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24.  Scrobal depressions (a1, a2) meeting before reaching transverse fronto-facial groove, thus interscrobal ridge not meeting transverse groove (although it comes very close to doing so in many species (a2)); scrobal grooves/depressions not extending below toruli. Flagellum in females (b1) with 3rd anellus enlarged, about 1/3 1st funicular segment length--and 1st funicular segment always about as long or longer than broad (also occurs in males of some species). Many species with a long, sculptured petiole (c1). Propodeum in most species with specialized antero-median structure formed by pits and/or carinae (c1; most often a triangle or pair of pits); many species with median carina or similar set of carinae, and a few with plicae as well.

Chrysocharis Förster, 1856 sensu strictu

24'. Scrobal depressions (aa1, aa2) reaching transverse fronto-facial groove independently, thus interscrobal groove reaches transverse groove; scrobal grooves extending below toruli in many species (aa1). Flagellum in females (and males) with 3rd anellus always several times broader than long, usually very difficult to discern, only approaching 1st funicular segment length in some species of Neochrysocharis in which the 1st funicular segment is also transverse. Petiole rarely longer than broad, only commonly so in Chrysocharis (Zaommomyia). Propodeum in most species with no more than a weak median carina, only similarly elaborate in Chrysocharis (Zaommomyia).

couplet 25


a2 aa1 aa2
chrysocharis crassiscapus face.JPG (13362 bytes) chrysocharis idyia face.JPG (14069 bytes) neochrysocharis face.JPG (14853 bytes) perditorulus face.JPG (17870 bytes)

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chrysocharis viridis female antenna.JPG (9259 bytes) chrysocharis acoris propodeum.JPG (26285 bytes)

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Image credits: a1, b1: Hansson (1987). a2, c1: Hansson (1985a). aa1: Hansson (1995). aa2: Hansson (1996c).