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                       ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES IN AMERICA 1

                                     (European & African Sites Compared)

          (Contacts)

 

 

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              {Depress Ctrl/F to find subject matter, or use INDEX]:             Previews of Sites

 

                                                            Subject Index          Related Websites

 

North America

 

MEXICO

 

Archeological Sites in Mexico (Maps)

 

<arc178> --  Map of Ruins on the Yucatán Peninsula

<arc510> -- Map of Mayan sites in southern Mexico

<Campeche> -- Map of Campeche7

<Chiapas> -- Map of Chiapas

<Quintana Roo> -- Map of Quintana Roo

<Tabasco> -- Map of Tabasco

<Yucatan> -- Map of Yucatan

 

Campeche     (Previews)

 

Campeche--<arc436> -- Map of Campeche archeological sites

 

Campeche-- Becán

<arc518> -- Becan, , temples

 

Campeche--Calakmul

<arc443> --  Calakmul, Campeche

<arc490> --  Calakmul, Campeche

<arc624> --  Calakmul, Campeche, -- ball court

<arc625> --  Calakmul, Campeche, stairs of principal pyramid

 

Campeche--Chicanna

<arc622> --   Chicanna, Campeche-- Chac Mask (1987)

<arc623> --  Chicanna, Campeche

 

Campeche--Chunhuhub

<arc438> --  Chunhuhub, Campeche

<arc439> --  Chunhuhub, Campeche

 

Campeche--Dzibilnocac

<arc615> --  Dzibilnocac, Campeche 1994

<arc616> --  Dzibilnocac, Campeche

 

Campeche--Edzna

<arc179> --  Edzna, Campeche (1996)

<arc626 > --  Edzna, Campeche (House of the Gestures)

 

Campeche--Hochob

<arc440> --  Hochob, Campeche

 

Campeche--Jaina Island

<Fig. 144> -- Ceramic sculpture of a Maya soldier, 6 1/8th in. high, from Jaina Is., Campeche, Mexico, dated 600-900 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

 

Campeche-- Santa Rosa Xtampac

<arc441> --  Santa Rosa Xtampac, Campeche

<arc442> --  Santa Rosa Xtampac, Campeche

 

Campeche-- Taina

<arc435> --  Taina, Campeche, figure in cemetery

 

Campeche-- Xpuhil

<arc520> --  Xpuhil, Campeche, Main structure (view #1)

<arc526> --  Xpuhil, Campeche, Main structure (view #2)

 

Campeche-- Misc. Sites

<Fig. 143> -- Stone sculpture from Campeche, Mexico, dated 600-900 AD (Shao 1976).

<Fig. 145> -- Ceramic figure from Campeche, Mexico, dated 700-900 AD, that Shao (1976) noted is almost an exact counterpart of

the Asian Asparas of the 5th Century Wei Dynasty.

 

Chiapas     (Previews)

 

Chiapas--Bonampak

<arc339> --  Bonampak, Chiapas, stela

<arc340> --  Bonampak, Chiapas, stela

<arc341> --  Bonampak, Chiapas, stela

<arc342> --  Bonampak, Chiapas, stela

<arc343> --  Bonampak, Chiapas, wall carving

<arc491> --  Bonampak, Chiapas-- a carved mural

 

Chiapas-- Ixtapa

<arc519> --  Ixtapa, Mexico, Stela #22

 

Chiapas--Palenque

<arc202> --  General view of Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc1> --  Mayan glyphs, Palenque, Chiapas (1995)

<arc161> --  Main buildings, Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc162> --  Main buildings, Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc163> --  The Palace and overview at Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc164> --  The Tower, Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc165> --  Stucco carvings at Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc166> --  Mayan Arch at Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc167> --  East patio, House C at Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc168> --  Carved figures, East patio, House C at Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc169> --  Temple of the Inscriptions (front view), Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc170> --  Temple of the Inscriptions (side view), Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc524> --  Palenque, Chiapas, Temple of Inscriptions

<arc171> --  Limestone slab covering sarcophagus, Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc172> --  Temple of the Sun, Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc173> --  The pyramid at Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc174> --  Temple of the Cross, Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc175> --  Temple of the Cross (details), Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc176> --  North group of buildings, Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<arc177> --  Temple of the Count, Palenque, Chiapas (1996)

<Fig. 146> -- Stone relief from Palenque, Chiapas, dated ca. 780-900 AD (Kubler 1984).

 

Chiapas-- Yaxchilan

<arc500> --  Yaxchilan, Chiapas, Structure #20

<arc501> -- Yaxchilan, Chiapas, Structure #33

<arc502> --  Yaxchilan, Chiapas, carved mural #1

<arc508> --  La Mar, Chiapas, Stela #3

<arc533> --  Yaxchilan, Ball court players wall sculptures

 

                             Chihuahua           (Previews)

 

Chihuahua-- Paquimé

<arc548> --  Paquimé, Chihuahua ruins

<arc549> --  Paquimé, Chihuahua ruins (mushroom-shaped doorway)

 

Colima     (Previews)

 

Colima-- Colima City Area

<arc547> --  Colima, Colima pyramid

<Fig. 67> -- Ceramic sculpture with large ears, 2 ft. high, from Colima, Mexico, dated 200 BC - 300 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 69> -- Ceramic sculpture of woman (left) and man (right), 8 2/5ths in. long, from Colima, Mexico, dated 300 BC - 100 AD

(Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 77> -- Ceramic figures of a dog and baby, 10 1/2 and 11 in. high, from Colima, Col., Mexico, dated 400 BC to 150 AD.

<Fig. 157> -- Ceramic figure of a bird, 11 in. high, from Colima, Mexico, dated 200 BC - 300 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 158> -- Ceramic figure of a dog, 13 1/2 in. high, from Colima, Mexico, dated 200 BC - 300 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 159> -- Ceramic sculpture of two young dogs, 1 1/4 ft high, from Colima, Mexico, dated 200 BC - 300 AD (Bernonneau et al.

1985).

 

México Distrito Federal     (Previews)

 

Distrito Federal-- Mexico D.F.

<arc492> -- Toy dogs on wheels (Museum, México D.F.)

<arc276> --  El Templo Mayor, Chac Mool (1981)(= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc277> --  El Templo mayor, Skull rack (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc278> --  El Templo Mayor, Serpent head (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<Fig. 5> --  The 260-day period of the Aztec year, or “tonalpohualli.”  Twenty days on wheel at right intermesh with numbers 1-13 on

left wheel, in a true gear system (redrawn & modified from Coe 1994).

<Fig. 168> -- Sculpture of the Toltec god Quetzalcoatl in the National Museum of Mexico, dated 1000 AD or earlier (Simoni-Abbat 1976).

 

Guerrero     (Previews)

 

Guerrero--Río Balsas

<Fig. 27> -- Ceramic sculpture of a young woman, 4 in. high, from the Rio Balsas area, Guerrero, Mexico, dated 500-1500 BC

(Berjonneau et al. 1985).

 

Guerrero--Xochipala

<Fig. 34> -- Ceramic sculpture of a woman, 7 in. high, from Xochipala, Guerrero, Mexico, dated 500-1500 BC (Berjonneau et al.

1985).

<Fig. 33> -- Ceramic sculpture, 2.7 in. high, from Xochipala, Guerrero, Mexico, dated 500-1500 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 12> -- Ceramic sculptures from Xochipala, Guerrero, dated 1200 BC or earlier (Kubler 1984).

 

Guerrero--Misc Sites

<Fig. 26> -- Argillite sculpture, ca. 5 in. high, from Guerrero, Mexico, dated 500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 22> -- Polychrome painting in Juxtlahuaca Cave, Guerrero, Mexico, showing image of a bearded man, dated 400-1200 BC (Coe

 1994).

<Fig. 35> -- Ceramic figure, 9 in. high, from Guerrero, Mexico, dated 500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 55> -- Ceramic sculpture, 2 3/4 in. high, from Guerrero, Mexico, dated ca. 600 BC. (Von Wuthenau 1969).

<Fig. 71> -- Ceramic sculpture, 1 3/4 in. high, from Guerrero, Mexico, dated 400 BC - 150 Ad (Von Wuthenau 1975).

<Fig. 78> -- Ceramic bowls of Olmec culture, from Guerrero, Mexico, dated 500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 79> -- Ceramic bowl of Olmec culture, Guerrero, Mexico, dated 500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 81> -- Ceramic bowl of Olmec culture, Guerrero, Mexico, dated 500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

 

Hidalgo     (Previews)

 

Hidalgo--Tula

<arc122> --  The Pyramid at Tula, Hidalgo (1995)

<arc135> --  Coatepantli ("Wall of Serpents"), Tula, Hidalgo (1996)

<arc136> --  The Atlantes, Tula, Hidalgo (1996)

<arc137> --  The Atlantes, Tula, Hidalgo (1996)

<arc309> --  Tula, Chac Mool (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc310> --  Tula, jaguar carvings (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc311> --  Tula, carvings on wall (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc312> --  Tula, statues (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc313> --  Tula, side view of statues (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

 

Jalisco     (Previews)

 

Jalisco --Misc. Sites

<Fig. 74> -- Ceramic sculpture, from Jalisco, Mexico, dated 100 AD or earlier (Kubler 1984.).

<Fig. 84> -- Ceramic sculpture, 1 ft. high, from Jalisco, Mexico, dated 200 BC - 300 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 85> -- Ceramic sculpture, 1 1/2 ft. high, from Jalisco, Mexico, dated 200 BC - 300 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 87> -- Ceramic sculpture from Jalisco, Mexico, dated ca. 200 AD (Kubler 1984).

<Fig. 179> -- Ceramic sculpture, 1 ft. high, from Jalisco, Mexico, dated ca. 1100 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

 

México (State of)     (Previews)

 

State of Mexico --Tenayuca

<arc204> --  Pyramid at Tenayuca, Valley of Mexico, Jul 1950

<arc205> --  Pyramid at Tenayuca, Valley of Mexico, Jul 1950

<arc206> --  Pyramid at Tenayuca, Valley of Mexico, Jul 1950

<arc207> --  Pyramid at Tenayuca, Valley of Mexico, Jul 1950

 

State of México-- Teotenango

<arc538> --  Teotenango, Mexico, pyramids

<arc539> --  Teopanzollo, Mexico, stairways

 

State of Mexico --Teotihuacan

<arc208> --  Pyramid of the Sun, Teotihuacán, Jul 1953

<arc209> --  Temple of Quetzalcoatl, 36 miles northeast of Mexico, D.F., 7 May 1947

<arc210> --  Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacán, Jul 1953

<arc211> --  Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacán, Jul 1953

<arc212> --  Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacán, Dec 1960

<arc213> --  Pyramid of the Sun, Teotihuacán, Mexico, Jul 1950

<arc214> --  Suzanne  on the Pirámide del Sol, Teotihuacán, Mexico, Dec 1960

<arc215> --  E. Fred  on the Pirámide del Sol, Teotihuacán, Mexico, Dec 1960

<arc216> --  Pyramid of the Sun from the Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacán, Jul 1953

<arc217> --  Pyramid of the Sun,, Teotihuacán, Jul 1950

<arc218> --  Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacán, Jul 1953

<arc219> --  Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacán, Jul 1953

<arc220> --  Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacán, Jul 1953

<arc221> --  Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacán, Jul 1953

<arc222> --  Restaurant Las Grutas, Teotihuacán, Jul 1950

<arc223> --  Pyramid of the Moon, Teotihuacán, Jul 1950

<arc123> --  Avenue of the Dead, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc124> --  Plaza of the Ciudadela, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc125> --  Pyramid of Quetzalcoátl, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc126> --  Serpents at Pyramid of Quetzalcoátl, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc127> --  Pyramid of the Sun, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc128> --  Painted wall at the Palace of Tepantítla, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc129> --  Avenue of the Dead, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc130> --  Pyramid of the Moon, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc131> --  Entrance to Palace of Quetzalpapalotl, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc132> --  Patio in the Palace of Quetzalpapalotl, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc133> --  Carved stone walls, Palace of Quetzalpapalotl, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc134> --  Patio of the Tigers, Palace of Quetzalpapalotl, Teotihuacán, México (1996)

<arc314> --  Teotihuacán (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc315> --  Teotihuacán, floor carvings (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc316> --  Teotihuacán , floor carvings (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc317> --  Teotihuacán , floor carvings (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc318> --  Teotihuacán , floor carvings (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc319> - - Teotihuacán, painted mural (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc320> --  Teotihuacán, Viking group (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc321> --  Teotihuacán, Quetzalcoatl heads (1981)  (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc322> --  Teotihuacán , painted jaguar (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc323> --  Teotihuacán , enlarged Quetzalcoatl head (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc324> --  Teotihuacán , Temple of the Sun (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc325> --  Teotihuacán , view from Temple of the Moon (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc326> --  Teotihuacán, Street of the Dead (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<Fig. 86> -- Ceramic sculpture from Teotihuac<n, Mexico, dated 100-200 AD (Chan 1960).

<Fig. 93> -- Clay statue from Teotihuacán, Mexico, dated 500 AD or earlier (Stuart 1995).

<Fig. 94> -- Mold (top) and mask produced from it (bottom), from Teotihuac<n, Mexico, dated 500 Ad or earlier (Stuart 1995).

<Fig. 98> -- Clay statue from Teotihuac<n, Mexico, dated 500 AD or earlier (Stuart 1995).

<Fig. 103> -- Ceramic sculpture, ca. 6 in. high, from Teotihuacán, Mexico, dated ca. 150-600 AD (Von Wuthenau 1975).

<Fig. 105> -- Ceramic figure from Teotihuacán, Mexico, dated ca. 600 AD (Chan 1960).

<Fig. 108> -- Jadeite figures, 3 1/8th and 4 1/3rd in. high, from Teotihuacán, Mexico, dated 300-600 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

 

State of Mexico --Tlatilco

<Fig. 30> -- Ceramic figure, 1 2/3rds in. high, from Tlatilco, Mexico, dated 600-1000 BC (Von Wuthenau 1969)

<Fig. 32> -- Ceramic figure, 5 1/2 in. high, from Tlatilco, Mexico, dated 600-1000 BC  (Von Wuthenau 1969)

<Fig. 44> -- “The Acrobat” from Tlatilco, Mexico, dated ca. 800 BC (Bernal 1968).

<Fig. 47> -- Ceramic head, 1.5 in. high from Tlatilco, Mexico, dated 600-1000 BC (Von Wuthenau 1965).

<Fig. 49> -- The adolescent “Irish Girl” from Tlatilco, Valley of Mexico, dated 600-1200 BC (Tibon 1967).

<Fig. 50> -- The “Lady with the Solemn Face” from Tlatilco, Valley of Mexico, dated 100-1200 BC (Tibon 1967).

<Fig. 106> -- Sculpture of a woman from the Valley of Mexico, dated 100-650 AD (Tibon 1967).

 

State of Mexico --Misc. Sites

<Fig. 167> -- Stone sculpture of an old man, from the Totonac culture in the Valley of Mexico, dated 1000 AD or earlier (Simoni-

Abbat 1976).

<Fig. 176> -- Ceramic sculpture, 5 1/2 in. high, from a site in the Valley of Mexico, dated 1200 - 1300 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

 

Michoacán     (Previews)

 

Michoacán-- Chehuayo

<Fig. 166> -- Ceramic figure from Chehuayo, Michoacán, Mexico, dated ca. 1100 - 1250 AD (Chan 1960).

 

Morelos     (Previews)

 

Morelos-- Chalcatzingo

<arc483> --  Chalcatzingo, Morelos-- Monument #1 (700-500 BC)

<arc484> --  Chalcatzingo, Morelos--Marching Olmecs

<arc485> --  Chalcatzingo, Morelos-- Marching Olmecs (detail)

<arc486> --  Chalcatzingo, Morelos-- Monument #B

<arc487> --  Chalcatzingo, Morelos-- a woman gesturing

<arc488> --  Chalcatzingo, Morelos-- Monument #27 = person carrying something

<arc489> --  Chalcatzingo, Morelos-- oldest known example of the stela altar

 

Morelos-- Cuernavaca

<arc452> --  Tlahuica ruins, Cuernavaca-- Aztec period

 

Morelos-- Xochicalco

<arc138> --  Pyramid of the Feathered Serpents, Xochicalco, Morelos (1996)

<arc139> --  Pyramid of the Feathered Serpents, Xochicalco, Morelos (1996)

<arc295> --  Xochicalco, Morelos Top of zenith tube (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc296> --  Xochicalco, Morelos Ball Court (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc297> --  Xochicalco, Morelos Scoring Hoop (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc298> --  Xochicalco, Morelos General view (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc299> --  Xochicalco, Morelos carvings (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc300> --  Xochicalco, Morelos Temple of Serpents (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc301> --  Xochicalco, Morelos Temple of Serpents (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc302> --  Xochicalco, Morelos A main plaza (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc303> --  Xochicalco, Morelos Top of zenith tube (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

 

Nayarit     (Previews)

 

Nayarit-- Los Toniles

<arc634> -- Los Toriles, Nayarit

 

Oaxaca     (Previews)

 

Oaxaca-- Cuilapán

<Fig. 75> -- “The Scribe” of Cuilapán, Oaxaca, Mexico, dated 1-150 BC (Easby & Scott 1970).

 

Oaxaca-- Mitla

<arc228> --  Detailed mosaics at Mitla, Valley of Oaxaca, Jul 1950

<arc229> --  Ruins at Mitla, Oax., Jul 1950

<arc152> --  Mosaic details, Mitla, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc153> --  Façade of Hall of the Columns, Mitla, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc154> --  Palace of the Columns patio, Mitla, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc155> --  North Building of the Group of Columns, Mitla, Oaxaca (1996)

 

Oaxaca-- Monte Albán

<arc226> --  African influence in ancient drawing at Monte Albán, Oaxaca, Jul 1950

<arc227> --  A temple at Monte Albán, Valley of Oaxaca, Jul 1950

<arc140> --  Tombs of the Governors, Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc141> --  Ball Court, Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc142> --  Zapotec style staircase at Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc143> --  North end of the Grand Plaza, Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc144> --  A stele at Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc145> --  Danzantes (The Dancers) building, Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc146> --  The Dancers in Olmec style, Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc147> --  Zapotec glyphs at Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc148> --  Tablero Escapulario, Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc149> --  Mound G, Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc150> --  Mound J, Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc151> --  Zapotec staircase, Monte Albán, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc279> --  Monte Albán, Structure P (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc280> --  Monte Albán , Structure J (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc281> --  Monte Albán , Zenith tube (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc282> --  Monte Albán , General view (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc283> --  Monte Albán , Ball Court (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc284> --  Monte Albán , The Runners (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc285> --  Monte Albán , a carving (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc286> --  Monte Albán , General view (1981) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc627> -- Monte Albán, Oaxaca, Danzantes sculptures

<Fig. 58> -- Stone relief from Monte Alb<n, Oaxaca, Mexico, dated 300-700 BC (Kubler 1962).

 

Oaxaca-- San Jose Mogote

<Fig. 17> -- Clay statues shaped and posed deliberately to form a scene, from San Jose Mogote, Oaxaca, dated 1200-1800 BC (Fagan

 1989).

 

Oaxaca-- Tututepec

<Fig. 88> -- Jade sculpture from Tututepec area, Oaxaca, dated 300 AD or earlier (Kubler 1962).

 

Oaxaca-- Yagul

<arc156> --  Ball Court, Yagul, Oaxaca (1996)

<arc157> --  Palace of the Six Patios, Yagul, Oaxaca (1996)

 

Oaxaca-- Misc. Sites

<Fig. 70> -- Ceramic sculpture on a Zapotec vessel, ca. 2 1/rd in. high, from Oaxaca, Mexico, dated 400 BC - 150 AD (von

Wuthenau 1975).

<Fig. 115> -- Ceramic figure, 4 1/3rd in. high, from Zapotec culture, Oaxaca, Mexico, dated 300-900 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

<Fig. 170> -- Ceramic figure, 7 in. high, from Oaxaca, Mexico, dated 900-1300 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

<Fig. 174> -- Ceramic sculpture, 7.8 in high, from the Mixtec Culture, Oaxaca, Mexico, dated 1200-1400 AD (Bernonneau et al.

 1985).

 

Puebla     (Previews)

 

Puebla-- Acatlan

<Fig. 147> -- Ceramic incense burner, 7 in. high, from Acatlan, Puebla, Mexico, dated ca. 800-900 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

 

Puebla-- Cantona

<arc240> --  Cantona, Puebla ruins (1995), (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc241> --  Cantona, Puebla ruins (1995), (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc242> --  Cantona, Puebla ruins (1995), (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc243> --  Cantona, Puebla ruins (1995), (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc244> --  Cantona, Puebla ruins (1995), (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

 

Puebla-- Cholula

<arc224> --  Cholula, Puebla, Dec 1960

<arc225> --  The pyramid & church at Cholula, Puebla, Jul 1950

<arc478> --  Cholula, Puebla-- stone stairs of pyramid (reconstruction)

<arc479> --  Cholula, Puebla-- monument by the staircase

<arc480> --  Cholula, Puebla-- staircase of pyramid (reconstruction)

<arc481> --  Cholula, Puebla-- a side structure by the pyramid

<arc482> --  Cholula, Puebla-- courtyard of monuments

 

Puebla-- Las Bocas

<Fig. 28> -- Ceramic sculpture, 1.2 ft. high, from Las Bocas, Puebla, Mexico, dated 500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 29> -- Hollow ceramic sculpture, 13 in. high, from Las Bocas, Puebla, Mexico, dated 900-1200 BC (Stuart 1993).

<Fig. 36> -- Ceramic sculpture of two women, left = 5 1/4 in. high, right = 7 1/2 in. long, from Las Bocas, Puebla, Mexico, dated

500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 82> -- Ceramic bowl of Olmec culture, from Las Bocas, Puebla, dated 500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

 

Puebla-- Misc. Sites

<Fig. 38> -- Jadeite sculpture from Puebla, Mexico, dated 400-1200 BC (Kelemen 1956).

<Fig. 25> -- Jade mask in Olmec style, ca. 6 2/3rds in. high, from Puebla, Mexico, dated 500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 80> -- Ceramic sculpture of a duck, 6 in. high, from Olmec culture, Puebla, Mexico, dated 500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al.

1985).

<Fig. 91> -- Jadeite sculpture with torch and hilt of sword, from Puebla, Mexico, dated 500 AD or earlier (Soustelle 1979).

<Fig. 183> -- Dog sculpture, 17 in. high, from Puebla, Mexico, dated 1200 - 1400 AD.

<Fig. 184> -- Stone sculpture of a toad, 6 in. long, from Puebla, Mexico, dated 1200 - 1400 AD.

 

Querétaro     (Previews)

 

Querétaro-- Las Ranas

<arc633> -- Las Ranas, Querétaro

 

Quintana Roo     (Previews)

 

Quintana Roo-- Coba

<arc246> --  A stela at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc247> --  A pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc249> --  The ball court at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc250> --  Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc251> --  Small pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc252> --  Small pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc253> --  A stela at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc254> --  A stela at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc255> --  Ball court at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc256> --  A small pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc257> --  Large pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc258> --  View from top of large pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc259> --  View from top of large pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc184> --  Building #1, Coba, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc185> --  Structure #1 of Nohoch Mul, Coba, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc186> --  A building at Coba, Quintana Roo (1996)

 <arc643> -- A stela at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc644> -- A pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc645> -- View from top of the large pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc646> -- The ring at the ball court, Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc647> -- A pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc648> -- A pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc650> -- View from top of the large pyramid at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

<arc655> -- The ball court at Coba, Quintana Roo, Nov 2000

 

Quintana Roo-- Dzibanche

<arc448> --  Dzibanche, Quintana Roo-- 600-1000 AD

 

Quintana Roo-- Kohunlich

<arc444> --  Kohunlich, Quintana Roo-- 600 AD

<arc445> --  Kohunlich, Quintana Roo-- 600 AD

<arc446> --  Kohunlich, Quintana Roo-- 600 AD

<arc447> --  Kohunlich, Quintana Roo-- 600 AD

<arc525> --  Kohunlich, Quintana Roo, sun god face sculpture

 

Quintana Roo-- Muyil

<arc449> --  El Castillo, Muyil, Quintana Roo

 

Quintana Roo-- Río Bec

 

Quintana Roo-- Tulum

<arc203> --  Overview of Tulum, Quintana Roo (1998)

<arc187> --  Aerial view of Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc522> --  Tulúm, Quintana Roo, general view north

<arc188> --  El Castillo, Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc189> --  1842 lithograph by Frederich Catherwood of Tulum, Quintana Roo

<arc682> -- Temple, white sand beach and Caribbean Sea, Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc683> -- Shore vegetation & reefs in the Carribean Sea, Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc685> -- Temple, white sand beach and Caribbean Sea, Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc686> -- Temple, white sand beach and Caribbean Sea, Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc687> -- Temple, white sand beach and Caribbean Sea, Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc684> -- A large pyramid at Tulum, Quitana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc718> -- At Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc719> -- The Caribbean at Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc200> --  Overview of the Caribbean at Tulum, Quintana Roo (2000)

<arc720> -- The Caribbean at Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc721> -- Swimmers in the Caribbean at Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc190> --  El Castillo, Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc201> --  View of El Castillo, Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<Fig. 154> -- A bull carved on the wall of a ruin at Tulum, Mexico, dated by Marx (1992) as 1000 AD or earlier.

<arc191> --  General view of the Plaza, Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc192> --  Temple of the Frescos, Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc193> --  Stucco figures at Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc194> --   Some buildings at Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc195> --  Temple of the fresco mural, "Lady of the Rainbow," Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc196> --  House of Chultun (Sgructure #20), Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc197> --  House of the Columns (Structure #21), Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc198> --  19th Century lithograph by Frederick Catherwood of the House of Chultun, Tulum, Quintana Roo

<arc199> --  The Descending God, Tulum, Quintana Roo (1996)

<arc702>-- El Castillo, Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc703> --  El Castillo, Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc704> -- --  El Castillo, Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc705> -- Honey gatherer fresco at Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc706> -- Tourists at Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc707> -- El Castillo, Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc708> -- Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc709> -- At Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc710> -- At Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc711> -- At the Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc712> -- Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc713> -- Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc714> -- Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc715> -- Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc716> -- Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc717> -- Tulum Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc675> -- Temple and Caribbean Sea at Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc676> -- Ruins at Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc677> -- Ruins at Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc678> -- Temple and Caribbean Sea at Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc679> -- Tourists among the ruins at Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc680> -- Tourists among the ruins at Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

<arc681> -- Tourists among the ruins at Tulum, Quintana Roo, Nov 2001

 

Quintana Roo-- X-Pujil

<arc619> --  Xpujil, Quintana Roo

<arc620> --  Xpujil, Quintana Roo-- carved wall

<arc621> --  Xpujil, Quintana Roo

 

Sonora     (Previews)

 

Sonora-- Arroyo el Concho

<arc642> -- Arroyo el Concho, Sonora

 

San Luis Potosí     (Previews)

 

San Luis Potosí-- Tamuín

<arc635> -- Tamuín, SLP altar

<arc636> -- Tamuín, SLP (Axicotc)

<arc637> -- Tamuín, SLP, stone platform

<arc638> -- Tamuín, SLP, entrance to site

<arc639> -- Tamuín, SLP, reflection pool

<arc640> -- Tamuín, SLP, Tantoque

<arc641> -- Tamuín, SLP, 2nd level of pyramid

 

Tabasco     (Previews)

 

Tabasco-- Comalcalco

<Fig. 137> -- Stone sculpture from Comalcalco, Tabasco, dated 700-800 AD (Stierlin 1981).

 

Tabasco-- La Venta

<arc466> --  Villahermosa, Tabasco-- Olmec sculpture

<arc159> --  Colossal head, La Venta, Tabasco (1996)

<arc160> --  Altar #4, La Venta, Tabasco (1996)

<arc465> --  La Venta, Tabasco-- Olmec sculpture

<arc493> --  Pominá, Tabasco, general overview

<arc494> --  Pominá, Tabasco,Temple platform

<arc495> --  Pominá, Tabasco, wall sculpture

<arc496> --  Pominá, Tabasco, wall slculpture

<arc497> --  Pominá, Tabasco, stela

<arc498> --  Pominá, Tabasco, stone ball

<arc499> --  Pominá, Tabasco, ceramic bowl

<Fig. 9> -- Stone sculpture, ca 4 ft high, from La Venta, Tabasco, dated 900-1200 BC. (Kubler 1962).

<Fig. 10> -- Stone sculpture, ca 8 3/4 ft. high, from La Venta, Tabasco, dated 500-1200 BC.

<Fig. 51> -- Stone figure from La Venta, Tabasco, dated 1000 BC or earlier (Bailey 1994).

<Fig. 59> -- Figures carved from serpentine and jade, from La Venta, Tabasco, dated ca. 600 BC (Stuart 1993).

<Fig. 60> -- Ceramic sculpture, front and lateral view, 2 1/3rd in. high, from La Venta area, Tabasco, dated 400 BC or earlier (Von

Wuthenau 1975).

<Fig. 61> -- Olmec basalt sculpture of a man gazing at the sky with both hands clasped behind his neck, from la Venta, Tabasco,

dated 600 BC or earlier (Stierlin 1981).

<Fig. 65> -- Ceramic sculpture from la Venta, Tabasco, Mexico, dated 400 BC or earlier (Kubler 1984).

<Fig. 97> -- “La Abuela” of La Venta, Tabasco, Mexico, dated 500 AD or earlier (Soustelle 1979).

 

Tabasco-- Misc. Sites

<Fig. 155> -- Wooden statue in pose common to Buddhist art and wearing Buddhist-like attire, from Tabasco, Mexico, dated 600-

1200 AD (Shao 1976).

<Fig. 52> -- Stone sculpture, 4 1/2 in. high, of Olmec culture, southern Mexico, dated 200-1200 BC (Coe 1994).

<Fig. 177> -- Stone sculpture of a dead man from the Malinche culture, Tabasco, Mexico, dated 1000 AD or earlier (Simoni-Abbat

1976).

 

Tlaxcala     (Previews)

 

Tlaxcala-- Cacaxtla

<arc245> --  Cacaxtla, Tlaxcala mural (1995), (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

 

Tlaxcala-- Xochitecatl

<arc292> --  Xochitecatl, Tlaxcala (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc293> --  Xochitecatl, Tlaxcala (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc294> --  Xochitecatl, Tlaxcala  (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

 

Veracruz     (Previews)

 

Veracruz--Cerro de las Mesas

<Fig. 23> -- Jade statue, 4 3/4 in. high, or a crying child, from Cerro de las Mesas, Veracruz, dated 550-1150 BC (Easby & Scott

1970).

<Fig. 24> -- Jade Mask in Olmec style, ca. 7 in high, from Veracruz area, Mexico, dated 500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

 

Veracruz--El Tajín

<arc158> --  El Tajín, Veracruz (1996)

<arc467> --  El Tajín, Veracruz-- overview

<arc468> --  El Tajín, Veracruz-- Pyramid of the Niches

<arc469> --  El Tajín, Veracruz-- Pyramid of the Niches

<arc470> --  El Tajín, Veracruz-- Pyramid of the Niches (detail)

<arc471> --  El Tajín, Veracruz-- Pyramid of the Niches (detail)

<arc472> --  El Tajín, Veracruz-- a structure

<arc473> --  El Tajín, Veracruz-- closeup of structure (no mortar!)

<arc474> --  El Tajín, Veracruz-- Ballcourt Wall Panel #1

<arc475> --  El Tajín, Veracruz-- Ballcourt Wall Panel #2

<arc476> --  El Tajín, Veracruz-- Building #5

<arc477> --  El Tajín, Veracruz-- Building #5

<Fig. 102> -- Ceramic figure, 1 2/3rds in. high, from northern Veracruz, Mexico, dated 100-600 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

<Fig. 104> -- Ceramic figure, 2 1/3rd in. high, from northern Veracruz, Mexico, dated 100-600 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

 

Veracruz--El Tamuín

<Fig. 169> -- Statue from El Tamuin, Veracruz, dated 1000 AD or earlier (Simoni-Abbat 1976).

 

Veracruz--El Tejar

<Fig. 45> -- Jadeite sculpture from El Tejar, Veracruz, dated ca. 900 BC (Bernal 1968).

 

Veracruz--Las Limas

<Fig. 53> -- Greenstone sculpture, 1.8 ft. high, from Las Limas, Veracruz, dated 100-1200 BC (Coe 1994).

 

Veracruz--Remojadas

<Fig. 3> -- Ceramic deer on wheels, from Remojadas, Veracruz, dated ca. 600-800 AD. (Coe 1994).

 

Veracruz--San Lorenzo

<Fig. 6> -- Stone sculpture, ca 9 ft. high, from San Lorenzo, Veracruz, dated 500-1200 BC.

<Fig. 7> -- Stone sculpture, 5 ft. high, from San Larenzo, Veracruz, dated 900-1200 BC (Kubler 1962).

<Fig. 16> -- Stone sculpture from the Palangana phase at San Lorenzo, Veracruz, dated 1000 BC or earlier (Coe & Diehl 1980).

 

Veracruz--Sayula

<Fig. 96> -- “Le Prince” of Sayula, Veracruz, dated 500 AD or earlier (Soustelle 1979).

 

Veracruz--Tres Zapotes

<Fig. 8> -- Stone sculpture, ca 4 ft. high, from Tres Zapotes, Veracruz, dated 900-1200 BC (Kubler 1962).

<Fig. 46> -- Sculptured stone head & upper body from the La Venta culture of Tres Zapotes, Mexico, dated prior to 900 BC

(Westheim 1950).

<Fig. 1> -- Pottery image of a dog-like animal with a crown from Tres Zapotes, Veracruz, dated ca. 100-200 AD> -- Such “toys” were

able to be pulled, but they are believed to be funeral offerings because they show no wear (Pettit & Pettit 1978).

 

Veracruz--Tuxtla

<Fig. 116> -- Ceramic sculpture on a flute, ca. 2 in. high, from Tuxtla area, Veracruz, Mexico, dated 300-900 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

 

Veracruz--Misc. Sites

<Fig. 57> -- Green jadeite sculpture, 7 in. high, from Veracruz area, Mexico, dated 500-1000 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig 4> -- Wheeled cat-like whistle of clay, 9 1/4 in. high, from Veracruz, Mexico, dated 550-950 AD. (Easby & Scott 1970).

<Fig. 160> -- Stone hatchet from Tuxtla Mts., Veracruz, dated 550-750 AD (Easby & Scott 1970).

<Fig. 161> -- Stone hatchet, from Veracruz area, Mexico, dated 500-900 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 89> -- Ceramic sculpture from Veracruz, Mexico, dated 300 AD or earlier (Von Wuthenau 1969).

<Fig. 90> -- Jade sculpture from southern Veracruz, Mexico, dated 300 AD or earlier (Kubler 1962).

<Fig. 92> -- Jadeite stature from Pesquero, Veracruz, dated 500 AD or earlier (Soustelle 1979).

<Fig. 100> -- Ceramic sculpture, 1 1/2 ft. high, from Veracruz area, Mexico, dated 250-550 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 101> -- Ceramic figure, 2 3/4 in. high, from northern Veracruz, Mexico, dated 100-600 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

<Fig. 107> -- Sculpture of a woman athlete, 4 in. high, from Veracruz area, Mexico, dated 100-650 AD (Tibon 1967).

<Fig. 110> -- Ceramic sculpture, 3 1/2 in. high, from Veracruz, Mexico, dated 300-600 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

<Fig. 114> -- Ceramic sculpture, 3.9 in. high, from Veracruz area, Mexico, dated 300-900 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

<Fig. 117> -- Ceramic figure, 6 3/4 in. high, from Veracruz, Mexico, dated 300-900 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

<Fig. 118> -- Ceramic figure, 6 3/4 in. tall, from Veracruz, Mexico, dated 300-900 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

<Fig. 138> -- Stone sculpture, 1 ft. high, from Veracruz, Mexico, dated 500-900 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 139> -- Ceramic sculpture from Veracruz, Mexico, dated 800 AD (Kubler 1984).

<Fig. 141> -- Stone hatchet, 1.2 ft. high, from Veracruz, Mexico, dated 500-900 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 142> -- Ceramic sculpture from Veracruz, Mexico, dated 600-900 AD (Von Wuthenau 1969).

<Fig. 163> -- Stone hatchet, 9 in. high, from Veracruz area, Mexico, dated 500-900 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 164> -- Stone hatchet from Veracruz area, Mexico, dated 500-900 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 165> -- Stone hatchet, from Veracruz area, Mexico, dated 500-900 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

<Fig. 175> -- Jade mask, 10 in. high, from Veracruz area, Mexico, dated ca. 1200 - 1400 AD.

<Fig. 178> -- Aztec sculpture over 2 ft. high, probably from Veracruz, Mexico, dated 1200 - 1400 AD (Kelemen 1956).

 

Yucatán     (Previews)

 

Yucatán-- Maps

<arc121> --  Principal Archeological Sites in Yucatán (1995)

<arc178> --  Map of Ruins on the Yucatán Peninsula

 

Yucatán -- Ake

<arc544> --  Ake, Yucatán, main building

 

Yucatán -- Cehtzuc

<arc260> --  Pyramid at Cehtzuc  (1995), (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

 

Yucatán -- Chichén Itzá

<arc6> --  El Castillo, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc7> --  El Castillo, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc8> --  Temple of the Jaguars, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc9> --   19th Century lithograph by Frederick Catherwood of El Castillo, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán

<arc10> --  Chac Mool sculpture of the Red Jaguar, under El Castillo, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc11> --  Sculpture of Toltec warrior, entrance to El Castillo, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc12> --  Temple of El Castillo with two serpent columns, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc13> --  Chac Mool at Temple of the Warriors, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc14> --  Temple of the Warriors, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc15> --  Temple of the Warriors, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc16> --  Temple of the Warriors sculptures, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc17> --  Temple of the Warriors facade, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc18> --  Temple of the Warriors facade, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc19> --  Columns at "The Market," Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc20> --  The "Thousand Columns," Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc21> --  Temple of the Warriors with serpent heads by the staircase, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc22> --  Platform of the eagles & Jaguars, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc23> --  Small platform of Eagles & Jaguars, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc24> --  Platform of Venus, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc25> --  Platform of Venus, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán-- an inscription (1995)

<arc26> --  Platform of Venus, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán-- some detailed sculptures (1995)

<arc27> --  Sculls on the Tzompantli, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc28> --  The Tzompantli, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc29> --  Temple of the Jaguars & Annex, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc30> --  Columns at entrance to the Annex of the Temple of Jaguars, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc31> --  Temple of Jaguars Annex entrance, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc32> --  Temple of Jaguars Annex, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc33> --  Temple of Jaguars, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán-- detail of facade (1995)

<arc34> --  Stone jaguar at entrance to Annex of Temple of Jaguars, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc35> --  Serpent columns, entrance to Temple of Jaguars, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc36> --  Ball Court beneath carvings, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc37> --  Scoring Hoop at the Ball Court, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc38> --  The largest ancient Ball Court in America, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc39> --  Temple to the south of the Ball Court, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc40> --  Temple to the north of the Ball Court, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc41> --  The "Sacred Cenote," Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc42> --  House of the Deer, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc43> --  The Observatory, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán

<arc44> --  The Observatory with The Citadel in background, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc45> --  The Chichanchob or "Red House," Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc46> --  Temple of the Carved Tableros, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc47> --  Temple of the Carved Tableros, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán--detailed sculptures (1995)

<arc48> --  Mayan Arch at the Temple of the Carved Tableros, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc49> --  Akab Dzib or "Obscure Writings," Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc50> --  Nunnery complex area, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc51> --  The Church with rain god masks, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc52> --  Chac on the corner of The Church, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc53> --  Rear view of The Church, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc54> --  Eastern end of the Nunnery Annex, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc55> --  Nunnery Annex details, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc56> --  19th Century lithograph by Frederick Catherwood of workers gathering water from a cave in Yucatán

<arc112> --  El Castillo, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán (1995)

<arc182> --  Kukulkán at Chitchen Itzá, Yucatán (1996)

<arc183> --  19th Century lithograph by Frederick Catherwood of El Castillo, Chitchén Itzá, Yucatán

<arc261> --  Cenote Sagrado, Cichén Itzá (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc262> --  Carvings at end of Ball Court, Cichén Itzá  (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc263> --  Carving at end of Ball Court, Cichén Itzá  (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc264> --  Temple of the Warriors altar, Cichén Itzá  (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc265> --  Lower structure of El Caracol, Cichén Itzá  (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc266> --  "Bank of Scotland" glyph, Cichén Itzá (1986)  (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc267> --  Carvings above The Nunnery door, Cichén Itzá (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc268> --  Serpent heads at foot of El Castillo, Cichén Itzá  (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc269> --  Carvings on Venus Platform, Cichén Itzá  (1986)(= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc270> --  Temple of the Warriors, Cichén Itzá  (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc271> --  The Tiger on Platform of Tigers & Eagles, Cichén Itzá  (1986)(= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc272> --  Hall of Columns, Cichén Itzá  (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc273> --  Facade on Annex to The Nunnery, Cichén Itzá  (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc274> --  Interior of El Caracol, Cichén Itzá  (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

 

Yucatán -- Dzibilchaltún

<arc4> --  Temple of the Seven Dolls, Dzibilchaltún, Yucatán (1995)

<arc275> --  Cenote Xlacah, Dzibilchaltun (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA

<arc450> --  Dzibilchaltun, Yucatán

 

Yucatán -- Ek Balam

<arc613> --  Ek Balam, Yucatàn-- Place of the Jaguar

<arc657> -- Countryside viewed from the main pyramid, Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc658> -- Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc659> -- Elliptical pyramid at Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc722> -- Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc723> -- Oldest structure at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc724> -- Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc725> -- Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc726> -- Stela at Ek-Balam, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc727> -- Stela at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc728> -- Stela at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc729> -- Sacred structure at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc731> -- Base structures at the main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc732> -- Base structures at the main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc733> -- Courtyard at the main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc734> -- Courtyard at the main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc735> -- Main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc660> -- Human statues among the sculptures at Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc661> -- Sculptures on the main pyramid at Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc662> -- Countryside viewed from the main pyramid, Ek Balam, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc663> -- Human statues among the sculptures at Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc664> -- Human statues & unique sculptures in the sculptures at Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc665> -- Human statues & unique sculptures in the sculptures at Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc666> -- Sculptures at Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc736> -- Frescos at the main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc737> --  Frescos at the main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc738> -- Frescos at the main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc739> -- Detail of frescos at the main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc740> -- Frescos at the main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc741> -- Frescos at the main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc742> -- Workers at the main pyramid at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc671> -- Sculptures on the main pyramid at Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc667> -- Ground bromeliads & vegetation at Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc668> -- Sculptures on the base of the main pyramid, Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc669> -- Mayan arch and elliptical pyramid (background), Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc670> -- Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc743> -- Original stucco on building at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc744> -- Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc745> -- Unexcavated mound at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc746> -- Forest at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc730> -- Unexcavated mound at Ek-Balam Archeological site, Yucatán, Nov 2004

<arc672> -- Approach to Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc673> -- Flowering morning glories near Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

<arc674> -- A flowering tree near Ek Balam  site, Yucatán, Nov 2001

 

Yucatán -- Izamal

<arc2> --  Izamal pyramid, Yucatán (1995)

<arc451> --  Izamal, Yucatán

 

Yucatan-- Kabah

<arc86> --  Palace complex and grounds at Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc87> --  Codz Pop ("Rolled Mat" & Platform, Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc88> --  Codz Pop ("Rolled Mat"), Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc89> --  Palace complex, Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc90> --  Second House, Palace complex, Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc91> --  Teocalli at Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc92> --  Codz Pop, Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc93> --  Codz Pop entrance with Chac masks, Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc94> --  Codz Pop detail, Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc95> --  Rain god masks, Codz Pop, Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc96> --  False Mayan Arch, Codz Pop, Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc97> --  An entrance with rectangular arch at Codz Pop, Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc98> --  Mayan arch entrance at Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc99> --  The Great Pyramid, Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

<arc100> --  The Great Pyramid and grounds, Kabah, Yucatán (1995)

 

Yucatán -- Kuluba

<arc543> --  Kuluba, Yucatán, sculptured wall

 

Yucatán -- Labná

<arc3> --  Mayan arch of Labná, Yucatán (1995)

<arc107> --  The Main Square, Labná, Yucatán (1995)

<arc108> --  The Main Square, Labná, Yucatán (1995)

<arc109> --  The Palace group, Labná, Yucatán (1995)

<arc110> --  The Palace group, Labná, Yucatán (1995)

<arc111> --  Entrance to The Palace, Labná, Yucatán (1995)

<arc113> --  Mask of a serpent at The Palace, Labná, Yucatán (1995)

<arc114> --  Mask of a serpent at The Palace, Labná, Yucatán (1995)

<arc115> --  Mayan Arch at Labná, Yucatán-- front view (1995)

<arc116> --  Mayan Arch at Labná, Yucatán-- rear view (1995)

<arc117> --  1842 lithograph by Frederick Catherwood of the Mayan Arch, Labná, Yucatán (1995)

<arc118> --  A building at Labná, Yucatán (1995)

<arc119> --  El Mirador & Pyramid, Labná, Yucatán (1995)

<arc120> --  Detail of El Mirador, Labná, Yucatán (1995)

 

Yucatán -- Mayapán

<arc5> --  Mayapán pyramid, Yucatán (1995)

 

Yucatán -- Sayil

<arc101> --  Rain god mask on side of the Palace at Sayil, Yucatán (1995)

<arc102> --  The Palace at Sayil, Yucatán (1995)

<arc103> --  Columns & decorations at The Palace, Sayil, Yucatán (1995)

<arc104> --  Bound reed sheaves at The Palace, Sayil, Yucatán (1995)

<arc105> --  The Great Palace at Sayil, Yucatán (1995)

<arc106> --  The Great Palace at Sayil, Yucatán (1995)

<arc521> --  Sayil, Yucatán, Mexico, Structure #213

 

Yucatán -- Tihosuco

<Fig. 64> -- Stone lintel above a church door in Tihosuco, Yucatán, Mexico, that Marx (1992) claimed shows a Phoenician

inscription.

 

Yucatán -- Tonina

<arc344> --  Tonina, Yucatán, pyramid

<arc345> --  Tonina, Yucatán, labyrinth entrance

<arc346> --  Tonina, Yucatán, fresco

<arc347> --  Tonina, Yucatán, human sculpture (inverted)

<arc523> --  Tonina, Yucatán, Monument #122

<Fig. 140> -- Stone hatchet, 8.9 in. high, from Tonina, Yucatán, dated 500-900 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

 

Yucatán -- Uxmal

<arc57> --  Uxmal Main Complex, Yucatán (1995)

<arc58> --  Pyramid of the Magician, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc59> --  Pyramid of the Magician, Uxmal,Yucatán (1995)

<arc60> --  Chac masks on side of Pyramid of the Magician, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc61> --  Nunnery Quadrangle, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc62> --  Nunnery Quadrangle East Building, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc63> --  Nunnery Quadrangle detail of facade with Chac masks, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc64> --  Nunnery Quadrangle decoration on East Building, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc65> --  Nunnery Quadrangle West Building detail, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc66> --  Nunnery Quadrangle North Building, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc67> --  Nunnery Quadrangle North Building detail, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc68> --  Courtyard a tthe Nunnery Quadrangle, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc69> --  Columns at entrance to North Building of the Nunnery Quadrangle, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc70> --  West Building of the Nunnery facade, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc71> --  Decorated facade at The Nunnery, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc72> --  Human figure on West Building, Nunnery, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc73> --  Mayan arch at the entrance to the Nunnery Quadrangle, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc74> --  The Governor's Palace, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc75> --  The Governor's Palace, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc76> --  Sculpture with two heads at The Governor's Palace, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc77> --  Mayan Arch at the Governor's Palace, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc78> --  Two-headed snakes at the Governor's Palace, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc79> --  A building corner at the Governor's Palace, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc80> --  Chac masks, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc81> --  House of the Turtles, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc82> --  The Great Pyramid, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc83> --  The Dovecote, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc84> --  The Ball Court, Uxmal, Yucatán(1995)

<arc85> --  Carved scoring hoop at the Ball Court, Uxmal, Yucatán (1995)

<arc180> --  Southsayer Pyramid, Uxmal, Yucatán (1996)

<arc181> --  West staircase of the Southsayer Pyramid, Uxmal, Yucatán (1996)

<arc304> --  Uxmal, Chac Mool on Venus alignment (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc305> --  Uxmal, carvings of serpents & Chac Mool (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc306> --  Uxmal, view of Bldg. A. from Bldg. B (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc307> --  Uxmal, view to southwest from Bldg. B (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc308> --  Uxmal, Pyramid B (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

 

Yucatán -- Xla-Pak

<arc291> --  Xla-pak, Yucatán, Chac mask (1986) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc617> --  Xla-Pak, XLA-PAK, Yucatán

<arc618> --  Xla-Pak, XLA-PAK, Yucatán

 

Yucatán -- Yaxuna

<arc534> --  Yaxuna, Yucatán, main pyramid

 

Miscellaneous Sites In Mexico     (Previews)

 

Veracruz-- Azuzul (San Lorenzo)

<Fig. 95> -- Olmec stone sculpture from Azuzul, Mexico, dated 500 AD or earlier (Stuart 1993).

 

Veracruz-- La Mojarra,

<Fig. 83> -- Warrior-king, Harvest Mountain Lord, from La Mojarra, Mexico (his name in glyphs at right)> -- This writing, dated

 

Veracruz-- Las Choapas

<Fig. 62> -- Olmec mask from Las Choapas, Mexico, dated 600-500 BC (Stierlin 1981).

<Fig. 63> -- Olmec mask from Las Choapas, Mexico, dated 400-500 BC (Stierlin 1981).

 

Chiapas-- Laxtunich

<arc506> --  Laxtunich, carved Mural #1

 

Misc. Sites-- Philobus

<arc287> --  Philobobus (1995)  (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc288> --  Philobobus (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc289> --  Philobobus (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc290> --  Philobobus (1995) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

 

Veracruz-- Santa Maria Uxpanapan

<Fig. 21> -- Stone sculpture, 2 1/5th ft. high, from Santa Maria, Uxpanapan, Mexico, dated 400-1200 BC (Feuchtwanger 1953).

 

Veracruz-- Tlapacoyan

<Fig. 31> -- Ceramic figure, 2 in. high, from Tlapacoyan, Mexico, dated 100-1000 BC  (Von Wuthenau 1969)

 

Guatemala-- Xpalanque

<Fig. 109> -- Ceramic vase, 12.6 in. high, from Xpalanque, Mexico, dated 300-600 AD (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

 

Misc. Sites-- Southern Mexico

<Fig. 37> -- Two views of jadeite figure, 9 1/2 in. high, from southern Mexico, dated 500-1200 BC (Kelemen 1956).

<Fig. 39> -- Jadeite sculpture, 5 in. high, from southern Mexico, dated ca. 500-1200 BC (Kelemen 1956).

<Fig. 40> -- Dark stone sculpture, ca 3 3/4 in. high, from southern Mexico, dated ca. 400-1200 BC (Kelemen 1956).

<Fig. 42> -- Pyrite figure, ca. 4 in. high, from southern Mexico, dated ca. 400-1200 BC (Kelemen 1956).

<Fig. 56> -- Jade pendant, 3 1/4 in. high, from southern Mexico, Olmec/Maya region, dated 200-600 BC (Kelemen 1956).

<Fig. 72> -- Jadeite mask from southern Mexico, dated ca. 100 BC (Easby & Scott 1970).

<Fig. 73> -- Ceramic figure, 2 3/4 in. high, dated earlier than 300 Ad, from plateau of southern Mexico (Von Wuthenau 1969).

143-156 AD, is the earliest known in America since the ogam inscriptions shown in Figs. 18,  19  &  20, dated in the Bronze Age.

<Fig. 2> -- Another wheeled “toy” from Mexico and probably dating from 100-200 AD. (Jairazbhoy 1976).

<Fig. 113> -- Maya stone sculpture, in Japanese style, from southern Mexico, dated 600-800 AD (Jairazbhoy 1976)

<Fig. 125> -- Ceramic vase from San Agustin, southern Mexico, dated ca. 700 AD (Kubler 1962).

<Fig. 172> -- Sculpture of a dancer from the Totonac Period of southern Mexico, dated 1000 AD or earlier (Simoni-Abbat 1976).

 

 

UNITED STATES

 

Arizona     (Previews)

 

Arizona-- Palatki

<arc461> --  Palatki, AZ cliff dwellings

<arc462> --  Palatki, AZ cliff dwellings

 

Arizona-- Tonto Natl. Mon.

<arc575> --  Cliff dwellings, Tonto Natl, Mon., AZ

<arc576> --  Cliff dwellings, Tonto Natl, Mon., AZ

 

Colorado     (Previews)

 

Colorado-- Honanki

<arc463> --  Honanki, AZ, cliff dwellings

<arc464> --  Honanki, AZ, cliff dwellings

 

Colorado-- Mesa Verde

<arc348> --  Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc349> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc350> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc351> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc352> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc353> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc354> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc355> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc356> --  Peggy & Mary  at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc357> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc358> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc359> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc360> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc361> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc362> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc363> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1975

<arc364> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc365> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc366> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc367> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc368> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc369> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc370> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc371> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc372> --  Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc373> --  Cliff Dwellings, Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1983

<arc374> --  Cliff Dwellings, Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1983

<arc375> --  Peggy , Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1983

<arc376> --  Visitors viewing the Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc377> --  Visitors viewing the Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc378> --  Visitors viewing the Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc379> --  Visitors viewing the Cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc380> --  Sun Temple, Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc381> --  Sun Temple, Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc382> --  Water reservoir, Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc383> --  Water reservoir, Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc384> --  Overview of the canyons, Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc385> --  Overview of the canyons, Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc386> --  Distant peaks viewed from Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc387> --  Distant mesas viewed from Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc388> --  Distant mesas viewed from Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc389> --  Sunset at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc390> --  The San Juan Mts. viewed from Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc391> --  Wild country west of Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc392> --  Canyons at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1973

<arc393> --  Peggy & Mary  at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc394> --  A Kiva at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc395> --  A Kiva at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc396> --  The San Juan Mts. viewed from Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc397> --  Distant mesas. viewed from Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc398> --  Stone masonry at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Jul 1973

<arc399> --  Peggy & Mary  at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc400> --  Canyons at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc401> --  Canyons at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc402> --  A well at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc403> --  Plateaus & canyons, Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc404> --  View into canyon from cliff dwelling, Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc405> --  A canyon at Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

<arc406> --  Wild country west of Mesa Verde Natl. Pk., Aug 1975

 

Illinois     (Previews)

 

Illinois-- Burrow's Cave

<arc577> --  Burrows's Cave ship carving, southern Illinois

<arc578> --  Burrows's Cave human figures carving, southern Illinois

<arc579> --  Burrows's Cave human figure carving, southern Illinois

<arc580> --  Burrows's Cave carving, southern Illinois

<arc581> --  Burrows's Cave carving, southern Illinois

<arc582> --  Burrows's Cave ship carving, southern Illinois

<arc583> --  Burrows's Cave ship carving, southern Illinois

 

Maine     (Previews)

 

Maine-- Searsmont

<Fig. 11> -- Stone sculpture from Searsmont, Maine that Fell (1982) claimed bears Bronze Age European inscriptions.

 

Massachusetts     (Previews)

 

Massachusetts-- Burnt Hill

<arc601> --  Burnt Hill, MA, standing stones

 

Massachusetts-- Essex

<Fig. 15> -- Stone sculpture from Essex, Massachusetts, that Fell (1982) maintained is Breton style Celtic (before Christ).

 

Massachusetts-- Vinyard

<arc602> --  Cromlech, Martha's Vinyard, MA

 

New Mexico     (Previews)

 

New Mexico-- Aztec Natl. Mon.

<arc407> --  Circular ruin at Aztec Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc408> --  Circular building, Aztec Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc409> --  Circular building, Aztec Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc410> --  Ruins at Aztec Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc411> --  Ruins at Aztec Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc412> --  Brick construction, Aztec Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc413> --  Suzanne, Mary & Peggy , Aztec Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc414> --  Ruins at Aztec Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc415> --  Giant Kiva interior, Aztec Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc416> --  Ruins at Aztec Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc530> --  Aztec Natl. Mon., NM, kiva

 

New Mexico-- Bandalier Natl. Mon.

<arc417> --  Bandalier National. Mon., Aug 1975

<arc418> --  Peggy  at the Ruins, Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc419> --  Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc420> --  Wildflowers at Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc421> --  Overview of Ruins at Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc422> --  Green canyon at Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc423> --  The Ruins at Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc424> --  The Ruins at Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc425> --  Overview of Ruins at Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc426> --  The Ruins at Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc427> --  Rock sculptures, Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc428> --  Rock sculptures, Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc429> --  Pictographs at Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc430> --  Green canyon at Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc431> --  Margaret  at Bandalier Natl. Mon, Oct 1974

<arc432> --  Peggy  at Bandalier Natl. Mon., Aug 1975

<arc433> --  Cliff  habitations, Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

<arc434> --  Wildflowers, Bandalier Natl. Mon., Oct 1974

 

New Mexico-- Chaco Canyon

<arc527> --  Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon, NM, Wupatki ruin

<arc528> --  Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon, NM, kivas

<arc531> --  Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon, NM, ruins

 

New Mexico-- Walnut Canyon

<arc529> --  Walnut Canyon, NM, ruins overview

 

New York     (Previews)

 

New York-- North Salem

<arc574> --  Cromlech, North Salen, NY

<arc603> --  The Salem Dolmen North Salem, NY

 

Wisconsin     (Previews)

 

Wisconsin-- Gottschall

<arc550> --  Sandstone head (AD 1100-1200), Gotschall, southwesstern Wisconsin

 

Wisconsin-- Lake Mills

<arc460> --  Rock Lake Pyramids, Lake Mills, WI-- underwater 2345 BC

 

Wyoming     (Previews)

 

Wyoming-- Sheridan

<arc586> --  Bighorn stone wheel, Sheridan, WY

 

 

Central America

 

BELIZE     (Previews)

 

Belize-- Altun Ha

<arc453> --  Altun Ha

 

COSTA RICA     (Previews)

 

Costa Rica-- Guanacaste

<Fig. 129> -- Ceramic sculpture of a woman, 2 1/4 ft. high from Guanacaste, Costa Rica, dated 500-800 AD (Abel-Vidor et al. 1981).

 

Costa Rica-- Guaniles

<Fig. 181> -- Stone sculpture of a woman, 1 2/3rds ft. high, from Guaniles, Costa Rica, dated 1000 AD or earlier (Anton 1973).

 

Costa Rica-- Linea Vieja

<Fig. 149> -- Stone sculpture of a bound person, 3.2 ft. high, from Linea Vieja, Costa Rica, dated ca. 1000 AD (Abel-Vidor 1981).

<Fig. 173> -- Basalt sculpture, 4 1/4 ft. high, from Linea Vieja, Costa Rica, dated 800-1500 AD (Easby & Scott 1970).

<Fig. 180> -- Ceramic sculpture, 6.7 in. high, from Linea Vieja, Costa Rica, of the Huetar culture, dated ca. 800-1200 AD (Lehmann

1960).

 

Costa Rica-- Turrialba

<Fig. 151> -- Stone sculpture of a warrior, 5.2 ft. high, from Azul de Turrialba, Costa Rica, dated 700-1000 AD (Abel-Vidor et al.

1981).

<Fig. 153> -- Stone sculpture, 1.8 ft. high, from Azul de Turrialba, Costa Rica, dated 700-1000 AD (Abel-Vidor et al. 1981).

 

Costa Rica-- Misc. Sites

<Fig. 150> -- Ceramic sculpture, 3 1/2 in. high, from the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica, dated 500-1000 AD (Abel-Vidor et al. 1981).

<Fig. 152> -- Stone sculpture of a warrior, 1.4 ft. high, from the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica, dated 700-1000 AD (Abel-Vidor et al.

1981).

<Fig. 171> -- Stone sculpture, 2 ft. high, from the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica, dated 1000 - 1200 AD (Abel-Vidor et al. 1981).

 

 

GUATEMALA     (Previews)

 

Guatemala-- Democracia

<arc511> --  Democracía, Guatemala, sculptured head

 

Guatemala-- El Cayo

<arc437> --  El Cayo, Mexico-- stone sculpture

 

Guatemala-- Ixlu

<arc512> --  Ixlu, Guatemala, Stela #1

 

Guatemala-- La Amelia

<arc513> --  La Amelia, Guatemala, Stela #1

 

Guatemala-- Mixco Viejo

<arc514> --  Mixco Viejo, Guatemala, Temple Complex

 

Guatemala-- Nebaj

<Fig. 124> -- Jade plaque from Nebaj, Guatemala, dated ca. 600 AD (Kubler 1984).

 

Guatemala-- Piedras Negras

<arc503> --  Piedras Negras, Guatemala, Throne #1

<arc504> --  Piedras Negras, Guatemala, Cleveland Panel sculpture

<arc505> --  Piedras Negras, Guatemala, New Orleans sculpture

 

Guatemala-- Planchón de Piedras

<arc546> --  Planchón de Piedras, Guatemala

 

Guatemala-- Poapuil

<Fig. 68> -- Stone sculpture, 1.6 in. high, from Poapuil, Guatemala, dated 100-300 BC (Berjonneau et al. 1985).

 

Guatemala-- Quirigua

<arc515> --  Quirigua, Guatemala, Stela D

<arc614> --  Quirigua, Guatemala-- Temple Plaza

 

Guatemala-- Seibal

<arc516> --  Seibal, Guatemala, Stela #3

<Fig. 130> -- Sculpture of a conquered warrior named Jaguar Paw Jaguar, from Seibal, Guatemala, dated ca. 735 AD (Stuart 1993).

 

Guatemala-- Tamahu

<Fig. 41> -- Fuchsite sculpture from Tamahu, Guatemala, dated 200-400 BC (Easby & Scott 1970).

 

Guatemala-- Uaxactun

<arc535> --  Uaxactun, Guatemala, Temple of Masks

<arc536> --  Uaxactun, Guatemala, Temple of Masks

<arc537> --  Uaxactun, Guatemala, large structure

 

Guatemala-- Zaculeu

<arc517> --  Zaculeu, Guatemala, general view

 

Guatemala-- Misc. Sites

<Fig. 112> -- Ceramic statues with Hindu characteristics, reported by Marx (1992) from Guatemala, dated 600-700 AD.

<Fig. 127> -- Stone sculpture of a Maya warrior-king from Guatemala, dated ca. 731 AD (Stuart 1993).

 

 

HONDURAS     (Previews)

 

Honduras-- Ceibal

<arc540> --  Ceibal, Guatemala stela

 

Honduras-- Copán

<arc454> --  Copan, Honduras-- Ballcourt

<arc455> --  Copan, Honduras-- Building west of Ballcourt

<arc456> --  Copan, Honduras-- Pauhatun deity sculpture

<arc457> --  Copan, Honduras-- sculpture of a bird

<arc458> --  Copan, Honduras-- Eastern building Chack faces

<arc509> --  Copán, Honduras, Main Plaza

<arc541> --  Copán, Honduras, stela

<arc542> --  Ik deity, Copán, Honduras

<Fig. 126> -- Maize god from Copán, Honduras, dated ca. 700 AD (Shao 1976).

<Fig. 128> -- Stela at Copán, Honduras, dated 731 AD> -- Shao (1976) noted that the two joined heads with long snouts closely

          resemble the pair of elephants on the north gate of the Great Stupa, Stanci, India.

<Fig. 131> -- Elephant headdress with curled tusks and large ears on stela from Copán, Honduras, dated 756 AD (Shao 1976).

<Fig. 132> -- Relief sculpture on a building at Copán, Guatemala, dated 750-782 AD (Stierlin 1981).

<Fig. 134> -- Stela from Copán, Honduras, dated from 782 AD (Shao 1976).

<Fig. 135> -- Copán, Honduras stela with Tibetan style beaded skirt, dated 782 AD (Shao 1976).

 

Honduras-- La Lima

<Fig. 43> -- Dark jade sculpture, ca 3 1/2 in. high, from La Lima, Honduras, dated 400-1200 BC (Kelemen 1956).

 

 

EL SALVADOR     (Previews)

 

<Fig. 54> -- Ceramic sculpture, 4 1/3rd in. high, from El Salvador, dated ca. 600 BC (Von Wuthenau 1969).

 

 

South America

 

BOLIVIA     (Previews)

 

Bolivia -- Sulistani

<arc607> --  Funerary "Chulpa" at Sulistani, Lake Titicaca, Bolivia

 

[Also please see Bernardo Biados]

 

BRAZIL     (Previews)

 

<Fig. 76> -- Roman amphorae from a Roman shipwreck found by Marx (1992) off the Brazilian coast> -- Dated ca. 100 AD.

 

ECUADOR     (Previews)

 

Ecuador -- Esmeraldas

<Fig. 66> -- Clay sculpture, 8 1/3rd in. high, dated 100-600 BC or earlier, from Esmeraldas Peninsula, Ecuador (Von Wuthenau 1969).

 

Ecuador -- Valdivia

<Fig. 13> -- Solid ceramic figures from Valdivia, Ecuador dated ca. 1500-2000 BC (Kubler 1984).

 

PERU     (Previews)

 

Peru -- Chavin de Huantar

<arc608> --  Chavin Head showing Olmec-like characteristics Chavin de Huantar, Peru

 

Peru -- Chicama

<Fig. 121> -- Ceramic sculpture of a Mochica man, 7 1/4 in. high, from Chicama, Peru, dated 500-800 AD (Kelemen 1956).

<Fig. 122> -- Ceramic sculpture of a Mochica man, 8 1/2 in. high, from Chicama, Peru, dated 500-800 AD (Kelemen 1956).

 

Peru -- Huaca de la Luna

<arc629> -- Moche frescos, Huaca de la Luna, Peru 1-800 AD

<arc630> -- Moche ceramic figure, Peru

<arc631> -- Moche gold mask, Peru

<arc632> -- Huaca de la Luna ruins, Peru

<arc628> -- Moche frescos, Huaca de la Luna, Peru 1-800 AD

 

Peru -- Huaras

<arc532> --  Willkawain head sculpture, Huaras, Peru

 

Peru -- Lurin Valley

<arc604> --  Pachacmac, Lurin Valley in the "Central Coast" of Peru

<arc605> --  Pachacamac, Lurin Valley, Peru--pyramid

<arc606> --  Temple of the women Instructors, Pachacamac; an Inca Structure

 

Peru -- Machu Picchu

<arc230> --  Machu Picchu, Apr 1965

<arc231> --  Machu Picchu, Apr 1965

<arc232> --  Mary  at Machu Picchu, Apr 1965

<arc233> --  Machu Picchu overview, Apr 1965

<arc234> --  White juvenile alpacas, Machu Picchu, Apr 1965

<arc235> --  Terraces at Machu Picchu, Apr 1965

<arc236> --  Surrounding Andes at Machu Picchu, Apr 1965

<arc237> --  Wild exotic flower at Machu Picchu, Apr 1965

<arc238> --  Terraces at Machu Picchu, Apr 1965

<arc239> --  Overview of ancient city, Machu Picchu, Apr 1965

<arc330> --  Machu Picchu, Condor Temple (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc331> --  Machu Picchu, El Torreón from North Window (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc332> --  Machu Picchu, carved rock circles (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc333> --  Machu Picchu, El Torreón (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc334> --  Machu Picchu, Intellectual District (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc335> --  Machu Picchu, Urban Center (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc336> --  Machu Picchu, Overview (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc337> --  Machu Picchu, Massive stone walls (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc338> --  Machu Picchu, Sacred Center Temples (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

 

Peru -- Nazca

<arc327> --  Nazca, Peru, Hummingbird figure on ground (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc328> --  Nazca Lines, Peru, aerial view (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc329> --  Nazca Lines, Peru, ground view (1984) (= Clive Ruggles, Univ of Leicester, MA)

<arc612> --   Nazca, Peru -- geometric expanding line

 

Peru -- Sechin

<arc609> --  Sechin, Peru-- main portal & steps

<arc610> --  Fresco of a Fish, Sechin, Peru

<arc611> --  The ruins at Sechin, Peru

 

Peru -- Tiahuanaco

<Fig. 48> -- Ceramic sculpture from Tiahuanaco, Peru, dated 1000 BC or earlier (Bailey 1994).

 

Peru -- Trujillo

<Fig. 119> -- Ceramic sculpture of a Mochica man. 12 in. high, from Trujillo, Peru, dated 500-800 AD (Lehman 1956).

<Fig. 120> -- Ceramic sculpture of a Mochica man, 5 in. high, from Trujillo, Peru, dated 500-800 AD (Kelemen 1956).

 

Peru -- Misc. Sites

<Fig. 156> -- Ceramic vessel with relief of dancing deer, from the Mochica culture, northern Peru, dated 200-500 AD (Kubler 1984).

<Fig. 162> -- Ceramic sculpture of a Mochica man, from northern Peru, dated 400-800 AD (Lehmann 1960).

<Fig. 99> -- Ceramic vessel of the Mochica culture, northern Peru, dated 200-500 AD (Kubler 1984).

<Fig. 111> -- Ceramic sculpture on a Mochica vessel, 5 1/2 in. high, from northern Peru, dated ca. 600 AD (Von Wuthenau 1975).

<Fig. 123> -- Ceramic sculpture of a Mochica man, from northern Peru, dated 200-800 AD (Kubler 1962).

<Fig. 136> -- Oriental style sailing ship reported by Marx (1992) to be carved on an Inca ruin in Peru (location unknown).

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

 

Europe       (Previews)

 

BELGIUM

 

<arc557> --  Cromlech, Ronse area, Belgium

<arc558> --  Cromlech, Ronse area, Belgium

 

DENMARK

 

<arc551> --  Neolithic chromlech, Sjaelland, Zealand, Denmark

<arc552> --  Neolithic chromlech, Jylland, Jutland, Denmark

<arc570> --  Cromlech, Langeland, Denmark

 

ENGLAND

 

<arc556> --  Cromlech (Spinsters Rock), Avebury, Wilshire, England (2500 BC)

<arc563> --  Cromlech, Trethevy Quoit, Cornwall, England

<arc564> --  Cromlech, Lanyon Quoit, Cornwall, England

<arc565> --  Cromlech, Chûn Quoit, Cornwall, England

 

FRANCE

 

<arc553> --  Cromlech, Toucou, France

<arc597> --  Stone pillars at Carnac, Brittany, France

 

GERMANY

 

<arc588> --  Cromlech in Mecklenberg, northeastern Germany

<arc589> --  Cromlech in Drosa, northeastern Germany

<arc590> --  Menhir in Saarland, Germany

 

IRELAND

 

<arc559> --  Cromlech, Glenisheen, Ireland (County Clare)

<arc560> --  Cromlech, Kilclooney, Ireland (County Donegal)

<arc561> --  Cromlech, Poulnabrone, Ireland (County Clare)

<arc562> --  Cromlech, Four Moals, Ireland (County Mayo)

<arc591> --  Stone circles, Lauragh, Kerry, Ireland

 

ITALY

 

<arc571> --  Cromlech, Corato, Italy

<arc572> --  Cromlech, Fasano, Italy

<arc573> --  Cromlech, Sardinia, Italy

 

NETHERLANDS

 

<arc584> --  Cromlech, Groningen, Netherlands

<arc585> --  Cromlech found in The Netherlands

 

PORTUGAL

 

<arc596> --   Menhir at Pontevedra, Portugal

<arc599> --  Cromlech at Viseu (Portugal Middle-North)

 

RUSSIA

 

<arc568> --  Enclosed cromlech, Vozrozdenie, Russia (Black Sea area)

<arc569> --  Enclosed cromlech, Vozrozdenie, Russia (Black Sea area)

 

SCOTLAND

 

<arc566> --  Cromlech, Pentre Ifan, Scotland

<arc567> --  Cromlech, St. Lythans, Scotland

 

SPAIN

 

<arc598> --  Dolmen de Ageltus, near Ribeira, Galicia, Spain (a cromlech)

<arc600> --  Cromlech in Tordoia, northern Spain

 

SWEDEN

 

<arc587> --  Cromlech in Sweden (Bronze Age)

<arc592> --  Cromlech in Massleberg, Sweden

<arc593> --  Cromlech in Klastorp, Sweden

 

WALES

 

<arc554> --  Cromlech in Llanfaelog, Wales (Bronze Age)

<arc555> --  Bedowyr Cromlech, North Wales

 

 

Africa      (Previews)

 

ETHIOPIA

 

<arc595> --   Menhir in Axum, Ethiopia

 

MOROCCO

 

<arc594> --  Menhir in Morocco

 

 

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

 

Bibliography