalfa weevil.  In:  R. L. Tummala, D. L. Haynes & B. A. Croft (eds.), Modeling for Pest Management.  Mich. St. Univ. Press, East Lansing, MI.


Ruesink, W. G., C. A. Shoemaker, A. P. Gutierrez & G. W. Fick.  1980.  The systems approach to research and decision making for alfalfa pest control.  In:  C. B. Huffaker (ed.), New Technology of Pest Control.  Wiley & Sons, New York.  p. 217-48.


Rühm, W.  1956.  Die Nematoden der Ipiden.  Parasitol. Schriftenreihe 6.


Rühm, W.  1966.  Zur Wirtskreiserweiterung einer mit Scolytiden vergessellschafteten Nematodenart.  Proc. 1st Internatl. Congr. Parasitol., Rome, 1964.  p. 583.


Rühm, W. & C. Chararas.  1957.  Description, biologie et histologie de quatre espéces nouvelles de Nématodes parasites de Dryocoetes hectographus Reitt. (Col. Scolytidae).  Entomophaga 2:  253-.


Ruinard, J.  1971.  Nature and assessment of lossess caused by sugarcane borers.  Entomophaga 16:  175-85.


Ruiz-Cancino, E.  1979.  Parasitismo natural en Anastrepha ludens (Loew.) en hospederas silvestres y cultivadas en zona centro de Tamaulipas, México.  Unpubl. Seminario de Investigación II, Univ. Autónoma de Tamaulipas. Nov. 1979.  20 pp.


Ruiz-Castro, A.  1938.  Experiencias de lucha contra la "Melazo" de la parra (Pseudococcus citri Risso).  Bol. Patol. Veg. Ent. Agr. 8:  162-70.


Ruiz-Tibén, E., J. R. Palmer & F. F. Ferguson.  1969.  Biological control of Biomphalaria glabrata by Marisa cornuarietis in irrigation ponds in Puerto Rico.  Bull. W.H.O. 41:  329-33.


Rukavisnikov, B. I.  1930.  Contributions to the study of the flies parasitic on the larval and adult instars of the migratory locust.  Zashch. Rast. ot Vred. (Plant Protect.) 1:  191-261.


Rukavisnikov, B. I.  1964.  Integrierte Bekämpfung von Schädlingen.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 9(2):  52-5.  [in Russian].


Rukavišnikov, B.  1967.  Chemische Sterilisation von Schädlingen-- Ein Literaturbericht.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 12(3):  46-51.  [in Russian].


Rumpp, L. N.  1956.  Tiger beetles of the genus Cicindela in southwestern Nevada and Death Valley, California and description of two new subspecies.  Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci. 55(3):  131-44.


Rungs, C.  1950.  Sur l'extension spontanee au Maroc du Rhizobius lophantae Blaisd. (Col. Coccinellidae).  Bull. Soc. Ent. France 55(1):  9-11.


Runner, G. A.  1919.  The tobacco beetle:  an important pest in tobacco products.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 737.  77 p.


Rupérez, A.  1963a.  Procesos patógenos en insectos, diagnosticados por proteinograma electroforético.  Bol. Serv. Plagas Forestales, Madrid 6(11):  46-52.


Rupérez, A.  1963b.  Actividad patógena de varias cepas de Bacillus thuringiensis contra Lymantria dispar L. (Ensayo de un método de aplicación).  Bol. Serv. Plagas Forestales, Madrid 6(12):  147-8.


Rupérez, A.  1964.  Epoque optima pour la proliferation de la polyhedrose dans les chenilles de Lymantria dispar (L.) (Lep., Lymantriidae).  Entomophaga Mem. Hors. Ser. 2:  514-20.


Rupérez, A.  1967a.  Utilisation de Bacillus thuringiensis dans la lutte contre Lymantria dispar en Espagne.  Proc. Int. Colloq. Insect Path. Microbial Control, Wageningen, 1966.  p. 266-74.


Rupérez, A.  1967b.  Epizoóticas bacterianas provocadas artificialmente sobre Thaumetopoea pityocampa Schiff.  Bol. Serv. Plagas Forest., Madrid 9:  165-9.


Ruppertshofen, H.  1964.  Über den Einsatz von Decken- und Radnetzspinnen im Forstschutz.  Waldhygiene 5:  147-53.


Ruschkamp, F.  1920.  Zur Biologie der Drilidae und Micromalthidae.  Biol. Zentralbl. 40 (1920).  p. 376-89.


Ruskowski, A.  1961.  [Observations on the appearance of lady-birds (Coccinellidae)]].  Polskie Pismo Ent., Ser. B., Ent. Stosowana 1-2:  21-22, 57-69.


Russ, K.  1964a.  Über ein bemerkenswertes Auftreten von Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. an Carpocapsa pomonella (L.).  Pflanzenschutzberichte 31:  105-08.


Russ, K.  1964b.  Ein eigenartiger Parasit der Obstmade.  Pflanzenarzt, Wien 17:  99-100.


Russ, K., E. F. Boller, V. Vallo, A. Haisch & S. Sezer.  1973.  Development and application of visual traps for monitoring and control of populations of Rhagoletis cerasi L.  Entomophaga 18:  103-16.


Russell, D. A.  1987.  A simple method for improving estimates of percentage parasitism by insect parasitoids from field sampling of hosts.  New Zealand Ent. 10:  38-40.


Russell, E.P. 1989.  Enemies hypothesis: a Rev. of the effect of vegetational diversity on predatory insects and parasitoids.  Environ. Entomol., 18: 590-599.


Russell, L. M.  1941.  A classification of the scale insect genus Asterolecanium.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Misc. Publ. 424.  322 p.


Russell, L. M.  1963.  Host and distribution of five species of Trialeurodes (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 56:  149-53.


Russell, L. M.  1977.  Hosts and distribution of the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Hemiptera: Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).  USDA Coop. Plant Pest Rep. 2:  449-58.


Russell, R. C., M. L. Debenham & D. J. Lee.  1979.  A natural habitat of the insect pathogenic fungus Culicimomyces in the Sydney area.  Proc. Linn. Soc. NSW 103:  71-73.


Russell, T. A.  1934a.  Report of the plant pathologist, 1933.  Bermuda Dept. Agr. Rept. 1933:  28-36.  (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 22:  253).


Russell, T. A.  1934b.  An account of the palmetto scale (Comstockiella sabalis).  Bermuda Dept. Agr. Agr. Bull. 13:  20-2.


Russell, T. A.  1934c.  The palmetto scale situation.  Bermuda Dept. Agr., Agr. Bull. 13:  77-8.  (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 23:  112).


Russell, T. A.  1934d.  The use of parasites against the palmetto scale.  Bermuda Dept. Agr., Agr. Bull. 13:  84-5.


Russell, T. A.  1935.  Report of the plant pathologist, 1934.  Bermuda Dept. Agr. Rept. 1934:  24-32.


Russell, T. A.  1936.  Plant pathological report, 1935.  Bermuda Dept. Agr. Rept. 1935:  18-23.


Russo, G.  1926.  Contributo alla conoscenza degli Scolytidi.  Studio morfobiologico del Chaetoptelius vestitus (Muls. e Rey) Fuchs e dei suoi simbionti.  Portici R. Scuola Super. di Agr. Lab. Zool. Gen. e Agr. Bol. 19:  103-260.


Russo, G.  1938.  Contributo alla conoscenza dei coleotteri scolitidi Fleotribo:  Phloestribus scarabaeoides (Bern.).  Fauv. Bol. Lab. Ent. Agr. Portici 2:  3-419.


Russo, G.  1954.  Reperti biologici, sistemi e metodi di lotta sui principali insetti dannosi all'olivo.  Bol. Lab. Ent. Agr. "Filippo Silvestri," Portici, 13:  64-95.


Russo, G.  1938.  VI. Contributo alla conoscenza dei coleotteri scolitidi fleotribo: Phloeotribus scarabaeoides (Bern.) Fauv.  Boll. R. Lab. Ent. Agr. Portici 2:  3-419.


Russo, G.  1958.  Problemi italiani di lotta biologica dei fitofagi.  Bol. Lab. Ent. Agr. "Filippo Silvestri," Portici, 16:  141-47.


Russo, G.  1959a.  Esperimenti di lotta biologica contro la mosca delle olive (Dacus oleae) e la mosca della frutta (Ceratitis capitata) in Italia.  Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria "Filippo Silvestri" Portici  17:  131-142.


Russo, G.  1959b.  Stato attuale della lotta chimici e della lotta biologica contro la mosca dell olive.  Bol. Lab. Ent. Agr. "Filippo Silvestri," Portici, 17:  255-59.


Russo, G.  1961.  Reperti bio-ecologici sul Dacus oleae ed esperimenti di lotta antidacica in Ascea (Salerno) nel 1959.  Ann. Sper. Agr., N.S. 15:  321-64.


Russo, G. & G. Viggiani.  1963.  Il Pediobius pyrgo Walk. [Hym. Eulophidae] efficace parassita della Leucoptera soitella Zell. nell'Italia meridionale.  Boll. Lab. Ent. Agr. "Filippo Silvestri."  Portici 21:  217-35.


Ruszkowski, J.  1958.  Dermestidae (Coleoptera) as injurious and useful insects.  Polski Pismo ent., Ser. B. (Ent. stosow.) zesz. 1/2:  35-40.


Ruth, J. and E.F. Dwumfour. 1989.  Laboratory studies on the suitability of some aphid species as prey for the predatory flower bug Anthocoris gallarum-ulini (DeG.) (Het., Anthocoridae).  J. Applied Entomol., 108: 321-327. 


Ruth, W. E., R. W. McNew, D. W. Caves & R. D. Eckenbary.  1975.  Greenbugs (Hom.: Aphididae) forced from host plants by Lysiphelebus testaceipes (Hym.: Braconidae).  Entomophaga 20:  65-71.


Ruttner, F.  1988.  Biogeography and taxonomy of honeybees.  Springer Verlag, Berling.  284 p.


Rutz, D. A.  1986.  Parasite monitoring and impact evaluation in the development of filth fly biological control programs for poultry farms, p. 45-51.  In:  R. S. Patterson & D. A. Rutz (eds.), Biological Control of Muscoid Flies.  Ent. Soc. Amer. Misc. Publ. 61.


Rutz, Donald A.  1998.  Parasitoids as a component in an integrated fly-management program on dairy farms. (Conference on Mass-reared natural enemies: Application, regulation, and needs held at the 1993 Annual Meeting of the... Ridgway, R. L., Hoffman, M. P., Inscoe, M. N., Glenister, C. S., Eds. Thomas Say Publications in Entomol.: Proceedings; Mass-reared natural enemies: Application, regulation, and needs., 185-201., 9301 Annapolis Road, Lanham, Maryland 20706, USA, Entomol. Soc. of Amer.. ISBN 0-938522-66-3


Rutz, D. A. & R. C. Axtell.  1978.  Factors affecting production of the mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus (=fatigans) from anaerobic animal waste lagoons.  North Carolina Agric. Expt. Sta. Tech. Bull. 256.  32 p.


Rutz, D. A. & R. C. Axtell.  1979.  Sustained releases of Muscidifurax raptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) for house fly (Musca domestica) control in two types of caged layer poultry houses.  Environ. Ent. 8:  1105-1110.


Rutz, D. A. & R. C. Axtell.  1981.  House fly (Musca domestica) control in broiler-breeder poultry houses by pupal parasites (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae): Indigenous parasite species and releases of Muscidifurax raptor.  Environ. Ent. 10:  343-45.


Rutz, D. A. & R. C. Axtell.  1980a.  Invasion and establishment of house fly, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae), parasites (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in new caged-layer poultry houses.  J. Med. Ent. 17:  151-55.


Rutz, D. A. & R. C. Axtell.  1980b.  House fly (Musca domestica) parasites (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) associated with poultry manure in North Carolina.  Environ. Ent. 9:  175-80.


Rutz, D. A. & R. C. Axtell.  1981.  House fly Musca domestica control in broiler-breeder poultry houses by pupal parasites (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae):   indigenous parasite species and releases of Muscidifurax raptor.  Environ. Ent. 10:  343-45.


Rutz, D. A. & R. S. Patterson (eds.).  1990.  Biocontrol of Arthropods Affecting Livestock and Poultry.  Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.  316 p.


Rutz, D. A. & G. A. Scoles.  1989.  Occurrence and seasonsl abundance of parasitoids attacking muscoid flies (Diptera: Muscidae) in caged-layer poultry facilities in New York.  Environ. Ent. 18:  51-5.


Rutz, D. A., R. C. Axtell & T. D. Edwards.  1980.  Effects of organic pollution levels on aquatic insect abundance in field pilot-scale anaerobic animal waste lagoons.  Mosquito News 40(3): 403-409.


Rutz, D. A., C. J. Geden, D. C. Steinkraus, L. Smith & C. Henderson.  1988.  Biocontrol research for livestock and poultry at Cornell University.  Livestock Biocontrol Newsletter No. 4.  p. 1-5.










Ryakhovskii, V. V.  1959a.  Effectiveness of parasites of the eggs of stinkbug in relation to the arrangement of plantings.  Nauchn. Tr. Ukr. Nauchno-Issled.  Inst. Zashch. Rast. 8:  97-116.  [in Russian].


Ryakhovskii, V. V.  1974.  Host-parasite and habitational relationships of oophages of stinkbugs and other shieldbugs in various zones of the RSFSR, p. 75-89.  In:  Physiological & Biological Bases of Plant Protection, Voronezh.  [in Russian].


Ryan, J., M.F. Ryan, and F. McNaeidhe. 1980.  The effect of interrow plant cover on populations of the cabbage root fly Delia bmssicae (Wied.). J. Applied Ecology, 17: 31-40.


Ryan, R. B.  1963.  Contribution to the embryology of Coeloides brunneri [Hymenoptera: Braconidae].  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 56:  639-48.


Ryan, R. B.  1969.  Termination of diapause in the Douglas-fir beetle, Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), as an aid to continuous laboratory rearing.  Canad. Ent. 92:  520-25.


Ryan, R. B.  1961.  A biological and developmental study of Coelorides brunneri Vier., a parasite of the Douglas-fir beetle, Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopk.  Ph.D. Thesis, Oregon State Univ. 171 p.


Ryan, R. B.  1962a.  Durations of the immature stadia of Coeloides brunneri at various constant temperatures with descriptions of five larval instars.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 55:  403-9.


Ryan, R. B.  1962b.  Contribution to the embryology ov Coeloides brunneri (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 56:  639-48.


Ryan, R. B.  1962c.  A device for measuring the oviposition potential of a bark beetle parasite.  Canad. Ent. 94:  737-8.


Ryan, R. B.  1965.  Maternal influence on diapause in a parasitic insect, Coeloides brunneri Vier. (Hymenoptera, Braconidae).  J. Insect Physiol. 11:  1331-36.


Ryan, R. B.  1968.  Electric barrier confinement and cocooning trays in rearing the greater wax moth to facilitate recovery of decooned pupae.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 61:  1341-2.


Ryan, R. B.  1971.  Interaction between the parasites Apecthis ontario and Itoplectis quadricingulatus. 1. Survival in singly attacked and super- and multiparasitized wax moth pupae.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 64:  205-8.


Ryan, R. B.  1974a.  Laboratory reactivation of diapausing larch casebearer larvae following different lengths of winter exposure.  U. S. Dept. Agr., For. Serv. Res Note PNW-218.  4 p.


Ryan, R. B.  1974b.  Attainment of the overwintering instar and the casebearing habit by larch casebearer larvae at different elevations in the Blue Mountains.  U. S. Dept. Agr., For. Serv. Res. Note PNW-228.  6 p.


Ryan, R. B.  1974c.  Reduced oviposition by Ephialtes ontario and Itoplectis quadricingulatus in a humid environment.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 67:  928-30.


Ryan, R. B.  1975.  Photoperiod effects on development of the larch casebearer, Coleophors laricella (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae).  Canad. Ent. 107:  1305-10.


Ryan, R. B.  1979a.  The larch casebearer (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) and its parasites. I. Maintaining year-round availability of larch foliage and the casebearer for parasite rearing.  Canad. Ent. 111:  471-75.


Ryan, R. B.  1979b.  The larch casebearer (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) and its parasites. II. The influence of different growth stages of Larix occidentalis foliage on casebearer development and survival.  Canad. Ent. 111:  477-80.


Ryan, R. B.  1979c.  Biological control with natural enemies, p. 173-94.  In:  J. A. Rudinsky (ed.), Forest Insect Survey and Control.  Oregon St. Univ. Book Stores, Inc., Corvallis.  472 p.


Ryan, R. B.  1979d.  Illustrated key to introduced and common native parasites of larch casebearer.  U. S. Dept. Agr., For. Serv. Res. Paper PNW-262.  12 p.


Ryan, R. B.  1980.  Rearing methods and biological notes for seven species of European and Japanese parasites of the larch casebearer (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae).  Canad. Ent. 112:  1239-48.


Ryan, R. B.  1981.  Recent (1979-1980) releases of imported larch casebearer parasites for biological control.  U. S. Dept. Agr., For. Serv. Res. Note PNW-377.  6 p.


Ryan, R. B.  1983.  Population density and dynamics of larch casebearer (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) in the Blue Mountains of Oregon and Washington before the build-up of exotic parasites.  Canad. Ent. 115:  1095-1102.


Ryan, R. B.  1985a.  Relationship between parasitism of larch casebearer (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) and dead hosts in the Blue Mountains, 1973-1983.  Canad. Ent. 117:  935-9.


Ryan, R. B.  1985b.  Mortality of eggs of the larch casebearer (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) in Oregon.  Canad. Ent. 117:  991-94.


Ryan, R. B.  1985c.  A hypothesis for decreasing parasitization of larch casebearer (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) on larch foliage by Agathis pumila.  Canad. Ent. 117:  1573-74.


Ryan, R. B.  1986.  Analysis of life tables for the larch casebearer (Lepidoptera: Coleophoreidae) in Oregon.  Canad. Ent. 118:  1255-63.


Ryan, R. B.  1987.  Classical biological control:  an overview.  J. Forestry 85:  29-31.


Ryan, R. B.  1988.  Evidence for mortality in addition to successful parasitism of needlemining larch casebearer (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) larvae by Agathis pumila (Ratz.) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).  Canad. Ent. 120:  1035-6.


Ryan, R. B.  1990.  Evaluation of biological control: introduced parasites of larch casebearer (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) in Oregon.  Environ. Ent. 19:  1873-81.


Ryan, R. B. & R. D. Medley.  1970.  Test release of Itoplectis quadricingulatus against European pine shoot moth in an isolated infestation.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  1390-92.


Ryan, R. B. & R. D. Medley.  1971.  Rearing insect parasitoids: a technique for counting, spacing, and holding lepidopterous pupae for parasitization.  J. Econ. Ent. 64:  1558.


Ryan, R. B. & R. D. Medley.  1972.  Interaction between the parasites Apechthis ontario and Itoplectis quadricingulatus. 2. F-1 progeny production in light-stratified population cages.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 64:  172-77.


Ryan, R. B. & R. E. Denton.  1973.  Initial releases of Chrysocharis laricinellae and Dicladocerus westwoodi for biological control of the larch casebearer in the western United States.  U. S. Dept. Agr., For. Serv. Res. Note PNW-200.  4 p.


Ryan, R. B. & J. A. Rudinsky.  1962.  Biology and habits of the douglas-fir beetle parasite, Coeloides brunneri Viereck in western Oregon.  Canad. Ent. 94:  748-63.


Ryan, R. B. & L. J. Theroux.  1981.  Establishment and 1977 distribution of Chrysocharis laricinellae (Ratzeburg) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), a parasite of the larch casebearer in western forests.  Canad. Ent. 113:  1129-30.


Ryan, R. B. & C. M. Yoshimoto.  1975.  Laboratory crossings with different sources of the larch casebearer parasite, Chrysocharis laricinellae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).  Canad. Ent. 107:  1301-04.


Ryan, R. B., W. E. Rousfield, G. E. Miller & T. Finlayson.  1974.  Presence of Chrysocharis laricinellae, a parasite of the larch casebearer, in the Pacific Northwest.  J. Econ. Ent. 67:  805.


Ryan, R. B., W. E. Bousfield, R. E. Denton, R. L. Johnsey, L. F. Pettinger & R. F. Schmitz.  1975.  Additional releases of larch casebearer parasites for biological control in the western United States.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Forest Serv. Res. Note PNW-242.  7 p.


Ryan, R. B., W. E. Bousfield, C. W. Johanningmeier, G. B. Parsons, R. F. Schmitz, & L. J. Theroux.  1977.  Releases of recently imported larch casebearer parasites for biological control in the western United States including relocations of Agathis pumila.  U. S. Dept. Agr., For. Serv. Res. Note PNW-290.  8 p.


Ryan, R. B., R. W. Mortensen & T. R. Torgersen.  1981.  Reproductive biology of Telenomus californicus Ashmead, an egg parasite of the Douglas-fir tussock moth:  laboratory studies.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 74:  213-6.


Ryan, R. B., S. Tunnock & F. W. Ebel.  1987.  Biologial control:  the larch casebearer in North America.  J. Forestry 85:  33-39.


Ryan, R. B., R. E. Denton, S. Tunnock & F. W. Ebel.  1989.  Maintaining productivity of western larch through biological control of an immigrant insect, p. 244.  In:  D. A. Perry, R. Meurisse, B. Thomas, R. Miller, J. Boyle, J. Means, C. R. Perry & R. F. Powers (eds.), Maintaining the Long-term Productivity of Pacific Northwest Forest Ecosystems.  Timber Press, Portland, OR.  256 p.


Rybakova, G. M.  1963.  Antigene Eigenschaften von Kulturen entomopathogener Mikroben für die Differentialdiagnose, p. 208-9.  In:  Tezisy doklad. Vses. konf. po sel'skochoz. mikrobiologija, Leningrad.  [in Russian].


Rybina, L. M.  1965.  Die Anwendung von Entobakterin-3 im Sprühverfahren gegen Hyponomeuta malinellus, p. 211-12.  In:  Sb. nau…n. rabot. nau…n.-issled. Inst. sadovodstva im. V.I. Mi…urina 11:  211-2.  [in Russian].


Rybina, L. M.  1966.  Die Wirksamkeit der Anwendung von Dendrobazillin im Garten, p. 152-5.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].


Rybina, L. & O. Trubo…kina.  1966a.  Epizootien bei Phytometra gamma L..  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 11(11):  43.  [in Russian].


Rybina, L. & O. Trubo…kina.  1966b.  Durch Entomophthora hervorgerufene Epizootien bie Phytometra gamma, p. 156-57.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karantsorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].


Ryker, L. C., and J. A. Rudinsky. 1976a. Sound production in Scolytidae: Aggressive and mating behavior in the mountain pine beetle. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 69(4):677-680; 2 f.

Ryker, L. C., and J. A. Rudinsky. 1976b. Sound production in Scolytidae: Acoustic signals of male and female Den- droctonus valens LeConte. Z. Ang. Entomol., 80:113- 118.


Ryvkin, B. V.  1950.  Telenomus verticillatus Kieffer (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae)-- a parasite of the eggs of Dendrolimus pini (L.).  Ent. Obozereine, Moscow 31:  71-6.  [Rev. Appl Ent. 41:  165-6. 1953].


Ryvkin, B. V.  1955.  Some new methods to control forest insect pests.  Les. Khoz. 8:  58-60.  [in Russian].


Ryvkin, B. V.  1963a.  Entomophagen und Forstschutz.  Sel'chozgiz, Minsk.  147 p.  [in Russian].


Ryvkin, B. V.  1963b.  Das Problem der Einführung von forstlichen Entomophagen.  Sbornik:  Akklimat. ñivotnych v SSSR, Alma-Ata.  p. 317-8.  [in Russian].


Ryvkin, B. V.  1963c.  Zur Kenntnis der Biologie von Kiefernblattwespen in Bjelorussland.  Beitr. Ent., Berlin 13:  455-64.




Rzaeva, L. M.  1985.  Parasites and predators of the grape mealybug (Planococcus ficus Signoret) and introduction of new natural enemies into the eastern Transcaucasus.  Biologicheskikh Nauk 4:  34-9.