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Entomology / Biological Pest Control

                                                                              K—References

 

 

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<KA.REF>

 

Kareiva, P.  1987.  Habitat fragmentation and the stability of predator-prey interactions. Nature 326, 388-390.

 

Kareiva, P. and Odell, G.M.  1987.  Swarms of predators exhibit 'preytaxis' if individual predators use area-restricted search. American Naturalist 130 (2), 233-270.

 

Kaae, R. S. & H. H. Shorey.  1972a.  Sex pheromones of noctuid moths.  XXVII.  Influence of wind velocity on sex pheromone releasing behavior of Trichoplusia ni females.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  436-40.

 

Kaae, R. S. & H. H. Shorey.  1972b.  Sex pheromones of Lepidoptera.  XXIX. An improved double-cone trap for males of Trichoplusia ni.  Environ. Ent. 1:  1592-3.

 

Kaae, R. S. & H. H. Shorey.  1973.  Sex pheromones of Lepidoptera.  44.  Influence of environmental conditions on the location of pheromone communication and mating in Pectinophora gossypiella.  Environ. Ent. 2:  1081-4.

 

Kaae, R. S., J. R. McLaughlin, H. H. Shorey & L. K. Gaston.  1972.  Sex pheromones of Lepidoptera.  XXXII.  Disruption of intraspecific pheromone communication in various species of Lepidoptera by permeation of the air with looplure or hexalure.  Environ. Ent. 1:  651-53.

 

Kaae, R. S., H. H. Shorey & L. K. Gaston.  1973.  Pheromone concentration as a mechanism for reproductive isolation between two lepidopterous species.  Science 179:  487-8.

 

Kaae, R. S., H. H. Shorey, S. U. McFarland & L. K. Gaston.  1973.  Sex pheromones of Lepidoptera.  XXXVII. Role of sex pheromones and other factors in reproductive isolation among ten species of Noctuidae.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 66:  444-8.

 

Kaae, R. S., H. H. Shorey, L. K. Gaston & H. H. Hummel.  1974.  Sex pheromones of Lepidoptera: Disruption of pheromone communication in Trichoplusia ni and Pectinophora gossypiella by permeation of the air with non-pheromone chemicals.  Environ. Ent. 3:  87-9.

 

Kaae, R. S., H. H. Shorey, L. K. Gaston & D. Sellers.  1977.  Sex pheromoens of Lepidoptera:  Seasonal distribution of males of Pectinophora gossypiella in a cotton-growing area.  Environ. Ent. 6:  284-6.

 

Kaaya, G. P. & M. A. Okech.  1990.  Horizontal transmission of mycotic infection in adult tsetse, Glossina morsitans morsitans.  Entomophaga 35:  589-600.

 

Kabacik, D.  1962.  Observations on the numerical variations of ground beetles (Carabidae) for various cultivated fields.  Ekol. Polska, Ser. A(10-12):  307-23.  [in Polish].

 

Kabacik, D.  1964.  Observations on changes in numbers of Calosoma auropunctatum Herbst. (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in various field cultures.  Polski Pismo Ent., Ser. B., Ent.  Stosowana 3/4(35/36):  271-76.  [in Polish].

 

Ka…marek, V.  1962.  Biozönotische Zusammenhänge zwischen den Raubinsekten der Bodenfauna.  Sbornik:  Voprosy ekologii, Kiev 4:  34-5.  [in Russian].

 

Kaddou, I. K.  1960.  The feeding behaviour of Hippodamia quinquesignata (Kirby) larvae.  Univ. Calif. Pubs. Ent. 16(5):  181-232.

 

Kadlec, J. A.  1971.  Effect of introducing foxes and raccoons on herring gull colonies.  J. Wildl. Manage. 35:  625-36.

 

Kadlubowski, W.  1965.  Studies on oophagae of Acantholyda nemoralis Thoms. [Hym., Pamphiliidae].  Poznansk. Towarzyst. Przyjac. Nauk. Wydz. Nauk Roln., Lesn., Prace Kom. Nauk Roln., Kom. Nauk Lesn. 16(6):  68 p.  [in Polish].

 

Kadner, C. G. & F. M. LeFleur.  1951.  The vitamin requirements of Phaenicia sericata larvae.  Wasmann J. Biol. 9:  129-36.

 

Kaestner, A.  1968.  Order Araneae, Spiders in Invertebrate Zoology, Vol. 2, p. 131-203.  Interscience, New York.

 

Kahlow, E.  1963.  Ergebnisse und kritische Einschätrung einer Massenaufzucht von Perillus bioculatus (Fabr.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae).  Beitr. Ent. 13:  345-58.

 

Kahn, R. P.  1988.  Plant quarantine:  Principles, Concepts and Problems. Vol. I.  256 p., Vol II, 272 p., Vol. III, 224 p.  CRC Press.

 

Kahn, R.P., (ed.). 1989.  Plant Protection and Quarantine CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A.

 

Kai, H.  1979.  Maternally inherited sonless abnormal sex-ratio (SR) condition in the lady beetle Harmonia axyridis.  Acta Genet. Sin. 6:  296-304.

 

Kailidis, D. S.  1962.  Beobachtungen über die Biologie und Bekämpfung des Kiefern-Prozessionsspinners, Th. pityocampa Schiff., in Attica-- Griechenland.  Minist. Agr. Forest Res. Inst. No. 7.  59 p.  [in Greek].

Kainoh, Y. and S. Tatsuki. 1988.  Host egg kairomones essential for egg-larval parasitoid, Ascogaster reticulatus Watanabe (Hymenoptera: Braconidac), 1. Internal and external kairomones.  J. Chem. Ecol., 14:1475-1484.

 

Kainoh, Y., S. Tatsuki, H. Sugie, and Y. Tamaki. 1989.  Host egg kairomones essential for egg-larval parasitoid, Ascogaster reticulatus Watanabe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), II.  Identification of internal kairomone.  J. Chem. Ecol., 15: 1219-1229.

 

Kainoh, Y., S. Tatsuki, and T. Kusano. 1990.  Host moth scales: A cue for host location for Ascogaster reticulatus Watanabe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).  Applied Entomol. and Zoology, 25: 17-25.

 

Kaitz, E. F. & J. P. Weimer.  1976.  Home grown fruits and vegetables and their use.  USDA, TVS-201, August.  4 p.

 

Kajak, A.  1965.  An analysis of food relations between the spiders-- Araneus cornutus Clerck and Araneus quadratus Clerck-- and their prey in meadows.  Ekol. Polska 13:  717-64.

 

Kajawara, J.  1964.  Misc. Notes.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 18:  339.

Kajita, H.  1964.  On the parasites of Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus Green.  Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ. 21:  7-11.  [in Japanese].

 

Kajita, H.  1966.  On the longevity of Pseudaphycus malinus Gahan [Hymenoptera; Encyrtidae].  Acta Hymenopt. 2:  145-8.

 

Kajita, H.  1967a.  Studies on the utilization of natural enemies as "biotic insecticides."  On the number of eggs deposited by Pseudaphycus malinus Gahan and its host selection.  Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ. 22:  319-24.  [in Japanese].

 

Kajita, H.  1967b.  Studies on the utilization of natural enemies as "biotic insecticides."  The low temperature storage of pupae of Pseudaphycus malinus Gahan.  Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ. 23:  23-8.  [in Japanese].

 

Kajita, H.  1967c.  Studies on the utilization of natural enemies as "biotic insecticides."  On the acclimatization of rearing temperature for the low temperature storage of larvae or pupae of Pseudaphycus malinus Gahan.  Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 23:  29-32.  [in Japanese].

 

Kajita, H.  1973.  Rearing of Apanteles chilonis Munakata on the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis Walker, bred on a semi-artificial diet.  Jpn. J. Appl. Ent. Zool. 17:  59-9.

 

Kajita, H. & E. F. Drake.  1969.  Biology of Apanteles chilonis and A. flavipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasites of Chilo suppressalis.  Mushi 42:  163-79.

 

Kajita, H. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1982.  The parasite‑host relationship  between Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). XIII. Effects of low  temperatures on egg maturation of Encarsia formosa. J. Appl. Ent.  93: 430‑439.

 

Kajtazov, A.  1963.  Parasites and rapacious insects attacking the enemies of common and fodder cabbage in Sofia region.  Rast. Zašt., Sofija 11(9):  20-4.  [in Bulgarian].

 

Kakakhel, S A; Ahad, K; Amjad, M; Hassan, S A.  1998.  The side-effects of pesticides on Diaeretiella rapae, a parasitoid of the  turnip aphid (Lipaphis erysimi).  Anzeiger fuer Schaedlingskunde Pflanzenschutz Umweltschutz, v.71, n.3,: 61-63.

 

Kakehashi, N., Y. Suzuki & Y. Iwasa.  1984.  Niche overlap in parasitoids in host-parasitoid systems:  its consequence to single versus multiple introduction controversy in biological control.  J. Appl. Ecol. 21:  115-31.

 

Kakulija, G. A. & G. V. Verem…uk.  1965.  New nematode species, Neoaplectana georgica [Nematodes, Steinernematidae] found on June chafer.  Soobš…. Akad. Nauk. GruzSSR 40:  713-18.  [in Russian].

 

Kalanadze, L. & I. Mchelidze.  1930.  On the biology of Gambusia affinis.  Nachr. Trop. Med. 3:  24-40.  [German & Russian summaries].

 

Kalandadze, A.  1966.  Der Einfluss der Infizierbarkeit des reinrassigen Materials mit Gelbsucht auf die Qualität der Bombyx-Eier.  Trudy Gruz. sel'skochoz. Inst. 70:  215-18.  [in Grus.].

 

Kalashnikova, G. I.  1971.  Biological characteristics of some species and forms of Trichogramma under the conditions of the Chuiskii Valley of Kirghizia, p. 41-2.  In:  Biological Methods of Protecting Fruit & Vegetable Crops from Pests, Diseases & Weeds as the Basis for Integrated Systems.  Kishinev.  [in Russian].

 

Kale, H. W.  1968.  The relationship of purple martins to mosquito control.  Auk 85:  654-61.

 

Kalshoven, L. G. E.  1950-1951.  Die Plagen van de Cultuurgewassen in Indonesia. 2 vols.  W. van Hoeve, The Hague.  1065 p.

 

Kalvis, T. K.  1965.  Die Mykoflora von Dendrolimus sibiricus, p. 17-20.  In:  A. I. „erepanov (ed.), Issled. po biol. metod. bor'by s vredit. sels'kogo i lesn. choz. (Dokl. k simp., 17-20 Nov 1964).  Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk. Otd., Novosibirsk, Vyp 2.  [in Russian].

 

Kamal, A. D.  1954.  Ecological and nutritional studies on the cherry fruit fly.  J. Econ. Ent. 47:  959-65.

 

Kamal, A. S.  1958.  Comparative study of thirteen species of sarcosaprophagous Calliphoridae and Sarcophagidae (Diptera).  I. Bionomics.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 51:  261-71.

 

Kamal, K. & V. P. Sinha.  1972.  Recent studies on the microbial control of vectors of medical importance.  Pat. J. Med. 46(9):  259-63.

 

Kamal, M.  1935.  Recent advances in the control of the pink boll-worm (Platyedra gossypiella) by natural enemies.  6th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Proc. 2:  567-81.

 

Kamal, M.  1938a.  Brachymeria femorata Panz. (Hymenoptera-Chalcididae) a primary parasite of teh cabbage worm Pieris rapae L.  Bull. Soc. Roy. Ent. d'Egypte 21:  5-27.

 

Kamal, M.  1938b.  The cotton green bug, Nezara viridula L. and its imported egg-parasite, Microphanurus megacephalus (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupidae).  Roy. Ent. Soc. d'Egypte 21:  175-207.

 

Kamal, M.  1939.  Biological studies on some hymenopterous parasites of aphidophagous Syrphidae.  Egypt Min. Agr. Tech. & Sci. Serv. Bull. 207.  110 p.

 

Kamal, M.  1951a.  Biological control projects in Egypt, with a list of introduced parasites and predators.  Bull. Soc. Fouad ler Ent. 35: 205-20.

 

Kamal, M.  1951b.  The biological control of the cotton leafworm (Prodenia litura F.) in Egypt.  Bull. Soc. Ent. Egypte 35:  221-70.

 

Kamal, M.  1952.  Investigations on the biological control of the cotton leafworm Prodenia litura in Egypt.  9th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Trans. 9:  757-60.

 

Kamarudin, N H; Walker, A K; Wahid, M B; Lasalle, J; Polaszek, A.  1996.   Hymenopterous parasitoids associated with the bagworms Metisa plana and Mahasena corbetti (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) on oil palms in Peninsular Malaysia.Bulletin of Entomol. Res., v.86, n.4, : 423-439.

 

Kambe, T.  1932.  On the life history of Propylaca japonica Thunbg. as an enemy of aphids.  Korean Agr. Expt. Sta. Rept. 6:  1-2, 25-34.

 

Kambourov, G.  1966a.  Etiologie de la loque européenne.  Bull. Apicult. Doc. Scient., Techn., Inform. 9:  27-30.

 

Kambourov, G.  1966b.  Traitement de la loque européenne.  Bull. Apicult. Doc. Scient., Techn. Inform. 9:  31-4.

 

Kamburov, S., D. Gerling & D. Bar.  1970.  Rearing, distribution and colonization of Pteroptrix smithi (Compere) in Israel.  Entomophaga 15:  413-18.

 

Kamenkova, K. V.  1955.  Parasites of stinkbug and their supplementary hosts in foothill regions of the Krasnodar area.  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Leningrad.  [in Russian].

 

Kamenkova, K. V.  1958.  The causes of high efficiency of sunn pest egg parasites in premountainous zone of Krasnodar Region.  Tr. Vses. Inst. Zashch. Rast. 9:  285-311.

 

Kamenkova, K. V.  1964.  Trichogramma gegen Agrotis segetum.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 9(6):  18.  [in Russian].

 

Kamenkova, K. V.  1971.  An evaluation of resistance of sunn pest egg parasites to insecticides.  Byull. Vses. Nauch. Issled. Inst. Zashch. Rast. 21:  7-10.

 

Kamenkova, K. V. & V. A. Mol…anova.  1961.  Determination of supplementary feeding in insects by means of radioactive phosphorus and its effect on the egg maturation of Meniscus-- a parasite of the grain moth, p. 29-30.  In:  Materialy Simpoziuma po primeneniju biofiziki v oblasti zaš…. rast., Leningrad.  [in Russian].

 

Kamenkova, K. V. & V. A. Mol…anova.  1962.  Verwendung des radioaktiven Isotops von Phosphor zur Markierung der Getreideeule und ihrer Parasiten.  Sbornik:  Voprosy ekologii, Kiev 4:  111.  [in Russian].

 

Kamenkova, K. V. & V. A. Šapiro.  1962.  Die Bedeutung der Parasiten von Hadena sordida Bkh. (= anceps Hübn.) bei der Neulanderschliessung in Kasachstan.  Biol. metod. bor'by s vrediteljami i boleznjami sel'skochoz. kultur, Moskva 1:  68-88.  [in Russian].

 

Kamiya, H.  1959.  On the food habits of some predatory Coccinellidae.  Proc. Assoc. Plant Prot., Kyushu 5:  66-67.  [in Japanese].

 

Kamiya, H.  1962.  Coccinellid beetles collected in the citrus groves in the suburbs of Fukuoka City, Japan [Coleoptera].  Kontyu 30:  242-7.  [in Japanese].

 

Kamiya, H.  1965.  Comparative morphology of larvae of the Japanese Coccinellidae, with special reference to the phylogeny of the family.  Mem. Fac. Lib. Arts, Fukui Univ., Ser 11(Nat. Sci.) 14:  83-100.

 

Kamm, J. A.  1973.  Development of Lydina polidoides [Diptera: Tachinidae] in relation to its host Chrysoteuchia topiaria [Lepidoptera: Pyralidae].  Entomophaga 18:  223-28.

 

Kamya, H.  1966.  On the Coccinellidae attacking the scale insects and mites in Japan and the Ryukyus.  Mushi, Fukuoka 39:  65-93.

 

Kanamitsu, K.  1963.  Lissonota evetriae Uchida [Hym., Ichneumonidae], a parasite of a Japanese pine shoot moth, Evetria cristata Walshingham.  Japan. J. Appl. Ent., Zool. 7:  307-10.  [in Japanese].

 

Kanayama, A., E. Yoshida & T. Houma.  1975.  The parasitism of Tetrastichus hagenowii (Ratz.) on ootheca of the smokey brown cockroach Periplaneta fuliginosa (Serv.) collected in Shizuoka city.  Japanese J. Sanit. Zool. 17:  157-162.

 

Kanda, S.  1933.  Studies on the fireflies. I. Life-history of Luciola cruciata Motschulsky.  Kontyu. Insect. 7:  219-39.

 

Kandybin, N. V.  1962.  Ein Getreidepräparat mit Bakterien des Nagetier- Typhus, ein wirksames Mittel zur Bekämpfung der roten Wühlmaus.  Bjull, nau…n.- techn. inf. po sel'skochoz. mikrobiologii, Nr. 2(12):  43-7.  [in Russian].

 

Kandybin, N.V. and O.V. Sniirnov. 1990.  Registration requirements and safety considerations for Microbial pest control agents in the U.S.S.R. and adjacent eastern European countries, pp. 19-30.  In:Laird, M., L.A. Lacey, and E.W. Davidson, (eds.). Safety of Microbial Insecticides.  CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A.

 

Kandybin, N. V.  1964.  Eine mikrobiologische Methode zur Bekämpfung der Waldwühlmaus.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 9(9):  20-1.  [in Russian].

 

Kanervo, V.  1940.  Beobachtungen und Versuche zur Ermittlung der Nahrung einiger Coccinelliden.  Ann. Ent. Fenn., Helsingfor 6:  89-110.

 

Kanervo, V.  1941.  Zur Morphologie der praimaginalen Stadien von Calvia 15-guttata F. (Col. Coccinellidae).  Ann. Ent. Fennici 7(1):  52-60.

 

Kanervo, V.  1967.  Augenblicklicher Stand der integrierten Bekämpfung im Obstbau in Finnland.  Entomophaga Mém. Hors. Sér. 3:  125-6.

 

Kanjuka, V. Ju.  1965a.  Activation of the latent virus of nuclear polyhedrosis under the effect of Tipula iridescent virus.  Mikrobiol. ð., Kiev 27(6):  77-80.  [in Ukranian].

 

Kanjuka, V. Ju.  1965b.  The problem of species specificity of Tipula iridescent virus.  Dopovidy Akad. Nauk Ukrainsk. SSR 6:  811-14.  [in Ukranian]. 

 

Kanour, W. W.  1985.  Population monitoring and nonchemical control means for house flies and stable flies at confinement dairy fcilities.  Ph.D. Thesis, Pennsylvania St. Univ., University Park, PA.

 

Kanour, W. W. & P. Burbutis.  1984.  Trichogramma nubilalis (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) field releases in corn and a hypothetical model for control of European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).  J. Econ. Ent. 77:  103-07.

 

Kanungo, K.  1955.  Effects of superparasitism on sex-ratio and mortality.  Current Sci. 24:  59-60.

 

Kapatos, E., B. S. Fletcher, S. Pappas & Y. Laudeho.  1977.  The release of Opius concolor and O. concolor var. siculus [Hym.: Braconidae] against the spring generation of Dacus oleae [Dipt.: Trypetidae] on Corfu.  Entomophaga 22:  265-70.

 

Kapentanakis, E. G. & J. E. Cranham.  1983.  Laboratory evaluation of resistance to pesticides in the phytoseiid predator Typhlodromus pyri from English apple orchards.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 103:  389-400.

 

Kapur, A. P.  1942.  Bionomics of some Coccinellidae, predaceous on aphids and coccids in North India.  Indian J. Ent. 4, Pt. 1:  49-66.

 

Kapur, A. P.  1944.  On the biology and the structure of the coccinellid Thea bisoctonotata Muls. in North India.  Indian J. Ent. 5:  165-71.

 

Kapur, A. P.  1948a.  The genus Tetrabrachys (Lithophylus) with notes on its biology and a key to the species (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae).  Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc., London 99:  319-39.

 

Kapur, A. P.  1948b.  On the Old World species of the genus Stethorus Weise (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae).  Bull. Ent. Res. 39(2):  297-320.

 

Kapur, A. P.  1961.  A new species of Stethorus Weise (Coccinellidae, Coleoptera), feeding on arecanut palm mites in Kerala, southern India.  Entomophaga 6:  35-.

 

Kapur, A. P.  1963.  The taxonomic status and further description of Harmonia expallida Weise, (Col., Coccinellidae), feeding on Adelges species (Hem., Adelgidae) in north-western India.  Entomophaga 8:  199-.

 

Kapur, A. P. & V. Sudha Rao.  1962.  A new species of lady-bird beetle (Col. Coccinellidae) feeding on Adelges spp. (Hem. Adelgidae) in north-western India.  Entomophaga 7:  47-.

 

Karabaš, Ju. A.  1965.  Protection of yields against European apple sawfly.  Sadovodstvo 7:  40.  [in Russian].

 

Karahan, O. & S. Velibeyoglu.  1963.  Ein parasitischer Pilz Metarrhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorokin on Polyphylla spp. Larven.  Bitki Koruma Bülteni 3:  166-73.  [in Turkish].

 

Kamarudin, N H; Walker, A K; Wahid, M B; Lasalle, J; Polaszek, A.  1996.   Hymenopterous parasitoids associated with the bagworms Metisa plana and Mahasena corbetti (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) on oil palms in Peninsular Malaysia.Bulletin of Entomol. Res., v.86, n.4, : 423-439.

 

Karandinos, M. G. & R. C. Axtell.  1965.  Temperature responses of Hippelates (Diptera: Chloropidae) eggs.  Elisha Mitchell Sci. J. 8:  80-1.

 

Karandinos, M. G. & R. C. Axtell.  1967a.  Temperature effects on the immature stages of Hippelates pusio, H. bishoppi, and H. pallipes (Diptera: Chloropidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 60(5): 1055-62.

 

Karandinos, M. G. & R. C. Axtell.  1967b.  Effect of temperature on the longevities, fecundity, and activity of adult Hippelates pusio, H. bishoppi, and H. pallipes (Diptera: Chloropidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 60(6): 1252-1255.

 

Karandinos, M. G. & R. C. Axtell.  1972a.  Population density effects on fecundity of Hippelates pusio Loew (Diptera: Chloropidae).  Oecologia 9: 341-8.

 

Karandinos, M. G. & R. C. Axtell.  1972b.  Age-related changes in the fertility of Hippelates pusio, H. bishoppi, and H. pallipes (Diptera: Chloropidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 65(5): 1092-9.

 

Karandinos, M. G. & R. C. Axtell.  1974.  Age-related changes in the rate of oviposition of three species of Hippelates (Diptera: Chloropidae) eye gnats:  Experimental and mathematical analysis.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 67(4): 669-77.

 

Karanukaran, L.  1966.  Parasitism of Chironomus costatus Joh. [Diptera: Nematocera] by a mermithid.  Nematologica, Leiden 12:  172-4.

 

Karavaeva, R. P.  1962.  Anleitung zur biologischen Bekämpfung von Hyponomeuta malinella in Nuss-Wäldern Süd-Kirgisiens.  Frunze.  19 p.  [in Russian].

 

Karavaeva, R. P. & K. E. Romanenko.  1962.  Entomophagen von Hyponomeuta malinella L. und H. padella L. in Obstkulturen Süd-Kirgisiens und Wege zu ihrer Verwendung.  Sbornik ent. rabot 1:  10-26.  [in Russian].

 

Karavaeva, R. P. & K. E. Romanenko.  1963.  Ergebnisse der Akklimatisierung von Ageniaspis fuscicollis [Chalcididae, Encyrtidae] in den Obstplantagen Südkirgisiens.  Sbornik:  Akklimat. ñivotnych v SSSR, Alma-Ata.  p. 304-6.  [in Russian].

 

Karczewski, J.  1963.  Einige Bemerkungen zur Biologie von Actia pilipennis Fall. [Tachinidae, Dipt.].  Sylwan 107:  31-3.  [in Polish]. 

 

Kard, B.M.R., F.P. Hain, and W.M. Brooks. 1988.  Field suppression of three white grub species (Coleoptera: Scara­baeidae) by the entomogenous nematodes Steinernema feltiae and Heterorbabditis beliothidis.   J. Econ. Entomol., 81: 1033-1039.

 

Kareiva, P.  1982.  Experimental and mathematical analyses of herbivore movement:  quantifying the influence of plant spacing and quality on foraging discrimination.  Ecol. Mono. 52:  261-82.

 

Kareiva, P.  1985.  Patchiness, dispersal, and species interactions:  consequences for communities of herbivorous insects. p. 192-206.  In:  T. Case & J. Diamond (eds.), Community Ecology.  Harper & Row, New York.

 

Kareiva, P.  1989.  Renewing the dialogue between theory and experiments in population ecology. p. 68-88.  In:  J. Roughgarden, R. M. May and S. A. Levin (eds.), Perspectives in Ecological Theory.  Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

 

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Khan, A. R. & B. J. Selman.  1988.  On the mortality of Tribolium castaneum adults treated sublethally as larvae with primiphos methyl, Nosema whitei and primiphos methyl-N whitei doses.  Entomophaga 33:  377-80.

 

Khan, M. A.  1969.  Systemic pesticides for use on animals.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 14:  369-86.

 

Khan, M. Q. & M. Hussain.  1964.  Natural control of Laphygma exigua by a Mermis sp. (Nematoda).  Indian J. Ent. 26:  124-25.

 

Khan, M. Y. & S. A. Shafee.  1977.  Indian species of the genus Mirufens [Hym.: Trichogrammatidae].  Entomophaga 22:  31-6.

 

Khan, S. M. & M. Ozer.  1988.  Biology of Microplitis mediator [Hym.: Braconidae] a gregarious endoparasite of Agrotis segetum [Lep.: Noctuidae].  Entomophaga 33:  211-18.

 

Kharazi-Pakdel, A.  1968.  Recherches sur la pathogénie de Nosema melolonthae Krieg.  Entomophaga 13:  289-318.

 

Kharazi-Pakdel, A. & A. Amargier.  1973.  La pathogenèse des infections simultanées à Adelina melolonthae et à Nosema melolonthae chez Melolontha melolontha.  Entomophaga 18:  229-36.

 

Khasimuddin, S. & P. H. DeBach.  1975a.  Mating behavior and evidence of a male sex pheromone in species of the genus aphytis (Hym: Aphelinidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 68:  893-96.

 

Khasimuddin, S. & P. H. DeBach.  1975b.  Hybridization: at tool for establishing biosystematic statuses of cryptic species with particular reference to parasitic Hymenoptera.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 69:  15-20.

 

Khasimuddin, S. & P. H. DeBach.  1975c.  Biosystematic and ecological status of two sympatric populations of aphytis mytilaspidis LeBaron (Hym: Aphelinidae).  Entomophaga 21:  113-32.

 

Khasimuddin, S. & P. DeBach.  1976a.  Biosystematic studies of three allopatric populations of Aphytis maculicornis (Hym.: Aphelinidae).  Entomophaga 21(1):  81-92.

 

Khasimuddin, S. & P. DeBach.  1976b.  Biosystematic and evolutionary statuses of two sympatric populations of aphytis mytilaspidis (Hym.: Aphelinidae).  Entomophaga 21(1):  113-22.

 

Khasimuddin, S. & P. DeBach.  1976c.  Hybridization tests:  a method of establishing biosystematic statuses of cryptic species of some parasitic Hymenoptera.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 69(1):  15-20.

 

Khigh-Tsin, C.  1962.  Zur Ontogenese und Biologie von apanteles solitarius Ratz.-- einem Parasiten des Schwammspinners (Porthetria dispar L.).  Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 6(6):  26-32.  [in Russian].

 

Kholchenkov, V. A.  1970.  The biology of the apple pygmy moth (Stigmella malella) and measures for controlling it.  Byull. Gos. Nikitsk. Bot. Sada 3(14).  [in Russian].

 

Kholchenkov, V. A.  1973.  Species composition and trophic relationships of mining moths damaging fruit crops in the Crimea.  Prikladnaya botanika i introduktsiya rastenii, Nauka, Moscow.  [in Russian].

 

Kholchenkov, V. A.  1974.  Mining moths-- pests of fruit crops.  In:  V. P. Vasil'ev (ed.), Pests of Agricultural Crops and Forest Plantings, Vol 2, Kiev.  [in Russian].

 

Kholchenkov, V. A.  1976.  Mining moths--pests of fruit crops of the Crimea (Fauna, biology, control measures).  Ph.D. Thesis, Hharkov, USSR.  [in Russian].

 

Khvatova, L. P.  1960.  The feeding of the great titmouse, tree sparrow, and Jynx torquilla, p. 29-33.  In:  L. P. Poznanin (ed.), Ways and Means of Using Birds in Combating Noxious Insects.  Israel Prog. Sci. Transl., Jerusalem.

 

<KI.REF>

 

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Kido, H., D. L. Flaherty, D. F. Bosch & K. A. Valero.  1984.  French prune trees as overwintering sites for grape leafhopper egg parasite.  Amer. J. Enol. Vitic. 35:  156-60.

 

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Kifune, T.  1961.  (Biological notes on two Japanese species of the genus Zonitis Fabricius (Coleoptera, Meloidae)).  Mushi 35:  51-61.

 

Kikukawa, T., F. Matsumura, M. Kraemer, H. C. Coppel & A. Tai.  1982.  Field attractiveness of chirally defined synthetic attractants to males of Diprion similis and Gilpinia frutetorum.  J. Chem. Ecol. 8(3):  301-14.

 

Kikukawa, T., F. Matsumura, J. Olaifa, M. Kraemer, H. C. Coppel & A. Tai.  1983.  Field evaluation of chiral isomers of the sex pheromone of the European pine sawfly, Neodiprion sertifer.  J. Chem. Ecol. 9:  673-93.

 

Kilgore, W. W. & R. L. Doutt (eds.).  1967.  Pest Control-- Biological, Physical and Selected Chemical Methods.  Academic Press, New York.

 

Kilgore, W. W., A. E. Carlson, D. Pimentel & S. Dagley.  1974.  Chemical Additives.  In:  Productive Agriculture and a Quality Environment.  189 p.

 

Killick, H. J. & S. J. Warden.  1991.  Ultraviolet penetration of pine trees and insect virus survival.  Entomophaga 36: 87-94.

 

Killington, J. F.  1932.  Notes on the life-history of Hemerobius pini Steph.  Ent. Soc. So. England Trans. 8:  41-4.

 

Killington, J. F.  1935.  Notes on the habitat and life-history of Nephantica (Nothochrysa) fulviceps (Steph.).  Soc. Brit. Ent. J. 1:  110-13.

 

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Killion, M J; Grant, W E; Vinson, S B.  1995.   Response of Baiomys taylori to changes in density of imported fire ants.  J. of Mammalogy, v.76, n.1, (1995): 141-147.

 

Kilpatrick, J. W. & H. F. Schoof.  1959.  Interrelationship of water and Hermetia illucens breeding to Musca domestica production in human excrement.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 8:  597-602.

 

Kim, C. H. & Y. Murakami.  1980.  Ecological studies on Formica yessensis Forel. with special reference to its effectiveness as a biological control agent of the pine caterpillar moth in Korea 1.  Geographical and ecological distributions of Formica yessensis Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).  J. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ. 24:  239-45.

 

Kim, C. H. & Y. Murakami.  1980b.  Ecological studies on Formica yessensis Forel, with special reference to its effectiveness as a biological control agent of the pine caterpillar moth in Korea II. Bionomics of Formica yessensis Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Korea.  J. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ. 25:  119-33.

 

Kim, C. H. & Y. Murakami.  1981.  Ecological studies on Formica yessensis Forel, with special reference to its effectiveness as a biological control agent of the pine caterpillar moth in Korea III.  Nest distribution and environmental conditions of nest sites.  Japan. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ. 26:  9-19. 

 

Kim, C. H. & Y. Murakami.  1981b.  Ecological studies on Formica yessensis Forel, with special reference to its effectiveness as a biological control agent of the pine caterpillar moth in Korea IV.  Artificial colonization of nests.  J. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ. 26:  39-44.

 

Kim, H. S., D. Y. Moon, J. S. Park, S. C. Lee, P. C. Lippold & Y. D. Chang.  1979.  Studies on integrated control of citrus pests. (2) Control of ruby scales (Ceroplastes rubens) on citrus by introduction of a parasite natural enemy, Anicetus beneficus (Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae).  Korean J. Plant Protect. 18:  107-10.

 

Kimani-Njogu, S W; Overholt, W A; Woolley, J B; Omwega, C O. 1998. Electrophoretic and phylogenetic analyses of selected allopatric populations of the Cotesia flavipes complex (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) parasitoids of cereal stemborers. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, v.26, n.3, (1998): 285-296.

 

Kimberling, D. N., J. C. Miller & R. L. Penrose.  1986.  Distribution and parasitism of winter moth, Operophthora brumata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae), in western Oregon.  Environ. Ent. 15: 1042-46.

 

Kimbrough, R. & T. B. Gaines.  1966.  Toxicity of hexamethylphosphoramide in rats.  Nature, London 211:  146-7.

 

Kindler, S. D. & R. Staples.  1970.  Nutrients and the reaction of two alfalfa clones to the spotted alfalfa aphid.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  939-40.

 

Kindler, S. D., W. R. Kehr & R. L. Ogden.  1971.  Influence of pea aphids and spotted alfalfa aphids on the stand, yield of dry matter, and chemical composition of resistant and susceptible varieties of alfalfa.  J. Econ. Ent. 64:  653-57.

 

King, B.H.  1991. A field study of host size effects on sex ratio of the parasitoid wasp   Spalangia cameroni.  American Midland Naturalist v125, n1 (Jan, 1991):10 (8 pages).

 

King, B H.  1996.  Sex ratio responses to other parasitoid wasps: Multiple adaptive explanations.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, v.39, n.6, (1996): 367-374.

 

King, B H.  1997.  Effects of age and burial of house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) pupae on  parasitism by Spalangia cameroni and Muscidifurax raptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).

Environmental Entomology, v.26, n.2, (1997): 410-415.

 

King, C. B. R.  1933.  The tea tortrix (Homona coffearia Nietn.).  Tea Quart. (Ceylon) 6:  153-75.

 

King, C. B. R.  1936.  Report of the Entomologist for the year 1935.  Tea Res. Inst. Ceylon Bull. 13:  35-40.

 

King, C. B. R.  1937.  The long-tailed parasite of tortrix.  Tea Quart. (Ceylon) 10:  187-90.

 

King, D. R. & C. R. Weaver.  1953.  The effect of meadow management on the abundance of meadow spittlebugs.  J. Econ. Ent. 46:  884-87.

 

King, E. G.  1986.  Insecticide use in cotton and the value of predators and parasites for managing Heliothis.  Proc. Beltwide Cotton Prod. Res. Conf., Las Vegas, Nevada, 1985. p. 155-62.

 

King, E. G., G. G. Hartley.  1985a.  Diatraea saccharalis, pp. 265-270.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.

 

King, E. G. & G. G. Hartley.  1985b.  Lixophaga diatraeae, pp. 119-123.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.

 

King, E. G., & G. G. Hartley.  1985c.  Galleria mellonella, pp. 301-305.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.

 

King, E. G. & N. C. Leppla (eds.).  1984.  Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing.  USDA ARS (southern region).  Proc. Conf. in Atlanta, GA.  March 4-6, 1980.  306 p.

 

King, E. G. & R. K. Morrison.  1984.  Some systems for production of eight entomophagous arthropods, pp. 206-222.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Elsevier, New York.

 

King, E. G. & N. C. Leppla.  1984.  Advances and challenges in insect rearing.  Agricultural Research Service, U. S. Dept. of Agric., New Orleans, Louisiana.

 

King, E. G. & R. K. Morrison.  1984.  Some systems for production of eight entomophagous arthropods.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing.  USDA-ARS, Southern Region, New Orleans, Louisiana. p. 206-22.

 

King, E. G., J. V. Bell & D. F. Martin.  1975a.  Control of the bacterium Serratia marcescens in an insect-host-parasite rearing program.  J. Invertebr. Path. 26:  35-40.

 

King, E. G., F. D. Brewer & D. F. Martin.  1975.  Development of Diatraea saccharalis at constant temperatures.  Entomophaga 301-06

 

King, E. G., D. F. Martin & L. R. Miles.  1975c.  Advances in rearing of Lixophaga diatraeae [Dipt.: Tachinidae].  Entomophaga 20:  307-11.

 

King, E. G., L. R. Miles & D. F. Martin.  1976.  Some effects of superparasitism by Lixophaga diatraeae of sugarcane borer larvae in the laboratory.  Ent. Expt. Appl. 20:  261-9.

 

King, E. G., J. H. Hatchett & D. F. Martin.  1978.  Biological characteristics of two populations of Lixophaga diatraeae (Tachinidae: Diptera) and their reciprocal crosses at three different temperatures in the laboratory, pp. 509-516.  Proc. Int. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. 16th Congr. Ent. Section.

 

King, E. G., G. G. Hartley, D. F. Martin, J. W. Smith, T. E. Summers & R. D. Jackson.  1979.  Production of the tachinid Lixophaga diatraeae on its natural host, the sugarcane borer, and on an unnatural host, the greater wax moth.  USDA, SEA, Adv. Agr. Technol. Southern Ser. No. 3.  16 p.

 

King, E. G., J. E. Powell & J. W. Smith.  1981a.  Prospects for utilization of parasites and predators for management of Heliothis spp.  Proc. Workshop on Heliothis Mgmt.  15-20 Nov., 1981.  Patancheu, A. P., India.

 

King, E. G., J. Sanford, J. W. Smith & D. F. Martin.  1981b.  Augmentive releases of Lixophaga diatraeae (Dip.: Tachinidae) for suppression of early season sugarcane borer populations in Louisiana.  Entomophaga 26:  59-69.

 

King, E. G., R. L. Ridgway & A. L. Hartstack.  1984.  Propagation and release of entomophagous arthropods for control by augmentation.  In:  P. L. Adkisson (ed.), Proc. Chinese Acad. Sci., U. S. Natl. Acad. Sci. Joint Symp. on Biol. Control of Insects. Science Press, Beijing, China. 

 

King, E. G., K. R. Hopper & J. E. Powell.  1985a.  Analysis of systems for biological control of crop arthropod pests in the U. S. by augmentation of predators and parasites.  In:  M. A. Hoy & D. C. Herzog (eds.), Biological Control In Agricultural IPM Systems.  Academic Press, New York.

 

King, E. G., D. L. Bull, L. F. Bouse & J. R. Phillips.  1985b.  Biological control of bollworm and tobacco budworm in cotton by augmentative releases of Trichogramma.  Suppl. to Southwest Ent. No. 8.  1985.  The Southwestern Ent. Soc. Press, College Station, Texas.  198 p.

 

King, E. G., D. L. Bull, L. F. Bouse & J. R. Phillips.  1985c.  Introduction:  Biological control of Heliothis spp. in cotton by augmentative releases of Trichogramma.  Southwest. Ent. (Suppl.) 8:  1-10.

 

King, E. G., R. J. Coleman, J. R. Phillips & W. A. Dickerson.  1985d.  Heliothis spp. and selected natural enemy populations in cotton:  A comparison of three insect control programs in Arkansas (1981-82) and North Carolina (1983).  Southwest. Ent. (Suppl.) 8:  71-98.

 

King, E. G., R. J. Coleman, L. Woods, L. Wendel, S. Greenberg, A. W. Scott, J. Roberson & D. D. Hardee.  1995.  Suppression of the boll weevil in commercial cotton by augmentative releases of a wasp parasite, Catolaccus grandis.  In:  D. J. Herber & D. A. Richter (eds.), Proc. Beltwide Cotton Conf, 1995, Vol. 2.  National Cotton Counc. Amer., Memphis, TN.

 

King, G.A., A. J..  Daugulis, R Faulkner, D. Bayly, and M.F.A. Goosen. 1988.  Growth of

baculovirus-infected insect cells in microcapsuies to a high cell and virus density.  Biotechnology Letters, lo: 683-688.

 

King, J. C.  1958.  Some light on population dynamics provided by lines of Drosophila melanogaster selected for resistance to DDT.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. (1956) 2:  811-19.

 

King, J. E. & J. R. Coley-Smith.  1969.  Production of volatile alkyl sulphides by microbial degradation of synthetic alliin and alliin-like compounds, in relation to germination of sclerotia of Sclerotium cepivorum Berk.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 64:  303-14.

 

King, J. L.  1916.  Observations on the life history of Pterodentia flavipes Gray.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 9:  309-21.

 

King, J. L.  1919.  Notes on the biology of the carabid genera Brachinus, Galerita and Chlaenius.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 12:  382-88.

 

King, J. L.  1931.  The present status of the established parasites of Popillia japonica Newman.  J. Econ. Ent. 24:  453-62.

 

King, J. L.  1937.  Methods for rearing tiphiids and scoliids, p. 502-8.  In:  Galtsoff et al. (eds.), Culture Methods for Invertebrate Animals.  Comstock Publ. Co., New York.  590 p.

 

King, J. L. & H. C. Hallock.  1925.  A report on certain parasites of Popillia japonica Newm.  J. Econ. Ent. 18:  351-6.

 

King, J. L. & J. K. Holloway.  1930a.  The establishment and colonization of Tiphia popilliavora, a parasite of the Japanese beetle.  J. Econ. Ent. 23:  266-74.

 

King, J. L. & J. K. Holloway.  1930b.  Tiphia popilliavora Rohwer, a parasite of the Japanese beetle.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Circ. 145.  11 p.

 

King, J. L. & L. B. Parker.  1941.  Summary of Japanese beetle parasite liberations, including the year 1940.  U. S. Dept. Agr., Bur. Ent. & Plant Quar., Surv. Bull. 21:  127-37.

 

King, J. L. & L. B. Parker.  1950.  The spring Tiphia, an important enemy of the Japanese beetle.  U. S. Dept. Agric., ARS, Ser E, 799.  8 p.

 

King, J. L., N. W. Allen & H. C. Hallock.  1927.  The present status of the work on the parasites of Popillia japonica Newman.  J. Econ. Ent. 20:  365-73.

 

King, K. M. & N. J. Atkinson.  1928.  The biological control factors of the immature stages of Euxoa ochrogaster Gn. (Lepidoptera, Phalaenidae) in Saskatchewan.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 21:  167-88.

 

King, L. J.  1966.  Weeds of the World, Biology and Control.  Interscience Publ., Inc., New York.  526 p.

 

King, P. E.  1962.  The effect of resorbing eggs upon the sex ratio of the offspring in Nasonia vitripennis (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae).  J. Expt. Biol. 39:  161-65.

 

King, P. E.  1963.  The rate of egg resorption in Nasonia vitripennis (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) deprived of hosts.  Proc. Roy. Ent. Soc. London 38:  98-100.

 

King, P. E. & M. J. Copland.  1969.  The structure of the female reproductive system in the Mymaridae (Hym.).  J. Nat. Hist 3:  349-65.

 

King, P. E. & C. R. Hopkins.  1963.  Length of life of the sexes in Nasonia vitripennis (Walker) [Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae] under conditions of starvation.  J. Expt. Biol. 40:  751-61.

 

King, R. C. & R. L. DeVine.  1958.  Oogenesis in adult Drosophila melanogaster.  VII.  The submicroscopic morphology of the ovary.  Growth 22:  299-326.

 

King, R. L. & A. B. Taylor.  1936.  Malpighamoeba locustae, n.sp. (Amoebidae), a protozoan parasitic in the malpighian tubes of grasshoppers.  Trans. Amer. Microsc. Soc. 55:  6-10.

 

King, P. B.  1958.  Evolution of Modern Surface Features of Western North America, p. 3-60.  C. L. Hubbs (ed.).

 

King, P. E. & C. R. Hopkins.  1963.  Length of life of the sexes in Nasonia vitripennis (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) under conditions of starvation.  J. Exptal. Biol. 40:  751-61.

 

King, P. E. & J. Rafai.  1970.  Host discrimination in a gregarious parasitoid, Nasonia vitripennis (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).  J. Exp. Biol. 53:  245-54.

 

King, P. E. & N. A. Ratcliffe.  1968.  The composition of yolk in the eggs of Apanteles glomeratus (L.) (Braconidae: Hymenoptera).  Entomologist 101(1263):  178-79.

 

King, P. E. & N. A. Ratcliffe.  1969.  The structure and possible mode of functioning of the female reproductive system in Nasonia vitripennis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).  J. Zool., London 157:  319-44.

 

King, P. E. & J. G. Richards.  1968a.  Oosorption in Nasonia vitripennis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).  J. Zool. Lond. 154:  495-516.

 

King, P. E. & J. G. Richards.  1968b.  Accessory nuclei and annulate lamellae in Hymenopteran oocytes.  Nature 218 (5140):  488.

 

King, P. E., J. G. Richards & M. J. W. Copland.  1968.  The structure of the chorion and its possible significance during oviposition in Nasonia vitripennis (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae), and other chalcids.  Proc. Roy. Ent. Soc. London (A) 43(1-3):  13-20.

 

King, W. E. & R. C. Fox.  1969.  Notes on biology of clerid beetles that attack Ips spp. (Scolytidae) in upper South Carolina.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62:  924-25.

 

Kingsbury, J. M.  1964.  Poisonous Plants of the United States and Canada.  Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.  626 p.

 

Kingsolver, J. M. (Ed.) 1978+. A Catalogue of the Coleoptera of America North of Mexico. (This series is being published by the USDA in the Agriculture Handbook series, each family in a different release and usually by a different author.

Kinsakova, E. I.  1962.  Einige Ergebnisse der Erprobung des räuberischen Pilzes Arthrobotrys oligosporum für die Bekämpfung der Gallnematode.  Sbornik: Nematody vrednye v sel'sko-choz. i bor'ba s nimi, Samarkand.  p. 114-21.  [in Russian].

 

Kinsey, A. C. 1930. The gall wasp genus Cynips. A study in the origin of species. Indiana Univ. Stud., 16:1-577; 429 f.

Kinsey, A. C. 1936. The origin of the higher categories in Cynips. Indiana Univ. Publ. Sci. Ser., Contrib. Dept. Zool. No. 242; 334 pp., 172 f.

 

Kinzer, R. E.  1976.  Development and evaluation of techniques for using Chrysopa carnea Stephens to control Heliothis spp. in cotton.  P.D. Thesis, Texas A. & M. Univ., College Station, TX.  60 p.

 

Kinzer, R. E., C. B. Cowan, R. L. Ridgway, F. J. Davis, Jr. & R. J. Copperage.  1977.  Populations of arthropod predators and Heliothis spp. after applications of aldicarb and moncrotophos.  Environ. Ent. 6:  13-16.

 

Kirby, W.  1800.  A continuation of the history of Tipula tritici, in a letter to Thomas Marsham.  Linn. Soc. London Trans. 5:  96-111.

 

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<KJ.REF>

 

<KK.REF>

 

<KL.REF>

 

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Klein, J. A. & N. E. Beckage.  1990.  Comparative suitability of Trogoderma variabile and T. glabrum (Coleoptera: Dermestidae) as hosts for the ectoparasite Laelius pedatus (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 83:  809-16.

 

Klein, J. A., D. A. ballard, K. S. Lieber, W. E. Burkholder & N. E. Beckage.  1991.  Host developmental stage and size as factors affecting parasitization of Trogoderma variablie (Coleoptera: Dermestidae) by Laelius pedatus (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 84:  72-8.

 

Klein, M., S. Yathom, S. Keren, S. Levski & S. Tal.  1983.  The effects of population density and sex ratio on mating frequency of Earias insulana males and females in laboratory cultures.  Phytoparasitica 11:  145-9.

 

Klein, M. G.  1972.  Microorganisms associated with the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis (Hartig) (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae), in Wisconsin.  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Wisconsin, Madison.

 

Klein, M. G.  1981.  Advances in the use of Bacillus popilliae for pest control, p. 183-92.  In:  H. D. Burges & N. W. Hussey (eds.), Microbial Control of Insects and Mites.  Academic Press, New York.

 

Klein, M. G. & H. C. Coppel.  1965.  Oviposition habits of a white pine chrysomelid Glyptoscellis pubescens (Fabr.).  Proc. North Cent. Br., Ent. Soc. Amer. 20:  140-41.

 

Klein, M. G. & H. C. Coppel.  1968.  Isolation and pathogenicity of fungi and bacteria from the meconia of the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis.  J. Invert. Path 12:  391-94.

 

Klein, M. G. & H. C. Coppel.  1968.  The pine chrysomelid, Glyptoscelis pubescens, in northwestern Wisconsin.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62:  1-7.

 

Klein, M. G. & H. C. Coppel.  1969.  Hemocytopoietic organs in larvae of the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62:  1259-61.

 

Klein, M. G. & H. C. Coppel.  1973.  A nuclear polyhedrosis virus disease of Diprion similis (Hartig) (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) in Wisconsin.  Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes No. 169.  3 p.

 

Klein, M. G. & H. C. Coppel.  1973.  Entomophthora tenthredinis, a fungal pathogen of the introduced pine sawfly in northwestern Wisconsin.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer 66:  1178-80.

 

Klein, M. G. & H. C. Coppel.  1973.  The seasonal occurrence and pathogenicity of bacteria associated with Diprion similis (Hartig) (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) larvae in Wisconsin.  Univ. Wis. For. Res. Notes No. 170.  4 p.

 

Klein, M. G., K. O. Lawrence & T. L. Ladd, Jr.  1973.  A modified trap for the Japanese beetle.  J. Econ. Ent. 66:  275-76.

 

Kleinhout, J.  1962.  Destroyed wasp nests.  Levende Natuur, Amsterdam 65:  95-6.  [in Dutch]. 

 

Klein-Koch, C.  1977.  Consideraciones sobre la cría de entomófagos en Chile y Peru, especialmente contra la mosca blanca de los cítricos, Aleurothrixus floccosus Mask.  Boletín del Servicio de Defensa Contra Plagas e Inspección Fitopatológica.  Vol. III:  101-109.

 

Kleintjes, P K; Dahlsten, D L.  1993.  Relationship of Insect Availability To the Foraging Behavior and Nestling Diet of the Mountain Chickadee Parus-Gambeli. Bull. of the Ecological Soc. of America, v.74, n.2 SUPPL., (1993): 311.

 

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Klement, Z.  1953.  Further experiments on the use of Bacillus thuringiensis for biological control of Hyphantria cunea Drury.  Ann. Hung. Plant Prot. Inst. (1951) 6:  177-83. 

 

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Klerks, W. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1991b.  Natural enemies of Jacobiasca (Empoasca) lybica (Homoptera: Cicadellidae): a review with an annotated bibliography. AUW/FAO. In press

 

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Kline, D. L. & R. C. Axtell.  1975b.  Larval distribution of salt marsh Culicoides (Diptera:  Ceratopogonidae) (Abstract).  Proc. 62nd Annu. Mtg. N.J. Mosq. Exterm. Assoc. p. 102-5.

 

Kline, D. L. & R. C. Axtell.  1976.  Salt marsh Culicoides (Diptera:  Ceratopogonidae):  Species, seasonal abundance and comparison of trapping methods.  Mosquito News 36(1): 1-10.

 

Kline, D. L. & R. C. Axtell.  1977.  Distribution of Culicoides hollensis, C. furens, and C. bermudensis in relation to plant cover in a North Carolina salt marsh (Diptera:  Ceratopogonidae) J. Med. Ent. 13(4-5):  546-552.

 

Kline, D. L., J. C. Dukes, & R. C. Axtell.  1975.  Salt marsh Culicoides (Diptera:  Ceratopogonidae); Comparison of larval sampling methods.  Mosquito News.  35(2): 147-150.

 

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Klingler, J.  1990.  Effect of cold storage on survival and parasite activity of Heterorhabditis sp.  Entomophaga 35:  493-96.

 

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Klingman, D. L. & J. R. Coulson.  1982.  Guidelines for introducing foreign organisms into the United States for biological control of weeds.  Weed Sci. 30:  661-67.

 

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Klink, G.  1964b.  Der Einfluss des Lichts und die Lichtadaption auf die Eiablage von Trichogramma [Hym. Chalcididae].  Biol. Zentralbl. 83:  469-79.

 

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Klomp, H.  1958a.  On the theories of host-parasite interaction.  ARch. Néerland Zool. 13:  134-45.

 

Klomp, H.  1958b.  On the synchronization of the generations of the tachinid Carcelia obesa Zett. (Brutillia B. B.) and its host Bupalus piniarius L.  Zeit. angew. Ent. 42:  210-17.

 

Klomp, H.  1961.  The concepts "similar ecology" and "competition" in animal ecology.  Arch. Nederl. Zool. 14:  90-102.

 

Klomp, H.  1964.  Intraspecific competition and the regulation of insect numbers.  Ann. Rev. Ent. 9:  17-40.

 

Klomp. H.  1966a.  The dynamics of a field population of the pine looper, Bupalus piniarius L. (Lep., Geom.).  Advan. Ecol. Res. 3:  207-305.

 

Klomp, H.  1966b.  The analysis of density dependence in studies on insect population regulation.  Proc. FAO Symp. Integr. Pest Contr., Rome, 1965, 2:  25-31.

 

Klomp, H. & R. J. Teerink.  1978.  The elimination of supernumerary larvae of the gregarious egg-parasitoid Trichogramma embryophagum [Hym.: Trichogrammatidae] in eggs of the host Ephestia kuehniella [Lep.: Pyralidae].  Entomophaga 23:  153-59.

 

Kloot, RM. 1983.  The role of common iceplant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum) in the deterioration of medic pastures.  Australian Journal of Ecology, 8: 301-306.

 

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Kloss, G. R.  1966c.  Observacôes sôbre o intestino posterior de algune Passalidae [Col.] americanos.  pap. Avulsos Zool., Sao Paulo 19(3):  43-52.

 

Kloss, G. R. & L. Travassos.  1965.  Compendio dos nematóides parasitos intestinais de artrópodos. II. Ichthyocephalidae e Ransomnematidae.  Arq. Mus. Nacl., Rio de Janeiro 53:  55-83.

 

Kluge, R.L. 1991.  Biological control of triffid weed Chromolaena odorata (Asteraceae), in South Africa.  Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 37: 193-197

 

Kluge, R.L. and P.M. Caldwell. 1992.  Microsporidian diseases and biological weed control agents: to release or not to release?  Biocontrol News and Information, 13(3): 43N-47N.

 

Klun, J. A., C. L. Tipton & T. A. Brindley.  1967.  2,4-Dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-bensoxazin-3-one (DIMBOA), an active agent in the resistance of maize to the European corn borer.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  1529-33.

 

Klun, J. A.  1974.  Biochemical basis of resistance of plants to pathogens and insects: insect hormone mimics and selected examples of other biologically active chemicals derived from plants, p. 463-84.  In:  F. G. Maxwell & F. A. Harris (eds.), Proc. Summer Inst. Biol. Contr. Plant Insects & Diseases, Univ. Mississippi, Jackson.

 

Klunker, R.  1982.  Die Wirtseignung kältekonservierter Musca domestica Puparien für die Massenzucht der Schlupfwespe Muscidifurax raptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).  Angew. Parasitol. 23(1):  32-42.

 

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