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Eulophus Geoffroy, 1762 comparative info return to: prev home
Body large and stout. Mandibles reduced, not capable of meeting medially. Flagellar formula 1,3,3 or 1,4,2, always with 4 funicular segments in males; funicular segments with 3 long branches in males of most species, but unbranched in some; scape sometimes slightly exceeding vertex. Notauli incomplete or ending in axillae far from scutellar margin; scutellum without submedian grooves; scutellar setae paired. Postmarginal vein subequal or slightly longer than stigmal vein (at most 1.7x stigmal vein length). 2 metatibial spurs, neither longer than 1st metatarsal segment; basal mesotarsal segment (sometimes also basal metatarsal segment) shorter than 2nd segment, subequal or shorter than mesotibial spur. At least some species with seasonal color morphs. Compare with: Necremnus, Microlycus, Dahlbominus, Colpoclypeus.

eulophus face.JPG (28540 bytes) eulophus mesoscutum.JPG (25515 bytes)
1a-b: Eulophus face (left), and mesosomatic dorsum (right)

eulophus pennicornis female antenna.JPG (5890 bytes) eulophus thespius male antenna.JPG (6828 bytes)
2a-b: Eulophus typical female antenna (left), and E. thespius Walker male antenna (right, atypical of this genus)

eulophus male.JPG (36914 bytes)eulophus_mesotarsus2.jpg (104885 bytes)
3a-b: Eulophus larvarum (L.) male (left), and mesotarsus (right)

Biology: Gregarious parasitoids of Lepidoptera, pupation occurring outside host.

Comments: Large genus, probable relative of Necremnus and Microlycus. Specimens are generally large bodied, although this feature can be very misleading if treated as a primary diagnostic character. This is one of the easier genera to identify in the North American fauna.

Comparative information:

Generally similar to Necremnus, Microlycus, Dahlbominus, and Colpoclypeus, but easily distinguished from them all in having mandibles that are not capable of meeting medially, and basal mesotarsomere that is much shorter than the next tarsomere. A few other Eulophines, such as Euplectrini, Hoplocrepis, and Ogmoelachertus, have mandibles incapable of meeting, but these are much different from Eulophus and not easily confused with it.

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Askew, R.R. 1968. Hymenoptera 2. Chalcidoidea section (b). Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. 8(2)b.

Boucek, Z. 1959. A study of central European Eulophidae, 1: Eulophinae (Hymenoptera). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae. 33: 117-170.

Image credits: 1a-b: Schauff, et al. (1997). 2a-b: Boucek (1959). 3a: Askew (1968).