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Entomology / Biological Pest Control





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[For Subject Matter, depress Ctrl/F]     Additional references may be found at:   MELVYL Library






Pääuke, M.  1962.  Vorläufige Mitteilungen zur Bekämpfung von Pratylenchus penetrans durch Raubpilze.  Acta Agr. Scandinavica 12:  135-47.


Pacala, S. & M. P. Hassell.  1991.  The persistence of host-parasitoid associations in patchy environments.  II.  Evaluation of field data.  Amer. Nat. (in press).


Pacala, S., M. P. Hassell & R. M. May.  1990.  Host-parasitoid associations in patchy environments.  Nature 344:  150-53.


Pacheco-Francisco, M.  1971.  Evaluation of the parasitism of the wasp Trichogramma spp. on eggs of the bollworm in Sonora-- 1971.  Prog. Rept. No. 3.  14 p.


Pachecko-Francisco, M., J. L. Carrillo-S., J. Monge-C. & R. Covarrubias-G.  1971.  Adelantos sobre la evaluación del parasitísmo de la avispita Trichogramma spp. sobre huevecillos de gusano bellotero en Sonora durante 1969.  Agricultural Técnica en México, Organo del INIA, SAG, Vol. 3, No. 2.  p. 53-7.


Packard, A. S.  1898.  Text Book of Entomology.  Publ. unknown.


Packard, C. M.  1928.  The Hessian fly in California.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 81.


Packard, C. M. & C. Benton.  1937.  How to fight the chinch bug.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Farmers' Bull. 1780.  21 p.


Packard, C. M. & R. E. Campbell.  1926.  The pea aphid as an alfalfa pest in California.  J. Econ. Ent. 19:  760-1.


Packard, C. M. & J. H. Martin.  1952.  Resistant crops, the ideal way, p. 429-36.  In:  A. Stefferud (ed.), Insects.  The Yearbook of Agriculture 1952.  U. S. Govt. Print. Off., Wash. D.C.


Padidam, M. 1991.  Rational deployment of Bacillus thuringiensis strains for control of insect pests in India.  Current science, 60: 464-465.


Paetzold, D. & G. Vater.  1966.  Population dynamics of the parasites and hyperparasites of Brevicoryne brassicae (L.), p. 279-81.  In:  I. Hodek (ed.), Proc. Symp. Ecology of Aphidophagous Insects, Liblice, 1965.  Academia, Prague.


Paetzold, D. & G. Vater.  1967.  Populations dynamische Untersuchungen an den Parasiten und Hyperparasiten von Brevicoryne brassicae (L.) (Homoptera, Aphididae).  Acta. Ent. Bohemoslov. 64:  83-90.


Pagden, H.  1926.  Parthenogenesis in Methoca.  Nature 117:  199.


Pagden, H.  1934.  Notes on hymenopterous parasites of padi insects in Malaya.  Fed. Malay States, Dept. Agr. Bull. 15.  13 p.


Page, L. M. & B. M. Burr.  1991.  A Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes:  North America North of Mexico (The Peterson Field Guide Series).  Houghton Miflin Co., Boston.  p. 235-37.


Page, M., R. B. Ryan, N. Rappaport & F. H. Schmidt.  1982.  Comparative toxicity of Acephate, diflubenzuron, and malathion to larvae of the larch casebearer, Coleophora laricella (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) and adults of its parasites, Chrysocharis laricinellae and Dicladocerus nearcticus.  Environ. Ent. 11:  730-2.


Paillot, A.   1924.  Sur une nouvelle maladie des chenilles de Pieris brassicae et sur les maladies du noyau chez les insectes.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. 179:  1353-6.


Paillot, A.  1925.  Le probleme d l'équilibre naturel chez les insectes phytophages.  Rev. gÍnérale des sciences pures et appliquées 36:  206-11.


Paillot, A.  1926a.  Contribution a l'étude des maladies a virus filtrant chez les insectes.  Un nouveau groupe de parasites ultramicrobiens:  les Borrellina.  Ann. Inst. Pasteur 40:  314-52.


Paillot, A.  1926b.  Sur une nouvelle maladie du noyau ou grasserie des chenilles de Pieris brassicae et un nouveau groupe de micro-organismes parasites.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. 182:  180-2.


Paillot, A.  1927.  Sur deux protozaires nouveaux parasites des chenilles de Pyrausta nubilalis Hb.  C. R. Acad. Sci. 185:  673-75.


Paillot, A.  1930a.  Influence des infections microbiennes secondaires sur le développement des ultravirus chez le Bombyx du Murier.  Compt. Rend. Soc. Biol. 104:  585-6.


Paillot, A.  1930b.  Traité des Maladies du Ver a Soie.  G. Doin et Cie., Paris.  279 p.


Paillot, A.  1933.  L'infection Chez les Insectes.  G. Patissier, Trévoux.  535 p.


Paillot, A.  1937.  Sur le developpement polyembryonaire d' Amicroplus collaris Spin., parasite des chenilles d' Euxoa segetum Schiff.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 204:  810-12.


Paine, R. T.  1966.  Food web complexity and species diversity.  Amer. Natur. 100:  65-75.


Paine, R. T.  1974.  Intertidal community structure.  Oecologia 15:  93-120.


Paine, R.T. 1980.  Food webs: linkage, interaction strength and community structure.  Joumal of animal Ecology, 49: 667-685.


Paine, R. W.  1932.  Coconut committee.  Entomological report.  Riji Dept. Agr. Div. Rept. Ann. Bull. (1931):  1-6.


Paine, R. W.  1934.  The introduction of Megarhinus mosquitoes into Fiji.  Bull. Ent. Res. 25:  1-32.


Paine, R. W.  1935.  The control of the coconut spike moth (Tirathaba trichogramma Meyr.) in Fiji.  Fiji Dept. Agr. Bull. 18.  30 p.


Paine, R. W.  1943.  An introduction to the mosquitoes of Fiji. (Ed. 2, revised by R. J. A. W. Lever).  Fiji Dept. Agr. Bull. 22:  1-35.


Paine, R. W.  1960.  Observations on the banana moth (Nacoleia octasema Meyr.) in Indonesia:  and on the introduction from Flores to Java of its parasite Chelonus striatigena Cam.  Pemberitaan Balai Besar Penjelikikan Pertanian 160.  33 p.  (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 50:  353.


Paine, R. W.  1961.  Observations on the banana scab moth in the Territory of Papua and New Guinea.  Papua and New Guinea Agr. J. 14:  45-7.


Paine, R. W.  1964.  The banana scab moth Nacoleia octasema (Myrick): its distribution, ecology and control.  So. Pacific Comm., Noumea, Tech. Paper 145.  70 p.


Paine, R. W.  1968.  Investigations for the biological control in Fiji of the coconut stick-insect Graeffea crouanii (Le Guillou).  Bull. Ent. Res. 57:  567-604.


Paine, T D; Millar, J G; Bellows, T S; Hanks, L M; Gould, J R.  1993.  Integrating Classical Biological Control with Plant Health in the Urban  Forest.  Journal of Arboriculture, v.19, n.3, (1993): 125-130.


Paine, T. D., J. G. Millar and L. M. Hanks.  1995.  Biology of the Eucalyptus longhorned borer in California and development of an integrated management program for the urban forest.  Calif. Agric.  49 (Jan.-Feb.):34-37


Paine, T.D., J.G. Millar, T.S. Bellows, and L.M. Hanks.  1997. Enlisting an under-appreciated clientele: public participation in distribution and evaluation of natural enemies in urban landscapes. American Entomologist 43: 163-172.


Painter, R. H.  1930.  The biological strains of Hessian fly.  J. Econ. Ent. 23:  322-26.


Painter, R. H.  1932.  The Bombyliidae of China and nearby regions.  Lingnan Sci. J. 11:  341-74.


Painter, R. H.  1936.  The food of insects and its relation to resistance of plants to insect attack.  Amer. Nat. 70:  547-66.


Painter, R. H.  1951.  Insect Resistance in Crop Plants.  The MacMillan Co., New York.  520 p.


Painter, R. H.  1953.  The role of nutritional factors in host plant selection.  Symposia 9th Internatl. Congr. Ent., p. 101-5.  W. Junk Publ., The Hague, Netherlands.


Painter, R. H.  1958.  Resistance of plants to insects.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 3:  267-90.


Painter, R. H.  1960.  Breeding plants for resistance to insect pests, p. 245-66.  In:  L. P. Retz (ed.), Biological and Chemical Control of Plant and Animal Pests.  Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci. Publ. 61, Wash., D.C.


Painter, R. H.  1966.  Plant resistance as a means of controlling insects and reducing their damage, p. 138-48.  In:  E. F. Knipling (Chm.), Pest Control by Chemical, Biological, Genetic and Physical Means; a Symposium.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Agr. Res. Serv. 33-110.


Painter, R. H.  1968a.  Preface to paperbound edition of "Insect Resistance in Crop Plants."  Univ. Kansas, Lawrence.


Painter, R. H.  1968b.  Crops that resist insects provide a way to increase world food supply.  Kan. St. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 520.


Painter, R. H. & J. C. Hall.  1960.  A monograph of the genus Poecilanthrax.  Kans. St. Univ. Tech. Bull. 106.  p. 1-132.


Painter, R. H., S. C. Salmon & J. H. Parker.  1931.  Resistance of varieties of winter wheat to Hessian fly.  Kan. Agr. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull. 27.


Painter, R. R. & W. W. Kilgore.  1964.  Temporary and permanent sterilization of house flies with chemosterilants.  J. Econ. Ent. 57:  154-57.


Paiva, G. A.  1919.  Notes on the Indian glow-worm Lamprophorus tenebrosus (Wlk.).  Rec. Ind. Mus., Calcutta 16:  19-28.


Pak, G. A.  1988. Selection of Trichogramma for inundative control.  Ph.D. Thesis, Agr. Univ., Wageningen, Netherlands.  224 p.


Pak, G. A. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1984a.  Selection of a candidate Trichogramma sp. strain for inundative releases against Lepidopterous pests of cabbage in the Netherlands. Meded.  van de Faculteit der Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 49/3a: 827‑837.


Pak, G. A. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1984b.  Behavioural varations between Trichogramma spp. strains, a technique for candidate strain evaluation. Abstract XVIIth International Congress of Entomology, Hamburg: 800.


Pak, G.A. and T.G. van Heiningen. 1985.  Behavioural variations among strains of Trichogramnia spp.: Adaptability to field-temperuture conditions.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 38: 3-13.


Pak, G. A. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1985.  The use of Trichogramma egg parasites in the inundative biological control of lepidopterous pests of cabbage in the Netherlands.  Symposium on Insect Parasitoids, London, U.K.: 8pp.


Pak, G. A. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1987.  Optimal host selection in the egg parasite Trichogramma. Abstract for European Workshop on Parasitoid Insects, Lyon, France.  1p.


Pak, G. A. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1988a.  Criteria and methods for the pre-release evaluation of different Trichogramma spp. strains. In: Trichogramma and other egg parasites. Eds. J. Voegele, J.K. Waage & J. C. van Lenteren. INRA, Paris, 43: 433-442.


Pak, G. A. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1988b.  Optimal host selection in the egg parasite Trichogramma. Parasitoid insects, Lyon, Sept. 7-10.  1987. INRA, Les Colloques de l'INRA 48: 63-65.


Pak, G. A., & J. C. van Lenteren.  1990.  Biological pest control in Dutch greenhouses: a success story? Abstr. Congr. Agriculture & Environment in Eastern Europe and the Netherlands, 5-6 Sept. 1990, Wageningen: 1 pp.


Pak, G. A., J. C. van Lenteren, O. M. B. de Ponti, J. A. B. M. Theunissen & E. J. de Jong.  1984.  Development of an integrated control program for cabbage crops in the Netherlands. Abstract XVIIth International Congress of Entomology, Hamburg: 842.


Pak, G. A., L. P. J. J. Noldus, F. A. N. van Alebeek & J. C. van Lenteren.  1988a.  The use of Trichogramma egg parasites in the inundative biological control of lepidopterous pests of cabbage in the Netherlands. Ecological Bull.s 39: 111-113.


Pak, G. A., J. C. van Lenteren & N. Hawlitzky.  1988b.  Relationship between host selection and host suitability in the egg-parasite Trichogramma (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae).  Proc. XVIII International Congress of Entomology, Vancouver, Canada, 346.


Pak, G. A., T.G. van Heiningen, F.A.N. van Alebeek, S.A. Hassan & J. C. van Lenteren.  1989.  Experimental inundative releases of different strains of the egg parasite Trichogramma in Brussels sprouts.  Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology 95: 129-142.


Pal, R. & M. J. Whitten, (eds.).  1974.  The Use of Genetics in Insect Control.  Amer. Elsevier, New York.


Palchick, S. 1983. Progress report on microtubellarians and other factors affecting mosquito abundance in rice fields.  Proc. 51st Ann. Conf. Calif. Mosquito & Vect. Contr. Assoc., Inc. p.39-41.


Palchick, S.  1984.  The potential of flatworms (Turbellaria: Typhloplanidae) as biological control agents of mosquitoes.  Bull. Soc. Vector Ecol. 9:  17-20.


Palchick, S. & R. K. Washino.  1984.  Factors affecting mosquito larval abundance in northern California rice fields.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Control Assoc. 52:  144-47.


Palij, V. F.  1963.  Die Anwendung des Prinzips des ökologischen Aquivalents bei Arbeiten zur Akklimatisierung von Wirbellosen.  Sbornik:  Akklimat. ñivotnych v SSSR, Alma-Ata.  p. 310-11.  [in Russian].


Palij, V. F.  1966.  Über einige Prinzipien in der Methode der biologischen Schädlingsbekämpfung, p. 25-7.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].


Palinkas, G. E.  1966.  Acariosis of honey bees and its first occurrence in Hungary.  Magyar Allatorv. Lapja 21:  340-2.  [in Hungarian].


Pallos, F. M. & J. J. Menn.  1972.  Synthesis and activity of juvenile hormone analogs, p. 303-16.  In:  J. J. Menn & M. Beroza (eds.), Insect Juvenile Hormones-- Chemistry and Action.  Academic Press, New York & London. 


Palm, N. E.  1948.  Normal and pathological histological studies on the ovary of Bombus natr (Hymenopt.) Opusc. ent. (Suppl.) 7:  1-101.


Palm, T.  1954.  [Choragus sheppardi Kirby and C. horni Wolfrum (Coleop., Anthribidae)].  Opuscula Ent. 19:  2-3, 232-37.


Palmer, D. J.  1985.  Brachymeria intermedia, pp. 383-393.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol I.  Elsevier, New York.


Palmer, M. A.  1914.  Some notes on the life history of the lady beetles.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 7:  213-38.


Palmquist, J. & L. E. Lachance.  1966.  Comparative mutagenicity of two chemosterilants, tepa and hempa, in sperm of Bracon hebetor.  Science 154:  915-17.


Palomar, C. E.  1962.  Titmice in woodlands.  Forestry Comm. Leaflet, No. 46.  20 p.


Palti, J. & R. Auscher (eds.).  1986.  Advisory Work in Crop Pest and Disease Management.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin.


Pampel, W.  19l3.  Die weiblichen Geschlectsorgane der Ichneumoniden.  Ztschr. f. Wiss. Zool. 108:  290-357.


Pampel, W.  1914.  Die Weiblichen Geschlechtsorgane der Ichneumoniden.  Ztschr. f. Wiss. Zool. 108:  290-357.


Pan, Y., R. Frutos & B. A. Federici.  1992.  Synthesis and toxicity of full-length and truncated bacterial CryIVD mosquitocidal proteins expressed in lepidopteran cells using a baculovirus vector.  J. Gen. Virol. 73.


Pan, Z. W. & K. F. Teng.  1966.  On a gamasid mite, Tropilaelaps clareae Delfinato et Baker, injurious to honeybee colonies in China.  Acta Ent. Sinica 15:  158-9.


Pang, Xion-fei & Chen Tai-lu.  1974.  Trichogramma of China (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae).  Acta. Ent. Sinica 17:  441-54.  [in Chinese w/ English summary].


Panic, J.  1963.  Das Verhalten von Ameisen gegenüber bodenbewohnenden Kleinarthropoden.  Pedobiologia 2:  223-34.


Panis, A.  1969.  Aphycus apicalis (Dalman) and Leptomastidea bifasciata (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), parasites of Phenococcus aceris (Signoret) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) in the Maritime Alps.  Entomophaga 14:  383-91.


Panis, A.  1974.  Action prédatrice d'Eublemma scitula [Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, Erastriinae] dans le Sud de la France.  Entomophaga 19:  493-500.


Panis, A.  1979.  Integrated control in olive cultivation. Inform. Fitopath. 29:  27-8.


Panis, A.  1982.  Scale insects (Homoptera, Coccoidea, Coccidae) within the framework of integrated control in Mediterranean citrus culture.  Rev. Zool. Agr. Path. Veg. 79:  12-22.


Panis, A.  1983.  Biological control of the black scale, Saissetia oleae (Olivier) in the context of integrated control in French olive cultivation.  Symbioses 15:  53-74.


Panis, A. & J. P. Marro.  1978.  VAriation du comportement chez Metaphycus lounsburyi [Hym.: Encyrtidae].  Entomophaga 23:  9-18.


Panšin, I. V.  1963.  The role of natural regulators on population of pine beetle.  Vestn. Sel-skochoz. Nauk 6:  108-111.  [in Russian].


Pantel, J.  1898.  Le Thrixion halidayanum Rond.  Essai monographique sur les caracteres extérieurs, la biologie et l'anatomie d'une larve parasite du groupe des Tachinaires.  Cellule 15:  1-290.


Pantel, J.  1910.  Recherches sur les Dipteres a larves entomobies. I. Caracteres parasitiques aux points de vue biologique, ethologique et histologique.  Cellule 26:  27-216.


Pantel, J.  1912.  Recherches sur les Dipteres a larves entomobies. I. Caracteres parasitiques aux points de vue biologique, ethologique et histologique.  Cellule 29:  7-289.


Pantone, DJ., W.A. Williams, and A.R. Maggenti. 1989.  An alternative approach for evaluating the efficacy of potential biocontrol agents of weeds. 1. Inverse linear model.  Weed Science, 37: 771-777.


Pantyukhov, G. A.  1965.  [Influence of temperature and humidity on the development of Chilocorus renipustulatus Scriba (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae).  Trudy Zool. Inta AN SSR 36:  70-85.


Pantyukhov, G. A.  1968a.  [Study of ecology and physiology of the predatory beetle Chilocorus rubidus Hope (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)].  Zool. Zhur. 47:  376-86.  [English summary].


Pantyukhov, G. A.  1968b.  [Photoperiodic reaction of the ladybug (Chilocorus renipustulatus Scriba) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)].  Ent. Obozr. 47:  45-60.  [English summary].


Paoletti, M G; Pimentel, D.  1996.   Genetic engineering in agriculture and the environment.

Bioscience, v.46, n.9, (1996): 665-673.


Paoli, G.  1920.  [Considerations on the biological relations between locusts and their oophagous parasites].  Riv. Bilogia, Rome 2(4):  387-97.


Paoli, G.  1922a.  Il parassita della bianca-rossa degli agrumi e la sua introduzione in Italia.  Il Coltivatore, Casale Monferrato 15.  7 p.  (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 10:  412).


Paoli, G.  1922b.  La multiplicazione dell'endofago della bianca-rossa in Italia.  Il Coltivatore 33.  (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 11: 70).


Paoli, G.  1937a.  Richerche sulla morfologia e anatomia del capo delle larve dei Ditteri Bombiliidi.  Redia 23:  5-16.


Paoli, G.  1937b.  Studi sulle cavallette di Foggia (Dociostaurus macroccanus Thnb.) e sui loro oofagi (Ditteri Bombillidae e Coleotteri Meloidi) ed Acari ectofagi (Eritredi e Trombidiidi).  Redia 23:  27-206.  [Studies on... in the Province of Foggia and on its egg-parasites and the mites ectoparasitic on it].


Paoli, G.  1938.  Note sulla biologia e sulla filogenesi dei Meloidi (Coleoptera).  Mem. Soc. Ent. Italia 16:  71-96.


Paoli, G. & F. Boselli.  1947.  Introduzione di oofagi del Dochiostaurus maroccanus Thnb. dalla penisola italiana in Sardegna.  Soc. Ent. Ital. Mem. 26 (sup.): 21-40.


Papacek, D. F. & D. Smith.  1985.  Aphytis lingnanensis, pp. 373-381.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. I.  Elsevier, New York.


Papaj, D. R. & M. D. Rausher.  1987.  Components of conspecific host discrimination behavior in the butterfly, Battus philenor.  Ecology 68:  245-53.


Papaj, DR. and L.E.M. Vet. 1990.  Odor leaming and foraging success in the parasitoid, Leptopilina beterotoma.    Journal of Chemical Ecologv, 16: 3137-3150.


Papavizas, G. C.  1966.  Biological methods for the control of plant diseases and nematodes, p. 82-94.  In:  E. F. Knipling (ed.), Pest Control by Chemical, Biological, Genetic and Physical Means.  Symp. Montreal, 1964.  Agr. Res. Serv., U. S. Dept. Agr.


Papavizas, G. C. (ed.).  1981.  Biological Control in crop Production.  Beltsville Symp. in Agr. Res. 5, Allanheld, Osmun, Totowa.


Papierok, B., B. Valadao, L. Tôrres & M. Arnault.  1984.  Contribution to the study of the specificity of the entomopathogenic fungus Zoophthora radicans (Zygomycetes, Entomophthorales).  Entomophaga 29:  109-19.


Papierok, B. & N. Wilding.  1981.  Study of the behaviour of several strains of Conidiobolus obscurus [Zygomycetes Entomophthoraceae] on the aphids Acyrtosiphon pisum and Sitobion avenae [Hom.: Aphididae].  Entomophaga 26:  241-50.  [in French].


Paracer, S. M., M. W. Brzeski & B. M. Zuckerman.  1966.  Nematophagous fungi and predaceous nematodes associated with cranberry soils in Massachusetts.  Plant Disease Reporter 50:  584-6.


Paradis, R. O. & E. J. LeRoux.  1965.  Researches sur la biologie et la dynamique des populations natuerelles d'Archips argyrospilus (Wlk.) dans de sud-ouest du Quebec.  Mem. Ent. Soc. Canad. 43:  1-77.


Parashar, B. D. & K. M. Rao.  1988.  Biological studies of the flesh fly Sarcophaga (Parasarcophaga) misera and its effects as a predator of the snail Indoplanorbis exustus.  Entomophaga 33:  431-35.


Parent, B.  1966.  Etudes écologiques des acariens phytophages et prédateurs des vergers du Québec.  Abstr. 57th Assembl. Ann. Soc. Protect. Plant. Québec (Sherbrook, P.Q., 1965), Sect. 1, Zoology.  Phytoprotection 47:  89-90.


Parent, B.  1967.  Population studies of phytophagous mites and predators on apple in southwestern Quebec.  Canad. Ent. 99:  771-78.


Parenti, U.  1966.  Facteurs de l'environnement dans le rapport sexes de Paramermis contoria parasite de Chironomus tentans.  Proc. 1st. Intrn. Congr. Parasitol., Rome, 1964. p. 584-5.


Parham, B. E. V.  1935.  Mycological notes-- mortality in larvae of Teleonemia lantanae.  Fiji Dept. Agr. Agric J. 8:  31.


Parham, J. W., T. L. Mune & B. A. O'Connor.  1956.  Lantana and its control in Fiji.  Fiji Dept. Agr. Agr. J. 27:  28-32.


Paris, S. & G. Segretain.  1975.  Caractères physiologiques de Beauveria tenella en rapport avec la virulence de souches de ce champignon pour la larve du Hanneton commun, Melolontha melolontha.  Entomophaga 20:  135-38.


Park, O.  1929.  Ecological observations upon the myrmecocoles of Formica ulkei Emery, especially Leptinus testaceus Mueller.  Psyche 36:  195-215.


Park, O.  1930.  Studies on the ecology of forest Coleoptera.  Seral and seasonal succession of Coleoptera in the Chicago area, with observations on certain phases of hibernation and aggregation.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 23:  57-80.


Park, O.  1947.  The pselaphid at home and abroad.  Sci. Mon. Mag. 65(1):  27-42.


Park, P. O., J. A. Gledhill, N. Alsop & C. W. Lee.  1972.  A large-scale scheme for the eradication of Glossina morsitans morsitans Westw. in the western Province of Zambia by aerial ultra-low volume application of endosulfan.  Bull. Ent. Res. 61:  373-84.


Park, T.  1948.  Experimental studies of interspecies competition.  I.  Competition between populations of the flour beetles, Tribolium confusum Duval and Tribolium castaneum Herbst.  Ecol. Monog. 18:  265-308.


Park, T.  1954.  Experimental studies of interspecies competition.  II.  Temperature, humidity and competition in two species of Tribolium.  Physiol. Zool. 27:  177-238.


Park, T.  1955a.  Experimental competition in beetles, with some general implications.  In:  "The Numbers of Man and Animals."  p. 69-82.  Oliver & Boyd, Ltd., London.


Park, T.  1955b.  Ecological experimentation with animal populations.  Sci. Monthly 81:  271-75.


Park, T.  1957.  Experimental studies of interspecies competition.  III.  Relation of initial species proportion to competitive outcome in populations of Tribolium.  Physiol. Zool. 30:  22-40.


Park, T.  1962.  Beetles, competition and populations.  Science 138:  1369-75.


Park, T., E. V. Gregg & C. Z. Lutherman.  1941.  Studies in population physiology.  X.  Interspecific competition in populations of granary beetles.  Physiol. Zool. 14:  395-430.


Park, T., P. H. Leslie & D. B. Mertz.  1964.  Genetic strains and competition in populations of Tribolium.  Physiol. Zool. 37:  97-162.


Park, T., D. B. Mertz, W. Wladyslaw & T. Prus.  1965.  Cannibalistic predation in populations of flour beetles.  Physiol. Zool. 38(3):  289-21.


Parker, C.A., A.D. Rovira, Kj.  Moore, P.TW. Wong, and J.F. Kollmorgen, (eds.). 1983.  Ecology and Manage"tent of Soilborne Plant Pathogens.  Amer. Phytopathological Soc., St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A.


Parker, D. E.  1936.  Chrysis shanghaiensis Smith, a parasite of the Oriental moth.  J. Agr. Res. 52:  449-58.


Parker, D. L. & D. W. Davis.  1971.  Feeding habits of Corticeus substriatus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) associated with the mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 64:  293-4.


Parker, D. L. E.  1933.  The interrelations of two hymenopterous egg parasites of the gipsy moth, with notes on the larval instars of each.  J. Agr. Res. 46:  23-34.


Parker, D. L. E.  1935.  Apanteles solitarius (Ratzeburg), and introduced braconid parasite of the satin moth.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 477.  17 p.


Parker, D. L. E.  1936.  Chrysis shanghaiensis Smith, a parasite of the oriental moth.  J. Agr. Res. 52:  449-58.


Parker, F. D.  1970.  Seasonal mortality and survival study of Pieris rapae (L.) in Missouri and the introduction of an egg parasite, Trichogramma evanescens Westwood.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 63:  985-99.


Parker, F. D.  1971.  Management of pest populations by manipulating densities of both hosts and parasites through periodic releases, p. 365-76.  In:  C. B. Huffaker (ed.), "Biological Control."  Plenum Press, N.Y.


Parker, F. D. & R. M. Bohart.  1966.  Host-parasite association in some twig-nesting Hymenoptera from western North America.  Pan-Pacific Ent. 42:  91-8.


Parker, F. D. & R. E. Pinnell.  1972a.  Effectiveness of Trichogramma spp. in parasitizing eggs of Pieris rapae and Trichoplusia ni. 1. Field studies.  Environ. Ent. 1:  785-89.


Parker, F. D. & R. E. Pinnell.  1972b  Further studies of the biological control of Pieris rapae using supplemental host and parasite releases.  Environ. Ent. 1:  150-57.


Parker, F. D. & R. E. Pinnell.  1974.  Effectiveness of Trichogramma spp. in parasitizing eggs of Pieris rapae and Trichoplusia ni in the laboratory.  Environ. Ent. 3:  935-8.


Parker, F. D., F. R. Lawson & R. E. Pennell.  1971.  Suppression of Pieris rapae using a new control system:  mass releases of both the pest and its parasites.  J. Econ. Ent. 64:  721-35.


Parker, H. L.  1923.  Contribution a la connaissance de Chalcis fonscolombei Dufour (Hym.).  Bull. Soc. Ent. France 1923:  238-40.


Parker, H. L.  1924.  Recherches sur les formes post embryonaires des Chilcidiens.  Ann. Soc. Ent. de France 93:  261-379.


Parker, H. L.  1926.  Note sulla larva del Polochrum repandum Spinola (Hym., Sapygidae) parassita della Xylocopa violacea L.  Portici R. Scuola Super. di Agr. Lab. Zool. Gen. e Agr. Bol. 18:  268-70.


Parker, H. L.  1931a.  Macrocentrus gifuensis Ashmead, a polyembryonic braconid parasite in the European corn borer.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 230:  1-62.


Parker, H. L.  1931b.  Notes on Meteorus (Zemiotes) nigricollis Thomson, an occasional parasite of the European corn borer.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 33:  93-103.


Parker, H. L.  1932.  Notes on a collecting spot in France and a chalcid larva (Stilbula cynipiformis Rossi).  Ent. News 43:  1-6.


Parker, H. L.  1933.  The interrelations of two hymenopterous egg parasites of the gypsy moth, with notes on the larval instars of each.  J. Agr. Res. 46:  23-34.


Parker, H. L.  1934.  Notes on the anatomy of tenthrdinid larvae, with special reference to the head.  Portici R. Scuola Super. di Agr. Lab. Zool. Gen. e Agr. Bol. 28:  159-91.


Parker, H. L.  1937.  On the oviposition habits of Stilbula cynipiformis Rossi.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 39:  1-3.


Parker, H. L.  1949.  The handling, transporting, packing and shipping of insects, particularly parasites and predators.  Internatl. U. Biol. Sci. Ser. B 5:  121-7.


Parker, H. L.  1951a.  Parasites of the lima-bean pod borer in Europe.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 1036.  28 p.


Parker, H. L.  1951b.  Notes on Pycnocephalus argentinus Brethes parasitic on Ceroplastes in Uruguay.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 53(1):  35-41.


Parker, H. L.  1959.  Studies of some Scarabaeidae and their parasites.  Bol. Lab. Ent. Agr. "Filippo Silvestri" Portici 17:  29-50.


Parker, H. L.  1960a.  Starvation tests with the larvae of the cinnabar moth.  J. Econ. Ent. 53:  472-73.


Parker, H. L.  1960b.  Parasites and predators associated with some grass scale found in France.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 62:  167-79.


Parker, H. L.  1964.  Life history of Leucoptera spartifoliella with results of host transfer tests conducted in France.  J. Econ. Ent. 57:  566-69.


Parker, H. L.  1967.  Notes on the biology of Tomosvaryella frontata [Diptera: Pipunculidae], a parasite of the leafhopper Opsius stactogalus on Tamarix.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60:  292-5.


Parker, H. L. & H. D. Smith.  1933a.  Eulophus viridulus Thoms., a parasite of Pyrausta nubilalis Hübn.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 26:  21-37.


Parker, H. L. & H. D. Smith.  1933b.  Additional notes on the strepsipteron Eoxenos laboulbenei Peyerimhoff.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 26:  217-33.


Parker, H. L. & H. D. Smith.  1934.  Further notes on Eoxenos laboulbenei Peyerimhoff with a description of the male.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 27:  468-77.


Parker, H. L. & W. R. Thompson.  1925.  Notes on the larvae of the Chalcidoidea.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 18:  384-95.


Parker, H. L. & W. R. Thompson.  1928.  Contribution a la biologie des chalcidiens entomophages.  Soc. Ent. de France Ann. 97:  425-65.


Parker, H. L., A. M. Vance, H. D. Smith and W. Gamkrelidge.  1929.  Pyrausta nubilalis Hübn. in Europe:  notes on infestation and parasitism from 1926 to 1928.  J. Econ. Ent. 22:  688-93.


Parker, H. L., P. A. Berry & A. Silveira.  1950.  Vegetable weevils and their natural enemies in Argentina and Uruguay.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 1016.  28 p.


Parker, J. B. & A. G. Böving.  1924.  The blister beetle, Tricrania sanguinipennis-- biology, description of different stages and systematic relationship.  U. S. Natl. Mus. Proc. 64:  1-40.


Parker, J. R.  1918.  The life history and habits of Chlorpisca glabra Meig., a predaceous chloropid.  J. Econ. Ent. 11:  368-80.


Parker, J. R. & C. Wakeland.  1957.  Grasshopper egg pods destroyed by larvae of bee flies, blister beetles and ground beetles.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 1165.  29 p.


Parker, L. B.  1934.  Notes on the life history and biology of Centeter unicolor Aldrich.  J. Econ. Ent. 27:  486-91.


Parker, P.E. 1991.  Nematodes as biological control agents of weeds, pp. 58-68.  In:TeBeest, D.O., (ed.). Microbial Control of Weeds.  Chapman and Hall, New York.


Parkman, J.P., W.G. Hudson, J.H. Frank, K.B. Nguyen, and G.C. Smart, Jr. 1993.  Establishment and persistence of Steinernema scapterisci (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) in field populations of Scapteriscus spp. mole crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae).  Journal of Entomological Science, 28: 182-190.


Parlin, S. 1952. The Megaloptera and Neuroptera of Min- nesota. Amer. Midi. Nat., 47(2): 421-434.

Parlin, S., & A. B. Gurney. 1956. The spongillaflies, with special reference to those of the western hemisphere (Sisyridae, Neuroptera). Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 105(3360): 421-529; 24 f., 3 pl.


Parman, D. C.  1928.  Experimental dissemination of the tabanid egg parasite Phanurus emersoni Girault and biological notes on the species.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Circ. 18.  6 p.


Parnell, F. R.  1925.  Breeding jassid resistant cottons.  J. Union South Africa Dep. Agr. 11:  153-58.


Parnell, F. R.  1927.  South Africa:  Cotton-breeding Station, Barberton.  Rept. for season 1925-1926.  Empire Cotton Growing Corp. Rep. Expt. Sta. 1925-1926:  24-44.


Parnell, F. R.  1935.  Origin and development of the U4 cotton.  Empire Cotton Growing Corp. Rev. 12:  177-82.


Parnell, F. R., H. E. King & D. F. Ruston.  1949.  Jassid resistance and hairiness of the cotton plant.  Bull. Ent. Res. 39:  539-75.


Parman, D. C.  1928.  Experimental dissemination of the tabanid egg parasite Phanurus emersoni Girault and biological notes on the species.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Cir. No. 18, Washington, D.C.


Parnell, J. R.  1966.  Observations on the population fluctuations and life histories of the beetles Bruchidius ater [Bruchidae] and Apion fuscirostre [Curculionidae] on broom [Sarothamnus scoparius].  J. Anim. Ecol. 35:  157-88.


Parr, T.  1940.  Asterolecanium variolosum Ratzeburg, a gall-forming coccid, and its effect upon the host trees.  Yale Forest. School Bull. 46:  1-49.


Parr, W. J.  1968.  Biological control of greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum by the parasite Encarsia formosa on tomatoes.  Rep. Glasshouse Crops Res. Inst. (1967).  p. 137-41.


Parr, W. J.  1972.  Biological control of glasshouse pests.  J. R. Agr. Soc. Eng. 133:  48.


Parr, W. J. & N. W. Hussey.  1966.  Diapause in the glasshouse red spider mite (T. urticae):  a synthesis of present knowledge.  Hort. Res. 6:  1-21.


Parr, W. J. & N. W. Hussey.  1967.  Biological control of red spider mite on cucumbers:  effects of different predator densities at introduction.  Rep. Glasshouse Crops Res. Inst. (1966).  p. 135-39.


Parr, W. J. & N. E. E. Scopes.  1971.  Recent advances in the integrated control of glasshouse pests.  NAAS Quart. Rev. 3:  101-08.


Parr, W. J., H. J. Gould, N. H. Jessop & F. A. B. Ludlam.  1976.  Progress towards a biological control programme for glasshouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) on tomatoes.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 83:  349-63.


Parra, J R P; Vinson, S B; Gomes, S M; Consoli, F L.  1996.  Flight response of Habrobracon hebetor (Say) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in a wind tunnel to volatiles associated with infestations of Ephestia kuehniella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).  Biological Control, v.6, n.2, (1996): 143-150.


Parrella, M. P.  1983.  Evaluation of selected insecticides for control of permethrin-resistant Liriomyza trifolii in chrysanthemum.  J. Econ. Ent. 76:  1460-64.


Parrella, M. P.  1987.  Biology of Liriomyza.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 32:  201-24.


Parrella, M. P. & L. S. Hansen.  1992.  Biological Control in Glasshouse Environments.  In:  Principles and Application of Biological Control.  University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.  (in press).


Parrella, M. P. & V. P. Jones.  1985.  Yellow traps as monitoring tools for Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in chrysanthemum greenhouses.  J. Econ. Ent. 78:  53-56.


Parrella, M. P. & V. P. Jones.  1987.  Development of integrated pest management strategies in floriculture.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 33:  28-34.


Parrella, M. P. & C. B. Keil.  1985.  Toxicity of methamidophos to four species of Agromyzidae.  J. Agr. Ent. 2:  234-37.


Parrella, M. P. & K. L. Robb.  1985.  Economically important members of the genus Liriomyza Mik:  a selected bibliography.  Misc. Publ. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  1-26.


Parrella, M. P., G. D. Christie & K. L. Robb.  1983.  Compatibility of insect growth regulators and Chrysocharis parksi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) for the control of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae).  J. Econ. Ent. 76:  949-51.


Parrella, M. P., K. M. Heinz & L. Nunney.  1991.  Inundative releases:  a strategy whose time has come.  Amer. Ent. (in press).


Parrella, M. P., T. D. Paine, K. L. Robb, J. A. Bethtie & J. Hall.  1991.  Biological control of sweet potato whitefly on commercially grown poinsettia.  Environ. Ent. (in press).


Parrella, M. P., L. Stengård Hansen & Joop Van Lenteren.  1999,.  Glasshouse environments. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 31, p. 819-839, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Parrish, D. S. & D. W. Davis.  1978.  Inhibition of diapause in Bathyplectes curculionis a parasite of the alfalfa weevil.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 71:  103-07.


Parrish, J. D. & S. B. Saila.  1970.  Interspecific competition, predation and species diversity.  J. Theor. Biol. 27:  207-20.


Parrott, P. J. & B. B. Fulton.  1914.  Tree-crickets injurious to orchard and garden fruits.  New York St. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 388:  417-61.


Parrott, W. L., F. G. Maxwell & J. N. Jenkins.  1966.  Feeding and oviposition of the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis, on Rose-of-Sharon, an alternate host.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  547-50.


Parshley, H. M. 1925. A Bibliography of the North American Hemiptera-Heteroptera. Northampton, Mass. Smith College, ix + 252 pp.


Parsons, P. A.  1967.  The Genetic Analysis of Behaviour.  Methuen's Monographs on Biological Subjects.  Methuen, London.  1974 p.


Parsons, W. T.  1957.  St. John's wort in Victoria.  History, distribution, control.  Victoria Dept. Agr. J. 55:  781-88.


Pascalet, P.  1939.  La lutte biologique contre Stephanoderes hampei un scolyte du cafÍier au Cameroun.  Revue de Bot. appl. et Agr. tropic. 19:  753-64.


Pašinov, M. I.  1962.  Über die Rolle der Ornithofauna bei der Vernichtung von Dendrolimus sibiricus, p. 114-16.  In:  Sbornik material, Konf. po itog. nau…n. rabot za 1961, Krasnojarsk.  [in Russian].


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Pass, B. C. & J. C. Parr.  1971.  Seasonal occurrence of the pea aphid and braconid parasite, aphidius smithi, in Kentucky.  J. Econ. Ent. 64:  1150-53.


Passlow, T. & M. S. Roubicek.  1967.  Life-history of the cucurbit aphid (A. gossypii).  Queensland J. Agr. Anim. Sci. 24:  101-02.


Pasteels, J.  1956.  Xenos stuckenbergi, espece nouvelle d'Afrique australe (Strepsiptera, Stylopidae).  Ann. Natal Mus. 13(3):  441-43.


Pasteels, J.M., J.-C. Gregoire, and M. Rowell-Rahier. 1983.  The chemical ecology of defense in arthropods.  Annu. Rev. of Entomol., 28: 263-289.


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Pasteur, L.  1874.  On the use of fungi against phylloxera.  Compt. Rend. 79:  1233-34.


Pastrana, J. A. & H. Gahan.  1950.  The mass breeding of Macrocentrus ancylivorus Roh., a natural parasite of Cydia molesta in Argentina.  (Publ. Inst. Sanid. veg.) Minist. Agr. Argent. (B), 6:  22 p.


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Patanakamjorn, S. & M. D. Pathak.  1967.  VArietal resistance of rice to the Asiatic rice borer, Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), and its association with various plant characters.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. l60:  287-92.


Pate, T. L. & C. W. Neeb.  1972.  Unpub. Rept. to Dept. of Entomology, Texas A. & M. Univ., College Station, TX.


Pate, T. L., J. J. Hefner & C. W. Neeb.  1972.  A management program to reduce cost of cotton insect control in the Pecos area.  Texas Agr. Expt. Sta. Misc. Publ. 1023.


Patel, K. J., L. M. Rueda & R. C. Axtell.  1990.  Comparisons of different types and concentrations of alginates for encapsulation of Lagenidium giganteum (Oomycetes: Lagenidiales), a fungal pathogen of mosquito larvae.  J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 6: 101-104.


Patel, K. J., L. M. Rueda, R. C. Axtell & R. E. Stinner.  1991.  Temperature-dependent development of the fungal pathogen Lagenidium giganteum in larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae).  J. Med. Ent. 28: 95-100.


Patel, K. K. & J. W. Apple.  1967.  Ecological studies on the eggs of the northern corn rootworm.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  496-500.


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Pathak, M. D.  1968.  Ecology of common insect pests of rice.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 13:  257-94.


Pathak, M. D.  1969.  Stem borer and leafhopper-planthopper resistance in rice varieties.  Ent. Exp. Appl. 12:  789-800.


Pathak, M. D.  1970.  Genetics of plants in pest management, p. 138-57.  In:  R. L. Rabb & F. E. Guthrie (eds.), Concepts of Pest Management.  North Carolina St. Univ. Raleigh.


Pathak, M. D., F. Andres, N. Galacgac & R. Raros.  1970.  Striped borer, Chilo suppressalis, resistance in rice varieties.  Int. Rice Res. Inst.  50 p.


Patrascanu, E.  1964a.  Contribution to the study of the biology of the insects Adalia bipunctata L., and Propylaea 14-punctata L.  Lucrari Stiint. (Inst. Agron., Jassy).  p. 313-21.  [in Romanian].


Patrascanu, E.  1964b.  Contribution to the study of the family of Braconidae [Hymenoptera] parasitic on insect pests of agriculture.  Lucrari stiint. (Inst. Agron., Jassy).  p. 323-8.  [in Romanian].


Patten, B. D.  1961.  Competitive exclusion.  The exclusion principle is recast in the context of a generalized scheme for interspecific interaction.  Science 134(3490):  1599-1601.


Patten, B. C.  1964.  Effects of radiation stress on interspecific competition.  Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., Radiation Ecol. Sect., Publ. No. 107:  104-8.


Patterson, D.T. 1976.  The history and distribution of five exotic weeds in North Carolina.  Castanea, 41: 177-180.


Patterson, J. E.  1921.  Life history of Recurvaria milleri, the needle miner in the Yosemite National Park, California.  J. Agr. Res. 21:  127-42.


Patterson, J. E.  1929.  The pandora moth, a periodic pest of western pine forests.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 137.  20 p.


Patterson, J. P., W. Stone, M. Bedichek & M. Suche.  1934.  The production of translocations in Drosophila.  Amer. Natur. 68:  359-69.


Patterson, J. T.  1915.  Observations on the development of Copidosoma gelechiae.  Biol. Bull. 29:  291-305.


Patterson, J. T.  19l7.  Studies on the biology of Paracopidosomopsis.  I.  Data on the sexes.  Biol. Bull. 32:  291-305.


Patterson, J. T.  1918.  Studies on the biology of Copidosomopsis. IV. The asexual larvae.  Biol. Bull. 35:  362-71.


Patterson, J. T.  1919.  Polyembryony and sex.  J. Hered. 10:  344-52.


Patterson, J. T.  1921a.  The development of Paracopidosomopsis.  J. Morph. 36:  1-69.


Patterson, J. T.  1921b.  Sex ratios in Platygaster.  Amer. Nat. 55:  180-83.


Patterson, J. T. & W. S. Stone.  1952.  Evolution in the Genus Drosophila.  The Macmillan Co., New York.  610 p.


Patterson, N. A.  1936.  Mealy bug control in Nova Scotia.  Ent. Soc. Ontario Rept. 66:  34-6.


Patterson, N. A.  1966.  The influence of spray programs on the fauna of apple orchards in Nova Scotia. XVI. The long-term effect of mild pesticides on pest and their predators.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  1430-35.


Patterson, N. A. & C. R. MacLellan.  1954.  Control of the codling moth and other orchard pests with ryania.  85th Rep. Ent. Soc. Ont.  p. 25-32.


Patterson, R. S. & D. A. Rutz (eds.).  1986.  Biological Control of Muscoid Flies.  Misc. Publ. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62:  174 p.


Patterson, R. S., D. E. Weidhaas, H. R. Ford & C. S. Lofgren.  1970.  Suppression and elimination of an island population of Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus with sterile males.  Science 168:  1368-70.


Patterson, R. S., P. G. Koehler, P. B. Morgan & R. L. Harris (eds.).  1981.  Status of Biological Control of Filth Flies.  Proc. Workshop, Feb. 4-5, 1981, Gainesville, Florida.  Sci. Educ. Admin., USDA, Washington, D.C.  212 p.


Patterson, T. L. & W. F. Fiske.  1911.  Investigations into the habits of certain Sarcophagidae.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Ser. 19:  25-32.

Paulian, Renaud.  1938.  Etude biologique d'Aleochara algarum (Coleoptere Staphylinide) et description du puparium de Fucella fucorum (Diptere).  Soc. Zool. Fr. Bull. 63(6):  343-52.


Pausch, R. D.  1969.  A laboratory evaluation of baits and chemosterilants on the little house fly.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  25-8.


Pavan, M.  1955.  La lotta biologica con Formica rufa L. control gli insetti dannosi alle foreste.  Min. Agr. For. Italy Collana Verda 3:  1-75.


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Pavan, O. H., D. G. Boucias & J. C. Pendland.  1981.  The effects of serial passage of a nucleopolyhedrosis virus through an alternate host system.  Entomophaga 26:  99-108.


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Pawson, B. M., J. J. Petersen & T. O. Holtzer.  1987.  Competitive parasitism of house fly pupae (Diptera: Muscidae) by Muscidifurax zaraptor and Urolepis rufipes (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).  J. Med. Ent. 24:  66-70.


Pawson, B. M. & J. J. Petersen.  1988.  Dispersal of Muscidifurax zaraptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae), a filth fly parasitoid, at dairies in eastern Nebraska.  Environ. Ent. 17:  398-402.


Pawson, B M; Petersen, J J; Gold, R E.  1993.  Utilization of Freeze-Killed House Fly and Stable Fly Diptera Muscidae Pupae by Three Pteromalid Wasps.  J. of Entomol. Science, v.28, n.1, (1993): 113-119.


Payne, C. C.  1981.  Cytoplasmic polyhedrosis viruses, p. 61-100.  In:  E. W. Davidson (ed.), Pathogenesis of invertebrate Microbial Diseases.  Allanheld, Osman & Co., Totowa, New Jersey.


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Perkins, R. C. L.  1905c.  Leaf-hoppers and their natural enemies (Stylopidae).  Hawaii Sugar Planters' Assoc. Expt. Sta. Bull. 1, pt. 3: 90-111.


Perkins, R. C. L.  1905d.  Leaf-hoppers and their natural enemies (Pipunculidae).  Hawaii Sugar Planters' Assoc. Expt. Sta. Bull. 1, pt. 4: 123-57.


Perkins, R. C. L.  1905e.  Leaf-hoppers and their natural enemies (Mymaridae, Platygasteridae).  Hawaii Sugar Planters' Assoc. Expt. Sta. Bull. 1, pt. 6: 187-203.


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Perkins, R. C. L.  1907.  Parasites of leaf-hoppers.  Hawaii Sugar Plant. Agr. Sta. Bull. 4:  1-59.


Perkins, R. C. L.  1909.  Prof. Koebele's work on horn-fly.  Rep. Board Comm. Agr. & Forest., Hawaii 1908:  119-22.


Perkins, R. C. L.  1911.  Report on the importation and work of horn fly parasites for 1910.  Rep. Board Comm. Agr. & Forest., Hawaii.  1910: 143-45.


Perkins, R. C. L.  1918a.  Synopsis of British Strepsiptera of the genera Stylops and Halictoxenus (Further notes on Stylops and stylopized bees).  Ent. Mon. Mag. 54:  67-76.


Perkins, R. C. L.  1918b.  The assembling and pairing of Stylops.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 54:  129-31.


Perkins, R. C. L.  1919a.  The British species of Andrena and Nomada.  Ent. Soc. London Trans. (1919):  218-317.


Perkins, R. C. L.  1919b.  The pairing of Stylops and assembling of the males.  Proc. Ent. Soc. London 1918:  70-75.


Perkins, R. C. L. & O. H. Swezey.  1924.  The introduction into Hawaii of insects that attack lantana.  Bull. Hawaiian Sugar Planters Assoc. Expt. Station No. 16:  83 p.


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Perlowagora-Szumlewicz, A.  1964.  Effect of ionizing radiation on the population kinetics of the snail Australorbis glabratus:  age at exposure and the effects on reproduction.  Radiation REs. 23:  392-404.


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Persing, C. O.  1965.  Problems in the development of tailor-made insecticides.  Specific insecticides.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 11:  72-4.


Person, H. L.  1940.  The clerid Thanasimus lecontei (Wolc.) as a factor in the control of the western pine beetle.  J. Forest. 38:  390-96.


Perttunen, V.  1951.  The temperature preferences of various carabid species (Col., Carabidae) of wet and dry habitats.  Ann. Ent. Fenn. 17:  72-84.


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Peschken, D. P.  1977.  Biological control of creeping thistle (Cirsium arvense): analysis of the releaase of Altica carduorum [Col.: Chrysomelidae] in Canada.  Entomophaga 22:  425-28.


Peschken, D. P.  1979.  Host specificity and suitability of Tephritis dilacerata [Dip.: Tephritidae]:  a candidate for the biological control of perennial sow-thistle (Sonchus arvensis) [Compositae] in Canada.  Entomophaga 24:  455-62.


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Pesticide News.  Persistence pays – lower risks from pesticides in Sweden. Pesticide News No. 54, pp. 10-11.


Peswani, K. M.  1960.  Eutrombidium trigonum Hermann [Trombidiidae - Acarina], a predatory red mite of Hieroglyphus nigrorepletus Bolivar ("Phadka").  Indian J. Ent. 22:  236.


Petch, C. E. & G. H. Hammond.  1926.  Parasites of white grubs in southern Quebec. A progress report.  Ontario Ent. Soc. Ann. Rept. 1925:  85-91.


Petcu, I. P.  1966.  L'expérimentation du champignon Beauveria bassiana Vuill., dans le combat du doryphore (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say) par voie biologique.  An. stiint. Univ. Iasi, Sec. Biol. 12:  124-31.  [in Romanian].


Peter, C. & B. V. David.  1991a.  Natural enemies of the pumpkin caterpillar Diaphania indica [Lep.: Pyralidae] in Tamil Nadu.  Entomophaga 36:  391-4.


Peter, C. & B. V. David.  1991b.  Observations on the oviposition behaviour of Goniozus sensorius [Hym.: Bethylidae] a parasite of Diaphania indica [Lep.: Pyralidae].  Entomophaga 36:  403-7.


Peter, C., P. Nagarathinam & B. V. David.  1990.  Note on the natural enemies of Psylla hyalina [Hom.: Psyllidae] on Albizia lebbeck.  Entomophaga 35:  659-60.


Peters, D. C. & R. H. Painter.  1957.  A general classification of available small seeded legumes as hosts for three aphids of the "yellow clover aphid complex."  J. Econ. Ent. 50:  231-35.


Peters, D. C., A. K. Burditt & M. L. Fairchild.  1961.  The biology and control of the European corn borer in Missouri.  Res. Bull. Univ. Missouri, Agr. Expt. STa. No. 757.  p. 1-26.


Peters, T. M. & E. F. Cook. 1966. The nearctic Dixidae (Diptera). Misc. Publ. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 5(5): 231-278; 123f.


Petersen, G.  1962.  Haemocytare Abwehrreaktion des Wirtes gegen endoparasitische Insekten und ihre Bedeutung für die Biologische Bekämpfung.  Bericht über die Wandersammlung Deutscher Entomologen 6-8 V, 1961, Berlin. p. 179-95.


Petersen, J. J.  1973.  Role of mermithid nematodes in biological control of mosquitoes.  Exp. Parasitol. 33:  239-47.


Petersen, J. J.  1978.  Development of resistance by the southern house mosquito to the parasitic nematode Romanomermis culicivorax.  Environ. Ent. 7:  518-20.


Petersen, J. J.  1980a.  The effect of culture age on the infectivity of preparasites of the mosquito parasite Romanomermis culicivorax.  Mosq. News 40:  640-41.


Petersen, J. J.  1980b.  Mass production of the mosquito parasite Romanomermis culicivorax:  effect of density.  J. Nematol. 12:  45-48.


Petersen, J. J.  1982.  Current status of nematodes for the biological control of insects.  Parasitol. 84:  177-204.


Petersen, J. J.  1986.  Evaluating the impact of pteromalid parasites on filth fly populations associated with confined livestock installations, p. 52-56.  In:  R. S. Patterson & D. A. Rutz (eds.), Biological Control of Muscoid Flies.  Ent. Soc. Amer. Misc. Publ. 61.


Petersen, J. J.  1986.  Augmentation of early season releases of filth fly (Diptera: Muscidae) parasites (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) with freeze-killed hosts.  Environ. Ent. 15:  590-93.


Petersen, J J; Cawthra, J K.  1995.  Release of a gregarious Muscidifurax species (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) for the control of filth flies associated with confined beef cattle.  Biological Control, v.5, n.2, (1995): 279-284.


Petersen, J. J. & H. C. Chapman.  1970.  Parasitism of Anopheles mosquitoes by a Gastromermis sp. (Nematoda: Mermithidae) in southwestern Louisiana.  Mosq. News 30:  420-24.


Petersen, J. J. & J. M. Cupello.  1981.  Commercial and future prospects for entomogenous nematodes.  J. Nematol. 13:  280-84.


Petersen, J J; Currey, D M.  1996a.  Timing of releases of gregarious Muscidifurax raptorellus (Hymenoptera:  Pteromalidae) to control flies associated with confined beef cattle.  Journal of Agricultural Entomology, v.13, n.1, (1996): 55-63.


Petersen, J J; Currey, D M.  1996b. Reproduction and development of Muscidifurax raptorellus (Hymenoptera:  Pteromalidae), a parasite of filth flies.  Journal of Agricultural Entomology, v.13, n.2, (1996): 99-107.


Petersen, J. J. & J. R. Matthews.  1984.  Effects of freezing of host pupae on the production of progeny by the filth fly parasite, Muscidifurax zaraptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).  J. Kans. Ent. Soc. 56:  397-403.


Petersen, J. J. & J. A. Meyer.  1983.  Host preference and seasonal distribution of pteromalid parasites (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) of stable flies and house flies (Diptera: Muscidae) associated with confined livestock in eastern Nebraska.  Environ. Ent. 12:  567-71.


Petersen, J. J. & J. A. Meyer.  1985.  Evaluation of methods presently used for measuring parasitism of stable flies and house flies (Muscidae: Diptera) by pteromalid wasps (Pteromalidae: Hymenoptera).  J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 58:  84-90.


Petersen, J. J. & B. M. Pawson.  1988.  Early season dispersal of Muscidifurax zaraptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) utilizing freeze-killed housefly pupae as hosts.  Med. Vet. Ent. 2:  137-40.


Petersen, J J; Pawson, B M.  1993.  Discrimination by the Pupal Parasite Spalangia-Cameroni Hymenoptera Pteromalidae Between Live and Freeze Killed House Fly Diptera Muscidae Pupae.  J. of Entomol. Science, v.28, n.1, (1993): 120-125.


Petersen, J. J. & O. R. Willis.  1970.  Some factors affecting parasitism by mermithid nematodes in southern house mosquitoes.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  175-78.


Petersen, J. J. & O. R. Willis.  1972a.  Procedures for the mass rearing of a mermithid parasite of mosquitoes.  Mosq. News 32:  226-30.


Petersen, J. J. & O. R. Willis.  1972b.  Results of preliminary field applications of Reesimermis nielseni (Mermithidae: Nematoda) to control mosquito larvae.  Mosq. News 32:  312-13.


Petersen, J. J. & O. R. Willis.  1975.  Establishment and recycling of a mermithid nematode for control of larval mosquitoes.  Mosq. News 35:  526-32.


Petersen, J. J., H. C. Chapman & D. B. Woodard.  1967.  Preliminary observations on the incidence and biology of a mermithid nematode of Aedes sollicitans (Walker) in Louisiana.  Mosq. News 27:  493-98.


Petersen, J. J. H. C. Chapman & D. B. Woodard.  1968.  The bionomics of a mermithid nematode of larval mosquitoes in southwestern Louisiana.  Mosq. News 28:  346-52.


Petersen, J. J., H. C. Chapman & O. R. Willis.  1969.  Predation of Anopheles barberi Coquillett on first instar mosquito larvae.  Mosq. News 29:  134-35.


Petersen, J. J., J. B. Hoy & A. G. O'Berg.  1972.  Preliminary field tests with Reesimermis nielseni (Mermithidae: Nematoda) against mosquito larvae in California rice fields.  Calif. Vector Views 19:  47-50.


Petersen, J. J., J. B. Hoy & A. G. O'Berg.  1972.  Preliminary field tests with Reesimermis nielseni (Mermithidae: Nematoda) against mosquito larvae in California rice fields.  Calif. Vector Views 19:  47-50.


Petersen, J. J., O. R. Willis & H. C. Chapman.  1978a.  Release of Romanomermis culicivorax for the control of Anopheles albimanus in El Salvador. I.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. & Hyg. 27:  1265-66.


Petersen, J. J., H. C. Chapman, O. R. Willis & T. Fukada.  1978b.  Release of Romanomermis culicivorax for the control of Anopheles albimanus in El Salvador. II.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. & Hyg. 27:  1268-73.


Petersen, J. J., J. A. Meyer, D. A. Stage & P. B. Morgan.  1983.  Evaluation of sequential releases of Spalangia endius (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) for control of house flies and stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) associated with confined livestock in eastern Nebraska.  J. Econ. Ent. 76:  283-86.


Petersen, J J; Watson, D W; Cawthra, J K. 1995.  Comparative effectiveness of three release rates for a pteromalid parasitoid (Hymenoptera) of house flies (diptera) in beef cattle feedlots.  Biological Control, v.5, n.4, (1995): 561-565.


Peterson, A.  1930.  A biological study of Trichogramma minutum Riley as an egg parasite of the oriental fruit moth.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 215.  21 p.


Peterson, A.  1936.  Biological control of insects at the University, p. 1-86.  In:  Conference on Biological Methods of Controlling Insect Pests.  Dept. Agr. Ent. Br., Ottawa at Belleville, Ontario, June 25-26, 1936.


Peterson, A.  1947.  A Manual of Entomological Equipment and Methods.  Parts I & II.  Edwards Bros., Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan.  ca. 200 p.


Peterson, A. 1948. Larvae of Insects. Part I. Lepidoptea & Plant-Infesting Hymenoptera. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Ed- wards Bros., 315 pp., 84 f.

Peterson, A.  1951a.  Larvae of Insects.  Part I.  Lepidoptera and Plant-infesting Hymenoptera.  Edwards Bros., Inc., Ann Arbor, Mich.  315 p.


Peterson, A. 1951b. Larvae of Insects. ParII. Coleoptera, Diptera, Neuroptera, Siphonaptera, Mecoptera, Trichoptera. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Edwards Bros., v + 416pp., 104f.


Peterson, A.  1953.  A Manual of Entomological Techniques.  Edwards Bros., Inc. Ann Arbor, Mich.  7th ed.  367 p.


Peterson, A.  1959.  Larvae of Insects.  Part I.  Edwards Bros., Inc., Ann Arbor, MI.  315 p.


Peterson, B. V.  1960.  Notes on some natural enemies of Utah black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae).  Canad. Ent. 92:  266-74.


Peterson, B. V. & D. M. Davies.  1960.  Observations on some insect predators of black flies of Algonquin Park, Ontario.  Canad. J. Zool. 38:  9-18.


Peterson, E. & F. D. Walker.  1923.  Mosquito control in St. Thomas.  U. S. Nav. Med. Bull. 18:  291-303.


Peterson, G. D., Jr.  1955a.  Biological control of the orange spiny whitefly in Guam.  J. Econ. Ent. 48:  681-3.


Peterson, G. D., Jr.  1955b.  Biological control of the European corn borer on Guam.  J. Econ. Ent. 48:  683-85.


Peterson, G. D., Jr.  1955c.  Biological control of Epilachna philippinensis Dieke in Guam.  J. Econ. Ent. 48:  758-9.


Peterson, G. D. Jr.  1956.  The introduction of mosquitoes of the genus Toxorhynchites into American Samoa.  J. Econ. Ent. 49:  786-89.


Peterson, G. D., Jr.  1957.  An annotated check list of parasites and predators introduced into Guam during the years 1950-1955.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 16:  199-202.


Peterson, J. B.  1955.  Continuous cultivation-- its conservation significance.  J. Soil Water Conserv. 10:  281-85, 302.


Peterson, J. B.  1957.  Examples of influence of soil science on agronomic practice.  Agron. J. 49:  651-59.


Pethen, R. W.  1934.  Some observations on the glow-worm Lampyris noctiluca L.  London Naturalist (1933):  38-44.


Petit, R. H.  1897.  Some insects of the year 1897.  Mich. Expt. Sta. Bull. 160.  p. 408.


Petitt, F. L. & L. S. Osborne.  1984.  Selected bibliography of the predacious mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acarina: Phytoseiidae).  Bibliographies of the Ent. Soc. Amer. 3: 1-11.


Petkov, V.  1966.  Spread and economic importance of the Nosema disease in bees in Bulgaria.  Vet. Med. Nauk. 3:  195-202.  [in Bulgarian]. 


Petragnani, G. & A. Castelli.  1927.  Le Gambusie nella lotta entilarvale in provincia di Cagliari (Con particolare reguardo alla biologia).  Riv. Malariol. 6:  709-27. 


Petrisceva, P. A.  1936.  The role of Gambusia and some indigenous insectivorous rish in the control of malaria in Turkmenistan.  In:  E. N. Pavlovskij (ed.), Harmful Animals.  p. 111-138.


Petrov, V. S.  1962.  Über die landwirtschaftliche Bedeutung insektenfressender und räuberischer Vögel und die Möglichkeiten ihrer Anlockung, p. 150-4.  In:  Ochrana prirody Niñnego Dona i Sev. Kavkaza, Rostov.  [in Russian].


Petrova, V. K.  1974.  Study of chalcid parasites of mining moths of apple.  Vestn. Skh. Nauki Kaz. 11:  61-5.  [in Russian].


Petrunkewitsch, A.  1901.  Die Richtungkörper und ir Schicksal in befruchtenten und unbefruchteten Bienenei.  Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Anat. 14:  573-608.


Petruska, F.  1967.  [Carabidae as a constituent of the entomological fauna of sugar-beet fields in the Unicov plain (Coleoptera: Carabidae)].  Acta Univ. Palack Olomuc. Fac. Natur. Biol. 9:  121-243.


Petters, R. M. & R. V. Mettus.  1980.  Decreased diploid male viability in the parasitic wasp Bracon hebetor.  J. Hered. 71:  353-356.


Pettey, F. W.  1943.  Prickly-pear eradication by insects and felling of plants.  Farming in So. Africa 18:  743-46.


Pettey, F. W.  1946.  Biological control of prickly pear.  Farming in So. Africa 21:  31-3.


Pettey, F. W.  1948.  The biological control of prickly pears in South Africa.  So. Africa Dept. Agr. Sci. Bull. 271.  163 p.


Pettey, F. W.  1950a.  The cochineal (Dactylopius opuntiae) and the problem of its control in spineless cactus plantations.  I.  Its history, distribution, biology, and what it has accomplished in the control of prickly pear in South Africa.  So. Africa Dept. Agr. Bull. 296.  34 p.


Pettey, F. W.  1950b.  The cochineal (Dactylopius opuntiae) and the problem of its control in spineless cactus plantations.  II.  The control of cochineal in spineless cactus plantations.  So. Africa Dept. Agr. Bull. 296.  34 p.


Pettey, F. W.  1953.  The boring beetles of prickly pear in South Africa and their importance in the control of Opuntia megacantha.  So. Africa Dept. Agr. Bull. 340.  36 p.


Peyerimhoff, P. de.  1917.  Phoresie et commensalisme chez les Desmometopa.  Soc. Ent. de France Bul. (1917):  215-18.


Peyerimhoff, P. de.  1919.  Un nouveau type d'Insectes Strepsipteres.  Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1919:  162-73.


Peyerimhoff, P. de.  1937.  Diffusion spontanee, dans l'Afrique du Nord du Rhizobius lophantae Blaisd. (Col.: Coccinellidae).  Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 28:  481-82.


Peyerimhoff, P. de.  1942.  Les Rhipidius peuvent-ils parasite les chenilles? (Col. Rhipiphoridae).  Bull. Soc. Ent. France 47(11):  172-77.




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Pfannenstiel, R S; Browning, H W; Smith, J W Jr.  1996.  Suitability of Mexican rice borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) as a host for Pediobius furvus (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).  Environ. Entomol., v.25, n.3, (1996): 672-676.


Pfeiffer, D. G. & R. C. Axtell.  1980.  Coleoptera of poultry manure in caged-layer houses in North Carolina. Environ. Ent. 9(1): 21-28.


Pfeiffer, I. W.  1945.  Effect of the corpora allata on the metabolism of adult female grasshoppers.  J. Exptal. Zool. 99:  183-233.






Phalak, V. R. & A. K. Raodeo.  1967.  Possibilities of controlling the castor semi looper Achaea janata (L.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) using the egg parasite Telenomus sp. (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) introduced from New Guinea.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Bull. 9:  81-92.


Pham, D Q-D; Hice, R H; Sivasubramanian, N; Federici, B A.  1993.  The 1629-bp open reading frame of the Autographa californica multinucleocapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus encodes a virion structural protein. Gene (Amsterdam), v.137, n.2, (1993): 275-280.


Phatak, S.C., D.R. Sumner, H.D. Wells, D.K. Bell, and N.C. Glaze. 1983.  Biological control of yellow nut sedge with the indigenous rust fungus Puccinia canaliculata.  Science, 219: 1446-1447.


Phelps, R. J. & G. R. DeFoliart.  1964.  Nematode parasitism of Simuliidae.  Univ. Wisc. Agr. Expt. Sta. Res. Bull. 245.  p. 5-78.


Phillips, D. H. & M. J. Johnson.  1961.  Aeration in fermentations.  J. Biochem. Microbiol. Technol. Engineer 3:  277-309.


Phillips, E. F.  1903.  A review of the parthenogenesis.  Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 42:  275-345.


Phillips, E. P.  1926.  The Genera of South Africa Flowering Plants.  Bot. Survey of So. Africa Mem 16.  702 p.


Phillips, E. P.  1927.  Eurytoma parva (Girault) Phillips and its biology as a parasite of the wheat jointworm, Harmolita tritici (Fitch).  J. Agr. Res. 34:  743-58.


Phillips, J. H.  1971.  Effect of pesticide chemicals on marine organisms, p. 68-70.  In:  J. E. Swift (Ed.), Agricultural Chemicals-- Harmony or Discord for Food, People and the Environment.  Univ. of Calif., Berkeley. 


Phillips, J. H. H.  1961.  An infestation of Comstock mealybug, Pseudococcus comstocki (Kuw.) (Homoptera: Coccoidea) on peach in Ontario.  Ent. Soc. Ontario Proc. 91:  268-70.


Phillips, J. H. H.  1963.  Life history and ecology of Pulvinaria vitis (L.) [Hemiptera: Coccoidae], the cottony scale attacking peach in Ontario.  Canad. Ent. 95:  372-407.


Phillips, J. R., A. P. Gutierrez & P. L. Adkisson.  1980.  General accomplishments toward better insect control in cotton, p. 123-53.  In:  C. B. Huffaker (ed.), New Technology for Pest Control.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.


Phillips, J. S.  1934.  The biology and distribution of ants in Hawaiian pineapple fields.  Hawaii Pineapple Prod. Sta. Bull. 15:  1-57.


Phillips. J. S.  1940.  Immature nutfall of coconuts in the Solomon Islands.  Bull. Ent. Res. 31:  295-316.


Phillips, J. S.  1941.  A search for parasites of Dasynine bugs in The Netherlands Indies.  Roy. Ent. Soc., London, Trans. 91:  119-44.


Phillips, J. S.  1956.  Immature nutfall of coconuts in the British Solomon Islands.  Bull. Ent. Res. 47:  575-95.


Phillips, M. L.  1983.  Parasitism of the common earwig Forficula auricularia [Dermaptera: Forficulidae] by tachinid flies in an apple orchard.  Entomophaga 89-95.


Phillips, P. 1987.  Timing Aphytis release in coastal citrus.  Citrograph, 72(7): 128-131.


Phillips, W. J.  1920.  U. S. Dept. of Agr. Bull. 808:  1-27.


Phillips, W. J.  1927.  Eurytoma parva (Girault) Phillips and its biology as a parasite of the wheat jointworm, Harmolita tritici (Fitch).  J. Agr. Res. 34:  743-58.


Phillips, W. J. & G. W. Barber.  1933.  Egg laying habits and fate of eggs of the corn earworm moth, and factors affecting them.  Virginia St. Tech. Bull. 47:  1-14.


Phillips, W. J. & W. T. Emery.  1919.  Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 55:  433-71.


Phillips, W. J. & F. W. Poos.  1921.  Life-history studies of three jointworm parasites.  J. Agr. Res. 21:  405-26.


Phillips, W. J. & F. W. Poos.  1927.  Two hymenoptrous parasites of American jointworms.  J. Agr. Res. 34:  473-88.


Phillipsen, W. J.  1975.  Descriptions and biologies of Acotyledon sp. (Acaridae), Histiostoma sp. (Anoetidae), and Urobovella sp. (Uropodidae), mites associated with the Formosan termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, with notes on iridescent viruses.  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Wisc., Madison.


Phillipsen, W. J. & H. C. Coppel.  1973.  Changes in the mature larval gut of the introduced pine sawfly, Dirpion similis (Hartig) (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) during transformation.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 66:  1360-62.


Phillipsen, W. J. & H. C. Coppel.  1975.  Bacteria associated with the stomodaea of certain nearctic diprionid species.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 68:  181-2.


Phillipsen, W. J. & H. C. Coppel.  1976.  Hypopial formation and termination in Acotyledon sp., a mite associated with the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki.  Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes. No. 195.  7 p.


Phillipsen, W. J. & H. C. Coppel.  1977a.  Acotyledon formosani sp. no. associated with the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Acarina: Acaridae-Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).  J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 50(3):  399-409.


Phillipsen, W. J. & H. C. Coppel.  1977b.  Histiostoma formosana sp. no. associated with the Formosa subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, (Acarina: Anoctidae-Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).  J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 50:  496-501.


Phillipsen, W. J. & H. C. Coppel.  1978.  Uroobovella formosana sp. n. associated with the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Acarina: Uropodidae-Isopter: Rhinotermitidae).  J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 51:  22-7.


Phillipson, J.  1966.  Ecological energetics.  Edward Arnold Publ., London.


Phipps, J.  1966.  Ovulation and oocyte resorption in Acridoidea (Orth.).  Proc. Roy. Ent. Soc. London (A) 41:  78-84.




Pianka, E. R.  1974.  Evolutionary Ecology.  Harper & Row, New York.  356 p.


Picard, F.  1919.  La faune entomologique du figuier.  Ann. des Epiphyt. 6:  34-174.


Picard, F.  1921.  La determinisme de la ponte chez un hymenoptere terrebrant, la Pimpla instigator L.  [Paris] Acad. des Sci. Compt. Rend. 172:  1617-19.


Picard, F.  1922.  Contribution a l'etude des parasites de Pieris brassicae L.  Bul. Biol. de la France et Belg. 56:  54-130.


Picard, F.  1923.  Recherches biologiques et anatomiques sur Melittobia acasta Wlk.  Bul. Biol. de la France et Belg. 57:  469-508.


Picard, F.  1930.  Sur le parasitisme d'un Phoride (Megaselia cuspidata Schmitz) aux depens d'un Myriapode.  Soc. Zool. de France, Bul. 55:  180-83.


Picard, F. & E. Rabaud.  1914.  Sur le parasitism externe des Braconids (Hym.).  Bull. Ent. Soc. France 19:  266-69.


Pichersky, E.  2004.  Plant Scents.  Amer. Scientist 92: 514-21.


Pickard, R. S.  1975.  Relative abundance of syrphid species in a nest of the wasp (Ectemnius cavifrons) compared with that of the surrounding habitat.  Entomophaga 20:  143-52.


Pickens, L. G. & R. W. Miller.  1978.  Using frozen host pupae to increase the efficiency of a parasite-release program.  Florida Ent. 61:  153-58.


Pickens, L. B., R. W. Miller & M. M. Centala.  1975.  Biology, population dynamics and host finding efficiency of Pachycrepoideus vindemiae in a box stall and a poultry house.  Environ. Ent. 4:  975-79.


Pickens, L. G. & R. W. Miller.  1975.  Growth-regulating chemicals tested against nontarget insect fauna in bovine fecal pats.  Environ. Ent. 4:  46-8.


Pickering, J., J.D. Dutcher, and B.S. Ekbom. 1989.  An epizootic caused by Erynia neoaphidis and E. radicans (Zygomycetes, Entomophthoraceae) on Acyribosiphon pisum (Hom., Aphididae) on legumes under overhead irrigation.  J. Applied Entomol., 107: 331-333.


Pickering, W. B.  1836.  Observations on the economy of the Strepsiptera.  Trans. Ent. Soc. London 1(1834):  163-68.


Pickett, A. D.  1959.  Utilization of native parasites and predators.  J. Econ. Ent. 52:  1103-05.


Pickett, A. D.  1960.  The ecological effects of chemical control practices on arthropod populations in apple orchards in Nova Scotia, p. 19-24.  In:  D. J. Kuenen (ed.), The Ecological Effects of Biological and Chemical Control of Undesirable Plants and Animals.  8th Tech. Meeting, Intern. Union Conserv. Nat. Resources, Warsaw, 15-24 July 1960.  E. J. Brill, Leiden.


Pickett, A. D.  1963.  New frontiers in biological control.  Discussion.  Proc. 1st Internatl. Conf. Wildlife Disease, Wildlife Dis. Assoc., High View, New York, 24-27 Jun 1962.  p. 404-6.


Pickett, A. D.  1965.  The influence of spray programs on the fauna of apple orchards in Nova Scotia. XIV. Supplement to II. Oyster scale, Lepidosaphes ulmi (L.).  Canad. Ent. 97:  816-21.


Pickett, A. D. & A. W. MacPhee.  1965.  Twenty years' experience with integrated control programmes in Nova Scotia apple and pear orchards.  Proc. 12th Intern. Cong. Ent. (London, 1964):  597.


Pickett, A. D. & N. A. Patterson.  1953.  The influence of spray programs on the fauna of apple orchards in Nova Scotia.  IV.  A review.  Canad. Ent. 85:  472-78.


Pickett, A. D. & H. G. Payne.  1938.  The history of entomology in Nova Scotia particularly in respect to the activities of provincial authorities.  69th Rept. Ent. Soc. Ontario.  p. 11-15.


Pickett, A. D., N. A. Patterson, H. T. Stultz & F. T. Lord.  1946.  The influence of spray programs on the fauna of apple orchards in Nova Scotia:  I.  An appraisal of the problem and a method of approach.  Sci. Agr. 26:  590-600.


Pickett, A. D., W. L. Putman & E. J. LeRoux.  1958.  Progress in harmonizing biological and chemical control of orchard pests in eastern Canada.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Congr. Ent. 3:  169-74.


Pickett, C. H. R. L. Bugg (eds.)  1998.  Enhancing biological control : habitat management to promote natural enemies of agricultural pests   Berkeley : University of California Press


Pickett, C. H. & F. E. Gilstrap.  1986.  Inoculative releases of phytoseiids (Acari) for the biological control of spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) in corn.  Environ. Ent. 15:  790-94.


Pickett, C. H., L. T. Wilson, D. L. Flaherty & D. Gonzalez.  1989.  Measuring the host preference of parasites:  an aid in evaluating biotypes of Anagrus epos [Hym.: Mymaridae].  Entomophaga 34:  551-58.


Pickett, C.H., L.T. Wilson, and D.L. Flaherty. 1990.  The role of refuges in crop protection, with reference to plantings of French prune trees in a grape agroecosystem, pp. 151-165.  In:Bostanian, NJ., L.T. Wilson, and T.J. Dennehy. Monitoring and Integrated Management of Arthropod Pests of Small Fruit Crops.  Intercept, Andover, U.K.


Pickford, R. & R. W. Reigert.  1964.  The fungous disease caused by Entomophthora grylli Fres., and its effects on grasshopper populations in Saskatchewan in 1963.  Canad. Ent. 96:  1158-66.


Pickles, A.  1931.  Entomological contributions to the study of the sugar cane frog hopper I.  Trop. Agr. (Trinidad) 10:  222-33.


Piek. T.  1990.  Neurotoxins from venoms of the Hymenoptera-- Twenty-five years of research in Amsterdam.  Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 96C(2):  223-33.


Piek, T. J., H. Visser & R. L. Veenendal.  1984.  Change in behavior of the cockroach, Periplaneta americana, after being stung by the sphecid wasp Ampulex compressa.  Ent. Expt. Appl. 35:  195-203.


Piekarczyk, K. & W. Wegorek.  1966.  Integrated control of pea aphid on alfalfa, p. 327.  In:  I. Hodek (ed.), Proc. Symp. Ecology of Aphidophagous Insects, Liblice, 1965.  Academia, Prague.


Piel, O.  1933a.  Monema flavescens Wkr. and its parasites.  Lingnan Sci. J. 12 (Sup.):  173-201.


Piel, O.  1933b.  Recherches biologiques sur les hymenopteres du bas Yangtse (Chine).  Soc. Ent. de France Ann. 102:  109-54.


Piel, O.  1938.  Note sur le parasitisme de Dastarcus helophoroides Fairmaire.  [Shanghai] Mus. Heude Notes d'Ent. Chin. 5:  1-10.


Piel, O. & F. Covillard.  1933a.  Nonema flavescens Wkr. and its parasites (Lepidoptera, Heterogeneidae).  Lingnan Sci. 12 (sup.): 173-202.


Piel, O. & F. Covillard.  1933.  Contribution a l'etude du Monema flavescens et de ses parasites.  [Shanghai] Mus. Heude Notes d'Ent. Chin. 10:  44 p.


Pielou, D. P. & R. F. Glasser.  1952.  Selection for DDT resistance in a beneficial insect parasite.  Science 115:  117-18.


Pielou, D. P. & R. F. Glasser.  1953.  Survival of Macrocentrus ancylivorus Roh., a parasite of the oriental fruit moth on different concentrations of various sugar solutions.  Canad. J. Zool. 31:  121-4.


Pielou, D. P. & R. F. Glasser.  1954.  Thermal tolerance in Macrocentrus ancylivorus Roh.  Canad. J. Zool. 34:  30-8.


Piemeisel, R. L.  1954.  Replacement control:  Changes in vegetation in relation to control of pests and diseases.  Botan. Rev. 20:  1-32.


Piemeisel, R. L. & E. Carsner.  1951.  Replacement control and biological control.  Science 113:  14-15.


Pienkowski, R. L.  1965.  The incidence and effect of egg cannibalism in first instar Coleomegilla maculata lengi Timb. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 58:  150-3.


Pienkowski, R. L. & L. T. Kok.  1978.  Major phytophagous insects of selected weeds in Virginia.  Proc. 4th Internatl. Symp. Biol. Contr. Weeds 1976.  p. 137-40.


Pierce, N.E., R.L. Kitching, R.C. Buckley, M.F.J. Taylor, and K.F. Benbow. 1987.  The costs and benefits of cc>operation between the Australian lycaenid butterfly,  Jalmenus evagoras and its attendant ants.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 21: 237-248.


Pierce, W. D.  1904.  Some hypermetamorphic beetles and their hymenopterous hosts.  Nebr. Univ. Studies 4:  153-89.


Pierce, W. D. 1909. A monographic revision of the twisted-winged insects comprising the order Strepsiptera Kirby. U.S. Natl. Mus. Bull. No. 66; xiii + 232 pp., 3 f., 15 pl., 1 map.


Pierce, W. D.  1911.  Notes on insects of the order Strepsiptera, with descriptions of new species.  U. S. Natl. Mus. Proc. 40:  487-511.


Pierce, W. D.  1912.  The insect enemies of the cotton boll weevil.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Ent. Bull. 100.  99 p.


Pierce, W. D. 1918. The comparative morphology of the order Strepsiptera together with records and descriptions of insects. Proc. U:S. Natl. Mus., 54(2242):391-501; pl. 64-78.


Pierce, W. D.  1936.  The position of the Strepsiptera in the classification of insects.  Ent. News 47:  257-63.


Pierce, W. D.  1941a.  The phylogenetic position of the Strepsiptera as determined by the first larva.  Southern Calif. Acad. of Sci., Los Angeles, Bull. v.40, pt. 3.  p. 121-25.


Pierce, W. D.  1941b.  A strepsipterous parasite of a leaf hopper, with descriptions of related species from the same host genus.  Bull. Southern Calif. Acad. Sci. 40:  1-10.


Pierce, W. D.  1942.  Utilization of the black widow spider parasite, and further data on spiders and parasites.  Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci. 41(1):  14-28.


Pierce, W. D.  1952.  A new strepsipterous parasite of Membracidae.  Bull. Southern Calif. Acad. Sci. 51:  1, 4-8.


Pierce, W. D.  1961.  A new genus and species of Strepsiptera parasitic on a leafhopper vector of a virus disease of rice and other Gramineae.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 54(4):  467-74.


Pierce, W. D. 1964. The Strepsiptera are a true order, unrelated to the Coleoptera. Ann, Entomo/. Soc. Amer., 57(5): 603-605.


Pierce, W. D. & T. E. Holloway.  1912.  Notes on the biology of Chelonus texanus Cress.  J. Econ. Ent. 5:  425-8.


Pierce, W. D. & A. W. Morrill.  1914.  Notes on the entomology of the Arizona wild cotton.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 16:  14-23.


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Pigarova, E. N.  1963.  Veränderungen in der Anzahl einiger Arthropoden in Apfelplantagen des Tambovsker Gebietes unter dem Einfluss von Aerosolbehandlung.  Zool. ð. 42:  41-52.  [in Russian].


Pike, K. S. & C. C. Burkhardt.  1974.  Hyperparasites of Bathyplectes curculionis in Wyoming.  Environ. Ent. 3:  953-56.


Pike, K. S., D. Allison, L. Boydston, C. O. Qualset, H. E. Vogt & C. G. Cummers.  1989.  Suction trap reveals more than 60 species of aphids, including the Russian wheat aphid, a new pest in California.  Calif. Agr. 43(6):  22-4.


Pikhomirova, A. L.  1967.  [Some comparative ecology and behaviour of staphylinid beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae)].  Zool. Zh. 46:  1785-98.  [English summary].


Pileckis, S.  1959.  [On the forest fauna of the predaceous carabids (Coleoptera) in Lithuanian SSR].  Dokl. naucn. Konf. Zasc. Rast., Riga.  p. 137-45.


Pimentel, D.  1949.  Biology of Gnathocerus cornutus.  J. Econ. Ent. 42:  229-31.


Pimentel, D.  1955a.  Relationship of ants to fly control in Puerto Rico.  J. Econ. Ent. 48:  28-30.


Pimentel, D.  1955b.  Biology of the Indian mongoose in Puerto Rico.  J. Mammal. 36:  62-8.


Pimentel, D.  1955c.  The control of the mongoose in Puerto Rico.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 4:  147-51.


Pimentel, D.  1957.  Life history of Australorbis glabratus, the intermediate snail host of Schistosoma mansoni in Puerto Rico.  Ecology 38:  576-80.


Pimentel, D.  1958a.  Ecology of Australorbis glabratus, snail intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni in Puerto Rico.  Amer. Malacological Union Bull. 24:  10-11.


Pimentel, D.  1958b.  Ecological and physiological requirements of cockroaches.  Pest Control Vol. 26.  3 p.


Pimentel, D.  1958c.  Alteration of microclimate imposed by populations of flour beetles (Tribolium).  Ecology 39:  239-46.


Pimentel, D.  1959a.  Animal populations in single and mixed species stands of plants.  Anatom. Rec. 134:  625.


Pimentel, D.  1959b.  Nature's community.  Cornell Plantations 15:  35-8.


Pimentel, D.  1961a.  Animal population regulation by the genetic feed-back mechanism. On a genetic feed-back mechanism regulating populations of herbivores, parasites and predators.  Amer. Naturalist 95:  65-79.


Pimentel, D.  1961b.  The influence of plant spacial patterns on insect populations.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 54:  61-9.


Pimentel, D.  1961c.  Species diversity and insect population outbreaks.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 54:  76-86.


Pimentel, D.  1961d.  Competition and the species-per-genus structure of communities.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 54:  323-33.


Pimentel, D.  1961e.  An ecological approach to the insecticide problem.  J. Econ. Ent. 54:  108-14.


Pimentel, D.  1961f.  An evaluation of insect resistance in broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, collards & kale.  J. Econ. Ent. 54:  156-8.


Pimentel, D.  1961g.  Natural control of aphid populations on cole crops.  J. Econ. Ent. 54:  885-8.


Pimentel, D.  1961h.  Natural control of caterpillar populations on cole crops.  J. Econ. Ent. 54:  889-92.


Pimentel, D.  1963a.  Introducing parasites and predators to control native pests.  Canad. Ent. 92 (95?):  785-92.


Pimentel, D.  1963b.  Natural population regulation and interspecies evolution.  Proc. 16th Intern. Congr. Zool., Wash., D.C. 3:  329-36.


Pimentel, D.  1963c.  Natural population regulation and interspecies evolution.  16th Internatl. Cong. Zool. 3:  329-36.


Pimentel, D.  1964.  Population ecology and the genetic feed-back mechanism, p. 483-88.  In:  S. J. Geerts (ed.), Genetics Today, Vol. 2.  Pergamon Press, New York.


Pimentel, D.  1965a.  Population ecology and the genetic feedback mechanism.  11th Internatl. Cong. Genet.  Genetics Today.  p. 483-8.


Pimentel, D.  1965b.  Competition between carpet beetles.  Research Problems in Biology 4:  137-8.


Pimentel, D.  1965c.  Population ecology and genetic evolution.  Proc. 12th Internatl. Cong. Ent., London 1964.  p. 387.


Pimentel, D.  1965d.  Environment, natural selection, and balance in pathogen-host systems.  Proc. 12th Internatl. Cong. Ent., London 1964.  p. 720-1.


Pimentel, D.  1966a.  Wasp parasite (Nasonia vitripennis) survival on its house fly host (Musca domestica) reared on various foods.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  1031-38.


Pimentel, D.  1966b.  Complexity of ecological systems and problems in their study and management, p. 15-33.  In:  K. E. F. Watt (ed.), Systems Analysis in Ecology.  Academic Press, New York.  276 p.


Pimentel, D.  1966c.  Population ecology of insect invaders of the Maritime Provinces.  Canad. Ent. 98:  887-94.


Pimentel, D.  1966d.  Advances in insect population control by the sterile-male technique.  Int. Atomic Energy Agency, 1965.  1 p.


Pimentel, D.  1966e.  Beneficial insects.  Ecology (1966).  p. 162-63.


Pimentel, D.  1966f.  Population ecology of insect invaders of the Maritime Provinces.  Canad. Ent. 98:  887-94.


Pimentel, D.  1967.  Population regulation in cultured communities.  Proc. North Cent. Br. Ent. Soc. Amer. 22:  67-9.


Pimentel, D.  1968.  Population regulation and genetic feedback.  Science 159:  1432-37.


Pimentel, D.  1969.  Animal populations, plant host resistance and environmental control.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Manage, 1969.


Pimentel, D.  1970a.  Population control in crop systems:  monocultures and plant spatial patterns.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Managem. 2:  209-21.


Pimentel, D.  1970b.  Training in pest management and the "systems approach" to control, p. 209-26.  In:  R. L. Rabb & F. E. Guthrie (eds.), Concepts of Pest Management.  North Carolina St. Univ. Press, Raleigh.  242 p.


Pimentel, D.  1971a.  Ecological Effects of Pesticides on Non-Target Species.  Wash., D.C.: U.S. Off. Sci. Tech.  220 p.


Pimentel, D.  1971b.  Evolutionary and environmental impact of pesticides.  BioScience 21:  109.


Pimentel, D.  1972a.  Pesticides, pollution and food supply.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 72-1, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.  38 p.


Pimentel, D.  1972b.  Ecological impact of pesticides.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 72-2, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.  27 p.


Pimentel, D.  1973a.  Realities of a pesticide ban.  Environment 15:  18-31.


Pimentel, D.  1973b.  Extent of pesticide use, food supply, and pollution.  J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. 81:  13-33.


Pimentel, D.  1973c.  Genetics and ecology of population control.  Addison-wesley Modular Program, Addison Wesley Publ. Co., Reading, Mass. 10:  1-39.


Pimentel, D.  1973d.  Comments on present status of biological agents.  WHO/VBC/73.445.  In:  Conf. on the Safety of Biological Agents for Arthropod Control.  p. 9.


Pimentel, D.  1973e.  Food and the energy crisis.  Agric. Engineering, Dec. 1973.  p. 11.


Pimentel, D.  1973f.  Environmental mercury contamination:  a book review.  BioScience 23(12):  739.


Pimentel, D.  1973g.  Energy crisis and crop production, p. 65-79.  In:  L. Fischer & A. Biere (eds.), Energy and Agriculture: Research Implications.  120 p.


Pimentel, D.  1973h.  Ecological impact of pesticides on plants and animals, p. 47-74.  In:  Czech. Symp. Environmental Protection Seminar.  141 p.


Pimentel, D.  1974a.  Food production and world energy supplies, p. 1-10.  In:  Proc. 1974 Ann. Tech. Conf. Sprinkler Irrigation Assoc.  119 p.


Pimentel, D.  1974b.  Energy use in world food production.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 74-1.  Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.  43 p.


Pimentel, D.  1974c.  Entomology, ecological.  In:  Encyclopedia of Environmental Science.  McGraw-Hill, New York.


Pimentel, D.  1974d.  Insect and host plant; insect/plant relationships; Book Reviews.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 20(4):  340-1.


Pimentel, D.  1975a.  Food production and the energy crisis:  a comment.  Science 187(4176):  561.


Pimentel, D.  1975b.  World food, energy, man and environment.  Proc. of the Cornell Univ. Energy Forum, The Role of Electric Power in Total Energy Needs:  22-39.  Jan 14, 1975.  College Task Force on Energy and Agriculture, New York St. Coll. of Agr. & Life Sci., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D. (ed.).  1975c.  Insects, Science and Society.  Academic Press, New York.  284 p.


Pimentel, D.  1975d.  "Ad hoc" insect, pathogen, and weed control practices and pesticide problems.  In:  P. S. Motooka (ed.), Proc. Workshop on the Professional Doctorate in Pest Management.  East-West Center, Hawaii.  79 p.


Pimentel, D.  1975e.  (contrib. author).  1975e.  World food and nutrition study:  Enhancement of food production for the U.S. Report of Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources, Commission on Natural Resources, National Research Council.  Nat. Acad. Sci., Wash., D.C.  174 p.


Pimentel, D.  1975f.  Agricultural production:  resource needs and limitations, p. 14-26.  In:  Trans. N. Amer. Wildl. Natur. Res. Conf.


Pimentel, D.  1975g.  World food, energy, man and environment, p. 5-16.  In:  W. J. Jewell (ed.), Energy, Agriculture and Waste Management.  Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, Mich.  540 p.


Pimentel, D.  1976a.  World food crisis:  energy and pests.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 22:  20-6.


Pimentel, D.  1976b.  Food, nitrogen and energy, p. 656-73.  In:  Proc 1st Internatl. Symp. on Nitrogen Fixation, Vol. 2.  Wash. St. Univ. Press, Pullman.


Pimentel, D.  1976c.  The energy crisis:  its impact on agriculture, p. 251-66.  In:  Enciclopedia della Scienza e della Tecnica, Mondadori, Milano.


Pimentel, D.  1976d.  Energy and food:  a comment, p. 179-83.  In:  N. S. Scrimshaw & M. Behar (eds.), Nutrition and Agricultural Development.  500 p.


Pimentel, D.  1977a.  Ecological basis of insect pest, pathogen and weed problems, p. 3-31.  In:  J. M. Cherrett & G. R. Sagar (eds.), The Origins of Pest, Parasite, Disease and Weed Problems.  Blackwell Scien. Publ., Oxford.


Pimentel, D.  1977b.  Energy budgets in natural and agricultural ecosystems, p. 299-306.  In:  R. Buvet, M. J. Allen & J.-P. Massue (eds.), Living Systems as Energy Converters.  Elsevier, North Holland.  347 p.


Pimentel, D.  1977c.  Biomass as an energy source in New York State, p. 34-54.  In:  An Audit of Potential Environmental Effects of Implementing New Technologies.  Center for Environ. Res., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.  156 p.


Pimentel, D.  1977d.  Energy use in cereal grain production, p. 759-67.  In:  R. A. Fazzolare & C. B. Smith (eds.), Energy Use Management, Vol. I.  Pergamon Press, New York.  999 p.


Pimentel, D.  1977e.  Energy resources and land constraints in food production.  Ann. N. Y. Acad Sci. 300:  26-32.


Pimentel, D.  1978a.  Energy needs, uses, and resources in the food systems of developing countries.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 78-2, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D. (ed.).  1978b.  World Food, Pest Loses and the Environment.  Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.  206 p.


Pimentel, D.  1978c.  Energy constraints in protein production, p. 86-9.  In:  M. Milner, N. S. Scrimshaw & D. I. C. Wang (eds.), Protein Resources and Technology:  Status and Research Needs.  AVI, Westport, Conn.  629 p.


Pimentel, D.  1978d.  Socioeconomic costs and benefits of pesticide use, p. 25-45.  In:  Pesticide Management in Southeast Asia.  Proc. SE Asian Workshop on Pesticide Manage.  BIOTROP Spec. Publ. No. 7, Bogor, Indonesia.


Pimentel, D.  1979a.  Economic benefits and costs of pesticides in crop production.  Proc. New York St. Hort. Soc. 124:  40-5.


Pimentel, D.  1979b.  Energy and agricultural development, p. 126-30.  In:  J. L. Regens (ed.), Energy.  Issues and Options.  Inst. of Govt., Univ. of Georgia.  178 p.


Pimentel, D.  1979c.  Energy resources and the world food problem.  Marine Sciences Distinguished Lecture Series, Louisiana State Univ., Cent. for Wetland Res., Baton Rouge, LA.


Pimentel, D.  1979d.  Energy use in plant protection:  a global assessment.  In:  9th Internatl. Cong. Plant Prot., Section I., Socioeconomic Aspects of Plant Protection, Wash., D.C.


Pimentel, D.  1980a.  Food, energy and the future of society.  Reuben G. Gustavson Memorial Lecture, Colorado Assoc. Univ. Press, Boulder, CO.  39 p.


Pimentel, D.  1980b.  Agricultural production inputs, energy, fertilizer, capital and labor, p. 98-123.  In:  Consulta del Caribe sobre Energía y Agricultura, Santiago, Dominican Republic.  679 p.


Pimentel, D.  1980c.  Increased CO-2 effects on the environment and in turn on agriculture and forestry, p. 260-74.  In:  Workshop on Environ. & Societal Consequences of a Possible CO-2-Induced Climate Change.  AAAS Workshop, Annapolis, Maryland, Apr. 2-6, 1979 for U.S. Dept. Energy Contract No. AS01-79EV10019.


Pimentel, D.  1980d.  Gasohol.  Report of the Gasohol Study Group, Energy Res. Adv. Bd., Wash., D.C.  34 p.


Pimentel, D. (ed.).  1980e.  Handbook of Energy Utilization in Agriculture.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.  475 p.


Pimentel, D.  1980f.  Energy inputs for the production, formulation, packaging, and transport of various pesticides, p. 45-8.  In:  D. Pimentel (ed.), Handbook of Energy Utilization in Agriculture.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.  475 p.


Pimentel, D.  1980g.  Introduction, p. 3-6.  In:  D. Pimentel (ed.), Handbook of Energy Utilization in Agriculture.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.  475 p.


Pimentel, D.  1980h.  Energy inputs in pea production, p. 129.  In:  D. Pimentel (ed.), Handbook of Energy Utilization in Agriculture.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.  475 p.


Pimentel, D.  1980i.  Environmental risks associated with biological controls, p. 11-24.  In:  B. Lundholm & M. Stackerud (eds.), Environmental Protection and Biological Forms of Control of Pest Organisms.  Ecol. Bull. 31, Stockholm.


Pimentel, D. (ed.).  1981a.  CRC Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture, 3 vols.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.  597 p, 501 p. & 656 p.


Pimentel, D.  1981b.  Biomass energy:  bonanza or boondoggle?  Soft Energy Notes 3(6):  8-10.


Pimentel, D.  1981c.  The food-land-fuel squeeze.  ChemTech. 11:  214-5.


Pimentel, D.  1981d.  Food, energy and the environment.  Proc. N.S. Inst. Sci. 31:  85-100.


Pimentel, D.  1981e.  Food, energy, and climate change, p. 303-23.  In:  W. Bach, J. Pankrath & S. H. Schneider (eds.), Food-Climate Interactions.  D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland.


Pimentel, D.  1981f.  Energy and food.  BioScience 31:  791.


Pimentel, D.  1982a.  Perspectives of integrated pest management.  Crop Protect. 1:  5-26.


Pimentel, D.  1982b.  The vanishing land, p. 104-15.  In:  The National Research Council Issues and Studies 1981-1982.  Nat. Acad. Press, Wash., D.C.  206 p.


Pimentel, D.  1982c.  Biological diversity and environmental quality, p. 44-8.  In:  Proc. U.S. Strategy Conf. on Biological Diversity, Nov. 16-18, 1981.  Dept. State Publ. 9262, Wash., D.C.  126 p.


Pimentel, D.  1982d.  Effectiveness of EEE control measures and their environmental and social costs, p. 10-12.  In:  J. G. Engemann (ed.), Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE) and Public Health in southwestern Michigan.  Science for Citizens Center of Southwestern Michigan, Western Mich. Univ., Kalamazoo.  26 p.


Pimentel, D.  1982e.  Biomass energy.  BioScience 32:  769.


Pimentel, D. (contrib. author).  1982f.  Solar energy research and development:  federal and private sector roles.  A report of the Energy Res. Adv. Bd. to the U.S. Dept. Energy, U. S. Dept. Energy, Wash., D.C.  64 p.


Pimentel, D.  1983a.  Environmental impacts of energy.  Book Review.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 9:  101-2.


Pimentel, D.  1983b.  Energy from biomass.  Book Review.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 9:  102-3.


Pimentel, D.  1983c.  Biological husbandry-- a scientific approach to organic husbandry.  Book review.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 9:  102-3.


Pimentel, D.  1983d.  Environmental aspects of pest management, p. 185-201.  In:  L. W. Shemilt (ed.), Chemistry & World Food Supplies:  The New Frontiers.  Chemrawn II.  Pergamon Press, Oxford.  664 p.


Pimentel, D.  1983e.  Biomass a Fuel.  Book Review.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 9:  407-21.


Pimentel, D. (contrib. author).  1983f.  Chemistry and World Food Supplies:  Research Priorities for Development.  Report of a Workshop, Los Banos, Philippines, Dec. 11-14, 1982.  Nat. Acad. Press, Wash., D.C.  118 p.


Pimentel, D.  1983.  Effects of pesticides on the environment, p. 685-91.  In:  10th Internatl. Cong. Plant Prot., 1983. Vol. 2.  British Crop Protect. Coun., Croydon, England.


Pimentel, D.  1984a.  Harvest in the Northeast:  what does it take?  Northeast Sun 2:  7-10.


Pimentel, D.  1984b.  Energy inputs and U.S. food security, p. 99-114.  In:  L. Busch & W. B. Lacy (eds.), Food Security in the United States.  Westview Press, Boulder, Colo.  430 p.


Pimentel, D.  1984c.  Energy flow in the food system, p. 1-24.  In:  D. Pimentel & C. W. Hall (eds.), Food and Energy Resources.  Acad. Press, New York.  268 p.


Pimentel, D.  1984d.  Energy flow in agroecosystems, p. 121-32.  In:  R. Lawrance, B. R. Stinner & G. J. House (eds.), Agricultural Ecosystems.  Unifying Concepts.  John Wiley & Sons, N.Y.  233 p.


Pimentel, D.  1984e.  U.S. corn production.  Book Review.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 11:  92-3.


Pimentel, D.  1984f.  Perennial grasses on the prairies:  new crops for the future?, p. 124-37.  In:  Yearbook of Science & the Future, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., Chicago.  445 p.


Pimentel, D.  1984g.  Genetic diversity and stability in parasite-host systems, p. 295-311.  In:  B. Shorrocks (ed.), Evolutionary Ecology.  Blackwell Scien. Publ., Oxford.  418 p.


Pimentel, D.  1984h.  Ecological feedback from economic growth and technological development, p. 201-13.  In:  A.-M. Jannson (ed.), Integration of Economy and Ecology.  Proc. Wallenberg Symp. Sundt Offset, Stockholm.  240 p.


Pimentel, D.  1984i.  Research needs:  energy and agriculture.  A report of the Energy Res. Adv. Bd. to the U.S. Dept. Energy, Wash., D.C.


Pimentel, D.  1984j.  State of the environment:  an assessment at mid-decade.  Book Review.  BioScience 35:  198. 


Pimentel, D.  1984k.  Energy flows in agricultural and natural ecosystems, p. 125-36.  In:  Options Mediterraneennes.  Instituto Agronómico Mediterráneo de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.


Pimentel, D.  1985a.  Pests and their control, p. 3-19.  In:  N. B. Mandava (ed.), Handbook of Natural Pesticides:  Methods.  Vol. I.  Theory, Practice and Detection.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.  534 p.


Pimentel, D.  1985b.  Ways to get back to the track.  Book Review of State of the World 1985:  A worldwatch Institute Report on Progress Toward a Sustainable Society.  Lester R. Brown.  Nature 314:  699-700.


Pimentel, D.  1985c.  Using genetic engineering for biological control:  reducing ecological risks, p. 129-40.  In:  H. O. Halvorson, D. Pramer & M. Rogul (eds.), Engineered Organisms in the Environment:  Scientific Issues.  Amer. Soc. Microbiol., Wash., D.C.  239 p.


Pimentel, D.  1985d.  Insect pest management.  Antenna 9(4):  168-71.


Pimentel, D.  1985e.  The impact of nuclear war on agricultural production.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 85-1, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D.  1986a.  Population dynamics and the importance of evolution in successful biological control, p. 3-18.  In:  J. M. Franz (ed.), Biological Plant and Health Protection.  Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart.


Pimentel, D.  1986b.  Population dynamics and the importance of evolution in successful biological control, p. 3-18.  In:  J. M. Franz (ed.), Biological Plant & Health Protection.  Fortschr. Zool. 32:  Gustav Fischer Verlag, Suttgart.  341 p.


Pimentel, D.  1986c.  Agricultural-plant responses, p. 13-14.  In:  J. R. Kercher & H. A. Mooney (eds.), Research Agenda for Ecological Effects of Nuclear Winter.  Lawrence Livermore Nat. Lab., U. S. Govt. Print. Off., Wash., D.C.


Pimentel, D.  1986d.  9. Biological invasions of plants and animals in agriculture and forestry, p. 149-62.  In:  H. A. Mooney & J. A. Drake (eds.), Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii.  Springer-Verlag, N.Y.


Pimentel, D.  1986e.  Agroecology and economics, p. 299-319.  In:  M. Kogan (ed.), Ecological Theory and Integrated Pest Management Practice.  John Wiley & Sons, N.Y.  362 p.


Pimentel, D.  1986f.  Water resources for food, fiber and forest production.  Ambio 15:  335-40.

Pimentel, D. (ed.).  1986g.  Some Aspects of Integrated Pest Management.  Dept. Ent., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.  368 p.


Pimentel, D.  1986.  Sustainable agriculture:  vital ecological approaches, p. 85-93.  In:  P. Ehrensaft & F. Knelman (eds.), The Right to Food:  Technology, Policy and Third World Agriculture.  Canad. Assoc. of the Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Montreal.


Pimentel, D.  1987a.  Down on the farm:  genetic engineering meets technology.  Tech. Rev. 90:  24-30.


Pimentel, D.  1987b.  Is Silent Spring behind us?, p. 175-87.  In:  G. J. Marco, R. M. Hollinworth & W. Durham (eds.), Silent Spring Revisited.  Amer. Chem. Soc., Wash., D.C.


Pimentel, D.  1987c.  Soil erosion effects on farm economics, p. 217-41.  In:  J. M. Harlin & G. M. Bernardi (eds.), Agricultural Soil Loss.  Processes, Policies & Prospects.  Westview Press, Boulder, Colo.


Pimentel, D.  1987d.  Role of interdisciplinary environmental research in natural resource management, p. 89-108.  In:  S. Draggan, J. J. Cohrssen & R. E. Morrison (eds.), Environmental Monitoring, Assessment and Management.  Praeger, N.Y.


Pimentel, D.  1987e.  Partners Against Hunger.  Book review in Report on Reports.  Environment 29(7):  25-7.


Pimentel, D.  1987f.  Technology and natural resources, p. 679-95.  In:  D. J. McLaren 7 B. J. Skinner (eds.), Resources and World Development.  John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK.


Pimentel, D.  1987g.  Pesticides:  energy use in chemical agriculture.  Rend. Acad. Naz. Sci. XL, Parte II, Mem. Sci. Fis. Nat. Ser. 5, 4:  157-75.


Pimentel, D.  1988a.  Improved success in biological control, p. 1-3.  In:  International Conference "Biological Control of Vectors with Predaceous Arthropods."  7-10 Jan.  Loyola College, Madras, India.


Pimentel, D.  1988b.  Industrialized agriculture and natural resources, p. 53-73.  In:  P. R. Ehrlich & J. P. Holdren (eds.), The Cassandra Conference.  Resources and the Human Predicament.  Texas A&M Univ. Press, College Station.


Pimentel, D.  1988c.  Herbivore population feeding pressure on plant hosts:  feedback evolution and host conservation.  Oikos 53:  289-302.


Pimentel, D.  1988d.  Improved success in biological control.  Bicovas 1:  90--3.


Pimentel, D.  1988e.  Genetic engineering, agriculture, and environmental policy.  Policy Stud. J. 17:  117-24.


Pimentel, D.  1989a.  Agriculture and ecotechnology, p. 103-25.  In:  W. J. Mitsch & S. E. Jorgensen (eds.), Ecological Engineering:  An Introduction to Ecotechnology.  John Wiley & Sons, N.Y.


Pimentel, D.  1989b.  Ecological aspects of the human food chain.  Internatl. J. Unity Sci. 2(1):  59-82.


Pimentel, D.  1989c.  Ecological systems, natural resources, and food supplies, p. 1-29.  In:  D. Pimentel & C. W. Hall (eds.), Food and Natural Resources.  Academic Press, San Diego.


Pimentel, D.  1989d.  Ecology of insects feeding on vegetation.  New York Food Life Sci., Quart. 19(2):  36-8.


Pimentel, D.  1989e.  Why we use pesticides.  New York Food Life Sci. Quart. 19(3):  31-4.


Pimentel, D.  1989f.  Biopesticides and the environment, p. 69-74.  In:  J. Fessenden-MacDonald (ed.), Biotechnology and Sustainable Agriculture:  Policy Alternatives.  Nat. Agr. Biotech. Coun., Boyce Thompson Inst., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D.  1989g.  Impacts of pesticides and fertilizers on the environment and public health, p. 95-108.  In:  J. B. Summers & S. S. Anderson (eds.), Toxic Substances in Agricultural Water Supply and Drainage.  Papers from the 2nd Pan-Amer. Regional Conf. of the Internatl. Comm. on Irrig. & Drain., Ottawa, Canada, June 8-9, 1989.  U. S. Comm. on Irrig. 7 Drain., Denver, Colo.


Pimentel, D.  1990a.  Book review.  The International Farm Crisis.  Ecol. Econ. 2:  179-82.


Pimentel, D.  1990b.  Environmental and social implications of waste in U. S. agriculture and food sectors.  J. Agr. Ethics 3:  5-20.


Pimentel, D. (ed.).  1991a.  Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture.  Vols. I-III. 2nd ed.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.  765 p., 757 p., 749 p, respectively.


Pimentel, D.  1991b.  Ethanol fuels:  energy security, economics and the environment.  J. Agr. Environ. Ethics 4:  1-13.


Pimentel, D.  1991c.  Pesticides and world food supply.  Chemistry in Britain 27:  646-7.


Pimentel, D.  1991d.  Diversification of biological control strategies in agriculture.  Crop Protect. 10:  243-53.


Pimentel, D.  1991e.  World resources and food losses to pests, p. 5-11.  In:  J. R. Gorham (ed.), Ecology and Management of Food-Industry Pests.  FDA Tech. Bull. 4, Assoc. Off. Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia.  595 p.


Pimentel, D.  1991f.  The dimensions of the pesticide question, p. 59-69.  In:  F. H. Bormann & S. R. Kellert (eds.), Ecology, Economics, Ethics.  The Broken Circle.  Yale Univ. Press, New Haven.  233 p.


Pimentel, D.  1991.  A quality environment for a productive agriculture.  Research & Exploration 7:  390-93.


Pimentel, D.  1992.  Ecological effects of pesticides on non-target species in terrestrial ecosystems. In Methods to Assess Adverse Effects of Pesticides on Non-target Organisms; Tardiff, R.G., Ed.; SCOPE 49; John Wiley and Sons Ltd.: Chichester, U.K., 1992; 171-190.


Pimentel, D. 1993.  Habitat factors in new pest invasions, pp. 165-181 In:Kim, K.C. and B.A. McPheron, (eds.). Evolution ofinsect Pests, Patterns of Variation.  John Wiley and Sons, Inc.  New York.


Pimentel, D.  1995.  Biotechnology: Environmental impacts of introducing crops and biocontrol agents in North American agriculture.  Hokkanen, H. M. T. and J. M. Lynch (Ed.). Plant and Microbial Biotechnology Research Series, Vol. 4. Biological control: Benefits and risks. xxii+304p. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, England, UK; New York, New York, USA. ISBN 0-521-47353-5. 1995. p. 13-29.


Pimentel, D.  1996.   World population: Environmental limits. (1996 Annu. Combined Meeting of the Ecological Soc. of America on Ecologists/Biologists as Problem Solvers, Providence, Rhode Island, USA, August 10-14, 1996. ) Bull. of the Ecological Soc. of America, v.77, n.3 SUPPL. PART 2, (1996): 354.


Pimentel, D. & R. Al-Hafidh.  1963.  The coexistence of insect parasites and hosts in laboratory ecosystems.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 56:  676-8.


Pimentel, D. & R. Al-Hafidh.  1965.  Ecological control of a parasite population by genetic evolution in the parasite-host system.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 58:  1-6.


Pimentel, D. & D. A. Andow.  1984.  Pest management and pesticide impacts.  Insect. Sci. Applic. 5:  141-9.


Pimentel, D.  1996a.   The environment: How many humans will it support? (1996 AAAS Annu.  Meeting and Science Innovation Exposition: The 162nd National Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science,...AAAS Annu. Meeting and Science Innovation Exposition, v.162, (1996):  A27.


Pimentel, D.  1996b.   Green revolution agriculture and chemical hazards.  Science of the Total Environment, v.188, n.SUPPL. 1, (1996): S86-S98.


Pimentel, D.  2005.  Environmental and economic costs of the application of pesticides primarily in the United States. Env., Dev. Sustain., 7, pp. 229-252.


Pimentel, D. & A. C. Bellotti.  1976.  Parasite-host population systems and genetic stability.  Amer. Nat. 110:  877-88.


Pimentel, D. & M. Burgess.  1979.  Biomass as an energy source in the Northeast, p. 280-92.  In:  Proc. Northeast Agricultural Leadership Assembly, Mar. 20-22.  Vol. II.  Center for Environmental Policy Studies, Univ. Mass., Amherst, MA.


Pimentel, D. & M. Burgess.  1980.  Energy inputs in corn production, p. 67-84.  In:  D. Pimentel (ed.), Handbook of Energy Utilization in Agriculture.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.  475 p.


Pimentel, D. & M. N. Burgess.  1981.  Predator-prey population stability in an experimental microcosm.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 81-2.  Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D. & M. Burgess.  1985.  Effects of single versus combinations of insecticides on the development of resistance.  Environ. Ent. 14:  582-9.


Pimentel, D. & F. Cranston.  1960.  The house cricket, Acheta domesticus, and the housefly, Musca domestica, as a model predator-prey system.  J. Econ. Ent. 53:  171.


Pimentel, D. & W. Dazhong.  1990.  Technological changes in energy use in U.S. agricultural production, p. 147-64.  In:  C. R. Carroll, J. H. Vandermeer & P. M. Rosset (eds.), Agroecology.  McGraw-Hill, N.Y.  641 p.


Pimentel, D. & J. E. Dewey.  1950.  Laboratory tests with house flies and house fly larvae resistant to DDT.  J. Econ. Ent. 43:  105.


Pimentel, D. & C. A. Edwards.  1982.  Pesticides and ecosystems.  BioScience 32:  595-600.


Pimentel, D. & B. Epstein.  1960.  The clusterfly Pollenia rudis (Diptera: Calliphoridae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 53:  553-4.


Pimentel, D. & R. W. Fay.  1955.  Dispersion of radioactively tagged Drosophila from pit privies.  J. Econ. Ent. 48:  19-22.


Pimentel, D. & N. Goodman.  1974.  Environmental impact of pesticides, p. 25-52.  In:  M. A. Q. Khan & J. B. Bederka, Jr. (eds), Survival in Toxic Environments.  Acad. Press, New York.


Pimentel, D. & N. Goodman.  1978.  Ecological basis for the management of insect populations.  Oikos 30(3):  422-37.


Pimentel, D. & N. Goodman.  1979.  Current practices in insect pest control, p. 1-18.  In:  Pest Management in Transition.  Proc. Pest Contr. Strategies Conf., Denver, Colo.  Environ. Prot. Agency, Wash., D.C.  141 p.


Pimentel, D. and Greiner, A.  1997.  Environmental and Socio-economic Costs of Pesticide Use. In Techniques for Reducing Pesticide Use; Pimentel, D. ed.; John Wiley & Sons: Chichester, UK; pp. 51-78.


Pimentel, D. & C. W. Hall (eds.).  1984.  Food and Energy Resources.  Academic Press, New York.  268 p.


Pimentel, D. & C. W. Hall (eds.).  1989.  Food and Natural Resources.  Academic Press, San Diego.  512 p.


Pimentel, D. and Hart, K. A.  2001.  Pesticide Use: Ethical, Environmental, and Public Health Implications. In New Dimensions in Bioethics:Science, Ethics and the Formation of Public Policy; Galston, A. and Shurr, E. eds.; Kluwer Academic  Publishers: Boston; pp. 79-108.


Pimentel, D. & J. Hawthorn.  1981.  Energy costs f food and nutrition systems, p. 1005-17.  In:  A. E. Harper & G. K. Davis (eds.), Nutrition in Health and Disease and International Development:  Symposia from the 12th Internatl. Cong. Nutrition.  Alan R. Liss, N.Y.  1034 p.


Pimentel, D. & G. Heichel.  1991.  Energy efficiency and sustainability of farming systems, p. 113-23.  In:  R. Lal & F. J. Pierce (eds.), Soil Management for Sustainability.  Soil & Water Conserv. Soc., Ankeny, Iowa.


Pimentel, D. & H. Hokkanen.  1989.  Alternative for successful biological control in theory and practice, p. 21-51.  In:  E. L. Kulhavy & M. C. Miller (eds.), Potential for Biological Control of Dendroctonus and Ips Bark Beetles.  Center for Applied Studies, School of Forestry, Stephen F. Austin St. Univ., Nacogdoches, Texas.


Pimentel, D. & J. W. Klock.  1954.  Disinsectization of aircraft by residual deposits of insecticides.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 3:  191-4.


Pimentel, D. & J. Krummel.  1977.  America's agricultural future.  Ecologist 7:  254-61.


Pimentel, D. & J. Krummel.  1987.  Biomass energy and soil erosion:  assessment of resource costs.  Biomass 14:  15-38.


Pimentel, D. & L. Levitan.  1986a.  Pesticides:  amounts applied and amounts reaching pests.  BioScience 36:  86-91.


Pimentel, D. & L. Levitan.  1986b.  Applying pesticides.  Letters.  BioScience 36:  514-15.


Pimentel, D. & L. Levitan.  1986c.  Pesticides:  amounts applied and amounts reaching pests.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 86-1, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D. & M. A. Moran.  1983.  Environmental impact on the Tug Hill Region ecosystem using various forest management and harvesting practices.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 83-3, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D. & J. H. Perkins (eds.).  1980.  Pest Control:  Cultural and Environmental Aspects.  AAAS Select. Symp. 43.  Westview Press, Boulder.  243 p.


Pimentel, D. & M. H. Pimentel.  1976.  Energy and environmental limitations for world food production, p. 30-5.  In:  Proc. Subcommittee of 10th Internatl. Cong. Nutr., Kyoto, Japan.  816 p.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1977a.  Food protein production:  land, energy, and economics, p. 542-53.  In:  J. R. Whitaker & S. T. Tannenbaum (eds.), Food Proteins.  AVI, Westport, Conn.  602 p.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1977b.  Counting the kilocalories.  Ceres 10(5):  17-21.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1979a.  Food. Energy and Society.  Edward Arnold Publ., Ltd., London.  1965 p.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1979b.  The risks of pesticides.  Nat. Hist 88(3):  24-33.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1980.  Impact of the energy crisis on food and nutrition systems, p. 71-88.  In:  W. Santos, N. Lopes, J. J. Barbosa, D. Chaves & J. C. Valente (eds.), Nutrition and Food Science.  Vol. I.  Plenum Press, N.Y.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1982.  Energy and the food system, p. 1-12.  In:  Food in Contemporary Society.  Proc. Stokely-Van Camp Ann. Symp.  Univ. Tennessee, Knoxville.  223 p.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1983a.  The future of American agriculture, p. 3-27.  In:  D. Knorr (ed.), Sustainable Food Systems.  AVI, Westport, Conn.  416 p.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1983b.  World outlook for food, p. 3-13.  In:  D. A. Ledward, A. J. Taylor & R. A. Lawrie (eds.), Upgrading Waste for Feeds and Food.  Proc. 36th Easter School in Agricultural Science, Butterworths, London.  321 p.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1984.  Energy inputs and food supplies, p. 133-43.  In:  Food Science & Technology:  Present Status & Future Direction.  Res. Food Sci. Nutr. 5 (Dublin).


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1985.  Energy use in food processing for nutrition and development.  Food Nutr. Bull. 7(2):  36-45.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1990.  Land, energy and water:  the constraints governing ideal U.S. population size.  The NPG Forum, Jan.  Negative Population Growth, Teaneck, N.J.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1991a.  Land, energy and water-- keys to America's future.  USA Today 120:  76-8.


Pimentel, D. & M. Pimentel.  1991b.  Comment:  adverse environmental consequences of the Green Revolution, p. 329-32.  In:  K. Davis & M. S. Bernstam (eds.), Resources, Environment and Population:  Present Knowledge, Future Options.  Population & Development Review Suppl. Vol. 16, 1990.  The Population Counc., N.Y.  423 p.


Pimentel, D. & S. Pimentel.  1979.  Count the calories.  Mazingira 11:  28-34.


Pimentel, D. & S. Pimentel.  1980.  Ecological aspects of agricultural policy.  Nat. Res. J. 20:  555-85.


Pimentel, D. & S. Pimentel.  1986.  Energy and other natural resources used by agriculture and society, p. 259-87.  In:  K. A. Dahlberg (ed.), New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research.  Rowman & Allanheld, Totowa, N.J.  436 p.


Pimentel, D. & C. A. Shoemaker.  1974.  An economic and land use model for reducing insecticides on cotton and corn.  Environ. Ent. 3:  10-20.


Pimentel, D. & M. Shapiro.  1962.  The influence of environment on a virus-host relationship.  J. Insect Path. 4:  77-87.


Pimentel, D. & F. A. Stone.  1968.  Evolution and population ecology of parasite-host systems.  Canad. Ent. 100:  655-62.


Pimentel, D. & A. B. Soans.  1971.  Animal populations regulated to carrying capacity of plant host by genetic feedback, p. 313-26.  In:  P. J. den Boer & G. R. Gradwell (eds.), Proc. Adv. Study Inst., Dynamics of Numbers of Populations (Oosterbeek, 1970).  Center Agr. Publ. Doc., Wageningen.


Pimentel, D. & E. C. Terhune.  1977a.  Energy and food.  Ann. Rev. Energy 2:  171-95.


Pimentel, D. & E. C. Terhune.  1977b.  Energy use in food production, p. 67-89.  In:  E. R. Duncan (ed.), Dimension of World Food Problems.  Iowa St. Univ. Press, Ames.  309 p.


Pimentel, D. & L. Uhler.  1969.  Ants and the control of house flies in the Philippines.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  248.


Pimentel, D. & A. Warneke.  1989.  Ecological effects of manure, sewage sludge and other organic wastes on arthropod populations.  Agr. Zool. Rev. 3:  1-30.


Pimentel, D. & M. H. J. Weiden.  1959.  Protection of stored woolens from insect damage.  J. Econ. Ent. 52:  457-60.


Pimentel, D. & A. G. Wheeler, Jr.  1973a.  Influence of alfalfa resistance on a pea aphid population and its associated parasites, predators, and competitors.  Environ. Ent. 2:  1-11.


Pimentel, D. & A. G. Wheeler, Jr.  1973b.  Species diversity of arthropods in the alfalfa community.  Environ. Ent. 2:  659-68.


Pimentel, D. & P. C. White.  1957.  Geographic distribution of Australorbis glabratus, the snail intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni in Puerto Rico.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 6:  1087-96.


Pimentel, D. & P. C. White.  1959a.  Physiochemical environment of Australorbis glabratus, the snail intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni in Puerto Rico.  Ecology 40:  533-41.


Pimentel, D. & P. C. White.  1959b.  Biological environment and habits of Australorbis glabratus.  Ecology 40:  541-50.


Pimentel, D., H. H. Schwardt & L. B. Norton.  1950a.  House fly control in dairy barns.  J. Econ. Ent. 43:  510-15.


Pimentel, D., H. H. Schwardt, J. E. Dewey & L. B. Norton.  1950b.  Studies on insecticide resistant house flies in New York.  Soap Sani. Chem. 26(2):  2 p.


Pimentel, D., J. E. Dewey & H. H. Schwardt.  1951a.  An increase in the duration of the life cycle of DDT-resistant strains of the house fly.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  477-81.


Pimentel, D., H. H. Schwardt & L. B. Norton.  1951b.  New methods of house fly control in dairy barns.  Soap Sani. Chem., Jan.  6 p.


Pimentel, D., H. H. Schwardt & J. E. Dewey.  1953.  Development and loss of insecticide resistance in the house fly.  J. Econ. Ent. 46:  295-8.


Pimentel, D., H. H. Schwardt & J. E. Dewey.  1954.  The inheritance of DDT-resistance in the house fly.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 47:  208-13.


Pimentel, D., P. C. White & V. Ildefonso.  1957.  Vagility of Australorbis glabratus, the snail intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni in Puerto Rico.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 6:  576-80.


Pimentel, D., M. W. Rumsey & F. A. Streams.  1960.  Rearing tyroglyphid mites on Neurospora.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 53:  549.


Pimentel, D., C. E. Gerhardt, E. R. Williams, P. C. White & F. F. Ferguson.  1961.  Aspects of schistosomal endemicity in three Puerto Rican watersheds.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 10:  523-9.


Pimentel, D., R. Al-Hafidh, E. H. Feinberg, J. L. Madden, W. P. Nagel, N. J. Parker & F. A. Streams.  1961/1962.  Self-regulation in natural communities.  Cornell Plantations, Ithaca, NY. 17:  51-5.


Pimentel, D., F. A. Streams & W. L. Freeman.  1962.  Alteration of plant growth and microclimate by crowding.  Ecology 43:  765-8.


Pimentel, D., W. P. Nagel & J. L. Madden.  1963.  Space-time structure of the environment and the survival of parasite-host systems.  Amer. Nat. 97:  141-67.


Pimentel, D., E. H. Feinberg, P. W. Wood & J. T. Hayes.  1965a.  Selection, spatial distribution, and the coexistence of competing fly species.  Amer. Nat. 99:  97-109.


Pimentel, D., D. W. Hayne, L. A. Krumholz, J. T. Middleton, L. A. Walford & J. L. Buckley.  1965b.  Effects of pollutants on living organisms other than man, p. 192-226.  In:  Restoring the Quality of Our Environment, Rept. of the Environ. Pollution Panel, President's Sci. Adv. Comm.  The White House, Wash., D.C..  U. S. Govt. Print. Off., Wash., D.C.  317 p.


Pimentel, D., D. Chant, A. Kelmon, R. L. Metcalf, L. D. Newsom & C. Smith.  1965c.  Improved pest control practices, p. 227-91.  In:  Restoring the Quality of Our Environment, Rept. of the Environ. Pollution Panel, President's Sci. Adv. Comm.  The White House, Wash., D.C..  U. S. Govt. Print. Off., Wash., D.C.  317 p.


Pimentel, D., D. Chant, A. Kelman, R. L. Metcalf, L. D. Newsom & C. Smith.  1966.  Improved pest control practices, p. 227-91.  In:  Restoring the Quality of our Environment, a report of the Environmental Pollution Panel, President's Science Advisory Committee.-- The White House, Wash., D.C., U. S. Govt. Print. Off., Wash., D.C., Appendix Y 11:  227-91.


Pimentel, D., G. Smith & J. Soans.  1967.  Population model of sympatric speciation.  Amer. Nat. 101:  493-504.


Pimentel, D., J. E. Bardach, J. L. Bcukley, R. Dubos, W. T. Edmondson, W. Hopkins, J. W. Leonard, G. Sprugel, E. L. Stone & D. Q. Thompson.  1970.  Renewable resources, p. 729-74.  In:  P. Handler (ed.), Biology & the Future of Man.  Oxford Univ. Press, London.  936 p.


Pimentel, D., L. E. Hurd, A. C. Bellotti, M. J. Forster, I. N. Ika, O. D. Sholes & R. J. Whitman.  1973a.  Food production and the energy crisis.  Science 182:  443-49.


Pimentel, D., E. C. Bay, J. Briggs, H. C. Chapman, G. B. Craig, Jr., M. Laird, C. H. Schaefer & C. H. Schmidt.  1973.  Mosquito control-- some perspectives for developing countries.  Panel on New Perspectives in Mosquito Control Methods Suitable for Developing Countries.  Board on Science & Tech. for Internatl. Develop., Nat. Acad. Sci.  63 p.


Pimentel, D., W. R. Lynn, W. K. MacReynolds, M. T. Hewes & S. Rush.  1974a.  Workshop on research methodologies for studies of energy, food, man and environment phase I.  Center for Environ. Qual. Manage., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.  52 p.


Pimentel, D., W. R. Lynn, W. I. MacReynolds & M. Dattner.  1974b.  Workshop on research methodologies for studies of energy, food, man and environment phase II.  Center for Environ. Qual. Manage., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.  20 p.


Pimentel, D., H. Mooney, L. Stickel, et al.  1974c.  Herbicide report.  Chemistry and analysis.  Environmental effects.  Agricultural and Other Applied Uses.  Hazardous Materials Advisory Committee, Environ. Prot. Agency, Wash., D.C.  196 p.


Pimentel, D. et al.  1975a.  Potential for energy conservation in agricultural production.  Report #40 prepared by the Council for Agricultural Science and Technology for the U.S. Senate Committee of Agriculture and Forestry.  Feb. 6, 1975.  29 p.


Pimentel, D., S. A. Levin & A. B. Soans.  1975b.  On the evolution of energy balance in exploiter-victim systems.  Ecology 56:  381-90.


Pimentel, D., W. Dritschilo, J. Krummel & J. Kutzman.  1975c.  Energy and land constraints in food-protein production.  Science 190:  754-61.


Pimentel, D. et al.  1975d.  Population and food:  Crucial issues.  Committee on World Food, Health & Population.  Nat. Acad. Sci., Wash., D.C.  50 p.


Pimentel, D., N. Goodman & M. Burgess.  1976a.  Energy in food production.  Amer. Biol. Teacher 38:  402-4.


Pimentel, D., E. C. Terhune, R. Dyson-Hudson, S. Rochereau, R. Samis, E. Smith, D. Denman, D. Reifschneider & M. Shepard.  1976b.  Land degradation:  effects on food and energy resources.  Science 194:  149-55.


Pimentel, D., J. Krummel & W. Dritschilo.  1976c.  Food, energy and population.  Science 193:  1070-6.


Pimentel, D. et al.  1976d.  8. Biological communities.  In:  Hudson Basin Project, Task Group Reports.  The Rockefeller Found., New York.


Pimentel, D. et al.  1977a.  Pesticides, insects in foods, and cosmetic standards.  BioScience 27(3):  178-85.


Pimentel, D. et al.  1977b.  Study Team 10, Interdependencies.  In:  Supporting Papers:  World Food and Nutrition Study. Vol. III.  Nat. Acad. Sci., Wash., D.C.  341 p.


Pimentel, D., C. Shoemaker, E. L. LaDue, R. B. Rovinsky & N. P. Russell.  1977c.  Alternatives for reducing insecticides on cotton and corn:  economic and environmental impact.  Environ. Res. Lab., Off. Res. Develop., EPA, Athens, Georgia. 


Pimentel, D., Terhune, E., Dritschilo, W., Gallahan, D., Kinner, N., Nafus, D., Peterson, R., Zareh, N., Misiti, J. and Haber-Schaim, O.  1977d.  Pesticides, insects in food, and cosmetic standards. BioSci., 27, pp. 178-185.


Pimentel, D., S. A. Levin & D. Olson.  1978a.  Coevolution and the stability of exploiter-victim systems.  Amer. Nat. 112:  119-25.


Pimentel, D., D. Nafus, W. Vergara, D. Papaj, L. Jaconetta, M. Wulfe, L. Olsvig, K. Frech, M. Loye & E. Mendoza.  1978b.  Biomass energy conversion.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 78-1, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D., D. Nafus, W. Vergara, D. Papaj, L. Jaconetta, M. Wulfe, L. Olsvig, K. Frech, M. Loye & E. Mendoza.  1978c.  Biological solar energy conversion and U. S. energy policy.  BioScience 28:  376-82.


Pimentel, D., C. Shoemaker, R. J. Whitman, A. Bellotti, N. Beyer, A. Brick, C. Brodel, I. Caunter, H. Cornell, W. Dritschilo, D. Gunnison, M. Habte, L. Hurd, P. Johnson, J. Krummel, J. Liebherr, M. Loye, D. Mackenzie, D. Nafus, I. Oka, R. Rao, D. Saari, J. Smith, R. Stack, D. Udovic, C. Yip & N. Zareh.  1978d.  Systems management program for corn pest control in New York State.  Search, Cornell Univ. Res. Publ. 8(1):  1-16.


Pimentel, D., J. Krummel, D. Gallahan, J. Hough, A. Merrill, I. Schreiner, P. Vittum, F. Koziol, E. Back, D. Yen & S. Fiance.  1978.  Benefits and costs of pesticide use in U.S. food production.  BioScience 28:  772, 778-84.


Pimentel, D., S. Chick & W. Vergara.  1979a.  Energy from forests:  environmental and wildlife implications, p. 66-79.  In:  Trans. 44th N. Amer. Wildl. Nat. Res. Conf., Wash., D.C.


Pimentel, D., J. Krummel, D. Gallahan, J. Hough, A. Merrill, I. Schreiner, P. Vittum, F. Koziol, E. Back, D. Yen & S. Fiance.  1979b.  A cost-benefit analysis of pesticide use in U.S. food production, p. 97-149.  In:  T. J. Sheets & D. Pimentel (eds.), Pesticides:  Their Contemporary Roles in Agriculture, Health and the Environment.  Humana, Clifton, N.J.  186 p.


Pimentel, D. et al.  1979c.  Panel on Science and Technology in Jordanian Development.  Nat. Acad. Sci., Wash., D.C.  48 p.


Pimentel, D., P. A. Oltenacu, M. C. Nesheim, J. Krummel, M. S. Allen & S. Chick.  1979d.  Grass-fed livestock systems and energy resources, p. 1771-75.  In:  Changing Energy Use Futures, Vol. 4.  Proc. Internatl. Energy Conf.


Pimentel, D., D. Andow, D. Gallahan, I. Schreiner, T. E. Thompson, R. Dyson-Hudson, S. N. Jacobson, M. A. Irish, S. F. Kroop, A. M. Moss, M. D. Shepard & B. G. Vinzant.  1980a.  Pesticides:  environmental and social costs, p. 99-158.  In:  D. Pimentel & J. H. Perkins (eds.), Pest Control:  Cultural and Environmental Aspects.  AAAS Selected Symp. 43, Westview Press, Boulder.


Pimentel, D., P. A. Oltenacu, M. C. Nesheim, J. Krummel, M. S. Allen & S. Chick.  1980b.  The potential for grass-fed livestock:  resource constraints.  Science 207:  843-48.


Pimentel, D., D. Andow, D. Gallahan, I. Schreiner, T. Thompson, R. Dyson-Hudson, S. Jacobson, M. Irish, S. Kroop, A. Moss, M. Shepard & B. Vinzant.  1980c.  Pesticides:  environmental and social costs, p. 99-158.  In:  D. Pimentel & J. H. Perkins (eds.), Pest Control:  Cultural and Environmental Aspects.  Westview Press, Boulder, Colo.  243 p.


Pimentel, D., E. Garnick, A. Berkowitz, S. Jacobson, P. Black, S. Valdes-Cogliano, B. Vinzant, E. Hudes & S. Littman.  1980d.  Environmental quality and natural biota.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 80-1, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D., D. Andow, R. Dyson-Hudson, D. Gallahan, S. Jacobson, M. Irish, S. Kroop, A. Moss, I. Schreiner, M. Shepard, T. Thompson & B. Vinzant.  1980e.  Environmental and social costs of pesticides:  a preliminary assessment.  Oikos 34:  127-40.


Pimentel, D., E. Garnick, A. Berkowitz, S. Jacobson, S. Napolitano, P. Black, S. Valeds-Cogliano, B. Vinzant, E. Hudes & S. Littman.  1980f.  Environmental quality and natural biota.  BioScience 30:  750-55.


Pimentel, D. et al.  1980g.  Regulating Pesticides.  Committee on Prototype Explicit Analyses for Pesticides.  Nat. Acad. Sci., Wash., D.C.  288 p.


Pimentel, D., J. Krummel, D. Gallahan, J. Hough, A. Merrill, I. Schreiner, P. Vittum, F. Koziol, E. Back, D. Yen & S. Fiance.  1981a.  A cost-benefit analysis of pesticide use in I.S. food production, p. 27-54.  In:  D. Pimentel (ed.), CRC Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture, vol. 2.  CRC Press, Boca Raton.


Pimentel, D., M. A. Moran, S. Fast, G. Weber, R. Bukantis, L. Balliett, P. Boveng, C. Cleveland, S. Hindman & M. Young.  1981b.  Biomass energy from crop and forest residues.  Science 212:  1110-15.


Pimentel, D., M. A. Moran, S. Fast, G. Weber, R. Bukantis, L. Balliett, P. Boveng, C. Cleveland, S. Hindman & M. Young.  1981c.  Biomass energy from crop and forest residues:  energetics and the environment.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 81-1, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D., S. Fast, W. L. Chao, E. Stuart, J. Dintzis, G. Einbender, W. Schlappi, D. Andow & K. Broderick.  1982.  Water resources in food and energy production.  BioScience 32:  861-67.


Pimentel, D., I. I. Bennett, C. Cooney, O. Doering, R. L. Hinman, W. Hudson, A. Moslemi, D. Patterson, R. Patterson, J. Spurlock, P. Weisz & S. Harris.  1983a.  Biomass energy.  Solar Energy 30:  1-31.


Pimentel, D., R. Rummell, R. Ross, J. Krummel, M. Loye, D. Nafus 7 I. Schreiner.  1983b.  Guidelines on energy utilization in timber, range and wildlife practices.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 83-1, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D., C. Fried, L. Olson, S. Schmidt, K. Wagner-Johnson, A. Westman, A. M. Whelan, K. Foglia, P. Poole, T. Klein, R. Sobin & A. Bochner.  1983c.  Biomass energy:  environmental and social costs.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 83-2, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D., G. Berardi & S. Fast.  1983d.  Energy efficiency of farming systems:  organic and conventional agriculture.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 9:  359-72.


Pimentel, D., S. Fast, D. Gallahan & M. A. Moran.  1983e.  Environmental risks of utilizing crop and forest residues for biomass energy, p. 580-85.  In:  18th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf.


Pimentel, D. et al.  1983f.  An Assessment of the Relationships between the Department of Energy and Universities and Colleges.  Vols. I & II.  A Report of the Energy Research Advisory Board to the U. S. Dept. Energy, Wash., D.C.


Pimentel, D., S. Fast, D. Gallahan & M. A. Moran.  1983g.  Environmental risks of utilizing crop and forest residues for biomass energy, p. 580-85.  In:  18th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf.


Pimentel, D. et al.  1983h.  An assessment of the relationships between the Department of Energy and universities and colleges. Vols. I. & II.  A report of the Energy Research Advisory Board to the U. S. Dept. Energy, Wash., D.C.


Pimentel, D., C. Glenister, S. Fast & D. Gallahan.  1983i.  An environmental risk assessment of biological and cultural controls for organic agriculture, p. 73-90.  In:  W. Lockeretz (ed.),  Environmentally Sound Agriculture.  Praeger Special Studies, N.Y.


Pimentel, D., C. Fried, L. Olson, S. Schmidt, K. Wagner-Johnson, A. Westman, A. Whelan, K. Foglia, P. Poole, T. Klein, R. Sobin & A. Bochner.  1984.  Environmental and social costs of biomass energy.  BioScience 34:  89-94.


Pimentel, D., G. Bernardi & S. Fast.  1984a.  Energy efficiencies of farming wheat, corn and potatoes organically, p. 151-61.  In:  Organic Farming:  Current Technology and Its Role in a Sustainable Agriculture.  ASA Spec. Publ. No. 46.  Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, Wis.  192 p.


Pimentel, D., C. Glenister, S. Fast & D. Gallahan.  1984b.  Environmental risks of biological pest controls.  Oikos 42:  283-90.


Pimentel, D., T. Culliney, M. N. Burgess, G. S. Stoewsand, J. L. Anderson, C. A. Bache, W. H. Gutenmann & D. J. List.  1984c.  Cadmium in Japanese quail fed earthworms inhabiting a golf course.  Nutr. Rep. Internatl. 30:  475-81.


Pimentel, D., L. Levitan, J. Heinze-Fry, M. Loehr, W. Naegeli, J. T. Bakker, J. Eder, B. Modelski & M. Morrow.  1984d.  Solar energy technology:  land, energy and other resources.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 84-1, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D., L. Levitan, J. Heinze, M. Loehr, W. Naegeli, J. Bakker, J. Eder, B. Modelski & M. Morrow.  1984.  Solar energy, land and biota.  SunWorld 8:  70-3, 93-5.


Pimentel, D., G. Goldstein, P. Leon, C. Orrego, V. R. Lemoine, J. Rowe & M. Sondahl.  1985.  Biotechnology in the Americas II:  applications in tropical agriculture.  Plant Mol. Biol. Rep. 3:  151-7.


Pimentel, D., W. Jackson, M. Bender & W. Pickett.  1986a.  Perennial grains:  an ecology of new crops.  Interdisciplinary Sci. Rev. 11:  42-9.


Pimentel, D., W. Dazhong, S. Eigenbrode, H. Lang, D. Emerson & M. Karasik.  1986.  Deforestation:  interdependency of fuelwood and agriculture.  Oikos 46:  404-12.


Pimentel, D., J. Allen, A. Beers, L. Guinand, R. Linder, P. McLaughlin, B. Meer, D. Musonda, D. Perdue, S. Poisson, S. Sierbert, K. Stoner, R. Salazar & A. Hawkins.  1987.  World agriculture and soil erosion.  BioScience 37:  277-83.


Pimentel, D., A. F. Warneke, W. S. Teel, K. A. Schwab, N. J. Simcox, D. M. Ebert, K. D. Baenisch & M. R. Aaron.  1988a.  Food versus biomass fuel:  socioeconomic and environmental impacts in the United States, Brazil, India, and Kenya.  Adv. Food Res. 32:  185-238.


Pimentel, D., M. S. Hunter, J. A. LaGro, R. A. Efroymson, J. C. Landers, F. T. Mervis, C. A. McCarthy & A. E. Boyd.  1988b.  Benefits and risks of genetic engineering in agriculture.  Environ. Biol. Rept. 88-1, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.


Pimentel, D., L. E. Armstrong, C. A. Flass, F. W. Hopf, R. B. Landy & M. H. Pimentel.  1989a.  Interdependence of food and natural resources, p. 31-48.  In:  D. Pimentel & C. W. Hall (eds.), Food and Natural Resources.  Academic Press, San Diego.


Pimentel, D., T. W. Culliney, I. W. Buttler, D. J. Reinemann & K. B. Beckman.  1989b.  Ecological resource management for a productive, sustainable agriculture, p. 301-23.  In:  D. Pimentel & C. W. Hall (eds.), Food and Natural Resources.  Academic Press, San Diego. 


Pimentel, D., L. M. Fredrickson, D. B. Johnson, J. H. McShane & H.-W. Yuan.  1989c.  Environment and population:  crises and policies, p. 363-89.  In:  D. Pimentel & C. W. Hall (eds.), Food and Natural Resources.  Academic Press, San Diego.


Pimentel, D., M. S. Hunter, J. A. LaGro, R. A. Efroymson, J. C. Landers, F. T. Mervis, C. A. McCarthy & A. E. Boyd.  1989.  Benefits and risks of genetic engineering in agriculture.  BioScience 39:  606-14.


Pimentel, D., T. W. Culliney, I. W. Buttler, D. J. Reinemann & K. B. Beckman.  1989.  Low-input sustainable agriculture using ecological management practices.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 27:  3-24.


Pimentel, D., W. Dazhong & M. Giampietro.  1990.  Technological changes in energy use in U.S. agricultural production, p. 305-21.  In:  S. R. Gliessman (ed.), Agroecology.  Springer-Verlag, N.Y.  380 p.


Pimentel, D. et al.  1991a.  Malaria.  Obstacles and opportunities.  A report of the Committee for the Study on Malaria Prevention and Control:  Status Review and Alternative Strategies, Div. Internatl. Health, Inst. Medicine.  Nat. Acad. Press., Wash., D.C.  309 p.


Pimentel, D., L. McLaughlin, A. Zepp, B. Lakitan, T. Kraus, P. Kleinman, F. Vancini, W. J. Roach, E. Graap, W. S. Keeton & G. Selig.  1991b.  Environmental and economic impacts of reducing U.S. agricultural pesticide use, p. 679-718.  In:  D. Pimentel (ed.), Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture. Vol. I. 2nd ed.  CRC Press, Boca Rato, Florida.


Pimentel, D., L. McLaughlin, A. Zepp, B. Lakitan, T. Kraus, P. Kleinman, F. Vancini, W. J. Roach, E. Graap, W. S. Keeton 7 G. Selig.  1991c.  Environmental and economic effects of reducing pesticide use.  BioScience 41(6):  402-9.


Pimentel, D., C. Kirby, and A. Shroff. 1993.  The relationship between "cosmetic standards" for foods and pesticide use, pp. 85-105.  In:Pimentel, D. and H. Lehman, (eds.). The Pesticide Question: Environment, Economics, and Ethics. Chapman and Hall, New York.


Pimentel, D; McNair, M; Buck, L; Pimentel, M; Kamil, J.  1997.  The value of forests to world food security.  Human Ecology, v.25, n.1, (1997): 91-120.


Pimentel, R. A.  1958.  Taxonomic methods, their bearing on subspeciation.  Systematic Zool. 7:  139-56.


Pinkus, H.  1913.  The life history and habits of Spalangia muscidarum Richardson, a parasite of the stable fly.  Psyche 20:  148-58.


Pinnock, D. E. & J. E. Milstead.  1971.  Control of the California oakworm with Bacillus thuringiensis preparations.  J. Econ. Ent. 64:  510-13.


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Price, P. W.  1981.  Relevance of ecological principles to practical biological control, pp. 3-19.  In:  G. C. Papavizas (ed.), Biological Control in Crop Production.  Beltsville Symposia in Agr. Res., 5.  Allanheld, Osmun Publ, Granada.  461 p.


Price, P. W.  1984.  Insect Ecology, 2nd ed.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.


Price, P.W. 1986.  Ecological aspects of host plant resistance and biological control: Interactions among three trophic levels, pp. 11-30.  In:Boethel, DJ. and R.D. Eikenbary, (eds.). Interactions of Plant Resistance and Parasitoids and Predators of Insects.  Ellis Horwood Limited, John Wiley and Sons, New York.


Price, P. W.  1987.  The role of natural enemies in insect populations.  p. 287-312.  In:  P. Barbosa & J. C. Schultz (eds.), Insect Outbreaks.  Academic Press, New York.


Price, P. W.  1990.  Evaluating the role of natural enemies in latent and eruptive species:  New approaches in life table construction.  p. 221-32.  In: A. D. Watt, S. R. Leather, M. D. Hunter & N. A. C. Kidd (eds.), Population Dynamics of Forest Insects.  Intercept, Andover.


Price, P. W.  1991.  Darwinian methodology and the theory of insect herbivore population dynamics.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. (in press).


Price, P. W.  1992a.  Plant resources as the mechanistic basis for insect herbivore population dynamics.  In:  M. D. Hunter, T. Ohgushi & P. W. Price (eds.), Resource Distribution and Animal-Plant Interactions.  Academic Press, New York.


Price, P. W.  1992b.  The plant vigor hypothesis and herbivore attack.  Oikos (in press).


Price, P. W. & H. Pschorn-Walcher.  1988.  Are galling insects better protected against parasitoids than exposed feeders?:  A test using tenthredinid sawflies.  Ecol. Ent. 13:  195-205.


Price, P. W. & G. P. Waldbauer.  1975.  Ecological aspects of pest management, p. 33-68.  In:  R. L. Metcalf & W. H. Luckmann (eds.), Introduction to Insect Pest Management.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  577 p.


Price, J. F., A. J. Overman, A. W. Englehard, M. K. Iverson & V. W. Yingst.  1980a.  Integrated pest management demonstrations in commercial chrysanthemums.  Proc. Florida State Hort. Soc. 93:  190-94.


Price, P. W., C. E. Bouton, P. Gross, B. A. McPheron, J. N. Thompson & A. E. Weis.  1980b.  Interactions among three trophic levels:  influence of plants on interactions between insect herbivores and natural enemies.  Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 11:  41-65.


Price, P. W., N. Cobb, T. P. Craig, G. W. Fernandes, J. K. Itami, S. Mopper & R. W. Preszler.  1990.  Insect herbivore population dynamics on trees and shrubs:  New approaches relevant to latent and eruptive species and life table development. p. 1-38.  In:  E. A. Bernays (ed.), Insect-Plant Intractions.  Vol. 2, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.


Price-Jones, D.  1973.  Agricultural entomology, p. 307-332.  In:  R. F. Smith, T. E. Miller & C. N. Smith (eds.), History of Entomology.  Annu. Rev., Inc., Palo Alto, CA.


Pricht, H.  1941.  Ein Beitrag zur Biologie der Triungulinslarvaen von Meloe.  Zool. Ang. 132:  245-54.


Pridham, T. G., G. St. Julian, Jr., G. L. Adams, H. H. Hall & R. W. Jackson.  1964.  Infection of Popillia japonica Newman larvae with vegetative cells of Bacillus popilliae Dutky and Bacillus lentimorbus Dutky.  J. Insect Path. 6:  204-13.


Priesner, H. & M. Hosny.  1940.  Notes on parasites and predators of Coccidae and Aleurodidae in Egypt.  Bull. Soc. Fouad Ier Ent. 24:  58-70.


PÍíhoda, A.  1964.  Verticillium heterocladum Penz. parasite des larves de Cécidomyides.  „es. Mykol. 18:  99-101.  [in Czech].


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Primak, T.  1967.  Muskardinosen bei Carpocapsa pomonella.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 12(1):  56-7.  [in Russian].


Principi, M. M.  1947.  Contributi allo studio dei 'Neurotteri' Italiani V. Richerche su Chrysopa formosa Brauer e su alcuni suoi parassiti.  Boll. Istit. Ent. Univ. Bologna 16:  134-75.


Principi, M. M.  1956.  Contributi allo studio dei Neurotteri Italiani.  Boll. Inst. Ent. Univ. Bologna 21:  319-410.


Principi, M. M.  1958.  Ricerche di morfologia e di etologia su di un Dittero Cicidomiide galligeno, la "Putoniella marsupialis" F. Loew, vivente su piante del gen. "Prunus."  Boll. 1st Ent. Univ. Bologna 23:  35-68.


Principi, M. M.  1963.  L'integrazione dei mezzi di lotta chimici con quelli biologici nella difesa delle coltivazioni dagli attacchi degli Artropodi.  Natura, Montagna, Bologna 3(3):  1-7.


Principi, M. M.  1965.  Considerazioni sulla pratica dell'inerbimento dei frutteti in rapporto con gli attuali orientamenti della lotta contro gli Artropodi.  Atti del 1st incontro frutticolo della S.O.I., "L'inerbimento dei frutteti."  Bologna, 1964.  5 p.


Principi, M. M.  1966a.  Neurotteri della Basilicata, della Calabria e della Sicilia.  Mem. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Verona 14:  363-88.


Principi, M. M.  1966b.  Considerazioni sulla lotta integrata.  Boll. Osservat. Malattie Piante Bologna 1:  33-7.


Principi, M. M., P. L. Castellari & P. Giunchi.  1967.  Observations sur les infestations de pucerons et leurs prédateurs et parasites dans des parcelles traitées avec des produits phytiatriques polyvalents ou sélectifs.  Entomophaga , Mém. Hors Sér. 3:  103-7.


Prinsloo, G. L.  1984.  An illustrated guide to the parasitic wasps associated with citrus pests in the Republic of South Africa.  Sci. Bull. Dept. Agr. Republic of South Africa No. 402.  119 p.


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Prinsloo, H. E.  1962.  Observations on the nucleus of the parasitic amoebe Malameba locustae in the brown locust Locustana pardalina (Wlk.) and changes in the infected Malpighian tubes.  South Afr. J. Agr. Sci. 5:  387-93.  [in Afrikaans].


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Prinsloo, G L; Lasalle, J.  1995.  A new species of tanaostigmatid (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) from South Africa, the forms galls on tamboti. African Entomology, v.3, n.1, (1995): 7-11.


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Priore, R.  1963.  Studio morfo-biologico sulla Rodolia cardinalis Muls. [Coleoptera Coccinellidae].  Boll. Lab. Ent. Agr. "Filippo Silvestri."  Portici 21:  63-198.


Priore, R.  1964.  Variabilita cromatica della Rodolia cardinalis Muls. (Coleoptera Coccinellidae).  Boll. Lab. Ent. Agr. "Filippo Silvestri" Portici 22:  283-88.


Priore, R.  1966.  Anatomia ed istologia della Rodolia cardinalis Muls. [Coleoptera, Coccinellidae].  Boll. Lab. Ent. Agr. "Filippo Silvestri," Portici 24:  247-316.


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Pristavko, V. P.  1963a.  Über die Veränderungen im Bestand der Mikroflora bei den Larven des Kartoffelkäfers unter dem Einfluss von DDT und dem Biopräparat Muscardin.  Nauk. Praci. Ukr. Nauk.-dosl. inst. zachistu roslin 12:  95-8.  [in Ukranian].


Pristavko, V. P.  1963b.  Über den Mechanismus der Wirkung eines Präparats der weissen muscardine zusammen mit subletalen Dosen von DDT gegen Larvaen des Kartoffelkäfers, p. 110-11.  In:  Sbornik:  5 soveš…. Vses. ent. obš…., 1963.  Moskva-Leningrad.  [in Russian].


Pristavko, V. P.  1964.  Über die gleichzeitige Wirkung des Pilzes Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. und kleiner Dosen DDT auf Larven des Kartoffelkäfers, Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say.  Kokl. Akad. nauk SSSR 155:  1475-7.  [in Russian].


Pristavko, V. P.  1965a.  Über die Rolle der entomopathogenen Bakterien der Darmflora in der mikrobiolgischen Bekämpfung von schädlichen Insekten.  Mikrobiologija 34:  925-8.  [in Russian].


Pristavko, V. P.  1965b.  Über die Verwendung nicht-sporenbildender entomopathogener Bakterien zur Schädlingsbekämpfung, p. 54-6.  In:  Zaš…. Rast. ot Vredit. Bolezn. i Sornjak., Viln'jus. p. 54-6.  [in Russian].


Pristavko, V. P. 1966a.  Processus pathologiques consécutifs à l'action de Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. associé à de faibles doses de D.D.T., chez Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say.  Entomophaga 11:  311-24.


Pristavko, V. P.  1966b.  Variant of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner, pathogenic for the Colorado beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say.  Dopovidy Akad. Nauk UkrainskSSR 7:  958-61.  [in Ukranian].