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Entomology / Biological Pest Control





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[For Subject Matter, depress Ctrl/F]     Additional references may be found at:  MELVYL Library






Baas, J.  1959.  The Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata Wied. in central Europe (Part 2).  Hofchen-Briefe 12:  113-40.


Baba, K.  1937a.  Studies on myrmelionid insects. V. On an ichneumonid parasitic upon the pupa of a myrmelionid.  Shizen Kenkyu 6:  16-23.  [in Japanese].


Baba, K.  1937b.  Parasitic insectes on the pupa of Cystidia stratonice Stoll.  Shizen Kenkyu 6:  24-34.  [in Japanese].


Baba, K.  1937c.  On some ecological observations on Bembix nipponica Smith.  Kontyu 11:  21-28.  [in Japanese].


Baba, K.  1938.  Note on the nest of Sphex nigellus.  Entom. World 6:  116-20.


Babajan, G. A.  1962.  Oratocelis communimaculata Hb. als Räuber an Didesmococcus megriensis Borchs.  Izv. Akad. nauk Arm. SSR, Biol. nauki 15(9):  83-8.  [in Armenian].


Babayan, G. A.  1963.  (Eulecanium ficiphilum Borchs. (Homoptera, Coccoidea) and measures for its control in Armenia).  Rev. Ent. URSS 42, 1:  77-84.


Babi, A., B. Pintureau & J. Voegelé.  1984.  Study to Trichogramma dendrolimi [Hym.: Trichogrammatidae], description of a new subspecies.  Entomophaga 29:  369-80.  [in French].


Babikova, Ju. P.  1962.  A new nutrient medium for culturing predacious Hyphomycetes.  Zdravochr. Turkmenistana 2:  23-6.  [in Russian].


Babushkin, N. G.  1978.  On the effects of temperature n the sex ratios in the populations of far eastern Prospaltella, a parasite of San Jose scale.  Byulleten VSES, Nauchn.-Issled. Inst. Zashch. Rast. 44:  13-18.


Baccetti, B.  1958.  Ghiandole labialie fabbricazione del bozzolo negli Imenotteri Ricerche Ichneumonidi e Braconidi.  Redia 43:  215-93.


Baccetti, B.  1960.  The Italian cochineal insects on Cupressaceae.  Redia 45:  23-111.  [in Italian w/ English summary].


Baccetti, B.  1962.  L'energia atomica nell alotta contro gli insetti.  Atti Accad. Georgof. Firenze 3/4:  319-32.


Baccetti, B. & M. Cappellini.  1961.  Ricerche sulla sterilizzazione di Insetti nocivi con radiazioni ionizzanti.  Nuntius radiologicus 7:  600-3.


Bacci, G.  1965.  Sex Determination.  Pergamon Press.  306 p.


Bach, C.E. 1991.  Direct and indirect interactions between ants (Pheidole megacephala), scales (Coccus viddis) and plants (Pluchea indica).  Oecologia, 87: 233-239.


Bach, C. R.  1980a.  Effects of plant density and diversity on the population dynamics of a specialist herbivore, the striped cucumber beetle, Acalymma vittatta (Fab.).  Ecology 61:  1515-30.


Bach, C. R.  1980b.  Effects of plant diversity and time of colonization on an herbivore-plant interaction.  Oecologia (Berlin) 44:  319-26.


Bachmaier, F.  1958.  Contribution to the terminology of the life habits of entomophagous parasites.  Beitr. Ent. 8(1/2):  1-8.  [in German].


Bachmaier, F.  1961.  Die "Neuen Regeln" der Zoologischen Nomenklatur, ausgearbeitet von der Internationalen Nomenklaturkommission, anlässlich des XV. Internationalen Kongresses für Zoologie, London 1958.  Entomophaga 6:  163-


Bachmaier, F.  1963.  Zur Kenntnis der parasitischen Hymenopteren von Spilococcus nanae Schmutterer in Oberbayern.  Beitr. Ent., Berlin 13:  553-65.


Bachmetjew, P.  1907.  Experimentelle entomologische studien vom physikalisch- chemischen standpunkt aus; vol. II.  Einfluss der aüssernfaktoren auf Insekten.  Engelmann Publ, Leipzig.  108 p.


Bachthaler, G.  1955.  Uber die einburgerung des schildlausparasiten (Leptomastix dactylopii) und anderer nutzlinge im spanisch zitrusanbau.  Pflanzenschutz 7:  23-25.


Back, E. A.  1914.  The Mediterranean fruit fly in Bermuda.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. No. 161.  8 pp.


Back, E. A.  1917.  Dange of introducing fruit flies into the United States.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Yearbk. 1917, p. 185-96.


Back, E. A.  1940.  A new parasite of Anthrenus vorax Waterhouse.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 42(5):  110-13.


Back, E. A.  1945.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 47:  182-83.


Back, E. A. & C. R. Pemberton.  1914.  Life history of the melon fly.  J. Agr. Res. 3:  269-74.


Back, E. A. & C. R. Pemberton.  1915a.  Parasitism among the larvae of the Mediterranean fruit fly (C. capitata) in Hawaii during 1914.  Report to the Board of Commissioners for Agriculture and Forestry, Territory of Hawaii.  1914:  153-161.


Back, E. A. & C. R. Pemberton.  1915b.  Life-history of the Mediterranean fruit fly from the standpoint of parasite introduction.  J. Agr. Res. 3:  363-74.


Back, E. A. & C. R. Pemberton.  1916.  Parasitism among the larvae of the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) in Hawaii in 1915.  J. Econ. Entomol. 9:  306-11.


Back, E. A. & C. R. Pemberton.  1917.  The melon fly in Hawaii.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. No. 491.  64 p.


Back, E. A. & C. R. Pemberton.  1918a.  The Mediterranean fruit fly in Hawaii.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 536:  1-119.


Back, E. A. & C. R. Pemberton.  1918b.  The Mediterranean fruit fly.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Bull. 640:  43 p.


Badawi, A. & A. Abou-Awad.  1983.  Amblyseius gossipi [Acarina: Phytoseiidae] as a predator of the tomato erineum mite, Eriophyes lycopersici [Acarina: Eriophyidae].  Entomophaga 28:  363-67.


Badgley, M. R. & C. A. Fleschner.  1956.  Biology of Oligota oviformis Casey (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 49:  501-02.


Badgley, M. R., C. A. Fleschner & J. C. Hall.  1955.  The biology of Spiloconis picticornis Banks (Neuroptera: Coniopterygidae) introduced into California from Hong Kong.  Psyche 62:  75-81.


Badii, M H; Hernandez, E.  1993.  Life cycle and life tables of Euseius mesembrinus (Dean) (Acari  Mesostigmata Phytoseiidae) on different types of food.  Southwestern Entomol., v.18, n.4, (1993): 305-314.[in Spanish]


Badii, M. H. & J. A. McMurtry.  1983.  Effect of different foods on development, reproduction and survival of Phytoseiulus persimilis [Acarina: Phytoseiidae].  Entomophaga 28:  161-66.


Badii, M. H. & J. A. McMurtry.  1984.  Feeding behavior of some phytoseiid predators on the broad mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus [Acari: Phytoseiidae, Tarsonemidae].  Entomophaga 29:  49-54


Badii, M H; Hernandez, E; Flores, S.  1993.  Functional response of Euseius mesembrinus (Dean) as a function of the density of Brevipalpus californicus (Banks) (Acari Phytoseiidae   Tenuipalpidae).   Southwestern Entomol., v.18, n.4, (1993): 301-304.[in Spanish]


Badulin, A. V.  1962.  Eine Fliege vernichtet den Samen von Carduus sp.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 7(7):  36.  [in Russian].


Baer, W.  1920.  Die Tachinen als Schmarotzer der schädlichen Insekten.  Ihre Lebensweise, wirtschafttiche Bedeutung und systematische Kennzeichnung.  Zeitschr. angew. Ent. 6:  185-246.


Baer, W.  1921.  Die Tachinen als Schmarotzer der schädlichen Insekten.  Ihre Lebensweise wirtschafttiche Bedeutung und systematische Kennzeichnung.  Zeitschr. angew. Ent. 7: 97-163, 349-423.


Baer, W.  1924.  Über das Bohrgeschäft von Ephialtes.  Zeit. f. angew. Ent. 10:  458-60.


Baerends, G. P.  1941a.  On the life-history of Ammophila campestris Jur.  Proc. Ned. Akad. Wet. Amsterdam 44:  483-88.


Baerends, G. P.  1941b.  Fortpflanzungsverhalten und Orientierung der Grabwespe Ammophila campestris Jur.  Tijdschr. Ent. 84:  68-275.


Baerends, G. P.  1950.  Specializations in organs and movement with a releasing function.  Symposia Soc. Exptl. Biol. IV:  337-60.


Baerends, G. P.  1959.  Ethological studies of insect behavior.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 4:  207-34.


Baerends, G. P. & J. M. van Roon.  1950a.  Waarnemingen over de levenswijze van der kleine rapsendooder (Ammophila campestris Jrn.).  Levende Natuur, Amsterdam 43:  41-51.


Baerends, G. P. & J. M. van Roon.  1950b.  Embryological and ecological investigations on the development of the egg of Ammophila campestris Jur.  Tijdschr. Ent. 92:  53-122.


Baerg, W. J.  1921.  An unusual case of parasitism on Clastoptera obtusa Say.  Ent. News 31:  20-1.


Baeta Neves, C. M. & F. Azevedo e Silva.  1944.  Nota sobre a aplicao da luta biological na companha da Lymantria.  Bol. Junta Nac. Cortica (Lisbon) 63: 101-03.


Bagal, S. R. & K. N. Trehan.  1945.  Life-history and biolomics of two predaceous and one mycophagous species of Coccinellidae.  J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 45(4):  566-75.


Baggiolini, M.  1960.  Observations sur la biologie de deux mineuses du genre Lithocolletis:  L. corylifoliella et L. blancardella (Lep. Gracilariidae) nuisibles aux arbres fruitiers en Suisse romande.  Mitt. Schweiz. Ent. Ges. 32(4):  385-97.


Baggiolini, M.  1965.  Méthode de contrôle visuel des infestations d'Arthropodes ravageurs du Pommier.  Entomophaga 10:  221-9.


Baggiolini, M. & G. Neury.  1961.  Essai de lutte contre la mineuse sinueuse du feuillage des arbres fruitiers (Lyonetia clerkella L.).  Rev. Romande Agr. 17(5):  43-7.


Baggiolini, M. & Th. Wildbolz.  1965.  Comparaison de différentes méthodes de recensement des populations d'Arthropodes vivant aux dépens du Pommier.  Entomophaga 10:  247-64.


Baggiolini, M., G. Sorrio, V. Canevascini, R. Caccia, Y. Tencalla & M. Chiesa.  1966.  Osservazioni e richerche sulle Tignole dell'uva nei vigneti ticinesi (Clysia ambiguella Hb. e Lobesia botrana Schiff.).  Schweiz. landwirtsch. Forsch. 5:  427-55.


Baggiolini, M., G. Mathys & G. Neury.  1967.  Etude comparative de quatre méthodes d'estimation des populations d'arthropodes ravageurs vivant sur le pommier, et suggestions pour leur utilisation pratique.  Entomophaga Mém. Hors Sér. 3:  33-49.


Bagley, R. W.  1953.  The biology and the parasite complex of the iris whitefly, Aleyrodes spiraeoides Quaintance.  M. S. Thesis, Univer. of Calif., Berkeley.


Bagley, R. W. & J. C. Bauernfeind.  1972.  Field experiences with juvenile hormone mimics, p. 113-51.  In:  J. J. Menn & M. Beroza (eds.), Insect Juvenile Hormones--Chemistry and Action.  Academic Press, New York & London.


Bährmann, R.  1965.  Vergleichend-histopathologische Untersuchungen an nosemakranken Honigbienen.  Angew. Parasitol. 6:  3-23.


Bai, B. and M. Mackauer. 1991.  Recognition of heterospecific parasitism: competition between aphidiid (Aphidius ervi) and aphelinid (Aphlinus asychis) parasitoids of aphids (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae; Aphelinidae).  Journal of insect Bebavior, 4: 333-345.


Bai, B. and S.M. Smith. 1994.  Patterns of host exploitation by the parasitoid wasp Trichogramma minutum (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammidae) when attacking eggs of the spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Canadian forests.Ann. Entomol. Soc. of Amer., 87: 546-553.


Bai, B., R. F. Luck, J. Jansen & B. Stevens.  1989.  Trichogramma quality.  The effects of honey, host egg size and number of wasp progeny per host egg on the size, fecundity and longevity of Trichogramma pretiosum.  Ent. Exp. Appl. (in press).


Baier, M.  1964.  Zur Biologie und Grodologie des Sattelmucke Haplodiplosis equestris Wagener.  Z. angew. Ent. 53:  217-73.


Bailenger, J., M. Rouge & J. Tribouley.  1970.  Etude comparie de l'activite insecticide de contact de plusieurs derives du diphenyltricholoethane.  Bull. WHO 43:  827-40.


Bailey, D. L.  1970.  Forced air for separating pupae of house flies from rearing medium.  J. Econ. Ent. 63:  331-33.


Bailey, D. L. & J. A. Seawright.  1984.  Improved techniques for mass rearing Anopheles albimanus, pp. 200-205.  In:  R. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and Challenges in insect Rearing.  U. S. Govt. Printing Office.


Bailey, J.A., (ed.). 1985.  Biology and Molecular Biology of Plant-Pathogen Interactions.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin,Germany.


Bailey, J. C. & J. B. Kreasky.  1978.  Quarantine laboratory for plant-feeding insects, pp. 53-56.  In: N. C. Leppla & T. R. Ashley (eds.), Facilities For Insect Research and Production.  USDA, ARS, Tech. Bull. 1576.  86 p.


Bailey, L.  1956.  Aetiology of European foul brood; a disease of the larval honeybee.  Nature 178:  1130


Bailey, L.  1957a.  European foul brood; a disease of the larval honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) caused by a combination of Streptococcus pluton (Bacillus pluton White) and Bacterium eurydice White.  Nature 180:  1214-15.


Bailey, L.  1957b.  The isolation and cultural characteristics of Streptococcus pluton and further observations on Bacterium eurydice.  J. Gen. Microbiol. 17:  39-48.


Bailey, L.  1959a.  An improved method for the isolation of Streptococcus pluton, and observations on its distribution and ecology.  J. Insect Pathol. 1:  80-5.


Bailey, L.  1959b.  Recent research on the natural history of European foul brood disease.  Bee World 40:  66-70.


Bailey, L.  1959c.  The natural mechanism of suppression of Nosema apis Zander in enzootically infected colonies of the honey bee, Apis mellifera Linnaeus.  J. Insect Path. 1:  347-50.


Bailey, L.  1960.  The epizootiology of European foulbrood of the larval honey bee, Apis mellifera Linnaeus.  J. Insect Pathol. 2:  67-83.


Bailey, L.  1963.  Infectious Diseases of the Honey Bee.  Land, London.  176 p.


Bailey, L.  1965.  The effect of Acarapis woodi on honeybees from North America.  J. Apicult. Res. 4:  105-08.


Bailey, L.  1971.  The safety of pest-insect pathogens for beneficial insects, p. 491-505.  In:  H. D. Burges & N. W. Hussey (eds.), Microbial Control of Insects and Mites.  Academic Press, London & New York. 


Bailey, L.  1973.  Viruses and Hymenoptera, p. 442-54.  In:  A. J. Gibbs (ed.), Viruses and Invertebrates.  Amsterdam/London: North-Holland Press.


Bailey, L. H. (ed.). 1949.  Manual of Cultivated Plants.  MacMillan Co., New York. 1116 p.


Bailey, L., A. J. Gibbs & R. D. Woods.  1963.  Two viruses from adult honey bees (Apis mellifera Linnaeus).  Virology 21:  390-5.


Bailey, P.T. 1989.  The milipede parasitoid Pelidnoptera nigripennis (F.) (Diptera: Sciomyzidae) for the biological control of the millipede Ommatoiulus moreleti (Lucas) (Diplopoda: Julida: Julidae) in Australia.  Bull. of Ento­mological Res., 79: 381-391.


Bailey, R.  1959.  Facultative parasitism and dietary change in Harmolita hyalipenne Walker.  Nature 183(4657):  341-42.


Bailey, S. F.  1933a.  The biology of the bean thrips.  Hilgardia 7(12):  467-522.


Bailey, S. F.  1933b.  On the interaction between several species of hosts and parasites.  Proc. Roy. Soc. A, 143:  75-88.


Bailey, S. F.  1948.  The peach twig borer.  Calif. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 708: 56 p.


Bailey, V. A.  1931.  The interaction between hosts and parasites.  Quart. J. Mat. 2:  68-77.


Baillod, M. & I. Venturi.  1980.  Lutte biologique contre l'acarien rouge en viticulture.  I.  Répartition, distribution et métode de controle des populations de prédateurs typhlodromes.  Rev. Suisse Vitic. Arboric. Hortic. 12:  231-38.


Baillod, M., J. P. Bassino & P. Piganeau.  1979.  L'estimation du risque provoqué par l'acarien rouge (Panonychus ulmi Koch) et l'acarien des charmilles (Eotetranychus carpini Oud.) en viticulture.  Revue Suisse Vitic. Arboric. Hortic. 11:  123-30.


Baillod, M., A. Schmid, R. Guignard, P. Antonin & R. Caccia.  1982.  Lutte biologique contre l'acarien rouge en viticulture.  II.  Equilibres naturels, dynamique des populations et expériences de lachers de typhlodromes.  Revue Suisse Vitic. Arboric. Hortic. 14:  345-52.


Bain, J., P. Singh, M. D. Ashby & R. J. van Boven.  1984.  Laboratory rearing of the predatory coccinellid Cleobora mellyi [Col.: Coccinellidae] for biological control of Paropsis charybdis [Col.: Chrysomelidae] in New Zealand.  Entomophaga 29:  237-44


Bain, O.  1965.  Oxyures parasites de l'intestin de la courtiliére, Gryllotalpa africana Beauvais, à Madagascar.  Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp. Paris 40:  659-75.


Baines, S. & L. H. Finlayson.  1949.  Record of an ichneumon, (Phygadeuon cylindraceus) attacking Spathiophora (hydromyzina) (Dipt., Cordyluridae) in sewage filter beds.  Ent. Mon. Mag. 85:  150-51.


Baird, A. B.  1918.  Some notes on the natural control of the cherry-tree ugly nest tortricid, Archips cerasivorana Fitch.  Agr. Gaz. Canada, Ottawa 5:  766-71.


Baird, A. B.  1922.  Some notes on the female reproductive organs in the Hymenoptera.  Proc. Acadian Ent. Soc. 7:  73-88.


Baird, A. B.  1935.  Biological control of greenhouse insects.  Ontario Dept. Agr. Ent. Soc. 65th Ann. Rpt. 1934.  p. 72-3.


Baird, A. B.  1939a.  Biological control of insect pests in Canada with special reference to the European spruce sawfly Gilpina polytoma Htg.  Ent. Soc. Ontario, 70th Ann. Rept. (1939):  51-6.


Baird, A. B.  1939b.  Laboratory propagation of parasites and its place in biological control programs.  Proc. 6th Pacific Sci. Congr. 4:  417-20.


Baird, A. B.  1940a.  A review of the spruce sawfly parasite situation.  Pulp & Paper Mag., Canada.  Ann. Meeting, Woodlands Sec., Canad. Pulp Assoc. Proc., Jan 1939:  43-4.


Baird, A. B.  1940.  Laboratory propagation of parasites and its place in biological control programs.  Proc. 6th Pac. Sci. Congr. (1939) 4:  417-20.


Baird, A. B.  1956.  Biological control.  In:  R. Glen (ed.), Entomology in Canada up to 1956.  Canad. Ent. 88:  290-371.


Baird, A. B.  1958.  Biological control of insect and plant pests in Canada.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. (1956) 4:  483-85.


Baird, A. B. & J. H. McLeod.  1953.  Biological control of insect pests in British Columbia.  7th Pacific Sci. Cong. Proc. (1949)4:  232-36.


Baird, R. B.  1957.  Notes on a laboratory infection of Diptera by the fungus Empusa muscae Cohn.  Canad. Ent. 89:  432-35.


Baird, R. B.  1958a.  Field experiments with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Schroeter) Migula to control grasshoppers.  Canad. Ent. 90:  89-91.


Baird, R. B.  1958b.  Use of fungous diseases in biological control of insects.  Proc. 10th Internatl. Congr. Ent. (Montreal 1956) 4:  689-92.


Bakasova, N. F.  1963.  Biological features of ground beetle Calosoma auropunctatum Gebl. in the conditions of Kustanay region.  Trudy Vses. inst. zaš…. rast. 19:  193-200.  [in Russian].


Bakauskas, P.  1960.  Naturliche Feinde der Erbsenblattlaus.  Trudy Akad. Nauk Lit. SSR, B, 3(23):  109-23).  [in Russian].


Baker, A. C., W. R. Stone, C. C. Plummer & M. McPhail.  1944.  A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species.  USDA Misc. Publ. No. 531, Wash., D.C. 155 p.


Baker, E. W., T. M., Evans, D. J. Gould, W. B. Hull, and H. L. Keegan. 1956. A Manual of Parasitic Mites of Medical and Economic Importance. New York: National Pest Con- trol Assoc., 170 pp., 59 f.


Baker, R. W. & A. R. Pritchard.  1953.  A guide to the spider mites of cotton.  Hilgardia 22:  203-34.


Baker, H. G. & I. Baker.  1983.  A brief historical review of the chemistry of floral nectar, p. 126-52.  In:  B. Bentley & T. Elias (eds.), The Biology of Nectaries.  Columbia Univ. Press, New York.


Baker, H. G., P. A. Opler & I. Baker.  1978.  A comparison of amino acid complements of floral and extrafloral nectars.  Bot. Gaz. 139:  322-32.


Baker, J. L.  1976.  Determinants of host selection for species of Aphytis (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), parasites of diaspine scales.  Hilgardia 44(1):  1-25.


Baker, J. R. & D. M. Norris.  1968.  Behavioral responses of the smaller elm bark beetle, Scolytus multristriatus, to extracts of non-host tree tissues.  Ent. Exp. Appl. 11:  464-69.


Baker, K. F. & R. J. Cook.  1974.  Biological Control of Plant Pathogens.  W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco.  433 p.


Baker, K. F. & W. C. Snyder, (eds.).  1965.  Ecology of Soil-Borne Plant pathogens.  Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley, CA.  571 p.


Baker, P. F.  1960.  Aphid bvehaviour on healthy and yellows-virus-infected sugar beet.  Ann. Appl. Biol. 48:  384-91.


Baker, R. 1985.  Biological control of plant pathogens: definitions, pp. 25-39.  In:Hoy, M.A. and D.C. Herzog.  Biological Control in Agric. IPM Systems.  Academic Press, Orlando, Florida, U.S.A.


Baker, R. H., R. K. Sakai & A. Mian.  1971.  Linkage group-chromosome correlation in a mosquito.  J. Hered. 62:  31-6.


Baker, R. S., M. L. Laster & W. F. Kitten.  1985.  Effects of the herbicide monosodium methanearsonate on insect and spider populations in cotton fields.  J. Econ. Ent. 78:  1481-84.


Baker, T. C., R. T. Staten & H. M. Flint.  1990.  Use of pink bollworm pheromone in the southwestern United States, p. 417-34.  In:  R. L. Ridgway, R. M. Silverstein & M. N. Inscoe (eds.), Behavior Modifying Chemicals For Insect Management.  Marcel Decker, New York.


Baker, W. A.  1958.  Parasites of the European corn borer in the United States.  10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Proc., Montreal, Canada (1956) 4:  478-592.


Baker, W. A. & W. G. Bradley.  1940.  The colonization of imported parasites of the European corn borer in the United States.  6th Pacific Sci. Cong. Proc (1939) 4:  325-33.


Baker, W. A. & L. G. Jones.  1934.  Studies of Exeristes roborator (Fab.), a parasite of the European corn borer in the Lake Erie area.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 460.  26 p.


Baker, W. A., W. G. Bradley & C. A. Clark.  1949.  Biological control of the European corn borer in the United States.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 983.  185 p.


Baker, W. L.  1941.  Effect of gypsy moth defoliation on certain forest trees.  J. Forest. 39:  1017-22.


Baker, W. L.  1972.  Eastern Forest Insects.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Forest Serv. Misc. Publ. 1175.  642 p., 297 f.


Bakk, F.  1964.  Collective control of Nosema disease.  Méheszet 11(3):  50-1.  [in Hungarian].


Bakke, A.  1963.  Studies on the spruce-cone insects Laspeyresia strobilella (L.) [Lepidoptera: Tortricidae], Kaltenbachiola strobi (Winn.) [Diptera: Itonidae] and their parasites (Hymenoptera) in Norway.  Norsk Skogforsoksvesen 19(67):  151 p.


Bakkendorf, O.  1925.  Recherches sur la biologie de l'Anagrus incarnatus Haliday.  Ann. Biol. Lacustre 14:  244-70.


Bakkendorf, O.  1926.  Recherches sur la Biologie de l'Anagrus incarnatus Haliday, Microhyménoptère parasite (accidental?) des oeufs de divers Agrionides.  Ann. Biol. Lacustre 14(1926):  249-70.


Bakkendorf, O.  1933.  Biological investigations on some Danish hymenopterous egg-parasites, especially in homopterous eggs, with taxonomic remarks and descriptions of new species.  Ent. Medded. 19:  1-134.


Bakkendorf, O.  1933-1934.  Biological investigations on some Danish hymenopterous egg-parasites, especially in homopterous and heteropteron eggs, with taxonomic remarks and descriptions of new species.  Ent. Meddel. 19:  1-96, 97-134.


Bakkendorf, O.  1953.  Description of three species of Tetrastichus Halliday, with a host list.  Ent. Meddel. 26(7):  549-76.


Bakkendorf, O.  1960.  Description of Podagrion enei n. sp. and notes on two other hymenopterous parasites.  Ent. Meddel 29(7):  364-71.


Bakkendorf, O.  1964.  Notes on Patasson Walk., Anaphes Hal. and Cleruchus detritus n. sp. (Hym., Mymaridae).  Entomophaga 9:  3-8.


Bakkendorf, O.  1970.  Description of Anaphes lemae n. sp. and notes on Patasson declinata Soyka.  Entomophaga 15:  153-6.


Bakkendorf, O.  1971.  Description of Oligosita tominici n. sp. [Hym., Trichogrammatidae] and nots on the hosts of Anagrus atomus (L.) and Anaphes autumnalis Foerster [Hym. Mymaridae].  Entomophaga 16:  363-66.


Bakker, K.  1964.  Backgrounds of controversies about population theories and their terminologies.  Ztschr. angew. Ent. 53:  187-208.


Bakker, K., S. N. Bagchee, W. R. van Swet & E. Meelis.  1967.  Host discrimination in Pseuducoila bochei.  Ent. Exp. Appl. 10:  295-311.


Bakker, K., H.J.P. Eijsackers, J.C. van Lenteren & E. Meelis.  1972.  Some models describing the distribution of eggs of the parasite Pseudeucoila bochei (Hym.,Cynip.) over its hosts, larvae of Drosophila melanogaster. Oecologia (Berl.) 10: 29‑57.


Bakker, K. et al.  1985.  The function of host discrimination and superparasitization in parasitoids.  Oecologia 67:  572-76.


Bakker, K. & J.C. van Lenteren.  1976.  Host-parasitoid interactions in laboratory systems. Paper XVth International Congress Entomology Washington.


Bakker, K. & J.C. van Lenteren.  1979.  Hoe reageren parasieten op de  dichtheid van hun gastheren? In: Sluipwespen in relatie tot hun  gastheren, ed. H.Klomp & J.T.Wiebes. Pudoc, Wageningen: 144‑167.


Bakker, K., S. N. Zwet et al.  1967.  Host descrimination in Pseudoeucoila bochei (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae).  Ent. Expt. Appl. 10:  295-311.

Bal, A. & J. C. van Lenteren.  1987.  Integrated pest management in the Netherlands: practice, policy and opportunities for the future.  Med. Fac. Landbouww. Rijksuniv. Gent 52:  385-93.


Balachowski, A.  1926.  Sur la presence en Algerie du Sycosoter lavagnei Picard et Licht., parasite externe de l'Hypoborus ficus Er.  Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. de l'Afrique du Nord 17:  263-64.


Balachowski, A.  1928.  Observations biologiques sur les parasites des Coccides du Nord-Africain.  Ann. Epiph. 14:  280-312.


Balachowski, A.  1930.  Contribution a l'etude des Coccides de France. IV. Quelques Hymenopteres Chalcidiens parasites de Coccides recueillis dans les Alpes-Maritimes et le Var durant l'annee 1929.  Rev. Path. Veg. et Ent. Agr., Fasc. 5-6:  1-4.


Balachowski, A.  1932.  Etude biologique des Coccides.  Encyl. Ent. A, 15:  214 p.  [nat. enemies p. 157-214].


Balachowski, A. S.  1951.  La Lutte Contre les Insectes.  Payot, Paris.  380 p.


Balachowsky, A.  1925.  Note sur deux predateurs du Parlatoria blanchardi Targ., et sur leur utilisation en vue de la lutte biologique contre ce coccide.  Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Africa Nord 16:  167-72.


Balachowsky, A.  1926.  Note sur l'acclimatition des prédateurs due Parlatoria blanchardi Targ. dans la palmeraie de Colomb-Béchar, en vue de la lutte biologique contre ces coccides. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Africa Nord 17:  93-6.


Balachowsky, A.  1928.  Observations biologiques sur les parasites des coccides du Nord-Africain.  (Contribution a l'etude des coccides de l'Afrique Mineure, 5 note).  Ann. des Epiphyt. (Paris) 14:  280-312.


Balachowsky, A.  1930.  Note sur Hyperaspis concolor Suffr. (Coleop., Coccinellidae) predateur d'Orthesis urticae L.  Rev. Path. Veg. Ent. Agr. 17, 2:  21-24.


Balachowsky, A.  1932a (1933?).  Observations biologique sur l'adaptation de Novius cardinalis Muls. aux depens de Gueriniella serratulae F. (Contribution a l'edude des coccides de France; 6 note).  Rev. Pathol. Veg. Ent. Agr. Fr. 19:  11-17.


Balachowsky, A.  1932b.  Etude biologiques des Coccides.  Encycl. Ent. A, 15:  214 + 71 p. illus. (Nat. enemies p. 157-214).


Balachowsky, A.  1948.  Les cochenilles de France, d'Europe, du nord de l'Afrique et du bassin Méditerranéen.  IV.  Monographie des Coccoidea.  Classification--Diaspidinae (Premiere Partie).  Hermann et Cie., Paris.  154 p.


Balachowsky, A.  1950.  Les cochenilles de France, du nord de l'Afrique, éet due bassin Mediterranéen.  IV.  Monographie des Coccoidea Diaspidinae (Deuxiéme Partie)  Aspidiotini.  Hermann et Cie., Paris.  1963 p.


Balachowsky, A.  1954.  Les Cochenilles Paléarctiques de la tribu des Diaspidini.  Inst. Pasteur, Paris.  450 p.


Balachowsky, A. S.  1962.  Familie des Meloidae., In:  Ent. Appl. a l'Agriculture I (1):  359-68.


Balachowsky, A. & L. Molinari.  1930.  L'extension de la cochenille Australienne (Icerya purchasei Mask.) en France et de son prédateur Novius cardinalis Muls.  Ann. des Epiphyt. (Paris) 16:  1-24.


Balamir, S. & O. Karahan.  1963.  Studien über den Pilz Aspergillus flavus Link, seine Pathogenität und die Krankheitssymptome bei berschiedenen biologischen Phasen der Wüstenheuschrecke.  Bitki Koruma Bülteni 3:  247-56.  [in Turkish].


Balazuc, J.  1950.  Triongulins monstrueux (Col. Meloidae).  Soc. Ent. de France, B, 55:  50-57.


Balasubramanian, S. and A.D. Pawar. 1990.  Village level mass-rearing of egg parasites for the control of lepidopterous pests of rice.  Plant Protection Bull. (Faridabad), 42(3;4): 14-16.


Balazy, S.  1963.  Some remarks on Perniphora robusta Rusch. [Hym., Pteromalidae].  Polskie Pismo ent., Ser. B., Zesz. 1-2(20-29):  91-4.  [in Polish].


Balazy, S.  1964a.  A new place of appearance of the wasp, Cosmophorus regius Niezabitowski [Hym., Braconidae] in Poland and some remarks on this species.  Polskie Pismo ent., Ser. B., Zesz. p. 33-4, 97-100.  [in Polish].


Balazy, S.  1965a.  Observations on mycosis found in some beneficial insects in forestry.  Roczn. Wyzsz. Szkoly Roln. Poznan. 27:  15-19.  [in Polish].


Balazy, S.  1965b.  Entomopathogenous fungi from the order Hyphomycetes damaging forest insects in Poland.  Roczn. Wyzsz. Szkoly Roln. Poznan. 27:  21-30.  [in Polish]. 


Balazy, S.  1966.  Living organisms as regulators of population density of bark beetles in spruce forest with special reference to entomogenous fungi. I.  Poznansk. Towarzyst. Przyjac. Nauk, Wydz. Nauk Roln., Lesn., Prace Kom. Nauk Roln., Lom. Nauk Lesn. 21(1):  30-50.  [in Polish].


Balazy, S. & J. Michalski.  1964.  The significance of parasitic Hymenoptera in the limitation of populations of bark beetles in Bieszczady.  Polski Pismo Entom., Ser. B., Ent. Stosowana 3/4(35-36):  253-59.  [in Polish].


Balch, R. R.  1928.  The influence of the southern pine beetle on forest composition in western North Carolina.  Unpub. Thesis, New York State College of Forestry.


Balch, R. R.  1942.  On the estimation of forest insect damage with particular reference to Dendroctonus piceaperda (Hopk.).  J. Forest. 40:  621-29.


Balch, R. R.  1946.  The disease of the European spruce sawfly.  Canada Dept. Agr. Bi-Monthly Prog. Rept. 2:  1.


Balch, R. R.  1952.  Studies of the balsam woolly aphid, Adelges piceae (Ratz.) (Homoptera: Phylloxeridae), and its effects on balsam fir, Abies balsamae (L.) Mill. Canad. Dept. Agr. Publ. 867.  76 p.


Balch, R. R.  1958.  Control of forest insects.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 3:  449-68.


Balch, R. R.  1960.  The approach to biological control in forest entomology.  Canad. Ent. 92:  297-310.


Balch, R. R. et al.  1941.  Separation of the European sawfly in America from Gilpinia polytoma (Htg.) [Diaprinidae, Hymenoptera] and evidence of its introduction.  Canad. Ent. 73(11).


Balch, R. E., R. C. Clark & N. R. Brown.  1958.  Adelges piceae (Ratz.) in Canada with reference to biological control.  10th Intern. Congr. Ent. Proc. (1956) 4:  807-18.


Balch, R. E., W. H. Eeks & S. G. Smith.  1941.  Separation of the spruce sawfly from Gilpinia polytoma (Hts.) (Diprionidae: Hymenoptera) and evidence of its introduction.  Canad. Ent. 73:  198-203.


Balciunas, Joseph K.  1996.  Australian surveys (1985-1992) for insect biological control agents of  Hydrilla verticillata / by Joseph K. Balciunas, D.W. Burrows, M.F. Purcell ; prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.  [Vicksburg, Miss. : U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, 1996].  Series title:  Technical report A ; 96-5.


Balciunas, J.K. and D.W. Burrows. 1993.  The rapid suppression of the growth of Melaleuca quinquenervia saplings in Australia by insects.  Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 31: 265-270.


Balduf, W. V.  1925.  The feeding of a common tigerbeetle.  Ent. News 36:  275-76.


Balduf, W. V.  1926a.  On the habits and development of a checkered beetle, Cymatodera undulata Say.  Amer. Ent. Soc. Trans. 52:  29-37.


Balduf, W. V.  1926b.  The bionomics of Dinocampus coccinellae Schrank.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 19:  465-98.


Balduf, W. F.  1926c.  Telenomus cosmopeplae Gahan, an egg parasite of Cosmopeplae bimaculatus Thomas.  J. Econ. Ent. 19:  829-41.


Balduf, W. V.  1928a.  Notes on the habits of Aphiochaeta aletiae.  Ohio J. Sci. 28:  237-45.


Balduf, W. V.  1928b.  Observations on the buffalo tree hopper Ceresia bubalus Fabr. (Membracidae, Homoptera), and the bionomics of an egg parasite, Polynema striaticorne Girault (Mymaridae, Hymenoptera).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 21:  419-35.


Balduf, W. V.  1929a.  Bionomic notes on parasites of moths on alder (Sambucus).  Ohio J. Sci. 29:  218-42.


Balduf, W. F.  1929b.  The bionomics of Tetrastichus verucarii (Chalcidoidea) with notes on its hosts (Neuroterus spp., Cynipidae) on bur oak.  Canad. Ent. 61:  125-30.


Balduf, W. V.  1931.  Carnivorous moths and butterflies.  Ill. St. Acad. Sci. Trans. 24:  156-64.


Balduf, W. V.  1935a.  The Bionomics of Entomophagous Coleoptera. Vol. I.  John S. Swift Co., St. Louis.  220 p.


Balduf, W. F.  1935b.  Entomophagous parasitism among the beetles.  Trans. Ill. St. Acad. Sci. 27(2):  149. (1934).


Balduf, W. V.  1936.  Observations on Podalonia violaceipennis (Lep.) (Sphecidae) and Vespula maculata (Linn.) (Vespidae).  Canad. Ent. 18(6):  137-39.


Balduf, W. V.  1937.  Bionomic notes on the common bagworm, Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis Haw. (Lepid., Psychidae) and its insect enemies.  Ent. Soc. Wash. Proc. 39:  170-82.


Balduf, W. V.  1938.  The rise of entomophagy among Lepidoptera.  Amer. Nat. 72:  358-79.


Balduf, W. V.  1939a.  Food habits of Phymata pennsylvanica americana Melin (Hemiptera).  Canad. Ent. 71:  66-74.


Balduf, W. V.  1939b.  The Bionomics of Entomophagous Insects, Part II.  John S. Swift Co., Inc. St. Louis, Chicago, New York, Cincinnati.  384 p.


Balduf, W. V.  1941.  Quantitative dietary studies on Phymata.  J. Econ. Ent. 34:  614-20.


Balduf, W. V.  1947a.  The weights of Phymata pennsylvanica americana Melin.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 40:  576-87.


Balduf, W. V.  1947b.  The weights of Sinea diadema (Fabr.).  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 40:  588-97.


Balduf, W. V.  1948.  A summary of studies on the ambush bug Phymata pennsylvanica americana Melin (Phymatidae, Hemiptera).  Trans. Illinois St. Acad. Sci. 41:  101-06.


Balduf, W. V.  1959.  Obligatory and facultative insects in rose hips.  Their recognition and bionomics.  Ill. Biol. Monog. 26:  1-194.


Balduf, W. V.  1963.  A distinct type of host-parasite relation among insects.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 56(3):  386-91.


Balduf, W. V.  1965.  Observations on Archips cerasivoranua (Fitch) (Tortricidae: Lepidoptera) and certain parasites (Diptera: Hymenoptera).  Ohio J. Sci. 65(2):  60-67.


Balduf, W. V.  1966.  Life of Acrobasis rubrifasciella [Lepidoptera: Phycitidae], its main parasite, Agathis calcarata [Hymenoptera: Braconidae], and three hyperparasites [Chalcidoidea].  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  1038-49.


Balduf, W. V.  1968.  Bionomic notes on the hexapodous parasites of Acrobasis rubrifasciella.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 61:  463-76.


Baldwin, W. F.  1954.  Acclimation and lethal high temperatures for a parasitic insect.  Canad. J. Zool. 32(3):  157-71.


Baldwin, W. F. & H. C. Coppel.  1947.  Observations on the emergence of Phorocera hamata A. & W. (Tachinidae) from sawfly cocoons.  Canad. Ent. 79:  221-23.


Baldwin, W. F. & H. C. Coppel.  1949.  The biology of Phorocera hamata A. & W., a tachinid parasite of sawflies.  Canad. Ent. 81:  237-45.


Baldwin, W. F. & D. F. Riordan.  1956.  Acclimation times in Dahlbominus fuscipennis (Zett.) (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).  Canad. J. Zool. 34(6):  565-67.


Baldwin, W. F., H. G. James & H. R. Welch.  1955.  A study of predators of mosquito larvae and puape with a radio-active tracer.  Canad. Ent. 87:  350-56.


Baldwin, W. F., E. Shaver & A. Wilkes.  1964.  Mutants of the parasitic wasp Dahlbominus fuscipennis (Zett.) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).  Canad. J. Gen. & Cytol. 6:  453-66.


Baldwin, W. H.  1934.  Antestia control.  R. Africa Standard 2398. 40 p.


Balevski, A.  1964.  Encarsia formosa Gah. as a parasite on Trialeurodes vaporiarorum.  Rast. ðašt., Sofija 12(1):  6-8.  [in Bulgarian].


Balevski, A. & A. Vasev.  1962.  Contribution to the clarification of the causes of the decrease in effectiveness of the parasite of the woolly aphid, Aphelinus mali Hald.  Izv. Tsent. Nauch. Inst. Zasht. Rast. 2:  143-173.  [in Bulgarian].


Balfour, M. C.  1936.  Some features of malaria in Greece and experience in its control.  Riv. Malariologia 15:  114-31. 


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Balfour-Browne, F.  1922b.  On the life-history of Melittobia acasta Walker, a chalcid parasite of bees and wasps.  Parasitol. 14:  349-69.


Baliga, H.  1967.  A new species of Corioxenos (Stylopoidea) parasitizing Antestiopsis cruciata (FL.) (Homoptera, Pentatomidae) in India.  Bull. Ent. REs. 57:  387-93.

Ball, C. R.  1961.  Atomic war against insects.  Sat. Eve. Post 234(36): 51-2.


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Ball, G. H. & R. W. Clark.  1953.  Species differences in amino acids of Culex mosquitoes.  Systematic Zool. 2:  138-41.


Ballal, C. R., S. P. Singh, S. K. Jalali & P. Kumar.  1989.  Cold tolerance of cocoons of Allorhogas pyralophagus [Hym.: Braconidae].  Entomophaga 34:  463-68.


Ballas, L.  1922.  Nestanlage und Brutversorgung der Wegwespe Pompilus fumipennis Dahlb.  Zeit. wiss. Ins. Biol. 17:  102-05.


Ballou, C. H.  1929.  Effects of geranium on the Japanese beetle.  J. Econ. Ent. 22:  289-93.


Ballou, H. A.  1908.  Millions and mosquitoes.  West Indies Imp. Dept. Agr., Barbados, Pam. Ser. 55:  16 p.


Ballou, H. A.  1918?  Scale insects and their insect parasites.  West Indian Bull. 12(4):  16 p.


Ballou, H. A.  1918.  Feeding habits of the parasites of hardback grubs.  Agr. News, Barbados 17(425):  250-51.


Ballou, H. A.  1910.  Introduction of the St. Vincent "Jack Spaniard" into Montserrat.  Agr. News (Barbados) 9:  378.


Ballou, H. A.  1915.  West Indian wasps.  Agr. News (Barbados) 14:  298.


Ballou, H. A.  1934.  Notes on some insect pests in the Lesser Antilles.  Trop. Agr. 11:  210-12.


Baloch, G. M. & A. Ghaffar.  1984.  Natural enemies of Chenopodium spp. in Pakistan with notes on Trioza chenopodii [Hem.: Psyllidae] promising biocontrol agent.  Entomophaga 29:  409-14.


Baloch, G. M., I. M. Din & M. A. Ghani.  1966.  Biology and host-plant range of Oobia verbascalis Schiff. (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera); an enemy of Xanthium strumarium L.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Bull. 7:  81-90.


Baloch, G. M., I. M. Din & M. A. Ghani.  1967.  Biological control of Cuscuta spp. I. Cuscuta spp. and insects associated with these in West Pakistan.  Tech. Bull. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 8:  149-58.


Baloch, G. M. A. I. Mohyuddin & M. A. Ghani.  1969.  Biological control of Cuscuta spp. III. Phenology, biology and host-specificity of Herpystis cuscutae Bradley [Lep. Tortricidae].  Entomophaga 14:  119-28.


Balock, J. W.  1934.  The status of Tiphia vernalis Rohwer, and imported parasite of the Japanese beetle, at the close of 1933.  J. Econ. Ent. 27:  491-96.


Balock, J. W., A. K. Burditt & L. D. Christenson.  1963.  Effects of gamma radiation on various tages of three fruit fly species.  Citrus Ind 44(8):  9-12.


Balode, K.  1961.  Fumagillin as a means for prevention of nosema of bees.  Trudy Latviiskij nau…-issled. Inst. ñivotn. i vet., Riga 12:  269-83.  [in Latvian].


Baltazar, C. R.  1964.  Import and export of biological control agents in the Philippines (1850-1960).  Philippine J. Agr. 28:  1-29.


Baltazar, C. R.  1981.  Biological control attempts in the Philippines.  Philipp. Ent. 4:  505-23.


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Baltensweiler, W. & J. P. Moreau.  1957.  Ein Beitrag biologisch-systematischer Art zur Kenntnis der Gattung Phytodietus (Hymenoptera).  Zeit. angew. Ent. 41:  272-76.


Bamrick, J. F.  1967.  Resistance to American foulbrood in honey bees.  VI. Spore germination in larvae of different ages.  J. Invertebr. Path. 9:  30-4.


Banage, W. B.  1966.  Nematode distribution in some British upland moor soils with a note on nematode parasitizing fungi.  J. Anim. Ecol. 35:  349-61.


Banebee, B. 1979.  A key-factor analysis of population fluctuation in Andraca bipunctata (Walker) (Lepidoptera:Bombycidae).  Bull. of Entomological Res., 69: 195-201.


Banerjee, B.  1979.  A key-factor analysis of population fluctuation in Andraca bipunctata (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae).  Bull. Ent. Res. 69:  195-201.


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Banks, C. J.  1954a.  The searching behaviour of coccinellid larvae.  Brit. J. Anim. Behav. 2:  37-38.


Banks, C. J.  1954b.  Random and non-random distributions of Coccinellidae.  J. Soc. Br. Ent. 4(9):  211-15.


Banks, C. J.  1955.  An ecological study of Coccinellidae associated with Aphis fabae Scop. on Vicia faba.  Bull. Ent. Res. 45:  561-87.


Banks, C. J.  1956a.  The distribution of coccinellid egg batches and larvae in relation to numbers of Aphis fabae Scop. on Vicia faba.  Bull. Ent. Res. 47(1):  47-56.


Banks, C. J.  1956b.  Observations on the behaviour and mortality in coccinellid larvae before dispersal from the egg shells.  Proc. Roy. Ent. Soc., London (A) 4-6,  56-60.


Banks, C. J.  1957.  The behaviour of individual coccinellid larvae on plants.  Brit. J. Anim. Behav. 5:  12-24.


Banks, C. J.  1958.  Effects of the ant, Lasius niger (L.), on the behavior and reproduction of the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae Scop.  Bull. Ent. Res. 49(4):  701-14.


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Banks, C. J. & E. D. M. Macaulay.  1967.  Effects of Aphis fabae Scop. and its attendant ants and insect predators on yields of field beans (Vicia faba L.).  Ann. Appl. Biol. 60:  445-53.


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Barbagallo, S.  1966.  La lotta biologica ed i suoi aspetti attuali.  Techn. Agr. 18:  305-09.


Baranyovits, F.  1953.  Some aspects of the biology of armoured scale insects.  Endeavor (London) 12:  202-09.


Barber, G. R.  1923.  The sugarcane mealybug and its control in Louisiana.  La. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 185.  16 p.


Barber, G. W.  1933.  On the probable reason for the scarcity of the southern corn stalk borer (Diatraea crambidoides Grote) in southwestern Georgia.  J. Econ. Ent. 26(6):  1174.


Barber, G. W.  1936a.  Efficiency of Trichogramma minutum Riley in relation to population density of its host.  J. Econ. Ent. 29:  631.


Barber, G. W.  1936b.  Orius insidiosus (Say), an important natural enemy of the corn ear worm.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 504.  22 p.


Barber, G. W.  1937.  Variation in populations and in size of adults of Trichogramma minutum Riley emerging from eggs of Heliothis obsoleta Fab.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 30:  263-68.


Barber, G. W.  1938.  A study of the elliptical goldenrod gall caused by Gnorismoschema gallaesolidaginis Riley.  J. New York. Ent. Soc. 46(2):  155-78.


Barber, H. S.  1905.  Notes on Phengodes in the vicinity of Washington, D.C.  Ent. Soc. Wash., Proc. 7:  196-97.


Barber, H. S.  1914.  On interspecific mating in Pengodes and inbreeding in eros.  Ent. Soc. Wash., Proc. 16:  32-34.


Barber, H. S.  1915.  Macrosiagon flavipennis in cocoons of Bembex spinolae.  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 17:  187-88.


Barber, H. S.  1939.  A new parasitic beetle from California (Ripiphoridae).  Brooklyn Ent. Soc. Bull. 34:  17-20.


Barber, H. S.  1951.  North American fireflies of the genus Photuris.  Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 117:  58 p.


Barber, M. A. & O. R. Jones.  1915.  A test of Cocobacillus acridiorum D'Herelle on locusts in the Philippines.  Philippine J. Sci. 10:  163-76.


Barbier, J.  1947.  Observations sur les moeurs de Riphidius pectinicornis Thunbg., et description de sa larva primaire.  Entomologiste (Paris) 3, 4:  163-80.


Barbier, M.  1970.  Chemistry and biochemistry of pollens.  Prog. Phytochem. 2:  1-34.


Barbina, A.  1965.  Il punto sugli antiparassitari.  Boll. Uffic. Camera di Commercia, Indus., Agr., Udine, n.s. 19(3):  23-5.


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Barbosa, P. & E. A. Frongillo, Jr.  1977.  Influence of light intensity and temperature on the locomotory and flight activity of Brachymeria intermedia [Hym.: Chalcididae], a pupal parasitoid of the gypsy moth.  Entomophaga 22:  405-12.


Barbosa, P. & E. A. Frongillo, Jr.  1979.  Host parasitoid interactions affecting reproduction and oviposition by Brachymeria intermedia [Hym.: Chalcididae].  Entomophaga 24: 139-43.


Barbosa, P. & D. K. Letourneau (eds.).  1988.  Novel Aspects of Insect-plant Interactions.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  (in press).


Barbosa, P. and A. Segarra-Carmona. 1993.  Criteria for the selection of pest arthropod species as candidates for biological control, pp. 5-23.  In:Van Driesche, R.G. and T.S. Bellows, Jr., (eds.). Steps in Classical Arthropod Biological ControL Thomas Say Public. in Entomol., Entomological Soc. of Amer., Lanham, Maryland, U.S.A.


Barbosa, P., E. A. Frongillo, Jr. & W. Cranshaw.  1978.  Orientation of field populations of Brachymeria intermedia [Hym.: Chalcididae] to host and host-habitat cues.  Entomophaga 23:  63-68.


Barbosa, P., J. A. Saunders & M. Waldvogel.  1982.  Plant-mediated variation in herbivore suitability and parasitoid fitness.  In:  Proc. 5th Int. Sym. Insect-Plant Relationships,  Wageningen, The Netherlands.  1-4 March, 1982:  63-71.


Barbosa, P., V. Krischick & D. Lance.  1989.  Life history traits of forest-inhabiting flightless Lepidoptera.  Amer. Midl. Natur. 122:  262-74.


Barclay, H. J., I. S. Otvos & A. J. Thomson.  1985.  Models of periodic inundation of parasitoids for pest control.  Canad. Ent. 117:  705-16.


Barclay, J. M.  1938.  The oviposition habits of some of the species of the genus Exenterus parasitic on sawfly larvae.  69th Ann. Rept. Ent. Soc. Ontario, p. 29-31.


Bardach, J. E., J. H. Ryther & W. O. McLarnay.  1972.  Aquaculture:  The Farming and Husbandry of Freshwater and Marine Organisms.  John Wiley & Sons, NY.  109-110.


Bardner, R. & J. Kenten.  1957.  Notes on the laboratory rearing and biology of the wheat bulf fly, Leptohylemyia coarctata (Fall.).  Bull. Ent. Res. 48:  821-31.


Bare, C. O.  1942.  Some natural enemies of stored-tobacco insects, with biological notes.  J. Econ. Ent. 35(2):  185-89.


Bare, C. O.  1953.  Some remarks concerning the egg parasite, Trichogramma minutum, in Florida.  J. Econ. Ent. 28:  803-19.


Barfield, B. J. & J. F. Gerber (eds.).  1979.  Modification of the Aerial Environment of Plants.  Amer. Soc. Agr. Eng., St. Joseph, Missouri.  538 p.


Barendregt, H. & J.C. van Lenteren.  1992.  Economic thresholds of insect pests in cotton: an annotated bibliography. FAO/AUW in press. 100 pp.


Bari, M.A. and H.K. Kaya. 1984.  Evaluation of the entomogenous nematode Neoplectana carpocapsae (= Steinernema feltiae) Weiser (Rhabiditida: Steinernematidae) and the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner var. kurstaki for suppression of the artichoke plume moth (Lepidoptera: Pterophoridae).  J. Econ. Entomol., 77: 225-229.


Barinaga, M.  1990.  Entomologists in the medfly maelstrom.  Science 247:  1168-1169.


Bariola, L. A., A. C. Bartlett, R. T. Staten, R. W. Rosander, & J. C. Keller.  1973.  Partially sterilized adult pink bollworms:  Releases in cages and field cause chromosomal aberrations.  Environ. Ent. 2:  173-76.


Barjac, H. de & A. Bonnefoi.  1962.  Essai de classification biochimique et sérologique de 24 souches de Bacillus du type B. thurngiensis.  Entomophaga 7:  5-31.


Barjac, H. de & A. Bonnefoi.  1967.  Classification des souches de Bacillus thuringiensis.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci., Paris 246:  1811-13.


Barjac, H. de & R. Dedonder.  1965.  Isolement d'un nucléotide identifiable a la "toxine thermostable" de Bacillus thuringiensis var. Berliner.  Compt. Rend. 260:  7050-53.


Barjac, H. de, A. Burgerjon & A. Bonnefoi.  1966.  The production of heat-stable toxin by nine serotypes of Bacillus thuringiensis.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  537-38.


Bark, Hyun-Woo; Ge, Baoxue; Bauer, Leah S.; Federici, Brian A. 1998.  Optimization of Cry3A yields in Bacillus thuringiensis by use of sporulation-dependent promoters in combination with the STAB-SD mRNA sequence.  Applied and Environ. Microbiology, v.64, n.10, (1998. Oct.):   3932-3938.


Barlow, N.D. 1994.  Predicting the effect of a novel vertebrate biocontrol agent: a model for viral-vectored in ... conception of New Zealand possums.  J. Applied Ecology, 31: 454-462.


Barlow, J.  1921.  The mating habits of Megarhyssa (Hym., Ichm.).  Ent. News 32:  291.


Barnard, D R; Geden, C J.  1993.  Influence of larval density and temperature in poultry manure on development of the house fly (Diptera: Muscidae).  Environ. Entomol., v.22, n.5, (1993): 971-977.


Barnard, W. S.  1880.  Parsitic rove-beetle, Aleochara anthomyiae Sprague.  Amer. Ent. 3:  199-200.


Barnes, D. K., C. H. Hanson, R. H. Ratcliffe, T. H. Busbice, J. A. Schillinger, G. R. Buss, W. V. Campbell, R. W. Hemken & C. C. Blickenstaff.  1970.  The development and performance of team alfalfa, a multiple pest resistant alfalfa with moderate resistance to alfalfa weevil.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Res. Serv. 34-115.


Barnes, H. F.  1929.  Gall midges and enemies of aphids.  Bull. Ent. Res. 20:  433-42.


Barnes, H. F.  1930.  Gall midges (Cecidomyidae) as enemies of the Tingidae, Psyllidae, Aleurodidae and Coccidae.  Bull. Ent. Res. 21:  319-29.


Barnes, H. F.  1931.  Notes on the parasites of the cabbage aphid (Bravicoryna brassicae Linn.).  Ent. Mon. Mag. 67(802):  55-57.


Barnes, H. F.  1933.  Gall midges (Cecidomyidae) as enemies of mites.  Bull. Ent. Res. 24:  215-28.


Barnes, H. F.  1935.  Some new coccid-eating gall midges (Cecidomyidae).  Bull. Ent. Res. 26:  525-30.


Barnes, H. F.  1952.  The gall midges of St. John's wort (Hypericum spp.), with descriptions of two new species.  Bull. Ent. Res. 42:  697-705.


Barnes, J. W. 1956. Notes on Minnesota Mecoptera. Entomol. News, 57(7): 191-192.


Barnes, M. M.  1959.  Deciduous fruit insects and their control.  Annu. Rev. Ent. 4:  343-62.


Barnes, M. M.  1981.  Variegated grape leafhopper of southern California. p. 137-39.  In:  D. L. Flaherty, F. L. Jensen, A. N. Kasimatis, H. Kido, & W. J. Moller (eds.), Grape Pest Management.  Univ. Calif., Berkeley, Agr. Sci. Publ. 4105.  312 p.


Barnes, O. L.  1944.  Feeding experiments with the range caterpillar egg parasite Anastatus semiflavidus Gahan.  J. Econ. Ent. 37:  544-45.


Barnes, O. L.  1960.  Establishment of imported parasites of the spotted alfalfa aphid in Arizona.  J. Econ. Ent. 53:  1094-96.


Barnett, H. L.  1963.  The nature of mycoparasitism by fungi.  Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 17:  1-14.


Barney, R. J. & B. C. Pass.  1986.  Ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) populations in Kentucky alfalfa and influence of tillage.  J. Econ. Ent. 70:  511-17.


Barney, R. J., P. L. Watson, K. Black, J. V. Maddox & R. J. Armbrust.  1980.  Illinois distribution of the fungus Entomophthora phytonomi (Zygomycetes: Entomophthoraceae) in larvae of the alfalfa weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).  Great Lakes Entomol. 13:  149-50.


Barney, R. J., W. O. Lamp, R. J. Ambrust & G. Kapusta.  1984.  Insect predator community and its response to weed management in spring-planted alfalfa.  Prot. Ecol. 6:  23-33.


Baronio, P. & F. Sehnal.  1980.  Dependence of the parasitoid Gonia cinerascens on the hormones of its lepidopterous hosts.  J. Insect Physiol. 26:  619-26.


Barr, W. F.  1953.  Orthezia annae Cockerell found in Idaho.  Pan Pac. Ent. 29:  210.


Barrass, R.  1960a.  The effect of age on the performance of an innate behaviour pattern in Mormoniella vitripennis (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae).  Behaviour 15(3-4):  210-18.


Barrass, R.  1960b.  The courtship behaviour of Mormoniella vitripennis Walk. (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae).  Behaviour 15(3-4):  185-209.


Barrass, R.  1961.  A quantitative study of the behaviour of the male Mormoniella vitripennis (Walker) (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae) towards two constant stimulus-sensations.  Behaviour, Leiden 18:  288-312.


Barrass, R.  1965.  Variations in the receptivity of the female Mormoniella vitripennis (Walker) (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae).  Proc. 12th Internatl. Cong. Ent., London.  p. 299.


Barreto, R.W. and H.C. Evans. 1988.  Taxonomy of a fungus introduced into Hawaii for biological control of Ageratina Area (Eupatorieae; Compositae), with observations on related weed pathogens.  Trans. of the British Mycological Soc., 91: 81-97.


Barrett, B. A. & C. D. Jorgensen.  1986.  Parasitoids of the western tentiform leafminer, Plyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Utah apple orchards.  Environ. Ent. 15:  635-41.


Barrett, C. F., P. H. Westdal & H. P. Richardson.  1965.  Biology of Pachygonatopus minimus Fenton (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae) a parasite of the six-spotted leafhopper, Macrosteles fascifrons (Stal) in Manitoba.  Canad. Ent. 97(2):  216-21.


Barrett, R. E.  1932.  Notes on a new parasite of the codling moth.  J. Econ. Ent. 25:  1111-12.


Barroetavena, F. A. & C. D. Girola.  1916a.  Segundo resumen de los trabajos efectuados por la comisión nacional, designada por el Ministerio de Agricultura para propagar de la Prospaltella (Prospaltella berlesei How.), como medio de destruir la Diaspis (Diaspis pentagona Targ.), durante el segundo período desde abril a noviembre de 1915.  Brazil Bol. Minist. Agr. 20:  314-24


Barroetavena, F. A. & C. D. Girola.  1916b.  Destrucción de la Diaspis por la Prospaltella. Tercer resumen de los trabajos efectuados por la comisión nacional, designada por el Ministerio de Agricultural para propagar la Prospaltella (Prospaltella berlesei How.), como medio de destruir la Diaspis (Diaspis pentagona Targ.) durante el tercer período, desde abril a octubre de 1916.  Brazil Bol. Minist. Agr. 39 p.


Barron, G.L. 1977. the Nematode-Destroying Fungi.  Topics in Mycobiology, Vol. 1. Canadian Biological Public., Guelph, Ontario, Canada.


Barrows, R. M. & M. R. Hooker.  1981.  Parasitization of the Mexican bean beetle by Pediobius foveolatus in urban vegetable gardens.  Environ. Ent. 10:  782-86.


Barry, R. M., J. H. Hatchett & R. D. Jackson.  1984.  Cage studies with predators of the cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni, and corn ear worm, Heliothis zea in soybeans.  J. Georgia Ent. Soc. 9:  71-8.


Bartell, D. P. & B. C. Pass.  1978.  Effects of Bathyplectes curculionis and Bathyplectes anurus [Hym.: Ichneumonidae] on the growth and development of Hypera postica [Col.: Curculionidae].  Entomophaga 23:  281-92.


Bartell, R. J. & L. A. Lawrence.  1973.  Reduction in responsiveness of males of Epiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera) to sex pheromone following previous brief pheromonal exposure.  J. Insect Physiol. 19:  845-55.


Bartell, R. J. & H. H. Shorey.  1969a.  A quantitative bioassay for the sex pheromone of Epiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptear) and factors limiting male responsiveness.  J. Ins. Physiol. 15:  33-40.


Bartell, R. J. & H. H. Shorey.  1969b.  Pheromone concentrations required to elicit successive steps in the mating sequence of males of the light-brown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62:  1206-7.


Bartell, R. J., H. H. Shorey & L. Barton Browne.  1969a.  Pheromonal stimulation of the sexual activity of males of the sheep blowfly Lucilia cuprina (Calliphoridae) by the female.  Anim. Behav. 17:  576-85.


Bartell, R. J., H. H. Shorey & L. Barton Browne.  1969b.  Pheromonal stimulation of the sexual activity of males of the sheep blowfly Lucilia cuprina (Calliphoridae) by the female.  Anim. Behav. 17:  576-85.


Bartell, R. J., P. F. Dowd, H. H. Shorey & D. Weisleder.  1991.  Aggregation pheromone of Carpophilus freemani (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae):  a blend of conjugated triene and tetraene hydrocarbons.  Chemoecology 1:  105-13.


Bartell, R. J., P. F. Dowd, R. S. Vetter, H. H. Shorey & T. C. Baker.  1992.  Responses to synthetic pheromone for Carpophilus hemipterus (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in California field tests.  Environ. Ent. (in press).


Barter, G. W.  1957.  Studies of the bronze birch borer, Agrilus anxius Gory, in New Brunswick.  Canad. Ent. 89(1):  12-36.


Barth, G. P.  1907a.  Observations on the nesting habits of Gorytes canaliculatus Packard.  Wisc. Nat. Hist. Soc. Bull. 5(3):  140-49.


Barth, G. P.  1907b.  On the nesting habits of Psen barthi Vierick.  Wis. Nat. Hist. Soc. Bull. 5:  251-57.


Barth, G. P.  1908.  The nesting of Anacrabro ocellatus Pack.  Wisc. Nat. Hist. Soc. Bull. 6(3-4):  147-53.


Barth, G. P.  1910.  Some observations on solitary wasps about Milwaukee.  Bull. Wisc. Nat. Hist. Soc. 8:  118-21.


Barthe, E.  1921.  Contribution a l'etude de Carabus auratus de la region franco-rhenane.  Misc. Ent., Narbonne 25:  49-53, 68-71.


Bartlett, A. C.  1984.  Genetic changes during insect domestication, pp. 2-8.  In:  R. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Advances and Challenges in Insect Rearing.  U. S. Govt Printing Office.


Bartlett, A. C.  1985.  Guidelines for genetic diversity in laboratory colony establishment and maintenance, pp. 7-17. In:  P. Singh & R. F. Moore (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. I.  Elsevier, New York.


Bartlett, A. C. & W. W. Wolf.  1985.  Pectinophora gossypiella, pp. 415-430.  In:  R. G. King & N. C. Leppla (eds.), Handbook of Insect Rearing, Vol. II.  Elsevier, New York.


Bartlett, B. R.  1941a.  Red spider on walnuts.  Diamond Walnut News 23(4):  6.


Bartlett, B. R.  1941b.  Spread and control of the walnut husk fly.  Diamond Walnut News 23(4):  10.


Bartlett, B. R.  1951a.  Effect of parathion on parasites of Coccus hesperidum.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  344-47.


Bartlett, B. R.  1951b.  A new method for rearing

Drosophila and a technique for testing insecticides with this insect.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  621.


Bartlett, B. R.  1951c.  The action of certain "inert" dust materials on parasitic Hymenoptera.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  891-96.


Bartlett, B. R.  1952.  A study of insecticide resistance in strains of Drosophila melanogaster Meig.  Canad. Ent. 84:  189-205.


Bartlett, B. R.  1953a.  Natural control of citricola scale in California.  J. Econ. Ent. 46(1):  25-8.


Bartlett, B. R.  1953b.  A tactile ovipositional stimulus to culture Macrocentrus ancylivorus on an unnatural host.  J. Econ. Ent. 46(3):  525.


Bartlett, B.R. 1953c.  Retentive toxicity on field-weathered insecticide residues to entomophagous insects associated with citrus pests in California.  J. Econ. Entomol., 46: 565-569.


Bartlett, B. R.  1956.  Natural predators.  Can selective insecticides help to preserve biotic control?  Agr. Chem 11(2):  42-4; 107; 109.


Bartlett, B. R.  1957a.  Biotic factors in natural control of citrus mealybugs in California.  J. Econ. Ent. 50:  753-55.


Bartlett, B. R.  1957b.  Where are we going in biological control?  Calif. Citrograph 42(10):  339, 360-61.


Bartlett, B. R.  1958.  Laboratory studies on selective aphicides favoring natural enemies of the spotted alfalfa aphid.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  374-78.


Bartlett, B. R.  1959.  The biological control of black scale.  Sunkist Pest Contr. Circ. No. 259. (June).


Bartlett, B. R.  1960.  Biological races of the black scale, Saissetia oleae, and their specific parasites.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 53:  383-86.


Bartlett, B. R.  1961.  The influence of ants on parasites, predators and scale insects.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 54:  543-51.


Bartlett, B. R.  1962a.  The stabilization of relative humidity with honey in closed systems.  J. Econ. Ent. 55:  149-50.


Bartlett, B. R.  1962b.  The international shipment of adult entomophagous insects.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 55:  448-55.


Bartlett, B. R.  1962c.  The ingestion of dry sugars by adult entomophagous insects and the use of this feeding habit for measuring the moisture needs of parasites.  J. Econ. Ent. 55(5):  749-53.


Bartlett, B. R.  1963.  The contact toxicity of some pesticide residues to hymenopterous parasites and coccinellid predators.  J. Econ. Ent. 56:  694-8.


Bartlett, B. R.  1964a.  Patterns in the host-feeding habit of adult parasitic Hymenoptera.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 57(3):  344-50.


Bartlett, B. R.  1964b.  Integration of chemical and biological control, p. 489-511.  In:  P. DeBach (ed.), Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds.  Reinhold, New York. 


Bartlett, B. R.  1964c.  The toxicity of some pesticides to eggs, larvae, and adults of the green lacewing, Chrysopa carnea.  J. Econ. Ent. 57:  366-9.


Bartlett, B. R.  1964d.  The toxicity of some pesticide residues to adult Amblyseius hibisci, with a compilation of the effects of pesticides upon phytoseiid mites.  J. Econ. Ent. 57:  559-63.


Bartlett, B. R.  1965.  The repellent effects of some pesticides to hymenopterous parasites and coccinellid predators.  J. Econ. Ent. 58:  294-96.


Bartlett, B. R.  1966.  Toxicity and acceptance of some pesticides fed to parasitic Hymenoptera and predatory coccinellids.  J. Econ. Ent. 59:  1142-49.


Bartlett, B. R.  1968.  Outbreaks of two-spotted spider mites and cotton aphids following pesticide treatment.  I.  Pest stimulation vs. natural enemy destruction as the cause of outbreaks.  J. Econ. Ent. 61:  297-303.


Bartlett, B. R.  1969.  The biological control campaigns against soft scales and mealybugs on citrus in California.  Proc. 1st Intern. Citrus Symp., Riverside, Calif. 2:  875-78.


Bartlett, B. R.  1970.  Biological control of pink bollworm in cotton.  Calif. Agr. 24(1):  12-14.


Bartlett, B. R.  1974.  Introduction into California of cold-tolerant biotypes of the mealybug predator, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, and laboratory procedures for testing natural enemies for cold-hardiness.  Environ. Ent. 3:  553-56.


Bartlett, B. R.  1978.  Pseudococcidae, p. 137-70.  In:  C. P. Clausen (ed.), Introduced Parasites and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Agr. Handbk. No. 480, Washington, D.C.  545 p.


Bartlett, B. R. & J. C. Ball.  1964.  The developmental biologies of two encyrtid parasites of Coccus hesperidum and their intrinsic competition.  Ann. ent. Soc. Amer. 57(4):  496-503.


Bartlett, B. R. & J. C. Ball.  1966.  The evolution of host suitability in a polyphagous parasite with special reference to the role of parasite egg encapsulation.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 59:  42-5.


Bartlett, B. R. & D. W. Clancy.  1972.  The Comstock mealybug in California and observations on some of its natural enemies.  J. Econ. Ent. 65:  1329-32.


Bartlett, B. & P. DeBach.  1952a.  New natural enemies of avocado pests.  Citrus Leaves 32(10):  16-17.


Bartlett, B. & P. DeBach.  1952b.  Enemies of avocado pests.  Calif. Agr. 6(5):  14.


Bartlett, B. R. & P. DeBach.  1952c.  Protect natural enemies of avocado pests.  Calif. Citrograph 37(5):  200.


Bartlett, B. R. & P. DeBach.  1953.  New natural enemies for avocado pests.  Calif. Citrog. 38(7):  265-7.


Bartlett, B. R. & W. H. Ewart.  1951.  Effect of parathion on parasites of Coccus hesperidum.  J. Econ. Ent. 44:  344-47.


Bartlett, B. R. & T. W. Fisher.  1950.  Laboratory propagation of Aphytis chrysomphali for release to control California red scale.  J. Econ. Ent. 43:  802-06.


Bartlett, B. R. & G. Kats.  1969.  Inflated plastic bags as cages for insects on potted plants.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  524-25.


Bartlett, B. R. & C. F. Lagace.  1960.  Interference with biological control of cottony-cushion scale by insecticides and attempts to reestablish a favorable natural balance.  J. Econ. Ent. 53:  1055-58.


Bartlett, B. R. & C. F. Lagace.  1961.  A new biological race of Microterys flavus introduced into California for the control of lecaniine coccids, with an analysis of its behavior in host selection.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 54(2):  222-27.


Bartlett, B. R. & C. L. Lefebvre.  1934.  Field experiments with Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill., a fungus attacking the European corn borer.  J. Econ. Ent. 27:  1147-57.


Bartlett, B. R. & D. C. Lloyd.  1958.  Mealybugs attacking citrus in California--a survey of their natural enemies and the release of new parasites and predators.  J. Econ. Ent. 51:  90-93.


Bartlett, B. R. & C. H. Martin.  1945.  A chemical method of freeing cocoons of Macrocentrus ancylivorus from tuber moth cocoons.  J. Econ. Ent. 38:  120.


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Beegle, C. C., H. T. Dulmage, D. A. Wolfenbarger & E. Martinez.  1981.  Persistence of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner insecticidal activity on cotton foliage.  Environ. Ent. 10:  400-1.


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Bellows, T. S., Jr.  1982a.  Analytical models for laboratory populations of Callosobruchus chinensis and C. maculatus (Coleoptera, Bruchidae).  J. Anim. Ecol. 51:  263-87.


Bellows, T.S., Jr. 1981.  The descriptive properties of some models for density dependence.  Journal ofanimal Ecology, 50:139-156.


Bellows, T.S., Jr. 1982a.  Analytical models for laboratory populations of Callosobruchus chinensis and C maculatus (Coleoptera, Bruchidae).  Journal of Animal Ecology, 51: 263-287.


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Bellows, T S Jr.   1993a.   Foreign exploration.   Van Driesche, R. G. and T. S. Bellows, Jr. Proc.: Thomas Say publications in Entomol.: Steps in classical arthropod biological control; Symposium, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, September 30, 1990. v+88p.  Entomol. Soc. of Amer.: Lanham, Maryland, USA. ISBN 0-938522-46-9. 1993. p. 25-41.


Bellows, T S Jr.  1993b.   Shipping natural enemies.  Van Driesche, R. G. and T. S. Bellows, Jr. Proc.: Thomas Say  publications in Entomol.: Steps in classical arthropod biological control; Symposium, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, September 30, 1990. v+88p. Entomol. Soc. of Amer.: Lanham, Maryland, USA. ISBN 0-938522-46-9. 1993. p. 43-51.


Bellows, T.S., Jr. 1993c.  Introduction of natural enemies for suppression of arthropod pests, pp. 82-89.  In:Lumsden, R. andj.  Vaughn, (eds.). Pest Management.- Biologically Based Technologies.  Amer. Chemical Soc., Washington, D.C., U.S.A.


Bellows, T. S.  1999.  Controlling soil-borne plant pathogens.  1999. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 26, p. 699-711, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Bellows, T. S.  1999.  Foliar, flower and fruit pathogens.  1999. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 32, p. 841-851, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Bellows, T. S.  1999.  Whither, hence, prometheus?  The future of biological control. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 1011-1015, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Bellows, T.S.  2001.  Restoring population balance through natural enemy introductions. Biological Control 21 (3), 199-205.


Bellows, T. S. & M. H. Birley.  1981.  Estimating developmental and mortality rates and stage recruitment from insect stage frequency data.  Res. Popul. Ecol. 23:  232-44.


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Bellows, T. S., Jr. & M. P. Hassell.  1988.  The dynamics of age-structured host-parasitoid interactions.  J. Anim. Ecol. 57:  259-68.


Bellows, T. S. & D. H. Headrick.  1999.  Arthropods and vertebrates in biological control of plants. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 17, p. 505-515, Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Bellows, T.S., Jr. and E.F. Legner. 1993.  Foreign Exploration, pp. 25-41.  In:Van Driesche, R.G. and T.S. Bellows, Jr., (eds.). Steps in Classical Aribropod Biological ControL Thomas Say Public. in Entomol., Entomological Soc. of Amer., Lanham, Maryland, U.S.A.


Bellows, T.S., Jr. and J.G. Morse. 1988.  Residual toxicity following dilute or low-volume applications of insecticides used for control of California red scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae) to four beneficial species in a citrus agroecosystem.  J. Econ. Entomol., 81: 892-898.


Bellows, T.S., Jr. andj.G. Morse. 1993.  Toxicity of pesticides used in citrus to Aphytis melinus DeBach (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) and Rbizobius lophanthae (Blaisd.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae).  Canad. Entom., 125: 987-994.


Bellows, T. S. & T. D. Paine.  1990.  Distribution and biological evaluations of Encarsia sp. nr. inaron, parasitoid of ash whitefly, Siphonius phillyreae.  Progress Report to Statewide UC IPM Project, Davis, CA.  13 p.


Bellows, T. S. & R. G. Van Driesche.  1999.  Life table construction and analysis for evaluating biological control agents. In:  T. S. Bellows & T. W. Fisher (eds.), Chapter 8, p. 199-223., Handbook of Biological Control:  Principles and Applications.  Academic Press, San Diego, New York.  1046 p.


Bellows, T. S., Jr., M. Ortiz, J. C. Owens & R. W. Huddleston.  1982a.  A model for analyzing insect stage-frequency data when mortality varies with time.  Res. Popul. Ecol. 24:  142-56.


Bellows, T. S., Jr., J. C. Owens & R. W. Huddleston.  1982b.  Predation of range caterpillar, Hemileuca oliviae, at various stages of development by different species of rodents in New Mexico during 1980.  Environ. Ent. 11:  1211-15.


Bellows, T. S., Jr., J. C. Owens & R. W. Huddleston.  1983.  Model for simulating consumption and economic injury level for the range caterpillar (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae).  J. Econ. Ent. 76:  1231-38.


Bellows, T.S., Jr., J.G. Morse, D.G. Hadjidemetriou, and Y. Iwata. 1985.  Residual toxicity of four insecticides used for control of citrus thrips (Thysanoptera: 'fbripidae) on three beneficial species in a citrus agroecosystem.  J. Econ. Entomol., 78: 681-686.


Bellows, T.S., Jr., J.G. Morse, L.K. Gaston, and J.B. Bailey. 1988.  The fate of two systemic insecticides and their impact on two phytophagous and a beneficial arthropod in a citrus agroecosystem.  J. Econ. Entomol., 81:899-904.


Bellows, T. S., Jr., R. G. Van Driesche & J. S. Elkinton.  1989a.  Life tables and parasitism:  estimating parameters in joint host-parasitoid systems.  pp. 70-80.  In:  L. B. McDonald, J. Manly, O. Lockwood & J. Logan (eds.), Estimation and Analysis of Insect Populations.  Springer-Verlag, New York.  492 p.


Bellows, T. S., Jr., R. G. Van Driesche & J. S. Elkinton.  1989b.  Extensions to Southwood and Jepson's graphical method of estimating numbers entering a stage for calculating losses to parasitism.  Res. Popul. Ecol.  Res. Popul. Ecol. 31:  169-84.


Bellows, T.S., Jr., TD.  Paine, K-Y Arakawa, C. Meisenbacher, P. Leddy, and J. Kabashima. 1990.  Biological control sought for ash whitefly.  California Agriculture, 44(l): 4-6.


Bellows, T.S., Jr., J.G. Morse, and LK.  Gaston. 1992a.  Residual toxicity of pesticides used for control of lepidopteran insects in citrus to the predaceous mite Euseius stipulatusAthias-Henriot (Acarina: Phytoseiidae).  J. Applied Entomol., 113: 493-501.


Bellows, T.S., jt, T.D. Paine,J.R. Gould, L.G. Bezark, J.C. Ball, W. Bentley, R. Coviello,j.  Downer, P. Elam, D. Flaherty, P.Gouveia, K. Koehler, R. Molinar, N. O'Connell, E. Perry, and G. Vogel. 1992b.  Biological control of ash whitefly: a success in progress.  California Agriculture, 46(l): 24, 27-28.


Bellows, T.S., Jr., R.G. Van Driesche, and J.S. Elkinton. 1992c.  Life-table construction and analysis in the evaluation of natural enemies.  Annu. Rev of Entomol., 37: 587-614.


Bellows, T.S., Jr., J.G. Morse, and LK.  Gaston. 1993.  Residual toxicity of pesticides used for lepidopteran insect control on citrus to Aphytis melinus DeBach (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae).  Canad. Entom., 125: 995-1001.


Bellows, T S Jr; Perring, T M; Gill, R J; Headrick, D H.  1994a.  Description of a species of Bemisia (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).  Ann. of the Entomol. Soc. of Amer., v.87, n.2, (1994):



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Bellows, T S Jr; Morse, J G; Gaston, L K.  1995.  Effect of pesticide residues on mortality of Aphytis melinus DeBach  (Hym., Aphelinidae) in Munger cells and larger containers.

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Bellows, T S Jr; Meisenbacher, C; Headrick, D H. 1998.  Field biology of Paraleyrodes minei (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in southern California.  Environ. Entomol., v.27, n.2, (1998): 277-281.


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Ben-Dov, Y.  1978.  Taxonomy of the nigra scale, Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner) (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae), with observations on mass rearing and parasites of an Israeli strain.  Phytoparasitica 6:  115-27.


Ben-Dov, Y. & D. Rosen.  1969.  Efficacy of natural enemies of California red scale on citrus in Israel.  J. Econ. Ent. 62:  1057-60.


Benham, G. S., Jr. & G. O. Poinar, Jr.  1973.  Tabulation and evaluation of recent field experiments using the DD-136 strain of Neoaplectana carpocapsae Weiser:  a review.  Expt. Parasitol. 33:  248-52.


Benick, L.  1924.  Zur Biologie der Käferfamilie Helodidae.  Mitt. Geog. Ges. u. Naturh. Mus., Lübeck 29:  45-75.


Benoit, M. & J. Voegelé.  1979.  Choix de l'hôte et comportement trophique des larves de Trichogramma evanescens [Hym.: Trichogrammatidae] en fonction du développement embryonnaire de Ephestia kuehniella et Ostrinia nubilalis [Lep.: Pyralidae].  Entomophaga 24:  199-205.


Ben Ami Peleg.  1983.  Effect of 3 insect growth regulators on larval development, fecundity and egg viability of the coccinellid Chilocorus bipustulatus [Col.: Coccinelidae].  Entomophaga 28:  117-22.


Benlloch, M.  1966.  La lucha integrada contra las plagas.  Agricultura, Madrid 35(405):  3-5.


Ben Saad, A. A. & G. W. Bishop.  1976a.  Attraction of insects to potato plants through use of artificial honeydews and aphid juice.  Entomophaga 21:  49-57.


Ben Saad, A. A. & G. W. Bishop.  1976b.  Effect of artificial honeydews on insect communities in potato fields.  Environ. Ent. 5:  453-57.


Ben-Shaked, Y. & I. Harpaz.  1966.  Protection of a susceptible insect host against a nuclear-polyhedrosis virus by ether extracts from insect larvae.  J. Invertebr. Path. 8:  283-85.


Ben-Yehuda, S., M. Wysoki & D. Rosen.  1992.  Laboratory evaluation of microbial pesticides against the honeydew moth.  Hassadeh 72.


Ben-Ze'ev, I. & R. G. Kenneth.  1981.  Zoophthora radicans and Zoophthora petchi sp. nov. (Zygomycetes: Entomophthorales], two species of the "sphaerosperma group" attacking leafhoppers and frog-hoppers [Hom.}.  Entomophaga 26:  131-42.


Ben-Ze'ev, I, & R. G. Kenneth.  1982.  Zoophthora phytonomi and Conidiobolus osmodes (Zygomycetes:  Entomophthoraceae), two pathogens of Hypera species (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) coincidental in time and place.  Entomophaga 25:  171-86.


Ben-Ze'ev, I., R.G. Kenneth, and S. Bitton. 1981.  The Entomophthorales of Israel and their arthropod hosts.  Phyto­parasitica, 9: 43-50.


Bénassy, C.  1955.  Remarques sur deux aphelinides: aphytis mytilaspidis Le Baron et Aphytis proclia Walker.  Ann. Epiphyt. 6(1):  11-17.


Bénassy, C.  1956.  Observations sur la biologie d'Aspidiotiphagus citrinus Crwf.  Bull. Soc. Ent. France 61(5-6):  103-06.


Bénassy, C.  1957.  Influence du facteur "exposition" sur la répartition des microhyménoptères parasites de Coccoidea-Diaspididae.  Entomophaga 2(4):  283-91.


Bénassy, C.  1958a.  Prospaltella berlesei How. (Hym. Aphelinidae) et son efficacité pratique en France vis-à-vis de Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Targ. (Hom. Diaspidinae).  Entomophaga 3:  67-92.


Bénassy, C.  1958b.  Remarques sur l'écologie de Quadraspidiotus perniciosus Comst. dans le Midi méditerranéen (Hom. Diaspidinae).  Entomophaga 3:  93-.


Bénassy, C.  1958c.  Modalites du parasitisme chez Thomsonisca typica Mercet (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Encyrtidae).  Comte rendu Acad. Sci. Paris 247:  1899-1901.


Bénassy, C.  1958d.  Etude bioecologique de Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Targ. et de son parasite specifique Prospaltrella berlesei How. en France.  Ann. I.N.R.A., Ser. C, Epip. 9:  425-96.


Bénassy, C.  1958e.  Influence de l'hôte dans la croissance endoparasataire de quelques Hymenoptères Chalcidiens, parasites de Cochenilles Diaspines.  Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci., Paris 246:  179-81.


Bénassy, C.  1961a.  Contribution a l'etude de l'influence de quelques facteurs ecologiques sur la limitation des pullulations de cochenilles-diaspines.  Ph.D. Thesis, Univ of Paris.  1965 p.  Ann. Epiphy 12:  1-157.


Bénassy, C.  1961b.  Contribution a l'etude del'influence de quelques facteurs ecologiques sur la limitation de pullulations de cochenilles-diaspines.  Ann. Epiph., Paris 12:  1-157.


Bénassy, C.  1963.  Ecological observations of parasitism in coccids.  The case of Leucaspis pini.  Rev. Pathol. Veg. et Ent. Agr. France 42(1):  35-45.  [in French].


Bénassy, C.  1964.  REcherches sur l'utilisation de Prospaltella perniciosi Tow. en France.  Ann. Epiph. 15:  457-72.


Bénassy, C.  1966.  Les cochenilles des agrumes dans le Bassin méditerranéen, méthodes de lutte.  Compt. Rend. Journées Phytiatrie-Phytopharm. circumméditerran. (Marseille, 1965).  p. 112-24.


Bénassy, C.  1967a.  Note sur Parlatoria oleae au Maroc [Hom. Coccidae].  Ann. Soc. Ent. France 3:  165-71.


Bénassy, C.  1967b.  Note sur une Diaspine peu connue de l'olivier au Maroc: Quadraspidiotus maleti (Homop., Coccoidea).  Ann. Soc. Ent. France (n.s.) 3(4):  1133-39.


Bénassy, C.  1957.  Influence du facteur "exposition" sur la répartition des microhyménopteres parasites de Coccoidea-Diaspididae.  Entomophaga 2:  283-91.


Bénassy, C.  1958a.  Prospaltella berlesei How. (Hym.: Aphelinidae) et son efficacite pratique en France vis-a-vis de Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Targ. (Hom.: Diaspidinae).  Entomophaga 3:  67-70.


Bénassy, C.  1958b.  Etude bio-écologique de Pseudaulaspis pentagona Targ. et de son parasite spécifique Prospaltella berlesei Howard en France.  Ann. des Epiphyt. (Paris) 9:  425-96.


Bénassy, C.  1958c.  Remarques sur l'écologie de Quadraspidiotus perniciosus Comst. dans le Midi méditerranean (Hom. Diaspidinae).  Entomophaga 3:  93-108.


Bénassy, C.  1969.  The biological control against coccids of citrus in the country of the French zone.  Proc. 1st Int. Citrus Symp. Riverside, Calif. 2:  793-99.


Bénassy, C.  1977.  Notes on parasites of some diaspine scale insects (Chrysomphalus, Lepidosaphes, Unaspis). Bull. Serv. Defen. Plagas e Insp. Fitopatologica 3:  55-73.


Bénassy, C. & H. Bianchi.  1957.  Incidence des traitements insecticides sur les parasite de coccides.  Action des traitements "d'Hiver" contre Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Targ., sur son parasite spéfique:  Prospaltella berlesei How.  Phytiat. Phytopharm. 6:  135-41.


Bénassy, C. & H. Bianchi.  1960.  Sur l'écologie de Prospaltella perniciosi Tower (Hym. Aphelinidae), parasite spécifique importé de Quadraspidiotus perniciosus Comst. (Hom. Diaspidinae).  Entomophaga 5(2):  165-81.


Bénassy, C. & H. Bianchi.  1967.  Note sur Prospaltella aurantii How. [Hym. Aphelinidae] parasite de Quadraspidiotus pyri Licht. dans les Alpes-Maritimes [Hom., Diaspidinae].  Entomophaga 12:  181-86.


Bénassy, C. & H. Bianchi.  1960.  Sur l'ecologie de Prospaltella perniciosi Tower (Hym.: Aphelinidae), parasite specifique importe de Quadraspidiotus perniciosus Comst. (Hom.: Diaspidinae).  Entomophga 5:  165-81.


Bénassy, C. & H. Bianchi.  1974.  Observations sur Aonidiella aurantii Mask. et son parasite indigene Comperiella bifasciata How. (Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae).  Bull. SROP 3:  39-50.


Bénassy, C. & E. Biliotti.  1963.  Ceroplastes rusci L. (Homoptera, Coccoidea, Lecaninae) exemple intéressant pour l'étude de la dynamique des populations.  Entomophaga 8:  213-17.


Bénassy, C. & A. Burgerjon.  1955.  Métode d'élevage au laboratoire de Prospaltella perniciosi Tow.  Ann. des Epiphyt. (Paris) 6:  5-10.


Bénassy, C. & G. Euverte.  1967a.  Perspectives nouvelles dans la lutte contre Aonidiella auranti au Maroc (Hom. Diaspididae).  Entomophaga 12:  449-59.


Bénassy, C. & G. Euverte.  1967b.  Premiers résultats pratiques de la Lutte Biologique contre Aonidiella aurantii au Maroc.  C. R. Comm. Agro-Tech. du C.A.Z.F., Alger 1er 4 Mars 1967.  10 p.


Bénassy, C. & G. Euverte.  1967c.  Notes sur Chrysomphalus dictyospermi au Maroc.  Al Awamia 1967, No. 24:  95-111..


Bénassy, C. & G. Euverte.  1970.  Note on the action of two species of Aphytis as biological control agents against two citrus coccids, Aonidiella aurantii Mask. and Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Morg.) in Morocco.  Ann. Zool. Ecol. Anim. 2:  357-72.


Bénassy, C. & A. Panis.  1968.  Observations sur le brachyptérisme chez Encyrtus rufulus Mercet [Hym., Chalcidoidea, Encyrtidae].  Entomophaga 13:  135-42.


Bénassy, C. & F. Soria.  1964.  Observations ecologiques sur les cochenilles diaspines nuisibles auz agrumes en Tunisia.  Ann. Inst. nam. Rech. agron. Tunisie 37:  193-221.


Bénassy, C., H. Bianchi & H. Milaire.  1960.  Observations sur la répercussion des traitements préconises en vergers, sur Prospaltella perniciosi Tower, parasite spécifique de Quadraspidiotus perniosus Comst.  Phytiat. Phytopharm. 9:  29-36.


Bénassy, C., H. Bianchi & H. Milaire.  1962.  Etat actuel des recherche en cours sur la "lutte intégrée" dans le cas des coccides en France.  Entomophaga 7:  59-68.


Bénassy, C., H. Bianchi & H. Milaire.  1964a.  Observations sur l'incidence de quelques produits insecticides et fongicides dur l'association pou de San José et parasite spécifique.  Rev. Zool. Agr. Appl. 63:  27-37.


Bénassy, C., H. Bianchi & H. Milaire.  1964b.  Expérimentation en matiere de lutte intégrée dans deux vergers francais.  Entomophaga 9:  271-80.


Bénassy, C., H. Bianchi & H. Milaire.  1964c.  Recherches dur l'utilisation de Prospaltella perniciosi Tow. en France.  Ann. des Epiphyt. (Paris) 15:  457-73.


Bénassy, C., H. Bianchi & H. Milaire.  1967.  Note sur l'efficacite en France de Prospaltella perniciosi Tow.  Entomophaga 12:  241-55.


Bénassy, C., G. Mathys, G. Neuffer, H. Milaire, H. Biancchi & R. Guignard.  1968.  L'utilisation pratique de Prospaltella perniciosi Tow., parasite du pou San José Quadraspidiotus perniciosus Comst.  Entomophaga 4:  1-28.


Bénassy, C., H. Bianchi & H. G. Milaire.  1971.  La température, facteur prévisionnel du cycle évolutif de Prospaltella perniciosi Tow.  Entomophaga 16:  411-20.


Bénassy, C., H. Bianchi & R. Franco.  1974.  Note sur l'introduction en France d'Aphytis lepidosaphes Comp. (Hymenopt., Aphelinidae) parasite de la cochenille virgule des Citrus (Lepidosaphes beckii Newm.) (Homopt., Diaspididae).  Compt. Rend. SCAN. Acad. Agri. France 60:  191-96.


Bendel-Janssen, M.  1962.  A furtehr contribution to parasitism of apanteles glomeratus L. (Hym. Brac.), a parasite of Pieris brassicae L.).  Z. Pflkrankh. 69(9):  526-29.  [in German].


Benedict, R. G., H. J. Koepsell, H. M. Tsuchiya, R. S. Sharpe, J. Corman, C. B. Kemp, G. B. Meyers & R. W. Jackson.  1957.  Studies on the aerobic propagation of Serratia marcescens.  Appl. Microbiol. 5:  308-13.


Benitez, A.  1963.  Daño del Megachile apicalis Spin. en corcho en plancha.  Bil. Serv. Plagas Forestales, Madrid 6(12):  144-6.


Benitez-Morera, A.  1945a.  An interesting parasite of Ocnogyna baetica, var. meridionalis Seitz..  Bol. Path. Veg. & Ent. Agr. 13(1944):  467-70.  [in Spanish].


Benitez-Morera, A.  1945b.  Pimpla instigator Grav. parásito de la oruga de la col.  Bol. Path. Veg. Ent. Agr. 13:  463-66.


Benjamin, D. M. & J. N. All.  1973.  Influence of host-origin feeding inhibitors on Neodiprion sawfly feeding behavior.  Proc. Tall Timbers Conf. Ecol. Anim. Contr. Habitat Managem. 4:  35-40.


Benjamin, D. M. & W. M. Dembam.  1969.  Notes on the biologies of three parasites of the eggs of Entypotrachelus meyeri Kolbe  and E. micans Hust. (Col., Curculionidae) laid on tea and Cinchona.  Bull. Ent. Res. 59:  473-78.


Benjamin, F. H.  1934.  Description of some native trypetid flies with notes on their habits.  U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. No. 401.  95 pp.


Bennett, A. W. & D. J. Sullivan.  1978.  Defensive behavior against tertiary parasitism by the larva of Dendrocerus carpenteri, an aphid hyperparasitoid.  J. New York Ent. Soc. 86:  153-60.


Bennett, F. D.  1956.  Some parasites and predators of Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targ.) in Trinidad, B.W.I.  Canad. Ent. 88:  704-05.


Bennett, F. D.  1957.  Some parasites and predators of Pseudaulicaspis pentagona (Targ.) in Trinidad, B.W.I.  Canad. Ent. 88(12):  704-05.


Bennett, F. D.  1960.  Parasites of Ancylostoma stercorea (Zell.) (Pyralidae, Lepidoptera), a pod borer attacking pigeon pea in Trinidad.  Bull. Ent. Res. 50:  737-57.


Bennett, F. D.  1962.  Outbreaks of Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zell.) [Lepidoptera: Phycitidae] on sugar-cane in Jamaica, Barbados and St. Kitts.  Trop. Agr., Trinidad 39:  153-6.


Bennett, F. D.  1963a.  A new laboratory for the West Indian Station of the Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control.  Tech. Bull. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 3:  47-9.


Bennett, F. D.  1963b.  Feeding tests with the lantana noctuid Diastema tigris Guen.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Bull. 3:  83-97.


Bennett, F. D.  1965a.  Tests with parasites of Asian graminaceous mothborers on Diatraea and allied genera in Trinidad.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Bull. 5:  101-25.


Bennett, F. D.  1965b.  Observations on the natural enemies of Gynaikothrips ficorum Marchal in Brazil.  Connonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Bull. 5:  117-25.


Bennett, F. D.  1966a.  Current status of citrus blackfly and introduced parasites in Barbados.  Agr. Soc. Trinidad Tobago Jour. 66:  35-6.


Bennett, F. D.  1966b.  Investigations on the insects attacking aquatic ferns, Salvinia spp. in Trinidad and northern South America.  Proc. S. Weed Conf. 19:  497-504.


Bennett, F. D.  1966c.  Notes on the biology of Stelis (Odontostelis) bilineolata (Spinola), a parasite of Euglossa cordata (Linnaeus) (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae).  J. New York. Ent. Soc. 74:  72-79.


Bennett, F. D.  1969.  Tachinid flies as biological control agents for sugarcane moth borers, p. 117-18.  In:  J. R. Williams, J. R. Metcalfe, R. W. Mungomery & R. Mathes (eds.), Pests of Sugar Cane.   Slsevier Publ., New York.  568 p.


Bennett, F. D.  1970a.  Recent investigations on the biological control of some tropical and subtropical weeds.  Proc. 10th Brit. Weed Contr. Conf.  p. 660-68.


Bennett, F. D.  1970b.  Insects attacking waterhyacinth in the West Indies, British Hondurus and the USA.  Hyacinth Contr. J. 8(2):  10-13.


Bennett, F. D.  1971a.  Some recent successes in the field of biological control in the West Indies.  Revista Peruana de Entomol. 14:  369-73.


Bennett, F. D.  1971b.  Current status of biological control of the small moth borers of sugar cane Diatraea spp. (Lep.: Pyralidae).  Entomophaga 16:  111-24.


Bennett, F. D.  1974.  Biological control, p. 99-106.  In:  D. S. Mitchell (ed.), Aquatic Vegetation and its Use and Control.  UNESCO, Paris.


Bennett, F D L.  1995.   Parasites of the pepper flower-bud moth (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in

Florida.  Florida Entomologist, v.78, n.3, (1995): 546-549.


Bennett, F D.  1996.   Cactoblastis cactorum: A successful weed control agent in the Caribbean, now a pest in Florida?   Delfosse, E. S. and R. R. Scott (Ed.). Biological control of weeds; VIII International Symposium, Canterbury, New Zealand, February 2-7, 1992.  xxiii+731p. CSIRO Publications: East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ISBN 0-643-05812-5. 1996. p. 21-26.


Bennett, F. D. & S. W. Brown.  1958.  Life history and sex determination in the Diaspine scale, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targ.) (coccoidea).  Canad. Ent. 90:  317-25.


Bennett, F. D. & I. W. Hughes.  1959.  Biological control of insect pests in Bermuda.  Bull. Ent. Res. 50:  423-36.


Bennett, F. D. & I. W. Hughes.  1963.  Studies on the life history and biological control of the spittlebug Clastoptera undulata Uhler (Cercopidae: Hemiptera).  Entomophaga 8:  49-66.


Bennett, F. D. & E. F. Legner.  1967.  Memorandum on the possibilities of biological control of the muscid flies by hymenopterous parasites.  World Health Org., V.B.C. Series, No. 67.22.  12 p.


Bennett, G. W. & J. M. Owens (eds.)  1986.  Advances in Urban Pest Management.  Van Norstrand Reinhold Co., New York.  397 p.


Bennett, F. D. & F. J. Simmonds.  1964.  Distribution and host records of Coccinellidae in the Caribbean area.  TEch. Bull. Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. 4:  81-94.


Bennett, F. D. & G. Street.  1984.  The Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control in Integrated Pest Management programs in Latin America.  In:  G. Allen & A. Rada (eds.), Proc. Intern Symp.:  The Role of Biological Control in Pest Management.  IOBC/WHRS, Santiago, Chile. Ottawa Univ. Press.


Bennett, F. D. & L. W. van Whervin.  1965.  The occurrence of Aleurocanthus woglumi Ashby in Barbados and the establishment of its natural enemies.  FAO Plant Prot. Bull. 13:  88-90.


Bennett, F. D. & L. W. van Whervin.  1966.  Occurrence of the citrus black fly in Barbados.  Agr. Soc. Trinidad Tobago Jour. 66:  31-4.


Bennett, F. D. & M. Yeseen.  1975.  Investigation on the cassava mite Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar) and its natural enemies in the neotropics.  Trinidad, West Indies, Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr.  12 p.


Bennett, F. D. & H. Zwölfer.  1968.  Exploration for natural enemies of water hyacinth in northern South America and Trinidad.  Water Hyacinth Cont. J. 7:  44-52.


Bennett, F. D., D. Rosen, P. Cochereau & B. J. Wood.  1976.  Biological control of pests of tropical fruits and nuts, p. 359-95.  In: C. B. Huffaker & P. S. Messenger (eds.), Theory and Practice of Biological Control.  Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, London. 788 p.


Bennett, F. D., M. Yaseen, M. N. Beg & M. J. Sommeijer.  1977.  Anastrepha spp.--Investigations on their natural enemies and establishment of Biosteres longicaudatus in Trinidad, West Indies.  Commonw. Inst. Biol. Control Tech. Bull. 18:  1-12.


Bennett, S. E.  1961.  The strawberry leaf roller complex in Tennessee.  J. Tenn. Acad. Sci. 36:  320-60.


Bennett, W. H.  1954.  The effect of needle structure upon the susceptibility of hosts to the pine needle miner Exoteleca pinefiliella (Chamb.) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae).  Canad. Ent. 86:  49-54.


Bennison, J.A. 1992.  Biological control of aphids on cucumbers, use of open rearing systems or "banker plants" to aid establishment of Aphidius matricariae and Aphidoletes aphidimyza.  Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouw­wetenschappen, Universiteit Gent, 57: 457-466.


Benno, P.  1966.  Some notes on the phenology of Lestiphorus bicinctus (Rossi) and its cuckoo-wasp Nysson trimaculatus (Rossi) (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Nyssonidae).  Ent. Ber., Amsterdam 26:  7-11.  [in Dutch].


Benois, A. & F. P. Marro.  1973.  Action prédatrice des fourmis sur les oeufs de Bombylides.  Entomophaga 18:  321-32.


Benoist, R.  1927.  Sur la Biologie des Dolichurus (Hymen. Sphegidae).  Ann. Soc. Ent. France 96:  111-12.


Benoit, P. L. G.  1949.  La faune epiparasitaire des Braconides parasites de Sylepta derogata F. (Lep., Pyral.) au Congo Belge.  Bull. et Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 85(1-2):  2-40.


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Berg, C. O.  1961.  Biology of snail-killing Sciomyzidae [Diptera] of North America and Europe.  Verh. 11th Internatl. Congr. Ent, Vienna, 1960, 1:  197-202.


Berg, C. O.  1963.  Snail-killing Sciomyzid flies:  biology of the aquatic species.  Proc. 1st Assoc. Theoret. Appl. Limnol. 25:  926-32.


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Berg, C. O.  1973.  Biological control of snail borne diseases:  a review.  Expt. Parasitol. 33:  318-30.


Berg, G.N., P. Williams, R.A. Bedding, and Rj.  Akhurst. 1987.  A commercial method of application of entomopatho­genic nematodes to pasture for controlling subterranean insect pests.  Plant Protection Quarterly, 2(4): 174-177


Berg, V. L.  1940.  The external morphology of the immature stages of the bee fly, Systoechus vulgaris Loew (Diptera, Bombyliidae), a predator of grasshopper egg pods.  Canad. Ent. 72:  169-78.


Berg, W.  1957.  Dermestiden-Larven als Feinde von Apanteles glomeratus L.  Anz. Schädl. kunde 30:  125.


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Berger, R. W.  1919.  Work of the Entomological Department State Plant Board.  Florida State Hort. Soc. Quart., Proc. 32nd Ann. Meeting.  p. 160-70.


Berger, R. W.  1921.  Natural enemies of scale insects and whiteflies in Florida.  Florida State Plant Board Quart. Bull 5:  141-54.


Bergman, J.M. and W.M. Tingey. 1979.  Aspects of interaction between plant genotypes and biological control.  Bull. of the Entomological Soc. of Amer., 25: 275-279.


Bergoin, M.  1966.  Passage des corps d'inclusion de virus d'une polyédrie nucléaire dans le tube digestif d'un Orthoptère détritivore Acheta domesticus L.  Entomophaga 11:  253-60.


Bergoin, M. & C. Vago.  1965.  Passage de Rickettsiella grylli Vago & Martoja (Wolbachia) dans le tube digestif d'insectes prédateurs et détritivores.  Arch. Inst. Pasteur Tunis (1-2):  65-75.


Bergold, G.  1947.  Die Isolierung des Polyeder-Virus und die Natur der Polyeder.  Zeitschr. Naturforsch. 2b:  122-43.


Bergold, G. & W. Ripper.  1937.  Perilampus tristis Mayr als hyperparasit des Kieferntriebwicklers (Rhyacionia buoliana Schiff.).  Ztschr. f. Parasitenk. 9:  394-417.


Bergold, G. H.  1950.  The multiplication of insect viruses as organisms.  Canad. J. Res. 28:  5-11.


Bergold, G. H.  1951.  The polyhedral disease of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).  Canad. J. Zool. 29:  17-23.


Bergold, G. H.  1953a.  Insect viruses.  Adv. Virus Res. 1:  91-139.


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Bergold, G. H.  1958.  Viruses of insects.  Handbuch der Virusforschung 4:  60-142.


Bergold, G. H.  1963.  The molecular structure of some insect virus inclusion bodies.  J. Ultrastruct. Res. 8:  360-78.


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Berisford, C. W.  1987.  Biological control of Ips grandicollis (Reichoff) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Australia.  Proc. Symp. on Potential for Biological control of Dendroctonus and Ips Bark Beetles.  Ann. Meeting Ent. Soc. Amer., 9 Dec 1986, Reno, Nevada.


Berisford, C. W. & R. T. Franklin.  1969.  Attack sequence of Ips grandicollis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) and some associated hymenopterous parasites.  J. Ga. Ent. Soc. 4:  93-96.


Berisford, C. W., H. M. Kulman & R. L. Pienkowski.  1970.  Notes on the biologies of hymenopterous parasites of Ips spp. bark beetles in Virginia.  Canad. Ent. 102:  484-90.


Berisford, C. W., H. M. Kulman, R. L. Pienkowski & H. J. Heikkenen.  1971.  Factors affecting the distribution and abundance of hymenopterous parasites of Ips spp. bark beetles in Virginia (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).  Canad. Ent. 103:  235-39.


Berišvili, I. M. & E. N. Achvlediani.  1963.  Verwendung bakterieller Präparate.  Zaš…. Rast., Moskva 8(11):  56.  [in Russian].


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Berland, L.  1925.  Notes sur les Hymenopteres fouisseurs de France.  Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. 93(1924):  378;  & 94:  44-45, 9-57.


Berland, L.  1933.  Sur le parasitisme des Phorides (Diptères).  Soc. Zool. de France Bull. 57:  529-30.


Berland, L.  1934.  Un cas probable de parthénogénese géographique chez Leucospis gigas (Hymenoptera).  Soc. Zool. de France Bull. 59:  172-75.


Berland, L.  1935.  Quelques traits du comportement des Hymenopteres Sphegiens.  Ann. Soc. nat. Paris 10(18):  53-66.


Berland, L.  1938.  L'proie et le terrier de Sphex occitanicus Lep.  Rev. Franc. Ent., Paris 5:  195-97.


Berland, L.  1948.  La reproduction chez les insectes hymenopteres.  Ann. Biol., Paris, Ser. 3, 24:  105-17.


Berland, L.  1958.  Observations sur le comportement du Sphex argyrius (Hym. Sphecidae).  Bull. Soc. Ent. France 63(3-4):  66-73.


Berland, L.  1959.  La nidification du sphex paludosus (Hym. Sphecidae).  Bull. Soc. Ent. France 64(9-10):  195-97.


Berland, L. & F. Bernard.  1951.  Hymenoptera, p. 1127-74.  In: P. P. Grasse (ed.), Traite de Zoologie, Masson et Cie., Paris.


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Berlese, A.  1909a.  La diffusione della "Prospaltella berlesei" How. Nell'-alta Italia.  Soc. Agr. Ital. Bol. 14:  1092-09.


Berlese, A.  1909b.  Gli insetti loro organizzazione, sviluppo, abitudini e rapporti coll'uomo.  Volume primo, Embriologia e Morfologia, Societá Editrice Libraria, Milano.


Berlese, A.  1911a.  Come progredisce la Prospaltella berlesei in Italia.  Redia 7:  436-61.


Berlese, A.  1911b.  Diffusione in Italia di un Opius australiano contro il Dacus oleae.  Redia 7:  470.


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Berlese, A.  1913a.  The control of the Japanese fruit scale (Diaspis pentagona).  Internatl. Inst. Agr. Mon. Bull. Agr. Intell. (Rome):  697-703.


Berlese, A.  1913b.  Intorno alle metamorphosi degli insetti.  Redia 9:  121-36


Berlese, A.  1915.  La distruzione della Diaspis pentagona a mezzo della Prospaltella berlesei.  Redia 10:  151-218.


Berlese, A.  1916.  gli insetti entomofagi nella loro applicazione in vantaggio dell' Agricoltura.  Bol. Mens. Inform. Agr. Patol. Veg. 7:  1-12.


Berlese, A. & G. Paoli.  1916.  Un endofago esotico efficacd contro il Chrysomphalus dictyospermi Morg.  Redia 11:  305-07.


Berliner, R.  1911a.  Über die Schlaffsucht der Mehlmottenraupe.  Zeitschr. Gesamte Getreidewesen 3:  63-70.


Berliner, R.  1911b.  Einige Beobachtungen über Lebensweise und Fortpflanzung von Habrobracon hebetor Say, dem Schädling der Mehlmotte.  Z. Getreidew. Berlin 3:  245-68.


Berliner, R.  1915.  Uber die Schlaffsucht der Mehlmottenraupe (Ephestia kühniella, Zell.) und ihren Erreger Bacillus thuringiensis, n. sp.  Zeitschr. angew. Ent. 2:  29-56.


Berlinger, M. J.  1973.  Biological studies of Clusenia josefi [Hym. Encyrtidae], a parasite of Planococcus vitis.  Entomophaga 18:  279-86.


Berlinger, M. J.  1986.  Host plant resistance to Bemisia tabaci.  Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 17:  69-82.


Berlinger, M. J., J. Tzahor & A. M. Golberg.  1979.  Contribution to the phenology of Chilocorus bipustulatus L. (Coccinellidae) in citrus groves and the control of Planococcus citri (Pseudococcidae) in Israel.  Meded Fac. Landbouww. Rijksuniv., Gent 44(1):  49-54.


Berlinger, M. J., R. Dahan & S. Cohen.  1983.  Greenhouse tomato pests and their control in Israel.  Bull. IOBC/WPRS 6(3):  7-11.


Berlinger, M. J., R. Dahan, H. Podoler & L. Segre.  1985.  Preliminary survey of insects attacking jojoba in southern Israel and their natural enemies.  Proc. 6th Internatl. Conf. on Jojoba and its Uses.  Ben-Gurion Univ of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel, 1984.  p. 219-23.


Berlocher, S.H. 1979.  Biochemical approaches to strain, race, and species discriminations, pp. 137-144.  In:Hoy, M.A. and J. J..  McKelvey Jr., (eds.). Genetics in Relation to Insect Management.  Rockefeller Foundation, New York.


Bernal, J. and D. Gonzalez. 1993.  Temperature requirements of four parasites of the Russian wheat aphid Diuraphis iioxia.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 69: 173-182.


Bernal, J S; Bellows, T S Jr; Gonzalez, D. 1994.  Functional response of Diaeretiella rapae (McIntosh) (Hym., Aphidiidae) to Diuraphis noxia (Mordwilko) (Hom., Aphididae) hosts. Journal of Applied Entomol., v.118, n.3, (1994): 300-309.


Bernal, J. S., R. F. Luck, and J. G. Morse.  1998.  Sex ratios in field populations of two parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of Coccus hesperidum L. (Homoptera: Coccidae).  Oecologia. 116: 510-518.


Bernard, F.  1932.  REmarques sur le comportement du Platygonatopus Marsh. (Hym. Dryinidae).  Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 37(5):  71-73.


Bernard, F.  1935a.  Hymenopteres predateurs des environs de Frijus.  Ann. Soc. Ent. France 104(1):  31-72.


Bernard, F.  1935b.  Un nouvel Hymenoptere parasite des ootheques de Mantides:  Anastatus ampelophagus n. sp.  Bull. Soc. Zool. France 60(2):  208-12.


Bernard, F.  1936.  Morphologie et comportement des Anastatus [Hym. Chalcididae] Parasites d'ootheques de Mantides.  Bull. Soc. Ent. de France 41(5):  69-75.


Bernard, F.  1938.  Hymenopteres parasites d'ootheques de Mantides (3rd note).  Hôtes des pontes d'Empuse et de Mante religieuse.  Bull. Soc. Ent. France 43(3-4):  42-45.


Bernard, F. & P. Jacquemin.  1948.  Effets des piqures de Scleroderma (Hymenopteres, Bethylidae) et revision des especies nord-africaines.  Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. du Nord 39(7-8):  160-67.


Bernays, R. A.  1981.  Plant tannins and insect herbivores:  an appraisal.  Ecol. Ent. 6:  353-60.


Bernays, R. A.  1982.  The insect on the plant:  a closer look. p. 3-17.  In:  H. Visser & A. K. Mink (eds.), Insect-plant relationships.  Pudoc, Wageningen, Netherlands.  464 p.


Bernays, R. A.  1985.  Arthropods for weed control in IPM systems. p. 373-88.  In:  M. A. Hoy and D. C. Herzog (eds.), Biological Control in Agricultural IPM Systems.  Academic Press, New York.  589 p.


Bernays, R. A.  1985.  Regulation of feeding behavior. p. 1-32.  In:  G. A. Kerkut & L. I. Gilbert (eds.), Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Vol. 4.  Pergamon Press, New York.


Bernays, R. A.  1988.  Host plant specialization in insects:  The role of predators.  Ent. Expt. Appl.  (in press).


Bernays, E A.  1996.   Selective attention and host-plant specialization.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, v.80, n.1, (1996): 125-131.


Bernays, E A.  1997.   Feeding by lepidopteran larvae is dangerous.  Ecological Entomol., v.22, n.1, (1997): 121-123.


Bernays, E A.  1998.  Evolution of feeding behavior in insect herbivores. Bioscience, v.48, n.1, (1998): 35-44.


Bernays, R. A. & R. Barbehenn.  1987.  Nutritional ecology of grass foliage-chewing insects. p. 147-76.  In:  F. Slansky & J. G. Rodriguez (eds.), Nutritional Ecology of Insects, Mites, Spiders and Related Invertebrates.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  1016 p.


Bernays, Elizabeth A.; Funk, Daniel J.  1999.   Specialists make faster decisions than generalists: Experiments with aphids.  Proc. of the Roy. Soc. of London Series B Biological Sciences, v.266, n.1415, (1999. Jan. 22): 151-156.


Bernays, R. A. & R. F. Chapman.  1987a.  Chemical deterrence of plants. p. 107-16.  In:  J. Law (ed.), Molecular Entomology.  UCLA Symposia, Vol. 49, Alan Liss, Inc.  500 p.


Bernays, R. A. & R. F. Chapman.  1987b.  Evolution of deterrent responses by phytophagous insects. p. 159-75.  In:  R. F. Chapman, R. A. Bernays & J. G. Stoffolano (eds.), Perspectives in Chemoreception and Behavior.  Springer-Verlag, New York.


Bernays, R. A. & M. Graham.  1988.  On the evolution of host plant specificity in phytophagous arthropods.  Ecology (in press).


Bernays, R. A. & A. C. Lewis.  1986.  The effect of wilting on palatability of plants to Schistocerca gregaria, the desert locust.  Oecologia 70:  132-35.


Bernays, E A; Minkenberg, O P J M.  1997.  Insect herbivores: Different reasons for being a generalist.  Ecology (Washington D C), v.78, n.4, (1997): 1157-1169.


Bernays, R. A. & V. C. Moran.  1992.  Biological attributes of plant-feeding insects used to control alien weeds.  In:  Principles and Application of Biological Control.  University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.  (in press).


Bernays, R. A. & S. J. Simpson.  1982.  Control of food intake.  Adv. Ins. Physiol. 16: 59-118.


Bernays, E. A.; Singer, M. S.  1998.  A rhythm underlying feeding behaviour in a highly polyphagous caterpillar.  Physiological Entomol., v.23, n.4, (1998. Dec.): 295-302.


Bernstein, C.  1983.  Some aspects of Phytoseiulus persimilis [Acarina: Phytoseiidae] dispersal behaviour.  Entomophaga 28:  185-98.


Beroza, M.  1960.  Insect attractants are taking hold.  Agr. Chem. 15(7):  37-40.


Beroza, M. (ed.).  1970.  Chemicals Controlling Insect Behavior.  Academic Press, New York & London.


Beroza, M. & R. F. Knipling.  1972.  Gypsy moth control with the sex attractant pheromone.  Science 177:  19-27.


Beroza, M. & G. C. LaBreque.  1967.  Chemosterilant activity of oils, especially oil of Sterculia foetida, in the house fly.  J. Econ. Ent. 60:  196-99.


Beroza, M., L. J. Stevens, B. A. Bierl, F. M. Phillips & J. G. R. Tardif.  1973.  Pre- and post season field tests with disparlure, the sex pheromone of the gypsy moth, to rpevent mating.  Environ. Ent. 2:  1051-57.


Beroza, M., C. S. Hood, D. Trefrey, D. R. Leonard, R. F. Knipling, W. Klassen & L. J. Stevens.  1974.  Large field trial with microencapsulated sex pheromone to prevent mating of the gypsy moth.  J. Econ. Ent. 67:  659-64.


Beroza, M., C. S. Hood, D. Trefrey, D. R. Leonard, R. F. Knipling & W. Klassen.  1975.  Field trials with disparlure in Massachusetts to suppress mating of the gypsy moth.  Environ. Ent. 5:  705-11.


Berry, J.S., TO.  Holtzer, and J.M. Norman. 1991.  Experiments using a simulation model of the Banks grass mite (Acari: Tetranychidae) and the predatory mite Neoseiulus fallacis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in a corn microenvironment. P'nvironmental Entomol., 20: 1074-1078.


Berry, N. O.  1955.  Mexican fruit fly and citrus blackfly control in Mexico.  J. Econ. Ent. 48:  414-16.


Berry, P. A.  1938a.  Laboratory studies on Tetrastichus xanthomelaenae Rand. and Tetrastichus sp., two hymenopterous egg parasites of the elm leaf beetle.  J. Agr. Res. 57:  859-63.


Berry, P. A.  1938b.  Tetrastichus brevistigma Gahan, a pupal parasite of the elm leaf beetle, USDA Cir 485.  11 p.


Berry, P. A.  1939.  Biology and habits of Ephialtes turionellae (L.), a pupal parasite of the European pine shoot moth.  J. Econ. Ent. 32(5):  717-21.


Berry, P. A.  1947a.  Anthonomus vestitus and its natural enemies in Peru, and their importation into the United States.  J. Econ. Ent. 40:  802-04.


Berry, P. A.  1947b.  Oviposition habits and early stages of a eucharid (Kapala sp.) (Hymenoptera).  Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 49:  77-80.


Berry, P. A.  1951.  Biology and habits of cotton stainers (Hemiptera: Dysdercus spp.), their natural enemies in South America, and two parasitic flies imported into Puerto Rico.  Rev. Ent., Rio de Janeiro 22:  329-42.


Berry, P. A. & H. L. Parker.  1949.  Investigations on a South American Epilachna sp. and the importation of its parasite Lydinolydella metallica Tns. into the United States.  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 51:  93-103.


Berry, P. A. & H. L. Parker.  1950.  Notes on parasites of Sitona in Europe, with especialy reference to Campogaster exigua (Meig.).  Wash. Ent. Soc. Proc. 52:  251-58.


Berry, P. A. & B. R. Speicher.  1972.  Gene and chromosomal behavior in a parasitic wasp.  Amer. Zool. 12(3): 26.


Berry, R. E.  1969.  Effects of temperature and light on dispersal of the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum, and a braconid parasite, Aphidius pisivorum, in the field.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62:  1185-89.


Berryman, A. A.  1966a.  Studies on the behavior and development of Enoclerus lecontei (Wolcott), a predator of the westerbn pine beetle.  Canad. Ent. 98:  519-26.


Berryman, A. A.  1966b.  Factors influencing oviposition, and the effect of temperature on the development and survival of Enoclerus lecontei (Wolcott) eggs.  Canad. Ent. 98:  579-85.


Berryman, A. A.  1967a.  Preservation and augmentation of insect predators of the western pine beetle.  J. Forestry 65:  260-62.


Berryman, A. A.  1967.  Estimation of Dendroctonus brevicomis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) mortality caused by insect predators.  Canad. Ent. 99(10):  1009-14.


Berryman, A. A.  1968.  Development of sampling techniques and life tables for the fir engraver Scolytus ventralis.  Canad. Ent. 100:  1138-47.


Berryman, A. A.  1970a.  Procedures employed in sampling the populations of insect predators attacking developing broods of the western pine beetle, p. 66-74.  In:  R. W. Stark & D. L. Dahlsten (eds.), Studies on the Population Dynamics of the Western Pine Beetle, Dendroctonus brevicornis LeConte (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).  Univ. Calif., Div. Agr. Sci.


Berryman, A. A.  1970b.  Evaluation of insect predators of the western pine beetle, p. 102-112.  In:  R. W. Stark & D. L. Dahlsten (eds.), Studies on the Population Dynamics of the Western Pine Beetle, Dendroctonus brevicornis LeConte (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).  Univ. Calif., Div. Agr. Sci.


Berryman, A. A., C. J. DeMars, Jr. & R. W. Stark.  1970.  The development of sampling methods for "within-tree" populations of the western pine beetle, p. 33-6.  In:  R. W. Stark & D. L. Dahlsten (eds.), Studies on the Population Dynamics of the Western Pine Beetle, Dendroctonus brevicornis LeConte (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).  Univ. Calif., Div. Agr. Sci.


Bertoni, A. de W.  1912.  Contribución a la biología de las avispas ye abejas del Paraguay.  Ann. Mus. Buenos Aires 22:  97-146.


Bertoni, A. de W.  1924.  Avispas que comen Icerya.  Rev. Soc. cient. Paraguay 1(6):  93.


Bertrand, H.  1954.  Les insectes aquatiques d'Europe.  Vol. 1&2.  Encyclop. Ent. 30:  1-556; 31:  1-546.


Berube, D. E.  1978a.  Larval descriptions and biology of Tephritis dilacerata [Dipt.: Tephritidae], a candidate for the biocontrol of Sonchus arvensis in Canada.  Entomophaga 23:  69-82.


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Berüter, J. & R. Städler.  1971.  An oviposition stimulant for the carrot rust fly from carrot leaves.  Z. Naturforsch. 26:  339-40.


Besemer, A. F. H.  1964.  The available data on the effect of spray chemicals on useful arthropods in orchards.  Entomophaga 9:  263-70.


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Bess, H. A.  1936.  The biology of Leschenaultia exul Townsend, a tachinid parasite of Malacosoma americana Fabricius and Malacosoma disstria Hübner.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 29:  593-613.


Bess, H. A.  1939.  Investigations on the resistance of mealybugs (Homoptera) to parasitization by internal hymenopterous parasites, with special reference to phagocytosis.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 32:  189-226.


Bess, H. A.  1945.  A measure of the influence of natural mortality factors on insect survival.  Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 38:  472-81.


Bess, H. A.  1953.  Status of Ceratitis capitata in Hawaii following the introduction of Dacus dorsalis and its parasites.  Proc. Hawaiian Entomol. Soc. 15:  221-34.


Bess, H. A.  1956.  Ecological notes on Lamprophorus tenebrosus (Walker) (Coleoptera: Lampyridae), an enemy of the giant African snail.  Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 16(1):  24-29.


Bess, H. A.  1958.  The green scale, Coccus viridis (Green) (Homoptera: Coccidae), and ants.  Proc. Hawaiian Ent. Soc. 16:  349-55.


Bess, H. A.  1961.  Population ecology of the gypsy moth Porthetria dispar L. (Lepidoptera: Lymantridae).  Conn. Agr. Expt. Sta. Bull. 646.  43 p.


Bess, H. A.  1964.  Populations of the leaf-miner Leucoptera meyricki and its parasites in sprayed and unsprayed coffee in Kenya.  Bull. Ent. Res. 55:  59-82.


Bess, H. A.  1967.  Feasibility and problem of chemical control and biological control of rice stem borers (Research on the natural enemies of rice stem borers).  Mushi (Suppl.) 39:  45-50.


Bess, H. A.  1972.  Lepidopterous stem borers in different rice growing areas.  Mushi 46:  65-80.


Bess, H. A. & F. H. Haramoto.  1958a.  Biological control of pamakani, Eupatorium adenophorum, in Hawaii by a tephritid gall fly, Procecidochares utilis. I.  The life history of the fly and its effectiveness in the control of the weed.  10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Proc. (1956) 4:  543-58.


Bess, H. A. & F. H. Haramoto.  1958b.  Biological control of the oriental fruit fly in Hawaii.  10th Internatl. Cong. Ent. Proc. (1956) 4:  835-40.


Bess, H. A. & F. H. Haramoto.  1959.  Biological control of Pamakani, Eupatorium adenophorum, in Hawaii by a tephritid gall faly, Procecidochares utilis. II.  Population studies of the weed, the fly, and the parasites of the fly.  Ecology 40:  244-49.


Bess, H. A. & F. H. Haramoto.  1961.  Contributions to the biology and ecology of the oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel (Diptra: Tephritidae) in Hawaii.  Hawaii Agr. Expt. Sta. Tech. Bull. 44:  30 p.


Bess, H. A., S. H. Spurr & R. W. Littlefield.  1947.  Forest site conditions and the gypsy moth.  Harvard Forest Bull. 22.  56 p.


Bess, H. A., R. van den Bosch & F. Haramoto.  1950.  Progress and status of two recently introduced parasites of the oriental fruit fly, Daucs dorsalis Hendel, in Hawaii.  Proc. Hawaiian Entomol. Soc. 14:  29-33.


Bess, H. A., R. van den Bosch & F. R. Haramoto.  1961.  Fruit fly parasites and their activities in Hawaii.  Proc. Hawaiian Ent. Soc. 17:  367-78.


Bess, H. A., F. H. Haramoto & A. D. Hinckley.  1963.  Population studies of the oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel (Diptera: Tephritidae).  Ecology 44:  197-201.


Besseling, A. J.  1944.  Water-wespen.  Ent. Ber. 11:  161.  Mar. 25, 1944.


Bessey, R. A.  1950.  Morphology and Taxonomy of Fungi.  Blakiston Co., Philadelphia.  791 p.


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