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Entomology / Biological Pest Control

                                                                              C—References

 

 

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<CA.REF>

 

Caballero, C. V.  1951.  Notas biológicas y económicas sobre la conchuel anegra (Saissetia oleae).  Agr. Tech. (Santiago, Chile) 11:  54-63.

 

Cabanillas, E., K.R. Barker, and L.A. Nelson. 1989.  Growth of isolates of Paecilomyces Ulacinus and their efficacy in biocontrol of Meloidogyne incognita on tomato.  J. Nematol., 21: 164-172.

 

Cabanillas, H.E. and  J. R. Raulston. 1994.  Evaluation of the spatial pattern of Steinernema riobravis in corn plots.J. Nematol., 26: 25-31.

 

Cabello, G. T. & P. P. Vargas.  1985.  Temperature as a factor influencing the form of reproduction of Trichogramma cordubensis.  Z. angew. Ent. 100:  434-41.

 

Caccia, R., M. Baillod, E. Guignard, and S. Kreiter. 1985.  Introduction d'une souche de Amblyseius andersoni Chant (Acari, Phytoseiidae) resistant a I'azinphos, dans la lutte contre les acariens phytophages en viticulture.  Revue Suisse Viticulture, Argriculture, et Horticulture, 17: 285-290.

 

Cadahia, D., G. Demolin & E. Biliotti.  1967.  Meteorus versicolor Wesm. var. decoloratus Ruthe (Hym., Braconidae) parasite nouveau de Thaumetopoea pityocampa Schiff. (Lep., Thaumetopoeidae).  Entomophaga 12:  355-61.

 

Cade, W.  975.  Acoustically orienting parasitoids:  fly phonotaxis to cricket song.  Science 190:  1312-3.

 

Cadogan, G.L. and R.D. Scharbach. 1993.  Efficacy of Foray 48B (Bacillus thutingiensis Berliner) applications against the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), timed for phenological development of balsam fir and black spruce.  Canad. Entom., 125: 479-488.

 

Caffrey, D. J.  1921.  Biology and economic importance of Anastatus semiflavidus, a recently described egg parasite of Hemileuca oliviae.  J. Agr. Res. 21:  373-84.

 

Caffrey, D. J. & L. H. Worthley.  1927.  A progress report on the investigations of the European corn borer.  USDA Bull. No. 1476.

 

Cagle, L, R.  1949.  Life history of the two-spotted spider mite.  Va. Agr. Expt. Sta. Tech. Bull. 113.  31 p.

 

Cai, C., X. Zhang & J. Zhao.  1983.  Studies on the artificial diet for rearing larvae of Chrysopa sinica Tjeder.  Nat. Enemies of Insects 5(2):  82-85.

 

Cain, A. J.  1953.  Geography, ecology and coexistence in relation to teh biological definition of the species.  Evolution 7:  76-83.

 

Calderon, M.  1962.  The Bruchidae of Israel.  Riv. Parassitol., Roma 23:  207-16.

 

Caldwell, A. H.  1949.  Mass rearing Drosophila.  J. Econ. Ent. 42:  707.

 

Caldwell, L. D. & J. B. Gentry.  1965.  Interactions of Peromyscus and Mus in a one-acre field enclosure.  Ecology 46:  189-92.

 

Cale, G. H.  1963.  Bee disease up-to-date.  Amer. Bee J. 103:  48.

 

Cale, G. H.  1965.  Beginning with bees. V. Examination for disease.  Amer. Bee J. 105(8):  291.

 

Calev, M.  1966.  Les parasites vivant sur le puceron Sphaerolecanium prunastri Fonsc. [Homoptera, Coccidae] et leur importance pour la réduction numérique de celui-ci).  Izv. Zool. Inst., Mus., Sofija 21 (Jun.):  87-96.

 

Calhoun, E. H.  1953.  Notes on the stages and the biology of Baryodma ontarionis Casey (Coleoptera:  Staphylinidae), a parasite of the cabbage maggot, Hylemya brassicae Bouche (Diptera: Anthomyiidae).  Canad. Ent. 85:  1-8.

 

California Department of Food and Agriculture.  1990.  Medfly information kit.  Tech. Publ. CDFA, April 30, 1990.

 

Callan, E. M.  1943.  Natural enemies of the cacao thrips.  Bull. Ent. Res. 34:  313-21.

 

Callan, E. M.  1948.  Effect of defoliation on reproduction of Cordia macrostachya.  Bull. Ent. Res. 29:  213-15.

 

Callan, E. M.  1969.  Ecology and insect colonization for biological control.  Proc. Ecol. Soc. Australia 4:  17-31.

 

Callan, E. M.  1975.  Miridae of the genus Termatophylidea [Hemiptera] as predators of cacao thrips.  Entomophaga 20:  389-92.

 

Calow, P.  1977.  Conversion efficiencies in heterotrophic organisms.  Biol. Rev. 52:  385-409.

 

Cals, P.  1964.  Modification dans le mode de vie du parasite Aleochara algarum Fauvel (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) en fonction d'une variation de coincidence phenologique avec son hote Coleopa frigida Fallen (Diptera, Coelopidae).  Bull. Soc. Zool. France 89:  760-66.

 

Cals, P. & N. Shaumar.  1965.  Biologie et morphologie larvaire comparée de trois Ichneumonides Pimplines.  Ann. Sci. nat., Zool., Biol. Anim., Paris (Sér. 12) 7:  767-90.

 

Cals-Usciati, J.  1966.  Organisation interne et morphologie du stade larvaire terminal d'Opius concolor [Hym. Braconidae].  Ann. Soc. Ent. France, N.S. 2:  629-40.

 

Caltagirone, L. E.  1959.  The biology of Pontania pacifica Marlatt (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae), and its parasites and inquilines.  Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, CA.

 

Caltagirone, L. E.  1964.  Notes on the biology, parasites, and inquilines of Pontania pacifica [Hymenoptera; Tenthredinidae], a leaf-gall incitant on Salix lasiolepis.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 57:  279-91.

 

Caltagirone, L. E.  1965.  A new Phanerotoma from California [Hymenoptera: Braconidae].  Pan Pacific Ent. 41:  17-20.

 

Caltagirone, L. E.  1981.  Landmark examples in classical biological control.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 26:  213-32.

 

Caltagirone, L. E.  1985.  Identifying and discriminating among biotypes of parasites and predators, p. 189-200.  In:  M. A. Hoy & D. C. Herzog (eds.), Biological Control in Agricultural IPM Systems.  Academic Press, Orlando.

 

Caltagirone, L. E. & R. L. Doutt.  1989.  The history of the vedalia beetle importation to California and its impact on the development of biological control.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 34:  1-16.

 

Caltagirone, L. E. & C. B. Huffaker.  1980.  Benefits and risks of using predators and parasites for controlling pests.  Ecol. Bull. (Stolkholm) 31:  103-09.

 

Caltagirone, L. E., K. P. Shea & G. L. Finney.  1964.  Parasites to aid control of navel orangeworm.  Calif. Agr. 18(1):  10-12.

 

Calvert, D. J.  1970.  Host specificity of Monoctonus paulensis a parasite of certain dactynotine aphids.  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Calif., Berkeley.

 

Calvert, D.  1973.  Experimental host preference of Monoctonus paulensis, including a hypothetical scheme of host selection.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 66:  28-33. 

 

Calvert, D. J. & C. B. Huffaker.  1974.  Predator (Metaseiulus occidentalis) - prey (Pronematus spp.) interactions under sulfur and cattail pollen applications in a non-commercial vineyard.  Entomophaga 19:  361-69.

 

Calvert, D. J. & R. van den Bosch.  1972.  Host range and specificity of Monoctonus paulensis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasite of certain dactynotine aphids.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  422-32.

 

Calwell, J. S. 1938. The jumping plant lice of Ohio (Homoptera, Chermidae). Ohio BioI. Surv. Bull., 6(5):229-281; 11 pl.

 

Camargo, F. C.  1937.  Notas taxonómicas e biológicas sobre algunos coccinellideos do género Neocalvia Crotch, predadores de larvas do género Psyllobora Chevrolat (Col. Coccinellidae).  Rev. de Ent. 7:  362-77.

 

Camazine, S.  1986.  Differential reproduction of the mite, Varroa jacobsoni, on Africanized and European honey bees.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 79:  801-03.

 

Camazine, S.  1988.  Hymenopteran stings:  reactions, mechanisms, and medical treatment.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 34:  17-21.

Camazine, S. & R. A. Morse.  1988.  The Africanized honeybee.  Amer. Sci. 76:  464-71.

 

Camerano, L.  1914.  Le reunioni della Coccinella.  Zeit. f. Wissensc. Insektenbiol. 10(5):  187-89.

 

Cameron, E.  1935.  A study of the natural control of ragwort (Senecio jacobaea L.).  J. Ecol. 23:  265-322.

 

Cameron, E.  1938.  A study of the natural control of the pea moth, Cydia nigricana Steph.  Bull. Ent. Res. 29:  277-313.

 

Cameron, E.  1939.  The holly leaf-miner (Phytomyza ilicis Curt.) and its parasites.  Bull. Ent. Res. 30:  173-208.

 

Cameron, E.  1941.  The biology and post-embryonic development of Opius ilicis n. sp., a parasite of the holly leaf-miner (Phytomyza ilicis Curt.).  Parasitol. 33:  8-39.

 

Cameron, E.  1950.  The biology and economic importance of Alomya debellator (F.), a remarkable parasite of the swift moth, Hepialus lupulinus (L.).  Bull. Ent. Res. 41:  429-38.

 

Cameron, E.  1951.  On the identity of an ichneumonid parasite of Hepialus lupulinus (L.).  Bull. Ent. Res. 41:  637.

 

Cameron, E.  1955.  On the parasites and predators of the cockroach. I.  Tetrastichus hagenowii (Ratz.).  Bull. Ent. Res. 46:  137-47.

 

Cameron, E.  1957.  Of the parasites and predators of the cockroach.  II.  Evania appendigaster (L.).  Bull. Ent. Res. 48:  199-209.

 

Cameron, E. A.  1962.  Some Dioryctria spp. [Lepidoptera; Pyralidae: Phycitinae] and parasites recorded from North America.  Tech. Bull. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 2:  77-81.

 

Cameron, E. A.  1973.  Disparlure:  a potential tool for gypsy moth population manipulation.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 19:  15-19.

 

Cameron, E. A., C. P. Schwalbe, M. Beroza & E. F. Knipling.  1974. Disruption of gypsy moth mating with microencapsulated disparlure.  Science 183:  972-73.

 

Cameron, J. W. M.  1956.  Insect pathology, p. 313-15.  In:  R. Glen (ed.), Entomology in Canada up to 1956.  Canad Ent. 88:  290-371.

 

Cameron, J. W. M.  1963a.  Factors affecting the use of microbial pathogens in insect control.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 8:  265-86.

 

Cameron, J. W. M.  1963b.  How useful is the basic research program in insect pathology to economic entomology.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Ontario 93:  7-16.

 

Cameron, J. W. M.  1969.  Problems and prospects in the use of pathogens in insect control.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Ontario (1968):  73-9.

 

Cameron, J. W. M.  1973.  Insect pathology, p. 285-306.  In:  Smith, R. F., T. H. Mittler & C. N. Smith (eds.), History of Entomology.  Annu. Reviews, Inc., Palo Alto, CA.

 

Cameron, J. W. M. & MacBain.  1973.  Insect pathology, p. 285-306.  In:  R. F. Smith, T. E. Mittler & C. N. Smith (eds.), A History of Entomology.  Annu. Rev. Inc., Palo Alto, California.

 

Cameron, P. J. & F. O. Morrison.  1977.  Analysis of mortality in the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Quebec.  Canad. Ent. 109:  769-88.

 

Cameron, P.J., R.L. Hill, J. Bain, and W.P. Thomas. 1989.  A Review. of Biological Control Of Invertebrate Pests and Weeds in New Zealand 1847-1987.  Commonw. Agric. Bureaux Inst. of Biological Control, Tech. Commun. No. 10, Wallingford, U.K.

 

Cameron, P.J., W. Powell, and H.D. Loxdale. 1984.  Reservoirs for APhidius M4 Haliday (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae), aPolyphagous parasitoid of cereal aphids (Homoptera:   Aphididae).  Bull. of Entomological Res., 74: 647-656.

 

Cameron, R. A. D. & M. Redfern.  1974.  A simple study in ecological energetics using a gall-fly and its insect parasites.  J. Biol. Educ. 8:  75-82.

 

Camors, F. B., Jr. & T. L. Payne.  1971.  Response in Heydenia unica to Dendroctonus frontalis pheromones and a host-tree terpene.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65:  31-3.

 

Camors, F. B., Jr. & T. L. Payne.  1973.  Sequence of arrival of entomophagous insects to trees infested with the southern pine beetle.  Environ. Ent. 2:  267-70.

 

Campadelli, G. & M. L. Dindo.  1987.  Recenti progressi nello studio delle diete artificiali per l'allevamento di insetti entomologi parassiti.  Boll. Ent. Bologna 42:  101-18.

 

Campbell, A. & M. Mackauer.  1973.  Some climatic effects on the spread and abundance of two parasites of the pea aphid in British Columbia (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae-- Homoptera: Aphididae).  Z. angew. Ent. 74:  47-55.

 

Campbell, A. & M. Mackauer.  1975.  The effect of parasitism by Aphidius smithi (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) on reproduction and population growth of the pea aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae).  Canad. Ent. 107:  919-26.

 

Campbell, A., B. D. Frazier, N. Gilbert, A. P. Gutierrez & M. Mackauer.  1974.  The temperature requirements of some aphids and their parasites.  Canad. Ent. 107:  419-23.

 

Campbell, A. et al.  1974.  Temperature requirements of some aphids and their parasites.  J. Applied Ecology 11:  431-38.  [Last paragraph addresses why some parasitoids may be incapable of controlling their hosts].

 

Campbell, B. C. & S. S. Duffey.  1979.  Tomatine and parasitic wasps:  potential incompatibility of plant antibiosis with biological control.  Science 205:  700-02.

 

Campbell, C. A. M.  1977.  A laboratory evaluation of Anthocorus nemorum and A. nemoralis [Hem.: Anthocoridae] as predators of Phorodon humuli [Hom.: Aphididae].  Entomophaga 22:  309-14.

 

Campbell, C. A. M.  1978.  Regulation of the Damson-hop aphid (Phorodon humuli [Schrank]) on hops (Humulus lupulus Linnaeus) by predators.  J. Hort. Sci. 53:  235-42.

 

Camphell, C.L. and D.C. Sands. 1992.  Testing the effects of microbial agents on plants, pp. 689-705.  In:Levin, M.A., Rj.  Seidler, and M. Rogul, (eds.). Microbial Ecologv, Principles, Methods and Applications.  McGraw-Hill, New York. 

 

Camphell, C.L., G.P. Markin, and M.W. Johnson. 1994.  Determination of the fate of the biological control agents, Cyanotricha necyia (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae [Dioptinael) and PyraustaPerelegans (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), on banana poka (Passiflora mollissima) on the Big Island of Hawaii.  Proc. of the Hawaii. Entomol. Soc., 32: 123-130.

 

Campbell, F. L. & F. R. Moulton.  1943.  Laboratory procedures in studies of the chemical control of insects.  Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci. Publ. No. 20.  206 p.

 

Campbell, K. G.  1963.  The biology of Roeselia lugens (Walk.), the gum-leaf skeletonizer moth, with particular reference to the Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. (river red gum) forests of the Murray Valley region.  Proc. Linnean Soc. New South Wales 87:  316-38.

 

Campbell, M. M.  1975.  Establishing Aphytis melinus in citrus orchards by a new simple method.  J. Aust. Inst. Agr. Sci. 41:  42-53.

 

Campbell, M. M.  1976.  Colonization of Aphytis melinus DeBach [Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae] in Aonidiella aurantii (Mask.) [Homoptera: Coccidae] on citrus in South Australia.  Bull. Ent. Res. 65:  659-68.

 

Campbell, R. 1985.  Plant Microbiol..  Edward Arnold, London.

 

Campbell, R. 1989.  Biological Control of Microbial Plant Pathogens.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. Camphell, R.W. and TR.  Torgersen. 1983.  Compensatory mortality in defoliator population dynamics.  Environ.Entomol., 12: 630-632.

 

Campbell, R. E.  1926.  The pea aphid in California.  J. Agr. Res. 32:  861-81.

 

Campbell, R. E. & W. M. Davidson.  1924.  Notes on aphidophagous Syrphidae of southern California.  Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci. 23:  3-9, 59-71.

 

Campbell, R. W., T. R. Torgensen & R. C. Beckwith.  1982.  Disappearing pupae:  A source of possible error in estimating population density.  Environ. Ent. 11:  105-06.

 

Campbell, J. B., D. J. Boxler, J. I. Shugart, D. C. Clanton & R. Crookshank.  1981.  Effects of house flies on weight gains and feed efficiency on yearling heifers on finishing rations.  J. Econ. Ent. 74:  94-5.

 

Campbell, J. B., I. L. Berry, D. J. Boxler, R. L. Davis, D. C. Clanton & G. H. Deutscher.  1987.  Effects of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on weight gain and feed efficiency of feedlot cattle.  J. Econ. Ent. 80:  117-19.

 

Campbell, R. W.  1963.  The role of disease and desiccation in the population dynamics of the gypsy moth Porthetria dispar (L.) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae).  Canad. Ent. 956:  426-34.

 

Campbell, R. W. & J. D. Podgwaite.  1971.  The disease complex of the gypsy moth. I. Major components.  J. Invertebr. Path. 18:  101-07.

 

Campbell, T. F.  1938.  Recent investigations on the buffalo fly (Lyperosia exigua de Meijere) and its parasites in North Australia.  Austral. Council Sci. & Indus. Res. J. 11:  77-82.

 

Campbell, T. G.  1938.  Recent investigations on the buffalo fly (Lyperosia exigua de Meijere) and its parasites in North Australia.  J. Counc. Sci. Ind. Res. Aust. 11:  77-82.

 

Campbell, T. F.  1943.  Introduction of scale parasites from California.  Austral. Council Sci. & Indus. Res. J. 16:  41-2.

 

Campinera, J. L. & J. H. Lilly.  1975.  Tetrastichus asparagi, parasitoid of the asparagus beetle:  some aspects of host-parasitoid interaction.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 68:  595-96.

 

Campion, D. G.  1967.  Chemosterilization of the red bollworm (Diparopis castanea) by mutagenic agents.  Nature 214:  1031-32.

 

Campion, D. G.  1972.  Insect chemosterilants:  a review.  Bull. Ent. Res. 61:  577-635.

 

Campion, D. G. & I. Outram.  1967.  Factors affecting male probing activity of the red bollworm Diparopsis castanea (Hmps.) in relation to sterility induced by tris (l-aziridinyl) phosphine oxide (tepa).  Ann. Appl. Biol. 60:  191-98.

 

Campos, M. & R. Gonzales.  1990.  Influence of breeding conditions on longevity and fecundity of Raphitelus maculatus [Hym.: Pteromalidae] reared under standard laboratory conditions.  Entomophaga 35:  411-20.

 

Campos M. & P. Ramos.  1982.  Ageniaspis fuscicollis praysincola Silv. (Hym.: Encyrtidae), a parasite of Prays olease Bern. (Lep.: Hyponomeutidae) in Granada.  Boll. Assoc. Española Ent. 4:  63-71.

 

Campos-Novaes, J. de.  1922.  A Prospaltella berlesei How., parasita de Diaspis pentagona Targ.  Bol. Agr. (Sao Paulo) 23:  343-66.

 

Campos-Palomino, J.  9165.  Investigaciones sobre el control biológico del "cogollero" del maiz, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) y otros noctuideos.  Rev. Peruana Ent. 8(1):  126-31.

 

Can, E.  Laboratoriums-Untersuchungen zum Vermehrungs potential von Hadronotus carinatus Masner i.l. (Proct. Telen.).  Zeit. angew. Ent. 45:  411-14.

 

Canada Dept. Agr. Res. Institute.  1962.  Res. Rept. 1960-61.  28 p.

 

Canada Dept. Agr. Res. Institute.  1964.  Res. Rept., 1962-63.  35 p.

 

Canada Dept. Agr. Res. Institute.  1966.  Res. Rept., 1964-65.  32 p.

 

Canada Dept. Agr. Res. Institute.  1967.  Res. Rept., 1966.  19 p.

 

Canada Entom. Res. Inst. for Biol. Contr., Canada Dept. Agr. Res. Rept. 1956-59.  44 p.

 

Canada.  1990.  Plant Protection Act, Statues of Canada 1990.  Chapter 22, Bill C-67.  25 p.

 

Canard, M.  1958.  Recherches sur la morphologie et la biologie de la cochenille Eulecanium corni Bouche (Homopteres-Coccoidea).  Ann. Ecole nat. super. agron., Toulouse 6:  187-267.

 

Canard, M.  1970.  Incidence de la valeur alimentaire de divers pucerons (Homoptera: Aphididae) sur le potential de multiplication de Chrysopa perla (L.) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae).  Ann. Zool. Ecol. Anim. 2:  345-55.

 

Candolle, A. P. de.  1855.  Geographique Botanique ou Exposition des Faits Principaux et des lois Concernant la Distribution Géographique des Plantes de l'époque Actuelle.  2 Vol. .  Paris-Geneve: Raisonee.

 

Candura, C. S.  1928.  Contributo alla conoscenza della Tignola grignia della proviste alimentari (Ephestia kuehniella), e del suo parassiti Nemeriti9s canescens Grav.  Portici R. Scuola Super. di Agr. Lab. Zool. Gen e Agr. Bol. 21:  149-215.

 

Candura, G. S.  1932.  (A contribution to the knowledge of the morphology and biology of Tenebroides mauritanicus L.).  Boll. Lab. Zool. Portici 27:  1-56.

 

Canizo, J. del.  1957.  Parásitos de la langosta en España. II. Los Trichodes (Col. Cleridae).  Bol. Pat. Veg. Ent. Agric., Madrid (1955-56) 22:  297-312.

 

Cankov, G.  1964.  The use of certain entomophagous insects in the biological control of the European pine shoot moth.  Gorskostop. Nauka 1(2):  61-70.  [in Bulgarian].

 

Canning, E. U.  1953.  A new microsporidian, Nosema locustae n. sp., from the fat body of the African migratory locust, Locusta migratoria migratorioides R. & F.  Parasitol. 43:  287-90.

 

Canning, E. U.  1964.  Observations on the life history of Mattesia trogodermae sp. n., a schizogregarine parasite of the fat body of the khapra beetle, Trogoderma granarium Everts.  J. Insect Path. 6:  305-17.

 

Canning, E. U.  1981.  Insect control with Protozoa, p. 201-16.  In:  G. C. Papavizas (ed.), Biological Control in Crop Production.  Beltsville Symp. in Agr. Res. 5.  Totowa: Allanheld, Osmun.

 

Canning, E. U.  1982.  An evaluation of protozoal characteristics in relation to the biological control of pests.  Parasitol. 84:  119-49.

 

Canovas, C.  1940.  La lucha biológica contra Ceratitis capitata Wied, y orientaciones para su applicación en España.  Bol. Patol. Veg. Ent. Agr. 9:  72-106.

 

Cantelo, W. W., A. H. Baumhover, T. J. Henneberry & J. S. Smith, Jr.  1973.  Attempted suppression of the tobacco hornworm with sterile males.  Environ. Ent. 2:  48-54.

Cantwell, G. E.  1967.  Inactivation of biological insecticides by irradiation.  J. Invetebr. Path. 9: 138-40.

 

Canto-Saenz, M. and R. Kaltenbach. 1984.  Effect of some fungicides on Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson. Proc. of the First International Congress of Nematology, Guelph, Canada, 1: 13-14.

 

Cantwell, G. E. (ed.).  1974.  Insect Diseases, Vol. I.  Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.

 

Cantwell, G. E. (ed.).  1974.  Insect Diseases, Vol. II.  Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.

 

Cantwell, G. E. & M. Laird.  1966.  The World Health Orgfanization kit for the collection and shipment of pathogens and parasites of diseased vectors.  J. Inveretebr. Path. 8:  442-51.

 

Cantwell, G. E. and T. Lehnen. 1979.  Lack of effect of certain microbial insecticides on the honeybee.  J. Invertebr. Pathol., 33: 381-382.

 

Canzanelli, A.  1937.  Il Dermestes lardarius L.  Boll. Sez. Ent. Oss. Fitopat. Milano 6(1934-35): 19-65.

 

Capdeville, C. C.  1945.  Plagas de la agricultura en Chile.  Imprenta Pacífico, Valparaíso.  355 p.

 

Capecki, Z.  1963.  Perniphora robusta Ruschka (Pteromalidae, Hymenoptera) and Ipideurytoma spessivtsevi Bouch. et nov. (Eurytomidae, Hymenoptera), parasites of Trypodendron lineatum Ol. (Scolytidae, Coleoptera) in Poland.  Ekol. Polska 11(12):  303-08.

 

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Chambers, D. L.  1977.  Quality control in mass rearing.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 22:  289-308.

 

Chambers, D. L. & T. R. Ashley.  1984.  Putting the control in quality control in insect rearing, pp. 256-260.  In:  E. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing.  U. S. Govt. Printing Office.

 

Chambers, D. L., N. R. Spencer, N. Tanaka & R. T. Cunningham.  1970.  Sterile-insect technique for eradication or control of the melon fly and Oriental fruit fly; review of current status.  In:  Sterile-Male Technique for Control of Fruit Flies, Vienna:  Intern. Atomic Energy Agency, p. 99-102.

 

Chambers, D. L., K. Ohinata, M. Fujimoto & S. Kashiwai.  1972.  Treating tephritids with attractants to enhance their effectiveness in sterile-release programs.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  279-82.

 

Chambers, R. J.  1956.  Preliminary experiments on the potential of hoverflies [Dipt.: Syrphidae] for the control of aphids under glass.  Entomophaga 31:  197-204.

 

Chambers, R. J.  1986.  Preliminary experiments on the potential of hoverflies (Dipt.: Syrphidae) for the control of aphids under glass.  Entomophaga 31:  197-204.

 

Chambers, R. & B. P. Ghildyal.  1985.  Agricultural research for resource poor farmers:  the farmers' first and last model.  Agricul. Admin. 20:  1-30.

 

Chambers, R. J., K. D. Sunderland, I. J. Wyatt & G. P. Vickerman.  1983.  The effects of predator exclusion and caging on cereal aphids in winter wheat.  J. Appl. Ecol. 20:  209-24.

 

Chambers, V. H.  1944.  Notes on Priocnemis Schdte. (Hym. Pompilidae) in Bedfordshire.  J. Soc. Br. Ent. 2:  197-207.

 

Chambers, V. H.  1955.  Some hosts of Anteon (Hym., Dryinidae) and a hyperparasite Ismarus (Hym., Bethylidae).  Ent. Mon. Mag. 91:  114-15.

 

Champion, H. G.  1915.  Addendum to observations on the life-history of Methoca ichneumonoides Latr.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 51:  40-2.

 

Champion, H. G.  1929.  Note on the mating habits of Rhyssa persuasoria Linn.  Ent. Mon. Mag. Ser 3, 65(178):  231-32.

 

Champion, H. G. & R. J. Champion.  1914.  Observations on the life history of Methoca ichneumonoides Latr.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 51:  266-70.

 

Champion, H. G. & R. J. Champion.  1914.  Observations on the life history of Methoca ichneumonoides Latr.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 51:  266-70.

 

Champlain, A. B.  1921.  The curious mating habit of Megarhyssa atrota (Fab.). Hymenop: Ichneumonoidea.  Ent. News 32:  241.

 

Champlain, A. B.  1922.  Records of hymenopterous parasites in Pennsylvania.  Psyche 29(3):  95-100.

 

Champlain, R. A. & L. L. Sholdt.  1966.  Rearing Geocoris punctipes, a Lygus bug predator, in the laboratory.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  1301-03.

 

Chandel, B. S.  1959.  Some observations on the biology of Oxyrhachis tarandus Fabr.  Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. India 29(1):  1-11.

 

Chandler, A. C.  1949.  Introduction to Parasitology, With Special Reference to Parasites of Man.  John Wiley, New York.  756 p.

 

Chandler, A. C., and C. P. Read. 1961 (10th ed.).  lntroduction to Parasitology. New York: Wiley, xii + 882 pp., 258 f.

 

Chandler, A. E. F.  1966.  Some aspects of host plant selection in aphidophagous Syrphidae.  In:  Proc. Symp. "Ecology of Aphidophagous insects."  Liblice 1965.  Academia, Prague.  p. 113-15.

 

Chandler, A. E. F.  1967.  Oviposition responses by aphidophagous Syrphidae (Diptera).  Nature 213:  736.

 

Chandler, A. E. F.  1968a.  The relationship between aphid infestations and oviposition by aphidophagous Syrphidae (Diptera).  Ann. Appl. Biol. 61:  425-34.

 

Chandler, A. E. F.  1968b.  Some factors influencing the occurrence and site of oviposition by aphidophagous Syrphydae (Diptera).  Ann. Appl. Biol. 61:  435-46.

 

Chandler, A. E. F.  1968c.  Height preferences for oviposition of aphidophagous Syrphidae [Diptera].  Entomophaga 13:  187-96.

 

Chandler, A. E. F.  1968.  Height preferences for oviposition of aphidophagous Syrphidae [Diptera].  Entomophaga 13:  187-96.

 

Chandler, H. P. 1956. Megaloptera. In Aquatic Insects of California, R. LUsinger (Ed.). Berkeley: Univ. California Press, pp. 229-233; 7f.

 

Chandler, J. M.  1980.  Assessing losses caused by weeds, p. 234-40.  In:  R. J. Aldrich (ed.), Proceedings of the E. C. Stakman Communication Symposium, Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, Agr. Exp. Stn. Misc. Publ. No. 7.

 

Chandler, L. G.  1925.  Habits of the sand-wasp.  Vict. Nat., Melbourne 42:  107-14.

 

Chandler, L. G.  1928.  Notes on two grasshopper wasps.  Victorian Naturalist 45:  176-81.

 

Chandler, L.  1959.  Biological interrelationships in mud-dauber nests with special reference to Osmia cordata Robt.  Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 68:  199-204.

 

Chandler, L.D., F.E. Gilstrap, and H.W. Browning. 1988.  Evaluation of the within-field mortality of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on bell pepper.  J. Econ. Entomol., 81: 1089-1096. 

 

Chandra, G.  1980.  Dryinid parasitoids of rice leafhoppers and plant hoppers in the Philippines. II. Rearing techniques.  Entomophaga 25:  187-92.

 

Chandra, G. & V. C. Dyck.  1988.  New techniques of rearing Anagrus flaveolus [Hym.: Mymaridae], an egg parasitoid of the brown planthopper.  Entomophaga 33:  239-44.

 

Chandy, K. C.  1955.  A note on Apanteles flavipes Cam., a braconid parasite of the cholam stem borer, Chilo zonellus Swinh.  J. Bombay Nat. Hist Soc. 53(1):  6-9.

 

Chang, Ke-cheng, & Liang-lu Huang.  1963.  (a preliminary study on the control of the cottony cushion scale by the Australian ladybeetle).  Acta. Ent. Sin. 12(5/6):  688-700.  [in Chinese with English summary].

 

Chang, J. T. & Y. C. Chiang.  1963.  Studies on insect chemosterilants.  II. Thio-tepa as a chemosterilant for armyworm moth (Pseudaletia separata Walker) [Noctuidae].  Acta Ent. Sin. 12:  538-42.  [in Chinese]

 

Chang, Ke-cheng & Liang-lu Huang.  1963.  A preliminary study on the control of cottony cushion scale by Australian ladybeetle.  Acta Ent. Sin 12:  688-700.  [in Chinese]. 

 

Chang, S. C. & A. B. BoÍkovec.  1964.  Quantitative effects of tepa, metepa, and apholate on sterilization of male house flies.  J. Econ. Ent. 57:  488-90.

 

Chang, S. C., A. B. BoÍkovec & C. W. Woods.  1966. Fate of tepa uniformly labeled with C-14 in male house flies.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  937-44.

 

Chang, Tze-jen & Wei-chard woo.  1966.  The effect of spray programs on the population-prevalence of European red mite and its predators in an apple orchard.  Acta Hort. Sinica 5(1):  9-15.  [in Chinese].

 

Chang-Whan, K., et al.  1965.  Studies on the control of the pine moth, Dendrolimus spectabilis Butler.  Ent. Res. Bull., Seoul 1.  109 p.

 

Chanislamov, M. G.  1966.  Neue Möglichkeiten der biologischen Methode zum Schutz des Waldes, p. 57-60.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. Method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i. karant. sorn..  Izd. Fan, Taškent 57-60.  [in Russian].

 

Chanislamov, M. G. & Z. Š Jafaeva.  1966.  bEdingungen für das Entstehen von Epizootien bei nadel- und blätterfressenden Lepidopteran, p. 184-6.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].

 

Channa-Basavanna, G. P.  1953.  Observations on the biology of Scelio hieroglyphi Timberlake (Scelionidae, Hymenoptera).  Curr. Sci. Sept. 1953, 22:  279.

 

Channa-Basavanna, G. P. & M. Puttarudriah.  1958.  Some predators of mites in Mysore.  Mysore Agr. J. 32(1957) (3-4):  179-85.

 

Chansigaud, J.  1964.  Observations préliminaires sur les essais d'infestations artificielles avec Pieris brassicae L. au stade larvaire dans les conditions naturelles.  Rev. Zool. Agr. Appl. 63:  55-61.

 

Chant, D. A.  1958.  On the ecology of typhlodromid mites in southeaastern England.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Congr. Ent. 4:  649-58.

 

Chant, D. A.  1959.  Phytoseiid mites (Acarina: Phytoseiidae).  Part 1.  Bionomics of seven species in Southeastern England.  Canad. Ent. 91, Suppl. 12, Vol. 91.  164 p.

 

Chant, D. A.  1961.  An experiment in biological control of Tetranychus telarius (L.) (Acarina: Tetranychidae) in a greenhouse using the predacious mite Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Phytoseiidae).  Canad. Ent. 93:  437-43.

 

Chant, D. A.  1963.  Some mortality factors and the dynamics of orchard mites.  Ent. Soc. Canad. Mem. 32:  33-40.

 

Chant, D. A.  1964.  Strategy and tactics of insect control.  Canad. Ent. 96:  182-201.

 

Chant, D. A.  1965.  Generic concepts in the family Phytoseiidae (Acarina: Mesostigmata).  Canad. Ent. 97:  351-74.

 

Chant, D. A.  1966a.  Integrated control systems, p. 193-281.  In:  Scientific Aspects of Pest Control. Nat'l Acad. Sci., Nat'l. Res. Council, Publ. 1402.

 

Chant, D. A.  1966b.  Research need for integrated control.  proc. FAO Symp. Integr. Pest Contr. (Rome, 1965) 3:  103-09.

 

Chant, D. A. & C. Athias-Henriot.  1960.  The genus Phytoseius Ribaga, 1902 (Acarina: Phytoseiidae).  Entomophaga 5:  213-.

 

Chant, D. A. & C. A. Fleschner.  1960.  Some observations on the ecology of phytoseiid mites (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) in California.  Entomophaga 5:  131-.

 

Chant, D A; McMurtry, J A.  1994.  A review of the subfamilies Phytoseiinae and Typhlodrominae (Acari:  Phytoseiidae).  International J. of Acarol., v.20, n.4, (1994): 223-316.

 

Chantarasa-Ard, S., Y. Hirashima 7 T. Miura.  1984.  Effects of temperature and food on the development and reproduction of Anagrus incarnatus Haliday (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), an egg parasitoid of the rice planthoppers.  Esakia 22:  145-58.

 

Chapin, E. A.  1915.  Early stages of Staphylinidae.  Psyche 22:  157-61.

 

Chapin, E. A. & R. Ahmad.  1966.  A new species of coccinellid feeding on scale insects in West Pakistan.  Entomophaga 11:  213-6.

 

Chapman, H. C.  1974.  Biological control of mosquito larvae.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 19:  33-59.

 

Chapman, H. C.  1976.  Biological control agents of mosquitoes.  Mosq. News 36:  395-97.

 

Chapman, H. C. (ed.)  1985a.  Biological Control of Mosquitoes.  Bull. No. 6, Amer. Mosq. Contr. Assoc., Inc.  218 p.

 

Chapman, H. C.  1985.  Ecology and use of Coelomomyces in biological control:  a review, p. 361-68.  In:  J. N. Couch & C. E. Bland (eds.), The Genus Coelomomyces.  Academic Press, New York & London.

 

Chapman, H. C. & F. E. Glenn, Jr.  1972.  Incidence of the fungus Coelomomyces punctatus and C. dodgei in larval populations of the mosquito Anopheles crucians in two Louisiana ponds.  J. Invert. Pathol. 19:  256-61.

 

Chapman, H. C. & D. B. Woodard.  1966.  Coelomomyces [Blastocladiales: Coelomomyces- Cetaceae] infections in Louisiana mosquitoes.  Mosq. News 26:  121-3.

 

Chapman, H. C., D. B. Woodard, W. R. Kellen & T. B. Clark.  1966a.  Host-parasite relationships of Thelohania associated with mosquitoes in Louisiana [Nosematidae: Microsporidia].  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  452-6.

 

Chapman, H. C., T. B. Clark, D. B. Woodard & W. R. Kellen.  1966b.  Additional mosquito hosts of the mosquito iridescent virus.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  545-6.

 

Chapman, H. C., D. B. Woodard & J. J. Petersen.  1967.  Pathogens and parasites in Louisiana Culicidae and Chaoboridae.  Proc. N. J. Mosq. Exterm. Assoc. 54:  54-60.

 

Chapman, H. C., T. B. Clark, J. J. Petersen & D. B. Woodard.  1969.  A two-year survey of pathogens and parasites of Culicidae, Chaoboridae, and Ceratopogonidae in Louisiana.  Proc. New Jersey Mosq. Extermin. Assoc. 56:  203-12.

 

Chapman, H. C., T. B. Clark & J. J. Peterson.  1970.  Protozoans, nematodes and viruses of anophelines.  Misc. Publ. Ent. Soc. Amer. 7:  134-39.

 

Chapman, H. C., J. J. Petersen, D. B. Woodard & T. Fukuda.  1971.  Current status of biological control of mosquitoes.  Proc. Gulf Coast Conf. Mosq. Supp. Wildl. Manage. 2:  2-3.

 

Chapman, H. C., J. J. Peterson & T. Fukuda.  1972.  Predators and pathogens for mosquito control.  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 21(5):  777-81.

 

Chapman, J. A.  1954.  Studies on summit-infesting insects in western Montana.  Ecology 35:  41-49.

 

Chapman, J. A.  1963.  Predation by Vespula wasps on hilltop swarms of winged ants.  Ecology 44:  766-7.

 

Chapman, J. A. & J. W. Wilson.  1956.  The use of impregnated paper as an approach to nutritional studies with the Douglas fir beetle.  J. Econ. Ent. 49:  426-27.

 

Chapman, M. & M. A. Hoy.  1991.  Relative toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis to the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) and its predator Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) (Acari: Tetranychidae and Phytoseiidae).  J. Appl. Ent. 111:  147-54.

 

Chapman, P. J. & S. E. Lienk.  1971.  Tortricid fauna of apple in New York; including an account of apple's occurrence in the state, especially as a naturalized plant.  New York State Agr. Exp. Sta. Special Publ.  142 p.

 

Chapman, R. C.  1969.  Modeling forest insect populations-- the stochastic approach.  Proc. Forest Insect Population Dymics Workshop, New Haven, Conn. (Jan. 23-7, 1967).  U. S. Dept. Agr. For. Serv. Res. Paper NE-125:  73-87.

 

Chapman, R. F.  1982.  Chemoreception:  The significance of receptor numbers.  Adv. Insect Physiol. 16:  247-356.

 

Chapman, R. N.  1920.  Symposium on "The Life Cycle in Insects."  6. The life cycle of the Coleoptera (including the Strepsiptera).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 13:  174-80.

 

Chapman, R. N.  1928a.  The quantitative analysis of environmental factors.  Ecology 9:  111-22.

 

Chapman, R. N.  1928b.  Temperature as an ecological factor in animals.  Amer. Nat. 62:  298-310.

 

Chapman, R. N.  1931.  Animal Ecology, With Especial Reference to Insects.  McGraw-Hill, New York.  464 p.

 

Chapman, T. A.  1869.  On the economy of the Chrysides parasitic on Odyneurus spinipes.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 6:  153-58.

 

Chapman, T. A.  1870a.  On the parasitism of Rhipiphorus.  Ann. & Mag. nat. Hist 4:  191-98.

 

Chapman, T. A.  1870b.  Some facts towards a life-history of Rhipiphorus paradoxus.  Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 6:  314-26.

 

Chapman, T. A.  1891.  On the ovipositon of Metoecus (Rhipiphorus) paradoxus.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 27:  18-19.

 

Chapman, T. A.  1897.  Sketch of the life history of Metoecus (Rhipiphorus) paradoxus.  Ent. Rec. & J. Variation 9:  321-22.

 

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Chapuis, J.L., P. Bouss6s, and G. Barnaud. 1994.  Alien mammals, impact and management in the French subantarctic islands.  Biological Conservation, 67: 97-104.

 

Chararas, C.  1962.  Etude biologique des Scolytides des Conifères.  Encyclopédie Entomologique, Ser. A, 38:  556 p.  Edit. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

 

Charboussou, F.  1965.  La multiplication par vole trophique des tetrayques a la suite des traitements pesticides.  Relations avec les phenomenes de resistance acquise.  Boll. Zool. Agrar. Bachic. 7:  143-84.

 

Charles, J. F. & H. de Barjac.  1981.  Histopathologie de l'action de la beta-endotoxine de Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis sur les larves d'Aedes aegypti [Dip.: Culicidae].  Entomophaga 26:  203-12.

 

Charlet, L. D.  1975.  The systematics and bionomics of predaceous and phytophagous mites associated with pine foliage in California.  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Calif., Riverside.  199 p.\

 

Charlet, L. D.  1983a.  Parasitoids of a stem weevil, Cylindrocopturus adspersus, in sunflower:  Incidence and parasitization rates in the northern great plains.  Environ. Ent. 12:  888-90.

 

Charlet, L. D.  1983b.  Insect stem fauna of native sunflower species in western North Dakota.  Environ. Ent. 12:  1286-8.

 

Charlet, L. D.  1988.  Natural control by parasitoids of the sunflower beetle and banded sunflower moth.  Proc. 4th Ann. Great Plains Sunflower Insect Workshop, Fargo, ND, Apr. 19-20, 1988.  p. 45-51.

 

Charlet, L. D.  1989.  Overwintering survival of the sunflower stem weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), and two of its parasitoids in the northern Great Plains.  J. Econ. Ent. 82:  130-33.

 

Charlet, L. D.  1991.  Stem weevil:  biology and control.  The Sunflower 17:  28-9.

 

Charlet, L. D.  1992.  Seasonal abundance and parasitim of the sunflower beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on cultivated sunflower in the northern Great Plains.  J. Econ. Ent. 85:--.

 

Charlet, L. D. & E. U. Balsbaugh, jr.  1984.  Anaphes conotracheli (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), an egg parasitoid of Cylindrocopturus adspersus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).  J. Kan. Ent. Soc. 57:  526-8.

 

Charlet, L. D. & G. J. Brewer.  1990.  The diversity of insects in native and cultivated sunflower.  Proc. 6th Great Plains Sunflower Insect Workshop, Fargo, ND, Apr. 17-18, 1990.  p. 55-6.

 

Charlet, L. D. & G. J. Brewer.  1992.  Insect fauna of the heads and stems of native sunflower (Asterales: Asteraceae) in eastern North Dakota.  Environ. Ent. 21:--.

 

Charlet, L. D. & J. A. McMurtry.  1977a.  Systematics and bionomics of predaceous and phytophagous mites associated with pine foliage in California. I. Survey of mites on native pines, including a description of a new species of Phytoseiidae.  Hilgardia 45(7):  173-210.

 

Charlet, L. D. & J. A. McMurtry.  1977b.  Systematics and bionomics of predaceous and phytophagous mites associated with pine foliage in California. II. Population dynamics of mites on three species of pines in the Forest Falls area of the San Bernardino Mountains.  Hilgardia 45(7):  211-22.

 

Charlet, L. D. & J. A. McMurtry.  1977c.  Systematics and bionomics of predaceous and phytophagous mites associated with pine foliage in California. III. Laboratory studies on the biology of the phytoseiida Metaseiulus validus (Chant) and Typhloseiopsis pini (Chant).  Hilgardia 47(7):  223-36.

 

Charlet, L. D. & C. Y. Oseto.  1980.  IPM-- Integrated Pest Management-- in Sunflower.  The Sunflower 6: 6, 8.

 

Charlet, L. D. & C. Y. Oseto.  1983.  Toxicity of insecticides on a stem weevil, Cylindrocopturus adspersus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), and its parasitoids in sunflower.  Environ. Ent. 12:  959-60.

 

Charlet, L. D., D. D. Kopp & C. Y. Oseto.  1987.  Sunflowers: Their history and associated insect ommunity in the northern Great Plains.  Bull. Ent. Soc. Amer. 33:  69-75.

 

Charlet, L. D., G. J. Brewer & V. Beregovoy.  1989a.  Insect fauna of native Helianthus in North Dakota.  Proc. 11th Sunflower Res. Workshop, Natl. Sunflower Assoc., Fargo, ND., Jan 9-10, 1989.  p. 4-5.

 

Charlet, L. D., G. J. Brewer & V. Beregovoy.  1989b.  Insect fauna in stems of native sunflower in southeastern North Dakota.  Proc. 5th Ann. Great Plains Sunflower Insect Workshop, Fargo, ND., Apr. 18-19, 1989.  p. 38-41.

 

Charmillot, P. J.  1990.  Mating disruption technique to control codling moth in western Switzerland, p. 165-82.  In:  R. L. Ridgway, R. M. Silverstein and M. N. Inscoe (eds.), "Behavior Modifying Chemicals For Insect Management.  Marcel Decker, Inc. New York.

 

Charmoy-d'Emmerez de, D.  1917a.  Notes relative to the importation of Tiphia parallela Smith from Barbados to Mauritius for the control of Phytalus smithi Arrow.  Bull. Ent. Res. 8:  93-102.

 

Charmoy-d'Emmerez de, D.  1917b.  Report on the importation of scoliid wasps from Madagascar.  Mauritius Dept. Agr. 5 p.

 

Charmoy-d'Emmerez de, D.  1923.  An attempt to introduce scoliid wasps from Madagascar to Mauritius.  Bull. Ent. Res. 13:  245-54.

 

Charmoy-d'Emmerez de, D.  1931.  Phytalus (Col., Melol.) in sugar-cane in Mauritius.  Bull. Ent. Res. 22:  83-7.

 

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Charnov, E. L. & S. W. Skinner.  1985.  Complementary approaches to the understanding of parasitoid oviposition decisions.  Environ. Ent. 14:  383-91.

 

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Charpentier, L. J.  1954.  Successful establishment of sugarcane borer parasites in Louisiana in 1953.  Sugar Bull. 32:  120, 125.

 

Charpentier, L. J.  1956.  1954 sutdies of parasites for sugarcane borer control in Louisiana.  J. Econ. Ent. 49:  267-68.

 

Charpentier, L. J.  1958.  Recent attempts to establish sugarcane borer parasites in Louisiana.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  163-64.

 

Charpentier, L. J.  1959.  Recent studies of parasites of the sugarcane borer at the Houma, La., Laboratory.  Amer. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. Proc. 6:  76-81.

 

Charpentier, L. J. & R. Mathes.  1953.  Further attempts to colonize the sugarcane borer egg parasite, Telenomus alecto, in Louisiana.  Sugar Bull. 31:  196.

 

Charpentier, L. J. & R. Mathes.  1969.  Cultural practices in relation to stalk moth borer infestations in sugar cane, p. 163-74.  In:  J. R. Williams, J. R. Metcalfe, R. W. Mungomery & R. Mathes (eds.), Pests of Sugar Cane.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, London & New York.

 

Charpentier, L. J., W. J. McCormick & R. Mathes.  1960.  Biological control of the sugrcane borer in Louisiana.  10th Internatl. Cong. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. Proc. (1959):  865-69.

 

Charudattan, R.  1978.  Biological control projects in plant pathology:  a directory.  Misc. Publ. Plant Path. Dept., Univ. of Florida, Gainesville.  57 p.

 

Charudattan, R.  1984.  Microbial control of plant pathogens and weeds.  J. Georgia Ent. Soc. 19, No. 2:  28-40 (suppl.).

 

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<CI.REF>

 

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Cilingarjan, V. A.  1965.  Die Erprobung insektizider Bakterien gegen schädliche Insekten in der armenischen SSR, p. 28-30.  In:  A. I. „erepanov (ed.), Issled. po biol. metod. bor'by s vredit. sels'kogo i lesn. choz. (Dokl. k simp., 17-20 Nov 1964).  Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk. Otd., Novosibirsk, Vyp 2.  [in Russian].

 

Cilingarjan, V. A. & ð. Ch. Ormanjan.  1966.  Entobakterin-3 im Kampf gegen Hyponomeuta malinellus und Hyponomeuta padellus in Armenien.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].

 

Cilliers, C. J.  1971.  Observations on circular purple scale Chrysomphalus aonidum (Linn.), and two introduced parasites in Western Transvaal citrus orchards.  Entomophaga 16:  269-84.

 

Cilliers, C. J.  1991.  Biological control of water fern, Salvina molesta (Saiviniaceae), in South Africa.  Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 37: 219-224.

 

Cimdin, M. A.  1961.  Die Parasiten der Apfelgespinstmotte in Lettland.  Kratkie itogi nau…n. issled. zaš…. rast. pribaltijsk. zone SSSR 2:  69-70.  [in Russian].

 

Cincadze, K. V.  1963.  Eine wirksame Methode.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 8(12):  44-5.  [in Russian].

 

Cingovski, J.  1965.  Biological and ecological studies on Palaeocimbex quadrimaculata Müll. in Macedonia.  Posebno Izd. prirod. Muz. Skopje 3.  106 p.

 

Cinitis, R. Ja.  1966.  Versuchsergebnisse mit Entobakterin und Perspektiven für seine Anwendung in Litauen, p. 189-91.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.   Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].

 

Cinitis, R. Ja. & M. K. Vilks.  1967.  Die Anwendung des Bakterienpräparates Entobakterin-4 gegen Schädlinge in Apfelpflanzungen, p. 17-18.  In:  Kratkie itogi nau…n issled. po zaš…. rast. v Pribalt. Zone SSSR 7(1964).  [in Russian].

 

Cinovskij, Ja. P.  1966.  Wege in der Erforschung der biologischen Bekämpfung im Institut für Biologie in Litauen, p. 85-7.  In:  M. A. Riš (ed.), Biol. method. bor'b. s vredit. sel'sk., lesn. choz. i karant. sorn.  Izd. Fan, Taškent.  [in Russian].

 

Cinovskis, J., A. Cibulska, K. Jegina & A. Zilsparne.  1966.  Anwendung und Aussichten der biologischen Bekämpfung von Schädlingen.  Izv. Akad. Nauk LatvSSR 10:  55-62.

 

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Ciril, S.  1965.  Comparative study of the susceptibility of larvae of the processionary moth (Thaumetopoea pityocompa) to its own virus disease and to the viruses of some other species of insects.  Šumarski List. Zagreb 89(9-10):  381-90.  [in Serbo-Croatian].

 

Cist, J.  1824.  Notice of the Melolontha, or May bug.  Amer. J. Sci. Arts 8:  269-71.

 

Cistjakova, A. V., G. M. Dobrovolska & I. P. Kok.  1966.  Über die Struktur der DNS, die aus Raupen des Maulbeerspinners gewonnen wird, die mit dem Virus der kugelförmigen Polyedrose infiziert sind.  Dopovidi Akad. Nauk URSR 5:  643-46.  [in Ukranian].

 

Citrograph.  1980.  Eradication of Medfly by sterile-male release: a case study.  January 1980, p. 63.

 

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<CJ.REF>

 

<CK.REF>

 

<CL.REF>

 

Claassen, P. W.  1919.  Life history and biological notes on Chlaenius impunctifrons Say (Coleoptera, Carabidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 12:  95-99.

 

Claassen, P. W.  1922.  The larva of a chironomid which is parasitic on a mayfly nymph.  Kans. Univ. Sci. Bull. 14:  395-405.

 

Clair, D. J., D. L. Dahlsten & E. R. Hart.  1987.  Rearing Tetrastichus gallerucae [Hymenoptera: Eulophidae] for biological control of the elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola.  Entomophaga 32:  457-61.

 

Clair, D. J., D. L. Dahlsten & S. H. Dreistadt.  1987.  Biological control of the elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola, in California--A case study.  Proc. 6th Intern. Sci. Conf. Internatl. Fed. Organic Agr. Movements, Santa Cruz, Calif. 18-21 Aug., 1985 (in press).

 

Clair, D. J., D. L. Dahlsten & S. H. Dreistadt.  1988.  Biological control of the elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola, in California--A case study.  Proc. 6th Intern. Conf. of Intern. Fed. Organic Agr. Movements, 20 Aug 1986, Santa Cruz, California (in press).

 

Clancy, D. W.  1934.  The biology of Tetracnemus pretiosus Timberlake.  Calif. Univ. Publ. Ent. 6:  231-48.

 

Clancy, D. W.  1944a.  Experimental parasitization studies with the Comstock mealybug.  J. Econ. Ent. 37:  450.

 

Clancy, D. W.  1944b.  Biology of Allotropa burrelli, a gregarious parasite of Pseudococcus comstocki.  J. Agr. Res. 39:  259-63.

 

Clancy, D. W.  1944c.  Hyperparasitization of Clausenia purpurea Ishii, an important parasite of the Comstock mealybug.  J. Econ. Ent. 37:  450-51.

 

Clancy, D. W.  1946a.  The insect parasites of the Chrysopidae (Neuroptera).  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 7:  403-96.

 

Clancy, D. W.  1946b.  Natural enemies of some Arizona cotton insects.  J. Econ. Ent. 39:  326-28.

 

Clancy, D. W.  1967.  Discovery of the pea aphid parasite, Aphidius smithi, in central Mexico.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  1743.

 

Clancy, D. W.  1969a.  Biological control of the Egyptian alfalfa weevil in California and Arizona.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  209-14.

 

Clancy, D. W.  1969b.  A new parasite of the vegetable weevil in southern California.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  743-45.

 

Clancy, D. W. & H. J. McAlister.  1956.  Selective pesticides as aids to biological control of apple pests.  J. Econ. Ent. 49:  196-202.

 

Clancy, D. W. & M. H. Muma.  1959.  Purple scale parasite found in Florida.  J. Econ. Ent. 52:  1025-26.

 

Clancy, D. W. & H. N. Pollard.  1947.  Further experiments in the parasitization of mealybugs.  J. Econ. Ent. 40:  578-79.

 

Clancy, D. W. & H. N. Pollard.  1952.  The effect of DDT on mite and predator populations in apple orchards.  J. Econ. Ent. 45:  108-14.

 

Clancy, D. W., P. E. Marucci & R. Dresner.  1952.  Importation of natural enemies to control the Oriental fruit fly in Hawaii.  J. Econ. Entomol. 45:  85-90.

 

Clancy, D. W., A. G. Selhime & M. H. Muma.  1963.  Establishment of Aphytis holoxanthus as a parasite of Florida red scale in Florida.  J. Econ. Ent. 56:  603-05.

 

Claret, J.  1973.  La diapause facultative de Pimpla instigator [Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae]. 1. Role de la photopériode.  Entomophaga 18:  409-18.

 

Claret, J.  1978.  La diapause imaginale de Pimpla instigator [Hym.: Ichneumonidae]. II. Role de la température.  Entomophaga 23:  411-16.

 

Claridge, M. F.  1964.  The palaearctic species of Bothriothorax (Hym., Encyrtidae) allied to B. paradoxus (Dalman).  Entomophaga 9:  21-6.

 

Claridge, M. F. & R. R. Askew.  1960.  Sibling species in the Eurytoma rosae group (Hym. Eurytomidae).  Entomophaga 5:  141-.

 

Clark, A. F.  1931.  The parasite control of Gonipterus scutellatus Gyll.  New Zeal. J. Sci. & Technol. 13:  22-8.

 

Clark, A. F.  1936.  Biological control of forest insect pests.  New Zeal. J. Sci. & Technol. 18:  585-88.

 

Clark, A. F.  1938.  A survey of insect pests of Eucalyptus in New Zealand.  New Zeal. J. Sci. & Technol. 19:  750-61.

 

Clark, A. H.  1926.  Carnivorous butterflies.  Smithsn. Inst. Ann. Rept. (1925):  439-508.

 

Clark, A. H.  1931.  The extirpation of one butterfly by another.  Sci. Monthly 33(2):  173-74.

 

Clark, A. M.  1963.  The influence of diet upon the adult life span of two species of Bracon.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 56:  616-19.

 

Clarke, B., J. Murray, and M.S. Johnson. 1984.  The extinction of endemic species by a program of biological control. Pac#ic Science, 38: 97-104.

 

Clark, C. A.  1934.  The European corn borer and its controlling factors in the Orient.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 455.  37 p.

 

Clark, C. U.  1895.  On the food habits of certain dung and carrion beetles.  J. New York Ent. Soc. 3:  61.

 

Clark, E. C.  1955.  Observations on the ecology of a polyhedrosis of the great basin tent caterpillar Malacosoma fragile.  Ecology 36:  373-76.

 

Clark, E. C.  1956.  Survival and transmission of a virus causing polyhedrosis in Malacosoma fragile.  Ecology 37:  728-32.

 

Clark, E. C.  1958.  Ecology of the polyhedroses of tent caterpillars.  Ecology 39:  132-39.

 

Clark, E. C. & C. G. Thompson.  1954.  The possible use of microorganisms in the control of the Great Basin tent caterpillar.  J. Econ. Ent. 47:  268-72.

 

Clark, E. W.  1958.  A review of literature on calcium and magnesium in insects.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 51:  142-54.

 

Clark, L. R.  1953.  The ecology of Chrysomela gemellata Rossi and C. hyperici Forst., and their effect on St. John's wort in the Bright District, Victoria.  Austral. J. Zool. 1:  1-69.

 

Clark, L. R.  1962.  The general biology of Cardiaspina albitextura (Psyllidae) and its abundance in relation to weather and parasitism.  Aust. J. Zool. 10:  537-86.

 

Clark, L. R.  1963.  The influence of predation by Syrphus sp. on the numbers of Cardiaspina albitextura [Psyllidae].  Austr. J. Zool. 11:  470-87. 

 

Clark, L. R.  1964.  The population dynamics of Cardiaspina albitextura (Psyllidae).  Aust. J. Zool. 12:  362-80.

 

Clark, L. R. & N. Clark.  1952.  A study of the effect of Chrysolina hyperici Forst. on St. John's wort in the Nannus Valley, N.S.W.  Austral. J. Agr. Res. 3:  29-59.

 

Clark, L. R. & M. J. Dallwitz.  1975.  The life system of Cardiaspina albitextura (Psyllidae), 1950-74.  Aust. J. Zool. 23:  523-61.

 

Clark, L. R., P. W. Geier, R. D. Hughes & R. F. Morris.  1967.  The Ecology of Insect Populations in Theory and Practice.  Methuen, London.  232 p.

 

Clark, M. M.  1988.  Insect herbivore communities colonizing the flower-heads of Berkheya in South Africa and Carduoideae in Europe and California.  Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. Zool., Univ. Cape Town, South Africa.  223 p.

 

Clark, N.  1953.  The biology of Hypericum perforatum L. var. angustifolium DC. (St. John's wort) in the Ovens Valley, Victoria, with particular reference to entomological control.  Aust. J. Bot. 1:  95-120.

 

Clark, N., C. Edquist, R. Kaplinsky & D. Pimentel.  1988.  Cyprus Technology Strategy.  Report of the UNDP/OPE Mission.  Main Report.  Prepared for the UNDP on behalf of the Govt. of Cyprus.  Inst. Develop. Studies, Univ. Sussex, England.

 

Clark, R. C. & N. R. Brown.  1958.  Studies of predators of the balsam woolly aphid, Adelges piceae (Ratz.) (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  V.  Laricobius erichsonii Rosen.  (Coleoptera: Derodontidae), an introduced predator in eastern Canada.  Canad. Ent. 90:  657-72.

 

Clark, R. C. & N. R. Brown.  1960.  Studies of predators of the balsam woolly aphid, Adelges piceae (Ratz.) (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  VII.  Laricobius rubidus Lec. (Coleoptera: Derondontidae), a predator of Pineus strobi (Htg.) (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  Canad. Ent. 92(3):  237-40.

 

Clark, R. C. & N. R. Brown.  1961.  Studies of predators of the balsam woolly aphid, Adelges piceae (Ratz.) (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  IX.  Pillus impexus (Muls.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), an introduced predator in eastern Canada.  Canad. Ent. 93:  1162-68.

 

Clark, R. C. & N. R. Brown.  1962.  Studies of predators of the balsam woolly aphid, Adelges piceae (Ratz.) (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  XI.  Cremifania nigrocellulata Cz. (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae); an introduced predator in eastern Canada.  Canad. Ent. 94:  1171-75.

 

Clark, R. C., D. O. Grenbank, D. G. Bryant & J. W. E. Harris.  1971.  Adelges piceae (Ratz.), balsam woolly aphid (Homoptera: Adelgidae).  In:  Biological Control Prog. against Insects & Weeds in Canada 1959-1968.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Commun. 4:  113-27.

 

Clark, R. C., D. O. Greenbank, D. G. Bryant & J. W. E. Harris.  1972.  Chapter 36.  Adelges piceae (Ratz.), balsam woolly aphid (Homoptera: Adelgidae), p. 113-27.  In: Biological Control Programmes Against Insects and Weeds in Canada, 1959-1968.  Commonwealth Inst. Biol. Control, Tech. Comm. No. 4.  266 p.

 

Clarke, R.D. and P.R. Grunt. 1968.  An experimental study of the role of spiders as predators in a forest litter community.  Part I. Ecology, 49: 1152-1154.

 

Clark, T. B.  1966.  A method for the inoculation of mosquito larvae.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  425-6.

 

Clark, T. B. & H. C. Chapman.  1969.  A polyhedrosis in Culex salinarius of Louisiana.  J. Invert. Pathol. 13:  312.

 

Clark, T. B. & T. Fukuda.  1967.  Predation of Culicoides cavaticus Wirth and Jones larvae on Aedes sierrensis (Ludlow).  Mosq. News 27:  424-25.

 

Clark, T. B. & T. Fukuda.  1971.  Field and laboratory observations of two viral diseases in Aedes sollicitans (Walker) in southwestern Louisiana.  Mosq. News 31:  193-99.

 

Clark, T. B., W. R. Kellen & P. T. M. Lum.  1965.  A mosquito iridescent virus (MIV) from Aedes taeniorhynchus (Wiedemann).  J. Invert. Pathol. 7:  519-21.

 

Clark, T. B., W. R. Kellen, J. E. Lindegren & R. D. Sanders.  1966.  Pythium sp. [Phycomycetes: Pythiales] pathogenic to mosquito larvae.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  351-54.

 

Clark, T. B., W. R. Kellen, T. Fukuda & J. E. Lindegren.  1968.  Field and laboratory studies on the pathogenicity of the fungus Beauveria bassiana to three genera of mosquitoes.  J. Invert. Pathol. 11:  1-7.

 

Clark, T. B., H. C. Chapman & T. Fukuda.  1969.  Nuclear-polyhedrosis and cytoplasmic-polyhedrosis infections in Louisiana mosquitoes.  J. Invert. Pathol. 14:  284-86.

 

Clark, W. C. & C. S. Holling.  1979.  Process models, equilibrium structures and population dynamics:  on the formulation and testing of realistic theory in ecology.  Fortschr. Zool. 25:  29-52.

 

Clarke, B.  1979.  The evolution of genetic diversity.  Proc. Roy. Soc. London B-205: 434-474.

 

Clarke, C. H. D.  1936.  Fluctuations in numbers of ruffed grouse, Bonasa umbellus (Linne).  Univ. Toronto Stud. Biol. Ser. No. 41: 118 p.

 

Clarke, J. F. G.  1962.  A new species of Trichotaphe from Mexico and Hawaii (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae).  Hawaii. Ent. Soc. Proc. 17:  123-24.

 

Clarke, J. L.  1939.  Need mosquito control be incompatible with wildlife?  4th No. Amer. Wildlife Conf. (1939) Trans.:  130-36.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1915a.  Mealybugs of citrus trees.  Calif. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 258:  19-48.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1915b.  A comparative study of a series of aphid-feeding Coccinellidae.  J. Econ. Ent. 8:  487-91.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1916a.  Life history and feeding records of a series of California Coccinellidae.  Calif. Univ. Pubs. Ent. 1:  251-99.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1916b.  Mealybugs and their control.  Proc. 47th Calif. St. Fruit Growers' Convention, Visalia.  p. 272-75.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1917.  Citrus culture in Japan, China and Formosa.  Mon. Bull. Calif. St. Comm. Hort 6(10):  379-83.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1922.  Measures against Popillia japonica in America.  Bunka-Noho, Tokyo, No. 8.  p. 28  [in Japanese].

 

Clausen, C. P.  1923a.  The biology of Schizaspidia tenuicornis Ashm., a eucharid parasite of Camponotus.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 16:  195-219.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1923b.  The citricola scale in Japan and its synonymy.  J. Econ. Ent. 16:  225-26.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1924.  The parasites of Pseudococcus maritimus (Ehrhorn) in California (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea).  Part II.  Biological studies and life histories.  Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent. 3:  253-88.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1927a.  The citrus insects of Japan.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 15:  15 p.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1927b.  The bionomics of Anastatus albitarsis Ashm., parasitic in the eggs of Dictyloploca japonica Moore.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 20:  461-73.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1928a.  The manner of oviposition and the planidium of Schizaspidia manipurensis n. sp.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 30:  80-6.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1928b.  Hyperalonia oenomaus Rond., a parasite of Tiphia larvae (Dipt., Bomblyiidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 21:  461-72, 642-59.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1928c.  Hyporalonia oenomanus Rond., a parasite of Tiphia larvae (Dip., Bombyliidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 21:  642-59.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1929.  Biological studies on Poecilogonalos thwaitesii (Westw.), parasitic in the cocoons of Henicospilus.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 31:  67-79.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1931a.  Biological notes on the Trigonalidae.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 33:  72-81.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1931b.  Biological observations on Agriotypus.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 33:  29-37.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1931c.  Two citrus leaf miners of the Far East.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 252:  13 p.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1931d.  Insects injurious to agriculture in Japan.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Circ. 168:  115 p.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1932a.  The citrus blackfly in Asia, and the importation of its natural enemies into tropical America.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 320.  58 p.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1932b.  The early stages of some Tryphonine Hymenoptera parasitic on sawfly larvae.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 34:  49-60.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1932c.  The biology of Encyrtus infidus Rossi, a parasite of Lecanium kunoensis Kuw.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 25:  570-84. (? 670-86).

 

Clausen, C.P. 1932d. The biology of Encyrtus infidus Rossi, a parasite of Lecanium kunoensis Kuw. (Hym.). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 25(4): 670-687.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1933a.  The citrus insects of tropical Asia.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Circ. 266:  35 p.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1933b.  Insect enemies of insects and their relation to agriculture.  Ann. Rept. Smithsonian Inst. 1932.  p. 353-62.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1933c.  Some general considerations in parasite introduction.  Proc. 5th Pac. Sci. Congr., Canada 5:  3525-29.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1934.  The natural enemies of Aleyrodidae in tropical Asia.  Philippine J. Sci. 53:  253-65.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1935a.  Insect parasites and predators of insect pests.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Circ. 346:  21 p.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1935b.  Parasites and predators in insect control.  Texas Citriculture 11(8):  7, 9, 24.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1935c.  The control of insect pests by parasites and predators.  Blue Anchor 12(8):  4-6.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1936a.  Insect parasitism and biological control.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 29:  201-23.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1936b.  War to end war of fruit insects.  Amer. Fruit Grower, Apr.  p. 10, 24-5.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1936c.  The organization of biological control work in the United States.  Rept. Conf. on Biol. Control, Canad. Dept. Agr., Ent. Br.   p. 13-19.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1939a.  The effect of host size upon the sex ratio of hymenopterous parasites and its relation to methods of rearing and colonization.  J. New York Ent. Soc. 47:  1-9.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1939b.  Some phases of biological control work applicable to sugarcane insect problems.  Proc. 6th Internatl. Cong. Soc. Sugar-cane Tech.  p. 421-26.

 

Clausen, C. P. 1940. Entomophagous Insects. New York: McGraw-Hili, x + 688 pp., 257 f. (Hymenoptera, pp. 3-342, f. 2-156). [Reprinted 1962 by Hafner Publ. Co., NY.]

 

Clausen, C. P.  1940b.  The immature stages of the Eucharidae.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 42:  161-70.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1940c.  The oviposition habits of the Eucharidae (Hymenoptera).  J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 30:  504-16.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1941a.  Some factors relating to colonization, recovery and establishment of insect parasites.  Proc. 6th Pacific Sci. Cong. (1939) 4:  421-28.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1941b.  The habits of the Eucharidae.  Psyche 48(2-3):  57-69.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1942.  The relation of taxonomy to biological control.  Econ. Ent. 35:  744-48.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1943.  Insect commandos.  Agr. America 3(2):  23-5.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1944a.  International aspects of biological control of insect pests.  10th Chilean Gen. Sci. Cong., Chile Dir.-Gen. Agr. & Agr. Tech. 4:  245-55.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1944b.  Biological control of insects, and facilities for inter-American cooperation in the exchange of beneficial insects.  Proc. 3rd Amer. Conf. Agr., Mexico City (1942) 2(3-A):  19 p.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1945.  Biological control of insect pests, p. 163-77.  In:  E. M. Wilson (ed.), New Crops for the New World.  MacMillan & Co., NY.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1950.  Respiratory adaptations in the immature stages of parasitic insects.  Arthropoda 1(2-4):  197-224.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1951.  The time factor in biological control.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  1-9.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1952a.  Parasites and predators.  In:  Insects.  U. S. Dept. Agric., Yearbk. of Agr. 1952.  p. 380-88.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1952b.  Biological control of insects:  California's subtropical climate favors establishment of natural enemies of agricultural pests.  Calif. Agr. 6:  10.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1952c.  Biological control of insect pests.  Calif. Citrog. 37(5):  182, 204, 206.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1952d.  Controlling insects biologically.  Citrus Leaves 32(3):  5-7, 32-3.

 

Clausen, C. P.  1954a.  Biological antagonists in the future of biological control.  J. Agr. & Food Chem. 2:  12-18.

 

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