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Entomology / Biological Pest Control

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Maa, T. C. 1971. An annotated bibliography of batflies (Diptera: Streblidae, Nycteribiidae). Pacific Insects Monog. 28:119-211.

 

Maas-Geesteranus, H. P.  1965.  Titer determination of preparations of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner.  Entomophaga 10:  28.

 

MacArthur, R.  1955.  Fluctuations of animal populations and a measure of community stability,.  Ecology 36:  533-6.

 

MacArthur, R. H.  1958.  Population ecology of some warblers of northeastern coniferous forests.  Ecology 39:  599-619.

 

MacArthur, R. H. & J. H. Connell.  1966.  The biology of populations.  John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, London & Sydney.  200 p.

 

MacArthur, R.H. and E.R. Pianka. 1966.  On optimal use of a patchy environment.  Amer. Naturalist, 100: 603­609.

 

MacArthur, R. H. & E. O. Wilson.  1967.  The Theory of Island Biogeography.  Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey.  203 p.

 

MacArthur, W. P.  1922.  A holotrichus ciliate pathogenic to Theobaldia annulara Schrank.  J. Roy. Army Med. Corps 38:  83-92.

 

MacBride, D. H.  1946.  Failure of sperm of Habrobracon diploid males to penetrate the eggs.  Genetics 31:  224.

 

Macedo, N.  1983.  Control biológico de plagas de cana de azucar.  Informe Agropecuario 104:  20-23.

 

MacCarter, L.E. and D.L. Gaynor. 1980.  Gorse: A subject for biological control in New Zealand.  New Zealand journal of Experimental Agriculture, 8: 321-330.

 

MacCreary, D. & E. P. Catts.  1954.  Ectoparasites of Deleware poultry, including a study of litter fauna.  Univ. Del. Agr. Expt. Sta. Tech. Bull. 307.  22 p.

 

MacDaniel, J. R. & V. C. Moran.  1972.  The parasitoid complex of the citrus psylla Trioza erytrae (Del Guercio) [Homoptera: Psyllidae].  Entomophaga 17:  297-318.

 

MacDonald, D. R.  1959.  Biological assessment of aerial forest spraying against spruce budworm in New Brunswick.  III.  Effects on two overwinter parasites.  Canad. Ent. 91:  330-6.

 

MacDonald, 1. 1988.  Invasive alien plants and nature conservation in South Africa.  African Wildlife, 42: 333-335. 

 

MacDonald, I.A.W., L. Ortiz, J.E. Lawesson, and J. Bosco Nowak. 1988.  The invasion of highlands in Galapagos by the red quinine-tree Cinchona succirubra.  Environmental Conservation, 15: 215-220.

 

Maceina, M. J.., M.F. Cichra, R.K. Betsill, and P.W. Bettoli. 1992.  Limnological changes in a large reservoir following vegetation removal by grass carp.  Journal of Fresbwater Ecology, 7: 81-95.

 

MacFadyen, A.  1957.  Animal Ecology:  Aims and Methods.  Pitman & Sons, London.  255 p.

 

MacFayden, A.  1963.  Animal Ecology, Aims and Methods, 2nd ed.  Isaac Pitman & Sons, London.  344 p.

 

MacGill, E. I.  1923.  The life-history of Aphidius avenae (Hal.), a braconid parasite of the nettle aphis (Macrosiphum urticae).  Roy. Soc. Edinb. Proc. 43:  51-71.

 

MacGill, E. I.  1934.  On the biology of Anagrus atomus (L.) Hal.:  an egg parasite of the leaf-hopper, Erythroneura pallidifrons Edwards.  Parasitol. 26:  57-63.

 

MacGillivray, A. D.  1909.  A new genus and some new species of Tenthredinidae.  Canad. Ent. 41:  345-46.

 

MacGillivray, A. D. 1921. The Coccldae. Urbana, III.: Scarab; vi + 502 pp.

 

MacGinitie, H. D.  1958.  Climate since the late cretaceous, p. 60-81.  In:  C. L. Hubbs (ed.), Zoogeography.  Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci. Publ. 51.  509 p.

 

Machado da Costa, J., R. N. Williams & M. F. Schuster.  1969.  Cochonilha dos Capins, "Antonina graminis" no Brasil-Parte II-Introducae de Neodusmetia sangwani, inimigo natural da cochoxilha.  O. Biologico 1969; Pesqui. Agropec. Bras. 5:  339-43.

 

Machay, M. L.  1957.  About the ovarial transmission of the Nosema bombycis Naegeli.  Acta Veterinaria Acad. Sci. Hungary 7:  11-18.

 

Machiavelli, N.  1521.  History of Florence.  Transl. by C. E. Detmold.  Boston, Osgood. 1882 (Orig. ed. 1521-25).

 

Mackauer, M.  1959.  Trioxys similis n. sp. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Aphidiinae) eine neue Blattlaus-Schlupfwespe aus Frankreich.  Entomophaga 4:  303-.

 

Mackauer, M.  1962.  Drei neue Blattlaus-Parasiten aus Honkong (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae).  Entomophaga 7:  37-.

 

Mackauer, M.  1963.  Bemerkungen zur Systematik, Verbreitung und Wirtsbindung des Ephedrus persicae- Komplexes [Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae].  Ztschr. angew. Ent. 52:  343-54.

 

Mackauer, M.  1968a.  Insect parasites of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae Sulz., and their control potential.  Entomophaga 12:  91-106.

 

Mackauer, M.  1968b.  Phenotypic polymorphism in aphidius smithi Sharma & Subba Rao [Hymenoptera, Aphidiidae].  Entomophaga 13:  281-8.

 

Mackauer, M.  1969.  Sexual behaviour of and hybridization between three species of Aphidius Nees parasitic on the pea aphid.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 71:  339-51.

 

Mackauer, M.  1971.  Acythosiphon pisum (Harris) pea aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae).  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. (Trinidad) Tech. Commun. 4:  3-10.

 

Mackauer, M.  1972.  Genetic aspects of insect production.  Entomophaga 17:  27-48.

 

Mackauer, M.  1976a.  The sex ratio in field populations of some aphid parasites.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 69:  453-56.

 

Mackauer, M.  1976b.  Genetic problems in the production of biological control agents.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 21:  369-85.

 

Mackauer, M.  1976c.  An upper boundary for the sex ratio in a haplodiploid insect.  Canad. Ent. 108:  1399-1402.

 

Mackauer, M.  1980.  Some aspects of quality and quality control of biological control agents during insectary propagation.  Proc. Vint. Symp. Biol. Contr. Weeds, Brisbane, Australia 1980.  p. 207-20.

 

Mackauer, M.  1986.  Growth and developmental interactions in some aphids and their hymenopterous parasites.  J. Ins. Physiol. 32:  275-80.

 

Mackauer, M. & M. J. Way.  1976a.  Myzus persicae an aphid of world importance, p. 51-117.  In:  V. L. Delucchi (ed.), Studies in Biological Control.  Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

 

Mackauer, M. J. P. & H. E. Bisdee.  1965.  Aphidius smithi Sharma and Subba Rao (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) a parasite of the pea aphid new to southern Ontario.  Ent. Soc. Ontario Proc. (1964) 95:  121-24.

 

Mackauer, M. & A. Campbell.  1972.  The establishment of three exotic aphid parasites (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) in British Columbia.  J. Ent. Soc. Brit. Columbia 69:  54-8.

 

Mackauer, M. and L.E. Ehler, (eds.). Critical Issues in Biological Control.  Intercept, Andover, U.K.

 

Mackauer, M. J. P. & T. Finlayson.  1967.  The hymenopterous parasites (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae et Aphelinidae) of the pea aphid in eastern North America.  Canad. Ent. 99:  1051-82.

 

Mackauer, M. & P. Starý.  1967.  Hym. Ichneumonoidea:  World Aphidiidae.  Index of Entomophagous Insects.  LeFrancois, Paris.  195 p.

 

Mackauer, M. & R. van den Bosch.  1973.  General applicability of evaluation results.  J. Appl. Ecol. 10:  330-5.

 

Mackauer, M., L. E. Ehler & J. Roland (eds.).  1990.  Critical Issues in Biological Control.  Intercept, Andover.

 

Mackay, W P; Greenberg, L; Vinson, S B.  1994.  A comparison of bait recruitment in monogynous and polygynous forms of  the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren.

 J. of the Kansas Entomol. Soc., v.67, n.1, (1994): 133-136.

 

MacKenzie, J. M. D.  1951.  Control of forest populations.  Quart. J. Forest. 42:  95-102.

 

Mackenson, O.  1943.  The occurrence of parthenogenetic females in some strains of honeybees.  J. Econ. Ent. 36:  465-67.

 

Mackerras, M. J.  1933.  Observations on the life histories, nutritional requirements and fecundity of blow-flies.  Bull. Ent. Res. 24:  353-62.

 

Mackie, R.  1957.  The biology of Eumysia idahoensis Mackie.  M.S. Thesis, Univ Idaho, Moscow, ID.

 

MacLagan, D. S. & E. Dunn.  1935.  Experimental analysis of population growth.  Nature, London 135:  33-4.

 

MacLean, B. K.  1966.  Internal parasitism of Bombus spp. in Indiana.  proc. Ent. Soc. Amer., North Cent. Br. 20:  94-5.

 

Macleay, W. S.  1829.  Notice of Ceratitis citriperda, an insect very destructive to orange.  Zool. J. 4:  475-82.

 

MacLellan, C. R.  1954.  The use of the precipitin test in evaluating codling moth predators.  M.A. Thesis, Queens's Univ., Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

 

MacLellan, C. R.  1958.  Role of woodpeckers in control of the codling moth in Nova Scotia.  Canad. Ent. 90:  18-22.

 

MacLellan, C. R.  1959.  Woodpeckers as predators of the codling moth in Nova Scotia.  Canad. Ent. 91:  673-80.

 

MacLellan, C. R.  1960.  Cocooning behaviour of overwintering codling moth larvae.  Canad. Ent. 92:  469-79.

 

MacLellan, C. R.  1962.  Mortality of codling moth eggs and young larvae in an integrated control orchard.  Canad. Ent. 94:  655-66.

 

MacLellan, C. R.  1963.  Predator population and predation on the codling moth in an integrated control orchard--1961.  Me. Ent. Soc. Canad. 32:  41-54.

 

MacLellan, C. R.  1966.  Present status of codling moth populations.  103rd Rept. Nova Scotia Fruit Growers' Assoc.  p. 77-83.

 

MacLellan, C. R.  1971a.  Woodpecker ecology in the apple orchard environment.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Managem. 2:  273-84.

 

MacLellan, C. R., M. D. Proverts and R. P. Jaques.  1971.  Carpocapsa pomonella (L.) codling moth (Lepidoptera: Olethreutidae).  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Commun. 4:  12-15.

 

MacLeod, D. M.  1954a.  Investigations on the genera Beauveria Vuill. and Tritirachium Limber.  Canad. J. Bot. 32:  818-90.

 

MacLeod, D. M.  1954b.  Natural and cultural variation in entomogenous Fungi, Imperfecti.  Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 60:  58-70.

 

MacLeod, D. M.  1959a.  Nutritional studies on the genus Hirsutella.  I.  Growth response in an enriched liquid medium.  Canad. J. Bot. 37:  695-714.

 

MacLeod, D. M.  1959b.  Nutritional studies on the genus Hirsutella.  II.  Nitrogen utilization in a synthetic medium.  Canad. J. Bot. 37:  819-34.

 

MacLeod, D.M. 1963.  Entomophthorales infections, pp. 189-231.  In:Steinhaus, E.A., (ed.). Insect Pathology.- An Advanced Treatise, Volume 2. Academic Press, New York.

 

MacLeod, D. M. & T. C. Lougheed.  1963.  Entomogenous fungi.  Recent Prog. Microbiol., Symposia 8, Internatl. Congr. Microbiol., Montreal, 1962.  p. 141-50.

 

MacLeod, E. G.  1967.  Experimental induction and elimination of adult diapause and autumnal coloration in Chrysopa carnea (Neuroptera).  Insect Physiol. 13:  1343-49.

 

MacNay, C. G.  1957.  Summary of parasite and predator liberations in Canada in 1957.  Canad. Insect Pest Rev. 35:  291-98.

 

MacPhee, A. W.  1964.  Cold-hardiness, habitat and winter survival of some orchard arthropods in Nova Scotia.  Canad. Ent. 96:  617-25.

 

MacPhee, A. W.  1967.  The winter moth, Operophtera brumata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae), a new pest attacking apple orchards in Nova Scotia, and its cold hardiness.  Canad. Ent. 99:  829-34.

 

MacPhee, A. W. & C. R. MacLellan.  1971a.  Cases of naturally-occurring biological control in Canada.  In:  C. B. Huffaker (ed.), "Biological Control."  Plenum Press, N.Y. p. 312-28.

 

MacPhee, A. W. & K. H. Sanford.  1956.  The influence of spray programs on the fauna of apple orchards in Nova Scotia. X. Supplement to VII.  Effects on some beneficial arthropods.  Canad. Ent. 88:  631-34.

 

MacPhee, A. W. & C. R. MacLellan.  1971b (1972?).  Ecology of apple orchard fauna and development of integrated pest control in Nova Scotia.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. on Ecol. Animal Control Habitat Management 3:  197-208.  Tallahassee, Florida, Tall Timbers Res. Station.

 

MacPhee, A. W., L. E. Caltagirone, M. van de Vrie & E. Collyer.  1976.  Biological control of pests of temperate fruits and nuts, p. 337-58.  In:  C. B. Huffaker & P. S. Messenger (eds.), Theory and Practice of Biological Control.  Academic Press, New York.  788 p.

 

Macqueen, A.  1975.  Dung as an insect food source:  dung beetles as competitors of other coprophagous fauna and as targets for predators.  J. Appl. Ecol. 12:  821-27.

 

MacSwain, J. W. 1949. A method for collecting male Stylops. Pan-Pac. Entomo/. 25(2):89-90.

 

MacSwain, J. W.  1956.  A classification of the first instar larvae of the Meloidae (Coleoptera).  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 12:  1-182.

 

MacSwain, J. W.  1966.  Crossroads of the insect world.  Nat. Geographic 130:  844-57.

 

Macubara-Fudziesi.  1965.  Untersuchung der Erkrankungen der unter aseptischen Bedingungen gezüchteten Raupen von Bombyx mori.  Der Einfluss niedriger Temperaturen auf die Induktion der Polyedrosen bei den Raupen, die unter aseptischen Bedingungen mit künstlicher Nahrung gezüchtet wurden.  Bull. Fac. Text. Fibers, Kyoto Univ. Industr. Arts, Text Fibers 4:  291-7.  [in Japanese].

 

Madatov, R. I.  1966.  Die Anwendung von Micerin gegen die Europäische Faulbrut der Honigbiene.  Trudy kazachs. nau…n.-issled. vet. Inst. 12:  255-7.  [in Russian].

 

Madden, J.  1968.  Behavioral responses of parasites to the symbiotic fungus associated with Sirex nictilio F.  Nature (London) 218:  189-90.

 

Madden, J. L.  1970.  Physiological aspects of host tree favourability for the weedwasp, Sirex noctillio F.  Proc. Ecol. Soc. Aust. 3:  147-49.

 

Madden, J. L. & D. Pimentel.  1965.  Density and spatial relationships between a wasp parasite and its housefly host.  Canad. Ent. 97:  1031-7.

 

Maddox, D. M.  1968.  Bionomics of an alligatorweed fleabeetle, Agasicles sp., in Argentina.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 61:  1299-1305.

 

Maddox, D. M. 1973. Amynothrips andersoni (Thysanoptera, Phlaeothripidae), a thrips for the biological control of alligatorweed. I. Host specificity studies. Environ. En- tomol., 2:30-37.

 

Maddox, D. M.  1976.  History of weevils on puncturevine in and near the United States.  Weed Sci. 24: 414-16.

 

Maddox, D. M.  1981.  Seed and stem weevils of puncturevine:  a comparative study of impact, interaction, and insect strategy, p. 447-67.  In:  E. S. Delfosse (ed.), Proceedings V International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, 1980, Brisbane, Australia.

 

Maddox, D. M. & L. A. Andrés.  1979.  Status of puncturevine weevils and their host plants in California.  Calif. Agr. 33:  7-8.

 

Maddox, D. M., and A. Mayfield. 1979. Biology and life history of Amynothrips andersoni, a thrips for the biological control of alligatorweed. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 72(1):136-140;3f.

 

Maddox, D. M. & R. M. McCready.  1975.  Preliminary studies of the effects of an induced phosphage deficiency on carbohydrate-nitrogen ratios in Alternathera philoxeroides [Centrospermae: Amaranthaceae] and on the feeding of Agasicles hygrophila [Col.: Chrysomelidae].  Entomophaga 20:  409-20.

 

Maddox, D. M. & M. E. Resnik.  1968.  Radioisotopes-- a potential means of evaluating the host specificity of phytophagous insects.  J. Econ. Ent. 61:  1499-1502.

 

Maddox, D. M., L. A. Andrés, R. D. Hennessey, R. D. Blackburn & N. R. Spencer.  1971.  Insects to control alligatorweed, an invader of aquatic ecosystems in the United States.  BioScience 21:  985-91.

 

Maddox, J. V.  1973.  The persistence of microsporidia in the environment, p. 99-104.  In:  D. W. Roberts & W. G. Yendol (eds.), Some Recent Advances in Insect Pathology.  Misc. Pub. Ent. Soc. Amer. 9:  99-104.

 

Maddox, J. V.  1987.  Protozoan Diseases, p. 417-52.  In:  J. R. Fuxa & Y. Tanada (eds.), Epizootiology of Insect Diseases.  John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.  555 p.

 

Maddox, J. V.  1991.  The effects of regulations on the use of insect pathogens as biological control agents.  Proc. USDA/CRS Workshop, Regulations and Guidelines: Critical Issues in Biological Control, June 10-12, 1991, Vienna, VA. 

 

Maddox, J. V. & W. H. Luckmann.  1966.  A microsporidian disease of the alfalfa weevil, Hypera postica.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  543-4.

 

Maddox, J. V., W. M. Brooks & J. R. Fuxa.  1981.  Variamorpha necatrix a pathogen of agricultural pests:  potential for pest control, p. 587-94.  In:  H. D. Burges & N. W. Hussey (eds.), Microbial Control of Insects and Mites.  Academic Press, New York.

 

Madeiros, J.L. 1990.  The barn owl: Bermuda's unsung rat control expert.  Monthly Bull., Department ofagriculture, Fisheries and Parks, Bermuda, 61(8): 57-60.

 

Madel, G.  1963.  Beiträge zur Morphologie un Biologie von Meteorus fragilis Wesm. [Hym. Brac.]-- ein Endoparasit des Mondvogels Phalera bucephala L. [Lep., Notodontidae].  Ztschr. anbgew. Ent. 53:  1-47. 

 

Madelin, M. F.  1966a.  Fungal parasites of insects.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 11:  423-48.

 

Madelin, M. F.  1966b.  Trichothecium acridiorum (Trabut) comb. nov. on red locusts.  Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 49:  275-88.

 

Madelin, M. F.  1968.  Fungi parasitic on other fungi and lichens, p. 253-69.  In:  G. C. Ainsworth & A. S. Sussman (eds.), The Fungi, An Advanced Treatise. III. The Fungal Population.  Academic Press, New York.

 

Madhihassan, S.  1960.  Some notes on Aphrastobracon flavipennis Howard [Fam. Braconidae] as a unit in the lac insect-predator-parasite complex in India.  Bull. Ent. 1:  22-4.

 

Madsen, H. F.  1965.  Changing concepts in pest control.  Proc. 13th Ann. Mtg. Conf. Canad. Agric. Chem. Assoc.  62-8.

 

Madsen, H.  1983.  Distribution of Helisoma duryi, an introduced competitor of intermediate hosts of schistosomiasis, in an irrigation scheme in northern Tanzania.  Acta Tropica 40:  297-306.

 

Madsen, H. 1990.  Biological methods for the control of freshwater snails.  Parasitology Today, 6(7): 237-241. 

 

Madsen, H. F. & L. B. McNelly.  1960.  Control of the grape mealybug on apricots.  J. Econ. Ent. 53:  354-57.

 

Madsen, H. F. & C. V. G. Morgan.  1970.  Pome fruit pests and their control.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 15:  295-320.

 

Madsen, H. F. & P. H. Westigard.  1962.  Behavior and control of the grape mealybug on pears.  J. Econ. Ent. 55:  849-50.

 

Madsen, H. F. & T. T. Y. Wong.  1964.  Effects of predators on control of pear psylla.  Calif. Agr. 18(2):  2-3.

 

Madsen, H. F., P. H. Westigard & R. L. Sisson.  1963.  Observations on the natural control of the pear psylla, Psylla pyricola Foerster, in California.  Canad. Ent. 95:  837-44.

 

Madsen, J.D., J.W. Sutherland, J.A. Bloomfield, L.W. Eichler, and C.W. Boylen. 1991.  The decline of native vegetation under dense Eurasian watermilfoil canopies.  Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 29: 94-99. 

 

Madziara-Borusiewicz, K.  1961.  An outbreak of the cecicomyiid P. abietina, a pest of the seeds of spruce, and the appearance of a new parasite of it, A. hohenheimensis.  Folia for. polon., Ser. A, 6:  141-7.  [in Polish].

 

Madziara-Borusiewicz, K.  1967.  Bemerkungen über die in Fichtenzapfen auftretenden Larven von Torymus azureus Boh., Torymus caudatus Boh. und Anogmus hohenheimensis (Ratzb.).  Ztschr. angew. Ent. 59:  54-8.

 

Maeda, S.  1989.  Expression of foreign genes in insects using baculovirus vectors.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 34:  351-72.

 

Maeda, S., K. S. Hagen & G. L. Finney.  1953.  Artificial media and the control of microorganisms in the culture of tephritid larvae (Diptera: Tephritidae).  Proc. Hawaiian Ent. Soc. 15:  177-85.

 

Maeda, S., T. Kawai, M. Obinata, H. Fujiwara, T. Horiuchi, Y. Saeki, Y. Sato & M. Furusawa.  1985.  production of human a-interferon in silkworm using a baculovirus vector.  Nature 315:  592-94.

 

Maelzer, D. A.  1962.  The effect of other organisms on the survival rate of Aphodius tasmaniae Hope [Scarabaeidae] in the lower southeast of South Australia.  Aust. J. Zool. 10:  617-29.

 

Maestri, A.  1856.  Frammenti Anatomici, Fisiologici e Pathologici sul Baco da Seta (Bombyx mori Linn.).  Fratelli Fusi, Pavia.  172 p.

 

Maeta, Y.  1963a.  [Some biological notes on Pseudoxenos iwatai Esaki].  Kontyu 31(1):  1-15.  [in Japanese w/ English summary].

 

Maeta, Y.  1963b.  [Some biological notes on Pseudoxenos iwatai Esaki. II. Its biology and life history].  Kontyu 31(2):  113-26.  [in Japanese w/ English summary].

 

Maeta, Y.  1963c.  [Some biological notes on Pseudoxenos iwatai Esaki. III. Its parasitic position on the body of host wasps].  Kontyu 31(2):  127-38.  [in Japanese w/ English summary].

 

Maeta, Y.  1965.  Some observations on the habits of two predacious coccinellid beetles, Harmonia axyridis Pallas and Coccinella septempunctata bruckii Mulsant.  Tohoku Konchu Kenkyu 1:  83-94.  [in Jananese w/ English summary].

 

Maeto, K. and S. Kudo. 1992.  A new euphorine species of Aridelus (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) associated with a subsocial bug Elasmucha putoni (Heteroptera, Acanthosomatidae).  Japanese journal of Entomol., 60: 77-84. 

 

Magasi, L. P. & P. D. Syme.  1981.  Chapter 52.  Gilpinia hercyinae (Hartig), European spruce sawfly (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae), p. 295-97.  In:  J. S. Kelleher & M. A. Hulme (eds.), Biological Control Programmes Against Insects and Weeds in Canada 1969-1980.  Commonwealth Agr. Bureau, London, England.  410 p.

 

Maggenti, A.R. 1991.  Nemata: higher classification, pp. 147-187.  In:Nickel, W.R., (ed.). Manual of Agric. Nema­tology.  Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.

 

Maggi, V. L. & T. F. Leigh.  1983.  Fecundity response of the two-spotted spider mite to cotton treated with methyl parathion or phosphoric acid.  J. Econ. Ent. 76:  20-25.

 

Magnoler, A.  1967.  L'applicazione di un virus poliedrico nucleare nella lotta contro larve di Lymantria dispar L.  Entomophaga 12:  199-207.

 

Magnoler, A.  1968a.  The differing effectiveness of purified and nonpurified suspensions of the nuclear-polyhedrosis virus of Porthetria dispar.  J. Invertebr. Path. 11:  326-28.

 

Magnoler, A.  1968b.  Laboratory and field experiments on the effectiveness of purified and non-purified nuclear polyhedral virus of Lymantria dispar L.  Entomophaga 13:  335-44.

 

Magnoler, A.  1970a.  A wheat germ medium for rearing of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar L.  Entomophaga 15:  401-6.

 

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Marchal, P.  1900. Sur un nouvel Hymenoptere aquatique.  Le Limnodytes gerriphagus n. gen., n. sp.  Soc. Ent. de France Ann. 69:  171-76.

 

Marchal, P.  1903.  Le cycle evolutif du Polygnotus minutus Lindm.  Soc. Ent. de France Bul. (1903):  90-3.

 

Marchal, P.  1904.  Recherches sur la biologie et le developpement de hymenopteres parasites.  I.  La polyembryonie specifique ou germinogonie.  Arch. de Zool. Exp. et Gen. 2:  257-335.

 

Marchal, P.  1905.  Observations biologiques sur un parasite de la galeruque de l'orme (le Tetrastichus xanthomelaenae).  Bull. Ent. Soc. France (1905):  64-8.

 

Marchal, P.  1906.  Recherches sur la biologie et le developpement des Hymenopteres parasites.  Les Platygasters.  Arch. Zool. Exp. et Gen. 4, Ser. 4:  485-640.

 

Marchal, P.  1907a.  Utilisation des insectes auxiliaries entomophagous dans la lutte contre les insectes nuisibles a l'agriculture.  Ann. Inst. Nat. Agron. 6:  281-354.

 

Marchal, P.  1907b.  Le Cecidomyie des poires, Diplosis (Contarinia) pirivorella Riley.  Soc. Ent. de France Ann. 76:  5-27.

 

Marchal, P.  1908.  The utilization of auxilliary entomophagous insects in the struggle against insects injurious to agriculture.  Pop. Sci. Mon. (Apr.):  352-70; 406-19.  (Ann. Inst. Natl. Agron. English trans. 1908).

 

Marchal, P.  1913.  L'Icerya purchasi en France et l'acclimatation des ennemi d'origine australienne, le Novius cardinalis.  Ann. Epiphyti 1:  13-26.

 

Marchal, P.  1921.  L'utilisation des coccinelles contre les insectes nuisibles aux cultures dans le midi de la France.  C. R. Hebdom.  Acad. Sci., Paris 172:  105-07.

 

Marchal, P.  1922.  Utilisation d'une coccinelle australienne (Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Muls.) dans la lutte contre les cochenilles blanches et son introduction en France.  Ann. du Serv. des Epiphyt. 8:  1-2.

 

Marchal, P.  1927a.  Contribution a l'étude génotypique et phénotypique des Trichogrammes.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. 185:  489-93.

 

Marchal, P.  1927b.  Les lignées naturelles de Trichogrammes.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. 185:  521-3.

 

Marchal, P.  1929.  Les ennemis du puceron lanigere, conditions biologiques et cosmiques de sa multiplication.  Ann. Epiphyt. 15:  125-81.

 

Marchal, P.  1933.  Sur quelques habitants des Chaumes des Toitures Eriades maxillosus L. (Hym. Apidae) et ses parasites, principalement Trichodes alvearius F. (Col. Cleridae).  Bull. & Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1933:  8-9, 227-58.

 

Marchal, P.  1936.  Recherches sur la biologie et le developpement des Hymenopteres parasites.  Les Trichogrammes.  Ann. Ephiphytes 2:  447-550; 567.

 

Marchal, P.  1949.  Les ennemis du Puceron lanigere, conditions biologiques et cosmiques de sa multiplication-traitements.  Ann. Epiphyt. (Paris) 15:  125-81.

 

Marchal, P. & R. Pussard.  1938.  Acclimatation de Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Muls.  C. R. Acad. Agr. Fr. 24:  972-76.

 

Marches, G. & K. Fabritius.  1978.  Influence of pesticides on the fauna:  aspects of ecological balance disturbance in wild fauna due to pesticides, p. 249-59.  In:  Probleme de Ecologie terestra.  Academiei, Bucuresti.  [in Romanian w/ English summary]

 

Marco, R. I.  1959.  Notes on the biological control of pests of agriculture in Chile.  Food & Agr. Organ. Plant Protect. Bull. 8:  25-30.

 

Marcovitch, S. 1935.  Experimental evidence on the value of strip farming as a method for the natural control of injurious insects with special reference to plant lice.  J. Econ. Entomol., 28: 62-70.

 

Marcovitch, S.  1954.  The insect pest situation in Israeli agriculture.  J. Econ. Ent. 47:  19-23.

 

Marcovitch, S.  1958.  Some climatic relations of armyworm outbreaks.  J. Tennessee Acad. Sci. 33:  348-50.

 

Marelli, C. A.  1928.  Estudio sobre una peste de los eucalyptos descubierta en el Argentina.  Mem. Jardin Zool. La Plata 3:  51-183.

 

Marelli, C. A.  1930a.  Experiencia de baginete con una segunda generación Argentina de la avispa destructora de los desoves del gorgojo de los eucalyptos.  Maderil 3(29):  8-10.

 

Marelli, C. A.  1930b.  La tercera generación del microhymenoptero predator çtil a los eucalyptus obtenida durante noviembre en el Bosque de La Blata.  Maderil 3(30):  8-10.

 

Marelli, C. A.  1930c.  Liberaciones del parásito del gorgojo de los eucalyptos efectuados el el Bosque de la Plata.  El Argentino 9382:  2.

 

Marelli, C. A.  1959.  Summary of parasite and predator liberations in Canada and of insect shipments from Canada in 1959.  Canad. Insect Pest Rev. 37:  252-64.

 

Margalef, R.  1968.  Perspectives in Ecological Theory.  Univ. Chicago Press, Ill.  111 p.

 

Margalit, J., E. Davidson, I. Asher, H. Dulmage, R. Faust, A. Navon, A. Tahori, M. Wysoki & A. Younsten.  1989.  Recommendation of the Workshop on "Bacterial Control of Agricultural and Medically Important Insects.  A Global Prospective."  Israel J. Ent. 23:  1-2.

 

Margolies, D. C.  1987.  Conditions eliciting aerial dispersal behavior in banks grass mite, Oligonychus pratensis (Acari: Tetranychidae).  Environ. Ent. 16:  928-32.

 

Margulis, L., J.0. Corliss, M. Melkonian, and DJ.  Chapman. 1990.  Handbook of Protoctista.  Jones and Bartlett, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

 

Mariau, D.  1966.  Aspects du problème de l'Oryctes en Côte d'Ivoire.  Oléagineux, Paris 21:  159-62.

 

Mariconi, F. A. M. & A. P. L. Zamith.  1959.  [Notes on a coccid and its predator].  Biologico 25(12):  258-65.

 

Mariconi, F. A. M. & A. P. L. Zamith.  1960.  [Contribution to the knowledge of Mimosicerya hempeli (Homoptera, Margarodidae) and its predator Exoplectra erythrogaster (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae)].  Ann. Escola Super. Agric., "Luiz Queiroz," 17:  223-38.  [English summary].

 

Mariel, P., H. J. Svec & C. R. Harris.  1975.  Mass rearing of the carrot weevil, Listronotus oregonensis [Coleoptera: Curculionidae], under controlled environmental conditions.  Canad. Ent. 107:  95-98.

 

Markell, E. K., and M. Voge. 1958. Diagnostic Medical Parasitology. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 276 pp., 115 f.

 

Marikovskij, P. I.  1962.  Versuche zur Ansiedlung von Formica rufa L. zum Zwecke des Forstschutzes vor Schadinsekten.  Sbornik:  Ochrana prirody Sibiri i Dal'n. Vost. Sib. Otdel. Akad. nauk SSSR 1:  174-82.  [in Russian].

 

Marikovskij, P. I.  1963.  Experimental colonization of Formica rufa L. to protect forests against pest insects.  Sb. Zasc. Les. Sibir Nasekomych-vredet. Akad. Nauk. S.S.S.R..  p. 85-9.  [in Russian].

 

Marikovskij, P. I., K. Z. Kulenova & A. T. Tilmenbaev.  1963.  Über die Aussichten der biologischen Bekämpfung von Hyponomeuta malinella in Kazachstan.  Trudy inst. zool., Akad. nauk Kaz.SSR 21:  3-15.  [in Russian].

 

Marion, A. F.  1880.  Application du Sulfure de Carbone au Traitement des Vignes Phylloxérées.  Rapport sur les travaux de l'année 1879.  Vol. 4.  Compagnie des Chemins de Fer de Paris a Lyon et a la Méditerranée.  Paul Dupont, Paris.  118 p.

 

Markin, G.P. 1970a.  Foraging behavior of the Argentine ant in a California citrus grove.  J. Econ. Entomol., 63: 740-744.

 

Markin, G.P. 1970b.  The seasonal life cycle of the Argentine ant, Irldomymrex bumilis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in southern California.  Ann. Entomol. Soc. of Amer., 63: 1238-1242.

 

Markin, G.P. 1982.  Alien plant management by biological control, pp. 70-73.  In:Stone, C.P. and D.B Stone, (eds.). Conservation Biology in Hawaii.  University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A.

 

Markin, G.P., L.A. Dekker, I.A. Lapp, and R.F Nagata. 1988.  Distribution of the weed gorse (Lqex europaeus L.), a noxious weed in Hawaii.  Bull. of the Hawaiian Botanical Soc., 27:110-117.

 

Markin, G.P., R.F. Nagata, and G. Taniguchi. 1989.  Biology and behavior of the South Amer. moth, Cyanotricha necyria (Felder and Rogenhofer) (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae), a potential biocontrol agent in Hawaii of the forest weed, Passifora mollissinta (HBK) Bailey.  Proc. of the Hawaii. Entomol. Soc., 29:115-123.

 

Markin, G.P., Po-Yung Lai, and G.Y. Funasaki. 1992.  Status of biological control of weeds in Hawai'i and implications for managing native ecosystems, pp. 466-482.  In:Stone, C.P., C.W. Smith, andj.T. Tunison, (eds.). Alien Plant Invasions in Native Ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and Research.  University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A.

 

Markkula, M. & J. Rautapää.  1963.  Three aphidiids and one pteromalid parasitizing Rubus aphids.  Ann. Agr. Fenn. 2:  103-4.

 

Markkula, M. & K. Tittanen.  1985.  Biology of the midge Aphidoletes and its potential for biological control, p. 74-81.  In:  N. W. Hussey & N. E. A. Scopes (eds.), Biological Pest Control - The Glasshouse Experience.  Blandford, Poole, Dorset.

 

Markkula, M., K. Tittanen & M. Nieminen.  1972.  Experiences of cucumber growers on control of the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus telarius (L.), with the phytoseiid mite Phytoseiulus persimilis A.H.  Ann. Agr. Fenn. 11:  74-8.

 

Markkula, M., K. Tittanen, N. Hamalanen & A. Forsberg.  1979.  The aphid midge Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) and its use in biological control of aphids.  Ann. Ent. Fenn. 45:  89-98.

 

Markle, G. M.  1985.  IR-4 Newsletter.  Biorationals Program 16:  4-5.

 

Marko, M D; Antolin, M F; Stermitz, F R.  1995.  The effect of incorporated delphinium alkaloids by C. sulphurea on a generalist and a specialist insect herbivore. (Annual Meeting of the Ecological Soc. of Amer. on the Transdisciplinary Nature of... Bull. of the Ecological Soc. of Amer., v.76, n.2 SUPPL. PART 2, 168.

 

Markofsky, J. & J. R. Matias.  1979.  Waterborne vectors of disease in tropical and subtropical areas; and a novel approach to mosquito control using annual fish, p. H-1, H-17.  In:Proc. University Seminar on Pollution and Water Resources, Halasi-Kun (ed.).  Vol. 21: Columbia University.

 

Markwick, N. D.  1974.  A comparative study of four housefly parasites (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).  Ph.D. Thesis, Victoria Univ. of Wellington, New Zealand.  333 p.

 

Markwick, N. P.  1986.  Detecting variability and selecting for pesticide resistance in two species of phytoseiid mites.  Entomophaga 31:  225-36.

 

Marlatt, C. L.  1898.  A brief historical survey of the science of entomology, with an estimate of what has been, and wht remains to be accomplished.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 4:  83-120.

 

Marlatt, C. L.  1901.  The scale insect and mite enemies of citrus trees.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Yrbk. (1900).  p. 247-90.

 

Marlatt, C. L.  1902a.  Preliminary report on the importation and present status of the asiatic ladybird.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Div. Ent. Bull. 37:  78-84.

 

Marlatt, C. L.  1902b.  Predatory insectrs which affect the usefulness of scale-feeding Coccinellidae.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 37:  84-87.

 

Marlatt, C. L.  1904.  The discovery of the native home of the San Jose scale in eastern China and the importation of its natural enemy.  Pop. Sci. Mo. 65:  306-17.

 

Marlatt, C. L.  1906.  The San Jose or Chinese scale.  U. S. Dept. Agr., Bur. Ent. Bull. 62:  89 p.

 

Marlatt, C. L.  1910.  The horn fly (Haematobia serrata Rob.-Desv.)  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Ent. Circ. 115.  13 p.

 

Marlatt, C. L.  1915.  Cockroaches.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Farmers Bull. 658.  15 p.

 

Marlowe, R. H.  1934.  An artificial food medium for the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata).  J. Econ. Ent. 28:  1100.

 

Marriner, T. F. (or F. T.?).  1932.  A Coccinellidae parasite.  Naturalist 909:  221-22.

 

Marriner, F. T.  Movements of Coccinellidae.  1939.  Ent. REc. 51:  104-06.

 

Marriott, S.  1943.  Breeding jassid-resistant cotton varieties.  Queensland Agr. J. 57:  204-06.

 

Marrow, J.  1959.  The relationship of soils, precipitation, phosphorous fertilization and life stock grazing to vegetational composition and forage production of native vegetation on the Encino Division of the King Ranch.  Ph.D. Thesis, Texas A. & M. Univ., College Station., TX.

 

Marschall, K. J.  1970.  Introduction of a new virus disease of coconut rhinoceros beetle in Western Samoa.  Nature 225:  288-89.

 

Marsden, J. S., G. E. Martin, D. J. Parham, T. J. Ridsdill-Smith & B. G. Johnston.  1980.  Returns on Australian agricultural research.  The joint Industries Assistance Commission--CSIRO benefit-cost study of the CSIRO Div. Ent., Canberra.  107 p.

 

Marsh, F. L.  1937.  Biology of the ichneumonid Spilocryptus extrematis Cresson.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 30:  40-2.

 

Marsh, P. M. 1963. A key to the nearctic subfamilies of the family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 56(4): 522-527; 29 f.

 

Marsh, P. M.  1968.  A new species of Alysia parasitic on carrion-infesting flies.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 70:  208-10.

 

Marsh, P. M.  1977.  Notes on the taxonomy and nomenclature of Aphidius species [Hym.: Aphidiidae] parasitic on the pea aphid in North America.  Entomophaga 22:  365-72.

 

Marshall, I. D.  1959.  The influence of ambient temperature in the course of myxomatosis in rabbits.  J. Hyg. 57:  484-97.

 

Marshall, I. D.  1963.  Use of disease causing organisms in pest control, emphasizing Myxomatosis in rabbits.  Proc. 1st Internatl. Conf. Wildlife Disease, Wildlife Dis. Assoc., High View, New York, 24-27 June 1962.  p. 373-88.

 

Marshall, I. D. & G. W. Douglas.  1961.  Studies in the epidemiology of infectious myxomatosis of rabbits.  VIII.  Further observations on changes in the innate resistance of Australian wild rabbits exposed to myxomatosis.  J. Hyg. 59:  117-22.

 

Marshall, I. D. & F. Fenner.  1960.  Studies in the epidemiology of infectious myxomatosis of rabbits.  VII.  The virulence of strains of myxoma virus recovered from Australian wild rabbits between 1951 and 1959.  J. Hyg. 58:  485-88.

 

Marshall, I. D. & D. C. Regnery.  1963.  Studies in the epidemiology of myxomatosis in California.  III.  The response of brush rabbits (Sylvilagus bachmani) to infection with exotic and enzootic strains of myxoma virus, and the relative infectivity of the tumors for mosquitoes.  Amer. J. Hyg. 77:  213-19.

 

Marshall, I. D., D. C. Regnery & G. Grodhaus.  1963.  Studies in the epidemiology of myxomatosis in California.  I.  Observations on two outbreaks of myxomatosis in coastal California and the recovery of myxoma virus from a brush rabbit (Sylvilagus bachmani).  Amer. J. Hyg. 77:  195-204. (II & III = 204-19).

 

Marshall, J.  1942.  The apple mealybug, Phenacoccus aceris Sig. and its control by dormant spray.  Sci. Agr., Canada 22:  727-32.

 

Marshall, J.  1953.  A decade of pest control in British Columbia orchards.  Ent. Soc. Br. Columbia Proc. 49:  7-11.

 

Marshall, J.  1963a.  Background for integrated spraying in the orchards of British Columbia.  Brit. Colum. Fruit Grower Assoc., Quart. Rept. 7(4):  19-24.

 

Marshall, J.  1963b.  Thoughts on integration.  Canad. Dept. Agr., Res. Br., Ent. Newslet. 41(5):  1-2.

 

Marshall, J.  1963c.  Can we eradicate the codling moth?  West. Fruit Grower, San Francisco 17(4):  19-20.

 

Marshall, J. V. & A. D. Pickett.  1944.  The present status of the apple mealybug, Phenacoccus aceris Sig. in British Columbia and Nova Scotia.  Canad. Ent. 76:  19.

 

Marshall, M. Y.  1954.  Notes on the Malachiidae.  Coleopt. Bull. 8(1):  28.

 

Marston, N. B. Campbell & P. E. Boldt.  1975.  Mass producing eggs of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella (L.).  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 1510.

 

Martel, P. & M. L. Sharma.  1970.  Quelques notes sur Microweisea marginata (LeConte) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), predateur de la cochenille du pin, Phenacaspis pinifoliae (Fitch).  Ann. Soc. Ent. Quebec 49:  62-5.

 

Martelli, G.  1907.  Contribuzioni alla biologia della Pieris brassicae L. et di Alcuni suosi parassiti et iperparassiti.  Portici Scuola Sup. di Agr. Bol. 170-224.

 

Martelli, G.  1908.  Osservazioni fatte sulle cocciniglie dell'olivo e loro parassiti in Puglia ed in Calabria.  Portici Scuola Super. di Agr. Lab. Zool. Gen. e Agr. Bol. 2:  217-96.

 

Martelli, G.  1910.  Notizie sui costumi del Cerapterocerus corniger (Walk.).  Portici Scuola Super. di Agr. Lab. Zool. Gen. e Agr. Bol. 4:  325-26.

 

Martelli, G.  1913.  La Thea 22-punctata L. e solamente micofaga.  Giorn. Agr. Merid., Messina 6:  10-12, 189-95.

 

Marten, G.G. 1990.  Elimination of Aedes albopictus from tire piles by introducing Macrocyclops albidus (Copepoda, Cyclopidae).  Journal of the Amer. Mosquito Control Assoc., 6(4): 689-693.

 

Martens, J. W. M., G. Honee, D. Zuidema, J. W. M. van Lent, B. Visser & J. M. Vlak.  1990.  Insecticidal activity of a bacterial crystal protein expressed by a recombinant baculovirus in insect cells.  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:  2764-70.

 

Martignoni, M. E.  1957.  Contributo alla conoscenza di una granulosi di Eucosma griseana (Hübner) (Tortricidae, Lepidoptera) quale fattore limitante il pullulamento dell'insetto nella Engadina alta.  Mitteil. schweiz. Anst. forst. Versuchwesen 32:  371-418.

 

Martignoni, M. E.  1959.  Preparation of glass needles for microinjection.  J. Insect Path. 1:  294-6.

 

Martignoni, M. E.  1960.  Problems of insect tissue culture.  Experentia 16:  125-8.

 

Martignoni, M. E.  1964a.  Mass production of insect pathogens, p. 579-609.  In:  P. DeBach (ed.), Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds.  Reinhold, New York.

 

Martignoni, M. E.  1964b.  Pathophysiology in the insect.  Ann. REv. Ent. 9:  179-206.

 

Martignoni, M. E. & C. Auer.  1957.  Bekämpfungsversuch gegen Eucosma griseana (Hübner) (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) mit einem Granulosis-Virus.  Mitteil. schweiz. Anst. forst. Versuchwesen 33:  73-93.

 

Martignoni, M. E. and P.J. lwai. 1981.  A catalogue of viral diseases of insects, mites and ticks, pp. 897-911.  In:Burges, H.D., (ed.). Microbial Control of Pests and Plant Diseases, 1970-1980.  Acaden Acdemic Press, London.

 

Martignoni, M. E. & R. L. Langston.  1960.  Supplement to an annotated list and bibliography of insects reported to have virus diseases.  Hilgardia 30:  1-40.

 

Martignoni, M. E. & J. E. Milstead.  1962.  Trans-ovum transmission of the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of Colias eurytheme Boisduval through contamination of the female genitalis.  J. Insect Pathol. 4:  113-21.

 

Martignoni, M. E. & J. E. Milstead.  1967.  Glutamate-asparate transaminase activity in the blood plasma of an insect during the course of two viral diseases.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60:  428-31.

 

Martignoni, M. E. & R. J. Scallion.  1961a.  Miltiplication in vitro of a nuclear polyhedrosis virus in insect amoebocytes.  Nature 190:  1133-4.

 

Martignoni, M. E. & R. J. Scallion.  1961b.  Preparation and uses of hemocyte monolayers in vitro.  Biol. Bull. 121:  507-20.

 

Martignoni, M. E. & P. Schmid.  1961.  Studies on the resistance to virus infections in natural populations of Lepidoptera.  J. Insect Pathol. 3:  62-74.

 

Martin, C. H.  1928.  Biological studies of two hymenopterous parasites of aquatic insect eggs.  Ent. Amer. 8:  105-56.

 

Martin, C. H.  1946.  Influence of characteristics of the puncture in potatoes on parasitism of potato tuber moth by Macrocentrus ancylivorus.  J. Econ. Ent. 39:  516-21.

 

Martin, C. H. 1968. The new family Leptogastridae (the grass flies) compared with the Asilidae (robber flies) (Diptera).  J. Kan. Entomol. Soc., 41 (1): 70-100: 137 f.

 

Martin, C. H. & G. L. Finney.  1946.  Control of the sex ratio in Macrocentrus ancylivorus.  J. Econ. Ent. 39:  269-99 (29-35?).

 

Martin, F.  1914a.  Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des polyembryonalen Chalcidiers Ageniaspis (Encyrtus) fusicollis Dalm.  Ph.D. Thesis, Zool. Inst. Univ. Leipzig.  p. 419-79.

 

Martin, F.  1914b.  Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des polyembryonalen Chalcidiers Ageniaspis (Encyrtus) fuscicollis.  Ztschr. f. Wiss. Zool. 110:  419-79.

 

Martin, J. C.  1956.  A taxonomic revision of the Triaspidine braconid wasps of Nearctic America (Hymenoptera).  Canada Dept. Agr., Ottawa Publ. 965.

 

Martin, N.A. and j.R. Dale. 1989.  Monitoring greenhouse whitefly puparia and parasitism: A decision approach.  New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 17: 115-123.

 

Martin, O. H.  1946.  The effect of humidity on the oviposition activity of Macrocentrus ancylivorus.  J. Econ. Ent. 39:  419.

 

Martin, P. A. W.  1994.  An iconoclastic view of Bacillus thuringiensis ecology.  Ameerican Entomologist, 40: 85-50. 

 

Martin, P. B., P. D. Lingren, G. L. Greene & R. L. Ridgway.  1976.  Parasitization of two species of Plusiinae and Heliothis spp. after release of Trichogramma pretiosum in seven crops.  Environ. Ent. 5:  991.

 

Martin, P. B., R. L. Ridgway & C. E. Schultze.  1978.  Physical and biological evaluation of an encapsulated diet for rearing Chrysopa carnea. Fla. Ent. 61:  145-52.

 

Martin, P. S.  1958.  Pleistocene ecology and biogeography of North America, p. 375-420.  In:  C. L. Hubbs (ed.), Zoogeography.  Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci. Publ. 51:  509 p.

 

Martin, S. B., G. S. Abawi & H. C. Hoch.  1985.  Biological control of soilborne pathogens with antagonists. p. 433-54.  In:  M. A. Hoy & D. C. Herzog (eds.), Biological Control in Agricultural IPM Systems.  Academic Press, Orlando.

 

Martin, W.R., Jr., D.A. Nordlund, and W.C. Nettlesjr. 1990.  Response of parasitoid Eucelatoria bayanito selected plant material in an olfactometer.  J. Chem. Ecol., 16: 499-508.

 

Martineau, R.  1963a.  Natural factors regulating populations of the European spruce sawfly, Diprion hercyniae (Hts.) in southern Quebec.  Canad. Ent. 95:  317-26.

 

Martineau, R.  1963b.  Dispositif pratique pour le velevé individuel des éclosions de diptères et hyménoptères.  Ann. Soc. Ant., Québec 8:  44-5.

 

Martinek, V.  1958.  Contribution à la connaissance de la bionomie et de la dynamique des populations de Pteronidea salicis L. [Hym., Tenthredinidae].  Zoologické Listy (Folia zoologica) 7(1):  1-20.  [in Czech].

 

Martinek, V.  1963.  Versuche mit der Anzucht der Eiparasiten der Gattung Trichogramma [Hymenoptera, Trichogrammidae] aus den Eiern der Waldschädlinge im Labor.  Práce výzk. Ust. lesn „SSR 27:  65-101.  [in Czech].

 

Martinek, V.  1967.  Die Möglichkeit der Bestimmung des Types des Regulationsmechanismus bei Forstschädlingen durch Analyse der Gradationskurve der Gemeinen Fichtengespinstblattwespe (Cephaleia abietis (L.)).  Ochr. Rostl. Praha 3:  141-50.  [In Czech].

 

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<MC.REF>

 

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McClay, A. S.  1987.  Observations on the biology and host specificity of Epiblema strenuana [Lepidoptera: Tortricidae], a potential biocontrol agent for Parthenium hyterophorus [Compositae].  Entomophaga 23-34.

 

McClay, A.S. 1989.  Selection ofsuitable Target Weedsfor ClassicalBiological Control in Alberta.  Alberta Environmental Centre, Vegreville, AECV89-RI.

 

McClay, A S; Palmer, W A; Bennett, F D; Pullen, K R.  1995.  Phytophagous arthropods associated with Parthenium hysterophorus (Asteraceae) in North America.  Environ. Entomol., v.24, n.4, (1995): 796-809.

 

McClay, Alec; De Clerck-Floate, Rosemarie.  1999.   Establishment and early effects of Omphalapion hookeri (Kirby)  (Coleoptera: Apionidae) as a biological control agent for scentless chamomile, Matricaria perforata Merat (Asteraceae).  Biological Control, v.14, n.2, (1999. Feb.): 85-95.

 

McClelland, G. A. H.  1972.  Control of Stegomyia:  achievements and prspects.  Unpubl. Contrib. to Symposium, 14th Int. Cong. Ent., Canberra.

 

McClelland, G. A. H.  1974.  Some man-made mosquito problems in Africa and prospects for their rational solution.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Managem. 5:  27-41.

 

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McClure, M. S.  1977.  Parasitism of the scale insect Fiorinia externa (Homoptera: Diaspididae) by Aspidiotiphagus citrinus (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in a hemlock forest:  density dependence.  Environ. Ent. 6:  551-55.

 

McClure, M. S.  1980.  Foliar nitrogen:  a basis for host suitability for elongate hemlock seeds, Fiorinia externa (Homoptera: Diaspididae).  Ecology 61:  72-9.

 

McCoid, M. J.  1991.  Brown tree snake (Boiga ir-regularis) on Guam: A worst case scenario of an introduced predator. Micronesica Supplement, 3: 63-69.

 

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McColloch, J. W. & S. C. Salmon.  1923.  The resistance of wheat to the Hessian fly-- a progress report.  J. Econ. Ent. 16:  293-98.

 

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McConnachie, A.J.; de Wit, M.P.; Hill, M.P.; Byrne, M.J.  2003.  Economic evaluation of the successful biological control of Azolla filiculoides in South Africa. Biological Control 28 (1), 25-32.

 

McConnell, E. & A. G. Richards.  1959.  The production by Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner of heat-stable substance toxic for insects.  Canad. J. Microbiol. 5:  161-8.

 

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McCoy, C. E. & T. A. Brindley.  1961.  Biology of the four-spotted fungus beetle, Glischrochilus q. quadrisignatus and its effect on European corn borer populations.  J. Econ. Ent. 54(4):  713-17.

 

McCoy, C. W.  1963.  Mass liberation of laboratory reared parasites, Spalangia muscidarum (Richardson) for control of Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) and Musca domestica (L.) in Lancaster County, Nebraska.  M.S. Thesis, Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln.

 

McCoy, C. W.  1965.  Biological control studies of Musca domestica and Fannia sp. on southern California poultry ranches.  Proc. 33rd Ann. Conf. Calif. Mosq. Contr. Assoc., Inc., Jan.  p. 40-2.

 

McCoy, C. W.  1967.  Biosystematic and field studies of two parasites of the Muscidifurax raptor complex (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) with particular reference to sex determination. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of California, Riverside.

 

McCoy, C.W 1981.  Pest control by the fungus Himutelia thompsonii, pp. 499-512.  In:Burges, H.D., (ed.). Microbial Control of Pests and Plant Diseases, 1970-1980.  Academic Press, London.

 

McCoy, C. W.  1981.  Fungi:  Pest control by Hirsutella thompsonii, Chapter 26, p. 499-512.  In:  H. D. Burges (ed.), Microbial Control of Insects, Mites and Plant Diseases.  Academic Press, London.

 

McCoy, C. W.  1990.  Entomogenous fungi as microbial pesticides, p. 139-59.  In:  R. R. Baker & P. E. Dunn (eds.), New Directions in Biological Control:  Alternatives For Suppressing Agricultural Pests and Diseases.  Alan R. Liss, New York.

 

McCoy, C W.  1996.   Pathogens of eriophyoid mites.   Lindquist, E. E., M. W. Sabelis and J. Bruin (Ed.). World Crop Pests,  Vol. 6. Eriophyoid mites: Their biology, natural enemies and control. xxxii+790p. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V.: Amsterdam, Netherlands; New York, New York, USA. ISBN 0-444-88628-1. 1996. p. 481-490.

 

McCoy, C. W. & L. G. Albrigo.  1975.  Feeding injury to the orange caused by the citrus rust mite, Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Prostigmata: Eriophyidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 68:  289-97.

 

McCoy, C. W. & T. L. Couch.  1982.  Microbial control of the citrus rust mite with the mycoacaracide Mycar.  Florida Ent. 65:  116-27.

 

McCoy, C. W. & A. M. Heimpel.  1980.  Safety of potential mycoacaracide, Hirsutella thompsonii to vertebrates.  Environ. Ent. 9:  24-49.

 

McCoy, C. W. & R. F. Kanavel.  1969.  Isolation of Hirsutella thompsonii from the citrus rust mite Phyllocoptruta oleivora, and its cultivation on various synthetic media.  J. Invert. Pathol. 14:  386-90.

 

McCoy, C. W. & A. G. Selhime.  1971.  Influence of some natural enemies on black scale, Saissetia spp., in Florida.  J. Econ. Ent. 64:  213-17.

 

McCoy, C. W., A. J. Hill & R. F. Kanavel.  1975.  Large-scale production of the fungal pathogen Hirsutella thompsonii in submerged culture and its formulation for application in the field.  Entomophaga 20:  229-40.

 

McCoy, C. W., R. A. Samson & D. G. Boucias.  1988.  Entomogenous fungi, p. 151-243.  In:  C. M. Ignoffo (ed.), Handbook of Natural Pesticides, Vol. 5, Microbial Insecticides, Part A.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

 

McCoy, E. E. & C. W. Carver.  1941.  A method for obtaining spores of the fungus Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. in quantity.  J. New York Ent. Soc. 49:  205-10.

 

McCoy, E. E. & H. B. Girth.  1938.  The culture of Neoplectana glaseri on veal pulp.  New Jersey Dept. Agr. Bur. Plant Indus. Circ. 285.  12 p.

 

McCoy, E. E. & R. W. Glaser.  1936.  Nematode culture for Japanese beetle control.  New Jersey Dept. Agr. Bur. Plant Indust. Circ. 265.  9 p.

 

McCray, E. M., Jr. & H. F. Schoof.  1967.  Mist application of chemosterilants to adult male Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  60-3.

 

McCray, E. M., Jr., D. J. Womeldorf, R. C. Husbands & D. A. Eliason.  1973.  Laboratory observations and field tests with Lagenidium against California mosquitoes.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Control Assoc. 41:  123-28.

 

McCullough, F. S.  1981.  Biological control of the snail intermediate host of human Schistosoma spp.:  a review of its present stature and future proposals.  Acta Tropica 38:  5-13.

 

McCullough, T.  1966.  Feeding habits of Calosoma scrutator in captivity (Coleoptera: Carabidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  864.

 

McCutchen, B. F., P. V. Choudary, E. Fowler, B. D. Hammock & S. Maeda.  1991.  Development of a recombinant baculovirus expressing an insect-selective neurotoxin.  Abst. Pacific Branch Ent. Soc. Amer. 46.

 

McDaniel, S. G. & W. L. Sterling.  1979.  Predator determination and efficiency of Heliothis virescens eggs in cotton using P 32. Environ. Ent. 8:  1083-87.

 

McDaniel, S.G. and W.L. Sterling. 1982.  Predation of Heliothis virescens (F.) eggs on cotton in east Texas.  Environ. Entomol., 11: 60-66.

 

McDermott, G J; Hoy, M A.  1997.  Persistence and containment of Metaseiulus occidentalis (Acari:  Phytoseiidae) in Florida: Risk assessment for possible releases of  transgenic strains.   Florida Entomologist, v.80, n.1, (1997): 42-53.

 

McDonald, F. J.  1974.  The future of chemical sterilants in entomology, their use against insect populations in the field, and their mammalian toxicity and hazards, p. 225-38.  In:  R. Pal & M. J. Whitten (eds.), The Use of Genetics in Insect Control.  Amer. Elsevier, New York.

 

McDonald, G. & G. A. Buchanan.  1981.  The mosquito and predatory insect fauna inhabiting fresh-water ponds, with particular reference to Culex annulirostris Skuse (Diptera: Culicidae).  Aust. J. Ecology 6:  21-27.

 

McDonald, I. A. W., F. J. Kruger & A. A. Ferrar (eds.).  1986.  The ecology and management of biological invasions.  Proc. Natl. Synth. Symp. on the Ecology of Biological Invasions.  Oxford Univ. Press, Cape Town, S. Africa.  324 p.

 

McDonald, I. C.  1970.  Population cage studies with wild-type and mutant strains of the house fly.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 63:  187-91.

 

McDonald, I. C.  1971.  A male-producing strain of the house fly.  Science 172:  489.

 

McDonald, I. C. & D. E. Overland.  1972.  Temperature-sensitive mutations in the house fly:  The characterization of heat-sensitive recessive lethal factors on autosome III.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  1364-68.

 

McDonald, L. B., J. Manly, S. Lockwood & J. Logan.  1989.  Estimation and analysis of insect populations.  Springer-Verlag, New York.  492 p.

 

McDonald, L.L., B.F.J. Manly, J. Lockwood, and J. Logan, (eds.). 1989.  Estimation and analysis of insect Populations.   Springer-Veriag, New York.

 

McDonald, P. T. & K. S. Rai.  1971.  Population control potential of heterozygous translocations as determined by computer simulations.  Bull. WHO 44:  829-45.

 

McDougall, S J; Mills, N J.  1997a.   Dispersal of Trichogramma platneri Nagarkatti (Hym., Trichogrammatidae) from point-source releases in an apple orchard in California.  J. of Applied Entomol., v.121, n.4, (1997): 205-209.

 

McDougall, S J; Mills, N J.  1997b.  The influence of hosts, temperature and food sources on the longevity of Trichogramma platneri.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, v.83, n.2, (1997): 195-203.

 

McDuffie, W. C.  1945.  The legume weevil Hypera brunneipennis (Boh.) during the season 1941-1942.  Spec. Publ. Calif. Dep. Agr. No. 209:  27-8.

 

McDuffie, W. C., J. B. Gahan, A. N. Davis & G. C. LaBrecque.  1962.  Highlights of recent research on mosquito control by the Entomology Research Division. U.S.D.A.  Proc. New Jersey Mosq. Extermin. Assoc. 49:  16-27.

 

McEvoy, P. and C. Cox. 1991.  Successful biological control of ragwort, Senecio jacobaea, by introduced insects in Oregon.  Ecological Applications, 1: 430-442.

 

McEvoy, P. B., C. S. Cox, R. R. James & N. T. Rudd.  1990a.  Ecological mechanisms underlying successful biological weed control:  field experiments with ragwort Senecio jacobaea.  Proc. 7th Intl. Symp. Biol. Contr. Weeds, 6-11 Mar 1988, Rome, Italy.  1st Sper. Patol. Veg. (MPAS-P), 1988.

 

McEvoy, P. B., J. van Sickle, C. S. Cox & N. T. Rudd.  1990b.  Ecological mechanisms underlying successful biological control of ragwort:  analysis of biotic interactions in the field using life table response experiments.  Ecology (In press).

 

McEwen, F. L. & G. E. R. Hervey.  1958.  Control of the cabbage looper with a virus disease.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  626-31.

 

McEwen, F. L. & G. E. R. Hervey.  1959a.  Microbial control of two cabbage insects.  J. Insect Path. 1:  86-94.

 

McEwen, F. L. & G. E. R. Hervey.  1959b.  And now-- 'living' insecticide.  Farm Res., New York Agr. Expt. Sta. 25:  8-9.

 

McEwen, P.K., M.A. Jervis, and N.A.C. Kidd. 1994.  Use of a sprayed L-tryptophan solution to concentrate numbers of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea in olive tree canopy.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 70: 97-99. 

 

McFadden, M. W.  1966.  The bacterium Serratia marcescens as a pathogen of the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  542-3.

 

McFadden, M. W. 1972. The soldier flies of Canada and Alaska (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). I. Beridinae, Sarginae and Clitellariinae. Can. Entomol. 104(4): 531-561.

 

McFadden, M. W. & R. E. P. Rubio.  1966.  Laboratory techniques for evaluating hempa and other chemosterilants against the Mexican fruit fly.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  1400-2.

 

McFadden, M. W., D. L. Dahlsten, C. W. Berisford, F. B. Knight & W. W. Metterhouse.  1981.  Integrated pest management in China's forests.  J. Forestry 79:  723-26, 799.

 

McFadyen, P. J.  1983.  Host specificity and biology of Megacyllene mellyi [Col.: Cerambycidae] introduced into Australia for the biological control of Baccharis halimifolia [Compositae].  Entomophaga 28:  65-72.

 

McFadyen, P. J.  1987a.  Host specificity and biology of Lioplacis eliptica [Col.: Chrysomelidae] introduced into Australia for the biological control of Baccharis halimifolia [Compositae].  Entomophaga 32:  19-21.

 

McFadyen, P. J.  1987b.  Host-specificity and biology of Metallactus patagonicus [Col.: Chrysomelidae] introduced into Australia for the biological control of Baccharis halimifolia [Compositae].  Entomophaga 329-31.

 

McFadyen, P. J.  1987c.  Host-specificity of five Anacassis species [Col.: Chrysomelidae] introduced into Australia for the biological control of Baccharis halimifolia [Compositae].  Entomophaga 32:  377-79.

 

McFadyen, R. E.  1979.  Eriocereophaga humeridens [Col.: Curculionidae], a potential agent for the biological control of Eriocerus martinii [Cactaceae] in Australia.  Entomophaga 24:  48-56.

 

McFadyen, R. E.  1979.  The cactus mealybug Hypogeococcus festerianus [Hem.: Pseudococcidae] an agent for the biological control of Eriocerus martinii [Cactaceae] in Australia.  Entomophaga 281-88.

 

McFadyen, R. E.  1980.  A Cactoblastis [Lep.: Phycitidae] for the biological control of Eriocerus martinii [Cactaceae] in Australia.  Entomophaga 25:  37-42.

 

McFadyen, R. E. & A. P. Fidalgo.  1976.  Investigations on Alcidion cereicola [Col.: Cerambycidae], a potential agent for the biological control of Eriocereus martinii [Cactaceae] in Australia.  Entomophaga 21:  103-12.

 

McFadyen, R. E. & J. J. Marohasy.  1990a.  A leaf feeding moth Eulasta whalleyi [Lep.: Pyralidae] for the biological control of Cryptostegia grandiflora [Asclepiadaceae] in Queensland, Australia.  Entomophaga 35:  431-36.

 

McFadyen, R. E. & J. J. Marohasy.  1990b.  Biology and host plant range of the soft scale Steatococcus new species [Hem.: Margarodidae] for the biological control of the weed Cryptostegia grandiflora [Aselpiadaceae].  Entomophaga 35:  437-40.

 

McFadyen, R.E.C.  2000.  Successes in biological control of weeds. In X International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, Montana State University, Bozeman, July 4-14, 1999; Spencer, N.R., Ed.; Advanced Litho Printing: Great Falls, MT, 2000; 3-14.

 

McFadyen, R.E.C. 2008.  Return on investment: determining the economic impact of biological control programmes. In XII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, La Grande Motte, France, April 22-27, 2007. Julien, M.H., Sforza, R., Bon, M.C., Evans, H.C., Hatcher, P.E., Hinz, H.L., Rector, B.G., Eds.; CAB International: Wallingford, U.K., 2008; 67-74.

 

McFarland, V. L.  1963.  Insect predators on Iowa corn.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Amer., North Cent. Br. 18:  19.

 

McFarlane, J. E.  1985.  Acheta domesticus, pp. 427-434.  In: P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. I.  Elsevier, New York.

 

McGarr, R. L. & C. M. Ignoffo.  1966.  Control of Heliothis spp. with a nuclear polyhedrosis virus, EPN, and two newer insecticides.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  1284-5.

 

McGarr, R. L., H. T. Dulmage & D. A. Wolfenbarger.  1970.  Tests with HD-1, a formulation of the beta-endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis var. alesti, and other insecticides for control of the tobacco budworm and the bollworm.  J. Econ. Ent. 63.

 

McGaughey, W. H.  1985.  Insect resistance to the biological insecticide Bacillus thuringiensis.  Science 229:  193-95.

 

McGaughey, W. H. & R. W. Beeman.  1988.  Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis in colonies of Indian meal moth and almond moth,  J. Econ. Ent. 81:  28-33.

 

McGinnis, A. J. & R. Kasting.  1961.  Comparison of tissues from solid- and hollow-stemmed spring wheats during growth. I. Dry matter and nitrogen contents of pith and wall and their relation to sawfly resistance.  Canad. J. Plant Sci. 41:  469-78.

 

McGough, J. M. & L. W. Noble.  1955.  Colonization of imported pink bollworm parasites.  J. Econ. Ent. 48:  626-27.

 

McGough, J. M. & L. W. Noble.  1957.  Summary of work at Brownsville, Texas, with imported pink bollworm parasites and an aphid predator.  J. Econ. Ent. 50:  514.

 

McGovern, W. L. & W. H. Cross.  1976.  Affects of two cotton varieties on levels of boll weevil parasitism [Col.: Curculionidae].  Entomophaga 21:  123-25.

 

McGovern, W. L., W. H. Cross & W. Harris.  1975.  Implications of early emergence of Bracon mellitor, a parasite of the boll weevil.  J. Georgia Ent. Soc. 10:  183-86.

 

McGregor, E. A. & F. L. McDonnough.  1917.  The red spider on cotton.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 416.  72 p.

 

McGroarty, D. and B. Croft. 1975.  Sampling population of Amblyseiusfallacis (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) in the ground cover of Michigan commercial apple orchards.  Proc. of the north Central Branch of the Entomological Soc. of Amer., 30: 49-52.

 

McGugan, B. M.  1955.  Certain host-parasite relationships involving the spruce budworm.  Canad. Ent. 87:  178-87.

 

McGugan, B. M. & J. R. Blais.  1959.  Spruce bueworm parasite studies in northwestern Ontario.  Canad. Ent. 91: 758-83.

 

McGugan, B. M. & H. C. Coppel.  1962a.  A review of the biological control attempts against insects and weeds in Canada.  Pt. II.  Biological control of forest insects, 1910-1958.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Control Tech. Commun. 2:  35-127.

 

McGugan, B. M. & H. C. Coppel.  1962b.  Biological control of forest insects-- 1910-1958.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Commun. 2:  35: 5-215.

 

McGuire Jr., J. V. & W. W. Wirth.  1958.  The discriminant function in taxonomic research.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Congr. Ent. (1956), 1:  387-93.

 

McGuire, M. R. & J. E. Henry.  1989.  Production and partial characterization of monoclonal antibodies for detection of entomopoxvirus from Melanoplus sanguinipes.  Ent. Expt. Appl. 51:  21-8.

 

McGuire, M.R., B.S. Shasha.  L.C. Lewis, Rj.  Bartelt, and K. Kinney. 1990.  Field evaluation of granular starch formulations of Bacillus thuringiensisagainst ostrinia nubilalis(Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).  J. Econ. Entomol., 83: 2207-2210.

 

McGuire, M.R., D.A. Streett, and B.S. Shasha. 1991.  Evaluation of starch encapsulation for formulation of grasshopper (orthoptera: Acrididae) entomopoxvirus.  J. Econ. Entomol., 84: 1652-1656.

 

Mchelidze, I. Z.  1930.  The control of Aedes aegypti in Batum.  Trop. Med. Vet. 8:  26-7.

 

McInnes, R. S., D. J. Albert & P. J. Alma.  1976.  A new method of shipping and handling tachinid parasites of Paropsini [Col.: Chrysomelidae].  Entomophaga 21:  367-70.

 

McIntosh, R. P.  1963.  Ecosystems, evolution and relational patterns of living organisms.  Amer. Scien. 51:  246-67.

 

McIntosh, W.  1903.  The brown-tail moth (Euproctis chrysorrhoea).  Not on first recovery in Canada.  33rd Rep. Ent. Soc. Ont.  93 p.

 

McKeen, W D; Hinkle, N C.  1994.  Testing M-PEDE as an acaricide for controlling northern fowl mites (NFM) on leghorn hens. (Eighty-Third Annual Meeting of the Poultry Science Assoc., Inc., Starkville, Mississippi, USA, August 7-12, 1994. ) Poultry Science, v.73, n.SUPPL. 1, (1994): 37.

 

McKendry, A L; Geden, E A.  1996.  Evaluating the productivity of university plant breeders. J.of Natural Resources and Life Sci.s Education, v.25, n.2,: 175-178.

 

McKenry, M V; Westerdahl, B; Becker, O.  1994.  Beyond pesticides-some California field examples. (33rd Annual Meeting of the Society of Nematologists, San Antonio, Texas, USA, August 14-18, 1994. )  J. of Nematology, v.26, n.4, (1994): 558-559.

 

McKenzie, H. L.  1932.  The biology and feeding habits of Hyperaspis lateralis Mulsant.  Calif. Univ. Pubs. Ent. 6:  9-20.

 

McKenzie, H. L.  1937.  Morphological differences distinguishing California red scale, yellow scale, and related species (Homoptera: Diaspididae).  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 6:  323-35.

 

McKenzie, H. L.  1952.  Scale studies.  X.  Distribution and biological notes on the olive parlatoria scale Parlatoria oleae (Colvee) in California (Homoptera; Coccoidea; Diaspididae).  Bull. Calif. Dept. Agr. 41:  127-38.

 

McKenzie, H. L.  1956.  The armored scale insects of California.  Calif. Insect Survey Bull. 5:  209 p.

 

McKenzie, H. L.1967. The Mealybugs of California. Berkeley Univ. California Press, 525 pp., illus.

 

McKenzie, L. M. & B. P. Beirne.  1972.  A grape leafhopper, Erythroneura ziczac (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), and its mymarid (Hymenoptera) egg-parasite in the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia.  Canad. Ent. 104:  1229-33.

 

McKeown, K. C.  1942.  Australian Insects.  Royal. Soc. N.S. Wales.  304 p.

 

McKeown, K. C. & V. H. Mincham.  1948.  The biology of an Australian mantispid (Mantispa vittata Guerin).  Australian Zool. J. 11:  207-24.

 

McKillup, S.C. and P.T. Bailey. 1990.  Biological control of a pest millipede Ommatoiulus moreleti in south Australia using a rhabditid nematode, pp. 236.  In:Pinnock, D.E., (ed.). Vth International Colloquium on Inwnebrate Patholog. and Microbial Control Adelaide, Australia, 20-24, August, 1990.

 

McKillup, S.C., P.G. Allen, and M.A. Skewes. 1988.  The natural decline of an introduced species following its initial increase in abundance; an explanation for Ommatoiulus moreletii in Australia. Oecologia, 77: 339-342.

 

McKinley, D. J., D. A. Brown, C. C. Payne & K. A. Harrap.  1981.  Cross-infectivity and activation studies with four baculoviruses.  Entomophaga 79-90.

 

McKinley, D. J., G. Moawad, K. A. Jones, D. Grzywacz & C. Turner.  1989.  The development of nuclear polyhedrosis virus for the control of Spodoptera littoralis [Boisd.] in cotton, p. 93-100.  In:  M. B. Green & D. J. de B. Lyon (eds.), Pest Management in Cotton.  Ellis Horwood, Chichester. 

 

McKnight, B.N., (ed.). 1993.  BiologicalPollution: the Control andimpact ofInvasiveExotic Species.  Indiana Academy of Science, Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.A.

 

McKinstry, A. P. 1942. A new family of the Hemiptera- Heteroptera, proposed for Macrovelia hornii Uhler. Pan.-Pac. Entomol., 18(2):90-96; 4 f.

 

Mckytowycz, R.  1956.  The effect of season and mode of transmission on the severity of myxomatosis due to an attenuated strain of the virus.  Aus. J. Exp. Biol. Med. Sci. 34:  121-7.

 

McLaine, L. S.  1918.  The introduction of the parasites of the brown-tail and gypsy moths into Canada.  Ent. Soc. Nova Scotia Proc. (1917):  74-6.

 

McLaren, I. A. (ed.).  1971.  Natural Regulation of Animal Populations.  Atherton, New York.

 

McLaughlin, J. R., H. H. Shorey, L. K. Gaston, R. S. Kaae & F. D. Stewart.  1972a.  Sex pheromones of Lepidoptera.  XXXI.  Disruption of sex pheromone communication in Pectinophora gossypiella with hexalure.  Environ. Ent. 1:  645-50.

 

McLaughlin, J. R., L. K. Gaston, H. H. Shorey, H. E. Eummel & F. D. Stewart.  1972b.  Sex pheromones of Lepidoptera.  XXXIII.  Evaluation of the disruptive effect of tetradecyl acetate on sex pheromone communication in Pectinophora gossypiella.  Environ. Ent. 1:  1592-3.

 

McLaughlin, J. R., R. S. Kaae, H. H. Shorey & L. K. Gaston.  1973.  Sex pheromones of Lepidoptera.  XXXIX.  Comparison of virgin female moths and hexalure as attractants for male Pectinophora gossypiella.  Environ. Ent. 2:  488-9. 

 

McLaughlin, R. E.  1966a.  Laboratory techniques for rearing disease-free insect colonies:  Elimination of Mattesia grandis McLaughlin, and Nosema sp. from colonies of boll weevils.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  401-404.

 

McLaughlin, R. E.  1966b.  Infection of the boll weevil with Mattesia grandis induced by a feeding stimulant.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  909-11.

 

McLaughlin, R. E.  1967.  Development of the bait principle for boll weevil control.  II.  Field-cage tests with a feeding stimulant and the protozoan Mattesia grandis.  J. Invertebr. Path. 9:  70-7.

 

McLaughlin, R. E.  1969.  Glugea gasti sp. n., a microsporidian pathogen of the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis.  J. Protozool. 16:  84-92.

 

McLaughlin, R. E.  1971.  Use of protozoans for microbial control of insects, p. 151-72.  In:  H. D. Burges & N. W. Hussey (eds.), Microbial Control of Insects and Mites.  Academic Press, London & New York.

 

McLaughlin, R. E.  1973.  Protozoa as microbial control agents, p. 95-8.  In:  D. W. Roberts & W. G. Yendol (eds.), Some Recent Advances in Insect Pathology.  Misc. Pub. Ent. Soc. Amer. 9:  95-8.

 

McLaughlin, R. E. & C. H. Adams.  1966.  Infection of Bracon mellitor by Mattesia grandis.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  800-02.

 

McLaughlin, R. E. & M. R. Bell.  1970.  Mass production in vivo of two protozoan pathogens, Mattesia grandis and Glugea gasti, of the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis.  J. Invertebr. Path. 16:  84-8.

 

McLaughlin, R. E., M. R. Bell & S. D. Veal.  1966.  Bacterial and fungi associated with the dead boll weevils (Anthonomus grandis) in a natural population.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  401-08.

 

McLaughlin, R. E., M. R. Bell & R. J. Daum.  1967.  Suspension of microorganisms in a thixotropic solution.  J. Invertebr. Path. 9:  35-9.

 

McLaughlin, R. E., R. J. Daum & M. R. Bell.  1968.  Development of the bait principle for boll weevil control. 3.  Field cage tests with a feeding stimulant and the protozoans Mattesia grandis (Neogregarinida) and a microsporidian.  J. Invert. Path. 12:  168-74.

 

McLaughlin, R. E., T. C. Cleveland, R. J. Daum & M. R. Bell.  1969.  Development of the bait principle for boll weevil control.  IV.  Field tests with a bait containing a feeding stimulant and the sporozoans Glugea gasti and Mattesia grandis.  J. Invertebr. Path. 13:  429-441.

 

McLeod, C. M., J. D. Baldeschwieler, N. C. Brady, E. Farber, P. Kotin, B. MacMahon, N. Nelson, L. D. Newsom, J. W. Tukey, J. G. Wilson, E. J. Burger, Jr. & D. Pimentel.  1971.  Report on 2,4,5-T.  A report of the Panel on Herbicides of the President's Sci. Adv. Comm.  U.S. Govt. Print. Off.  68 p.

 

McLeod, D. M., D. Tyrrell & K. P. Carl.  1976.  Entomophthora parvispora sp. nov., a pathogen of Thrips tabaci.  Entomophaga 21:  307-12.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1937.  Some factors in the control of the common greenhouse aphid Myzus persicae Sulz. by the parasite Aphidius phorodontis Ashm.  Ann. Rep. Ent. Soc. Ont. 67:  63-4.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1938.  The control of the greenhouse whitefly in Canada by the parasite Encarsia formosa Gahan.  Sci. Agr., Ottawa 18:  529-35.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1939.  Biological control of greenhouse pests.  Rept. Ent. Soc. Ont. 70:  62-8.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1940.  Biological control of greenhouse insect pests.  Ent. Soc. Ont. Ann. Rept. (1939):  62-8.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1951a.  Notes on the lodgepole needle miner, Recurvaria milleri Busck. (Lep.: Gelechiidae), and its parasites in western North America.  Canad. Ent. 83:  295-301.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1951b.  Notes on the lodgepole needle miner, Recurvaria milleri Busck. (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) and its parasites in western North America.  Canad. Ent. 83:  295-301.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1951c.  Biological control investigations in British Columbia.  proc. Ent. Soc. Brit. Columbia 47:  27-36.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1952.  Notes on the population and parasitism of the larch sawfly Pristiphora erichsonii (Htg.) (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) in British Columbia.  Ent. Soc. Brit. Columbia Proc. (1951) 48:  81-5.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1953.  Statuses of some introduced parasites and their hosts in British Columbia.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Brit. Colum. 50:  19-27.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1954a.  Statuses of some introduced parasites and their hosts in British Columbia.  Ent. Soc. Brit. Columbia Proc. (1953) 50:  19-27.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1954b.  Notes on a staphylinid (Coleoptera) predator of earthworms.  Canad. Ent. 86(5):  236.

 

McLeod, J. H.  1962.  Biological control of pests of crops, fruit trees, ornamentals and weeds in Canada up to 1959.  p. 1-33.  In:  A Review of the Biological Control Attempts Against Insects and Weeds in Canada.  Commonw. Agr. Bur. Tech. Commun., Vol. 2: 1-33.

 

McLeod, J. H. & D. A. Chant.  1952.  Notes on the parasitism and food habits of the European earwig, Forficula auricularia L. (Dermaptera: Forficulidae).  Canad. Ent. 84:  343-45.

 

McLeod, J. H. & G. Desalliers.  1966.  Notes on Exenterus amictorius Panzer, an introduced parasites now established on the swaine jack-pine sawfly, Neodiprion swainei Midd.  Canad. Dept. Forest., Bimo. Prog. Rept. 22:  1-4.

 

McLeod, J. H. & W. A. Smirnoff.  1971.  Chapter 43.  Neodiprion swainei Midd., Swaine jack-pine sawfly (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae), p. 162-67.  In:  Biological Control Programmes Against Insects and Weeds in Canada, 1959-1968.  Commonwealth Inst. of Biol. Control, Tech. Comm. No. 4.  266 p.

 

McLeod, J. H., B. M. McGugan & H. C. Coppel.  1962.  A review of biological control attempts against insects and weeds in Canada.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Commun. 2.

 

McLeod, J. M.  1964a.  Parasites of Pulicalvaria piceaella (Kft.) in Quebec.  Canad. Forest Ent. Path. Br., Bi-monthly Progr. Rept. 20(2):  1.

 

McLeod, J. M.  1964b.  Notes on avian predators of Neodiprion swainei Midd.  Canad. For. Ent. Path. Br., Bi-Mon. Progr. Rept. 20(3):  1-2.

 

McLeod, H. M.  1975.  Parasitoid evaluation: The monitoring problem.  Melsheimer Ent. Ser. 17:  1-12.

 

McLimans, W. F., F. E. Giardinello, E. V. Davis, C. J. Kucera & G. W. Rake.  1957.  Submerged culture of mammalian cells:  the five liter fermentor.  J. act. 74:  768-74.

 

McMillian, W. W. & B. R. Wiseman.  1972.  Host plant resistance: A twentieth century look at the relationship between Zea mays L. and Heliothis zea (Boddie).  Univ. Florida Monogr. Ser. 2.

 

McMillian, W. W., M. C. Bowman, R. L. Burton, K. J. Starks & B. R. Wiseman.  1969.  Extract of chinaberry leaf as a feeding deterrent and growth retardant for larvae of the corn earworm and fall armyworm.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  708-10.

 

McMinn, H. E.  1964.  An Illustrated Manual of California Shrubs.  University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.  663 p.

 

McMullen, R. D.  1965.  A study of diapause in Coccinella novemnotata Herbst.  Diss. Abstr. 25:  4313-14.

 

McMullen, R. D.  1966.  New records of chalcidoid parasites and hyperparasites of Psylla pyricola Forster in British Columbia.  Canad. Ent. 98:  236-39.

 

McMullen, R. D.  1967a.  A field study of diapause in Coccinella novemnotata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae).  Canad. Ent. 99:  42-9.

 

McMullen, R. D.  1967b.  The effects of photoperiod, temperature and food supply on rate of development and diapause in Coccinella novemnotata.  Canad. Ent. 99:  578-86.

 

McMullen, R. D.  1971.  Psylla pyricola Foerster, pear psylla (Hemiptera: Psyllidae).  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Commun. 4:  33-8.

 

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Mendel, Z.  1988.  Effects of food, temperature and breeding conditions on the life span of adults of three cohabiting bark beetle (Scolytidae) parasitoids (Hymenoptera).  Environ. Ent. 17:  293-98.

 

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Mendel, Z., H. Podoler & H. Livne.  1990.  Interactions between Aulonium ruficorne [Coleoptera: Colydiidae] and other natural enemies of bark beetles [Coleoptera: Scolytidae].  Entomophaga 35:  99-106.

 

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Menzel, R.  1926.  Uber Teeschädlinge in Nederlandisch-Indien und ihre Bekämpfung. III. Euphorus helopeltidis Ferriere (Hym. Braconidae) als Larvenparasit der Tee-Capside Helopeltis antonii Sign.  Ztschr. f. angew. Ent. 12:  340-56.

 

Menzel, R.  1929.  Uber Teeschädlinge in Nederlandisch-Indien und ihre Bekämpfung. IV. Zur Weiteren Kenntnis des Capsiden-Parasiten Euphorus helopeltidis Ferriere.  Ztschr. f. angew. Ent. 14:  86-90.

 

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Merriman, P.R., R.D. Price, and K.F. Baker. 1974.  The effect of inoculation of seed with antagonists of Rbizoctonia solani on the growth of wheat.  Australian Journal of Agric. Research, 25: 213-218.

 

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Merritt, R.W., E.D. Walker, M.A. Wilzbach, K.W. Cummins, and W.T. Morgan. 1989.  A broad evaluation of B.t.i. for black fly (Diptera: Simuliidae) control in a Michigan river: Efficacy, carryover and nontarget effects on invertebrates and fish.  Journal of the Amer. Mosquito Control Assoc., 5: 397-415.

 

Merryweather, A. T., U. Weyer, M. P. G. Harris, M. Hirst, T. Booth & R. D. Possee.  1990.  Construction of genetically engineered baculovirus insecticides containing the Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki HD-73 delta endotoxin.  J. Gen. Virol. 71:  1535-44.

 

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Menzel, R.  1924.  Uber teeschadlinge in niederlandischindien und ihre bekämpfung.  I.  Die Tachine Chaetexorista javana B. u. B. als wirksamer Parasit der Limacodidenraupe Setora (Miresa) nitens.  Ztschr. f. angew. Ent. 10:  67-74.

 

Merchant, C.  1980.  The Death of Nature.  Harper & Row Publ., San Francisco.  348 p.

 

Merdan, A., L. Croizier, J. C. Veyrunes & G. Croizier.  1977.  Etude comparée des protéines des polyèdres et des virions de trois isolats de Baculovirus de Spodoptera littoralis.  Entomophaga 22:  413-20.

 

Meredith, C. H.  1944.  The antagonism of soil organisms to Fusarium oxysporum cubense.  Phytopathology 34:  426-29.

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Merle, P. du.  1966.  Modèle de cage permettant d'obtenir la ponte d'un Diptère Bombyliidae, Villa quinquefasciata Wied. ap. Meig.  Entomophaga 11:  325-30.

 

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Merriam, T. L. & R. C. Axtell.  1982a.  Salinity tolerance of two isolates of Lagenidium giganteum (Oomycetes: Lagenidiales), a fungal pathogen of mosquito larvae.  J. Med. Ent. 19:  388-93.

 

Merriam, T. L. & R. C. Axtell.  1982b.  Evaluation of the entomogenous fungi Culicinomyces clavosporus and Lagenidium giganteum for control of the salt marsh mosquito, Aedes taeniorhynchus.  Mosq. News 42:  594-602.

 

Merriam, T. L. & R. C. Axtell.  1983a.  Relative toxicity of certain pesticides to Lagenidium giganteum (Oomycetes: Lagenidiales), a fungal pathogen of mosquito larvae.  Environ. Ent. 12:  515-21.

 

Merriam, T. L. & R. C. Axtell.  1983b.  Field evaluation of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis for control of Aedes taeniorhynchus in salt marsh pools.  Mosquito News.  43: 84-86.

 

Merriam, T. L., R. B. Leidy & R. C. Axtell.  1981.  Efficacy and longevity of controlled-release chlorpyrifos (DursbanR 10CR) for mosquito control in coastal dredged material disposal sites.  Mosquito News 41(3): 512-522.

 

Merrian, C. H.  1894.  Laws of temperature control of the geographic distribution of terrestrial animals and plants.  Natl. Geogr. Mag. 6:  229-38.

 

Merrill, G. B.  1953.  A Revision of the Scale-insects of Florida.  Fla. State Plant Bd. Bull. 1.  143 p.

 

Merritt, R. W., E. F. Gersabeck & M. K. Kennedy.  1981.  The contribution of Spalangia endius and Muscidifurax raptor to a stable fly management program on Mackinac Island, Michigan:  a question of effort, p. 44-51.  In:  Proc. Workshop on Status of Biological Control of Filth Flies, Feb. 4-5, 1971, U. S. Dept. Agr., SEA, Gainesville, Florida.

 

Merritt, R. W., M. K. Kennedy & E. F. Gersabeck.  1983.  Integrated pest management of nuisance and biting flies in a Michigan resort:  dealing with secondary pest outbreaks.  p. 277-99.   In:  G. W. Frankie & C. S. Koehler (eds.)  Urban Entomology:  Interdisciplinary Perspectives.  Praeger Publ., New York.  493 p.

 

Mertins, J. W. & H. C. Coppel.  1968.  The changing role of Exenterus amictorius (Panzer), a parasite of Diprion similis (Hartig) in Wisconsin.  Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes No. 138.  6 p.

 

Mertins, J. W. & H. C. Coppel.  1971.  Sexual behavior in gynandromorphs of Diprion similis (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 64:  1191-2.

 

Mertins, J. W. & H. C. Coppel.  1971.  Additions to the known parasitoid complex associated with Diprion similis (Htg.) in Wisconsin.  Univ. Wis. Res. For. Notes No. 157.  7 p.

 

Mertins, J. W. & H. C. Coppel.  1971.  The insect parasites of the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis (Hartig) (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae), in Wisconsin, with keys to the adults and mature larval remains.  Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts & Lett. 59:  127-68.

 

Mertins, J. W. & H. C. Coppel.  1972a.  Seed dockage sieves for sex-separation of pine sawfly cocoons.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  1424-25.

 

Mertins, J. W. & H. C. Coppel.  1972b.  Previously undescribed abdominal glands in the female introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  33-8.

 

Mertins, J. W. & H. C. Coppel.  1973a.  Adaptation of native and exotic hyperparasites to the introduced primary sawfly parasite, Exenterus amictorius (Panzer) in Wisconsin.  Entomophaga 18(1):  9-23.

 

Mertins, J. W. & H. C. Coppel.  1973b.  Observations of Myeloborus ramiperda (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) a twig pith beetle of white pine.  Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes No. 166.  2 p.

 

Mertins, J. W. & H. C. Coppel.  1973c.  Melanoplus punctulatus griseus (Thomas), a dendrophilious grasshopper on Pinus strobus L.  Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes No. 177.  3 p.

 

Mertins, J. W. & H. C. Coppel.  1974.  History of biological control attempts against insects and weeds in Wisconsin.  Trans. Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts & Lett. 62:  115-32.

 

Mertins, J. W. & H. C. Coppel.  1977.  Parasitoids from miscellaneous insects associated with trees and shrubs in Wisconsin.  Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes. No. 202.  5 p.

 

Mertins, J. W., L. J. Bayer & H. C. Coppel.  1971.  Irish potato attacked by Reticulitermes tibialis (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).  J. Georgia Ent. Soc. 6:  264-66.

 

Mertins, J. W., H. C. Coppel & F. Matsumura.  1971.  Sternal gland in Coptotermes formosanus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 64:  478-80.

 

Mertins, J. W., H. C. Coppel & L. J. Bayer.  1973a.  A preliminary list of the chewing and sucking insects attacking prickly-ash in Wisconsin.  Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes No. 167:  6 p.

 

Mertins, J. W., H. C. Coppel, J. A. Breznak & W. J. Brill.  1973b.  A demonstration of nitrogen fixation in termites.  Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes No. 168.  4 p.

 

Mertins, J. W., H. C. Coppel & M. G. Karandinos.  1975.  Potential for suppressing Diprion similis (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) with pheromone trapping:  a population model.  Res. Popul. Ecol. 17:  77-84.

 

Merton, L. Fh.  1959.  Studies on the ecology of the Moroccan locust (Dociostaurus macroccanus Thunbert) in Cyprus.  Anti-locust Bull. 34.  123 p.

 

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Mesa, N. C. & A. Bellotti.  1987.  Biologically controlling destructive cassava mites with Phytoseidae mites.  Cassava Newsletter (CIAT, Colombia) 11(1):  4-7.

 

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Mesnil, L. P.  1967.  History of a success in biological control:  the winter moth project in Canada.  Tech. Bull. Comm. Inst. Biol. Contr. 8:  1-6.

 

Mesnil, L. P.  1968.  Quelques Tachinaires nouveaux de Mélanésie [Dipt. Tachinidae].  Entomophaga 13:  203-8.

 

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Messenger, P. S.  1964.  Use of life tables in a bioclimatic study of an experimental aphid-braconid wasp host-parasite system.  Ecology 45:  119-31.

 

Messenger, P. S.  1968.  Bioclimatic studies of the aphid parasite Praon exsoletum: I.  Effects of temperature on the functional response of females to varying host densities.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 100:  728-41.

 

Messenger, P. S.  1969.  Bioclimatic studies of the aphid parasite Praon exsoletum. 2. Thermal limits to development and effects of temperature on rate of development and occurrence of diapause.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62:  1026-31.

 

Messenger, P. S.  1970.  Bioclimatic inputs to biological control and pest management programs, p. 84-102.  In:  R. L. Rabb & F. E. Guthrie (eds.), Concepts of Pest Management.  North Carolina St. Univ., Raleigh.

 

Messenger, P. S.  1971.  Climatic limitations to biological controls (p. 97-114).  In:  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Manag. 3.  Tallahassee, Florida.

 

Messenger, P. S.  1976.  Theory underlying introduction of exotic parasitoids, p. 191-214.  In:  J. F. Anderson & H. K. Kaya (eds.), Perspectives in Forest Entomology.  Academic Press, New York.

 

Messenger, P. S. & N. E. Flitters.  1954.  Bioclimatic studies of three species of fruit flies in Hawaii.  J. Econ. Entomol. 47:  756-65.

 

Messenger, P. S. & N. E. Flitters.  Bioclimatic studies of the Mexican fruit fly.  Calif. Avocado Soc. Yrbk. 41:  119-27.

 

Messenger, P. S. & D. C. Force.  1963.  An experimental host-parasite system:  Therioaphis maculata (Buckton) - Praon palitans Muesebeck (Homoptera: Aphididae-Hymenoptera: Braconidae).  Ecology 44:  532-40.

 

Messenger, P. S. & R. van den Bosch.  1971.  The adaptability of introduced biological control agents.  In:  "Biological Control," C. B. Huffaker (ed.), p. 69-92.  Plenum Publ. Corp., New York.  511 p.

 

Messenger, P. S., F. Wilson & M. J. Whitten.  1976a.  Variation, fitness, and adaptability of natural enemies, p. 209-231.  In:  C. B. Huffaker & P. S. Messenger (eds.), Theory and Practice of Biological Control.  Academic Press, Inc., New York, San Francisco & London.  788 p.

 

Messenger, P. S., E. Biliotti & R. van den Bosch.  1976b.  The importance of natural enemies in integrated control, p. 543-63.  In:  C. B. Huffaker & P. S. Messenger (eds.), Theory and Practice of Biological Control.  Academic Press, Inc., New York, San Francisco & London.  788 p.

 

Messing, R. H. & M. T. AliNiazee.  1989.  Introduction and establishment of Trioxys pallidus [Hym.: Aphidiidae] in Oregon, U.S.A. for control of filbert aphid Myzocallis coryli [Hom.: Aphididae].  Entomophaga 34:  153-64.

 

Messing, R.H., L.M. Klungness, M. Purcell, and T.TY. Wong. 1993.  Quality control parameters of mass-reared opiine parasitoids used in augmentative biological control of tephritid fruit flies in Hawaii. Biological Control, 3: 140-147.

 

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Metcalf, J. R.  1971.  Observations on the ecology of Saccharosydne saccharivora (Westw.) (Hem., Hom., Delphacidae) in Jamaican sugar-cane fields.  Bull. Ent. Res. 60:  565-96.

 

Metcalf, J. R. & J. Breniere.  1969.  Egg parasites (Trichogramma spp.) for control of sugar cane moth borers, p. 81-115.  In:  J. R. Williams et al. (eds.), Pests of Sugar Cane.  Elsevier Publ. Co., Amsterdam.  568 p.

 

Metcalf, M. M.  1929.  Parasites and the aid they give in problems of taxonomy, geographical distribution and palaeogeography.  Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 81:  1-36.

 

Metcalf, R. A., J. C. Marlin & G. S. Whitt.  1975.  Low levels of genetic heterozygosity in Hymenoptera.  Nature 257:  792-94.

 

Metcalf, R. L.  1957.  The role of systemic insecticides in world agriculture.  Proc. 2nd Internatl. Conf. Plant Protect., Fernhurst, England (1956).  Butterworth Sci. Publ. 1957.  p. 129-42.

 

Metcalf, R. L.  1959.  The impact of the development of organophosphorus insecticides upon basic and applied science.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 5:  3-15.

 

Metcalf, R. L.  1964.  Selective toxicity of insecticides.  World Rev. Pest Contr. 3(1):  28-43.

 

Metcalf, R. L.  1966.  Requirements for insecticides of the future.  Proc. FAO Symp. Integr. Pest Contr., Rome, 1965; 2:  115-33.

 

Metcalf, R. L.  1971.  Structure activity relationships for insecticidal carbamates.  Bull. WHO 44:  43-78.

 

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Metcalf, R. L.  1986.  The ecology of pesticides and the chemical control of insects, p. 251-97.  In:  M. Kogan (ed.), Ecological Theory and Integrated Pest Management Practice.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  362 p.

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Metcalf, Z. P. 1962-1963. General Catalogue of the Homopera. Raleigh: North Carolina State College. Fasc. VIII. Cicadoidea. A bibliography of the Cicadoidea, 234 pp. (1962). Part 1: Cicadidae, 492 p. (1963). Part 2: Tibicinidae, 919 pp (1963)

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Meyer, J. A. & J. A. Petersen.  1982.  Sampling stable fly and house fly pupal parasites on beef feed lots and dairies in eastern Nebraska.  The Southwestern Entomologist 7(3):  119-24.

 

Meyer, J. A. & J. J. Petersen.  1983.  Characterization and seasonal distribution of breeding sites of stable flies and house flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on eastern Nebraska feedlots and dairies.  J. Econ. Ent. 76:  103-08.

 

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Meyer, J. A., B. A. Mullens, T. L. Cyr & C. Stokes.  1990b.  Commercial and naturally occurring fly parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) as biological control agents of stable flies and house flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on California dairies.  J. Econ. Ent. 83:  799-806.

 

Meyer, J.R. and C.A. Nalepa. 1991.  Effect of dormant oil treatments on white peach scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae) and its overwintering parasite complex.  Journal of Entomological Science, 26: 27-32.

 

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Micks, D. W. & M. J. Ferguson.  1963.  Microorganisms associated with mosquitoes. IV. Bacteria isolated from the midgut of adult Culex molestus Forskal, Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) and Anopheles quadrimaculatus Say.  J. Insect Path. 5:  483-8.

 

Micks, D. W. & F. J. Gibson.  1957.  The characterization of insects and ticks by their free amino acid patterns.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 50:  500-5.

 

Micks, D. W., A. Rehmet, J. Jennings, G. Mason & G. Davidson.  1966.  A chromatographic study of the systematic relationship within the Anopheles gambiae complex.  Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 35:  181-87.

 

Micks, D. W., J. Jennings, A. Rehmet, G. Mason & G. Davidson.  1967.  Further chromatographic studies of the systematic relationship within the Anopheles gambiae complex.  Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 36:  308-18.

 

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Middlekauff, W. W.  1959.  Some biological observations on Sarcophaga falciformis, a parasite of grasshoppers (Diptera: Sarcophagidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 52:  724-8.

 

Middlekauff, W., C. Q. Gonzales & R. C. King.  1963.  Effects of various insecticides in the control of caterpillars attacking tomato in California.  J. Econ. Ent. 56:  155-8.

 

Mielzinsky, I.  1824.  Memoire sur une larve que devore les Helis nemoralis et sur l'insecteauquel elle donne naissance.  Ann. Sci. Nat. 1:  67-77.

 

Mier, T., J. Perez, J. Carrillo-Farga & C. Toriello.  1989.  Study on the innocuity of Hirsutella thompsonii. I. Infectivity in mice and guinea pigs.  Entomophaga 34:  105-10.

 

Miermont, Y. & M. Canard.  1975.  Biologie du prédateur aphidophage Eumicromus angulatus [Neur. Hemerobiidae]: études au laboratoire et observations dans le Sud-Ouest de la France.  Entomophaga 20:  179-92.

 

Mihailov, K. I.  1966.  Hibernage des colonies d'Abeilles infectées de loque européenne.  Apiculteur 110:  64-9.

 

Mihalache, G. & M. Ene.  1966.  Verwendung entomopathogener Präparate bei der Bekämpfung von Lymantria dispar in Eichen-Pflanzungen.  Rev. Padurilor 81(4):  236-9.  [in Romanian].

 

Mijuškovi…, M.  1963.  Cordyceps clavulata (Schw.) Ell. et Ev.-- Parsite de l'Eulecanium corni B. dans la vallée du Lim (Monténégro).  Zaštita bilja, Beograd 14(75):  569-72.  [in Serbo-Croatian].

 

Mik, J.  1882.  Zur Biologie von Gonaptopus pilosus Thoms.  Wien. Ent. Ztg. 1:  215-221.

 

Milaire, H.  1967.  Expérimentation de lutte intégrée dans un verger de pommiers.  Entomophaga Mém. Hors Sér. 3:  131-2.

 

Milby, T. H.  1971.  Effects of pesticides in occuptational exposure, p. 80-2.  In:  J. E. Swift (ed.), Agricultrual Chemicals-- Hormony or Discord for Food, People and the Environment.  Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley.

 

Miles, H. W.  1926.  Life history and control of the pea moth, Laspeyresia nigricana Steph.  Chamber Hort. (London) Bull. 3:  6-9.

 

Miles, H. W. & M. Miles.  1948.  Insect Pests of Glasshouse Crops.  Crosby Lockwood & Son, Ltd., London.  200 p.

 

Miles, L. R. & E. G. King.  1975.  Development of the tachinid parasite, Lixophaga diatraeae, on various developmental stages of the sugarcane borer in the laboratory.  Environ. Ent. 4:  811-4.

 

Miles, M.  1956.  Observations on the emergence periods, larval populations and parasitism of the cabbage root fly (Erioischia brassicae Bouche).  Ann. Appl. Biol. 44(3):  492-98.

 

Miles, P. W., D. Aspinall & L. Rosenberg.  1982.  Performance of the cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae (Linnaeus), on water-stressed rape plants, in relation to changes in their chemical composition.  Aust. J. Zool. 30:  337-45.

 

Millar, E. S.  1964.  Bacillus thuringiensis in the control of flies breeding in the droppings of caged hens.  New Zeal. J. Agr. Res. 8:  721-22.

 

Millar, E. S.  1965a.  Bacillus thuringiensis in the control of flies breeding in the droppings of caged hens.  World Health Org., EBL Ser. No. 40.65.  2 p.

 

Millar, E. S.  1965b.  Bacillus thuringiensis of no value in controlling lesser wax moth in stored honey combs.  New Zeal. J. Agr. 110:  63.

 

Millard, W. A. & G. B. Taylor.  1927.  Antagonism of microorganisms as the controlling factor in the inhibition of scab by green manuring.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 14:  202-15.

 

Miller, B. S., R. J. Robinson, J. A. Johnson, E. T. Jones & B. W. X. Ponnaiya.  1960.  Studies on the relation between silica in wheat plants and resistance to Hessian fly attack.  J. Econ. Ent. 56:  995-99.

 

Miller, C. A.  1954.  A technique for assessing spruce budworm larval mortality caused by parasites.  Canad. J. Zool. 33:  5-17.

 

Miller, C. A.  1955.  A technique for assessing spruce budworm larval mortality caused by parasites.  Canad. J. Zool. 33:  5-17.

 

Miller, C. A.  1959.  The interaction of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.), and the parasite Apanteles fumiferanae Vier.  Canad. Ent. 91:  457-77.

 

Miller, C. A.  1960.  The interaction of the spruce bueworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.), and the parasite Glypta fumiferanae (Vier.).  Canad. Ent. 92:  839-50.

 

Miller, C. A.  1963.  Parasites and the spruce budworm, p. 228-41. In:  R. F. Morris (ed.), The dynamics of epidemic spruce budworm populations.  Mem. Ent. Soc. Canad. 31:  228-41.

 

Miller, C. A.  1966.  The black-headed budworm in Eastern Canada.  Canad. Ent. 98:  592-613.

 

Miller, C. A. & T. A. Angus.  1971.  Choristoneura fumigerana (Clemens), spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Commun. 4:  127-30.

 

Miller, D.  1921.  The pear leaf-curling midge.  New Zealand J. Agr. 23:  84-92.

 

Miller, D.  1922.  Sheep maggot fly control by insect parasites.  The introduction of Nasonia brevicornis.  New Zealand J. Agr. 24:  211-12.

 

Miller, D.  1924.  The mealy-bug pest in orchards.  Control by Cryptolaemus ladybird.  New Zealand J. Agr. 28:  163-65.

 

Miller, D.  1926.  Parasites of the pear midge (Dasyneura pyri).  First attempt at their establishment in New Zealand.  New Zeal. J. Agr. 32:  379-93.

 

Miller, D.  1927a.  Parasitic control of sheep maggot flies.  Notes on current work.  New Zealand J. Agr. 34:  1-4.

 

Miller, D.  1927b.  Parasites of the pear-midge (Perrisia pyri).  Report on the 1926 consignments from Europe.  New Zealand J. Agr. 35:  170-75.

 

Miller, D.  1927c.  Parasitic control of sheep maggot flies.  Establishment of Alysia manducator in New Zealand.  New Zeal. J. Agr. 35:  219-20.

 

Miller, D.  1929.  Control of ragwort:  experimental work with cinnabar moth.  New Zealand J. Sci. Technol. 11:  112-19.

 

Miller, D.  1936.  Biological control of noxious eeds.  New Zealand J. Sci. Technol. 18:  581-84.

 

Miller, D.  1937.  Control of noxious weeds.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1936:  12-13.

 

Miller, D.  1938.  Control of noxious weeds.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1937:  17-18.

 

Miller, D.  1939a.  Control of weeds by insects.  Effect on blackberry, ragwort, and piripiri.  New Zealand J. Agr. 58:  37, 39.

 

Miller, D.  1939b.  Biological control of noxious weeds.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1938:  27-9.

 

Miller, D.  1940a.  Biological control of noxious weeds of New Zealand.  In:  R. O. Wythes (ed.), The Control of Weeds.  Imp. Bur. Pastures, Herbage Pub. Ser. Bull. 27:  153-57.

 

Miller, D.  1940b.  Entomological notes.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1939:  24-5.

 

Miller, D.  1941.  Entomological investigations.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1940:  28-30.

 

Miller, D.  1944.  Entomological investigations.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1943-1944:  25-26.

 

Miller, D.  1945.  Entomological investigations.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1944-1945:  24-25.

 

Miller, D.  1946.  Entomological investigations.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1945-1946:  30-31.

 

Miller, D.  1947a.  Control of gorse by seed weevil.  New Zealand J. Agr. 75:  341-44.

 

Miller, D.  1947b.  Entomological Investigations.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1946-1947:  34-5.

 

Miller, D.  1948a.  Entomological investigations.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1947-1948:  29-30

 

Miller, D.  1948b.  Control of St. John's wort by imported beetle.  New Zealand J. Agr. 76:  351-52.

 

Miller, D.  1950.  Entomological investigations.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1949-1950:  39-40.

 

Miller, D.  1951.  Entomological investigations.  Cawthron Inst. (Nelson, New Zealand) Ann. Rept. 1950-1951:  31-32

 

Miller, D.  1963.  Thomas Cawthron and the Cawthron Institute.  Cawthron Inst. Trust Board, Nelson, New Zealand.  248 p.

 

Miller, D.  1970.  Biological control of weeds in New Zealand 1927-48.  N. Z. Dept. Sci. Ind. Res. Mat. Ser. No. 74:  1-104.

 

Miller, D. & A. F. Clark.  1934.  Distribution of parasites in New Zealand.  N. Z. J. Sci. Tech. 15:  301-07.

 

Miller, D. & A. F. Clark.  1935a.  Control of forest insects.  Distribution of parasites in New Zealand.  New Zeal. J. Sci. Technol. 16:  301-07.

 

Miller, D. & A. F. Clark.  1936b.  Sirex noctilio (Hymn.) and its parasite in New Zealand.  Bull. Ent. Res. 26:  149-54.

 

Miller, D. & A. F. Clark.  1938.  The establishment of Rhyssas persuasoria in New Zealand.  New Zeal. J. Sci. Technol. 19:  63-4.

 

Miller, D. & M. N. Watt.  1915.  Contributions to the study of New Zealand Entomology, fron an economical and biological standpoint.  New Zeal. Inst. Trans. & Proc. 47:  274-84.

 

Miller, D., A. F. Clark & L. J. Dumbleton.  1936.  Biological control of noxious insects and weeds in New Zealand.  New Zeal. J. Sci. Technol. 18:  579-93.

 

Miller, D. R. & D. E. Weidhaas.  1974.  Equilibrium populations during a sterile-male release program.  Environ. Ent. 3:  211-16.

 

Miller, F. E.  1940.  A rearing method for the mass production of Microplectron fuscipennis (Zett.), cocoon parasite of the European swafly, Gilpinia polytoma (Htg.).  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Ent. Mimeo. Ser. ET 161.  5 p.

 

Miller, J. C.  1983.  Ecological relationships among parasites and the practice of biological control.  Environ. Ent. 12:  620-24.

 

Miller, J.C. 1990.  Effects of a microbial insecticide, Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki, on nontar-get Lepidoptera in a spruce budworm-infested forest.  Journal of Res. on Lepidoptera, 29: 267-276.

 

Miller, J. M. & F. P. Keen.  1960.  Biology and control of the western pine beetle.  U. S. Forest. Serv. Misc. Publ. 800.  381 p.

 

Miller, J. R. & W. L. Roelofs.  1978.  Sustained flight tunnel for measuring insect response to wind borne sex pheromones.  J. Chem. Ecol. 4:  187-98.

 

Miller, L. A. & R. A. Bedding.  1982.  Field testing of the insect parasitic nematode Neoaplectana bibionis [Nematoda: Steinernematidae] against currant borer moth, Synanthedon tipuliformis [Lep.: Sesiidae] in black currants.  Entomophaga 109-14.

 

Miller, L. A. & E. G. MacLeod.  1966.  Ultrasonic sensitivity: a tympanal receptor in the green lace wing Chrysopa carnea.  Science 154:  891-3.

 

Miller, L. K.  1988.  Baculoviruses as gene expression vectors.  Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 42:  177-99.

 

Miller, L.K., A. J..  Lingg, and L.A. Bulia, Jr. 1983.  Bacterial, viral, and fungal insecticides.  Science, 219: 715-721.

 

Miller, L. W.  1947.  The biological control of insect pests in Tasmania.  Tasmanian J. Agr. 18:  117-19.

 

Miller, L. W. & N. M. Hudson.  1953.  Biological control of pests of crucifers in Tasmania.  Tasmanian J. Agr. 24:  125-31.

 

Miller, M. C.  1966.  Emergence and mating of Tetrastichus incertus, a parasite of the alfalfa weevil.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  1532-3.

 

Miller, M. C.  1970.  Biological control of the alfalfa weevil in Massachusetts.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  440-43.

 

Miller, M. C.  1972.  Scanning electron microscope studies of the flagellar sense receptors of Paridesmia discus and Nasonia vitripennis.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  1119-23.

 

Miller, M. C. (ed.).  1979.  Serology in Insect Predator-prey Studies.  Misc. Publ. Ent. Soc. Amer. 11(4):  1-84.

 

Miller, M. C., C. Smith & R. White.  1972a.  Activity of the alfalfa weevil and its parasites in north Georgia.  Environ. Ent. 1:  471-73.

 

Miller, M. C., R. White & C. Smith.  1972.  Laboratory rearing of Peridesmia discus on irradiated alfalfa weevil eggs.  Entomophaga 223-30.

 

Miller, M. C., J. C. Moser, M. McGregor, J.-C. Grégoire, M. Baisier, D. L. Dahlsten & R. A. Werner.  1987.  Potential for the biological control of native North American Dendroctonus beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 80:  417-28.

 

Miller, N. C. E. 1956. Biology of the Heteroptera. London: Methuen, 1972 pp. (reprinted 1971 by Entomological Reprint Specialists, Los Angeles).

 

Miller, N. C. E.  1971.  The Biology of the Heteroptera.  E. W. Classy, England.  206 p.

 

Miller, P. C.  1970.  Age distribution of spruce and fir in beetle-killed forests on the White River Plateau, Colorado.  Amer. Midl. Natur. 83:  206-12.

 

Miller, R. L. & E. T. Hibbs.  1963.  Distribution of eggs of the potato leafhopper, Empoasca fabae on Solanum plants.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 56:  737-40.

 

Miller, R. L. & W. L. Thompson.  1926.  Life histories of ladybeetle predators of the cirtus aphid.  Fla. Ent. 11(1):  1-8.

 

Miller, R. S.  1964a.  Larval competition in Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans.  Ecology 45:  132-48.

 

Miller, R. S.  1964b.  Ecology and distribution of pocket gophers in Colorado.  Ecology 45:  256-72.

 

Miller, R. W. & C. H. Gordon.  1972.  Technical Rabon for larval house fly control in cow manure.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  1064-66.

 

Miller, R. W. & D. A. Rutz.  1990.  Survey of house fly pupal parasitoids on dairy farms in Maryland and New York. p. 59-68. In:  D. A. Rutz & R. A. Patterson (eds.), Biological Control of Arthropods Affecting Livestock and Poultry.  Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.

 

Miller, R. W. & E. C. Uebel.  1974.  Juvenile hormone mimics as feed additives for control of face fly and house fly.  J. Econ. Ent. 67:  69-70.

 

Miller, R. W., L. G. Pickens & C. H. Gordon.  1971.  Effect of Bacillus thuringiensis in cattle manure on house fly larvae.  J. Econ. Ent. 64:  902-03.

 

Miller, R W; Rutz, D A; Pickens, L G; Geden, C J.  1993.  Evaluation of Traps and the Parasitoid Muscidifurax-Raptor Girault and Sanders To Manage House Flies and Stable Flies on Dairy Farms.   J. of Agricultural Entomol., v.10, n.1, (1993): 9-19.

 

Milliken, F. B.  1921.  Results of work on blister beetles in Kansas.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 967.  26 p.

 

Milliron, H. E.  1940.  A study of some factors affecting the efficiency of Encarsia formosa Gahan, an aphelinid parasite of the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporarium (Westw.).  Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Tech. Bull. 173:  1-23.

 

Milliron, H. E.  1950.  The identity of a cleptid egg parasite of the common walking stick, Diapheromera femorata Say.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 52:  47.

 

Millot, J.  1938.  Le développement et la biologie larvaire des oncodides (Cyrtides), Dipteres parasites de'araignées.  Bull. Soc. Zool. France 63:  162-81, 183-97.

 

Mills, H. B.  1942.  Montana insect pests, 1941 and 1942.  Twenty-ninth report of the State Entomologist.  Bull. Montana Agr. Expt. Sta. 408.  36 p.

 

Mills, J. T.  1965.  Soil microbiology-- plant pathology.  Rept. Tate Lyle Cent. Agr. Res. Stat.  p. 482-520.

 

Mills, N. J.  1983a.  The natural enemies of scolytids infesting conifer bark in Europe in relation to the biological control of Dendroctonus spp. in Canada.  Biocontrol News and Information 4:  305-28.

 

Mills, N. J.  1983a.  Possibilities for the biological control of Choristoneura fumiferana (Clemens) using natural enemies from Europe.  Biocontrol News and Information 4:  103-25.

Mills, N. J. and J. Schlup. 1989.  The natural enemies of Ips tjpographus in central Europe: Impact and potential use in biological control, pp. 131-146.  In:Kulhavy, D.L. and M.C. Miller, (eds.). Potentialfor Biological Control of Den­droctonus and Ips Bark Beetles.  Center for Applied Studies, School of Forestry, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, Texas, U.S.A.

 

Mills, N J.  1993a.   Observations on the Parasitoid Complexes of Bud Moths Lepidoptera Tortricoidea on Larch in Europe.  Bull. of Entomol. Res., v.83, n.1, (1993): 103-112.

 

Mills, N J.  1993b.   Species Richness and Structure in the Parasitoid Complexes of Tortricoid

Hosts.  J. of Animal Ecology, v.62, n.1, (1993): 45-58.

 

Mills, N J.  1994a.  The structure and complexity of parasitoid communities in relation to biological control.  Hawkins, B. A. and W. Sheehan (Ed.). Parasitoid community ecology. x+516p. Oxford University Press: Oxford, England, UK; New York, New York, USA. ISBN 0-19-854058-2. 1994. p. 397-417.

 

Mills, N J.  1994b.   Parasitoid guilds: A comparative analysis of the parasitoid communities of tortricids and weevils.  Hawkins, B. A. and W. Sheehan (Ed.). Parasitoid community ecology.  x+516p. Oxford University Press: Oxford, England, UK; New York, New York, USA. ISBN 0-19-854058-2. 1994. p. 30-46.

 

Mills, N J.  1994.  Parasitoid guilds: Defining the structure of the parasitoid communities of endopterygote insect hosts.Environ. Entomol., v.23, n.5, (1994): 1066-1083.

 

Mills, N J; Getz, W M.  1996.  Modelling the biological control of insect pests: A review of host-parasitoid models. Ecological Modelling, v.92, n.2-3, (1996): 121-143.

 

Mills, N J; Gutierrez, A P.  1996.   Prospective modelling in biological control: An analysis of the dynamics of heteronomous hyperparasitism in a cotton-whitefly-parasitoid system.  J. of Applied Ecology, v.33, n.6, (1996): 1379-1394.

 

Mills, N. J. & F. Schoenberg.  1985.  Possibilities for the biological control of the Douglas-fir tussock moth, Orgyia pseudotsugata (Lymantriidae), in Canada, using natural enemies from Europe.  Biocontrol News and Information 6:  7-18.

 

Milne, A.  1943.  The comparison of sheep-tick populations (Ixodes ricinus L.).  Ann. Appl. Biol. 30:  240-50.

 

Milne, A.  1957a.  The natural control of insect populations.  Canad. Ent. 89:  193-213.

 

Milne, A.  1957b.  Theories of natural control of insect populations.  Symp. Cold Spring Harbor Quant. Biol. 22:  253-71.

 

Milne, A.  1958.  Perfect and imperfect density dependence in population dynamics.  Nature 182:  1251.

 

Milne, A.  1961.  Mechanisms in biological competition:  definition of competition among animals.  Symp. Soc. Exptal. Biol. 15:  40-61.

 

Milne, A.  1962.  On the theory of natural control of insect populations.  J. Theoret. Biol. 3:  19-50.

 

Milne, L. J. &  M. J. Milne.  1944.  Notes on the behavior of burying beetles.  J. NY. Ent. Soc. 52:  311-27.

 

Milne, R., A. Z. Ge, D. Rivers & D. H. Dean.  1990.  Specificity of insecticidal crystal proteins:  implications for industrial standardization.  In:  Analytical Chemistry of Bacillus thuringiensis, American Chemical Society Symposium Series 432:  22-35.

 

Milne, W. M.  1981.  Insecticidal versus natural control of white wax scale (Gascardia destructor) at Kenthurst, N.S.W., during 1972-73.  J. Aust. Ent. Soc. 20:  167-70.

 

Milne, W.M. and A.L. Bishop. 1987.  The role of predators and parasites in the natural regulation of lucerne aphids in eastern Australia.  J. Applied Ecology, 24: 893-905.

 

Milner, R. J.  1973.  Nosema whitei, a microsporidan pathogen of some species of Tribolium. IV. The effect of temperature, humidity and larval age on pathogenicity for T. castaneum.  Entomophaga 18:  305-16.

 

Milner, R. J. & D. T. Briese.  1986.  Identification of the microsporidian Pleistophora schulbergi infecting Anaitis effornata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae).  J. Invertebr. Pathol. 48:  100-06.

 

Milner, R. J. & G. G. Lutton.  1975.  The pathogenecity of an entomopoxvirus from Othnonius batesi [Col.: Scarabaeidae] and its possible use as a control agent.  Entomophaga 20:  213-20.

 

Milner, R. J., R. S. Soper & G. G. Lutton.  1982.  Field release of an Israeli strain of the fungus Zoophthora radicans for biological control of Therioaphis trifolii f. maculata.  J. Aust. Ent. Soc. 21:  113-18.

 

Minasjan, L. G.  1964.  Die Biomethode half.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 9(2):  17.  [in Russian].

Mineo, G.  1964.  Osservazioni sulla biologia della Gymnoscelis pumilata Hb. [Lepidoptera-Geometridae].  Boll. Ist. Ent. Agr., Oss. Fitopat., Palermo 5(37):  22 p.

 

Mineo, G.  1965.  L'Ephestia cautella Walk. (tignola dei fichi secchi) infesta anche gli agrumi (Lep. Pyralidae).  Boll. 1st Ent. Agr., Oss. Fitopat., Palermo 5:  207-27.

 

Mineo, G.  1966.  Sul Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Muls. (Osservazioni morfo-biologische).  Boll. Ist. Ent. Agr. Osserv. Fitopat. Palermo 6:  99-143.

 

Mineo, G.  1967.  on Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Muls. (Observations on morphology and bionomics).  Bol. 1st Ent. Agr. Fitopath. Palermo 6:  99-143.

 

Mineo, G., R. Pralavorio, G. Maniglia, J. Voegelé & Y. Arambourg.  1975.  Prove di controlle biologico del Prays citri Mill. (Lep. Hyponomeudae) con Ageniaspis fuscicollis Dalm. (var. Praysincola) Silv. (Hym. Envyrtidae) e Trichogramma evanescens Westw. (Hym. Trichogrammatid) sul limone in Sicilia.  Boll. Ist. Ent. Agr. Palermo 9:  143-60.

 

Miner, J. R.  1933.  Pierre-Francois Verhulst, the discoverer of the logistic curve.  Human Biol. 5:  673-89.

 

Minjajo, A.  1966.  Über Parasiten des Pappelbockes.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 11(11):  45.  [in Russian].

 

Minkenberg, O.P.J.M. 1988.  Dispersal of Liriomyza trifolii.  Bull. OEPPIEPPO, 18:173-182.

 

Minkenberg, O. P. J. M. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1984.  Biological control of leafminers (Diptera: Agromizidae) on greenhouse tomatoes in the Nethe