FILE:  <pooled.g.htm>                                                                                                                                                                                 GENERAL INDEX               [Navigate to   MAIN MENU ]

                                                    Several minutes may be required to download this file



Entomology / Biological Pest Control





Please CLICK on SECOND LETTER of Author’s last name:



     A,    B,    C,    D,    E,    F,    G,    H,    I,    J,    K,    L,    M,    N,    O,    P,    Q,    R,    S,    T,    U,    V,    W,    X,    Y,    Z.


[For Subject Matter, depress Ctrl/F]     Additional references may be found at:  MELVYL Library






Gäbler, H.  1948.  Vorteile der Frühbestaübung bei der Nonne unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Tachinenvermehrung.  Zeit. angew. Ent. 31:  441-54.  (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. 40:  49).


Gabriel, B. P.  1959.  Fungus infection of insects via the alimentary tract.  J. Insect Pathol. 1:  319-30.


Gadd, C. H.  1941.  The control of the tea tortrix by its parasite Macrocentrus homonae. Tea Qtrly. (Ceylon) 14:  93-7.


Gadd, C. H.  1946.  Macrocentrus homonae-- a polyembryonic parasite of tea tortrix (Homona coffearia).  Ceylon J. Sci. (B), 23:  67-9.


Gadd, C. H. & W. T. Fonseka.  1945.  Neoplectrus maculatus Ferriere a predator and parasite of Natada nararia Mo. and other nettlegrubs.  Ceylon J. Sci., Sect. B. Zool. 32:  9-18.


Gadd, C. H., W. T. Fonseka & D. J. W. Ranaweeva.  1946.  Parasites of tea nettle grups with special reference to Platyplectrus natadae Ferriere and Autoplectrus taprobanes Gadd.  Ceylon J. Sci., Sect. B. Zoo. 23:  81-94.


Gage, J. H.  1920.  The larvae of the Coccinellidae.  Ill. Biol. Monog. 6:  1-62.


Gage, S.H. and D.L. Haynes. 1975.  Emergence under natural and manipulated conditions of Tetrastichus julis, an introduced larval parasite of the cereal leaf beetle, with reference to regional population management.  Environ. Entomol., 4: 425-434.


Gagina, T. N.  1964.  Vögel und die landwirtschaftliche Produktion.  Kainar, Alma-Ata.  52 p.  [in Russian].


Gagné, R. J.  1990.  Gall midge complex (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in bud galls of Palearctic Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 83:  335-45.


Gagné, W.C. and F.G. Howarth. 1985.  Conservation status of endemic Hawaiian Lepidoptera, pp. 74-84.  Proc. of the 3rd Congress on European Lepidoptera, 1982.  Cambridge, U.K.


Gagne, W. C. & J. L. Martin.  1968.  The insect ecology of red pine plantations in central Ontario.  Canad. Ent. 100:  835-46.


Gagnepain, C. & J. Y. Rasplus.  1989.  Caryedon serratus and its parasitoids in the savanna around Lamto, Ivory Coast.  Entomophaga 34: 559-68.


Gahan, A. B.  1909.  A moth larva predatory on the eggs of the bagworm.  J. Econ. Ent. 2:  236-37.


Gahan, A. B.  1917.  Descriptions of some new parasitic Hymenoptera.  Proc. U. S. Natl. Museum 53:  195-217.


Gahan, A. B.  1922.  A list of phytophagous Chalcidoidea with descriptions of two new species.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 24:  33-58.


Gahan, A. B.  1923.  The role of the taxonomist in present day entomology.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 25:  69-78.


Gahan, A. B.  1933.  The serphoid and chalcidoid parasites of the Hessian fly.  U. S. Dept. Agric. Misc. Pub. 174.  147 p.


Gahan, A. B.  1946.  Eight new species of chalcid-flies of the genus Pseudaphycus with a key to the species.  Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 96:  311-27.


Gahan, A. B.  1949.  Identity of the Anagyrus that parasitizes the pineapple mealybug (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Encyrtidae).  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 13:  357-60.


Gaines, T. B. & R. D. Kimbrough.  1964.  Toxicity of metepa to rats with notes on two other chemosterilants.  Bull. World Health Org. 31:  737-45.


Gair, R., P.L. Mathias, and P.N. Harvey. 1969.  Studies of cereal nematode populations and cereal yields under continuous or intensive culture.  Annals of Applied Biology, 63: 503-512.


Gajdene, E. K.  1963a.  Studium der Parasitenfauna von Pissdes validirostris Gyll. in der Litauischen SSR.  Trudy Akad. nauk Litovsk. SSR, Ser. V, 3:  159-67.  [in Russian].


Gajdene, E. K.  1963b.  Zum Studium von Evetria retiferana Wck. und seiner Parasiten.  Trudy Akad. nauk Litovsk. SSR, Ser. V, 3:  169-78.  [in Russian].


Gal, A.  1978.  Der Einfluss der Temperatur auf die Fruchtbarkeit, Entwicklungs- und Uberlebensrate von Paramyelois transitella (Lep., Pyralidae).  Mitt. Dtsch. ges. Algem. Angew. Ent. 1:  265-69.


Galbraith, M. N. & D. H. S. Horn.  1966.  An insect-moulting hormone from a plant.  Chem. Commun. 1966:  905-06.


Galecka, B.  1962a.  (The effect of tree plantations intersperced among fields on the course of the dynamics of numbers of potato aphids and predaceous Coccinellids).  Ekol. Polska (A) 10(2):  21-44.


Galecka, B.  1962b.  (Correlation between occurrence of Aphididae and Coccinellidae in cultivated fields bordered by woods).  Polskie Pismo Ent. Ser. B, Ent.  Stosowana 1/2 (25-26):  31-38.  [English summary].


Galecka, B.  1966.  The effectiveness of predators in the control of Aphis nasturtii Kalt. and Aphis frangulae Kalt. on potatoes, p. 255-8.  In:  I. Hodek (ed.), Ecology of Aphidophagous Insects.  Liblice, 1965.  Academia, Prague. 


Galford, J. R.  1985.  Enaphalodes rufulus, pp. 255-264.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Galichet, P. F.  1961.  Parasitisme multiple chez Diparopsis watersi Roths. (Lep. Agrotidae).  Entomophaga 6:  203-.


Galichet, P. F.  1979.  Hibernation d'Apanteles chilonis [Hym.: Braconidae] sous le climat méditerranéen.  Entomophaga 24:  119-30.


Galichet, P. F., M. Riany & D. Agounke.  1985.  Bioecology of Lydella thompsoni Hertig, [Dip.: Tachinidae] within the Rhone delta in southern France.  Entomophaga 30:  315-28.


Gall, G. , J. Cech, R. Garcia, V. Resh & R. Washino.  1980.  Mosquito fish-- an established predator.  Calif. Agric. 34(3):  21-2.


Gallagher, J. E. and W.T. Haller. 1990.  History and development of aquatic weed control in the United States.  Rev.s of Weed Science, 5: 115-192.


Gallardo, A.  1916.  Introducción de la Diaspis pentagona y lucha contra esta plaga en la Rep. Argentina.  Ann. de Zool. Aplicada (Santiago de Chile) 3:  33-50.


Galley, R. A. E. & J. G. R. Stevans.  1966.  Pesticide research today.  Span 9(2):  107-09.


Galliard, H.  1928.  Contribution a l'etude des culicides d'Espagna.  Ann. de Parasitol. Humaine et Compar. 6:  206-210.


Gallo, D.  1952.  Contribucao para a controle biologico da broca de cana de azucar.  Sao Paulo Univ., Esc. Super. Agr., Ann. 164:  135-42.


Gallo, D.  1980.  Situacao do controle biologico de broca da cana-de-acucar no Brasil.  Anais da Sociedade Ent. do Brasil. 9:  303-308.


Gallo, L. G., Corsaro, B. G., Hughes, P. R., et al.  1991.  In vivo enhancement of baculovirus infection by the viral enhancing factor of a granulosis virus of the cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera:  Noctuidae).  J. Invertebr. Pathol. 58:  203-210.


Galloway, T. D.  2008.  On the occurrence of Pelecinus polyturator (Hymenoptera: Pelecinidae) in Manitoba, Canada.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Manitoba 64.


Gallun, R. L.  1974.  Genetic interrelationships between host and organism and influence on resistance, p. 395-402.  In:  F. G. Maxwell & F. A. Harris (eds.), Proc. Summer Inst. on Biol. Contr. of Plant Insects and Diseases., Univ. of Mississippi, Jackson.


Gallun, R. L. & L. P. Reitz.  1971.  Wheat cultivars resistant to races of Hessian fly.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Prod. Res. Rep. 134.


Gallun, R. L., K. J. Starks & W. D. Guthrie.  1975.  Plant resistance to insects attacking cereals.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 20:  337-57.


Galper, S., E. Cohn, Y Spiegel, and 1. Chet. 1991.  A collagenolytic fungus, Cunninghamella elegans, for biological control of plant parasitic nematodes.  J. Nematol., 23: 269-274.


Galt, D. & B. Albertson.  1981.  Potential economic impact of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.), upon establishment in California.  Univ. of Calif. Cooperative Extension and Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics, December 1981.


Galtsoff, P. S., F. E. Lutz, P. S. Welch & J. G. Neeham.  1937.  Culture Methods for Invertebrate Animals.  Comstock Publ. Co., Inc., Ithaca, New York.  590 p.


Gambaro, P. I.  1965.  Osservazioni sulla biologia della Prospaltella perniciosi Tow. nella valle Padana.  Entomophaga 10:  373-76.


Gambaro, P. I.  1972.  Il ruolo del Typhlodromus aberrans Oudm. (Acarina, Phytoseiidae) nel controllo biologico degli Acari fitofagi dei vigneti del Vernonese.  Boll. di Zool. Agraria e di Bachictura Ser. 11:  151-65.


Gambaro, P. I.  1975.  Observations on the biology and behaviour of the predaceous mite Typhlodromus italicus [Acarina: Phytoseiidae] in peach orchards.  Entomophaga 20:  171-78.


Gambaro, R.I. 1988.  Natural alternative food for Amblyseius andemoni (Chant) (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) on plants without prey.  Long-term research in orchards with a prey-predator equilibrium.  Redia, 71: 161-171.


Gambino, P., A.C. Medeiros, and L.L. Loope. 1990.  Invasion and colonization of upper elevations on east Maui (Hawaii) by Vespula....(Hymenoptera: Vespidae).  Annals ofthe Entomological Soc. of Amer., 83:1088-1095. 


Gambrell, F. L.  1946.  The European chafer, Amphimallon majalis and its control in lawns.  J. Econ. Ent. 39:  168-73.


Gandrup, J.  1925.  De verspreiding van Cryptolaemus montrouzieri in de residentie besoeki.  Arch. Koffiecult. Ned Indie 1:  119-23.  [Abs. Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 14:  601).


Ganesalingam, V. K.  1966.  Some environmental factors influencing parasitization of the eggs of Nezara viridula L. (Pentatomidae) by Telonomus basalis Wollaston (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae).  Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci. 6:  1-14.


Gangrade, G. A.  1963.  The biology and morphology of immature stages of Euderus agromyzae Gangrade [Eulophidae: Hymenoptera].  Indian J. Ent. 24:  265-73.


Ganguli, R. N.  1961.  Biology and control of Eurema blanda silhetana Wallace, a pest on shade trees in tea gardens.  Indian J. Ent. 23:  195-201.


Ganhao, J. F. P.  1956.  Cephalosporium lecanii Zimm. um fungo entomógeno de cochonilhas.  Revista Brotéria Série Ciéncias Naturais 25:  71-136.


Ganin, M.  1869.  Beiträge zur Erkentniss der Entwickelungsgeschichte bei den Insecten.  Zeitschr. f. wiss. Zool. 19:  381-451.


Ganja, I. M.  1962.  Die Rolle der Vögel bei der Vernichtung schädlicher Insekten in Gärten in Moldavia, p. 94-6.  In:  Materialy 3. Vses. ornitol. konf., L'vov 1:  94-6.  [in Russian].


Ganja, I. M.  1963.  Feeding habits and economic importance of some birds in the orchards in Moldavia.  Zool. ð. 42:  893-902.  [in Russian].


Gantt, C. W., E. G. King & D. F. Martin.  1976.  New machines for use in a biological insect control program.  Tarns. ASAE 19:  242-43.


Gao, R.X., Z. Ouyang, Z.X. Gao, andj.X. Zheng. 1985.  A preliminary report on citrus white fly control with Aschersonia anodis.  Journal of the Fujian Agricultural College, 14(2): 127-133. (in Chinese)


Gao, Y. G., K. J. Dai, L. C. Shong et al.  1982.  Studies on the artificial host egg for Trichogramma. p. 181.  In:  Les Trichogrammes Antibes (France), 20-23 Avril 1982.  Les Coloques de l'INRA, No. 9.


Gaponyuk, I.L. and E.A. Asriev. 1986.  Metaseiulus occidentatis in vineyards.  Zasbchita Rastenii, 8: 22-23. (in Russian) Gardner, D.E. 1990.  Role of Biological Control as a Management Tool in National Parks and Other Natural Areas.   National Park Service, United States Department of Interior, Cooperative Park Studies Unit, Dept.  Botany, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, U.S.A.


Gaprindašvili, N. K.  1962a.  Die Massnahmen gegen Raubmilben in Insektarien bei der Vermehrung des Cryptolaemus.  Subtrop. kul'tury 2:  141-44.  [in Russian].


Gaprindasšvili, N. K.  1962b.  Über die Zunahme der Kälteresistenz bei Lindorus in Gruzinien.  Voprosy ekologii 8:  24-6.  [in Russian].


Gaprindasvili, N. K.  1963.  Directed augmentation of the cold-resistance of the entomophage lindorus.  Agrobiologiya 144(6):  836-943.  [in Russian].


Gaprindasvili, N. K.  1964.  Adaptation of local entomophages and acariphages to feeding on citrus whitefly, p. 131-3.  In:  Publ. House of the Siberian Div. of the Acad. of Sci. of the USSR, Novosibirsk.  [in Russian].


Gaprindasvili, N. K.  1975.  Biological control of the main pests on tea plantations in the Georgian SSR.  VIII Intern. Plant Protect. Cong., 1975, Vol. III:  29-33.


Gaprindasvilli, N. K. & G. N. Novitskaya.  1967.  Natural enemies of the codling moth Laspeyresia pomonella (Lep.: Tortricidae) and the effect of chemical treatments on their beneficial activity.  Ent. Obozr. 46(1):  70-4.  [in Russian].


Gaprindasvili, N. K. & J. I. Tvaladze.  1957.  On the question of using Cryptolaemus to control Pseudococcus comstocki under conditions of Tbilissi.  3rd. Conf. of the All-Union Ent. Soc. II.  Tbilissi, 27-8.


Gara, R. I., R. L. Carlson & B. F. Hrutfiord.  1971.  Influence of some physical and host factors on the behavior of the Sitka spruce weevil, Pissodes sitchensis, in southwestern Washington.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 64:  467-71.


Garbinskij, J. S.  1965.  Zur Frage über den Schutz der nützlichen Ameisen.  Sb. ent. rabot Akad. Nauk KirgSSR, Kirg. Otd., Vses. ent. o-va, Frunze.  p. 101-5.  [in Russian].


Garbowski, L.  1927.  Sur les Entomophthorees, Empusa aulicae Reich en relation avec les ravages causes dans les forets de Posnanie et Pomeranie en 1923/24 par Panolis flammea Sch.  Prace Wydz. Chorob Rosl. Panstw. Inst. Nauk Roln. Bydgosezcz 4:  1-24.


Garcia, R.  1973a.  Strategy of mosquito control, pp. 43-47.  In:  Integrated Pest Management--a Curriculum Report.  R. H. McCabe (ed.).  Assoc. Res. Corp., Miami, Florida.


Garcia, R.  1973b.  Harvesting eggs from wild notonectid populations.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 41:  129-30.


Garcia, R.  1987.  Strategies for the management of mosquito populations with Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (H-14), pp. 145-50.  In:  Proc. 4th Symposium Arbovirus Research in Australia (1986), T. D. St. George, B. H. Kay & J. Blok (eds.).  Q.I.M.R., Brisbane.


Garcia, R., & D. L. Dahlsten.  1980.  The decade of ecologically based pest control strategies, p. 196-209.  In:  G. DeBell (ed.), New Environmental Handbook, Friends of the Earth, San Francisco.


Garcia, R. & B. Des Rochers.  1979.  Toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis to some California mosquitoes under different conditions.  Mosq. News. 39:  541-44.


Garcia, R. & C. B. Huffaker.  1979.  Ecosystem management for suppression of vectors of human malaria and schistosomiasis.  Agro-Ecosystems 5:  295-315.


Garcia, R. & E. F. Legner.  1999.  Biological control of medical and veterinary pests. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher, Jr. (eds.), Chapter 15, p. 935-953, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Garcia, R. & A. W. Sweeney.  1986.  The use of microbial pathogens for the control of mosquitoes.  Agriculture, Ecosystems & the Environment 15:  201-08.


Garcia, R. W., G. Voigt & B. S. Des Rochers.  1974.  Studies of the predatory behavior of notonectids on mosquito larvae.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Control Assoc. 42:  67-69.


Garcia, R., B. Federici, I. Hall, M. Mulla & C. Schaefer.  1980.  BTI-- a potent new biological Bacillus weapon.  Calif. Agric. 34(3):  18-19.


Garcia, R., L. E. Caltagirone & A. P. Gutierrez.  1988.  Comments on a redefinition of biological control.  Roundtable.  Bioscience 38:  692-94.


Garcia, R. et al.  1991.  Comments on a redefinition of biological control.  BioScience (in press).


Garcia-Cabezon, A.  1963.  Un insecto parásito de la junica, descubierto en Tenerife.  Agricultura, Madrid 32(369):  17-19.


Garcia-Mar, F., F. Ferragut, J. Costa-Comelles & C. Marzal.  1984.  Population dynamics of the citrus red mite Panonychus citri (McG.) and its predators in Spanish citrus orchards.  Proc. 1984 Intern. Soc. Citriculture.


Gardiner, B. O. C.  1985a.  Schistocerca gregaria, pp. 465-468.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. I.  Elsevier, New York.


Gardiner, B. O. C.  1985b.  Mamestra brassicae, pp. 381-385.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Gardiner, B. O. C.  1985c.  Pieris brassicae, pp. 453-457.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Gardner, E. J. & D. P. Snustad.  1984.  Principles of Genetics, 7th ed.  John Wiley & Sons, N.Y.  648 p.


Gardner, J. C. M.  1933.  Immature stages of Indian Coleoptera (12). (Carabidae, cont'd.).  Indian For. Records 17(8)):  12 p.


Gardner, J. C. M.  1937.  Immature stages of Indian Coleoptera (21) Cleridae.  Indian For. Rec. (new series).  Ent. (Delhi) 3(2):  31-47.


Gardner, J. C. M.  1940.  The puparia of some Indian Tachinidae (Diptera).  Indian Forest Rec. Ent. 6:  227-51.


Gardner, J. C. M.  1944.  A note on the imported lantana bug (Teleonemia scrupulosa Stal.).  Indian Forester 70:  139-40.


Gardner, S. M. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1986.  Characterisation of the arrestment responses of Trichogramma evanescens.  Oecologia 68:  265-70.


Gardner, S.sM., M. Dissevelt & J.sC. van Lenteren.  1986.  Behavioural adaptations in host finding by Trichogramma evanescens (Westwood):  The influence of oviposition experience on response to host contact  kairomones. Submitted


Gardner, T. R.  1934.  Comparative oviposition efficiency and collection costs of imported versus established Tiphia vernalis Rohwer, a parasite of the Japanese beetle.  J. Econ. Ent. 27:  497-98.


Gardner, T. R.  1938.  Influence of feeding habits of Tiphia vernalis on the parasitization of the Japanese beetle.  J. Econ. Ent. 31:  204-07.


Gardner, T. R.  1953.  The rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros L.) situation in the Palau Islands and the introduction of two scoliid parasites to combat this pest.  7th Pacific Sci. Cong. Proc. (1953) 4:  229-32.


Gardner, T. R.  1958.  Biological control of insect and plant pests in the Trust Territory of Guam.  Proc. 10th Intern. Cong. Ent. (1956) 4:  465-69.


Gardner, T. R. & L. B. Parker.  1940.  Investigations of the parasites of Popillia japonica and related Scarabaeidae in the Far East from 1929 to 1933, inclusive.  U. S. Dept. Agric. Tech. Bull. 738.  36 p.


Gardner, W. A., M. Shepard & R. Noblet.  1981.  Precipitin test for examining predator-prey interactions in soybean fields.  Canad. Ent. 113:  365-69.


Gargiulo, G., C. Malva, F. Pennacchio, and E. Tremblay. 1988.  Structure of Aphidius Nees (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) RDNA: A molecular tool in biosystematic research.  Bolletino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agratia "Filippo Silvestri" di Portici, 45: 202-219.


Garman, P.  1917.  The oriental peach pest.  Maryland Agric. Expt. Sta. Bull. 209.


Garman, P.  1936.  Control of apple aphids with California ladybeetles.  Conn. Agric. Expt. Sta. Bull. 383:  356-67.


Garman, P. & W. P. Bingham.  1933.  Studies on parasites of the Oriental fruit moth.  II.  Macrocentrus.  Conn. Agric. Expt. Sta. Bull. 356:  73-116.


Garney, W. P.  1964.  A pseudo natural biological control of insects.  Biologist 47:  17-21.


Garrett, S. D.  1956.  Biology of Root-Infecting Fungi.  Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.  293 p.


Garrett, S. D.  1965.  Towards biological control of soil-borne plant pathogens, p, 4-17.  In:  K. F. Baker & W. C. Snyder (eds.), Ecology of Soil-Borne Plant Pathogens.  Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley, CA.  571 p.


Garrett, S. D.  1970.  Pathogenic Root-Infecting Fungi.  Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.  294 p.


Garthwaite, P. F.  1938.  Entomological Research.  REpt. Silviculture & Ent., Burma, 1936-37:  93-103.


Garthwaite, P. F.  1940.  Entomologcial Research.  Rept. Silviculture and Ent., Burma, 1938-39:  94-106.


Garthwaite, P. F. & M. H. Desai.  1939.  On the biology of the parasites of the teak defoliators, Hapalia machaeralis Walk. (Pyralidae) and Hyblaea pueara Cram. (Hyblaeidae) in Burma.  Indian Forest Rec. Ent. 5:  309-53.


Garton, D.W., DJ.  Berg, A.M. Stoeckmann, and W.R. Haag. 1993.  Biology of recent invertebrate invading species in the Great Lakes: The spiny water flea, Bythotrephes cedemtroemi, and the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, pp. 63-84.  In:McKnight, B.N., (ed.). Biological Pollution: The Control and Impact of Invasive Exotic Species.  Indiana Academy of Science, Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.A.


Gaspar, C.  1966.  Les fourmis et l'agriculture [Hymenoptera Formicidae].  Ann. Gembloux 72(2):  235-43.


Gassen, D. N.  1983.  Controle biologico des pulgoes do tripo no Brasil.  Informe Agropecuario 104:  44-51.


Gasser, R.  1966.  Use of pesticides in selective manners.  Proc. FAO Symp. Integr. Pest Contr., Rome, 1965, 2:  109-13.


Gast, R. T. & H. Vardell.  1963.  Mechanical devices to expedite boll weevil rearing in the laboratory.  USDA, ARS 33-89.


Gasteiger, E. L.  1996.   Restoring the balance : biocontrol of purple loosestrife / produced at the Educational Television Center, Media Services, Cornell University ; producer/director, Eric L. Gasteiger.  Ithaca, NY : Cornell University,   c1996.   1 videocassette (28 min.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in VHS.  CAS   Biodiv   SB615.P86 R47 1996


Gastine, G.  1913.  La lutte contre la Diaspis pentagona en Italie.  Ann. du Serv. des Epiphyt. 1:  196-219.


Gaston, K. J. & J. H. Lawton.  1987.  A test of statistical techniques for detecting density dependence in sequential censuses of animal populations.  Oecologia 74:  404-410.


Gaston, L. K. & H. H. Shorey.  1964.  Sex pheromones of noctuid moths.  IV. An apparatus for bioassaying the pheromones of six species.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 57:  779-80. 


Gaston, L. K., T. R. Fukuto & H. H. Shorey.  1966.  Sex pheromones of noctuid moths. IX. Isolation techniques and quantitative analysis for the pheromones, with special reference to that of Trichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  1062-6.


Gaston, L. K., H. H. Shorey & C. A. Saario.  1967.  Insect population control by the use of sex pheromones to inhibit orientation between the sexes.  Nature 213:  1155-6.


Gaston, L. K., H. H. Shorey & C. A. Saario.  1971.  Sex pheromones of noctuid moths.  XVIII. Rate of evaporation of a model compound Trichoplusia ni sex pheromone from different substrates at various temperatures and its appliction to insect orientation.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 64:  381-4.


Gaston, L. K., T. L. Payne, S. Takahashi & H. H. Shorey.  1972.  Correlation of chemical structure and sex pheromone activity in Trichoplusia ni (Noctuidae), p. 167-73.  In:  D. Schneider (ed), Olfaction and Taste IV.  Rockefeller Univ. Press, NY.


Gaston, L. K., R. S. Kaae, H. H. Shorey & D. Sellers.  1977.  Controlling the pink bollworm by disrupting sex pheromone communication between adult moths.  Science 196:  904-5.


Gatenby, J. B.  1917.  The embryonic development of Trichogramma evanescens Westw., monembryonic egg parasite of Donacia simplex.  Quart. J. Microscop. Sci. 62:  149-87.


Gatenby, J. B.  1918.  Polyembryony in parasitic Hymenoptera; a review.  Quart. J. Micros. Sci. 63:  175-96.


Gatenby, J. B.  1919a.  Note on Apanteles glomeratus a braconid parasite of the larva of Pieris brassicae.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 55:  19-26.


Gatenby, J. B.  1919b.  Notes on the bionomics, embryology and anatomy of certain Hymenoptera parasitica, especially of Microgaster connexus Nees.  Linn. Soc. London, J. Zool. 33:  387-416.


Gatenby, J. B.  1920.  The cytoplasmic inclusions of the germ cells.  Part VI.  On the origin and probable constitution of the germ cell determinant of Apanteles glomeratus, with a note on the secondary nuclei.  Quart. J. Microscop. Sci. 64:  133-53.


Gater, B. A. R.  1925.  Some observations on the Malaysian coconut zygaenid (Artona catoxantha Hamps.).  Malayan Agric. J. 13:  92-115.


Gater, B. A. R.  1926a.  Further observations on the Malaysian coconut zygaenid (Artona catoxantha Hamps.).  Malayan Agric. J. 13:  92-115.


Gater, B. A. R.  1926b.  Further observations on the Malaysian coconut zygaenid (Artona catoxantha Hamps.) and its parasites.  Malayan Agric. J. 14:  304-50.


Gater, B. A. R.  1926c.  A preliminary note on "chalcid No. 1594" a parasite of Ptychomyia remota Ald.  Malayan Agr. J. 14:  340-48.


Gater, B. A. R.  1928.  The Malayan coconut zygaenid (Artona catoxantha Hamps.) and its relation to Levuana iridescens B. Baker, in Fiji.  3rd Pan-Pacific Sci. Cong. Proc. 2:  2082-85.


Gates, D. M.  1980.  Biophysical Ecology.  Springer-Verlag, New York.


Gaugler, R.  1987.  Entomogenous nematodes and their prospects for genetic improvement, p. 457-84.  In: Biotechnology in Invertebrate Pathology and Cell Culture.  Academic Press, New York.


Gaugler, R. and G.M. Boush. 1978.  Effects of ultraviolet radiation and sunlight on the nematode Neoaplectana carpocapsae.  Joumal of Invertebrate Patholog., 32: 291-296.


Gaugler, R. and G.M. Boush. 1979.  Nonsusceptibility of rats to the entomogenous nematode, Neoaplectana carpocap­sae.  Environ. Entomol., 8: 658-660.


Gaugler, R. and R. Georgis. 1991.  Culture method and efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Steiner­nematidae and Heterorhabditidae).  Biological Control, 1: 269-274.


Gaugler, R. & H. K. Kaya. (eds.)  1990.  Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Biological Control.  CRC Press, Inc.  Boca Raton, FL.  365 p.


Gaugler, R., B. Kaplan, C. Alvarado, J. Montoya & M. Ortega.  1983.  Assessment of Bacillus thuringiensis serotype 14 and Steinernema feltiae [Nematoda: Steinernematidae] for control of the Simulium vectors of onchocerciasis in Mexico.  Entomophaga 28:  309-16.


Gaugler, R., J.F. Camphell, and T.R. McGuire. 1989.  Selection for host-finding in Steinernema feltiae.  J. Invertebr. Patholog., 54: 363-372.


Gaugler, R., J.F. Camphell, and P. Gupta. 1991.  Characterization and basis of enhanced host-finding in a genetically improved strain of Steinernema carpocapsae.  Journal of Invertebrate Patholog., 57: 234-241. 


Gaugler, R., A. Bednarek, and J.F. Camphell. 1992.  Ultraviolet inactivation of heterorhabditid and steinemematid nematodes.  J. Invertebr. Pathol., 59: 155-160.


Gauld, 1. and B. Bolton, (eds.). 1988.  The Hymenoptera.  Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.


Gäumann, E.  1950.  Principles of Plant Infection.  Crosby Lockwood & Sons, London.  543 p.


Gause, G. F.  1934.  The Struggle For Existence.  Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore.  163 p.


Gause, G. F.  1935.  Experimental demonstration of Voltrra's periodic oscillations in the numbers of animals.  J. Exp. Biol. 12:  44-8.


Gause, G. F.  1936.  The principles of biocoenology.  Quart. Rev. Biol. 11:  320-36.


Gause, G. F. & A. A. Witt.  1935.  Behavior of mixed populations and the problem of natural selection.  Amer. Naturalist 69:  596-609.


Gause, G. F., N. P. Smaragdova & A. A. Witt.  1936.  Further studies of interaction between predators and prey.  J. Anim. Ecol. 5:  1-18.


Gauss, R.  1959.  Zum Parasitismus der Facherflugler (Strepsiptera).  Mitt. Bad. Landesver. Naturkunde u. Naturschutz., N.F. 7:  331-47.


Gauss, R.  1961.  Zum zahlenmassigen Geschlechter-Verhältnis von Wirt und Parasit bei Befall durch Facherfluger (Strepsiptera).  Mitt. Bad. landesver. Naturschutz, N.F. 8:  67-70.


Gauss, R.  1964.  Cleptes semiauratus L. [Hym. Chrysididae] im Rahmen der Parasitenliste von Pristiphora abietina (Christ) [Hym. Tenthredinidae] in Südwestdeutschland.  Ztschr. angew. Ent. 54:  225-32.


Gauss, R.  1967.  Verzeichnis der im badischen Gebeit bekanntung gewordenen aculeaten Hautflugler und Goldwespen (Hymenoptera) sowie von stylopisierten Arten.  Mitt. Bad. Landesver. Naturkde., Natursch. 9:  529-87.


Gautier, C. & S. Bonnamour.  1924.  Recherches sur Tetrastichus rapo Walker.  REv. de Path. Vég. et d'Ent. Agr. de France 11:  246-53.


Gautier, G.  1918a.  Etudes physiologiques et parasitologiques sur les lepidopteres nuisibles sur quelques faits relatifs aux larves de pierides.  Soc. Biol. Compt. Rnd., Paris, 81:  197-99.  [Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 6:  190].


Gautier, G.  1918b.  Etudes physiologiques et parasitologiques sur les lepidopteres nuisibles.  La ponte des Apanteles parsites de Pieris brassicae.  Soc. Biol. Compt. Rnd., Paris 81:  801-03.  [Abs. Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 6:  461].


Gaviria, J. D., F. Gafaro, A. J. Prieto, J. Escobar, J. H. Garcia & H. Ruiz.  1982.  Avances en el control integrado de los insectos plagas del cultivo de chrisontemo Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat & Henfl, en el departamento del Cuaca.  Proc. IX Congr. de la Sociedad Colombiana de Entomologia.


Gawande, R. B.  1966.  Effect of constant and alternating temperatures on feeding and development of Chilomenes sexmaculata Fb., p. 63-7.  In:  I. Hodek (ed.), Ecology of Aphidophagous Insects.  Liblice, 1965.  Academia, Prague. 


Gay, F. J.  1938.  A nutritional study of the larva of Dermestes vulpinus F.  J. Exptal. Zool. 79:  93-107.










Ge, A. Z., N. I. Shivarova & D. H. Dean.  1989.  Location of the Bombyx mori specificity domain on a Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxin protein.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86:  4037-41.


Ge, B; Bideshi, D; Moar, W J; Federici, B A. 1998.  Differential effects of helper proteins encoded by the cry2A and cry11A operons on the formation of Cry2A inclusions in Bacillus thuringiensis.  FEMS Microbiology Letters, v.165, n.1, (1998): 35-41.


Geberich, J. B. & M. Laird.  1966.  An annotated bibliography of papers relating to the control of mosquitoes by the use of fish.  (Revised & enlarged to 1965).  WHO/EBL/66.71.


Geberich, J. B. & M. Laird.  1968.  Bibliography of papers related to the control of mosquitoes by the use of fish (an annotated bibliography for the years 1901-1966.  FAO Fisheries Tech. Paper No. 75.  FAO United Nations, Rome.  1-70.


Gebhardt, M. R.  1981.  Methods of pesticide application. p. 87-102.  In:  D. Pimentel (ed.), Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture, Vol. II.  CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida.


Geckler, R. P.  1971.  Laboratory studies of predation of snails by larvae of the marsh fly, Sepedon tenuicornis (Diptera: Sciomyzidae).  Canad. Ent. 103:  638-49.


Geden, C. J.  1984.  Population dynamics, spatial distribution, dispersal behavior and life history of the predaceous histerid, Carcinops pumilio (Erichson), with observations of other members of the poultry manure arthropod community.  Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of Mass., Amherst.  220 p.


Geden, C. J.  1990.  The role of coleopteran and acarine predators in house fly population regulation in poultry production facilities, p. 177-200.  In:  D. A. Rutz & R. A. Patterson (eds.), Biocontrol of Arthropods Affecting Livestock and Poultry.  Westview Press, Boulder, CO.


Geden, C. J.  1991a.  Fly control today requires resistance management.  Cornell Poultry Pointers 41:  3-4.


Geden, C. J.  1991b.  Current and future prospects for house fly biocontrol.  Proc. 53rd Ann. Pest Management Conf., Ithaca, New York.


Geden, C J.  1996.  Modeling host attacks and progeny production of Spalangia gemina,

Spalangia cameroni, and Muscidifurax raptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) at constant and variable temperatures.  Biological Control, v.7, n.2, (1996): 172-178.


Geden, C J.  1997.   Development models for the filth fly parasitoids Spalangia gemina, S. cameroni, and Muscidifurax raptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) under constant and variable temperatures.  Biological Control, v.9, n.3, (1997): 185-192.


Geden, C J.  1997.  Evaluation of a Paraiotonchium muscadomesticae (Nematoda: Tylenchida:  Iotonchiidae), a potential biological control agent of the housefly  (Diptera:Muscidae). Biological Control, v.10, n.1, (1997): 42-47.


Geden, C. J. & R. C. Axtell.  1987.  Factors affecting climbing and tunneling behavior of the lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).  J. Econ. Ent. 80:  1197-1204.


Geden, C. J. & R. C. Axtell.  1988a.  Predation by Carcinops pumilio (Coleoptera: Histeridae) and Macrocheles muscaedomesticae (Acarina: Macrochelidae) on the housefly (Diptera: Muscidae):  Functional response, effects of temperature and availability of alternative prey.  Environ. Ent. 17:  739-44.


Geden, C. J. & R. C. Axtell.  1988b.  Effect of temperature on nematode (Steinernema feltiae) treatment of soil for control of lesser mealworm in turkey houses.  J. Econ. Ent. 81:  800-03.


Geden, C. J. & D. A. Rutz.  1991a.  Using parasitic wasps to manage insecticide-resistant house flies.  Fact Sheet.  2 p.


Geden, C. J. & D. A. Rutz.  1991b.  Improvement of biocontrol agents of house flies on dairy farms.  Proc. 53rd Ann. Pest Management Conf., Ithaca, New York. 


Geden, C. J. & J. G. Stoffolano, Jr.  1980.  Bovine thelaziasis in Massachusetts.  Cornell Vet. 70:  344-59.


Geden, C. J. & J. G. Stoffolano, Jr.  1981.  Geographic range and temporal patterns of parasitization of face by Thelazia sp. in Massachusetts, with observations on the house fly as an unsuitable intermediate host.  J. Med. Ent. 18:  499-56.


Geden, C. J. & J. G. Stoffolano, Jr.  1984.  Nematode parasites of Diptera other than black flies and mosquitoes, p. 849-98.  In:  W. J. Nickle (ed.), Plant and Insect Namatodes.  Marcel Dekker, New York.  925 p.


Geden, C. J. & J. G. Stoffolano, Jr.  1982.  Development of the bovine eyeworm Thelazia gulosa in experimentally infected female Musca autumnalis.  J. Parasitol. 68:  287-92.


Geden, C. J. & J. G. Stoffolano, Jr.  1987.  Succession of manure arthropods at a poultry farm in Massachusetts, with notes on Carcinops pumilio sex ratios, ovarian condition and body size.  J. Med. Ent. 24:  214-22.


Geden, C. J. & J. G. Stoffolano.  1988.  Dispersion patterns of arthropods associated with poultry manure in enclosed houses in Massachusetts: spatial distribution and effects of manure moisture and accumulation time.  J. Ent. Sci. 23:  136-48.


Geden, C. J., R. C. Axtell & W. M. Brooks.  1985.  Susceptibility of the lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to the entomogenous nematodes Steinernema feltiae, S. glaseri (Steinernematidae) and Heterorhabditis heliothidis (Heterorhabditidae).  J. Ent. Sci. 20:  331-39.


Geden, C. J., R. C. Axtell & W. M. Brooks.  1986.  Susceptibility of the house fly, Musca domestica (Diptera:  Muscidae), to the entomogenous nematodes Steinernema feltiae, S. glaseri (Steinernematidae) and Heterorhabditis heliothidis (Heterorhabditidae). J. Med. Ent. 23: 326-332.


Geden, C. J., J. G. Stoffolano, Jr. & J. S. Elkinton.  1987a.  Prey-mediated dispersal behavior of Carcinops pumilio (Coleoptera: Histeridae).  Environ. Ent. 16:  415-19.


Geden, C. J., J. J. Arends & R. C. Axtell.  1987b.  Field trials of Steinernema feltiae (Nematoda:  Steinernematidae) for control of Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleptera:  Tenebrionidae) in commercial broiler and turkey houses.  J. Econ. Ent. 80: 136-141.


Geden, C. J., T. D. Edwards, J. J. Arends & R. C. Axtell.  1987c.  Efficacies of mixtures of disinfectants and insecticides.  Poultry Sci. 66: 659-665.


Geden, C. J., R. F. Stinner & R. C. Axtell.  1988.  Predation by predators of the house fly in poultry manure:  effects of predator density, feeding history, interspecific interference and field conditions.  Environ. Ent. 17:  320-29.


Geden, C. J., D. C. Steinkraus & D. A. Rutz.  1989a.  Poecilochirus monospinosus (Acarina: Parasitidae), a predator of house fly immatures: new locality records from New York and Massachusetts.  J. New York. Ent. Soc. 97:  483-85.


Geden, C. J., D. C. Steinkraus & D. A. Rutz.  1989b.  Pathogens and parasitoids of pests affecting livestock and poultry.  Proc. 51st Ann. Pest Management Conf., Ithaca, New York.


Geden, C. J., R. E. Stinner, D. Kramer & R. C. Axtell.  1990a.  MACMOD, a FORTRAN simulation model of Macrocheles muscaedomesticae population dynamics and predation on house fly immatures.  Environ. Ent. 18:  578-86.


Geden, C. J., D. A. Rutz & D. A. Bishop.  1990b.  Cattle lice on dairy cattle in New York:  seasonal population changes, and effects of housing conditions on infestations of youngstock.  J. Econ. Ent. 83:  1435-38.


Geden, C. J., D. A. Rutz, D. C. Steinkraus, S. J. Long & W. L. Shoop.  1990c.  Susceptibility of insecticide-susceptible and wild house flies (Diptera: Muscidae) to abamectin on whitewashed and unpainted wood.  J. Econ. Ent. 83:  1935-39.


Geden, C. J., D. C. Steinkraus & D. A. Rutz.  1991.  Susceptibility of lesser mealworm (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to Beauveria bassiana:  effects of host stage, formulation, substrate and host passage.  J. Med. Ent. 28:  314-21.


Geden, C. J., D. A. Rutz, J. G. Scott & S. J. Long.  1992a.  Toxicities of eight insecticides against susceptible and field collected house flies (Diptera: Muscidae) and five pupal parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae): simulated premise treatments with commercial products and abamectin.  J. Econ. Ent. 85: (in press).


Geden, C. J., L. Smith & D. A. Rutz.  1992b.  Rapid deterioration of searching behavior, host attacks and fecundity in the parasitoid Muscidifurax raptor after prolonged maintenance in culture.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. (in press).


Geden, C. J., D. C. Steinkraus, R. W. Miller & D. A. Rutz.  1992c.  Successful suppression of filth flies on dairy farms in New York and Maryland by releases of Muscidifurax raptor.  Environ. Ent. (in press).


Geden, C. J. , L. Smith, S. J. Long, and D.A. Rutz. 1992d.  Rapid deterioration of searching behavior, host destruction and fecundity of the parasitoid Muscidifurax raptor(Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in culture.  Annals Soc. of Amer., 85: 179-187.

Geden, C J; Steinkraus, D C; Rutz, D A.  1993.  Evaluation of two methods for release of Entomophthora muscae (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae) to infect house flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on dairy farms.  Environ. Entomol., v.22, n.5, (1993): 1201-1208.


Geden, C J; Rutz, D A; Steinkraus, D C.  1995a.  Virulence of different isolates and formulations of Beauveria bassiana for house flies and the parasitoid Muscidifurax raptor. Biological Control, v.5, n.4, (1995): 615-621.


Geden, C J; Long, S J; Rutz, D A; Becnel, J J.  1995b.  Nosema disease of the parasitoid Muscidifurax raptor (Hymenoptera:  Pteromalidae) Prevalence, patterns of transmission, management, and impact. Biological Control, v.5, n.4, (1995): 607-614.


Geden, C. J.; Arends, J. J.; Rutz, D. A.; Steinkraus, D. C.  1998a.   Laboratory evaluation of Beauveria bassiana (Moniliales: Moniliaceae) against the lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), in poultry litter, soil, and a pupal trap.Biological Control, v.13, n.2, (1998. Oct.): 71-77.


Geden, C J; Bernier, U R; Carlson, D A; Sutton, B D.  1998b.  Identification of Muscidifurax spp., parasitoids of muscoid flies, by composition patterns of cuticular hydrocarbons. Biological Control, v.12, n.3, (1998): 200-207.


Geetha-Bai, G. M. & T. Sankaran.  1977.  Parasites, predators and other arthropods associated with Musca domestica and other flies breeding in bovine manure.  Entomophaga 22:  163-67.


Geier, P. W.  1961.  Numerical regulation of populations of the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.).  Nature (London) 190:  561-62.


Geier, P. W.  1965.  The philosophy of pest control.  Austr. J. Sci. 28:  228-30.


Geier, P. W.  1966.  Management in (of?) insect pests.  Ann. Rev. Ent. 11:  471-90.


Geier, P. W.  1970.  Temporary suppression, population management, or eradication:  how and when to choose, p. 170-89.  In:  R. L. Rabb & F. E. Guthrie (eds.), Concepts of Pest Management.  North Carolina St. Univ., Raleigh.


Geier, P. & M. Baggiolini.  1950.  Quelques observationes sur la biologie de Pericerya purchasi Mask. au Tessin. (Homop., Margaroid.).  Schweiz. Ent. Gesell. Mitt. 23:  104-16.


Geiler, H.  1956/57.  Zur Okologie und Phanologie der auf mitteldeutschen Feldern lebenden Carabiden.  Wiss. Z. Karl-Marx Univ., Leipzig, Math.-Naturw., Reihe 6:  35-61.


Geissler, K.  1966.  Untersuchungen zur Bekämpfung der Erbsengallmücke (Contarinia pisi Winn.).  Arch. Pfl.schutz 2:  83-104.


Geitzenauer, H L; Bernays, E A.  1996.   Plant effects on prey choice by a vespid wasp, Polistes arizonenesis.  Ecological Entomol., v.21, n.3, (1996): 227-234.


Gejspic, K. F.  1965.  Saisonale Anpassungen von Dendrolimus sibiricus Tschetv. und die Möglichkeit einer künstlichen Beeinflussung siner Phänalogie zum Ziele einer Vervollkommnung der Biomethode, p. 91-2.  In:  A. I. „erepanov (ed.), Issled. po biol. metod. bor'by s vredit. sels'kogo i lesn. choz. (Dokl. k simp., 17-20, Nov 1964).  Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk. Otd., Novosibirsk, Vyp 2.  [in Russian].


Gejspic, K. F. & V. A. Maslennikova.  1966.  Zur Frage der Selektion ökologischer Merkmale bei Arthropoden, p. 89-91.  In:  A. I. „erepanov (ed.), Issled. po biol. metod. bor'by s vredit. sels'kogo i lesn. choz. (Dokl. k simp., 17-20, Nov 1964).  Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk. Otd., Novosibirsk, Vyp 2.  [in Russian].


Gelernter, W.D. 1990.  MVP-Bioinsecticidet: A bioengineered, bioencapsulated product for control of lepidopteran larvae, p. 14.  In:Pinnock, D.E., (ed.). Vth International Colloquium on Invertebrate Patholog. and Microbial Control.  Adelaide, Australia, 20-24, August, 1990.


Gelernter, W.D. 1992.  Application of biotechnology for improvement of Bacillus thuringiensis based products and their use for control of lepidopteran pests in the Caribbean.  Florida Entomologist, 75: 484-493.


Gelman, D B; Reed, D A; Beckage, N E.  1998.  Manipulation of fifth-instar host (Manduca sexta) ecdysteroid levels by the parasitoid wasp Cotesia congregata.  J. of Insect Physiology, v.44, n.9, (1998): 833-843.


Gelman, Dale B.; Kelly, Thomas J.; Reed, Darcy A.; Beckage, Nancy E.  1999.   Synthesis/release of ecdysteroids by Cotesia congregata, a parasitoid wasp of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta.  Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology, v.40, n.1, (1999.): 17-29.


Gemmill, A. V.  1960.  Flask-tank setup now turns out first 'bug-kill'bug' insecticide.  Chem. Engineer 67:  42-4.


Genduso, P.  1967.  Attuale tecnica di allevamento dell' Opius concolor Szepl. siculus Mon.  1st Ent. Agr. Osserv. Fitopatol., Palermo, Bol. 7:  9-40.


Genduso, P. & S. Ragusa.  1969.  Lotta biologica artificiale contro la mosca delle olive a mezzo dell'Opius c. siculus Mon. in Puglia nel 1968.  Bol. Inst. Ent. Agric. Palermo 7:  196-216.


Gené, J.  1831.  Memoir pour servir a l'histoire naturelle de l'Apalus bimaculatus et des Cantharidae en general.  Ann. Soc. Nat. 23:  138-44.


Génieys, P.  1924.  Contributions a l'etude des evaniidae:  Zeuxevania splendidula Costa.  Bull. Biol. de la France et Belg. 58:  482-94.

Génieys, P.  1925.  Habrobracon brevicornis Wesm.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 18:  143-202.


Genini, M. and M. Baillod. 1987.  Introduction de souches resistantes de Typhlodromus sp.  (Scheuten) et Amblyseius andersoni Chant (Acari: Phytoseiidae) en vergers de pommiers.  Revue Suisse Viticulture, Arboriculture, ethorticul­ture, 19:115-123.


Genini, M., A. Klay, J. Baumbärtner, V. Delucchi & M. Baillod.  1991.  Etudes comparatives de l'influence de la température et de la nourriture sur le développement de Amblyseius andersoni, Neoseiulus fallacis, Galendromus longipilus et Tryphlodromus pyri [Acari: Phytoseiidae].  Entomophaga 36:  139-54.


Genji, M.  1923.  (Breeding of Ptychanatis axyridis Pall. I-II).  Konchu Sekai, Gifu 27:  371-76, 411-13.


Gentry, C. R., F. R. Lawson, C. M. Knott, J. M. Stonley & J. J. Lam, Jr.  1967.  Control of hornworms by trapping with blacklight and stalk cutting in North Carolina.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  1437-42.


Gentry, C. R., W. W. Thomas & J. M. Stanley.  1969.  Integrated control as an improved means of reducing populations of tobacco pests.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  1274-77.


Gentry, C. R., M. Beroza, J. L. Blythe and B. A. Bierl.  1974.  Efficacy trials with the pheromone of the oriental fruit moth and data on the lesser appleworm.  J. Econ. Ent. 67:  605-06.


Georgala, M. B.  1953.  The woolly aphis of apple and its control.  Farming S. Afr. 28:  21-7.


George, C. R.  1974.  The effects of malnutrition on the generation time of Nosema whitei in larval Tribolium castaneum reared on several commercial flours.  Entomophaga 19:  117-22.


George, F. H.  1965.  Cybernetics and Biology.  Univ. Rev. in Biol., W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco.  130 p.


George, J. A., B. A. L. Nagy & J. W. Stewart.  1983.  Efficacy of Dugesia tigrina (Tricladida: Turbellaria) in reducing Culex numbers in both field and laboratory.  Mosq. News 43:  281-87.


George, J. L. & R. T. Mitchell.  1948.  Calculations on the extent of spruce budworm control by insectivorous birds.  J. Forestry 46:  454-55.


George, L.  1927.  Observations sur la biologie de deux hyménoptères entomophages.  Soc. d'Hist. Nat. de l'Afrique du Nord, Bul. 18:  55-71.


Georghiou, G. P.  1972.  The evolution of resistance to pesticides.  Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 3:  133-68.


Georghiou, G. P.  1981.  The occurrence of resistance to pesticides in arthropods:  an index of cases reported through 1980.  F.A.O., Rome.


Georghiou, G. P.  1986.  The magnitude of the resistance problem.  In:  Pesticide Resistance:  Strategies & Tactics For Management.  pp. 14-43.  National Acad. Sci., Wash., D. C.


Georghiou, G. P. & T. Saito (eds.).  1983.  Pest Resistance to Pesticides.  Plenum Press, New York.


Georghiou, G. and A. Legunes-Teieda. 1991.  Ybe Occurrence of Resistance to Pesticides in Atibropods.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.


Georghiou, G. P. & C. E. Taylor.  1986.  Factors influencing the evolution of resistance.  In:  Pesticide Resistance:  Strategies and Tactics For Management.  pp. 143-46.  National Acad. Sci., Wash. D. C.


Georgis, R. 1990.  Formulation and application technology, pp. 173-191.  In:Gaugler, R. and H.K. Kaya, (eds.).  Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Biological Control.  CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A.


Georgis, R. & N. G. M. Hague.  1991.  Nematodes as biological insecticides.  Pesticide Outlook 2:  29-32.


Georgis, R., H. K. Kaya & R. Gaugler.  1991.  Effect of steinernematid and heterorhabditid nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) on nontarget arthropods.  Environ. Ent. 20:  815-22.


Geraud, F. , G. Perez, N. Boscan de Martinez & J. Teran.  1977.  La mosca prieta de los cítricos en Venezuela y su control biológico.  In:  Memorias de la Reunión Nacional de Control Biológico y Sector Agropecuario Organizado.  SAG.  México.


Gerberg, E. J. & W. M. Visser.  1978.  Preliminary field trial for the biological control of Aedes aegypti by means of Toxorhynchites brevipalpis, a predatory mosquito larva.  Mosq. News 38:  197-200.


Gerberich, J. B. & M. Laird.  1966.  An annotated bibliography of papers relating to the control of mosquitoes by the use of fish (revised and enlarged to 1965).  World Health Organ., EBL 66.71.  108 p.


Gerberich, J. B. & M. Laird.  1968.  Bibliography of papers relating to the control of mosquitoes by the use of fish-- an annotated bibliography for the years 1901-1966.  FAO Fisheries Tech. paper No. 75:  1-70.


Gerberich, J. B.  1985.  Update of annotated bibliography of papers relating to the control of mosquitoes by the use of fish for the years 1965-1981.  WHO/VBC/91.7. 3 p.3


Gerhardt, R. R. & R. C. Axtell.  1972.  Flight of the eye gnat Hippelates pusio (Diptera:  Chloropidae):  Effect of temperature, light, moisture, and wind velocity.  J. Med. Ent. 9(5): 425-428.


Gerhardt, R. R. & R. C. Axtell.  1973.  Flight of the eye gnat Hippelates pallipes, (Diptera:  Chloropidae):  Correlation with temperature, light, moisture and wind velocity.  J. Med. Ent. 10(3): 290-4.


Gerhardt, R. R., J. C. Dukes, J. M. Falter, & R. C. Axtell.  1973.  Public Opinion on Insect Pest Management in Coastal North Carolina.  North Carolina Agric. Ext. Serv. Misc. Publ. 97, 81p.


Gerhardt, R. W.  1953.  Blue-green alga-- a possible anti-mosquito measure for rice fields.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Contr. Assoc., Inc. 22:  50-1.


Gerhardt, R. W.  1955.  Further studies during 1954 on blue-green algae-- a possible anti-mosquito measure for rice fields.  Proc. & Papers 23rd Ann. Conf. Calif. Mosq. Contr. Assoc.  p. 120-23.


Geri, C. & G. Dusaussoy.  1966.  Etude d'une population de Diprion pini [Hym. symphytes] en forét de Fontainebleau. II. Establissement d'une table de mortalité.  Ann. Soc. Ent. France, N.S. 2:  535-48.


Gerig, L.  1960.  Zur Morphologie der Larvenstudien einiger parasitischer Hymenopteren des grauen Lärchenwicklers (Zeiraphera griseana Hübner).  Zeitschr. angew. Ent. 46:  121-77.


Gerling, C. A.  1984.  Selenium in agriculture and the environment.  Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 11:  37-65.


Gerling, D.  1966a.  Biological studies on Encarsia pergandiella Howard and Eretmocerus californicus Howard [Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae], parasites of the greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) [Homoptera, Aleurodidae].  Diss. Abstr. 26 (12, pt. 1):  6941-2.


Gerling, D.  1966b  Biological studies on Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  142-43.


Gerling, D.  1966c.  Studies with whitefly parasites of southern California I.  Encarsia pergandiella Howard (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  Canad. Ent. 98:  707-24.


Gerling, D.  1966d.  Studies with whitefly parasites of southern California II.  Eretmocerus californicus Howard [Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae].  Canad. Ent. 98:  1316-29.


Gerling, D.  1967.  The eggs of the pupal parasites of Musca domestica L.  Israel J. Ent. 2:  11-13.


Gerling, D.  1969a.  Parasites of Spodoptera littoralis Boisd. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) eggs and larvae in Israel.  Israel J. Ent. 4:  73-81.


Gerling, D.  1969b.  Host acceptance and oviposition by Podagrion meridionale Masi.  Entomophaga 14:  329-35.


Gerling, D.  1971.  Occurrence, abundance and efficiency of some local parasitoids attacking Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in selected cotton fields in Palestine (Israel).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 64:  492-99.


Gerling, D.  1982.  Nesting biology and flower relationships of Xylocopa sonorina Smith in Hawaii (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae).  Pan-Pacific Ent. 58:  336-51.


Gerling, D.  1983.  Observations of the biologies and interrelationships of parasites attacking the greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum (West) in Hawaii.  Proc. Hawaii. Ent. Soc. 24:  217-26.


Gerling, D.  1984.  The overwintering mode of Bemisia tabaci and its parasitoids in Israel.  Phytoparasitica 12:  109-18.


Gerling, D.  1985.  Parasitoids attacking Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Homoptera, Aleyrodidae) in Eastern Africa.  Entomophaga 30:  163-65.


Gerling, D.  1996. Status of Bemisia tabaci in the Mediterranean countries: Opportunities for biological control. Biological  Control.6:11‑12


Gerling, D. & D. Bar.  1971.  Reciprocal host-parasite relations as exemplified by Chrysomphalus aonidum [Homoptera: Diaspididae] and Pteroptrix smithi [Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae].  Entomophaga 16:  37-44.


Gerling, D. & H. Hermann.  1976.  The oviposition and life cycle of Anthrax tigrinus [Dipt.: Bombylidae] a parasite of carpenter bees [Hym.: Xylocopidae].  Entomophaga 21:  227-34.


Gerling, D., and V, Kravchenko, 1996. Pest management of Bemisia out of doors,  In: Gerling, D. and R.T. Mayer.1996.(eds) Bemisia: 1995 Taxonomy, Biology, Damage, Control and Management. Intercept Ltd, Andover, UK. pp667‑681.


Gerling, D. & E. F. Legner.  1968.  Developmental history and reproduction of Spalangia cameroni Perkins (Hymenoptera: Spalangiidae), parasite of synanthropic flies.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 61:  1436-43.


Gerling, D. & S. Limon.  1976.  A biological review of the genus Euplectrus (Hym.: Eulophidae) with special emphasis on E. laphygmae as a parasite of Spodoptra littoralis (Lep.: Noctuidae).  Entomophaga 21(2):  179-87.


Gerling, D.  & T. Orion,  1995. Eretmocerus‑Bemisia tabaci  association, a case of morphological manipulation. Bielefelder Oekologische Beitrage 8:57‑61


Gerling, D. & T. Rivnay.  1984.  A new species of Encarsia parasitizing Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius).  Entomophaga 29:  439-44.


Gerling, D. & N. Rotary.  1973.  Hypersensitivity, resulting from host unsuitability, as exemplified by two parasite species attacking Spodoptera littoralis [Lepidoptera: Noctuidae].  Entomophaga 18:  391-96.


Gerling, D. & A. Schwartz.  1974.  Host selection by Telonomus remus, a parasite of Spotoptera littoralis eggs.  Ent. Exp. Appl. 17:  391-96.


Gerling, D. & P. Sinai. 1994. Buprofezin effects on two parasitoid species of whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) J. Econ. Entomol. 87: 842‑846.


Gerling, D. &  T.U. Stern. 1993. Biology of  Delphastus pusillus: The influence of density on fitness. IOBC/WPRS Bull. 16: 39‑42.


Gerling, D., B.D. Roitherg, and M. Mackauer. 1988.  Behavioral defense mechanisms of the pea aphid, pp. 55-56.  In:Anon.  Parasitoid Insects, European Worksbop, Colloques de lINR,4 No. 48.  Lyon, France,7-10 September 1987. 


Gerling, D.  & Steven E. Naranjo. 1998. The Effect of Insecticide Treatments in Cotton Fields on the Levels of Parasitism of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) sl.  Biological Control 12:33‑41


Gerolt, P.  1957.  Method of breeding, handling and sexing adults of Drosophila melanogaster as a test insect for bioassay.  Bull. Ent. Res. 48:  311-15.


Gerritsen, J.  1980.  Sex and parthenogenesis in sparse populations.  Amer. Nat. 115:  718-42.


Gersdorf, E.  1937.  Okologisch-faunistiche Untersuchungen über die Carabiden der mecklenburgischen Landschaft.  Zool. Jb., Abt. System., Okol. u. Geogr. 70:  17-86.


Gersdorf, E.  1962.  Zur Biologie einiger Arten der Gattung Aleochara Grav.  Ent. Bl. 58:  178-82.


Gershenson, S. M.  1956.  Phenomenon on latency in polyhedral viruses.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Ukranian R.S.R. 3:  295-7.


Gershenson, S. M.  1959a.  The variability of polyhedral viruses.  Trans. 1st Internatl. Conf. Insect Pathol. & Biol. Control, Prague 1958.  p. 197-200.  [in Russian with English summary].


Gershenson, S. M.  1959b.  Mutation of polyhedrosis viruses.  Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR 128:  622-5.  [in Russian].


Gershenson, S. M.  1960.  A bibliography of Soviet works on virus diseases of insects.  Ent. Rev. 39:  334-40.


Gershenson, S. M.  1966.  (Übertragung von Erbfaktoren durch Viren bei Sericaria mori, p. 98-103.  In:  O Prirode Virusov, Nauka, Moskva.  p. 98-103.  [in Russian].


Gerson, U.  1964.  Parlatoria cinerea, a pest of citrus in Israel.  FAO Plant Prot. Bull. 12:  82-5.


Gerson, U.  1966a.  The chaff scale, Parlatoria pergandii Comstock, and its parasites in Israel.  Ph.D. Thesis, The Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem.  132 p.  [in Hebrew w/ English abstract].


Gerson, U.  1966b.  A redescription of Eupalopsis maseriensis (Canestrini and Fanzago) (Acarina: Eupalopsellidae).  Israel. J. Zool. 15:  148-54.


Gerson, U.  1967a.  The natural enemies of the chaff scale, Parlatoria pergandii Comstock, in Israel.  Entomophaga.  12:  97-109.


Gerson, U.  1967b.  Some cheyletid and pseudocheylid mites from Israel.  Acarologia 9:  359-69.


Gerson, U.  1967b.  Observations on Hemisarcoptes coccophagus Meyer (Astigmata: Hemisarcoptidae), with a new synonym.  Acarologia 9:  632-8.


Gerson, U.  1967c.  Aphytis riadi-- a synonym of A. chilensis (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60:  1116-8.


Gerson, U.  1968a.  The comparative biologies of two hymenopterous parasites of the chaff scale, Parlatoria pergandii.  Entomophaga 13:  163-73.


Gerson, U.  1968b.  Some raphignathoid mites from Israel.  J. Nat. Hist. 2:  429-37.


Gerson, U.  1970.  Remarks on the planning of pest control.  Hassadeh 50:  751-55.  [in Hebrew].


Gerson, U.  1971.  The mites associated with citrus in Israel.  Israel J. Ent. 6:  5-22.


Gerson, U.  1973.  The mites associated with armored scale insects.  Proc. 35d Internatl. Cong. Acarol., Prague.  W. Junk, The Hague.  p. 653-4.


Gerson, U.  1977.  La caspilla Parlatoria pergandei Comstock y sus enemigos naturales en Israel.  Bol. Serv. Defens. Cont. Plag. Inspect. Fito. 83:  21-53.


Gerson, U.  1985.  Other predaceous mites and spiders, p. 205-10.  In:  W. Helle & M. W. Sabelis (eds.), Spider Mites, Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, vol. 1B.


Gerson, U.  1991.  Arthropod root pests, p. 307-22.  In:  A. Eshel & U. Kafkafi (eds.), Plant Roots: The Hidden Half.  Marcel Dekker.


Gerson, U.  1992a.  Biology and control of the broad mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks) (Acari: Tarsonemidae).  Expt. Appl. Acarol. (in press).


Gerson, U. 1992.  Perspectives of non-phytoseiid predators for the biological control of plant pests.  Experimental and Applied Acarology, 14: 383-391.


Gerson, U. & D. Blumberg.  1969.  Biological notes on the mite Saniosulus nudus.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  729-30.


Gerson, U. & E. Cohen.  1989.  Resurgences of spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) induced by synthetic pyrethroids.  Exp. Appl. Acarol. 6:  29-46.


Gerson, U. & I. Harpaz.  1968.  Notes on gall-midges from Israel and their parasites.  Ent. Ber. 28:  144-8.


Gerson, U. & Y. Rössler.  1982.  Integrated citrus pest management in Israel, p. 150-54.  In:  P. J. Cameron et al. (eds.), Proc. Australasian Workshop on Development & Implementation of IPM, Govt. Printer, Auckland.


Gerson, U. & R. Schneider.  1981.  Laboratory and field studies of the mite Hemisarcoptes coccophagus Meyer (Astigmata: Hemisarcoptidae), a natural enemy of armored scale insects.  Acarologia 22:  199-208.


Gerson, U. & R. Schneider.  1982.  The hypopus of Hemisarcoptes coccophagus Meyer (Acari: Astigmata: Hemisarcoptidae).  Acarologia 23:  171-6.


Gerson, U. & R. L. Smiley.  1990.  Acarine Biocontrol Agents:  An Illustrated Key and Manual.  Chapman & Hall.  174 p.


Gerson, U. & V. Vacante.  1992.  The use of indigenous acarine predators to control citrus mite pests.  Proc. VII Internatl. Citrus Congr.  (in press).


Gerson, U. & M. van de Vrie.  1979.  The potential of mites in the biological control of mites and insect pests.  Proc. 4th Intern. Cong. Acarol., Saalfelden.  Akademiai Kiado, Budapest.  p. 629-35.


Gerson, U. & Y. Zor.  1973.  The armoured scale insects (Homoptera: Diaspididae) of avocado trees in Israel.  J. Nat. Hist. 7:  513-33.


Gerson, U., E. Mescheloff & E. Dubitzki.  1975.  The introduction of Neodusmetia sangwani (Rao) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) into Israel for the control of the rhodesgrass scale, Antonina graminis (Maskell) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae).  J. Appl. Ecol. 12:  767-79.


Gerson, U., R. Kenneth & T. I. Muttath.  1979.  Hirsutella thompsonii, a fungal pathogen of mites. II. Host-pathogen interactions.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 91:  29-40.


Gerson, U., B. M. O'Connor & M. A. Houck.  1990.  Acari, p. 77-97.  In:  D. Rosen (ed.), Armored Scale Insects, Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control.  World Crop Pests, Vol. 4B.  Elsevier Science Publ., Amsterdam.


Gešele, E. E.  1962.  Kombination von chemischen und biologischen Methoden in der Bekämpfung von Eurygaster auf den Vermehrungs- und Zuchtsaaten des Institutes 1960.  Nau…n. trudy Vses. selekc.-genet. inst. 5:  164-8.  [in Russian].


Getz, Wayne M.  1996.  A hypotheses regarding the abruptness of density dependence and the growth rate of populations.  Ecology v77, n7 (Oct, 1996):2014 (13 pages).


Getz, Wayne M.  1988.  The Biology of the Honey Bee. (book reviews).  Nature v331, n6158 (Feb 25, 1988):668.


Getz, Wayne M.  1998. Thinking of biology: an introspection on the art of modeling in population ecology.  BioScience v48, n7 (July, 1998):540.


Getz, W. M. & A. P. Gutierrez.  1982.  A perspective on systems analysis in crop production and insect pest management.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 27:  447-66


Getz, Wayne M.; Mills, Nicholas J.  1996.  Host-parasitoid coexistence and egg-limited encounter rates. American Naturalist v148, n2 (August, 1996):333 (15 pages). 333-47.


Getzen, L. W.  1961.  Spicaria rileyi (Farlow) Charles, an entomogenous fungus of Trichoplusia ni (Hübner).  J. Insect Path. 3:  2-10.


Getzendaner, C. W.  1936.  Parasitizing European earwig with Bigonicheta setipennis Fall.  J. Econ. Ent. 29:  1105-14.


Getzendaner, C. W.  1937.  The introduction and propagation of Bigonichaeta setipennis Fall., a parasite of the European earwig.  Ent. Soc. Brit. Columbia Proc. (1936) 33:  8-12.


Getzin, L. W.  1961.  Spicaria rileyi (Farlow) Charles, an entomogenous fungus of Trichoplusia ni (Hübner).  J. Insect Path. 3:  2-10.


Geyer, J. W. C.  1947a.  A study of the biology and ecology of Exochomus flavipes Thunb.  J. Ent. Soc. So. Afr. 9(2):  219-34.


Geyer, J. W. C.  1947b.  A study of the biology and ecology of Exochomus flavipes Thunb. Part II.  J. Ent. Soc. So. Afr. 10(1):  64-109.


Geyspitz, K. F. & I. I. Kyao.  1953.  The influence of the length of illumination on the development of certain braconids (Hymenoptera).  Entomol. Oboz. 33:  32-35.  [in Russian].


Geyspitz, K. F. & I. I. Kyao.  1953.  The influence of the length of illumination on the development of certain braconids (Hymenoptera).  Ent. Obozsenie 33:  32-35.








Ghani, M. A.  1962.  Collection of Diatraeophaga striatalis Tns. (Diptera: Tachinidae) in Java.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Control, Tech. Bull. 2:  1-27.


Ghani, M. A.  1963.  Eublemma parva Hb., an enemy of Xanthium, shipped to Australia.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Control, Tech. Bull.3:  27-9.


Ghani, M. A.  1969.  natural enemies of forage and grain legume aphids in Pakistan.  Annu. Rep. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr., Pakistan Sta. 


Ghani, M. A.  1971.  Natural enemies of forage and grain legume aphids in Pakistan.  CIBC Pakistan Sta. Rep. Jan 1967-Dec. 1971.  Rawalpindi.  p. 34.


Ghani, M. A. & R. Ahmad.  1966.  Biology of Pharoscymnus flexibilis Muls. (Col. Coccinellidae).  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr., Tech. Bull. 7:  107-11.


Ghani, M. A. & J. R. Williams.  1963.  An attempt to establish the Javanese fly, Diatraeophaga striatalis Towns., in Mauritius for control of the cane moth borer, Proceras sacchariphagus Boj., with notes upon parasites of cane moth-borers in Java.  11th Conf. Internatl. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. Proc. (1962):  626-42.


Ghee, K.S. 1990.  Use of natural enemies for controlling agricultural pests in Malaysia.  In:FFRC-NARC International Seminar on "The use of parasitoids and predators to control agricultural pests." Tukuba Science City, lbaraki-ken. 305, Japan, October 2-7, 1989.


Ghent, A. W., D. A. Fraser & J. B. Thomas.  1957.  Studies of regeneration in forest stands devastated by the spruce budworm. I.  Evidence of trends in forest succession during the first decade following budworm devastation.  Forest Sci. 3:  184-208.


Ghesquiere, J.  1921.  Endoparasite des oeufs d "Anoplocnemis curvipes" Fabr.  Belgium Min. des Colon. Dir. Gen. de l'Agr. Bul. Agr. du Congo Belge 12:  719-20.


Ghosh, C. C.  1910.  Croce filipennis Westw.  Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. J. 20:  530-32.


Ghosh, C. C.  1913.  Life-history of Helicomitus dicax Walk.  Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. J. 22:  643-48.


Ghouri, A. S. K. & J. E. McFarlane.  1958.  Observations on the development of crickets.  Canad. Ent. 90:  158-65.




Giam, C. S.  1971.  DDT, DDE and polychlorinated biphenyls in biota from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea.  Pesticides Monitoring Journal 6:  139-43.


Giammanco, G., M. Militello & G. Mineo.  1966.  Prove di lotta control il Prays citri Mill. a mezzo di B. thuringiensis.  Entomophaga 11:  211-12.


Giampietro, M. & D. Pimentel.  1990.  Alcohol and biogas production from biomass.  Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. 9:  213-33.


Giampietro, M. & D. Pimentel.  1990.  Assessment of the energetics of human labor.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 32:  257-72.


Giampietro, M. & D. Pimentel.  1991.  Energy analysis models to study the biophysical limits for human exploitation of natural processes, p. 139-84.  In:  C. Rossi & E. Tiezzi (eds.), Ecological Physical Chemistry.  Elsevier Sci. Publ. B.V., Amsterdam.


Giangiuliani, G; Lucchi, A; Vinson, S B; Bin, F.  1994.  External anatomy of adult antennal sensilla of the fly, Trichopoda pennipes F. (Diptera: Tachinidae).  International J. of Insect Morphology and Embryology, v.23, n.2,: 105-113.


Giard, A.  1889.  Sur une galle produite chez le Typhlocyba rosae L. par une larve d'Hyménoptère.  [Paris] Acad. des Sci. Compt. Rend. 109:  79.


Giard, A.  1892.  L'Isaria densa (Link) Fries, champignon parasite du hanneton commun (Melolontha vulgaris L.).  Bull. Sci. France Belgique 24:  1-112.


Giard, A.  1896.  Retard dans l'evolution determine par Anhydrobiose chez un Hyménoptère Chalcidien.  Soc. de Biol. [Paris] Compt. Rend. 10:  837-39.


Giard, A.  1897.  Sur les metamorphoses d'Hyperaspis concolor Suffrian.  Bull. Ent. Soc. France 1897.  p 262-.


Giauffret, A.  1966.  Recherches sur le pouvoir pathogène du virus de la densonucléose de Galleria mellonella dans les conditions de la pratique apicole.  Bull. Apicult. Doc. Scient. Techn., Inform. 9(1):  35-42.


Giauffret, A., J. L. Duthoit & M. J. Caucat.  1966.  Etude virologique de quelques cas de maladie noire de l'abeille en France.  Recueil Méd. Vét. 142:  819-29.


Gibb, J. A.  1960.  Populations of tits and gold crests and their food supply in pine plantations.  Ibis 102:  163-208.


Gibb, J.A. 1962.  L.  Tinbergen's hypothesis of the role of specific searching images.  Ibis, 104: 106-111.


Gibb, J. A.  1963.  The importance of territory and food supply in the natural control of a population of birds.  Science Rev. 20(2):  20-1.


Gibb, J. A.  1966.  Tit predation and abundance of Ernarmonia conicolana (Heyl.) on weeting heath, Norfolk, 1962-1963.  J. Anim. Ecol. 35:  43-53.


Gibb, J. A. & M. M. Betts.  1963.  Food and food supply of nestling tits [Paridae] in Breckland pine.  J. Anim. Ecol. 32:  489-533.


Gibbs, A. J.  1948.  The tolerance of the metacyclic and flagellate forms of Leptomonas ctenocephali Fantham to variations of humidity and salinity.  Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. & Hyg. 42:  89-93.


Gibbs, A. J.  1957.  Leptomonas serpens n. sp., parsitic in the digestive tract and salivary glands of Nezara viridula (Pentatomidae) and in the sap of Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) and other plants.  Parasitol. 47:  297-303.


Gibbs, A. J.  1958.  Predation by tits and squirrels on the eucosmid Ernarmonia conicolana (Heyl.).  J. Anim. Ecol. 27:  375-96.


Gibbs, A. J. (ed.).  1973.  Viruses and Invertebrates.  North-Holland, Amsterdam & London.


Gibson, A., R. P. Gorham, H. F. Hudson & J. A. Flock.  1925.  The Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say) in Canada.  Canad. Dept. Agric. Bull. 52 (n.s.) (Ent. Bull. 27).  30 p.


Gibson, G A P.  1997.  Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera).  Gibson, G. A. P., J. T. Huber and J. B. Woolley (Ed.). Annotated keys to

the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). xi+794p. National Res. Council of Canada: Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ISBN 0-660-16669-0.


Gibson, J.  1970.  Enzyme flexibility in Drosophila melanogaster.  Nature (London) 227:  959-60.


Gibson, K. E. & J. T. Fallini.  1963.  Beet leafhopper control in southern Idaho by seeding breeding areas to range grass.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Res. Serv. 33-83.


Gidaspow, T.  1959.  North American caterpillar hunters of the genera Calosoma and Callisthenes (Coleoptera, Carabidae).  Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist 116(3):  225-344.


Giese, R. L.  1966.  From cradle to computer-- the Columbian timber beetle.  Proc. North Cent. Br. Ent. Soc. Amer. 21:  85-92.


Giese, R. L., R. M. Peart & R. T. Huber.  1975.  Pest management.  Science 187:  1045-52.


Gifford, J. R. & G. A. Mann.  1967.  Biology, rearing and a trial release of Apanteles flavipes in the Florida Everglades to control the sugarcane borer.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  44-7.


Gilbert, B. L. & D. M. Norris.  1968.  A chemical basis for bark beetle (Scolytus) distinction between host and non-host trees.  J. Insect Physiol. 14:  1063-68.


Gilbert, B. L., J. E. Baker & D. M. Norris.  1967.  Juglone (5-hydroxy-1, 4-naphthoquinone) from Carya ovata, a deterrent to feeding by Scolytus multistriatus.  J. Insect Physiol. 13:  1453-59.


Gilbert, L. E.  1971.  Butterfly-plant coevolution:  Has Passiflora adenopoda won the selection race with Heliconince butterflies?  Science 172:  585-86.


Gilbert, L. E.  1978.  Development of theory in the analysis of insect plant interactions. p. 116-54.  In:  D. J. Horn, et al. (eds.), Analysis of Ecological Systems.  Ohio State Univ. Press, Columbus, Ohio.


Gilbert, N.  1980a.  Comparative dynamics of a single-host aphid.  I. The evidence.  J. Anim. Ecol. 49:  351-69.


Gilbert, N.  1980b.  Comparative dynamics of a single-host aphid.  II.  Theoretical consequences.  J. Anim. Ecol. 49:  371-80.


Gilbert, N.  1984.  What they didn't tell you about limit cycles.  Oecologia 65:  112-13


Gilbert, N. & R. D. Hughes.  1971.  A model of an aphid population-- three adventures.  J. Anim. Ecol. 40:  525-34.


Gilbert, N., A. P. Gutierrez, B. D. Frazer & R. E. Jones.  1976.  Ecological Relationships.  Freeman & Co., New York


Gilbert, N. & A. P. Gutierrez.  1973.  A plant-aphid-parasite relationship.  J. Anim. Ecol. 42:  323-40.


Gilbert, N., A. P. Gutierrez, B. D. Frazer & R. E. Jones.  1976.  Ecological Relationships.  W. H. Freeman & Co., REading & San Francisco.  156 p.


Gilbert, O.  1957.  Notes on the breeding seasons of some Illinois carabid beetles.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 33(2):  53-58.


Gilbert, O., T. B. Reynoldson & J. Hobart.  1952.  Gause's hypothesis:  an examination.  J. Anim. Ecol. 21:  310-12.


Gilberto-Bravo, V.  1958.  Breve estudio biológico del predator Coleomagilla maculata De Geer (Coleoptera-Coccinellidae) en el Valle de Medellín.  Rev. Fac. Nac. Agron., Medellín 18(51):  1-36.


Gilbertson, G. I. & W. R. Horsfall.  1940.  Blister beetles and their control.  So. Dakota Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 340.  23 p.


Gilchrist, A; Mills, N J.  1996.  Protection of the side of the head.  Accident Analysis & Prevention, v.28, n.4, (1996): 525-535.


Gilchrist, J. D. F.  1913.  The introduction of "millions" in Cape of Good Hope.  Mar. Biol. Rept., Cape Town 1:  67-70.


Gilkeson, L.  1986.  Genetic selection for and evaluation on non-diapause lines of predatory midge Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Rondani) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae).  Canad. Ent. 118:  869-979.


Gilkeson, L.A.  1987.  A note on fecundity of the aphid predator, Aspidoletes aphidimyza (Rondani) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae)  119:  1145-46.


Gilkeson, L.A. 1990.  Coldstorage of the predatory midge Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae).Journalof Economic Entomol., 83: 965-970.


Gilkeson, L.A. 1991.  State of the art: Biological control in greenhouses, pp. 3-8.  In:McClay, A.S., (ed.). Proc. of the Worksbop on Biological ControlofPests in Canada.  October 11-12,1990, Calgary, Alberta, Alberta Environmental Centre, Vegreville, Alberta, Canada, AECV91-Pl.


Gilkeson, L.A. 1992.  Mass rearing of phytoseiid mites for testing and commercial application, pp. 489-506.  In:Anderson, T.E. and N.C. Leppla, (eds.). Advances in Insect Rearing for Res.and Pest Management.  Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A.


Gilkeson, L. A. & S. B. Hill.  1986.  Genetic selection for and evaluation of nondiapause lines of predatory midge, Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Rondani) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae).  Canad. Ent. 118:  869-79.


Gilkeson, L.A., J.P. McLean, and P. Dessart. 1993.  Aphanogmusfulmeki Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Ceraphronidae), a parasitoid of Aphidoletes aphidimyza Rondani (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae).  Canad. Entom., 125: 161-162. 


Gilkey, H. M.  1957.  Weeds of the Pacific Northwest.  Oregon State College, Corvalis.  441 p.


Gill, S. S., E. A. Cowles & P. V. Pietrantonio.  1991 (92?).  The mode of action of Bacillus thuringiensis endotoxins.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 37:  615-36.


Gillaspy, J.E. 1971.  Papernest wasps (Polistes): Observations and study methods.  Ann. Entomol. Soc. of Amer., 64: 1357-1361.


Gillespie, A.T. 1988.  Use of fungi to control pests of agricultural importance, pp. 37-60.  In:Burge, M.N., (ed.). Fungi in Biological Control Systems.  Manchester University Press, Manchester, U.K.


Gillespie, D.R. and C.A. Ramey. 1988.  Life history and cold storage of Amblyseius cucumeris (Acarina: Phytoseiidae).  Journal of the Entomological Soc. of Britisb Columbia, 85: 71-76.


Gillenwater, H. B. & G. S. Burden. 1973.  Pyrethrum for control of household and stored-product insects, p. 243-59.  In:  J. E. Casida (ed.), Pyrethrum-- the Natural Insecticide.  Academic Press, New York & London.


Giller, P. S.  1982.  The natural diets of waterbugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera):  electrophoresis is a potential method of analysis.  Ecol. Ent. 7:  233-37.


Giller, P. S.  1984.  Predator gut state and prey detectability using electrophoretic analysis of gut content.  Ecol. Ent. 9:  157-62.


Giller, P. S.  1986.  The natural diet of the Notonectidae:  field trials using electrophoresis.  Ecol. Ent. 11:  163-72.


Gillespie, D. R.  1989.  Biological control of thrips [Thysanoptera: Thripidae] on greenhouse cucumber by Amblyseius cucumeris.  Entomophaga 34:  185-92.


Gillette, C. P.  1924.  A peculiar egg-laying experience with the spider parasite, Oncodes costatus Loew.  Colo. St. Ent. Circ. 43:  49-51.


Gillette, J. D. 1971. Mosquitoes. London: Weidenleld and Nicolson, 274 pp., 22 f., 38 pl.


Gilliatt, F. C.  1935a.  A mealy bug, Phenacoccus aceris Signoret, a new apple pest in Nova Scotia.  Canad. Ent. 67:  161-64.


Gilliatt, F. C.  1935b.  Some predators of the European red mite, Paratetranychus pilosus C. & F., in Nova Scotia.  Canad. J. Res. D13:  19-38.


Gilliatt, F. C.  1936.  Observations on the mealy bug, Phenacoccus aceris Sig.  Canad. Ent. 68:  133.


Gilliatt, F. C.  1939.  The life history of Allotropa utilis Mues., a hymenopterous parasite of the orchard mealybug in Nova Scotia.  Canad. Ent. 71:  160-63.


Gillies, M. T. & A. Smith.  1960.  The effect of a residual house spraying campaign in East Africa on species balance in the Anopheles funestus group.  The replacement of A. funestus Giles by A. rivulorum Leeson.  Bull. Ent. Res. 51:  243-52.


Gilliland, F. R., Jr. & T. B. Davich.  1966.  Effects on egg hatch of alternate matings of female boll weevils with apholate-treated and untreated males.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  1209-11.


Gillmeister, H. J.  1963.  Acht Jahre praktischer Vogelschutz in den Berliner Forsten.  Allg. Forststg. 18:  470-1.


Gillman, M., J.M. Bullock, J. Silvertown, and B. Clear Hill. 1993.  A density-dependent model of Cirsium vulgare population dynamics using field-estimated parameter values.  Oecologia, 96: 282-289.


Gilmore, J. E.  1983.  Introduction to the symposium, "The Medfly in California: The Threat, Defense Strategies and Public Policy."  HortScience 18(1):  Feb. 1983.


Gilmore, J. E. & F. Munger.  1963.  Investigations of a disease of citrus red mite.  Calif. Citrog. 48:  258-60.


Gilmore, J. E. & H. Tashiro.  1966.  Fecundity, longevity, and transinfectivity of citrus red mites (Panonychus citri) infected with a noninclusion virus.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  334-9.


Gilmore, J. U.  1938.  Notes on Apanteles congregatus (Way) as a parasite of tobacco hornworms.  J. Econ. Ent. 31:  712-15.


Gilmore, S. K.  1970.  Collembola predation on nematodes.  Search-Agriculture 1:  1-12.


Gilmour, J. S. L.  1940.  Taxonomy and Philosophy, p. 461-74.  In: J. S. Huxley (ed.), The New Systematics.


Gilreath, M.E. and J.W. Smith, Jr. 1988.  Natural enemies of Dactylopius confusus (Homoptera: Dactylopiidae): Exclu­sion and subsequent impact on Opuntia (Cactaceae).  Environ. Entomol., 17: 730-738.


Gilstrap, F E. 1997.  Importation biological control in ephemeral crop habitats. Biological Control, v.10, n.1, (1997): 23-29.


Gilstrap, F.E. 1988.  Sorghum-corn-johnsongrass and Banks grass mite: a model for biological control in field crops, pp. 141-159.  In:Harris, M.K. and C.E. Rogers, (eds.). the Entomol. of Indigenous and Natural Systems in Agriculture.  Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A.


Gilstrap, F. E. & R. D. Goeden.  1974.  Biology of Tarachidia candefacta, a Nearctic noctuid introduced into the U.S.S.R. for ragweed control.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 67:  265-70.


Gilstrap, F. E. & W. G. Hart.  1987.  Biological control of the Mediterranean fruit fly in the United States and Central America.  U. S. Dept. of Agric. ARS-56:  1-64.


Ginevan, M. E., D. D. Lane & L. Greenberg.  1980.  Ambient air concentration of sulfur dioxide affects flight activity in bees.  Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 77:  5631-33.


Gingras, D., Dutilleul, P. and Boivin, G.  2002.  Modeling the impact of plant structure on host-finding behaviour of parasitoids. Oecologia 130 (3), 396-402.


Gingrich, R. E.  1965.  Bacillus thuringiensis as a feed additive to control pests of cattle.  J. Econ. Ent. 58:  363-64.


Gingrich, R. E.  1972.  Nutritional studies:  their bearing on the development of practical oligidic diets for mass rearing larvae of the screwworm, cochliomyia hominivorax, p. 257-68.  In:  J. G. Rodriguez (ed.), Insect and Mite Nutrition.  North-Holland, Amsterdam & London.


Gingrich, R. E.  1987.  Demonstration of Bacillus thuringiensis as a potential control agent for the adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.).  J. Appl. Entomol. 104:  378-385.


Giordani, G.  1959.  Amoeba disease of the honey bee, Apis mellifera Linnaeus, and an attempt at its chemical control.  J. Insect Path. 1:  245-69.


Giordani, G.  1965.  Ricerche di laboratorio su Acarapis woodi Rennie, agente dell'acariosi delle api (Apis mellifica L.).  Bull. Apicult. Doc. Scient. Techn. Inform. 8:  159-70.


Giran, F.  1966.  Action de la "densonucléose" de Lépidoptères sur les Mammifères.  Entomophaga 11:  405-7.


Giran, F.  1968.  Etude de la densonucléose des Lépidoptères par la méthode immunologique de la diffusion en gel.  Entomophaga 13:  271-80.


Girard, A.  1906.  The spread of the fruit fly in the neighborhood of Paris.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci., Paris 143:  353-4.


Girault, A. A.  1907a.  Hosts of insect egg-parasites in North and South America.  Psyche 14:  27-39.


Girault, A. A.  1907b.  Brief notes on the habits of Podagrion mantis Ashmead.  Ent. News 18:  107.


Girault, A. A.  1907c.  Biological notes on Megilla maculata De Geer.  J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 15:  193-97.


Girault, A. A. & G. E. Sanders.  1909.  The chalcidoid parasites of the common house fly or typhoid fly (Musca domestica Linn.) and its allies.  Psyche 16:  119-32.


Girault, A. A. & G. E. Sanders.  1910.  The chalcidoid parasites of the common house fly or typhoid fly (Musca domestica Linn.) and its allies.  Psyche 17:  9-28.


Girfanova, L. N.  1962a.  Morphologische Besonderheiten erwachsener Larven von Sarcophagiden, die in Puppen von Lymantria dispar parasitieren.  Issled. o…ag. vredit. lesa Baškirii 2:  117-22.  [in Russian].


Girfanova, L. N.  1962b.  Zur Fauna parasitischer Dipteren Baškiriens.  Issled. o…ag. vredit. lesa Baškirii 2:  113-16.  [in Russian].


Girfanova, L. & Z. Jafaeva.  1962.  Endobakterin 3-- ein wirksames Präparat.  Sel'skochoz. Baškirii 12:  17.  [in Russian].


Girolami, V. & C. Duso.  1985.  Controllo biologico degli acari nei vigneti.  L'Informatore Agrario 41:  83-9.


Giron, A. 1979.  Host discrimination and host acceptance behavior of Gelis tenellus, a hyperparasite of Apanteles melanoscelus.  Environ. Entomol., 8: 1029-1031.


Girth, H. B. & E. E. McCoy.  1946.  Neodiprion sertifer (Geoff.), a swafly injurious to pines in New Jersey, and parasite work for its control.  New Jersey Dept. Agric. Cir. 363.  18 p.


Girth, H. B., E. E. McCoy & R. W. Glaser.  1940.  Field experiments with a nematode parasite of the Japanese beetle.  New Jersey Dept. Agric. Circ. 317.  21 p.


Girtler, T. R.  1962.  Erfahrungen über Knoblauchbeigabe zum Winterfutter für Bienen.  Imkerfreund 17:  43-4.


Giuma, A.Y., A.M. Hackett, and R.C. Cooke. 1973.  Thermostable nematoxins produced by germinating conidia of some endozoic fungi.  Trans. of the Britisb Mycological Soc., 60: 49-56.


Given, B. B.  1944.  The anatomy of the final larval instar of Diadromus (Thyraeella) collaris Grav. (Ichneumonidae) with notes on structural changes through the prepupal and pupal stages.  Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 74:  297-301.


Given, B. B.  1953.  General report on a search for parasites of Melolonthinae in Australia.  New Zealand J. Sci. TEch. 34B:  322-40.


Given, B. B.  1959.  Biological control factors influencing populations of oak leaf-miner, Lithocolletis messaniella Zeller, in New Zealand including the introduction of parasites.  New Zealand J. Agric. Res. 2:  124-33.


Given, B. B.  1967.  Biological control of weeds and insect pests in New Zealand.  Mushi 39 (Suppl.):  17-22.








Gladkov, N. A.  1962.  Vogelschutz, p. 148-52.  In:  Doroñe zolata, Moskva.  [in Russian].


Gladkov, N. A.  1963.  Ansiedlung von Vogelpopulationen in gefährdeten Gebieten und auf Neuland (Übersicht der Arbeiten).  Der Falke 10:  20-4, 52-6.


Gladkov, N. A. & V. S. Zalataev.  1962.  Vogelschutz, p. 110-18.  In:  Ob ochrane prirody, Moskva.  [in Russian].


Glancey, B. M.  1965.  Hempa as a chemosterilant for the yellow-fever mosquito Aedes aegypti (L.).  Mosq. News 25:  392-6.


Glas, P. C. G., P. H. Smits, P. Vlaming & J. C. van Lenteren.  1981.  Biological control of Lepidopteran pests in cabbage crops by means of inundative releases of Trichogramma species (T.evanescens Westwood and T.cacoeciae March): a combination of field and laboratory experiments.  Meded. van de Faculteit der Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent,46/2: 487‑497.


Glaser, R. W.  1918.  A systematic study of the organisms distributed under the name of Coccobacillus acridiorum d'Herelle.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 11:  19-42.


Glaser, R. W.  1923.  The effect of food on longevity and reproduction in flies.  J. Exptal. Zool. 38:  383-412.


Glaser, R. W.  1924.  Rearing flies for experimental purposes with biological notes.  J. Econ. Ent. 17:  486-96.


Glaser, R. W.  1926.  The isolation and cultivation of Herpetomonas muscae-domesticae.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. 6:  205-16.


Glaser, R. W.  1931.  The cultivation of a nematode parasite of an insect.  Science 73:  614-15.


Glaser, R. W.  1932.  Studies on Neoaplectana glaseri, a nematode parasite of the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica).  New Jersey Dept. Agr. Bur. Plant Indust. Cir. 211.  34 p.


Glaser, R. W.  1940.  The bacteria-free culture of a nematode parasite.  Proc. Soc. Exptal. Biol. & Med. 43:  512-14.


Glaser, R. W. & J. W. Chapman.  1913.  The wilt disease of gypsy moth caterpillars.  J. Econ. Ent. 6:  479-88.


Glaser, R. W. & C. C. Farrell.  1935.  Field experiments with the Japanese beetle and its nematode parasite.  J. New York Ent. Soc. 43:  345-71.


Glaser, R. W. & H. Fox.  1930.  A nematode parasite of the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newm.).  Science 71:  16-17.


Glaser, R. W., E. E. McCoy & H. B. Girth.  1940.  The biology and economic importance of a nematode parasitic in insects.  J. Parasitol. 26:  479-95.


Glaser, R.W., E.E. McCoy, and H.B. Girth. 1940.  The biology and economic importance of a nematode parasitic in insects.  Journal of Parasitology, 26: 479-495.


Glaser, R. W., E. E. McCoy & H. B. Girth.  1942.  The biology and culture of Neoplectana chresima, a new nematode parasitic in insects.  J. Parasitol. 28:  123-6.


Glasgow, J. P.  1967.  Recent fundamental work on tsetse flies.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 12:  421-38.


Glass, E. H.  1963.  Parasitism of the red banded leafroller, Argyrotaenia velutinana by Trichogramma minutum.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 56:  564.


Glass, E. H. (ed.).  1975.  Integrated pest management:  rationale, potential, needs and implementation.  Ent. Soc. Amer. Spec. Pub. 75-2.


Glass, E. H. & W. L. Roelofs.  1985.  Argyrotaenia velutinana, pp. 197-205.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Glas, P. C., P. H. Smith, P. Vlaming & J. C. van Lenteren.  1981.  Biological control of lepidopteran pests in cabbage crops by means of inundative releases of Trichogramma species: A combination of field and laboratory experiments.  Med. Fac. Landbonuw. Rijkuniv. Gent 46:  487-97.


Glazer, I. & M. Wysoki.  1990.  Pathogenic effect of Steinernemateid and Heterorhabtidit nematodes on the giant looper, Boarmia selenaria Schiffermuller (Lepidoptera: Geometridae).  Phytoparasitica 18:  9-16.


Glazer, I., M. Klein, A. Navon, and Y. Nakache. 1992.  Comparison of efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes combined with antidesiccants applied by canopy sprays against three cotton pests (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Econ. Entomol., 85:1636-1641.


Gleason, H. A.  1926.  The individualistic concept of the plant association.  Bull. Torrey Botanical Club 53:  7-26.


Gleason, H. A.  139.  The indidualistic concept of the plant association.  Amer. Midland Nat. 21:  92-110.


Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist.  1963.  Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.  D. Van Nostrand Col, Inc., Princeton, New Jersey.  810 p.


Glen, R.  1954a.  Factors that affect insect abundance.  J. Econ. Ent. 47:  398-405.


Glen, R.  1954b.  Canada-- Review of Economic Entomology, 1948-1954.  Rept. 6th Commonw. Ent. Conf., London:  188-205.


Glendenning, R.  1925.  The lecanium sacle outbreak in Vancouver, B.C.  Ent. Soc. Brit. Columbia, Proc. 22:  21-6.


Glendenning, R.  1931.  The progress of parasite introduction in British Columbia.  Ent. Soc. Brit. Columbia, Proc. 28:  29-32.


Glendenning, R.  1932.  The satin moth in British Columbia.  Canad. Dep. Agr. Ent. Br. Pam. 50 (n.s.).  15 p.


Glendenning, R.  1933.  A successful parasite introduction into British Columbia.  Canad. Ent. 65:  169-71.


Glenn, C. A. & N. F. Milson.  1978.  Survival of mature larvae of codling moth (Cydia pomonella) on apple trees and the ground.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 90:  133-46.


Glenn, F. E. & H. C. Chapman.  1978.  A natural epizootic of the aquatic fungus Lagenidium giganteum in the mosquito Culex territans.  Mosq. News 38:  522-24.


Glenn, P. A.  1909.  The influence of climate upon the green bug and its parasite.  Bull. Univ. Kans. 9:  165-200.


Glover, P. M.  1933.  In:  Indian Lac Res. Inst. Ann. Rept. 1932-1933:  13-33.


Glover, P. M.  1934.  The developmental stages of Bracon tachardiae Cam.  Bull. Ent. Res. 25:  521-39.


Glover, P. M, P. S. Negi & S. N. Gupta.  1936.  The hosts of Eupelmus tachardiae How.  Current Sci. [India] 4:  37-9.


Glowacki, J.  1966.  Notes on the secondary parasites among the ichneumon flies [Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae] in the fauna of Poland.  Polskie Pismo Ent. 36:  377-82.


Glumac, S.  1966.  Syrphid larvae as aphid predators in Yugoslavia, p. 163-64.  In:  I. Hodek (ed.), Ecology of Aphidophagous Insects.  Liblice, 1965.  Academia, Prague. 


Glynne, M. D.  1965.  Crop sequence in relation to soil-borne pathogens, p. 423-35.  In:  K. F. Baker & W. C. Snyder (eds.), Ecology of Soil-Borne Plant Pathogens.  Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley, CA.  571 p.








Gobeil, A. R.  1941.  Dendroctonus piceaperda:  A detrimental or beneficial insect.  J. Forest. 39:  632-40.


Gochnauer, T. A.  1958.  The use of bacteriophages in the analysis of the foulbrood diseases.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Congr. Ent. (1956): 4:  1091-6.


Godfray, H. C. J.  1985.  Mass rearing the tachinid fly Argyrophylax basifulva, a parasitoid of the greater coconut spike moth [Tirathaba spp.] [Lep.: Pyralidae].  Entomophaga 30: 211-15.


Godfray, H.C. J.. 1994.  Parasitoids.- Bebavioral and Evolutionary Ecology.  Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.A.


Godfray, H. C. J. & S. P. Blythe.  1990.  Complex dynamics in multispecies communities.  Phil. Trans. Toy. Soc., London, Series B, 330:  2221-33.


Godfray, H.Cj. and M.S. Chan. 1990.  How insecticides trigger single-stage outbreaks in tropical pests.  Functional Ecology, 4: 329-337.


Godfray, H. C. J. & M. P. Hassell.  1987.  Natural enemies may be a cause of discrete generation in tropical insects.  Nature 327:  144-47.


Godfray, H.Cj. and M.P. Hassell. 1988.  The population biology of insect parasitoids.  Science Progress, 72: 531-548.


Godfray, H. C. J. & M. P. Hassell.  1989.  Discrete and continuous insect populations in tropical environments.  J. Anim. Ecol. 58:  153-74.


Godfray, H.Cj. and S.W. Pacala. 1992.  Aggregation and the population dynamics of parasitoids and predators. Amer. Naturalist 140: 30-40.

Godfray, H.C. J. and  J. K. Waage. 1991.  Predictive modeling in biological control: the mango mealy bug (Rastrococcus invadens) and its par-asitoids.  J. Applied Ecology, 28: 434-453.


Godfray, H.C. J., M. J.W. Cook, and J.D. Holloway. 1987.  An introduction to the Lirmcodidae and their biononiics, pp. 1-8.  In:Cook, M. J.W., H.C. J. Godfray, and J. D. Holloway, (eds.). Slug andnenle Caterpillars.- theBiology, Taxonomy and Control ofthelimacodidae ofeconomic Importance on Plants in South-east Asia.  Commonw. Agric. Bureaux  International, Wallingford, U.K.


Godfrey, K.E., W.H. Whitcomb, and J.L. Stimac. 1989.  Arthropod predators of velvethean caterpillar, Anticarsia gemmatalis Hilbner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), eggs and larvae.  Environ. Entomol., IS: 118-123.


Godjackii, S. S.  1966.  Swarming and foulbrood.  P…elovodstvo 6:  11-12.  [in Russian].


Godlewski, E.  1910-14.  Physiologie der Zeugung.  In:  Winterstein's Handb. d. vergl. Physiol. 3(2):  457.


Godoy, G., R. Rodriguez-Kabana, and G. Morgan-Jones. 1983.  Fungal parasites of Meloidogyne arenaria in eggs in an Alabama soil.  A mycological survey and greenhouse studies.  Netnatropica, 13: 201-213. 


Godwin, P. A. & T. M. Odell.  1979.  A laboratory study of the interaction of two parasites of Lymantria dispar [Lep.: Lymantriidae]: Blepharipa pratensis [Dipt.: Tachinidae] and Brachymeria intermedia [Hym.: Chalcididae].  Entomophaga 24:  185-90.


Godwin, P. A. & T. M. O'Dell.  1981.  Intensive laboratory and field evaluations of individual species:  Blepharipa pratensis (Meigen) (Diptera: Tachinidae), pp. 375-94.  In:  C. D. Doane & M. L. McManus (eds.), The Gypsy Moth:  Research Toward Integrated Pest Management.  U. S. For. Serv. Tech. Bull. 1584.


Godwin, P. A. & K. S. Shields.  1984.  Effects of Blepharipa pratensis [Dip.: Tachinidae] on the pathogenicity of nucleopolyhedrosis virus in stage V of Lymantria dispar [Lep.: Lymantriidae].  Entomophaga 29:  381-86.


Goe, Milton T.  1919.  Life history and habits of Silpha inaequalis Fabr.  Ent. News 30:  253-55.


Goedaert, J.  1662.  Metamorphosis et historia naturales insectorum I, p. 175-8.  Jacobum Fierensium, Medisburg.


Goedart, ?.  1700.  Metamorphoses naturelles, au Histoire des Insectes.  Alae Haye, Vol. 2.  p. 180.


Goeden, R. D.  1970.  Current research on biological weed control in Southern California.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr., Trinidad, Misc. Publ. 1:  25-8.


Goeden, R. D.  1971.  Insect ecology of silverleaf nightshade.  Weed Sci. 19:  45-51.


Goeden, R. D.  1973.  Phytophagous insects found on Salsola in Turkey during exploration for biological weed control agents for California.  Entomophaga 18:  439-48.


Goeden, R. D.  1976.  Biotic interference with insects imported for weed control.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 21:  325-42.


Goeden, R. D.  1977.  Chapter 4: Biological control of weeds, p. 43-47.  In:  B. Truelove (ed.), Research Methods in Weed Science.  S. Weed Sci. Soc., Auburn Printing, Auburn, Georgia.


Goeden, R. D.  1978.  Biological control of weeds. p. 357-414.  In:  C. P. Clausen (ed.), Introduced Parasites and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds:  a World Review.  USDA, ARS,  Handbook 480.  524 p.


Goeden, R. D.  1983.  Critique and revision of Harris' scoring system for selection of insect agents in biological control of weeds.  Prof. Ecol. 5:  287-301.


Goeden, R. D.  1985.  Host-plant relations of Trupanea spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) in southern California.  Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 87:  564-571.


Goeden, R. D.  1987b.  Life history of Trupanea conjuncta (Adams) on Trixis californica Kellogg in southern California (Diptera: Tephritidae).  Pan-Pac. Entomol. 63:  284-291.


Goeden, R. D.  1987a.  Host-plant relations of native Urophora spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) in southern California.  Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 89:  269-274.


Goeden, R. D.  1988a.  Gall formation by the capitulum-infesting fruit fly, Tephritis stigmatica (Diptera: Tephritidae).  proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 90:  37-43.


Goeden, R. D.  1988b.  History of biological weed control.  Biocontr. News Info. 9:  55-61.


Goeden, R. D.  1988c.  A capsule history of biological control of weeds.  Biocontrol News & Information. 9(2):  55-61.


Goeden, R. D.  1989.  Host-plants of Neaspilota in California (Diptera: Tephritidae).  Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 91:  164-168


Goeden, R D.  1993.   Analysis of Known and New Host Records for Tephritis from California and  Description of A New Species Tephritis-Joanae New-Species Diptera Tephritidae.  Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.95, n.3, 425-434.


Goeden, R D.  1994.  Analysis of known and new host records for Paroxyna from California (Diptera: Tephritidae).  Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.96, n.2, 281-287.


Goeden, R D.  1996.  Lessons learned from studies of the insects associated with Ambrosiinae in North Amer. in relation to the biological control of weedy members of this group. Delfosse, E. S. and R. R. Scott (Ed.). Biological control of weeds; VIII International Symposium, Canterbury, New Zealand, February 2-7, 1992. xxiii+731p. CSIRO Publications: East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ISBN 0-643-05812-5. 1996. p. 565-573.


Goeden, R D.  1997.  Symphagy among florivorous fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in southern California.   Dettner, K., G. Bauer and W. Voekl (Ed.). Ecological Studies, 130. Vertical food web interactions: Evolutionary patterns and driving forces.  xxi+390p. Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Germany; New York, New York, USA. ISBN 3-540-62561-5. 1997. p. 39-52.


Goeden, R. D.  & L. A. Andrés.  1999.  Biological control of weeds in terrestrial and aquatic environments. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 34, p. 871-889, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Goeden, R. D. & F. L. Blanc.  1986.  New synonomy, host-, and California records in the genera Dioxyna and Paroxyna (Diptera: Tephritidae).  Pan-Pac. Entomol. 62:  88-90.


Goeden, R. D. & R. L. Kirkland.  1981.  Interactions of field populations of indigenous egg predators, imported Microlarinus weevils, and puncturevine in southern California, p. 515-27.  In:  E. S. Delfosse (ed.), Proceedings of the V International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, 1980, Brisbane, Australia.


Goeden, R. D. & L. T. Kok.  1986.  Comments on a proposed "new" approach for selecting agents for the biological control of weeds.  Canad. Ent. 118:  51-58.


Goeden, R. D. & S. Louda.  1976.  Biotic interference with insects imported for weed control.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 21:  325-42.


Goeden, R. D. & D. M. Norris.  1965.  Some biological and ecological aspects of ovipositional attack in Carya spp. by Scolytus quadrispinosus.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 58:  771-77.


Goeden, R. D. & D. W. Ricker.  1967.  Geocoris pallens found to be predaceous on Microlarinus spp. introduced to California for the biological control of puncturevine, Tribulus terrestris.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  725-29.


Goeden, R. D. & D. W. Ricker.  1970.  Parasitization of introduced puncturevine weevils by indigenous Chalcidoidea in southern California.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  827-31.


Goeden, R. D. & D. W. Ricker.  1971.  Biology of Zonosemata vittigera relative to silverleaf nightshade (Diptera: Tephridae).  J. Econ. Entomol. 64:  417-21.


Goeden, R. D. & D. W. Ricker.  1973.  A soil profile analysis for puncturevine fruit and seed.  Weed Sci. 21:  504-07.


Goeden, R. D. & D. W. Ricker.  1976.  The phytophagous insect fauna of the ragweed, Ambrosia psilostachya, in southern California.  Environ. Ent. 5:  1169-77.


Goeden, R. D. & D. W. Ricker.  1981.  Santa Cruz Island--revisited.  Sequential photography records the causation, rates of progress, and lasting benefits of successful biological weed control, p. 355-65.  In: E. S. Delfosse (ed.), Proceedings of the V International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, 1980, Brisbane,


Goeden, R D; Teerink, J A.  1993.  Phytophagous Insect Faunas of Dicoria-Canescens and Iva-Axillaris Native Relatives of Ragweeds Ambrosia-Spp in Southern California with Analyses of Insect Associates of Ambrosiinae. Ann. of the Entomol. Soc. of Amer., v.86, n.1, 37-5


Goeden, R D; Teerink, J A.  1996a.  Life histories and descriptions of adults and immature stages of two cryptic species, Aciurina ferruginea (Doane) and A. michaeli, new species (Diptera: Tephritidae), on Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus (Hooker) Nuttall...  Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.98, n.3,: 415-438.


Goeden, R D; Teerink, J A.  1996b.  Life history and descriptions of adults and immature stages of Aciurina idahoensis Steyskal (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus (Hooker) Nuttal in southern California.  Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.98, n.4, 681-694.


Goeden, R D; Teerink, J A.  1996c.  Life history and descriptions of adults and immature stages of Aciurina semilucida (Bates) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus (Hooker) Nuttall in southern California. Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.98, n.4, (1996): 752-766.


Goeden, R D; Teerink, J A.  1997a.  Life history and description of immature stages of Procecidochares anthracina (Doane) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Solidago californica Nuttall in southern California.  Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.99, n.1,: 180-193.


Goeden, R D; Teerink, J A.  1997b.  Life history and description of immature stages of Xenochaeta dichromata Snow (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Hieracium albiflorum Hooker in central and southern California. Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.99, n.4,   597-607.


Goeden, R D; Teerink, J A.  1997c.  Life history and description of immature stages of Trupanea signata Foote (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Gnaphalium Luteo-Album L. in southern California.  Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.99, n.4,   748-755.


Goeden, R D; Teerink, J A.  1997d.  Notes on life histories and descriptions of adults and immature stages of Procecidochares kristineae and P. lisae new species (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Ambrosia spp. in Southern California.  Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.99, n.1,: 67-88.


Goeden, R D; Teerink, J A.  1998.  Life history and description of immature stages of Trupanea pseudovicina Hering Diptera: Tephritidae) on Porophyllum gracile Bentham in southern California.  Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.100, n.2 : 361-372.


Goeden, R. D., C. A. Fleschner & D. W. Ricker.  1967.  Biological control of prickly pear cacti on Santa Cruz Island, California.  Hilgardia 38:  579-606.


Goeden, R. D., C. A. Fleschner & D. W. Ricker.  1968.  Insects control prickly pear cactus.  Calif. Agric. 22:  8-10.


Goeden, R. D., L. A. Andrés, T. E. Freeman, P. Harris, R. L. Pienkowski & C. R. Walker.  1974a.  Present status of projects on the biological control of weeds with insects and plant pathogens in the United States and Canada.  Weed Sci. 22:  490-95.


Goeden, R. D., O. V. Kovalev & D. W. Ricker.  1974b.  Arthropods exported from California to the USSR for ragweed control.  Weed Sci. 22:  156-58.


Goeden, R D; Headrick, D H; Teerink, J A.  1993.   Life History and Description of Immature Stages of Tephritis-Arizonaensis Quisenberry Diptera Tephritidae on Baccharis-Sarothroides Gray in Southern California.   Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.95, n.2, 210-222.


Goeden, R D; Headrick, D H; Teerink, J A.  1994a.  Life history and description of immature stages of Procecidochares flavipes Aldrich (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Brickellia spp. Southern California.  Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.96, n.2, 288-300.


Goeden, R D; Headrick, D H; Teerink, J A.  1994b.  Life history and description of immature stages of Paroxyna genalis (Thomson) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on native Asteraceae in southern California.   Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.96, n.4, 612-629.


Goeden, R D; Headrick, D H; Teerink, J A.  1995a.  Life history and description of immature stages of Valentibulla californica (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pallas) Britton in southern California.  Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.97, n.3, 548-560.


Goeden, R D; Headrick, D H; Terrink, J A.  1995b.  Life history and description of immature stages of Urophora timberlakei Blanc and Foote (Diptera: Tephritidae) on native Asteraceae in southern California. Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.97, n.4,: 779-790.


Goeden, R D; Teerink, J A; Headrick, D H.  1998a.  Life history and description of immature stages of Trupanea jonesi Curran (Diptera: Tephritidae) on native Asteraceae in southern California.  Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.100, n.1,: 126-140.


Goeden, Richard D.; Teerink, Jeffrey A.; Headrick, David H.  1998b.  Life history and descriptions of immature stages of Trupanea actinobola (Loew) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Acamptopappus sphaerocephalus (Harvey and Gray) Gray (Asteraceae) in southern California. Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.100, n.4, (1998. Oct.): 674-688.


Goeden, Richard D.; Teerink, Jeffrey A.  1999.  Life history and description of immature stages of Trupanea arizonensis Malloch (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Trixis californica Kellogg var. Californica (Asteraceae) in southern California.   Proc. of the Entomol. Soc. of Washington, v.101, n.1, (1999. Jan.): 75-85.


Goettel, M S; Jaronski, S T.  1997.  Safety and registration of microbial agents for control of grasshoppers and locusts.  Memoirs of the Entomol. Soc. of Canada, n.171, (1997): 83-99.


Goettel, M.S., RJ.S. Leger, S. Bhairi, M.K. Jung, B.R. Oakley, D.W. Robens, and R.C. Staples. 1990.  Pathogenicity and growth of Metarhizium anisopliae stably transformed to benomyl resistance.  Current Genetics, 17: 129-132.


Goetze, G.  1932.  Sind die Larven von Stilettfliegen (Thereviden) Roggenschädlinge?  Nachrichtenbl. f. den deut. Pflanzenschutzdienst 12:  17.


Goh, K.S., R.C. Berberet, Lj.  Young, and K.E. Conway. 1989.  Mortality of Hyperapostica (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Oklahoma caused by Erynia phytonomi (Zygomycetes: Entomophthorales).  Environ. Entomol., 18: 964-969.


Goidanich, A.  1931.  Gli insetti predatori e parassiti della Pyrausta nubilalis Hübn.  Bol. Lab. Ent. (Bologna) 4:  77-218.


Goidanich, A.  1956.  Sui concetti contrapposti di plesiotropismo e di interattrazione specifica nelle associazioni omogenee di alcuni imenotteri.  Men. Soc. Ent. Ital. Genova 35:  183-224.


Gokhelashvili, R. D.  1973.  Natural enemies of the apple under-side mining moth (Stigmella malella) and results of testing the parasite Apanteles against it under the conditions of Kartlya (Eastern Georgia).  Tr. Inst. Sadovod. Vinograd. Vinodel. Gruz. SSR 22:  196-202.  [in Russian].


Golanski, K.  1965.  Influence of diseases of mulberry silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) on cocoon yield in Poland.  Med. Weteryn. 21:  592-6.  [in Polish].


Gold, C. S. 7 D. L. Dahlsten.  1981.  A new host record for Tachinaephagus zealandicus [Hym.: Encyrtidae].  Entomophaga 26:  459-60.


Gold, C. S., M. A. Altieri & A. C. Bellotti.  1989.  Relative oviposition rates of the cassave hornworm, Erinnyis ello [Lep.: Sphingidae], and accompanying parasitism by Telenomus sphingis [Hym.: Scelionidae], on upper and lower leaf surfaces of cassava.  Entomophaga 34:  73-6.


Golberg, A. M.  1979.  Observations on the fungus Entomophthora culicis in Israel.  Phytoparasitica 7:  31-2.


Goldberg, L. H. & J. Margalit.  1977.  A bacterial spore demonstrating rapid larvicidal activity against Anopheles sergentii, Uranotaenia unguiculata, Culex univittatus, Aedes aegypti and Culex pipiens.  Mosq. News 37:  355-58.


Goldburg, R. J. & G. Tjaden.  1990.  Are B.T.K. plants really safe to eat?  Bio/Technology 8:  1011-15.


Goldman, M. C. & M. Franz.  1963.  Where next in pest control?  Org. Gard. & Farming 10(10):  36-9.


Goldschmidt, T., F. Witte, and J. Wanink. 1993.  Cascading effects of the introduced Nile perch on the detritivorous/ phytoplanktivorous species in the sublittoral areas of Lake Victoria.  Conservation Biology, 7: 686-700.


Goldsmith, W. M.  1916.  Field notes on the distribution and life habits of the tiger beetles (Cicindelidae) of Indiana.  Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. (1916):  447-55.


Goldstein, J.  1977.  Up the organic ladder with a space and hoe.  Organic Gardening & Farming.  July, 1977.  p. 30-6.


Goldstein, L.F., P.P. Burbutis, and D.G. Ward. 1983.  Rearing Trichogramma nubilale (Hymenoptera: Trichogram­matidae) on ultraviolet-irradiated eggs of the European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).  J. Econ. Entomol., 76: 969-971.


Golebiowska, Z.  1966.  Attempts to apply biological and physical methods for control of granary pest.  Postepy nauk. roln., Warszawa 60:  341-47.  [in Polish]. 


Golightly, W. H.  1962.  Biological control of Lochmaea suturnalis (Thomson) [Col., Chrysomelidae].  Ent's Mon. Mag., London 98(1180-3):  196.


Golosova, M. A.  1962.  (The biology of Calosoma inquisitor and its use in control of forest pests).  Okhrana Prirody i Zapovedenii Delo v. SSSR 7:  62-72.  REferat. Zhur., Biology, 1963, No. 15E208 (Transl.).


Golosova, M. A.  1964.  (The role of Calosoma inquisitor in changing the population size of Geometridae-Bombyces).  Sb. Rabot. Moskov. Lesotekh. Inst. 11:  88-94.


Golovanova, E.  1967.  Lockt Vögel in die Gärten.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 12(1):  40-1.  [in Russian].


Golub, M. A. & I. Weatherston.  1984.  Techniques for extracting and collecting sex pheromones from live insects and from artificial sources. p. 223-85.  In:  H. E. Hummel & T. A. Miller (eds.), Techniques in Pheromone Research.  Springer-Verlag, New York.  464 p.


Gomelauri, L. A.  1963.  Zum Studium der Milben der Familie Bdellidae in der Gruzinischen SSR.  Soobš…. Akad. nauk Gruz. SSR 30(1):  47-51.  [in Russian].


Gomez-Clemente, F.  1928.  Acclimatación en España de "Cryptolaemus montrouzieri" Muls., para combatir el "Cotonet" del naranjo (Pseudococcus citri Risso).  Bol. Patol. Veg. Ent. Agr. 3:  106-23.


Gomez-Clemente, F.  1929a.  El Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Muls., parásito del Pseudococcus citri Risso.  Estac. REg. Patol. Veg., Valencia.  45 p.


Gomez-Clemente, F.  1929b.  La lucha natural estudio acerca de la Icerya purchasi Mask. y de su parásito el Novius cardinalis Muls.  Estac. Fitopatol. Agr. Valencia.  53 p.


Gomez-Clemente, F.  1932.  El Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Muls. parásito del Pseudococcus citri Risso.  Ed. 2.  Estac. Fitopatol. Agr. de Levante, Valencia.  58 p.


Gomez-Clemente, F.  1934.  Los parásitos de la Ceratitis capitata Wied.  Nuevos ensayos de importación y aclimatación.  Bol. Patol. Veg. Ent. Agr. (Madrid) 7:  69-80.


Gomez-Clemente, F.  1951.  Experiments on the acclimatization of L. dactylopii, a parasite of Planococcus citri.  Bol. Patol. Veg. Ent. Agr. 18:  21-8.  [in Spanish].


Gomez-Clemente, F.  1954.  The present situation in the biological control of some citrus scales (Planococcus citri and Icerya purchasi).  Bol. Patol. Veg. Ent. Agric. 19:  19-35.  [in Spanish].


Gomez-Menor, J.  1937.  Actividades de control biológico en la Republica Dominicana.  Rev. Agr. 28:  372-74.


Gomez-Nuñez, J. C., A. Goss & C. Machado.  1965.  Los rayos gamma y el comportamiento reproductivo del macho de rhodnius prolixus.  Inter-Amer. Symp. Peaceful Appl. Nucl. Energy 5, Symp.  p. 203-12.


Goncalves, C. R.  1940.  Observacoes sobre Pseudococcus comstocki (Kuw. 1902) atacando citrus no Baixada fluminense.  Rodriguesia 4:  179-198. (Abs. in REv. Appl. Ent. (A), 29:  167).


Goncalves, C. R.  1962.  Perspectivas de combate biologico as principais pragas das plantas cultivadas na Baixada fluminense.  Bol. Inst. Ecol. Expt. Agr. 21:  65-78.


Goncharenko, E. G.  1971.  Entomophages of the codling moth.  Zashch. Rast. 5:  21-3.


Gonzales-A., T.  1963.  Informe actividades sección mosca de las frutas.  Anexo 1 (pp. 1-19).  Proc. OIRSA 11 Reunión del Comité Inrternacional Regional de Sanidad Agropecuaria.  100 pp.


Gonzales-A., T.  1966.  Informe del Programa ampliado de control biológico de la mosca de Mediterráneo.  Documento III (pp. 35-57).  Proc. OIRSA 14 Reunión del Comité Internacional Regional de Sanidad Agropecuaria.  105 pp.


Gonzales-A., T.  1972.  Programa de control biológico de las moscas de las frutas.  Documento III (pp. 12-30).  Proc. OIRSA 20 Reunión del Comité Internacional Regional de Sanidad Agropecuaria.  95 pp.


Gonzales-A., T.  1981.  Programa cooperativo Costa Rica - OIRSA de investigaciones biológicas.  Parte VI (pp. 99-118).  Proc. 29 Reunión del Comité Internacional Regional de Sanidad Agropecuaria.  182 pp.


Gonzalez, D.  1988.  Biotypes in biological control - examples with populations of Aphidius ervi, Trichogramma pretiosum, and Anagrus epos, p. 475-82.  In:  V. Gupta (ed.), Advances in Parasitic Hymenoptera.  E. J. Brill, Leiden.  546 p.


Gonzalez, D. & L. T. Wilson.  1982.  A food-web approach to economic thresholds:  A sequence of pests and predaceous arthropods on California cotton.  Entomophaga 27:  31-43.


Gonzalez, D., R. van den Bosch, E. M. Orphanides, L. H. Dawson & C. White.  1967.  Population assessment of cotton bollworm in relation to pest control practices.  Calif. Agr. 21(5):  12-14.


Gonzalez, D., R. van den Bosch & L. H. Dawson.  1969.  Establishment of Dibrachoides druso on the Egyptian alfalfa weevil in southern California.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  1320-22.


Gonzalez, D., W. White, J. Hall & R. Dickson.  1978.  Geographical distribution of Aphidiidae imported to California for biological control of Acyrthosiphon kondoi and Acyrthosiphon pisum.  Entomophaga 23:  239-48.


Gonzalez, D., M. Miyazaki, W. White, H. Takada, R. D. Dickson & J. C. Hall.  1979a.  Geographical distribution of Acrythosiphon kondoi Shinji (Homoptera: Aphididae) and some of its parasites and hyperparasites in Japan.  Kontyu, Tokyo 47(1):  1-7.


Gonzalez, D., G. Gordh, S. N. Thompson & J. Adler.  1979b.  Biotype discrimination and its importance to biological control.  In:  M. Hoy & J. McKelvey, Jr. (eds.), Genetics in RElation to Insect Management.  The Rockefeller Found., Working Papers, New York.  179 p.


Gonzalez, D., L. Etzel, M. Esmaili, A. El-Heneidy & I. Kaddou.  1980.  Distribution of Bathyplectes curculionis and Bathyplectes anuis from Hypera on alfalfa in Egypt, Iraq and Iran.  Entomophaga 25:  111-21.


Gonzalez, D., B. R. Patterson, T. F. Leigh & L. T. Wilson.  1982.  Mites:  A primary food source for two predators in San Joaquin Valley cotton.  Calif. Agric. 36:  18-20.


Gonzalez, D., W. White, C. Pickett, V. Cervenka, M. Moratorio & L. T. Wilson.  1988.  Biological control of variegated leafhopper in grape IPM program.  Calif. Agric. 42:  23-5.


Gonzalez, D., K. M. Daane & D. L. Flaherty.  1990.  Biological control of the variegated leafhopper: I. Insectary Production.  Calif. Table Grape Comm. & Calif. Raisin Advisory Bd., Ann. Crop Rept. 1989.


González, R.  1969.  Biological control of citrus pests in Chile.  Proc. 1st Intern. Citrus Symp., Riverside, Calif. 2:  839-47.


González, R. H.  1973.  Integrated control strategies on deciduous fruit trees.  FAO Plant Prot. Bull. 21:  56-64.


González, R. H.  1976a.  Plant protection in Latin America.  PANS 22:  26-34.


González, R. H.  1976b.  Crop protection in Latin America, with special reference to integrated control.  FAO Plant Protect. Bull. 24(3):  65-75.


González, R. H.  1983.  Manejo de plagas de la vid.  Ciencias Agri. 13, Univ. de Chile.  115 p.


González, R. H. & P. S. Rojas.  1966.  Estudio analítico del control biológico de plagas agrícolas en Chile.  Agr. Tecn., Santiago, Chile 26:  133-47.


Gonzalez-Hernandez, A. & L. O. Tejada.  1979.  Fluctuación de la población de Anastrepha ludens (Loew) y de sus enemigos naturales en Sargentia greggii S. Watts.  Filia Entomol. Mexicana 41:  49-60.


Gonzalez-Rodriguez, B; Badii, M H; Quiroz-Martinez, H; Rodriguez-Almaraz, G A.  1993.  Life tables of Mesocyclops langisetus (Copepoda: Cyclopoidea) in the laboratory. (Third Symposium on Mosquito Vector Control and Biology in Latin Amer. held at the 59th Annual Meeting of the Amer....  J. of the Amer. Mosquito Control Assoc., v.9, n.4,:    451.


Good, J. M., R. E. Hepp, P. O. Mohn & D. L. Vogelsang.  1977.  Establishing and operating grower owned organizations for integrated pest management.  Ext. Serv., USDA. PA 1180.


Goodarzy, K. & D. W. Davis.  1958.  Natural enemies of the spotted alfalfa aphid in Utah.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  612-16.


Goodenough, U.  1984.  Genetics, 3rd ed.  Saunders College Publ. Co., N.Y.  894 p.


Goodenough, L., et al.  1986.  Efficacy of entomophagous arthropods, p. 75-91.  In:  S. J. Johnson, E. G. King & J. R. Bradley, Jr. (eds.), Theory and Tactics of Heliothis Population Management:  1-Cultural and Biological Control.  Southern Coop. Ser. Bull. 316:  161 p.

Goodenough, J. L.  1984.  Materials handling in insect rearing, pp. 77-86.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing.  U. S. Govt. Printing Office.


Goodenough, J. L., D. D. Wilson & C. J. Whitten.  1978.  Visual sensitivity of four strains of screwworm flies.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 71:  9-12.


Gooding, C. D.  1966.  Myxomatosis-- its decline as a killer.  J. Agr. W. Austr. 7:  200-4. 


Goodman, L. S. & A. Gilman.  1975.  The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics.  MacMillan & Sons, New York.


Goodman, N. & D. Pimentel.  1979.  Biomass energy conversion as an alternate energy source.  Compost Science/Land Utilization 20(1):  28-31.


Goodpasture, C.  1975.  Comparative courtship behavior and karyoloty in Monodontomerus (Hymenoptera: Torymidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 68:  391-97.


Goodpasture, C. & E. E. Grissell.  1975.  A karyological study of nine species of Torymus (Hymenoptera: Torymidae).  Canad. J. Genet. Cytol. 17(3):  413-22.


Goodwin, R. H.  1984.  REcognition and diagnosis of diseases in insectaries and the effects of disease agents on insect biology, pp. 96-129.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and challenges in insect rearing.  U. S. Govt Printing Office


Goodwin, R. H.  1954.  Recognition and diagnosis of diseases in insectaries and the effects of disease agents on insect biology, pp. 96-129.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.) Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing.  U. S. Govt. Printing Office.


Goodwin, R. H.  1984.  Recognition and diagnosis of diseases in insectaries and the effects of disease agents on insect biology, pp. 96-130.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing.  USDA, ARS, Proc. Conf., Atlanta, GA, March 1980.


Goot, P. van der.  1920.  The introduction into Java of a new and beneficial coccinellid (C. montrouzieri.  Teysmannia, Batavia, 31:  456-73, 493-510.  (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 9:  324).


Goot, P. van der.  1940.  The biological control of prickly pear in the Palu Valley, North Celebes.  Landouw (Buitenzorg, Java) 16:  1-17.  [English summary].


Goot, P. van der.  1948a.  The biological control of Phenacoccus iceryoides Green on coffee in the Toradja District (South Celebes).  Meded. alg. Proefsta. Landb. 64.  12 p.  [English summary; Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 40:  148].


Goot, P. van der.  1948b.  De import op Java van Microbracon chinensis Szepl., een parasiet van boorderrupsen in het Padi-Gewas.  Meded. alg. Proefsta. Landb. 63.  12 p.  [English summary; Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 40: 148].


Gopal, B. 1987.  Water Hyacinth.  Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.


Gordh, G.  1973.  Biological investigations on Comperia merceti (Compere), an encyrtid parasite of the cockroach, Supella longipalpa (Serville).  J. Ent. (A) 47:  115-23, 27.


Gordh, G.  1975.  Som evolutionary trends in the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) with particular reference to host preference.  J. New York Ent. Soc. 83(4):  279-80.


Gordh, G.  1976.  Goniozus gallicola Fouts, a parasite of moth larvae, with notes on other bethylids (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae; Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae).  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 1524.  27 p.


Gordh, G.  1977.  Biosystematics of natural enemies. p. 125-48.  In:  R. L. Ridgeway and S. B. Vinson (eds.), Biological Control by Augmentation of Natural Enemies.  Plenum Press, New York. 


Gordh, G.  1975.  Some evolutionary trends in the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) with particular reference to host preference.  J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 83:  279-80.


Gordh, G.  1976.  Goniozus gallicola Fouts, a parasite of moth larvae, with notes on other bethylids (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae; Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae).  U. S. Dept. Agr. TEch. Bull. 1524.  27 p.


Gordh, G.  1979.  Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico.  Smithsonian Inst. Press, Vol. I, pp. 743-48.


Gordh, G.  1981.  The phenomenon of insect hyperparasitism and its taxonomic occurrence in the Insecta.  In:  The Role of Hyperparasitism in Biological Control:  A Symposium.  University of Calif. Div. of Agric. Science.


Gordh, G.  1982.  Taxonomic recommendations concerning new species important to biological control.  Intern. J. Ent.  1(1):  15-19.


Gordh, G.  1985.  Uropoda sp. phoretic on Elater leconti Horn.  Pan-Pacific Entomol. 61(2):  154.


Gordh, G.  1986a.  A new species of Goniozus Foerster 1851 from Southern Africa parasitizing sugar cane borer, Eldana saccharina Walker, and taxonomic notes on species of the genus in Africa (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae; Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).  J. Entomol. Soc. South Africa 49:  257-265.


Gordh, G.  1986b.  A new species of Goniozus from India and taxonomic notes on related species (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae).  Indian J. Entomol. 48(4):  361-365.


Gordh, G.  1987.  A taxonomic study of nearctic Meromyzobia Ashmead, 1900 (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae).  Pan-Pacific Entomol. 63(1):  16-36.


Gordh, G.  1988.  A new species of Goniozus Foerster from India (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) used in biological control of Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).  Pan-Pacific Entomol. 64(2):  173-182.


Gordh, G.  1994.  A biographical account of Harold Compere (1896-1978), biological control foreign explorer.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist, v.70, n.3, (1994): 188-205.


Gordh, G. & J. W. Beardsley.  Taxonomy and Biological Control.  1999.  In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher, Jr. (eds.), Chapter 3, p. 45-55, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Gordh, G. & H. E. Evans.  1976.  A new species of Goniozus imported into California from Ethiopia for the biological control of pink bollworm and some notes on the taxonomic status of Parasierola and Goniozus (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae).  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 78:  479-89.


Gordh, G. & J. Hall.  1979.  A critical point drier used as a method of mounting insects from alcohol.  Ent. News 90: 57-9.


Gordh, G; Harris, A.  1996.  New records and a new species of Eupsenella (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) in New Zealand.  J. of the Roy. Soc. of New Zealand, v.26, n.4, (1996): 529-536.


Gordh, G. & B. Hawkins.  1981.  Goniozus emigratus (Rohwer), a primary external parasite of Paramyelois transitella (Walker), and comments on bethylids attacking Lepidoptera (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae; Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).  J. Kans. Ent. Soc. 54:  787-803.


Gordh, G. & L. Lacey.  1976.  Biological studies of Plagiomerus diaspidis, a primary internal parasite of diaspidid scale insects.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 78:  132-44.


Gordh, G. & E. F. Legner.  1992.  Chapter 9, "Parasites and parasitism."  In:  Principles and Application of Biological Control.  University of California Press (in press).


Gordh, G. & R. A. Medved.  1986.  Biological notes on Goniozus pakmanus Gordh (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae), a parasite of pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae).  J. Kans. Ent. Soc. 59:  723-34.


Gordh, G. & L. Wills.  1989.  Anatomical notes on Uropoda sp., a phoretic mite infesting dung-inhabiting beetles in southern California (Acari:  Uropodidae; Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae, Histeridae).  Pan-Pacific Entomol. 65(4):  410-413.


Gordh, G; Witethom, B.  1995.  A new species of Goniozus from Thailand (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae). Proc. of the Hawaiian Entomol. Soc., v.32, (1995): 139-145.


Gordh, G., J. B. Woolley & R. A. Medved.  1983.  Biological studies on Goniozus legneri Gordh (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) a primary external parasite of the navel orangeworm, Amyelois transitella (Walker) and pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae, Gelechiidae).  Cont. Amer. Ent. Inst. 20:  433-68.  1983


Gordh, G; Wu Quang Con; Sugonyayev, E S.  1995.  Goniozus hanoiensis Gordh, sp. n. (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae), a parasite of the rice leaf roller, Gnaphalocrosis medinalis Guenee, in North Vietnam.  Entomol. Rev. (English Translation of Entomologicheskoye Obozreniye), v.72, n.9, 15-24.


Gordh, G., E. F. Legner & L. E. Caltagirone.  1999.  Biology of parasitic Hymenoptera.  In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher, Jr. (eds.), Chapter 15, p. 355-381, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Gordon, H. T.  1959a.  Effect of amino acid balance on growth of Tetrahymena.  Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 77:  338-51.


Gordon, H. T.  1959b.  Minimal nutritional requirements of the German roach, Blattella germanica L.  Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 77:  290-351.


Gordon, H. T.  1961.  Nutritional factors in insect resistance to chemicals.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 6:  27-54.


Gordon, R.D. 1985.  The Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) of America north of Mexico.  J. of the New York Entomological Soc., 93: 1-912.


Gordon, R. & J. M. Webster.  1974.  Biological control of insects by nematodes.  Helminthol. Abstr. A43:  327-49.


Gorham, J. R.  1989.  Foodborne filth and human disease. Journal of Food Protection, 52, pp. 674-677.


Gorjunova, Z. S.  1962.  Zur ókologie der San José-Schildlaus und ihrer Parasiten im fernen Osten.  Sbornik:  Vrediteli lesa i plod.-jagodn. kul'tur Zabajkalja, Ulan-Ude.  p. 88-95.  [in Russian].


Gorjunova, Z. S.  1963.  Intraspecific forms of Prospaltella perniciosi Tow. and Aphytis proclia Wlk., parasites of San Jose scale.  Trudy Vses. inst. zaš…. rast. 19:  180-6.  [in Russian].


Gormally, M. J.  1988.  Studies on the oviposition and longevity of Ilionealbiseta [Dipt.: Sciomyzidae] - potential biological control agent of liver fluke.  Entomophaga 33:  387-97.


Goryunova, Z. S.  1962.  Contributions to the ecology of the Californian scale and its parasites in the Far East.  In:  Forest & Berry Fruit Pests in the Transbaikal Regions.  Ulan-Ude, p. 88-95.  [Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 45, No. 53194].


Goryunova, Z. S.  1965.  Biology of a parasite of San Jose scale, the short-fringed aphytis (Aphytis proclia Wek.) and wasy of controlling it.  Tr. Vses. Inst. Zashch. Rast. 24:  211-6.  [in Russian].


Goryunova, Z. S.  1967.  Krovyanaya tlya i afelinus [Woolly apple aphid and Aphelinus].  Zashch. rast. 10:  39.  [in Russian].


Goryunova, Z. S.  1967?  Biology of Prospaltella perniciosi Tow. and aphytis proclia Wlk., parasites of San Jose scale of avrious local populations.  Zashch. rast. 10.  [in Russian].


Gospodinov, G.  1963.  Neue Parasitenarten bei einigen unserer schädlichen Insekten.  Rast. Zašt., Sofija 11(11):  10-11.  [in Bulgarian].


Gossard, H. A.  1901.  The cottony-cushion scale.  Florida Agric. Expt. Sta. Bull. 56:  312-56.


Goss-Custard, J. D.  1970.  The response of redshank (Tringa totanus (L.)) to spatial variations in the density of their prey.  J. Anim. Ecol. 39:  91-113.


Gösswald, K.  1935.  Zur Biologie und Okologie von Parasetigena segregata Rond. und Sarcophaga schützei Kram. (Dipt.) nebst Bemerkungen über die forstliche Bedeutung der beiden Arten.  Ztschr. angew. Ent. 21:  1-23.


Gösswald, K.  1940.  Die Massenzucht von Königinnen der roten Waldameise im laboratorium.  Mitteil. aus Forstwirtschaft und Forstwissenscahff.  p. 283-91.


Gösswald, K.  1951.  Die rote Waldameise im Dienste der Waldhygiene.  Metta Kinau Verlag, Wolf u. Täuber, Lüneburg, Germany.  160 p.


Gösswald, K.  1963a.  Besonderheiten von Waldameisen-Herkünften (Formica polyctena Foerst.) im Koniferenwald.  Waldhygiene (Sonderheft) p. 46-68.


Gösswald, K.  1963b.  Besonderheiten von Waldameisen-Herkünften (Formica polyctena Foerst.) im Eichenwald, dazu Hinweise auf Erfolge bei Eichenwickler- und Frostspanner-Massenvermahrungen.  Waldhygiene (Sonderheft) p. 32-45.


Gösswald, K.  1963c.  Probleme der Forsthygiene unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Waldameisenhege.  Schweiz. Ztschr. Forstwesen 114:  379-93.


Gösswald, K.  1965.  Die ursache der "grünen Inseln".  Allg. Forstztschr. 20:  790.


Gösswald, K. & K. Horstmann.  1966.  Untersuchungen über den Einfluss der Kleinen Roten Waldameise (Formica polyctena Foerster) auf den Massenwechsel des Grünen Eichenwicklers (Tortrix viridana L.).  Waldhygiene 6:  230-55.


Gösswald, K. & W. Kloft.  1960a.  Untersuchungen mit radioaktiven Isotopen en Waldameisen.  Entomophaga 5:  33-


Gösswald, K. & G. Schmidt.  1960b.  Neue Wege zur Unterscheidung der Waldameisenformen (Hymenoptera, Formicidae).  Entomophaga 5:  13-.


Gothilf, S.  1962.  Some aspects of the phenology of the Florida wax scale Ceroplastes floridensis and its natural enemies in Israel.  Nat. & Univ. Inst. Agr. Rept. 377.  [in Hebrew w/ English summary].


Gothilf, S.  1969a.  Natural enemies of the carob moth Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Zeller).  Entomophaga 14(3):  195-202.


Gothilf, S.  1969b.  A contribution to the biology of Phanerotoma flavitestacea Fi. a parasite of Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Zell.).  Israel J. Ent. 4:  55-71.


Gothilf, S.  1978.  Establishment of the imported parasite Pentalitomastix plethoricus (Hym. Encyrtidae) on Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Lep. Phycitidae) in Israel.  Entomophaga 23:  299-302.


Gothilf, S.  1984.  Biology of Spectrobates ceratoniae (Zell.) on almonds in Israel.  Phytoparasitica 12:  77-87.


Gothilf, S. & M. Mazor.  1987.  Release and recovery of imported parasites of the carob moth Spectrobates ceratoniae (Lepidoptear: Pyralidae), in Israel.  Israel J. Ent. 21:  19-23.


Gothilf, S. & H. H. Shorey.  1976.  Sex pheromones of Lepidoptera: Examination of the role of male scent brushes in courtship behavior of Trichoplusia ni.  Environ. Ent. 5:   115-9.


Gotoh, T.  1982.  Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae).  Appl. Ent. Zool. 17:  319-24.


Gotoh, T. & K. Niijima.  1986.  Characteristics and agents of abnormal sex ratio in two aphidophagous coccinellid species.  In:  I. Hodek (ed.), Ecology of Aphidiphaga.  Proc. 2nd Symp. Zvikovske Pokhradi, Sept. 2-8, 1984.


Gottlieb, Y; Zchori-Fein, E; Faktor, O; Rosen, D.  1998.  Phylogenetic analysis of parthenogenesis-inducing Wolbachia in the genus Aphytis (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).

Insect Molecular Biology, v.7, n.4, (1998): 393-396.


Götz, B.  1939.  Untersuchungen über die Wirkung des Sexualduftstoffes bei den Traubenwicklern Clysia ambiguella und Polychrosis botrana.  Z. angew. Ent. 26:  143-64.


Götz, B.  1951.  Die Sexualduftstoffe an Lepidopteren.  Experientia 7:  406-18.


Götz, P.  1964.  Der Einfluss unterschiedlicher Befallsbedingungen auf die mermithogene Intersexualität von Chironomus [Dipt.].  Ztschr. Parasitenkunde 24:  484-545.


Goudriaan, J.  1975.  Dispersion in simulation models of population growth and salt movement in the soil.  Neth. J. Agric. Sci. 21:  269-81.


Gough, L. H.  1911.  Results obtained in the study of the froghopper during the wet season of 1910.  Trinidad Dept. Agric. Circ. 8:  46 p.


Gough, L. H.  1917.  The rate of increase of the pink bollworm in green bolls in the period July to November 1916.  TEch. Bull. Min. Agric. Egypt 13.  26 p.


Gough, L. H.  1922.  On the dispersion of the pink bollworm in Egypt.  Tech. Bull. Min. Agric. Egypt 24.  20 p.


Gould, F.  1984.  Fixed function oxidases and herbivore polyphagy:  the devil's advocate position.  Ecol. Ent. 9:  29-34.


Gould, F.  1986.  Simulation models for predicting durability of insect-resistant germ plasm:  a deterministic diploid, two-locus model. Environ. Ent. 15:  1-10.


Gould, F. 1988a.  Evolutionary biology and genetically engineered crops, consideration of evolutionary theory can aid in crop design.  BioScience, 38: 26-33.


Gould, F.  1988b.  Genetic engineering, integrated pest management and the evolution of pests.  Trends Ecol. Evol. 3:  515-18.


Gould, F., G.G. Kennedy, and M.T. Johnson. 1991.  Effects of natural enemies on the rate of herbivore adaptation to resistant host plants.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 58: 1-14.


Gould, G. E. & H. O. Deay.  1938.  The biology of the American cockroach.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 31:  489-98.


Gould, H. J.  1968.  Observations on the use of a predator to control red spider mite on commercial cucumber nurseries.  Plant Path. 17:  108-12.


Gould, H. J.  1970.  Preliminary studies of an integrated control programme for cucumber pests and an evaluation of methods of introducing Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot for the control of Tetranychus urticae Koch.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 66:  505-13.


Gould, H. J.  1971.  Large scale trials of an integrated control programme for cucumber pests on commercial nurseries.  Plant Path. 20:  149-56.


Gould, H. J.  1977.  Biological control of glasshouse whitefly and red spider mite on tomatoes and cucumbers in England and Wales 1975-76.  Plant Path. 26:  57-60.


Gould, H. J. & H. G. Kingham.  1964.  The efficiency of high-volume spraying with acaricides on cucumbers under glass.  Plant Path. 13:  60-4.


Gould, H. J., N. W. Hussey & W. J. Parr.  1968.  Large scale commercial control of T. urticae on cucumbers by the predatory mite Phytoseiulus riegeli.  2nd Internatl. Cong. Acarology Proc., Nottingham, England, July 19-25, 1967.  p. 383-88.


Gould, H. W., W. J. Parr, H. C. Woodville & S. P. Simmonds.  1975.  Biological control of glasshouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) on cucumbers.  Entomophaga 20:  285-92.


Gould, J. R.  1990.  Estimating the impact of parasitoids on the dynamics of populations of gypsy moths.  Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Mass.


Gould, J.R. & C. J. DeLoach.  2002.  Biological control of invasive exotic plant species. In Invasive Exotic Species in the Sonoran Region; Tellman, B., Ed.; University of Arizona Press/Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum: Tucson, 2002; 284-306.


Gould, J. R., R. G. Van Driesche, J. S. Elkinton, T. S. Bellows, Jr. & T. M. O'Dell.  1989.  A review of techniques for measuring the impact of parasitoids of lymantriids. p. 517-31.  In:  The Lymantriidae: Comparisons of Features of New and Old World Tussock Moths.  Northeast Forest Service Expt. Sta., General Tech. Rept. NE-123, Broomall, Pennsylvania.


Gould, J. R., J. S. Elkinton & W. E. Wallner.  1990a.  Density-dependent suppression of experimentally created gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), populations by natural enemies.  J. Anim. Ecol. 59:  213-33.


Gould, J. R., J. S. Elkinton & R. G. Van Driesche.  1990b.  Assessment of potential methods of measuring parasitism by Brachymeria intermedia (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae) of pupae of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae).  J. Econ. Entomol. 83: (in press).


Gould, J.R., T.S. Bellows, Jr., and T.D. Paine. 1992a.  Population dynamics of Siphoninusphillyreae in California in the presence and absence of a parasitoid, Encania panenopea.  Ecological Entomol., 17: 127-134.


Gould, J.R., T.S. Bellows, Jr., and T.D. Paine. 1992b.  Evaluation of biological control of Siphoninus philodyreae (Haliday) by the parasitoid Encarsia parienopea (Walker), using life table analysis.  Biological Control, 2: 257-265.


Gould, J R; Bellows, T S Jr; Paine, T R.  1995.  Preimaginal development, adult longevity and fecundity of Encarsia inaron  (Hym.: Aphelinidae) parasitizing Siphoninus phillyreae (Hom: Aleyrodidae) in California.  Entomophaga, v.40, n.1, (1995): 55-68.


Gould, W. P. & R. L. Jeanne.  1984.  Polistes wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) as control agents for lepidopterous cabbage pests.  Environ. Ent. 13:  150-56.


Gourlay, E. S.  1930.  Some parasitic Hymenoptera of economic importance in New Zealand.  New Zealand J. Sci. Tech. 11:  339-43.


Gourlay, E. S.  1935.  Parasites of the golden oak-scale.  The establishment in New Zealand of Habrolepis dalmanni Westwood.  New Zealand J. Sci. Tech. 16:  216-35.


Gourlay, E. S.  1953.  Strepsiptera, an insect order new to New Zealand.  N.Z. Ent. 1(3):  3-8.


Gourreau, J. M., C. Kaiser, M. Lahellec, L. Chevrier & P. Monsarrat.  1979.  Etude de l'action pathogène éventuelle du Baculovirus d'Oryctes pour le pore.  Entomophaga 24:  213-20.


Goux, L.  1953.  Contribution a l'etude de la larve et de la nymphe d'une Coccinelle coccidophage, Scymnus (Nephus) redtenbacheri Muls.  Bull. Soc. Linn Provence (Marsaille) 19:  33-36.


Gowling, G. R. 1988.  Interaction of partial plant resistance and biological control, p. 253.  In:Anon.  Aspects of Applied Biology Part, 17, 1988.  Pan 2, Environmental Aspects of Applied Biology.  Association of Applied Biologists, University of York, U.K.


Goyer, R. A. & D. M. Benjamin.  1972.  Influence of soil fertility on infestation of jack pine plantations by the pine root weevil.  Forest Sci. 18:  139-47.








Graber, V.  1887.  Thermische Experimente an das Küchenschabe (Periplaneta orientalis).  Arch. ges. Physiol. 41:  240-56.


Grable, A. E.  1966.  The seasonal abundance and biology of the aphidiid wasps which attack aphids occurring on forage legume crops in Minnesota [Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae-- Homoptera: Aphididae].  Diss. Abstr. 26(9):  5603-4.


Grace, T. D. C.  1958.  Induction of polyhedral bodies in ovarian tissues of the tussock moth in vitro.  Science 128:  249-50.


Grace, T. D. C.  1962.  The development of a cytoplasmic polyhedrosis in insect cells grown in vitro.  Virology 18:  33-42.


Grace, T. D. C.  1963.  A cytoplasmic polyhedrosis in an Australian saturniid, Antheraea eucalypti Scott.  J. Insect Physiol. 9:  201-5.


Grady, A. G.  1928.  Studies for breeding insects throughout the year for insecticide tests.  J. Econ. Ent. 21:  598-604.


Graebner, L., D. S. Moreno & J. L. Baritelle.  1984.  The Fillmore Citrus Protective District: a success story in integrated pest management.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 30:  27-33.


Graenicher, S.  1905a.  On the habits of two ichneumonid parasites of the bee, Ceratina dupla Say.  Ent. News 16:  43-9.


Graenicher, S.  1905b.  Some observations on the life-history and habits of parasitic bees.  Wis. Nat. Hist. Soc. Bull. 3:  153-67.


Graenicher, S.  1906.  The habits and life-history of Leucospis affinis (Say), a parasite of bees.  Wis. Nat. Hist. Soc. Bull. 4:  153-59.


Graenicher, S.  1910.  On the habits of beetles of the genus Nemognatha.  Ent. News 21:  72-75.


Graf, J. E.  1917.  The potato tuber moth.  U. S. Dept. Agric. Bull. 427.  56 p.


Graf-Marin, A. & R. Cortes-Peña.  1939.  The introduction of parasites into Chile against insect pests:  a summary of the importations and their results.  Proc. 6th Pac. Sci. Congr. 4:  351-57.


Graf-Marin, A. & R. Cortes-Peña.  1940.  Introducción de hiperparásitos en Chile:  resçmen de las importaciones hechas y de sus resultados.  6th Pacific Sci. Cong. Proc. 4:  351-57.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E.  1998.  Citrus cutworm insecticide efficacy trials, 1997. Saxena, K. N. (Ed.). Arthropod Management Tests, Vol. 23. iv+418p. Entomological Society of America: Lanham, Maryland, USA. ISBN 0-938522-77-9. p. 64-65.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E.  1998.  Citricola scale insecticide efficacy trial, 1996.  Saxena, K. N. (Ed.). Arthropod Management Tests, Vol. 23. iv+418p.  Entomological Society of America: Lanham, Maryland, USA. ISBN 0-938522-77-9. p. 63-64.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E.  1993.  California Red Scale Pesticide Efficacy Trial 1992.  BURDITT, A. K. JR. (ED.). INSECTICIDE & ACARICIDE TESTS, VOL. 18. II+405P. ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA: LANHAM, MARYLAND, USA. p. 73-74.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E.  1994.  Citrus cutworm pesticide efficacy trials, 1993.  Burditt, A. K. Jr. (Ed.). Arthropod Management Tests, Vol. 19. iii+403p.  Entomological Society of America: Lanham, Maryland, USA. 1994. p. 51-52.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E.  1995.  Citrus cutworm pesticide efficacy trials, 1994.  Burditt, A. K. Jr. (Ed.). Arthropod Management Tests, Vol. 20. iii+399p. Entomological Society of America: Lanham, Maryland, USA. ISBN 0-938522-53-1. p. 57.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E.  1996a.  California red scale pesticide efficacy trials, 1994. Burditt, A. K. Jr. (Ed.). Arthropod Management Tests, Vol. 21. iv+462p. Entomological Society of America: Lanham, Maryland, USA. ISBN  0-938522-55-8. 1996. p. 75-76.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E.  1996b.  Citrus cutworm pesticide efficacy trials, 1995.  Burditt, A. K. Jr. (Ed.). Arthropod Management Tests, Vol. 21. iv+462p.  Entomological Society of America: Lanham, Maryland, USA. ISBN 0-938522-55-8. 1996. p. 76-77.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E.  1997a.  Citricola scale insecticide efficacy trials, 1994, 1995.  Saxena, C. R. Arthropod Management Tests, Vol. 22. iv+469p. Entomological Society of America: Lanham, Maryland, USA. ISBN 0-938522-61-2. p. 71.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E.  1997b.  Citrus red mite pesticide efficacy trials, 1995, 1996.  Saxena, C. R. Arthropod Management Tests, Vol. 22. iv+469p. Entomological Society of America: Lanham, Maryland, USA. ISBN 0-938522-61-2. p. 69-70.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E.  1997.  California red scale pesticide efficacy trial, 1995. Saxena, C. R. Arthropod Management Tests, Vol. 22. iv+469p. Entomological Society of America: Lanham, Maryland, USA. ISBN 0-938522-61-2. 1997. p. 72.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E.  1998.  California red scale insecticide efficiency trial, 1996. Saxena, K. N. (Ed.). Arthropod Management Tests, Vol. 23. iv+418p.  Entomological Society of America: Lanham, Maryland, USA. ISBN 0-938522-77-9. p. 62-63.


Grafton-Cardwell, E. E. & M. A. Hoy.  1983.  Comparative toxicity of avermectin B1 to the predator Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) and the spider mites Tetranychus urticae Koch and Panonychus ulmi (Koch).  J. Econ. Ent. 76:  1216-20.


Grafton-Cardwell, E. E. & M. A. Hoy.  1985a.  Intraspecific variability in response to pesticides in the common green lacewing.  Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae).  Hilgardia 53(6): 1-32.


Grafton-Cardwell, E. E. & M. A. Hoy.  1985b.  Short-term effects of permethrin and fenvalerate on oviposition by Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae).  J. Econ. Ent. 78:  955-59.


Grafton-Cardwell, E. E. & M. A. Hoy.  1986a.  Genetic improvement of common green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae): selection for carbaryl resistance.  Environ. Ent. 15:  1130-36.


Grafton-Cardwell, E. E. & M. A. Hoy.  1986b.  Selection of the common green lacewing for resistance to carbaryl.  Calif. Agr. 40(9/10):  22-4.


Grafton-Cardwell, E. E., & M. A. Hoy.  1987.  Genetic improvement of the common green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae): selection for carbaryl resistance.  Environ. Ent. 15:  1130-6.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E; Ouyang, Y.  1993.  Toxicity of Four Insecticides To Various Populations of the Predacious Mite Euseius-Tularensis Congdon Acarina Phytoseiidae from San Joaquin Valley California Citrus.  J. of Agricultural Entomol., v.10, n.1, (1993): 21-29.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E; Ouyang, Y.  1995.   Augmentation of Euseius tularensis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in citrus.   Environ. Entomol., v.24, n.3, (1995): 738-747.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E; Ouyang, Y.  1996.  Influence of citrus leaf nutrition on survivorship, sex ratio, and reproduction of Euseius tularensis (Acari: Phytoseiidae).  Environ. Entomol., v.25, n.5,  1020-1025.


Grafton-Cardwell, E D; Reagan, C A.  1995.  Selective use of insecticides for control of armored scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae) in San Joaquin Valley California citrus.  J. of Econ. Entomol., v.88, n.6, (1995): 1717-1725.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E; Vehrs, S L C.  1995.  Monitoring for organophosphate- and carbamate-resistant armored scale  (Homoptera: Diaspididae) in San Joaquim Valley citrus.  J. of Econ. Entomol., v.88, n.3, (1995): 495-504.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E; Perring, T M; Smith, R F; Valencia, J; Farrar, C A.  1996.  Occurrence of mosaic viruses in melons in the Central Valley of California.  Plant Disease, v.80, n.10, (1996): 1092-1097.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E; Ouyang, Y; Striggow, R A.  1997.   Predaceous mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) for control of spider mites  (Acari: Tetranychidae) in nursery citrus. Environ. Entomol., v.26, n.1, (1997): 121-130.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E; Morse, J G; Gjerde, A.  1998a.  Effect of insecticide treatments to reduce infestation by citrus thrips  (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on growth of nonbearing citrus.  J. of Econ. Entomol., v.91, n.1, (1998): 234-242.


Grafton-Cardwell, E E; Ouyang, Y; Salse, J.  1998b.  Insecticide resistance and esterase enzyme variation in the California red scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae).  J. of Econ. Entomol., v.91, n.4, (1998): 812-819.


Grafton-Cardwell, Elizabeth E.; Ouyang, Yiling; Striggow, Rebecka A.  1999.  Predacious mites for control of citrus thrips, Scirtothrips citri (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in nursery citrus. Biological Control, v.14, n.1, (1999. Jan.): 29-36.


Graham, A. J. & F. H. Dudley.  1959.  Culture methods for mass rearing of screw-worm larvae.  J. Econ. Ent. 52:  1006-8.


Graham, A. R.  1931.  The present status of the larch sawfly, (Lygaeonamatus erichsonii Hartig), in Canada, with special reference to its specific parasite, Mesoleius tenthredinis Morley.  Canad. Ent. 63:  99-102.


Graham, A. R.  1944.  The establishment of some imported parasites of the larch casebearer, Haplotilia laricella Hbn. in Ontario.  Ent. Soc. Ontario 74th Ann. Rept. 1943:  48-52.


Graham, A. R.  1949.  Developments in the control of the larch casebearer, „oleophora laricella (Hbn.).  Ent. Soc. Ontario 79th Ann. REpt. 1948:  45-50.


Graham, A. R.  1953.  Biology and establishment in Canada of Mesoleius tenthredinis Morley (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), a parasite of the larch sawfly, Pristiphora erichsonii (Hartig) (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae).  Quebec Soc. Protect. Plants, 35th Ann. Rept.:  61-75.


Graham, A. R.  1958a.  Recoveries of introduced species of parasites of the winter moth, Operophtera brumata (L.) in Nova Scotia.  CAnad. Ent. 90:  595-96.


Graham, A. R.  1958b.  Effectiveness of two introduced parasites of the larch casebearer, Coleophora laricella (Hbn.) (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae) in Ontario.  Ent. Soc. Ontario 88th Ann. Rept. 1957:  37-41.


Graham, A. R. & P. A. Jones.  1962.  Parasites and predators released against forest insects in Canada, 1910-58.  Appendix I.  in a review of teh biological control attempts against insects and weeds in Canada.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Contrib., Tech. Commun. 2:  129-75.


Graham, F., Jr.  1970.  Since Silent Spring.  Houghton-Mifflin, Boston.


Graham, F., Jr.  1985.  The Dragon Hunters.  E. P. Dutton, New York.


Graham, H. M., N. S. Hernandez & J. R. Llanes.  1972.  The role of host plants in the dynamics of populations of Heliothis spp.  Environ. Ent. 1:  424-31.


Graham, J. E. & I. E. Bradley.  1962.  The effects of species on density of mosquito larval populations in Salt Lake County, Utah.  Mosq. News 22:  239-47.


Graham, J. F.  1961.  Annual Report of the Senior Entomolgist for 1959.  In:  Kenya Dept. Agric. Ann. Rept. 2:  11-13.


Graham, F., Jr. 1970.  Since Silent Spring.  Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.


Graham, K. & M. L. Prebble.  1953.  Studies of the lecanium scale, Eulecanium coryli (L.) and its parasite, Blastothrix sericea (Dalm.), in British Columbia.  Canad. Ent. 85:  153-81.


Graham, M. W. R. de V.  1964.  Evidence that Ormocerus borges Walker is the male of Epicopterus choreiformis Westwood (Hym., Chalcidoidea, Pteromalidae).  Entomophaga 9:  45-52.


Graham, M. W. R. de V.  1969.  The Pteromalidae of north-western Europe (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).  Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. Ent. Suppl. 16:  1-908.


Graham, O. H. & R. L. Harris.  1966.  REcent developments in the control of some arthropods of public health and veterinary importance.  Livestock insects.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 12:  319-25.


Graham, S. A.  1918.  An interesting habit of a wax moth parasite.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 11:  175-80.


Graham, S. A.  1928.  The influence of small mammals and other factors upon the larch sawfly survival.  J. Econ. Ent. 21:  301-11.


Graham, S. A.  1929.  Principles of Forest Entomology.  McGraw Hill Book Co., Inc., New York & London.  339 p.


Graham, S. A.  1939.  Principles of Forest Entomology, 2nd ed.  McGraw-Hill, New York & London.


Graham, S. A.  1956.  Forest insects and the law of natural compensations.  Canad. Ent. 88:  45-55.


Graham, S. A. & L. G. Baumhoffer.  1927.  The pine tip moth in the Nebraska National Forest.  J. Agric. Res. 35:  323-33.


Graham, S. A. & F. B. Knight.  1965.  Principles of Forest Entomology, 4th ed.  McGraw-Hill, New York.


Graham-Smith, G. S.  1916.  Observations on the habits and parasites of common flies.  Parasitol. 8:  440-544.


Graham-Smith, G. S.  1919.  Further observations on the habits and parasites of common flies.  Parasitol. 11:  347-84.


Graham-Smith, G. S. 1930. Further observations on the anatomy and function of the proboscis of the blowfly, Calliphora erythrocephala L. Parasitol. 22, 47.


Grainger, W. E.  1947.  The experimental control of mosquito breeding in ricefields in Nyanza Province, Kenya, by intermittent irrigation and other methods.  East Africa Med. J. 24:  16-22.


Granados, R. R.  1969a.  Electron microscopy of plants and insect vectors infected with the corn stunt disease agent.  Contrib. Boyce Thompson Inst. 24:  173-187.


Granados, R. R.  1969b.  Maize viruses and vectors.  In:  Viruses, Vectors and Vegetation.  (K. Maramorosch, ed.), John Wiley & Sons, NY, p. 327- 359.


Granados, R. R.  1970.  Development of an insect poxvirus in the nervous sytem of Estigmene acrea larvae.  Proc. IV Intern. Coll. Insect Path., College Pk., MD, p. 110-114.


Granados, R. R.  1972.  Viruses in plant and insect cells.  In:  Monographs in Virology.  (J.L. Melnick, ed.), S. Kargerf Pub.,

p. 42-49.


Granados, R. R.  1973a.  Electron microscopy of wound tumor virus in leafhopper cell cultures.  Proc. III Int. Colloquium on Invertebr. Tissue Culture, Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, June 1971, p. 491-499.


Granados, R. R.  1973b.  Entry of an insect poxvirus by fusion of the virus envelope with the host cell membrane.  Virology 52:  305-309.


Granados, R. R.  1973c.  Insect poxviruses:  pathology, morphology, and development, p. 73-94.  In:  D. W. Roberts & W. G. Yendol (eds.), Some Recent Advances in Insect Pathology.  Misc. Publ. Ent. Soc. Amer. 9:  73-94.


Granados, R. R.  1976.  Infection and replication of insect pathogenic viruses in tissue culture.  Advan. Virus Res. 20: 



Granados, R. R.  1978.  Biology of cytoplasmic polyhedrosis viruses and entomopoxviruses.  In:  Viral Pesticides:  Present Knowledge and Potential Effects on Public and Environ. Health.  (M. D. Summers and C. Y. Kawanishi, eds.), EPA-6001 9-68-026, p. 89-101.


Granados, R. R.  1978.  Early events in the infection of Heliothis zea midgut cells by a baculovirus.  Virology 90:  170-194.


Granados, R. R.  1978.  Replication phenomena of insect viruses in vivo and in vitro.  Proceedings of Conference on Safety Aspects of Baculoviruses as Biological Insecticides, Julich, Federal Republic of Germany, Nov. 13-15, 1978.


Granados, R. R.  1980.  Infectivity and mode of action of baculoviruses.  Biotechnology and Bioengineering 22:  1377-1405.


Granados, R. R.  1981.  Entomopoxvirus infections in insects, p. 101-26.  In:  E. W. Davidson (ed.), Pathogenesis of invertebrate Microbial Diseases.  Allanheld, Osman & Co., Totowa, New Jersey.


Granados, R. R. & Chapman, R. K.  1968a.  Heat inactivation and interactions of four aster yellows virus strains in their vector, Macrosteles fascifrons (Stal).  Virology 36:  333-342.


Granados, R. R. & Chapman R. K.  1968b.  Identification of some new aster yellows virus strains and their transmission by the aster leafhopper, Macrosteles fascifrons (Stal).  Phytopathol. 58:  1682-1692.


Granados, R. R. & Corsaro, B. G. 1990.  Baculovirus enhancing proteins and their implication for insect control.  Proc. 5th Int. Colloquium Invertebr. Pathol. and Microbial Control.  Adelaide,

Aust. p. 174-178.


Granados, R.R. and B.A. Federici, (eds.). 1986. The Biology of Baculoviruses.- Volume L Biological Properties and Molecular Biology and Volume II.  Practical Application for Insect ControL CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A.; Vol.  I, 304 pp.; Vol. 11, 324 pp.


Granados, R. R. &  Hashimoto, Y.  1989.  Infectivity of baculoviruses to cultured cells.  In:  Invertebr. Cell System Applications.  (J. Mitsuhashi, ed.), Vol. II, chapter 1:  3-13, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.


Granados, R. R., Lawler, K. A. 1981.  In vivo pathway of Autographa californica baculovirus invasion and infection.  Virology 108:  297-308.


Granados, R. R. & Meehan, D. J.  1973.  Morphology and differential counts of hemocytes of healthy and wound tumor virus-infected Agallia constricta.  J. Invertebr. Pathol. 22:  60-69.


Granados, R. R. & Meehan, D. J.  1975.  Pathogenicity of the corn stunt agent to an insect vector, Dalbulus elimatus.  J. Invertebr. Pathol. 26:  313-320.


Granados, R. R., Naughton, M.  1975.  Development of Amsacta moorei entomopoxvirus in ovarian and hemocyte cultures from Estigmene acrea larvae.  Intervirology 5:  62-68.


Granados, R. R. & Naughton, M.  1976a.  Replication of Amsacta acrea entomopoxvirus in a continuous cell culture from Estigmene acrea.  Proc. 1st Int. Colloquium Invertebr. Pathol., Queens Univ., Kingston Canada, p. 113-117.


Granados, R. R. & Naughton, M.  1976b.  Replication of Amsacta moorei entomopoxvirus and Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus in hemocyte cell lines from Estigmene acrea.  In:  Invertebr. Tissue Culture:  Applications in Medicine, Biol., and Agr.  (E. Kurstak and K. Maramorosch, eds.), Academic Press, Inc., NY, p. 379-389.


Granados, R. R., & Roberts, D. W.  1970.  Electron microscopy of a poxlike virus infecting an invertebrate host.  Virology 40:  230-243.


Granados, R. R. & Whitcomb, R. F.  1971.  Transmission of corn stunt mycoplasma byy the leafhopper Baldulus tripsaci.  Phytopathol. 61:  240-241.


Granados, R. R. & Williams, K. A.  1986.  In vivo infection and replication of baculoviruses.  In:  The Biol. of Baculoviruses, Vol. 1, Properties and Molecular Biol.  (R. R. Granados and Ba. A. Federici, eds.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, p.89-108.


Granados, R. R., Maramorosch, K., Everett, T., et. al   1966.  Transmission of corn stunt virus by a new leafhopper vector, Graminella nigrifrons (Forbes).  Contr. Boyce Thompson Inst. 23:  275-280.


Granados, R. R., Hirumi, H. & Maramorosch, K.  1967.  Electron microscopic evidence for wound tumor virus accumulation in various organs of an inefficient leafhopper vector, Agalliopsis novella.  J. Invert. Pathol. 9:  147-159.


Granados, R. R., Granados, J. S., Maramorosch, K., et al.  1968a.  Corn stunt virus:  Transmission by three cicadellid vectors.  J. Econ. Ent. 61:  1282-1287.


Granados, R. R., Gustin, R. D., Maramorosch, K., et. al  1968b.  Transmission of corn stunt virus by the leafhopper Deltocephalus sonorus Ball.  Contr. Boyce Thompson Inst. 24:  57-59.


Granados, R. R., Maramorosch, K. & Shikata, E. 1968c.  Mycoplasma:  Suspected etiologic agent of corn stunt.  Proc. National Acad. of Sci. 60:  841-844.


Granados, R. R., Ward, L. S. & Maramorosch, K.  1968d.  Insect viremia caused by a plant-pathogenic virus:  Electron microscopy of vector hemocytes.  Virology 34:  790-796.


Granados, R. R., McCarthy, W. J. & Naughton, M.  1974.  Replication of a cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus in an established cell line of Trichoplusia ni cells.  Virology 59:  584-586.


Granados, R. R., Nguyen, T. & Cato, B.  1978.   An insect cell line persistently infected with a baculovirus-like particle.  Intervirology 10:  309-317.


Granados, R. R., Lawler, K. A. & Burand, J. P.  1981.  Replication of Heliothis zea baculovirus in an insect cell line.  Intervirology 16:  71-79.


Granados, R. R., Derksen, A. C. G. & Dwyer, K. G.  1986a.  Replication of the Trichoplusia ni granulosis and nuclear polyhedrosis viruses in cell culture.  Virology 152:  472-476.


Granados, R. R., Derksen, A. C. G. & Dwyer, K. G.  1986b. Replication of the Trichoplusia ni granulosis virus and nuclear polyhedrosis virus in insect cell cultures.  In:  Fundamental and Appl. Aspects of Invertebr. Pathol.  (R.A. Samson, J.M. Vlak, and D. Peters, eds.),Proc. 4th Int. Colloquium Invertebr. Pathol., Veldhoven, The Netherlands, Aug. 18-22, 1986, p. 126.


Granados, R.R., K.G. Dwyer, and A.C.G. Derksen. 1987.  Production of viral agents in invertebrate cell cultures, pp. 167-181.  In:Maramorosch, K., (ed.). Biotechnology in Invertebrate Patholog. and Cell Culture.  Academic Press, San Diego, California, U.S.A.


Granados, R. R. & Federici, B. A. (eds.).  1986c.  The Biology of Baculoviruses, Vol. I, Biological Properties and Molecular Biology.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 275 p.


Granados, R. R. & Federici, B. A. Eds.  1986d.  The Biology of Baculoviruses, Vol. II, Practical Application for Insect Control.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 276 p.


Granados, R. R., Dwyer, K. & Derksen, A.  1987.  Biotechnological advances in the production of viral agents in invertebrate cell cultures.  In:  Biotechnology Advances in Invertebr. Pathol. and Cell Culture.  (K. Maramorosch, ed.), Academic Press, NY, p. 167-181.


Granados, R. R., Gallo, L. G., Hashimoto, Y., et al.  1992.  Novel continuous cell lines from Trichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera:  Noctuidae) and Estigmene acrea (Lepidoptera:  Artiidae) that support replication of baculoviruses.   (in preparation).


Grandi, G.  1925.  Documenti etologici e morfologici sul crabro (Entomognathus) brevis v.d. Lind. Crabronide predatore di alticidi.  REdia 16:  69-78.


Grandi, G.  1933.  Introduzione en Italia di un imenottero Americano parassita della Cydia molesta Busck.  Ital. Agric. 70:  1077-80.


Grandi, G.  1937.  Morfologia ed etologia comparate di insetti a regime specializzoto.  R. Ist. Super. Agr. Lab. di Ent. Bol. 9:  33-64.


Grandi, G.  1951.  Introduzione Allo Studio dell'Entomologia, Vol. I.  Ediz. Agr. (Bologna).  950 p.


Grandi, G.  1954.  Contributi alla conoscenza degli Imenotteri Aculeati XXVI.  Boll. Ist. Ent. Univ. Bologna 20:  81-255.


Grandi, G.  1958.  Contributi alla conoscenza degli Imenotteri Aculeati XXVII.  Boll. Ist. Ent. Univ. Bologna 22 (1957):  307-98.


Grandi, G.  1959a.  Contributi alla conoscenza degli Imenotteri Aculeati XXVIII.  Boll. Ist. Ent. Univ. Bologna 23 (1957):  239-92.


Grandi, G.  1959b.  The problems of "morphological adaptation" in insects.  Smithson. Misc. Collect. 137:  203-30.


Grandi, G.  1961.  Studi Di un Entomologo Sugli Imenotteri Superiori.  Edizion, Calderini, Bologna.  659 p.


Grandori, R.  1911.  Contributo all' embriologia alla biologia dell' Apanteles glomeratus (L.).  Reinh. Redia 7:  363-428.


Granett, J & D. M. Dunbar.  1975.  TH 6040:  Laboratory and field trials for control of gypsy moths.  J. Econ. Ent. 68:  99-102.


Grannett, J. & N. C. Leeling.  1971.  A hyperglycemic agent in the serum of DDT - prostrate American cockroaches, Periplaneta americana.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  299-302.


Grange, W. B. & W. L. McAtee.  1934.  Improving the farm environment for wild life.  U. S. Dept. Agric. Farmers' Bull. 1719.  61 p.


Grant, G. G., A. G. Carmichael, C. N. Smith & A. W. A. Brown.  1970.  Autochemosterilization of the southern house mosquito by means of a modified light trap.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  648-50.


Grant, J. F. & M. Shepard.  1985.  Influence of three soybean genotypes on development of Voria ruralis (Diptera: Tachinidae) and on foliage consumption by its host, the soybean looper (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).  Fla. Entomol. 68:  672-77.


Grant, J. F. & M. Shepard.  1987.  Development of Brachymeria ovata (Say) (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae) in freezer-stored pupae of lepidopteran species.  Environ. Ent. 16:  1207-10.


Grasse, P. P.  1922.  Notes sur la biologie d'un Collembole Hypogastrura armata (Nicolet).  Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 91:  190-92.


Grasse, Pierre P. P. 1949. Traite de Zoologie. Vols. 9 and 10 Masson, Paris.


Grasse, P. P. (ed.).  1951.  Traite de Zoologie, Vol. 10.  Libr. Acad. Med., Paris:  1-975.


Gratwick, M.  1965.  Laboratory studies of the relative toxicities of orchard insecticides to predatory insects.  Rep. E. Malling Res. Sta. 1964.  p. 171-76.


Graur, D.  1985.  Gene diversity in Hymenoptera.  Evolution 39:  190-99.


Gravely, F. H. & S. Maulik.  1911.  Notes on the development of some Indian Ascalaphidae and Myrmeleonidae.  Indian Mus. REc. 6:  101-10.


Gravena, S. and H.F. Da Cunha. 1991.  Predation of cotton leafworm first instar larvae, Alabama argillacea (Lep.: Noctuidae).  Entomophaga, 36: 481-491.


Gravena, S. & J. A. Pazetto.  1987.  Predation and parasitism of cotton leafworm eggs, Alabama argillacea [Lep.: Noctuidae].  Entomophaga 32:  241-48.


Gravena, S. and W.L. Sterling. 1983.  Natural predation on the cotton leafworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).  J. Econ. Entomol., 76: 779-784.


Gray, H. E.  1954.  The development of the citrus mealybug.  J. Econ. Ent. 47:  174-76.


Gray, N.F. 1987.  Nematophagous fungi with particular reference to their ecology.  Biological Rev.s of the Cambridge Philosophical Soc., 62: 245-304.


Gray, N.F. 1988.  Fungi attacking vermiform nematodes, pp. 3-38.  In:Poinar, G.O., and H.-B. Janssen, (eds.). Diseases of Nematodes, Vol.  II.  CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A.


Greany, P.  1980.  Growth and development of an insect parasitoid in vitro.  Amer. Zool. 20:  946.


Greany, P.  1981.  Culture of hymenopteran endoparasites in vitro.  In:Vitro 17:  230.


Greany, P.  1986.  In vitro culture of hymenopterous larval endoparasitoids.  J. Ins. Physiol. 32:  409-19.


Greany, P. & K. S. Hagen.  1981.  Prey selection. p. 121-35.  In:  E. A. Nordlund, R. L. Jones & W. J. Lewis (eds.), Semiochemicals:  Their Role in Pest Control.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.


Greany, P. D. & E. R. Oatman.  1972.  Demonstration of host discrimination in the parasite Orgilus lepidus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  375-6.


Greany, P. D., T. R. Ashley, R. M. Baranowski & D. L. Chambers.  1976.  Rearing and life history studies on Biosteres (Opius) longicaudatus  [Hym.: Braconidae].  Entomophaga 21:  207-16.


Greany, P. D., J. H. Tumlinson, D. L. Chambers & G. M. Boush.  1977.  Chemically-mediated host finding by Biosteres (Opius) longicaudatus, a parasitoid of tephritid fruit fly larvae.  J. Chem. Ecol. 3:  189-95.


Greany, P. D., G. E. Allen, J. C. Webb, J. L. Sharp & D. L. Chambers.  1977.  Stress-induced septicemia as an impediment to laboratory rearing of the fruit fly parasitoid Biosteres (Opius) longicaudatus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and the Caribbean fruit fly Anastrepha suspensa (Diptera: Tephritidae).  J. Invertebr. Pathol. 29:  153-61.


Greany, P., S. B. Vinson & W. J. Lewis.  1984a.  Insect parasitoids: finding new opportunities for biological control.  Biosci. 34:  690-96.


Greany, P. D., S. B. Vinson & W. J. Lewis.  1984b.  Finding new opportunities for biological control.  Bioscience 34:  690-96.


Greathead, D. J.  1958.  Observations on two species of Systoechus (Diptera, Bombyliidae) preying on the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal) in Eastern Africa.  Entomophaga 3:  3-.


Greathead, D. J.  1963.  A review of the insect enemies of Acridoidea (Orthoptera).  Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc. 114:  437-517 (523?).


Greathead, D. J.  1966a.  A taxonomic study of the species of Antestiopsis (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) associated with Coffea arabica in Africa.  Bull. Ent. Res. 56:  515-54.


Greathead, D. J.  1966b.  The parasites of Antestiopsis spp. (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in East Africa, and a discussion of the possibilities of biological control.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Bull. 7:  113-37.


Greathead, D. J.  1966c.  A brief survey of the effects of biotic factors on populations of the desert locust.  J. appl. Ecol. 3:  239-50.


Greathead, D. J.  1968.  Biological control of Lantana-- a review and discussion of recent developments in East Africa.  Pest Articles & News Summaries, Sec. C, 14:  167-75.


Greathead, D. J.  1970.  A study of the host relations of Halictophagus pontiflex Fox (Strepsiptera), a parasite of Cercopidae (Hemip. Aphrophorinae) in Uganda.  Bull. Ent. Res. 60:  33-42.


Greathead, D. J.  1971a.  A review of biological control in the Ethiopian Region.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Comm. No. 5:  1-172.


Greathead, D. J.  1971b.  Eucalyptus snout beetle-- Gonipterus scutellatus Gyll.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. TEch. Commun. 5:  49-50.


Greathead, D. J.  1972.  Notes on coffee fruit flies and their parasites at Kawanda, Uganda.  Commonw. Ins. Biol. Control, Tech. Bull. 15:  11-18.


Greathead, D. J.  1973.  Progress in the biological control of Lantana camara in East Africa and discussion of problems raised by the unexpected reaction of some of the more promising insects to Seasamum indicum (p. 89-92).  In:  Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. Biol. Contr. Weeds, P. H. Dunn (ed.).  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Control Misc. Publ. 6.


Greathead, D. J.  1975.  Biological control of the beanfly, Ophiomyia phaseoli [Dipt.: Agromyzidae], by Opius spp. [Hym.: Braconidae] in the Hawaiian Islands.  Entomophaga 20:  313-16.


Greathead, D. J.  1976.  A review of biological control in western and southern Europe.  Tech. Comm. No. 7, CIBC.  Commonw. Agr. Bur., Farnham Royal, Slough, England.  182 p.


Greathead, D. J.  1976.  A review of biological control in western and southern Europe.  CIBC Tech. Comm. 7, Commonw. Agric. Bur., Slough, England. p 52-64.


Greathead, D. J.  1976a.  Mediterranean fruit fly, olive fly.  In:  D. J. Greathead (ed.).  A review of biological control in western and southern Europe.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Comm. 7:  37-43.


Greathead, D. S. (ed.).  1976b.  A Review of Biological Control in Western and Southern Europe.  Commonw. Agric. Bur. Tech. Commun., Vol. 7.  182 p.


Greathead, C. J.  1980.  Biological control of pests and the contributions of CIBC.  Antenna 4:  88-91.


Greathead, D.J. 1980.  Arthropod natural enemies of bilharzia snails and the possibilities for biological control. Biocontrol News and Information, 1(2): 197-202.


Greathead, D.J. 1986a.  Parasitoids in classical biological control. pp. 289-318.  In:Waage, J. and D. Greathead, (eds.). Insect Parasitoids. 13th Symposium of the Royal Entomological Soc. of London, 18-19, Sept. 1985.  Academic Press, London.


Greathead, D.J. 1986b.  Opportunities or biological control of insect pests in tropical Africa.  Revue d' Zoologie Africaine, 100: 85-96.


Greathead, D.J.  1995.  Benefits and risks of classical biological control. In Biological Control: Benefits and Risks; Hokkanen, H.M.T., Lynch, J.M., Eds.; Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, U.K., 1995; 53-63.


Greathead, D. J. & M. Bigger.  1967.  Notes on the biology of Bogosia rubens Villenueve (Diptera: Tachinidae) a parasite of Antestiopsis spp. (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) and its introduction to Mt. Kilamanjaro, Tanzania.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Bull. 9:  1-8.


Greathead, D.J. & A.H. Greathead. 1992.  Biological control of insect pests by parasitoids and predators: The BIOCAT database.  Biocontrol News and Information, 13(4): 61N-68N.


Greathead, D. J. & J. Monty.  1982.  Biological control of stableflies (Stomoxys spp.):  results from Mauritius in relation to fly control in dispersed breeding sites.  C.I.B.C. Biocontrol News and Info. 3(2):  105-09.


Greathead, D. J. & J. K. Waage.  1983.  Opportunities for biological control of agricultural pests in developing countries.  World Bank Tech. Paper 11:  1-44.


Green, E. E.  1902.  On some parasites of Xylocopa tenuiscapa Westw.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 13:  232-33.


Green, E. E.  1908.  Remarks on Indian scale insects (Coccidae).  Pt. 3.  Dept. Agr. Mem., Indian Ent. Ser. 2:  p. 15-46.


Green, E. E.  1909.  The Coccidae of Ceylon, Part IV., p. 251-334.  In:  Dulou & Co., London.  334 p.


Green, E. E.  1925.  Presidential address.  Ent. Soc. London Trans. (1924):  161-202.


Green, J F; Headrick, D H; Goeden, R D.  1993.  Life History and Description of Immature Stages of Procecidochares-Stonei Blanc and Foote on Viguiera-Spp in Southern California Diptera Tephritidae.   Pan-Pacific Entomol., v.69, n.1, (1993): 18-32.


Green, M., M. Heumann, R. Sokolow, L.R. Foster, R. Bryant, and M. Skeels. 1990.  Public health implications of the microbial pesticide Bacillus thuringiensir An epidemiological study, Oregon, 1985-1986.  Ametican Journal of Public Health, 80: 848-852.


Green, R. H.  1979.  Sampling Design and Statistical Methods For Environmental Biologists.  John Wiley & Sons, New York. 


Green, R. J. & G. C. Papavizas.  1968.  The effect of carbon source, carbon to nitrogen ratios, and organic amendments on survival of propagules of Verticillium albo-atrum in soil.  Phytopathology 58:  567-70.


Green, R. F., G. Gordh & B. A. Hawkins.  1982.  Precise sex ratios in highly inbred parasitic wasps.  Amer. Nat. 120:  653-65.


Greenbank, D. O.  1963.  Host species and the spruce budworm.  Mem. Ent. Soc. Canad. 31:  219-23.


Greenberg, B.  1969.  Salmonella suppression by known populations of bacteria in flies.  J. Bacteriol. 99:  629-35.


Greenberg, B.  1971.  Flies and Disease, Vol. I.  Ecology, Classification and Biotic Associations.  Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey.  856 p.


Greenberg, B.  1973.  Flies and Disease, Vol. 2.  Biology and Disease Transmission.  Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey.


Greenberg, B. & J. George.  1985.  Calliphora vicina, Phormia regina and Phaenicia cuprina, pp. 25-33.  In:  P. Singh & F. R. Moore (eds. Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol II.  Elsevier, New York.


Greenblatt, J. A. & P. Barbosa.  1981.  Effect of host's diet on two pupal parasitoids of the gypsy moth Brachymeria intermedia (Nees) and Coccygominus turionellae (L.).  J. Appl. Aecol. 18:  1-10.


Greenblatt, J. A. & W. J. Lewis.  1983.  Chemical environmental manipulation for pest insect control.  Environ. Manag. 7:  35-41.


Greenblatt, J. A., P. Barbosa & M. E. Montgomery.  1982.  Host's diet effects on nitrogen utilization efficiency for two parasitoid species: Brachymeria intermedia and Coccygomimus turionellae.  Physiol. Ent. 7:  263-67.


Gorham, J. R. 1976. Insects as food. Bull. Soc. Vector Ecol., 3:11-16.

Greenberg, B. 1973. Flies and Disease. 2 vol. Vol..1: Ecology, Classification, and Biotic Associations, 856 pp. Vol. 2 Biology and Disease Transmission, 447 pp. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Univ. Press


Greene, C. T.  1917.  A contribution to the biology of North American Diptera.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 19:  146-61.


Greene, C. T.  1921a.  An illustrated synopsis of the puparia of 100 muscoid flies (Diptera).  proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 60:  1-39.


Greene, C. T.  1921b.  Two new species of Diptera.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 23:  125-27.


Greene, C. T.  1922.  An illustrated synopsis of the puparia of 100 muscoid flies.  U. S. Natl. Mus. Proc. 60, art. 10.  39 p.


Greene, C. T.  1925a.  The puparia and larvae of sarcophagid flies.  Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 66, art. 29:  1-26.


Greene, C. T.  1925b.  A tentative arrangement of the muscoid flies based on the puparia.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 27:  157-63.


Greene, C. T.  1927.  The larvae and puparium of Oedematocera dampfi Aldrich.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 29:  18-19.


Greene, G. L., J. A. Hogsette & R. S. Patterson.  1989.  Parasites that attack stable fly and house fly (Diptera; Muscidae) puparia during the winter on dairies in northwestern Florida.  J. Econ. Ent. 82:  412-15.


Greenshields, F.  1936.  Tetrapolody and Hymenoptera.  Nature 138:  330.


Greenslade, P. J. M.  1963.  Daily rhythms of locomotory activity in some Carabidae (Coleoptera).  Ent. Expt. & Appl. 6(3):  171-80.


Greenslade, P. J. M.  1964a.  Pitfall trapping as a method for studying populations of Carabidae (Coleoptera).  J. Anim. Ecol. 33(2):  301-10.


Greenslade, P. J. M.  1964b.  The distribution, dispersal and size of a population of Nebria brevicollis (F.), with comparative studies on three other Carabidae.  J. Anim. Ecol. 33(2):  311-.


Greenslade, P. J. M.  1971.  Interspecific competition and frequency changes among ants in Solomon Islands coconut plantations.  J. Appl. Ecol. 8:  323-49.


Greenstone, M. H.  1977.  A passive haemagglutination inhibition assay for the identification of stomach contents of invertebrate predators.  J. Appl. Ecol. 14:  457-64.


Greenstone, M. H.  1979.  Passive haemagglutin inhibition:  a powerful new tool for field studies of entomophagous predators.  Misc. Publ. Ent. Soc. Amer. 11:  69-78.


Greenstone, M. H.  1983.  Amblyospora site-specificity and site-tenacity in a wolf spider:  a serological dietary analysis.  Oecologia 56:  79-83.


Greenstone, M.H. and J. H. Hunt. 1993.  Determination of prey antigen half-life in Polistes metricus using a monoclonal antibody-based immunodot assay.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 68: 1-7.


Greenwood, E. S.  1964.  Bacillus thuringiensis in the control of Lucilia sericata and Musca domestica.  New Zealand J. Sci. 7:  221-26.


Greenwood, E. S.  1964.  Bacterium kills insect pests.  New Zealand J. Agr. 108:  377-9. 


Gregg, R. E. 1963. The Ants of Colorado, Their Taxonomy, Ecology, & Geographic Distribution. Boulder: Univ. Colorado Press, 792 pp., 26 tables, 24 pl., 16 maps, 163 additional charts, 1 color vegetation map.


Grégoire, J.-C.  1985.  Host colonization strategies in Dendroctonus:  larval gregariousness vs. mass attack by adults, p. 147-54.  In:  L. Safranyik (ed.), Proc. Meeting of IUFRO Working Parties S2.07-05 and 06.  Banff, Canada, Sept. 1983.  240 p.


Grégoire, J.-C.  1976.  Note sur deux ennemis naturels de Dendroctonus micans Kug. en Belgique.  Bull. Ann. Soc. r. belge Entomol. 112:  208-12.


Grégoire, J.-C., M. Balsier, J. Merlin & Y. Naccache.  1987.  Interactions between Rhizophagus grandis (Coleoptera: Rhizophagidae) and Dendroctonus micans (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in the field and laboratory.  Their application for the biological control of D. micans in France.  Proc. Symposium on Potential for Biological Control of Dendroctonus and Ips Bark Beetles.  Ann. Meeting Ent. Soc. Amer., 9 Dec. 1986. Reno, Nevada (in press).


Gregory, K. F., O. N. Allen, A. J. Riker & W. H. Peterson.  1952a.  Antibiotics and antagonistic microorganisms as control agents against damping-off of alfalfa.  Phytopathology 42:  613-22.


Gregory, K. F., O. N. Allen, A. J. Riker & W. H. Peterson.  1952b.  Antibiotics as agents for the control of certain damping-off fungi.  Amer. J. Bot. 39:  405-15.


Grelet, N.  1957.  Growth limitation and sporulation.  J. Appl. Bact. 20:  315-24.


Grenier, P.  1943.  Observations sur quelques stations de simulies.  Parasites et predateurs des larves et nymphes.  Bull. Soc. Pathol. 36:  105-10.  [Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (B), 33: 61].


Grenier, S.  1977.  Effets nocifs de la nipagine M sur le parasitoide Phryxe caudata [Dipt.: Tachinidae].  Entomophaga 22:  223-36.


Grenier, S.  1979.  Developpement embryonnaire in vitro, en milieu artificiel defini de deux parasitoides ovolarvipares, Phryxe caudata et Lixophaga diatraeae (Diptera, Tachinidae).  Ent. Exp. Appl. 26:  13-23.


Grenier, S.  1980.  Développement endoparasitaire et croissance pondérale larvaire du parasitoide Lixophaga diatraeae [Dip.: Tachinidae] dans un hôte de substitution: Galleria mollonella [Lep.: Pyralidae].  Entomophaga 25:  17-26.


Grenier, S. 1988.  Applied biological control with tachinid flies (Diptera, Tachinidae): A Rev..  Anzeiger fiir Schäd­lingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 61: 49-56.


Grenier, S. & G. Bonnot.  1983.  Weight evolution of the parasitoid Lixophaga diatraeae [Dip.: Tachinidae] from the end of larval development to imaginal emergence.  Weight estimations by measurements of the pupa.  Entomophaga 28:  259-70.  [in French].


Grenier, S., G. Bonnot & B. Delobel.  1974.  Définition et mise au point de milieux artificiels pour lélevage in vitro de Phryxe caudata Rond. (Diptera, Tachinidae).  I.  Survie du parasitoide sur milieux dont la composition est basée sur celle de l'hémolymphe de l'hote.  Ann. Zool. Ecol. Anim. 6:  511-20.


Grenier, S., G. Bonnot & B. Delobel.  1975.  Définition et mise au point de milieux artificiels pour l'élevage in vitro de Phryxe caudata Rond. (Diptera, Tachinidae). II.  Croissance et mues larvaires du parasitoide en milieux définis.  Ann. Zool. Ecol. Anim. 7:  13-25.


Grenier, S., G. Bonnet, D. Delobel & P. Laviolette.  1978.  Development en milieu artificial du parasitoide Lixophaga diatraeae (Towns) (Diptera: Tachinidae).  Obtention de l'imago a partir de l'oeuf.  C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris 287:  535-38.


Grenier, S., G. Bonnot & B. Delobel.  1986.  Physiological considerations of importance to the success of in vitro culture: an overview.  J. Ins. Physiol. 32:  403-08.


Grenier, S., G. Bonnot, B. Delobel & P. Laviolette.  1978.  Développement en milieu artificiel du parasitoide Lixophaga diatraeae (Towns.) (Diptera, Tachinidae).  Obtention de l'imago a partir de l'ouef.  C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. D 287:  535-38.


Grensted, L. W.  1946.  An assemblage of Diptera on golden-rod.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 82:  35.


Gressitt, J. L.  1953.  The coconut rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros) with particular reference to the Palau Islands.  Bul. 212, B. P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu.  157 p.


Gressitt, J. L.  1958a.  Zoogeography of insects.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 3:  207-30.


Gressitt, J. L.  1958b.  Ecology of Promecotheca papuana Csiki, a coconut beetle.  10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Proc. (1956) 2:  747-53.


Gressitt, J. L.  1959.  The coconut leaf-mining beetle, Promecotheca papuana.  Papua New Guinea Agric. J. 12:  119-48.


Gressitt, J. L. & S. E. Flanders.  1949.  New developments in the transport of beneficial insects.  J. Econ. Ent. 42:  150.


Gressitt, J. L., S. E. Flanders & B. Bartlett.  1954.  Parasites of citricola scale in Japan, and their introduction into California.  Pan-Pacific Ent. 30:  5-9.


Grevstad, F.S. and B.W. Klepetka. 1992.  The influence of plant architecture on the foraging efficiencies of a suite of ladybird beetles feeding on aphids.  Oecologia, 92: 399-404.


Grewal, P. S., R. Gaugler, and S. Selvan. 1993a.  Host recognition by entomopathogenic nematodes: Behavioral response to contact with host feces.  J. Chem. Ecol., 19: 1219-1231.


Grewal, P.S., R. Gaugler, H.K. Kaya, and M. Wusaty. 1993b.  Infectivity of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinemenia scapterisci (Nematoda: Steinernematidae).  J. Invertebr. Patholog., 62: 22-28. 


Gricenko, I. N., H. P. Sasov & N. A. Kozlov.  1962.  Die Wirkung von Bakterienkulturen auf die Wasserratte unter Feldbedingungen, p. 57-9.  In:  Problemy zool. issled. v. Sibiri, Gorno-Altajsk.  [in Russian].


Griffin, G. D. & D. M. Rees.  1956.  Anabaena unispora Gardner and other blue-green algae as possible mosquito control factors in Salt Lake County, Utah.  Proc. Utah Acad. 33:  101-03.


Griffin, G. J.  1964.  Long-term influence of soil amendments on germination of conidia.  Canad. J. Microbiol. 10:  605-12.


Griffiths, D. C.  1960.  Immunity of aphids to insect parasites.  Nature 187:  346.


Griffiths, D. C.  1961.  The development of Monoctonus paludum Marshall (Hym., Braconidae) in Nasonovia ribis-nigri on lettuce, and immunity reactions in other lettuce aphids.  Bull. Ent. Res. 52:  147-63.


Griffiths, D.  1977.  Avoidance-modified generalized distributions and their application to studies of superparasitism.  Biometrics 33:  103-12.


Griffiths, G. C. D.  1962.  Breeding leaf-mining flies and their parasites.  Ent. Rec., J. VAriation 74:  178-85, 202-6.


Griffiths, G. C. D.  1966.  The Alysiinae [Hym. Braconidae] parasites of the Agromyzidae [Diptera]. III. The parasites of Paraphytomyza Enderlein, Phytagromyza Hendel and Phytomyza Fallén.  Beitr. Ent., Berlin 16:  775-951.


Griffiths, K. J.  1959.  Observations of the European pine sawfly, Neodiprion sertifer (Geoff.) and its parasites in southern Ontario.  Canad. Ent. 91:  501-12.


Griffiths, K. J.  1961.  The life history of Aptesis basizina (Grav.) on Neodiprion sertifer (Geoff.) in southern Ontario.  Canad. Ent. 93:  1005-10.


Griffiths, K. J.  1969.  The importance of coincidence in the functional and numerical responses of two parasites of the European pine sawfly, Neodiprion sertifer.  Canad. Ent. 101:  673-713.


Griffiths, K. J.  1971.  Discrimination between parasitized and unparasitized hosts by Pleolophus basizonus.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Ont. 102:  83-91.


Griffiths, K. J.  1975.  The biology of Lophyroplectus luteator [Hym.: Ichneumonidae] on Neodiprion sertifer [Hym.: Diprionidae] in Ontario.  Entomophaga 20:  97-104.


Griffiths, K. J.  1976.  Interactions between Pleolophus basizonus and Lophyroplectus luteator [Hym.: Ichneumonidae], two parasites of Neodiprion sertifer [Hym.: Diprionidae].  Entomophaga 21: 13-18.


Griffiths, K. J. & C. S. Holling.  1969.  A competition submodel for parasites and predators.  Canad. Ent. 101:  785-818.


Griffiths, K. J. & L. A. Lyons.  1968.  The establishment of Lophyroplectus luteator (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) on Neodiprion sertifer (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) in Ontario.  Canad. Ent. 100:  1095-99.


Griffiths, K. J., A. H. Rose & F. T. Bird.  1971.  Neodiprion sertifer (Geoff.), European pine sawfly (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae), p. 150-62.  In:  Biological Control Programmes against Insects and Weeds in Canada 1959-1968.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Commun. 4:  150-62.


Grigg, D. B.  1974.  The Agricultural Systems of the World.  Cambridge Univ. Press, London.  358 p.


Griggs, W. H., D. D. Jensen & B. T. Iwakiri.  1968.  Development of young pear trees with different root stocks in relation to psylla infestation, pear decline and leaf curl.  Hilgardia 39:  153-204.


Grigor'eva, T. G.  1965.  On the casue for the origin and fading out of Hadena sordida Bkh. out-breaks in virgin areas of Kasakhstan and Siberia.  Horae. Soc. Ent. Rossicae (Unionis Sovet.) Moscow 50:  146-69.


Grijpma, P. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1988.  Telenomus nitidulus (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasite of the satin moth, Leucoma salicis (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). In: Trichogramma and other egg parasites. Eds. J. Voegele, J. K. Waage & J. C. van Lenteren.

INRA, Paris: 43.  181-189.


Grijpma, P., J. C. van Lenteren & L. M. van Sonderen.  1990.  Host specificity and oviposition behaviour of Telenomus nitidulus (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasite of the satin moth, Leucoma salicis (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae).  Proc.  Conf. Population Dynamics of Forest Insects, Edinburgh, Sept. 1989.


Grijpma, P., J. C. van Lenteren & L. M. van Sonderen.  1991.  Host specificity and oviposition behaviour of Telenomus nitidulus, egg parasite of the satin moth, Leucoma salicis.  Proc.  Exper. & Appl. Entomol., N.E.V. Amsterdam, 2: 169-170.


Grimaldi, D. & J. Jaenike.  1984.  Competition in natural populations of mycophagous Drosophila.  Ecology 65:  1113-20.


Grimalskij, V. I.  1964. Die Widerstandskraft der Kiefernbestände gegen nadelfressende Schädlinge.  Izd. Lesn. prom., Moskva.  151 p.  [in Russian].


Grimble, D. G.  1975a.  Dispersal of released Brachymeria intermedia.  St. Univ. of New York, Applied Forestry Res. Inst. Research Note No. 16.  4 p.


Grimble, D. G.  1975b.  Releases of apanteles melanoscelus for gypsy moth suppression.  Appl. For. REs. Note 15:  1-6.


Grinberg, P. S. & W. E. Wallner.  1991.  Long-term laboratory evaluation of Rogas lymantriae: a braconid endoparasite of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar.  Entomophaga 36:  205-12.


Grinnell, J.  1904.  The origin and distribution of the chestnut backed chickadee.  Auk 21:  364-82.


Grinnell, J.  1928.  The presence and absence of animals.  Univ. of Calif. Chronicle 30:  429-50 (Reprinted In:  Joseph Grinnell's Philosophy of Nature; selected writings of a western naturalist.  Univ. of Calif. Press, Berkeley 1943.  237 p.


Grisdale, D. G.  1984.  A laboratory method for mass rearing the eastern spruce budworm, Choristonerur fumiferana, pp. 223-23..  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and Challenges in insect Rearing.  U. S. Govt. Printing Office.


Grisdale, D. G.  1985b.  Malacosoma disstria, pp. 369-379.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Grisdale, D. G.  1985a.  Lambdina fiscellaria, pp. 345=-53.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol II.  Elsevier, New York.


Grisebach, A. H. R.  1838.  Uber den Einfluss des Klimas auf die Begrunzung der natürlichen Floren.  Linnaea 12:  159-200.


Grison, P.  1948.  Alimentation artificielle des insectes phytophages.  Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool. 10:  59-65.


Grison, P.  1951.  Emploi des méthodes d'alimentation artificielle des insectes dans les études toxicologiques.  proc. 2nd Internatl. Congr. Crop Protection, London.  p. 162-4.


Grison, P.  1955.  Regression brusque de Lymantria dispar L. par l'action predatrice de Calosoma sycophanta L. dans les suberaies corses.  Rev. Zool. Agr. 54(4/6):  51-56.


Grison, P.  1962a.  Les possibilités de l'application des germes pathogènes dans la lutte contre les chenilles défoliatrices.  Entomophaga 7:  269-70.


Grison, P.  1962b.  Développement et perspectives de la lutte biologique.  Entomophaga 7:  325-.


Grison, P.  1963.  La lutte biologique contre les ravageurs.  Agriculture, Paris 26(257):  171-5.


Grison, P.  1966a.  La lutte biologique.  Regards sur la France 32:  145-54.


Grison, P.  1966.  Importance d'une approche interdisciplines.  Proc. FAO Symp. Integr. Pest Contr., Rome, 1965, 3:  87-101.


Grison, P.  1970.  Lucha microbiológica contra la "procesionaria del pino."  Bol. Serv. Plagas For. 13:  133-43.


Grison, P.  1971.  Coordination of international effort and industrialization, p. 679-85.  In:  H. D. Burges & N. W. Hussey (eds.), Microbial Control of Insects and Mites.  Academic Press, London & New York.


Grison, P. & C. Vago.  1953.  La régulation des infestations de chenilles processionnaires du pin par les maladies a virus.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Agric. France 39:  485-87.


Grison, P., M. Feron & K. Sacantanis.  1950.  Développement de la Mouche des fruits (Ceratitis capitata Wied.) en milieu nutritif synthétique.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. 23:  996-8.


Grissell, E.E. and M.E. Schauff. 1990.  A Handbook of the Families of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera).  Ento­mological Soc. of Washington, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.


Griswold, G. H.  1925.  A study of the oyster-shell scale, Lepidosaphes ulmi (L.), and one of its parasites, Aphelinus mytilaspidis LeB. Part I.  Biology and Morphology of the two forms of the oyster-shell scale.  New York (Cornell) Agric. Expt. Sta. Mem. 93:  5-55.


Griswold, G. H.  1926.  Notes on some feeding habits of two chalcid parasites.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 19:  331-4.


Griswold, G. H.  1927.  The development of Coccophagus gossypariae Gahan, a parasite of the European elm scale.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 20:  552-55.


Griswold, G. H.  1929.  On the bionomics of a primary parasite and of two hyperparasites of the geranium aphid.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 22:  438-52.


Groden, E., F. A. Drummond, R. A. Casagrande & D. L. Haynes.  1990.  Errors associated with estimating parasitism using a modified version of Southwood's graphical method.  Entomophaga 335-46.


Groff, G. W. & C. W. Howard.  1924.  The cultured citrus ant of South China.  Lingnan Agric. Rev. 2:  108-14.


Gromova, M. I.  1962a.  Einige Möglichkeiten für Versuche der Bekämpfung der Wasserratte mit bakteriologischen Mitteln, p. 60-3.  In:  Problemy zool. issled. v. Sibiri, Gorno-Altajsk.  [in Russian].


Gromova, M. I.  1962b.  Die Bekämpfung der Wasserratte mit bakteriologischen Mitteln.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 7(10):  26.  [in Russian].


Grönblom, T.  1964.  Einige aus Schmetterlingszuchten hervorgegangene Schlupfwespen [Hym., Ichneumonoidea].  Ann. Ent. Fenn. 30:  104-11.


Groner, A., Granados, R.R. & Burand, J. P.  1984.  Interaction of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus with two non-permissive cell lines.  Intervirology 21:  203-209.


Grosch, D. S.  1948.  Growth in Habrobracon.  Growth 12:  243-54.


Grosch, D. S.  1963.  Insect fecundity and fertility:  chemically induced decrease.  Science 141:  732-3.


Grosch, D. S.  1975.  Reproductive performance of Bracon hebetor after sublethal doses of carbaryl.  J. Econ. Ent. 68:  659-62.


Grosch, D. S., L. E. La Chance & R. L. Sullivan.  1955.  Notes on the feeding preferences of Habrobracon adults (Microbracon hebetor (Say): Hymen: Braconidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 48:  415-16.


Gross, H. R.  1981.  Employment of kairomones in the management of parasitoids. p. 137-50.  In:  D. A Nordlund, R. L. Jones & W. J. Lewis (eds.), Semiochemicals:  Their Role in Pest Control.  John Wiley & Sons, New York. 


Gross, H. R.  1987.  Conservation and enhancement of entomophagous insects - a perspective.  J. Ent. Sci. 22:  97-105.


Gross, H. R., Jr.  1988.  Effect of temperature, relative humidity and free water on the number and normalcy of Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) emerging from eggs of Heliothis zea (Boddie).  Environ. Ent. 17:  470-75.


Gross, H.R., Jr., and R. Johnson. 1985.  Archytas marmoratus(Diptera:Tachinidae): Advances in large-scale rearing and associated biological studies.  J. Econ. Entomol., 78: 1350-1353.


Gross, H. R., Jr., W. J. Lewis & R. L. Jones.  1975.  Kairomones and their use in management of entomophagous insects.  III.  Stimulation of Trichogramma archaeae, T. pretiosum, and Microplitis croceipes with host-seeking stimuli at time of release to improve their efficiency.  J. Chem. Ecol. 1:  431-38.


Gross, H. R., Jr., W. J. Lewis & D. A. Nordland.  1981.  Trichogramma pretiosum:  Effect of prerelease parasitization experience on retention in release areas and efficiency.  Environ. Ent. 10:  554-56.


Gross, H. R., Jr., W. J. Lewis, M. Beevers & D. A. Nordlund.  1984.  Trichogramma pretiosum (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae):  Effects of augmented densities and distributions of Heliothis zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) host eggs and kairomones on field performance.  Environ. Ent. 13:  981-85.


Gross, J. R., Jr., S. D. Pair & R. D. Jackson.  1985.  Aggregation response of adult predators to larval homogenates of Heliothis zea and Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in whorl-state cotton.  Environ. Ent. 14:  360-64.


Gross, H.R., J. J.. Hanim, andj.E. Carpenter. 1994.  Design and application of a hive-mounted device that uses honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) to disseminate Heliothis nuclear polyhedrosis virus.  Environ. Entomol., 23: 492-501.


Gross, P. 1993.  Insect behavioral and morphological defenses against parasitoids.  Annu. Rev. of Entomol., 38:  251-273.


Gross, P. & P. W. Price.  1988.  Plant influences on parasitism of two leafminers:  A test of enemy-free space.  Ecology 69:  1506-16.


Grossman, J. 1990.  Update: Yellowjacket biological control in New Zealand.  IPM Practitioner, 12(3): 1-5.  Grostal, P. and DJ.  O'Dowd. 1994.  Plants, mites and mutualism: Leaf domatia and the abundance and reproduction of mites on Viburnum tinus (Caprifoliaccae).  Oecologia, 97: 308-315.


Grossmann, A.  1963.  Kernkeulen-Pilze.  Natur u. Museum 93:  369-74.


Grosswald, K.  1934.  Zur Biologie und Oekologie von Parasetigena segregata Rond. und Sarcophaga schutzei Kram. (Dipt.) nebst Bemerkungen über die forstliche Bedeutung der beiden Arten.  Ztschr. f. angew. Ent. 21:  1-23.


Grout, T.G. and G.I. Richards. 1991.  Value of pheromone traps for predicting infestations of red scale, Aonidielia aurantii (Maskell) (Hom., Diaspididae), limited by natural enemy activity and insecticides used to control citrus thrips, Scirlothrips aurantii Faure (Thys., 'fbripidae).  J. Applied Entomol., Ul: 20-27.


Groves, R. H. & J. J. Burdon (eds.).  1986.  Ecology of Biological Invasions:  an Australian Perspective.  Aust. Acad. Sci., Canberra.  166 p.


Grundy, T.P.  1989.  An economic evaluation of biological control of rose-grain aphid in New Zealand, Agribusiness and Economics Research Unit Research Report 200; Lincoln College: Canterbury, New Zealand, 1989; 1-28.


Grüm, L.  1959.  (Seasonal changes in the activity of Carabidae).  Ekol. Polska, Ser. A(7,9):  255-68.  [English summary].


Grüm, L.  1962.  (Horizontal distribution of larvae and imagines of some species of Carabidae).  Ekol. Polska, Ser. A (10,4):  73-84.


Grüm, L.  1965.  The significance of the migration rate of individuals in the regulation of intensivity of penetration of the habitat by populations of two species of Carabidae:  Carabus arcensis Hrbst. and Pterostichus niger Shall.  Ekol. Polska, Ser. A, 13:  575-91.


Grüm, L.  1966.  Diurnal activity rhythm of starved Carabidae.  Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci., Ser. Sci. Biol. 14:  405-11.


Grüm, L.  1967.  Remarks on fluctuation in density of Carabidae populations.  Ekol. Pol. Sera. A, 15:  335-45.


Gruner, L.  1966.  Les chimiostérilisants des insectes.  Rev. Zool. Agric. Appl. 65:  1-40.


Grunin, K. Ja.  1964.  On the biology and distribution of certain Sarcophaginae [Diptera, Sarcophagidae] in the USSR.  Ent. Obozr. 43:  71-9.  [in Russian].


Gruys, P.  1971.  Mutual interference in Bupalus pinarius, p. 199-207.  In:  P. J. den Boer & G. R. Gradwell (eds.), Dynamics of Populations.  Center Agr. Publ. Doc., Wageningen.


Gruys, P. 1982.  Hits and misses: The ecological approach to pest control in orchards.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 31: 70-87.


Gruys, P., J. C. van Lenteren, J. E. Parlevliet, P. C. Scheepens & J. C. van Zon.  1985.  Oecologische achtergronden van plagen en hun bestrijding. In: Inleiding tot de oecologie, ed.: K.Bakker et al. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Deventer: 465‑492.








Gu, D. & Y. Murakami.  1990.  Ecological studies on the pine needle hemiberlesian scale, Hemiberlesia pitysophila Takagi (Homoptera: Diaspididae) and its parasitoid, Coccobius azumai Tachikawa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ 45:  31-6.  [in Japanese w/ English summary].


Gu, D. J. and j.K. Waage. 1990.  The effect of insecticides on the distribution of foraging parasitoids, Diaeretierlla rapae (Hym.: Braconidae), on plants.  Entomophaga, 35: 49-56.


Guagliumi, P.  1953.  [The sugar-cane leaf-hopper Saccharosycne saccharivora Westw. and sooty mold in Venezuela].  Bol. Tech. Inst. Nac. Agr. Venez. 7.  82 p.  [in Spanish].


Guagliumi, P.  1963.  Insectos y Aráchnidos de las plantas comunes de Venezuela.  DIPUVEN.


Guagliumi, P.  1966.  Insetti e Aracnidiedelle plante comuni del Venezuela segnalati nel periodo 1938-1963.  RElaz. Monogr. Agrar. Subtrop. Trop. No. 86:  391 p.


Guan, X., Z. Wu, T. Wu & H. Feng.  1978.  Studies on rearing Trichogramma dendrolimi in vitro.  Acta. Ent. Sin. 21:  221-26.


Gubler, D. J.  1970.  Competitive displacement of Aedes (Stegomyia) polynesiensis Marks by Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus Skuse in laboratory populations.  J. Med. Ent. 7:  229-35.


Gubler, D. J.  1971.  Studies on the comparative oviposition behavior of Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus and Aedes (Stegomya) polynesiensis Marks.  J. Med. Ent. 8:  675-82.


Gudauskas, R. T. & D. Canerday.  1968.  The effect of heat, buffer, salt and H-ion concentration, and ultraviolet light on the infectivity of Heliothis and Trichoplusia nuclear-polyhedrosis viruses.  J. Invert. Path. 12:  405-11.


Gudauskas, R. T., N. D. Davis & U. L. Diener.  1967.  Sensitivity of Heliothis virescens larvae to aflatoxin in ad libitum feeding.  J. Invertebr. Path. 9:  132-3.


Guennelon, G.  1964.  Eléments de la biologie de la pyrale du mais (Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn.) en relation avec la lutte chimique.  Rev. Zool. Agr. Appl. 63:  121-206.


Guercio, G. del.  1919.  Note ed osservazioni di entomologia agraria.  Agr. Colon. [Italy] 13:  31-62.


Guerdoux, J. & M. Masselot.  1980.  Action d'agents mutagènes sur la lignée germinale femelle de Pimpla instigator [Hym.: Ichneumonidae].  Entomophaga 25:  389-400.


Guerin, P. M. & E. Städler.  1984.  Carrot fly cultivar preferences:  some influencing factors.  Ecol. Ent. 9:  413-20.


Guerra, A. A.  1972.  Induction of sexual sterility in bollworms and tobacoo budworms by heat treatment of pupae.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  368-70.


Guerra, A. A.  1975.  Sexual sterilization of tobacco budworms with combinations of oral chemosterilants and gamma irradiation.  J. Econ. Ent. 68:  1-3.


Guerra, A.A., K.M. Robacker, and S. Martinez. 1993.  In vitro rearing of Bracon mellitor and Catolaccus grandis with artificial diets devoid of insect components.  Entomologia Expenmentalis et Applicata, 68: 303-307. 


Guerra, G.P. and M. Kosztarab. 1992.  Biosytematics ofthe Family Dactylopiidae (Homoptera: Coccinea) with Emphasis on the Life Cycle of Dactylopius coccus Costa.  Bull. 92-1, Virginia Agric. Experiment Station, Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, U.S.A.


Guerra, M. de Souza.  1974.  Methods and recommendations for mass rearing of the natural enemies of sugarcane borer (Diatraea spp.) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae).  Proc. Internatl. Soc. Sugarcane Tech., 15th Congress, Entomology Sect.  p. 397-406.


Guertin, D S; Ode, P J; Strand, M R; Antolin, M F.  1996.  Host-searching and mating in an outbreeding parasitoid wasp.  Ecological Entomol., v.21, n.1, (1996): 27-33.


Guilding, L.  1824.  The natural history of Xylocopa toredo and Hozia maculata.  Trans. Linn. Soc. 14:  313-17.


Guillet, G; Lorenzetti, F; Belanger, A; Arnason, J T; Bernays, E A.  1997.   Production of glands in leaves of Porophyllum spp. (Asteraceae): Ecological and genetic determinants, and implications for insect herbivores.  J. of Ecology, v.85, n.5, (1997): 647-655.


Guillet, P.  1984.  The control of human onchocerciasis and the prospects for biological agents.  Entomophaga 29:  121-32.  [in French].


Guillet, P. D., C. Kurtak, B. Philippon & R. Meyer.  1990.  Use of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis for onchocerciasis control in West Africa, p. 187-201.  In:  H. de Barjac & D. Sutherland (eds.), Bacterial Control of Mosquitoes and Blackflies; Biochemistry, Genetics, and Applications of Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus sphaericus.  Rutgers Univ. Press, New Brunswick, NJ.


Guillot, F. S. & S. B. Vinson.  1972.  Sources of substances which elicit a behavioral response from the insect parasitoid, Campoletis perdistinctus.  Nature 235:  169-70.


Guillot, F. S., R. L. Joiner & S. B. Vinson.  1974.  Host discrimination: isolation of hydrocarbons from Dufour's gland of a braconid parasitoid.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 67:  720-1.


Gukasjan, A. B.  1962.  Konferenz über die Verwendung von Mikroorganismen zur Bekämpfung schädlicher Insekten.  Moskva 24-25 Apr 1962.  Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. biol. 5:  809-12.  [in Russian].


Gukasjan, A. B.  1963a.  Ergebnisse der Verwendung von Flugzeugen bei der bakteriologischen Bekämpfung von Dendrolimus sibiricus während des Sommers eines Jahres, p. 218-20.  In:  Tezisy doklad. Vses. konf. po sel'skochoz. mikrobiologija, Leningrad.  p. 218-20.  [in Russian].


Gukasjan, A. B.  1963b.  Eine bakterielle Methode zur Bekämpfung von Dendrolimus sibiricus, einem Waldschädling.  Sbornik:  Mikroorganizmy v sel'skochoz., Moskva.  p. 174-88.  [in Russian].


Gukasjan, A. B.  1963c.  Bakteriologische Bekämpfung von Dendrolimus sibiricus.  Mikrobiol. metody bor'by s vrednymi nasekomymi, Moskva.  p. 89-100.  [in Russian].


Gukasjan, A. B.  1965.  Die Verwendung entomopathogener Mikroben mit sublethalen Dosen von DDT bei der Bekámpfung von Dendrolimus sibiricus, p. 30-2.  In:  A. I. „erepanov (ed.), Issled. po biol. metod. bor'by s vredit. sels'kogo i lesn. choz. (Dokl. k simp., 17-20, Nov 1964).  Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk. Otd., Novosibirsk, Vyp 2.  [in Russian].


Gukasjan, A. B.  1966a.  Die artliche Zusammensetzung der Mikroflora von Dendrolimus sibiricus und siner Parasiten, p. 87-134.  In:  A. B. Gukasjan (ed.)., Mikroorganizmy v bor'be s vredit. Lesn. Choz.  Izd. Nauka, Moskva.  [in Russian].


Gukasjan, A. B.  1966b.  Die Rolle der Mikroorganismen beim Stickstoff-Austausch der Raupen von Dendrolimus sibiricus, p. 191-99.  In:  A. B. Gukasjan (ed.)., Mikroorganizmy v bor'be s vredit. Lesn. Choz.  Izd. Nauka, Moskva.  [in Russian].


Gukasjan, A. B. (ed.).  1966c.  Mikroorganismen zur Bekámpfung von Forstschádlingen.  Izd. Nauka, Moskva.  258 p.


Gukasjan, A. B. & V. D. Fedorovskij.  1963.  Die bakteriologische Bekämpfungsmethode gegen Dendrolimus sibiricus in Tuva, p. 225-58.  In:  Sbornik:  Materialy po izu…. lesov Sibiri i Dal'n. Vost., Krasnojarsk.  [in Russian].


Gukasjan, A. B. & N. F. Gordienko.  1962.  Physiologische Besonderheiten der entomogenen Mikroorganismen des sibirischen Spinners (Dendrolimus sibiricus Tschtv.).  Sbornik: Probl. zool. issled. v Sibiri, Gorno-Altajsk.  p. 66-7.  [in Russian].


Gukasjan, A. B. & Ju. P. Kondakov.  1966.  Perspektiven für die Anwendung von Bakterienpräparaten zur Bekämpfung von Vanessa, p. 98.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.  Izd. Fan, Taškent. [in Russian].


Gukasjan, A. B. & A. I. Mašanov. 1966.  Einfluss von Röntgen- und Gamma-Strahlung auf die Virulenz des entomopathogenen Bacteriums Bacillus tuviensis Krass. et Guk., p. 233-44.  In:  A. B. Gukasjan (ed.)., Mikroorganizmy v bor'be s vredit. Lesn. Choz.  Izd. Nauka, Moskva.  [in Russian].


Gukasjan, A., T. Voronkov & V. Fedorovskij.  1963.  Die bakterielle Methode zur Bekämpfung von Dendrolimus sibiricus.  Sel'skochoz. proizvodstvo Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka 2:  84-5.  [in Russian].


Gulij, V. V.  1963.  On the increase in the efficiency of parasites of hibernatic shoots of Evetria buoliana Schiff. in pine stands on northern slopes of the Central Caucasus.  Zool. ð. 42:  1414-5.  [in Russian].


Gulij, V. V.  1966.  Luminiszenz-mikorskopische Diagnostik der Polyedrosen der Diprionidae, p. 99-101.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.  Izd. Fan, Taškent. [in Russian].


Gulmahamad, H. & P. DeBach.  1978.  Biological control of the San Jose scale Quadraspidiotus perniciosus (Comstock) (Homoptera: Diaspididae) in southern California.  Hilgardia 46:  205-38.


Gumos, H. & J. Wisniewski.  1960.  (Intensity of appearance of Coccinellidae (Col.) in pine woods).  Polski Pismo Ent., Ser. B., Ent. Stosowana 3/4 (19-20):  217-23.


Gumos, H. & J. Wisniewski.  1962.  (The biocenotic importance of lady-birds (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) in the forest stands of common pine (Pinus silvestris L.).  Ekol. Polska, Ser. B, 8:  265-72.


Gumovskaya, G.N. 1985.  The coccinellid fauna.  Zasbchita Rastenii, 11: 43. (in Russian)


Gunasekaran, M. & D. J. Weber (eds.).  Molecular biology of the biological control of pests and diseases of plants.  Boca Raton :  CRC Press, c1996.


Gunhold, P.  1950.  Die Metazoengemeinschaft an Rinderexkrementen.  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Graz, Austria.  103 p.


Gunhold, P.  1954.  Vergleichende bodenzoologische Untersuchungen an Wald-Wiesen und Ackerboden im pannonischen Klimagebiet.  Bodenk. U. Pflanzenernähr. 66:  19-29.


Gunkel, W.  1963.  Natürliche Feinde und Massenwechsel der Lebensbaumblattlaus Cupressobium juniperinum Mordv. [Homoptera-Lachnidae].  Ztschr. angew. Zool. 50:  329-41.


Gunn, D.  1918.  The white-lined grape-vine sphinx moth (Hippotion celerio).  So. Africa Dept. Agric. Bull. 11.  6 p.


Gunther, F. A. & L. R. Jeppson.  1960.  Modern Insecticides and World Food Production.  Chapman & Hall Ltd., London.  284 p.


Günther, J.  1971.  Entwicklungfähigkeit, Geschlectsverhältnis und Fertilität von Pimpla turionellae L. nach Rontgenbestrahlung oder Abschnurung des Eihinterpols.  Zool. Jabrh. Anat. 88: