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             BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL -- PART I

                                                       BACKGROUND & OVERVIEW                                

                                                                                                                                                (Contacts)

 

 

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Section 1 <bc-1.htm>

Introduction & Scope of Biological Pest Control

  Economics.

  Important Terms

  References

 

Section 2 <bc-2.htm>

History of Biological Control

  Insect Predation

  Insect Parasitoidism

  Biological Control in the 18th Century

  Biological Control in the Early 19th Century

  Biological Control in the Late 19th Century

  Historical Summary

  References

 

Section 3 <bc-3.htm>

Biological Characteristics of Arthropophagous Arthropods.

  Hyperparasitism, Autoparasitism, Multiple Parasitism, etc.

  The Imago or Adult Parasitoid.

  Mating.

  Ovigenesis.

  Host-feeding

  Ovisorption

  References

 

Section 4 <bc-4.htm>

Organizations Active in Biological Control

  International Institute of Biological Control

  L'Organisation Internationale de Lutte Biologique.

  United States Department of Agriculture

  Individual Countries

  Suppliers of Biological Control Organisms

  References

 

 

Section 5 <bc-5.htm>

Economic Gains from Biological Control

  Cost Effectiveness

  Biological Control From Naturally Occurring Organisms

  Estimation of the Benefits and Costs of Classical Biological

     Control

 

Analysis of Successes in Biological Control

  Island Theory

  Multiple Versus "The Best" Species

  Clausen's 3-Host Generation/ 3-Year Rule

  Single Larval Parasitoid Importations.

  Single Pupal Parasitoid

  Generalizations.

  Pest Groups

  Natural Enemy Groups

  References

 

Section 6 <bc-6.htm>

Trends & Future Possibilities

  Complexities

  Stimulation to Theories in Population Dynamics and Ecology

  Future of Integrated Control

  Future of Insect Pathology

  Future of Biological Weed Control

  Future of Biological Control of Medically Important Pests.

  References