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Entomology / Biological Pest Control

                                                                        D—References

 

 

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<DA.REF>

 

Daane, K. M.  1990.  Commercial use of natural enemies:  an overview of the issues.  XXIV Ann. Conf., Assoc. Appl. Insect Ecol., Pleasanton, CA.

 

Daane, Kent M.  1993.   Predaceous insects for insect and mite management. (Conference on Mass-reared natural enemies: Application, regulation, and needs held at the 1993 Annu. Meeting of the Entomol. Soc. of America,... Ridgway, R. L., Hoffman, M. P., Inscoe, M. N., Glenister, C. S., Eds. Thomas Say Publications in Entomol.: Proc.; Mass-reared natural enemies: Application, regulation, and needs., 62-115., 9301 Annapolis Road, Lanham, Maryland 20706, USA, Entomol. Soc. of America. ISBN  0-938522-66-3 1998.

 

Daane, K. M., D. Gonzalez, D. L. Flaherty, H. Andris, G. Leavitt & W. Bentley.  1990a.  Biological control of the variegated leafhopper: II. Field Evaluation.  Calif. Table Grape Comm. & Calif. Raisin Adv. Bd., Ann. Crop. Rept. 1989.

 

Daane, K. M., L. E. Caltagirone, G. Y. Yokota, R. F. Gill, D. Meals & D. Gonzalez.  1990b.  Recent advancements in biological control of the European asparagus aphid, Bracycorynella asparagi.  Proc. Sustainable Agr. in Calif:  a Research Symp., Sacramento, CA.

 

Daane, K. M., G. Y. Yokota, R. F. Gill, L. E. Caltagirone & D. Gonzalez.  1990a.  A new parasitoid for the biological control of the European asparagus aphid Brachycorynella asparagi (Mordvilko).  74th Ann. Meet., Pacific Br. Ent. Soc. Amer., Spokane, WA.

 

Daane, K. M., D. Gonzalez, D. L. Flaherty, G. Y. Yokota & R. F. Gill.  1990b.  New Anagrus epos biotypes for variegated leafhopper control in California.  74th Ann. Meet., Pacific Br. Ent. Soc. Amer., Spokane, WA.

 

Daane, K. M., G. Y. Yokota & R. F. Gill.  1990c.  Biological control in stone fruits: I. Bionomics of peach twig borer, Anarsia lineatella, in stone fruit orchards with and without pheromone confusion for oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta.  Calif. Tree Fruit Agreement, Ann. Crop Rept., 1990.

 

Daane, K. M., R. F. Gill & G. Y. Yokota.  1990d.  Biological control in stone fruits:  II. Spider species commonly found in peach orchards and their potential for biological control.  Calif. Tree Fruit Agreement, Ann. Crop Rept. 1990.

 

Daane, K. M., G. Y. Yokota & R. F. Gill.  1990e.  Biological control in stone fruits:  III. Dormant spray treatments' effect on peach twig borer, Anarsia lineatella, and its parasites in stone fruit.  CAlif. Tree Fruit Agreement, Ann. Crop Rept., 1990.

 

Daane, K. M., D. Bromberger & L. E. Caltagirone.  1990f.  Improving biological control of black scale, Saissetia oleae, in California olive orchards.  Statewide UCIPM Project, Progress Rept., 1990.

 

7Daane, K. M., K. S. Hagen, D. Gonzalez & L. E. Caltagirone.  1992a.  European asparagus aphid, Brachycorynella asparagi (Mordvilko) (Homoptera: Aphididae).  In:  J. W. Beardsley & G. Jackson (eds.), Case History of Biological Control of Arthropod Pests in Western United States. (in press).

 

Daane, K. M., C. E. Kennet, L. E. Caltagirone & M. S. Barzman.  1992b.  Black scale, Saissetia oleae (Olivier) (Homoptera: Coccidae) . In:  J. W. Beardsley & G. Jackson (eds.), Case History of Biological Control of Arthropod Pests in Western United States. (in press).

 

Daane, K. M., M. S. Barzman, C. E. Kennett & L. E. Caltagirone.  1992c.  Establishment in California olive orchards of Prococcophagus probus and Coccophagus rusti (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), parasites of black scale, Saissetia oleae (Homoptera: Coccidae).  Pan-Pacific Ent.  (in press).

 

Daane, K. M. & J. W. Dlott.  1998.  Native gray ant has beneficial role in peach orchards.  Calif. Agric.  52(6):  25-31.

 

Dabrowska-Prot, E., J. Luczak & K. Tarwid.  1968.  The predation of spiders on forest mosquitoes in field experiments.  J. Med. Ent. 5:  252-56.

 

da Cunha, A. B & W. E. Kerr.  1957.  A genetical theory to explain sex-determination by arrhenotokous parthenogenesis.  Forma et Functio 1(4):  33-36.

 

DaCosta, C. P. & C. M. Jones.  Cucumber beetle resistance and mite susceptibility controlled by the bitter gene in Cucumis sativus L.  Science 172:  1145-46.

 

Dadd, R. H.  1973.  Insect nutrition:  current developments and metabolic implications.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 18:  381-420.

 

Dadd, R. H.  1977.  Qualitative requirements and utilization of nutrients:  insects.  p. 305-46.  In: M. Rechcigl (ed.), Handbook Series in Nutrition and Food, Vol. 1, Sec. D:  Nutritional Requirements.  CRC Press, Cleveland.

 

Dadd, R. H.  1985.  Nutrition:  organisms.  p. 313-90.  In:  G. A. Kerkut & L. I. Gilbert (eds.), Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Vol. 4.  Pergamon Press, New York.

 

Dahlan, A N; Gordh, G.  1996.  Development of Trichogramma australicum Girault (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) on Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) eggs (Lepidoptera:

Noctuidae). Australian J. of Entomol., v.35, n.4, (1996): 337-344.

 

.Dahlan, A N; Gordh, G.  1997.  Ovipositional synergists and artificial diets for Trichogrammaaustralicum Girault (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). Australian J. of Entomol., v.36, n.4, (1997): 383-390.

 

Dahlan, A N; Gordh, G. 1998a.  Development of Trichogramma australicum Giralt (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in fertile and infertile Helicoverpa armigera (Huebner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) eggs. Australian J. of Entomol., v.37, n.2, (1998): 180-182.

 

Dahlan, A. N.; Gordh, Gordon.  1998b.  Development of Trichogramma australicum Girault (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in eggs of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and in artificial diet. Australian J. of Entomol., v.37, n.3, (1998. Sept. 10): 254-264

 

Dahlan, A. N.; Gordh, Gordon.  1998c.  Reproductive compatibility between Trichogramma australicum Girault (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) reared in eggs of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and artificial diet. Australian J. of Entomol., v.37, n.3, (1998. Sept. 10): 265-268.

 

Dahlberg, KA. 1993.  Government policies that encourage pesticide use in the United States, pp. 281-306.  In:Pimentel, D.and H. Lehman, (eds.). The Pesticide Question: Environment, Economics and Ethics.  Chapman and Hall, New York.

 

Dahlman, D.L. 1991.  Teratocytes and host / parasitoid interactions.  Biological Control, 1: 118-126.

 

Dahlman, D L.  1993.  Teratocytes Developmental and Biochemical Characteristics. BECKAGE, N. E., S. N. THOMPSON AND B. A. FEDERICI (ED.). PARASITES AND PATHOGENS OF INSECTS, VOL. 1. PARASITES. XVIII+364P. ACADEMIC PRESS, INC.: SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA, USA; LONDON, ENGLAND, UK. ISBN 0-12-084441-9. 1993.  p. 145-165.

 

Dahlsten, D. L.  1967.  Preliminary life tables for pine sawflies in the Neodiprion fulviceps complex (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae).  Ecology 48:  275-389.

 

Dahlsten, D. L.  1976.  The third forest.  Environment 18:  35-42.

 

Dahlsten, D. L.  1983.  Pesticides in an era of integrated pest management.  Environment 25:  45-54.

 

Dahlsten, D. L.  1986.  Control of invaders, p. 275-302.  In:  H. A. Mooney & J. A. Drake (eds.), Ecological Studies, Vol. 58.  Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii.  Springer-Verlag, New York.  321 p.

 

Dahlsten, D. L. & R. W. Bushing.  1970.  Insect parasites of the western pine beetle, p. 113-18.  In:  R. W. Stark & D. L. Dahlsten (eds.), Studies on the Population Dynamics of the Western Pine Beetle, Dendroctonus brevicornis LeConte (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).  Univ. Calif., Div. Agr. Sci.

 

Dahlsten, D. L. & W. A. Copper.  1979.  The use of nesting boxes to study the biology of the mountain chickadee (Parus gambeli) and its impact on selected forest insects, p. 217-60.  In:  J. G. Dickson, R. N. Conner, R. R. Fleet, J. C. Kroll & J. A. Jackson (eds.)  The Role of Insectivorous Birds in Forest Ecosystems.  Academic Press, New York.  381 p.

 

Dahlsten, D. L. & R. D. Hall.  1999.  Biological control of insects in urban environments. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 36, p. 919-933, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.

 

Dahlsten, D. L. & S. G. Herman.  1965.  Birds as predators of destructive forest insects.  Calif. Agr. 19(9):  8-10.

 

Dahlsten, D. L. & N. J. Mills.  1999.  Biological control of forest insects. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 29, p. 761-787, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.

 

Dahlsten, D. L. & G. M. Thomas.  1969.  A nucleopolyhedrosis virus in populations of the douglas-fir tussock moth (Hemerocampa pseudotsugata), in California.  J. Invert. Path. 13:  264-71.

 

Dahlsten, D. L. & M. C. Whitmore.  1987.  The case for and against the biological control of bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).  Proc. Symp. on Potential for Biological Control of Dendroctonus and Ips Bark Beetles, Ann. Meeting Ent. Soc. Amer., 9 Dec, 1986, Reno, Nevada. (in press).

 

Dahlsten, D. L., R. Garcia, J. E. Prine & R. Hunt.  1969.  Insect problems in forest recreation areas.  Calif. Agr. 23(7):  4-6.

 

Dahlsten, D. L., E. A. Cameron & W. A. Copper.  1970.  Distribution and parasitization of cocoons of the doublas-fir tussock moth, Hemerocampa pseudotsugata (Lepidoptera: Lymantridae), in an isolated infestation.  Canad. Ent. 102:  175-81.

 

Dahlsten, D. L., A. E. Hajek, D. J. Clair, S. H. Dreistadt, D. L. Rowney & V. R. Lewis.  1985.  Pest management in the urban forest.  Calif. Agr. 39(1-2):  21-22.

 

Dahlsten, D L; Tait, S M; Rowney, D L; Gingg, B J.  1993.  A Monitoring System and Development of Ecologically Sound Treatments for Elm Leaf Beetle. J. of Arboriculture, v.19, n.4, (1993): 181-186.

 

Dahlsten, D L; Rowney, D L; Tait, S M.  1994.  Development of integrated pest management programs in urban forests: The elm leaf beetle (Xanthogaleruca luteola (Muller)) in California, USA. Forest Ecology and Management, v.65, n.1, (1994): 31-44..

 

Dahlsten, D. L., D. M. Kent, D. Rowney, W. A. Copper, T. E. Young & R. L. Tassan.  1995.  Parasitoid shows potential for biocontrol of eugenia psyllid.  Calif. Agr. 49(4):  36-40.

 

Dahlsten, D.L.; Hansen, E.P.; Zuparko, R.L.; Norgaard, R.B.  1998.  Biological control of the blue gum psyllid proves economically beneficial. California Agriculture 52 (1), 35-49.

 

Dahm, P. A.  1955.  A convenient method for rearing large cockroaches.  J. Econ. Ent. 48:  480-82.

 

Dahms, E.  1997.   Memoris on Entomol. International, Vol. 9. A review of the genera of Australian Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) described from Australia by A. A. Girault with a checklist of included species.    

 

Dahms, E. and G. Gordh. Memoirs on Entomol. International, Vol. 9. A review of the genera of species. v+518p. Associated Publishers: Gainesville, Florida, USA. ISBN 1-56665-065-8.

 

Dahms, R. G.  1969.  Theoretical effects of antibiosis on insect population dynamics.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Ent. Res. Div.  5 p.

 

Dahms, R. G.  1972.  Techniques in the evaluation and development of host-plant resistance.  J. Environ. Qual. 1:  254-59.

 

Dahms, R. G. & M. Kagan.  1938.  Egg predator of the chinch bug.  J. Econ. Ent. 31(6):  779-80.

 

Dahms, R. G. & R. H. Painter.  1940.  Rate of reproduction of the pea aphid on different alfalfa plants.  J. Econ. Ent. 33:  482-85.

 

Dai, Kj., L.W. Zhang, Zj.  Ma, L.S. Zhong, Q.X. Zhang, A.H. Cao, Kj.  Xu, Q.Li, and Y.G. Gao. 1988.  Research and utilization of artificial egg for propagation of parasitoid Trichogramma.  Colloques de lINR,4, 43: 311-318.

 

Dale, C. W.  1892.  Stylopidae.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 1892.  p. 50.

 

Dale, M. B.  1970.  Systems analysis and ecology.  Ecology 51:  2-16.

 

Dale, P. S.  1966a.  The dispersal of Cephalobellus costelytrae, a nematode parasitic in the grass grub (Costelytra zealandica).  New Zealand J. Sci. 9:  534-7.

 

Dale, P. S.  1966b.  Blatticola tuapakae and Protrellina gurri n. spp., nematode parasites of the black roach.  New Zealand J. Sci. 9(3):  538-44.

 

Dale, W. E. & R. C. Axtell.  1975.  Flight of the salt marsh Tabanidae (Diptera), Tabanus nigrovittatus, Chrysops atlanticus and C. fuliginosus: Correlation with temperature, light, moisture and wind velocity.  J. Med. Ent. 12(5): 551-557.

 

Dale, W. E. & R. C. Axtell.  1976.  Salt marsh Tabanidae (Diptera): Comparison of abundance and distribution in Spartina and Juncus habits.  J. Med. Ent. 12(6): 671-678.

 

Dale, W. L.  1959.  The rainfall of Malaya, Part I.  J. Trop. Geogr. 13:  23-7.

 

Dale, W. L.  1963.  Surface temperatures in Malaya.  J. Trop. Geogr. 17:  57-71.

 

Dalebroux, M. A.  1966.  Genetic variability induced by ionizing radiations in quantitative traits of Habrobracon.  Diss. Abstr. 26(8):  4182.

 

Dalgarno, W. T.  1935.  Notes on biological control of insect pests in the Bahamas.  Brop. Agr. (Trinidad) 12:  78.

 

Dame, D. A. & H. R. Ford.  1964.  Chemosterilization and its permanency in mosquitoes.  Nature, London 201:  733-4.

 

Dame, D. A. & C. H. Schmidt.  1964.  Uptake of metepa and its effect on two species of mosquitoes (Anopheles quadrimaculatus, Aedes aegypti) and house flies (Musca domestica).  J. Econ. Ent. 57:  77-81.

 

Dame, D. A., H. R. Ford, A. L. C. Tingay & C. Mousley.  1966.  The USDA research team for the chemosterilization of tsetse flies.  PANS Pest Art., News Summ. (Sect. A) 12:  264.

 

Dameron, W. H. & H. P. Smith.  1939.  Control of Opuntia by insects.  Texas Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 575.  55 p.

 

Daniel, D. M.  1932.  Macrocentrus ancylivorus Rohwer, a polyembryonic braconid parasite of the oriental fruit moth.  New York Agr. Expt. Sta. Tech. Bull. 187:  101 p.

 

Daniel, D. M.  1936a.  Mass liberation of an Oriental fruit moth parasite.  J. Econ. Ent. 29:  459-61.

 

Daniel, D. M.  1936b.  Utilizing parasites on controlling the Oriental fruit moth.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 29:  640-44.

 

Daniel, J. T., G. E. Templeton, R. J. Smith, Jr. & W. T. Fox.  1973.  Biological control of northern jointvetch in rice with endemic fungal disease.  Weed Sci. 21:  303-07.

 

Daniel, M.  1962.  A contribution to the problem of natural enemies of larvae of the chigger mite Trombicula autumnalis [Acariformes, Trombiculidae].  Vstnik „eskosl. zool. Spole…n., Praha 26:  146-7.

 

Daniels, N. E.  1966.  The association of a rangeland grub, Phyllophaga koehleriana [Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae], with asilid larvae and with mites.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  1021.

 

Daniels, N. E. & A. F. Wiese.  1967.  Survival and spread of the puncturevine seed weevil in Texas.  Tex. Agr. Expt. Sta. Misc. Publ. 827.  2 p.

 

Danielson, T. L.  1968.  Differential predation on Culex pipiena and Anopheles albimanus mosquito larvae by two species of fish (Gambusia affinis and Cyprinodon nevadensis) and the effects of simulated reeds on predation. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of California, Riverside.  115 p. (Diss. Abs. 29, 2748-B).

 

Danilevskii, A. S.  1961.  Photoperiodism and seasonal development of insects.  Oliver & Boyd Ltd., Edinburgh & London.  383 p.

 

Danilov, N. N.  1962.  Ein System der Massnahmen zum Vogelschutz im Ural.  Ochrana prirody na Urale 3:  63-8.  [in Russian].

 

Danks, H. V.  1988.  Systematics in support of entomology.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 33:  271-96.

 

Danysz, J.  1893.  La destruction des mulots.  Bull. Soc. Nat. Agr. 10:  681.

 

Danzig, E. M.  1966.  The reduction of wax-secreting dermal structures of the females of Pulvinaria Targ. [Homoptera, Coccoidea] infested by parasites.  Zool. ð. 45:  1488-92.  [in Russian].

 

Daoust, R. A.  1983a.  Pathogens of Tabanidae (horse flies), pp. 223-29.  In:  Bibliography on Pathogens of Medically Important Arthropods (1981), D. W. Roberts, R. A. Daoust & S. P. Wraight (eds.).  WHO/VBC/83.1.

 

Daoust, R. A.  1983b.  Pathogens of Muscidae (muscid flies), pp. 230-39.  In:  Bibliography on Pathogens of Medically Important Arthropods (1981), D. W. Roberts, R. A. Daoust & S. P. Wraight (eds.).  WHO/VBC/83.1.

 

Darlington, C. D.  1940.  Taxonomic species and genetic systems, p. 137-60.  In:  J. S. Huxley (ed.), The New Systmatics. Oxford Univ. Press.  583 p.

 

Darlington, P. J., Jr.  1957.  Zoogeography:  The Geographical Distribution of Animals.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  675 p.

 

Darwin, C.  1859a.  The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle For Life.  Murray Publ., London.  Reprinted by Cassel & Co., Ltd., London, 1909.  430 p.

 

Darwin, C.  1859b.  On the Origin of Species, 6th ed.  D. Appleton Publ., New York & London. (Author's ed., 1872).  365 p.

 

Darwin, C.  1909.  On the Origin of Species (1859).  (Reprinted by Cassell & Co., Ltd., London.)  430 p.

 

Darwin, E.  1800.  Phytologia; or the Philosophy of Agriculture and Gardening.  J. Johnson, London.

 

Dasch, C. E. 1964. Ichneumon-flies of America north of MexIco. 5. Subfamily Diplazontinae. Mem. Amer. En- tomol. Inst., 3:1-304; 153 f., 111 maps.

 

Das, G. M.  1963.  Preliminary studies on the biology of Orasema assectator Kerrich [Hym., Eucharitidae], parasitic on Pheidole and causing damage to leaves of tea in Assam.  Bull. Ent. Res. 54:  373-8.

 

Das-Gupta, S. K.  1964.  Mermithid infections in two nematoceran insects.  Curr. Sci., Bangalore 33(2):  55.

 

Daum, R. J., R. E. McLaughlin & D. P. Hardee.  1967.  Development of the bait principle for boll weevil control:  Cottonseed oil, a source of attractants and feeding stimulants for the boll weevil.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  321-25.

 

Daumel, J., J. Voegele & P. Brun.  1975.  Les Trichogrammes II.  Unite de production massive et qualidienne d'un hôte de substitution Ephestia kuhniella Zell.  (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae).  Ann. Zool. Ecol. Anim. 7(1):  45-59.

 

Davey, R. B. & M. V. Meisch.  1977b.  Control of dark rice-field mosquito larvae, Psorophora columbiae by mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis and green sunfish, Lepomis cyanellus, in Arkansas rice fields.  Mosq. News. 37:  258-62.

 

Davey, R. B. & M. V. Meisch.  1977a.  Dispersal of mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis, in Arkansas rice fields.  Mosq. News 37:  777-78.

 

Daviault, L.  1930.  Notes biologiques sur Nemeritis canescens Grav. et sur la morphologie de ses divers stades.  Rev. de Path. Vég et d'Ent. Agr. de France 17:  82-93.

 

Daviault, L.  1944.  Nouvelles observations sur la mouche a scie europeene de l'epinette dans les forets du nord du St. Lourent.  Quebec Soc. Protect. Plants Ann. Rept. (1936-43):  39-43.

 

Daviault, L.  1950.  Les parasites de la tordeuse des bourgeons de l'epinette (Choristoneura fumiferanae Clem.) dans la province de Quebec.  Quebec Soc. Protect. Plants Ann. Rept. (1948-49):  41-7.

 

David, A. L. & T. S. Muthukrishnan.  1953.  The prickly pear cochineal, observations on its natural hosts and enemies in south India.  Indian J. Ent. 15:  219-24.

 

David, B. V.  1963.  Effect of weather factors on the host-predators relationship in the aleyrodid, Siphoninus phillyreae finitimus Goux on pomegranate.  Madras Agr. J. 50:  3-12.

 

David, H., H. S. Easwaramoorthy, V. Nandagopal, N. K. Kurup, M. Shanmugasundaram & G. Santhalakshmi.  1981.  Influence of different temperatures on the tachinid parasite, Sturmiopsis inferens [Dip.].  Entomophaga 26:  333-38.

 

David, J. & M. Bouletreau.  1968.  Contribution a l'etude de la biologie et de l'ecologie d'un coleoptere entomophage: Xylodrepa quadripunctata (Schreb) (Silphidae).  Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn Lyon 37(2):  73-83.

 

David, J. & C. Vago.  1967.  Influence des toxines de Bacillus thuringiensis sur divers caractères physiologiques de Drosophiles adultes.  Entomophaga 12:  153-9.

 

David, W. A. L.  1957.  Breeding Pieris brassicae L. and Apanteles glomeratus L. as experimental insects.  Zeitchr. Pflkrankh. und Pflanzenschutz 64:  572-77.

 

David, W. A. L. & B. O. C. Gardiner.  1952.  Laboratory breeding of Pieris brassicae L. and Apanteles glomeratus L.  Proc. Roy. Ent. Soc. London Ser. A, 27:  54-6.

 

David, W. A. L. & B. O. C. Gardiner.  1960.  A Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus) culture resistant to a granulosis.  J. Insect Pathol. 2:  106-14.

 

Davidson, A.  1895.  On the nest and parasites of Prosopis varifrons Cresson.  Psyche 7:  315-16.

 

Davidson, A. G. & R. M. Prentice (eds.).  1967.  Important Forest Insects and Diseases of Mutual Concern to Canada, the United States and Mexico.  Canada Dep. For. & Rural Develop., Ottawa.

 

Davidson, G. 1974. Genetic Control of Insect Pests. New York: Academic Press, 158 pp.

Davidson, R. H., and W. F. Lyon. 1979 (7th ed.), Insect Pests of Farm, Garden, and Orchard. New York: Wiley, ix + 596 pp., 429 f.

 

Davidson, E. W. & A. A. Yousten.  1990.  The mosquito larval toxin of Bacillus sphaericus, p. 237-55.  In:  H. de Barjac & D. Sutherland (eds.), Bacterial Control of Mosquitoes and Blackflies; Biochemistry, Genetics, and Applications of Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus sphaericus.  Rutgers Univ. Press, New Brunswick, NJ.

 

Davidson, G.  1974.  Genetic Control of Insect Pests.  Academic Press, London & New York.

 

Davidson, G., J. A. Odetoyinbo, B. Colussa & J. Coz.  1970.  A field attempt to assess the mating competitiveness of sterile males introduced by crossing two member species of the Anopheles gambiae complex.  Bull. World Health Org. 42:  55-67.

 

Davidson, J. & H. G. Andrewartha.  1948a.  The influence of rainfall, evaporation and atmospheric temperature on fluctuations in the size of a natural population of Thrips imaginis (Thysanoptera).  J. Anim. Ecol. 17:  200-22.

 

Davidson, J. & H. G. Andrewartha.  1948b.  Annual trends in a natural population of Thrips imaginis (Thysanoptera).  J. Anim. Ecol. 17:  193-99.

 

Davidson, W. M.  1914.  Walnut aphides in California.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 100.  48 p.

 

Davidson, W. M.  1919.  The convergent ladybird beetle (Hippodamia convergens Guerin) and the barley-corn aphis (Aphis maidis Fitch).  Calif. State Hort. Com. Mon. Bull. 8:  23-6.

 

Davidson, W. M.  1921.  Observations on Psyllobora taedata Le Conte, a coccinellid attacking mildews (Col.).  Ent. News 32(3):  83-89.

 

Davidson, W. M.  1923.  Biology of Scymnus nubes Casey (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae).  Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 44:  155-63.

 

Davidson, W. M.  1924.  Observations and experiments on the dispersion of the convergent ladybeetle (Hippodamia convergens Guerin) in California.  Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 50:  163-75.

 

Davies, D.H. and M.T. Siva-jothy. 1991.  Encapsulation in insects: Polydnaviruses and encapsulation-promoting factors, pp. 119-132.  In:Gupta, A.P., (ed.). Immunology of insects and other arthropods.  CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A.

 

Davies, D. M. & B. V. Peterson.  1956.  Observations on the mating, feeding, ovarian development, and oviposition of adult black flies.  Canad. J. Zool. 34:  615-55.

 

Davies, H.  1971.  Further eradication of the tsetse in the Chad and Gongala river systems in northeastern Nigeria.  J. Appl. Ecol. 8:  563-78.

 

Davies, J. C. & D. J. Greathead.  1967.  Occurrence of Teleonemia scrupulosa on Sesamum indicum Linn. in Uganda.  Nature 213:  102-03.

 

Davies, M.  1959.  A contribution to the ecology of species of Notiophilus and allied genera (Col., Carabidae).  Ent. Mo. Mag. 95:  25-28.

 

Davies, T. G.  1963.  Observations on the ground beetle fauna of brassica crops.  Plant Path. 12(1):  7-11.

 

Davies, W. M.  1927.  Methods for collecting parasites of earwigs.  Bull. Ent. Res. 17:  347-50.

 

Davies, W. M.  1928.  The bionomics of Apion ulicis Forst., with special reference to its role in the control of Ulex europaeus in New Zealand.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 15:  263-86.

 

Davis, A. C.  1928.  A note on the parasitism of Hippodamia.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 4:  184.

 

Davis, C. J.  1952.  Observations on the fern weevil (Syagrius fulvitarsis Pascoe) in the Kilauea volcano region of Hawaii National Park with notes on parasitism.  Hawaii Ent. Soc. Proc. (1951) 14:  403-05.

 

Davis, C. J.  1958.  Recent introductions for biological control in Hawaii-- III.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 16:  356-58.

 

Davis, C. J.  1959.  Recent introductions for biological control in Hawaii-- IV.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 17:  62-6.

 

Davis, C. J.  1960.  Recent introductions for biological control in Hawaii-- V.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 17:  244-48.

 

Davis, C. J.  1961a.  Miscellaneous notes.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 17:  315.

 

Davis, C. J.  1961b.  Recent introductions for biological control in Hawaii-- VI.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 17:  389-93.

 

Davis, C. J.  1964.  The introduction, propagation, liberation, and establishment of parasites to control Nezara viridula variety smaragdula (Fabricius) in Hawaii (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae).  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 18:  369-75.

 

Davis, C. J.  1966.  Progress report:  biological control status of noxious weed pests in Hawaii--1965-1966.  Hawaiian Dept. Agr. Mimeo. Rep.  4 p.

 

Davis, C. J.  1967.  Progress in the biological control of the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula smaragdula, in Hawaii.  Muschi (Suppl.):  9-16.

 

Davis, C. J.  1968.  Report of the Entomology Branch.  Hawaii Dept. Agr. Rept.  10 p.

 

Davis, C. J. & M. Chong.  1968.  Recent introductions for biological control in Hawaii.  XIII.  Proc. Hawaii. Ent. Soc. 20:  25-34.

 

Davis, C. J. & N. L. H. Krauss.  1961.  Recent developments in biological control of weed pests in Hawaii.  10th Pacific Sci. Cong., Abs. Symposium Papers.  204-05.

 

Davis, C. J. & N. L. H. Krauss.  1962a.  Recent developments in the biological control of weed pests in Hawaii.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 18:  65-7.

 

Davis, C. J. & N. L. H. Krauss.  1962b.  Recent developments in the biological control of weed pests in Hawaii-- VII.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 18:  125-29.

 

Davis, C. J. & N. L. H. Krauss.  1962c.  Recent introductions for biological control in Hwaaii-- VII.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 18:  245-49.

 

Davis, C. J. & N. L. H. Krauss.  1965.  Recent introductions for biological control in Hawaii-- X.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 19:  87-90.

 

Davis, C. J. & N. L. H. Krauss.  1966.  Recent introductions for biological control.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 19:  201-07.

 

Davis, C. J. & N. L. H. Krauss.  1967.  Recent introductions for biological control in Hawaii-- XI.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 19:  375-80.

 

Davis, C. J., Q. C. Chock & M. Chong.  1961.  Introduction of the liver fluke snail predator, Sciomyza dorsata [Sciomyzidae, Diptera], in Hawaii.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Hawaii 17:  395-7.

 

Davis, C. S. et al.  1957.  The spotted alfalfa aphid and its control in California.  Calif. Agr. Ext. Svc.  43 p.

 

Davis, D. E.  1957.  The use of food as a buffer in a predator-prey system.  J. Mammal. 38:  466-72.

 

Davis, D. E. & W. L. Jensen.  1952.  Mortality in an induced epidemic.  Trans. N. Amer. Wildl. Conf. 17:  151-60.

 

Davis, D. E., K. Meyers & J. B. Hoy.  1976.  Biological control among vertebrates, p. 501-19. In:  C. B. Huffaker & P. S. Messenger (eds.), Theory and Practice of Biological Control.  Academic Press, Inc., New York, San Francisco & London.  788 p.

 

Davis, D. W.  1952a.  Influence of population density on Tetranychus multisetis.  J. Econ. Ent. 45:  652-54.

 

Davis, D. W.  1952.  Some effects of DDT on spider mites.  J. Econ. Ent. 45:  1011-19.

 

Davis, D. W.  1956.  The problem of species determination in spider mites.  Proc. Utah Acad. Sci. 33:  183-84.

 

Davis, D. W.  1959.  Resistance to insecticides among Utah orchard pests.  Proc. Utah Acad. Sci. 36:  177.

 

Davis, D. W.  1965.  New developments in orchard pest control.  Proc. Utah Hort. Soc. for 1964.  p. 79-82.

 

Davis, D. W.  1967a.  McDaniel mits and the resistance problem in Utah.  Utah Farm & Home Sci. 28(1):  26-7, 31.

 

Davis, D. W.  1967b.  Biological control of orchard mites - a look into the future.  Proc. Utah Hort. Soc. for 1966:  43-7.

 

Davis, D. W.  1969.  Codling moth trapping for better timing of sprays.  utah Fruit Facts 1(6):  2-4.

 

Davis, D. W.  1970a.  Insecticidal control of the alfalfa weevil in northern Utah and some resulting effects on the weevil parasite Bathyplectes curculionis.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  119-25.

 

Davis, D. W.  1970b.  Variations in the anatomy of Typhlodromus occidentalis (Acarina: Phytoseiidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 63:  696-9.

 

Davis, D. W.  1970c.  Integrated control of apple pests in Utah.  Utah Science 31(2):  43-5, 48.

 

Davis, D. W.  1974a.  Unsprayed fruit trees - how much of a problem to commercial orchards.  Utah Sci. 35(2):  56-8.

 

Davis, D. W.  1974b.  The extension of integrated control techniques into other fruit crops.  Proc. Utah Hort. Soc. for 1973.  p. 31-7.

 

Davis, D. W.  1974c.  Parasite-prey ratios among alfalfa weevil larvae of northern Utah.  Environ. Ent. 3:  1031-2.

 

Davis, D. W. (ed.).  1976.  Insects and Nematodes Associated with Alfalfa in Utah.  Utah Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 494: 1-59.

 

Davis, D. W.  1978.  Integrated pest management in alfalfa, p. 40-2.  In:  P. deJong (ed.), Management In Transition.  Conf. Proc. March 30-31, 1978.  EPA Region VII & Wright Ingraham Inst.  141 p.

 

Davis, D. W. (ed.).  1979.  Biological Control and Insect Pest Management.  Univ. Calif. Agr. Sci. Publ. 4096.  102 p.

 

Davis, D. W.  1985.  Integrated pest management:  new ways to manage aphids and other alfalfa pests.  Utah Sci. 46(1):  24-7.

 

Davis, D. W. & S. C. Hoyt.  Selective pesticides, p. 72-9.  In:  D. W. Davis (ed.), Biological Control and Insect Pest Management.  Univ. Calif. Agr. Sci. Publ. 4096.  102 p.

 

Davis, D. W. & T. P. Hsiao.  1971.  Alternatives to chemical control of pests.  Utah Science 32(2):  65-8.

 

Davis, D. H. & J. A. McMurtry.  Introduction, p. 1-11.  In:  Davis, D. W. (ed.), Biological Control and Insect Pest Management.  Univ. Calif. Agr. Sci. Publ. 4096.  102 p.

 

Davis, D. W. & G. L. Nielsen.  1958.  The biology and distribution of the McDaniel mite in Utah.  Utah Acad. Sci. 35:  166.

 

Davis, D. W., M. P. Nichols & E. J. Armbrust.  1974.  A bibliography of the spotted alfalfa aphid.  Biol. Notes No. 87, Ill. Nat. Hist. Survey.  p. 1-14.

 

Davis, E. G.  1944.  Apanteles diatraeae, a braconid parasite of the southwestern corn borer.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 871.  19 p.

 

Davis, E. G., C. Benton & H. W. Somsen.  1955.  Natural enemies of the wheat stem sawfly in North Dakota and Montana.  N. Dakota Gric. Expt. Sta. Bimo. Bull. 18:  63-5.

 

Davis, G. C.  1896.  Pests of house and ornamental plants.  Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 2:  3-45.

 

Davis, G. R. F.  1956.  Amino acid requirements of Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.) (Coleoptera: Silvanidae) for pupation.  Canad. J. Zool. 34:  82-5.

 

Davis, G. R. F.  1959.  A method for rearing larvae of Ctenicera aeripennis destructor (Brown) (Coleoptera: Elateridae) aseptically in test tubes.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 52:  173-75.

 

Davis, G. R. F.  1966.  Replacement of RNA in the diet of Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.) (Coleoptera: Silvanidae) by purines, pyrimidines, and ribose.  Canad. J. Zool. 44:  781-5.

 

Davis, G. R. F.  1967.  Effects of dietary lipids on survival and development of the saw-toothed grain beetle, Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.) (Coleoptera: Silvanidae).  Revue Canad. Biol. 26:  119-24.

 

Davis, J. J.  1915.  The pea aphis with relation to forage crops.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 276.  67 p.

 

Davis, J. J.  1916.  Aphidoletes meridionalis, an important dipterous enemy of aphids.  J. Agr. Res. 6:  883-8.

 

Davis, J. J.  1919.  Contributions to a knowledge of the natural enemies of Phyllophaga.  Ill. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull. 13:  53-138.

 

Davis, K. C. 1903. Sialididae of North and South America. N.Y. State Mus. Bull., 68:442-486; pl. .Ii-Iii.

 

Davis, T. R. A.  1949.  Filiariasis control in the Cook Islands.  New Zealand Med. J. 48:  362-70.

 

Davis, W. T.  1915.  Silpha surinamensis and Creophilus villosus as predacious insects.  J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 23:  150-51.

 

Davis, W. T.  1921.  Cicindela tranquebarica and its habits.  Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 16:  111.

 

Davydova, A. V.  1962.  Laboratoriumszuchtmethoden für die Massenkultur von Muskardine, p. 94-7.  In:  Nau…n.-techn. konf. po itogam n.-i. rabot za 1961.  Tezisy doklad., Brjansk.  p. 94-7.  [in Russian].

 

Dawah, H A; Hawkins, B A; Claridge, M F.  1995.  Structure of the parasitoid communities of grass-feeding chalcid wasps.   J. of Animal Ecology, v.64, n.6, (1995): 708-720.

 

Dawson, N.  1965.  A comparative study of the cology of eight species of Fenland Carabidae (Coleoptera).  J. Anim. Ecol. 34(2):  299-314.

 

Dawson, P. S. & I. M. Lerner.  1962.  Genetic variation and indeterminism in interspecific competition.  Amer. Naturalist 96(891):  379-80.

 

Day, M. F.  1965.  The use of pathogens in insect control.  Austral. J. Sci. 28:  241-43.

 

Day, M. F. & M. L. Dudzinski.  1966.  The effect of temperature on the development of Sericesthis iridescent virus.  Austr. J. Biol. Sci. 19:  481-93.

 

Day, M. F. & T. D. C. Grace.  1959.  Culture of insect tissues.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 4:  17-38.

 

Day, P. R.  1972.  Crop resistance to pests and pathogens, p. 257-71.  In:  Pest Control Strategies for the Future.  Washington, D. C., NAS, NRC.

 

Day, W.H. 1970.  The survival value of its jumping cocoons to Bathypkctes anunts, a parasite of the alfalfa weevil. J. Econ. Entomol., 63: 586-589.

 

Day, W. H.  1981.  Biological control of alfalfa weevil in northeastern United States, p. 361-74.  In:  G. C. Papavizas (ed.), Biological Control in Crop Production.  BARC Symp. No. 5, Allenheld, Osmun, Totowa, New Jersey.  461 p.

 

Day, W. H. & R. C. Hedlund.  1988.  Biological comparisons between arrhenotokous and thelytokous biotypes of Mesochorus nigripes [Hym.: Ichneumonidae].  Entomophaga 33:  201-12.

 

Day, W. H., L. W. Coles, J. A. Stewart & R. W. Fuester.  1971.  Distribution of Microctonus aethiops and M. colesi, parasites of the alfalfa weevil, in the eastern United States.  J. Econ. Ent. 64:  190-93.

 

Day, W.H., R.C. Hedlund, L.B. Saunders, and D. Coutinot. 1990.  Establishment of Peristenus digoneutis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasite of the tarnished plant bug (Heniiptera: Miridae), in the United States.  Environ.Entomol., 19:1528-1533.

 

d'Aguilar, J.  1944.  Contribution a l'etude des phalacridae.  Note sur Phalacrus caricis Sturm.  Ann. Epiphyt. 10:  85-91.

 

Dazhong, W. & D. Pimentel.  1984a.  Energy inputs in agricultural systems of China.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 11:  29-35.

 

Dazhong, W. & D. Pimentel.  1984b.  Energy use in crop systems in northeastern China, p. 91-120.  In:  D. Pimentel & C. W. Hall (eds.), Food and Energy Resources.  Academic Press, N.Y.  268 p.

 

Dazhong, W. & D. Pimentel.  1984c.  Energy flow through an organic agroecosystem in China.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 11:  145-60.

 

Dazhong, W. & D. Pimentel.  1986a.  Seventeenth century organic agriculture in China: I. Cropping systems in Jiaxing Region.  Human Ecol. 14:  1-14.

 

Dazhong, W. & D. Pimentel.  1986b.  Seventeenth century organic agriculture in China: II. Energy flows through an agroecosystem in Jiaxing Region.  Human Ecol. 14:  15-28.

 

Dazhong, W. & D. Pimentel.  1990.  Ecological resource management for a productive, sustainable agriculture in northeast China, p. 297-313.  In:  T. C. Tso (ed.), Agricultural Reform and Development in China.  IDEALS, Beltsville, MD.

 

<DB.REF>

 

<DC.REF>

 

<DD.REF>

 

<DE.REF>

 

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Dean, G. J. W. & S. Wortham.  1966.  The radio-sterilisation of tsetse.  PANS, Pest Articles, News Summ. (Sect. A) 12:  265-6.

 

Dean, H. A.  1960.  Introduction and establishment of Anagyrus antoninae on rhodesgrass scale in Mexico.  J. Econ. Ent. 53:  694.

 

Dean, H. A. & M. F. Schuster.  1958.  Biological control of rhodesgrass scale in Texas.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  363-66.

 

Dean, H. A., M. F. Schuster & J. C. Bailey.  1961.  The introduction and establishment of Dusmetia sangwani on Antonina graminis in South Texas.  J. Econ. Ent. 54:  952-54.

 

Dean, H. A., M. F. Schuster, J. C. Boling & P. T. Riherd.  1979.  Complete biological control of Antonina graminis in Texas with Neodusmetia sangwani (a classical example).  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 25 (4), 262-267.

 

Dean, H. A., J. V. French & D. Meyerdirk.  1983.  Development of integrated pest management in Texas citrus.  Texas Agr. Exp. Sta. B-1434.

 

Dean, R. W.  1938.  Experiments on rearing apple maggot adults.  J. Econ. Ent. 31:  241-44.

 

de Baoac, H. 1978.  Un nouveau candidat a la lutte biologique contre les moustiques: Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis.  Entomophaga, 23: 309-319.

 

de Baoac, H. and E. Frachon. 1990.  Classification of Bacillus thuringiensis strains.  Entomophaga, 35: 233-240.

 

de Camargo, D. A.  1979.  Sex determination in bees 11.  Production of diploid males and sex determination in Melipora quadrifasciata.  J. Apic. Res. 18:  77-84.

 

De Clercq, P. and D. DeGheele. 1993.  Quality assessment of the predatory bugs Podisus "zaculiventris (Say) and Podisus sagitta (Fab.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) after prolonged rearing on a meat-based artificial diet.  Biocontrol Science and Technology, 3: 133-139.

 

DeCoursey, R. M. 1971. Keys to the families and subfamilies of the nymphs of North American Hem iptera-Heteroptera. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash., 73(4): 413-429; 23 f.

 

de Fluiter, H. J.  1961.  Die nützlingsschonende Schädlingsbekämpfung und ihre Beziehung zur Taxonomie der Nützlinge und Schädlinge.  Entomophaga 6:  143-.

 

De Groote, H.; Ajuonu, O.; Attignon, S.; Djessou, R.; Neuenschwander, P.  2003.  Economic impact of biological control of water hyacinth in Southern Benin. Ecological Economics 45 (1), 105-117.

 

de Hoog, G. S. 1972.  The genera Beauria, Isaria, Tritirachium, and Acrodontium gen. nov.  Studies in Mycology, 1: 1-41. de Jong, G. 1979.  The influence of the distribution of juveniles over patches of food on the dynamics of a population. Netherlands J. Zool., 29: 33-51.

 

de Jong, D. J.  1980.  Tortricids in integrated control in orchards.  p. 19-22.  In:  A. K. Minks & P. Gruys (eds.), Integrated Control of Insect Pests in The Netherlands.  Centre for Agr. Publ. & Doc., Wageningen.

 

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de Jong, G.  1981.  The influence of dispersal pattern on the evolution of fecundity.  Neth. J. Zool. 32:  1-30.

 

de Jong, M.D. 1988.  Risk to fruit trees and native trees due to control of black cherry (Prunus serotina) by silverleaf fungus (Chondrostereumpurpureum).  Dissertation, abstract in English, Landbouwuniversiteit te Wageningen, The Netherlands.

 

Dean, G. A. & S. G. Kelly.  1936.  The practical use of insects for control of insect pests and noxious weeds.  Kansas State Bd. Agr. Quart. Rept. 55:  29-41.

 

Dean, G. J. & C. Satasook.  1983.  Response of Chrysopa carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) to some potential attractants.  Bull. Ent. Res. 73:  619-24.

 

Dean, G. J. W.  1964.  Stork and egret as predators of the red locust in the Rukwa Valley outbreak area.  Ostrich 35:  95-100.

 

Dean, H. A.  1982.  Reduced pest status of the Florida red scale on Texas citrus associated with Aphytis holoxanthus.  J. Econ. Ent. 75:  147-49.

 

Dean, H. A.  1955.  Factors affecting biological control of scale insects on Texas citrus.  J. Econ. Ent. 48:  444-47.

 

Dean, H. A.  1960.  Introduction and establishment of Anagyrus antoninae on Rhodes grass scale in Mexico.  J. Econ. Ent. 53:  694-95.

 

Dean, H. A.  1961.  Aphytis lepidosaphes (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), an introduced parasite of purple scale.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 54:  918-20.

 

Dean, H. A. & J. C. Bailey.  1960.  Introduction of beneficial insects for the control of citrus scale insexts and mites.  Rio Grande Val. Hort. Soc. J. 14:  40-6.

 

Dean, H. A.. & M. F. Schuster.  1958.  Biological control of Rhodes grass scale in Texas.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  363-66.

 

Dean, H. A., M. F. Schuster & J. C. Bailey.  1961.  The introduction and establishment of Dusmetia sangwani on Antonina graminis in south Texas.  J. Econ. Ent. 54:  952-54.

 

Dean, H. A., M. F. Schuster, J. C. Boling & P. T. Riherd.  1979.  Complete biological control of Antonina graminis in Texas with Neodusmetia sangwani (a classic example).  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 25:  262-67.

 

Dean, R.A. andj.  Kfic. 1986.  Induced systemic protection in cucumber: time of production and movement of the signal.  Phytopathol., 76: 966-970.

 

Dean, R. L. & P. J. Chapman.  1973.  Bionomics of the apple maggot in eastern New York.  Search Agr. 3:  1-64.

 

DeBach, P. 1939. Microterys titani Gir., an egg predator of Lecanium corni Bouch. Journal of Economic Entomology 32:728.

 

DeBach, P.  1940.  Experimental studies on quantitative relations between parasite and host populations.  Ph.D. Thsis, University of California, Berkeley.

 

DeBach, P.  1942a.  A simple method of obtaining standardized houseflies.  J. Econ. Ent. 35:  282.

 

DeBach, P.  1942b.  The introduction and recovery of Trisolcus murgantiae Ashm. in California.  J. Econ. Ent. 35:  787.

 

DeBach, P.  1943a.  The importance of host-feeding by adult parasites in the reduction of host populations.  J. Econ. Ent. 36:  647-58.

 

DeBach, P.  1943b.  The effect of low storage temperature on reproduction in certain parasitic Hymenoptera.  Pan-Pacific Ent. 19:  112-19.

 

DeBach, P.  1944.  Environmental contamination by an insect parasite and thegrape effect on host selection.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 37:  70-74.

 

DeBach, P.  1946.  An insecticidal check method for measuring the efficacy of entomophagous insects.  J. Econ. Ent. 39:  695-97.

 

DeBach, P.  1947a.  Cottony-cushion scale, vedalia and DDT in central California.  Calif. Citrog. 32:  406-07.

 

DeBach, P.  1947b.  Predators, DDT, and citrus red mite populations.  J. Econ. Ent. 40:  598.

 

DeBach, P.  1948.  The establishment of the Chinese race of Comperiella bifasciata on Aonidiella aurantii in southern California.  J. Econ. Ent. 41:  985.

 

DeBach, P.  1949a.  Population studies of the long-tailed mealybug and its natural enemies on citrus trees in southern California, 1946.  Ecology 30:  14-25.

 

DeBach, P.  1949b.  The establishment of the Chinese race of Comperiella bifasciata on Aonidiella aurantii in southern California.  J. Econ. Ent. 41:  985.

 

DeBach, P.  1950.  Natural control of citrus pests in Texas and Florida.  Calif. Citrog. 35:  410-34.

 

DeBach, P.  1951a.  Possibilities in biological control of citrus pests.  5th Ann. Rio Grande Val. Hort. Inst. Proc.:  77-80.

 

DeBach, P.  1951b.  The necessity for an ecological approach to pest control on citrus in California.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  443-47.

 

DeBach, P.  1952.  Biological control of red scale in San Diego County.  Calif. Citrog. 37:  136-37, 158-60.

 

DeBach, P.  1953.  The establishment in California of an oriental strain of Prospaltella perniciosi Tower on the California red scale.  J. Econ. Ent. 46:  1103.

 

DeBach, P.  1954.  Relative efficacy of the red scale parasites Aphytis chrysomphali Mercet and Aphytis "A" on citrus trees in southern California.  Bull. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agr. (Filippo Silvestri), Portici 33:  134-51.

 

DeBach, P.  1955.  Validity of the insecticidal check method as a measure of the effectiveness of natural enemies of diaspine scale insects.  J. Econ. Ent. 48:  584-88.

 

DeBach, P.  1957.  New natural enemies of citrus pests imported.  Calif. Citrog. 42:  414-24.

 

DeBach, P.  1958a.  Selective breeding to improve adaptations of parasitic insects.  In:  Proc. 10th Intern. Cong. Ent. (Montreal, 1956) 4:  759-68.

 

DeBach, P.  1958b.  Application of ecological information to control citrus pests in California.  Proc. 10th Intern. Congr. Ent. (1956) 3:  187-94.

 

DeBach, P.  1958c.  The role of weather and entomophagous species in the natural control of insect populations.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  474-84.

 

DeBach, P.  1959.  New species and strains of Aphytis (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) parasitic on the California red scale, Aonidiella aurantii (Mask.) in the Orient.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 52:  354-62.

 

DeBach, P.  1960.  The importance of taxonomy to biological control as illustrated by the cryptic history of Aphytis holoxanthus n. sp. (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), a parasite of Chrysomphalus aonidum, and Aphytis  coheni n. sp., a parasite of Aonidiella aurantii.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 53:  701-05.

 

DeBach, P.  1960.  Biological control of scales and mealybugs (Coccidae), p. 19-27.  In:  C. Westcott (ed.), Handbook on Biological Control of Plant Pests.  Brooklyn Botanic Garden.

 

DeBach, P.  1962a.  Ecological adaptation of parasites and competition between parasite species in relation to establishment and success.  Proc. 11th Intern. Congr. Ent., Wien, 1960, 11:  686-90.

 

DeBach, P.  1962b.  Biological control of the California red scale Aonidiella aurantii (Mask.), on citrus around the world.  Internatl. Kongr. Ent. Verh. (1960) 2:  749-53.

 

DeBach, P.  1962c.  Species of Aphytis for possible use in the biological control of Chrysomphalus dictyospermi.  Food & Agr. Organ. Plant Protect. Bull. 10:  29.

 

DeBach, P.  1962d.  Aspectos gerais do controle biologico.  Bol. Inst. Ecol. Experim. Agric. Primeiro Simposio Brasileiro Sobre Combate Biologico 21:  9-40.

 

DeBach, P.  1962e.  Campanha de controle biologico a Aonidiella aurantii (Mask. 1878) na California.  Bol. Inst. Ecol. Experim. Agric., Primeiro Simposio Brasileiro Sobre Combate Biologico 21:  79-88.

 

DeBach, P.  1963.  Aphytis costalimai (Gomes, 1941) comb. n., a parasite of Chrysomphalus aonidum (L.) in Brazil [Chalcidoidea, Aphelinidae].  Rev. Bras. de Biol. 23:  35-8.

 

DeBach, P. (ed.).  1964a.  Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds.  Reinhold Publ. Corp., New York.  844 p.

 

DeBach, P.  1964b.  The scope of biological control, p. 3-20.  In: P. DeBach (ed.), Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds.  Reinhold Publ. Co., New York.  844 p.

 

DeBach, P.  1964c.  Some ecological aspects of insect eradication.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 10(4):  221-24.

 

DeBach, P.  1964d.  Successes, trends and future possibilities, p. 673-713.  In:  P. DeBach (ed.), Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds.  Reinhold Publ. Co., New York.  844 p.

 

DeBach, P.  1964e.  The scope of biological control, p. 3-20.  In:  P. DeBach (ed.), Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds.  Chapman & Hall, Ltd., London, England.  844 p.

 

DeBach, P.  1964f.  Some species of Aphytis Howard (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) in Greece.  Ann. Inst. Phytopath. (Benaki), (n.s.) 7:  5-18.

 

DeBach, P.  1965a.  Weather and the success of parasites in population regulation.  Canad. Ent. 97:  848-63.

 

DeBach, P.  1965b.  Some biological and ecological phenomena associated with colonizing entomophagous insects, p. 287-306.  In:  H. G. Baker & G. L. Stebbins (eds.), The Genetics of Colonizing Species.  Academic Press, Inc., New York.  588 p.

 

DeBach, P.  1966.  The competitive displacement and coexistence principles.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 11:  183-212.

 

DeBach, P.  1969a.  Biological control of diaspine scale insects on citrus in California.  Proc. 1st Intern. Citrus Symp., Riverside, Calif. (1968) 2:  801-15.

 

DeBach, P.  1969b.  Uniparental, sibling and semi-species in relation to taxonomy and biological control.  Israel J. Ent. 4:  11-27.

 

DeBach, P.  1971a.  Fortuitous biological control from ecesis of natural enemies.  In:  Entomological Essays to Commemorate the Retirement of Professor K. Yasumatsu.  Hokuryukan Publ. Co., Tokyo.  389 p.

 

DeBach, P.  1971b.  The use of imported natural enemies in insect pest management, p. 211-33.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Control Habitat Mngmnt., Tallahassee, Florida 3:  211-32.

 

DeBach, P.  1971c.  The theoretical basis of importation of natural enemies.  Proc. 13th Intern. Congr. Ent., Moscow (1968) 2:  140-42.

 

DeBach, P.  1972.  The use of imported natural enemies in insect pest management ecology.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Managem. 3:  211-33.

 

DeBach, P. 1974. Biological Control by Natural Enemies. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 325 pp., 49 pl., 7 graphs.

 

DeBach, P.  1979.  Aphytis riyadhi n. sp. [Hym.: Aphelinidae], a parasite of Aonidiella spp. [Hym.: Diaspididae].  Entomophaga 24:  131-38.

 

DeBach, P. & L. C. Argyriou.  1966.  Effects of short-duration sub-optimum pre-oviposition temperatures on progeny production and sex ratio in species of Aphytis (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  Res. Population Ecol. 8:  69-77.

 

DeBach, P. & L. C. Argyriou.  1967.  The colonization and success in Greece of some imported Aphytis spp. (Hym.: Aphelinidae) parasitic on citrus scale insects (Hom.: Diaspididae).  Entomophaga 12:  325-42.

 

DeBach, P. & B. Bartlett.  1951.  Effects of insecticides on biological control of insect pests of citrus.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  372-83.

 

DeBach, P. & B. R. Bartlett.  1964.  Methods of colonization, recovery and evaluation, p. 402-26.  In:  P. DeBach (ed.), Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds.  Reinhold Publ., New York.

 

DeBach, P. & T. W. Fisher.  1956.  Experimental evidence for sibling species in the oleander scale, Aspidiotus hederae (Vallot).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 49:  235-39.

 

DeBach, P. & C. A. Fleschner.  1947.  Biological control of the long-tailed mealybug.  Calif. Citrog. 33:  22-4.

 

DeBach, P. & G. Gordh.  1974.  A new species of Aphytis that attacks important armored scale insects.  Entomophaga 19:  259-66.

 

DeBach, P. & K. S. Hagen.  1964.  Manipulation of entomophagous species.  p. 429-58.  In:  P. DeBach (ed.), Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds.  Chapman & Hall, Ltd., London, England.  844 p.

 

DeBach, P. & C. B. Huffaker.  1971.  Experimental techniques for evaluation of the effectiveness of natural enemies. p. 113-40.  In: C. B. Huffaker (ed.), Biological Control.  Plenum Press, New York.

 

DeBach, P. & J. Landi.  1959a.  California red scale parasites.  Calif. Agr. 13:  9, 13.

 

DeBach, P. & J. Landi.  1959b.  New parasites of California red scale.  Calif. Citrog. 44:  290, 301, 303-04.

 

DeBach, P. & J. Landi.  1959c.  Integrating chemical, biological control by strip treatment.  Calif. Citrog. 44:  324, 345-47, 352.

 

DeBach, P. & J. Landi.  1961a.  Establishment and progress of a new parasite.  Calif. Citrog. 46:  169, 171-71.

 

DeBach, P. & J. Landi.  1961b.  The introduced purple scale parasite, Aphytis lepidosaphes Compere, and a method of integrating chemical with biological control.  Hilgardia 31:  459-97.

 

DeBach, P. & S. V. Rao.  1968.  Transformation of inseminated females of Aphytis lingnanensis into factitious virgins by low-temperature treatment.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 61:  332-37.

 

DeBach, P. & M. Rose.  1976.  Biological control of woolly whitefly.  Calif. Agr. 30(5):  4-7.

 

DeBach, P. & M. Rose.  1977.  Environmental upsets caused by chemical eradication.  Calif. Agr. 31(7):  8-10.

 

DeBach, P. & D. Rosen.  1971.  Biological control of coccids by introduced natural enemies.  In:  C. B. Huffaker (ed.) "Biological Control."  Plenum Press, N.Y.  p. 165-94.

 

DeBach, P. & D. Rosen.  1976.  Armoured scale insects, p. 139-78.  In:  V. L. Delucchi (ed.), Studies in Biological Control.  Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge. 

 

DeBach, P. & D. Rosen.  1982.  Aphytis yanonensis n. sp. (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae), a parasite of Unaspis yanonensis (Kuwana) (Homoptera, Diaspididae).  Kontyu 50:  626-34.

 

DeBach, P. & D. Rosen.  1991.  Biological Control by Natural Enemies, 2nd Ed.; Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, U.K. 448 p.

 

DeBach, P. & P. Sisojevic.  1960.  Some effects of temperature and competition on the distribution and relative abundance of Aphytis lingnanensis and A. chrysomphali.  Ecology 41:  153-60.

 

DeBach, P. & H. S. Smith.  1941a.  The effect of host density on the rate of reproduction of entomophagous parasites.  J. Econ. Ent. 34:  741-45.

 

DeBach, P. & H. S. Smith.  1941b.  Are population oscillations inherent in the host-parasite relation?  Ecology 22:  363-69.

 

DeBach, P. & H. S. Smith.  1947.  Effects of parasite population density on rate of change of host and parasite populations.  Ecology 28:  290-98.

 

DeBach, P. & R. A. Sundby.  1963.  Competitive displacement between ecological homologues.  Hilgardia 34:  105-66.

 

DeBach, P. & S. C. Warner.  1969.  Research on biological control of whiteflies.  Citrograph 54:  301-03.

 

DeBach, P. & E. B. White.  1960.  Commercial mass culture of the California red scale parasite Aphytis lingnanensis.  Calif. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 770.  58 p.

 

DeBach, P. & E. B. White.  1962.  Irradiated parasitic wasps; the effect on progeny production and sex ratio.  J. Heredity 53(6):  271-6.

 

DeBach, P., C. A. Fleschner & E. J. Dietrick.  1948.  Natural control of the California red scale on citrus.  Calif. Citrog. 34: 6, 38-9.

 

DeBach, P., C. A. Fleschner & E. J. Dietrick.  1949a.  Population studies of the long-tailed mealybug and its natural enemies on citrus in southern California, 1947.  J. Econ. Ent. 42:  777-82.

 

DeBach, P., E. J. Dietrick & C. A. Fleschner.  1949b.  A new technique for evaluating the efficiency of entomophagous insects in the field.  J. Econ. Ent. 42:  546.

 

DeBach, P., C. A. Fleschner & E. J. Dietrick.  1949.  California red scale.  Calif. Agr. 3:  12, 14.

 

DeBach, P., C. A. Fleschner & E. J. Dietrick.  1950a.  Studies of the efficacy of natural enemies of citrus red mite in southern California.  J. Econ. Ent. 43:  807-19.

 

DeBach, P., E. J. Dietrick, C. A. Fleschner & T. W. Fisher.  1950b.  Periodic colonization of Aphytis for control of the California red scale.  Preliminary tests, 1949.  J. Econ. Ent. 43:  783-802.

 

DeBach, P., C. A. Fleschner & E. J. Dietrick.  1951a.  A biological check method for evaluating the effectiveness of entomophagous insects.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  736-66.

 

DeBach, P., E. J. Dietrick & C. A. Fleschner.  1951b.  Ants vs. biological control of citrus pests.  Calif. Citrog. 36:  312, 347-48.

 

DeBach, P., C. A. Fleschner & E. J. Dietrick.  1953.  Natural control of the California red scale in untreated citrus orchards in southern California.  7th Pacific Sci. Cong. Proc. (1949) 4:  236-48.

 

DeBach, P., T. W. Fisher & J. Landi.  1955.  Some effects of meteorological factors on all stages of Aphytis lingnanensis, a parasite of the California red scale.  Ecology 36:  743-53.

 

DeBach, P. J. H. Landi & E. B. White.  1955.  Biological control of red scale.  Citrograph 40:  254, 271-72, 274-5.

 

DeBach, P., C. E. Kennett & R. J. Pence.  1958.  Species of Thysanus as primary parasites.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  114-15.

 

DeBach, P., J. Landi & L. Jeppson.  1959.  Integrated control measures.  Calif. Agr. 13:  12, 15.

 

DeBach, P., E. White, R. Orth, S. Warner & R. Morrison.  1960.  Artificial selection of climate-tolerant strains of Aphytis lingnanensis Comp.  Unpub. data, on file at Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of Calif., Riverside.

 

DeBach, P., J. Landi & E. B. White.  1962a.  Biological control of California red scale.  Calif. Citrog. 47:  453-59.

 

DeBach, P., J. Landi & E. B. White.  1962b.  Biological control of California red scale.  Calif. Citrog. 48:  16-20.

 

DeBach, P., J. Landi & E. B. White.  1962c.  Parasites are controlling red scale in southern California citrus.  Calif. Agr. 16(12):  2-3.

 

DeBach, P., D. Rosen & C. E. Kennett.  1971.  Biological control of coccids by introduced natural enemies, p. 165-94.  In:  C. B. Huffaker (ed.), Biological Control.  Plenum Press, New York, London.

 

DeBach, P., C. B. Huffaker & A. W. MacPhee.  1976.  Evaluation of the impact of natural enemies, p. 255-85.  In:  C. B. Huffaker & P. S. Messenger (eds.), Theory and Practice of Biological Control.  Academic Press, New York.  788 p.

 

DeBach, P., R. M. Hendrickson, Jr. & M. Rose.  1978.  Competitive displacement:  Extinction of the yellow scale, Aonidiella citrina (Coq.) (Homoptera: Diaspididae) by its ecological homologue, the California red scale, Aonidiella aurantii (Mask.) in southern California.  Hilgardia 46:  1-35.

 

de Barjac, H.  1978.  Une nouvelle variete de Bacillus thuringiensis tres toxic pour les mostiques:  B. thuringiensis var. israelensis serotype 14.  C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 286D:  797-800.

 

de Barjac, H. & E. Frachon.  1990.  Classification of Bacillus thuringiensis strains.  Entomophaga 35:  233-40.

 

de Beer, G. R.  1940.  Embryology and taxonomy, p. 365-94.  In:  The New Systematics, J. S. Huxley (ed.).

 

Debolt, J.W. 1991.  Behavioral avoidance of encapsulation by Leiophron uniforinis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasitoid of Lygus spp. (Hemiptera: Miridae): Relationship between host age, encapsulating ability, and host acceptance.  Ann. Entomol. Soc. of Amer., 84: 444-446.

 

DeBord, D. V., G. A. Carlson, & R. C. Axtell.  1975a.  Demand for and cost of coastal salt marsh mosquito control.  North Carolina Agric. Expt. Sta. Tech. Bull. 232. 85p.

 

DeBord, D. V., G. A. Carlson, & R. C. Axtell.  1975b.  Economics of coastal mosquito control.  (Abstract).  Proc. 62nd Annu. Mtg. N.J. Mosq. Exterm. Assoc. p. 195-6.

 

DeBuen, E.  1930.  Etude experimentale sur quelques methodes employees dans la lutte contre les larves d'Anopheles.  Soc. de Path. Exot. Bull. 23:  402-07.  (Abs. in Gerberich & Laird, 1966).

 

DeBuen, E. & S. DeBuen.  1922.  Note sull L'acclimatazione della "Gambusia affinis."  Ann d'Ig. (Rome) 32:  281-85.

 

DeCastella, F. & C. French.  1929.  Mealy bug (Dactylopius longispinus), a potential vine pest.  Victoria Dept. Agr. J. 27:  427-33.

 

Decaux, F.  1899.  Destruction rationnelle des insectes qui attaquent les arbres fruitiers par l'emploi simultané des insecticides, des insectes auxiliaires, et par la protection et l'élevage de leurs ennemis naturel les parasites.  J. Soc. Hort. Fr. 22:  158-84.

 

Decker, G. C.  1931.  The biology of the stalk borer, Papaipema nebris (Gn.).  Iowa Agr. Expt. Sta., REs. Bull. 143:  292-351.

 

Decker, G. C.  1962.  Pesticide-wildlife relationships.  Proc. Congr. Coordinated Prog. on Wildlife Management and Mosquito Suppression, Yosemite Nat'l Park, Oct. 15-18, 1962:  1-17.

 

DeCoursey, R. M.  1932.  The feeding habits of the first instar larvae of the cluster fly.  Science 75:  287.

 

de Crouzel, I. S.  1963.  Sobre el control biológico de Grapholitha molesta (Busck) en la Repçblica Argentina.  Rev. Soc. Ent. Argent. 26:  129-31.

 

de Crouzel, I. S.  1971.  Studies on the biological control of diaspidid scales on citrus in Argentina.  Proc. 12th Pac. Sci. Congr. Canberra, Australia 1:  200.

 

Dedryver, C. A.  1978.  Facteurs de limitation des populations d'

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Dedryver, C. A.  1979.  Déclenchement en serre d'une épizootie a Entomophthora fresenii sur Aphis fabae par introduction d'inoculum et regulation de l'humidité relative.  Entomophaga 24:  443-54.

 

Dedryver, C. A.  1981.  Biology of the cereal aphids in the west of France. II. Spatial and temporal distribution, and field pathogenecity of three species of Entomophthoraceae.  Entomophaga 26:  395-400.  [in French].

 

Deeker, W. 1992.  New Rabbit Biological Control Strategiesfor the -90s in Australia.  Venebrate Biocontrol Centre Paper No. 1, CSIRO Pub., East Melbourne, Australia.

 

Deeming, J. C. & L. V. Knutson.  1966.  Ecological notes on some Sphaeroceridea reared from snails, and a description of the puparium of Copromyca (Apterina) Pedestris Meigen (Diptera).  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 68:  108-12.

 

Dees, L. T.  1961.  The mosquitofish Gambusia affinis.  U. S. Bur. Com. Fisheries Fishery Leaflet 525.  6 p.

 

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Dejean, A.  1936.  Adaptation d'Oecophylla longinoda [Formicidae-Formicinae] aux variations spatio-temporelles de la densité de proies.  Entomophaga 36:  29-54.

 

De Klerk, M.-L. and P.M. J.. Ramakers. 1986.  Monitoring population densities of the phytoseiid predator Amblyseius cucumeris and its prey after large scale introductions to control Thrips tabaci on sweet pepper.  Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 51: 1045-1048.

 

Delanoue, P.  1960.  Lachers expérimentaux d'Opius concolor Szepl. en vue de la lutte contre Dacus oleae Gmel. dans les Alpes Maritimes.  C. R. Ac. Agric. Fr. 46:  712-18.

 

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Delanque, P.  1960.  Essai d'elevage artificial permanent d'Opius concolor Szpl. sur un hôte intermediare et lachers experimentaux de ce parasite de Dacus oleae Gmel. dans les Alpes-Maritimes.  Fed. Internatl. Oléic. 10:  10 p.

 

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Delattre, R.  1962.  Note sur les possibilité de lutte autres que les insecticides.  Proc. Intenatl. Symp. Radioisotopes & Radiation Ent. (Bombay, 1960).  p. 267-70.

 

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DeLeon, D.  1935a.  A study of Medetera aldrichii Wh. (Diptera: Dolichopodidae) a predator of the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus monticolae Hopk. (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)).  Ent. Americana (New Series) 15:  59-91.

 

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Delfinado, M. A.  1959.  A survey of rice stem borer parasites in Rizal, Laguna, and Panagasinan.  Philippine Agr. 42:  345-57.

 

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Doutt, R. L.  1964d.  Ecological considerations in chemical control.  Implications to nontarget invertebrates.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 10:  83-8.

 

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Doutt, R. L.  1965b.  New tactics promise grape leafhopper control.  Wines & Vines 46:  28-9.

 

Doutt, R. L.  1966.  Studies of two parasites of olive scale, Parlatoria oleae (Colvee).  I. A taxonomic analysis of parasitic Hymenoptera reared from Parlatoria oleae (Colvee).  Hilgardia 37:  219-31.

 

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Doutt, R. L.  1968.  Biological control of harmful insects and weeds.  Proc. Internatl. Cong. Ent., Moscow, 1968.  p. 117-34.

 

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Doutt, R. L. & K. S. Hagen.  1949.  Periodic colonization of Chrysopa californica as a possible control of mealybugs.  J. Econ. Ent. 42:  560.

 

Doutt, R. L. & K. S. Hagen.  1950.  Biological control measures applied against Pseudococcus maritimus on pears.  J. Econ. Ent. 43:  94-6.

 

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Doutt, R. L. & R. F. Smith.  1971.  The pesticide syndrome-- diagnosis and suggested pro;hylaxis, p. 3-15.  In:  C. B. Huffaker (ed.), Biological Control.  Plenum Press, New York & London.

 

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Dowden, P. B.  1933.  Lydella nigripes and L. piniariae, fly parasites of certain tree-defoliating caterpillars.  J. Agr. Res. 46:  963-95.

 

Dowden, P. B.  1934a.  Recently introduced parasites of three important forest pests.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 27:  599-603.

 

Dowden, P. B.  1934b.  Zenillia libatrix Panzer, a tachinid parasite of the gipsy moth and the brown-tail moth.  J. Agr. REs. 48:  97-114.

 

Dowden, P. B.  1935.  Brachymeria intermedia (Nees) a primary parasite of B. compsilurae (Cwfd.) a secondary parasite of the gypsy moth.  J. Agr. Res. 50:  495-523.

 

Dowden, P. B.  1938.  Rogas unicolor (Wesm.), a braconid parasite of the satin moth.  J. Agr. Res. 56:  523-36.

 

Dowden, P. B.  1939.  Schizonotus sieboldi, an important parasite of the imported willow leaf beetle (Plagiodera versicolora).  J. Agr. Res. 58:  581-92.

 

Dowden, P. B.  1941.  Parasites of the birch leaf-mining sawfly (Phyllotoma nemorata).  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 757.  53 p.

 

Dowden, P. B.  1946.  Parasitization of the oriental moth (Cnidocampa flavescens (Walker)) by Chaetexorista javana B. & B.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 39:  225-41.

 

Dowden, P. B.  1950.  Bees, wasps, ants and parasites.  In:  F. C. Craighead (ed.), Insect Enemies of Eastern Forests.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Misc. Publ. 657:  591-637.

 

Dowden, P. B.  1952.  The importance of coordinating applied control and natural control of forest insects.  J. Econ. Ent. 45:  481-3.

 

Dowden, P. B.  1957.  Biological control of forest insects in the United States and Canada.  J. Forest. 55:  723-6.

 

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