:  <pooled.c.htm>                                                                                                                                                                                         GENERAL INDEX               [Navigate to   MAIN MENU ]

                                                    Several minutes may be required to download this file



Entomology / Biological Pest Control





Please CLICK on SECOND LETTER of Author’s last name:



                      A,    B,    C,    D,    E,    F,    G,    H,    I,    J,    K,    L,    M,    N,    O,    P,    Q,    R,    S,    T,    U,    V,    W,    X,    Y,    Z.


[For Subject Matter, depress Ctrl/F]     Additional references may be found at:  MELVYL Library






Caballero, C. V.  1951.  Notas biológicas y económicas sobre la conchuel anegra (Saissetia oleae).  Agr. Tech. (Santiago, Chile) 11:  54-63.


Cabanillas, E., K.R. Barker, and L.A. Nelson. 1989.  Growth of isolates of Paecilomyces Ulacinus and their efficacy in biocontrol of Meloidogyne incognita on tomato.  J. Nematol., 21: 164-172.


Cabanillas, H.E. and  J. R. Raulston. 1994.  Evaluation of the spatial pattern of Steinernema riobravis in corn plots.J. Nematol., 26: 25-31.


Cabello, G. T. & P. P. Vargas.  1985.  Temperature as a factor influencing the form of reproduction of Trichogramma cordubensis.  Z. angew. Ent. 100:  434-41.


Caccia, R., M. Baillod, E. Guignard, and S. Kreiter. 1985.  Introduction d'une souche de Amblyseius andersoni Chant (Acari, Phytoseiidae) resistant a I'azinphos, dans la lutte contre les acariens phytophages en viticulture.  Revue Suisse Viticulture, Argriculture, et Horticulture, 17: 285-290.


Cadahia, D., G. Demolin & E. Biliotti.  1967.  Meteorus versicolor Wesm. var. decoloratus Ruthe (Hym., Braconidae) parasite nouveau de Thaumetopoea pityocampa Schiff. (Lep., Thaumetopoeidae).  Entomophaga 12:  355-61.


Cade, W.  975.  Acoustically orienting parasitoids:  fly phonotaxis to cricket song.  Science 190:  1312-3.


Cadogan, G.L. and R.D. Scharbach. 1993.  Efficacy of Foray 48B (Bacillus thutingiensis Berliner) applications against the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), timed for phenological development of balsam fir and black spruce.  Canad. Entom., 125: 479-488.


Caffrey, D. J.  1921.  Biology and economic importance of Anastatus semiflavidus, a recently described egg parasite of Hemileuca oliviae.  J. Agr. Res. 21:  373-84.


Caffrey, D. J. & L. H. Worthley.  1927.  A progress report on the investigations of the European corn borer.  USDA Bull. No. 1476.


Cagle, L, R.  1949.  Life history of the two-spotted spider mite.  Va. Agr. Expt. Sta. Tech. Bull. 113.  31 p.


Cai, C., X. Zhang & J. Zhao.  1983.  Studies on the artificial diet for rearing larvae of Chrysopa sinica Tjeder.  Nat. Enemies of Insects 5(2):  82-85.


Cain, A. J.  1953.  Geography, ecology and coexistence in relation to teh biological definition of the species.  Evolution 7:  76-83.


Calderon, M.  1962.  The Bruchidae of Israel.  Riv. Parassitol., Roma 23:  207-16.


Caldwell, A. H.  1949.  Mass rearing Drosophila.  J. Econ. Ent. 42:  707.


Caldwell, L. D. & J. B. Gentry.  1965.  Interactions of Peromyscus and Mus in a one-acre field enclosure.  Ecology 46:  189-92.


Cale, G. H.  1963.  Bee disease up-to-date.  Amer. Bee J. 103:  48.


Cale, G. H.  1965.  Beginning with bees. V. Examination for disease.  Amer. Bee J. 105(8):  291.


Calev, M.  1966.  Les parasites vivant sur le puceron Sphaerolecanium prunastri Fonsc. [Homoptera, Coccidae] et leur importance pour la réduction numérique de celui-ci).  Izv. Zool. Inst., Mus., Sofija 21 (Jun.):  87-96.


Calhoun, E. H.  1953.  Notes on the stages and the biology of Baryodma ontarionis Casey (Coleoptera:  Staphylinidae), a parasite of the cabbage maggot, Hylemya brassicae Bouche (Diptera: Anthomyiidae).  Canad. Ent. 85:  1-8.


California Department of Food and Agriculture.  1990.  Medfly information kit.  Tech. Publ. CDFA, April 30, 1990.


Callan, E. M.  1943.  Natural enemies of the cacao thrips.  Bull. Ent. Res. 34:  313-21.


Callan, E. M.  1948.  Effect of defoliation on reproduction of Cordia macrostachya.  Bull. Ent. Res. 29:  213-15.


Callan, E. M.  1969.  Ecology and insect colonization for biological control.  Proc. Ecol. Soc. Australia 4:  17-31.


Callan, E. M.  1975.  Miridae of the genus Termatophylidea [Hemiptera] as predators of cacao thrips.  Entomophaga 20:  389-92.


Calow, P.  1977.  Conversion efficiencies in heterotrophic organisms.  Biol. Rev. 52:  385-409.


Cals, P.  1964.  Modification dans le mode de vie du parasite Aleochara algarum Fauvel (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) en fonction d'une variation de coincidence phenologique avec son hote Coleopa frigida Fallen (Diptera, Coelopidae).  Bull. Soc. Zool. France 89:  760-66.


Cals, P. & N. Shaumar.  1965.  Biologie et morphologie larvaire comparée de trois Ichneumonides Pimplines.  Ann. Sci. nat., Zool., Biol. Anim., Paris (Sér. 12) 7:  767-90.


Cals-Usciati, J.  1966.  Organisation interne et morphologie du stade larvaire terminal d'Opius concolor [Hym. Braconidae].  Ann. Soc. Ent. France, N.S. 2:  629-40.


Caltagirone, L. E.  1959.  The biology of Pontania pacifica Marlatt (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae), and its parasites and inquilines.  Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, CA.


Caltagirone, L. E.  1964.  Notes on the biology, parasites, and inquilines of Pontania pacifica [Hymenoptera; Tenthredinidae], a leaf-gall incitant on Salix lasiolepis.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 57:  279-91.


Caltagirone, L. E.  1965.  A new Phanerotoma from California [Hymenoptera: Braconidae].  Pan Pacific Ent. 41:  17-20.


Caltagirone, L. E.  1981.  Landmark examples in classical biological control.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 26:  213-32.


Caltagirone, L. E.  1985.  Identifying and discriminating among biotypes of parasites and predators, p. 189-200.  In:  M. A. Hoy & D. C. Herzog (eds.), Biological Control in Agricultural IPM Systems.  Academic Press, Orlando.


Caltagirone, L. E. & R. L. Doutt.  1989.  The history of the vedalia beetle importation to California and its impact on the development of biological control.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 34:  1-16.


Caltagirone, L. E. & C. B. Huffaker.  1980.  Benefits and risks of using predators and parasites for controlling pests.  Ecol. Bull. (Stolkholm) 31:  103-09.


Caltagirone, L. E., K. P. Shea & G. L. Finney.  1964.  Parasites to aid control of navel orangeworm.  Calif. Agr. 18(1):  10-12.


Calvert, D. J.  1970.  Host specificity of Monoctonus paulensis a parasite of certain dactynotine aphids.  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Calif., Berkeley.


Calvert, D.  1973.  Experimental host preference of Monoctonus paulensis, including a hypothetical scheme of host selection.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 66:  28-33. 


Calvert, D. J. & C. B. Huffaker.  1974.  Predator (Metaseiulus occidentalis) - prey (Pronematus spp.) interactions under sulfur and cattail pollen applications in a non-commercial vineyard.  Entomophaga 19:  361-69.


Calvert, D. J. & R. van den Bosch.  1972.  Host range and specificity of Monoctonus paulensis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasite of certain dactynotine aphids.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  422-32.


Calwell, J. S. 1938. The jumping plant lice of Ohio (Homoptera, Chermidae). Ohio BioI. Surv. Bull., 6(5):229-281; 11 pl.


Camargo, F. C.  1937.  Notas taxonómicas e biológicas sobre algunos coccinellideos do género Neocalvia Crotch, predadores de larvas do género Psyllobora Chevrolat (Col. Coccinellidae).  Rev. de Ent. 7:  362-77.


Camazine, S.  1986.  Differential reproduction of the mite, Varroa jacobsoni, on Africanized and European honey bees.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 79:  801-03.


Camazine, S.  1988.  Hymenopteran stings:  reactions, mechanisms, and medical treatment.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 34:  17-21.

Camazine, S. & R. A. Morse.  1988.  The Africanized honeybee.  Amer. Sci. 76:  464-71.


Camerano, L.  1914.  Le reunioni della Coccinella.  Zeit. f. Wissensc. Insektenbiol. 10(5):  187-89.


Cameron, E.  1935.  A study of the natural control of ragwort (Senecio jacobaea L.).  J. Ecol. 23:  265-322.


Cameron, E.  1938.  A study of the natural control of the pea moth, Cydia nigricana Steph.  Bull. Ent. Res. 29:  277-313.


Cameron, E.  1939.  The holly leaf-miner (Phytomyza ilicis Curt.) and its parasites.  Bull. Ent. Res. 30:  173-208.


Cameron, E.  1941.  The biology and post-embryonic development of Opius ilicis n. sp., a parasite of the holly leaf-miner (Phytomyza ilicis Curt.).  Parasitol. 33:  8-39.


Cameron, E.  1950.  The biology and economic importance of Alomya debellator (F.), a remarkable parasite of the swift moth, Hepialus lupulinus (L.).  Bull. Ent. Res. 41:  429-38.


Cameron, E.  1951.  On the identity of an ichneumonid parasite of Hepialus lupulinus (L.).  Bull. Ent. Res. 41:  637.


Cameron, E.  1955.  On the parasites and predators of the cockroach. I.  Tetrastichus hagenowii (Ratz.).  Bull. Ent. Res. 46:  137-47.


Cameron, E.  1957.  Of the parasites and predators of the cockroach.  II.  Evania appendigaster (L.).  Bull. Ent. Res. 48:  199-209.


Cameron, E. A.  1962.  Some Dioryctria spp. [Lepidoptera; Pyralidae: Phycitinae] and parasites recorded from North America.  Tech. Bull. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 2:  77-81.


Cameron, E. A.  1973.  Disparlure:  a potential tool for gypsy moth population manipulation.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 19:  15-19.


Cameron, E. A., C. P. Schwalbe, M. Beroza & E. F. Knipling.  1974. Disruption of gypsy moth mating with microencapsulated disparlure.  Science 183:  972-73.


Cameron, J. W. M.  1956.  Insect pathology, p. 313-15.  In:  R. Glen (ed.), Entomology in Canada up to 1956.  Canad Ent. 88:  290-371.


Cameron, J. W. M.  1963a.  Factors affecting the use of microbial pathogens in insect control.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 8:  265-86.


Cameron, J. W. M.  1963b.  How useful is the basic research program in insect pathology to economic entomology.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Ontario 93:  7-16.


Cameron, J. W. M.  1969.  Problems and prospects in the use of pathogens in insect control.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Ontario (1968):  73-9.


Cameron, J. W. M.  1973.  Insect pathology, p. 285-306.  In:  Smith, R. F., T. H. Mittler & C. N. Smith (eds.), History of Entomology.  Annu. Reviews, Inc., Palo Alto, CA.


Cameron, J. W. M. & MacBain.  1973.  Insect pathology, p. 285-306.  In:  R. F. Smith, T. E. Mittler & C. N. Smith (eds.), A History of Entomology.  Annu. Rev. Inc., Palo Alto, California.


Cameron, P. J. & F. O. Morrison.  1977.  Analysis of mortality in the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Quebec.  Canad. Ent. 109:  769-88.


Cameron, P.J., R.L. Hill, J. Bain, and W.P. Thomas. 1989.  A Review. of Biological Control Of Invertebrate Pests and Weeds in New Zealand 1847-1987.  Commonw. Agric. Bureaux Inst. of Biological Control, Tech. Commun. No. 10, Wallingford, U.K.


Cameron, P.J., W. Powell, and H.D. Loxdale. 1984.  Reservoirs for APhidius M4 Haliday (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae), aPolyphagous parasitoid of cereal aphids (Homoptera:   Aphididae).  Bull. of Entomological Res., 74: 647-656.


Cameron, R. A. D. & M. Redfern.  1974.  A simple study in ecological energetics using a gall-fly and its insect parasites.  J. Biol. Educ. 8:  75-82.


Camors, F. B., Jr. & T. L. Payne.  1971.  Response in Heydenia unica to Dendroctonus frontalis pheromones and a host-tree terpene.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  31-3.


Camors, F. B., Jr. & T. L. Payne.  1973.  Sequence of arrival of entomophagous insects to trees infested with the southern pine beetle.  Environ. Ent. 2:  267-70.


Campadelli, G. & M. L. Dindo.  1987.  Recenti progressi nello studio delle diete artificiali per l'allevamento di insetti entomologi parassiti.  Boll. Ent. Bologna 42:  101-18.


Campbell, A. & M. Mackauer.  1973.  Some climatic effects on the spread and abundance of two parasites of the pea aphid in British Columbia (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae-- Homoptera: Aphididae).  Z. angew. Ent. 74:  47-55.


Campbell, A. & M. Mackauer.  1975.  The effect of parasitism by Aphidius smithi (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) on reproduction and population growth of the pea aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae).  Canad. Ent. 107:  919-26.


Campbell, A., B. D. Frazier, N. Gilbert, A. P. Gutierrez & M. Mackauer.  1974.  The temperature requirements of some aphids and their parasites.  Canad. Ent. 107:  419-23.


Campbell, A. et al.  1974.  Temperature requirements of some aphids and their parasites.  J. Applied Ecology 11:  431-38.  [Last paragraph addresses why some parasitoids may be incapable of controlling their hosts].


Campbell, B. C. & S. S. Duffey.  1979.  Tomatine and parasitic wasps:  potential incompatibility of plant antibiosis with biological control.  Science 205:  700-02.


Campbell, C. A. M.  1977.  A laboratory evaluation of Anthocorus nemorum and A. nemoralis [Hem.: Anthocoridae] as predators of Phorodon humuli [Hom.: Aphididae].  Entomophaga 22:  309-14.


Campbell, C. A. M.  1978.  Regulation of the Damson-hop aphid (Phorodon humuli [Schrank]) on hops (Humulus lupulus Linnaeus) by predators.  J. Hort. Sci. 53:  235-42.


Camphell, C.L. and D.C. Sands. 1992.  Testing the effects of microbial agents on plants, pp. 689-705.  In:Levin, M.A., Rj.  Seidler, and M. Rogul, (eds.). Microbial Ecologv, Principles, Methods and Applications.  McGraw-Hill, New York. 


Camphell, C.L., G.P. Markin, and M.W. Johnson. 1994.  Determination of the fate of the biological control agents, Cyanotricha necyia (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae [Dioptinael) and PyraustaPerelegans (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), on banana poka (Passiflora mollissima) on the Big Island of Hawaii.  Proc. of the Hawaii. Entomol. Soc., 32: 123-130.


Campbell, F. L. & F. R. Moulton.  1943.  Laboratory procedures in studies of the chemical control of insects.  Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci. Publ. No. 20.  206 p.


Campbell, K. G.  1963.  The biology of Roeselia lugens (Walk.), the gum-leaf skeletonizer moth, with particular reference to the Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. (river red gum) forests of the Murray Valley region.  Proc. Linnean Soc. New South Wales 87:  316-38.


Campbell, M. M.  1975.  Establishing Aphytis melinus in citrus orchards by a new simple method.  J. Aust. Inst. Agr. Sci. 41:  42-53.


Campbell, M. M.  1976.  Colonization of Aphytis melinus DeBach [Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae] in Aonidiella aurantii (Mask.) [Homoptera: Coccidae] on citrus in South Australia.  Bull. Ent. Res. 65:  659-68.


Campbell, R. 1985.  Plant Microbiol..  Edward Arnold, London.


Campbell, R. 1989.  Biological Control of Microbial Plant Pathogens.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. Camphell, R.W. and TR.  Torgersen. 1983.  Compensatory mortality in defoliator population dynamics.  Environ.Entomol., 12: 630-632.


Campbell, R. E.  1926.  The pea aphid in California.  J. Agr. Res. 32:  861-81.


Campbell, R. E. & W. M. Davidson.  1924.  Notes on aphidophagous Syrphidae of southern California.  Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci. 23:  3-9, 59-71.


Campbell, R. W., T. R. Torgensen & R. C. Beckwith.  1982.  Disappearing pupae:  A source of possible error in estimating population density.  Environ. Ent. 11:  105-06.


Campbell, J. B., D. J. Boxler, J. I. Shugart, D. C. Clanton & R. Crookshank.  1981.  Effects of house flies on weight gains and feed efficiency on yearling heifers on finishing rations.  J. Econ. Ent. 74:  94-5.


Campbell, J. B., I. L. Berry, D. J. Boxler, R. L. Davis, D. C. Clanton & G. H. Deutscher.  1987.  Effects of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on weight gain and feed efficiency of feedlot cattle.  J. Econ. Ent. 80:  117-19.


Campbell, R. W.  1963.  The role of disease and desiccation in the population dynamics of the gypsy moth Porthetria dispar (L.) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae).  Canad. Ent. 956:  426-34.


Campbell, R. W. & J. D. Podgwaite.  1971.  The disease complex of the gypsy moth. I. Major components.  J. Invertebr. Path. 18:  101-07.


Campbell, T. F.  1938.  Recent investigations on the buffalo fly (Lyperosia exigua de Meijere) and its parasites in North Australia.  Austral. Council Sci. & Indus. Res. J. 11:  77-82.


Campbell, T. G.  1938.  Recent investigations on the buffalo fly (Lyperosia exigua de Meijere) and its parasites in North Australia.  J. Counc. Sci. Ind. Res. Aust. 11:  77-82.


Campbell, T. F.  1943.  Introduction of scale parasites from California.  Austral. Council Sci. & Indus. Res. J. 16:  41-2.


Campinera, J. L. & J. H. Lilly.  1975.  Tetrastichus asparagi, parasitoid of the asparagus beetle:  some aspects of host-parasitoid interaction.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 68:  595-96.


Campion, D. G.  1967.  Chemosterilization of the red bollworm (Diparopis castanea) by mutagenic agents.  Nature 214:  1031-32.


Campion, D. G.  1972.  Insect chemosterilants:  a review.  Bull. Ent. Res. 61:  577-635.


Campion, D. G. & I. Outram.  1967.  Factors affecting male probing activity of the red bollworm Diparopsis castanea (Hmps.) in relation to sterility induced by tris (l-aziridinyl) phosphine oxide (tepa).  Ann. Appl. Biol. 60:  191-98.


Campos, M. & R. Gonzales.  1990.  Influence of breeding conditions on longevity and fecundity of Raphitelus maculatus [Hym.: Pteromalidae] reared under standard laboratory conditions.  Entomophaga 35:  411-20.


Campos M. & P. Ramos.  1982.  Ageniaspis fuscicollis praysincola Silv. (Hym.: Encyrtidae), a parasite of Prays olease Bern. (Lep.: Hyponomeutidae) in Granada.  Boll. Assoc. Española Ent. 4:  63-71.


Campos-Novaes, J. de.  1922.  A Prospaltella berlesei How., parasita de Diaspis pentagona Targ.  Bol. Agr. (Sao Paulo) 23:  343-66.


Campos-Palomino, J.  9165.  Investigaciones sobre el control biológico del "cogollero" del maiz, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) y otros noctuideos.  Rev. Peruana Ent. 8(1):  126-31.


Can, E.  Laboratoriums-Untersuchungen zum Vermehrungs potential von Hadronotus carinatus Masner i.l. (Proct. Telen.).  Zeit. angew. Ent. 45:  411-14.


Canada Dept. Agr. Res. Institute.  1962.  Res. Rept. 1960-61.  28 p.


Canada Dept. Agr. Res. Institute.  1964.  Res. Rept., 1962-63.  35 p.


Canada Dept. Agr. Res. Institute.  1966.  Res. Rept., 1964-65.  32 p.


Canada Dept. Agr. Res. Institute.  1967.  Res. Rept., 1966.  19 p.


Canada Entom. Res. Inst. for Biol. Contr., Canada Dept. Agr. Res. Rept. 1956-59.  44 p.


Canada.  1990.  Plant Protection Act, Statues of Canada 1990.  Chapter 22, Bill C-67.  25 p.


Canard, M.  1958.  Recherches sur la morphologie et la biologie de la cochenille Eulecanium corni Bouche (Homopteres-Coccoidea).  Ann. Ecole nat. super. agron., Toulouse 6:  187-267.


Canard, M.  1970.  Incidence de la valeur alimentaire de divers pucerons (Homoptera: Aphididae) sur le potential de multiplication de Chrysopa perla (L.) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae).  Ann. Zool. Ecol. Anim. 2:  345-55.


Candolle, A. P. de.  1855.  Geographique Botanique ou Exposition des Faits Principaux et des lois Concernant la Distribution Géographique des Plantes de l'époque Actuelle.  2 Vol. .  Paris-Geneve: Raisonee.


Candura, C. S.  1928.  Contributo alla conoscenza della Tignola grignia della proviste alimentari (Ephestia kuehniella), e del suo parassiti Nemeriti9s canescens Grav.  Portici R. Scuola Super. di Agr. Lab. Zool. Gen e Agr. Bol. 21:  149-215.


Candura, G. S.  1932.  (A contribution to the knowledge of the morphology and biology of Tenebroides mauritanicus L.).  Boll. Lab. Zool. Portici 27:  1-56.


Canizo, J. del.  1957.  Parásitos de la langosta en España. II. Los Trichodes (Col. Cleridae).  Bol. Pat. Veg. Ent. Agric., Madrid (1955-56) 22:  297-312.


Cankov, G.  1964.  The use of certain entomophagous insects in the biological control of the European pine shoot moth.  Gorskostop. Nauka 1(2):  61-70.  [in Bulgarian].


Canning, E. U.  1953.  A new microsporidian, Nosema locustae n. sp., from the fat body of the African migratory locust, Locusta migratoria migratorioides R. & F.  Parasitol. 43:  287-90.


Canning, E. U.  1964.  Observations on the life history of Mattesia trogodermae sp. n., a schizogregarine parasite of the fat body of the khapra beetle, Trogoderma granarium Everts.  J. Insect Path. 6:  305-17.


Canning, E. U.  1981.  Insect control with Protozoa, p. 201-16.  In:  G. C. Papavizas (ed.), Biological Control in Crop Production.  Beltsville Symp. in Agr. Res. 5.  Totowa: Allanheld, Osmun.


Canning, E. U.  1982.  An evaluation of protozoal characteristics in relation to the biological control of pests.  Parasitol. 84:  119-49.


Canovas, C.  1940.  La lucha biológica contra Ceratitis capitata Wied, y orientaciones para su applicación en España.  Bol. Patol. Veg. Ent. Agr. 9:  72-106.


Cantelo, W. W., A. H. Baumhover, T. J. Henneberry & J. S. Smith, Jr.  1973.  Attempted suppression of the tobacco hornworm with sterile males.  Environ. Ent. 2:  48-54.

Cantwell, G. E.  1967.  Inactivation of biological insecticides by irradiation.  J. Invetebr. Path. 9: 138-40.


Canto-Saenz, M. and R. Kaltenbach. 1984.  Effect of some fungicides on Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson. Proc. of the First International Congress of Nematology, Guelph, Canada, 1: 13-14.


Cantwell, G. E. (ed.).  1974.  Insect Diseases, Vol. I.  Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.


Cantwell, G. E. (ed.).  1974.  Insect Diseases, Vol. II.  Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.


Cantwell, G. E. & M. Laird.  1966.  The World Health Orgfanization kit for the collection and shipment of pathogens and parasites of diseased vectors.  J. Inveretebr. Path. 8:  442-51.


Cantwell, G. E. and T. Lehnen. 1979.  Lack of effect of certain microbial insecticides on the honeybee.  J. Invertebr. Pathol., 33: 381-382.


Canzanelli, A.  1937.  Il Dermestes lardarius L.  Boll. Sez. Ent. Oss. Fitopat. Milano 6(1934-35): 19-65.


Capdeville, C. C.  1945.  Plagas de la agricultura en Chile.  Imprenta Pacífico, Valparaíso.  355 p.


Capecki, Z.  1963.  Perniphora robusta Ruschka (Pteromalidae, Hymenoptera) and Ipideurytoma spessivtsevi Bouch. et nov. (Eurytomidae, Hymenoptera), parasites of Trypodendron lineatum Ol. (Scolytidae, Coleoptera) in Poland.  Ekol. Polska 11(12):  303-08.


Capek, M.  1959.  Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Zwischenwirte der parasitischen Insekten von Eichenschädlingen (Lepidoptera) in der Slowakei.  Vehr. 4. Int. Pfl. schutz. Kongr. (Hamburg 1957) 1:  999-1001.


Capek, M.  1960.  Verzeichnis der Parasiten, die aus schädlichen Insekten an Vulh in Banksa Stiavnica erzogen wurgen.  I. Wirte der Brackwespen.--Braconidae (Hymenoptera).  Vedecke Prace Vyskumn. Ustavu Lesn. Hospod. Banksej Stiavnici 1:  199-212.


Capek, M.  1961.  Naturliche Feinde der Tannenlepidopteren mit besonderer Berucksichtigung der Parasiten.  Vydavatel'stvo Slov. Akad. Vied.  158 p.


Capek, M.  1961.  Zur Kenntnis der Raupenparasiten des Tannenknospenwicklers Epinotia nigricana H.S.  Zeit. angew. Ent. 48(1):  75-93.


Capek, M.  1961.  Verzeichnis der Parasiten, die aus schädlichen Insekten an der Forschungsanstalt der Forstwirtschaft in B. Štiavnica erzogen wurden.  Teil II-- Wirte der Tachinen-- Tachinidae [Diptera].  Vedecké Práce VULH, Banská Štiavnica 2:  233-40.  [in Czech].


Capek, M.  1962.  Synparasitische Beziehungen der Tannenlepidopteren in der Slowakei.  Proc. 11th Intern. Cong. Ent. Vienna (1960) 2:  706-11.


Capek, M.  1963.  Verzeichnis der Parasiten, die aus schädlichen Insekten an VLUH in Banská Štiavnica erzogen wurden.  Teil III-- Wirte von Ichneumoniden (Ichneumonidae), Chalcididen (Chalcidoidea), Proctotrupiden (Proctotrupoidea) und Bethyliden (Bethylidae) [Hym.].  Vedecké Práce VUHL, Banská Štiavnica 4:  239-72.  [in Czech].


Capek, M.  1963.  Neuere Kenntnisse aus der Bionomie der Raupenparasiten von Choristoneura murinana Hb. und Epinotia nigricana H.S. (Lep., Tortricidae).  Zeit. angew. Ent. 51:  137-41.


Capek, M.  1965.  The classification of Braconidae (Hym.) in relation to host specificity.  Proc 12th Intern. Cong. Ent. London:  98-99.


Capek, M.  1967.  Zur Frage der Verwendungsmöglichkeiten von Entomophagen in der Biologischen Schädlingsbekämpfung, p. 179-204.  In:  Fragen des Forstschutzes in der Slowakei.  Otazky Ochrany Lesov na Slovensku, Vyd. Slov. Akad. Vied, Bratislava.  [in Slovak].


Capek, M.  1969.  An attempt at a natural classification of the family Braconidae, based on various unconventional characters (Hymenoptera).  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 71:  304-12.


Capek, M.  1970.  A new classification of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera) based on the cephalic structures of the final instar larva and biological evidence.  Canad. Ent. 102:  846-75.


Capek, M.  1971.  Results of experiments with the introduction of egg parasites of Lymantria dispar into Slovakia.  Les. Casop. 17:  127-37.


Capek, M. & H. Zwölfer.  1957.  Apanteles murinanae nov. spec. (Braconidae, Hym.) ein neuer Parasit des Tannentriebwicklers.  Mitt. Schweiz. Ent. Gesells. 30(2):  119-26.


Capener, A. N.  1938.  Notes on a spider parasite believed to be Colpomeria quadrisculpta Gr. (Hym., Ichn.).  Soc. Br. Ent. J. 1(8):  209-10.


Capilo, M.A., M.A. Hoy, and B.E. Tabashnik. 1991.  Model for implementing a genetically improved strain of a parasitoid.  Amer. Entomologist, 37: 232-239.


Capinera, John L.(Editor). 2008. Encyclopedia of Entomology, (2nd Ed). Springer Reference. ISBN 1402062427, ISBN 9781402062421.


Capinera, J.L., S.L. Blue, and G.S. Wheeler. 1982.  Survival of earthworms exposed to Neoaplectana carpocapsae nematodes.  Joumal of Invertebrate Pathol., 39: 419-421.


Capinera,J.L., D. Pelissier, G.S. Menout, and N.D. Epsky. 1988.  Control of black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with entomogenous nematodes (Nematoda: Steinemematidae, Heterorhabditidae).  J. Invertebr. Pathol., 52: 427-435.


Cappaert, D. L., F. A. Drummond & P. A. Logan.  1991.  Incidence of natural enemies of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata [Col.: Chrysomelidae] on a native host in Mexico.  Entomophaga 36:  369-78.


Capper, A.L. and R. Camphell. 1986.  The effect of artificially inoculated antagonist bacteria on the prevalence of take-all disease of wheat in field experiments.  J. Applied Bacteriology, 60: 155-160.


Capra, F.  1947.  Notes on Coccinellidae (Col.) III.  The larva and the pollen diet of Bulaea lichatschovi Hummel.  Soc. Ent. Ital. Mem. 26 (Supp.):  80-86.  [in Italian].


Caprio, M A; Hoy, M A.  1994.   Metapopulation dynamics affect resistance development in the predatory mite, Metaseiulus occidentalis (Acari: Phytoseiidae). J. of Economic Entomol., v.87, n.3, (1994): 525-534.


Caprio, M A; Hoy, M A.  1995.  Premating isolation in a simulation model generates frequency-dependent selection and alters establishment rates of resistant natural enemies. J. of Economic Entomol., v.88, n.2, (1995): 205-212.


Caprio, M. A., M. A. Hoy & B. E. Tabashnik.  1991.  A model for implementing a genetically-improved strain of the parasitoid Trioxys pallidus Haliday (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae).  Amer. Ent. 34(4):  232-39.


Carayon, J.  1961.  Quelques remarques sur les Hemipteres-Heteropteres: Leur importance comme insectes auxiliaires et les possibilites de leur utilisation dans la lutte Biologique.  Entomophaga 6:  133-41.


Cardé, R. T., W. L. Roelofs & C. C. Doane.  1973.  Natural inhibitor of the gypsy moth sex attractant.  Nature 241:  474-75.


Cardie, R.T and Hai-Poong Lee. 1989.  Effect of experience on the responses of the parasitoid Brachymeria intermedia (Hymenoptera:Chalcididae) to its host, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) and to kairomone.  Ann. Entomol. Soc. ofamerica, 82: 653-657.


Cardinale, B.J., Harvey, C.T., Gross, K. and Ives, A.R.  2003.  Biodiversity and biocontrol: emergent impacts of a multi-enemy assemblage on pest suppression and crop yield in an agroecosystem. Ecology Letters 6 (9), 857-865.


Cardona, C.  1970.  The biology of Apanteles dignus Muesebeck (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a primary parasite of the tomato pinworm.  M.S. Thesis, Univ. Calif. Riverside.  64 p.


Caresche, L. & A. Wapshere.  1974.  Biology and host specificity of the Chondrilla gall mite Aceria chondrillae.  Bull. Ent. Res. 64:  183-92.


Carey, J. R.  1982.  Demograph and population dynamics for the Mediterranean fruit fly.  Ecol. Modeling 16:  125-50.


Carey, J. R.  1984.  Host specific demographic studies of the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata).  Ecol. Ent. 9:  261-70.


Carey, J. R.  1989.  The multiple decrement life table:  a unifying framework for cause-of-death analysis in ecology.  Oecologia 78:  131-37.


Carey, J. R. 1993.  Applied Demography for Biologists, with Special Emphasis on Insects.  Oxford University Press, New York.


Carey, J.R. 1989.  The multiple decrement life table: a unifying framework for cause-of-death analysis in ecology. Oecologia, 78: 131-137.


Carey, J. R. & R. V. Dowell.  1989.  Exotic fruit fly pests and California agriculture.  Calif. Agr. 43(3):  38-40.


Carl, K. P.  1962.  Graminaceous moth borers in West Pakistan.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Bull. 2:  29-76. 


Carl, K. P.  1968.  Thymelicus lineola (Lepidoptera: Hesperidae) and its parasites in Europe.  Canad. Ent. 100:  785-801.


Carl, K. P.  1975.  An Entomophthora sp. [Entomophthorales: Entomophthoracae] pathogenic to Thrips spp. [Thysan.: Thripidae] and its potential as a biological control agent in glasshouses.  Entomophaga 20:  381-88.


Carl, K. P.  1979.  The importance of cultural measures for the biological control of the cereal leaf beetle Oulema melanopus (Co. Chrysomelidae).  Mitt. Schweiz. Ent. Ges. 52: 443.


Carl, K. P.  1982.  Biological control of native pests by introduced natural enemies.  Commonw. Ins. Biol. Contr., Biocontrol  News & Info. 3(3):  191-200.


Carle, P.  1965.  Relation alimentaire entre Malacocoris chlorizans Pz. [Hémipt. Héteropt. Miridae] et Scaphoideus littoralis Ball. [Hémipt. Homopt. Jassidae] sur les Vitis de sud-ouest de la France.  Rev. Zool. Agric. Appl. 64:  72-8.


Carlisle, D. B. & P. E. Ellis.  1968.  Bracken and locust ecdysones:  Their effects on molting in the desert locust.  Science 159:  1472-74.


Carlson, R. B. & J. W. Butcher.  1967.  Biology and behavior of Zimmerman pine moth, Dioryctria zimmermani, in Michigan.  Canad. Ent. 99:  529-36.


Carlson, R. E. & H. C. Chiang.  1973.  Reduction of Ostrinia nubilalis population by predatory insects attracted by sucrose sprays.  Entomophaga 18:  205-11.


Carlton, B.C., C. Gawron-Burke, and T.B. Johnson. 1990.  Exploiting the genetic diversity of Bacillus thutingiensis  for the creation of new bioinsecticides, pp. 18-22.  In:Vth International Colloquium on Invertebrate Pathol. and Microbial Control.  Adelaide, Australia, 20-24 August, 1990.


Carman, G. E. & P. DeBach.  1967.  A rational approach to insect control.  SPAN 10:  16-18.


Carmin, J. & D. Scheikin.  1934.  The red scale in Palestine.  Bull. Soc. Roy. Ent. Egypte 1934:  242-74.


Carner, G. R. & S. G. Turnipseed.  1977.  Potential of a nuclear polyhedrosis virus for control of the velvetbean caterpillar in soybean.  J. Econ. Ent. 70:  608-10.


Carne, P. B.  1969.  On the population dynamics of the eucalypt-defoliating sawfly Perga affinis Kirby (Hymenoptera).  Austral. J. Zool. 17:  113-41.


Carnegie, A. J. M.  1966.  The progress of an untreated outbreak of Numicia viridis Muir.  So. Afr. Sugar Tech. Assoc. Proc. March, 1966.  8 p.


Carnes, E. K.  1912a.  Collecting ladybirds (Coccinellidae) by the ton.  Calif. State Hort. Comm. Mon. Bull. 1:  71-81.


Carnes, E. K.  1912b.  An explanation of the hibernating habits of Hippodamia convergens.  Calif. Comn. Hort. Mon. Bull. 1:  177-188.


Carolin, V. M. & W. K. Coulter.  1959.  The occurrence of insect parasites of Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) in Washington.  J. Econ. Ent. 52(4):  550-55.


Carpenter, F. M. 1931 a. Revision of nearctic Mecoptera. Bull. Harvard Univ. Mus. Compo Zool., 72:205-277; 5 pl.

Carpenter, F. M. 1931 b. The biology of the Mecoptera. [Psyche, 38(2): 41-55.


Carpenter, F. M. 1936. Revision of the nearctic Raphidiodea (recent and fossil). Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. Sci., 71(2):89-157; 25 f., 13textf.

Carpenter, F. M. 1940. A revision of the nearctic Hemerobiidae, Berothidae, Sisyridae, Polystoechotidae, and Dilaridae (Neuroptera). Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci., 74(7):193-280; 103 f.

Carpenter, F. M. 1951. The structure and relationships of Oliarces (Neuroptera). Psyche, 58:32-41; 3 f.


Carpenter, G. D. H.  1930.  Psammocharidae (Pompilidae) and Sphecidae.  Collected records of their different methods of filling in the stocked burrow.  Trans. Ent. Soc. London 78:  283-08.


Carpenter, G. D. H.  1942.  Note on the bionomics of the sphegid wasp Dasyproctus bipunctatus Lepeletier (Hym.).  Roy. Ent. Soc. London Proc. Ser. A: Gen. Ent. 17(4-6):  48.


Carpenter, G. H. & D. R. Beresford.  1903.  The relationship of Vespa austriaca to Vespa rufa.  Ent. Mo. Mag. 39:  230-42.


Carpenter, J. M.  1944.  The effect of population density on the productivity of the parasite Microbracon mellitor Say (Hymenoptera, Braconidae).  Proc. Tex. Acad. Sci. 27(1943) p. 69-70.


Carpenter, S. J., & W. J. La Casse. 1955. Mosquitoes of North America (North of Mexico). Berkeley: Univ. California Press, vii + 360 pp., 127 pl.


Carpenter, S. R.  1981.  Effect of control measures on pest populations subject to regulation by parasites and pathogens.  J. Theor. Biol. 92:  181-84.


Carpentier, F.  1939.  Sur le parasitisme de la deuxieme forme larvaire d'Euxenos laboulbenei Peyer.  Soc. Ent. Belg. Bull. et Ann. 79:  451-68.

Carrick, R.  1963.  Ecological significance of territory in the Australian magpie Gymporhina tibicens.  Proc. 13th Int. Ornithol. Congr.  p. 740-53.


Carrillo, J. L., A. Ortega & J. Rodriguez.  1963/1964.  Sterilizing effect of gamma rays and "apholate" compound on the Mexican bean beetle.  Agric. Tech. Mex. 11:  168-75.  [in Spanish].


Carrillo, S., J. L. & L. E. Caltagirone.  1970.  Observations on the biology of Solierella peckhami, S. blaisdelli (Sphecidae) and two species of Chrysididae (Hymenoptera).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer 63:  672-81.


Carrillos, J. L.  1967.  Larval stages in Solierella blaiselli (Bridwell) and S. peckhami (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae).  Pan-Pacific Ent 43:  201-03.


Carrion, F. M.  1940.  La lucha contra la Laspeyresia molesta (Busck) en el Uruguay.  Assoc. de Ingen. Agron. Rev. 12:  7-13.


Carroll, C. R.  1978.  Beetles, parasitoids and tropical morning glories:  a study in host discrimination.  Econ. Ent. 3:  79-86.


Carroll, C. R. & S. J. Risch.  1983.  Tropical annual cropping systems:  ant ecology.  Environ. Manag. 7:  51-7.


Carroll, D. P. & S. C. Hoyt.  1984a.  Natural enemies and their effects on apple aphid colonies on young apple trees in central Washington.  Environ. Ent. 13:  469-81.


Carroll, D. P. & S. C. Hoyt.  1984b.  Augmentation of European earwigs (Dermaptera: Forficulidae) for biological control of apple aphid (Homoptera: Aphidae) in an apple orchard.  J. Econ. Ent. 77:  738-40.


Carroll, D. P. & S. C. Hoyt.  1985.  The role of unsuccessful parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Aphididae) in biological control of the apple aphid, Aphis pomi (Homoptera: Aphidae) and their hosts and habitats in north central Washington.  Environ. Ent. 14: __ __.


Carroll, D. P. & S. C. Hoyt.  1986. Hosts and habitats of parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) implicated in biological control of apple aphid (Homoptera: Aphidae).  Environ. Ent. 15:  1171-78.


Carruthers, R. I. & K. Hural.  1990.  Fungi as naturally occurring entomopathogens, p. 115-38.  In:  R. R. Baker & P. E. Dunn (eds.), New Directions in Biological Control:  Alternatives For Suppressing Agricultural Pests and Diseases.  Alan R. Liss, New York.


Carruthers, R. I.  and J.K. Petroff, editors.  1996.. Invitational Workshop on USDA Activities in Biological Control (1996 : Riverdale, Prince George's County, Md., and Washington, D.C.)  Proc. of the Invitational Workshop on USDA Activities in Biological Control : Riverdale, Maryland, and Washington, D.C., October 8-11, 1996, Beltsville, MD : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service ; Springfield, VA : May be  purchased from the National Technical Information Service, [1997].


Carruthers, R. I.  and J.K. Petroff, editors. 1997. Invitational Workshop on USDA Activities in Biological Control (1996 : Riverdale, Prince George's County, Md., and Washington, D.C.)  Proc. of the Invitational Workshop on USDA Activities in BiologicalControl : Riverdale, Maryland, and Washington, D.C., October 8-11, 1996 /Beltsville, MD : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service ; Springfield, VA : May bepurchased from the National Technical Information Service


Carruthers, R. I. & R. S. Soper.  1987.  Fungal diseases, p. 357-416.  In:  J. R. Fuxa & Y. Tanada (eds.), Epizootiology of Insect Diseases.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.


Carson, H. L.  1955.  The genetic characteristics of marginal populations of Drosophila.  Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 20:  276-86.


Carson, H. L.  1959.  Genetic conditions which promote or retard the formation of species.  Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 24:  87-104.


Carson, H. L.  1965.  Chromosomal morphism in geographically widespread species of Drosophila.  In:  "Genetics of Colonizing Species," H. G. Baker & G. L. Stebbins (eds.).  pp. 503-31.  Academic Press, N.Y.


Carson, R. L.  1962.  Silent Spring.  Houghton Mifflin, Boston.


Carter, H. O.  1990.  Testimony on the economic implications of the Medfly infestation:  assembly hearings.  University of California Agricultural Issues Center, March 6, 1990.


Carter, J. B.  1978.  Field trials with Tipula iridescent virus againt Tipula spp. larvae in grassland.  Entomophaga 23:  169-74.


Carter, L. J.  1976.  Pest control:  NAS panel warns of possible technological breakdown.  Science 191:  836-37.


Carter, M.C. and A.F.G. Dixon. 1984a.  Honeydew: an affestant stimulus for coccinellids.  Ecological Entomol., 9: 383-387.


Carter, M.C. and A.F.G. Dixon. 1984b.  Foraging behaviour of coccincilid larvae: Duration of intensive search.  Ento­mologia Experimentalis Aplicata, 36: 133-136.


Carter, N. 1987.  Management of cereal aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) populations and their natural enemies in winter wheat by alternate strip spraying with a selective insecticides Bull. of Entomol. Research, 77-. 677-682.


Carter, N., D.P. Aikman, and A.F.G. Dixon. 1978.  An appraisal of Hughes'time-specific life table analysis for determin­ing aphid reproductive and mortality rates.  Journal of Animal Ecology, 47: 677-687


Carter, N., D. P. Aikman & A. F. G. Dixon.  1978.  An appraisal of Hughes' time-specific life table analysis for determining aphid reproductive and mortality rates.  J. Anim. Ecol. 47:  677-87.


Carter,  N., I. F. G. McLean, A. E. Watt & A. G. G. Dixon.  1980.  Cereal aphids:  a case study and review. p. 272-349.  In:  T. H. Cooker (ed.), Applied Biology.  Academic Press, London.


Carter, W.  1935.  Studies on biological control of Pseudococcus brevipes (Ckll.) in Jamaica and Central America.  J. Econ. Ent. 28:  1037-40.


Carter, W.  1936.  Insects and plant diseases.  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 9:  159-70.


Carter, W.  1937.  Importation and laboratory breeding of two chalcid parasites of Pseudococcus brevipes (Ckll.).  J. Econ. Ent. 30:  370-72.


Carter, W.  1944.  Biological control of Pseudococcus brevipes (Ckll.).  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 12:  15.


Carter, W.  1945.  Encyrtid parasites of Pseudococcus brevipes (Ckll.).  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 12:  489.


Carter, W.  1950.  The oriental fruit fly:  Progress on research.  J. Econ. Entomol. 43:  677-83.


Carter, W. 1973 (2nd ed.). Insects in Relation to Plant Diseases. New York: Wiley, 759 pp.; illus.


Carthy, J. D.  1965.  The Behavior of Arthropods.  W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco.  148 p.


Carton, Y.  1971.  Biologie de Pimpla instigator F. 1793 [Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae]. 1. Mode de perception de l'hôte.  Entomophaga 16:  285-96.


Carton, Y.  1973.  Biologie de Pimpla instigator F. 1793 [Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae]. 2. Choix d'un emplacement privilégié dans l'hôte pour le dépot de ses oeufs; mode de localisation.  Entomophaga 18:  25-40.


Carton, Y.  1974.  Biologie de Pimpla instigator III. f Analyse experimentale du processus de reconnaissance de l'hôtechyrsolida.  Ent. Exp. Appl. 17:  265-78.


Carton, Y.  1978.  Biologie de Pimpla instigator [Hym. Ichneumonidae]. IV. Modalités du développement larvaire en fonction du site de ponte, role des réactions hémocytaires de l'hôte.  Entomophaga 23:  249-60.


Carton, Y., M. Bouletreau, J. J. M. van Alphen & J. C. van Lenteren.  1986.  The Drosophila parasitic wasps. In: The genetics and biology of Drosophila, vol. 3e, ed.: M. Ashburner, H.L. Carson & J.N. Thompson. Academic Press, London: 348‑394.


Carton, Y. and J. Claret. 1982.  Adaptative significance of a temperature induced diapause in a cosmopolitan parasitoid of Drosophila.  Ecological Entomol., 7: 239-247.


Cartwright, B. and Loke T. Kok. 1990.  Feeding by Cassida rubiginosa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and the effects of defoliation on growth of musk thistles.  Journal of Entomological Science, 25: 538-547.


Cartwright, O. L.  1929.  The maize billbug in South Carolina.  Bull. So. Carolina Expt. Sta. 257.  35 p.


Cartwright, O. L. & W. C. Nettles.  1931.  Trichogramma minutum Riley.  44th Ann. Rept. So. Carolina Agr. Expt. Sta.  p. 71.


Cartwright, W. B.  1933.  Observations on the European corn borer and its major parasites in the Orient.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Cir. 289.  13 p.


Carvalho, J. C. de Melo. 1957-1960. A catalogue of the Miridae of the world (1758.,-1956). Parts I-IV, V-Bibliography and general index. General Catalogue of the Hemiptera, Fasc. 7. Arch. Mus. Nat. Rio de  Janeiro, 44:1-158 (1957), 45:1-216(1958), 47:1-161 (1958),48:1-384 (1959),51:1-194 (1960).


Carver, M.  1984.  The potential host ranges in Australia of some imported aphid parasites [Hym.: Ichneumonoidea: Aphidiidae].  Entomophaga 29:  351-60.


Casagrande, R. A. & F. W. Stehr.  1973.  Evaluating the effects of harvesting alfalfa on alfalfa weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and parasite populations in Michigan.  Canad. Ent. 105:  1119-28.


Casas, J. 1989.  Foraging behaviour of a leafminer parasitoid in the field.  Ecological Entomologv, 14: 257-265.  Case, Tj. and D.T. Bolger. 1991.  The role of introduced species in shaping the distribution and abundance of island reptiles.  Evolutionary Ecology, 5: 272-290.


Case, T. J. & R. K. Washino.  1979.  Flatworm control of mosquito larvae in rice fields.  Science 206:  1412-14.


Case, T. J., M. E. Gilpin & J. M. Diamond.  1979. Overexploitation, interference competition and excess density compensation.  Amer. Nat. 113:  843-54.


Cashmore, A. B. & T. G. Campbell.  1946.  The weed problem in Australia; a review.  Austral. Council Sci. & Indus. Res. J. 19:  16-31.


Casida, J. E. (ed.).  1973.  Pyrethrum, the Natural Insecticide. Academic Press, London & New York.


Casida, J. E., H. C. Coppel & T. Watanabe.  1963.  Purification and potency of the sex attractant from the introduced pine sawfly, Diprion similis.  J. Econ. Ent. 56:  18-24.


Casimir, C.  1965.  The locust problem:  its history and development in New South Wales.  J. Austr. Inst. Agr. Sci. 31(4):  267-74.


Castanera, P., H. D. Loxdale & K. Novak.  1983.  Electrophoretic study of enzymes from cereal aphid populations. II.  Use of electrophoresis for identifying aphidiid parasitoids (Hymenoptera) of Sitobion avenae (Fabricius) (Hemiptera: Aphididae).  Bull. Ent. Res. 73:  659-65.


Castel-Branco, A. J. F.  1956.  A cochonilha dos coqueiros na ilha do principe (Aspidiotus destructor Sign.).  Garcia de Orta 4:  225-38.


Castellari, P. L.  1967.  Richerche sulla etologia e sulla ecologia dell' Eriosoma lanigerum Hausm. e del suo parassita Aphelinus mali Hald. in Emilia, con particolare riguardo agli effeti secondari della lotta chimica.  Bol. dell'Instituto di Entomologia della Universita di Bologna 28:  177-231.


Catenby, J. B.  1919.  Note on Apanteles glomeratus, a braconid parasite of the larva of Pieris brassicae.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 3(5):  19-26.


Casterlanan, Ignacio Sala de.  1951.  Los enemigos naturales de los dípteros.  Bolm Soc. Port. Cienc. Nat. 3:  129-42.


Castillo Chacon, I. A. R.  1967.  Comportamiento de Heliothis spp. al quinto año de liberaciones masivas del parásito Trichogramma en Comarca Lagunera y posibilidades de control biológico del gusano rosado del algodonero.  XV Reunión del personal técnico de los programas cooperativos, México - Estados Unidos, para la prevención y combate del las plagas de las plantas.  Torreón, Coahuila, 20 diciembre 1967.


Castineiras, A., S. Caballero, G. Rego & M. Gonzalez.  1982.  Efectividad técnico económica del empleo de la hormiga leona Pheidole megacephala en el control del tetuan del boniato Cylasformicarius elegantulus.  Ciencia y Técnica en la Agricultura.  Protección de Plantas, Habana, Cuba.


Castle, R. E. & S. S. Ristich.  1966.  Structure-activity relationships in apholate analogs.  J. Agr. Food Che. 14:  301-03.


Castle, W. E.  1903.  The heredity of sex.  Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard Coll. 40:  187-218.


Castle, W. E.  1921.  An improved method of estimating the numb er of genetic factors concerned in cases of blending inheritance.  Science 54:  223.


Castner, J. L.  1984.  Suitability of Scapteriscus spp. mole crickets [Ort.: Gryllotalpidae] as hosts of Larra bicolor [Hym.: Sphecidae].  Entomophaga 29:  323-30.


Castro, T. R., R. F. Ruppel & M. S. Gomulinski.  1965.  Natural history of the cereal leaf beetle in Michigan.  Michigan State Univ. Agr. Expt. Sta. Quart. Bull. 47:  623-53.


Cate, J. R.  1975.  Ecology of Erythroneura elegantula Osborn (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) in grape agroecosystems in California.  Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of California, Berkeley.


Cate, J. R.  1985.  Cotton:  status and current limitations to biological control in Texas and Arkansas, p. 537-56.  In:  M. A. Hoy & D. C. Herzog (eds.), Biological Control in Agricultural IPM Systems.  Academic Press, Orlando


Cate, J. R.  1987.  A method of rearing parasitoids of boll weevil without the host plant.  Southwestern Ent. 12:  211-15.


Cate, J. R.  1990.  Biological control of pests and diseases:  Integrating a diverse heritage, p. 23-43.  In:  R. R. Baker & P. E. Dunn. (eds), New Directions in Biological Control:  Alternatives for Suppressing Agriculture Pests and Diseases.  Alan R. Liss Publ., New York.


Cate, J.R. and M.K. Hinkle. 1993.  Integrated pest management: the path of a paradigm.  A Special Report of the National Audubon Soc., Washington, D. C., U.S.A.


Cate, J. R., Jr., R. L. Ridgeay and P. D. Lingren.  1972.  Effects of systemic insecticides applied to cotton on adults of an ichneumonid parasite, Campoletis perdistinctus.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  484-88.


Cate, J. R., D. G. Bottrell & G. L. Teetes.  1973a.  Management of the greenbug on grain sorghum. I. Testing foliar treatments of insecticides against greenbugs and corn leaf aphids.  J. Econ. Ent. 66:  945-51.


Cate, J. R., D. G. Bottrell & G. L. Teetes.  1973b.  Management of the greenbug on grain sorghum. II.  Testing seed and soil treatments for greenbug and corn leaf aphid control.  J. Econ. Ent. 66:  952-59.


Cate, J. R., D. G. Bottrell & G. L. Teetes.  1976.  Management of the greenbug on grain sorghum. III.  Integration of insecticides and biological control.  Entomophaga.  1976. 


Cate, J. R., P. C. Krauter & K. E. Godfrey.  1990.  Pests of cotton, p. 17-29.  In:  D. H. Habeck, F. D. Bennett & J. H. Frank (eds.), Classical Biological Control in the Southern United States.  South. Coop. Ser. Bull. 355.  197 p.


Cate, R. H., J. R. Sauer & R. D. Eikenbary.  1974.  Demonstration of host feeding by the parasitoid Aphelinus asychis [Hymenoptera: Eulophidae].  Entomophaga 19:  479-81.


Catling, H. D.  1969.  The bionomics of the South African citrus psylla, Trioza erytreae (Del Guercio) (Homoptera: Psyllidae).  2.  The influence of parasites and notes on the species involved.  J. Ent. Soc. S. Afr. 32:  209-23.


Catling, H. D.  1970.  Distribution of the psyllid vectors of citrus greening disease, with notes on the biology and bionomics of Diaphorina citri.  FAO Plant Prot. Bull. 18:  8-15.


Catling, H. D. & D. P. Annecke.  1968.  Ecology of citrus psylla in the Letaba District of northern Transvaal.  So. Afr. Citrus J. No. 410:  7 p.


Catling, H. D., S. C. Lee, D. K. Moon & H. S. Kim.  1977.  Towards the integrated control of Korean citrus pests.  Entomophaga 22:  335-44.


Catoni, C.  1914.  Die Traubenwickler (Polychrosis botrana Schiff. und Conchylis ambiguella Hubn.) und ihre naturlichen Feinde in Sudtyrol.  Zeit. angew. Ent. 1:  248-59.


Catoni, G.  1912.  Parassiti dell'Anthonomus pomorum (L.) osservati in valle di Non (Trentino).  Boll. del Lab. di Zool. Gen. e Agrar., Portici 6:  148-50.


Caudri, L. W. D.  1941.  The braconid, Alysia manducator Panzer, in its relation to the blow-fly, Calliphora erythrocephala Meig.  P.D. Thesis, Univ. of Leiden, The Netherlands. & Jah. Enschede en Zonen, Haarlem, Holland.  91 p.


Caullery, M.  ???  Le Parasitisme et la Symbiose.  Encyclopedie Scientifique G. Doin. Ed. Paris.  400 p.


Cavalcaselle, B.  1968.  Un interessante caso di adattamento ad ospiti diversi da parte di un parassita oofago.  Entomophaga 13:  319-22.


Cavalloro, R.  1961.  L'impiego delle radiazioni ionizzanti e degli isotopi in entomologia agraria.  Tabacco, Roma 65:  271-82.


Cavalloro, R. (ed.).  1983.  Fruit Flies of Economic Importance.  A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.


Cave, G. L. & R. L. Pienkowski.  1981.  Chionodes mediofuscella (Clemens), a giant ragweed granivore: description of immature stages and biological notes.  J. Ga. Ent. Soc. 16:  249-53.


Cave, R. D. & M. J. Gaylor.  1989.  Functional response of Telenomus reynoldsi [Hym.: Scelionidae] at five constant temperatures and in an artificial plant arena.  Entomophaga 34:  3-10.


Caylor, J. A. & G. A. Thorley.  1970.  Sequential aerial photography as an aid in the evaluation of bark beetle population trends in west-side Sierra forests, p. 8-32.  In:  R. W. Stark & D. L. Dahlsten (eds.), Studies on the Population Dynamics of the Western Pine Beetle, Dendroctonus brevicornis LeConte (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).  Univ. Calif. Div. Agr. Sci.


Cayrol, I.. C. 1983.  Lutte biologique contre les Meloidogyne au moyen daribrobotrys ir-regularis. Revue de N&wtologie, 6: 265-73.


Cayrol, J.C. and J.P. Frankowski. 1979.  Une methode de lutte biologique contre les nematodes a galles des racines appartenant au genre Meloidogyne.  Revue Hoilicole, 193: 15-23.


Cayrol, J.C., J.P. Frankowski, A. Laniece, G. d'Hardemare, and J.P. Talon. 1978.  Contre les nematodes en champignon­niere.  Mise au point d'une methode de lutte bologique a I'aide d'un hyphomycete predateur: Anhobotrys robusta souche antipolis (Royal 300).  Revue Hoicole, 184: 23-30.


Cazier, M. A.  1964.  Host plants, population density, and parasites of two species of jumpting plant lice (Homoptera: Psyllidae).  Pan-Pacific Ent. 40(2):  67-74.


Cazier, M. A.  1965.  Studies on the bionomics of sphecoid wasps. II. Philanthus gibbosus (Fabricius) and Philanthus anna Dunning (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae).  Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci. 64:  171-206.


Cazier, M. A. & A. Bacon.  1949.  Introduction to quantitative systematics.  Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 93:  347-88.


Cazier, M. A. & M. A. Mortenson.  1964.  Bionomical observations on tarantula hawks and their prey (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae:  Pepsis).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 57(5):  533-41.


Cazier, M. A. & M. A. Mortenson.  1964.  Studies on the bionomics of sphecoid wasps. I. Moniaecera asperata.  Pan-Pacific Ent. 40(2):  111-14.


Cazier, M. A. & M. A. Mortenson.  1964.  Studies on the bionomics of sphecoid wasps. III.  Hapalomellinus albitomentossus (Bradley) (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae).  Wasmann J. Biol. 22:  261-76.


Cazier, M. A. & M. A. Mortenson.  1965.  Binomial observations on myrmecophilous beetles of the genus Cremastocheilus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae).  J. Kan. Ent. Soc. 38:  19-44.


Cazier, M. A. & M. A. Mortenson.  1965.  Studies on the bionomics of sphecoid wasps. IV. Nitelopterus laticeps and Nitelopterus texanus.  Pan-Pacific Ent. 41(1):  21-29.


Cazier, M. A. & M. A. Mortenson.  1965.  Studies on the bionomics of sphecoid wasps. V.  Bothynostethus distinctus and Entomognathus texana.  Pan-Pacific Ent. 41(1):  30-33.


Cazier, M. A. & M. A. Mortenson.  1965.  Studies on the bionomics of sphecoid wasps. VI. Fernaldina lucae.  Pan-Pacific Ent. 41(1):  34-43.






„chubianišvili, C. A.  1963.  Über Polyederkrankheiten einiger Schmetterlinge.  Sbornik: 5. soveš…. Vses. ent. obš…., 1963.  Akad. nauk SSSR.  p. 63.  [in Russian].






Ceballos, G.  1923.  Prásitos de Zygaena occitanica Vill. Listrognathus hispanicus Szepl.  Rev. Fitopatol. 1(2-3):  83-90.


Ceballos, G.  1963a.  Elementos para la lucha biológica.  Parasitismo de algunos ichneumónidos de la fauna española.  Bol. Serv. Plagas Forestales, Madrid 6(11):  3-6.


Ceballos, G.  1963b.  Los anomalinos de España.  Graelsia 20:  37-54.


Ceballos, G.  1963c.  Los parásitos de Tortrix viridana L.  Bol. Serv. Plagas Forestales, Madrid 6(12):  69-72.


Ceballos, G. & E. Zarko.  1952.  The biological control of an outbreak of Diprion pini (L.) on Pinus silvestris in the Sierra de Albarracin.  Madrid. Inst. Exp. Ent. p. 1-38.


Ceballos-Jimenez, P.  1961.  A test on the reproduction of an ichneumonid Pimpla instigator F. in capativity.  Bol. Serv. Plag. for. 4(8):  97-101.


Ceballos-Jiménez, P.  1963.  Notas sobre algunos parásitos y predatores de Petrova resinella L.  Bol.  Serv. Plagas Forestales, Madrid 6(11):  53-6.


Ceballos, P.  1967.  Estudio objetivo del grupo Formica rufa en España.  Bol. Serv. Plagas Forest., Madrid 9:  171-75.


Ceballos, P.  1972.  Protección de las aves insectivoras alimentación natural de Parus major y P. caeruleus.  Mem. Real Acad. Ciencias Madrid 25(1).  61 p.


Ceballos, P. & G. Ronchetti.  1966.  Le formiche del gruppo Formica rufa sui Pirenei orientali spagnoli, nelle province di Lerida e Gerona.  Mem. Soc. Ent. Ital. 45:  153-68.


Ceballos, P. & A. Sanchez.  1962.  Notes on the parasites and treatments of the pine processionary caterpillar, Thaumetopoea pityocampa Schiff.  Bol. Serv. Plagas Forest. Madrid 5(9):  20-32.


Ceballos, P. & E. Zarco.  1952.  Ensayo de lucha contra una plaga de Diprion pini L. en masas de Pinus silvestris de la Sierra de Albarracín.  Inst. esp. Ent., Madrid.  39 p.


Cech, J. J., Jr. & A. L. Linden.  1987.  Comparative larvivorous performances of mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis, and juvenile Sacramento blackfish, Orthodon microlepidotus, in experimental paddies.  J. Amer. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 3:  35-41.


Cechova, M.  1962.  Fettered death.  Vlasta 16(32):  8-9.  [in Czech].


Cedaña, S. M.  1937.  Studies on the biology of Coccophagus (Hymenoptera), a genus parasitic on nondiaspine Coccidae.  Univ. Calif. Berkeley Publ. Ent. 6:  337-99.


Cederberg, B. 1983.  The role of trail pheromones in host selection by Psithyrus rupestris (Hymenoptera, Apidae).  Annals Entomologici Fennici, 49: 11-16.


Ceianu, I.  1960.  Research on the parasites of Ocneria monacha.  Studii si cercetari 21:  189-210.


Ceianu, I. & I. Balinschi.  1963.  Bakterien in der Bekämpfung von Forstschädlingen.  Revista Padurilor 78:  397-400.  [in Romanian]. 


Ceianu, I., G. H. Mihalache & I. Balinschi.  1965.  Combatera biologica a daunatorilor Forestieri.  Editura Agro-Silvica, Bucuresti.  225 p.


Celli, G.  1960.  Ricerche sui parassiti di tre Microlepidotteri minatori delle foglie di Melo (Nepticula malella Straint., Leucoptera scitella Zell. e Lithocolletis blancardella F.).  Boll. Ist. Ent. Bologna 24:  271-79.


Celli, G.  1962.  Contributi allo studio degli Imenotteri parassiti di Insetti minatori. II. Nota preliminare sui parassiti di Paraleucoptera sinuella Reutti.  Boll. Ist. Ent. Univ. Bologna 26:  207-16.


Celli, G.  1963.  Contribution to the study of the hymenopterous parasites of mining insects. II.  Preliminary notes on the parasites of Paraleucoptera sinuella Reutti.  Boll. Inst. Ent. Bologna 26:  207-16.


Celli, G.  1964.  Contributi a lo studio degli imenotteri parassiti di insetti minatori. III.  Bol. Inst. Ent. Univ. Bologna 23:  49-70.


Celli, G.  1967.  Contributions to the study of hymenopterous parasites of mining insects. IV. Notes on some Eulophids discovered as parasites of Messa hortulana Klug, a miner of the leaves of poplar.  Boll. Ist. Ent. Univ. Bologna 28:  233-39.


Celli, G. & G. Giordani.  1965/1966.  Ricerche sull'attività del Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner in riguardo all'Apis mellifera L.  Boll. 1st Ent. Univ. Bologna 28:  141-75.


Cedaña, S. M.  1934.  Studies on the biology of Coccophagus, a genus parasitic on non-diaspidine Coccidae.  Ph.D. Thesis.  150 p.


Cendaña, S.  1937.  Studies on the biology of Coccophagus (Hymenoptera), a genus parasitic on non-diaspidine Coccidae.  Calif. Univ. Publ. Ent. 6:  337-400.


Center, T. D.  1985.  Leaf life tables:  a viable method for assessing sublethal effects of herbivory on waterhyacinth shoots, p. 511-24.  In:  E. S. Delfosse (ed.), Proceedings of the VI International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, 1984, Vancouver, B.C., Canada.


Center, T. D.  1982.  The waterhyacinth weevils, Neochetina eichhorniae and N. bruchi.  Aquatics 4(2): 8, 16-19.


Center, T. D. & W. C. Durden.  1981.  Release and establishment of Sameodes albiguttalis for the biological control of waterhyacinth.  Environ. Ent. 10:  75-80.


Center, Ted D.; Dray, F. Allen, ; Jubinsky, Greg P.; Grodowitz, Michael J.  1999.  Biological control of water hyacinth under conditions of maintenance  management: Can herbicides and insects by integrated?  Environ. Management, v.23, n.2, (1999. Feb.): 241-256.


Cepelák, J.  1962.  Survey of Tachininae in Cachtice.  Biológia, Bratislava 17:  828-36.  [in Czech].


Cepelák, J.  1963.  Eschenblattwespe Tomostethus nigritus F. als Wirt winer neuen Raupenfliege Hyalurgus tomostethi, n. sp. [Diptera, Larvaevoridae].  Biológia, Bratislava 18:  756-9.


Cerepanov, A. N.  1963.  Ansiedelung und Akklimatisierung von Insekten in Sibierien.  Sbornik: Akklimat. ñivotnych v SSSR, Alma-Ata.  p. 332-3.  [in Russian].


Cerepov, V. T. & S. Ja. Godjackii.  1966.  Mischinfektionen der Honigbiene.  Dostiñ. nauki i peredov. opyt v p…elovdst. Rossel'chozizdat., Moskva.  p. 175-80.  [in Russian].


Cernov, S.  1965.  Technologische Gewinnung des Trokenpräparates "Dendrobazillin" zur Bekámpfung von Dendrolimus sibiricus, p. 41-5.  In:  E. V. Talalaeva (ed.), Ispol. Mikroorgan. dl. bor'by s vred. nasekom. Les. Vost. Sibiri..  Izv. biol.-geogr. nau…n. issled. Inst. pri Irkutsk gosudarst. Univ. im ðdanova 19(1).  [in Russian].


Cerny, V., L. Dolejs, L. Labler, F. Sorm & K. Slama.  1967.  Dehydrojuvabione-- a new compound with juvenile hormone activity from balsam fir.  Tetrahedron Lett.  p. 1053-57.








Chabaeu, C.  1911.  Un coleoptere dont les vivent parasites dans les pupas d'un diptere Aleochara (Gravenhorst) bilineata Gyllenhal).  Rev. Soc. Ent. Namur Ann. 11:  83-85.


Chabora, P. C.  1967.  Hereditary behavior variation in oviposition patterns in the parasite Nasonia vitripennis.  Canad. Ent. 99:  763-65.


Chabora, P. C.  1970.  Studies of parasite-host interactions. II.  Reproductive and developmental response of the parasite Nasonia vitripennis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to strains of the house fly host Musca domestica.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 63:  1632-36.


Chabora, P.C. and A. J..  Chabora. 1971.  Effects of an interpopulation hybrid host on parasite population dynamics. Ann. Entomol. Soc. of Amer., 64: 558-562.


Chabora, P. C. & D. Pimentel.  1966.  Effect of host (Musca domestica Linnaeus) age on the pteromalid parasite Nasonia vitripennis (Walker).  Canad. Ent. 98:  1226-31.


Chabora, P. C. & D. Pimentel.  1970.  Patterns of evolution in parasite-host systems.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 63:  479-86.


Chaboussou, F.  1937.  Contribution a l'etude d'Ephestia elutella Hubner.  Rev. Zool. Agr. 36(7):  101-09.


Chaboussou, F.  1938a.  Un cas de coadaptation sexuelle chez Lebia grandis Heutz.  Rev. franc. Ent. Paris 5:  57-64.


Chaboussou, F.  1938b.  Remarques sur Lebia grandis Hentz.  Rev. Zool. Agr. 37:  165-71.


Chaboussou, F.  1939.  Contribution a l'etude biologique de Lebia grandis Hentz, predateur americain du doryphore.  Ann. Epiphyt. (n.s.) 5 fasc.(3):  387-433.


Chaboussou, F.  1961.  Action de divers insecticides et notamment de certains produits endotherapiques vis-a-vis d'Aphelinus mali Hald. evoluant a l'interieur du puceron lanigere du pommier:  Eriosoma lanigerum Hausm.  Rev. Pathol. Veg. Ent. Agr. Fr. 40:  17-29.  [in French w/ English summary].


Chaboussou, F.  1966.  Nouveaux aspects de la phytiatrie et de la phytopharmacie Le phénomène de la trophobiose.  Proc. FAO Symp. Integr. Pest Contr. (Rome, 1965) 1:  33-61.


Chaboussou, F.  1967.  Nouveaux aspects de la phytiatrie.  Entomophaga, Mém. Hors Sér. 3:  63-4.


Cha…atrjan, L. S. & Ja. I. Rautenštejn.  1963.  A comparative study of some phages of bacteria of the Bac. cereus-thuringiensis group.  Mikorbiologija 32:  813-8.  [in Russian].


Chachoria, H. S.  1967.  Mortality in apple mealybug, Phenacoccus aceris (Homoptera: Coccidae) populations in Nova Scotia.  Canad. Ent. 99:  728-30.


Chacko, M. J.  1963.  The phenomenon of superparasitism in Trichogramma evanescens minutum Riley and Bracon gelechiae Ashmead.  J. Res. Sci. Agra Univ. 12:  189-92.


Chacko, M. J.  1964.  Effect of superparasitism in Bracon gelechiae Ashmead.  Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. Sect. B, 60(1):  12-25.


Chacko, M. J.  1968.  Macromalon sp., a parasite of Plutella maculipennis (Curtis) in Assam (India).  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Bull. 10:  97-102.


Chacko, M. J. & V. P. Rao.  1966.  Centeterus alternecoloratus Cushman? var., a pupal parasite of the graminaceous borers, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) and Chilotraea auricilia (Dudgeon).  Entomophaga 11:  297-303.


Chacko, P. I.  1948a.  On the habits of the exotic mosquito-fish Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard) in the waters of Madras.  Cur. Sci. 17:  93.


Chacko, P. I.  1948b.  Acclimatisation of the "millions" Lebistes reticulatus (Peters) in Madras.  Cur. Sci. 17:  157-58.


Chada, H. L. & E. A. Wood, Jr.  1960.  Biology and control of  rhodesgrass scale.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 1221.  21 p.


Chadwick, C. E.  1965.  Fungi attacking Scolypoda australis (Walk.) [Hem., Ricaniidae].  J. Ent. Soc. Austr. 2:  34.


Chadwick, P. R., J. S. S. Beesley, P. J. White & H. T. Matechi.  1964.  An experiment on eradication of Glossina swynnertoni Aust. by insecticidal treatment of its resting sites.  Bull. Ent. Res. 55:  411-19.


Chae, S. H.  1964.  Insect control by sterility.  Res. Guidance 5(4):  114-16.  [in Korean].


Chaing, C. L.  1954.  Competition and other interactions between species.  In:  "Statistics and Mathematics in Biology," p. 197-215.  Iowa St. Coll. Press, Ames.


Chalfant, R. B., C. S. Creighton, G. L. Greene, E. R. Mitchell, J. M. Stanley & J. C. Webb.  1974.  Cabbage looker: populations in BL traps baited with sex pheromone in Florida, Georgia and South Carolina.  J. Econ. Ent. 67:  741-45.


Chalkov, A. A.  1968.  Biological control of spider mite.  Zashch. Rast. 7:  29.


Chamberlain, W. F. & C. C. Barrett.  1964.  A comparison of the amounts of metepa required to sterilize the screw-worm fly and the stable fly.  J. Econ. Ent. 57:  267-9.


Chamberlin, F. S. & S. R. Dutky.  1958.  Tests of pathogens for the control of tabacco insects.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  560.


Chamberlin, F. S. & J. N. Tenhet.  1926.  Cardiochiles nigriceps Vier., an important parasite of the tobacco bud worm, Heliothis virescens Fab.  U.S. Dept. agr. J. Agr. Res. 33(1):  21-27.


Chamberlin, T. R.  1924.  Studies of the parasites of the alfalfa weevil, Phytonomus posticus

in Europe.  J. Econ. Ent. 17:  623-32.


Chamberlin, T. R.  1924.  Introduction of parasites of the alfalfa weevil into the United States.  USDA Dept. Circ. 301.  9 p.


Chamberlin, T. R.  1925.  A new parasite of the alfalfa weevil.  J. Econ. Ent. 18:  597-602.


Chamberlin, T. R.  1925.  Some observations upon Necremnus leucarthros (Nees) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 27:  142-44.


Chamberlin, T. R.  1926.  The introduction and establishment of the alfalfa weevil parasite, Bathyplectes curculionis Thoms., in the United States.  J. Econ. Ent. 19:  302-10.


Chamberlin, T. R.  1933.  Some observations on the life history and parasites of Hypera rumicis (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 35:  101-09.


Chamberlin, T. R.  1941.  The wheat jointworm in Oregon, with special reference to its dispersion, injury, and parasitization.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 784.  48 p.


Chambers, D. L.  1974.  Chemical meessengers as tools in the management of insect pests.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Managemen. 5:  135-45.


Chambers, D. L.  1975.  Quality in mass-produced insects, p. 19-32.  In:  Controlling Fruit Flies by the Sterile-Insect Technique, Vienna: IAEA/FAO Panel Proc. Ser.


Chambers, D. L.  1977.  Quality control in mass rearing.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 22:  289-308.


Chambers, D. L. & T. R. Ashley.  1984.  Putting the control in quality control in insect rearing, pp. 256-260.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing.  U. S. Govt. Printing Office.


Chambers, D. L., N. R. Spencer, N. Tanaka & R. T. Cunningham.  1970.  Sterile-insect technique for eradication or control of the melon fly and Oriental fruit fly; review of current status.  In:  Sterile-Male Technique for Control of Fruit Flies, Vienna:  Intern. Atomic Energy Agency, p. 99-102.


Chambers, D. L., K. Ohinata, M. Fujimoto & S. Kashiwai.  1972.  Treating tephritids with attractants to enhance their effectiveness in sterile-release programs.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  279-82.


Chambers, R. J.  1956.  Preliminary experiments on the potential of hoverflies [Dipt.: Syrphidae] for the control of aphids under glass.  Entomophaga 31:  197-204.


Chambers, R. J.  1986.  Preliminary experiments on the potential of hoverflies (Dipt.: Syrphidae) for the control of aphids under glass.  Entomophaga 31:  197-204.


Chambers, R. & B. P. Ghildyal.  1985.  Agricultural research for resource poor farmers:  the farmers' first and last model.  Agricul. Admin. 20:  1-30.


Chambers, R. J., K. D. Sunderland, I. J. Wyatt & G. P. Vickerman.  1983.  The effects of predator exclusion and caging on cereal aphids in winter wheat.  J. Appl. Ecol. 20:  209-24.


Chambers, V. H.  1944.  Notes on Priocnemis Schdte. (Hym. Pompilidae) in Bedfordshire.  J. Soc. Br. Ent. 2:  197-207.


Chambers, V. H.  1955.  Some hosts of Anteon (Hym., Dryinidae) and a hyperparasite Ismarus (Hym., Bethylidae).  Ent. Mon. Mag. 91:  114-15.


Champion, H. G.  1915.  Addendum to observations on the life-history of Methoca ichneumonoides Latr.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 51:  40-2.


Champion, H. G.  1929.  Note on the mating habits of Rhyssa persuasoria Linn.  Ent. Mon. Mag. Ser 3, 65(178):  231-32.


Champion, H. G. & R. J. Champion.  1914.  Observations on the life history of Methoca ichneumonoides Latr.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 51:  266-70.


Champion, H. G. & R. J. Champion.  1914.  Observations on the life history of Methoca ichneumonoides Latr.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 51:  266-70.


Champlain, A. B.  1921.  The curious mating habit of Megarhyssa atrota (Fab.). Hymenop: Ichneumonoidea.  Ent. News 32:  241.


Champlain, A. B.  1922.  Records of hymenopterous parasites in Pennsylvania.  Psyche 29(3):  95-100.


Champlain, R. A. & L. L. Sholdt.  1966.  Rearing Geocoris punctipes, a Lygus bug predator, in the laboratory.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  1301-03.


Chandel, B. S.  1959.  Some observations on the biology of Oxyrhachis tarandus Fabr.  Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. India 29(1):  1-11.


Chandler, A. C.  1949.  Introduction to Parasitology, With Special Reference to Parasites of Man.  John Wiley, New York.  756 p.


Chandler, A. C., and C. P. Read. 1961 (10th ed.).  lntroduction to Parasitology. New York: Wiley, xii + 882 pp., 258 f.


Chandler, A. E. F.  1966.  Some aspects of host plant selection in aphidophagous Syrphidae.  In:  Proc. Symp. "Ecology of Aphidophagous insects."  Liblice 1965.  Academia, Prague.  p. 113-15.


Chandler, A. E. F.  1967.  Oviposition responses by aphidophagous Syrphidae (Diptera).  Nature 213:  736.


Chandler, A. E. F.  1968a.  The relationship between aphid infestations and oviposition by aphidophagous Syrphidae (Diptera).  Ann. Appl. Biol. 61:  425-34.


Chandler, A. E. F.  1968b.  Some factors influencing the occurrence and site of oviposition by aphidophagous Syrphydae (Diptera).  Ann. Appl. Biol. 61:  435-46.


Chandler, A. E. F.  1968c.  Height preferences for oviposition of aphidophagous Syrphidae [Diptera].  Entomophaga 13:  187-96.


Chandler, A. E. F.  1968.  Height preferences for oviposition of aphidophagous Syrphidae [Diptera].  Entomophaga 13:  187-96.


Chandler, H. P. 1956. Megaloptera. In Aquatic Insects of California, R. LUsinger (Ed.). Berkeley: Univ. California Press, pp. 229-233; 7f.


Chandler, J. M.  1980.  Assessing losses caused by weeds, p. 234-40.  In:  R. J. Aldrich (ed.), Proceedings of the E. C. Stakman Communication Symposium, Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, Agr. Exp. Stn. Misc. Publ. No. 7.


Chandler, L. G.  1925.  Habits of the sand-wasp.  Vict. Nat., Melbourne 42:  107-14.


Chandler, L. G.  1928.  Notes on two grasshopper wasps.  Victorian Naturalist 45:  176-81.


Chandler, L.  1959.  Biological interrelationships in mud-dauber nests with special reference to Osmia cordata Robt.  Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 68:  199-204.


Chandler, L.D., F.E. Gilstrap, and H.W. Browning. 1988.  Evaluation of the within-field mortality of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on bell pepper.  J. Econ. Entomol., 81: 1089-1096. 


Chandra, G.  1980.  Dryinid parasitoids of rice leafhoppers and plant hoppers in the Philippines. II. Rearing techniques.  Entomophaga 25:  187-92.


Chandra, G. & V. C. Dyck.  1988.  New techniques of rearing Anagrus flaveolus [Hym.: Mymaridae], an egg parasitoid of the brown planthopper.  Entomophaga 33:  239-44.


Chandy, K. C.  1955.  A note on Apanteles flavipes Cam., a braconid parasite of the cholam stem borer, Chilo zonellus Swinh.  J. Bombay Nat. Hist Soc. 53(1):  6-9.


Chang, Ke-cheng, & Liang-lu Huang.  1963.  (a preliminary study on the control of the cottony cushion scale by the Australian ladybeetle).  Acta. Ent. Sin. 12(5/6):  688-700.  [in Chinese with English summary].


Chang, J. T. & Y. C. Chiang.  1963.  Studies on insect chemosterilants.  II. Thio-tepa as a chemosterilant for armyworm moth (Pseudaletia separata Walker) [Noctuidae].  Acta Ent. Sin. 12:  538-42.  [in Chinese]


Chang, Ke-cheng & Liang-lu Huang.  1963.  A preliminary study on the control of cottony cushion scale by Australian ladybeetle.  Acta Ent. Sin 12:  688-700.  [in Chinese]. 


Chang, S. C. & A. B. BoÍkovec.  1964.  Quantitative effects of tepa, metepa, and apholate on sterilization of male house flies.  J. Econ. Ent. 57:  488-90.


Chang, S. C., A. B. BoÍkovec & C. W. Woods.  1966. Fate of tepa uniformly labeled with C-14 in male house flies.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  937-44.


Chang, Tze-jen & Wei-chard woo.  1966.  The effect of spray programs on the population-prevalence of European red mite and its predators in an apple orchard.  Acta Hort. Sinica 5(1):  9-15.  [in Chinese].


Chang-Whan, K., et al.  1965.  Studies on the control of the pine moth, Dendrolimus spectabilis Butler.  Ent. Res. Bull., Seoul 1.  109 p.


Chanislamov, M. G.  1966.  Neue Möglichkeiten der biologischen Methode zum Schutz des Waldes, p. 57-60.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. Method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i. karant. sorn..  Izd. Fan, Taškent 57-60.  [in Russian].


Chanislamov, M. G. & Z. Š Jafaeva.  1966.  bEdingungen für das Entstehen von Epizootien bei nadel- und blätterfressenden Lepidopteran, p. 184-6.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].


Channa-Basavanna, G. P.  1953.  Observations on the biology of Scelio hieroglyphi Timberlake (Scelionidae, Hymenoptera).  Curr. Sci. Sept. 1953, 22:  279.


Channa-Basavanna, G. P. & M. Puttarudriah.  1958.  Some predators of mites in Mysore.  Mysore Agr. J. 32(1957) (3-4):  179-85.


Chansigaud, J.  1964.  Observations préliminaires sur les essais d'infestations artificielles avec Pieris brassicae L. au stade larvaire dans les conditions naturelles.  Rev. Zool. Agr. Appl. 63:  55-61.


Chant, D. A.  1958.  On the ecology of typhlodromid mites in southeaastern England.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Congr. Ent. 4:  649-58.


Chant, D. A.  1959.  Phytoseiid mites (Acarina: Phytoseiidae).  Part 1.  Bionomics of seven species in Southeastern England.  Canad. Ent. 91, Suppl. 12, Vol. 91.  164 p.


Chant, D. A.  1961.  An experiment in biological control of Tetranychus telarius (L.) (Acarina: Tetranychidae) in a greenhouse using the predacious mite Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Phytoseiidae).  Canad. Ent. 93:  437-43.


Chant, D. A.  1963.  Some mortality factors and the dynamics of orchard mites.  Ent. Soc. Canad. Mem. 32:  33-40.


Chant, D. A.  1964.  Strategy and tactics of insect control.  Canad. Ent. 96:  182-201.


Chant, D. A.  1965.  Generic concepts in the family Phytoseiidae (Acarina: Mesostigmata).  Canad. Ent. 97:  351-74.


Chant, D. A.  1966a.  Integrated control systems, p. 193-281.  In:  Scientific Aspects of Pest Control. Nat'l Acad. Sci., Nat'l. Res. Council, Publ. 1402.


Chant, D. A.  1966b.  Research need for integrated control.  proc. FAO Symp. Integr. Pest Contr. (Rome, 1965) 3:  103-09.


Chant, D. A. & C. Athias-Henriot.  1960.  The genus Phytoseius Ribaga, 1902 (Acarina: Phytoseiidae).  Entomophaga 5:  213-.


Chant, D. A. & C. A. Fleschner.  1960.  Some observations on the ecology of phytoseiid mites (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) in California.  Entomophaga 5:  131-.


Chant, D A; McMurtry, J A.  1994.  A review of the subfamilies Phytoseiinae and Typhlodrominae (Acari:  Phytoseiidae).  International J. of Acarol., v.20, n.4, (1994): 223-316.


Chantarasa-Ard, S., Y. Hirashima 7 T. Miura.  1984.  Effects of temperature and food on the development and reproduction of Anagrus incarnatus Haliday (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), an egg parasitoid of the rice planthoppers.  Esakia 22:  145-58.


Chapin, E. A.  1915.  Early stages of Staphylinidae.  Psyche 22:  157-61.


Chapin, E. A. & R. Ahmad.  1966.  A new species of coccinellid feeding on scale insects in West Pakistan.  Entomophaga 11:  213-6.


Chapman, H. C.  1974.  Biological control of mosquito larvae.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 19:  33-59.


Chapman, H. C.  1976.  Biological control agents of mosquitoes.  Mosq. News 36:  395-97.


Chapman, H. C. (ed.)  1985a.  Biological Control of Mosquitoes.  Bull. No. 6, Amer. Mosq. Contr. Assoc., Inc.  218 p.


Chapman, H. C.  1985.  Ecology and use of Coelomomyces in biological control:  a review, p. 361-68.  In:  J. N. Couch & C. E. Bland (eds.), The Genus Coelomomyces.  Academic Press, New York & London.


Chapman, H. C. & F. E. Glenn, Jr.  1972.  Incidence of the fungus Coelomomyces punctatus and C. dodgei in larval populations of the mosquito Anopheles crucians in two Louisiana ponds.  J. Invert. Pathol. 19:  256-61.


Chapman, H. C. & D. B. Woodard.  1966.  Coelomomyces [Blastocladiales: Coelomomyces- Cetaceae] infections in Louisiana mosquitoes.  Mosq. News 26:  121-3.


Chapman, H. C., D. B. Woodard, W. R. Kellen & T. B. Clark.  1966a.  Host-parasite relationships of Thelohania associated with mosquitoes in Louisiana [Nosematidae: Microsporidia].  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  452-6.


Chapman, H. C., T. B. Clark, D. B. Woodard & W. R. Kellen.  1966b.  Additional mosquito hosts of the mosquito iridescent virus.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  545-6.


Chapman, H. C., D. B. Woodard & J. J. Petersen.  1967.  Pathogens and parasites in Louisiana Culicidae and Chaoboridae.  Proc. N. J. Mosq. Exterm. Assoc. 54:  54-60.


Chapman, H. C., T. B. Clark, J. J. Petersen & D. B. Woodard.  1969.  A two-year survey of pathogens and parasites of Culicidae, Chaoboridae, and Ceratopogonidae in Louisiana.  Proc. New Jersey Mosq. Extermin. Assoc. 56:  203-12.


Chapman, H. C., T. B. Clark & J. J. Peterson.  1970.  Protozoans, nematodes and viruses of anophelines.  Misc. Publ. Ent. Soc. Amer. 7:  134-39.


Chapman, H. C., J. J. Petersen, D. B. Woodard & T. Fukuda.  1971.  Current status of biological control of mosquitoes.  Proc. Gulf Coast Conf. Mosq. Supp. Wildl. Manage. 2:  2-3.


Chapman, H. C., J. J. Peterson & T. Fukuda.  1972.  Predators and pathogens for mosquito control.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 21(5):  777-81.


Chapman, J. A.  1954.  Studies on summit-infesting insects in western Montana.  Ecology 35:  41-49.


Chapman, J. A.  1963.  Predation by Vespula wasps on hilltop swarms of winged ants.  Ecology 44:  766-7.


Chapman, J. A. & J. W. Wilson.  1956.  The use of impregnated paper as an approach to nutritional studies with the Douglas fir beetle.  J. Econ. Ent. 49:  426-27.


Chapman, M. & M. A. Hoy.  1991.  Relative toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis to the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) and its predator Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) (Acari: Tetranychidae and Phytoseiidae).  J. Appl. Ent. 111:  147-54.


Chapman, P. J. & S. E. Lienk.  1971.  Tortricid fauna of apple in New York; including an account of apple's occurrence in the state, especially as a naturalized plant.  New York State Agr. Exp. Sta. Special Publ.  142 p.


Chapman, R. C.  1969.  Modeling forest insect populations-- the stochastic approach.  Proc. Forest Insect Population Dymics Workshop, New Haven, Conn. (Jan. 23-7, 1967).  U. S. Dept. Agr. For. Serv. Res. Paper NE-125:  73-87.


Chapman, R. F.  1982.  Chemoreception:  The significance of receptor numbers.  Adv. Insect Physiol. 16:  247-356.


Chapman, R. N.  1920.  Symposium on "The Life Cycle in Insects."  6. The life cycle of the Coleoptera (including the Strepsiptera).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 13:  174-80.


Chapman, R. N.  1928a.  The quantitative analysis of environmental factors.  Ecology 9:  111-22.


Chapman, R. N.  1928b.  Temperature as an ecological factor in animals.  Amer. Nat. 62:  298-310.


Chapman, R. N.  1931.  Animal Ecology, With Especial Reference to Insects.  McGraw-Hill, New York.  464 p.


Chapman, T. A.  1869.  On the economy of the Chrysides parasitic on Odyneurus spinipes.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 6:  153-58.


Chapman, T. A.  1870a.  On the parasitism of Rhipiphorus.  Ann. & Mag. nat. Hist 4:  191-98.


Chapman, T. A.  1870b.  Some facts towards a life-history of Rhipiphorus paradoxus.  Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 6:  314-26.


Chapman, T. A.  1891.  On the ovipositon of Metoecus (Rhipiphorus) paradoxus.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 27:  18-19.


Chapman, T. A.  1897.  Sketch of the life history of Metoecus (Rhipiphorus) paradoxus.  Ent. Rec. & J. Variation 9:  321-22.


Chapman, T. A., (Murray & Smith).  1870.  Discussions of Rhipiphorus paradoxus.  Zool. Record 7:  301-02.


Chapuis, J.L., P. Bouss6s, and G. Barnaud. 1994.  Alien mammals, impact and management in the French subantarctic islands.  Biological Conservation, 67: 97-104.


Chararas, C.  1962.  Etude biologique des Scolytides des Conifères.  Encyclopédie Entomologique, Ser. A, 38:  556 p.  Edit. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.


Charboussou, F.  1965.  La multiplication par vole trophique des tetrayques a la suite des traitements pesticides.  Relations avec les phenomenes de resistance acquise.  Boll. Zool. Agrar. Bachic. 7:  143-84.


Charles, J. F. & H. de Barjac.  1981.  Histopathologie de l'action de la beta-endotoxine de Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis sur les larves d'Aedes aegypti [Dip.: Culicidae].  Entomophaga 26:  203-12.


Charlet, L. D.  1975.  The systematics and bionomics of predaceous and phytophagous mites associated with pine foliage in California.  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Calif., Riverside.  199 p.\


Charlet, L. D.  1983a.  Parasitoids of a stem weevil, Cylindrocopturus adspersus, in sunflower:  Incidence and parasitization rates in the northern great plains.  Environ. Ent. 12:  888-90.


Charlet, L. D.  1983b.  Insect stem fauna of native sunflower species in western North Dakota.  Environ. Ent. 12:  1286-8.


Charlet, L. D.  1988.  Natural control by parasitoids of the sunflower beetle and banded sunflower moth.  Proc. 4th Ann. Great Plains Sunflower Insect Workshop, Fargo, ND, Apr. 19-20, 1988.  p. 45-51.


Charlet, L. D.  1989.  Overwintering survival of the sunflower stem weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), and two of its parasitoids in the northern Great Plains.  J. Econ. Ent. 82:  130-33.


Charlet, L. D.  1991.  Stem weevil:  biology and control.  The Sunflower 17:  28-9.


Charlet, L. D.  1992.  Seasonal abundance and parasitim of the sunflower beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on cultivated sunflower in the northern Great Plains.  J. Econ. Ent. 85:--.


Charlet, L. D. & E. U. Balsbaugh, jr.  1984.  Anaphes conotracheli (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), an egg parasitoid of Cylindrocopturus adspersus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).  J. Kan. Ent. Soc. 57:  526-8.


Charlet, L. D. & G. J. Brewer.  1990.  The diversity of insects in native and cultivated sunflower.  Proc. 6th Great Plains Sunflower Insect Workshop, Fargo, ND, Apr. 17-18, 1990.  p. 55-6.


Charlet, L. D. & G. J. Brewer.  1992.  Insect fauna of the heads and stems of native sunflower (Asterales: Asteraceae) in eastern North Dakota.  Environ. Ent. 21:--.


Charlet, L. D. & J. A. McMurtry.  1977a.  Systematics and bionomics of predaceous and phytophagous mites associated with pine foliage in California. I. Survey of mites on native pines, including a description of a new species of Phytoseiidae.  Hilgardia 45(7):  173-210.


Charlet, L. D. & J. A. McMurtry.  1977b.  Systematics and bionomics of predaceous and phytophagous mites associated with pine foliage in California. II. Population dynamics of mites on three species of pines in the Forest Falls area of the San Bernardino Mountains.  Hilgardia 45(7):  211-22.


Charlet, L. D. & J. A. McMurtry.  1977c.  Systematics and bionomics of predaceous and phytophagous mites associated with pine foliage in California. III. Laboratory studies on the biology of the phytoseiida Metaseiulus validus (Chant) and Typhloseiopsis pini (Chant).  Hilgardia 47(7):  223-36.


Charlet, L. D. & C. Y. Oseto.  1980.  IPM-- Integrated Pest Management-- in Sunflower.  The Sunflower 6: 6, 8.


Charlet, L. D. & C. Y. Oseto.  1983.  Toxicity of insecticides on a stem weevil, Cylindrocopturus adspersus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), and its parasitoids in sunflower.  Environ. Ent. 12:  959-60.


Charlet, L. D., D. D. Kopp & C. Y. Oseto.  1987.  Sunflowers: Their history and associated insect ommunity in the northern Great Plains.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 33:  69-75.


Charlet, L. D., G. J. Brewer & V. Beregovoy.  1989a.  Insect fauna of native Helianthus in North Dakota.  Proc. 11th Sunflower Res. Workshop, Natl. Sunflower Assoc., Fargo, ND., Jan 9-10, 1989.  p. 4-5.


Charlet, L. D., G. J. Brewer & V. Beregovoy.  1989b.  Insect fauna in stems of native sunflower in southeastern North Dakota.  Proc. 5th Ann. Great Plains Sunflower Insect Workshop, Fargo, ND., Apr. 18-19, 1989.  p. 38-41.


Charmillot, P. J.  1990.  Mating disruption technique to control codling moth in western Switzerland, p. 165-82.  In:  R. L. Ridgway, R. M. Silverstein and M. N. Inscoe (eds.), "Behavior Modifying Chemicals For Insect Management.  Marcel Decker, Inc. New York.


Charmoy-d'Emmerez de, D.  1917a.  Notes relative to the importation of Tiphia parallela Smith from Barbados to Mauritius for the control of Phytalus smithi Arrow.  Bull. Ent. Res. 8:  93-102.


Charmoy-d'Emmerez de, D.  1917b.  Report on the importation of scoliid wasps from Madagascar.  Mauritius Dept. Agr. 5 p.


Charmoy-d'Emmerez de, D.  1923.  An attempt to introduce scoliid wasps from Madagascar to Mauritius.  Bull. Ent. Res. 13:  245-54.


Charmoy-d'Emmerez de, D.  1931.  Phytalus (Col., Melol.) in sugar-cane in Mauritius.  Bull. Ent. Res. 22:  83-7.


Charnov, E.L. 1976.  Optimal foraging, the marginal value theorem. Theoretical Pqpulation Biologv, 9: 129-136.  Charnov, E.L. 1979.  The genetical evolution of patterns of sexuality: Darwinian fitness.  Amer. Naturalist, 113: 465-480.


Charnov, E. L.  1979.  The genetical evolution of patterns of sexuality.  Darwinian fitness.  Amer. Nat. 113:  465-80.


Charnov, E. L.  1982.  The Theory of Sex Allocation.  Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey.  355 p.


Charnov, E. L. & S. W. Skinner.  1985.  Complementary approaches to the understanding of parasitoid oviposition decisions.  Environ. Ent. 14:  383-91.


Charnov, E. L., R. L. Hartogh Los-den, W. T. Jones & J. van den Assem.  1981.  Sex ratio evolution in a variable environment.  Nature 289:  27-33.


Charpentier, L. J.  1954.  Successful establishment of sugarcane borer parasites in Louisiana in 1953.  Sugar Bull. 32:  120, 125.


Charpentier, L. J.  1956.  1954 sutdies of parasites for sugarcane borer control in Louisiana.  J. Econ. Ent. 49:  267-68.


Charpentier, L. J.  1958.  Recent attempts to establish sugarcane borer parasites in Louisiana.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  163-64.


Charpentier, L. J.  1959.  Recent studies of parasites of the sugarcane borer at the Houma, La., Laboratory.  Amer. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. Proc. 6:  76-81.


Charpentier, L. J. & R. Mathes.  1953.  Further attempts to colonize the sugarcane borer egg parasite, Telenomus alecto, in Louisiana.  Sugar Bull. 31:  196.


Charpentier, L. J. & R. Mathes.  1969.  Cultural practices in relation to stalk moth borer infestations in sugar cane, p. 163-74.  In:  J. R. Williams, J. R. Metcalfe, R. W. Mungomery & R. Mathes (eds.), Pests of Sugar Cane.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, London & New York.


Charpentier, L. J., W. J. McCormick & R. Mathes.  1960.  Biological control of the sugrcane borer in Louisiana.  10th Internatl. Cong. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. Proc. (1959):  865-69.


Charudattan, R.  1978.  Biological control projects in plant pathology:  a directory.  Misc. Publ. Plant Path. Dept., Univ. of Florida, Gainesville.  57 p.


Charudattan, R.  1984.  Microbial control of plant pathogens and weeds.  J. Georgia Ent. Soc. 19, No. 2:  28-40 (suppl.).


Charudattan, R.  1985.  The use of natural and genetically altered strains of pathogens for weed control, p. 347-72.  In:  M. A. Hoy & D. C. Herzog (eds.), Biological Control in Agricultural IPM Systems.  Academic Press, Orlando.


Charudattan, R.  1986.  Integrated control of waterhyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) with a pathogen, insects and herbicides.  Weed Sci. 34:  26-30 (suppl. 1).

Charudattan, R. 1989.  Assessment of efficacy of mycoherbicide candidates, pp. 455-464.  In:Delfosse, E.S., (ed.). Proc. of the VlIth International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, held 6-11 March, 1988, Rome, Italy.


Charudattan, R. 1990.  Release of fungi: Large-scale use of fungi as biological weed control agents, pp. 70-84.  Risk Assessment in Agricultural Biotechnology.- Proc. of the International Conference.  Davis, California, U.S.A., August, 1988.


Charudattan, R. 1991.  The mycoherbicide approach with plant pathogens, pp. 24-57.  In:  T. Beest, D.O., (ed.). Microbial Control of Weeds.  Chapman and Hall, New York.


Charudattan, R. & H. L. Walker (eds.).  1982.  Biological Control of Weeds With Plant Pathogens.  John Wiley, New York.  293 p.


Charudattan, R.  1985.  The use of natural and genetically altered strains of pathogens for weed control.  p. 347-72.  In:  M. A. Hoy & D. C. Herzog (eds.), Biological Control in Agricultural IPM Systems.  Academic Press, Orlando.


Charudattan, R.  1990.  Release of fungi:  large-scale use of fungi as biological weed control agents.  In:  Risk Assessment in Agricultural Biotechnology: Proc. Internatl. Conf., Publ. No. 1928, Univ. Calif., Div. Agric. & Nat. Res.


Charudattan, R. & C. J. DeLoach.  1988.  Management of pathogens and insects for weed control in agroecosystems, Cpah. 15, p. 245-64.  In:  M. A. Altieri & M. Liebman (eds.), Weed Management in Agroecosystems:  Ecological Approaches.  CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL.  354 p.


Charudattan, R. & H. L. Walker.  1982.  Biological Control of Weeds with Plant Pathogens.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  293 p.


Chassain, C. & M. Bouletreau.  1987.  Genetic variability in the egg-laying behaviour of Trichogramma maidis.  Entomophaga 32:  149-57.


Chatelain, M.P. and J.A. Schenk. 1984.  Evaluation of frontalin and exo-brevicomin as kairomones to control mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in lodgepole pine.  Environ.Entomol., 13: 1666-1674.


Chater, E. H.  1931.  A contribution to the study of the natural control of gorse.  Bull. Ent. Res. 22:  225-35.


Chatterjee, N. C. & M. Bose.  1934.  Entomological investigations of the spike disease of sandal.  16 & 17.  Coccinellidae.  Ind. For. Rec. 19, 6, 19, 7:  1-10.


Chatterjee, P. N.  1939.  On the biology and morphology of Apanteles machaeralis Wlkn. (Braconidae, Hymenopt.).  Indian For. Rec. N.S. (Ent.) 5(6):  381-95.


Chatterjee, P. N.  1941.  Notes on some parasites of shisham defoliators at Allahabad and Dehra Dun, India.  Indian J. Ent. 3(2):  157-72.


Chatterjee, P. N.  1943.  Description of Rhogas plecopterae s. nov. from India with notes on its biology and morphology.  Indian J. Ent. 5:  213-21.


Chatterjee, P. N.  1944.  Description of Rhogas plecopterae sp. nov. from India with notes on biology and morphology.  Indian J. Ent. 5:  213-21.


Chatterjee, P. N.  1945.  On the biology and morphology of Euplectrus parvulus Ferr. (Hymenop: Eulophidae).  Indian J. Ent. 6, pt. 1-2:  95-101.


Chatterjee, P. N. & Pratap Singh.  1969.  Biological control of semul short borer Tonica niviferana Walker (Oecophoridae). I. Biology of Xanthopimpla brevicauda Cushman (Ichneumonidae), a pupal parasite of Tonica ...  Indian J. Ent. ???


Chatterjee, S.  1953.  Biological notes on Chaetostricha mukherjii Mani (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) an egg parasite of Bruchus analis Fabr.  Indian J. Ent. 15:  382-83.


Chatterji, S.  1954.  Notes on Brucobius laticeps parasitic on Bruchus chinensis.  Indian J. Ent. 16:  77-78.


Chatterji, S.  1955.  Studies on the biology of Aplastomorpha calandrae Howard (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Chalcidae) parasitic on some storage pests.  Proc. Zool. Soc. 8(1):  11-23.


Chatterji, S. & G. W. Rahalkar.  1959.  Biological notes on Microphanurus sp., a scelionid parasite of Eurydema sp. (Pentatomidae: Heteroptera).  Indian J. Ent. 20:  162-63.


Chatterji, S. & P. Sarup.  1962.  Apanteles belippae Rohwer (Braconidae: Hymenoptera), a new natural enemy of silk worm, Bombyx mori Linn.  Indian J. Ent. 23(1961)(2):  157-58.


Chatterji, S., G. W. Rahalkar, G. R. Sethi & P. N. Saxena.  1960.  Labelling of adults of Bracon brevicornis Wesmael with radioactive phosphorous.  Indian. J. Ent. 22:  226-30.


Chatterji, S., P. Sarup & m. G. Ramdas-Menon.  1962.  Biological observations on Palorus shikhae Sarup, Chatterji 7 Menon, a predator of some stored cereal pests.  Indian J. Ent. (1961) 23:  241-3.


Chauhan, N. S. & S. Krishnaswami.  1957.  Notes on breeding technique and life history of Apanteles tachardiae Cam., an endoparasite of lac predator Holocera pulverea Meyr.  Proc. Indian Sci. Cong. 3:  393-94.


Chauthani, A. R. & J. J. Hamm.  1967.  Biology of the exotic parasite Drino munda [Diptera: Tachinidae].  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60:  373-6.


Chauvin, R.  1956.  Physiologie de l'Insecte.  Institut Nat. Recherch. Agron. Paris.  917 p.


Chazeau, J.  1974.  Evaluation de l'action prédatrice de Stethorus madecassus [Coleoptere Coccinellidae] sur Tetranychus neocaledonicus [Acarien Tetranychidae].  Entomophaga 19:  183-94.


Chazeau, J.  1979.  Mise au point sur le genre Stethorus en Océanie et description de deux expeces nouvelles de Mélanésie [Col.: Coccinellidae].  Entomophagta 24:  295-304.


Chazeau, J.  1981.  Biology of Coleophora quadrivittata [Col.: Coccinellidae] predator of coccus viridis [Hom.: Coccidae] in New Caledonia.  Entomophaga 26:  301-12.  [in French].


Chazeau, J.  1983.  Deux prédateurs de Tetranychidae en Nouvelle-Guinée: Stethorus exspectatus n. sp. et Stethorus exsultabilis n.sp. [Col.: Coccinellidae].  Entomophaga 28:  373-78.


Chazeau, J., E. Bouye & L. B. de Larbogne.  1991.  Cycle de développement et table de vie d'Olla v-nigrum [Col.: Coccinellidae] ennemi naturel d'Heteropsylla cubana [Hom.: Psyllidae] introduit en Nouvelle-Calédonie.  Entomophaga 36:  275-86.


Che, Czi-lun.  1962.  Hymenopteren-Parasiten von Pieris rapae im Gebiet von Nanking.  Acta. Ent. Sin. 11:  45-58.  [in Chinese].


Che, Czjun-Chua.  1966.  Untersuchungsmethoden über die Parasitierbarkeit der Eier von Schoenobius incertellus Walk. durch Parasiten.  Zhiwu. baohu. 4:  38-40.  [in Chinese].


Che-Pei, Huan-Pu Chen & Liu-in Sajan.  1966.  Die Raaktion von Dendrolimus sibiricus auf die Chemosterilisation.  Acta. Ent. Sinica 15:  239-41.  [in Chinese].


Cheah, C. S.-J.  1987.  Temperature requirements of the chrysanthemum leaf miner, Chromatomyla syngenesiae [Dipt.: Agromyzidae] and its ectoparasitoid, Diglyphus isaea [Hym.: Eulophidae].  Entomophaga 32:  357-65.


Cheema, P. S. & J. N. Misra.  1962.  Mode of oviposition of Brucobius laticeps Ashm. (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae), a parasite of Callosobruchus sp.  Curr. Sci., Bangalore 31:  21-22.


Cheeseman, E.  1922.  Rhyssa persuasoria:  its oviposition and larval habits.  So. London Ent. & Nat. Hist. Soc. Proc. 1921-1922:  1-2.


Cheeseman, E.  1932.  Hunting Insects in the South Seas.  Philip Allen, London.  243 p.


Chelliah, S., L. Fabellar & A. E. Heinrichs.  1980.  Effects of sublethal doses of three insecticides on the reproductive rate of the brown planthopper, Nalaparvata lugens, on rice.  Environ. Ent. 9:  778-80.


Chen, B.H., J.E. Foster, J.E. Araya, and P.L. Taylor. 1991.  Parasitism of Mayetiola destructor (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) by Platygaster biemalis (Hymenoptera: Platygasteridae) on Hessian fly-resistant wheats.  Journal of Entomological Science, 26: 237-243.


Chen, C. B.  1963.  An efficient criticism of utilizing indigenous egg parasites (Trichogramma australicum) and introducing parasites for controlling sugarcane borers.  Agr. Assoc. China J. 44:  1-8.  [in Chinese, with English summary].


Chen, C. B.  1967.  The biological control of sugarcane borers in Taiwan, 1948-1966.  Mushi 39:  103-08.


Chen, C. B.  1972.  Artificial propagation of Trichogramma australicum, T. japonicum, Trichospilus diatraeae and Tetrastichus inferens for the control of rice and sugar cane borers in Taiwan.  Mushi (Suppl.) 45:  47-9.


Chen, C. B. & T. H. Hung.  1958.  Experimental results of the Cuban fly, Lixophaga diatraeae Towns.: Introduction into Taiwan, artificial propagation, and control of sugarcane borers.  Taiwan Sugar Expt. Sta. Rept. 17:  44-52 (Abs. in Biol. Abs. 35, item 68543). [in Chinese with English summary].


Chen, C. B. & T. H. Hung.  1960.  Introduction and artificial propagation of Lixophaga diatraeae Towns. for control of sugar cane borers in Taiwan.  10th Internatl. Cong. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. Proc. (1959):  942-47.


Chen, C. B. & T. H. Hung.  1962.  Experimental results of introducing parasitic wasps and a fly for controlling sugarcane borers from India into Taiwan in 1961-62.  Agr. Assoc. China J. (n.s.), 40:  63-67.  [English summary].


Chen, C. B. & T. H. Hung.  1963.  Experimental results of the introduced Isotima javensis Roh. for the control of the top borer, Scirophaga nivella Fab. in Taiwan.  Taiwan Sugar Expt. Sta. Rept. 31:  137-46.  [English summary].


Chen, C. B. & T. H. Hung.  1964.  An introduction of Sturmiopsis inferens T.T. for controlling sugarcane borer, Sesmia inferens, and its results in Taiwan.  Plant Protect. Bull. 6:  165-67.  [English summary].


Chen, C.N. and S.C. Chiu, (eds.). 1986.  Proc. of a symposium on biological control of crop pests at Taiwan Agriculture Res.Inst., 16 November, 1984.  Published by Taiwan Agric. Res.Inst. and Plant Protection Soc. of the Republic of China, Taiwan.


Chen, F.  1934.  Notes on two coccinellids of Hwang-Yeh, Chekiang.  Ent. & Phytopath. 2:  142-48. (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 22:  550).


Chen, F.  1936.  Life history of Rodolia rufopilosa Muls.  Yearb. Bur. Ent. Hangchow 4:  59-77.  [in Chinese].


Chen, Jia-Hua, D. Gonzalez & J. Luhman.  1990.  A new species of Aphidius attacking the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum.  Entomophaga 35:  590-14.


Chen, S. H.  1946.  Evolution of the insect larva.  Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc. London 97:  381-404.


Chen, S. H.  1949.  Records of Chinese Trigonalidae (Hymenoptera).  Sinensia 20(1-6):  7-18.


Chen, Shou-jian.  1962.  The earliest biological control method in the world, the liberation and breeding of the yellow citrus ant (Oecophylla smaragdina Fabr.) in citrus orchards and its significance in practice.  Acta Ent. Sin. 11:  401-8.  [in Chinese].


Cheng, H. H. & E. J. LeRoux.  1969.  Parasites and predators of the birch leaf miner, Fenusa pusilla (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), in Quebec.  Canad. Ent. 101:  839-46.


Cheng, L.  1970.  Timing of attack by Lypha dubia Fall. (Diptera: Tachinidae) on the winter moth Operophtera brumata (L.) (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) as a factor affecting parasite success.  J. Anim. Ecol. 39:  313-20.


Cheng, T. C.  1964.  Biology of animal parasites.  W. B. Saunders Co., Phila.  705 p.


Cheng, T.-H.  1963.  Insect control in mainland China.  Science 140:  269-77.


Cheng, W. Y. & D. T. North.  1972.  Inherited sterility in the F-1 progeny of irradiated male pink bollworms.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  1272-75.


Cherepanov, A. I. (ed.).  1969.  Biological control of agricultural and forest pests.  Proc. of a symposium of the Acad. of Sci. of the USSR, Siberian Br., Biol. Inst.


Cherian, M. C.  1929.  Life-history notes on Microbracon serinopaa Ramrkr. (M.S.)-- a parasite of Nephantus serinopa.  Yearb. Dept. Agr. Madras 1928:  11-22.


Cherian, M. C.  1933.  An agromyzid fly predaceous upon aphids.  Madras Agr. J. 21:  343-44.


Cherian, M. C. & M. Basheer.  1938.  Brachymeria excarinata Gahan (Family Chalcididae) a pupal parasite of Plutella maculipennis Curtis in South India.  Proc. Indian Acad. Sci 7(B)(6):  289-99.


Cherian, M. C. & M. Basheer.  1939.  Tetrastichus sokolowskii Kurdj. (Family Eulophidae) a larval parasite of Plutella maculipennis in South India.  Ind. Acad. Sci. Proc. 9(B)(2):  87-98.


Cherian, M. C. & M. Basheer.  1950.  The parasite complex of the castor semilooper, Achaea janata (Linn.).  Indian J. Ent. 9(2):  139-41.


Cherian, M. C. & P. Israel.  1937.  Studies on Elasmus zehntneri Ferr., a parasite of the sugarcane white moth borter (Scirpophaga).  Madras Agr. J. 25:  273-79.


Cherian, M. C. & P. Israel.  1938.  Stenobracon nicevillei Bingh. (Hym. Brac.), a natural enemy of the sugar-cane white moth borer (Scirpophaga).  Bull. Ent. Res. 29(1):  99-102.


Cherian, M. C. & P. Israel.  1938.  Stenobracon deesae Cam. (Hym. Brac.), a natural enemy of the moth borers of sugarcane.  Madras Agr. J. 26(6):  207-13.


Cherian, M. C. & P. Israel.  1938.  Rhaconotus scirpophagae Wlk., a parasite of the sugarcane white moth borer (Scirpophaga).  Madras Agr. J. 26(4):  127-34.


Cherian, M. C. & P. Israel.  1941.  Rhaconotus roslinensis (Braconidae), a larval parasite of the sugarcane borer, Scirpophaga rhodoprictalis.  Indian J. Ent. 3(2):  173-76.


Cherian, M. C. & P. Israel.  1942.  Goniozus indicus Ash.--a natural enemy of the sugarcane white moth borer (Scirpophaga rhodopunctalis).  J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 43(3):  488-93.


Cherian, M. C. & M. S. Kylasam.  1941.  Preliminary notes on the parasites of the spotted and the pink bollworms of cotton in Coimbatore.  Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. Sect. B-14(6):  517-28.


Cherian, M. C. & V. Mahadevan.  1937.  A new enemy of the Indian honey bee.  Madras Agr. J. 25:  65-7.


Cherian, M. C. & V. Margabandhu.  1948.  Trichogrammatoidea nana Zehnt. (Hym., Chalcidoidea)-- an egg parasite of the sugarcane borer Argyria sticti eraspis Hampson:  a new record from South India.  J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 48(1):  157-58.


Cherian, M. C. & V. Margabandhu.  1949.  Identy of Microbracon brevicornis Wesm. and Microbracon hebetor Say.  J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 48:  335-37.


Cherian, M. C. & P. S. Narayanaswami.  1942.  The biology of Microbracon chilonis Viereck-- a laravl parasite of Chilo zonellus Swin.  Indian J. Ent. 4(1):  5-7.


Cherian, M. C. & B. Rangiah Pillai.  1942.  Selepa docilis Butl. and its parasite Euplectrus euplexiae Roh.  Indian. J. Ent. 4(2):  236-37.


Cherian, M. C. & C. K. Subramaniam.  1940.  Tetrastichus ayyari Rohw., a pupal parasite of some moth-borers in South India.  Indian J. Ent. 2(1):  75-77.


Chernoguz, D. G.  1984.  On ontogenic aspect of parasitism of the parasitoids of the subfamily Alysiinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). I.  Relation of Alysia manducator Panz. and Calliphora vicina R.-D. (Diptera, Calliphoridae).  Entomol. Obozrenie 63(4):  658-71.  [in Russian].


Chernova, O. A.  1947.  Some data on the morphology and fertility of parasitic flies of the harmful stinkbug.  Vrednaya cherepaskha, Vol. 2, Moscow.  p. 67-74.  [in Russian].


Cerny, V., L. Dolejs, L. Labler, F. Storm & K. Slama.  1967.  Dehydrojuvabione-- a new compound with juvenile hormone activity from balsam fir.  Tetrahedron Lett.  p. 1053-57.


Cherry, R. H.  1979.  Lethal temperatures of citrus blackfly Aleurocanthus woglumi [Hom.: Aleyrodidae] and its parasite, Amitus hesperidum [Hym.: Platygasteridae].  Entomophaga 24:  35-40.


Cherry, R. H. & E. J. Armbrust.  1977.  Predators of Bathyplectes curculionis [Hym.: Ichneumonidae], a parasite of Hypera postica [Col.: Curculinoidae].  Entomophaga 22:  323-29.


Cherry, R. & R. V. Dowell.  1979.  Predators of citrus blackfly [Hom.: Aleyrodidae].  Entomophaga 24:  385-94.


Cherry, R. & S. Pastor, Jr.  1980.  Variations in population levels of citrus blackfly, Aleurocanthus woglumi, [Hom.: Aleyrodidae] and parasites during an eradication program in Florida.  Entomophaga 25:  365-68.


Cherwonogrodslcy, J.W 1980.  Microbial agents as insecticides.  Residue Rev.ss, 76: 73-96,


Cheshire, F. R. & W. W. Cheyne.  1885.  The pathogenic history and the history under cultivation of a new bacillus (B. alvei), the cause of a disease of the hive bee hitherto known as foul brood.  J. Roy. Microsc. Soc. 5:  581-601.


Chesnokov, P. G.  1939.  Geographic variation of whests in their resistance to Hessian fly Phytophaga destructor Say.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. USSR, n.s. 23:  287-91.


Chesnokov, P. G.  1962.  Methods of investigating plant resistance to pests.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. USSR. (Transl. from Russian by Sh. Shoshan & S. Nemchonok). Jerusalem: Israel Prog. Sci. Transl.


Chesnova, L. V.  1968.  Essays from the history of applied entomology in Russia. (Transl. from Russian by B. Bojarski).  Jerusalem: Israel Prog. Sci. Trans.


Chesson, J.  1983.  The estimation and analysis of preference and its relationship to foraging models. Ecology 64:  1297-1304.


Chesson, P. L.  1981.  Models of spatially distributed populations:  the effect of within-patch variability.  Theor. Popul. Biol. 19:  288-325.


Chesson, P.L. and W.W. Murdoch. 1986.  Aggregation of risk: relationships among host-parasitoid models.  Amer. Naturalist, 127: 696-715.


Chet, I. and Y. Henis. 1985.  Trichoderma as a biocontrol agent against soilbome root pathogens, pp. 110-112.  In:Parker, C.A. et al., (eds.). Ecology and Management of Soilborne Plant Pathogens.  Amer. Phytopathological Soc., St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A.


Chevalier, L.  1923.  Notice sur la biologie et la maniere de vivre de l'Agene Charboniere, Hymenoptere constructeur et mangeur d'Araignees.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(4):  24-28.


Chevalier, L.  1924.  Biologie de deux Hymenopteres fouisseurs et chasseurs de chenilles.  Bull. Soc. Etude Sci. Nat. Elbeuf 42(1923):  101-19.


Chevalier, L.  1924.  Notes sur la biologie et la maniere de vivre de Passalaecus turionum Dhlb., Hymenoptere resinier mangeur de pucerons.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(5):  22-29.


Chevalier, L.  1924.  Biologie et maniere de vivre de Psammophila arenaria F., Hymenoptere mangeur de chenilles.  Bull. Soc. Sci., Seine-et-Oise 2(5):  34-39.


Chevalier, L.  1924.  Notice biologique sur Ammophila sabulosa.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(5):  41-49.


Chevalier, L.  1924.  Les Mellinus arvensis L. (Le melline des champs), Hymenoptere fouisseur et mangeur de mouches.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(5):  60-63.


Chevalier, L.  1924.  Notes sur deux Hymenopteres, mangeurs de larves de sauterelles.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(5):  73-77.


Chevalier, L.  1924.  Un mangeur de Crioceres, le Cerceris quinquefasciata Rossi.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(5):  77-80.


Chevalier, L.  1925.  Pemphredon lugugris Latr., Hymenoptere mangeur de pucerons.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(6):  69-71.


Chevalier, L.  1925.  Le Psen atratus, hymenoptere mangeur de larves de Pucerons.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(6, 4):  41-45.


Chevalier, L.  1926.  Note sur la biologie et la maniere de vivre de trois especes d'Oxybeles.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(7):  1-13.


Chevalier, L.  1926.  Biologie et maniere de vivre de Perithous divinator Rossi.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(7):  22-29.


Chevalier, L.  1927.  Mangeurs de Curculionides.  Bull. Soc. Nat. Elbeuf 45:  95-104.


Chevalier, L.  1929.  Un Sphegide chasseur de Psoques Rhopalum clavipes.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(10):  32-34.


Chevalier, L.  1929.  Biologie de trois Hymenopteres Sphegides mangeurs d'araignees.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(9):  33-35.


Chevalier, L.  1930.  Etude sur un Hymenoptere mangeur de chenilles, Cratotrechus larvarum L.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Seine-et-Oise 2(11)(2):  28-31.


Chevalier, L.  1930.  Etude sur un Hymenoptere mangeur de chenilles, Cratotrechus larvarum L.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Sein-et-Oise 11:  28-31.


Chevalier, L.  1933.  Mangeurs d'araignees:  les Pompilides.  Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Sein-et-Oise, Versailles 3(1):  45-51.


Chevin, H.  1965.  Caractères biologiques et écologiques de Timarcha normanna Reiche [Col. Chrysomelidae].  Bull. Soc. Ent. France 70:  250-8.


Chewyreuv, I. J.  1911.  Parasites and hyperparasites.  Ed. Dept. For., St. Petersburg.  60 p.


Chewyreuv, I. J.  1912.  Parasites and hyperparasites in the insect world.  Messager Ent. 1:  1-77.


Chewyreuv, I. J.  1913.  Oviposition in Ichneumon flies.  J. Micro. Soc. London 4:  385.


Chewyreuv, I. J.  1913.  Le role des femelles dans la détermination du sexe et leur descendance dans le groupe des Ichneumonides.  Soc. de Biol. (Paris) Compt. Rend. 74:  695-99.


Hain, Chi & W. M. Getz.  1988.  Mass rearing and harvesting based on an age-stage, two-sex life table:  A potato tuberworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) case study.  Environ. Ent. 17:  18-25.


Chianese, R.  1985.  Cotesia melanoscelus, pp. 395-400.  In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. I.  Elsevier, New York.


Chiang, H. C.  1965.  Survival of northern corn rootworm eggs through one and two winters.  J. Econ. Ent. 58:  470-72.


Chiang, H. C.  1966.  Distribution of entomophagous insects in their habitats, p. 157-59.  In:  I. Hodek (ed.), Proc. Symp. Ecology of Aphidophagous Insects, Liblice, 1965.  Academia, Prague.


Chiang, H. C.  1968.  Host variety as an ecological environmental factor in the population dynamics of the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 61:  1521-23.


Chiang, H. C.  1970.  Effects of manure applications and mite predation on corn rootworm populations in Minnesota.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  934-36.


Chiang, H. C.  1973.  Bionomics of the northern and western corn rootworms.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 18:  47-72.


Chiang, H. C.  1974.  Predation in retrospect and in prospect.  Entomophaga 7:  83-8.


Chiang, H. C.  1978.  Pest management in corn.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 23:  101-23.


Chiang, H. C.  1982.  Factors to be considered in refining a general model of economic threshold.  Entomophaga 27:  99-104.


Chiang, H. C. & F. G. Holdaway.  1960.  Relative effectiveness of resistance of field corn to the European corn borer, Pyrausta nubilalis, in crop protection and in population control.  J. Econ. Ent. 53:  918-24.


Chiang, H. C., A. J. Keaster & G. L. Reed.  1968.  Differences in ecological responses of three biotypes of Ostrinia nubilalis from the north central United States.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 61:  140-46.


Chiappini, E.  1989.  Review of the European species of the genus Anagrus Haliday (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).  Boll. Zool. Agr. Bacchic. Ser. II, 21:  85-119.


Chiappini, E., S. V. Trjapitzin & A. Donev. 1996.  Key to the Holarctic species of Anagrus Haliday (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) with a review of the Nearctic and Palaearctic (other than European) species and descriptions of new taxa.  Journal of Natural History 30: 551-595.


Chiba, S., H. Uchida & K. Fujita.  1966.  On a gregarine parasitic in Tomocerus minutus Tullberg [Insecta: Collembola].  Zool. Mag. Tokyo 75:  47-50.  [in Japanese].


Chicoine, T., P. Fay & J. Nielsen.  1988.  Predicting spotted knapweed migration in Montana.  Montana Agr. Res. 5:  25-8.


Chidester, F. E.  1917.  Dytiscus as a destroyer of mosquito larvae.  Ent. News 28:  454.


Chiesa Molinari, O.  1944.  Un importante enemigo natural de los pulgones, el Aphidius platensis Brethes.  Pampa Argentina 18(197):  2.


Chihisa, W.  1958.  Some ecological problems in parasitic Hymenoptera.  Insect Ecol. 7(1):  1-4.


Chikwenhere, G.P.; Keswani, C.L.  1997.  Economics of biological control of Kariba weed (Salvinia molesta Mitchell) at Tengwe in north-western Zimbabwe—a case study. International Journal of Pest Management 43 (2), 109-112.


Chilcott, C. N., B. H. Knowles, D. J. Ellar & F. A. Drobniewski.  1990.  Mechanism of action of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis parasporal body, p. 45-65.  In:  H. de Barjac & D. Sutherland (eds.), Bacterial Control of Mosquitoes and Blackflies; Biochemistry, Genetics, and Applications of Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus sphaericus.  Rutgers Univ. Press, New Brunswick, NJ.


Childs, L.  1947.  Progress report on the use of DDT as a codling moth spray.  Wash. State Hort. Assoc. Proc. 42:  39-54.


China, W. E.  1932.  Reduviid bugs (Apiomerinae) capturing their insect prey by means of adhesive resin-covered fore-legs.  Ent. Soc. London Proc. 7:  12.


China, W. E., and N. C. E. Miller. 1959. Check-list and keys to the families and subfamilies of the Hemiptera- Heteroptera. Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol., 8(1 ):1-45; 1 f.


Chino, M.  1918.  (Researches on the variation of the coccinellid (Ptychanatis axyridis Pall.).  Shinana Kyoiku (1918):  1-9.


Chippendale, J.F.  1995.  The biological control of Noogoora burr (Xanthium occidentale) in Queensland: an economic perspective. In VIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand, February 2-7, 1992; Delfosse, E.S., Scott, R.R., Eds.; CSIRO: Melbourne, Australia 185-192.


Chiri, A. A. & E. F. Legner.  1982.  Host-searching kairomones alter behavior of Chelonus sp. nr. curvimaculatus, a hymenopterous parasite of the pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders).  Environ. Ent. 11:  452-55.


Chiri, A. A. & E. F. Legner.  1983.  Field applications of host-searching kairomones to enhance parasitization of the pink bollworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae).  J. Econ. Ent. 76:  254-255.


Chiri, A. A. & E. F. Legner.  1986.  Response of three Chelonus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) species to kairomones in scales of six Lepidoptera.  Canad. Ent. 118:  329-33.


Chisholm, E. C.  1933.  Useful Coccinellidae found on the Comboyne Plateau.  Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 58(5-6):  405-407.


Chittenden, F. H.  1890.  (remarks on the habits of some species of Cleridae).  Ent. Amer. 6:  154-55.


Chittenden, F. H.  1893.  Observations on some hymenopterous parasites of Coleoptera.  Insect Life 5(4):  247-50.


Chittenden, F. H.  1898.  On the parasites of adult Coleoptera.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 4:  75-79.


Chittenden, F. H.  1903.  A brief account of the principal insect enemies of the sugar-beet.  U.S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 43:  7-69.


Chittenden, F. H.  1905.  An instance of complete parasitism of the imported cabbage worm.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Ent. Bull. 54:  79.


Chittenden, F. H.  1919.  Control of the onion thrips (Thrips tabici Lind.).  U. S. Dept. Agr. Farmers' Bull. 1007.  16 p.


Chittenden, F. H.  1920.  The red-banded leaf-roller.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 914.  14 p.


Chittenden, F. H.  1922.  The green June beetle.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 891.  52 p.


Chittenden, F. H.  1924.  Lema trilineata (Coleop.) controlled by an egg parasite.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 26:  46-48.


Chittenden, F. H.  1926.  The common cabbageworm and its control.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Farmers' Bull. 1461.  13 p.


Chittenden, F. H. & H. O. Marsh.  1920.  The beet leaf-beetle.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 892.  24 p.


Chitty, D.  1957.  Self-regulation of numbers through changes in viability.  In:  Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 22:  277-80.


Chitty, D.  1958.  Self-regulation of numbers through changes in viability.  Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant. Biol. 22:  277-80.


Chitty, D.  1960.  Population processes in the vole and their relevance to general theory.  Canad. J. Zool. 38:  99-113


Chitty, D.  1965.  Predicting qualitatiave changes in insect populations.  Proc. 1th Intern. Congr. Ent. (London, 1964):  384-86.


Chitty, D., D. Pimentel & C. J. Krebs.  1967.  Food supply of overwintered voles.  J. Anim. Ecol. 37:  113-20.


Chiu, Shui-chen & Ching-shen Liu.  1969.  Hymenopterous parasites of citrus, tobacco and vegetable aphids in Taiwan.  Taiwan Agr. Res. Inst. Spec. Publ. 9.  14 p.


Chiu, S. C., K. C. Lo., C. C. Chien, C. C. Chen & C. F. Chen.  1985.  A review of the biological of crop pests in Taiwan (1981-1984).  Spec. Publ. No. 19, Taiwan Agr. Res. Inst.  p. 1-8.


Chiverton, P.A. 1986.  Predator density manipulation and i effc on poulations of Rbo ios um  (Hom.: Aphididae) in spring barley.Annals of Applied Biolo ts     ts     PO pa iph       pdigy, 109: 49-60.


Chiverton, P.A. 1987.  Effects of exclusion barriers and inclusion trenches on polyphagous and aphid specific predators in spring barley.  Journal ofAPplied Entomol., 103: 193-203.


Chiñnjak, Ju. V.  1966.  Über den Parasiten von Brachycaudus sp., Callimome (Syntomaspis) eurytomae [Puz.-Mal.].  Nau…n konf. Char'kovsk. sel'skochoz. inst. Tez. Dokl., Vyp 6:  84-6.  [in Russian].


Chlodny, J.  1968.  Evaluation of some parameters of the individual energy budget of the larvae of Pteromalus puparum (L.) (Pteromalidae) and Pimpla instigator (Fabr.) (Ichneumonidae).  Ekol. Polska (Ser. A) 16:  505-12.


Chmurzynski, J. A.  1964.  Some remarks on the optics of the Bembex rostrata (L.) eye (Hymenoptera: Sphegidae).  Zool. Pol. (1963) 13:  111-35.


Chmurzynski, J. A.  1965.  Conditions of nesting sites with reference to spatial orientation in Bembex rostrata (L.) (Hymenoptera: Sphegidae).  Proc. 12th Internatl. Cong. Ent. London.  p. 286-87.


Chobaut, A.  1891.  Moeurs et metamorphoses de Emenada flabellata F., insecte coléoptere de la famille des Rhipiphorides. Ann. Soc. Ent. de France 60:  447-56.


Chobaut, A.  1895.  Moeurs et metamorphoses des Macrosiagon.  Abeille 28:  181-83.


Chobaut, A.  1906.  Le triongulinide du Myiodes subdipterus Bosc.  Soc. Ent. de France Bul. (1906):  238-44.


Chobaut, A.  1907.  Note complementaire sur le Rhipiphorus (Myiodes) subdipterus Bosc.  Bull. Soc. Ent. Paris 1907.  154-55.


Chobaut, A.  1919.  Description des deux sexes, de l'oeuf et de la larve primaire d'un nouveau Rhipidius de Provence.  Soc. Ent. de France Bul. (1919):  200-06.


Chobaut, A.  1922.  Note complementaire sur la larve primaire de Rhipidius denisi Chob.  Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1922.  p. 47.


Chochiya, A. S.  1941.  Propagation of Sympherobius in Abkhazia.  Sprav. Vop. Karant. Rast. 3:  7-9, Moscow.  (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 32:  101).


Chock, Q. C., C. J. Davis & M. Chong.  1961.  Sepedon macropus (Diptera: Sciomyzidae) introduced into Hawaii as a control for the liver fluke snail, Lymnaea ollula.  J. Econ. Ent. 54:  1-4.


Chodorowski, A.  1968.  Predator-prey relation between Mochlonyx culiformis and Aedes communis.  Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 15:  279-88.


Choi, K.M. and M.H. Lee. 1990.  Use of natural enemies for controlling agricultural pests in Korea.  In:FFRC-NARC International Seminar on "The use of parasitoids and predators to control agricultural pests." Tukuba Science City, lbaraki-ken, 305, Japan, October 2-7, 1989.


Chomko, E.  9166.  Der Feind auf dem Rückzug.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 11(5):  46.  [in Russian].


Chonjakina, Z. P.  1961.  Einige Angaben über die Ernährung des Seefrosches und der grünen Kröte im Gebiet der Stadt Macha…kal.  U…en. zapiski 7:  91-103.  [in Russian].


Chopard, L.  1920.  Observations sur le mante religieuse et ses parasites.  Paris Acad. des Sci. Compt. Rend. 170:  140-42.


Chopard, L.  1923.  Les parasites de la mante religieuse.  Ann. Soc. Ent. de France 91:  249-74.


Chopard, L.  1936.  Le Rielia manticida Kieff. est aussi parasite de l'Empuse.  Rev. Fr. Ent. 3(3):  237-38.


Christian, M. B.  1940-1941.  Biology of the power-post beetles, Lyctus planicollis Leconte and Lyctus parallelopipedus (Melsh.).  Louisiana Conserv. Rev. 9,4:  56-59; 10: 40-42.


Christenson, L. D.  1966.  Application of sterilization techniques for controlling and eradicating insect pests.  In:  E. F. Knipling (ed.), Pest Control by Chemical, Biological, Genetic, and Physical Means; a Symposium.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Res. Serv.  33-110; 95-102.


Christenson, L. D. & W. E. Stone.  1956.  Mediterranean fruit fly invades Costa Rica.  Calif. Citrogr. Feb 1956.  4 pp.


Christenson, L. D. & R. H. Foote.  1960.  Biology of fruit flies.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 5:  171-92.


Christenson, L. D., S. Maeda & J. R. Holloway.  1956.  Substitution of dehydrated for fresh carrots in medium for rearing fruit flies.  J. Econ. Ent. 49:  135-36.


Christidis, B. & G. J. Harrison.  1955.  Cotton Growing Problems.  McGraw-Hill, New York.  633 p.


Christie, J. D., J. Edward, K. Goolaman, B. O. James, J. Simm, P. S. Dugat & R. Treinen.  1981.  Interactions  between St. Lucian Biomphalaria glabrata and Helisoma duryi, a possible competitor snail in a semi-natural habitat.   Acta Tropica 38:  395-417.


Christochowitz, E. E., N. van der Fluit & J. C. van Lenteren.  1981.  Rate of development and oviposition frequency of Trialeurodes vaporariorum, Encarsia formosa (two strains) and E.tricolor at low glasshouse temperatures.  Meded.  van de Faculteit der Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent,46/2: 477‑485.


Chruckij, A. E. & V. N. Tretjak.  1962.  Bakteriologische Bekämpfung des Ziesels.  Trudy Orenburgsk. sel'skochoz. inst. 2:  170-3.  [in Russian].


Chruscelevskij, V. P.  1962.  Über die landschaftliche Verbreitung und forstwirtschaftliche Bedeutung von Dendrocopos major L. in Ost-Sibirien, p. 253-4.  In:  Problemy zool. issled. v Sibiri, Gorno-Altajsk.  [in Russian].


Chrystal, R. N.  1928.  The Sirex wood-wasps and their importance in forestry.  Bull. Ent. Res. 19:  219-47.


Chrystal, R. N.  1930.  Studies on the Sirex parasites.  The biology and postembryonic development of Ibalia leucospoides Hochenw. (Hymenoptera-Cynipoidea).  Oxford Univ. Mem. 11.  63 p.


Chrystal, R. N. & J. G. Myers.  1928a.  The Sirex wood-wasps and their parasites.  Empire Forestry J. 7:  145-54.


Chrystal, R. N. & J. G. Myers.  1928b.  Natural enemies of Sirex cyaneus Fabr. in England and their life-history.  Bull. Ent. Res. 19:  66-77.


Chrystal, R. N. & E. R. Skinner.  1931.  Studies on the biology of Xylonomus brachylabris Kr. and X. irrigator F., parasites of the larch longhorn beetle, Tetropium gabrieli Weise.  Forestry 5(1):  21-33.


Chrystal, R. N. & E. R. Skinner.  1932.  Studies on the biology of the woodwasp Xiphydria prolongata Geoffr. (Dromedarius F.) and its parasite Thalessa curvipes Grav.  Scottish For. J. 45(1):  36-51.


Chrystal, R. N et al.  1950.  The alder woodwasp, Xiphydria camelus L., and its parasites at Lynford, 1948-49.  Lynfordian 1950:  4-6.  [Biblio Agr. Aug 1950, V. 14(8): 94].


Chu, Hai-Ching.  1962.  Contribution to the ontogenesis and biology of Apanteles salitarius Ratz., a parasite of the gypsy moth, Porthetria dispar L.  Vest. Mosk. Univ. Biol. Pochvovedenie 6:  26-32.


Chu, H. C.  1964.  Preliminary research on the influence of internal parasites on the horgans of the host.  Acta Ent. Sinica 13:  133-37.


Chu, H. C.  1965.  The effect of Apanteles solitarius larvae on the mesenteron of the gypsy moth, Porthetria dispar.  Vestnik. Moskov Univ. Ser 6, Biol. Pochvoved 20:  34-37.


Chu, H. F.  1949.  How to Know the Immature Insects.  W. C. Brown Co., Dubuque, Iowa.  234 p.


Chu, H. T. & C. H. Hu.  1964.  The investigation of nematode-trapping fungi and predacious nematode in Taiwan.  Rept. Taiwan Sugar Expt. Sta. 35:  133-40.  [in Chinese].


Chu, J.  1934.  Investigations on the biology, natural enemies and control of the mulberry coccid, Drosicha contrahens Walker.  Yearbk. Bur. Ent., Hangchow (1933):  77-96.  [in Chinese with English summary].


Chu, J.  1935.  Notes on the biology of Cedria paradoxa Wilkinson, a hymenopterous parasite of the mulberry pyralid (Margaronia pyloalis Walker).  Bur. Ent. Hangchow (1933) 3:  193-202.  [English summary].


Chu, Joo-Tso.  1937.  Notes on the hymenopterous parasites of the pine caterpillar Dendrolimus punctatus Walker in China.  Ent. & Phytopath. Hangchow 5:  55-103. [English summary].


Chu, J. & Y. Hu.  1936.  Biological studies of Trichogramma evanescens Westwood (Hym. Trichogrammatidae).  Yearbk. Bur. Ent. Hangchow 1936:  1-14.  [English summary].


Chu, Y.  1969.  On the bionomics of Lyctocoris beneficus (Hiura) and Xylocoris galactinus (Fieber) (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae).  J. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 15:  1-136.


Chu, Y. & C. Okuma.  1970.  Preliminary survey on the spider-fauna of the paddy fields in Taiwan.  Mushi 44:  65-88.


Chu-Wang, I-Wu & R. C. Axtell.  1971.  Fine structure of the dorsal organ of the house fly larva (Musca domestica L.).  Zeitschrift für Zellforschung 117:17-34.


Chu-Wang, I-Wu, & R. C. Axtell.  1972a.  Fine structure of the terminal organ of the house fly larva, Musca domestica L. Zeitschrift für Zellforschung.  127: 287-305.


Chu-Wang, I-Wu & R. C. Axtell.  1972b.  Fine structure of ventral organ of the house fly larva, Musca domestica L. Zeitschrift für Zellforschung 130: 489-95.


Chu-Wang, I-Wu & R. C. Axtell.  1973.  Comparative fine structure of the claw sensilla of a soft tick, Argas (Persicargas) arboreus americanum (L).  J. Parasitology 59(3): 545-55.


Chu-Wang, I-Wu & R. C. Axtell.  1974.  Fine structure of ventral and lateral tarsal sensilla of the hard tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.). Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 63(3): 453-7.


Chu-Wang, I-Wu, R. C. Axtell & D. L. Kline.  1975.  Antennal and pupal sensilla of the sand fly Culicoides furens (Poey) (Diptera Ceratopogonidae).  Internat. J. Insect Morphol. & Embryol. 4(2): 131-149.


Chua, T. H.  1978.  The parasite complex of Saissetia nigra in Malaysia.  Entomophaga 23:  195-202.


Chua, T. H. & V. A. Dyck.  1982.  Assessment of Pseudogonatopus flavifemur E. & H. (Dyrinidae: Hymenoptera) as a biocontrol agent of the rice brown planthopper.  Proc. Intl. Conf. Plant Protect.  Tropics.  p. 253-65.


Chugunin, Y. V.  1936.  Results of the acclimatisation of Aphelinus mali Hald. in the Crimea.  Plant Protect. 1936, 8:  99-103. (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 25:  132).


Chukanov, L. N.  1968.  A parasite of the frit fly.  Zasch. Rast. 13:  55.


Chumakova-Safronovich, B. M.  1949.  The effect of nutrition during the larval and adult stages on the fertility of predatory insects.  Ent. Obozr. 30:  225-34.


Chumakova, B. M.  1957a.  Parasites of coccids in the Maritime Territory.  Zool. Zhur. 36:  533-47.  [English summary].


Chumakova, B. M.  1957b.  Comperiella bifasciata How. (Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae), a parasite of scale insects in the U.S.S.R.  Ent. Obozr. 36:  643-51.  [English summary].


Chumakova, B. M.  1958.  Entomophages of the Californian scale in the U.S.S.R. and ways of raising their effectiveness.  1st Internatl. Conf. Insect Pathol. Biol. Control Trans, Prague:  481-85.  [German summary].


Chumakova, B. M.  1958.  The parasites of Phytometra gamma L. in the Leningrad region and their importance in the reduction of the abundance of the pest.  Rev. Ent. USSR 37(3):  597-602.


Chumakova, B. M.  1958.  Parasites of the silver gamma moth, Phytometra gamma, in the Leningrad region and their importance in the reduction of the abundance of the pest.  Ent. Obozrenie 37(3):  517-21.


Chumakova, B. M.  1960a.  Supplementary feeding as a factor increasing the activity of parasites of harmful insects.  Trud. Vsesoyuz. Inst. Zashch. Rast. 15:  57-70.  (Abs. in Rev. Appl. Ent. (A), 51: 72).


Chumakova, B. M.  1960b.  Adult feeding as a factor of increase in efficiency of insect pests parasites.  Tr. Vses. Inst. Zashch. Rast. 15:  57-70.


Chumakova, B. M.  1961a.  Parasites of injurious scale insects from Kabardino-Balkaria (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea).  Ent. Obozr. 40:  315-38.  [in Russian].


Chumakova, B. M.  1961b.  Aphytis and San Jose scale.  Zashch. rast 2:  47.


Chumakova, B. M.  1962.  Significance of individual food components for the vital activity of mature predatory and parasitic insects.  Vop. Ekol. Kievsk. 8:  133-34.


Chumakova, B. M.  1964a.  The San Jose scale Diaspidiotus perniciosus Comst. (Coccoidea, Diaspididae) and its parasites in the conditions of the Far East.  Ent. Obozr. 43:  535-52.  [English trans. in Ent. Rev. 43:  272-79).


Chumakova, B. M.  1964b.  Review of the species of the family Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera) parasitizing the coccid pests of tree cultures on the Black Sea coast of the R.F.F.S.R..  All-Union Sci. Res. Inst. Plant Protect. Proc., Leningrad, 23 (pt. I):  14-39.  [English summary].


Chumakova, B. M.  1964c.  A study of the factors affecting the sex of the offspring of some braconids.  Isleed po biologiche, Novosibirsk 1964:  207-09.


Chumakova, B. M.  1965.  The importance of the parasite Aspidiotiphagus citrinus (Crwf.) (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae) in reducing the numbers of injurious armoured scales in the subtropics of the RSFSR.  Ent. Obozr. 44:  520-26.  [Ent. Rev. 44:  305-08].


Chumakova, B. M.  1968.  Regulation of fertilization and sexual determination in progeny of parasitic Hymenoptera.  Proc. All-Union Sci. Res. Inst. Plant Prot. 31:  121-63.


Chumakova, B. M.  1968.  Comparative anatomy and biology of Trichogramma evanescens Westw.  Proc. All-Union Sci. Res. Inst. Plant Prot. 31:  164-82.


Chumakova, B. M.  1969.  Biology, ecology and species omposition of natural enemies of Quadraspidiotus pernicus Comst. (Homoptera: Coccoidea) on Saghalin.  Ent. Obozr. 48:  247-54.


Chumakova, B. M. & Z. S. Goryunova.  1963.  The development of males of Prospaltella perniciosi Tow.  (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae)-- a parasite of Californian scale (Homoptera, Coccoidea).  Ent. Obozr. 42:  320-28.  [English summary].


Chumakova, B. M. & Z. S. Goryunova.  1963.  Regulation of the sex of offspring in certain Aphelinidae which are parasites of coccids.  5th Meeting All-Union Ent. Soc. 1963. Akad. Nauk USSR, Moscow-Leningrad.  p. 128-29.


Chun.  1876.  Parthenogenese bei Ichneumoniden (Paniscus).  Senkenb. Naturf. Gesellschaft 1875-76:  136-.


Church, N. S.  1967.  The egg-laying behavior of 11 species of Lyttinae (Coleoptera: Meloidae).  Canad. Ent. 99:  752-60.




Ciampolini, M.  1958.  Osservazion etologiche sulla Stigmella malella (Stainton) (Lepidoptera, Nepticulidae).  Redia 43:  111-21.


Ciampolini, M.  1959.  I trattamenti control la Stigmella malella (Stainton), la Leucoptera scitella Zell. e la Lithocolletis blancardella F. in rapport al ciclo evolutuvo dei tre insetti.  Redia 44:  55-75.


CIBC.  1971.  Biological control programs against insects and weeds in Canada, 1959-1968.  Commonw. Agr. Bur. Tech. Comm., Vol. 4.  266 p.


Ciferri, R.  1963.  I virus come insetticidi.  Coltiv. Giorn. vinic. ital., Casale Monferrato 109(3):  91-2.


CILB.  1957.  Vier Jahre Massenzucht von Prospaltella perniciosi.  CILB 3éeme Réunion du groupe de travail: Lutte biologique contre le Pou de San José, Stuttgart 1957.  12 p.


CILB.  1958.  Pou de San José.  CILP Assemblée générale, Paris, Fev. 1958:  29.


C.I.L.B.  1962.  Compte rendu des séances de l'Assemblée Générale de la Commission Internationale de Lutte biologique contre les ennemis des cultures.  Tunis, 26 mar-4 avril 1962. 


C.I.L.B.  1963.  Tagungsbericht der Arbeitsgruppe Formica rufa in Würzburg vom 22. bis 27. Abril 1963.  Waldhygiene, Sonderheft.  79 p.


Cilingarjan, V. A. 1963.  Die Erprobung von Entobakterin-3 gegen einige Kohlschädlinge.  Isv. Minist. proizvodstva i zagotovok sel'skochoz. produktov Arm.SSR 6:  61-7.  [in Armenian]. 


Cilingarjan, V. A.  1965.  Die Erprobung insektizider Bakterien gegen schädliche Insekten in der armenischen SSR, p. 28-30.  In:  A. I. „erepanov (ed.), Issled. po biol. metod. bor'by s vredit. sels'kogo i lesn. choz. (Dokl. k simp., 17-20 Nov 1964).  Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk. Otd., Novosibirsk, Vyp 2.  [in Russian].


Cilingarjan, V. A. & ð. Ch. Ormanjan.  1966.  Entobakterin-3 im Kampf gegen Hyponomeuta malinellus und Hyponomeuta padellus in Armenien.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].


Cilliers, C. J.  1971.  Observations on circular purple scale Chrysomphalus aonidum (Linn.), and two introduced parasites in Western Transvaal citrus orchards.  Entomophaga 16:  269-84.


Cilliers, C. J.  1991.  Biological control of water fern, Salvina molesta (Saiviniaceae), in South Africa.  Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 37: 219-224.


Cimdin, M. A.  1961.  Die Parasiten der Apfelgespinstmotte in Lettland.  Kratkie itogi nau…n. issled. zaš…. rast. pribaltijsk. zone SSSR 2:  69-70.  [in Russian].


Cincadze, K. V.  1963.  Eine wirksame Methode.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 8(12):  44-5.  [in Russian].


Cingovski, J.  1965.  Biological and ecological studies on Palaeocimbex quadrimaculata Müll. in Macedonia.  Posebno Izd. prirod. Muz. Skopje 3.  106 p.


Cinitis, R. Ja.  1966.  Versuchsergebnisse mit Entobakterin und Perspektiven für seine Anwendung in Litauen, p. 189-91.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].


Cinitis, R. Ja. & M. K. Vilks.  1967.  Die Anwendung des Bakterienpräparates Entobakterin-4 gegen Schädlinge in Apfelpflanzungen, p. 17-18.  In:  Kratkie itogi nau…n issled. po zaš…. rast. v Pribalt. Zone SSSR 7(1964).  [in Russian].


Cinovskij, Ja. P.  1966.  Wege in der Erforschung der biologischen Bekämpfung im Institut für Biologie in Litauen, p. 85-7.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.  Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].


Cinovskis, J., A. Cibulska, K. Jegina & A. Zilsparne.  1966.  Anwendung und Aussichten der biologischen Bekämpfung von Schädlingen.  Izv. Akad. Nauk LatvSSR 10:  55-62.


Ciociola, Americo I.,; de Almeida, Raul P.; Stouthamer, Richard (Proceedings of the Eleventh Meeting of the Experimental and Applied Entomologists in the Netherlands Wageningen, Netherlands December 17, 1999). Does degradation of DNA in dead Trichogamma individuals lead to failure of their identification using ITS2 PCR? In: Proceedings of the Section Experimental and Applied Entomology of the Netherlands Entomological Society (N.E.V.) 2000. 11 33-36.


Ciril, S.  1965.  Comparative study of the susceptibility of larvae of the processionary moth (Thaumetopoea pityocompa) to its own virus disease and to the viruses of some other species of insects.  Šumarski List. Zagreb 89(9-10):  381-90.  [in Serbo-Croatian].


Cist, J.  1824.  Notice of the Melolontha, or May bug.  Amer. J. Sci. Arts 8:  269-71.


Cistjakova, A. V., G. M. Dobrovolska & I. P. Kok.  1966.  Über die Struktur der DNS, die aus Raupen des Maulbeerspinners gewonnen wird, die mit dem Virus der kugelförmigen Polyedrose infiziert sind.  Dopovidi Akad. Nauk URSR 5:  643-46.  [in Ukranian].


Citrograph.  1980.  Eradication of Medfly by sterile-male release: a case study.  January 1980, p. 63.


Citrograph.  1990.  The Medfly:  A man with a super plan.  pp. 163-164.








Claassen, P. W.  1919.  Life history and biological notes on Chlaenius impunctifrons Say (Coleoptera, Carabidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 12:  95-99.


Claassen, P. W.  1922.  The larva of a chironomid which is parasitic on a mayfly nymph.  Kans. Univ. Sci. Bull. 14:  395-405.


Clair, D. J., D. L. Dahlsten & E. R. Hart.  1987.  Rearing Tetrastichus gallerucae [Hymenoptera: Eulophidae] for biological control of the elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola.  Entomophaga 32:  457-61.


Clair, D. J., D. L. Dahlsten & S. H. Dreistadt.  1987.  Biological control of the elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola, in California--A case study.  Proc. 6th Intern. Sci. Conf. Internatl. Fed. Organic Agr. Movements, Santa Cruz, Calif. 18-21 Aug., 1985 (in press).


Clair, D. J., D. L. Dahlsten & S. H. Dreistadt.  1988.  Biological control of the elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola, in California--A case study.  Proc. 6th Intern. Conf. of Intern. Fed. Organic Agr. Movements, 20 Aug 1986, Santa Cruz, California (in press).


Clancy, D. W.  1934.  The biology of Tetracnemus pretiosus Timberlake.  Calif. Univ. Publ. Ent. 6:  231-48.


Clancy, D. W.  1944a.  Experimental parasitization studies with the Comstock mealybug.  J. Econ. Ent. 37:  450.


Clancy, D. W.  1944b.  Biology of Allotropa burrelli, a gregarious parasite of Pseudococcus comstocki.  J. Agr. Res. 39:  259-63.


Clancy, D. W.  1944c.  Hyperparasitization of Clausenia purpurea Ishii, an important parasite of the Comstock mealybug.  J. Econ. Ent. 37:  450-51.


Clancy, D. W.  1946a.  The insect parasites of the Chrysopidae (Neuroptera).  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 7:  403-96.


Clancy, D. W.  1946b.  Natural enemies of some Arizona cotton insects.  J. Econ. Ent. 39:  326-28.


Clancy, D. W.  1967.  Discovery of the pea aphid parasite, Aphidius smithi, in central Mexico.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  1743.


Clancy, D. W.  1969a.  Biological control of the Egyptian alfalfa weevil in California and Arizona.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  209-14.


Clancy, D. W.  1969b.  A new parasite of the vegetable weevil in southern California.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  743-45.


Clancy, D. W. & H. J. McAlister.  1956.  Selective pesticides as aids to biological control of apple pests.  J. Econ. Ent. 49:  196-202.


Clancy, D. W. & M. H. Muma.  1959.  Purple scale parasite found in Florida.  J. Econ. Ent. 52:  1025-26.


Clancy, D. W. & H. N. Pollard.  1947.  Further experiments in the parasitization of mealybugs.  J. Econ. Ent. 40:  578-79.


Clancy, D. W. & H. N. Pollard.  1952.  The effect of DDT on mite and predator populations in apple orchards.  J. Econ. Ent. 45:  108-14.


Clancy, D. W., P. E. Marucci & R. Dresner.  1952.  Importation of natural enemies to control the Oriental fruit fly in Hawaii.  J. Econ. Entomol. 45:  85-90.


Clancy, D. W., A. G. Selhime & M. H. Muma.  1963.  Establishment of Aphytis holoxanthus as a parasite of Florida red scale in Florida.  J. Econ. Ent. 56:  603-05.


Claret, J.  1973.  La diapause facultative de Pimpla instigator [Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae]. 1. Role de la photopériode.  Entomophaga 18:  409-18.


Claret, J.  1978.  La diapause imaginale de Pimpla instigator [Hym.: Ichneumonidae]. II. Role de la température.  Entomophaga 23:  411-16.


Claridge, M. F.  1964.  The palaearctic species of Bothriothorax (Hym., Encyrtidae) allied to B. paradoxus (Dalman).  Entomophaga 9:  21-6.


Claridge, M. F. & R. R. Askew.  1960.  Sibling species in the Eurytoma rosae group (Hym. Eurytomidae).  Entomophaga 5:  141-.


Clark, A. F.  1931.  The parasite control of Gonipterus scutellatus Gyll.  New Zeal. J. Sci. & Technol. 13:  22-8.


Clark, A. F.  1936.  Biological control of forest insect pests.  New Zeal. J. Sci. & Technol. 18:  585-88.


Clark, A. F.  1938.  A survey of insect pests of Eucalyptus in New Zealand.  New Zeal. J. Sci. & Technol. 19:  750-61.


Clark, A. H.  1926.  Carnivorous butterflies.  Smithsn. Inst. Ann. Rept. (1925):  439-508.


Clark, A. H.  1931.  The extirpation of one butterfly by another.  Sci. Monthly 33(2):  173-74.


Clark, A. M.  1963.  The influence of diet upon the adult life span of two species of Bracon.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 56:  616-19.


Clarke, B., J. Murray, and M.S. Johnson. 1984.  The extinction of endemic species by a program of biological control. Pac#ic Science, 38: 97-104.


Clark, C. A.  1934.  The European corn borer and its controlling factors in the Orient.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 455.  37 p.


Clark, C. U.  1895.  On the food habits of certain dung and carrion beetles.  J. New York Ent. Soc. 3:  61.


Clark, E. C.  1955.  Observations on the ecology of a polyhedrosis of the great basin tent caterpillar Malacosoma fragile.  Ecology 36:  373-76.


Clark, E. C.  1956.  Survival and transmission of a virus causing polyhedrosis in Malacosoma fragile.  Ecology 37:  728-32.


Clark, E. C.  1958.  Ecology of the polyhedroses of tent caterpillars.  Ecology 39:  132-39.


Clark, E. C. & C. G. Thompson.  1954.  The possible use of microorganisms in the control of the Great Basin tent caterpillar.  J. Econ. Ent. 47:  268-72.


Clark, E. W.  1958.  A review of literature on calcium and magnesium in insects.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 51:  142-54.


Clark, L. R.  1953.  The ecology of Chrysomela gemellata Rossi and C. hyperici Forst., and their effect on St. John's wort in the Bright District, Victoria.  Austral. J. Zool. 1:  1-69.


Clark, L. R.  1962.  The general biology of Cardiaspina albitextura (Psyllidae) and its abundance in relation to weather and parasitism.  Aust. J. Zool. 10:  537-86.


Clark, L. R.  1963.  The influence of predation by Syrphus sp. on the numbers of Cardiaspina albitextura [Psyllidae].  Austr. J. Zool. 11:  470-87. 


Clark, L. R.  1964.  The population dynamics of Cardiaspina albitextura (Psyllidae).  Aust. J. Zool. 12:  362-80.


Clark, L. R. & N. Clark.  1952.  A study of the effect of Chrysolina hyperici Forst. on St. John's wort in the Nannus Valley, N.S.W.  Austral. J. Agr. Res. 3:  29-59.


Clark, L. R. & M. J. Dallwitz.  1975.  The life system of Cardiaspina albitextura (Psyllidae), 1950-74.  Aust. J. Zool. 23:  523-61.


Clark, L. R., P. W. Geier, R. D. Hughes & R. F. Morris.  1967.  The Ecology of Insect Populations in Theory and Practice.  Methuen, London.  232 p.


Clark, M. M.  1988.  Insect herbivore communities colonizing the flower-heads of Berkheya in South Africa and Carduoideae in Europe and California.  Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. Zool., Univ. Cape Town, South Africa.  223 p.


Clark, N.  1953.  The biology of Hypericum perforatum L. var. angustifolium DC. (St. John's wort) in the Ovens Valley, Victoria, with particular reference to entomological control.  Aust. J. Bot. 1:  95-120.


Clark, N., C. Edquist, R. Kaplinsky & D. Pimentel.  1988.  Cyprus Technology Strategy.  Report of the UNDP/OPE Mission.  Main Report.  Prepared for the UNDP on behalf of the Govt. of Cyprus.  Inst. Develop. Studies, Univ. Sussex, England.


Clark, R. C. & N. R. Brown.  1958.  Studies of predators of the balsam woolly aphid, Adelges piceae (Ratz.) (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  V.  Laricobius erichsonii Rosen.  (Coleoptera: Derodontidae), an introduced predator in eastern Canada.  Canad. Ent. 90:  657-72.


Clark, R. C. & N. R. Brown.  1960.  Studies of predators of the balsam woolly aphid, Adelges piceae (Ratz.) (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  VII.  Laricobius rubidus Lec. (Coleoptera: Derondontidae), a predator of Pineus strobi (Htg.) (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  Canad. Ent. 92(3):  237-40.


Clark, R. C. & N. R. Brown.  1961.  Studies of predators of the balsam woolly aphid, Adelges piceae (Ratz.) (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  IX.  Pillus impexus (Muls.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), an introduced predator in eastern Canada.  Canad. Ent. 93:  1162-68.


Clark, R. C. & N. R. Brown.  1962.  Studies of predators of the balsam woolly aphid, Adelges piceae (Ratz.) (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  XI.  Cremifania nigrocellulata Cz. (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae); an introduced predator in eastern Canada.  Canad. Ent. 94:  1171-75.


Clark, R. C., D. O. Grenbank, D. G. Bryant & J. W. E. Harris.  1971.  Adelges piceae (Ratz.), balsam woolly aphid (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  In:  Biological Control Prog. against Insects & Weeds in Canada 1959-1968.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Commun. 4:  113-27.


Clark, R. C., D. O. Greenbank, D. G. Bryant & J. W. E. Harris.  1972.  Chapter 36.  Adelges piceae (Ratz.), balsam woolly aphid (Homoptera: Adelgidae), p. 113-27.  In: Biological Control Programmes Against Insects and Weeds in Canada, 1959-1968.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Control, Tech. Comm. No. 4.  266 p.


Clarke, R.D. and P.R. Grunt. 1968.  An experimental study of the role of spiders as predators in a forest litter community.  Part I. Ecology, 49: 1152-1154.


Clark, T. B.  1966.  A method for the inoculation of mosquito larvae.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  425-6.


Clark, T. B. & H. C. Chapman.  1969.  A polyhedrosis in Culex salinarius of Louisiana.  J. Invert. Pathol. 13:  312.


Clark, T. B. & T. Fukuda.  1967.  Predation of Culicoides cavaticus Wirth and Jones larvae on Aedes sierrensis (Ludlow).  Mosq. News 27:  424-25.


Clark, T. B. & T. Fukuda.  1971.  Field and laboratory observations of two viral diseases in Aedes sollicitans (Walker) in southwestern Louisiana.  Mosq. News 31:  193-99.


Clark, T. B., W. R. Kellen & P. T. M. Lum.  1965.  A mosquito iridescent virus (MIV) from Aedes taeniorhynchus (Wiedemann).  J. Invert. Pathol. 7:  519-21.


Clark, T. B., W. R. Kellen, J. E. Lindegren & R. D. Sanders.  1966.  Pythium sp. [Phycomycetes: Pythiales] pathogenic to mosquito larvae.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  351-54.


Clark, T. B., W. R. Kellen, T. Fukuda & J. E. Lindegren.  1968.  Field and laboratory studies on the pathogenicity of the fungus Beauveria bassiana to three genera of mosquitoes.  J. Invert. Pathol. 11:  1-7.


Clark, T. B., H. C. Chapman & T. Fukuda.  1969.  Nuclear-polyhedrosis and cytoplasmic-polyhedrosis infections in Louisiana mosquitoes.  J. Invert. Pathol. 14:  284-86.


Clark, W. C. & C. S. Holling.  1979.  Process models, equilibrium structures and population dynamics:  on the formulation and testing of realistic theory in ecology.  Fortschr. Zool. 25:  29-52.


Clarke, B.  1979.  The evolution of genetic diversity.  Proc. Roy. Soc. London B-205: 434-474.


Clarke, C. H. D.  1936.  Fluctuations in numbers of ruffed grouse, Bonasa umbellus (Linne).  Univ. Toronto Stud. Biol. Ser. No. 41: 118 p.


Clarke, J. F. G.  1962.  A new species of Trichotaphe from Mexico and Hawaii (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae).  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 17:  123-24.


Clarke, J. L.  1939.  Need mosquito control be incompatible with wildlife?  4th No. Amer. Wildlife Conf. (1939) Trans.:  130-36.


Clausen, C. P.  1915a.  Mealybugs of citrus trees.  Calif. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 258:  19-48.


Clausen, C. P.  1915b.  A comparative study of a series of aphid-feeding Coccinellidae.  J. Econ. Ent. 8:  487-91.


Clausen, C. P.  1916a.  Life history and feeding records of a series of California Coccinellidae.  Calif. Univ. Pubs. Ent. 1:  251-99.


Clausen, C. P.  1916b.  Mealybugs and their control.  Proc. 47th Calif. St. Fruit Growers' Convention, Visalia.  p. 272-75.


Clausen, C. P.  1917.  Citrus culture in Japan, China and Formosa.  Mon. Bull. Calif. St. Comm. Hort 6(10):  379-83.


Clausen, C. P.  1922.  Measures against Popillia japonica in America.  Bunka-Noho, Tokyo, No. 8.  p. 28  [in Japanese].


Clausen, C. P.  1923a.  The biology of Schizaspidia tenuicornis Ashm., a eucharid parasite of Camponotus.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 16:  195-219.


Clausen, C. P.  1923b.  The citricola scale in Japan and its synonymy.  J. Econ. Ent. 16:  225-26.


Clausen, C. P.  1924.  The parasites of Pseudococcus maritimus (Ehrhorn) in California (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea).  Part II.  Biological studies and life histories.  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 3:  253-88.


Clausen, C. P.  1927a.  The citrus insects of Japan.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 15:  15 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1927b.  The bionomics of Anastatus albitarsis Ashm., parasitic in the eggs of Dictyloploca japonica Moore.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 20:  461-73.


Clausen, C. P.  1928a.  The manner of oviposition and the planidium of Schizaspidia manipurensis n. sp.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 30:  80-6.


Clausen, C. P.  1928b.  Hyperalonia oenomaus Rond., a parasite of Tiphia larvae (Dipt., Bomblyiidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 21:  461-72, 642-59.


Clausen, C. P.  1928c.  Hyporalonia oenomanus Rond., a parasite of Tiphia larvae (Dip., Bombyliidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 21:  642-59.


Clausen, C. P.  1929.  Biological studies on Poecilogonalos thwaitesii (Westw.), parasitic in the cocoons of Henicospilus.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 31:  67-79.


Clausen, C. P.  1931a.  Biological notes on the Trigonalidae.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 33:  72-81.


Clausen, C. P.  1931b.  Biological observations on Agriotypus.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 33:  29-37.


Clausen, C. P.  1931c.  Two citrus leaf miners of the Far East.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 252:  13 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1931d.  Insects injurious to agriculture in Japan.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Circ. 168:  115 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1932a.  The citrus blackfly in Asia, and the importation of its natural enemies into tropical America.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 320.  58 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1932b.  The early stages of some Tryphonine Hymenoptera parasitic on sawfly larvae.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 34:  49-60.


Clausen, C. P.  1932c.  The biology of Encyrtus infidus Rossi, a parasite of Lecanium kunoensis Kuw.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 25:  570-84. (? 670-86).


Clausen, C.P. 1932d. The biology of Encyrtus infidus Rossi, a parasite of Lecanium kunoensis Kuw. (Hym.). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 25(4): 670-687.


Clausen, C. P.  1933a.  The citrus insects of tropical Asia.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Circ. 266:  35 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1933b.  Insect enemies of insects and their relation to agriculture.  Ann. Rept. Smithsonian Inst. 1932.  p. 353-62.


Clausen, C. P.  1933c.  Some general considerations in parasite introduction.  Proc. 5th Pac. Sci. Congr., Canada 5:  3525-29.


Clausen, C. P.  1934.  The natural enemies of Aleyrodidae in tropical Asia.  Philippine J. Sci. 53:  253-65.


Clausen, C. P.  1935a.  Insect parasites and predators of insect pests.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Circ. 346:  21 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1935b.  Parasites and predators in insect control.  Texas Citriculture 11(8):  7, 9, 24.


Clausen, C. P.  1935c.  The control of insect pests by parasites and predators.  Blue Anchor 12(8):  4-6.


Clausen, C. P.  1936a.  Insect parasitism and biological control.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 29:  201-23.


Clausen, C. P.  1936b.  War to end war of fruit insects.  Amer. Fruit Grower, Apr.  p. 10, 24-5.


Clausen, C. P.  1936c.  The organization of biological control work in the United States.  Rept. Conf. on Biol. Control, Canad. Dept. Agr., Ent. Br.   p. 13-19.


Clausen, C. P.  1939a.  The effect of host size upon the sex ratio of hymenopterous parasites and its relation to methods of rearing and colonization.  J. New York Ent. Soc. 47:  1-9.


Clausen, C. P.  1939b.  Some phases of biological control work applicable to sugarcane insect problems.  Proc. 6th Internatl. Cong. Soc. Sugar-cane Tech.  p. 421-26.


Clausen, C. P. 1940. Entomophagous Insects. New York: McGraw-Hili, x + 688 pp., 257 f. (Hymenoptera, pp. 3-342, f. 2-156). [Reprinted 1962 by Hafner Publ. Co., NY.]


Clausen, C. P.  1940b.  The immature stages of the Eucharidae.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 42:  161-70.


Clausen, C. P.  1940c.  The oviposition habits of the Eucharidae (Hymenoptera).  J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 30:  504-16.


Clausen, C. P.  1941a.  Some factors relating to colonization, recovery and establishment of insect parasites.  Proc. 6th Pacific Sci. Cong. (1939) 4:  421-28.


Clausen, C. P.  1941b.  The habits of the Eucharidae.  Psyche 48(2-3):  57-69.


Clausen, C. P.  1942.  The relation of taxonomy to biological control.  Econ. Ent. 35:  744-48.


Clausen, C. P.  1943.  Insect commandos.  Agr. America 3(2):  23-5.


Clausen, C. P.  1944a.  International aspects of biological control of insect pests.  10th Chilean Gen. Sci. Cong., Chile Dir.-Gen. Agr. & Agr. Tech. 4:  245-55.


Clausen, C. P.  1944b.  Biological control of insects, and facilities for inter-American cooperation in the exchange of beneficial insects.  Proc. 3rd Amer. Conf. Agr., Mexico City (1942) 2(3-A):  19 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1945.  Biological control of insect pests, p. 163-77.  In:  E. M. Wilson (ed.), New Crops for the New World.  MacMillan & Co., NY.


Clausen, C. P.  1950.  Respiratory adaptations in the immature stages of parasitic insects.  Arthropoda 1(2-4):  197-224.


Clausen, C. P.  1951.  The time factor in biological control.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  1-9.


Clausen, C. P.  1952a.  Parasites and predators.  In:  Insects.  U. S. Dept. Agric., Yearbk. of Agr. 1952.  p. 380-88.


Clausen, C. P.  1952b.  Biological control of insects:  California's subtropical climate favors establishment of natural enemies of agricultural pests.  Calif. Agr. 6:  10.


Clausen, C. P.  1952c.  Biological control of insect pests.  Calif. Citrog. 37(5):  182, 204, 206.


Clausen, C. P.  1952d.  Controlling insects biologically.  Citrus Leaves 32(3):  5-7, 32-3.


Clausen, C. P.  1954a.  Biological antagonists in the future of biological control.  J. Agr. & Food Chem. 2:  12-18.


Clausen, C. P.  1954b.  The egg-larval host relationship among the parasitic Hymenoptera.  Boll. del Lab. di Zool. Gen. Agr., Portici 33:  119-33.


Clausen, C. P.  1954c.  Sistema biológico para controlar pestes.  La hacienda, NY.  p. 38-41.


Clausen, C. P.  1954d.  Colonization of insect parasites, predators, and weed insects in California during 1953.  Univ. Calif. Dept. Biol. Contr. Rept.  7 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1955a.  Releases of recently imported parasites and predators in California, 1952-53.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 32(2):  77-9.


Clausen, C. P.  1955b.  Colonization of insect parasites, predators, and weed insects in California during 1954.  Univ. Calif. Dept. Biol. Contr. Rept.  5 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1955c.  Biological control.  naturel enemies of aphids in California sought in European, Middle-East countries.  Calif. Agr. 9(7):  4.


Clausen, C. P.  1956a.  Biological Control of Insect Pests in the Continental United States.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. No. 1139.  151 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1956b.  Biological control of fruit flies.  J. Econ. Ent. 49:  176-78.


Clausen, C. P.  1956c.  Colonization of insect parasites, predators, and weed insects in California during 1955.  Univ. Calif. Dept. Biol. Contr.  5 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1956d.  Releases of recently imported parasites and predators in California, 1954-55.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 32(3):  125-27.


Clausen, C. P.  1957a.  Colonization of insect parasites, predators and weed insects in California during 1956.  Univ. Calif. Dept. Biol. Contr.  5 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1957b.  Some aspects of biological control.  Calif. Citrograph 42:  296-97.


Clausen, C. P.  1958a.  Biological control of insect pests.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 3:  291-310.


Clausen, C. P.  1958b.  The biological control of insect pests in the continental United States.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Congr. Ent. (1956) 4:  443-47.


Clausen, C. P.  1958c.  Colonization of insect parasites, predators, and weed insects in California during 1957.  Univ. Calif. Dept. Biol. Contr.  5 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1959.  Releases of recently imported insect parasites and predators in California, 1956-57.  Pan-Pac. Ent. 35:  107-08.


Clausen, C. P.  1961.  Biological control of western grape leaf skeletonizer (Harrisina brillians B. & McD.) in California.  Hilgardia 31:  613-38.


Clausen, C. P.  1962.  Entomophagous Insects.  2nd ed.  Hafner Publ. Col, New York.  688 p. [2nd printing].


Clausen, C. P.  1963.  Insect parasitism and biological control.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 29:  201-23.


Clausen, C. P.  1966.  Entomology in the Pacific Branch-- Plus and minus fifty years.  Biological control 13:  19-22.


Clausen, C. P.  1967.  Entomology in the Pacific Branch-- plus and minus fifty years.  Biological control.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 13:  19-22.


Clausen, C. P.  1976.  Phoresy among entomophagous insects.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 21:  343-68.  [Finished by K. Hagen after his death].


Clausen, C. P. (ed.)  1978a.  Introduced parasites and predators of arthropod pests and weeds:  a world review.  Agr. Handb. No. 48, U. S. Dept. Agric., Wash., D.C.  545 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1978b.  Biological control of citrus insects.  Chapter 6, Vol. IV.  In:  The Citrus Industry.  Univ. of Calif. Div. Agr. Sci., Berkeley, Calif.  362 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1978c.  Aleyrodidae.  In:  Introduced Parasites and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Agr. Handbk. No. 480, Washington, D.C.  545 p.


Clausen, C. P.  1978d.  Tephritidae (Trypetidae, Trupaneidae).  In:  Introduced parasites and predators of arthropod pests and weeds:  A world review; pp. 320-24.  Agr. Handbk. No. 480.  ARS, USDA, U. S. Govt. Printing Off., Wash., D.C.  546 pp.


Clausen, C. P. & P. A. Berry.  1932.  The citrus blackfly in tropical Asia and the importation of its natural enemies into tropical America.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 320.  58 p.


Clausen, C. P. & J. L. King.  1924.  A preliminary report on the foreign parasites of Popillia japonica.  J. Econ. Ent. 17:  76-9.


Clausen, C. P., J. L. King & C. Teranishi.  1927.  The parasites of Popillia japonica in Japan and Chosen (Korea) and their introduction into the United States.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Dept. Bull. 1429.  55 p.


Clausen, C. P., T. H. Gardner & K. Sato.  1932a.  Biology of some Japanese and Chosenese grub parasites.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 308.  26 p.


Clausen, C. P., H. A. Jaynes & T. R. Gardner.  1932b.  Further investigations of the parasites of Popillia japonica in the Far East.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 366:  58 p.


Clausen, C. P., H. A. Jaynes & T. R. Gardner.  1933.  Further investigations of the parasites of Popillia japonica in the Far East.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 366:  59 p.


Clausen, C. P., R. S. Woglum & H. S. Smith.  The citrus blackfly in northwest Mexico.  Calif. Citrog. 37(9):  356.


Clausen, C. P., D. W. Clancy & Q. C. Chong.  1965.  Biological control of the oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis Hendel) and other fruit flies in Hawaii.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 1322:  1-102.


Clawson, S. G.  1959.  Fire ant eradication--the quail.  Alabama Conservation 30(4):  14.


Cleare, L. D., Jr.  1929.  Moth borer in British Guiana.  Trans. 4th Internatl. Congr. Ent. 2:  131-37.


Cleare, L. D., Jr.  1934.  Sugar-cane moth borer investigations in British Guiana:  The present position.  Agr. J. (British Guiana) 5:  13-21.


Cleare, L. D., Jr.  1939.  The Amazon fly (Metagonistylum minense Towns.) in British Guiana.  Bull. Ent. Res. 30:  85-102.


Cleare, L. D., Jr.  1941.  The Amazon fly under drought conditions in British Guiana.  Trop. Agr. (Trinidad) 28:  131-34.


Clement, M. J.  1880.  Observations sur les premiers etats du Scymnus minimus Pay.  Ann. Soc. Ent. France 5, 10:  341-46.


Clement, S. L. and R. Sobhian. 1991.  Host-use patterns of capitutum-feeding insects of yellow starthistle: Results from a garden plot in Greece.  Environ.Entomol., 20: 724-730.


Clements, F. E.  1916.  Plant succession.  Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ. 242.


Clements, F. E.  1936.  Nature and structure of the climax.  J. Ecol. 24:  252-84.


Clements, F. E. & V. E. Shelford.  1939.  Bioecology.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  425 p.


Cleveland, L. R.  1966a.  General features of the glagellate and amoeboid stages of Deltotrichonympha operculata and D. nana nov.  Arch. Protistenkde 109:  1-7.


Cleveland, L. R.  1966b.  General features and reproduction in Mixotricha.  Arch. Protistenkde 109:  26-36.


Clevelend, L. R. & B. T. Cleveland.  1966.  The locomotory waves of Koruga, Deltotrichonympha and Mixotricha.  Arch. Protistenkde. 109:  39-63.


Cleveland, T. C.  1963.  A nematode parasite of the boll weevil.  J. Econ. Ent. 56:  897.


Cloud, P. (ed.).  1969.  Resources and Man.  Freeman, San Francisco, CA.  259 p.


Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L.  1957.  Some comments on the natural control of animal populations with especial reference to insects.  Entomologist 90:  195-203.


Cloutier, C. and S.G. Johnson. 1993.  Predation by Orius tristicolor (Henijptera: Anthocoridae) on Phytoseiulus per­simihs(Acarina: Phytoseiidae): testing for compatibility between biocontrol agents.  Entlironmental Entomologv, 22: 477-482.


Cloutier, C., C.A. L6vesque, D.M. Eaves, and M. Mackauer. 1991.  Matemal adjustment of sex ratio in response to host size in the aphid parasitoid Ephedrus californ icus.  Canadian J. Zool., 69: 1489-1495. 









Coaker, T. H.  1965.  Further experiments on the effects of beetle predation on the numbers of cabbage root fly, Eriocschia brassicae (Bouché) attacking brassica crops.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 56:  7-20.


Coaker, T. H.  1966.  The effect of soil insecticides of the predators and parasites of the cabbage root fly (Erioischia brassicae (Bouché)) and on the subsequent damage caused by the pest.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 57:  397-407.


Coaker, T. H.  1987.  Cultural methods:  the crop, p. 69-88.  In:  A. J. Burn, T. H. Coaker & P. C. Jepson (eds.), Integrated Pest Management.  Academic Press, London


Coaker, T. H. & D. A. Williams.  1963.  The importance of some Carabidae and Staphylinidae as predators of the cabbage root fly, Erioischia brassicae (Bouche).  Ent. Expt. & Appl. 6(2):  156-64.


Coats, S. A.  1976.  Life cycle and behavior of Muscidifurax zaraptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 69:  772-80.


Cobb, N. A.  1904.  Parasites as an aid in determining organic relationship.  Agr. Gaz. New South Wales 15:  845-48.


Cobb, S.  1942.  Tick parasites on Cape Cod.  Science 95:  503.


Coch, F.  1981.  Zum jahreszeitlichen Auftreten des Musca domestica-- Parasitoiden Muscidifurax raptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in einer Schweinezuchtanlage.  Angew. Parasitol. 22(4):  217-21.


Cochereau, P.  1965a.  Notes sur un essai d'acclimatation en Nouvelle Caledonie de Tetrastichus brontispae, Ferriere (Hym. Chalc., Eulophidae) sur l'hôte Brontispa longissima Gestro, var. froggatti Sharp (Col. Chrysom. Hispinae).  C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. agric. France 51:  661-67.


Cochereau, P.  1965b.  Contre un ravageur du cocotier aux Nouvelles-Hébrides, controle biologique d'Aspidiotus destructor Signoret (Homoptera-Diaspinae) par Lindorus lophantae Blaisd. (Coleoptera-Coccinellidae) Ile Vate.  Oleagineux 20:  507-12.


Cochereau, P.  1966.  Essais de lutte biologique contre les mouches des fruits en Nouvelle Caledonie.  Centre ORSTOM de Noumea.  4 p.


Cochereau, P.  1969a.  Installation de Tetrastichus brontispae Ferr. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), parasite de Brontispa longissima Gestro, var. froggatti Sharp (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Hispinae) dans la presqu'lle de Noumea.  Cah. ORSTOM Ser. Biol. 7(8?):  139-41.


Cochereau, P.  1969b.  Controle biologique d'Aspidiotus destructor Signoret (Homoptera: Diaspinae) dans l'ite Vaté (Nouvelles Hébrides) au moyen de Rhizobus pulchellus Montrouzier (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae).  Biol. Cah. ORSTOM 8:  57-100.


Cochereau, P.  1970a.  Recherches aux Nouvelles-Hébrides de Pleurotropis parvulus Ferr. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), parasite de Promecotheca pulchellus Gestro (Coleoptera: Hispinae), et expéditions sur la Cote d'Ivoire, 14 p.  Nouméa, N. Caledonia, Off. Rech. Sci. Tech. Outre Mer.


Cochereau, P.  1970b.  Les mouches des fruits et leurs parsites dans la zone Indo-Australo-Pacifique et particulierment en Nouvelle Caledonie.  Cahiers d'Office Recherche de Science et Technologie d'Outre-Mer (Biologie) 12:  15-50.


Cochereau, P.  1970c.  Elevage en Nouvelle-Calédonie de Microphthalma europaea Egg. [Diptera, Tachinidae] sur lhôte de substitution Protaetia fusca Hrbt. [Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Cetoniinae].  Entomophaga 16:  281-86.


Cochereau, P.  1972.  La lutte biologique dans le Pacifique.  Cah. ORSTOM Ser. Biol. 16:  89-104.


Cochereau, P.  1976a.  Biologie et dynamique des populations, en Nouvelle-Calédonie, d'un papillon piqueur de fruits:  Othreis fullonia Clerck (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, Catocalinae).  Mem. Orstom, Paris.  258 p.


Cochereau, P.  1976b.  Controle biologique en Nouvelle Calédonie de Tetranychus urticae (Acrien: Tetranychidae) au moyen de Phytoseiulus persimilis [Acrien: Phytoseiidae] en cultures maraicheres.  Entomophaga 21:  151-56.


Cochereau, P.  1982.  Les conditions de la lutte contre les insectes ravageurs des cultures vivrieres africaines.  Entomophaga 27:  5-10.


Cochran, W. G.  1963.  Sampling Techniques, 2nd Ed.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.


Cochrane, V. W.  1958.  Physiology of Fungi.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  524 p.


Cock, J. H. & J. A. Reyes (eds.)  1985.  Cassava:  Research, Production and Utilization.  Preliminary Ed.  Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Cali, Colombia.  745 p.


Cock, J. H.  1985.  Cassava:  A basic energy source in the tropics, p. 1-29.  In:  J. H. Cock & J. A. Reyes (eds.), Cassava: Research, Production and Utilization.  CIAT, Cali, Colombia.  745 p. 745 p.


Cock, M. J. W. (ed.)  1985a.  A review of biological control of pests in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Bermuda up to 1982.  Commonw. Agr. Bur. Tech. Commun., Vol. 9.  218 p.


Cock, M. J. W.  1985b.  The use of parasitoids for augmentative biological control of pests in the People's Republic of China.  Biocontrol News and Info. 6:  213-23.


Cock, M. J. W.  1986.  Requirements for biological control:  an ecological perspective.  Biocontrol News & Information 7:  7-16.


Cockburn, A. F., A. J. Howells & M. J. Whitten.  1984.  Recombinant DNA technology and genetic control of pest insects.  Biotech. Genetic Eng. Rev. 2:  69-99.


Cockerell, R. A. & F. F. Warnke.  1976.  Trees of the Berkeley campus.  Division of Agricultural Sciences, University of California, Berkeley.  97 p.


Cockerell, T. D. A.  1934.  Mimicry among insects.  Nature 133:  329-30.


Codreanu, R.  1963.  On the structure of the spore of Telomyxa glugeiformis Léger et Hesse 1910 and the general classification of Microsporidia.  Progr. Protozool., Proc. 1st Insternatl. Congr. Protozool., Prague, 1961.  p. 82-4.


Codreanu, R.  1966a.  On a parasitic induced malignant cell growth in an insect.  Proc. 1st Internatl. Congr. Parasitol., Rome, 1964.  p. 617-18.


Codreanu, R.  1966b.  On the occurrence of spore or sporont appendages in the Microsporidia and their taxonomic significance.  Proc. 1st Internatl. Congr. Parasitol., Rome, 1964.  p. 602-3.


Codreanu, R., A. Popa & R. Voiculescu.  1965.  Données sur l'ultrastructure des spores de microsporidies.  Bull. Apicult 8:  5-16.


Cody, M. L. & J. M. Diamond (eds.).  1975.  Ecology and Evolution of Communities.  The Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass.  545 p.


Cofrancesco, A. F., R. M. Stewart & D. R. Sanders, Sr.  1985.  The impact of Neochetina eichorniae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on water hyacinth in Louisiana, p. 525-35.  In:  E. S. Delfosse (ed.), Proc. 6th Intern. Symp. Biological Control of Weeds, 19-25 Aug, 1984, Vancouver, Canada.  Agriculture  Canada.


Cohen, A. C.  1981.  An artificial diet for Geocoris punctipes.  Southwest Ent. 6:  109-13.


Cohen, A. C.  1983.  Improved method of encapsulating artificial diet for rearing predators of harmful insects.  J. Econ. Ent. 76:  957-59.


Cohen, A. C.  1984.  Food consumption, food utilization, and metabolic rates of Geocoris punctipes (Het.: Lygaeidae) fed Heliothis virescens (Lep.: Noctuidae) eggs.  Entomophaga 29:  361-67.


Cohen, A. C.  1985.  Simple method for rearing the insect predator Geocoris punctipes (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae) on a meat diet.  J. Econ. Ent. 78:  1173-75.


Cohen, A. C.  1989.  Ingestion efficiency and protein consumption by a heteropteran predator.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 82:  495-99.


Cohen, A.C. and C.G. Jackson. 1989.  Using rubidium to mark a predator, Geocoris punctipes (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). Journal of Entomological Science, 24: 57-61.


Cohen, A. C. & N. M. Urias.  1986.  Meat-based artificial diets for Geocoris punctipes (Say).  Southwest Ent. 11:  171-76.


Cohen, A. L.  1953.  Rapid and simple methods for the harvesting of mass cultures of microorganisms.  Appl. Microbiol. 1:  168-71.


Cohen, I.  1969.  Biological control of citrus pests in Israel.  Proc. 1st Intern. Citrus Symp., Riverside, CA. (1968) 2:  769-72.


Cohen, I.  1970.  Report on the activities of the Agrotechnical Division of the Citrus Board of Israel during 1968/69.  Alon Hanote'a 24:  213-19.  (in Hebrew).


Cohen, I.  1975.  Citrus Fruit Technology.  Revivim, Tel-Aviv, Israel.


Cohen, I. & J. Cohen.  1967.  Centrally organized control of the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wied.) in citrus groves in Israel.  Citrus Market. Bd. Israel, Agrotech. Div.  32 p.


Cohen, I. & S. Kamburov.  1968.  Biological Control Institute.  Citrus Bd. of Israel, Agrotech. Div. 43 p.


Cohen, I. & D. Nadel.  1962.  The Institute of Biological Control of Citrus Pests.  Citrus Market. Bd. Israel, Agrotech. Div.  24 p.


Cohen, M., M. Wysoki & B. Sneh.  1983.  The effect of different strains of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner on larvae of the giant looper, Boarmia (Ascotis) selenaria Schiffermuller (Lepidoptera: Geometridae).  Zeit. ang. Ent. 96:  68-74.


Cohic, F.  1953.  Enquete phytosanitaire sur les plantations des Nouvelles Hebrides.  Rev. Agr. Nouv. Caledonie (n.s.)4:  11-21.


Cohn, F. A.  1855.  Empusa muscae und die Krankheit der Stubenfliegen.  Nova. Acta Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol. Germ. Nat. Cur. 25:  301-60.


Colburn, R. & D. Asquith.  1970.  A cage used to study the finding of a host by the ladybird beetle Stethorus punctum.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  1376-77.


Cole, A. C., Jr.  1942.  Observations of three species of Silpha (Coleoptera: Silphidae).  Amer. Midl. Nat. 28:  161-63.


Cole, A. C. 1968. Pogonomyrmex Harvester Ants. A Study of the Genus in North America. Knoxville: Univ. Tennessee Press,x + 222 pp., 201 f., 11 pl., 1 table, 13 maps.


Cole, F. R.  1919.  The dipterous family Cyrtidae in North America.  Amer. Ent. Soc. Trans. 45:  1-69.


Cole, F. R.  1933.  Natural control of the citrus mealybug.  J. Econ. Ent. 26:  855-64.


Cole, F. R. 1969. The flies of Western North America. Berkeley: Univ. California Press, xi + 693 pp., frontis. (color) + 360 f.


Cole, F. R. & E. I. Schlinger.  1969.  The Flies of Western North America.  Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley, CA.  693 p.


Cole, F. R., A.C. Medeiros, L.L. Loope, and W.W. Zuehlke. 1992.  Effects of the Argentine ant on arthropod fauna of Hawaiian high-elevation shrubland.  Ecologv, 73:1313-1322.


Cole, L. C.  1955.  The distribution and abundance of animals--a review.  Ecology 36:  538-39.


Cole, L. C.  1957.  Sketches of general and comparative demography.  In:  Cold Spring Harbor Symp. on Quant. Biol. 22:  1-15.


Cole, L. C.  1960.  Competitive exclusion.  Science 132(3423):  348-49.


Cole, L. C.  1950.  Principles of animal ecology--an appraisal.  Ecology 31:  153-55.


Cole, L. C.  1966.  The complexity of pest control in the environment, p. 13-25.  In:  Symp. Scient. Aspects Pest Control (Washington, 1966).  Natl. Acad. Sci., Natl. Res. Coun. Publ. 1402.


Cole, L. D.  1964.  Amer. J. Publ. Health 54(1):  24-31.


Cole, L. R.  1957. The biology of four species of Ichneumonidae parasitic on Tortrix viridana L.  Proc. Roy. Ent. Soc. London 22(C):  48-49.


Cole, L. R.  1959.  On the defenses of lepidopterous pupae in relation to the oviposition behavior of certain Ichneumonidae.  J. Lepidop. Soc. 13:  1-10.


Cole, M. M.  1965.  Biological control of ticks by the use of hymenopterous parasites.  A review.  World Health Organ., EBL 43.65.  11 p.


Coleman, E.  1929.  Pollination of an Australian orchid, Cryptostylis leptochila F. Muell.  J. Bot. London 67:  97-100.


Coleman, L. C. & K. Kunhi-Kannan.  1918.  Some scale insect pests of coffee in south India.  Mysore Agr. Dept. Ent. Ser. Bull. 4.  66 p.


Coleopterists Bulletin, The.  (a quarterly journal containing papers on the Coleoptera, published by the Coleopterists Society, Gainesville, Fla.).


Coler, R.R. and K.B. Nguyen. 1994.  Paraiotonchium muscadomesticae n. sp. (Tylenchida: lotonchiidae) a parasite of the house fly (Musca domestics) in Brazil and a key to species of the genus Paraiotonchium.  J. Nematol., 26: 392-401.


Coler, R. R., R. G. Van Driesche & J. S. Elkinton.  1984.  Effect of an oothecal parasitoid Comperia merceti (Compere) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae, on a population of the brownbanded cockroach (Orthoptera: Blattellidae).  Environ. Ent. 13: 603-06.


Coles, L. W.  1964.  Collection of predaceous lady beetle, Hyperaspis trilineata, in Barbados, and shipment to Hawaii.  J. Econ. Ent. 57:  768-69.


Coles, L. W. & B. Puttler.  1963.  Status of the alfalfa weevil biological control program in the eastern United States.  J. Econ. Ent. 56:  609-11.


Coley-Smith, J. R. & R. C. Cooke.  1971.  Survival and germination of fungal sclerotia.  Annu. Rev. Phytopath. 9:  65-92.


Coley-Smith, J. R. & J. E. King.  1969.  The production by species of Allium of alkyl sulphides and their effect on germination of sclerotia of Sclerotium cepivorum Berk.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 64:  289-301.


Colhoun, E. H.  1953.  Notes on the stages and biology of Baryodma ontarionis Casey (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae), a parasite of the cabbage maggot, Hylemya brassicae Bouché (Diptera: Anthomyiidae).  Canad. Ent. 85:  1-8.


Colkesen, T. & E. Sekeroglu.  1989.  Biology and population development of Ablattaria arenaria [Coleoptera: Silphidae], a snail predator.  Entomophaga 34:  219-26.


Coll, M. and D.G. Bottrell. 1991.  Microhabitat and resource selection of the European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and its natural enemies in Maryland field corn.  Environ.Entomol., 20: 526-533.


Coll, M. and D.G. Bottrell. 1992.  Mortality of European corn borer larvae by natural enemies in different corn inicrohabitats.  Biological Control, 2: 95-103.


Coll, M. & J. R. Ruberson (eds.).  1998.  Predatory Heteroptera : their ecology and use in biological control.  Lanham, Md. : Entomol. Soc. of  America Series title: Thomas Say publications in Entomol.. Proc..


Collaborative Research Group of Biological Control of Rice Pests, Kwangtung Province.  1974.  The control of rice leaf roller, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis Guenee by trichogrammatid egg parasites.  Acta. Ent. Sinica 17:  269-80.  [in Chinese w/ English summary].


Collier, C. W. & J. E. Downey.  1967.  Laboratory and field evaluations of chemosterilants for the gypsy moth in 1964, 1965.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  265-68.


Collier, C. W. & R. Tardif.  1967.  Analysis of male gypsy moths for microgram quantities of tepa.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  28-30.


Collier, T.R., W.W. Murdoch, and R.M. Nisbet. 1994.  Egg load and the decision to host feed in the parasitoid Aphytis melinus.  Journal of animal Ecology, 63: 299-306.


Collins, A. M.  1984.  Artificial selection of desired characteristics in insects, pp. 9-19.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.) Advances and Challenges in insect rearing.  U. S. Govt. Printing Office.


Collins, C. W.  1933.  The Oriental moth (Cnidocampa flavescens Walk.) and its control.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Cir. 277.  8 p.


Collins, C. W. & C. E. Hood.  1920.  Life history of Eubiomyia calosomae, a tachinid parasite of Calosoma beetles.  J. Agr. Res. 18:  483-97.


Collins, F. H. & R. K. Washino.  1978.  Microturbellarians as natural predators of mosquito larvae in northern California rice fields.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Vector Control Assoc. 46:  91.


Collins, F. H. & R. K. Washino.  1979.  Factors affecting the density of Culex tarsalis and Anopheles freeborni in northern California rice fields.  Proc. Calif. Mosq. Control Assoc. 47:  97-98.


Collins, F. L. & S. J. Johnson.  1985.  Reproductive response of caged adult velvetbean caterpillar and soybean looper to the presence of weeds.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 14:  139-49.


Collins, G. N. & J. H. Kempton.  1917.  Breeding sweet corn resistant to the corn earworm.  J. Agr. Res. 11:  549-72.


Collins, I. P.  1965.  Predation by a mite, Macrocheles muscaedomesticae on a fly Aldrichina grahami, as related to the fly problem in poultry houses.  M. S. Thesis, Univ. of California, Davis.


Collins, M. D., S. A. Ward & A. F. G. Dixon.  1981.  Handling time and the functional response of Aphelinus thompsoni, a predator and parasite of the aphid Drepanosyphum plantanoides.  J. Anim. Ecol. 50:  479-87.


Collyer, E.  1952.  Biology of some predatory insects and mites associated with the fruit tree red spider mite [Metatetranychus ulmi (Koch)] in south-eastern England.  I. The biology of Blepharidopterus angulatus (Fall.).  J. Hort. Sci. 27:  117-29.


Collyer, E.  1953a.  Biology of some predatory insects and mites associated with the fruit tree red spider mite [Metatetranychus ulmi (Koch)] in south-eastern England.  III. Further predators of the mite.  J. Hort. Sci. 35:  98-113.


Collyer, E.  1953b.  Beneficial fruit insects, predators 3.  Grower, London 39(17):  837.


Collyer, E.  1958.  Some insectary experiments with predaceous mites to determine their effect on the development of Metatetranychus ulmi (Koch) populations.  Ent. Exp. Appl. 1:  138-46.


Collyer, E.  1960.  The control of phytophagous mites on fruit.  Sci. Rev. (Melbourne) 20:  33-5.


Collyer, E.  1964a.  Phytophagous mites and their predators in New Zealand orchards.  N. Z. J. Agr. Res. 7:  551-68.


Collyer, E.  1964b.  A summary of experiments to demonstrate the role of Typhlodromus pyri Scheut in the control of Panonychus ulmi (Koch) in England.  Acarologia 9:  363-71.


Collyer, E.  1964c.  The effect of alternate food supply on the relationship between two Typhlodromus species and Panonychus ulmi (Koch).  Ent. Exp. Appl. 7:  120-24.


Collyer, E. & A. H. M. Kirby.  1959.  Further studies on the influence of fungicide sprays on the balance of phytophagous and predacious mites on apple in southeast England.  J. Hort. Sci. 34:  39-50.


Collyer, E. & A. M. Massee.  1958.  Some predators of phytophagous mites, and their occurrence, in southeastern England.  Proc. 10th Int. Congr. Ent. 4:  623-31.


Colodny-Hirsch, D. M. & C. P. Schwalbe.  1990.  Use of disparlure in the management of the gypsy moth, p. 363-86.  In:  R. L. Ridgway, R. M. Silverstein and M. N. Inscoe (eds.), "Behavior Modifying Chemicals For Insect Management.  Marcel Decker, Inc. New York.


Coluzzi, M.  1966.  Experimental infections with Rubetella fungi in Anopheles gambiae and other mosquitoes.  Proc. 1st Internatl. Congr. Parasitol., Rome, 1964.  p. 592-93.


Coluzzi, M.  1970.  Sibling species in Anopheles and their importance in malariology.  Misc. Publ. Ent. Soc. Amer. 7(1):  63-72.


Coluzzi, M.  1971.  Problémes théoriques et pratiques liés a l'élevage et a la production de masse des Culicides.  Ann. Parasitol. 46:  91-101.


Coluzzi, M. & L. Bullini.  1971.  Enzyme variants in the study of precopulatory isolating mechanisms.  Nature 231(5303):  455-56.


Colwell, A. E. & C. H. Shaefer.  1983.  Effects of an insect growth regulator on plankton and Gambusia affinis.  Aquatic Toxicology 4:  247-69.


Colwell, A. E. & H. H. Shorey.  1975.  The courtship behavior of the housefly, Musca domestica (Diptear: Muscidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 68:  152-6.


Colwell, A. E. & H. H. Shorey.  1976.  Courtship stimuli affecting female receptivity in the house fly, Musca domestica.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 69:  80-4.


Colwell, A. E. & H. H. Shorey.  1977.  Female-produced stimuli influencing courtship of male house flies (Musca domestica).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 70:  303-8.


Colwell, A. E., H. H. Shorey, P. Baumer & S. E. van Vorhis-Key.  1978.  Sex pheromone scent marking by females of Pectinophora gossypiella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae).  J. Chem. Ecol. 4:  717-22.


Colwell, R. K., E. A. Norse, D. Pimentel, F. E. Sharples & D. Simberloff.  1985.  Genetic engineering in agriculture.  Letters.  Science 229:  111-12.


Colyer, C. N.  1952.  Notes on the life history of the British species of Phalacrotophora Enderlein (Dipt., Phoridae).  Ent. Mon. Mag. 88:  135-39.


Combe, I. & O. Gamero.  1954.  Resultados del Experimento. b. Investigaciones sobre la protección del sembrío del maíz intercalado con el algodonero, en el Valle del Rímac.  Estac. Exp. Agr. La Molina, Peru, 1953, Inf. Mens Mayo, 1954.


Combe, I. & J. M. Lamas.  1954.  Resultados del Experiment. a.  Investigaciones sobre la protección del maíz intercalado en el algodonero en el Valley de Cara bayllo.  Estac. Exp. Agr. La Molina, Peru, 1953, Inf. Mens. Mayo. 1954.


Combs, R. L., Jr. & C. E. Hoelscher.  1969.  Hymenopterous pupal parasitoids found associated with the horn fly in northeast Mississippi.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  1234-35.


Comins, H. N.  1977.  The development of insecticide resistance in the presence of immigration.  J. Theor. Biol. 64:  177-97.


Comins, H. N. & M. P. Hassell.  1976.  Predation in multi-prey communities.  J. Theor. Biol. 62:  93-114.


Comins, H. N. & M. P. Hassell.  1987.  The dynamics of predation and competition in patchy environments.  Theor. Popul. Biol. 31:  393-421.


Comins, H. N. & P. W. Wellings.  1985.  Density-related parasitoid sex ratios:  influence on host-parasitoid dynamics.  J. Anim. Ecol. 54:  583-95.


Commeau, J. & E. Sola.  1964.  Une nouvelle cochenille des agrumes sur la Cote d'Azur.  Phytoma 16:  49-50.


Common, I. F. B.  1958.  A revision of the pink bollworms of cotton [Pectinophora Busck (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)] and related genera in Australia.  Aust. J. Zool. 6(3):  268-306.


Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control.  1963.  Report of work carried out during 1962.  Commonw. Agr. Bur.  p. 1-78.


Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control.  1966.  Annual report 1965-1966.  Canberra, A.C.T., Australia.  85 p.


Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control.  1970-71.  Annual Report.  Investigation on natural enemies of some flies that breed in dung and vegetable refuse.  Pakistan Station, Rawalpindi.


Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control.  1971.  Biological control programmes against insects and weeds in Canada 1959-1968.  CIBC Tech. Commun.  4 Farnham Royal, England, Commonw. Agr. Bur.


Commonwealth of Australia.  1984.  The Biological Control Act 1984. No. 139 of 1984.  Commonw. Gov. Print. Cat. 15668/84.5.  25 p.


Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization.  1971.  Div. Entomol. Annu. Rep. 1970-1971.  Canberra, A.C.T., Australia. 


Compere, G.  1902.  Entomologists' report.  Introduction of parasites.  West. Austral. Dept. Agr. J. 6:  237-40.


Compere, G.  1904.  Black scale parasite (Scutellista cyanea).  West. Austral. Dept. Agr. J. 10:  94.


Compere, G.  1910.  Fruit flies.  38th Fruit Growers' Convention of California, 1910.  pp. 106-9.


Compere, G.  1912.  A few facts concerning the fruit flies of the World.  Calif. Dept. Agr. Mon. Bull. 1:  707-370, 842-845, 907-911, 929-932.


Compere, G.  1921.  Seasonal history of black scale and relation to biological control.  Calif. Citrog. 6:  197.


Compere, H.  1924.  A preliminary report on the parasitic enemies of the citricola scale [Coccus pseudomagnoliarum (Kuwana)] with descriptions of two new chalcidoid parasites.  Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci. 24:  113-23.


Compere, H.  1925.  New chalcidoid (hymenopterous) parasites and hyperparasites of the black scale, Saissetia oleae Bernard.  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 3:  295-326.


Compere, H.  1926.  Descriptions of new coccid-inhabiting chalcidoid parasites (Hymenoptera).  Calif. Univ. Pub. Ent. 4:  1-32.


Compere, H.  1928.  Successful importation of five new natural enemies of Citrophilus mealybug from Australia.  Calif. Citrog. 13:  318, 346-49.


Compere, H.  1929.  Description of a new species of Coccophagus recently introduced into California.  Calif. Univ. Publ. Ent. 5:  1-4.


Compere, H.  1931a.  A revision of the genus Diversinervus Silvestri, encyrtid parasites of coccids (Hymenoptera).  Calif. Univ. Pub. Ent. 5:  233-45.


Compere, H.  1931b.  A discussion of the parasites of Saissetia oleae (Bern.) collected in Eritrea.  Calif. Univ. Pub. Ent. 5:  247-55.


Compere, H.  1931c.  New encyrtid (hymenopterous) parasites of a Pseudococcus species from Eritrea.  Calif. Univ. Publ. Ent. 5:  265-74.


Compere, H.  1931d.  A revision of the species of Coccophagus, a genus of hymenopterous coccid-inhabiting parasites.  Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 78:  1-132.


Compere, H.  1935a.  The search for parasites of red scale and other citrus pests in Brazil.  Citrus Leaves 15:  8-9.


Compere, H.  1935b.  Exploratory search for natural enemies of the red scale.  Calif. Citrog. 20:  271, 382-86, 388.


Compere, H.  1936.  A new genus and species of Encyrtidae parasitic in the pineapple mealybug, Pseudococcus brevipes (Ckll.).  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 9:  171-74.


Compere, H.  1937.  Collecting red and black scale parasites in Africa.  Calif. Citrog. 23:  58, 88-9.


Compere, H.  1939a.  Mealybugs and their insect enemies in South America.  Univ. Calif. Publs. Ent. 7:  57-73.


Compere, H.  1939b.  The insect enemies of the black scale, Saissetia oleae (Bern.) in South America.  Calif. Univ. Pub. Ent. 7:  75-90.


Compere, H.  1940.  Parasites of the black scale, Saissetia oleae, in Africa.  Hilgardia 13:  387-425.


Compere, H.  1946.  Vegetable weevil parasites from South America and their colonization in California.  J. Econ. Ent. 39:  671-72.


Compere, H.  1953.  An appraisal of Silvestri's work in the Orient for the University of California, some misidentifications corrected, and two forms of Casca described as new species.  Bol. Lab. Zool. Gen. & Agr. "Filippo Silvestri" Portici, 33:  35-47.


Compere, H.  1955.  A systematic study of the genus Aphytis Howard (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae) with descriptions of new species.  Calif. Univ. Pub. Ent. 10:  271-320.


Compere, H.  1957.  Descriptions of species of Metaphycus recently introduced into California and some corrections.  Bol. Lab. Ent. Agr. "Filippo Silvestri" Bol., 15:  221-30.


Compere, H.  1961.  The red scale, Aonidiella aurantii (Mask.), and its natural enemies.  Hilgardia 31: 173-278.


Compere, H.  1969.  The role of systematics in biological control:  a backward look.  Israel J. Ent. 4:  5-10.


Compere, H. & D. P. Annecke.  1961.  Descriptions of parasitic Hymenoptera and comments (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae, Encyrtidae, Eulophidae).  J. Ent. Soc. South Africa 24:  17-71.


Compere, H. & S. E. Flanders.  1934.  Anarhopus sydneyensis Timb., an encyrtid parasite of Pseudococcus longispinus (Targ.) recently introduced into California from Australia.  J. Econ. Ent. 28:  966-73.


Compere, H. & H. S. Smith.  1927.  Notes on the life-history of two Oriental chalcidoid parasites of Chrysomphalus.  Calif. Univ. Pub. Ent. 4:  63-73.


Compere, H. & H. S. Smith.  1932.  The control of the citrophilus mealybug, Pseudococcus gahani, by Australian parasites.  Hilgardia 6:  585-618.


Compere, H., S. E. Flanders & H. S. Smith.  1941.  Use of air transport from China for the introduction into California of a red scale inhabiting Comperiella.  Calif. Citrog. 26:  291, 300-01.


Comstock, J. H.  1880.  Introduction of the 1880 Report of the U. S. Dept. Agr.  p. 289-90.


Comstock, J. H. 1918. The Wings of Insects Comstock, New York.


Comstock, J. H.  1940.  An Introduction to Entomology, 9th Rev. ed.  Comstock Publ. Co., Inc., Ithaca, New York.  1064 p.


Cone, W. W.  1963.  Insecticides as a factor in population fluctuation of mites on alfalfa.  Wash. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. No. 41:  1-55.


Connell, J. H.  1961.  The influence of interspecific competition and other factors on the distribution of the barnacle Chthamalus stellatus.  Ecology 42:  710-23.


Connell, J. H.  1975.  Some mechanisms producing structure in natural communities:  a model and evidence from field experiments. p. 460-90.  In:  M. L. Cody & J. M. Diamond (eds.), Ecology and Evolution of Communities.  Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass.


Connell, J. H.  1983.  On the prevalence and relative importance of interspecific competition:  evidence from field experiments.  Amer. Nat. 122:  661-96.


Conner, G. W. & G. B. Saul.  1986.  Acquisition of incompatibility by inbred wild-type stocks of Mormoniella.  J. Heredity 77:  211-13.


Conner, R. M. & P. A. Hansen.  1967a.  Effects of valine, leucine, and isoleucine on the growth of Bacillus thuringiensis and related bacteria.  J. Invertebr. Path. 9:  12-18.


Conner, R. M. & P. A. Hansen.  1967b.  Effect of valine, leucine, and isoleucine on the production of fly toxin by Bacillus thuringiensis and related organisms.  J. Invertebr. Path. 9:  114-25.


Conrad, M. S.  1959.  The spotted lady beetle, Coleomegilla maculata (De Geer), as a predator of European corn borer eggs.  J. Econ. Ent. 52(5):  843-47.


Consoli, F L; Parra, J R P; Hassan, S A.  1998.  Side-effects of insecticides used in tomato fields on the egg parasitoid Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (Hym., Trichogrammatidae), a natural enemy of  Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lep., Gelechiidae).    J. of Applied Entomol., v.122, n.1, (1998): 43-47.


Consoll, N.  1934.  La lotta contro la malaria in Sicilia durante l'anno 1932 e lazoine svolta dal provveditorato alle opere.  Riv. Malariol. 13:  487-530. (Abs. in Geberich & Laird, 1966).


Constantino, G.  1935.  Un nemico del cotonello degli agrumi:  Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Muls.  Acireale R. Staz. Sper. di Fruttic. e Agrumic. Bol. (n.s.) 6.  7 p.


Conte, A.  1909.  Un coleoptere parasite des vers a soie.  Trav. Lab. etud. soie Lyon 13:  125-27.


Conti, E; Jones, W A; Bin, F; Vinson, S B.  1996.  Physical and chemical factors involved in host recognition behavior of Anaphes iole Girault, an egg parasitoid of Lygus hesperus Knight (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae, Heteroptera: Miridae).  Biological Control, v.7, n.1, (1996): 10-16.


Conti, E; Jones, W A; Bin, F; Vinson, S B.  1997.  Oviposition behavior of Anaphes iole, an egg parasitoid of Lygus hesperus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae; Heteroptera: Miridae).  Ann. of the Entomol. Soc. of Amer., v.90, n.1, (1997):  91-101.


Conway, G. R.  1964.  A note on mirid bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae) and some other insect pests of cocoa in Sabah, Malaysia.  Proc. Conf. Mirids and Other Pests in Cacao, 1964 (Ibadan, Nigeria).  West Africa Cocoa Res. Inst. (Nigeria), Ibadan.


Conway, G. R.  1968.  Crop pest control and resource conservation in tropical South East Asia, p. 159-63.  In:  L. M. & M. H. Talbot (eds.), Conservation in Tropical South East Asia.  Intern. Union Conserv. Nature & Nat. Res., Morges, Switzerland.


Conway, G. R.  1969.  A consequence of insecticides-- pests follow the chemicals in the cocoa of Malaysia.  Nat. Hist. 78(2):  46-51.


Conway, G. R.  1971a.  Better methods of pest control, 302-25.  In:  W. W. Murdoch (ed.), Environment; Resources, Pollution and Society.  Sinauer Publ., Stamford, Conn.


Conway, G. R.  1971b.  Pests of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) in Sabah and their control (with a list of the cocoa fauna).  Kementerian Pertanian dan Perikanan Sabah, Malaysia, Dept. Agr., Sabah.  p. 1-125.


Conway, G. R.  1972.  Ecological aspects of pest control in Malaysia, p. 467-88.  In:  M. Taghi Farvar & J. P. Milton (eds.), The Careless Technology.  The Natural History Press, New York.


Conway, G. R.  1977.  Mathematical models in applied ecology.  Nature 269:  291-97.


Conway, G. R.  1984.  Pest and Pathogen Control:  Strategic, Tactical and Policy Models.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  488 p.


Conway, G. R. & B. J. Wood.  1964.  Pesticide chemicals-- help or hindrance in Malaysian agriculture.  Malaysian Nature J. 18:  111-19.


Cook, C. W.  1942.  Insects and weather as they influence growth of cactus on the central Great Plains.  Ecology 23:  209-14.


Cook, E. F.  1949.  The evolution of the head in the larvae of the Diptera.  Micro-entomology 14:  1-57.


Cook, J. H.  1936.  A contribution towards a study of Calosoma inquisitor L. (Coleopt., Carabidae).  Trans. Soc. Br. Ent. 3:  79-118.


Cook, J L; Johnston, J S; Gold, R E; Vinson, S B.  1997.  Distribution of Caenocholax fenyesi (Strepsiptera: Myrmecolacidae) and the habitats most likely to contain its stylopized host, Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).  Environ. Entomol., v.26, n.2, (1997): 1258-1262.


Cook, J L; Vinson, S B; Gold, R E.  1998.  Developmental stages of Caenocholax fenyesi Pierce (Strepsiptera: Myrmecolacidae); Descriptions and significance to the higher taxonomy of Strepsiptera.  International J. of Insect Morphology and Embryology, v.27, n.1,  (1998): 21-26.